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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1877)
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rUHLIStlEI VERY THURSDAY
AHVKKTIKUU It AT CM.
stack. J 1 w. ! 2 w. ' 3 w.l tm.l Sm.
6 in. ' 1 yr
1 sur. . . ; i (iO!t l ?.Tf 2 no 3 2 m: sr. ss (0 12 ct
On Vine St., One Block North of Min,
Cornap of Fifth Street.
2sirs..j i rnj ifk-ij a 3'iM P'H iono m""
3r .1 2 00; 2 7.' 4f'ii 4 -?! '.;: ai r
col.. 3 0O 8 (Mi 10 00! 12 (N. 2.1 Uti 23 (Hi SKIT
K OO 1200 IStuM 1MIM1 if,(ll! .(MMj' HOW
1 col . . . 1 13 m) lMiin 21 mi t-ti 40 ooj lit IH" lf3 PC
IAKf.r.MT CIRCULATION OP AT
1'AI'KUI.tl CAM COLWTY.
JNO. A. M ACMURPHY, Editor. )
(TERMS: $2.00 a Year.
JAil Advertising tiils due qnartetly. . - -
Transient advirtlsonienU must be jm'd
for iu advance.
Terms, in Advance:
'ne copy, one year
lie copy, six months
'He copy, three months
PLATTSMOUTH, XEBRASKA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1877.
Extra copies of the IlrnAi.n for fla J. T.
Young, PoatotUce news depot, and o. F.'Joho
Soii.corner of Main and Fifth Streets.
OF PLATTSMOUTH. NEPl'ASK A,
TOOTLE, HAXXA A CLARK,
r. ;. dovkv
A. V. M-l.AL(iIII.IX. .
This Pank Is now open for business at their
new room, comer Main and Sixth streets, and
is prepared to transact a general
Stocks, Donds, Gold, Government and Local
KOUCIIT AM) SOLD.
Deposit litem' red and In tt rest Allow
ed on Time Certificates.
Available in anv it of the I'nited Slates and
In all tltti i'nneipal Towns and Cities
ACK.VTS I'OIi TIIC
Injian Line and Allan Line
Ferson wishing to bring out their friends from
l-L-RCHASE TK'KFTS FROM CS
Thro us It to I I a t t m m o u t li .
r- T- -
Excelsior Barber Shop.
J. C. BOONE,
,Vf Sire'.t, opposite ff.amuh-rs House.
?li;nin'T intl Siaii:iiicr.
Err.CIAI. ATTENTION :IVEN TO
t'ntiiiv? C'fiili ofr iaad Ciitties"
J Sii ir.
:.ia. set. dooxi:. nnxTs,
And r.et a I'ikw in a
Keot)s otic f tl'Q
PALACE BILLIARD HALL.
(Main St.. east of First Nat. I5a:.k.)
P!.4TTS.nt'T!I, ... ALU
!V r.AIl 1H SUri'I.IF.D WITH TUB
BEST WINES, LIQUORS,
f-T- A "T
DEER, ETC. , ETC. 4yl
r o i: x o r y
Repairer of Steam Evyincs, Boilers,
Saw and Grist 31 Mr
UAH AXU STEAM FITTil;S.
Wron't Troti Pipe. Force and I.ifr Tipes. Steam
j;aiif-'e-. SiiMv-Valve governors, au-1 all
Kinds of r.rass Engine Fittings,
repaired on short notice.
F A H M MACHINE KTf
Keoaired on Short Notice.
YO UNG !
Ca?i aifrajf.i he fyand at Hull' Old
Stand, ready to xdl the boat Meats.
YOUNG l.nvs fre-h fat cattle, sheep. lio;&e.
direct from the farmers every day, and his
meats are alway good.
i.4.VE, fish, .4 .yd Fnrr ix iso.y
ETC., ETC., ETC.
Ore Door East of th Pof-t-OIUce, I'lattsmonth.
... : ) :
rractic;U Workers in
SHEET inOX, ZISC. TIN, BRA
ZIEllY,& c, &
Lafe assorttnent of Hard ana Soft
Wood and Co:d Stoves for
HEATING Oil COOKING,
Always oti Hand.
Every varietv of Tin. Sheet Iron, and Zinc
Work, kept in Stock.
MAKING AND REPAIRING,
Done on Short Notice.
trEYEBYTlllXG WARRANTED !
I'RICF.S UMV JDOWX.
MAKE HOME HAPPY.
A Plentiful Supply of
Good Beading and Beautiful Pictures
WILL IX) IT.
A fins elglit-Pe r.per, wi-h full col
umns, cvtktn only Cil.OO per nr
i w pay iu.l;), aud U tlie laiqett,
brigtUttt, od fcf.Tt jxxper publblieil lor
the inone j. It is iudeiiiviii in potni:st
iire U the new., &utl( Liidcj uiucii
uther good readin?, tvtiiT ntimlxfr ba.
three or four excellent o'ritjlivU or tc
UcXrd tVoriet. Ji-ty uicrller al-
rceie cc T of the beautilul rnerav.
m. "The Poor the toor Man'l
Ir'rtOTtd,' .iKe 24xM ineiK s. and a "ry
of l llK HTAK ILLUoTjiAl ki ALMA
NAC. 23 cis. rxlra must be sent to
par expenno of pacaius and maitiotf pr.
aiiuma. C4Oar Indiieements to
AK4ll(s, alway. the luosl liUrttl ia tite
fiuld, ai now grettter Uinn ever. W
want every club acent in the eountrv to
eoinmunicate with us before couimencinc
work, la anr person deslrnit; to cet up
club, we will aeod a srtmple ci.y hi
the picture ftua a canvfLaer's mitut tor
2.5 ft n. fipectmrn com of paprr free.
nd for onr hrfore stabci-tb
Imif tor an oilier.
1 ttiHtinl to wh'tm we h.ave atrpsd went
the pitur!, "The Poor Ihe Poor
ilnu'l Frlrud," by aayiiiu ao can
hvtf iu it. atead another excellent en
graving, tit same vise, which we have
secured for thi. purpoee.
tUT Paper vriCunU picture. One Dollar.
230 Walnut St., Cincinnati, O.
DR. JAS. CHARLES.
OFFICES : No.232 and 26,
F;trnl:ai:i St., - - Omaha, Xeb.
rSTresorvatlon of the atnral Teeth
Marte a Wpeclaltj'.
Oldest p-at;tieinj Dentist in the City.
J. G- CHAMBERS.
Manufacturer of and Dealer In
ETC., ETC., ETC.
Done with Neatnoss Dispatch.
The only pl;ico in town w here "Turley's pat
ent self adjustable horse collars are iold." '
liood 'i-sii milk
DELIVERED DAILY !
e vet: riioDvs home i.x pea ttsho uth
IK TIIKV WANT IT, TV
SKX1IV VOl'i: Oi;:ri:s AM) i will TliV AXI
4'yl and serve you resularly.
O. F. JOHNSON,
WALK ' PAPER
All Paper Trimmed Free of
ALSO DEALER IX
Ireiorii', Carefully Compounded
liy an ICxperienced Orussist.
KEMEMHEK THE PEACE.
COR. FIFTH & MAIN S1REETS
C.t I. Z. i T
Feed and Sale Stables.
Comer Cih and realists.
HOl:si.H IlOAHPED BY THE
bay, wci:k, OSl MO.YTIJ.
SOLI) Oil TRADED,
For a Fair Commission.
TEA3IS AT A LL HOURS.
Fauicular aitention jmid to
Driving and Training
At-e" A hearse furnished when called for.
INYESoI & PATENTS.
T. C. WOODWARB,
Attorney ana Counsellor at Law.
1003 8th St.. N. V., (I . O. Lock liOX 171),
ashinetou. I). C
Late Fxaminer-in-Chief Fnifed States Patent
Oniee ; Member of the liar Supreme
Court of the United States.
Patent Lain Practice in the Patent Of
fice and the Courts a Specialty.
Patents Oktaikfd iv the United Statks.
Canada. Knolaxd. Fkanck. Gkkmany,
Ki ssia, Bkl4;u m. Italy, &r.
Kefkuencks : Hon. W. r.. Allison, r. S. Sen
ator : Gov. S. J. Kirkwooil, V. S. Senator;
.Iud;e Win. Ixmuhridse, Ex-M. C : Justice
SamT Miller, t. S. Supreme Court; Hon. .la.
Harlan, Ex-Secretary Interior; Justice J. F.
Dillon, V. S. Circuit Court ; --Indue- K. L. 1$.
Clarke, Chairman Appeal Hoiirrt, Patent Ofiice ;
Col. T. M. Vail. Sup. Kailwav Mail Service :
Oen. J. M. Hedrick, E-Sun r. Inter. Hev. :
Judce E. S. Sampson. C. C. i Hon. iieo. W. Mc
Crary, Secretary ot War ; Col. L. D. InsersoU,
Cbicaq-j Post. -.'im'W
- -i- Aifra il Iflf
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
And Solicitors in Chancery. Ofiice in Fitzger
luyl PLATTSMOUTH, NEP,.
I. II. AVIIKF.I.Kit at CO.
LAW OFFICE, Ileal Estate, Fire and Life In
surance Agents, I'lattsmouth, Nebraska. C(d
lectors, tax-payern. Have a complete abstract
of titles. Uuy and sell real entate, negotiate
loans, &e. I5yl
r.lM.AK I. HTOSE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, office with D. II.
Wheeler & Co., Plattsmouth, Neb. 15yl
.IA1IKS K. MOltltimOV.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will practice in Cass
and adjoining Counties ; pives special attention
to collections and abstracts of title. Office with
Ceo. S. Smith, Fitzgerald Pdock. Plattsmouth,
Nebraska. - I7yl
sil-.O. N. hiSITII. "
ATTORNEY AT LAW and Real Estate Bro
ker. Special attention triven to Collections
and all matters affecting the title to real estate.
Office on iid floor, over Post Oilice. Plattsmouth,
JOII.V AV IIAIXKS
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, ami collector of
debts. collections made from one dollar to one
thousand dollars. Mortgages. Deeds, and oth
er instruments drawn, and all county business
usually transacted before a Just ice of the Peace.
Best -of reference piven if required.
Ofiice oil Main street. West of Court House.
40-yl JOHN W. HAINES.
it ii LirixusTO,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, tenders his pro
fessional services to the citizens of Cass county.
Residence southeast corner Sixth and Oak sts. ;
Ofiice on Main street, two doors west of Sixth,
IR. tt.ll. LA CIS.
attends to calls in the country as well as city.
Office at J. II. Butterv's drugstore. Cbronicdis
easea made a specialty. RlieumatiHin cured.
IK. J. M. WATEKMAX",
Physio Medical Practitioner.
ErmusviUc, Cass Co., Neb.
tr?Alvays at the ofiice on Saturdays.
Flour, Corn Meal, & Feed
Alwavs on hand and forsa'e at lowest casli
prices. The highest prices paid for Wheat and
Corn. Particular attention iciven custom work.
J.S. GREGORY, - - - Proprietor.
Location Central, flood Sample Room..
Every attention paid to quests. 43m3 .
Plattsmouth, ----- Nr.i!.
J.J.IJIIIOFF, - - - Proprietor.
The best known and most popular Landlord
in the St.ne. Always stop :i: the Commercial.
Scarcest :mI finest Siofrl lc
Iwcen Cl.icao sintl San
GEO. THRALL, - - Prop.
O. K. SALOON.
I keep constantly on hand
Rest's .Milwaukee Doer.
which can be had at no other
PLACE IN THE CITY.
Also the best of
WIXES, ElQUOJi?, AXD CIGARS.
""liiC h'.d. Itoen Imnm.
A l.reat Keduction In Irire of
GUNS, REVOLVERS, &c.
Prices reduced fiisa 20 to 3n per cent. Write
for Illustrated Catalogue, with reduced i rices
for 1ST". Address.
GREAT WESTERN GUN WORKS,
m SmillifUld St., l'iUsburgh, Fa. ISyl
II. A. WATERMAN & SON,
Wholesale nnd Retail DeaTers in
ETC.. ETC., ETC. 7
Mai street. Corner of Fifth,
PLATTSMOUTH, - - - - NEB.
Still Better Rates for Lumber.
STK EIGHT & MILIEU,
and all kinds of harness stock, constantly on
Remember the place opposite E. G. Dovey's
on Lower Main Street.
2 1-1 y ST RE I GUT & MILLER.
BEST FARMING LANDS
FOR SALE BY
IX X Kit II ASK. A.
Great Advantages to Buyers
Ten Years Credit at 6 per cent Interest.
Six Years Credit at 6 per cent Interest,
and 20 per cent Discount.
Other Liberal IHsronnts For Cash,
Itebatew ou Faret and Frrlshts,
and rreminniH tor Improve
ments. Pamphlet and .Van, containing full partic
ulars, will be mailed free to any part of the
world on application tA
LAND COMMISSIONER. B. A- M. R. R.-
toyl - Lixcolx. Nebraska
Hidin? the Baby.
BT MRS. 8. M. B. PRATT.
Hold hitn close, and closer hold him,
(Ah, but this is time to cry !)
Bring his pretty cloak and fold him
From the Old Man going by.
What Old Man you cannot guess?
Not the old Man of the Sea,
Nor the Mountains, I confess.
Can be half as old as he.
Could you only catch and bind him.
To some prison shutting low.
Where the Sun could never find him,
Thi3 old man should surely go.
We would steal his scythe away,
(Grass should grow about his feet,)
And he should not take to-day
From us while to-day was sweet.
Gipsey ways he has most surely,
(Gip-iey ways are hardly right,)
Wandering, stealing, yet securely
Keeping some how out of sight.
From onr trees the fruit he shakes ;
Silver, lace, or silk miss we
From our houses, these he takes
These, and other things than these.
Tlere he he comes with buds that wither ;
nere he comes with birds that fly ;
Pretty playthings he brings hither,
Just to take them by and by.
He could find you in the night.
Though you should put out the moon
He can see without a light,
He will take the baby soon.
Head with gold enough around it,
Just to light this whole world through ;
Ah. what shall we do without it.
Children, say what shall we do.
Tell me, is there any place
We can hide the baby? Say,
Can we cover up his face
While the old man goes his way.
There is one place, one place only.
We can hide him if we mut,
Very still and very lonely.
We can cover him with dust.
Shut a wild rose in his hand ;
Set a wild rose at his head.
This old man, yon understand, .
Cannot take from us the dead.
Our Black Hill Correspondence.
Nebraska Herald: Many inter
esting items liuve transpired since my
last letter. But a rush of business has
prevented writing them up. The In
dians have dug up the tomahawk in
earnest, and all along the Spearfish
country (this Spearfish is an extension
of Centennial Park, and lies twenty
miles north-west of Dead wood), there
is scarcely a spear of grass or a way
side brush that has not been a silent
witness of soma poor 'unsuspecting
victim's assassination, by these con
temptible, cowardly, sneaking, govern
ment pets (the noble red man.) In less
than three weeks over one hundred
persons were murdered within a scope
of 50 miles square. The Government
sent up fifty soldiers to corral two hun
dred and fifty Agency Indians; with
10 Indian scouts enlisted as soldiers,
with government arms issued to tbein.
The first day they were sent out on a
scout they all ran off, left the command
and went with the wild Indians. The
command went back without seeing an
Indian .and minus the ten scouts. Since
then they have been rather quiet. An
interesting scene transpired in Dead
wood some time since; the leader of
one of the bands of road agents and
several of his crew were in Dead wood
on :i spree; a man standing by noticed
on the person of the bandit chief a re
volver lhat had been taken from him
on the Cheyenne road; he immediately
informed the Sheriff. The Sheriff step
ped up to the respectable gentlemen
and infprmed him that he was under
arrest, hardly had the word arrest fall
en from his lips till the dashing chief
of Turpin style dropped his right, arm
to his side, shot and mortally wounded
the young man that had entered the
complaint; by this time the sheriff
drawing a six shooter in his left hand
sent a ball through the breast of the
chief. At this point of the play he
broke through the crowd, ran across
the road iu front of the Post Office,
took a horse from a man at the point
of a revolver, mounted it and rode off
south toward the Hills. But several
well aimed shots from the Sheriff and
his party soon brought down horse and
rider, the horse fell on him. His
strength being exhausted from the ter
rible wound he had received lie could
go no farther, and was obliged to sur
render; three more of the band were
arrested, but none evinced the pluck
of their leader. The chief's name was
Collins, one of the otliers was Webb,
botlrof Crook City. They both had
families, lived respectably, without
any apparent means of subsistance.
Collins and the young man that detect
ed him are both lying in a very preca
rious condition. It is thought that Col
lins is slightly oa the improve. The
other three arrested with Collins, and
a woman "Calamity Jane," were takea
from the jail three nights afterwards
over south of town and hung. Nobody
knows who hung them, when they
were taken, nor by whom they were
taken. This has never been printed
in the Hills, but is kept as an emblem
of Black Hills justice. Hardly had the
destruction of this band been accom
plished before another band more des
perate and pernicious than tlm was
organized at Rapid, under the leader
ship of Old Bradley, a character well
known to every man acquainted in
Rapid City. The first night they stop
ped the stage one passenger did not
alight quick enough to suit them, (the
man was Ed Cooke the north end divi
sion agent of the Sidney Stage Line),
one of the robbers poked his needle gun
in the stage door, took aim at Mr. Cook
and fired. Ujs escape was so narrow
that it seemed almost a miracle. The
bullet grazed his forehead and cut half
.its width through his ear, Mr. Cook
was holding un infant t.h tue'anl
its mother was sitting by his side, Mr.
Cook waited for no more persuasion,
but immediately got out, he was acting
as paymaster and had a consderable
amount of money with him; he had
put it all (about $1300) into the barrel
of an old needle gun, and gave it to the
driver; these men never have robbed a
driver of anything save on one occa
sion. Thus he was allowed to keep
his gun ; they did not get over S200 from
the five passengers. They make a reg
lar business of robbing the stage about
every ten days. The soldiers under
took to round-up the Indians at Red
Cloud agency, in order to disarm them.
Crazy Horse's men rode over the sol
diers'andrunaying they wouldn't give
up their arms, nor did they. Little Big
Man, as chief of the Indian Soldiers,
and an officer, went in an ambulance
to arrest Crazy Horse, they arrested
him and started back to Government
quarters. The officer said the two In
dians had some hot talk in their tongue.
The next thing that he knew Crazy
Horse lay in the bottom of the ambu
lance, with a cut across the pit of his
stomach about ten inches long, and
was dying; Crazy Horse told the officer
that he had killed himself, and Little
Big Man claimed to have killed hitn
because ho refused to be arrested, but
was going on the war-path. But let
this be as it may, the greatest chief of
his age (he was about 25 or 30 years of
age), that ever commanded a war par
ty or fought a battle in the whole an
nals of history, is dead. The battle of
the Rosebud will compare favorably
with any of the famous conquests of
Blackhawk, Cornstalk, and Tecumseh.
The defeat of Custer planned by Crazy
Horse puts to shame Braddock's defeat.
Since Crazy Horse left Sitting Bull, he
(S. B) has never engaged the troops,
but has been driven about like a herd
of brainless swine from pillar to post,
and fairly driven off from United States
Territory. There is great rejoicing over
the death of this great enemy. The
people of the hills no longer fear a Min
nesota massacre, for the only man in
the Sioux nation that could successful
ly command such an outbreak is dead.
The Sioux without Crazy Horse are
what Winchester was without Sheri
dan. In my next I will give you some
of the gold and agricultural prospects
of the Black Hills.
Joe H. Fairfield.
Miles Branch, September 9th. 1877.
Joe is getting extravagant on In
dians, we are afraid. Ed.
The recent failure of Frank Leslie,
the noted publisher of seveial illustra
ted newspapers and periodicals, is
worthy of special comment on several
accounts, and particularly because the
fact is a link in the general chain of
testimony going to show that Bourbon
Democracy in these United States is a
kind of barbarism, or at best, a species
of semi-civilization. It is not to be
denied that Leslie's illustrated papers
catered to the tastes and prejudices of
Bourbon Democracy. This was their
speciality. These publications had
many general merits, excellences which
appealed to the favorable criticism of
all persons of judgment in such mat
ters; but herein being not at all super
ior to other publications of similar gen
eral character, they had their chief sale
among Democrats because of their pic
torial attacks on men and measures
known to bo distinctively Republican.
And now the publisher of these Bour
bon illustrated journals has failed, at a
time when other journals of a similar
general character, but of opposite par
tisan tendencies, are highly prosperous.
Let us not fail to profit by the lesson.
It is a singular fact that there is no
great daily journal intLe United States
which is distinctively Democratic in
politics. Nor has there been one such
for several years. It might be suppos
ed that Boston, noted as a city of in
telligent population, and which as of
ten goes Democratic as Republican,
would support one first-class Democrat
ic journal. It does no such thing. The
Post, of that city, is indeed for a Dem
ocratic paper an exceptionably good
journal, but it is, to say the best of it,
decidedly Bourbon, and is very greatly
inferior to two, if not three. Republi
can daily papers of the same city in
enterprise and in the exhibition of ed
The case is still worse for the Dem
ocracy in Xew York. That city poll
ed last year 112,530 Democratic against
53,561 Republican votes, or nearly two
to one. The State and two other States
near the city are strongly Democratic.
In Xew York, if anywhere, we should
have great daily journals. There is no
such a thing. When we speak of the
great journals of Xew York we mean
the Times, the Herald the Post and the
Tribune, and none others. These are
truly metropolitan, great in ability and
in influence among intelligent classes,
and if they are not ardently Republi
can they are at least strongly anti-Democratic.
The best Democratic paper
in the city is small-fry in comparison
to these, and that one of the party
which is the most widely circulated
is a constant foul and loathsome dis
grace to American journalism.
If we consider all the large cities of
the country we shall find likewise a no
table absence of great Democratic pa
pers, Philadelphia, Baltimore and
Washington, , do not possess a 6ingle
great journal of any kind, but the best
and the most of them are Republican.
Cincinnati has several very able journ
als, those which are Republican or Hal
steady, which is nearly the same thing,
being by great odds the best sustained.
St. Louis possesses two genuinely good
papers, neither one of which is Demo
cratic. As for this city, it has not had
a Democratic paper that anybody ever
heard anything about for many years,
but it gives to Republican, independent!
and strictly Santanic journals a larger
circulation in the city and country
than that attained by the journals of
any other place on the continent, Xew
York alone excepted. The same gen
eral fact here noted is also true of San
Francisco. As for the cities of the
South, Democratic journals are there
more successful than Republican, but
with the single exception of a Louis
ville paper they aro below the third
rate journals of the large cities of the
Their brief resume of the statutes of
metropolitan journalism in the United
States is conclusive evidence of the
superior intelligence of the Republican
over the Democratic party. If there
were no other facts showing the same
thing, this of itself would show that
the great bulk ;f the intelligent class
es of our country is in the Republican
paity, and that the ignorant classes,
except the f recti men of the South, are
in the Democratic party. We do not
now purpose to philosophize upon
these facts, though they are full of ral
uable teaching. Let it suffice for the
present to say that the intelligent
classes must appropriately continue to
direct the affairs of this nation. Civi
lization has spread too widely and gen
erally over the great portion of this
Republic ever to permit a party which
cannot sustain a great newspaper to
obtain control of the Government. The
Republican party embraces the ele
ments of progressive civilization in its
superior intelligence, and must, if at
all honestly conducted, continue to
grow in strength. The Democratic
party embraces the element of semi
civilization found among all ignorant
classes superstitions, prejudices, re
actionism, hatred of progress and
must steadily and surely give way be
fore the superior civilization of the
times. Chicago Post.
The Howgate Polar Expedition.
Incredible as the fact, may seem,
there still lives a man who expresses
an apparent sincere belief that he will
be able to do that in which so many
other intrepid explorers have failed,
namely, reach that extremity of the
earth's axis the Xorth Pole. This
man is Capt. II. W. llowgate, an officer
of the United States regular army,
through whose effort an expedition has
recently been organized and is at this
moment en route northward from Xew
London, Conn. having just sailed
pointing toward Cumberland Island to
the northeast of British America.
Being unsuccessful in obtaining an
asked-for appropriation of $50,000 dur
ing the last session of the Forty-fourth
Congresss, Capt. llowgate- and the
friends of his Arctic project stirred
about among the commercial and sci
entific associations till they received
sufficient pecuniary encouragement to
start the first boat afloat the schoon
er Florence, which is now headed by
Capt. G. E. Tyson, a life-long whaler,
and one of the officers of the ill-fated
Polaris Expedition, and manned by a
crew of ten picked seamen, all hopeful
of a favoroble termination of their
Upon reaching the Cumberland Is
land, or a point a little beyond, the
Florence and her crew will go into
whiter quarters, and establish what
will be known a3 the llowgate Polar
Colony. This colonization plan is the
hobby of the present exploration party,
the design being to conquer the climate
of the Arctic country by the acclima
tion of the men from actual residence
in the cold and dark of those regions.
It will be a slow process, but is looked
upon as the rational method to pursue,
in order to avoid a recurrence of the
sufferings and failures of previous ad
venturers in the sanw quarter. The
work of the colony the coming winter
will be to engage the services of a com
pany of Esquimaux, secure sledges,
dogs, clothing used by the natives, oil,
and other necessaries of existence in
the far-Xorth. Early in the summer
following, the voyage will be resumed
to the west of Greenland. where anoth
er vessel of colonists will be ready to
take the supplies referred to, and es
tablish Colony Xo. 2 in Lady Franklin
Bay. -In this progressive manner, fit
ting up colonies with communication
of each other, and gradually nearer as
the Pole is approached, it is hoped that
the Polar question can be solved.
Accompanying the colony already
started are two scientific gentlemen,
whose duties will be to observe and
collect full data in reference to all nat
ural objects of geology, botany, mete
orology and correlative science, they
being amply provided with necessary
facilities. These men are selected at
the recommendation of the Yale Col
lege faculty, and are Mr. Orray T. Sher
man, of Frovidence, R. I. a graduate
of Yale and an enthusiast in his chosen
profession of scientist and Prof. Loom
is, the meteorologist of Yale college
for many years. Mr. Ludwig Kumlein
is another member of the party, he be
ing a man of some considerable fame
as a naturalist.
The present adventurers in Arctic
research are heartily endorsed by many
men of education and standing in the
East, and every reading man will watch
with interest the career and issue of
this latest effort to unlock the secrets
of the icy boundaries which clog the
Besido the llowgate expedition from
the United States, several others are
now contemplating research in the Arc
tic legions, among them the English
Capt. Xares, who will go via the Green
land coast the. present year; an outfit
from Holland, which proposes to sail
beyond Norway, Spitzbetgen and Beh
ring's Straits very soon ; a party from
Sweden, which will enter upon the
same route in 1878; one from Germany,
which will try the Siberion course, and
still another which will be sent out by
Russia. Chicago Journal.
A Russian Peasant's Savings RanV.
In one of the small provincial towns
of Southern Russia a savings bank has
recently been established, the second
clerk of which, while lounging at the
desk on a "flat day" in summer, was
startled by the entrance of a heavy
looking peasant slouching, grimy, un-kempt-the
very last man one would ex
pect to see in a bank, except for the
purpose of robbing it. The apparation
'ame timidly up to the counter, and
the following dialogue ensued:
"Well, my good fellow, what may
yon want here, pray ?"
"If it please you, father, I want you
to take charge of some money forme.
Our folks say that I might be robbed
of it, and that it will be safer with you."
"Money, eh? Why, how much money
have you got then? Four roubles?
"No, it must be more than that, I
fancy. My wife and I couldn't manage
to count it all. though we've been at it
So saying, the gentleman in sheep
skin produced a tattered, filthy leath
er bag, and poured out before the
clerk's astonished eyes a perfect pyra
mid of bank bills of all values, from
1 rouble to 50. The amazed cleik has
tily summoned his two colleagues, and
the three, after a long spell of count
ing, satisfied themselves that the total
amount was not less thau 20,000 rou
bles ($15,000). The peasant, who had
stood watching the operation with a
look of childish curiosity, pocketed his
receipt and walked off as coolly as if
nothing had happened: but the next
morning he reappeared and addressed
himself to the same clerk.
"God be with you, father. Do you
take care of gold, too, as well as bank
"What, gold? Why, you'd better start
a bank yourself I How much gold have
you got, in Heaven's name?"
" Two boxes full."
At this point the banker himself,
who had been listening to the conver
sation with the deepest amazement,
came forward and announced his in
tention of accompanying his strange
customer home and taking charge of
the gold himself. The unwashed cap
italist joyfully accepted the offer, and
the pair drove out to a harulet about
two miles from the town. Here the
peasant led his companion to a small,
mean-looking hut, and opening a shed
on one side of it, displayed two batter
ed wooden boxes, through the breach
es in which gold pieces were escaping
in all directions, while beside them lay
the dirty bag which had held the bank
bills the day before. The banker ask
ed in amazement, "How long have you
had this money?"
" My father and grand father saved
it up," answered the peasant, " and
buried it here; and I dug it up just
the other day, because I'm going to
shift my quarters."
" But, with all this money, why don't
you and your wife live in Letter style,"
asked the banker, looking around at
the miserable hovel.
"Why should we, father? We do
very well as we are."
According to the Northampton
(Mass.) Gazette an insurance adjuster
gave the opinion that a fire in that
town was caused by friction "the fric
tion that is the result of rubbing a
thousand-dollar policy ou a six hun
dred dollar house."
Ma.y L. Booth, editor of Harper's
Bazar is paid s 5,000 a year for her ser
vices. Exceeding industry is one of
her conspicuous traits. She attends
seven or eight hours daily at the office ;
all the copy and illustration pass
through her hand, besides doing a good
deal of writing for the weekly.
It is the aim of the Secretary of the
Board of Trade to secure from every
section of the state magnificent collec
tions of cereals and vegetables showing
the wealth and resources of Nebraska
for permanent exhibition in Omaha.
The advantages of such a collection are
at once manifested to all interested
in the development and settlement of
the state, giving in a nutshell just
what capitalists and settlers desire to
know. Samples of grain can be sent
by mail. The name of variety, yield
per acre, weight per bushel, locality,
county and name of the sender should
always accompany the samples. Oma-
, ha Commercial Exchange.
FOR THE HOUSEHOLD, ;
Tea and coffee dietary for Children
is as bad in its effects as its use is now
universal. Dr. Ferguson found tftat
children so fed only grew four pounds
per annum between the ages of thir
teen and sixteen j while those who 'got
milk night and morning, grew' fifteen
pounds each year. This needs no cora
inentary. The deteriorated phyniqu
of tea-and-coffee-f ed children, as seen
in their lessened power to resist irs
ease, is notorious amidst the meiicat
men of factory districts. American .
How to be Beautiful. Keer
clean -wash freely. All the skin wants
is leave to act freely, and it takes cafe
of itself. Its thousands of air-holes
must not be closed. '
Eat regularly, and sleep enough-1'
not too much. The stomach can iw
more work all the time, night and day,'
than a horse. It must have regular
work and rest. -
Good teeth are a help to good loo&i?
Brush them with a soft brush, especi
ally at night. Go to bed with cleans
ed teeth. Of course, to have- whit
teeth is needful to let tobacco alone
All women know that. Washes for
the teeth should be very simple. Acid
may whiten the teeth, but it takes off
the enamel and injures them.
Sleep in a cool room, in pure airt
No one can have a cleanly Bkin who
breathes bad air. But more than- all
in order to look well, wake up mind
AVhen the mind is awake, the dull,'
sleepy look passes away from the eyes.
I do not know that the brain expands,
but it seems to. Think and read, not
trashy novels, but books and papers
that have something in them. Talk
with people who know
hear lectures and learn by them.
French polish for furniture can be
made by putting half an ounce of shel
lac, the same quantity of gumlac, and
a quarter of an ounce of gum-sandarac,
into a pint of spirits of wine. Put
them all together in a stone bottle near
the fire, shaking it very often. As
soon as the gums are dissolved it is
ready for use.
Keeptno Roses im Bloom. Ap'
soon as they have framed their fust,
flowers in the open ground, pinch oft
the end of the Srst shoot, and as soon
as the rose is fully opened, pick it off.
No rose should be left to fado upon
the bush, as when so left it exhausts
the plant in the formation of seed
As the plants grow, pinch back the
ends of the shoots when they have?
grown six inches, and rub out all puny
shoots, thus keeping the plants in a
rounded, open bush form. If strong
shoots alone are left to grow, they
will soon control the strength of tho
plant, and the flowers will bo few and
often of imperfect form. Should the
season be hot or dry, a mulch o fine,
fresh grass or sawdust, or moss from
the woods, should be placed all over
the soil, three inches deep, and at night
watered thoroughly, not sprinkled, but
wet like a day's rain. The Hybrid Per
petuals or Noisettes requre this prim
ing or pinching back, more promptly
than the Teas, Bengals, or Bourbonw.
F. R. Elliot.
To Bleacah a Straw Hat. Firs
scrub it well in water, softened wit!,
borax, using very little soap, the-,
rinse it in borax water, using a ten
spoonful of powdered borax to a bash
of water, bleach it in the sun for tw.
or three days; if the hat is very yellov
a little lemon juice rubbed on wi!
A Nice Complexion. A writer i; .
the New York Times says: To pn
vent grease accumulating on the fac
bathe it often with mild acids, or th
juice of lemon or tomato diiutea; ru
the face delicately with a to'el se'e;
al times a day. To render the com pie:
ion smooth and soft, apply cold crea
mixed with water every night in Wi
ter time. In Summer, apply oat me
water instead. Beware of getting
too much of any such preparation,
it renders an uncomfortable night a.
does harm to the skin. Apply often
Late suppers have more to do wii
muddy complexions and heavy ey
than the girls realize. Never use c
metics. They contain lead. Letn
juice and sugar mixed, will reruo
I agree with that medical journ
which asserts that "cookery should
regarded as a branch of liberal cduc
tion." I endorse every word of t.
proposal that it shall be taught i
boarding schools. Nay, I solemr
warn mothers that if they do not tea
their daughters the sauce pan and ba'
oven, the composition of wholesoi
plain dishes and some French entf
patisseries, and confiseries, they w
doom them to lonely homes. Th
husbands will dessert their own tabh
for the little dinners of their cu.
and the breakfast will be hastily gui
ed down or slighted, and thehatsnati
td up for the early "bolt down-tow
where th husbai.d knows he can p
an early luncheon of chops and voge.
bles, cooked and dressed to his t;ts
Our girls must be tarlght to coolt,
that they can fry, or bake.orstew wi
as much ease and grace as they n
dance, dress, and play the piano,
they must take the consequer.cer,. "
Ehrich's Fashion Quartei
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