Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882, July 05, 1877, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Trerpjcut hueing or cultivating pro
molts the health of plants, because
the more thoroughly the soil is pulvcr
izdtlie greater its power of absorption.
The action of the hoe increases the
attraction for moisture, encourages the
circulation of atmospheric and nutri
tive gases, and thus adds to the fertili
ty of the soil.
For tho family is Hie foundation aud
n,ot of all good government; and from
the interest of the good, iuteligent
father and mother in their children
springs their interest in education, in
good government, aud all those things
which are to influence their future.
Harried women ought, therefore, to
study foods and their methods of pre
paration, with 1 eferenceto health ; dress,
from the tastf ul and economical point
of view; house-keeping in all i!s de
tails with reference to the saving of
labor and the achievement of the best
results; maternity and the treatment
wf children and lastly the social aspects
of the neighborhood in which they
live and it could be improved.
These questions, with tho readings
and discussions which they would nat
urally, stimulate, would form the basis
for useful woman's societies, one of
which should exist in every town and
viliage in the United States where
there are any Avomen, for change, and
mutual help and encouragement. But
ask for no sympathy or sentiment.
"Women need more than anything to
hav their duties plainly set before
them and be excited to their perfor
mance. Not the duty of staying at
home; but the duty of going out, and
finding out what she can best do
w hen she is at home. They want to
find out how to be well and stay well;
how to have healthy, happy childien
and how to keep them healthy and
happy; how to keep young and fresh
instead of grow ing old and worn. And
they will find that the key to all these
. things is in themselves and in the
knowledge which they acquire and ap
ply of what is going on about then.
Ehrich's Fashion Quarterly.
For the information of an Englsh
correspondent who writes for a de
scription of the grasshopper, we sub
mit the following pen photograph, ta
ken on the spot by our illustrated ar
tist: A grasshopper is a cross between
the grizzly bear and a tarantula, or
great American spider. He is some
thing less than six feet in height, and
many of him will way a ton. His
body is like unto a black-jack railroad
tie, with legs of clock spring wire, and
head similar to a Missouri river cat-fish.
Gregarious in habit, he his prey
in his capacious paws, swallows it
whole, and then retires to the woods to
rest. Railroad trains have been stop
ped and robbed, and the passengers de
voured by these monsters; the engi
neer, fireman, and conductor, generally
manage to escane by crawling into the
boiler. The grasshopper will chew up
everything he comes across from a pen
ny nail to a saw mill, and takes his
victuals raw, cooked, or on the half
shell. He comes in the fall, bores the
ground full of holes with his little
girablet, and then fills each hole with
about 700Jl9,444,222 eggs, which hatch
out when the (lowers begin to bloom.
Each of these eggs are as large as os
trich eggs, if not larger, and when
cooked have the flavor of doughnuts.
A large traflic is annually done in
grasshopper eggs in this vicinity in
the spring time, gentle Annie, thou
sands of packages being shipped daily
to the East and to Europe, where they
go by the name of egg plant probably
because the hoppers plant 'em. They
are very numerous when they come
in droves, and are remarkable M-arce
when they have disappeared. Feeding
at a distance on the prairie, they look
like a herd of buffalo. The grasshop
per bulls are hardly distinguishable
fro.r the cows and are very docile
This is all we can tell about the. grass
hopper at present.
There was a man who wanted to
know whether the mouth of the Dan
ube will be closed on Sundays.
Mr. James Russel Lowel will enter
tain the Harvard Senior Class at break
fast on Corporation Day, which is to
take the place of Class Day.
Louisville Courier-Journal "I got
along well enough in the cavalry, but
somehow this infantry, with its holler
squares and things, get me. F. II.
One of the Southern newspapers tells
of a man whose life was saved by a
plug of tobacco carried in his pocket.
A pistol bullet fired at him lodged in
the tobacco, and the man was unharm
ed. Moral If you will use tobacco,
don t take it out of your pocket.
Instructor in astronomy "And now
young gontlemen, which of you can
tell me the name of the greatest of the
plannets the champion planet, so to
speak of our solor system V" Student
I can, Sir; it s Saturn." Instructor,
hesitatingly "And how's that, pray ?"
Student "Why, because he carries the
belt. Instructor dismisses the class
without further comment.
A good story is told of Berkley Cra
ven and Lord Alvanly, when an acci
uen. Happened to their carriage. The
former getting out to thrash the foot
man, saw he was an old fellow. an
said: "Your age protects you;" while
. .ivaniy, who had advanced towan
the postillion with the same intention
seeing he was an athletic yoiiii" fel
low, turned to him, saying in bis wag
gish way, "1 our yoiuh protecis you."
The last Arkansas traveler tells
story of a citizen of the State
who, while or. board a steamer on the
Mississippi, was asked by a gentleman
"whether the raising of stock in Ar
kansas was attended with much difli
culty or expense" "Oh, yes, stranger
they suffer much from insects." "In
sects! Why what kind of insects, pray ?"'
"Why, bears catamounts, wolves, and
sieh like insects." Thf sl-:uv.yr sf j.-d
IwiUu'i inquiry.
In Dr. Child's History of Cass County.
We give below one. of the selections from the Old Settler's Record, incor
porated with Dr. Child's History of Cass County. The article is called Early
Days in Nebraska, though the scenes are not in Cass county, they are applica
ble to early Nebraska all over. This forms the last two pages of the book.
We had intended to give extracts from the body of the work ere this, but
have not been able for want of type, having to use all we had constantly in
the works going on in the office at the same time. The Doctor's book will
be ready for sale next week, and will be found very interesting. Ed.
"Wc "baclis" continued to sleep in the Chase mansion, but ate over at
Thompson's.' Poor Mrs. Thompson, how I have pitied her, since I have
mown older, and know what must have been her trials, her fears, and her
utter loneliness then.
First the Indians annoyed her; at that time they had not the most re
motest idea of jricary, or the sanctity of a man's own dwelling. All the
houses they had seen belonging to white men, were trading jiosts open to
all, and their own wigwams contain from eight to ten families, and all are
more or less common property, so hy habit aud usage they thought they
had a right to inarch plump into any house, and squat down on the lloor
to smoke if they chose to.
Then all oar ways and habits were a curiosity, they would pick up
every cooking utensil, examine her clothes, and if she shut the door, would
flatten their noses against the window panes for hours and watch her work.
The squaws were the worst for this, and generally kept guard over all of
us during meal times to see how we ate.
We eight, big, strong men roamed over the prairies and came home
with such appetites as completely overpowered our meek little landlady.
Our fare was mostly potatoes and bread; more and more had she cook
ed, and yet we cleaned the platter and looked hungry.
One day she cried 1113' heart bleeds for her noir, and I believe I helped
her cry then bitter tears over it, and said so dolefully: "If I could only
cook potatoes enough for than men once, I would die happy." She is dead
now, and 1 sincerely hope has no more potatoes to boil.
The land entered upon by these settlers at this time was yet unsur
veyed, no State or county officers existed, and from this resulted a curious
t-tate of facts. People cannot exist without some form of law, and they
soon organized themselves into a sort of "vigilance committee'' for protec
tion and other purposes, but as internal troubles grew almost together out
of disputes about land boundaries, and rights, they were called "Claim
They chose a "Captain" or Chief, Secretary, and some minor officers,
and being grasping of land power, thej- laid down a rule, that under their
law men could hold 320 acres of land, and there was a strong hope in the
minds of many that they could induce the General Government to consent
to this, and make it legal, when the land came to be surveyed. It was to
tally unjust, illegal, and useless, but was law for the time that had to be
obeyed, and many bitter quarrels never healed, and many a life lost was
the product of the old "Claim Laws" of Kansas and Nebraska. Men
would come in knowing the real law, and jump the squatter's odd ICO
acres. In such case he was warned away by the "Club" three several times,
and if he did not cease his claim then, the Club were "turned out" under
their Captain, and he was forcibly ejected, even if it cost life. They were
bound to do this by oath to that effect, as they had a "Constitution, ly
Laws" and land offices, with "records," and places and times for "filing
on" lands; all arranged Government fashion, except the 320 acre clause.
Sometimes rival "Claim Clubs" came in contact on some boundary line,
and then the "devil wato pay." The "Club" was once called out to put
old man Miller olf. He lay behind the logs with a loaded rule, the muz
zle of which could be seen through the chinks. As he didn't scare worth
a centthev finally compromised.
Perhaps a slight notice of one of the first traders who ever went up
the Missouri River may not be amiss to people of Cass County. I allude to
who died here in LCG.". Sarpy kept the first trading post on the Omaha
Reserve, built in the fall of The Omaha Indians received' a large an
nuity then, payable every spring and fall, and at these times, Mr. Sarpy,
his half breed interpreters and Frenchmen, (employees), would come up
there, and for a few days it was jut about the liveliest town you ever saw.
At that time t!ie Indians usually spent all the money they received in three
or four days after "payment." Tiio traders stood up at their rough coun
ters day and night while the trado lasted, and took in thousands of dol
lars of gold.
When the money was spent and the Indians gorged with fresh beef,
blankets, trinkets and, sugar and tobacco, then and not till then did
Mr. Trader take a high old spree. Stripped to the buff, often, with a whole
bolt of calico for a "breech-cloth," your old fashioned "Indian Trader"
promenaded the little village, and woe to the rash Indian or green white
man who then an 1 there interfered. The spree like the tr.idj lasted sev
eral days and nights continuously. Then the goods left, if any, were pack
ed in wagons, the gold securely strapped about them or in a safe plac
and away went the trader until another payment. Chief among these was
the subject of this sketch.
The last of the three, was also a St. Louis cre-ole, of French extrac
tion, a cousin of Sarpy'ts and at the earliest period known of, was an In
dian trader, either for himself, Sarpy or "The Company." He had all
the characteristics of the old French stock of "ludian men," and was, and
is, a "character" as original and curious as an 3- of the abnormal growths
of this country; caused by its rapid progress, and constant mixing of dif
ferent nations and elements together.
Lambert accompauied Fremont, as his Lieutenant, on his first expe
dition to the Rocky Mountains, from whence lie obtained the name of the
"path-liudcr" though Lambert thinks had it not been for u few plucky
Frenchmen, the path would never have been found, Fremont to the con
trary nevertheless, notwithstanding. He was cotemporary with "Kit Car
son" as a guide and scout, and better known, and of wider fame at the set
ting out of that expedition than even the renowned "Kit" hinislf. Lam
bert's fiery temper and French disposition stoo l in the M ay of his advance
ment, and the result was, that oa the return of the cavalcade to Sarpy's
post, Lambert turned "Trader" again and has not been heard of, while
Carson became a Government "scout" of fame, was made a Colonel in the
regular army, and died Governor of New Mexico.
lambeht's store.
It was in his store that the early frolics were held, some of the town
Councils, and around his doors the "Claim Club" gathered in force, and
took a final drink before they marched to dispossess some aspirant for
"ICO" acres of thcir(his) land. He claims to have built the second cabin in
the town, aud well do I remember it. It was of rough Cottonwood logs,
about 1Sx22, with a short counter across one end, and four rough shelves
behind it. One half the space in front of the counter, in the spring of '57,
was piled to the ceiling with buffalo robes, otter, mink, coon, wolf, beaver,
wild cat, swift, and other furs, and tanned elk and deer skins. They smell -ed
of all the various scents of the different beasts the' grew upon.
The Indians and traders filled the place with smoke, the occupants
ate garlic and drank whiskey. It was always crowded, always dark, al
ways smokj-, always full of the scent of "kiuneykennick," and you could
smell the thing as fur as you can hear a locomotive whistle, if the door stood
High on the top of a bluff, on the banks of the Missouri, above Decatur,
a few years ago could be seen the grave of the first white man and pioneer
we have any record of ia the country. It is
wood's grave.
He was there- before Lc wis Ar Clark's expedition up the Mis.sun; i,'v a
trader and a trapper with the Indians. Wool creek is nam.' I after him,
and its mouth is the initial point of the eastern terminus of the treaty line
of the Indian reserve. He was buried here in a fashion, half Indian and
half white man. In his blanket, with his valuable trinkets, gun, etc., by
him, sitting up, with his face down the river, that he might see th? "Mat k
iaaws" of the traders, as they came up the river at intervals, and brought
him news of the great v. orld he had left so long and so completely.
I have said that Sarpj- started the first trading post in Nebraska. I
think he did. Wood was the first trader however, but his "corral" could
hardly be called a post, and his solitary habits did not allow of his becom
ing a large trader like Sarpy.
S. T. Learning was the firtt mayor of Decatur, and Frank Welch is
Mayor now (171). Mr. Wi ! h w:is the tlr-l "ity Clerk, somewhere
Fred, border's Implement Emporium
Is the place to buy every kind of Agricultural Implement.
SULKY GANG PLOW, of the Chicago Plow Co.; STANDARD NEW HI-
. . . - rn . ht mir irnrii'in
DINQ CULTIVATOR, of KocKrora, in.; -ui--,
'Harrison.' and 'Pelltz' Wagons.
(New Manny, Champion, and others.)
(with Self-Binding attachment.)
Satisfaction Guaranteed or no Sale.
Office in J. V. rreckbiu'lf s Store, corne. Ualu and Third Streets.
SIEXWIZsTGr machine.
This Machine is Offered to the Public Upon
its Merits Alone.
Liyht and Still Running Qualities, and its Self -Threading Needle and
Stlf-Rcguhiting Tvmiuns, make it the Most Desirable Machine in the world.
fw en era I I) 'ester n Office
2 Douglas Street, Omn-sn, 7Svl.
TT Mia. mi
-lis WMM&m
so- psp mm
51 3 Mmmi
Excelsior Ctspylsitr IJiik.
Made of '!i-mi-.l Iajr.
O'llokly copse- :mv writing WIlIlOVT Water,
1'KES.?. or RKCsH. s :l it! home, lilr:iry r of
fice. Ktr 1-a.ilies wishing m ivluin copii s of let
ten, every t.ii-une- man. eiemymen. eorresjioii
clents, tr.ivelei-s i; is tnvulti ilile selU al sivc lit.
Send :l M mid v. - will s-id ;i ti piiae l;iok.
letter size. KY MA! 1. jmid t:ni;iy iiddress. We
refer to :mv ' Amii-v. Rend stamp
for Ajients" Circular. HXt.'KI.SIOK IFi
' . IIU Pi-arliura CIiieas- "l-
.V-M-i-J AUCATS wanted.
Forest TaF5
Fnr Throat. Lunes. Asthma. and Kldaeys.
orest Tar Solution,
has come home,
And he has brought the finest line of Dress Goods, Staple
Goods, Fancy Goods and Notions you ever saw.
r1 say iiofhiaigof gaeeiie hj the acrc9
H -4 "BW B Tl fit A
hat anl caps till jou
must buy
Spring and Summer Goods eyer and ever so cheap.
Now isyour chanco hound to sell and undersell anybody. Hurry vp. I want to go East again next month.
7 to 8 or & to 7, juM as you like, and!
The cah Is always massf el wt tm9 there
is 1&0 lnHtiBBfiiclatioBB at the
t. ra ti
1 7! b
As it is Generally our custom to criye rou our prices for goods so that you can calculate at home what you can
buy for your money, we will give you prices below which will be lower than ever and 10 per cent, cheaper than you
can anywhere in this City or State. We have the advantage of any merchant in this city buying direct from the
manufacturers. A e have opened a holestale Store in St. Josepu Mo., wit ten will be attenueu by jur. Solomon.
20 yards prints for one dollar. Summer Shawls, 7.1c up.
Jirown and bleach muslin, one dollar, iianuKcrciiieis, lor xc.
151 ue and brown denims, one dollar. Ladies Silk Ilandkcrchier, 3"Jc each.
lied ticking, one dollar. Ladies Hose, :J pair for 25c.
Cheviot, one dollar. Men's Socks 5c up.
Crass Cloth, one dollar. Cud's and Collars, 25c a set, and up.
Malt Shades, one dollar. lied Spreads, one dollar up.
Tabhj Linen, one dollar. Corsets, good, 50c up.
Crash Toweling, one dollar.
As it is impossible to give the prices of our enormous
15re C3rc!s HepartMiet
... . . . j 1 1 1 . .i i 1 i a j??x. 1 ;.i;i it . iif
we will onl' state tnac it is 1110 largest ana imest siock ever orougni 10 1111s cuy ana consisting 01 uie iouowin new
Poplins, Douhle Silk Pongees Japanese Silks, Matelasse-
Zephyr SuiMngs, Lawns, Grenadines, and Percales,
at prices ranging from 12J cts. up; also a fine line of IIAMJiUKG EMIJKOIDLIIIKS from 5 cents up.
LINEN EM UK OI DE 11 1 ES to match our LINEN I) II ESS COODS. -A full assortment of IJUNDLE PRINTS
and everything belonging to
pie &
Fancy Dry Goods Establishment.
V.'e also keep a full line of
n K
&St3 y Sikihi 5.41 V
from 1.50 up for whole suits. Joans Pants from 81.00 up. An unexcelled lino CENTS' FlTRXISIIINfJ COOPS.
line White Shirts $1 up; Calico Shirts, 40 cts. up; Cheviot Shirts, 50 cts. up; Overalls, t.y cts. up; j'apcr i.oii.irs io-.
Hats, 75c up; Cars, 10c tip; Roots, 82 per pair up; Shoos. SI p -r pair up: TRUNKS and VAId.- i:, a good as
sortment. We do not keep a little of everything, from an Axe Handle to a oarrcl 01 sail, hut u na. we iocan we
have in full and comnlete stock. JEWELRY, PLATED WARE, CLOCKS, TAELE and POCKET CI J LI-ll 1 . e:e.
81 ff
We would inform the ladies of 1'hittsmoulh aud vicinity that wc are in receipt of the the tinest
Pattern Heads and Bonnets Direct from Paris.
We have an Accomplished, Fashionble Lady Trimmer who understands the business thoroughly and can ;;vit all your
tastes; also a full line of SILK TRIMMINGS, Ribbons, Flowers and Ornaments. Sash Ribbons from niic up; Ladies
Tiiinmed Hats, 81 and up. We have a large and complete stock Canvass, Perforated Card Hoard, Zephyrs. Zephyr
Needles, Mo. toes, and Silk Floss of all shades.
Herald Office
or Ii.t-alntioi. for Catarrb. Consumption,
forest Tar Troches,
p or Sore Throat, Hoarseness, Tickling Cough and
I Funfyiug the Breattu
rorest Tar Salve,
tfM . . . T " wd T.t.n
or inaoieni ooree, uicera, v.uio, .ui..
and lor l'Uts.
Forest Tar Soap,
fa or Chnp-(1 Hands. Salt Khenm, Situ Diseaaea,
1 ttie a oilct and Uatii.
orest Tar Inhalers,
or Isliali ng f or Catarrh, Consumption. Asthma.
JTor Sale by mil Ztruggist.
All kinds of
Neatly rf- Promptly
Horse, 3IulecS: OxShoeini;.
In short, we'll shoe anything that has
four feet, from a Zebra to a Giraffe.
Come and see us.
on Fifth St.. betwron Main an. I Vine Mr ci
just iwrotvs the conior lioiu the tv lil-.l;.! 1'
oouc. - HJ
Prices Reduced.
"Th3 Family Favorita"
New Model Machine.
No'Gears, Wo Cams, No Spring.
Et tbo rxpir-.Uon cf l'Atenta untl.-r wbi h we hare
txwn paing loj-liiun, e . enulilwl to mil our Sla
diinca at
Grsatly Bsducsd Prices,
and ns lotr u thtn of any firrt-clHM m'u;hliie.
203 Webarfv .'-va., CV.-2Z&, HI.
An immense stock of Carpets, Oil Cloths, lins and JIats. llemp Carpets 25c ier yard ; Ingrain Carpets, 50,
per yard. Standard Carpet Chain, o It bundles only 131.25.
Wo have also, for the accommodation of our friends, added to our already extensive assortment a large stock of
Oil Window Shades in all colors. Lace Window Curtains 23 cts per yard.
We present our annual price list satisfied that our customers will see that we can do better for them than ever
beforeand thankful for past patronage we most respectfully ask a continuance of the same.
riattsmouth, Nebraska, March 22d, 1377. SOLOMON & NATHAN.
U siV Tni rl iri n rn '
A nJ&v, ! L3 LU LJ Li Li . :i
pPyR jfiiP
LB : H 3
including ihe'greatcst variety of beautif"! colored shoes (or
children ever brought to this market. To be closed out at
l shall continue to keep the best of workmen in my man
ufacturing department.