Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1873)
tfARETOIS FOS$ OFFICE fiTTOfeS AH gtfofo Sofa at tbe k?reat jpribos fw odah. A Tfea ootectod stock of Foreign and- Afneruxui Watohea, Ladies Gold Watchea and
1 Zft4iw: oiid GhU atid JtoUed (tots, ktnfru iai;
fcc. A hirge assortment of Clocks headquarters for llarsh'cs, latent Acoommodatioii spectacles. Repairing dcrie on short notice and all work warranted. Call and examine for yourselVos.
r - ; . , ;
. .Publishes! every Thursday at
iea.rrsMoi TH, keihuska.
OtRee Qn Main St., Bet. J4ih and Bth.
A li lAVYl S 1 7 a n X C?'
Ono square , (in lines or lewo one lnr?rt!on..$M
E;ich Hiib.se-ucnt Insertion W
Professi'in.! r;u-.N, not coee:lln; rt!t linen. .J0-0
Inco'iimu It uniit-in 2twt
'column IK.T ::n:iuin 4o.0
Vicoluiun do eo.nt
On.; column do 100.04
All :it vert Kin: Mil due quarterly. , f
Transient aUv.nUscnicutji uiuat bapGHIftfK
ad Villi 03.
Extra Comes oktitf. HFW.T.Tfr m1 ff El
.1. SircU-lit, :it the Post mice. f?ul O. K. Juhu
son, cimii'T of M:iiu ami Fifth M;.
J. A. MACMURPHY, Editor.
TERMS 1 $2.00 a Ye
Terms, iu kuub4
One oopy, one year ! $2.00
One oopy, sis mouths 1.00
Qae copy, three nicy" 50
i'lattsmouth, Nebraska, TEur day,' August 14, 1873.
1. ... ,-
"RT 15. KICKS F, Attorney :it Lnv." Ofilce on
M;iiu S:rTt, mvr t'lntpman's Dni Store.
Sp4J :tttf utiun given to c.!U-ctiii of Claims.
D. H. WIIKEI.EK, J. XT. STI3.CIICOMB.
"WXifrlcr & .StiRclicomb,
ATTOKNEVS AT LAW. "
-ly I1;tttmmitli. Nebraska.
a&at. m. ciiAi'MAN. n. t. maxwell.
Ct;i)nmn Si Maxwell.
ATTOKNEYS AT LAW anrl Solicitors In
CliaiM-err. O.I'hk' in Fitjionild's IHo:k, llats
TLrAJtQUETT. SMITH .t STAKBIK1, Attor
tifvt at liw. Ira'ti-e in all t!i; fourth of
th BtatV. Sfx-ial altintinii given to collections
nd matters of lrolate.
UiSee over the I'ost Office. I'lattsii'iouth, Xel.
KR. I.I VINf.STONM'hysirian anfi Surgeon,
Tenders lii-i orofessii'itiijl srvii'es to the
ttzens of t'iiss countv. K'-iilenc southeast
eoni'T of ):ik and SixOi streets ; office on Main
tr-et, one ior west of Lyman's LumLer Yard,
JW. BAW1.INS, Siiv-'f-Dii and l'l:vsri.in.-
Iitea Surxeon-in-t l.ief f t!ie Army of the
fotomar, i'lattmnontn. Xenraska. OiTlcc at O.
3f. John -uin's l'rusj Store. Main stieet.
rilFKI.Ki: & J'.ENNETT Kcal ICslafo nnd
ris:aiiii: Agents. Notaries rul.i'.c. Tire
d Life Insurance- AviiU, l'lattsjamtlh. Neb.
inri.l'S FAIMC :,iieril Ii.si-.r.iio-e Awtit,
Itej .resents soi:.e of l lie ;iu.-t reliable t'om-pank-s
in the I'nited Statts. jan.-wtf
JOHN TITZ'IICUALI), rro;.r:i tor.
Main Stn-ct, between Fifth & Sixth.
ClTET.sr.L. raini ietor. Have recently been
repaired and 'jiced In thorough running
rdr. UMi.iitrt r.Kshe's f Wheat wanted inline
ttelT for wliicli the ..lhcst market iricc will
be t mi'd.
rp HE XUMKIHCAL SYSTKM Tlie best In use
For descriptive circulars, address.
ACiil j, liLACKMAU & CO..
Ituriiaton. I own.
GREKNIIOCSE AND BEDDING
TIrve and monev snved by orderirs of me. I
Lave the lar. st and best collection of Plants
tr of.er.'d lor s:de in the W'-st. CataNijnea
tr. S v"(:l i'olaio. 'abbae. Tomato, and otl
er Plants l-;e al- ?-i tiieir season.
A.l.rts . J. HKSSKK, Platt:.:noutl, X vC.
FOK A P.OOK NFEDICI) UY ALL
Tlic bet books pi!b!i-hcd on the Horse v.v
thf Co, l ib val terms. Mom y mule i acidly
f.T re-'ti solii';'; tb-e b-.oks. Send for ellcu
llni." lOKHCU it COATKS.
1'uMislu rs, rhiiadclpliia, l'a.
FIKE AET GALLERY.
JT.Tiio'iV-rr.i'iis. Ambrotis and copies
fr'n old pictures, plain or cofiu-eil. either i'i iuk
vieroroii. AH work neatly executed a't- var
Mtbted to give s-U ;sfa ti-.n.
. . I.i. . A :ii '. -vri i:.i .
Main St., Fia;t:oo-.ii:i, Neb.
flEW DRUG STORE.
T. L. PQTjrBR,
WiAi.y.R in nnra-l mkik-ink. paints.
OILS, V.RM-."f. PKKFl MKUY,
STATION' l'Ii:-Y. NT:OXS, ,
ClOA P ANT) XO-
CLOT! 1 1
TTTVr.. FT'HNISillNC. r;oop5. HATS,
Al'S, i M ITS, SHOI'S. Tltl'NKS,
VAL1S'. t'ARPET RAGS,
&c, &c, &C, iwC.
Ctn of the o'.'-;t and most Reliable Houses
bl n.ittsmoutli. Maiu street, between Fourth
f.rj:ME5IIlEU THE 1'L.VCE.
E. L. ELS1ER,
Id E lid HA NT TAT LOR.
I tn receipt or the f.r.est and
riASSIMEUKS. CLOTHS. VESTING?. SCOTCH
00(M;S, IRISH FitllCSlIS. &c.
In fct. the largest and best assortment of
Cloths ev. r b si ht to t hi city, which I am
prepared to make i:; in the Lat ,t Stjles. Call
anil examine Goods. apnlls.
Mrs- A. D. Whitcomb,
DRESS AND .CLOAK: MAKER,
Reems tnree dooi-s vv .M.of r.rooks House.
CUTTING AND . "TlltO MADE
t27" r-tterns of all kinds constantly on hand
J. W. SHANNON'S
FFED, SALE, & LIVERY STABLE.
Main street, riattstaoutb, N,eb.
I am prepared to accommodate the public
Uuggies, W.'.gons, ,
" and a No. 1 ITaw".f
On short. notice and reasiii'lo te'rjns. 'ii
ITnck will nil. ti t'ae steanib. ..' 4tn -Iinj.
ami all parts ol the city when il'e. jcf- ;
JanltL .,; :,. - if. i
Cli Ao. -i J-Zj tFiVS 1 .
MT. TEE N-'T, NEB.
Bejjs leave to"iinoi nt tfae farmer of
G;is CJounty that he keeps a good No. 1
P BL A C KS M ITU SHOP
one mile north of Jit. Pleasant.
- All kinds of Iron Work attended to.
Wagons repaired, Farm Implements
carefully mended. Lo'west prices, and
all work-done on short notice.
Grain received in payment. Give
triatrial. Ofv. N. Tiffany.'
Official ' Directory;.
T. W. Tli.ton, r.rownville..
I. W. Ilitcbeoek. Omaha..
XT. R. Senator.
U. i. Senator.
I j. Crounse, ft. Calhoun Representative.
R. W. Furnas, Brownville Governor.
.T. .T. :osjer, Lincoln Sec'y of State.
.1. K. Weston. Jieatrtce Auditor.
II. A. Ki-iii(r, Columbus Treasurer.
J. R. Webster. Crete Att'y Oen.
J. M. McKenzie, Lincoln. ..Sup't Pub. Instruc'n.
Ceo. B. Lake, Omaha Chief Justice.
iSSUWJ-S.1'- Associate Just's.
R. R. Livingston ...Mayor.
Fhelps l'aine City Clerk.
AViu. Wintersteiu City Treasurer.
J. V. Haines l'oliee Judsie.
Miles Monr;m Miirslial.
1). . Johnson Street Commissioner.
First Wari. J. Fitzgerald, II. S. Newman.
E'.'oxn ttAKli, .1. vtnymaii.l'. .Mchols.
'I jitKt Waki. It. C. t'iisliin, Tlios. l'ol
ouitr:i Waicd. It. Vivian, L. F. Johus
If. F. FHison
Y'. L. Hobbs
U. W. V.'ise
Jacob Yaliery. i
Lyn.an James, )
J. V. Thomas
. . .Sup't Pub. Instruct'!!.
BAIT:?T On the corner of Main and Ninth,
Rev. T. J. Arnold. Pa.-; tor. Services every
S.abbath. at 11 a. m. and 7 j. m. Sabbath School
at :' t a. m. Fryer mct-tun; every V'ednesday
CHRISTIAN Service In Con;rrepaf ion Church
:it !l a. m. and C : p. m. Corner of locust
and Kth streets, t ordial invitation extended to
ail classes to attend.
riSCOPM, Corner Vine and Third streets,
-.Minister. Services every Sunday at
11 : 30 a. m. and 7 p. m. Sunday school at 3 p. m.
CATIIO Li North side of Public Square, Rev.
Father Itobal. First Mass every .-.abbath at
-.Ti a. m., Seeimd Mass and sermon at ie-:so,
Vespers and iieuedietion at 7 p. la. Mass at
8 a. in. every week day.
lMitST PRKSI5YTKRI AN North side of Main
-- street, west of !!, i.ev. W. T. Jiart'.e ; S-r-viers
ev.-rv- Sabbatlt at II a. m. and7 p.m.
Sahbnt! Sehool at !i-:r a. m. Prayir inccting
every V eunesday evening at 8 o'clock.
A T ETHOHIST I'PJCOPAIWest shie of 6th
J-,L street south of Main. Rev. C. MoKcIviey
I'astor. Services every Sabbath, at lu :: a. in.,
and 7 p. m. l'rayer ' meeim everv Tnursday
eveiimjr. 'lass in.H-ti!ijr every Monday evening,
and inm-ediately after close of Sabbath morn
ing services. Sabbath School at 2 :J0, 51. 1$.
VlONT.MJ lien 21 S"ptemb r liat die Deutsche
Kv. Lnth. Cemeinds in ihretn Sciiulliaus vtr
1'iittairs uni 11 I hr Cotteodienst. i -bcrliauit
'ii-.' t derscl'.'e von jett an rcelmaessiir ai'.e 14
la-.'e statt. Minister, Kev. I. li i'.;i;!Walil.
S.Udiath S'-lii,:)! at 1 p. in., 1'rof. d'Alleuian-.l,
T O. O. T Regular meetings of Platte Lodge
No. 7. 1. O. O. F. every Thursday evening at
Odd Fellows' Hail. Transient i.rothfrs are cor
diallv invited to visit.
K K. Cr.NMMIIIA.M, X. G.
5iI.Vi.kx. r:nt.r ;r.L, Seci;-;ar'.
T O (). I'.-l'I.AnsvOlTI! ICN'.'AMI'MEJfT No.
a. Re;:ubtr Convocations the td au i 4th
Friday's of each month jt M Fellows' Hall
corner . 'id and Main streets. Transient Patri
archs cordially invito;! to visit.
II. J, STKF.IGIIT, CP.
H. XrwMA.v. Scribe.
" fASONIC J'l.ATTSMOfTH f")rr,K No. C. A.
F. & A. M. R.'i'iil:-r m.-etings at their Hall
on the first and third Monday ev. tim--s of each
month. Transient brethren oivit-d to visit.
R. R. LIVINGSTON, W. M.
A. d'Al.l.KMANn. Sec.
AT.M'OY I.O.'.GF No. 22. A. F. & A. M. Kesrn-l.-r
meetings at Macoy Hall, f,r;t and third
Fridays J. N. WISE, W. 51.
J. M. BrAiuifLEr, Sec.
"VEP.RASKA CH V ITER Xo 3. R. A. M. Tieg-
. ular Convocations see.t:d and fonrth Tues-
day evenings of each month at 7'4 o'clock p.
R. K. LIVINGSTON; if. I
t r - - . .
11. .WA, SIT.
T O. G. T. OLIVE BRANCH. Xo. 2, n. E1H
sen, M. VV. C. T.. C. W. King, W. Sec.. T.
W. Shryoejj. Lodge Dejmtv, meets at Clark &
Plummer's Hall everv 1 uesdav evening. Trav
elling Templars respectfully invited.
rTM'KXVKnEIX. The Tcrner Roe'etv meets at
A Turners' Hall in Ouihmaii's Iilox-lt. on the
first and third Wednesdays of each month.
A. Von Sehwanenberg. President ; George
Karetier. Vice Piesidcut : II. Newman. Treas
urer : V". Rreed. Recording Secretary : Paul
Uraidsch. 'orresponlidg Secretary; "William
llassler. First Turn Wart : John Hons, Second
Turn Wart ; Osw;dd Guthman, Warden.
Purissima ei Optima.
ter rA-tf i ft, &t i ' '-f w J-Zi
This tmrivallcd 5Iedicine Is warranted not to
contain a single particle of Mereur. or any in
jurieus mi:ie;.ul .;;ibstaiice, blit is
For forty years It has proved its great value
in all diseases of the Liver, lUiwf Iand Kidneys
'i liousands of tne good and great in ail parts of
the country vouch f.r its wonderful and pectiliar
power in iurifving the blood, stimulating the
torpid li.erand bowels, and imparting new life
and vigor to the whole system. Simmons' Liv
er Regulator is acknowledged to have uo equal
It contains four medical elements, never unit
ed in the same L.;."py proportion in any other
preparation, viz ; a g -title Cathartic, a wonder
ful Tonic, an tin -exceptionable Alterative ami a
certain Correct he of all impurities of ti.n body.
Such signal success has attended its uss, that it
is now regarded as the
GREAT L X FA I LI NO SFECIriC.
for Liver Coin plaint and the painful ofNpring
thereof. to-wit ; 1 lyspeiisia. Constipation,
Depression of Spirits, ."our Stomach, Heart
Burn. &c. &c.
Regulate thi? Liver and prevent
CHILLS ANT) FEVER.
Prepared only by J. H. ZEILIX ft CO.
. Druggists. Macon. Ga.
Send for a Circular ) and Sn Arch street.
Price by mail l.i t Philadelphia l'a.
For Side by J. . BullGry,
Jan4-wly Platt.stiioulh, Neb.
lying Your Greenhouse and
T"OXT send East for Plants when vou can tret
J just sis p-mmI for less money nearer heme.'
To my numerous friends and patrans I wouid
say that I have the largest and best stock of
plants ever offered for sale iu the West, uud
at reasonable prices,
lie sure and scud for my
.Xcnr Oescrlpflve Catalogue.
which will Ik? sent free to all who applv for it.
Then pive me your orders, aud I fe-el confident I
I cm satisfy you.
. ' 1na3ib. Neb.
Her Natural Advantages and
The Governor business was a matter
that had long been fenced off by cer
tain parties, and we may well imagine
that the advent of the second Governor
of Nebraska was not considered a per
fect streak of good luck by all the
members of that Assembly, neverthe
less he was heartily welcomed in a set
speech and once more the wheels of
Legislative machinery were set in mo
tion and ran smooth enough except a
hitch now and then on Capitcl moving,
or a minority report or two on Squat
ter Sovereignty, as will be shown here
after. As curiosities, and to show that there
is nothing nw under the sun, we offer
a few f the records of this early Leg
islature, then we must leave them. On
January' 23d, Mr. Nuckols gave notice
of a bill to incorporate the Platte Val
ley & Pt. Kearney Railroad, (to run
from riattsmouth to Ft. Kearney) and
the Committee on Corporations in a
report on the Platte Valley and Pacific
Railroad use the following strong lan
guage in regard to the construction and
probable business of such a road:
".Most of the Pacific road could be grad
ed more easily than tiny of the roads of
Illinois. The importance of
an overland national channel of com
merce can be formed by inserting here
some estimates of the business of such
a route," here follow the statistics from
the reports of tonnage at San Francis
co, and other sources, showing that the
business on the lino would be equal to
January 26th a public printer was
appointed, and put under .$10,000 bonds.
Even in that early day the public print
ing seems to have been a bone of con
tention, for we find a dozen different
acts and regulations concerning it, and
in the appendix to the Journal we find
a report stilting that Sherman & Strick
land are the only boy3 west of tne Mis
souri river that know beans about
printing public documents, and there
fore they we're made our. First Ttrrito
rinl Printers, also Congress is memor
ialized to adopt these bright lads for
the future and pay them, not "Washing
ton prices, but Omaha prices; becaup0,
as said memorial scis forth, laborers
are scarce and wages high, material
heavy and freights exorbitant, cloth
ing and provisions "extravagantly
high," and lastly, that good printers
are not always to be had at any price ;
therefore they want just double the
Washington price. Good on thefr
heads. This appendix also shows that
Mr. Decatur ("Comi.ioJji-3 Stephen")
contested Mr. Poppleton's seat on the
ground that Douglas county was not
Omaha, and that he was the represen
tative from Douglas. "Pop." produced
a certificate from the Governor of Ne
braska declaring him duly elected rep
resentative from Douglas county, ami
the committee' nolled Mr. Decatur's
claim to a seat.
On the 20th a bill to locate the Ter
ritorial Capitol was read and Mr.
Mitchell moved to strike out Omaha,
Douglas County, and insert Platts
mouth, Cass County. It was laid orer
for that time, but made trouble enough
Thus we see that in the very outset
of the Territory's History some of the
sources of her future troubles and her
great prosperity were both inaugurated
and set to hatch.
On the liOth, Mr. Bradford made an
able minority report against Squatter
Sovereignty, and the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise in which he sets
forth in strong terms the injustice of
the repeal and boldly differs from hi3
comrades in not endorsing a clause in
the report relative to this act.
February 1st, the Council ordered
5 Council Bluffs papers apiece; (LIow
stie.;:g the love of country is.)
On February 21st, our old friend, J.
Waldo Thompson was appointed first
Messenger to the first Council at $3.00
March 14th a resolution was intro
duced whereby all the members were
called upon to resign their places and
have a new election called; and, gen
tlemen, would you believe it, they pass
ed it, and they did each pud every man
resign and returned unto his little
honle (in Council Bluffs or elsewhere)
and commenced to lay the pipes for a
The lesolution sets forth the follow
That the census wa3 taken at a time
when but few actual and bona fide res
idents were living in tho Territory ith
their families and effects, and whereas,
there i- prosjiect of a large emigration
to the Territory of actual residents
who will have and ought to have, as
gooel a right to" be represented in the
next session its we and cntr constituents
had; and whereas, believing in the
right of thy ichnle people to have a fair
and equal representation in the Legis
lative Assembly; "Therefore, we rec
ommend to the members to manifest
their faith, by their works, in the first
Democratic principles of Squatter Sov
ereignty" by resigning! eaeh and re
spectively, his oliiec as member elect
for two years and that each member
shall file his resignation with Go vernor
Izard, that a new election by all the
people may be held.4
, And, all honor to them, tliey did re-
eign, and this is what the President of
the Council said about their duties, and
as no we'rels of ours can add strefigth
to his language we quote it: "The
work assigned you was arduous .and
imjiortunt, starting into life institu
tions political, social and religious
how this work has been done the fu
ture must reveal. Your names are en
rolled upon the Historic page of the
Territory, and will go down the tide
I now pronounce this session adjourn
ed tine die."
They are enrolled, and here closes
this History of the Legislature of 1854
THE SECOND LEGISLATIVE BO"DY
Of this Territory met at Omaha on
December 18th, 1855, and the first mes
sage they received was a damper upon
any extra expenses unless they paid
for it themselves. It read like this:
"Memorials, petitions and documents
having no necessary connection with
the necessary duties of legislation will
not be printed at the expense of the
"A chief clerk, one assistant clerk, a
Sergeant-at-arms ;ind doorkeeper may
be chosen for each houSo and will b
paid for by the United States.
"One chaplain for both houses, no
enrolling, engrossing, or other extra
clerks, pages, or messengers, and no su-
perfloUs printing or daily journals or
other documents can bo paid for by
the United States."
This looks as if they had run it pret
ty steep before.
Many of the members of thl3 Assem
bly have become prominent men of
the State since, and their names so
much a part of our history that we
may be pardoned for giving them in
THE COLNCIL WERE:
THE MEMBERS OF TITE HOUSE
A. D. Kirk, Richardson.
Chas. McDonald, Pawnee.
Wni. A. Finney, Nemaha.
L. A. Chandlers, u
J. Sterling Morton, Otoe.
Jas. II. Decker,
M. W. Biden,
Win. B. Hail,
J. C. Campbell,
Jno. Boulwarc, "
A. M. Bose, Otoe and Cass jointly.
J. Mc F. Hagood, Cass. .
John F. Buck,
Alexander Davis, Douglas.
Geo. L. Miller,
Wm. Loiiiner, jr., "
Levi Harsh, "
Wm. E. Moore,
Leavitt L. Brown, "
A. F. Saulsbury,
Wm. Clancy, "
P. C.Sullivan, Washington.
Wm. B. Beck, Bart and Washington.
Thomas Gibson, Ddge.
The nouse was organized by elect
ing P. C.Sullivan, Speaker; J.L.Gibbs,
Chief Clerk; II. C. Anderson, Assist
ant Clerk ; A. S. Berhoff, Sergeant-at-arms;
and E. B. Chinn, Doorkeeper.
It would be impossible to give even
a brief synopsis of all the acts and bus
iness of this Assembly. It was a very
important one indeed. The Governor,
in his message, alludes to the survey
ing of the Territory under Hon. John
Calhoun, our first Surveyor General, a
matter of great importance to the set
tlers at that tinie, and says, "our whole
belt of country bordering on the Mis
souri will be ready for market early in
the summer. The term 'Squat
ter will then be superceded and we
shall become the rightful owners of
the soil." It seems funny Row to bear
this term Squatter so of ten ; the pres
ent generation have almost forgotten
the word and the deep significance it
had at that day.- The Pacific Railroad
is alluded to again and a recommenda
tion to give hinds to the actual settlers
is dwelt upon. This body also made
the first codification of the laws of the
Territory. Antony other things we
find that "Strick." and L. L. Bowen had
a contest for a seat in the House.
Bowen won. Iladley D. Johnson was
elected Public Printer.
The Capitol Removal question as a
matter of course must come up and a
majority and minority report was made
thereon. W. A. Filley, J. Sterling
Morton, and J; H. Decker constituted
the majority of the committee and
made a report favoring removal to a
point on Salt Creek. Geo. L. Miller
made a minority report adverse to re
moval, and leaving Omaha as the Cap
itol, an 1 Thos. Git'son makes a minori
ty report also, but wants it moved to
Fontenelle, on the Elkhorn, and re
marks that "from information which
may be had, it is supposed that 80 to
100 miles will bo the extent of set
The old Territorial Capitol building
was constructed during this session, an
appropriation of .$50,000 having been
made for thot purpose by the General
Government. The petition to set aside
sections 18 and 36 for School purposes
was also sent in to the General Gov
ernment this session.
They had queer ways of doing things
then, tis witness the following curious
"Reftclced, That A. J. le com
pelled to keep his seat while inside the
bar of this House and not be allowed
to talk of whisper with the members,
and that if he fails to follow these in
structions ho shall be deprived of the
privilege of a seat in this House any
This Assembly also presented a me
morial to Congress, asking that ail the
country south of the Tlatte be annexed
to Kansas, claiming that the great
Platte River was a natural boundary,
and that both north and south of the
Platte we wculd get ?long more httr
moniously. Bank charters were grant
ed, innumerable Territorial ro-ids laid
out, various Ferry and Ra!'road com
John II. Thayer ica3 unanimously
chosen Major General of the Territory,
L. L. Bowen was made a Brigadier
for the Northern District, and H. P.
Downs of the Southern District. Our
(then) little friend J. Waldo Thompson
lurns up again as Page and receives
the thanks of the House and a resolu
tion to pay him out of the f imds of the
Territory; the great U. S. not being
willing to pay for so useless an article
as a page. J. Waldo returns the com
pliment in a written message by the
Clerk wherein he states that he is too
young to express his thanks verbally.
This Assembly adjourned January 2Gtlf
Appleton's Encyclopedia gives the
population of the Territory in 1855 at
4,595, but where they get it from I
cannot tell. The only census returns
that can be found at the Capitol are
endorsed "for 1854" and "185G." A
census must have been -taken in 1858
because the plain returns are there
plainly marked, and hero is a copy of
one of the certificates:
I hereby certify that the within cen
sus for Dacotah County is correct and
true. Stephen Decatur,
Dep. U. S. Marshal.
Bellevue, Aug. 30th, 1856.
The whole number of voters at this
census are given as 4,000, although the
apportionment is based on 3,281 and
each District was entitled to one Coun
cilman for every 294 vctes and a mem
ber of the House for every 100 6-35.
It may be a matter of interest to see
how the voting population stood then,
as compared with the present and we
give it by Counties.
Dacotah, 300 voters; Burt, 31 ; Wash
ington, 2it; Douglas, Omaha, 4G9,
county, 1066; Cass, 353; Otoe, 659;
Pawnee, 97; Lancaster and Clay, 44;
Dodge. 107; Platte, 21: Cuming, 4
The "Old Settlers" grumbled at this
apportionment a great deal. The Da
kota business bothered them, there
were too many votes up there, and the
South Platte fellows always thought
the Omaha chaps swelled up about
census time ami got thamselves put
down for two or three people apiece.
If these returns can be relied upon at
all the whole population footed up
G,933. Observe Clay and Lancaster, 44 ;
Cuming. 4; Burt, 31; and compare
them with the late census of '70, and
we can get some idea of how matters
changed in 14 vears.
OUR GKEMVOOD LETTER.
Greenwood, Aug. 3d, 1873.
Editor Herald Dear Sir: A few
days ago, as Mr. Owen Marshall, of
Greenwood, was proceeding with his
"header"to one of his fields,"Black Jack,"
a hgh-spirited three year olel colt, the
property of Mr. Marshall, by some
means or other, became uncoupled
from the other horses, and consequent
ly unmanageable. "Black Jack" find
ing he had his head at liberty, evidently
thought his heels ought td be ditto,
started off on a runt tlui3 causing the
other horses to follow suit. Mr. Mar
shall whose presence of mind forsook
him not tried both by "gentle persua
sion" and reins to stop the now thor
oughly affrighted horses, but without
success. Eventually tne steer wheel
struck on some bushes jerking Mr.
Marshall off the foot-board, he falling
to the ground unhurt. The steer
wheel striking the bushes caused the
machine to turn around suddenly,
bringing the two off horses to the
ground with considerable violence,
thus terminating their headlong career.
Help being at hand the horses were
speedily released from their uncom
fortable position, and after a minute
examination, it was found that, with
the exception of a few scratches, they
had received no injury at all. The
"header," with the exception of a
broken bolt, or two, was perfectly un
injured. Mr. Marshall mounted "Old
Paddy," who quickly bore him to the
blacksmith shop, where; by a few
touches from the hand of t"ir "city"
blacksmith, Chistopher Hanson, Esq.,
the broken bolts were made as good as
ever probably better.
In about an hour from the time of
the accident the "header" was rattling
along as merrily as ever, and as if no
accident had occurred.
We heartily congratulate Mr. Mar
shall on bis escaping uninjured. Had
he fallen forward instead of backward,
we shudder to think of what might
have been the re?ult.
It is one of Professor Faraday's dar
ing opinions, that all v.lio die before
they are a hundred years old may just
ly be charged with self murder;. that
Providence, having originally intended
man to live a century, would allow him
to do so if he did not kill himself by
eating unwholesome food, allowing
himself to be annoyed by tritles; giving
license to. passion, and exposing himself
to accidents. The French savant Flou
rin adviitice4l the theory that the dura
tion of life is measured by the time of
growth. . When the bones' epiphysis
are united the body grows no more, and
it is at twenty years that this unipri is
effected in man. The natural termina
tion of life is five, removes from the
several points. Man, being twenty
years in growing, lives, or should, five
times twenty years.
AX ORIGINAL STOUY FOR BOYS.
Van ')(! First School.
This single sentence, these two ex
pressive words printed in large letters
in a conspicuous place where all in the
room could see them, comprehended
the very essence of Van's "Code of
Rules," and by these words he proposed
to govern the school. What "old
knight of the ferule" would have sim
pliied the rules of his school, by so
short, so expressive so comprehensive
a combination of words? What olel
fogy ill the teacher's profession would
not have read to his school every day,
in place of these words, a long list of
"Rules for the Government of the
But Van had, indeed, taken a "new
departure." He had in truth turned
his Lack upon the "old beaten paths,"
and thus our hero was to inaugurate a
new era in pd.igogueics. Said Van
in h's remarks to his school upon con
duct; "I believe you .all understand
the object for which you come here to
school as well ili I do. I believe also,
that you know what is right and
what is wrong, and I believe that you
are all capable of acting honorably, up
rightly, arid charitably toward one
another, as well as toward me." These
sentiments, worthy an older head,
seemed to have a happy effect upon
the scholars, who were no less prepos
sessed in his favor by his manliness,
than by the unmistakable evidence of
his disinterested fsiendship. This first
day had about passed away; no one
had ever been busier than Van Boyd.
A score of classes had to be organized,
and thus the day had been consumed
in effecting an organization.
Tor several weeks nothing had oc
curred to mar the harmony of the
school, and uly on two or three occa
sions had Van been under the necessi
ty of reprimanding any of the scholars.
On one occasion Tom Braden had ex
hibited an unamiable disposition; his
class had been called, and Tom declined
to recite, alleging that "he didn't know
the lesson." Van quietly insisted that
"had he been absent during the t'v.he of
preparation his excuse would be plaus
ible, but as he had bewn present during
the whole time, he (Van) would feel
obliged if he would tako his place in
his class without further trouble."
This had the desired effect, and Tom
soon seated himself in the class. On
another occasion Van had to interpose
between Miss Nettie and her head
strong disposition. The school had
been dismissed for a recess, when Xet-
tie, feeling aggrieved at the conduct of
one of the little folks, concluded, that
as she Was a young lady and therefore
to a great extent a prh ilegc'd charac
ter, she would inflict a chastisement
for her own gratification. But our
young teacher was near, and politely
informed Nettie, "that the law. made
him the only legal executioner of pun
ishment in that school;" "I am sur
prised," said Van, "to observe this un
pardonable conduct oii your pait con
duct of which I had not supposed you
would be guilty. I have hitherto en
deavoreei to treat you as a young lady,
but if you persist in acting as a child
as a very small child, I can only
promise you a child's treatment, and
punishment." Nettie pouted a little at
these resolute words of Van, but con
cluded that silence in this case rras the
"better part of valor."
Some time after this a special invi
tation to visit at Deacon Mahaffey's
was sent to Van. Our young peda
gogue did not exactly understand the
import of this invitation, btit "come
what will" resolved to accept it and to
visit the Deacon. So one pleasant
evening Van turned Lis footsteps to
wards the Deacon's residence, and on
Lis arrival was greeted most gracious
ly by the worthy old gentlemen. "Good
evening, Mr. Boyd," pleasantly spoke
the Deacon ; "I am glad you've come.
I've been thinking for some time that
I woulel like to chat with you for
awhile, about school matters. I was
telling Sister Spencer the other day
that i would be"" very 'appy to have you
come over some night, for I just want
ed to say something to you about our
Kate. Why, Kate says as how she
likes you for a teacher; somehow she's
more interested in books this winter
than she ever was before; she don't
seem to want to gallop around like she
used to, and it's my 'pinion, Mr. Boyd,
that you are the cause of all this change
in Kate. Why rne fvnd my old woman
can hardly get Kate off to bed at night;
she's so' awful interested lit her rith
metic and 'jograpy, and sets up some
times to twelve o'clock; and Sister
Spencer says as how Nettie is so inter
ested in school, and that she's not near
so much headstrong as she used to be.
Mr. Boyd, I am awful glad of this
change, aiul I want to ask pardon for
the very slighting way I spoke of you
at the beginning. I did not mean to
injure you, but I thought you we're so
much of a child that you could never
teach the school. I apologise and hope
you will forgive me, Mr. Boyd " Just
at this stage" of the old Deacon's laud
atory and apologetic discourse to Van,
who should interrupt the interview but
Sister Spencer. "How do you do,' Dea
con Mahaffey ; and; Mr. Boyd,' bow
Very glad I ami to meet you. Why,' I
was just tellihg the Deacon the other
day, that I believed we were nearly all
niistakeri about you before you began
teaching our school. Why, Nettie's so
interested in h.r lessons, and she says
you are the best teacher she ever went
to. I do tlTink the Deacon i.nd me
were both a little foolish to talk so
about you. I'm sure it was because I
did not kn v any better, or at least I
didn't know you, Mr. Boyd. Why, it
w.T only yesterday that old man Bra
den tol l me that his Tom was doing
wonders at school. He said that he had
ahvavs thought Tom was a yoit of a
a what do you call it Deacon 'r" "A
numbskull, I presume you mean, Sis
ter Spencer." Yes, dumbskull. I think
is what the old man said; .well, he says
now Tom's learniil right along and
seems to like it the school of course."
Van remained over night ith the
Deacon, and in the morning depaited
toward the school house, carrying with
him the earnest wishes of the good
That interview at the Deacon's im
pressed the fact on Van's mind, that
even old heads sometimes were likely
to be wrong, and that the jucthiert of
age, when rendered without a correct
basis, or rather upon conjecture, were
as likely to be wrong as the judgment
of. the young.
After this interview, Van Boyd
seemeel to increase his energy and in
dustry in the school room, if it were
possible for him to increase these at
all. The interest already awakened in
the school was increased throughout
the term, and the unanimous opinion
of the paf roris at the close of the term
might be summed up in one of Sis
ter Spencer's characteristic remarks:
"It was the bestest school ever in our
district, and Van Boyd was the grand
est teacher that ever taught our
Reader, we have but little more to
add to this sketch of "Van Boyd's
First .School." You have observed the
evil reports against which the young
and inexperienced must struggle, if
they ever win their way in tint world.
You have seen the young teacher be
fore a school of youth, with whom he
had always lived, ami with whom he
liael attended the same school, and jou
haVe noticed too tiiat certain qualities
in the man, insure success, especially
in the young teacher.
In conclusion, we wouhl only add
that Van Boyd lives to-day, an honor
ed citizen in one of our States, and one
among the most eminent scholar-?; his
old schoolmates and pupils are scatter
ed around on the great stage of public
action, but one at least has not forgot
ten his early friendship nor his "First
The Nebraska Farmer for July is on
our table, and contains a large amount
of useful information.
FR05I Eli! JIT .MILE GROVE.
Ed. Flat tsmoutii IIf.rald!
Dear Sir: I see in your issue of
July 31st that your Weeding Water
correspondent gives the Cass County
Agricultural Society particular fits.
He wonders how long it w.'ll be before
the Society learns to know what ho or
some one else knows; he thinks the
Society offers too much to the lady that
can i,it the most graceful in a saddle,
and yet she may not be a lady. He
thinks the Society should offer less for
thi3 accomplishment and more for
those things that tickle the palate.
Now this may all be so, and I do not
claim the premium list to be perfnet,
but I do claim that if they had attend
ed the meetings of the Society, they
might think differently. I am not an
officer of the Society, but I have at
tended the most of their meetings, and
must say they have done the best they
could under the circumstances, and I
further say if those fault finders would
attend meetings and help bear some of
the burthens of the Society, they would
have less to find fault with and much
less chance to question their judgnlent.
Ccme up gentlemen and attend the
meetings (notice of which has been
given in our County papers) and you
will not only be better satisfied your
selves, but will encourage the S iciety,
and help advance the agricultural in
terest of your county.
Now I will ask you to come to the
Fair with your families, and exhibit
any ancTiill articles you may wish to,
and you will greatly encourage the So
ciety, and we promise you a fair show
of agricultural proeldcts, and as fine
Stock as the State can produce.
Yours, etc., John Mctz.
TELEGRAMS BOILED DOWN.
Saturday, August 2d.
A tire at Portland, Oregon, destroyed
twenty-three blocks. Supposed to be
the work of incendiaries. The loss is
estimated at 2,500,000. Insurance,
The Science of Health for August is
an excellent number; opening with an
illustrated article on the "Care of the
Feet"; the Confession of the late Sir
Edward Lytton Bui wer is given ; Sins
Againt the Body; an excellent article
on Green Corn, giving a dozen or more
modes of .preparing this universally
used article of food ; Causes and Cure
of Summer complaints; Health resorts
in America; Signs of Madness in Dogs;
and a variety cf other rich reading, in
cluding Answers to Corrcsjiondents.
terms, $2.00"a year. A new volume
began with July. Sent six months on
trial for S1.00. S. R, Wells, Publisher,
G80 Broadway, New York'.'
THE HIII'SNM AKLIt IN A NEW L1GUT,
Mis Margaret F. Buchanan, tho
Chicago editress, has had her say on
the commencements, and is severe
upon the dress question! She ?t"3:
"These girl graduates who can draw
plans of the seigo of Troy; who can
scan Homer and sing Anacrec'n f d gen
uine Greek medodies; w ho ridicule snrn
2iuj sEneas and conceive infelix Dido
to have hail c'hsider;ble putty in her
head for such a mental ft p to have?
made so much impression on thise
radical, progressive, learned, courage
ous, nay, defiant, girl graduates fctood
before tlu public us dit.is makers'
monuments. The dressmaker is the
natural foe of progressive woriauhood.
It is not prophecy to say that! while,
the dress maker endures, women will
Fcmab B Secariug IIom.VsteadM.
The Iowa Press says : Some time last,
fall, Mrs. Robert McConnell, a Soldiers
widvw went to Clay county Kansas,
and look a hciestead under the soldiers
act. Five or six weeks since, Mrs. Da
vid Kilgore, Mrs. Robert White, ami
Mrs. James Shields,all soldiers' Widows,
went to '.aid county, and with Mrs.
MeConnell, mounted an ox cart drawn
by Texan cattle, drove to the land oflico
and entered claims. They have bought
lumber With which to build cabins and
they propose to live there tho time ."e
quired to perfect title to their claim.
Under the amended act, female home
steaders can deduct from the five years,
required to secure a homestead, what
ever time their husbands served in tho
army. This provision will shorten
their term of exile from civilization.
Tho act of the resolute women appears
the more heroic m this, that none o
them have children of any age Vj be
helpful to them.
The Housewife of the Future.
Wo Lave before menUoived with
pleasure .and approbation the club of
yoitrg ladie"? in Boston, which gives its
winters to the weekly hearing of wis
dom from the lips of poets and philogn;
phers. Pretty is tin; picture of all
those fair disciples sitting at tho feet
of such a Gamaliel as Mr. F.inerson
but we submit that a far prettier oiio
is that which we now get of them in
the kitchen. For there they are. Drop
ping booI:s for bun; plulosophyjfor thei
frying-pan. metaphysics for jv'.itibh,
art for apple pie, they are on the high-
way to such accomplishments as tho
wildest dreams of th'i most umjuH'at-.
eil old bachelor could not have i.ucteld.
Every week each gentle member of the,'
club contributes something to a feast,
breakfast, dinner or supper given at the
house of o:c of then, and many and
merry are the rivalries in the prepara
tion of that ambrosial food. So suc
cessful have been the efforts of thesd
amateur cooks, tlint one of them is
about to gather and publish the receipes
embodying the most delicious results
of their experiments. A, Cook Book
for G '.rls beaut il ul though. Blcpy'nga,
on Ihfj maiden who copies it! Ideas
oh, Soyer, lead her! All sad house
keepers befriend her!
Row She Saws Wood.
Did you ever see a woman niuleitakd
to saw wood? It Is always a little,
while before dinner, when the pies
won't bake and the potatoes absolutely
refuse to come to the boiling point,
ami the only .stick of w ood i 'xactly
three inches too long. After vain at
tempts to j'tove the elasticity of mat
ter by putting a two-foot thrce-jncli
stifk into a two-foot stove, the r.r
out to the saw-horse, puts her knees on
the refractory stick in thy way she has
seen men do. But the edges of tho
wood are sharp, and she takes it down
again with an ejaculation, and with a
growing disregard of appearances puts
her foot on it instead. Her bair.never.
fails to come down at this juia turty
and she has to stop and twist it into a
hard knot behind before beginning to
saw. Here tho saw commences a. fran
tic jumping and skipping on itn t'wii
account, and the whole feminine mind
being concentrated upon ktepM'g, up
the foot that should be down, until lit
an unlucky moment the center of grav
ity is lost, the stick flies up and launch
es a blow r.t her nose just as sou ( l''ly.
is going by. Siie stops and pretends to
be looking for something, while dark,
thoughts of divorce and separation,
flash through her inind, rnl she vows
in her innocent soul thnt she will nev
er attempt to s uv wood again, if there
is never any dinner. But Iter prido
and her dinner are at stake, and all her
native obstinacy comes to the surface;
she will conquer that stick" or c!:e.
Fired by a new fury, she succeeds in
sawing two thirds of the way through,,
and brenking off tlic reit of it-r-ty .is a
rotten tail .site goes into the house to
find the xtatoes boiled dry, and tho.
pie in a state of sodden uncertainty.
The children come home from school
and the husband from hi.3 shop, and.
find a kind of hushed solemnity in tho
air and no pie for dinner. The merid
ianal meal is eaten in silence and bit
terness of heart, and then tho wife of
bis bosom inquins if she is exjiccted
to 'T-'o care of the stable, and fee'? fhe
pigs, as well a.? saw th wood? Tho
man says, "Hang it all, I forgot;" and
the woman drops her sarcasm and
breaks down in the declaration that she
n-e-v-e-r w-i-l-l d-o i-t a-g-a-i-n, never;
but she will do it to-morrow, and tho'
next day, or the. day affer; for .one of;
the things that woiren never will
le.irfi U that she cannot saw wood.
STAl E ITEMS.
The Brownville Ad cert iter contains
a very interesting letter from Hon.".
Henry M. Atkinson, dated at Ft. Dun
can, Texas, and giving aii account of
the Commissioners efforts , to. adjust
the Indian troubles on the border.' .
Mr: L'.' C. Gore, of Falls City, accH
dentally shot himself while riding near
Clyde, and died in a few moments. .
Ex-Governor James has located
West Point, and fesuuied the f Tactile
Powered by Open ONI