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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 8, 1873)
THURSDAY, MAY 8, 17$.
A. iLicilUJiniY, Editor
. . -..coKjiCyjWDnxcii ... .
IVom all r-arij of toe 3t'ate and country respoct
lally nolictttd for the JUriuLrJ.
Agricultural notes and hort articles detailing
tanner' experience particularly, requested.
, We do not wad anonymous lcUerc and com
munications. The name and address of the
writer are in all casc indispensable a a guar
4te of good faith. --.
A Splendid Chance. ...
"We y III. send the Herald and Demorest's
.Monthly, which la i3.oo for one year, to any per
son wo faj'3 U3 ?3.50.
, In addition to both Periodicals at the rrice
named, a choice from a list of extraordinary
rremiums is given t9 f ach subscriber o Teio
rest's Monthly. Amcii th'?se are a Orie pair of
Chromo Pictures (Falls of Kiagara an! Yosom
Jte Falls), worth 910; or a good J tereoseope
with a scries of views ; besides nurterous other
valuable prcniluuw worth from two to ten dol
lar cach -
The be3tbW ;tnd girls' maglzln', and the
KP,nAK4 licicALD at greatly reduced rates.
We wlil send the Nebraska Hf.kald and
Demorest's Yottko-Amebica, which is $1.00
Tor one year, to any person who pays us ?2.oo!
pemorest's Young America is always sparkling
with .entertainn Stories. Tocm?, Music',, Fuz
zes', Canies, Travels, and other pleasant feautts
la profusely Illustrated, and cannot fd'.l to amuse
instruct, elevate, and assist to make the lives
of youthful Americans useful, truthful and
The Omaha Ilepi'bitcan says -Ex-Burveyor
General, E. If. Cunningham,
is in town." . Since when did our friend
become an Ex-Surveyor General?
? A Scotland firm, Uenj. Eeid & Co.;
have made a present to our govern
ment of 30,000 plants of true Scotch fir
'or highland pine; for free distribution
In the Western States
The St: Joe Herald is lamenting the
early death of an old citizen of the
town at 121 years. For 105 years he
has used tobacco and whisky. For
many years he ran a distillery of his
'own, and drank Kil dyii hisky. It
thinks that -drinRir'g . stiange whisky
jn his later clays cut him down in the
Bower of his days.
The iJtjecher-Tilton scandal is at last
published, in a letter or letters from
Theodore Til ton, setting forth that
Eowen did tell him that Mr. JSeecher
had committed adultery at .Various
time?;, rind that he was riifit t for a
Christian- minister; Afteittiirds he
(Bowen) desired Tilton to say nothing
about these charges, and when Tilton
refused to acquiesce, Eowen removed
him from the editorship of the Union
TRESiDENT GRANT IX NEBRASKA.
The severe storm of Wednesday last
interfered most decidedly with the
preparation's which had been made for
the reception of President Grant, and
his patty, both in Omaha and else
where. Supt Sickles', niet the paity at Den
ver; Gov. Furnas and Auditor "Weston
at Kearney; Senator Hitchcock, ut
brand Island; and Gens. Ord and II u fu
gles, 3Iayor Brewer, anil several other
notables of Omaha at Columbus. ""
Ow'n to the storm the train was
some eight hours late ard Hid not arrive
in Omaha till 10,35 r. M. where it re
mained only .long enough to make ar
rarfgement for cross5 ng the river.
Of course all the arrangements for
a parade arid recept ion had to be aban
doned and the President was allowed
to go in his -way rejoicing'which no
doubt he did, at having escaped one of
the innumarable receptions -which
must by this time have bec'oirie "mono
The party consisted of the President
ftnd ixs. Grant, Miss. Xellie Grant;
General Harnev, of St..Eouis,and Miss
Campbell, his adopted daughter; and
ben. Babcock, the President's private
Their eastward route lay over the
Chicago and Northwestern to Galena;
as their immediate destination.
REMARKS ABOUT INDIANS
It is to be observ ed that the princi
pal topic of the newspapers now-a-days
is Kbout Indians. There are a great
inarty .articles written tj j rove that all
good Indiarls tire dead Indians. There
are others that carp and find fault with
bur Indian policy, but point out no
remedy, unless the brutal one of exter
ininatioir, by any latitude of language,
i called tf'rcnicdy; and still another
numerous' clas3 se'eiri desirous to throw
all the blame oh the white man, and
especially on the Western white man,
or! the borderer or frontiersman, as he
is often called:
. Of these last, with rare exceptions,
he writers are all from' east of the
Mississippi many have never seen an
Indian,' and ethers .only during some
fehort lived Peace Conference, or on a
pleasure trip oti t inct: .
Many a good aittflc, to read, irnd
much profound wisdom, is gathered,
from the Indian lleports and dccit
rnents. a. Washington, which, living
spread broadcast over the land, help
form public op'itilcVi, . and to a very
small extent, perhapS, infTifei'ce the ac
tfoTis" of even government officials.
These being all prepared, edited and
published in the far east, safe from In
dian depredations, and secure from
f Rid, foray; or dur'ger from, .real Indi
aris; srpiose once for fun, (it tvotfld be
too much to ask them to read our views
in earnest), you read an idea or two
and look at the ' Indian and his" ways
forn .". ...
A. WESTERN STAXT TOrxT,"
frdntier look out, if you vriU, and the
first thing dirned into our ears from
childhood is the rights of the Indian,
and the amount of larld that the w KifB
maribaa swindle .Lini out of. Many
eil meaning people East and a very
fe-?? in our own borders thiuU that all
fh Indian troubles sprirg front the
fact tyxt once upon a tiniem'any yea'ta.
teoTthVindTari claimed all the Jand iit
&iU cofnitry,:. and noV-a. IrwnT.tl'e
tfrfe la-nd';hcllr rXtt tlie ctaTrc
good. Whatever might have" have been
the caae once, wc are satisfied that as
far as our present troubles are concern
ed, nothing is farther from the fact.
..,To relieve any tender consciences,
sihd those whose "inherent love of
justi'ce"j may have led them to become
Indian enthusiasts let us for a mo
ment examirlo the Indians right to all
is arid always
p.iarrT of morEPrr
haa been a puzzle to
philosophers and moralists, and there
have been minds of no mean ol der in the
world of brains, who held that th'rre
was i6 Such thing as natural right td
any quantity of land ; that is, to any
more than a pe rson could occupy,or im
prove and cultivate, for the needs and
necessities of liimseliV end those de
depending on his c xerticn.
Locke's theory was that each man's
limbs ard labor are his own exclusive
ly ; that by occupying a piece of ground
a man inseparably nlixes his labr
with it; by whicll means the piei:o of
ground becomes thenceforward his
own, as you cannot take it from him
without depriving him of something
that was indisputably his, This is,
perhaps, the best and the only feasible
theory of man's natural drid inherent
right to any property in land. Even
Blackstone acknowledges that this is
about all the excuse there is for man's
natural ownership of the soil.
All other foundation for the right of
ownership is the law of the land or
country in which we live. Of that,
Measured by . Locke's standard, and
how much of the.vaSt area flippant'y
called theirs, could the Indian claim
any natural right to ?
How few of the millions upon mil
lions of acres called theirs could they
legitimately occupy t How indescriba
bly smaller and narrower would be
come their domain, if only that por
tion of the soil with which their labor
had become inseparably rhixed, were
to be set off as their portion ?
Is the custom of four great nations,
and the sanctio.i of four hundred treat
ies made with Indians, as with other
nations, to be thrown aside and tram
pled under foot, and the right to their
lands denied tht?n?
The Herald is too small and lives
too f at from Washington to dictate a
p'oliey to the Government, as some of
bur larger contemporaries nearer sun
rise do. We only say:
When grave and profound thinkers
call in question the natural or inherent
right of any man to even a homestead,
in Old England, and boldly declare that
the only real right to-soil is the law of
the land, it surely cannot be amiss to
remind our Indian enthusiasts that the
title to vast tracts of unoccupied land
on which the Indian never set foot, or
which no coulil neither clehne nor
bound, must be exceedingly doubtful,
and the inference is that the enthui
ast has. claimed a great deal more for
the Indian than Mr. Indian ever claim
ed for himself.
If it still is insisted upon that the'
Indian of yore has been wronged and
defrauded of his rights; that the troul
le commenced with the landing of the
Pilgrim Fathers, and ha.s kept growing
until the present time, tho burden of
proof must lie with those making the
assertion. We of the West think dif
ferently. Taking a common sense view
of the matter, and casting aside all the
nonsense aiid cant about their natural
rights to our hmd, and two centuries of
wrong, drivii'g them forward to deeds
of cruelty, it does strike us that what
ever wrong our lathers did to the Indi
ans, long years ago. has been settled
and atoned for long ago, by many a
hard fought battle and bloody massa
cre on both sides ; and the whole ac
count, be it for or against the whites,
has long since been adjusted by the
great ruler of the Universe, and has
therefore no part nor parcel in the
troubles of tr-day.
Xo evidence can Vie adduced to show
that one of those Indians who were so
horribly wronged, ever knew or heard
of this land west of the Missouri river,
or ever set up any claim to the same;
rior is it likely that the Indian of the
Plains toAtuy ever heard of or could de
fine the bounds, by many a hundred
miles, of that land of which we so often
hear his ancestors were defrauded.
His wrongs and his troubles are of
to-day, and he fights for the ponies, and
the blankets, and the grub of the white
man of the present ; not at all because
his grandfather's grandfather was
swindled out of millions of acres; but
because ponies and grub and blankets
are good things to have, and he knows
white men who have them and are not
able to hold them, and who may be oc
casionally found trespassing on his
land, and that gives him a plausible ex
cuse for laking ilie said grub, blankets,
&c, just as before any white men
were in the country he used to make
war on all weaker tribes and smaller
parties of his own race who had pipes,
ponies-, blankets, or anything else that
m Ilis excuse for plundering his own
people used to be the commands of the
great spirit, his medicine man, or,
plainer and simpler he had hunted long
enough in one place, find Wanted to
move to another.
Any one of these reasons served for
a pretext, when one tribe sought to de
stroy .another; why need to hunt up
far-fetched excuses to account for his
s?ai)iieding stock, or stealing bacon
and flour from an emigrant, and there
is none. By far tile larger liumber of
Indian wars grew dtt of some foray
for plunder, and we need not invent
any higher or deeper motive
The goods and chatties of tLe white
man are constant .and glittering sour
ces of temptation to the Indian: lie
fees before Ids eyes that the white man"
lias good housed (built with his own
hands, generafly) plenty of sdgaf, cof
fee, baco'l, povdf '; beads, and what not,
thai he has horses) saddles, cattle, And
sometimes whisky:. He knot's nothing
and realizes nothing" of the y'eafs of
toll that tCc white mail has pa?ed
fftroMrh.' to crfuirS t"he5p things.' for'
your true Indian knows nought hor
can he even comprehend of thrift fore
sight, provision for the future. .....
From season to season as an animal
sheds its coat or leaves its skin, the In
dian sheds his blanket or leaves his sod
home, in the spring, and when winter
arrives he wants a new outfit. As
nature doe's not grow longer hair nor
new blankets he helps himself in the
most natural way he knows of i. c,
from the nearest white settlement, or
the first emigrant train that he can
conquer. In so doing, he may happen
to scalp a woman, brain a babe or
tcmahawk a white American citizen
traveling westward to a home on
land, the title to which he has been as
sured i-y many a printed document and
broad seal his government had a right
to offer him for, all these things Indi
ans will do, not because they particu
larly hate white folks, but because they
want the things white folks hap
pen to have, and because htiman life i3
not regarded of much account and
scalps count up, and make a chief of a
young brave now and then,, just as
votes do of many a whito robber and
ccalper among us.
It Jthe white American citizen be des
poiled of his whole family, and ail his
household goods; cattle, horses, and alf
as too of teii happens, and he is ashamed
or unable to return to the States com
pletely skinned out, he sometimes stays
"thar" and hunts Indians for the rest
of his natural life.
When this is the case; cur Saxon,
scorning to be beat by an Indian, and
giving hit? mind to the work, generally
cuts about as many notches on the butt
of his rifle, for dead Indians, as the red
man hangs up scalps around his lodge-
This is a fair and average recital of
the cause and commencement of nearly
all Indian wars. It is not for us to de
fend or blame either party at this time.
The Indian simply follows the bent of
his natural propensities, and the white
man relieved of all friendly ties, and
the objects" of hte human love, takes a
backward ftep in his civilization
breeds back ten generations, morally,
one may say and imitates h is savage
ancestors. With these true facts be
fore us, we deny that our western peo
ple are always the first aggressors, and
unhesitatingly hurl back the charge
that the frontiersman is always to
blame; that if the whites would treat
the Indians right there would be no
Another delusion the eastern mind
has only too readily accepted, is that
there is a natural antipathy between
the white man and the red, and that
each race is swayed by some unac
countable, deadly and instinctive ha
tred towards the other4 Xothing, in
fact, is farther from the truth. Many
strong friendships have been formed
between whites and Indians. The
writer has ale, drank and slept among
Indians, without feeling any irresist
ible desire to cut one's throat, and that
we are alive to state this, proves that
the Indian could not have desired our
"bar" irresistibly, because there lacked
not opportunity to take it, at various
It is not proposed to tell the sensible
readers of this paper that Indians nev
er kill anybody; on the contrary, we
tell you very plainly that they will
kill and scalp white men whenever a
good opportunity occurs. Xot because
they instinctively hate the white man,
but because the w hite man is the handi
est subject for a cutaneous surgical
operation, and lias the most traps that
an Indian can use.
Ou the other hand we have heard a
Frenchman grit his teeth and swear a
fearful oath because the good old times
were gone when he dare knife an Indi
an to the heart without fear of pun
ishment from the governriieut; but we
falied to olserve any dilTerenee be
tween the Frenchman's dealing with
Indians and with his own race, when
in a passion. His knife was as ready
for one as the other.
Xeither can it be truly said of the
American citizen cording West that he
has any natural or distinctive hatred of
the Indian, because, from personal ol
servation, we feel satisfied that the
only natural feeling of the white set
tler on first meeting Indians, is one Of
pure curiosity, somewhat mixed with
fear on account of the terrible stories
of their cruelty.
If these crude beliefs and supersti
tions were only advocated by the igno
rant, untraveled portion of the com
munity, or even by a wise Editor, who
wiites his profound criticism on the
Indian question from a knowledge of
Cooper's Indian, or a personal knowl
edge of Xed Buntline's late troupe, it
might be excused; but every now and
tlien the Great Father, at Washington,
sends out a white Sachem or two to
treat, and talk, and soft-soap the red
braves, and said white Sachems go
home, and write a look, or sling ink
over a whole newspaper, and call it a
Report of what they have seen ami
heard. . ,
This Report echoes all over the land
and is swallowed whole for gospel
truth, and the said Report forms the
foundation for nearly all the Indian
editorials now written.
In 108 a Commission of gentlemen
and soldiers were sent to visit the
Western Indians, and to this Report,
the Magazine writers, and the Editors
invariitblj r?y for data. We have the
most profound ies'pect for Government
Commissioners,", mid would not surely
underrate the opinions cf such Gener
als as Sherman, Harney," Te'rry, or Au
gur, and without disrespect to either,
we may point out wip,it is neither
Commissioners or Regular army officers
are alwas unbiased and i-rip'rejudiced
witnesses on Indian affairs"..
, The Indians, froni curiosity, and the
hope of future presents," gather from
all quarters to a great peace talk, and
while present, arc crl their grod be
havic'fi They arc good diplomats, by
nature; and habit;' and the.. Commis
re'Rso'n rs generally har the Indi
mans: . ... . , .- ., , . : , . j
The result is a report with this in it i
,So little accustomed to kindness
from others, it may not be Htrange that
hO: .often, hesitates , to confide:. Proud
himself, yet conscious of the contempt
of the white man, wherl suddenly
roused by some new wrong, the remem
brance of old ones still stinging in his
soul, he seems to become, as expressed
by himself, blind with rage. If he fails
to see the olive branch of or flag of
truce in the hands of the t'eace Com
missioner, and in savage ferocity adds
one more to his victims, we should re
member that for two and a half cen
turies he has been driven back from
civilization when his passions might
have been subjected to the inriiiences
of education and softened by the les
sons of Christian charity 1"
As the Indians these Commissioners
inostly visited were never heard of two
centuries ago, by white men, or even
one, and could never have been driven
very far back, if at all, and when so
removed (not driven) always received
tay for tho lands they vacated, does not
the blind rage, and the back action ef
their memory, smack a little of "emo
tions! insanity," and according to the
late-: t theory of murders, while in that
stage, point towards a very close con
finement in some Insane Asylum or
Reserve closely guarded; and watched
as the proper remedy
We strongly suspect the Commis
sioners wrote that Iieport, and the ar
my officers acquiesced in the main fea
tures. It sounds like Commissioners'
The regular army officers are apt to
be a little " proud " as well as the Indi
an, and have about the same -'contempt
" for the average white man on
the frontier, unless he happens to wear
a blue coat and brass buttons, so that
not unfrbquently injustice is done to
the settle! by their Reports as well as
by the Comiiiissioners.
It will readily be seen that the fore
going articles are not intended as a
criticism on-the present policy of the
Government, nor yet as offering a pana
cea for all Indian troubles. They are
merely reflections on the relations be
tween the two races; tending to estal
lish the fact that the Indian has no
better 'natural right to the land than
the white, and that the Indian of to-
day is not avenging dead and decayed
tribes, of whom he never heard, that
Indian wars should not and cannot be
justly charged up to the white settlers
on the border, nor to the actions of our
great-great-grandfathers, on Plymouth
Also that the two races are Hot in
stinctively opposed to each other, but
that white and red alike act from the
same motive, the love of gain more
frequently than from revenge or pre
We have already treated of their
natural right to the land. To prove
the second proposition it is only nec-
essary to call attention to the fact that
, , i ,
a peace can always be purchased;
square-toed revenge is seldom bought
off with money.
As for the second, practical well
known facts all over the western bor
der bear testimony to the fact that al
most invariably the Indian made the
first attack on the white settler, who
was actually traveling over, or had
Squatted on land Government assured
him he had a right to, and lias tacitly
agreed to protect that right.
Tho few forays and acts of violence
making the exception to this rule were
made by desperadoes and adventurers,
often direct from the east, and against
the express remonstrances of bonajide
settlers, and. in this connection wo
would call attention to the fact that
the people of Massachusetts and of
New York and of Illinois are just jus
much responsible for the wrong, if any
wrong there be, in pushing forward
the march of civilization as we of the
They have a larger representation
and more power to control the action
of tlit? Government than we of the few
border States who get all the blame;
and if it can be shown that it irf moral
ly or intrinsically wrong to deprive (as
they call it) the Indian of his land,
they should long ago have established
the limit of the white man's bounds
and sternly enforced it. On the. con
trary it is their money and their enter
prise that has helped push railroads
and settlers into every corner of the
West; and they help to distribute pam
phlet after pairiphlet and paper after
p?per setting forth the fertility of
these lands and urging poor men to
buy them. On one side of their news
papers they advertise the rich harvest
for the emigrant on the lands their
money has helped to thrive the Indian
from, and on the other they scold and
berate him for a thief and a robber be
cause he has dec'iipied the country they
told him to go to, and in. defence of
which he has probably shot an Indian
or two. ; John Smith and his family
in Massachusetts or New York is
good John Smith, going wrest to spread
the march of civilization, and show ,
the energy and pluck of the old puritan
stock, when John Smith gets out to
Cheyenne with half a wife; one lame
ty nary a child mid the" scars of an In
dian tomahawk on his head, he is one
of those miserable -Western cusses"
who make all the Indian troubles.
To hurl back a little slang suppose
we of the West say -put up or shut up"
Quit iocketing the money you receive
froni the trale and agriculture you
encourage out here, or else stop calling
us hard names for wiping out an In
dian, or twd.
" The great number, of half breed
children around any Reservation, Mil
itary fort or Indian village, proves
that instinctive natural hatred belweeri
the two races must have been left on
the other side of the Missouri, as con
sciences nre sometime said to be.' The
desire Ct gain leads the white man to
to, the intricate fastness of the moun
tains fdr gold and the hankering after
horses' find goods leads the 'Indian to
marsacfe a train to get tlferiL When
from any cau:3e there haj beefi no
temptation of gain, on either fide,
f. hitessad Indians have lived peace
ably s:de by side for years.
ftifnisli ehovigh force 5ut west to treat
Indians the same" as white people and
punish them by law for all crimes they
commit by all means let us have a
peace policy ; but, if it means to allow
the continual urging by every induce
ment of pecuniary gain under the sun;
the pushing of Unarmed settlers out on
the frontier counties' cf the .border
States, and then leaving them there to
be killed by savages or cussed by soft
hearted whites Peace "policy would
be a misnomer for such action.
Without entering into a minute dis
cussion of the present iolicy our per
sonal observation leads us to conclude
that the Indian is better off and rests
better satisfied when under the control
of rfgular army or!lcer3 than when left
to the care of an agent.
Tho Indians like3 the pomp" and cir
cumstance of military surroundings,
and fears and respects the big Colonel
or General with huge shoulder straps
and heap big sword.
More than any other class of men
now living in this land, he respects
brain and muscle in an opponent. Our
officers and men are generally fine look
ing,large,commanding men ; the Indian
does not mind being bossed round by
such men, there is some reason for it
that appeals at once to his own cus
toms and habits, but when a little
rround shouldered, soft voiced, mild
mannered, and maybe eye glassed agent
is sent out by the great father to take
care of lam, he sets doWii the agent as
a squaw and begins to think the great
father is turning squaw too or at best
is ruled by squaw coiln3e?S;
Indians should be niade citizens as
soon as they can read and write, and
can take care of their own simple bus
iness accounts. The young half breeds
and even braves who will learn Eng
lish could be sent to West Point and
educated as soldiers, they take a pride
in that and would make good ones by
Make scouts and soldiers of all that
can be trusted; guard well our fron
tiers and all Indian Reserves, and the
Indian Question will settle itself like
the Mormon Question in a few years
without exterminating anylxxry.
bur Indian Population.
The following facts in relation to
our Indian population, compiled from
tho ninth census, will be of general inte
rest. The total number of Indians in
the United States is
number 111,185 are In
383,712; of this
the States, and
2l2,)27 m the Tntories. The total
number sustaining tribal relations is
"J.jT.OSl ; out of tribal relations, 23-731.
The number on reservations and at
agencies is 9G,:j(jt5. The following table
sliows the number of Indians in each
PS Ohio IPO
sy Oregon U.UVH
M,0"i" i'eiiiisylvaiiia. . . J::.".
2.!5 Klioile Island. ... l.M
South Carolina.. V24 j
i02 Tennessee 7o i
40 Texas fVn) I
V;2 Vermont 14 j
i'i') Virginia 2?!
;viH West Virginia... . L'
9.S14 Wisconsin 11,511
4 Alaska To.ono
1M Arizona :rj.cs.i
S.loi Colorado 7.4co
I Via ware
M ts-:ic!iiiseUs . .
h' I Ust. Columbia.. 1 J
(villi' Indian Territory r.r;:r,7
lu.:s, Montana . l:.4"7
y.i New Mexico J'i.7:i
Hi I'taii 12.:i74
-r,mi Washington 14.7:u;
1,211 1 Wyoming J,iX
J ' v.-Hampshire.
w York.". ....
LETTER FU031 CAUL BENSON.
Washington, April S, ST3.
Ehitors Turf, Feld and Farm:
Bearing in mind how you are crowd-
! M' 1 win tr-v to IXS blkny P,s-
sible on three liitlii matiers- one ucvr
and two old.
The first, tho new one is .the propo
sition, (for I believe it has not yet been
adopted) to give the second horse in a
trotting race a time, record. To this I
object, because first, some horses are
notoriously "duffers," and shut up
when collared. There have been start
ling examples of this in running hor
ses. About twenty years age Yellow
Jack ran second in the six great three
year old races in England. We may
not be able to match this case exactly
among trotters, but we have several
sufficiently notorious examples of "duf
fers." Suppose such a horse comes out
second (let us say) two fast races.
Then, under any circumstances, he will
be too apt to deceive and disappoint
the public and all except those who
know him intimately, but the fitting
h'rri with a record will increase this
mystification, because the record is re
membered and quoted when the cir
cumstances under which it was ob
tained are forgotten or unknown. I
think too. that the mischief of the
hipprodroming fraud, would be in
ceaSfd by litis regulation, but it would
take me too long to explain why, as it
is rather a fine point. If the record
were always specified as "second "or
"second in a heat," it would increase
the complication in the list of records,
and the difficulty of keeping it accu
rately, a difficulty which increases every
year with the increasing, number of
The next mat tor is the objection to ;
giving a horse a record except in a race
or a match against time. You ask " Is
the wager of money necessary to make
a horse trot fast?" Excuse me; that
is not the point of the objection at all.
It is this. When a horse trots to make
time for hi owner, it a ono-sided af
fair; there ii nobody interested tn see
ing that the horse is quite fairly driven
or quite fairly timed, hut you say
again. the character of the judge v
sufficient guarantee." Allow me tQ say
that this is opening up a very delicate
question, which might lead tb extreme-
It disagreeable results, and this; I think
jou will see, if vou reflect upon it.
tki t -, . .. x j-
The third point has nothing to do with
Vini-c v. . - . i,!
borses, but it is important for all that.
in nr.ti,.; tt - . V;
m noticing Harpers Magazine, you
sav "tin i x,
", tiie publishers of the magazine
are gratified tb print in the current
nurbb-er.the report of the Congressiori- '
al .Library Commi tt.ff rrt fVin !
for ?i international copyright law: It
vt. luv. I'll.' CI I
will be remembered that the renr.tr
held, there .is r;o necessity fcrsuchi
law" &c The Ihirteis im Wfii
ii is their 'oivii fcport, with which they
inoculated those light of legislation,
Senators Morrill (of Maine) and Sher
man. The statistics of the report are
Harper's; the unfairness of them was
fully exposed before Jtfi.c committee by
Professor Youmans and Mr. Shelflon,
and has been exposed over and over
again, since, in Aj'pleton's Journal,
and elsewhere. The report contradicts
itself froni beginning to i end. It3jw
tatitive fathers are liberal construc
tionists and protectionists ; it directly
assumes strict construction, and indi
rectly assumes free-trade (for if cheap
books are the great desideratum, we
can soonest get them by free-trade).
So far a3 it is an argument at all; it is
an ergnitient against iidtiotial, as Well
as International copyright, and to be
consistent, should have recommended
the abolition of national copyright.
But the most impudent thing in it is
the suggestion that justice to authors
would degrade literature by making it
a matter of money! It is notoKiai-
that no -persona in the untwrT CeYHardwarC
done more than the Messrs. Sharpers
Harpers, I mean to bring dawr, lite
rature to the lowest material level and
yet they have the effrontery after
meir usual 1'ecksmllian fashion) tJ put
into the mouths of others what' they
dare not say themselves. I doa't l-mow
if anything can be called a disgrace to
the last Congress, but if anytldng" pan,
that report is. Caul BiscsdN
Turf, Field ami Farm.
TELEGRAMS BOILED IXVN.
Friday, May 3.
The three Vienna Commissioners.
j accused of irregularities, are mimed
Mr. Mayer, liobt. Sergeant, and A. E.
Stiasuy, together with Chief Conamis-
sioner Van Buren.
Hon. Samuel Shellabarger accepts
the appointment tendered hint t;y the
President, as a member of the ! Civil
Service Commission. . f
Mountain City, Nevada, is! greatly
alarned at the Indians who are poaoring
in from all directions in theirwar
paint. Measures have been jtaken to
procure arms. 1 ;
Beceiver Strong, of the Atlantic Na
tional Bank, reports 8304,000 securities
missing. The liabilities aire set down
at Sl,0;?7,?00. The a?set.4, which are
S-jO 1,000 short, may be further changed
by new developments in the investiga
tion. ;. , . I.
Thurlow Weed is again dangerously
ill. I M
j. i i - .. .
The Turkish Government has ' Or
dered 400,000 rilles in the .United
States. : ;'
Gn, Garibaldi i5 reported seriously
ill. . ' - ;5
'Jhree cars of the Portland express,
on the Grand Trunk Bailway, h-ft the
track, by the spreading of thei rails,
and rol'.ed dowii an embankment over
thirty feet high. Over forty pjersons
Saturday, Mary 3.
The strikes of the coopers an I Cris
pins in New York pipved successful.
The police of Brooklyn hive 'given
j up all hope of of tracing the Goj'idrich
murder. The detectives say Gcktirich
committed suicide. . i
Susan Eberhart was hanged yester
day at Preston; Webster Co.. Gaj is the
accomplice of Enoch Spaun in tbt mur
der of his wife. i
Seventeen bodies were recovered
from the wreck of the Atlantic fester-
day. I i
New Elk a L.A., May 3. Th
zens of Elra parish organized
i resisting association to-day. TLeimeet
ing was addressed by several metribers
of the Bar who off pred their sei vices.
Resolutions were adopted end-irsin
Gov. McEnry, repudiating Kollogg,
and -urging resistance to usurpers col
lecting taxes. j
A fire in Boston destroyed property
to the amount of 630,000. HI
London. Ma yj 3.
Miss Bice sent out 73 girls Jb. the
steamship Lamareton, which mailed
from Liverpool for Montreal yesterday,
the girls being sent to various places
in Canada. More are soon to fallow,
for various parts of America, j "J '
I?ixon, 111., May 4., (i p. m.
Dixon was visited four liour3, since
with a most terrible calamity. The
baptism of converts called a' nkimber
to witness the ceremony. !m ijjy of
these stood on the structure.;, c tiled a
Truesdell bridge, over the river at this
city. Not over 200 persons were oil the
bridge at the time of the disaster: At
about 1 o'clock p. m. the brigft'gave
way, preeepitating the people; into the
river. Lp to this hour the bodies of
37 persons have been recovered. 1;
San Salvador, Aprjil..
BVports from San Salvador with re
sdect to tte earthquake which ruined
that city state tl&t shocks still continue,
and that the Government IVt'ace: which
survived the great shock wh'.'jh laid
the city in ruins, had also given way
and fallen to the ground. A great
many people have been injured and
man v have lost their reason. It is
doubtful whether the authorities will
persist in their determination to re
build the capital on the same site;
The latest reports from the bridge
disaster at Dixon give about fifty killed
and a number wounded, some of whom
cannot live. It is supposed some bodies
are still buried beneath the wreck of
tiie piers, where divers are at work
The rreparlUons for the niusical
restival at Cinnnnati are complete,
Tho chorus wm consist of 830 voices
ftnd orchestra o 105 instruments.
Pere Ilvacmthe said mass in Geneva
... , ,. .
in the presence of a congregation of
1 . . ,
1200 persons. A decree of excommuni-
, , . , l
cation has been, pronounced against
JV , .. f
those who attended.
Tuesday, May 6th. t
The services over the body of Bishop,
Mcllvaine took place in St. Pauls
Church, New. York, to day, f ye Bishops
Officiating, puer wmcu mo ouuj vio
sent to Cincinnati!
A." fife it Tfentr'n
" deaij:e3 ijt
' - . ..
FandyDry Gfdbcte, Notiois,
Ladies Furnishing Goods,
Stock lathe City.
and Best Assorted
Whl h we are prepared to sell ehenpor thsn
they can br purchased elsewhere Give us a call
li'id exaliiine our goods.
t-Storeon Slain street, between 4th and Mh
streets, I'lattsmouth Nebraska. liHf.
E, T. DUKE & CO.
At the foot of Main Street.
Wholesale and Ketail Dealers in
FOKKS, &e., &c.
All kind of
Gd TO THE
Post Office ook
n. J. STKEIGHT, Proprietor.
, For Your
" Song Books, &e., tte.
P08T OFFICE BUILDING,
Plattsmouth. ... Kehraska.
1.000,000 Sweet Potato Plants
Reel ahit Yellow Nanscmond
25,000 CABBAGE PLANTS
Of the Early Jersey, Wakefield, and' Tottler's
Brunswick varieties, at 1 eetits per dozen, "5
cents per too. Readv Mav lit.
Also, Trophy and fjen. tirant Tomato Flants.
at i!5 cents per dozen, S1.C0 per loo.
Eg$ Planh, i .
t Tobacto Plants,
Caulilotzef Plants, '.
?., cf-c tf-c, tfc.
In ifietr season.
Order from a distance prrmntl flldj and
delivered at the Express dfiice In I'lattsmouth.
Cartage free. . (
Thene Phvjito were all rnlsd at mv Oard-ns In
RoekBlufls. . AZKO SMITH, lroprictor.
C3T frank White Is iriv authorizHd A cent in
IS THE CHEAPEST t
1 $. 31ETTEEB
Has a large and good assortment of Farm Ma
chinery. The Marsh Harvester, a Reaper that two men
can cut and bind ten acre per day, with one
man to drive, and the binders can. work iu the
F. J. METTEEU,
MMn StTet rorncretli.-
U. y MATHEWS,
Fourth street, north of rialte Valley Hmisp.
Hardware and Cutlery,
Stoves, Tinware, u.
Garden Citg P7o?j's,
JlcCormick's Reaper and Mower,
Buck Eye Reaper and Mwcer,
&c., tfc, fcc, d-c &c.
S E EDS
For the Garil&il t - ... .
ror ine Lvctuirds
T'r-r rs F'dd
SPUING TRADE, 1873:
is iAwnviixe, snnv.
FURXAS, S0N8 & Fie JiliAIfD.
Furnas and Sons, Brohfjll JTebnu
a, and E. Ferrand, Detroit, Mich
igan, have consolidated their
stocks and will hereafter
conduct businr at
( . where they ':
bfrer the largest and most select gen
eral Nursery Stock ever offered
in the West, consisting in
part as follows:
OO.ooo Choice 3 year old Apple
'NUHrl '1 "
i . 2. S ftnd 4 year old iVar
40.000 " 2, 3,.4ind 4 year A Cherry
),noo " i ;tn,i sf year old Tench Tree
no.i-'W " I'liini, Apricot and 'ectmlne
4.nno,nr) Xo. 1 Honey I-ooust ITodRO FUnta.
2.000.000 Xo. lOsnjre Heduo Mailt.
6,ouo,jo Forest 'Irm beecIlinKs.
loo.uoo each Blacklx-rrieiviHiupbcrrlMaAil
iw.ooo eaeJi Come lierrio'aid Curranta.
20,000 rerpetual and t'linjfcinir Rose
10,000 Flowering Hhrubn.y
10,000,000 W illow Cuttings, f.
COOLEVS EARLY WHITE,! iJfD ADAM'S
EXTRA EARLY COIN.
Berkshire aUdjj Poland
J : li. Dillev. or Caa Conntv t 11 t,M lnt
.-' i ' i
of these turneries in this aee'lmC 1 o. aUJien
laii.xnioum, iasa uo., rveurasKu
FIRST NATIONAL BANK,
Tootle, Hanna Clark.
Johx R. C'LAHK.
C. St Parmki.k.
T. M t;vA.vi,
- This Bank Is now open for rnneM at their
new room, eorner Mam and 8i'U ttrevU, aat
are prepared to transact a geaerat
Stocks Bonds, H
Gold, Government I
Drafts drawn, available In anv part of thj
t'tiited .Stale and in ail the '.principal town
ililcl Cities of ruropu. f
FOR Tin: CELEBilATIID
' IJWIIAN ijtJSE
Tersons wishing to brlnz jottt: their. Cricndi .
from Europe can pnrchaao tlenoU from us
tlirough to l'Iatttuoulh
; . ;;'
A Heavy Stock of poods on
No Rents and Interest an Borrotctd
Capital to be made off &stomers.
OLDEST ESTABLISHED HOUSS
IN THE CIT.
TTorth side of talr!.tctjeen 6V5nd and Third
StreeU, takes pleasure iu annouDfina to
FARMERS AND MECANIch
... . . , . .
TKat he has a larpc and well aHnetod ft-k ct
Drv Jools, tJroeerlv's. 1'rovisioij, a were CTt-t
brought to the City Ct i'lattsmu.LJi.
TfT" It will cost you nothing U look at them
whether you buv or not. 15v rxamnintt the
price at llic "OLl KELlABUr you will b
able to tell when other partl4 y to swindle
you. 'i 8-ntf
V I an ftrE:nl. flrwlaw, TMllnr Kmlilr. It la
Ofrnii nu 1 i;lhtlv, mid wiU In'nn ib rnilra
rount holj, inciiidiiiK loveni anl i tliw, boa.
Iih1 Bti1 mm purr in. mt rh 'L o. Ii ,Ur
KeMM unporaiww rr juur'i. union or
im a uiuuu m liaiui.
ii m 'nirf .nail
it iniie- Dial, wblla II
i. wimiihii . privilfjee In purity ar4 cuinfori an4
aaorn. 11 .noniu i in ii: invm 10 protrie
fur. -ierih.aii'l proifti. It would liava rlill.
clren tn-ated at I'M-linit. iliitiklna- ii1 rrowing
creaturf f?rfrily . ri l-l,blil UA rill irroti n.
Vet in UdvoraciiiK tln-M doririii. tba Haaa.
i tit linen nrt employ doctrinal trnuiu lour
and dreary dinuiitin wht-ii tt, not iiiten-nt
and ttierrlore do not profit the raider. On lha
contrary, it would raiher rea b h, though It
pivarlied not an IntereatiitK .K.ayor luataiw n
lj!ininiid! to serve the purpo' if a lon dial
conr-rf? tv firing (tie raai!er iiiittnn real ln
tereaiinK and profitable in think. l.ut. '
Tlie w tint a well an the hepi ttture of tb
JtiiBnzi'ie Lt l!J Price. Thn Id of rettlnc a
reitiiy 0ntLiiii .Mu.-tine at on1i.llar a Tear
k eitu utr.nrr to nui'i neonle. it .,,V,i.I
Kl n emt atitu
M.nie oi the heat routritHiton in the eounirr
iiicluil.na Gail Hjmiltoi. lit WoIIdk editor
who receive aaUry of three 'houxand dol.
lar. equivalent to ulut ten dolera per day.
Kach imintier rnntmna tiearlv tflit hundred
dollar' wcr;h cr matter, which tvMta theaub
acriiier vlK.ut eielit renia.
Ho and Jo; two beautifully intad era von
rK.rtr.in. worth Four Ixllr wfct t mailed
free toavery autwc fiber toilie Micuinaat tl M
Specimen frw. Asrentt waiite Addrea 8.
Hbiib anfl Joy Ilopr anfl Joy
Tnl(l VmIc! of tyn I'cmi.-WivwI'i
niapaziee ia 0n of the timiiiiiiirtK of bumiinai "
enierpnie n lien mark the bkb. 'Aod Unmm
Jfirmtl. t'inli., l'a. . .A it titi promiara. It
l fevotd to to Incroction and tertainment
of the fumlly elrcle,afMl.in orler Imiaca It with
In the nieana of readers in incdraie clrt-um-ataneea.it
It furnitbed at a renmrk.fwy low rate
In proportion to the Interenf ot lie ino-nta tt.
i VT" v weiwenTiaiiy anotemaaazlne.
. j--. iniiii iim iiuc woumioet eeaira)
to place In tic lian.ttot ht! wife aH lttile onw.
orU'at a man of bneineM would iimiiclf takes tl
tip for the emnloyrreDt of leiaa'ahmir FtM,
Wilmlrtcton, N. C. . .. .Wea r- gyu tt' out O
chair editorial, an a "prtvaie clt. cot rf
from ourezcliaiiKe lift and all iluttona of the
nan im a
nrst magazines to which we liol auuarnna
wniilil A' 1 ii w .. I.' Hart.
ford. Ot It la an InlelleettiaiVnd moral Q
etiiicauvr, mrniy prtrei nv iu M"VMW '
quntnted with it -CkH4nm Adm. If mm
porujar wrtt.j are, therefore, izrd wrlura, -
and if high prireaprova th merit af llterarr
wurea, ih.!ii Mr. Wood 'a mn?sjtwli ood M
cnte.Tht JtiUpmnt. w Tora. -.tui mrt.
cloa br'Sthe a ritlrit of econ.tny."JJlty and A
tirtiie which ia highly refnehin In tin iwtrf f
(..i.iMa ftJlv anil etrvrr-ci fcumt ")
Kdina. -Mo. ..."It m ltudoiidtaij'' e f Ui A
.11 . iii ir.., r...t. viave ctantnM.
-M,-rJ, 6ir.rurild. Ten a. T
.w.. . .... .nil nf CD U'llte9uVirMd
- fainiliar. and wetc-ome tn erry. "ai if
ec Jenc. that Ihia pertcW' "Of ' 0 0U
V bom. ooa n a . ,
. 2 rat elaaa quality coinblu'" ZiajawJ,!
.. . ...
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