Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882, May 08, 1873, Image 1

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    V
ri r r ' ,-t .-. ..
THE .HERALD.
" - -
rublUhederety.Thursday at .
fiATTSMOUTn, JSEBRASKA.
-1"'" . ...
OKic-Cirnr Main and Second Street
Second Story.
1 is -r
THE HERALD'
One square, (to line or lws) no Insert.' o.'. $L03
Each subsequent Insertion tf
Professional cards, not exceeding six linos. .I'J.od
K column per annum 2.00
1 column per iinnum . .40.06
column da i. ...... .00.(16 1
Ori5 ci.lmnn do lOO.Otf
All advertising bills duo quarterly.
Transient advertisements must be piild fCr 111
advance.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF CASS
i ' COUNTY.
J. A. MACMURPHY, Editor.
PERSEVERANCE CONQUERS."
TERMS : $2.00 a Year.
Terms, In Advance:
One oopj, one year........ $2.00
Cue copj, six months.. 1.00
One copy, three months. .".............. 50
Volume 9.
Plattsmouth, Nebraska, Thursday, May 8, 1873.
Number 6
EXTRA CY'I'IK OF T!tE ITPRAtJ) for alo by II;
.1. Mrcbrlit.at Hie. Post irn-e, and O. F. John
son, innicr f Main and Fifth Sts.
t
i
4
n
1 ' !
....
ATTORNEYS.
CAM. M. CILJM AX Attorney at I-iw and
fco'ielwir inVhaneerv, Phittsmouth, Xeb.
OHlue lu Fitzgerald's Plock.
"T B. IEESE. Attorney at L.'.w. Ofllce on
- Man Street, over CbTntn Tri''f1flt,-r?f
I. II. Wf-lXiU J. W. fTIXCHCOMB.
W!ller: & StlncJacomb,
ATTOIti t9 AT JAW," ;
FAKtJCETT. SMITH & STARrilRD. Attor
..;. tiw. Pracfiee in all the courts of
4
the State; , k et U attention given to collections
and m:niT9rtf Probate.- " -
OiTlceciere.l'otomce, riattsmoutn, .apu.
T? R ft I V 1WJSTON. Prrvslelan anu HurgeoH,
J-V. T.mim. Ihui -nrofessiorial service to the
eM?ns C eouritv. liesitleu southeast
crner of OaV and Sixtti stret.- ; office 011 Jlain
ytoniiu;. Pla tirtoiuh. Xehrasks.. Oflice at O.
I". JoluisflB'S lrug Store. Main street.
W1IKEW:B BEXSETT Ktal Kato and
' Tax ay i VS Agent. N ot-u1 es l'ubl iv 1 1 re
aaid Lite lnurMioe Agenis, i-unismum, .-.t-u.
"TJHELIS AGJE Cenenil Insuranee Ac
KiireM-iH ome of the most reliable t
ent,
ironies in tU ItJted lats.
-JanT-wtf
. - HOTELS. -
BROCKS HOUSE,
JOIli FttZGEItALD, Proprietor.
Main Stfegbetween Fifth fc Sixtlu
MISCELLANEOUS.
lla;Lmoutli Til Ills.
C1 If EISEL, tmprietor. Have recently been
repaired .'d placed In thorouali running
orler. HX.ue -isheli of Wheat wanted ininie
(ii:ttoly for woic4f he highest market price will
t e paid. - i
Hiwt-HrtS. of TillO.
riHIE TMEKlL SYSTEM The best In us?
for destipt e circulars, Hildres.s.
Burlington, Iowa.
(IKEEXIIOUSE AND BEDDING
; il'LANTS.
Time and monc r saved by onlcrhis or me. I
have the larveMtjAd best colk-rtion of Hants
i veroT.-red tor:;:le iu the West. Catalogues
f ve. Sweet PotiUO. t !abbare. Tomato, ai.u otii
er I'lants for sale 4) their seuwm.
A.tUifi WJ. jjptirU.t. ilatumouth. eb.
FINE AliT GALLERY.
WI"5iotoarapIf, Ambrotype and copies
from old pictures. 3lnin or coloreil. ei.iier in ink
water or oil. All w irk neatly exeented and war
ranted to give IXAItT). Artist.
lo-tf Main St., Plattsmouth, "cb.
NEW DRUG STORE-
. - - WAIPiy; WATER, SEl
T.ui'oTTER,
- -
peai-kk ix i)Rt';s. niEPinyrs, pint3,
OILS. VAK?ISH. PEKKKMElty,
STAT I O EKY, ' OTi O N
" ': CXGtH ANblU- . ' ,
- . iJEcto. . . itf.
li. GOLDING,
8fre( t. (ink d(nr west 01 layman a imuiuki iaru,
l'h'.'r:imoyti,Kiet)rafca. - '
"x W. lik"vJNS, Rursreon and l"hysh:i;in.
in.t flitef of t lie Anuv of ths
I Dialer in
C ' cLOTnixo. Frnxjrix goods, hats,
CA1H BoDTSJfnoKS. TiJCNKS,
ri VALISES. Oil'.FHT BA'Js', .
f A.C &.sj ic, &c
" One of the oldest aid most Keliabh! If oases
ln riattsiiioiitn. Mail :i tree t, between Fourth
tusd Fifth. i;
fc-KEMEMBEB THE TL.VCE.
r n8-tr, f
XEnr STYLES.
E. L. ,EXiSTER, ,
MERCHANT TAILOR.
Is In receipt of the finest and
- BEST ASSOJITJrEXT
CASSIMEKES. CLOTHS. Vi:STIX'JJ',SCOTCn
GOODS, IKISH IKIEES, &C.
Tn fact, the largest ahd best assortment of
Cloths ever broiiKlit to t!us city, wincn 1 am
prepared to make up hi tae Latest Styles. Call
and examine Goods.
aprilis.
J. W. SHANNON'S
FEED,
V SALT, & L'l
'Eli Y STABLE.
Main stnet, riattsmouth, Xch.
I am prepare to aeebrumodate the public
with , - 4
Horses, Carriac5,
Butties, j.ins.
; janil a Xo. 1 Hearse.
On short notiie an tasnable tenis. A
ILu'lt will run to .'lie Steaii3Kat Landing, Depot
and all parts of (he city vjhen desired. .
Janltf. ' , . -
Mrs- A. D. V.'jfoomh.
DRESS A!?D CLOAK MAKER.
Rooms three dors west of Brooks House.
; CUTTIIG AND FITTING
Made a speeialtj.
Patterns! all kinds constantly on hand
gtf-iy- ,
New Lumber Yard. .
nartnpr openri a Lumber Yard at Louisville
I will keep on land all kinds of
Lumber, Lath, 1
poors. Blinds.
- - fehinples. Sash, S.C.,
' 4.. &c, &c, lc
ty I will alo deal In all kinds of Grain, for
vUich I will VW the highest market price.
- E. XOYE3.
LenlsvHle. V - - - - Xebraska.
9. "Blaciismith Shop.
i . ... - -i-
; CHAS- X. TIFFAXY,
; J : ; MT PLEASANT, NEB.
-'Begs leae to inform the farmers of
Ca33 Couai that he keeps a good No. 1
!X ::BLAC?SJfIT2I SHOP
oaemile abrtiof lit. Pleasant.
,AI1 fcitfla of ron Work attended to.
"JVegCTS jpaird, Tann Implements
earefallStaendL Lo est prices, and
all trorka)ne A short notice. -
-Tf ' i '
Official Directory.
CtiXGKESSIOXAI
T. W. Tlr.ton. BrownviHe I". S. Senator.
I". W. Hitcucoek. i nnaha'. . . : J?.tax waw-
EXECUTIVE.
R. W. Fnnias, Brown vllle Governor.
J. J. Gper, Ltneolii Sec'y of State,
J. B. Weston, Beatrice.. Auditor.
H. A. Ko-nig. Columbus. Treasurer.
J. K. Webster. Crete Att'y Gen.
J. li. McKenzie, Lincoln. ..Sup t Fub-Tnstrucn.
JCDICIABY,
Geo. B. Lake, Omaha .....ChJef Justice.
Daniel Gantt, Nebraska City, i Aa.ite TikiCh
Samutl ilaxweU, Flatu'th, ) Associate Just s.
rLuVTTSIOUTH,
R. K. Livingston. .. . ....... '. 7'... . Mayor.
PhehiB Paine -...r.. City Clerk.
. Ti,.ll.. T.i. I. .a
J. W. Haines.
Miies Morgan.
D.N. Johnson
.....a. ....... .....X VUIC UllC.
Marshal.
Street Comiiiistdouer.
ALDEP.MAX. .
FittsT Ward. J. Fitzgerald, H. S. Xewinaa,
Ski.vk Wakd.-J. Wayiuan, C. Nichols.
Thii:i Wauu. Ii. C. Cushing.Thos. Pollock.
FoiKTii Wabd. It. Vivian, L. F. Johnson.
CASS COtJXTY.
H. F.Ellison
DaiTlMeKinnon.
W. U Hobbs....,
Probate Judc.
Comity Clerk.
Treasurer.
. . .Sup't Pub. Instruct n:
.County Commissioners.
....Coroner.
j aeon vauery,
1 vTii'in .1 1 in o
J. W. Thomas.
Churclies.
BAPTIST On the corner of Main and Ninth,
Kev. T. J. Arnold, pa-stor, Kesidenceon Main
betwt-en loth and lith. Services every Sabbath
at 1 1 sv. 111. and T p. m. Sabbath school at 9'4 a.m.
Pray.T meeting every Wednesday evening.
CHRISTIAN Service In ConKregation Church
ut It a. m. and : ao p. -m. Corner of - Loctist
arid ti.li Kiri'ets. Cordial invitation extended to
all classes to attend.
Inst'OPAL Comer Vine and Third rtreets,
i;cv. A. K. timves. Services every Sunday at
II : 30 a. m. anl ? p. in. Snnday school at 3 p. in.
CATHOLIC Xorth side of Public Square, Rev.
Fstlfer Boliul. First i;tss every Sabbath at
8-30 a. in.. Second M:ms and sermon at tu-JO,
Vesx;rs and Benediction at 3-J0 p. m. Mass at
8 a. iu. every week day. '
I:IliST PKESiiYTKKIAN North side of Main
street, west of etii. He v. W. T. Hartle ; Ser
vices t'verv sabhath ut 11 a. lit. and 6-at p. m.
Sabiwith School at ;-30 a. ui. . lTijiyer meeting
everj Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock.
METHODIST EPISCOPAL West sido of 6th
street south of Main
Seric-- every Sabbath at 10-30 a. m. and 7 i. m.
Prayer meeti.'ig every Thursday evt-niiij. Class
meetings every Monday evening and unmeUi
atelv after clos! of Sabbath nioruiu services.
Salb3.a School at i-M.
SOXTAG den 5M September hat die Deutsche
Ev. Luth. lit-nieinds in ihrem Schulhans vor
rnittays urn 11 I hr tiotteodienst. Ceberhaupt
flndet dcrseltx" von jetzt an regelniaessig aile 14
Tage swtt. Minister, liev. L. Ifa!iaa-ald.
t-al)b:ah scbool at 1 p. m., Prof. d'Aiicmand,
Superintendent.
IO. O. F.Iteinilar meetings of riatte Lodge
No. 7. I. O. U. F. every Thur.day evening at
Odd VtiV.ov.i' KiX. Truioic.it BrutULTS are cor
dially invite J .0 visit.
A- d'ATXEMAXD, X. G.
M. II. Hvtiiavay, Sec.
T O. O. F. ll.ATTSMOUTH EVCAMPMKVTXo.
-1 a. l.e'-ub.r Convocations the 2d and 4th
Friday's er.'i molitU at Odd Fellows' Hall
comer 3J antl Main streeis. Traitsieut Pa'.ri
urciiS coidia.I-- invited t visit.
H. NEWMAN. C. P.
E. E. Ccxsis .ham, Ssiibe.
1IASON1'.'-X.TTSV01TH IIDCK N'O. S, A.
1. i A. Mitegniar meetings at their H:J1
on th:i ami t-iinl Monday ev: .-rungs of each,
month. TiaZiiiiat brethren fnvtted to visit.
I P.. li. LIVINGSTON, W. ML.
A. d'ALT.RMAND,' Sl-C.- .
f ACOY I.Oir.E Xo. C2, A. F. & A. M. Rni
x 1 lar nieetinrs at Macoy Hall, first and third
Fridays - J. N. WISE. W. M.
J. M. BK VRwi Kr, See.
V- EKKASK CHAITER No 3. R. A.M. Reg
ulr ro.iV'ations second and fourth Tues
day evenings ct each month at 74 o'clock p. tn.
li. li. LIVINGSTON. II. P.
II. Xewmas, See. - -T
O. G. T.-oLIVE BRANCH. Xo. 2, IT. Elli
son, M. W.C. T.. C. W. Kins. W. See.. T.
W. Shr'oef . Ji!g Deputv, MKH-ts at Clark &
Plumiuer's II.U1 every Tuesday evening. L Trav
eliing Templar.- re-ipectfuily invited.
qU'RXYKKKIX. The Timier Society meets at
Turners' 1I.-H In Guthman's Bhx-k, on the
first and tliird Wedr.esd'i's of each month. i
WecklKitiKli : Treasurer Cins. I.ein-
liackle ; Frst Tunisvart Win. Hessler ; Sec
ond Turnwart Geo.. Karger ; AVarden John
Erhart. . 1 .
1 I11
Purissima et Optima.
m
1 lilli 1 Al'v 1 ;l CU.Il ill 1." TV ill 1 HtlH u it'l- tv
mt-(rt 1 i-:rla njrti!.t ( if "I Til 1 IV T OT1V In-
Juriaus xuiiiraJ substance, bur is
ruaSlCV YK(j ATABLE.
In a.11 iHsonscs vf the Liver. Bowels and Kidnoys
TUous:mli4 f tl? ?omI and frrvnt in all parts of
pwor in !iirifin tbe Mjd. stiitiulaun Ibe
cr Itegiriawr isackiowii'dg(-d to bave no epi;U
1 1 11 1 1 1 1 S.11..M...HU' 1
IIVEU MEDICINE,
It contains f'v irmedienl elements, never unit
ed in the same i.n'pv proiHiribm in any other
preparation, viz; ;t g.'iiile Cathartic, a wonder
fal Tonic, mi un-pxceptionable Alterative and a
certain Correct re of all Impurities of the bodv.
11 u. r-s oii. uiLi iiocu lei , lllil il
is now rpranledus the
PKAT TXPAILIXO SPECIFIC.
for Liver Comprint and the painful offspring
thereof. to-wr : Iy-;p-ii:;i. Camstipatioii.
Iiepresslun of spiriis. Sour Stomach, Heart
Born. etc. &:
Keulate me I'vcr and prevent
CHILLS AND FEVER.
Prepared on'yl.y J. II. 7EILIX & CO.
Inu'iirists. Macon. Ga.
Send for a f ircj'nr and irJ: Areli street,
l'rice by inaii i.a ( Pldladeiphia Pa.
For Sale by J. Jj. Buttery,
janl-wiy I'lattsmouth. Xcb.
MONEY SAVED
BY
Buying Your Greenlionse and
Bedding Plants
AT THE
Picnic (wardens.
TAONT send East for Plants when vou can get
Just as gwt fur ies money nearer home.
To my numerous friends and vatrans I would
say that I have the largest and best stock of
plant3ever oiu-ied for sale in the West, and
at reasonable pHees. . .. .
Be urv and s-.'nit for my
Xew Descriptive Catalogue.
vhlch trill be sent free to all who applv for It.
Then give tne your or Jei, and I feel eozfldeut I
WSJ t'i7iVGilk?tl, Si to.
0DD-FELI.01YS, ANNIVERSARY.
Speech of Cecil lYUliatn3.
Saturdat EvENixct, April 2G, 73.
ZTii, Chairman, Ladiesand Gentlemen:
'lye have assemliled this evening, as
ha'.-lK-en statexi, for the purpos of
cel(. baiting the 5-ith anniversary of our
Oltjer;
r Jieipg wholly unaccustomed to speak
ing ifrjj public, it has been with much
hesitancy that we have consented to
adij-ess to you any remarks at this
tiia!y doubting our ability to do justice
to lithe, subject or to the occasion, or
maj? 4nY very near approach to it.
3M.-iev of these facts, it will pcr
hari mt be inappropriate for U3 to
spec of the origin of secret societies,
and! glance over the more important
eveitSjjof the history of our own order,
usiy, in 2artt the lanjuarj3 of the Jiis-
Seqret associations, among nearly all
theliidious of the earth, it is said, have
exisjiji from the earliest times.
They'Jbave aeeompanied, though they
maylnoV have advancetL civilization,
and Men; the preservers and possibly
the pj-omoters of religious, scientific
and political truth.
Tltfnonly means men at first possess
ed oil recording doctrines, events or
discoveries in science and arts, was by
the usi of picture writing, and after
ward! l ieroglyphics, or abreviated syni
Txls. Cearly all learning was then
confirieU to the Priesthood, and Royal
familipi of each nation. These modes
of writing, did not, perhaps, constitute
an exclusive art, but suggested means
b3r whic'hthey communicated with each
other, aid i handed down to their suc
cessori t!iose doctrines, discoveries and
State slarets which they deemed proper
to discttifee to the world.
In Asp'ria, Greece, Rome, Gaul, Ger
many anil Britain, the Priesthood were
the founders, and religious mysteries
the fourvkati m of swret soeities.
Therrilasof religious worship were
but acttit symbols, in most cases, con
veying co,niT3 ion religioin ideas to the
multitud'i, but having a deeper mean
ing to tlrinitiated eye.
Owing o the love of mystery and
blind verneration for antiquity which
induced in my assixiations to claim an
origin traceable to the earliest ages,
there liaH'9 not been wanting well
meaning ' inembcrs, to render that
doubtful service to our Order. A simi
larity can! (perhaps le found between
the mode3 bf S initiation and other cere
monials of1 ancient associations and
those of oirt own Order, and they have
l)cen appealed to, in proof of the un
warrantably assumption.
The origin of O.ld-Fellowship, we
believe, is not uefmitely known, though
associations similar i:i many. respects,
have existed for many years in Great
Britain. " i "i
Mr. Sprv "ifti;hi3 history of Odd-Fellowship,
say.that : " in the early part
of the last Century, the writer, Daniel
DeFoe, meitciojis the Society of Odd
Fellows; aii4 the Gentleman's Maga
zine for 174. speaks of the Odd-Fellows
Lodg as a place where very
pleasant evenings may be spent."
All beyonti. tliis date is said to be
mere conjecibvue "We only know that
when Odd-Fellowship comes into the
domain of certajiity, the Fatherhood of
God and the Brotherhood of Man are
its foundation' o precept and practice.
The Order then existed under the
name of thel J" Tj.'nion order of Odd
Fellows," haV tig its seat of govern
ment in Lon&4nu This association re
mained uncharged until 18i), when a
Lodge was instituted in Manchester,
England, after Which througlt the influ
ence of a few friends of reform, (who
wished to elevke the character and in
crease the usftfufticss of the Order)
several Lodge 1 seceded in due form
from the Union Onler, and in 1S13 con
stituted the ."Independent Order of
Odd-Fellows." '"Under the impulse of
elevated r,irtlw3. this new Order ad
Tanced rapidl', far outstripping its ri
val, from which it sprung.
Several attempts were early made
to establish Odd-Fellowship on this
continent, on the same plan as that of
the Union Order of Odd-Fellows (that
is, self institution, and recognizing no
higher governing power than their own
individual Lodge) any number of mem
bers uniting themselves together,
formed a Lodge and received a charter
from any neighboring Lodge, with jiow
er to grant charters in return. It is
claimed that Lodges were instituted,
in this manner, during the last century.
Sinco 1S02, Lodges of this kind have
been instituted in Baltimore, Wash
ington, New. York, Boston and Phila
delphia, and those in each city were
generally ignorant of the existence of
those in the other cities, and even a
late as 1823 some of them believed
themselves to be the only Lodges in
the L'nited States. These, from vari
ous causes, all successively failed. The
earliest successful institution of Odd
Fellowship into the country, and the
commencement of our present Order,
dates no farther back than April 2Gth,
1819.
Thomas "Wildey, born in London,
England, January 15th, 1783, (and a
member of the Order as it existed
there) together with Messrs. John Dun
can, John "Welch, John Chetttham and
Richard Rushworth, met and arranged
preliminaiies, and on the 20th of April
they organized Washington Lodge, No.
1, by self institution. . Shortly after,
rfc."r charged Us orgsiiizariun 34 wort..
to the Independent Order; and took
steps to procure a charter.
About thi3 time Franklin Lodge, No.
2, wa3 opened. June 17 th, 1820, the
Grand Lodge of Manchester granted a
dispensation, which never reached
them.
Through P. G. Crowder, of Duke of
York Lodge, Preston, (who visited Bal
timore in 1819) that Lodge issued a
charter on February 1st, 1820, which
they received and accepted indue form,
October 21st, following, and in June,
1821, the General Committee of the
Manchester Unity, confirmed it. Thus
was constituted "So 1 Grand Lodge of
Maryland, and of the. United States,"
with power to charter Lodges accord
ingly. Prior to this there was no Grand
Lodge in our country. The P. G.'s of
each Lodge were a Committee of Su
pervision and Grievance with advisory
powers only.
The work of a Grand and Subordi
nate Lodge under the same charter
proved very inconvenient. At the in
stance of one of its members, on Feb
ruary 22d, 18 J 1, Washington Lodge sur
rendered its charter to the P. G.'s of
Washington and Franklin Lodges, and
the Grand Lodge of Maryland and of
the United States thus constituted,
granted subordinate charters to num
bers 1 ami 2.
Bro. Wildey, first N. G, of Washing
ton Lodge, was chosen first Grand
Master.
At that time the white, blue and
scarlet were the only degrees of the
subordinate lodge. The pink and green
compiled by P. G. Entwessell, were
called the intermediate degrees, and
yet unknown in England. The Grand
Lodge conferred the Golden Rule de
gree upon P. G.'s only, for a charge of
75 cts.
For some years the Order made but
little progress. Its founder and mem
bers were comparatively obscure men.
Its name caused prejudices, and thus
obscured its merit3 from the more
strict and respectable class of humane
men. But Bro. Wildey, conscious of
good motives, and feeling he great
benefit the Order would confer, if suc
cessful, hopefully persevered. Having
ascertained there were Lodges in New
York, Boston and Philadelphia, he put
forth efforts to effect a general union.
A Massachusetts Lodge first made
application to the Grand Lodge of
Maryland, and of the United States,
for a charter which was granted April
loth, 1823, and instituted by Grand
Master Wildey, and a Grand Lodge
opened. While on this mission he in
duced other lodges to make similar ap
plication, and thus all disputes were
h::ppily settled, and all the lodges then
existing in the United States were
united in one system, under one ac
knowledged legal hoad. The hist of
the.;.; lodges was instituted under the
new system, June 27th, 1828.
Maryland State and U. S. Grand
Lodge not proving satisfactory to the
otiier State Grand Lodges, its charter
was resigned to the State Grand Lodges
collectively and united with them in
the organization of a distinct Grand
Lodge of the United States, on June
15th, 1825, the first annual communi
cation of which was held on Washing
ton's birth-day following, and thu3 was
completed the admirable structure
which has proved so effeetivt? in pro
looting the welfare and advancement
of Odd-Fellowship in America.
Bro. Wildey feeling the necessity of
our National Head being legally recog
nized by the Manchester Unity, and
measures adopted to maintain a uni
formity in the ritual and working in
countries, volunteered the journey
across the Atlantic at his own expense,
and arrived at Liverpool June 17th,
182. He was kindly received by the
authorities of the Order, and was
greeted as the father and founder of
Odd-Fellowship in the United States,
lie was conducted throughout the ju
risdiction, everywhere received by Com
missioners, of the Order, and brethren
anxious to do him honor. At this time
he introduced into England the Cov
enant and Remembrance degrees, which
they adopted. The G. L. degi-ee they
declined, deeming it unnecessary in
their organization. Every request
which he made was granted him except
the one great object of his mission
the independent sovereignty of the G.
L. of the United States, in this coun
try which th.ey declined. He was
greatly surprised, however, on the day
fixed for his return, by a visit of the
Grand Officers, w ho after an address by
the Grand Master, and other valuable
tokens, placed in his hands a Charter,
leautifully executed, on parchment,
dated back to May 15th, 1820.
This Charter granted sole jurisdic
tion over Odd-Fellowship in this coun
try to the G. L. of the United States.
After his return from England, we
find Bro. Wildey still continued active
ly engaged laboring for the advance
ment of the Order. He originated the
higher and more beautiful branch of
our Order, and instituted, or caused to
be instituted, the first Encampment on
June 14th, 1827. While belabored at
home for the improvement of the Or
der, he spent his time and money trav
eling and toiling for its extension.
lie made frequent official visits into
other States, instituting Lodges and
Encampments, and giving instruction
to brethren. After serving eight years
as sire, he continued to serve the Or
der gratuitously as eeneral ajrent. He
vi?ited the northern and eastern
SI ate hi 1835; Virginia, in 137; lVnn-
sylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana,
Mississippi, Alabama, Illinois, Missou
ri and Iowa, in 1838; Tennessee, Ar
kansas and Texas, in 1S39. Traveling
in those early years was often toilsome
and costly. By his self-sacrificing zeal,
State after State were added to the Or
der, which bound them by the strong
est ties in the fraternal union.
These valuable services were ac
knowledge by the Grand Lodge of the
United States at every session. A gold
medal, at one time, and a valuable ser
vice of plate at another period, were
presented to him by that body its to
kens of admiration and esteem.
Thus the father of our now nume
rous brotherhood continued to surren
der freely upon the altar of our be
loved Order, private interests, health,
comfort and wordly advantages in all
its forms, until enfeebled by sick
ness and old age, ho was compelled to
desist, and on the l'Jth of October 1831,
at the ripe old age of 81 years, loving
and beloved full of honors as of years,
he passed gently and peacefully to
rest.
Previous to 18G1 the principles of
the Order had become so widely known
and generally appreciated, (that not
withstanding the intervention of some
five years of civil strife, the demorali
zing effect of which is indelibly writ
ten upon the tablet of every American
heart) that it has steadily advanced un
til its membership, in good standing,
under the jurisdiction of the Grand
Lodge of the United States (according
to the statistics of 1872) numbers 348,
S'J8, including two -Lodges recently in
stituted in Germany, by Special Dis
trict Deputy Grand Sire, J. F. Morse,
having a membership of 205.
Having enumerated a few of the
most important events in the history
of our Association,- we will now invite
your attention to some of its leading
principles:
Odd Fellowship is founded upon the
three great principles of "Friendship,
Love and Truth," the daily practice of
which is an imperative command of
her law; "To visit the sick, relieve the
distressed, bury the dead, and to edu
cate the orphan."
That all may judge whether or not
any of these precepts are practiced, we
will again refer to the report of the
(rand Lodge of the United States, for
1872, which says: "Number of Bros,
relieved, 23,213; No. of widowed fami
lies relieved 4002; amount paid for the
relief of Bro.'s, 8328,045.51 cents; am't
paid for the relief of widowed families,
887,373; am't paid for the education of
orphans, 89,781.05 cents; am't paid for
burying the dead, 8125,819.72 cents.
Total relief for the year ending Sep
tember ICth, 1872, 8749,922.07 cents.
Is not this;, indeed, a cheering re
port ?
Nearly three-quarters of a million of
dollars expended, in so short a time,
for the relief of suffering humanity.
Pecuniary aul, though a laudable
trait in our operations, is too often
oter-extiinated. By its necessary prom
inence, more readily attracts the atten
tention of the outside world, and often
that of our own members, than the
gradual, the insensible, and the moral.
Material aid is, therefore, but one of
the many ways in which Ave may pali
ate or relieve bodily or mental suffer
ing. Who has not, at some period of his
or her life, (when in sorrow and dis
tress, from the loss of some dear friend,
or from reverses in fortune, when per
haps a stranger in a strange land, or
from any other cause), felt the need of
sympathy, or the soothing influence-of
a few kind word.s fitly spoken ; or a
pleasant thrill, (not unlike an electric
current from a battery, in effect,) as
palm meets palm in a friendly grasp
of the hand, when extended iu the spir
it of brotherly love. Expressing in
language more impressive than words,
how deeply one heart may yearn over
the misfortunes of another. Figures
and words are inadequate to express the
calne of those acts, though simple in
themselves, which can so suddenly trans
form shadow into sunshine, and sorrow
into gladness; acts, too within the gift
of the most humble in life.
Our Order was introduced into Ne
braska some sixteen years ago, when a
Territory, and very sparsely settled, and
with many obstacles to contend against,
lacks not the evidence of wonted pros
perity. According to the report of the Grand
Lodge, for the year ending June 20th,
18 12, the total membership was 1,173.
Net gain over that of the year previ
ous, of 1 05 members.
We will close these few crude re
marks, by quoting an extract from the
pen of that able writer (of Odd-Fellowship
Literature) A. B. Crash, rela
tive to our work outside of the Lodge
room, which, with my limited knowl
edge of the subject, far surpasses any
thing I might sav ;
" Closing the Lodge does by no means
suspend the work of its officers and
members proper provision having
been made, and instruction given, in
the Lodge, the committees are now to
pursue their labors! The sick are to be
systematically and kindly visited; the
distressed are to be relieved; the w id
ows ami orphans to be attended to, and
the needy tmd suffering to be searched
out preparatory to being reported at
the next meeting.
-The principles of good will and
brotherlv love are to be carried out in
social and domestic intercouse outside
the walls of the Lodge room. The
world itself is one vast Lodge of
brethren, and the lessons acquired in
the weekly meetings of the few, should
be reduced to daily, constant practice,
among the many. Especially is that
Temple the body, which i. the residence
of the Holy Spirit, to be further en
lightened and purified, and rendered
the abiding place of Frindship, Love
and Truth.
44 To prepare the Odd-Fellow for thesf
daily duties and privileges of life, and
to direct him in their proper perform
ance and use, is the end and aim of the
weekly meetings in the Lodge room
the work of the Lodge being but a
school to exercise him in his projer
work of Odd-Fellowship in his own
heart, in his family, and in the world
at large. The tokens and emblems of
the one are designed to direct his mind
to the Sun, the Moon, the Stars, the light
woven Bow on the Cloud, the open
hand, and all other visible objects in
the other, which speaks of .God's good
nes;Chian's duties and nature's blessed
ness, and make them incitements to
the pursuit of knowledge and virtue.
" Careless, indolent or ill instructed,
therefore, must he be who rests satis
fied with a mere attendance on Lodge
meetings, and whose mind and heart
reach not beyond the mere routine of
its workings, the letter of its lec
tures and charges, or the outward ap
pearance of its forms, emblems, and
allegorized representations.
u Tiie true Odd-Feilow, using these
but as an out-line map, will study them
that he may till up their vacancies un
derstanding!, mark out his journey in
the world, and pursue his life pilgrim
age, knowing whence he comet h,
whither he goeth, and what he
doeth".
THE INDIAN POLICYTHE CIIEY
ENNES. From the Inter Ocean.
We give below the views of the lit
ter Ocean, Chicago, on the Indian Ques
tion. Believing that we of the West
know something of Indian affairs, and
that, we have the same right to express
our views, we beg leave to differ from
their statements on the inside page of
this paper:
In Tuesday's Inter Ocean we alluded
to the report of the Peace Commission
of 18G8, of which General Sherman
was a member, and gave several ex
tracts from the report regarding the
manner in which the Indians had been
treated, and the causes that had led
them to hostilities against the whites.
In perusing the origin of our Indian
wars it is hard to resist the belief that,
if the full facts were understood, the:
voice of the people would be almost
unanimous for a continuation of the
peace policy of the President.
. Take the history of the Cheyennes
as an example. In 1851, a shore time
after the discovery of gold in Califor
nia, it was deemed desirable to secure
the right of transit over the plains for
emigrants, and the various tribes inter
ested were called together for that pur
pose. Up to that date the territory ly
ing on the route of emigration had
been admitted by treaty to belong to
the Indians. A council was held and
a new treaty made, the Indians giving
the right of transit, military roads,
etc., in return for annuities amounting
to 850,000 a year for ten years. Some
years after gold and silver were discov
ered in Colorado, and thousands of for
tune hunters, who posse.-sed nothing
more than the right of transit ovtr
these lands, took possession of them
for the purposes of mining, and, against
the protests of tne Indian, built cities,
established farms, and opened road?.
By. the third article of tiie treaty cf
1851 the United States Government
bound itself to protect the Indians and
their lands against all depredations.
The Cheyennes, however ignorant they
might be, knew that this solemn obli
gation had been broken. Helpless and
unable to contend against the power
that was pressing them to the wall,
there remained nothing but to enter
into a new convention. Accordingly
in 1801, the tribes interested ceded
their magnificent possessions to the
L'uited States, reserving only a small
tract- for themselves, in the possession
of which they were guaranteed protec
tion. It was also agreed that the
United States should build houses,
break and fence lands, and that stocks
of animals and agricultural imple
ments should be furnished to the In
dians that they might commence the
work of civilization. This agreement
was worse than broken. It was a
promise kept to the ear but broken to
the hopes. The few articles forwarded
by the Government were appropriated
by the white officials outright, or ol
tained afterward by a system of delib
erate swindling. Still the Indians
maintained the peace, and no charges
were made against them until the 12th
of April, 1804. On that day a ranch
man named Ripley came into Camp
Sanborn, and alleged that the Indians
had stolen his stock. He could not
tell what tribe had done it, but he ask
ed for troops and obtained them. Some
Indians were found during the day
with a herd of stock, and Ripley claim
ed a number of their horses. The herd
was stopped bv the soldiers, and the
officer in command ordered the Indians
to come forward. They did so, and
when within a few feet the officer di
rected his men to disarm them. Of
course the Indians resisted, and a light
ensued in which the troops were beat-
Soon afterward, Major. Downing, of
the First Colorado Cavalry, obtained a
force to move against tiie Indians,
though for what purpose the Commis
sion failed to ascertain. It could hard
ly have been to avenge the stealing of
Riplev's stock, for it had become pretty
certain bv that time that the man had
lost no horses, but had invented the
torv for the purpose of filching some
stock from the Indians. However this h
mav be, Major Downing moved on tne
Indian camn and surprised it. These
are the words that Downing used in
his evidence regarding the affair:
"About daylight I succeeded in surpris
ing the Indian village of Cedar Bluffs.
We commenced shooting. I ordered 1
the men to commence killing them.
They lost twenty-six killed and thirty
wounded. My own loss was one killed
and one wounded. 1 burnt up their
lodges and everything I could get hold
of. I took no prisoners. We got out
of amunition and could not pursue
them. In this camp the Indians had
their women and children."
About this time Lieutenant Ay res t
had a difficulty in which an Indian
Chief under a flag of truce was mur
dered. Desultory fighting continued
during the summer, when finally the
chiefs sent word to Fort Lyon that
the war had been forced on them, and
they dersirc-i ps-ac. lie otc-r cii
not feel authorized to conclude a treaty,
but gave them a pledge of miliiary
protectiou until terms of peace could
be- arranged. Major Wyncoop, for this
purpose, ordered them to move tlu ir
villages nearer the fort, and bringtlieir
women and children, winch they did.
They numbered 50o men women and
children. "It was here," says the re
port, "under a p'edge 01" protection,
that Colonel Chiving'on, commanding
some Colorado troops, surrounded the
camp and
commenced an inJis rimi-
rate slat
that it scarcely has its parallel in the
records of Indian barbarity. Fleeing
women holding up their hands and
praying for mercy, were brutally shot
down; infants were killed and scalped
in derision; men were tortured and
mutilated in a manner that would put
to shame th savage ingenuity of inte
rior Afiie-;." "No one will be aston
ished that a war ensued which cost the
Government 830,000,000, and carried
conflagration and death to the border
settlements."
This, from the report, signed by Gen
end Sherman, indicates the treatment
the Indians have received at our hands.
?hall the present humane polioy of the
Government bo abandoned to reinaug
urate such barbarity?
GENTLEMEN'S 3L0IJES.
Spring a.il Summer, IS".?.
FULL DRESS TOILET
Consists of the full Dress Coat of
Black English or French Cloth, (Eng
lish preferred( cut full, medium in
waist and skirt length, and coming to
within four inches of Knee. Edges
stitched raw, plain button of cloth,
medium in size, and coat lined with
siik or satin. Lapel to roll richly to
within one hole of the bottom. Col
lar one and three-eights to one and one
half in width, and of cloth. Sleeve
cut rather shapely to arm, and finished
at the hand with cuff, fastened with
two buttons. Plain and ribbed silk
breast facings are worn to some ex
tent, but do not meet with general fa
vor. Waistcoat is of same material as
coat, or of a black embroidered pattern
of cloth, or of white embroidered Mar
seilles, or of-white, plain, heavy silks,
as would most comport with taide of
wearer, ami occasion when used.
Trowsers of Black English or French
Doeskin, witli a narrow English silk
bra. id down the cater or side seam, also
ma.de plain, either of which is quite
correct. For "Society Men," several
shades of light pearl-drabs are mic-h
worn for trowsers, and are considered
"recherche." When light trowsers are
used, the cravat ami gloves should be
of the same hue as trowsers. Shirt
collar either standing or turned down,
as may be preferred. A'ith black trow
sers, either black or white cravat may
be used, but the gloves shoald be
white.
For Receptions and Morning Wed
dings, the double-breasted Prince Al
bert Frock, of black or dark bine c loth
and worn buttoned, with White Duck,
Marseilles, or White Broad Cloth
Waistcoat", and peal-grey cassinipre
trowsers. constitute a toilet "par excel
lence," and is also much worn in mak
ing afteni'ion and evening visits, at
tending Operas, Concerts, etc. Gloves
and cravat to kutraonize with trows-.'rs.
DE.MI-TOILFT.
The Prince Albert Frock Coat before
alluded to, and the New Market Frock
Coat, cut single breasted with waist
and skirt of medium length, cuffs at
hand with two buttons, coat fastening
with one button below centre of breast,
and skirt neatly falling away in front,
constitute the two "leading modes."
There is one other style, the "Lord
Stanley," single-breasted, to be worn
buttoned, and cut much away in front,
forming an acute angle at the lower
button, and is regarded bv the best
regarded bv the best !
judges as the "coming coat" for the j
more dressy class. . It is worn both sin-
gle and double-breasted. . Trowsers are j
geiu-rallv of cassimere, differing in
pattern from the coat, and more f re-1
quently of a lighter shade, and are I
made up of small check, plaids, and j
tine strines. t nt to fall (iti'te easy to the
leg, and with medium spring over the
foot. Side stripes or bands are used,
but are nut in quite narrow.
Waistcoats are of same material as
the coat, or of cashmere waistcoatings,
which latter are meeting with favor
among the more "elite." Ties, cravats,
and scarfs, of silk, iu various tints and
patterns, are worn with this tedlor, as
mav most comport with taste of wear
er " Collars, both standing and turn
down, are in vogue. The "Czar," or
standing collar, well opened in front,
and poihts turned back, being the most
used.
Materials for coats under this head
I are of Fine orstetl Coatings, in small
! niKx-l.-. slriues. birdsevs. diagonals.
and crepes, of English and French
manufacture, also English Meltons, and
silk mixtures of extra qualities, to
gether with French trie-ots and picques,
giving a range in fabrics to suit all
ages and tastes.
BUSIXESS AXD Tit AVELIXO SPITS
Are of till Wool and Silk and Wool
mixtures, in stripe's and plaids, broken
checks, twills, ete, in a large variety of
choice designs and patterns, mostly in
English fabrics. Suits alike, also coat
and waistcoat alike, and trowsers dif
ferent, are both equally desirable.
Coats are mostly of the two following
styles:
English Morning Jacket, single
breasied, waist goeid length, skirt short,
buttoning well up on point of breast,
neatly cut away below, and skirt well
rounded off, flaps at side of hips, with
or without an outside bread pocket.
The edges are stitched, bindings for
this class of goods being inappropriate.
Buttons of ebony or ivory to match.
The Double-Breasted Short Sack also
is still epiite a favorite', being both styl
ish and practical. It is cut kmger than
last season, with a rich roll to lapel,
and fastening with two lower buttons.
Tins garment is intended to be worn
buttoned, and as far as consistent, with
white waistcoat. It is trimmed and
finished like the Morning Jacket men
tioned under this head.
OVER GARMENTS.
Are cut principally in the "Sack Style,"
single-breasteel, shapely to the body,
and good length. Fabrics most in
vogue, for this garment are light shades,
and mixtures in fine twilled, basket
woven, anel Melton coatings silk-lined,
collars of same material as coat ; edges
stitched, and fine silk buttons to match.
I hi fcreiit 'VoriKS to roll xcely 'cack,
and to he worn generally open. Suf
tout or Frock style of over garments
are not received with favor for sum
mer uses.
Shirts. Neck Wear, Gloves, etc., ard
in gnat variety of styles, in new and
el; g:iut design, in superb qualities,
suited for all occasions, and to gratify
t'je ta'-teof the most fastidious.
Brown, Prior, & Fisk, Wabash Ave
nue, Chicago, keep these good, and
Ely & (3o. aro the Tailors that tell us
these pretty things.
Who wouldn't be fashionable now
WIVES' COLUMN".
Sl'MSSER' DRESSES.
Practical people, with moderate do-
sires and incomes, are likely to stand
in perplexity before the piles of sum
mer goods, wondering what to choose.
The variety of fabrics was never so
great but the designs, stripes, dots
ilowers, etc.. aro reproduced in all, so
that, the, material luing selected, the
pattern is a matter of taste. This -select
ic-n is the really difficult part of
shopping. As usual, we are shown
exquisite fabrics, so light and dedicate!
as to excite our admiration and desirrj
to buy. But these, are expensive, easily :
foiled, and too fragile to be made over.
They are sacred to the wealthy few
who can afford to wear a dress half-a-
dozen times, and throw it aide, with
out being troubled by visions of ex-
travaganco leading to poverty. ' ; "
The mass of our people must pur
chase with a view to thtj usefulness of
the fabric. Will it wash? Will it
turn? Will it makeover for a younger"
member of the household t are quest- '
ions which few can afford to ignore,
certainly not the mothers of families,
ever growing in size and wants.
One thought is condoling, any one ai
these pretty summer fabric-scan, with
a small outlay of time and taste, bJ '
made into a dress suitable for all ordi
nary occasions. With the help of a
good pattern, and a few yards of rib-'
bon, a cotton lawn, at twenty-five cents
will be as becoming a3 a linen one at
fifty. The make up of the material
has become the all important question
and now that pretty patterns are with
in every one's reach, there is no longer -any
excuse for badly-titting dresses, or '
styles not adapted to the ligare. . .
Such latitude of taste never wtu civ
joyed. Every woman her own "Worth 1'
is the cry. AVe can wear our drtwe
Fhort or long, trim them with ruffles or
flat folds, cr not at all; wear single! .
skirls or doable ones, basques or round "
waists, sleeveless jackets, mantles, dot
1 mans, saeques, or shawls.
Society only asks us to look well
dressed, and make the most of thJ
beauty given us by Nature, and kind
Fashion sets before us every possible
adjunct to grace and refinement.- '
For house wear, the English and ;
French prints and percales are best
adapted tor morning. Tim new ones
have white, olive, and buff grounds;
on those are stripes, in colors, and be
tween, Tialm leaves, butls, and sprays.
Amon lt other wash materials comes
the satin jean, more delicate in colors
and having the new
polka eioc. xro
also usf ful, and-;
c.ab's and ninues are
make up well for children. 1 he waiter
pique is very much improved. Som;
havstripcs,"sot't and satiny, others the
little shining polka dot.
For traveling aid morning shopping
the irrav and buff linen suit3 are most
desirable. Swiss muslins and organ-
dies, fluted v.ivl nulled, will always havof
the first choice for evening wear
particularly with the young. Hand-
some evening d revert, for the seaside
are composed of silk underskirts, thcT
overdress being of Pompador crape
or gauze, of the same color. Black
silk!' with Hernani overdress, and
profusion of white lace, makes an el e'-
! gaut and uurawe tonec. aneso grtna-
dines crapes and gauzes come in an
shapes, stripceL dotted, and flowered,
at 33 a yard. t '
Another novelty for polonaises is rf
fabric composed of ecru linen and A
stuff 'resembling Turkish toweling, iff
Bayadere stripes. In another, the white
stripes are silk, with raised flowers
The-se are odd and expensive, 85 and
87 a yard, and have an oriental effect
that may give them popularity. The'
are worn over the various fade tints
and at least attract attention. For
moderate purses, no dress 13 mora
serviceable than black grenadine. Thtt
eiverskirt can be striped or figured
Sashes are worn with all toilets, and
are tastefully draped at the back of
shies. Self-colored sashe-s are more
elegant than contrasts, and should bet
of two shades if the costume is shad-
ed.
A useful' dress in our climate is it
whole suit of black and white striped
silk, trimmed with ruchings or Chan-
tilly lace. A pretty way of finishing
it is to have the sleeveless basque of
black silk, black sash, etc. White lacet
at the throat and wrists, and a becom-
ing knot, make this a suitable toilet
for a cool summer night.
Positive colors rival the neutral tinte
so much in favor, and blue takes the
lead. New suits of ecru, and gray liner!
and batiste, are. trimmed with dark
blue, but such an innovation will not
become peipular. Batiste suits are
useful anI refreshing, even to look at,
but a trimming of the same shade i; .
most elegant. Nothing tires us so soon
as violent contrasts, and American
women have teo elecidod tastes for
what is really beautiful, to adopt
them. Demorest's Jlo-nthly Magazine,
Fieee, pieee. pleco, and lo ! a counterpane t
May each lair sleeper hero
Find peace, peace, peace,
And ne'er encounter pain.
The fashion papers say the Ruta
bagas beg parelon, we mean the Ra
bagas, is the popular bonnet this Sfyt'
son. You will know it where you s3
it, for the rim turns up all round like'
a sailors hat.
The handsomest dressed women fit
New York just ltow is the wife of A
street contractor. Her dresses aret
made in Paris, and the Cuitom-house
eluties on them are sufficient to buy art
entire outfit for any ordinary woman
The literary and other women of
New York who have ideas above flirt
ing, flouncing, and fashlonizing, are to
form a rival club to Sorosis. Good
Now we will see whicfe nocXety don
tie cit jjool. , " "
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