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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1867)
"7" any. man attempts to haul down the Jlmcrican Flag, shoot him on the spot."
PLATTSMOUTIL, N. T., WEDKU:DAY, J AN UAH Y 9, 1867.
H?Ty M Iff
OAILY AND WEEKLY
WEEKLY EVLT.Y WL PNE5DAT
HI. I 1 1 ATI I AWAY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Main street and Levee, second
Daily, SI rer month.
$2.50 per annum;
Jtalrs of A dcerlisins.
fine foliar Opa-e of ti n tins-) O'le insertion
Eac.i subeo,.ier.t iuserliou - -
pitfesa-i-nal cards flfxce'ruius ix lme
t ne 'iurlf r ( :iml or le-, r annum
tt-r e months
On" t.J'f et.lutaa twel ve months
.. mi months
One '.d ir.. :i twelve m-.r.-hs
six rsiou.!.- -
1 HI :0
411 trani-!.t aJv ru-eratit mn't be paid for in
c h..rt notice, and in a ty!e tt.at w 1.1 give
i-w, .r dt-. t:rp. tod', an a m.ia oi joo
Sam JI. Chnpmaii,
ATTORNEY A T L A W,
nice th" Co:rt-h-
ATTORNEY AT LAW
A N I
Solicitor in Chancery.
I. M. ManiiK-1', al the loiirt-
P.. Tt LIVINGSTON, M. D.
Physician and Snrgeon,
T-i d--s hi
t -M'.nal scrvii" s tu the cimi'-u oi
,.-r.e-idenc ia Frank Whit. 's h t, corner of
..-Kiiii l .Sixth streets; Oihce .o Main tie.t, oppj-s.i-
Court iioa3c, Piatt ui.;ith, 'cLraoka.
ATTOHNEY AT LAW,
1 LATTS.MOUTII - - NEBRASKA.
.l Lih, Ac
Inland a 'id
l .-U.'l.- 14-
V, in : ..io r-.-k at re i.-.-iaMc rV in the oH rel:atl
C t. I'HU iu tii i u-u
tutt at Ute tyyii
tir .u:li. Nbra
!'LA I'TSMOL Til,
?.i:..r t.aid to the i.un r.a-r and al
r A ftstati-, and Mvn.ent of Taxes, and all l.uine
ui-us t- a u r' i-au J Agency. Title inve-
Kf. r v rmicsu n to
1 o E. S. Huii.1v. Ju.it.-- al J iJ.iil Pift-. F.1I
i r', Nel..a-ka:"lai..r KdwM BurLank, lNyuiafter
It. S A. I.evnw..rlh. KsT.-a.; Hon J. II. Burlo.i.k
f-rr N.-l.ia-ka. Kail Uy, N b ; Hon. T. M.
1 t- r-.i:-ni uih. Nt-h I U. K. Livir.?ton,
- e 'iim-u l,t Vrl. V !.. Flati-.iio'jih, N-1.;
Si. - Jl'. Wh-.-l-r. I". . In.iwi A?.rt. Pawnee
i,.'nfTi c-!i' NctW"t. No 111 l;roadway. Nw
. k-'i-hi ver. D.-i'neh i IJroM n.W..r.lnni.ti.n, U. C ;
ft Co . riii. aeo, liH ; riu.
. ITef. lleuiy Aiin-K ale. ' Hartford
I! a-li'e-t-r, X. V
IT .i.ei:y," X.
Win- 13. LcmJic,
OSn DOOR EAST OF TOSTOFFICE,
i:ITEli STATES MAII-iS.
WFLioir:..n. O-ioter CI, lfOo
rill le rtti-. -1 m the t..i.trc: Dili -e
'tn.-iit nr.t:: p.m. ut ! i ruat)
.r c r.vt
ertua the man r Lnne i outi,
f,j,itT 1. 1-67. lo Jane o . -;.'J. m tr o ler.i ui
r i-j the roule and ty tt.e li-ciule of
.i....r..n.. Mini xmvald litreii H;.eci"ed b'in
ruu'n tibiili'd 1: ReSiiu ot C'Jib Congiew, anl
Ueci-ioni anuoa- ! i y March 2i.
i ('.!. jrr't,'y the Iiittructi'jn
14130 From IMna. by lieiidric'; i,
to Latrult, 15
mile a: d t.a . k, ace a week.
L ave lttena Uedo...tay ilito;
Arrive ft Lniiobe by 12 in;
Leave I. tr, be W rlnelay at 2 p luj
Ainve at Uler. by 7 p lu.
litil From V! itt-in"Ut!i hr f! Iu dale. South Fend
in orrVre.) .r. and tux-rfUf.) salt Creek, Ki.k
t'teea. l.arc .'er. Mini.- City (no cjKce,) sal
till", C nirvvil e (no oHcr. ) Oiive lirancb no
r'SV',) a". I C.atuua ;no Z' ' lo D,'lr" .
iiii.es and hick, three l.in.-a a week to talt
v.'. and on.-e a w-ek the r-idue.
Loir- l'latt-mouth Vcnday, Wednesday ana
'. J.y ai s m;
Arrive alSali Creek by 5 p m;
Lae Cre' k Tuesday, Thursday and Sat
u .lav at 8 a ia;
Arlve a! plattsn.outh by p m;
leave s-alt Creek Monday at 5 p m:
Arrive at Beatrice tlneay cy l-J,
Le,-.e Kea'riee Wednesday at 1 p m
Arrive at fait Creek Friday by 5 p in.
14.13-2 From risttsTOutN I y Eight-Mile Grove, ta
Weeping attr, 22 miles and back, once a
Leave PI ittsmomh Vednoday at 0 a rn;
Arrive al Wee inv- Water. by 12 m;
Leave We-piu Wat.-r W.iluesday at 1 P mj
Arrive at i'!at:,iaouth by 7 p m.
14433 Frcm Frtmont. by Jalapa. Saint Char'.e,
fireenwood. We-t point, and it -ek Creek, to
Sooth Fork of Elkhorn, mile and back,
. onrs a week.
lidder to state distance and propose) a sched
u't: of d'Tattures and arrival.
14134 From Brownsville to Grant, 22 mile and back,
or.ee a week.
Leave Biownsvil'e Welnesday at 3 a m;
Arrive at tlrant by 5 ? ni;
Leave i!rnt Thurdiy al 8 a m;
Arrive at Brownsville by 6 p m
14435 From Prow-nvi!!e to Table Boat, 83 miles
and back, once n ire.k.
Leave I rowesv. s Monday at 7 a m;
Arrive at TatVe Kock by ti p m;
Leave Tal ie Krx k Tne-day at 7 a ta;
Arrive at lir-j i-sviiie by 6 p m.
JUCO From ?aint John (Ioa.) by De 5oto ana Fon
tao. lie. ( Nebraska,) to bucbanau, 60 mi.eaand
bi-C t, once a we. k.
Leave Saint J hn Monday at 7 a m ;
Amve at Kucbaiian next day bT St p m;
Le-ve Bucbanao H'edeasday at 7 a to;
Arrive at tiiiat John oaxt day by t p m-
11437 Fr.m Fooca to F.-emont, 1.0 loilea and back
one? a week
Leave l nca Mondar at C a m;
Arrive nt Krenion Wednesday by 12 m;
L-lre Fremont We.lnedy al 1 p ruj
Arrive at 1'onca, Friday by 7 p ni.
1443S From Pia'.tf mouth to Columbus, 100 milei and
lHck, (.lire a wee ( .
Leave KLitt-mout i Monday at 6 a ni;
Arrive at C..lum'u VViloe-d ,J by 12 W,
Leave Co'timtniB Uedne'lay at 1 p m;
Arrive at I'l.-ltunouth K iday by 7 p ni.
I44a From Inkota City to Varton, (Dakota Terri
lory.) 7J ruil.'S and hnck, once n we-k.
L. tve I.ik 't Cly Mon.Uv at 6 a m;
A rrive at Van. to n-xt d y by 6 p u;
I eave Yancioti W'edue-day at ti a ni;
Arrive at Dakota City next day by 6 p m.
14440 From Ve Foto, by Ariz. mia, to Decatur,
m lit and back, once a week-
B.dders to Ktate diatanc'.' and propose a iched-
uie ol a. parlurei ami arrival..
14111 F.om Ri'Saodv lo Rose Creek. 12 miles and
bark, oi.ee a ive'.'k-
Hid-tTs to it.ife d.at.inee and propo-e a sched
ule lit ceparturea and arrivaia.
14142 From Decatnr, It Locan Va!!iy. Wet Point.
M. CbarUa aT d Ja?aopa. to Freiaoiit, xni.es
and back, once a we2.
Lidd-r lo Mate di-ta.ice and propose a tclied
ui.j of dcpaitures and ai rivals.
11W3 from lirowo.vi'lo to Rockpcrt. (Alissonrl.
m.le ati.l bck, oncd a week.
Birld'Tk to state ili.tance and peopoie a iched
u.e of departures and arrival.
1 1414 From Pakot City, by We-"t Point, to Colum.
bu., in ilea and back, .ncs a week.
llid.lera to .tatt ilirtance and p opoe a sched
ule of d.-'ai tu:e and arrivals.
14U3 From Pawree City, by Friec.-'s Mills", to S-'ne-
ca, (fia'i-a. ) miles and back, one- a wctk-
l:iMTs to it;it distance and .r joac a schel
u;e of depariiiivs and anivala.
1441(5 From Vest IVint to Hock Creek, 10 miles and
baric, tine '. a ws-ek
I eavt- Vf Point U'eInpsUy at S a m;
Arrive a! K.vk C '! i,y J2 m;
I.-;ive Kork Cre-k Wednesday allpm;
Arrive at Vet Point by -1 p ia.
11147 From F emont, by JaUpa and Saint Charte,
to Wet Poii.t, :4 miles and oack, once a week.
Leave Fremont sa'.unlay nt S a m;
Arrive at Vet iVini b . ti p m;
L"ave We-t Point Frid iy at Sam;
Arrive at Freiaorit by ti p m.
1444S From Fontanel'e, by Logan and West Point to
!e Witt Si miJes and back, tw ce a week.
Leave Foutaii'-ile Tuesday aud Thursday at 6
Arrive at D Witt by 6 pm;
Leave Da Wilt .Mjnday and Wednesday at G
An ive at Fontane.Ie by 6 p m.
14449 From Pr 'tiiw, bv Ek IT rn City and M"l!e
Creek t Fontanel e, 27 miles and baxk, twice
Leave Primrose Monday aud Wednesday at S
a :n ;
Arriv-.- l Fontanelle by 6 pm;
Leave Fontane l Tu.-s fay aui Thursd iy at 8
Arrive a' Primroe by G p m.
144 jO F oin Fi.rt Kearney lo Va!y City, Smil
a:id b.ick, fari e a v.v-k.
Leave Fort Kearney Monlay and Wednesday
c! s am:
Arrive at Valli.- City by 12 m;
Lave Valley City .Monday a:.d H'ednesJay ot
1 p i;
Ar.ivJ at Foi t Kearney by 4 p m.
Containing cm'Htiim to ha incorjtratrtl in the
contracts tu t.'it fxuf t.'i J-purtinent may
Seven mlnnt'S are allowed ! caoli loterme.av
oilice, ulifo i.ut o lnrwi.-e rpsciSed, fur opening as.d
xam:niuir toe mails.
No pay v. i;l be nude for tri;,s n t ne fonn d : and
for hlU (if nu.li onuiiQi not satisfactorily explain
ed, thre- time the iay of tbatiip m it be deducted .
For ai rivals so far b. bind time as to break connec
tion with de;. en. li ft mails, and not - ulhcieDily ex
cuse.!, one l.nrtn ol the c juni-usatiou oi the tria is
aubject to forfeiture.
Fines ail- be imposed, unless the delinq'ie-tey le
promctly snd ati-f icto-ly xp'a:ued by certificat-s
of int'iia-ters or the affi-Iavits of olbercedible p r-
nn-, lor fsumc lo ar. ive in contrict tim; for ne
trl c insr t t ike the mail from, or deliver it int a
a. oil'ov; for -ulTerioj; it to be wet, ksjare , destroy
ed, robb .1. or tosi.
Thj loatina-:or O -neral mav annul the rcotracl
for rep ted failures to run aZrceabiy lo cunt" act ;
f r vit.latim; the poi oihce laws, or disoh'-yinx the
iristroctioos 4,1 ibe department: for refasinir to d.s
cr arize a carrier lien leq ie-ted lytbe dpaitnient
lod-j"'.; lor assinine the coniia.'t without tLe ns-
ent of the Po.-ttoaster Genera !; or lo- tran-porlinz
pe-s.-ns or pickg.'S c nvcyiii mailable Luat'er out
of the mill.
The Postmasfr General miy or.br an Increase of
service on a route by allowing therefor a pre ttita
increase on the con ract ray. He may change sched
1 r of departure acd arrival, it ail rases, and par
t cu'ar'y to make 'bem coufoni lo conn--c: ioi.s with
railroads, without iriop.a.e f pay, provi- ed the ruu
rinir time be not ;ib. Wired. e may hI.o nnier an
incieae of rpeed al!. veins', within the r."tiic:io.,s
of the law, a jn o rata increase of pay for the add.
ttapal sto k o' can i-is. if ar y. The coutr-ictnrniay.
hrvever. in th cn r of tucrrtit of tl, reiinnni.-h
the contract, by yivin' prompt uotice to ilie depa.t-
m.'ut tha he prefer, dojnir so to earryiiip the arder
into elf ct The Po-t master fi'-neral may also dis
coiit iisie or c..i t.i :1 the fcei v :c j. in vt.ol" or in barl,
in order to plac-,' i n the ronie a sreaterd ree-f se-r-v'.cs.
or vvheiierer the public interests, ia his judire
inent. shall req'iire such discoiniui'si ce or Curlail
mcnt f. r any i tli -r cau-e; he allowing as a full in
demnitv I cout'a-t .r one moulh's ext. a pay on trie
amount of service disp-'used with, and a pm ratti
ccmpensatl-n for tl.e amount of service ict in"d and
Payments will be made for the service by col lec
tions from or drafts on postmaster, or otherwise,
fter the exniration of ea. h quarter say, in Novem
ber. February. May and August.
1 he distances are given accordiair lo the best In
formation; but no inrr-aswl pay will be allowed
-hou d t'.ey iie greater I han advertised . if ihe prims
to be sni.plied be correct, y stated. Bidder mu t in
form tJiemselre- on tit in point
B.ddvrs are requested io use, as rar a practicable.
the printe I form of proposal furnished by Ihe depart
ment, to write out in full tne sum or tneir bid., and
to retain c iies of them.
Ea1 h b.d must e feuaractted ty two responsible
'I tie bid should be rcaled. surreribed "JIall Pre
nossis " T -rritory of et.ra-ka.' addrwsed "(econd
As-isunt Postmaster General. Contract Office. " and
sent l.v nuiil not by or o an aireni; and post ma ter
wilt not enclose proposals (sr letters of auy kind) In
their i'tart: Iv returns.
The contracts are to be executed and returned lo
the dpa iment by or before the lt of July, 18b"7
but the service mu-t be b-ctin oa that day, or on the
next mail day the'ealler, whether Ihe contracts be
executed or not. Transf-r- of contracts, or of Inter
st in contracts, are forbidden by law, and conse
q uently cannot be allow ed Bidders will therefore
take notice that they will be required to perforin I
service acc-'pted to them through the whole terra
the eor.tr ct.
Section eiahteen of an act of Congress approved
Varch 8, lsiVi, provides fiat contracts for the bans.
inrati n of ih- mail shal. be 1-t. "in every cas-, lo
the lowest bidder tendering sufficient guarantees for
faithful performanc-, without other reference lo the
mode of such transportation than may be neoi-sary
to provi Im for the due celerity, certainly, and Sctur-
ity of such transport Jtion.' Cnder th s law. l itis
that propose to transport the mail with "celerity.
certainty, and security." having beti decided to be
Ihe'only leual bid', are con-trued as prnvidini; fur
the eotirv mail, however large, and wbaieve' may
be the mode of conveyance ntsce.sary to insure ita
'-celerity certainty and xecurity;"aud no other will
be consitlered. Kxcept in tbe case of railroad and
steamboat roa es. tt7 tumiing any jtarticxtUtr
wxle ot conveyance are inrtirtaolr rejr.cUa.
A modldotion of a bi I in any of sta essential
terms is taDtaniunnt to a new bid. and cannot be re-
ceiv-d, so I" interfere w th a reiru'ar competition
after the last hoiu set lor lec -iving bids. iaiing a
new bid with guarantee and ceruflcale, is tbe only
rif to modity a previous Did.
Postmaster pre to be careful not to certify to the
sufficiency of guarantors or snr ties without kn .wing
that they are persons oi sumcirnt lesrtonsibility
tliti eoara of 'ftia uia-fs-ucdon bu rnxt mant' x
riolatian of thrir onVi of oflVe, uiecting than to
immediate rrmorul All u dders, cuaranto-, and
u etie are disiioctly notiBe.l that oa a failure t
enter into or peif rm ihe co'itraofs for the service
pra osed for in the accepted bids, their legal liabili
ties will be ento-c-d against them.
Present cooti actors, and p rsons known at the
department, niiit. co,ua!ly with othe-, procure gusr
antora and certificates of their sufflci--ncy stbstan
nally in the fcrm ats Ve prescribed. The cerl.ncale
i f sufliciency must be signed by a post'oaster, or by
a judee of a court of record; no other will be admit
!Td. Tbe certifica'e mtlsl a so have affixed to it a
five cent reveuue etam.. cancelled, as reqmred by
Uv. AL1.X W. KANDAI.L,
de36 Postruuttr General.
We desire 10 sogseat to ihe f. rniers
of Cas County ihe propriety cf organ
izinif a Coumy Agricultural Society
for the purpose of benefiting the farm
iaa io'erest. Wu have a farmer' club.
but that does not appear to aeco.iipli.-h
all we need. We chouM have annual
Fairs, whe're all kind? of produce, stock,
mechanism ptc, would be exhibited.
and each individual would strive to ob
tain a premium. e believe it is gen
era.lv conceded that Cass n Hie best
agricultural county in Nebras-ka, and
we see no reason wnv sh? st.oulU not
exhibit her various products al a Coun
ty l air held as oft.en as once a year
It is the farming interests wMcli any
country, mining excepted, must tool to
for its ultimate succes, h'.-nce, the
greater necessity fordoing all we can
to promote those interest.1. A locality
may fl juri-.li for a time on semi tem
porary excitmpnt, but k cannot continue.
It is the resources of the country lhai
make prosperity permanent. e
should be pleased to hear from some of
our farmer friends upon this subject
SILT CRLIJi ITEMS.
We learn that the Good Templars
of Ashland had a Festival on New
Year s eve. The attendance was larcre.
the supper fine, und the returns good.
This Order has been in operation about
three months in Ashland, and numbers
iboui fifty members. That there is not
dram shop in Ashland speaks well
for its influence.
The walls of the new IJrick School-
Iloue ai Ashland, which were blown
down by the gale a few weeks since.
have been temporarily repaired, and
the inside is rapidly approaching com
pletion. It is expected that school will
opened in the new hou-e in ulout
IM r. Fox is putting up a new wagon
hop at Ashland. The external wears
very nrat and business-like appear
ance, lna town now supports iwo
The bridge of ice across the Platte
is helping the business appearance of
Ashland very much several loads of
grain cross, daily, coming over to Dean's
mill. Mr. De.ia has two run of burrs
in his mill, an. with all, he his been
compelled to keep the mi.l running
night and day, for several weeks, with
he exception of one or two nights.
Mr. Parker is making arrangements
to build a livery stable at Ashland; the
increase of business at this point de
mands an irii'-itiuiou of this kind, and
Mr. Parker is just the man for it.
Mr. Brush, County Clerk of Saun
ders County, has been in Omaha for
several d iys, arranging for ihe County
books and atal. Saundyrs believes in
suppor ing home institutions and build
ing up Nebraska e?pecially when it
can be done with advantage to herself.
Mr. 15. thinks he cm purchase their
County bouks on more liberal terms at
Omahi than to gi fur.her east.
Salt Creek, Jan. 3d, 1S37.
Cass Co. N. T. Dec. 27th 1SGG.
Ed. Herald. In yojr paper o
Dec 2Gih, your correspondent says
that "it is a fact well established, that
wheat requires a less number of days
lo mature, otuer tnings being equal
, , i
south of us than it does north."
That it requires lesi days from sow
ing time until harvest, (perhaps as far
as ihe wheat recion extends soutn.) is
applicable to fall wheat admitted.
and there is a plain reason tor this in
ihe fact that winter sets in later, and
spring comes earlier south than in thi
latitude, thus really allowing more
days from sowing until
th ufh the Harvest comes
in some days earlier than in this lati
tude, acid 1 think that so far as re
lates to spring wheat ripening earlier
in a southern latitude is simply this, the
spring opening earlier, of ourse. wheat
sowing commences earlier than in thi
latitude, though there may be really
more growing days required to perfect
the grain. Does your correspondent
intend to say tha; ihe statement he
makes, published in the Herald of ihe
26ih inst., applies to spring wheal? If
so, I hope, for tha good of farmers, be
will give his reasons, as the correct so
lution of this matter is of great import
nee to farmers. Allow me, io con
elusion, to say that neither this, iur my
former article on seed wheat, is intend
ed for controversy.
J. F. B.
Our F-vglish Immigrants. We
larn from Mr. Brown of Palmyra, a
gentleman who ha- every farilny for
knowing, that the Knrlih , immigrants
who came to Nebraska wiih Rev. Mr.
Wake, last sumineruate
wiih their new lioias, and are
well, and are expecting many of their
friends over next spason. A large por
tion of those who came last season stop .
ped at Chicago for the winter, but are
expected h-re early i.i the sprinrr.
W do not knv all they may have
heard about Nebraska in Fngland, but
we are satisfied they have not half the
good qualities she possesses We need
a few more Nebraska papers sent There.
Several copies of the Herald are
mailed regularly to people living 'across
the pond," bul a few more would do no
harm. Only let people know what a
glorious country we have, and it will
not be many years until Nebraska soil j
will be completely covered with fields
of gr.iin, and our present towns will all
be large ciiies.
X CIUS A SKA.
The Soil, Climate, Crops, Price of
Land, etc. '
We extract the following from a
engihy article in the Chicagu llcpub
liian. The writer has a pretty good
idea cf Nebraska, but evidently is not
so well acquainted with the beautiful
and fertile country south of the Plane
River as he is with the country north
of that stream :
richness of the soil.
The fertility of the soil especially in
he bottoms is wonderful. There is m
limit to us productiveness. Radishes
six inches iu diameter, sweet potatoes
weighing from eiht to ten pounds each,
beeis that almost fill a llutir barrel, and
cabbages with solid heads tliirty-s-ix
inches in circumference, are anion" the
vegetable marvels of ihis favored fand;
Eighty bushels of corn are raised tci
ihe acre in the valley of the Piatt e,
while in the Tekama bottom and the
Decatur bottom, forty five miles lon
and fifteen miles wide, wheat averages
forty bushels 10 the acre. The wheal
raised in the Ukhorn bottom weighed
ixty pounds to i tie bushel: lhai in the
Tekama sixty two. and in the Dakota
ixty-ihree Owir.g to the dryness of
the atmosphere and of soil, the potato.
which yields immensely, is not subject
to the rot: nor has the wheat been al
tacked by a variety of those diseases M
which it is liable in the .Last. inter
wheat has been very little cultivated as
So far as the climate is concerned.
there are few things that are objection
able. The air is remarkably fresh
tnd pure, in spring and fall there are
rains, but the summers are generally
dry. The thermometer does not i-i
ally indicate a higher temperature than
100 deg. I-., and in the extreme cod
weather the mercury rarely fahs lo
more than 10 deg. F. or 15 deg. F,
though in very severe weather it d:-
cends to 20 deg. r. or 60 deg. i .
The wind blows wiih great force, an I
with much constancy; of snow there ?s
not much on the plains. Westein Ne
braska is in point of fact, warmer than
places in the same l tiiiuJe on the sea
board, as shown by the act that the
isothermal line of summer heat of 0
deg. F. which strikes the AilanUc
coast near Charleston S. C, curves
northwestward and crosses ihe forks of
ihe Platte a little west of their point of
t i I I -
junction. . Then too. tne isoitierniai line
of winter heat of 40 deg. t., whicn
touches the ocean ai New York, and
which passes through Southern Illinois,
curves uonhward as it approaches Ne
Stock of all kinds require some shel
ter to enable them to keep through the
winter, and notwithstanding the ci ld
winds which prevail, slight sheds, suf
ficient to break their force, will answer
for caitle, and sheep fatten rapidly on
th rich grasses of the.Terriiory. The
raising ef sheep is becoming quite an
item, and 100.000 pounds of wool were
probably produced during ihis year, to
3,302 iu 1S60.
ESTIMATE OF CROPS.
The following is the estimated num
ber of bushels of wheat, oats a: d corn
for this year, compan-d with those giv
en in the last census report :
Wheat 147.667 1.000.000
Corn 1.4S2.CS0 4,000,000
Oats 74.502 500.000
That part of these crops which was
not consumed in ihe Territories, either
found its way down the river to rt
Louis, up to Montana, or across the
Plain to Colorado, lhere would aouui
les have ben more sen; to the nrst
named Territory, but for the fact Ujai
the yield there was exceedingly large,
t ' a a
profitable to raise large quantities of
grain in those parts of the Territory
remote from the Missouri river, or from
the valley of the Pintle, on account of
the til ffiful'y vf gettii g to market.-
Arrangements are now being made, as
ihe population increases, by which ihat
difficulty will be removed, and farming
will be about as profitable fifty miles
northwest of Omaha as in the vicinity
of that city.
PRICE OF LAND.
There is an immense amount of ex
celleiit land in this Territory still await
ing settlement, although some of ihe
besi, owing to the large grants made
to iht ratlioads. it is temporarily out of
ihe. narket. Thus, in the Plane valley
the Union Pacific Railroad is entitled
to the alternate sections for twenty
mile on each sidd of the road, and the
moment the lands are surveyed they
are withdrawn from the market. Bui
the even sections al6ng the road are
open for settlement in lots of SO acres,
up, ui paying the sum of S2 50 per acre,
under the provision of ihe homestead
bill. Persons may also, going on the
unsurveyed lands before the road lias
been located, pre-empt a homestead
wlirever ihey please. This land in
the Platte valley within n hundred miles
ot Omaha, owing to us proximity to
the railroad and its richness, hns been
extensively settled upon, and improv-ed
land when il can be bought ai all, must
be p;:id for at the rate of from S5 lo
S12 an acre. The same remark is
true to a great extent of ihe land in ihe
bottom of the Missouri, and the valleys
of the Elkhorn. Wood, and Loup rivers.
There is no doubt, however, but that
ihr- Union Pacific Railroad will dispose
of their lands ai terms so moderate as
to invite settlement. An examination
has just been made of those lands by
Prof. Eggleston, of the New York
School of Mines, whose report will
contain full. information in regard to
them. - v
Liberal donations of 'and were made
by Congress to the Chicago, Burlington
tv Qtiincy Road and Burlington &. Mis
souri Road f( r the purpo.-e of enabling
thi-m to build a road from the Missouri
river to connect with ihe Union Pacific
Road near Fort Kearney, and the lands
thus donated to them have nol been lo
cated by the company near the line of
the iimd, but up north of the Platte, so
as lo cover some of the most vaiuautc
lands in the Territory, which are thus
temporarily withdrawn from market.
But, notwi hstanding this, large quanti
ties of land can be pre empled under
the provisions of ihe homestead law,
and a quarter section of 160 acres can
be ibtained for a dollar and a quarter
an acre. A person who comes, intend
ing- to senle. will have no difficulty
whatever in finding a place where he
can make a home, and which will rap
idly improve in value. No Stale, no
other Territory, can hold out such in
Of manufactures, Nebraska has com
paratively none. She is not favored so
far as water-power is concerned, and
the coal and iron lie in the western part
of the State. There are grist and saw
mills and some small manufactories
which partially supply the inhabitants
of the Territory with harness and a
few articles. Agriculture is probably
the destiny of the eastern part of the
Territory, and ihe mining district will
consume all that can be grown there.
Tlie Climate of Nebraska,
Eastern people generally have very j
erroneous notions about the climate of
Nebraska. This is not a remarkably
cold country. The winters are not
nearly a long as thev are in Wisconsin
and Michigan, nor as severe nor as
conducive lo colds and coughs and lung
diseases. The thermometer has, dur
ing the list seventeen years occasion
ally sunk" as law as seven degrees be
luw zro. Bill up to this date, Decem
ber 23 h lSfiG. ihe present winter, it
has not been below zero.
The atmosphere in Nebraska it al
ways dry. clear and pure. We have
never heard of a case of consumption
originating in this. Territory; on ihe
contrary, we know of several persons
predisposed to that dreadful malady,
who by a few years residence here
have obliterated irom their systems ev
ery symptom of it. '
After an experience of more than
twelve years in ihis climate, combined
with close observation of the amount
and kinds of sickness hereunto incident,
we have no hesitation in saying that
we believe Nebraska to be, beyond de
nial. the most healthful section of the
whole United States.
Let the new comer or the passing
traveler look for pallid faces upon our
streets or invalids among our prairie
yeomanry and his search shall be in
vain. We present for inspection the
broadest cnested, stoutest-handed pha
lanx of muscular men there is in the
world, and for admiration, the greatest
number of rosy-cheeked, bright-eyed,
energetic women that ever adorned a'ny
State or Territory ment;oned in ike ge
orrraphies eiiher modern er ancient.
Boston, Jan. 2 The Massachusetts
legislature assembled to day, and elect
ed the presiding officers of last year.
wi:iie it nas not hitnerto been very
The extraordinary adaptability of
almost every portion or Nebraska to the
raiaing and fattening of stock very ear
!y attracted the attention of the first
se llers of the Territory, and it has
been pursued a a butiness, first by a
few. but con-tantly increasing numbers,
until it has becone a pursuit of consid
erable importance. It has been attend
ed Wiih unvarying success, and wo can
point to more la an one man in our
midst hIij has risen from very small
beginnings to fini competencies, and in
proportion to the time they have been
engaged in ihis pursuit, have amassed
We have been able to form a tetter
estimate of the extent lo which the peo
ple of Nebraska are engaged in this
business by tli3 information in legard
to ii which we have gleaned from our
Territorial exchanges, f They have
been industrious in giving items upon
this subject, and we see in them every
ntie wnne a reference to this ana that
gentleman of ihtir several localities
A-ho is raising stock, and brief statistics
of his or their product for the season.
We have been glad lo transfer these
references to our columns as we hive
found ihem in the local papers, as a
means of giving to our readers at home
and abroad a better idea of on of the
industrial pursuits of our people.
p Among those who have eutered
argely into st jck raising an.o ig us, we
can mention ot our own knowledge.
Mr. Fred Evans, of the Platte Valley.
Mr. Evans lives in ihe vicinity of Grand
Island, where he has a iarge herd of
cattle, wiih which he is having the best
success. His stock has a very wide
range of country there, and the most
excellent grasses on which to fatten.
We learn that he is preparing himseif
to engage to a still greater ex ent in
this profitable business in the future
and ihat his present large herd is but
the nucleus of what he intends it shall
be. We wish him the utmost success
in his enterprise, and from his known
energy and prudence, and the past ex
perience of our stock raisers, we are
assured that he will have it.
We remarked in the outset upon the
adaptability of Nebraska to this imlus
;rial pursuit. Her vast plains, covered
wiih ihe most nutritious grasses, fur
nish unlimited range for stock. No
section of the country furnishes more
ample or better iacunies iu utcoc .,-
spects than this. While these vasi
plains furnish the rich food for the sum
mer consumption of stock; they give also
an abundance of the same for hay for
winter use. In curing the hay here, it
is found to retain a much larger per
cenl of its nutritious properties than
mo-t other stock growing regions, ow
ing to our drier and punr atmo-phere.
Of course, stock fattens very easily up
on such superior ford, and, consequent
ly, a lss ammnlof it is required lo
fatten them properly for ihe market.
Another very favorable condition is
ihe mi duess of our win ers. Stock
needs but very little protection with us.
A simple shed to keep olT the severe
storms and winds is all that is required.
In this respect, also, ihe same conditions
prevail here as do in ihe most favored
stock regions of the rouihern latitude.
Stock can range over ihis entire feed
ing ground during tha whole winter
with impun;,.y from suffering:.
These are conditions which charac
terize Nebraska as one of the most fa
vored regions for stock growing in the
country. The knowledge often has had
a great influence in turning attention to
that branch of industry; and as ihey
become more generally known abroad,
they will attract to us immigration ex
perienced in that pursuit, and give it a
greater impetus. To give these facts
a grea er publicity has been our object
in writing this article. Republican.
While ihe ih Indu-na Regi
ment was stationed at Raleigh, North
Carolina, a few months after the sur
render of Johnstons Army, Colonel
K , one bright Sunday morning,
astonished his Adjutant by ordering
him to make a detail of fifty men for
fatigue duly, to report to the Chaplain
at teiioclocU ana near mm preacn:
Whether the joke was on ihe soldiers
composing the detail, the Chaplain, or
ihe Colonel, ihe reader will have to de
cide when they are informed ihat the
Chaplain good-humoredly took charge
of the detatchmeni, preached to it for
two hours, and, on the evening of the
same day. received into the Church
three of the soldiers, who had not list
ened to a sermon before during; the
whole term of iheir serviee.
EST" Tbe Western Union Telegraph
Company has, through the House com
mittee on Po.-t Offices, tendered the
Government ihe use of its wires to test
the experiment of a government tele
graghic system. We hope the offer
will be accepted, for we believe th.-.t
the svsteni will vet be found entirely
practicable and eminently beneficial to
EST The hair-dresser on trial in St
Louis for pocketing a diamond cross be
longing to a prominent courtesan of
thai city, while he was arranging her
capillary toilet, was acquitted last Sat
urdar. He seems to hare been the
victim of a conspiracy.
?5F A list of all high officers, mem
bers of Congress, and graduates of
West point, ho joined the Rebellion
has been completed and will be sent to
the House on the opening of the ses
sion after Now Year's day.
JfrSJ Weichman, an important wit
ness in the Conspiracy trial, has been
in. plicated by Surratt. as one of the
chief movers and originators of the plot
which deprtved our country of the la
mented Lincnln. The whereabouts of
Weichman are not known, he having
quitted Washington several months ago.
It may not be improbable that Surratt
seeks io avenge his mother's death by
falsely accusing this witness. The in
vestigation will be anxiously awaited.
Je52r It is intimated by Pittsburgh
Fenians thai the Havre line of steam
ships are to be purchased by the Broth
erhood, and immediately fined out lo
prey upon English commerce.
-3 The New York World says
that B.sliop Hopkins, during a recent
trip through the South, did not hear a
disloyal word spoken. This is the same
witness who could rfol see any disloy
ally ia the South during the rebellion.
fe2rThe Nashville Teles' raph warns
the people of Tennessee against Yan
kee "school inarms," Yankee preaeh
ers, and Yankee mechanics. It took
some time io open friendly intercourse
with Japan, and we may hope to suc
ceed finally at the South.
r5F Large numbers of the people
of Hanover, dreading the sweeping
conscription imposed upon them by
Prussia, are endeavoring to come to
America. The Prussians are arrest
ing all whem they can intercept.
Thre are in the United States at the
present time, o.bll lioman Catholic
Churches and chapels, 71 theological
seminaries, 1 401 acaiJemies and -chools
containing not far from 30,000 pupils.
the Roman Catholic population of ihw
country is estimated al between four
and five millions.
There was an elopement in
Fredonia, New-Hampshire, the other
day; the date is not given, but it was
the day after the young lady concerned
liau LC e u i, uij'p..u ej .... ... t
i'.iing up nights' with her lover.
JPrSjf1" It is positively asserted that
Ross Browne will head a surveying:
and exploring party in'.o Lower Call-
forn:a tor an American company who
purchased it from the Juarez Govern
ment. General Butler, Robert Schell,
George Wilkes, Ben Holiday, and
others are interested in the company.
JKF" Emperor Napoleon accorded a
recerstion io Gen. Dix. the newlv ac-
credited Minister of ihe United Stales.
The l.mneror said ihat assurances of
good will be p aced in the highest value
upon friendship, and that ancient sou
venirs of cordial feeling, together
with ihe mutual interest depending.
were certain fruarantees that pleasant
relations would continue to exist.
Gen Dix was presented by Minister
KSyGen. Howard, Superintendent
of the Freedman's Bureau, had two
ncr interviews with Bishop Wilmer.
the new Episcopal Bishop of Louisiana,
respecting religious care ot ireedman.
The General says that Bishop V ilmer a
views on the sutject more nearly coin-
ciue with ins own than any one wnn
whom he has had communication. It
is likely that ihe plan of operations for
Loui.-iana will be developed, which will
benefit all classes greatly.
Chahlestox, Dec. 31. Advices
from Mexico discredit the hanging of
Escobtdo Juarez, who is expected at
Duarango in a week.
New York. Jan. 1 The steamer
Henry Chauncy, wi'h San Francisco
dates of the 10th, arrived. Ii brings
8039, US of treasure. The U S. ship
Powhattan and Admiral Dahlgrin
sailed from Panama for Callas oa the
Toronto. Dec 31. The remaining
Fenians, numbering 32, are to be tried
January lOih. No delay will be con
sented to. The pri-oners couvicted at
Sweetsburg-, ii is thought will be rar-
Chicago, Jan. 2. A Washington
special says the Ways aud Means Com
mittee to-day decided that there was
too much gold in the Treasury and
that the surplus must be sold on market.
McCu'loch will to morrow send Con
gress Commissioner Well's report ou
Baltimore, Jan.'l. Judge Ma
gruder. of Annapolis, was brought be
fore United S ales Commissioner
Brooks this morning, en indictments
against him for resisting ihe civil rights
bill. First, for refusing to receive ne
gro testimony. 2d, for selling colored
persons into slavery, as punishment for
crime. The Judge ga'e bail in the
sum S2.000 lo answer before the Uni
ted Stales Supreme Court.
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