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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1865)
Ik- i H II IV y - I 111 "k X ' I M II U II H I VS
jr rtMy jTjri attempts to haul down the Jlmerican Flag, shoot him on the spot." John A. Dix.
PLATTSMOUTII. N. T., WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 18G5.
IS rCBLIt'riED EVEUY
H. T)' HATHAWAY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
JC-OfMieon if ain atre t, vj.rmeite An'n, Do
Terms: $2.50 per annum, invariably
Rales of jldceriising.
One "nare (..pace of ten lines) oue insertion, fl.oO
Kaen inilis"ijent insertion - - l.'O
ri .f. 3si-iial eard not exeeediDi? frix lines " 10 OH
One uartercolnraa or lewi'pt-r anntim tf. W
" ' six Wuthj . J.Y(-0
" three, months I'M-o
On" half coluh'n twelve month 45. 0)
" t.ix months S5.k
three mouihs I'.a-i
One cliiaa twelvn months - 80. po
" nix months ... 4ft. 00
three month ... 25.00
All tra-vi et a.lertiemenis ra-t.st be raid fur ia
d We arc pripar.,.1 ta ! a'' kinds of Job Work
in short notice, an'1 iu a otyle that vi.l give sa.is-
f t -IM.II.
T. 31 SIAIXQI ETT,
ATTOUNEY AT LAW
Solicitor ia Chancery.
I'LATTSMOUTII, - - NEWMSKA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
I'LATTSMOUTII - - NEBRASKA.
CONV m ANC F,Tt-
- ..to A-'e it. Tux I'ay-r f r Iowa :i l N'LraH-
i i : ;I . t iiiv.-ti.-.i'.fl, kc.
7 " I li i.n u.-!J to hu din' will T-c;iv?
J i r ' ' i 1 1 1 i! tf.'! I. oil.
PUU.-:nvutht X.T., April 20lh, tf
Yr ATC and JEVZLE2,
11 ain- STsriT, . .
I'LATTSMOUTII, - - NEBRASKA.
A r cl ri-.-oTtir-cnt of Wa'che C Pens,
J w clry. !il fr War ', K:tr.c .(r.xxls, Vi!:ns anJ Vi
olin T:immings always n hvid. Ail worn coin
miit. to his r.ire wi.l be warratitel.
April HI, Im S.
I3icacs of the Eye.
DR. V. E. LAWRENCE,
Trri' all Dica: pi of th Fye. UewarraDU a COr
itt every ruo tukeu In naaJ.
tiTOllic at the Nebraska House."aJi
Plattsmeiith, April 10, 1S55.
G. V. CROW, - - - PROP.
I rn prepartd'to furai.sli al who may'dror hip
W;rh iliwr (JitUonaKo, With lodging, siiikrle tiHi r
1" tnl lv ihf. Kt-k. O. W fcV.
l'latiMiinulh, April 1?, vl
Till: Tieii:LT.E for ISC.l.
The Miiiiary ami Sval uceses oflsCl. with the
eii-pri !! r---11 it ..f our l'reM.'.eat ial e-.oltHt, have
lift-il a lienvy nghl m.ni tli hr-a-;.s of the li yal
mii:i' m uf our rouu'.ry meu. It t now felt, evrn t y
tii ..j who have been iitruHtfal , fajnt Lirtj.l,
that 't,e l"uin n to emerge triuuijilmu', from the
i.e.iilly irif whereiuio she was so n itke.lly prrcipi
t it-1 l.y h.-r aai:.ints a.-l that slavery, lu r, r
1. 1 f...i t,, mciiunler the r4te of Hainan. The
1 rn.'j for. i -in iti-ri ui.tioii an.l of VV-!crn iaKar
r.vii'nar.!f"ypapl; AmtMiAX Limuls, no
I 'l p r n-.-ailalile us a choipe Vf tlie miuoritv. holds
ih. Ii. im "f.-uie for four yoars lomre'; the reb-liinn,
-a 'p.iiil y w ak u-il riy j t U' f'atti aii'1 losses lui ins?
V.r i.,!.t year with iu re.I;t so re.lueefl that Us
juir-.-l.-arer ttii iailv J"i:iarn that its Tre.iMirjr
iiotei ciii only te rxih iuir-.l tor ciia at the rite of
tw-n'- five for one, m l.iie its b. n.ls eoiiim in.l but
,ix r.o,i n the dollar--but await the blow w'lii h
,tll -oh .-1 r l i. th-w..rl from it-- parac nl tl haud
mi I r- Ju.t Us niaUrr p-ririis t itio Jtitn e, or it may
r-e to the e'e-nrry, of a noreiy wroiikrei nQti ju(.iy
inc enr-t 1-nt f rtt-artl: and mit,Hnimotis
iAn- ii r.. tinr atiiieM liicli juMit v mr lai ii tint t tie
I1'-' ut year will the Stars ami strip s II oat un-
Ii !! n-e-i fr. in every battieineiit In the Ki-;.uMic,
ahj tiie jerf'i-t iaw of I.ihrly f. r All iintuotalily iin
be l-ieil m tf-e t ontitiition of our Tnioii.
I'"" St Coiik Tbi:o e. fiiuiileJ in Nl. will ,a
ter upoa its twf-niy.fo.r-.l year !'. - -;ck,
J,' l- s ami euUrg. J racaas of u.-etuinewi. Ii- priuci-!-.
-, n. e.l n , re-t .t. m -nt: i:s aimi are the litfit.HiD
t !ut. i ..e -iic- an.l the i!i. ul iti , rf a -flrtt f Pre-
i. ia ani Uuinaaity. Wii-n th:. fu'li -h.ii! have
Ve. u 2,-n. raliy iei.iu:.el aid -U,.iii.lie.l as tho b-t
!:- of .-'.ir iu litution ?.r. I p..:ity, that iu-u-tic- to the
i' " r,'t. tite wakest, the tn-isl Ut-.pised, is a fearful
n. intake that :io voni:ii!:n iiy o.- ?ia:o caTi a'fo.d to
r ..' i-vtu i:.-. hatut tt m-mlwi then will cur
lvni b v-k o:.ce more the caiu -lua-shine cf ptic
uc I pr-i-erity.
Tiik i kirn h ia for the last year b en puUI i-h-.i
w:iii o.t I r-.:il to its o..;. i. rs, s. I, ly I,. c 4t. 0f ,jie
iepm-i tt:.:i . f our -urr. n.-y below irie ttao.lartl.
coiiipei.i: u- to buy paj i r a ! ot!.cr material- at a
iu'1 consi leral ,y .il ove f.. auio u.t receive 1 fr ua
i.r m.' ?ril.- rs. On oitr Weekly e.l,;i,,n. the net !.
. an.oj to several f: us.,,.1, ,.f ,i ,,.rs; i.i!o
. r ..ir--- r--- j-t- from a lvertlHi h ive heen whony
l-y I :,- (Xtrnnni-iaiy e:.vlisc for CotT
( Ii ler.ee, f. ;. HJ-:. i V., lii-VDive I Ml u i-y the
" 'r , ,A ? ""IS-ose our i -nr.. a- lenire liiat we
"' w rk , ( r -t or..st. an.l ..refer u t Lo
I rpatrou ze,! v Auy, v:h., MlY (Wlte W(J ,ive
-liieH-;. it aJvau.e-t ,.r t' - ,..-..-. ., j, y...ir j.rjf...,
l r.nr i-Vekiy an 1 Week. y, .,4 i,a I ulrca.ly
.ii.e i! ,,-e , I ,,nr .l.uiy i 1 nie-e.t,-
is pnre'y no -:.:..i ; .'.'.ere n -ve !eJ .e was a time
w.-t the f i-M-rf, f ur -euntry country c-.uM bay
'J e 1' rin so i.t: !e of t.'i.-ir own paoducts or
.' -r 49 ILtj cm by tltr. iM.'.ow'.ug
v f c Ty
4 cet in
e ye:;r, : 2 i aej
ropy mu- year l. i-eues,
f 7 " i r. y ..r,
c 1 ie or over, one year, each crpy,
oi.e year, 5
lisiieJ, , -
1 2 M.
:"...-ti::ij ..' f .r 10 0"!;.'s, receive oue
v;-y extra, jci.it!.
' ll1' ' f ,r " '"l'':t will reeeiva one
i ersoDS rtiii.n
'i-y M-na-Wis-. v. .rkiirf
-d for i'j lopics, will receive oca
. 1:1 Lf.e flu... 1. ae..
1 a.im of
Dr ifts on Xpw-vV.I"-1'1-'' Pr""
T: I-, trtL. sar.-r' to T-h-r of "The
n M r'-n.l:CB. hr" ''"' 'rl,' .t" '"W
hv.ui..at.vj..-.cti!-.!. C- t"! ,r,t' "?ai,t '
! ill- a'r. next h. sf, ar,l';., I "3- "r '
' . ... e i-.-. f i... ti .. i -ti.:.i ' "t -y mail ;
TO THE DAILY HERALD-
Ex-Go v. Aiken Arrested
More About , JeiT Davis.
Particulars of the Assassination
Knoxville, May 2 A man who was
on one' of the railroad trains captured
by Stouemau's cavalry, between
Greensburg' and Salisbury says Jeff
Davis was on the ratne train on his
way to Charlotte, but that learning that
railroad was cut above and below there,
he, with other passengers, escaped and
retured to Greensburg. Stoneman's
cavalry are now in the valley of Saluda
river, with headquarters at Atderson.
S. C.and are scouting from there to
ward Augusta, Ga., with instructions
that if theo t an hear of Jeff Davis and
his treasure to follow him as long as
there is a horse left. Infantry portion
of Stouemau's command are engaged
in clearing the mountains of bush
whackers, guerrillas and horse thieves.
They are making clean work of it.
New York 2 Tribune's special says
the rresident is preparing a proclama
tion declaring all vessels tailin"- under
Confederate ling, pirates. They are
tO be pursued, and, if captured, treated
Gen. Grant announces that head
quarters of the armies of the United
States will be established at Washing
ton. Washington 2 Sec. is feeling very
well this morning. Fd. , Seward's
condition js more encouraging.
New York 3 Herald's Charleston
correspondent says Ex-Go. " Aiken
wa3 arrested by? order' of . President
Johnson.-s Arrest' was based on refu
sal to take the oath of allegiance.
Washington correspondent says Sec.
Seward, Stanton and Wells have indi
cated a desire to be relieved of res
responsibility. Washington special says Gen. who
aefused to be included in . Johnston's
surrender was promptly relieved by
Johtiston. Hampton went ciT with
Herald v ashington corresponeent
?ays Chier Justice t-nase has gone
South to reorganize Courts.
New York, 3 Tribune Special
says, 1 aine the assassin made confes
sion of guilt, and said it was useless
for him to withold it any longer. He
had been fully identified tysix persons.
Government had evidence in its pos
session, he was tike party assigned
Same special says,, most protracted
and important cabinet session since
Johnson's accession to Predency, held
at the , treasury building , yesterday,
subject of matter discussion was free
trade questions as regards south. Un
derstood the whole system of rrivinf
cotton permits to trade to certain class
of favorites was thouroughly ventilated
and denounced, although" there
was decided preponderance
in favcr of opening in all parts of the
south not subject to Union authority.
Iliicved the result of this protracted
session will be that erery facility will
be extended by Government to proper
commercial transactions, and as a con
sequence of this feet, common permits
are at a heavy decline in the market.
; Herald Mobile despatch of the 19th
says officer Dick Taylor and staff ar
rived just now., with a flag of truce, at
Canby's headquarters, to make terms
for the surrender of himself and men.
Orleans papers contain a letter
from Hon. A. Burwell, of Miss., in
which he appeals to residents tf hi
state to take the oath of allegiance, and
suggests the election of delegates to
attend a convention to be held at
Yicksburg on the first Monday in June.
Times Washington Special says,
preparation of con? piracy cases for
trial has devolved upon Col. II. Burnett
uo conducted cases at Indiananolis.
His ability, as developed in teose cas
es, commended him to the Government.
He is now sifting the mass of testimo
ny in possession of Government.
Prisoners are closely guarded.
Among precautions adopted to prevent
them from committing suicide is pad
ding of head of each with cotton, so
they could not butt their brains out.
This was suggested by the attempt of
i'aine a tew days since. Benj. 'G.
Harris, member of Congress from
Md., was arrested a few day since, for
persuading persons from Lees army to
violate their pnrole, andjoin the rebels
in arms. A number of these persons
testified lo his giving them money for
this purpose. Utiles s he baeaksiiowu.
the testimony he will certainly be con-
victed, and the punishment is death.
World ha3 a lengthy and graphic ac-
count of the plot against ne rulers or
ino- noints:' Booth was the orisrinal
projector, seconded by parties in Can-
da. He was furnished with a murder-
ous accomplices in l ame irom mai
the conspiracy. Booth found anolher
doody accomplice in Alseeret. Route
for escape was planned; two weeks
prior to the act., . hen . liootn esca-
ped Harold went with - him - They
reached Sarratts at midragej, and stop-
ned at Llovd's Hotel and cot a bottle
of whiskey. Booth '.remained on his
horse, and Harold went up stairs, and
1 J V I
arot a carbine. Sloyd ottered another,
but Harold said Booth had broken his
iprr finrf rniildn t c.aTTV it. As Inev
rode off. Booth called back to Slovd.
"we have murdered President and
Sec. Seward. ' They reached Dr.'
iiiuu s oeiore sunrise, anu iouui nau
r .J 11 l r l T-.U I J
his broken leg set. Dr. Mudd says
he didn't know who thev were, though
Booths boot, left at Doctors house, had
his name in it. Among those under
arrests, ; as direct accomplices,
n V Cnnny a W nffn V r W. t a V n t I API, C
Sam Arnold, of Calti'more, who claims
to have backed out of the plot; Capt.
Jett, who took Booth behind him on
hia horse; Alseerat, assigned to kill'
C L T T.r
lin, friend and confederate of Booth;'
Dr. Mudd, who set Booth's leg; Sloyd,
who entertained the assassins and gave
them a carbine; earn cozer, who con
cealed and fed Both; Haroldcaptured
with Booth; Surratt, who fhared the
secret of the crime; Paine, who at
tempted the life of Sec. Seward; Mr.
and Mrs. Adams, of Newport, believed
I to have assisted Booth; Mr. Wilson, of
Newport, mooch cognizant of me
crime, didnl assist justice. - - -:
Herald Washington Special . says,
Davis remains at' Danville, in suspence
expected to reach that place. . . -
Andrew Johnson at Hume.
- We are permitted to mike the "sub
joined extracts from a letter written
by a gentleman of this city, who is not
nni;i;n oc ie,-. i t.,u. ic
J.i"v.uu, "O iuiig ogv uiy iuoi,
T-T ,l : : .u nr- i I
. . .T ,-.r,, . -
stopped at Nashville to see the Gov-
4fv.M T TT' -
are frankly expressed, but were highly
favorably to the man
"I called on Governor Johnson. He
had expressed a desire to see me, and
I had a sufficiently long conversation
with him. He is a very different
person from what I had supposed.-
You know that he is a tailor, a Breck-
enridge Democrat, and has .been a
member of. Congress, State Governor,
United States Senator, and is now
military Governor and candidate for
the Vice Presidency. He was very
illiterate, but his wife educated him,
and counseled him, and his speeches
are eloquent. '
"He is an ullra-Unionist, if there
can be uch a thing, and has thrown
party and slavery, and everything else
conflicting with the Union, overboard.
He rules the State with a rod of iron.
For instance, a" Mr. was solicited
for a subscription to aid the refugees.
"Not a dollar," said he; "I wish the
refugees were in hell." The answer
was reported to the Governor. "Write
to Mr. said he to his secretary,
'telling him that he is assessed five
hundred dollars for the expenses of
the State. In half an hour the mes
senger returned, saying that the
money was pronnsea lor tne next
ur course ne is naied like poison
in the State, and his nomination excites
"But I found him a very quiet, plain,
unassuming man, of only medium
height, with a broad and well balanced
forehead, intelligent but not striking
face, and jn conversation slow and
restrained. He had no theories, and
seemed particulars to avoid them, but
addressed himself to the great wrk
of regeneratioa. He deplored the
condition of the people, the oppressive
aristocracy, and the want of any mid-
die class-spoke very wisely of Gov-
ernor Bramle'.te and in all that he
said seemed a sagacious, practical
man. I felt much better after seeing
him; for if he should be elected. Mr. .
Lincoln will have a most uncompromi-
-.uB .w.r, ana ir ne aies a very
wise successor." A. Y. Ewninir Post.
Soldiers Widow. If a soldiers
widow marries again, she forfeits all
pensions from that date, and if ' she
again becomes a widow she cannot
resume tlicra. "
ROBERT 1.. I..EE
j That the general satisfaction with
fTlA Rm.rpruipr of I.ee should becret a
q u f h b l Genera
not unnatural. But it is great folly
to invest him with any romance. Rob
ert Lee may be an honest man, as
doubtless many of the rebels were, but
ucuuu lil" "c "ua "w k 3
kind whatever upon the regard of the
it:, storv i3 verv brieflvtold. Edu
ed the doctrine of State sovereignty,
and honestly holding it, he followed
hj3 State when she seceded. Now
-f mai. i.i;,,-,.,, ,vn, hU .o,-,0
. . . , , tn . , ,..
if he thought the occasion insufficient,
as Lee confessed he did, he would si
hontlv annuiesce. no more. Eut if the
I ' .
. ;nfnmmiC. if ih nKipr-t
of exercise of State sovereignty at
such enormous peril to rtne lives and
happiness of his fellow citizens were
,. . , th. n.rnDll.;,ff nf i,nmgn
1 ! V
sIavery- a Dobl and generous man
would have protested wan all his heart
Robert E. Lee offered hia &vord
nnlnrA r-A .Iiai ll id rr ilitfirir c I I 1 Kna
I UtliV U OUIUILl lll3 114 II 1 LCI i y on lit -icvo
been mucn overrated. MouewallJack
son, his Lieutenant, achieved his most
famnin siimfssps. and Leu's two a
gressive campaigns were ignominious
failures. No man can be held guilty
I of a want of genius. But will those
who are so eager in extoling General
Lee Inform us why this Christian hero
had not a word to say in regard to the
atrocious treatment of our prisoners in
rebel hands, especially at Bslle Isle,
under his eyes 1 Will the flatterers of
tais Virginia gentleman explain why
. . . . . , ,
uia i cpui ls ui ujjeruuuua iu tuts nciu
were so unfair and deceptive? Will
the friends of this simple hearted sol
dier say why he tried a trick of words
in his final correspondence with Gene-
I , p . 7
mere is no act Known 10 us auring
. . .00a .' fa m ttri,ls
I " .
which should favorably signalize Rob
ert E. Lee among hundreds of his fel
low rebels. Why does not Johnston,
or Ewell, or Longstreet, or Hili deserve
the same praise ? What excellence
of character or excuse for conduct has
he which they had not ? Do those
who speak so softly of his crimes feel
as gently about Jefferson Davis ?
Yet Davis at least heartly believed in
his cause, and it was Lee, at the head
of the army, who made Davis crime
so prolonged and bloody.
We have no emotion of vengeance
against General Lee. We would not
hang him not because he has not
deserved hanging, but from motives
of State policy. Neither are we in
accessible to admiration for a foe.
Major Andre, we can pity, but Gener
al Arnold we despise. Robert E. Lee
wa3 an American citizen , educated by
his country, who deserted his flag.
Had his stoiy ended there it would
have been sorrowful. But he drew
his sword against that flag not becaase
of any oppression or outrage, but be
cause by peaceful and lawful means it
bade fair to become the symbol of
justice and equal rights: and he drew
it, thank God ! in vain. There his
6tory ends, and it is infamous. liar
Ye Local. A successful local edi
tor must be a creature of invention.
If no startling accident causes a ripple
in the placid current .of life in the pock
et city; if no brave veteran soldiers re
turn or officers leavc for,the front; if no
concert is held or stockholders' meeting
called, if no merchant reqcires a puff
and no visible "improvements" have
been made, -what then? Give no local
matter? O, no; that would never do.
He must invent something to say cn
some subiect. Let him speak iearnedl v
nf trw WPa,hprn, thmirrh Prprv
dida buow all about it a3 vsn ns he.
tp1 him cnpab rrpnprallv. not rritirallv.
of many persons aDd tliDgS. He
milc. nnt sa ,ilP nrpnnt hnnrl.
- tt ,urnm .
temporary, when there is ore in town,
anJ he must never tell anyttw that is
n .u ,j u
UUk q AA a. lAalJf KV L-JVS V AJ y AVil fcAJUb IV VbllU
lettins: the cat out of the bag, you know
BS" A cracked date will last as
long as a sound one.
WHAT TO HEAD.
Are you deficient in taste? Read
the best English poets, such as Gray
and Goldsmith, Pope and Thompson,
Cowper and Coleridge, Scott and
Are you deficient in imagination?
Read Milton- and Akenside, and
Are you deficient in power of reason?
Read Chillingworth and Bacon, and
Are you deficient in judgement and
good sense in the common affairs of
life ? Read Franklin.
Are you deficient 111 sensibility '
Read Goethe and Mackenzie.
Are you deficient in vigor cf style ?
Read Junius and Fox.
Are you deficient in political know
edge ? Read Montesquien, the Fed
eralist, Webster, and Calhoun.
Are you deficient in patriotisms
Read Demosthenes, and the "Life of
Are you deficient in concience ?
Read some of President Edward's
Are you deficient in piety ? Read
Are you deficient in knowledge of
local affairs in Cass county? Read the
Returned Rebels. The citizens
of Wheeling, at a mass meeting presi
ded over by the Mayor of the city,
have adopted the following resolution :
Resolved, That no individual who
has left here for the purpose of going
into the rebellion shall be permitted,
from this date, to return to the city of
W'heeling, of which determination on
our part this resolution may be taken
and regarded as sufficient notice ; and
this resolution shall also be taken as
notice to all returned rebels to at once
leave the city.
The Cambridge (Md.) intelligen
Do the Government or State author
ities intend to allow the sneaking Ma
ryland rebels, whu, when darkness
covered the earth stealthily made their
way into Virginia, and there assisted to
murder, starve and destroy our soldiers,
to be again reinstated in our loyal com
munity ? We opine not.
EtFThe very singular epithets of
"Bears" and "Bulls" were first applied
to speculators in stocks on the London
Excha njre about 1S3 1. W hen two
parties contract, the one to deliver,
and the other to take stock on a future
day at a specified price, it i3 the inter
est of the delivering party in the in
tervening period to depress stocks, and
of the receiving party to raise thern.
The former is styled a "bear," in allu
sion to the habit of that animal to pull
things down with his paws; and the
atter a "bull," frcin the custom of that
beast to throw an object up with his
Cu?When the news cf Lee's sur
render was received in Murfressboro,
Tenn.. the Individual who tore down
the Stars and Stripes and hoisted the
first rebel flag in that town, was "per
suaded" by the provost marshal to raise
the old flag upon the court house dome,
and afterwards to remain upon the
dome for half an hour, that the public
might enjoy this act of 'retributive jus-
lice." The whole town turned out to
enjoy the spectacle.
Jg-The New York Evening Post
states that in a recent conversation Pres
ident Lincoln expressed himself warm ly
towards the then Vice President, saying
that he had done nobly for his country,
"He is too much of a man, " contin
ued Mr. Lincoln, "for the American
people to cast him off for a single error.'
JKa!rIt appears that the forty or fifty
negro soldiers enlisted by the rebels and
who evacuated Richmond with Lee's
army, dropped off at the rate of about
one for every mile traveled, and when
the rendezvous was reached, the white
captain and the colored corporal alone
"Yankee pedlars and peda
gogues, as Randolph contemptuously
called them, have spread spelling books
all through the south, so that he who
runs may read. Grant, Sherman and
Sheridan have given the second great
esson that he who reads may as well
run, once ia a while.
It is devoutly to be hoped that the
war will cease to interfere with our
agricultural pnrsuits after the present
year. If the men that have escaped
bullets and disease come home to their
usual avocations, the scarcity of la
borers now seriously felt in nearly all
agricultural districts will no longer
exist. Labor will be plenty and at
much lower rates. But before the
disbandment of the armies, which
must at best consume considerable time
the labor of the present season will be
almost, perhaps entirely over. Though
wages for farm hands should decline
with the decline in the price of pro
duce and the goods of commerce, we
see no great hope of a return to old
rales this summer.
Under the exigencies of the times
we fear the tendency will be, as vte
fear it has been for the past two or three
years, to pres3 tha boys into too hard
service, and not only fatigue their bo
dies and perhaps inflict lasting injury
upon their physicial organization, but
at the same time do an iniustice to
their intellectual nature in keeping
them from school and the study of
books, that should at this period of
their lives form a foundation for intel
ligent and capable men.
It is a work of supererogation to ar
gue to an intelligent reading farmer the
benefit or the necessity of our common
school system. All this is conceded.
But is it not possible for the voice of
uncultivated acres, or of high prices of
farm produce, to entice too many to
withdraw their sons from the school
room, to the great detriment of their
after life ? ,
The greater part of our farmers
labor too many hours, think too little,
seldom take any recreation either in
eocial enjoyment or in Cjoramunion ih
books. . Some may gtQvf rtich faster.
though the majority do not, but is it
not at a sacrifice of manliness und of
the highest and purest enjoyment ?
No farmer should live simply to til
the mo,t ouw, 10 ' grow the greatest
amount of grain, to be the most sue
cessful of his calling. All this is well
but there is a higher life, a nobler em
ulation, and such can only be obtained
through intellectual training and ad
vancement. This training must com
mence in early life. Success as
farmers or as men, is dependent almost
totally on the teachings and the incli
.1 r 4
nation or yoiun. w e therefore ur e
it upon the farmers of our country to
slacken none of their efforts to keep
up an interest in our common schools
and not to overlook the transcendent
importance of the early schooling of
their children, ia an eagerness to ac
cumulate a few dollars to bestow upon
them when their ewn life-work is done
A constitution undermined by over toil,
an ambition jaded out with constant
drudgery, a mind uncultivated and un
developed, constitute a terrible legacy
to bestow upon offspring, although you
may leave them broad acres, fine
stock and abundant government securi
ties. Parents, think of these thinjs
while planning for the season's active
labor. Let it not be in addition to the
noble men that have fallen in this war,
however just and necessary it may
have been, that there shall also grow
up a generation inferior in mental
capacity and intellectual force. Those
who return to us bodily crippled should
lead ns to strive to keep the coming
generation whole in body and in mind.
Secure the best teachers. Keep the
children regularly at school. Encour
age both teacher and pupils byvisits to
the school-room, and in every possible
way strive to make the children of to
day a generation worthy your profes
sion and the republic. Prairie
l3It is thought that the United
States Senate will refuse a seat to John
P. Stockton, assumed to be elected
Senator from New Jersey. He had
only forty votes, while there were for
ty one against him. Such a case has
never arisen before.
?3fHowell Cobb, formerly Secre
tary of the Treasury, and Gen. Gusta
vus Smith, were captured at Macon.,
Ga by Gen. WTilson-
ortification of the leg had set
in on Booth before he was captured.
IJOTATiox OF CROPS.
In too many instances our farmers
continue the same crop on their lands,
without manure, until the peculiar qual
ity of the soil adapted io it is exhai"?
ted. The result is they have poor
yields when by a judicious rotating of
grain they might always have good
ones. The farmer who from year to
year sows wheat on the same piece of
ground, without feeding the soil, soon
finds his crops diminishing in quantity.
The same with other grains. The
continuous planting of potatoes on the
same ground, soon "runs them out,'
both in the quantity and quality. This
fact doubtless accounts for the poor
quality of potatoes which seek our
market. We are told that our soil is
not adapted to the raising of potatoes,
which is a mistake. The soil does its
duty, and failure of that crop is not
chargeable to it, but to the manner of
cultivation, and the neglect to change
the seed frequently. In preparing
for the coming crop, our farmers should
take these matters into consideration,
and put in such grains as require the
components of the soil not exhausted
by the former crops. In this way
they will be able, by good cultivation,
to secure a good return for their labor.
PROPER IMSTAXCE FOR
Towards the northern limit, fruit
trees are more dwarfish, and bear
thicker planting. Great difference
exist also in the habits of different
varieties of the same kind of fruit,
some being very spreading, others
very upright, and others naturally
Standard Applefrom IS to 3S ft. apart
Pears and Cherries " IS to 20 "
Peaches and Plums, 15 to 20
" 15 to 20
" 8 to 12
" 8 to 12
" 6 to 8
" 4 to 5
4 to 5
At sixteen feet apart each way, 170
trees will plant an acre; at twenty
feet 10S trees are required; at twenty
five feet each way, G9 trees are re
quired for the same purpose.
The tendency of potatoes to sprout in
the early spring is reported to be pre
vented in Scotland, and . by so doing
their full edible qualities are preserved,
and ''mealy' potatoes can be had all
summer from the previous year's crop.
The experiment costs but little, and is
worthy of being tested by every one
wholloubts its efficacy. Obtain from
the druggrist one ounce of the liquor
of ammonia (hartshorn) to a pint of
water; let the potatoes be immersed in
this mixture four or five days; dry
them. Their substance is thus consol
idated, and much of their moisture ex
tracted without the slightest injury for
all table qualities, but their vegetative
power is forever destroyed. If spread
out after immersion so as to be well
dried, they will keep ten months.
Baked potatoes are easily digested,
requiring only two hours and a half,
but one hour longer if boiled. If baked
in the ashes and eaten with butter and
salt, they are sweeter and more
healthful than by any other mode of
preparation. The sprouts of potatoes
uncovered with earth contain solanum,
a powerful poison, the potatoo becoming
green and are then unfit even for ani
mals. To have mealy potatoes fortho
table, boil them until the fork easily
penetrates ; pour off all the water ; cov
er the vessel with a cloth near the fire
until "steamed" dry. HaWs Journal
?5y"The Black Republican," is th9
significant title of a newspaper estab
lished in New Orleans by two colored
men. It is edited, the type set, and the
edition worked off by men who proba
bly were slaves a year or two ago.
2TA New York inventor has se
cured a patent for a kind of railway
gear which will lesson the chances for
accidents and enatjj trains to run 60
miles an hour. A very desirable in
vention. JxUflf your husband chews, thank
God that he doesn't smoke. If he
chews and smokes, thank God that he
doesn't take snuff.- If he does all
three, tbanTc God that he will not live
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