Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 3, 1865)
1 : a
" 7 my w" attempts to haul down the American Wag, shoot him on the spot." John A. Dix.
PI.ATTSMOUTII. N. T., WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1805.
JN'O 1. ,
W AT if
IS I'CBLISUED KVMIY
- WEDNESDAY MORNING,
IT. 13- HATHA WAY,
EDITOR AND PttOPRIETOH.
r 0.'Ue tin !5laiii btrc t, oir jsiLe AiaUua, Do
Try k Co.'.
Terms: '2.00 pcracnuru, invariably
jf7c7 tVs 2 deer lis ing.
On muiire (mj.icu of tea lines) o'i- inv
. t'.Htli Mlu-pqiiTit ui-cril'.n
Ii of---. iioil u.-t r xei!finx w'x lines
Cii quarter co :unu or ic-, pi.-r i- meim
" f.X ItlOlli'H
" " tip ! Li iliillS
Oui half fDlu'"n twelve m.j:itl!
" 44 si lil ITlilH
" t'.iree m.nthj
One column tarclf-Treviilis
- fix n'i'Hh -
A!1 tr.inKint aJver :i"tn'riti ini-t b? pi
45 U i
I "l 1)11
t I .!!
t-.t v.: uk n
V Hre pntaicl t j i.i all kir"! f .Toll H'-'!
n h..rt nv'.u-.;, aul ia .-tjrle tli&t i.l give tau
T. 31- WAKSftl'ETT.
AT TO U A i-Y AT LAW
Solicitor in Chancery.
rLATTSMOUTI', - r NF.n?.l?K..
WATC SHAKER and JEWELES,
M 4 V N I li I'm
r L A T T .S M 0 r T 1 1 ,
A f ' -A : -"it'-
V..r -, K (- '
:il t i-.- n tri'i
"0 wi.l 1-j '.vur-ui.;
o'in T i -ii
i . A I i M 'JfK I j 1 ti
ll. 7ILLITT TOTTEKGER.
ATTOSi N .Y AT , A W,
rLATTSMOLTir - - nkuiiaska.
Trra'-i .VI rj--i -c of Oi-' Kye
llti ivui r.fci;
in '' -t-l ' lUrii in l;:ti;.l.
fT"''H-v "t the -NVbrd.-'Ka IIa.-o
I'!att-ii).in;i, A.ir.I In, 1 ,.
I iwi ptepaml t fnT.i-li a'l irli.j r. ivrnr.,r nie
ith lli-:r p iir-u .,,., Willi Ijilirir'n, :-. (. ,.,,,'. , r
t...n: ;,v Ui- He... u. '.v.citiiw.
J'l it iu .ala, A pril ic, v 1
CONVEY AXC Ell-
Rf-al E-tttt- Ai.-c:it. T.ix l'.iy..r f.-,- l..v.iaa.l Ni br.i
Till' ''1 L.uil mvr : j,
ITr- A:l :o.:!':aiU.-.i to I.i.-i car will rrtv
pi. 'ii. lit ,: ..'i.
lMtiKoa:., T.. April 0.nh. ti"
WASHiNGTCN. D C-
F. M. DOn-o-TCrJ,
PLATTWOVTU, - . MinHASKA,
1 pr-.irv t- .1 r. in ,i. 1 prr-f.-ii-rt r :a . inn h-f r.-
CVill. rr-, l'url ui C -.1
i tt i pun ii.t-i. i'a-j
tru'". I'-l' i. itir , 11 .iji.t
in. el. . T. 1 Mir..i'i ui'MliT.it . im.m in iiT.;.rtiiiii to
itf mil mm ..I ilie claim. f. M. liUliiilXiJTo.V
A,inl 1 i, j.
TO rEEIGHTEBS and rAR3IE2S!
VTr !,- orex-.lVr.lack'.n.lih, Oiitnttin? and 5fa
vb'tia S li-p cl
Hain Street, South Side,
ivhr to-.i run pi-t any kind uf trurft dt no ju otsrliae
la ronri-ri ion . ivhiv
d r'f ou f-'irrl tiol.."i'
ill jf o 'il-w.trk t:!t
i?t'AH w. lk t:i r:-.!-.!
W. if. i;!r H. iV CO.
April I'l. r.
"Unquestionably the brst sustained
work cf its liiwl in the Y.'orld "
Ti i r-if ' ' s . f tl o
'. It is th.- :.'.'in. -i :h-aa ' c- n il,.- ,.iv. Thnfir ?-J.'l-
n-vir L i ! .1 mrro a -!i.!iiri'i r m. .t: .jnt ii-m ih
Iriillnil H pn- ! -,ii- ll-:..-,. l.i .i H i '."i's
U-'..x:n-.' j;-."-i. . ' ,
, .ia t::e wori i. .V.
iu ).-t p ipulur il ;u:li
i'i-t r i' r in t-'roi -if i i-l-.-v f t'
na urir.l i-K.'.;-tfi.-- . f il..rp, '.. lin:azi,i
'- ""' m.-ut .ly irc'iUt.ot. f :iW-;t 7'' .''"' --'"
i'-c V-H . :.r. to 1- f .no I .. i:r oT 'h
.-t, 1C--1 I h t Ml V-, ,,..,.'.., . , , .1 ,1 y. V
Hi.ik ifti.K wik hi ..',., ,- i'i, r ,
I '"V'- '" I' , . . u , ..,,..1
'1. E:l' il ll.lli::; . 1 .1:1. l.tiv i ; j.,
ia lliaf.i. , l.r":-.-! iN-.'y i il- r.il. ! v.m
-nii an i u c Iii.nll- in i;.-i'!r t ii - r v i
. - i i i.-.l.l-
- ' J ivi d
th-mir-plu.it-p'';f 'l Mr-:irt.?--:v, l.i mi -;1
"'.' ly an.l
b..-st f.-alur.'. of i ii - a.i: ! .;. iit..u1. J 1 h
in th? iil--'':ii ;
Turner s t'wu.
1-r.iP ci I r t i -!
i i v r i-i.Tf ,tii- i.-
A I -
l'.ml !n 'hi .im-. c-'m-i-f 1 1 1 t .y ui it t --1 i -:it iou
lua; has Cjue au.itr u;ir o!i,v. vUt C' artr.
The PuMi. tiers li-.vi- prt-.-t.. 1 a 'y-:. ;n . f n, ii:ir(
y wl.i-h tlty cm -ii, p y irp- i.i.- i 'i'l'.- .i:;.I 1.'.
J.' Ir' ''iv 11 . r!i. j -'fi r id r.-o ivi tl.eir pir..i
r"i ' ' ' "i" -'ifi.- ..f ;.Tit,u-: i !!.
u II r:":'. M:t- .i.-.tii- i.. 2tcin,i a
'u ma-.; I,- BHi-.i at (iie Mil.-crilirr'o t'ot of-
t , 'jit. vr:ir .
An ctr i c.'j.y ..i
wiii he tupili"'l (rr i
'i- ..T-.-7i.tii f-r W. i ir
v-r. i !.e f f iv.- sul!
remit ; or MX muitr--
J'ir DnniVr can h .nfi.' . i .
- ia r;r.,t, ,1B,j:n, Tw,tv-iiii- A".t-
tin a- p..i.,.f,.;ch,.r,t..r."'?;.,,'T "''"''
:' -' .r ii. f ai.i if' ,.r um"-
'L-rc" JI t It IKK a ktlniTKERs ' "
TO THE DAILY HERALD-
Particulars of Booth's Death.
Iater from Sherman.
Now York, r() Timr-s Waslunjrtcn
sj trci;tl says we li.ive ink riuaiki') fruin
Si it-rm aii's army cf important charac-tt-r.
It aj pear John-iton's (irt K-iti-r
to Si.crinati propnietj to tuiT-nd'jr on
ill.? sai;u; ttrms as L-'u stirreuurL-u.
A ni.'Hiiiirr was arrau-rf J, at which
. Il r.iipu ti was present. He protested
I anaui't the l-rnis ot surrender.
I D.-iay was LTaut'-d for the purpose of
tri vn;'r J uiin.-tou
Hainptou an op
poriutiiiy to ccnti!l
meetinr; as arran.'eu lor two next
day. On that day parties again met.
At the first meeting a remarkable
mtniui Mtithi for basis of agreement vas
j t-'k! !it"d an 1 at otic: sigtit tl.
r-.;im peci;l says soun; cays ago 1
we eavo an account of the arre.-t of j
i'ain, who it is a.'Ji-gtd aitctr; pn-.l t!j i
ass isMna'ion of Sec. Seward. Yes
terday it wis discovered that this pris
oner attempted to (Mi.-.-mit stuciUo oy
boiling his iie:id against the iron wails
of he prison. It was fuund that he
had beaten his head almost into a jelly
and was bleeding profusely. A cap
was prepared for hmi, p id lcd all over,
and fastened securely to his head, and
his hand? tecured. -
Herald's Washington corsespondent
of ihe li)ih say- conferences between
Slo'i'tnai) arid Jolinston h tvo come to
a conci'i-ion which is t.elieved in the
army iv be satisfactory." What passed
at the meeting was only known to
th'-mselve-". When they met they
iock arms and walked into the hou-e
nutiL" 1113 luuiticuii: iuuh iai.e, iiiiu
Uiut tneinselvos up
1 'avinar th?lr respective foil ;vr, and
p'aff bilkers too fraternise and set
1 niouti tl..-y coul.l. No one wiio
I uc.M::ip inii-J Sherman has any idea of
what suljocts wi re dis -ussed cr what
j terms proposed, uc-jepted or d'.'clined.
Sherman is m,-ver a comeiunicaiive
men with respect to ntuiters of import-
ance and on this occasion he is even
reticent ilian usual.
says, t!;ere is news
in IviCiimoiiJ to tiie lit-ct that Johnson
while neoi iating terms with Sher
man, marched most of his troops to
wards S. C.
Raleigh Standard 17th says Revo
lution has fatled. Mr. Lincoln has
made good hij dttlaraion that he
wo'ild hold, occupy and posses the forts
and other property of the Unitid
States, that he would enforce the laws
of the nation The most ultra Seces
sionist mu-t now see that further re-
i sistance will be folly, madnes ' and
! murder. It calls for reorganization
j at.d declares the government and
j leej.l;, tare elected by lire and fraud,
j and don't rclli-ct the wishes of the
i people the bayonet controlled every.
I ilmig. We are au'horized by General
I Sherman tosiaie, if Gov. Vance and
IT '' . . ...
j.eiMsiauire win rMjrn. thfy will
pri'-.'-etei, it they Uon t they
complain if steps are taken
! "de them. The next day this
' sai.I Uavis.-,
I Treason ha
Vance and Smith ii.!.-1
s been ext,n..m,hed iu its
pa . r
j own b'o.i.!, and the old fbtr- once more
waves pro;; liy over the cuj ko! of eve
j ry S'.a-.e, thank G..d for it. The pe
! nod so long looked for aul labored for
j by the true men of lliis Stat has at
j last arrived. Let those who have
idetiliiied themselves wiih
aii -i despotism prepare
to retire to private life. Politically
they uro doomed men for ail time to
i'tlu's ccrrcspondent f ays cne stri
king incident in ihe funeral procesd'on
yesterday, applause was show-red upon
the representatives of the colored race
upon the nne el march. In the weal
thiest parts of the city the scen was
one continued ovation to the -negroes,
who were compelled t keep thH'r
h'-adi uncovered for miles in acknowl
edgement of the plaudits of male spec
tators aod waving' cf hankerchiefs of
ladies in windows.
New York 20 Columbia. Havana
2-1 ih, says intelligence of the assassin-
. ITT ! 1 L
anon oi i.incoTn causeu mucn excite
d-ep aloom over a'l i "T' lv,lh)"3to Vhe rmal ur
siJents i,reUier' and are kaviDS tot .hdr
ment, an j cast a
the American re
Baltimore 2G Steamer . PIassachu-
setis c-.ilt-lcd wiih s'.eacier dack ILiwk
on the Tjlomac last liiglit. Latter
sun!: in a few minutes. In the ex
citement a number of soldiers on hoard
became panic stricden, losing contrii!
of themselves. , ' A umnnt-r ' were
drowned. The Massachusetts lay
near the spot till daylight, picking up
about a hundred men. From a state
ment of Capt. in command it appears
the loss of is near as can he ascertain
exceeps fifty. - . , .
New York, 2G:h rNewbern dates
22th says the city was draped ia
mourning meeting of citizen was
held that day, giving expression of
Standard and Progress, Raleigh
papers ccji'ucied ly former proprietors
appt'ar in mourning, say Lincoln was
the best friend the south ever had, and
that the ;-outh will suifer more in his
death than the north.
Ratification Constitutional amend
ment abolishing slavery regarded as
certain. Desire to return t the union
seems gene w., throughout the State.
Washington, 2-jth To Dix
Di-patch jur-1 icceived
from Gran', due l Raleigh 10 a. in.,
4ih, savs I reath'-d here this morn
ing, nnd delivered Sherman's reply to
his negotiations with Johnston. Wold
was immediately sent to Johnston ter
minating the trace and informing him
that civil matters couldn't be entertain
ed in .-my convention between army
New York 25 Tribune special
says when the whole history of the
plot of the assassination is made public
the world will l e asonhhed a: its enor
mity, as well as our forbeart.net with
our Canadian neighbors who have con
stantly fi.rnished & safe assvlum to the
mojt nefarious villains.
Anticipate .i retreat of Jt ff. Davis
from Texas to Mexico with the purpose
of involving in new diaiouiues has
been duly considered ty government.
Potomac Special 23ih says sixth
corns was put on march this mormmr
for Danville, in order to hold that
point and guard communication of the
army under Sherman.
TT-ii:f .., lf, t i , c.
via (2'jeenstown K'th, dates three days
latec, Steamship St. David from I'ort
latJ arrived at Liverpool 9 A. M. of
the 14th. Austral an from New York
arriAed off cook Haven 11 ih V. 1SI.
on the 1 1th, news of the fall of Rich
mond, created the utmost excitement in
Ihiq'and but arrived tco late to admit
of papers generally commenting upon
it, and as most or the markets had
closed from 13h to 17th. The effect
of the news cannot be fully develop
iiil they are opened.
London daily News says army of
a., so long deemed invincible, the
pride, hope and power of the citadel of
tue Confederacy, has b-en n t only
beaten, but shattered. The Davis gov
ernment is now vagrant and fugitive.
Richmond, which received it and gave
it for a time the d.guity which it could
have acquired o'horwts-, was set on
fire by its departing g:i. That the
drift-derate army fought with their
old tc nariy and eclat
We cannot doubt but it has been
broken up by men who we have often
been lo'd were sweepings of northern
cities. Davis began war and dec laring
he wou'd carry it where food for the
lurch awaited southern aimies in pop
ulated cities. ! But the attempt to burn
New York proved its failure.
War Department. Washington, 27
Wilkes Booth and Harold we re chased
from a swamp in St. -Mary's county,
Maryland, to Garrett's farm near Tort
Royal, on the Rappahannock, by Col.
Raker's forces. The b.rn in which
they took refuge was firpd. Booth
was shut and killed and Harold cap
tured. Booth's body and Harold are
New York 27th-
ays at .econd
",'e ?f JoI'ns" he ",a rt I'Y
""uiuiua iiuuiu ue aceorueu mem
bers of the Confederate Government,
.-he run n refused to recognise the
authorities cf any such government
tu- was prepared to treat with John-1
iou. us in.; nailer ot the m-urgent
forres. A subsequent netting was
had, at whic'u BrecLenridne was re-
cnniited a-i .'i:ij. G
Sec. of V'ar. . A
m., not as rebel
Sherman p-rmrted the introduction of
ol j-ction.stl? proposition, which it is
i-aid were dicluted by JelFDtvis.
Sherman heard of the President's
a--assina-.iun before neotiaiions, com
municatt'd the intelligence to the rebels
who appeared to have profound regret
at the event.
;Gen. StDreman who was reported
t Greensboro was permitted to come
U't-Vigil Johnston' I inns li, Ilfl'o.rrt,
,""J"a ar''y probably thirty ihou-j
sind yron:( they are better
wttn li -id aim, nnj horses 'han anv '
army of the Coni-.t
ever had. J
Many of ihe rank ana et t
cansi.-ting of Ilx Gov. Graham. L'x
Gov Swaitie. Surgeon-Gen. Warren
and Col- Burr, were sent ly Gov.
Vance to see what arrangement could
be made With Sherman on paft of
State for creation of ho'-iiii'ies and
ascertain what was status of state gov
ernment and its officers udnr new
regimen. Commission had agseut of
Gen. Hardee, to vLit Sherman. They
had interview with - Sherman, who
ave them pn tecting papers, for Gov.
and State officers so long as no
hostilities were shoi by them.
Sherman told them he 'had no infor
mation as to how status of Statti govt,
was affected. That question didn't
come within his province that he did
not consider North Carolina out of ihe
Union, as the question of secession
had not been submitted to t!ie people.
That he would respect every man that
wis not an original secessionist, and
treat him with every consideration.
Still he must march through the State
in pursuit of Johnston, and the people
must necessarily suffer by that march.
Johnston's army was inferior to Ins,
and every man slain in future, was
unnecessary sacrifice, Johnston and
not himself, would be responsible for
j this sacrifice, and suffering entail"..! on
i people of N. C. civilized world would
Rochester; 27 Funeral Irian arri
ved here 3:20 A. M. Minute Guns
were fired and Newmans Regiment
Band penfurmed funeral dirges, olth
N. Y., N. Y. first Veteran Reserves.
Ilo.-p't Soldiers Bttt. . a.tached
to 2-7:h Brigade Union
BIjo independent drawn up in line jn
depot on north side train. Mayor and
common council with o;her civil organ
izations. Bells of churches being toll
ed, and as train leaves mulude ahow
real signs of sorrow and reipi.et.
York 20 ro!h
own" z is the
statement of Serg't Bas'.ou Caivit who
shot Bomb: On Tuesday p in my supe
rior cliicer. Lieut. Dul'tni'. rn-i-ii-nri
, 'mu, ni.uion mat iwo ntrsons curres-
; inrormaiion tnat two
Vainer to the dc-criptien of Booth and
j Hs ac-mplice Harold w ere canctaled
t in a barn on the place of Henry G.
oar.QUU:. iare.e -r" Tori Koyal,
in the direction of Bowlio-r' Green.
Near latter place we captured a man
railed Jett, who ferried
Booth and companion across Potomac.
At first he denied knowing about the
matter, but when threatened with
death if he did not reveal the spot
where the assassins were' secreated, he
fold us where they cou'd be found and
j iloted us to the place. Booih and Hur
old reached the bain about dark
Tuesday evenimr, tho bara at once
was surrounded by our 'cavalry. Some
of our party entered in conversation
with Bjoth from the outside, he was
commanded to surrender several tunes
but made reply to the demand that if
you wanfme you must take me. When
(irtt a.-ked to surrender he asked who
do you take me for. , Short timo af
ter ia response lo question, as to
w heather there was any 'body else with
him in the barn, he stated he was on
ly person in the building. That
his companion, Harold,
had taken another directon and was be
yond reach of capture. A i o o'clock, or
little after the barn was fired, before
flames kindled, Booth had advantage
of us in light he coi..ld see us, but we
couldn't see him. Aftsr that the ta
bles were turned we could see him
but couldn't be seon by him.
Flames appeared to confuse him,
and he made-a spring towards the
door, as ito attempt to force his way
out. As he passed by, one of the
crevices in this barn I fired at him. I
aimed at his body as 1 did'nt want tc
kill him. I look
deliberate aim at his shoulder. But
the aim was too high ball struck him
in the head, just below the ear, passing
through it came out about an inch
uliuui an inch above other ear. 1 think
I if stopped to pick someth.ng up just "as
I fired, 'lhat may account tor his ry
seivimr the bail in ihe head. I wasn't
over 8 or 10 yards dis'ant from him
wuen i fired. After he was wounded
I went into barn. He was lying in
reclinintr position on the floor. He
j was then ca tried out of the bur
Iniildintr into the
open air, where he
died abont 2 hours and half after.
JftF'The hand oi Providence may
be seen in all things. When the re
bels passed laws against the raising of
cottou, and bsttook themselves to -'the
cultivation of - produce, they pat' a
weapon iuto our hands as well as bread
into their own mouths. Said an offi
cer' who accompanied Gen. Sherman
through his "agreeable journey" over
Georgia, '-had it not been for the res
olution taken by those who directed the
affairs of the Rebel Stales, to plant
i C0'K instead of cottun, to sow large
tracts with wheat, ..and to rear large
stocks of cattle for ttfe subsistence of
their armies, Sherman could Dever
have made lvs rrmmphant
through Geogia and South Carolina.
it s: y i a n s; a n iai v ti r. i i cts o.v.
When General Sherman, on the 22d
of January, left Savannah, his plan
for the campaign through South and
North Carolina was completed, and as
he turned his face from the sea to the
country northward, he said: "On the
20th of March I will strike my base."
On the lUih of March, near Benton
vi'le, less than 20 miles from Golds
boro, he was repulsing the mad on
slaught of Johnston; and on the 21st,
having Terry's column of Schofield's
army, fortified at Cox's Bridge, on the
Neuse, within one day of his appoint
ed time he was in safe and sure com
munication with General Schofield at
Goldst oro, his future depot of supplies.
This remarkable prediction, and ful
fillment, we venture will pass into his
tory as one of the most striking proofs
of his ability, of his remarkable fore
sight, of his determination of purpose.
Mat?tt a li isnner iu ffloro.
The Nev Orleans-Times of the 22d
u!t. has the following :
We have a'ready given an account
of the attempted destruction of the
steamer Shooting Star, at Havanna,
by Capt. Mafia, of the pirate Florida
fame. Ha was arrested and put in
irons by cur well known citizen, Geo
L Tyler, the owner of the Shooting
Star. After Ma flit's escape from cus
tody, Mr. Tyler went to the Havana
authorities and asked for his re arrest.
He was asked ' if he cou'd identify
MalHt as the man who attempted to
destroy his steamer. Mr. Tyler said
that il would be found that his hands
wou'd show the marks of the iron
bracelets that he had wrenched from
his wrists. Matin was thereupon ar
rested, and, as was suspected Would be
ihe case, his hands " were found to be
much lacratcd. Mr. Tyler had the
pleasure of seeing the ex-pirate safely
ensconsed in a cell of the Moro.
JefS. Day is' Valedictory 1'rocla
uuiiou. Wiiekeas, Iu the course of inhu
man. Yankee events the capital of the
Confederate States of America no lon
ger affords an eligible and healthy
residence for the members of ihe pres.
ent Cabinet, not to speak of the Chief
Magistrate himself, the Vice-President
and the members of the two Con
gressional bodies, I do therefore, by
virtue of the power vested in my two
hee's, proclaim my intention to travel
'ustantr, in company with all the offi
cers of the Confederate State Govern
ment, ar.d to take up euch agreeable
quarters as may be Granted unto me.
To such persons as are in arms
against ihe Confederate States of
America, I do hereby lender absolute
amnesty on condition that they forth
with desist from annoyhig our patriotic
Under, the circumstances, slavery
had better be abolished.
The capital of the Confederacy will
henceforward be found "up a stump"
on the picturesque banks of the cele
brated "Last Ditch.''
To the foreign subscribers to the
Confederate loan, I . return sincere
Major General Grant, U. S. A.,
will please see lhat they get their
All persons having claims against
this Government will please present
them to A. Lincoln, Richmond, by
whom all such accounts yill be most .
cheerful ly audited.
It is not altogether improbable . that
the glorious experiment of a slavehol-
der's Confederacy may yet prove a
delusiou and a snare. I have often
thought so. . So h.is General Lee, who
has lately been fighting mosiiy fcr his
year's salary. The Confederate
treasury being light, I think -1 'will
take it in my valise. General Lee
thinks that we have a good opening
before us, and that we have seen the
last of this fratricidal war. I hope so.
Stephens thinks peace more imminent
than ever. .
If the United States persists in re
fusing to recognise the Confederacy,
on my return I shall again urge the
arming of the negroes.
Office seekers are respectfully solic
ited to cease their importunings.
Fellow-citizens farewell. J. Davis,
President Confederate Slates of
America. . ' " "
Done at Richmond, April 1, 1S65.
Upland is alleged u be preferable
to flat or clay soil; and it is better to
be pliable, and not apt to bake after
heavy rains, and all the better for hav
ing a southern exposure. The ground
should be well plowed as early in
spring as practicable ; before- planting
it should be thoroughly and deeply
cultivated, and freed of clods by the
liberal use of the , roller. None but
well ripened and sound seed thould be
used, the very purest thai can be got
tour quarts to the acre; and for the
same amount of ground, 150 pounds of
superphosphate of lime, or its equiva
lent iu some kind of immediate fertil
izer to.be supplied in the drills and
covered with seed.
The seed should be scalded by cover
ing with water 1G0 degrees Fahren
heit, one and a half minutes; then re
duce the temperature lo tilood heat,
and leave the seed in the water say
twelve hours, when it should be re
moved frotn the w3ter and kept moist
some 43 hours, or until it shall have
begun to sprout. The seed thus treat
ed should by no means be allowed to
get dry before being covered.
The furrows should be shallow and
about four feet apart. The seed and
the fertilizer shculd be distributed
carefully, and covered to the depth of
half to three -four ihs of an inch. As
soon as the plant has four or five leaves,
it should be partially thinned, the pro
cess being conducted with care, seeking
to retain the strongest plants, which cn
subsequent occasions should be redu
ced to S or 10 inches in a row. If the
cane is thick enough without the suck
ers, they should be removed. Labor
may be saved by planting in hills three
and oue half feet apart, leaving four
sialks to the hill, although the planting
in drills. is preferable. The cane
needs early and thorough cultivation,
which should .bo continued till the
plants are three or four feet high ; n-fc
ter this, the cultivator had better not be
used, as ihe roots about this time com
mence spreading. The suckers should
be cut off, as the pulling process dis
turbs 'the roots and lacerates ihe stalk.
The cane is fit to cut when a major
ity of the set-d heads hare become
brown, but the crop increases in value
until the seeds are pretty well matnred.
The freezing of the uncut cane is dis
astrous unless worked up immediately.
ILnter to cut green than allow it to
freeze on the stalk. In cutting, it
ihou!d be taken off obliquely just above
the crown roots, 'the tops topped off be
low ihe upper joint, bladod and shock
ed, or piled where it can be sheltered
from" 'the sun and weather"; it can re
main in this condition for several weeks
without damage. In procuring plant
ing seeds, all canes not folly in head,
are too green, acd should not be gath
ered for that purpose.
SMALL AXD LARGE CATTL
Of late years, since breeaers began
to calculate with more precision, small
or moderate sized animals have beem
nrrri'lv nreferred for tha following
o ' ' J i o
1. Small sized animals are more
kept, they thrive on shorter
herbage, they coMect food where a lar
ger animal could hardly exist, and
hence are more profitable ; ihe meat is
finer grained, produces richer gravy,
has often a superior flavor, and is
commonly more nicely marbled or
veined with fat, especially when they
have been fed for two years.
2. Large-sized caitle are not so well
calculated for general consumption as
the medium or moderate sized ones,
particularly in hot weather; the former
animals poach pasture more than small
ones; they are not so active, require
more rest, collect their fo- d with more
labor," and will only consume the nicer
and more delicate sorts of plants.
3. Small cows of the true dairy
breeds give more milk proportionately
than larger ones.
4. Cattle of smaller size may be
fattened solely on grass of even mod
erate quality, whereas the large require
the richest pasture, or lo be stalled; the
expense of which exhausts the profit
of the farmer; it is much easier to pro
cure well-shaped and kindly feeding
stock of a small size than of a large
't- . ...... . .
o. Smali-sized cattle may ba kept!
by many parsons who cannot afford
either to purchase or to maintain largo
ones, atd by whom the loss, if any ac
cident should happen to them, can, be
more easily borne.
G. The small-sized beasts sell belter;
for a butcher from a convktion that
in proportion to their respective dimen
sions, there is greater superficies of
valuable, parts .in a small than a large
nnimVi--will give more for two oxen
at 150 r ounds per quarter, than for one
of 300 pounds. ,1m. Artizan.
Animals that are permitted to roam
in ihe salt marshes are generally the
most heal-hy; they consume a largo
amount of saline material. The anti
septic property of salt is well known
and appreciated by most husbandmen,
and the farmer might as well think of
dispensing with food as to fail in sea.:
soning food with salt. No animal can
long exist without salt in iha Momnni. .
It operates favorably, and hasahcalthy;
action cn the liver; it also prevents the
food from running into fermentation,
and is death on intestinal parasites.
Teot Weigut. Henry HI, caused
a grain of wheat, tgathered from the
middle of the ear, to be the standard
weight, and thirty -two of these, well
dried, were to inoke one pennyweight,
twenty pennyweights one ounce, and
twelve ounces one pound troy. ' Since
then it has been thought advisable to
divide ihe pennyweight into twenty-'
four equal parts, called grains. The
word "Troy' was the monkish name
given u London Troy Novant. Troy
weight, therefore, is in fact, London'
Andrew Johnson's Creed.
"Treason must be made odious, and
traitors must be punished and impov-1
erisheth Their great plantations must1
be seized and divided into small farms,
aud sold honest and industrious men.' :
"I desire that all men shall have a
fair start and an equal chance in the
race of life, and let him succeed who ;
has the most merit. This, I think is a :
princif Ie of Heaten. -
."For myself, I mean to stand by the'
Go-ernment till the flag of the Union
shall wave over every city, hill-top'
and cross-roais, in its full power and
majesty." ... -.-
Name of Illinois. ' s
The Chicago Post says the name of
the State of Blinois originated in this
'A party of Frenchmen set out upon
an exploring expedition down the river,"
which they afterwards named, provi
ding themselves with bark canvass,
and relying chiefly for their subsist
ence i pon ihe game. They found at
the confluence of this river with the
Mississipi, an' island . thickly wooded
with black walnut. ' Ii was at a season
of the year when the nuts was ripe,'
and this party of explorers, encamping
upon the island, greatly enjoyed the
lurury of this fruit. From this cir-;
cumstance they called the island the
"Island of Nuts" or, in French, "Isle i
aux nois" which name was given to
the river which they explored, ;and '
thence to the territory and State.
This (ixplanation of the word "Illinois'
more fully accords with the orthogra
phy of the word, which has certainly
a French t3rminaticn and the rapid
pronunciation to the Anglicism of the
term into its present shape, "Illinois. r
l55rFive offices are now open ia
Charleston where the oath of allegi--ance
is administered. Each office is "
crowded during business hours, and
ihe Charleston Couiier of the lOth
says, ''the desire to place themselves,
on ihs side of the United States Gov
ernment seems to be prominent among
all classes of citizens ;" and that paper
adds, "w3 believe the majority, of the,
people who subscribe tj the oath do so
becacse ihey have implicit faith in the
stability of the United- Slates Govern-.
IiyA youth in Indianapolis is in a
bad fix. He voted at the State elec
tion last fall, and was drafted a ; few
days ago. His friends are cow ready
to prove that he is not twenty years of
age, but he is afraid of making affida
vit to. that effect, as it will leave .him
open io prosecution for illegal voting.
His choice lies between a t prison and
the war, and he cannot r&ad up hi
mix.d which to choose.
Powered by Open ONI