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About Nebraska palladium. (Bellevieu City, Neb.) 1854-1855 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1854)
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n : l IVK lAMAIHJM.
VelleYi e w7 h i n' as x a
w fdnf.smw, i.'r.ci',MnF:u an, i-vi.
V. H. Pal'ner. Tribune buildiiip. "v M. P
in!l. llfl .ivi "trtet, W. H. McDonald
II"? Vsl "t't. X'-W Yl' Ci'v.
C Tlrrrr, V.. W. Carr, CnneL Co., In.i1.i
arlnb:. W. R. 5TLi'inr, Gei.Cial Ntwn-xner Acnt.
T'rs. Mc Mellon 4: William.", Council E'uiiTn
A. P. J-.f. r. M . tha Citv, Nebraska.
1v. M. 'I- C'.irlt. NcW-V Cei e-.
li. T. .'t'i.nfnri. Fi.. Ft. Calhoun, Nebrsks.
j. V. Jlrcl'.eil it Co., Winter Qj.-uterj, Xc-
P. M . I' !. t.our Fork. X'f'irsika.
y,a. H. 1 Xebra'-a City. Xi bra.'.;.-..
T.t." (. ..rnd. I'. S. A., Ci nmamiT at Fort
I erau.'t', Jvcbreste. I
J.t. Heath. L . . A., Commander at Tort I
Ks r"H . Xcl! -rnVn. !
('. M'., Mom-t J'alici. Fieuorit Co., lows.
t el. '1 !.i . 1 ari"cr. MeKissick Grave, lovva.
OiiVn C. ir, P'lil'iiiplon, low.
Villioni lr-i., Lq., Cedar Rapid1, Icw a.
'o Master, rVitlJe Moine, Iowa.
AnE'istus I ! Y.'q . Kcotiaqua, Iowa.
J!'h. A.C. Dodge. Brrlington. Iown.
ln. 'Ih'iios Krown, Miiysville. Ohio.
1. li. I'd. l. rt t q ., Heilevicw, Nebraska.
Jc ; AS t-it, 'I ahnr. Icwa.
i. i'. J'"ii:e!, (; 'invrod. fowl.
J'. Titcl.r -l , St. yt-tr, lo.
M. K. lloltister, Ottawa, I'd.
hilai Tiiiis. Syracuse j X. V.
.l .-' ii ('. Ki-cd, CVopmiiig'on. Ms.
t.l.i-1 JJan ard, F q., c.naainpton, M.-M.
m ...TTTTTrr???-'??-1 -m
Tiddlers from lime immemorial hare
been considered among the most eminent,
loafers extant, and had it rot been for the
degauerreotype art, tLe number of Hidlm
would have been sliil more numerous, rnd
veu now they would have been plenty
tacugh, and the bowels of the defunct
cut would aiill be untiringly agitated by the
hutr of the equine quadreped, tvere it not
for the profession, telegraphic, which hat
railed to it embrace every variety of fop,
fool, fancy boy, f-st men out of dimes, and
geniuses out e.f culling, which the worl.l
has ever produced, Batuiam;; the latter
lass, there came one who u-at lu, and
now hat ade Lis curk upon the times,
for At was trn'y a germs.
In stature he was not a Sampson, but
in mind he was equal to Solomon Descen
ded from revolutionary sires, and tearing
vpon hisace and his person, inhistLaughts
nnd in his acts, the impress of bis father's
military greatness, he felt that lie must 'o
something worthy the name and fnme of
ihe grint Thcsu family, and its head Gen
eraJ Taaaias Tacxa, his paternal ances
tor. We ahall not endeavor to depict the
rise and swell of his youthful bosom,
whi'e young tmbition bobbed about witli
in, tlie a ilea ia a cu!aell, 'ana thoughts
ul f u ure greattvesji filled his little head
nhlsoful a, these pleasunter remis-
v ilh t?tm nh.i'l Colille to cM for a tifiv
r,(, pn pr mid Strrlnry.
JVora!.' T.-hyriiph ijrr:i1nrs do not
a'w.'.vs i:ule p -o 1 ion-nvirN. And
tr.:.!l mm arc hetUr culculnifd for Iliii
loi ii us t'mn Wtsiern.
N. H. O ir pit. tin c pui'cry will conlin
u from wrck to week. Wo hnvp in our
tin' :se-.:.inn the imrlr..iis of srvirid ! i in-
;.Miishrd Cuf-mt!$ 'iynrj, whiih to he j
jppret i.itod nmt he si'rn.
J.LECTIO?! BIT HI!' 8
The following te llie P'turns of the
r.ler'ion n Dt lf'te to (,'oi'j.'i( , with the
exTj.i j,,u of Hii linnUon co ii,:y. It np
pe.nrs hy t!i rct'iriis tints f.r, thnt N. 11.
Cl lii'i-s h;:s a in: jor'ty i t n'x-'H 100. Mr.
'trj is a tfii'iil nuin, Mid i-'i nhli law
Mi.i x ill do (.rn'it lo tlio Tirrt'oiy ii
fling them nmicibly should be devised.
There is leusc nto believe thnt err.mpe
inmt will hr; made for the e xtirguiihincni
f dm lights in jU"s'i..n, ctnhri.ting h
.lie ri'ht of thfl Unison H'V Cfiipu y tc
!i i'r ition of tlic River Cohimhia. Con
sul l)iioti i.fl'.'ir fettled wi'h Krnnre l-y !-
"Ti-3 Lcf.er War."
Unihr this till'! the Hule ?ou:i'sthv
following swrt ro'c f.T the (i wrriior:
" Now this let'.ir is riilior a base f. r
fry. ov il hiis been t.ikcn from tho nu.i!
or at r.'.l events it lieu op-cned contr.oj
lolaw. nnd every rule of liotior or pro
priety, nn 1 could the offender be doteclcd
would subject him to fine tuul impris
onment. There lias been rons'q'K-ntly.
upon c ither horn of the diVrnmi b;:se an. I
unjiiirdoi.nble conduct ruac'.cJ."
AYe loainiidn that i.ei'.her cf tho above
posi io is are corrcc'. In the first plute
the leiicr is no firgery, but a gei.uine prj-
dite'.ion, i'rom beginning lo end. In the
next place, il was not "taken from the
muil"n:il not opt-md coiitr;iry to IjW.
No seal ha been broken, jjo honor been i
olattd, u rules of pnpiieiy discarded.
Tho letter was fotnl in the pahiic hijrh
way, uiisf i.ltd, Uiprottcted, aid to all up.
pearanee, unearr l lor. li wa o!i io
I' i r Congress:
A. v. n..::s...v,
'.:;'0- 'ft , ( ri'd'y .
1' o r t- uirri-sst
M. I). J.-hnsou,
N. It. C.i.Mi-i-s, -il.
11. ('hiiim in. -J.
Ivicn, ... -liiu
Tor C o n g r t- s ;
II. I). Johnson, ...
15. IJ. Chapman, - - -Cast
N. 1. niddiry,
If. I). Johnson, ...
It. h. ( h.ijim.in,
.f. Dyson, -
r it ret Covnhj.
For (.' o ng r e s
N. H. (ii'.lins,
II I). .Jolltisrm, ...
H. U. C'hapiunp.
For C u ii z r c s s :
N. n. GiMinsa,
S'i,r-.otV ' PiMiS'i'ili'. .oun; hiiiioihj
' no n'ioni d : it was sctilcdly withdraw
I ii';; of l is rxdusion tnul uwqnivocrd disa
! i.wi-l of ipy intmtion ilrnjmg him the
14 I i iirhl of transit. ( orrespondenee on llie
t'.e public g.ze.and can '.e,s'.y picked upby j I-t'(n - - - Jl
N. 11. Giddings l(i
II. D. Johnson, - - - - 13
li. B. (hupin.iu, ... 5
Tli following are the Rpreirr,tavej cbns-n:
Ivr ltouncilmn in Dnnglas Ovmty Holers,
Jonei. Ilu haidsu:., and C"'iiiii.
loine one in whose path it happened lo
We e !.tei:d ihut l.o one was te. blame for
jukiiig upa loose paper in the Mrrc'. no
one can be harmed fur rvadinn it and it
readinj; it did any 1 arm, it would be he
cute its contents wero evil.
nceneea and a moment of ftu
diope he threw down the wires cf his bat
tery end left "the line," leaving no line
belund to tell the tale, and went and "writ
for a newspaper" we leave for the pen
of his ovrrf dear Boswr.Lt.or Smith. Ours
only is the task, in brief, lo state his rrpid
rise, from tclrgrajih operator to "corres
pondenl," frt-m correspondent to Editor,
and from Editor to "Acting Gov.ernor of
2eiTUtiih and the realization cf hajipt
uess by tho entire Thumb family. It is
tVicn. iwoifjured example of the success
which awui's ambitious youth's, no fancy,
.fraught itruge, jllustraling the efTects of
perseveTartoe and sweet oil, but a true
picture, a rtflection of fads, which we
have now to present to the reader.
Dur Governor, fhe HanorulU 1 T. B,
Cuus, i the embodiment of our picture,
tht einineut member of the Thumb family
His rise wtig rupid, but Lis fall like thai
uf all other fcrcat acu bus been uisim
guiklMul by the velecityof a CcnU One
day sU.cdir.g iu the majesty of his own
inyslcrj, lociling Capitol's, packing leg
iilature, dtnyit g to largo communities.
ihe right f rcprentbiiou, and giving to
astonished wolvs,elk ardJeer, the rigntof
voting at the Bh.ck Bird nest, r at any
.iiher point in Bart county, where the wan
dering polls inny s'cp idling clerk
ship's, (.lid weilding the power of a dtmi
mocarch, lie Is ih lulruiraiiuii of to-irtiei
sjid svc-'jpluints. But the next, how
.hanged; his -mystery has evaporated, and
lo him no longer is opplicalwe the couplet
1I o:ks la a mys'tiious ty,
His v oaders to perform.
Tor Us btrg-ins are taposed to ihe pce-
le, his own letters, in his own hand
riling, are passed from Laud to hand,
and Ihe whilom telegraph operator, be
gins to think the (as he htS called them)
ignorant border men of .Nebraska are
iiuite wise enough lor him. A petition
for Ids rfmovl from any office in 'he Ter
a.iory has been tbroad luid it is signed by
a Lirge nvjorily of the people, and musi
ia of weight with the JV eaidefit of the
United S'atta. At any rale,unh sa auc
essor is appointed, we ahall have no p-r-licular
amount f liarinuny throughout
4h Teniioiy. -We want here for our
GiAtrnora uwti .f pcricnc, of integ
rity tnd lon.aty, and as we U'.itve from
Iht vcty UUcro cf our 1xit, thU the lei-
.tgUJili birj" Uiw lh"Lii;. fjoliiical wirti
l.(.n'nCttuor, .U-k uot only ihise
:U ciary virtue, but eveiy 4thc-r oi.c.
wLkh eiulti and enoblts great anJ g'iod
j,Mifcn-e th hkf W the f rnitor; wel
...,r r.u vu'h ir m: l tief.,j.,e ami
Fntlaelis. Dsdge Co.
J. W. Hichardson, Eq., Secretary of
the Qumcy Colony, called upon us Ule'.y
end iivc us a few i'tms rclulinjj to the
condition and prospects of th..t colony.
At present, it eoi sists of obont thirty per
sons who came on and commenced the
settlement lutein the fall. Several hou
ses have been erected, and various im
j.rovemen's ore he'mg pj'died forward as
fist as it lys in their power to execute
them. They have a b.witiliu JocaTion ana
will soon have a first class settlement.
The projectors of the colony arr en'.ight
ed and influential men nnd t.bove all, they
are men cf high moral endowment, and
will no doubt he the means of building up
a community of which Nebraska might
well be proud.
To the credit of that iuiercsting colony
iheir election Was carried on without the
aid of ititoxicatir.g drinks, and hence the
unanimity that previ-iW.
The gvod jople of Fontineiie ict hav- t
in heard of the wiihJrjwal of Mr. Iiol-
lister from the canvas, voted for him aa
a Representative of the interest which
they are laboring to secure.
We hope our friends of this colony wn
continue to prosper and realize all Ihtir
reasonable expectations. Thc tidoi.y will
be recruited by an addition xif several hun
dred families iu the spring. IJjllevitw
will be the landing or shipping pjiut of
For Jlepr"T',t.itiiiw livers. Ilavid. on, Da
vis. ( iaiicv. llaim o;n, (jv r. I't'ppleion and
Wtr.tird. ' '
F"r Coiinciliii.-'.n T.itui Wi i.it p'.f n i ciiitv
J. C. MittlKl.
l or li'pient?tiw Ii. Won lo 'U r ai.d A.
J. Si,. .'.a.
1 or Couniilruan froui Iiuit ( oiiiitv B. K.
Fit R;precer.titivTs H. C. I'j'f :.- md J.
For Couiiciluia'i from C"-s t'uratv L.
For Kcpreci,ttiv-ji J. M I.:li.nii, J. 1).
X. Tiioriihttn uud Wia. K-nip'o...
f or ( 'oiniciiiiiii liom Doii ' Cujr.ti M. JI.
For teraenta!iv-.' J. W. fuHirrd'on ar.d
li. W. Ui -.
From the M.."ouri Dciur.crsL
sri'OTSIM 07 TEK P&ESIDEXT'S Jl'ESSAGZ.
IajI'isvh.li , Dec. 5.
The President commences by liolicinp
the present year as one marked by unusu
al st'eiiy of disease casualties unpar
alleled, and cuet mire trap bea:g cut off
sllU e ere peaceful Jiihl jiroieroug.
No! w ilhstaiiuing our r.voidii eiitnnplirp
idliniiees, Jil.d our remtAiMiCM fmm J ' ii-
rope, i.n iiii-i i imiijf ciptvi i..ri n inaiiii-s-!ed
by koine of i.s govi-rimit'iils lo btiper-
vise, end in Mime repei ts direct cur for-
1 hi1 ii'i l nonnmiiK ated. i 1.0 M'M loll 0
I ..IV irs wi'h S,) on remain t'-s nt the close
! of ti e hi ision. Iiiternid Kgitation h;ts coi
) ule 1 that country. The bite minislers
j ,Mie violently expelled from power, and
I mm of rry dilTi-n nt it s in relation to
Us intern:.! i fli irs Inn e succcdeil. Since
ihis cliMiRu ihcie has been no propilous
rj'porluiii'y In rrsume and press on nego
tiations for the adjuHiment of scr ions ques
liotis of dillicul y between tho Spanish
(ioverninetit and the United Stairs. There
is ret.son to believe that our Minister will
find ti c present Government more favor
ably inclined than the prrcedirg cue lo
comply with our just demands and imiki
suitable orrnnfiemrrits restoring perfee
harmor.v anl tirrsrrin2 peace between
the two countries.
Expects Di-ntnark will yield to our re
quest of discontinuance of Elsinora Sou ndV
dots. Japan expedition unnoniiceil. Our
minister is utisiiceessful thus lar gellinp
claims, of Americans iguinst Mexico sel
ilcd, j.robaLly because of the disturbed
sla'e of the country.
Our efforts to open the Amazon river,
not yet successful. IleconunciiJs it as the
duly of the Government to secure the uy
cnuc of transit across ihe Isthmus of Cen
tral America. Question with B. it inn still
unsettled. Serious misunderstanding hav
ing arisen os to the import of some pro
visions of the Chiton and BuKver Treaty
The President here narrates the Grey
town difficult v, suktaius Borland nnd
the boinbHrdiiient ontheground Oiat Grey
own was a pira h-al retort only, t:d that
the failure of this Government to punish
ihein. wuld have left tloin imprestcd
with llie id op, that they might persevere
with impunity in their career of v ioletice
at id plunder. This transaction has been
a ulject of complaint on the part of some
The revenue last year Jrom rdl sources
was 43 f19 703 20. The cxpendi ures
exclusive of all nasimnt uf debts was
ful;ia240. Ik.l-.ioo i.i tlio Tiuiur
. 20.137 000. It is estimated that the re
ceipts this year will ex cued expenses at
lest $15 0uO000.
Uti . inmencj.it ion of reduction of ttr j!
renewed. An additional muitarv force to
ipn policy ly trkii us in the a.counl ml-j lir''u'a Ironiicrs i.gaiust Indians; urged
jus'iiiL' bali.r.ce power. leaving transat
lantic nulioi.s to adjust their own po itie:.l
sys'tin wo asert our right lo bp exeniM
from their i.tinoving interfrrencf. Our
an Liereaacd pay lo army olfiocrs ; four
new regiments, two new imautrv, two
rnouiiitd men and reform organiz itioti ar
my. Retired lit promotion in jmrt by
refuaal to be subjected to their j..cu!i: r : lllt''t instead ia seuiori'.y. Apprentice
Napsleom B. Giudikcs. This gentle
man, the Delegt-te elect from this Terri
tory, started for 'Waihington on Monday
ihe 18 h inst. We had the pleasure of an
interview with Jim just before his depar
ture. We are mSi Jent he will make a
pood representative of the interests cf the
Territory. We regard him as a man of
bi-rh moral endowments, in'iinjtelv ac
uuaintcd wiih the interests with which he
is entrusted, and as possessing very re
iuiiite qualificatioa fur the dischargs of
the duties devolved upon him.
Thi C'jvscil IlLcrrs Ciihono: rrc.
The first number of a paper btaiiug the
above title is rtteii j. I. is a good lock
ing paper, and so far as it relates to local
matters in thi portion of the world, good
in dtc'.rii.e. Vie hope it will pursue a
dignif.ed and upright course, and always
have respect to the genera! welfare as well
as that of the party whose interests it de
signs to uphold. If this course be adop
ted and jioer lot sight cf, we predial for
it an extensive circulation and a good liv-
Tut Lacy'a Book. The January
number cf this highly finished Magazine
is received. Jt ia a beautiful number, con
taining ten full page plates, one hundred
pages, sixty-two conlribu'ors, and fit y-
three rngraviigs. This is unqucstioiiabi)
the most elegant and useful of the nu
merous ladies' magazines in this country ;
itspla'ts ure unsurpassed, and its litera
ture is unexceptional. Buhscription price
By L. A. Gdey, Jliiladvlphia.
Vt'a will furnish auUi ribors in this re-H
iion ilh tin's work and ono copy of the
PJladium, for $4 00.
We would ie"far our readers to the
new advertisement of Messrs. Greene,
Weaia & !?cn(on, Bankers at Council
BluO. TLey arc rcspcnih!e rien, and
persons having busiuoa hi li ut hue will
'do well to tne i) :.n taj.
system ha otltn created jealous distrust
of our conduct w Licit is not wxrranted by
our, policy. 2'he conduct of army and na
vy and our ter r iiori.il exp insion being am
icabje siul jns. Iug experience has
kliown that wlnm pnneip-..' power of Fu-
rope are at war, the ritiils of neutral na
tions hae been endaiiteceij. Our gov
ernment maintains the doctrine that free
ships make free (ooeis. F.nbrf have been
made to istubiiidi this princijde i.s iidcrna
lijiiid law by an appeal of our gove-rium nl
'oi.ll ihe iwuoiik vt Eiirojie. Russia a
greed. Nov' her powers yet finally ac-Nri.
The king ot Prussia j rcjieses addiii jnul
ar.ichk renouncing privateering. But,
howoer, to litis war-annul agree, because
our regular navy is too disproportionate to
the cx ent cf ui r comuierce to be protec
ted, ihe j ro,...i;,t to s.ir.eiiocr the rigln
to employ privateers, i, profeoscdiy foun
ded upon tlo; pri.icipie lh..t pi ivi.'.e J,rop
erty is mn 1'ti iilii)j-. Non-combatants,
thong. i em uiies, should be tt uipl from
ravi ges cf War, bin this projial goc but
a Ii.lle way in carrying out that principle
which eoually requires that such private
property should not be s;icd or molested
hy nation! ships of vvir. Sh.uld the
leading powers of Europe concur ,in pro
posing s a rule of iiiten alional law to ex
mint private properly upon the ocean
from seizure, by public arme 1 cruisers
as v.-eh i.k privateers, the United Siatci
will iciiiily m;a them upon that .broad
Ue refers, coininemiing'y ta the Ileci
pro iiy Traaiy, the difference of opinion be
tw til the.l'iiited riiates and GreiU Britain
is the be unda ry line of 'Washington Ter
ritory, which h already led to difficulties
on the prl itl the c'nizeni and local aulhcr
it ics. Retomioends provision be made
for comraiasjon for ili purpese ot running
and establishing the line in .controversy;
ct rtniii stipulations tf lhe3J and 4 h ar
ticles of il.o .Ucat,y concluded -by U Uni
ted Slates ai.d Great liiitaiu, in 184G,
regarding possession and lights of Hudson
B y con.pany and pioperly of Pcgel's
Soiled Agih uiuirt Company have given
rise to s'.-rious dijnfe, and is inMptirtant
system for navy recommended; also in
crease of naval toret. Additional legisla.
tion to promote security of passengers at
Ex wriiiture of Post Office over rccipts
of last year, $1,753 COO. Renews views
of last year on the subject, of grants oi
land for railroad purposes, but rather dis
curuges all such projects. Views on
River and Harbor; veto promised in an
other message; some judicial reference urg
aj. Invocation of Divine blessing, and
Caowccn Oct. We hop our contributors
will luve ,patie:.ce until our nex' issue, when
wo hope to reach thurj all.
CliaiiTM!. Chuisiinas is at hai.ii ! We
boje all Our frirudt will gire this Sacred snni-
vi-isary that attention winch ita importance de
mands, and that it may be nude the oecaiion of
their becoming more l.ke Him whose birth this
anuiversary is destined to comrceinoratj.
J?"Tl, Misiourl is fiozea aver, but not
sufficiently solid to insure the .safety of tcaioi.
St. Louis Pair Cl'saiKT. Thii is a beautl
fullr printed weekly piper, containing a loinut
description of the markets throughout the coun
try, th condition of bai.ki, and othar ir.fonoa
tioo of (rest impoitancs to business men.
Every buiinen man would make money by sub
icribir.f for tb i work.
Published weekly by Jciiil Anderson, Mer
rbant'i tx change Buildwj, 6t. Louis, at f ,
The Fort Wayne and Southern ILnlroad
Compnny has accepted the charter granted
by the Kentucky Legislature for the con
struction of a tunnel under the Ohij river,
at Lsiuisville, and it is proposed to make
up the stock, and if possible, to put the
work under contract this fall or early ne xt
spring. Tiie tunnel, which, the Louis-
ville Courier aays, is estimated to cost
$1,200 000, will be exclusively for rail
way purposes, with a double truck, adap
ted to the use of all the roods for the dif
ferent guages. IWumvoiskt:.
0:: f fhe .most elegant churches in
rttw lurk, now Intuiting in the upper1!
part of the city, Is p; id for out of the pro-n
i- . i ii. 1
cccus wi an acre ot lunu, leu many years
i'go by a narishoner to one of the clerev-
lu all .onm-J ilit .... mrs i.f m of ?llUitt ej , eoWt
For tt.c Pailadium.
CSICKAt TATtS.l OS EDJCA7I0T
Mr. Editor : There is no higher and
moi c fole mil eritpemcnl into which nen
ran en'er, than that of the marriagr r old -lion,
nlthough prectioiilly it is regarded ns
nneof ordinary imporlam e. Too fi eijuenl
ly it is a question r.f hrlgi.iti Mid side, en
ered into from motives of policy in the
acquisition nf w ealth, or distinction. The
solemtu'y of the matrimon al cnnirnrt. be
comrs doubly apparent when we consider
he obligations and duties incumbent upon
men nnd women as pnretts, nnd i the in
structors of that peneratinn whicli is rap
idly following them. nnd lo vvliii h must soon
be Ir; nsferrcd, their resjxnsibiiitirs nnd
duties as citizens, and members of the so
cial orgniiizttlion in which they may live.
If w e plnnce around us upon the great
mulii nde of mankind, we see many im
properly connected families. There are
many excellent women linked to miserable,
worthless, urrompariionnble husbands.
And numerous good men may be found
united to women, in no way suitable to net
in the relation of trtis. These facts, in
deed, present the most inseparable oi.Ticul
ly lo the manner of educating children,
heretofore pointed cut. Il.uinoiiy be-
Ivveen, nnd the good example of the pa
rents arc indespensable pre-rcquisifes ta
the proper culture of the offspring. If
the seed of ius'ruc'ion be choked by the
thorns and brumbies of a pernicious exam
ple, it ctm produce no fruit. This is one
of those laws perulir.r to human nature,
which should receive the spcciul attention
of the parent. All contention nnd dis
cord between husband rnd wife should
also be carefully avoided ; this can only
I be accomplished by placing the matrimo
nial connection upon a different basis
Love or U'eclion is supposed to precede
marriage, hut upon what dors love rest ?
What is love? I answer that love is a
sentiment, that to be permanent muit re
pose upon a j.crceptin, a mutual percep
tion of the v irtue in both parlies. A xm
etry of form, a beauty of countenance, a
felicity of action, may, indeed, throw o
round Us object an additional charm, but
these hitter qualities are fieetii g, transito
ry, rvascent, and urdess il repose upon
a just conception of each other's worth
upon a know ledge of each others disposi
tion, mutually to bear up against the "his
to which flesh is heir," and to strew the
rugged pathway of hTe w ith the flowers
of kindness, and forbcarer.ee, it will pass
away like an evetntg sui.bev.re, and leave
long t hick t ight of tic-mi stio misery to
follow. Lis the psrlof the good top
priciatc food in others. The virtuous
mind is tlw.-.ys p!e:sed wiih vim:,
Hlcl -mini'ed, honerable conduct in either
sex never fat's to (onimind admiration, am
become the basis of jmre t td exaited af
fection between mm Mid women. Any
conduct in eiiber f,tr'y tending to lessen
he respect of the other, diminishes love ;
because any object unworthy of respec
never ctn cemmand the directions. And
hence, whetcver conduct, develops itaelf
after marriage, the .esult of which is to
establish a doubt of the exiMcnec of those
qualities upon which love or nffec ion is
suppoled to re, kindles the flame of dis
corJ, which consuming domestic hr.ppi
ness, ends, perchance, in separation or
crime. To make the sexes worthv of each
other to cultivate the exercise ofcorreci
thought, and sound judgement in the selee.
tion of a companion for life, and to render
them the professors of Mich qualities
themselves as well as to make them pond
husbairtls and wives, seems a desideratum
of the highest importance. In a large rna-
jority of cifrcs, at piesent, the marrhge re-
.ation is left to regulate itself. Young
people come together, seeing only the pol
ished side of etch other. The superficial
politeness of the w orld, prevents a deeper
insight into the character and ctpi.biliij ol
either party lo cttate happiness in the do.
inc-stic illation. Nosert of infatuation u
surjs the phceof substantial love, and
perfecting itself in marrh ge, etJs in mis
ery. Apart from the wretchedness .of fami
lies, so created, lo the ex. mple set by such
parents, and their almost entire neglect
properly to instruct their children, inij
be traced ihe most deplorable evils
which daily result in the most atrocious
crime, and fn illy Icrmiia e in the slate
prison, or the gibbet. If we reflect for a
moment iuj on the idea meant by the term
love,' it is believed that as exifling be.
I ween husband and w ife, il cannot natur
ally exiend itself to more than one object.
Parental and fraternal affection may indeed
extend itself toward a number, as in the
case of children, hi others, sisters, lu:.
A man may likew ise possess a natural
.indness of feeling for the whole human
family. But toward liu pailiier of his
Losum, Lis affe ct ion to be pure are no'! sus
ceptiblc of divisiou. It Mould not Ui d.f
ficujl to shuw ihut were the affections so
divided let w ten a plurality of wiit-i, an
archy jn aociely must be the Jeulc sa ihe
want of hnrmiYijr between 4 hi mothers,
and the utter jncnp.ibility e.f tidier parent
properly lo instruct, and educate the chit.
4;tv, nu!d nerttkari')' leadto Ihiir gcing
forth upon tin! w orld with every sentiment
and passion in opposition: lo virtue. If
canned be denied that If the moihod of in
struction pointed out by Webster, eonnee
ted wi'h the idea of correct thought, couhl
Lemhi ted in majority of cases, not only
would misery, suffering, and crime da-
tpi sc in n proportionate ratio, but tVe
safety, seruri'y, and stnbilt'y of our insii-
Mi ioiii would become! more peimanrnt,
the marrii ge relation would be placed em
v dill'cri nt basis, and ihe happiness and
-. ii t
prosperity ot tne community wouiu uv
then Ly pi fatly inci eased.
This sul ject is cnrtiis ly cpr.itnendtd to
the attention of parent and persons in
thechnrfc cf chi'dren, nor M il unworthy
the consideration of thosp about to e.n' r
upon the duties of mairied life, cipttially
when it is remembered that the law make s
:hi- a contract for the life of the parties,
and not to be rescinded at pleasure. Men
and women might naturally be expected lo
net with prudence and caution in a mai
ler that expires only wiih their existence,
and upon which so much cf their future
happiness or misery inevitably depend,
and to found their affections upon those
qualities which strengthen, rather thnn di
minish their domestic hnppiness. Love
or affection, so placed, is permanent, s
every other kind is fleeting, and existing
in the most unsul lied purity through life,
and expires only in the grave.
J. F. M.
DrxTH or Mas. Alxxsxdkm Hamil-
TC.j..The venerable widow of Genera'
Hamilton expired at her residence in
Washington at 4 o'clock on Thursdry
morning, free from pain, in the full pos
session of her mental faculties, and her last
momenta scothed by the constant and af
fectionaic attentions of loving and e'evctcf!
children. Mis. Ilimilton was a daughter
of Generrl Schuyler, cf New York, whose
gallant exploits during the revolutionary
war hav e become a part cf the his'nry o
our count rv. JNiC was ooinon iae a ii of
August. 1757, tnd consequently was up
wards of ninety-seven years of i at ihe
time of her eieaih. In 17&0 she mrried
to Gcnerr.1 (then Colonel) IL inihon, who
at thut litue was attacned to the m.li'siy
family of Washington. In July, ISOI.it
will be remembered with painful regret,
General lLtnilion fell in a duel wiih Cab
Aaron B.irr. Mrs. Il.miitoii Las, there
fore, survived the lors of her distinguish
ed husUnd upwsrds of half o century.
The remains of Mrs. Htm'tltou will be
taken to New York for interment.
cruutiNo p&tinc m:ws.
La'c advices from the Pacifio bring im
portant and interesting intelligence. A
general rev iv al of business and ar advanwa
of prices is reported iu California.
Important movements are also repute!
in regiid lo ihe treaty 0f annexation be
tween the United Slates and lhw Sandwich
Islunds. Il apperirt lhat aaid treaty, vv iih
all tho dettils, wes fully agreed upon by
he Ainericin EmboSadcr, and ll kiuv(
of the ls!nds, and w.s about receiving
the finishing touches, when the Bii ish
Minister alarled up, appointed an audi
ence with the King, and when he appear
ed before Lim in the palace, protested a
gainat this great measure inaspeecU w hiot
detained ihe King and council an hour enj
fifteen minutes. Gen. Win. Miller if the
name of this English Minister, and Lis
speech abounds iu l.ngiuge and tcrr per,
such as the papers of California denounce
as scandalous and infamous. The Califor-
uias are highly excited in regard tr this
matter, and if the speech is correct! re
ported, have ample ground) for hot blood
and if the jion'ion of this minister should
be sustained by I he British Government.
there may be seme hot shot in the case
before it is done with. We sliall maka
room for the speeth in our next, together
w ith other -details. For the present, wo
iiie the following extract from a paper
read by (lie Minister to tho King, embody
ing the quintessence of his objections to
said trestj :
This paper declares that the effect of
annexation would be to nest slstss or
iter nrfc--i)ut slavery i recognizee!
by the Constitution cf the United States,
and that all persons of dark color are Labia
to be sold into slavery tUt natives from
heir coW could not enjoy citizenship in
he United felutes, and lhat no treaty pro
vision to that rCrct would be recognized
by the American people. That there is
no distinction in rank in ihe United State
no tide of nobility and that the Kirg
and Chief vould loe their ranks and po
sit ion and be despised on account of their
color. 7Lat lite institutions of lho United
Slates were demoralizing and cwrrvp'ing,
and destroyed the amenities of social life.
That there was no re d security to person
and properly there. Referred to the
'Wiie Kdoh."(Aduhery Laws of this
Ilia Said also, lhat a British fleet has
been icr.t lo Honolulu. Exchange pa
per. What man waul is not talent, it pur
pose; in other vrords, not the power to
chifve, but the will to iubcr.