Nebraska palladium. (Bellevieu City, Neb.) 1854-1855, December 06, 1854, Image 2

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V. B. Palme., Tribune biiildinrs. H. M Pct
!l!lJ' 1,9 ""' srret, W. H. McDonald
I street, New York Citv.
C. P.aree, C. VI. Carr, Crane. Co.. Phlla
aelphia. W. S. Swyrnrasr, General Newspaper Agent,
t. Loin. 4
Dra. Mc.Mahon It Williams. Council Muffs.
A. T). Jones, p. M., Omaha Citv, Nebraska.
Ir. M. H. Clark, Nehra-Va Center.
II. D. Johnson, Fsu., Ft. Calhoun, Nehralis.
J. C. Mitchell & Co., Winter Q.isrWs, Ne
braska. P. M., Paa-na. Loupe Fork, Nebr' a.
Maj. H. P. Downs, braka Citv. .Nebraska.
U. Garnet U. S. A., Commander at Fori
Laraaiia, Nebraska.
U. Heath, U. 8. A., Commander at Fort
Kearney, Nebraska.
C. M, Mount Tahor, Fremont Co., Iowa.
Cal. Tho. Farmer, Mriiissicks Grove, Iowa.
Ofdeo Crjr, J'mlii.utvi, Iowa.
William Greene, F.q.. Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Post Mssr, Fort De Moine, Iowa.
. Aiirutua Hall, Eq , Keossqna, Iowa.
Hob. A. C. Dot! ire, liurlinpton. Iowa.
Hon. Ihemas Brown, Marvaville. Ohio.
I. M. Bnuet F..q., HellevieW, Nebraska.
Jeaae VCat, Tahor, Iowa.
H. P. Botinet, Glenwood, Iowa.
B. Tsscbuck, bl. Mary, Iowa.
M. K. Hollisier, Ottawa, 111.
Silas Titiia, Syracuse, N. Y.
John C. Kred. Cooimington, Malt.
lliel Barnard, Eikj., orthnmpton, Mass.
TKAJriiarmo is mllxyiew.
One of the privileges attending the in
troduction of civil gove rnment in Nebras
ka, it found in th establishment of a
Uianksgiving da j.
In accordance with Puritanic enslom,
nd rt;l the recommendation of Hii Ex
cellency, Gov. Ctaiine, Thursday, the
80th ultimo, was set apart by our citizens,
M a day of public thanksgiving and praise,
"Him wAo givtffi us rwiy, all things
to en?'ry." The day was tstin und lovely,
ad th earth, though robed in the dark
hues of autumn, never appeared more
beautiful, than on this consecrated dav.
We were greatly pleasedto witness the
j-eneral interest, which this estive oc
o.tsiofl seemed to awaken among our citi
zens, ami the zeal which they seemed to
manifest in the exercises that belong to this
time-hallowed institution?1
Considering the place, a large and re
spectable audience attended public wor
ship, held at the Mission, at 11 o'clock,
A. M. Ad excellent lecture was deliv
ered on the eccasion, by the Rev. W.
Hamiltok, founded on the following text:
1st Tk ima low i ass, 5 h Chapter, 18 h
Verse: "For iti everything, give thanks,
far this Is he Will of God concerning
The fallowing meagre abstract of the
discourse, has been prepared for the bene
fit of those of our readers, whose circum
stances denitd them the opportunity of
bearing for themselves.
The subject was divided into three
parts, viz: The Nature, the Object, and
the Duty of Thanksgiving.
Jn regard to the first of these divi
sions, it was shown, that Thanksgiving
was an expression of the feelings of a
greatful heart; arising from a senic of
obligation fdt. This was illustrated, by
familiar examples, showing that if grati
tude did rot exist in the heart if there
wst ot a feeling of obligation, there could
Ve no true giving of thanks. There migh'
be the outward form, or acknowledgment
ou the pari of the individual, while the
heart, being destitute of this feeling of
bligalion or gratitude, withheld what it
proffered with the Jips to give, and there
fore, cculd sot be acceptable to God, and
it wst only him with the lips,
while the heart was far from him.
It was next shown, that this feeling ws
natural to the pious end unselfish mind
trod that these who indulged in that feel
ing, found real and substantial enjoyment
from such indulgence. That the idea id
Jtrnulily was excluded, beer use it would
he an attempt to impose upon the object of
our thanks a profession that we fell,
what, at the time, we were conscious
mn did not Jul, which could not be ac
ceptable to a heart-searching God. Sue!
cenducl, it was true, was common among
sen, whe often profesaed what they did
set feel, hut was altogether culpable and
hateful i the signt of God; and the in
ference was plain, that there could bs no
genuine thankfulness on the part of man,
unless there was a feeling of gratitude,
and sense of obligation existing iu the
This feeling of gratitude, it was observ
ed, was seen imperfectly in the lower cre
iiotti animals often manifested it, by
some act r cxpresion of the eye or coun
tenance. It was seen much uure in
aaan; even etuncrs feel thankful for
tin, to ihoee who do them a kind
new; that it was sauch more fully devel
oped ib lli Leart of the Christian, but
shown pueat and brightest iu the redeem
ed spirits beior the throne of God, who
rested not, day wr night, but were coif
staatly giving utterance to the deep feel
ings of gratitude that swelled their hearts,
uA (hat much ef the luppines of Hsav
b, consisted ia the iudulgeoce and ex
pec t km of d.i feeling, and that there
fre. sinners who f-ad no suth feelings to-
w'id GuA, but w ere selfish, could cot be
It ws alsonrgueil, tlmt true thanksgiv
ing was not spasmodic in it nalure, bu a
state of mind felt, even when not exprr-M-cd.
That n cup of cold water the fruit
of ihe earth, whenever received, would
call forlh the mol m ely ense of (jriiti
tuc.e sml thauksjrivitijf. to Htm who pro
v'nlej all these rich blesiiti".
That among ourselves. v" could not re
spect a man who wos coiilinun'.ly receiv
ing favor from us, yet. never showed any
sense of gratitude, much less would God
approve our conduct, while we were con
tinually enjuing the riches ot his bounty,
without one gre.Uf ul emotinn toward him
who dtii'y supplied our wants.
In regard to the second head, it was
shown that the object of thanksgiving wi'S
the author of the kindness shown, m.d
that man, as the instrument, was often the
ohje.f. of pra'itude. To i!'',is'ra'. tliis, rcf
enoe was made to our sochd conditioM, nnd
the wise provision of l'i ovidence, in mak
ing us dependent on ene ano'her, pud lints
making it necessary for us to collect this
But the special object of our thar.kgiv
ings, wssGod, the author of all our Tuer
cies of all our enjj men's.
In reference lo the third head, viz:
the Duty of Thnnksgiving,it was observ-j
ed, thut we were daily receiving favors at j
his hand that we owed it to him, as a
being of infinite excellence, and power.
That he had a right to expect it of us, his
creatures that we were dependent on
thankfulness, us it was through the go
verning providence of God, thut this ter
ritory wtis now a part of our domain, and
that w were upon it. Others once ow n
ed it; but God gave it to our nation, and
while enjoying his bounties here, it would
be the height of ingratitude, not to feed
and express our thHiikfulness.
Allusion was also made to the public
expression of our gratitude to God, that!
it was on acknowledgment that h: was
kind to us, and his kindness Lid us und;r
deep obligation to love him, and devote
ourselves to him; and, that if we did not,
we would be without excuse at bis bar.
In conclusion, it '.vu slated, that while
all these temporal mercies were so abund
antly bestowed upon us, not one of which,
we were worthy, to crown all, he give
us I let veil's richest gift, in the person of
his own sun, which ought lo call forth our
lasting gratitude, and our con'inucd praie
by a comparison between our own happy
Ojvermcnt, and the governments of the
various nations of the earth; in which, ii
was shown, that we were particularly fa
vored, in the rich and abundant supplies
it our country our freedom from the
scourge of war and famine; the peiceaid
safety we enjoyed under ur institutions,
which secured to us, the right of con
science, and the possession of the pure
word of God.
In spcuking of our newly acquired ter
ritory, it was observed, that much as we
admired it, iis geni.J clime, its vast
pariries, rich soil, refreshing streams end
fountains, God has made it all, and nude
it long ago. We might talk of it, and
call it our own, but all we did, was to
come and enjoy it and even here, there
was cause for the deepest gratitude and
From the foregoing positions, it was
then inferred, tlut the inuiwdiud who
.ived without ihank'ti uny. lived without
happiness and w r.i.ou. God. That
could not be h; pjr, , while in tl.ii stale o!
mind, as ho was completely wr; pped tip
in himself, living him laboring for hiin.e!f,
and wanting all to himself. The duty of
cultivating a thankful spirit, was then
shown, as wheie it reigned, it rooted out
and defclroyed tlu.1 sclliah spirit, so de
siidciive to ilie happiness of man, and the
peacj of society; and while we ought to
feel thankful as individuals, it was also
proper, to unite together in the expres
sions of our gratitude, as we were com
mon partakers of the bounties of Provi
dence. Our special obligations us a peo
ple, weie then referred to, und ihus: rated
liitn, having nothing but what we received
from him. That he was the author of all
our present mercies of all w e hoped to
enjoy in this life, or in that come and
ihat it was his expreM;d will, revealed
iu the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and taught
by his example that it was a duty, in
cumbent upon us at all times, and under
all circumstances.
Our readers are aware, that the elec
tion of a Delegare lo Congress, and of a
Territorial Legislature, is to take place, on
Tuesday next, Decemoer 12 h.
Let every man who has the iuierest of
the Territory at heart, turnout on that oc
casion, and vote for those men, whom they
believe, will best represent and sustain
their interests in l!i Territorial and Is'a
lional Legislatures.
JUtecxolegual Table.
It is our intention, heieafter, to furnish
an accurate wetkl table of meteorologi
cal phenomena, fur the benefit of those,
who take an intcresl in such obser vatiuus,
and particularly, far our numerous readers
jabraad. who are e ipecting lo take up their
j abode h '.his cjuuTt, sf $.t.i fure dsv.
The Biigle thinks that without regard
to the opinion of a thousand and one, inter
esled imli iduuls" that Omaha should be
lite place selected for the Capi'ol, because
there has bpn n greater displiy T enrr
PV at that 1 than at :inv other one in t.m.-ill.M ft . rl rtl n. k 1 I . ll ! a
house has been built in whn h the Legis
lature nisv c.vivne '-mil which has
been done no where cNe.' Our deeply
coiic-nied ncih'ior iilJs "We tannol.
however, believe tliKt he (the Governor)
will sea any ndvunldes or mTo'iiiUixhiiions
at llelleview, equal to cur neighboring
In reply to the above, a few words only
will be needed. In the fi st place, great
as the amount of improvcmeifts hiive been
at our neighWs favon'e point, they do
not yet equal those now existing at Ihdlc-
view, and so far as the. wants, or interests
of the Terri'ory arc concerned, we cuii-
na' see why improvements made Inst jear,
i .. .1 i..
ire no ju; rts goon as nunc maue mi
j ear, an i why improvements made several
ears ngo, under vav'y greater disadvan
tages than those at Omaha have been, ar
not ns much entitled to consideration, ns
those that have been accomplished with
the advantages possessed by that piace.
The doors of tic Mission are open
to receive the Legislature, if it is called
here, and we hazard our reputation Upon
the assertion, that equal r.ceomrno lations
cannot be offered elsewhere in Nebraska,
before the 8. h day of Juiiuiry, 18f)J.
Tis hcise was built under diHicuhies
such ns had disappeared long before Oma
ha was thought of; most of thn lumber
having been sawed with no other aid ttian
hand labor. Now according to the princi
ples itpon which our anxious neighbor
thinks ought to control the location of the
Capitol, it would be located here.
In the next dace, whether Governor
Cuming "will see" any advantages here
equal to Omaha or not wo cannot Say.
We have read of those w ho "having eyes
see not" but we do not believe lids is
the case w ith the Governor but we know
this is the raso with the man of the Iiugle,
and for aught we knew, it may be so w ith
Silas A. Strlckiand.
This gentleman arrived here from Nash
ville, Tennessee, a short lime since, and
intends to settle in our midst. He is nn
intelligent, energetic, business man and h::S
com.? to a place where his means, intelli
gence, influence and industry may be ex
pended to the greatest advantage to hitn
self, and ihe community nt large.
Mr, S. graduated in the profession of
lavr in he S'lte of N'HV York, iu the
year 18-17. lie ihun turned his attention
to public works, and was for a tism; en
gaged in the I'.rio canal enlargement, and
nfterwards upon the Ship canal at ihifljlo
city. In he went to Canada West,
where he contracted to bu'.ld a portion of
the Northern railroad from Toronto to
Lake Superior. After completing this
contract, be went to Indiana, where, in
company with T. C. Ward, I'.sq., he pre
secutcd to a sjedy completion, several
miles of heavy grade on the Ohio and
Mississippi railroad. The Vernon Whig
Iktnuer, published in Jennings county, In
di .na, speaks thus cf Mr. S. and his
't hv lliil 111 plt-miie of riilinj ovr
that ..,rt of the O. A: M. It. R , t ttilt by S ri k
laliil &: (' .. nfi'l ar pleairj to jy, UU'ler the
DianaL'-Mi .t of Mr. S. A. Strieklaml, lli'-iriri-cipul
iiu iH'i'r of the tain, Una part of the
ro;d has hwn romple'ed in an aiino.t inrreiiihlr
short nlaer of lim. Mr. S goes ti TrniH-ssee
from here, where we Wiiierstaiiii. he ha a heavy
rontrat t ou the L. U S. K. H., h- has made a
bolof friei.d here a;id wh?ier he f--ctf we
wili him mirceM."
Mr. f. has since been engaged in sev
eral heavy conlrac's ill Tennessee, from
whence he coire?s here with very flatter
ing recommendations from Maj. Win, ll.
Polk, of Teini.. and other distinguished
individuals to the lute Gov. Hurt; some of
w hich are dated back lo midsummer, show
ing clearly his intention to make a per
manent settlement among us.
It is the intention of Mr. S. to enter
into business of some kind, and to labor
for the speedy commencement of the
Great Pucifc Railroad from the Missou
ri river, up the, I'lalte Vidley, to the
"South l'uss" of the Rocky Mountains,
to California and Oregon, lie has got a
long race before him, and a glorious field
wherein to display hit tmhitioii. We ex
tend him the right hand cf fellowship
in this grew, enterprise.
3 Next wet k, we intend to publish
the boundaries of each County, and such
inforuil: ni connected therewith, as we
may be enabled to procure.
Tiir CsritoL. Although dngresmen
will rot re-assemble for a mouth lo come
the Hall of Representatives is nearly
ready for their reception. The carpets
bav e been put down and the heavy rich
draper put up. The spittoons too are in
proper place capacious enough lo contain
the tobacco expectoration of the iuoi
devoted consumer of the Indii-n weed
during a nihi i.i:d a day session. The
deeks have b-en handsomely polished for
aman other uss the resting place of hon
orable gentleman's htavy aled boot; and
the old wioter stuffr-d ch..irs re-itiriticed
for the w.mfort of the repidiiieaj. tlitii-t'jii".-
IVf'hitgfcn StT.tintl.
For the Palladcun.
So much has already been said about
Rellevicw, that prehaps, any further des
cription is unnecessary. I will en!y add
the testimony of a strange' to the. beauty
of the location. Prehaps a more beauti
ful site for n large commercial city,
nev er existed. It is situated on the right
bank of the Missouri, six miles hove the
mouth of the Pl.itle, or Nebraska liver,
(ordering on the Missouri, is an alluvial
prairie of more recent origin, covered
wi h widows and a line growth of cotton
wool; this, in high water, soinrimcs
ovei thiws. Then comes the more elevated
idluw.d bo'.to.i prairie, of vast extent, mil
in the spring and early summer, covered
with a deep green carpet of the most lux crass, enameled with myriads of
flowers of every variety an hue, and over
all these, a deligh'fu'' prairie breeze is
perpetually blowing, renJuring the atmos
phere pure and healthy. The soil is in
exhaustible, composed of a rich vegetable.
mold, of great depth; which, when expos
ed to the sun by the farmer's plow, will,
prehapa, render Ihe climate unhealthy for
a few years. Next in succession, comes
the highland prairie, rising about fifty
feet above the one just described, on which
Bclievievv is laid out. This site com
mands a most beautiful prospect for many
miles arounl. This, also, is a broad pla
teau, as level as the great son, bihI in the
background, are a scries of gentle, undu
lating pyramidal hills, covered with a rich
carpet of grass, rendering tho survey
beautiful in the exterior. I will suppose
that you are Standing on this beautiful
plat eau and looking at the broad valley
through which the Missouri travels its
resistless course. On your left is a series
of lofty conical hills, in the distance, ris
ing one abov e the other and clothed with
a dente growth of valuable timber onk,
ash, elm and hickory far up extends the
valley of the Missouri fringed with mag
nificent groves of cottonwool, and on the
opposite side, a series of gigantic b!ulrs,
composed of conical hills, rising ore above
jihe other and extending further than the
eye can reach, funning immense bends, in
which are those broad rich alluvial prai
ries, peculiar to this country. Opposite
IW'evtevv, is one of these prairies, inclos
ed by the hills, as if by a gigantic wall, on
w hich St. Mary is located. On your rigid,
in the foreground, wind the Papillion, a
fine stream, fringed with timber, and iu
tho distance, is the rich and fertile valley
of the Matte, one of the most beautiful
valleys in the world. Here is found an
abundance of excellent timber, and timo
will reveal rich mines of coal, iron, lead,
copper and sail.
The Geologic:! formation around Ilclle.
view is carlKiiiifercius, which extends as far
as the Hig Sioux river, where the Creta
ceous formation commences. Fine beds
of coal may be exhibited when a thoiough
survey is made. About a mile North of
liidleview, the bluffs strike the river, und
a valuable bed of limc-stone is exposed.
This will have an important bearing on the
settlement of IJe'devicw. A Geological
.ec'.ion of it would Ixs as follows: 1st, An
argillaceous'ose lime-stone, cf a yel
lowish color, very compact, not suitable
fur liu.e, but well adapted for building
purposes. This be.d is very near tlio a
icr's etlgc. 2 1, A course grained, greyish
whiie lime-stone, containing no cLy, and
therefore, suitable for lime. Tlus is an
important bed, and second only to a coal
mine in its value fo this portion of the
Territory. F. V. II.
DrPAaTt ac F. W. Svaras. We re
gret that this etntlemnn is about to
leave us for South Carolina, (his native
State.) Mr. Symms came here with the
lamented Gov. Hurt, and has been active
ly engaged ever since, doing efficient ser
vice f vr Nebraska, in taking the census
and doing various other official business,
pertaining to the organization of the Ter
ritory. Mr. S, caries with him the best
wishes of numerous friends inadu sit.ce
his arrival among us.
lit. Riciiaaoio.f Cocfiiv contains two
Piecinrts or places of voting; one on the north,
and the other on tha south aid of the Great
Neuieha. The first will be held at tha house of
William Level; tli second, at the home of
ami. Foawev Coi'Mi v.--There ahall bione
Precinct or place of Yotir.g in this County.
Naweiy: at the hotcio of Richard Jirown.
3rd. Pittaec Coubtv. There slm'i be one
Precinct or place of Voting iu this t ,nly.
.Vauntly: N'brk City, at the Lou ot If. P.
4th. Casi Couhtv There shall be two
Precincts or placm of Votinr in thii Coantv:
one at tha bouse of Oil. Thoinpsun, Kanosfia
Precinct. lUe second, at 31fUirs I'lecini t,
at the house cf H. Martin.
lioeoLAS and Omaha Cocntics, blank.
7th. Waihimoto Cocstv. There shall
be one Precuut or pUee of Voting in Washing
ton County. NiOitly; at the Put-(
8lh. Bust Cov rv. There shall be two
Precincts or nlacts of Irotmr in thix rt,inA
vit: 'I t kin. uh and HUckbli. 1 he fir.t ,hif
be held at Ihe house of enl. John H. Robin
soi.; the ktroud, la Blackbird Precinct, at the
iiMckuira House.
j:ii. uoiioi loc mtv. i nere shall t one
Preciact or place of Voting in this County.'
Nauiely: at the h'juss of Iir. M. ii. Clark,
t ununtiie rrecinct.
rj" There was snow in Salt Lake city
ou the 1 1th of Sept.
Five couple were married at one altar
at AU.rrel, ., Jajt weet. .
mi: mono lou cal taijli:
P.rt'eview, Nchrasks.
fliite J Thermo'lor I)c. Clmulv I
N,.v"'7I Tm " " S T m f 's J ir
I'R"A li '2 ti "2
'21 M JO -W W 3 2 4
'2 T .''1 i 4i 3 15
?! W :tn :xi Its 3 On
so T si .vi 3 o
Dec i r 22 ti :t- i i) o
2 S 3fi S 12 (I o
Aver 21 1.1 31
Notr The inures nn trr the rol.imn hesdrrl
eloinls. ri'pren.Mit th ilpgr'i ef eloudiii-ij fiom
Ocl-ar, to li! entirely cloudy.
2d The fiirures under the columns headed
wind represent the force of winds, from Ocalin
to 10 a t io'ant hm i icariR.
r.xtracis, from a private letter: hi's, ()., Nov. 12, Til.
"Tunes are very tiuht here at present, the
S'iipensi"n of lome of ihe haiAs ha? opened the
eyes of the people; the City UanU rlewd on the
1 lib iin-1. Tuere has been si-veral failure among
soin" of 0'ir leadirg men.
" The emigration to Iowa and Nebraska frou
this State will be large in the apriisg.
' Now I tell yon, we do not want to he kept
in the dark anv loair-r respecting the name ef
yn'ir rouutv; there oeing two distinguished in
dlt iiiuali ot the same name; a small touch in Ihe
J'alla.liuin explatninc to us whether it is named
after Ferde'ic or Stephen Dangles, will be very
For the. information of our correspon
dent, and that of others who may be in
volved in similar darkness, we lake pleas
ure in saying that the name of our county
was given in honor of the distinguished
author and defender of the Nebraska bill
Stephen A. Djuglas. Although we are
utterly opposed to tho establishment of
human slavery in Nebraska, wc hold that
the pcojdc have just as good a right to es
tablish that institution here, as they have
South of Mason's and Dixon's line, ll
it Is right to establish slavery South of a
certain line, it is equally l ight to establish
it North of that line, mid we honor Mr.
Douglas for having given w idcr scope to
the doctrine of democratic equality than
has hitherto, been done.
Hon. Flward R. Harden, one of the
Associate Judges of Nebraska, accompan
ied by the clerk of his court, M. W. Ridcn
and J. D. While, Ls( of Georgia arriv
ed at Rellevicw, Dec. 4.
The Judge is a middle aged mar, spare
in person, and to appearance, quite feeble
in constitution his manners, dress and
eijiiip.-.gc, ail henr the st; mp of democratic
simplicity and economy. He is courteous
in manner, agreeable and alT.ible in con
versation. His countenance indicates
frankness, sincerity, and honenly, intelli
gence and virtue, and at once recommends
him to the confidence and friendship of
the stranger. The Judge, notwithstand
ing former predelictiuns, appeared to be
agreeably disappointed in this country, and
found the high expectations he had enter
tained of its gre ilness, fertility, and beau
ty, far below ihe reality.
J. S. M0RT0X.
This gentleman, formerly Associate Ed
itor of the Detroit Free Press, and lady
arrived at B.dleview, on tho 30 h ul'..,
where they inleiid lo settle.
Mr, M irton is a young man of ability,
snl a popular writer, and hav ing had the
good sense to select one of the most beau
tiful locati ns for his residence, as w;.!l as
one of the most slrotigly fortified points
'n a political view he will no doubt be
an important acquisition to tho Territory,
and to this community.
r We had the pleasure of partaking
of an excellent thanksgiving dinner, in
company with His Iionor, Judgq Fergu
son and Iady, I. ll. Be-nnet, Fsq., and
Lady, at the bouse of our esteemed friend,
G. S. Tozier, whose Lady, knows full
well how to provide for such an occasion.
The Printers, as usual, w ere also remem
bered on lit s occra'on, for which, they
return their sincere thanks.
Tut Faccz ras. The Ti us'ees of the
Association known as "The I.benezers,"
having visited Kansas wi'h the view of
making a settlement in that Territory have
returned, and report a location made lhere
of 100,000 acres.
jU A meeting for the choice of candi
dates to represent this district in the Ter
ritorial Legislature, and for a Delegate
lo Congress, will be held in the room
adjoining the Palladium Office, on Sat
urday, December D.h.
One sad Omaha Mission
The School attached to this institution,
is about to be transferred to the Iowa and
Suuc Mission, near Ihe Northern line of
Kansas, under the charge of the Rev. S.
M. Irvin.
I'.mioxant io NiaatsaA.- The cur
rent of t migralion lo ihe West, lo the Ter
ritories of Kansas and Nebraska, is sti'.l
onward iu favor of freedom. Last wek
one hundred and fifty Iwrdy men from
New Finland, passe I through this city.-.
t'rte Prut, Chicago
IUsmso and TuiMkixo. Those who
have rtal abotil i very thing sie thought lo
understand everything too', but it is not
always so, reauing furnishes tho mind
t idy with the materials of knowledge.
It is thinking that makes wl at we read
ours. We re ef the m'.nating kir.d, and
it is not enough to cram ourselves with a
great load of collections; unless we chew
them o er again, they will iU five us
s'rfrtftb an lneuriihtnen?.
SSL1 .' T "Jl .. H e ... I I . I1'. I I II .1.1
Fn.tovv Cnirrns: There is no mea
sure of such ital importance to the settler,
at this lime, as the rntensinn of pre-emp-tion
rights to hctiial settlers, and tveiy
ictller, nnd all persons who intend bec om
ing so. and feel intcrcstrd in Ihe subject,
should ghe publicity to their sentiments,
and menufai lure lis strong a public senti
ment in favor of their principle, as pos
sible. Notwithstanding, I am very dr.
sirous of bring e'yeff d, ye, I feel a deep
er interest in securing the indefinite ex.
lonMon cf pre-emption privileges, than 1
have in my own flection.
Now, there arc many persons, who want
a pre-empti.m law of some kind, but can
not settle, in tht if own minds, what kind cf
a pre-emption they should hare. Now,
as it is impossible lo suit the t:.ste of all, it
is wise to adopt somo general ptincip'.e,
and sll subscribe to it practically. Now,
in my opinion, there is no heller piinciple
than the one I advocate. The oslensible
motives for a pre-emptiou low of any kind,
are these; first, to encourage the settle
ment and occupancy of a territory, hither
to unoccupied; secondly, to secure scutti
al settlers, a temorary right to the landa
ihey have improved; until such time as
ihey can dig out of the soil, the amount of
money necessary to eater them. Now,
any pre-emption law that does cot secure
either, or both of these objects, is in part
or whole, fruitless, and should be thrown
away, and soum principal adopted, that will
secure the ends legislated for. It is a
conceded point, that the pre-emption l w of
eighteen hundred and forty-one, in a great
majority oT caies,ha.s been destructive to tho
inieri sts of the pre-emptor; from the fact,
that as soon as a person who has no capital,
files on a piece cf land, some individual,
w ho has more money than good principles,
will lay his money on ihe ann? ItnJ, with
the hope, that the pre-empior may not bi
auic io emer ins lan.i.hi mo expiration or
ihe time for which his land was pre-empted;
and, if unfortunately, the pre-eioplor,
from any cause, should fail to enter his
land, the speculator not only gets the lsnd,
but all the improvements made upen it.
Say a cabin, thtt cost iu labor, fifty dol
lars: the breaking of ten acres of land,
which, if hired, coat three llnllura nri.i
which is thirty dollars, fencing the same,
w ill cost in labor, thirty dollars more,
uhlrh ! a low rfctifrinf mnt tn- ; ll
one hundred and len dollars Joss lo ihe
pre-emptor in labor, besides the increased
value his improvements have given the
land, and in addition to that, it is turning
a mother and her babes, out of doors, and
driving them away from the shelter they
assisted in building, homeless, comfortleas
and penniless, upon a friendless and
merciless world. It is taking one hun.
dred and len dollars worth of education
clod rs and bread, from the minds, backs
nnd mouths, of innocent and helpless
children, whose) fathurs only fault, was
overty it is another destructive blow te
the hope and energy c
if he is not entered out, he is, in order
to save his land and improvements, foroed
to borrow money, at forty of fi-y per cent
per annum, which are the usual rates of
interest in fitch cae; and in mast cases,
the land is morgaged ii.v one year, !o the
money-lender, at ihu end e.f which tiro,,
if prim ipal and interest is not fcrtlicom.
inrr, the land iroes to the mtniev-'ender.
with two year's improvements. This is
no fancy picture, but an every duy occur
rence, lo which most every citizen of the
teiritoiy has been an eye witness, and as
all men have note quid capacities, and are
not surrounded by the ' Same circumstan
ces, it is impossible to meei the wants and
neccssi h s o! all, by a de-luiUe pre-emp-.
.ion law: "We hold tlus truihs, to be
self-evident, thst all men are endowed by
their Creator, with certain unalienable
rights; thai, to secure these rights, laws
are established, deriving their power from
ihe consent of the governed; thai, svheu
any law becomes de sir u 'live lo these utda(,
it is (ho ) ight of the people lo ahor or
iiliollkh it. hlul Pnnfl A Iilu luur iui tiu-lk
principles, us to them, shall seem, most
likely to enhiiuceiheir interest and safely,"
Now, Fellow Citizens, it is not wise
to humbly ask of those, whose ir.U'rests
arc destructive to yours, to give yui such
. ..... . -.i t
law sat you ucsiie, lut to demand, wiua
the boldness of a lion, and with a united
voice as loul as seven thunders, and as
irresistible as the l'.oods of the great Mis.
souri. You have the power, will you.
exercise it j Your opport unities will nev
er b belter. Now, some people effect, to
not understand w hat I mean, by cstteisding
iho right of pre-e'.nplioii indefinitely
Now, I lake it for granted, that everybody
knows vvht.t ;bc '.vord jre-euiptiun means,
then, the only haul word, is the word in
definitely, whic'u means without limitation.
Hid as the prc-tmptor could not obtain
u patent until he said for his land, under
a limited prd-emptiun law, which Is now
limited lo one year; neither could he ob
tain one under the operation ofau unlimit
ed pre-eraplion law, until ho paid lb.rru.
NiY,lt us examine the opcratiou. U