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About Nebraska palladium. (Bellevieu City, Neb.) 1854-1855 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1854)
11 E L L E V I ,V , '"J F, 3 R 3 K A .
. Tl. r-.lrri.r. Tribune b i Mine. s. M. Pe'
tncrll, 1U N.im ire-t, V. H. McDonald
1(5 Vfsaii Vieet, Not York Ci'v.
C. IVf.c, 12. . Carr, Cr.u .V. Co , P'aita
"tvyiS. Sy'n nr,-Gr,trit Netvijpcr Ajent,
Irt. McMahori Tilliann, C,"ir,c':l BlurtV
A. D. Jw. P. M.. Omts'cv CM v. Nebraska.
lr. M. II. Ct.viW. W.n'.t Ccnte .
II. It. .Tnhnspn. E.s,.. Ft. Catho'in, Ne-rika.
J. C. Mil'jbril 4. Co., Winter Qaartei!. .Nc
P. M . Ps rec, Lorn Fork, NVbra.!.a.
fi. H. P. Lo-.vn, NeVaska C'v. XeV.vka.
Ft. G-iet, VJ. S. A., CouiiiKinu 'r it Fort
I srsUiit, .N tin 1 ska.
Lt. HeMli, U. 8. A., Commander it Fort
M.. Mount labor, Fremont Co.. lows.
Col. Tho. Farmer, Mc Kisvcks Grove, low.
Oeden it Copp, BurLnirton, Iowa.
William Greene, Fq., Cedar Kipidi, low.
' ' Test Mat'er, Fort De Moine. Iowa.
Aupistti IiU, Esq.. Kcoeeqna, Ioa.
Hon. A. C. Dodce. Burlitigtm. Iowa.
Hon. Tbcines brown. Marvsville. OMo.
I. 11. Fenrtt Esq., belieview, ficbrstk.
j West, Tabor, Iowa.
'FT. P. Ken act. Gtev.TOort, low.
J. Trsttaiick, Mr .Mary, low.
M. E. lloliu'er, Ottawa, IM.
Silis Titus. SeracuM, N. Y.
. Jotin C. Koed, Comuiinstoii, JIasi. .
1 liel Bartiard. Esq.. Norlhnuip'oii. as.
: IE1C0CXACT AKD CHRISTIAN! IT
The doctrine f democracy, ns well a;
Christianity, recognizes the essential uni
ty cnJ equality of out rnce. If man
were a mere bittte animal, he could claim
tio other rights ur priviiges than those that
belong to a bmie. If ie possessed f;cul
tic Biiptrior to those of mankind, lie
Wight have ground ttpon which to claim
niperior right nnd privileges. If n por
tion of mankind were created beneu'.h the
x'andurd of Jiuninni'y, and another portion
above that standard, grounds would exist
upon wi:ieh to build up !. sanctions, winch
neither Chrisiiiini'y or D.'inncraey iiT'ows.
We hold that the doctrine of democratic
equali'y, is ; fso a doctrine of chrH,i..miy ;
wid ll ul reither, udii its the rilit cli one
lusi to exercise uu'ecraiic dotiiination
ver cnuilicr, or require submission and
icrvility un the part of any.
The JJible rceogni.s ami openly de
clares the common origin and brotherhood
of tLc race, iiinl $elti s the ijtii siion cou
eeriiiitg the essential cciuility of ciitF.:! e:it
cliissts. Tl.i doctrine i clearly involved
in the following law: " Thou shall love
tl.y neighbor .is tl ystlf."' Cio.l who sees
i.U ihinjrs in the.ir true lij.'ht, and treats I. is
cratuie iru.Ii.'ullj'.tud inipar.i.illy, ii--coi'Uii';
to Uici mcviv in tU.e aw.lcvl being
" requires. us to, irartJ tfic "VvcJ;;.rc ;.no
rij;)tt cf our neitbitrs, as we do oui
-ewn, lv is evident U.is would Hot luvc
etn Hie case unleis he had regarded
intra as essentially equal to ourselves.
V'c believe the m:;xim holds true in
morula i :d polities, cs well ii in mathe
matics; thut thirty whieh 8ree wi'.hacouj
mon stnndnrd. figree -.!so with etch other.
The law of God .equires us lo regard
-fich one of our neighbors as wc regard
ourselves. Vhal is thin but an assertion
that our neighbors ure tij'ntl lo ourselves
tnd 'eonseq'ieritly equal lo each other.
Such is the doctrine of chris i.mity. Tin
theory u: A practice' of detnoerary is tin
same. The sentiment embodit-s the whole
'of ehristiaiiitv, to far ctt it relates to ou"r
feilow-men, and is id en ical ui'.h l!ie doc
trine of true democracy. The principle
of democracy must be earnestly embrac
ed and carried on' in pn.ctice, else there
can be no obedience lo tit Divine Law.
If ne deny the essential equal! y of hu
man beings, we deny the j truthfulness ol
hc second table of the .law, and set al
natigbt i the .fundamental principles oi
christian democracy. t
, . has a ri"ht to be what his creator
made him to Jje, and to do what lie re
quires him lo do the right lo exercise
tsd enjoy lhe Ji-culties lie hasiven liiin
the ii;ht.t txm' and act according to (hi
' iHclales .of hs own conscience; providii g
' I.e. uo so wkliput iuvadingtht) rigatsol
lii fcilow-mer., To deny these rights.
. i to contradict the teachings of Christian
ity, and to assume the position of a des
Tot in theory an1 practice. Human rights
.r.d resjionsiUliiif-s rest on the same basis,
end are inseparably united, if one f.d'.s lo
I die ground the other fall w i hir.
TEE S7G1JS A SEW TU.E OLD FOGYISM.
I'.. is an wcurrence thai f!brds us pleas
lire to receive an occasional note from the
JRugle. The laws of "etiquette made and
sustained ty the fcjry customs end usajrej
of crowded citu-t, will uever he put ii
forre, or lived tip to ly the progressive
denizens of the Velern prairie land.'';
Sutli fsthfl key no' e to the tune to whieh
' we have hu l the pleasure of being treat
' ed' ty "iur tveict ' faovrtd cjlenj)Of(iry,
who locks upon tis, '-more in phy than
- io artier,'' Uiat we are found among the
advocates of that puritanic system lint
e ves not admit cf the possession of more
one wife, and cf (hose social and
ntrral regulations that resir;in female
Lrom the impropriety lu whieh we advert
f.j, rij wlu' li has awakened sj j;i!;ble a
strairt fro'n the l'ule.
" Our ';ohj f tgyism" lads us t.3 rfjocl
that code of ethics which sanctions the
:.'!.iJ'mv. ilsy - .1 ;r:'-t; v if wtr
ncijdmr of the Bugle tmd I U seien.al'rtg (
r i i "n!. Supposi the doe' tine we ulo-I
cate. is not enforced, n'l 1 tiot lived up to.
Iocs I Hit p-ove that i! is n right nm!
mi''1 t not to nee'iforce i ? ' The pleasure
that give "st to lii'i'" in vv.r neigh
bors est i in ition i -onsist in promenadt .
vg'it r.'.mblcs, and music nt midnight a
n ! while class or enpymen's n.!
ii c!u led in lite 'Pnritnnir'al standard."
We made no pi cntension to being more
refined, or cv en so much so, as tlic ladies
to whom our s'ricturcs were npjiIitvJ; but ,
suppose we are nut even their equal in
I 1 1 is itf peel, dm this prove I lie decency
ainl propriety of those fe males who choose
to ramble about town from lionse to house,
and array iIichisl'Ivks lerore cenllcmjn'i
liclrocm winJoivs for the purpose of in
vinlitiT their " luu.bcri'i rigiil " an l
privileges witli their cncliuir merits?
Occasions oT encouragement that i'i
some me.inure dispell the d.nknrss tha'
fathers aroU id ll.e pathway t f du y
sometimes occur when least expected.
The following is from a friend in Potta
wattamie Co., Iowa.
Pott watt ami t Co.. Iowa, Oct. 30.
Mi. Editor: -- I write to congratulate
you tipoi. jour complete suecess in pub
lishing such a piper as the Great Wet
dcra-. ndj. We western folks don't want
to pay for Works without meaning any
longer e have tried 1o quench our
hirsl for knowledge long enough with
papers that are so full of "gas" that when
it is thrown c-fT there is nothing left but
fiat sediment. They illume the newspa
per hoiizon for a moment, but like the
boys sky-rocket, fall unnoticed, unless it
is by the eye of scorn. We want a pa
per that will be a reliable light in our lit
erary sky, to guide the westward-bound
ravel.'er to the most favored l.-.tnl "hut
the sun shines on,1' and one that will tell
'(he tru'h, the whole truth, and nothing
but the trvth" ,!mts enough to pi tce nitr
iand ahrad of any other tins side of Kden.
I don't mean to be understood that I
endorse your sentiments resrieclinc 'lie
IJoiigtos bill, and on some other p ints.
but 1 am willing and c!e crmined lo hear
byth Miles of ull important questions, so
I can come to correct conclusio n, I am
not going to ''go it. blind," us lung as li-!i.
. .... e .-
is enexp an.l pteii'y. I kru.w ol no p.-p.-r
wl.ich advocates' my ticw in full, sol
will not slop a p:(per on that r.ccoun:, ;.n
more than I would stop eating because
. ... .
r...,:,f W , . 1.1. .1. .. I
. - j
I cm no fl merer, bu' I wish yon to un-
jersipn'i that. n.iv in n.rueig nod
of one. in your cndc.vors lo establish an
independent, reliable, ami interesting
journal. I like your indfje,,dcnt taik
about "serenading.." your reliable descrip
ions of Nebraska, and who does not feel
inferezled in reading your sheet.
Al. hough I am por in this world'
goods, and have never been able lo pay
you but ,1 at a lime, h can nev er be saiil
ihgt I did not laid my "miV to suppor
he most valuable iusirument in nromo.in"
i i r
lie prosperity of the country in which 1
i.ki most interested in. Moreover, I con
sider it the du y of every. ma, who i
rich enough to butter his bread, and pi
trioti; enough to vote, to support his Let
local peper, and inlluencc his neighbors le
do hkevv ie.
As soon as my dollar is due, let m
know, and I will pay another in advance.
'' ' .
Jj T, Ji, Cc miso, ailing Governor ol
Nebraska, and J loo. M an Izabo. in com
pany wiih A. W. H..lusti, Esq., o
lielleview, J.nd J. W. I'ATTibow, Esq., ol
Omaha Cily, called on it on their return
from a short visit to Piattsmou h, O.oeane.
Nel-fci- Ci'y, Friday last. They were
highly p!eused with the country South of
the Finite, v
Mr.HoLi.miA presented us with some
Specimens of good locking Anthracite coal
found near Nebraska City. An excellen
hotel is going up at that place.
Ei-chascc Orricr. Our readers are
refe.-ed to the card of Messrs. Cochr: n it
Megealh, L.md A ?ents. Council Bluff City.
Business connected w ith iheirofEce, will
be attended lo promptly and satisfactorily.
Office ct the Pacific Hotel.
.... - . - .i
Tus Whole Woan. The splendid
Manuno'h F'icte.rial of The Whole World,
having already over 150 00J subscribers,
is otly one dollar a year, by mail, and
each subscriber receives, as a premium,
a Gift Ticket, entitling the holder to oni
share in the valuable property which the
proprietor, Prof. J. Woodman Halt
World's Kail, Broadway, Nw Yoik, in
tends lo give his subscribers, as soon as a
stated number shall be obtained. This is
ihe must siupeiidou" undertaking w e have
any knowledge of, and one by w hich eve
ry person ge s more than the full worth
ot thu clo. ar invested, and a Valuable fire
sent btsi' e. Read the advertisement
headed The Whole Wcrld, which we
publish lo-iiay in ano her part of our pa
jer. Specimen copies nf ihe Pictorial
may be seen r.t thii olficc, or obtained
gratis ef ihe publisher, by addressing him,
rcRTni:n rAKncuiAus or tef. lops or
Capt. Lite's Mitomnt..
Qernrr, OA. 1 I. IS.") I.
I',. K. Cell ins I V; r Sir: It lrM;nr
my pii'tfill dit'y to innnft yo t of the to-
'!,! loss of the Are ie, tut'i. r tny eom-
mntil. with your wife Mn mil (l:ni'h er.
The Arctic s.iiUvl from l.it rrp v.l. on ;
e.lnes'lay, beptem.'ier ittl. 10 II A. M..
wi h '2?3 passengers nnd about 1,")0 of a
crew. Nothing of a special note occur
red during the p issage, un'il Wednesday,
September 27, when, at tnun, wc were
on the It inks, in lal. 4b':4j north, and lon
gilu le 52 wcsl, steal ing west by comjiass.
The wcalhcr had been fcrtry durini;
ihcday; generally a distance of a half t.i
three quarters of a mile coul 1 b! seen, but
at intervals of a few ininu cs, a very
dense fog, followed by being silin.iculU
clear to see one or Iwo miles. At m.oii
I lcfi the deck for the purpose of work
ing out the position of the slop. In a.xmt
fifteen minutes, I heard the cry of "lurl
starboard" from the officers of the deck,
rushed on deck, and had jus! got oil.
when I felt a cash forward, and at the
same moment saw a steamer on the afar
Ixiiird bow; and at the next moment she
struck against our guard, and pas.sej as
tern of us. The bows of the strange ves
sel seeine J to be literally cut or crushed
otl'for full ten feet; and seeing that she
must probably sink h a few minu is.nnd
taking a hasty glance al our own ship, and
believing that we were comparatively un
injured, my first impulsp was lo endeavor
to save the lives of those on board the
sinking vessel. The boats were cleared,
and the first officer and six men left with
one boat, when il was found our ship was
The engineers were set to work, being
instrue'ed to put on the steam pumps, and
'he four dee!: pu-nps were worked by
ihc passengers and crew, and the ship
headed far the land, which I judged to be
about fifty miles distant. I was compell
ed to leave my boat with the first oflicer
and crew to lake care of themselves.
b?veral ineffectual al tempts were mnde
to stop the leak, by getting s.iils over the
bow; but fueling the leak g lining on us
very fas', notwithstanding all our very
powerful elTorts tj keep her free, I re
s dved lo get the boats ready, and as many
i: ui js and children place I in them as pos-
i!d ; but no sooner ha 1 the attempt been ,
made, fiun Ihe Jufm'n and ftten rushcJ j
'no them in uptU of oj-p mti-jit.
j -1 r -
. s-: '-hi state of ,hii.gs, I ordered
die boats aieru tube kept in re.idii
' in re.tiluicM.
I order r.oittil Sts restore 1; wlieat. tu lit)
h.sm.y, ( saw Idem Cuf Me.r.qiC 1ikt
Low and soon diaajyt ir alern in Ihe f'jg
.vnoii.er u ,i was ur ikeu Uotv u by p.r-
soiis riisiiing al the il.iv its, and m my were
precipitated into ihe sea and drowned.
This occurred while I had been cng.iged
in getting the starboard g'larl b at ready,
an I ph-ced the second oilicer in charge.
when Hit saint Je irfal xrene as u-ii the
fir it haul u'iy bting cnnded mn leaping
Jroiu the top of Ihe T'til lirnilij frt, push
ing uhd hiamihg Ihote v to wire in Ihe
Lout. I then gave orders lo the second
alfi ier to let go, and row after the ship,
keeping under or near the s'ern, to be
eady to take on board women ari l cl.ll 1
eu, as soon as ihe fires were out and ihe
engines stoppa.l. My attention was then
Iruwn to ihe other quarter boal , vvhL.il I
'ound broken clown, but hanging by one
ackle. Jl ruA wan m tde fur her tho
and home fifteen git tn and cut the tackle
and v trt soon ouf of sight. . I found ;h.i
tol a seaman was lift mi bmnl, or ear
peiiler, and w e were w i hout any lois lo
sit us in builtliii' a raft, as our inly
lope. The only ollieer ' lefl, was Mr
l)orin. the (bird m ite, w hoaided m-'.vvi.h
die assistance of many of ihe passengers.
who deserve great pr..i.u for iheir cool
ness and energy in doing all in their pow-,-r
uplo the very latest moment before Ihc
The chief engineer, ith part of his as
siidanls, had taken our smallest deck bout,
and before the ship went down u!Ied
away with about fifteen person.
We had succeed in getting ihc foe and
main yard and Iwo top giiLnl y ir Is over
board, and sncii o her small sp is and ma
criuls as we could collect, when I vv
fully cxiiiviuced that the ship must go
down in a very short time, and not a mo
ment was to be h,-t in gelling ihe spar
luh'ned together lo form urafl, tu du w hich
it became necessary t. get the life-boat,
our.cnly remaining boat in the water.
This being accomplished, I s.ivv Mr
Uorain, the chief officer of the U.;, tak
ing care to keep the. oars on board lo pre
vent them from leaving the shin, honing
still to get most of the women and children
in .Ihis boat at last. They had made eon
si lernble progress in collecting ihe spars,
when an alarm was given, that ihe ship
vas sinking, and the boat was shoved oh
ivithout oars or rnything tohelp them
selves with, and vvl en the ship sank lh
boat had gut clear, prob..b!y an eight of a
mile to leeward.
In an install', about a quarter to five r.
the ship went down, carrying every
sou! (n rxrsr l wi'h hr.
I soon fnnn l ir:y s-l f on the ftm fare, nf
Irr it Ir'n-f slritlinjj with my own li''p
let rhii I in tny nnns, whert pp.tin, I fi ll
piV"-if iinpelled ilownwurils to a prenl
ilcp'h. nnil hrfore I re irhr 1 Hie snrfac f
Ucei'ii l t iinc . h;wl marly pcrishe 1; nn-1 lot I
ih- hoU of tnv ehil 1. As I ne'ti'i 'rue-
'el to 'lie Mirf.iee of the water, h mos'
he.iri-reivli i inc scene pre'rn'ril i self to
my view over Iwo Inmdrpd men, women
and children s'rugiling together amidst
piecrs of wreck of r cry kind, enllingon
curb other for he lp, and imploring God to
asiit them. Such an npp dling scene may
God preserve me from ever w itnessiiur
I was in the act of Irving to save my
child, when a portion of the paddle-box
came rushing up edgew ise. just grating
my head, and falling withi s whole weiglil
upon the head of my darling child. An
other m.micnt, I beheld him lifeless in the
water. I succeeded in petting ot. lo the
'op of the pailillc-bo.x. in company with
e'even others; one however, .oin left for
another piece, finding that it could not
support so many. O hers rem lined, until
they were one by one relieved by death.
We stood in the water, at a tmperature
of forty-five degrees, up to our knees,
and frequently the sea broke directly over
us. We soon separated from our Iriends
on other parts of the wreck, and passed
ihe night, each one of ns expecting every
hour would be our last.
At last, the w ished-for morning came,
surrounded with n dense fog not a liv
ing Soul to be seen but our own party
seven men being left. In the course ol
the morning we saw some water casks
and other things belonging to our ship, but
nothing that we could gel to afford us any
Our rafl was rapidly settling, as it ab
Abu: noon, Mr. S. M. Wu'ruff, ol
New York, w.i r licveu 1 y de-.th. Atl
.he others now began l sail- r very se
verely for want cf wvir, except Mr
George F. Aden and myself. In that re
spect wc were very mm h favored, ul
thotigh wc had not a drop on the raft.
The day continued foggy, except just at
noon, as near as we judge, we had a clear
horizon for about lia'f an hour, and noth
ing could be seen bu. water and sky.
Night came on thick ami dreary, with our :
miiitU iiu.de upthat neither of us would
airaiii see the light f another day. Verv
soon three more of our suffering parlv '
were reliev ed by death, leaving Mr. Allen
t young man) and mv self. Feeling my-
.cli greatly cxliaus'ed, I now sat downj
for lite firnl lime, about 8 o'clock in the I
evening, on a li ij'ik which prov iden, ially
iiad been found on ihe wreck. In this ;
w..y, I sic)', a little through. lit the nighi, I
and became somewhat refreshed. I
At an hour before day now Friday. !
ihe 2'.) h we si w a vessel's light near lo;
'.is. We all three of us exerted ourselves
o the utmost ot our slreui'th in haihni '
her, un il we came quite exhausted. In
about a quarter of an hour, the hght dis
appeared lo the east of us. Soon after
lay light, a bark hove in sight lo ihe north
west the fog lnving hgh'ened a little
stee ring apparently lor us; but in a shor,
time she seemed to have changed her course
nd again we were doomed lo disappoint
men ; yet 1 felt hope th: t soma of our fel
'ow snlfcrers in ty have been seen and
rescued by lliein.
Shortly afie-r wc had given up all hopes
f being rescued Ly thu bark, u ship wj
liscovered to the cas'w.ird of us, steering
iiiecly for us. We now watched her
tvi.h the most intense anxie y as she au
:rnocheJ. The wind chaiicini', c..useu
ter tn alter her course several points
About noon, tiny discovered a man on a
raft near llie.n, and succeeded in savinLf
him, by the second male jumping over the
ide and making a n.pe fast about him.
when he was got on bo.ird safely. Tins
man saved, piovrdtw lo Vwt.l..,
w ho was a passenger on board ihe stea
mer which we came in collision w ith.
He informed the captain that others
were near on pieces ot ihe wreck; and.
going aloft, he saw us three other. Wc
were first to which the boat was sent, and
alely taken on board ;.b u 3 p. m. Tin
next w: s Mr, Jain. s S.ni ii of Miisip
id, se-C'iul ci-is p.. singer. T.ie oliicis
aved were five of our l'.,m:n. The-
ship proved to be too C mbria of this
port, from Glasgow, bound to MontreJ,
Cant. John Russell, who commanded the
bark Jesse Stevens, and was rescued Ly
Capt. Nye of the Pacific. Of Captain
Rusii-ll, it w ould scarcely be possible lo
say enough in his praise, for the kind
trea'inenl we every one of us have re
ceived from him, during the time we have
i been on board 1. is ship. His own com-
fori, he gave up in every respect for our
relief. The Rev. Mr. Wlker and ladv ,
ail ano'her geniicman, who were passer
s' r l y tin; C ni' r:a, hat e been unceasing
i i their tnlcavors to promo e our com- eitlc near tie low. y uvcr.
foil. T.Hhem, and to all on board, we Jiwtii77.Va7p"erso.i visiting Coun
,hall ever owe a debt of trr..tiiuJ fur! ,.;t ic.-t r v ii ., -,r ;.......! ...:n
iheir unbounded kindness to ut
From the Frenchman w ho was picked
up, we learned that the steamer widi
rhich we ctm in egliirion wis the screw
sle.imi'f V'esla, fr.nn St. 1'iene, I'oiitiil for
ami tielotHV"K to (Jrenvillc, I'r.inre. As
ffnr ns we couM ln.rti, the Vrs'a was
strrrinr rrtvt n.l Puttllir'ist, nni! wflscrs-
'n oi'r e.nirse two poind, with lili sniin
ct, wimlwest hy umilii. I U r rm-lnir
s'o k. about s'.-ven by four inches square,
was driven through ihebows of the Arc
;ic. about i igliteen inches abov e the water-line,
nrvl an immense hole had been
made, nt ihp same instant, by the fnlkc n!
the anchor, i bout two feet below thu wa
ter line, raking fore and aft the plank, and
finally breaking the chains, leaving the
stock remaining in an.l through the side
of the Arctic, or it is not unlikely thai,
as so much of her bows had been crush
t k in, that mmc of the heavy longitndi
n tl pieces of iron running through the
ship may have been driven through our
si te, causing ihe loss of our ship, and, 1
fear, hundreds' of most valuable lives.
I have safely arrived in Quebec, and
am left without n penny in the world
wih which lo help myself. Wiihsinccre
zra'iiu le lo those from whom I have re
ceived such unbounded kind. .ess since 1
have Iktii providen ially thrown amongst
ihrm 1 am hIwuI (o separate lo go to New
York a home of sorrow,
I learned from the doctor at quarantine
last evening, that the Vesta had reached
St. Johns, vv ith several passengers from
he Arctic, but could not learn the par-
.iculars. A soon as I can gel on shore.
I shall make arrangements to leave foi
New York, with t lie least possible delay.
I take the steamer for Montreal this after
noon. I am, very respectfully, youi ob't
serv'i. JAMES C. LUCE.
FALL OF SEBASTOP OL.
18,000 ECSSIAS J XUX.ED, 22,030 PWS05IE8
AND 1,000 GU28 TAEEN.
New Yoaa, Oct. 16.
Great battle on the Crimea utter an
nihilation of the Rusi-Lns ten ships of
war sunk fail of Stbasiopol City in
flames ten thousand English and French
killed, eighteen thousand Russians
twenty-two ihousind prisoners one
thousand guns captured.
Eight hours after the Europe sailed
came official news of a great battle on the
!' 'mra river, in Cumj.i. Ou the 21st the
allies stormed ihc Russian entrenchments.
-iflcr four hours fighting. Anglo-French
loss, 'J 800 killed an l wounded. Russian
l. ti 000,
l'riva'e o'r spaicties uppty ttie rest of
'he news, viz : thai ihe Russians under
Menchlkoff r.dlied on the river Katnskai
n the 23 I. and ag iiu gave battle to the
allies, and were again defea'ed and driven
to their n'.rcnelim.-nts behind Seh istopol;
again rallied an J fought a third battle e.n
the 21 h, and were a third tim defeated,
and fled into Sebastop !, which was ueslg-
ed by sea an I lan J.
I'ort tlonslan'.i.ie blew up other farts
stormed. Russians lost 18 000 ki'led and
wounded; 22 000 of the garrison captured
and made prisoners of war. The shui
iered remains barricaded James Harbor,
and refused to surrender.
Great rejoicing throughout Britain and
Later. On the 25 h Fort Conslantine
was invested by sea an 1 lan I; af.er an ob
s inate defence was carried by s'orm.
The allies then bombarded the ciiy and
flee'; l'J Ris.iui ship of the line were
burned and sunk; ihe v her 800 guns and
22 000 prisone rs taken.
RiisHian o in !',( find wo'i'ide-l esti
mited not less ihan 2S 000 in S.-bastnpo!
.done. Menschikolf, with the shuttered
remains of his army, retired into a p-isi
ion in the inner harbor. Hi) threatened
to fire the mole and blow up the remaining
ships unless ihe victors would grant l.iui
Tl U a - ,U J--.Jl lo. n
conditional surrender, and in the name ol
humanity gave him six, hours for consiJ-
e ration. The latest despatches states tha
Mensehikoff had surrendered. The Bii.
islt and French flag wave over Stbasio
Despatch from Berlin 20 h, says the
i a t ur;i o' the Frcich fl-.-el from the Baltic
hod not been conn enanccd; and a despatch
d..:ed K u I, 2 1, stces the fleet left that
harbor on thai d lo join Napier in the
Baltic. Npicr vv s before Ravel on the
All tho errarijfmen's of the Turkish
army indicate lie intention of a winter
Russian accounts do not conceul the
facts of several r verses in tho Crimea to
their arms. i
i"J"Maj. Heficr accompanied by the
Om.diu Chief md Interpreter left
Believicw yes'el.y in search of a loca-
ion for the Om.,as. It i expected ihey
do well to call Cllas. Ttlemler, w ho has
a very beau ifuassor.ment to sell cheap
for cish. Ho , geu-lemun, and will
five the fullest atiifac'm.
f lor Ihe Ptlladinm.
OEIOIXAt TAPaKI 0!t KDUCAT10X.
Mm. Eoitoh:--A celebrsteJ Romsn
being once asked, w hat was the Lest meih.
od lo reform soc ie'y, answered; that te r
form oTits own household, was ihp hpst
remedy that could Le devised. AdJ
though sixlcn centuries have rolled sw py,
the truth of that answer remains still tin-.
ihaken. Let every parent immov l.t.
own householJ, let him educate Ids child-
rpn, according to the definition of Web
ster, and beyond that, let let him CJrefull
cultivate and fs'ahlish in their minds, a
disposition to tnink correctly on all suh.
jects that may corr.e under their observa-
Hon. The idea of correcting thought ia
of very ex'ensive signification. It is th
basis of ail knowledge; it is the founds,
tion of oil goodness; it is the medium,
through which the minJ obtains a know'
edge or the existence of virtus. Through
i s influence, truth it recognized, and thu
universal and eternal existence of moral
and physical law is determined. It re
jects the lordiJ distinctions with whicS
the world is cursed, end recognizes ia
their stead, an equality of right. It spurn
wi h disdain, the contempt of toil, and
shows, thet as God has surrounded us
with mailer, requiring to be modified for
use, Ly virtue of a universal equality, all
should panicipale in labor. It teaches tha
slave to rebel against his matter, and whis
pers in the ear of the peisecuted, that ty-
ranny is for the time, triumphant. It ta. ,
cnguizes woman as the mother of man
kind, and authorizes such a development
of her intellectual powers, as will render
her capable; properly to bring up, and
train those to whom the future care and
responsibility of our glorious Institutions
are to be confided. Correct thought is
I he basis acquired learning the super
structure. If the latter Le reared upon
the former, the storms and tempests of
adversity, may beat and rage with the1
most remorseless fury in vain. But yet
ufler all, what tf correct thought? and Aou
is it to be so generally eultivaied and es
lablished, us to be of any practical good
lo mankind? The establishment of this
great foundation lo ll.e proper education
ol the child, belongs exclusively to the pa
rent. Properly, lo do tins, it prc-suppos-es,
in him, some knowledge el hurajti na
ture, together with a tolerable accurate
conception of right and duty. The g
greg. te of men, and especially those si the
lieuil of families, have u sufficiently cle-r
idea of those great fundamental propoM-
eiw, allied lwt ), (,! vf,- -ami -.o,i
siitute truth and right for all practk.l
purposes. A great amount of intelligence
is not absolutely iiccc:!ury for, this pu'-po--c.
but it requires an tuiettamg Watch
fulness and atU'inioc, in hnpsr.ing i.t'
proper time, and in a mar.Tier n.i'ed n
childhood, such instruct! ins as will maki
hem sound thinkers, accurate reasoners.
and good men; having a just conception of
tin ir du'y toward each other, and a dispo
sition faithfully, t any sacrifice, to dis
charge it. That such instruction and ad
vice may Le taken by the child, tiie parent
must obtain ii confidence. Confidence
is a flower, that can flourish ordy in a soil,
watered by kinlness and affection. Ti e
frosts of harshness anl severity, nip it in
the bud, and in such cases it never Llooiri,
never comes to perfection, never brings
forth the blessed fruit of truth, which is
no beautiful, so angelic in children.
What parent in the wide-world, is there,
w ho would intentionally bring up his child
ren (o lie? und yet, how few escape the
snare that under the qnive of prental af
.i c inn, by foolishly and Ignoraiitly humor
ing ihtm in infancy and youth, they create
and cultivate a host of rlilV.ial desires
and wants, for ihe after-gratification of
which, then children become liars and
thieves. If you have obU-ined the confi
dence of your children, teach ' them to
purn Ilia jilmm.at. tum)uw ra matter
what the reward. The same system of
instruction, will teach thern to eschew the
smaller meannesses and grosser crimes,
hit make life miserable, and in the end,
lead to infamy and degradation. The idea
of kindness to insects and aniiaals, ear
ries with it, the i lea of kindness to each
other, and becomes the basis of a pure
and unadulterated benevolence, and kind
ly sympathy for the sufferings of the un
forlunete. By imparting to them just Do-
lions of industry, you w ill, in realiiy. clig
nify labor. Show them the necessi'y
that God has established over tha human
family to toil, end that what he has or
dained as our du'y, it should be our fUea-
sure lo perform. Abolish all distinctions
between men, save those that snrin? from
a neglect of duly, or the commission of
crime, and oti will contribute greatly to-
gard the diminution of those evils, that
nuw sfn.ct society. Teach your children
method, order, arrangement. This mar
bo Li-gun, Ly accustoming thein to puj
aw.y, or hang up their garments upan,re-
iring to rest. It should be continued and
impressed upon the mind, as the grow
tip. Licaiiiiuest, and the distinction be
tween decency end disnlav indrtsi, should
Lo carefully cultivated. Ajusisnd sut-
sdn'itl ccn'Tny ii s!s tcdjpefts.r.s, net
m- & -, - --.
mmnr mrTwflrce-TaTie.fui. Kmu i. , .-.-i.-t-.-r:-! -v M.;iie i. its" ' y;1
, , nM- t . 'v.t
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