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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 27, 1870)
0of square. (8 line or lew) first Insertion
Each subsequent insertion...;
guiw-w Cards of five lines or lew
ptraT notices; each head
... nilumii. one VPftf
j-jjrhth column, six months, f 15; three months 10 00
Fourth coluun, one year 30 00
Fourth column, six months, ; three months 13 0
Half column, one year '. : 50 00
Xtlf column, six Diont,r; three months 21 00
One column, one year .'. - 80 00
0ne column, six months, $; three months 30 00
jj-All transclent advertisements must be paid for
' Z ,u rrT. J. w. Jcewmaw.
T1EWETT & NEWMAN,
ATTORNEYS & COUNSELORS AT LAW.
0(li. N'o. TO, McPherson Block, up stairs,
ZvStV FRBN'f 'K. W. I. ROGER.
FRENCH A ROGERS,
ATTORNEYS d: COUNSELORS AT LAW.
Offlc in Court House Building.
Vlfl tftv- diliirent attention to any legal bnIness
,truHl in thir cure. 4H-tf
JOB A- DILLON,
ATTORNEY & COISSELOR AT LAW
and General Laud Agent,
Tecumseh, Johnson County, Nebraska.
' J. N. REYNOLDS,
ATTORKETA COUNSELOR AT LAW,
otth K No OO, Iteynol1s Hotel,
THOMAS & imOADY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW AND SOLICITORS
IN CHANCER Y
. orrfCK-nistrlct Court Room.
" WM. II. MCLENNAN
ATTORNEY AND COU NSELOR AT LAW,
Nebraska City, Nebraska.
a F. PERKINS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Tcciinisch, Jrihnson County, Neb.
" r "'YK & HUMPHREY,
ATTORNEYS & COUNSELORS AT LAW,
Pawnee City, Pawnee Co., Neb.
N. K. GRIGGS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND LAND AGENT,
Beatrice, ge Ouunty, Nebraska.
S. COWLES, M. D.,
HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, SURGEON
A rraduate of Oe'eland College. Ofllce at Hauk
A Armiuise'K More room. fcjxtial attention given
of Women andt'hihlren.
W. II. KIMCERLIN, M. D.
FHYMCIAN ASDSIKGKOX TO NEB.
KVE AND EAR 1NKIU.MAUY.
Orriri-KMftln-st. OrricK Hot rs 7 a.m. to 6 p.m.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
- Omce-No. 85 Main Street,
Offirf hours from 7 to 11 a. in. and 1 to 4 p. m.
7 II. L. MATHEWS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Office in City Pru Ktore, Main-rt.
C. F. STEWART, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office in T. H. Lewis & Co.'s Drug Store.
OfTlre liours from 7 to 9 a. m.; and 1 to 2 and C,1; to
' . R. V. HUGHES,
REAL ESTATE AGENT fc NOTARY
OCeeover nannaford A McFall's Furniture store.
. WM. II. HOOVER,
SEAL ESTATE fc TAN PAYING AGENT.
Otlice in Iwtricl Court Koom.
Vni gvr prompt atteiitlim to the sale of Ronl Es
tate and I'aymeniof Taxes ihruuKiioot the Nemaha
i JONAS HACKER,
LAND AND TAX PAYING AGENT.
. Office with Probate Judc.
Win attend to the Payment of Taxes for Non-
I'.mident lvind wners in Neiiiahu County. Corres-
) JAH. C, McNAUGHTON,
' SOTARY PUBLIC Av CONVEYANCER,
' Office in J. I Carson's Bunk.
E. R ERRIGIIT,
SOTARY PIIILIC 4.C05YEYA5CER,
' . No. 72 Min-fct-, second door.
Atant for the Equitable and American Tontine
1a ir lHsuranie Com pa men.
McCREERY i NK'KELU
DEALERS IN DRl GSSTATIONER Y,&e.
No. 32 Mnin-Kt.
Full a.enrtnint Irujrs, Paints, Hook. Stationery,
K..n liand, and sold at lio't-uiU-or reiiUL
D. II LEWIS & CO.,
l-WTCctSSOKS TO l!OI.LAlAY 1t.)
DEALERS IN DRUGS, MEDICINES, &r.
Xw. 41 Main-st.
. FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
And daalpr In ail klr'.. uf-tjraia ad -Couatrjr
j h-uduce, Urowiivir.e, .x.'l.m.
GEO. G. FT ART fc RKO.,
DEALERS IN GRAIN, PRODUCE,
Tba slrlieht marker irr paM for anything the
raier ran raise. We will buy and sell every thiiiK
known to the market.
F. E. JOHNStJN A CO.
Dealers ingeneral merchandise
No. 72 Main-sU, McPheraon Block,
WM. T. DEN,
HEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
Friraria & C-4tmmiu Merchant,
i No. HZ Mah-., 6rownville,
i rs Planters, flows, rtoves. Furniture, tc. al
. m hand. Michest market price paid for Hides,
; Kur, and Country Produce.
t)ALF.RS IN II ARDWARE,JSTOVES.
stov. Hard ware, Carjiter'sTofls, Blacksmith
, umtshinjni, t-c, consiiMKly on band.
JOHN C DEUSER,
DEALER IN STOVES, TINWARE, At,
No. 7 Main-sC
' JOHN W. MIPDI.ETON,
UAR.XESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
No. H Maln-fft.
' ,"'llP and Ijtshes of every description, and Plas-
jt'r- fcept on band. Cash paid lor 11 ides.
I J. IL BAUER,
,aARKKSS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Ete.
No. 9 ilahi-C
j lending done to order. Satisfaction guaranteed.
'.. ' CONTXCTIONERIES.
NACE & HANSEN.
C1Tr EAKERY AND CONFECTIONERY.
J Ko. 31 IlainU, oppoalte City Drug store,
Cakea. Fresh Bread, Oonrectionery, Light
t4 l&ucy tir,.ri, constantly on hand.
C05FECTIONERY AND TOY' STORE,
No, 40 Maln-et.
lreAdCakes, Oysters. Fruits, etc.. on hand.
J. I DEUSER, -UEALKR
IN CONFECTIONERIES, 4te
No. 44 Matn-at.
MRS. J. M. GRAHAM,
"TEACHER OF MUSIC.
Roonit. Mln-st., bet. 4th and 5th.
'vliT rt on the Piano. Orpan. Melodeon,
trJ n1 Viralliation. Having twd right j-ears
' Z'r teacher of Music In New York iscon
- tof giving satisfaction.
fcOTJXTY CLAHI AGENTS,
i ED. D. SMITH.
! 8. AVAR CLAIM AGENT,
Washington 3ty, D. C
-iJi""4 to the prowHTition of claims before the
'. ana'to" ln l""0"- f" Additional IVmnty. Back
'a, , "nsions. and all claims accruing agalnM
Jrnment during the lute war.
JOSEPH HUDDARD A CO..
PEACE AND QUIET SALOON,
fv. No. 47 Ma1n-tt.
y hest W'lnM and TJoimra knit on hand.
. R. C, 11ERGER,
RAMBUA BILLIARD SALOON,
w. So. 48, Whitney's Block. ,
'laa and Umiors rrmstantly on band.
S-. lilt i
tnttal nsincss fetbs.
STEVENSON A CROSS, PROPRIETORS,
Front-et, between Main and Atlantic
This House has lust been remodeled. Inside and
out. Stage Office for all injinta West. Omnibusses
vo ii iraiun.
NATHAN N. GREEN, FItOFRIETOR,
88 & 90 Main Street, Brownville.
newly furniMhel. in the heurt of 'business part ol
Kiiy. livery smoie convenient. 4-in
L. D. ROBISON, PROPRICTOR
Front-st., bet. Main and Water.
A good Feed and Livery Stable ln connection with
BOOTS AND SHOES.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
No. o Main -st.
Has constantly on hand a rood assortment of
oent's, ladies, jHlsseK' and Children a Boots and
snoes. nistom work done with neatness and dis
patch. Repairing done on short notice.
A. W. MORGAN,
PROBATE JUDGE AND JUSTICE OF
Office in Court House Building.
A. D. MARSH,
PIONEER BOOK AND NEWS DEALER.
City Book Store, No. 50 Main-fit.
C. W. WHEELER,
BRIDGE BUILDER &, CONTRACTOR.
Sole apent for R. W. Smith's Patent Truss Brlrtce.
Thestrongeht and best wooden bridge now In use.
No. 62 Main-st.
Hils on hand a splendid stock of Goods, and will
make them up In the latest styles, on short notice
and reasonable terms.
J. W. & J. C. GIBSON,
BLACKSMITHS & HORSE SHOERS.
First -St., bet Main and Atlantic.
All work done to order and satisfaction guaranteed.
SOLE AGENTS FOR
CANTON CLIPPER PLOWS!!
THE BEST FLO W MADE!
Are prepared to furnish
DESIGNS & SPECIFICATIONS
for all kinds of.
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE,
of th? latest and most approved stylrs.
ALSO TAKE CONTRACTS!
All LiwU .f Job Irort- fse o; rfr.'
tfysliop, corner Main and Sr-cond slny-ts,
JiliftWXVJLLE, Xr.H. 4y
T & SHOE
Has constantly on hand a uf erior at'-lc of B'ots
ainl !lioes. Custom work done with neatness and
EC 3. BRYANT
HOUSE, SIGH, AND CARRIAGE
Graincr $ Paper Hanger,
No. 0 MAIN STREET,
J. K. FRETZ,
AND SIGN PAINTER.
OVER II ELM Kit's WAGON SHOr,
OFFERS his services to the public,
wltli the confident U'llef thut liU work
will meet the approbation of his patrons.
DR. J. BLAKE,
wii ? Would respectfullr
' announcethat he baa
t Cf -vv-l"cnted In Brownville
t 1 1 IT 11 y and Is now prered
TV Xrv: - --! top-rform.inthebest
... "Vy manner, ALL oper-
' "Pi atlons pertainint: to
SL.s the acU-nce of len-
OrriCK Over City Drug Store, Iroat room, lot
ONE DOOR WEST OT COURT HOUSE.
WAGON MAKING, Repairing-,
Plovrs, aiil all work done In the loit
manner and on short notice. Satisfaction cuarun
anteed. Give him acalL 34-ly.
CHARI R O. WUhET.
Att y at Law.
GBOROK W. PORSKV.
C. G. & G. "V7. DORSET,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
Dealers in Land "Warrants.
nay and . Sell Ileal Estate and
Select fcliocate Grovenuaent Lands.
ATTEND TO CONTESTED CASES IN THE
. U. a LAND OFFICE. AND
A large quantity of First Class Lands for
aale In Nemaha, Richardson, Pawnee, John
Knmd Gage Counilen, Nebraska, to which
the attention of purchasers is specially Invi
ted. OScevBROWNVILLE, NEB.
Branch 0icBEATTLICE, NEB.
TOB PRINTING,! n one or more
V v.i?r'promtl2' done at the Advertiser
X v zv
t. cscplj bbtrlistrntnts.
J. A. PIER. T. R. REYNOLDS.
PISER& REYNOLDS, Proprietors
Eight street, two blocks from R. R. Depot,
ST. JOSEPH, MO. 451y
WOOLWORTn & 50LT,
And Dealers in
PAPER HANGINGS, AND
No. 12, 2d St., St, Joseph. Mo.
CASH PAID FOR RAGS!
Corner Sixth and St Charles Streets,
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
Dealer in Lime, Hair and
PLASTER, WHITE SAND, FIRE BRICK,
Ac., Ac., tc., Ac. ll-151y
IJ. .J. CO.VST.lBIsE
ST. JOSF.ni, MO.
I 3X P O 1Z T E R
WHOLESALE AXD REAIL DEALER IN
Iron, Steel, and Heavy
WAGON,Carriap;e,and Plow Works,
Agricultural Itnph ments,Springs,Ax
els, Axes, Shovels, Siniden, Files. Ita.ps, Cha'ns,
Carriage and Tire Bolw. Nuts and Washera, Nails,
liorse and Mule Shoes, Saws, Castings and Hollow
Ware. Siij.rar Kettles, Andirons, Skillets and Lids,
Stew Pota, Bake Ovens, Fruit Kettles and Sad Irons.
BLACKSMITH'S TOOLS :
Anvils, Stocks and Dies, Bellows, Sledge and
Hand Hammers, Vices, Pincers, Jtasps, Farriers'
Knives, Tire Iron, fcc
Ox Yokes. AxleGrer.se. Ox Chains. Wairon Jacks.
Ox shoe Nails, Shovels, Picks, etc. Hubs. Spokes
j nnn celebrated moline
I 1 1 1 1 I PLOWS, I-le Mowers. Mccormick's
I IP II le:llMrs and Mowers, Kallers Horse
liUUU Corn Planters, sulky Corn Cultivators,
Hand Corn Shellors, Hay Itakes, etc., et.
Buying my goods direct from manufacturers
I offer verv Rreat inducements to
AV. M. WYETH & CO.,
Wholesale Donler in
HARDWARE & CUTLERY
No. 6 South Third, bet. Felix & Kdmond sts
ST. JOSEPH. MO.
HARNESS, Skirtinpr, and all kinds
of Sn (Idles, I-atlior. Hridles, Hardware,
Ac. constantly on hand. Acents for I)itson"s Circu
lar Saws and Marvin's Safes. -
Jr, V Jt
Is fully prepared to do all kinds of
Oiiildln,' Glazing, Paperlinnging, Ac.
JOHN L. CARSON,
Exchange Rounht nml Sold on all the prin
cipal cities. Alo dealer iu Gold ad Silver
Coin, Gold Dust and
Deposits received, iwyjOde at M:ht. Inter
est paid on time deposits by srweial agree
ment. Taxes paid for non-residents.
All kinds of V. S. Bonds wanted.
PHILLIPS & BARNES'
Livery, Feed, Sale and Exchange
Corner Main and IveeSt nit OWN VILLE.
HAVING purchased this Stable of
A. P. Coirswcll.'weare prepared to furnish
the best TEAMS, BCOtJIK and CAKRIAtiKS in
Southern Nebraska, at LOWEST CASH HATES,
lUam for Fifty Horses. Corral for Stock. Particu
lar attention paid to l'eedine or Boarding Horses.
1-l.VlyJ PHILLIPS & BAKNES.
Clocks, Watches, Jewelry
No. 59 Main Street, Brotraville.
lias jnst ocnel and vill constantly
keep on hand a larjre and well assorted
stork ot genuine articles in his line.
Repairing f Clocks, Watches, and Jew
el ry dune on short notice.
ALL WOJtJC irAIiJlAXTED
A LARGE AND SPLENDID
JUST RECEIVED AT
74 Main St.
TIES. Endless in style and quanti
ty, at IIETZEL'.M ,
JOB WORK. Neatly and Plainly
0 Executed, at the Advertiser Job, R'mms.
PARDS, BILLHEADS, CIRCU-
VJ LARS, at the Advertiser Job Office.
TRUNKS. VALISES, c.. c in
1 endlw variety, at . IIETZEL'S.'
HATS AND CAPS. All Varieties
endStym,at - HETZiXT?. .
BROWN VILLE, NEBRASKA,
LEGEND OF THE OAK.
BY A. F. P.
In the midst of forest, high above the rest, '
So proudly stood the king of all the wood.
In Khaie and grace of form he proudly rose.
The good of forests, fields and all that dwell '
On earth, and wear fresh jrarlands ofbriuht leaves.
Soon ln his mlRht, frrew niournlhl, thus alone.
Cnfonnd in sports and Joys of forest fames.
The dancing of bright bouchs with Notus sweet,
1 The soft wind chasinz tiny leaflets round.
The mljrhty (rod of all, still heeded not
The leafy host, but saw with anxious eyes
Sweet Florip's joy, and Zephyr's pride and love.
His thoutrhts now swept his wide dominion o'er
For one who worthily hit love could hold ;
Within a tempting nook and far away,
Jjwelt leracefnl Ivy, clincins; soft yet kind.
And Onk beheld with looks of kindling love,
"Fair Ivy mine, fair Ivy for my queen !"
He fondly sought her heart ana hade her share
His love, his Hie with each new fond delight.
She unrelenting, spurns his great brave soul,
T'ncaring for the wound her pride had made.
Then gloomy and morose became his mood ;
The forest feared and stool in awe of him,
Heneath his chilling shadows tlowrets paled.
No birVlling dfired to shelter 'neath his shade.
The beauty of his strength from him had flown, M
Ana knotted grew, invioience ornis wratn;
The Satyrsjoyed In this unkindly strife,
While more the Oa grew gnarled each day.
One morn a tempest swept across the wood
Bold Boreas with Eutus hand in hand
With fiercest fhrv danced their maddest glee.
And piped, ln fitful strains, their shrillest notes ;
The tall trees !owed like reeds before the storm,
-The sturdy Oak alone strod undisturbed,
And gentle Ivy reft of all support.
Her mild eyes lifted to the kingly tree.
She longed for shelter In his noble strength.
Forbiddingly he frowned npon the vine.
But grief o'erthrows restraint of pride.
She turned to him with humbly pleading grace,
Nor leared his chilling frowns nor angry look.
She wound her tired arms about his torm.
When first he felt her clinging trembling touch,
The evil spirit left him free from wrath ;
Then gently stooping, drew her to himself,
With tender care he raised and sheltered her.
In his great love she stronger grew each day,
And graceful twined herself about her lord,
His each deformity thns kindly hid,
beneath her mantle green of beautv's own ; .
Brave Oak his lovelv colors spread o'er all.
And pnvvst birds to pleasure lent their song,
And higher yet and higher Ivy climbed.
At last she er.gcrlv his level reached
That she might place upon his rugged brow
A shining, beautions caronal of leaves
Thus crown'd she him who chose her for his queen.
- Thoughts for Winter Evenings.
One has to toil hard in proportion as
lift is ie-norant. To be doomed to the
Hrndo-prv of a slave, who is driven
under the lash, is not to lead a very
nappy or a very nonoraoie me.
That what we have said is trne is
apparent to every one on looking
around him. Who is he that works
the hardest and gets the least for what
he dnos? Is it not the most Ignorant
or the most reckless? Who are they
wno can live oy comionaoie laoor,
without overworkinc and when old
enoutrh to take their ease are able to
do so ?
Arethpv not more intelisrent. who
have known from early life that it
was necessary to economize in order
to "get a start in the world," and who
have been able to work to the best ad
vnntnro in all thev have attempted?
Does not an intelligent man know
how to make a crood farm out of a poor
one ? one made poor, perhaps, by
some one who was too ignorant to hold
his own, and who was doomed to
drudgery, penury and discomiort an
These things being so, it follows
that the best of all capital with which
to begin independent life is intelli
gence. The more thought and knowl
edge one has, the more certain his
success and enjoyment. Next to bodi
ly health, all depends upon the mind.
We therefore, note some foolish
ways in which people, and especially
young people, spend their leisure
1. Going to the town village, or
crossroads, to sit out the evening in
vulgar talk, smoking cigars and drink
ing beer at iirst, and then something
2. Getting cards, checker boards,
&c, and wasting the long winter
evenings in games for amusement, at
first and then something else.
3. Getting up parties, balls, fcc., in
order to have a good time, generally.
Tn this wav. it is the easiest way in
the world for a young, man to waste
all the leisure of early life, and even
if he get through without becoming
the slave of a bad habit, he has failed
to form a good habit of self-improvement.
He has "missed his opportu
tunity," and nothing better than hard
work, with a very small reward is his
On the contrary, the largest part of
. 1 1 1 l 1 A 1 A
nis leisure nours snouiu ne uevoieu to
his intellectual and moral culture.
Neither the young man or theyoung
woman, the boy or the girl, has anj'
time to waste at the village. Nothing
except business, or literary society,
should draw one to town. The fortune
the respectability and the happiness
of every one depends upon the right
improvement f early life.
Two Curions Xecdlc
The King of Prussia recently visit-,
ed a needle manufactory, in Ins king
dom, in order to see what machinery
combined with the human hand could
produce. He was shown a number of
superfine needles, thousands of which
together did not weigh half an ounce,
and marveled how such minute ob
jects could be pierced with an eye.
But he was to see that in this respect,
even something finer and more per
fect could be created. The borer that
is the workman whose business it is
to liore the eyes in these needles ask
ed for ahair from the monarch's head.
It was readily given with a smile.
He placed it at once under the boring
machine, made a hole in it with the
greatest care, furnished it with a
thread, and then handed the curious
needle to the astonished King.
The second curious needle is in the
possession of Queen Victoria. It was
made at the celebrated needle manu
tory, at Rcdditch, and represents the
column of of Trajan in minature.
This well known Roman column is
adorned with numerous scenes in
sculpture, which immortalize Trajan's
heroic actions in war. On this dimin
utive needle scenes in the life of Queen
Victoria are represented in relief, but
so finely cut and so small that it re
quires a magnifying glass to see them.
The Victoria Needle can be, moreover
be opened; it contains a number of
needles of smaller size, which are
equally adorned with scenes in re
lief. Physical Effects of Midnisht Be
tween eleven at night and one in
the morning is the interval that the
temperature of the human bndy fails
to its minimum. Prom some research
es lately communicated to the Royal
Society, it appears that healthy beings
go regularly through a daily "cycle of
variable warmth. The maxiutn heat
Is reached at nine a. m.,when, in per
sons under twenty-five, the tempera
ture of the flesh stands at ninety-nine
degrees Fahrenheit, and this is main
tained till six p. m., when it slowly
and steadily fails until an hour before
midnight; the amount of decrease by
this time is something over two dev
prces. At about three a, m., the up
ward turn is taken, and the heat in
creases till nine o'clock. It is curious
that this extent of change only occur
only to young bodies. Old folks pre
serve a nearly equal degree all the
twenty-four hours through. Other
notable facts are that feeding has
nothing to do with the variations and
that hot and cold baths do not appear
to interfere with the regularity of the
- a i a i i iia i ; is m iiiii k. m a i i i f
THURSDAY, JANUAKY 27, 1870.
The Tea District of China.
Charles C. Coffin who recently
made a journey round the world, and
has since published a book upon what
he saw, thus refers to the tea district
of China: lea drinking is so general
among Americans, that a brief des
cription of the plant, its cultivation,
and the preparation of the leaves for
market, will be of interest. That can
not be accounted a small matter which
aflects, in any measure, the happiness
of thirty millions of people, thre
hundred and sixty-five times a year.
The consumption of tea in the United
States amounts to more t han 30,000,000
pounds per annum, or nearly one
pound for each inhabitant. Americans
use an unduly large portion of green
tea, but no Chinaman would think of
drinking this variety which we so
highly prize, for they know that the
greenness which gives it such value
in our estimation, is not a natural con
dition of the leaf in Its dried state. It
Is obtained by the admixture of for
eign substances, and poison at that.
Prussian blue, and other iujurious
substances, are used in the preparation
of green tea. Tho tea shrub is an ev
ergreen and may be propagated either
by suds or slops. When the plant has
attained a height of a foot or more, it
is transplanted into well cultivated
fields. It sometimes attains a growth
that would seem to give it a right to
be ranked among trees, yet, as culti
vated by the Chinese, it is not often
more than seven feet in height. The
root is not unlike that of the peach,
and the plant is very tenacious of life.
It blossoms in the winter, the flower
resembling the wild rose. The seeds
contain considerable oleaginous mat
ter, and a commodity called tea oil is
extracted from them. The shrub is
hardy and thrives well on poor, grav
elly soil. It is very desirable to have
a southern aspect, since sunshine pro
motes the thrift of the plant, and
greatly improves the quality of the
tea. . The leaves are gathered three
times a year. The first picking occurs
early in the spring, while the leaves
are young and tender. This crop is
mostly bought up by the Mandarins
and wealth' people. Very little, if
any, of this harvest reaches America.
The second plucking comes several
weeks later, and the quality inferior.
The third is in midsummer; quality,
poorer still, and it is gathered with
less care. The tea is prepared for mar
ket roasting or firing, as the process is
called. Iron pans are brought to dif
ferent degrees of heat over charcoal
fires. The tea is first subjected to a
low degree of heat; when sufficiently
heated it is thrown upon a mat, and
the leaves are rolled ; then pass into
the pan, which has higher tempera
ture; then rolled again. Each pro
cess is called "a firing." When a Chi
naman desires to make a superb drink,
he elects the tender leaves of a young
plant. He does not boil them, keep
ing in the aroma by having a close
fitting cover to the pot or cup in which
the tea is made. In the tea saloons, we
notice, that all the grounds are care
fully saved. Those in our cups, as
well as those in the cups of the na
tives. who drink at a neighboring
table, are tossed into a basket, which,
when full, is emptied upon a serene
and placed in the sun. After drying
a while they are "fired" again, color
ing water added, the leaves re-rolled,
re-packed and sold as good as new, to
do service once more, quite likely in
the United States. The average cost
of tea in China is from fifteen to twen
ty cents per pound, but dut es,
freights, insurance, interest on capi
tal profits to importers and middle
men swell it to the prices we have to
pay them. More poor tea is drank in
the United States than any other land.
Russia imports the best, England
stands next, and consumes an enor
mous quantity. France uses but little,
cheap wine and leer takes its place.
The value of the export of tea from
China to Great Biittaiu and the Uni
ted States is as follows :
TO GREAT rmiTAIX IN 1S0S.
Plnck Tea -. .....?1 1,410,000
.Green Tea 4,061,000 ;
TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1S67.
Illack Tea $2.f07,0fifl
Never go to bed with damp or cold
feet. In going into a colder air, keep
the mouth resolutely closed, that by
compelling the air to pass circuitously
through the nose and head it may be
come warmed before it reaches the"
lungs, and thus prevent those shocks
and sudden chills which frequently
end in pleurisy, pneumonia ami other
forms of disease.- Nnver sleep with
the head iu the draught of an open
door or window. Let more covering
be on the lower limbs than on the
body. Have an extra covering within
easy reach, in case of a sudden and
great change of weather during the
night. Never stand still a moment
out of doors, especially at street, cor
ners.after having walked even ashort
distance. Never ride near the open
window of a vehicle for a single half
minute, especially if it has been pro
ceeded by a walk ; valuable lives have
thus been lost, or good health perma
nently destroyed. Never put on a new
boot or shoe in the beginning of a
The largest wagon ever built on the
Pacific coast has recently been com
pleted at Hamilton, White Pine, and
is to be used for transporting ore from
the South Aurora Mine to the Stan
ford Mill. Here are some of the di
The spindles are 4 inches In diame
ter, of the best quality of iron ; tlreso
inches wide, by inches thick;
spokes, 5 inches thick ; hubs, 19 inch
es' in diameter by 20 inches long;
height of the hind wheels, 6 feet 9
inches. " The bed is capable of hold
ing o,000 pounds of ore, and the wag
on Is estimated to bear up 10,000
pounds ovtr any ordinary mountain
road. Wrhen first built, 32,500 lbs., of
quartz, were hauled on it from Gold
Hill to one of the mills about Dayton.
The two largest wheels weigh 1,064
pounds each, and the entire rig up
ward of 8.000 pounds.
In Salt Lake City, says Anna Dick
inson, a man leads'to the wedding al
ter half a dozen women, calls them
his wives, and lives with them as
such. In New York City a man does
precisely the same without any pre
liminary exercises. In Salt Lake City
they call it religion. In New York
Cit5" they call it sowing wild oats.
A woman at Dayton, Ohio, wanted
to see If it was true what the papers
said about kerosene being dangerous,
and she filled a lamp while it was
burning. She Rtill lives, because a
man blanketed her before it spread.
But she indorses everything the news
papers say now.
HE LEADS US OX.
ITe leadg us on.
By paths we do not know.
Upward he leads us though our steps be slow.
Though oft we faint and falter by the way.
Though storms and darkness oft obscure the
Yet when the clouds are gone,
....... We know lie leads on.
Through all the unquiet years,
Tast all our dreamland hopes, and doubts
lie guides our steps. Through all the tangled
We know Ills will Is done;
And still lie leads us on.
And lie, at last,
After the weary strife,
After the restless fever we call life
After the dreariness, the aching pain
The wayward struggles which have proved in
After our tolls are passed
, Will give us rest al last.
Tills sighinsr after beauty,
This longing after curls.
This chasing after fashion
Wherever fashion whirls.
And all that sort of thing,
May do for those who Ilka It,
For those devoid of taste ;
For those who barter diamonds off
For diamonds made of paste.
And other blockheads.
But to the wife who truly loves
Who is what she appears;
Who sheds a sunshine 'round the man
Who keeps away her tears
And brings her taters home.
IM whisper softly in her ear,
I'd grave it on her her heart,
That well to know to broil a stake
Beats sentiment and art,
PICTURES FOR THE HOME.
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe has an
admirable article in "The Atlantic
Almanac " for 18G9, full of good
common senj-e and shrewd, humorous
hits, in reply to the question, "What
pictures shall I hang on my walls?"
Once pictures were the prerogatives of
the wealthy: now there is no family
so poor that it cannot afford to adorn
its home with them. "The question
what to get'" says the author of "Un
cle Tom's Cabin," "amid the crowd of
applicants and possible choices, is
often a puzzling one. A picture that
is to look you in the face at all hours
of the day and night is, after all,
somewhat of an item in your exist
ence. It is taking to yourself a silent
companion ; and though theie is no
speech nor language, and its voice is
not heard, yet its lines go out into
your daily life, and its word to the
end of yo .r days. Pictures," she
continues, "are as different as people;
and to them as to persons applies the
rule, think before you choose an inti
Iu considering the question of what
pictures one would buy, Mrs. Stowe
proceeds to puncture those most in
flated of all live balloons, the "high
art" critics, with a skill that is alike
ftdujirabie and remorseless. Read:
"Well-meaning people who' have
money to spare otten are troubled
with the question, what to buy. There
are a crowd of talkers about pictures ;
and the cry of 'high art,' and a varie
ty of other bewildering cries, are flung
into one s face at every turn. Does
the honest John Stubbs want to get a
picture because it is a pretty thing,
and pleases him, or comforts his wife
when he has the blues? Then he has
awful thoughts of Don Positivo, his
next neighbor, who writes ixvt-criti-ques
for "The Ne Plus Ultra," and
solemnly informs him that it is a duty
he owes to society to protest' against
every thing that is'nt high art. No
body must be left in peace to have any
thing but the publications of the Ar
undel Society, or artist's proofs of
Raphaels Madonas, or proof-casts of
the statues in the Louvre, or some
thing else which has the seal of ages,
a written certificate of good anti
quity, giving him leave to admire.
Poor Stubbs doesn't admire the Ma
donna San Sista half as much as one
of Tait's pictures of chickens picking
at a worm, or some hens in a barn
yard, which puts him in mind of the
pleasant old days when he was a boy,
and of the old farm and meadows,
and father and mother and 'our folks'
who are gone. All this almost fills
his eyes with tears as he looks; but
Ktubbs is a good fellow; and when
Don Positivo tells him-with a lordly
air that he can buy such things if he
pleases, but he feels it his duty to in
form him how very trashy they are in
point of art; like a good christian he
wipes his eyes, and goes resignedly,
and gives a' hundred or two of dollars
for an old proof engraving of the San
Sisto, and hangs It up where those
dear, too charming hens and chickens
were to have been, and feels that he
has done his duty by society. To be
sure, he does n't care a bodle for the
picture, ami never will ; but Don Pos
itivo tells him it's high art, and he
has saved him from getting a poor
thing for his money, and that's com
fort." Mrs. Stowe has evidently read and
enjoyed the egotistical effusion of the
"art cri tics" of "The New-York Tri-i
bune" and "New-York Natiou." The
manner in which they sometimes
pooh-pooh the most beautiful recent
art publications, Prang's inimitable
chrornos, for example, and always
go into ecstasy over the medkeval re
productions of the Arundel Society,
Which are less appropriate for a
modern American home than a series
of fifteenth century sermons would be
suitable for a modern American Li
brary, is well bit off in this and the
succeeding passage, which however,
wa have not space to copy.
She then grapples at once with the
cardinal axiom of the art-creed of
these critics, and bravely denies in
words, what the people have always
denied in acts, that high-art pictures
are suitable for the adornment of a
home. The language will be reckoned
little less then blasphemous by thee
pretentious wrters; but every friend
of living art, and the education of the
people in art, will be glad to see her
assail the idol which they worship so
devoutly. She says,
"High art means, as nearly as we
can makeitout, what professed artists
and instructed jieople, who under
stand the technical properties of art,
ami the technical difficulties to be
overcome in it, consider as interesting
and valuable. It also means what
past ages have liked and enjoyed, and
things that are historically interest
ing as tho record of the modes of
thinking and feeling on such subjects
in past ages. Now, many of the "best
reco ds of these in-cast engravings
are not suited to family life, but ought
to be kept in museums and portfolios.
The admirable engraving of old blind
Belisarius is nchefiVcrnvre of engrav
ing art, a touching and tragic picture;
but who wishes at all hours to be con
fronted by the image of a blind father
with a son bitten by a serpent in his
arms, however well represented. Th.
better the representation of xii"h a sub
ject, the worse it makes it 'for a home
picture. Hung in a bedroom, tbi'
VOL. 14.-N0. 15.
work of high art might give bad
dreams and a possible nightmare ; and
it had better bo kept in a portfolio and
admired when the subject of proof
engravings is up. If a person should
be so fortunate or unfortunate a3 to
get a capital photograph of the first
draft of that bloody-bones picture.
'Micheal Angelo's Last Judgment,'
where the Judge looks like a prise
fighter in a passion, shaking his fist
at his mother, snch a sketch might
have a certain value as 'high art,' for
there is abundance of high art In this
very disagreeable picture; but we
should earnestly recommend him not
to frame it and'hang it up for the ter
ror of his wife and the bad dreams of
his innocent babes."
Mrs. Stowe then lays down her first
rule for the selection of home pictures,
which is as excellent as It is heter
odox: "As a general thing," she says,
"what is not high art, but only re
spectable and permissable art, is the
best company for every-day family
life. As we should not think it
amusing to have Satan's Speech to
the Sun recited at our breakfast table,
so neither should we think Scheffer.s
picture of Francisca di Rimini a pro
per thing to be forever talking to us
from the walls of our parlors and bed
rooms." She would not have all pictures
mere prettinesses : she would have
some represent the higher side of our
nature; but such solemn and grand
subjects should not be conspicuously
placed in reception-rooms, or parts of
the house where the mere surface-intercourse
of life goes on. She then
"Pretty rjenre pictures, such as
Prang i3 getting up so many of, have
a certain value a3 house ornaments
quite independent of considerations
of high art. A red cashmere shawl
carelessly thrown down on a garnet
colored sofa, with a gleam of sunshine
across it, often forms a bit of coloring
that turns a room into a picture. So
Prang's overturned basket of bright
red cherries, hung on a wall of a pro
per tint, is a pleasing bit of color,
pleasing because it attempts not too
much, and does all it attempts well.
So, also, pious mottoes and texts in
illuminated letters have-a double val
ue, they ornament and they teach.
These have no value one way or the
other as art; but they are very pleas
ant and useful as household ornaments-"
Mrs. Stowe then teaches the alpha
bet of all true culture, self-reliance,
and a courage to reject the advice of
others, however pretentious, when
their dicta are at utter variance with
one's own impressions. Of course,
this does not imply unteachableness:
it only demands a reason for the faith
prott'erred to us. She says;
"The great value of pictures for
home should be, after all, in their
sentiment. They shuld express sin
cere ideas and tastes of the household,
and not the tyrannical dicta of some
art critic or neighbor. It is desirable
that the drawing and painting should
be good and respectablef and that the
family should be well enough inform
ed to know that a picture painted on
a japanned waiter, however smooth
and pretty, is not a good picture sim
ply because it is smooth and pretty.
We should try to cultivate our taste,
and then try to expres3 it; but the
value of family pictures in a great
degree should consist in the" fact that
they do sincerely represent our own
tastes and preferences, and not those
of others. It Is desirable that these
should be cultured tastes, but quite as
much so that they be real and gen
uine. A respectable engraving, that
truly is fctt by the family a.3 an artis
tic pleasure, is a better thing for them
than a much higher one that they do
not understand or care for."
This is sound doctrine, but dilicious
ly iconoclastic; "The Nation," which
has sneered at almost all our best
men, will give its icsthetic lips an
extra curl when it reads this passage.
Following out this thought, Mrs.
Stowe commends all self-selected col
lections, whether they be those of a
connoisseur with only classical engra
ings on the. walls, or those of some
pains-taking business man, and his
plain, excellent, housekeeping wife,
to whom, "and it i3 neither sorrow
nor shame to say it," "a genuine pic
ture of a smiling baby, a good dog, a
fine horse, a bunch of flowers, are
worth the whole Vatican."
There is a world of sound art-criticism
as well as common sense and
genial feeling in this passage, with
which we shall close our extracts :
"Can there be but one sort of thing
in this world? and is not a tuft of
moss, in its way as good as an oak
tree? Is it any sin not to have been
to Rome and lived, or any merit to
have done so? If your neighbor Is
steeped to the lips in 'high art,' and
so classical that his' very chairs ages
of good authority for his pattern, let
us not despise him tnereiore; and let
him not snub and predominate over
his brother, who has got only so far
as a sincere admiration for the pretty
things the Lord makes, when gen
uinely represented. 'Hast thou faith?
Have it to thyself. Applaud and glq
rify thy own collection with a full
heart, but be gentle to thy next-door
neighbor who eateth only herbs.
' There are certain humble walks of
art in which excellence consists sim
ply in a faithful and truthful repre
sentation of nature, in which the
excellence is of a kind of which com
mon people can become good judges.
It takes very little artistic skill orj
sense to judge whether a stalk of blue
gentian is faithfully painted, or the
copy of a bunch of apple-blossoms is
true to the model of its great original.
A host of such simple, inexpensive
ornaments are given by Prang in his
ehromo-lithography. A bunch of apple-blossoms,
a blue gentian, so repre
sented as to excel average painting,
forms a domestic ornament, unpre
tending, unambitious, and always
beautiful. Never do our hearts cease
to thrill when the time of ear comes
round for their fair originals to smile
on us, and never can we lose the sense
of beauty in their imitations.
"It is one of the signs of the mil
lennium that real good art, correct
and pure so far as it goes, is being
made the inheritance of the million,
as it is now being done by the chro
mo lithograph; and we have little
sympathy with the scornful style in
which some self-important art-critics
have condemned or ridiculed efforts
that are bringing beauty and pleasure
to so many thousand homes that
otherwise poverty would keep bare."
Bravo, Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe!
But what will Don Positivo of The
New-York Tribune" say to you? We
wait in fear and trembling for his next
savage onslaught. Watchman and
A little eirl who w.i spnt out tn
hunt eggs, thought strange sho did
not find any. as there were seve.'al
hens "standing around doing natlw
FUENAS, C0LHAPP;d: CO.,
' PabHshere md Freprlctora,
Offle-Ne; 7 1 McPTieriw'a ETek, ay Stair.
' BROWN VUJJE, NEBRASKA. ;
Terxna, in Adraae t '
One copy, one year g j g j
Use copy, six mora ha - , c
Of all kinds, done on short notice aa4 at reasons,
Drippings from the Sarserj.
A little girl at Elmira got her eve
ning prayer somewhat, calxed the
other evening. She kneeled down
and gave vent to her feelings as fol- '
lows : , . . r.
Now I lay me down to ?p, ;
i -, my !arllnc daughter.
I nray the Lord my ml to kn.
But don't gn near la wter.
"?when' ftnPI(3. -what'a the next
rr." nat comes after cheee?
Dull boy : A mouse, sir."
A little girl, repeating her Sunday
school lesson, said : "Ye cannot serve '
jrou ana mamma."
A little three-year old girl la New ,
Orleans recently astonished her ino
ther.who attempted to correct her by
motioning her away with a chubby
little hand and scornfully savin"
"Shoo, fly, don't bodder me!" ' !
"Boys," asked the teacher of aa :
infant Sunday-school class, "did you "
ever see an elephant's skin ?" "Yes
sir. I did " niDed a littln Min
down at the foot. "Did you, Robert ?
AVhere was it?" "On an elephant. .
A little four-vear old mfsa v,0r- 3
a gentleman addressed at her father's
nouseaa -josepn!' eyed him intently
for a while, and then asked, "Was you '
the Mr. Joseph that was sold by hla
brethren?" "Yes" replied the gen
tleman, "I have been sold a great
many times, mv dear." "Oh f T woa
so sorry for you ?" said the little klnd-
schoolmistress ol a little girl, "that
you uo noi understand this simple
"I do not know, Indeed," she ans
wered, with a nprnlAvoil lz-lr . n,t t
sometimes think I have o many
things to learn that I have no time to
"Mother," eaid little four year old
Carrie when she came homp T hv
heard such a smart minister. He '
stamped and pounded, and made such
a noise; and then he cot on mail h
shook his fist at the folks, and there
- t A. ft 1 "
wasu i anyoouy uared go up and tight
Origin or Odd Fellows.
It has been supposed by many that
the origin of the society of Odd Fel
lowsor rather the organization was
of comparatively modern date. They
will be somewhat surprised, however,
says the Cincinnati lime, to learn :
that its origin dates as far back as Ne
ro, and was established by the Ro
man soldiers in the year '5-5. At that
time they were called "Fellow Cui
zens." The present name was given
them by Titus Ciesar, twenty-four
years afterward ; and they were bo
called from the singular character of
their meetings, and from their know
ing each other by mysterious signs
and language. At the same time he
presented them with a dispensation,
engraved on a plate of gold, bearing
different emblems of morality. In
the fifth century the order was estab
lished in the Spanish Dominions, and
iu Portugal in the sixth century. It
did not reach France and England
until the 11th century. It was then
established In the latter country by
John do Nile, who, assisted by five
knights from France, formed a Grand
Lodge in London. This ancient fra
ternity has now its Lodges in every
quarter of the glebe, and, by lt3 use
fulnes and bei evolvent character, com-e
munds the respect and countenance of
all who are acquainted with its nature
I nose upon wiiose Information rell
liance' may be placed, give credit to
Baltimore for first introducing Odd,
I'Vllowshin inrn thf TTnitil Htntoa
and to Grand Sire Thomas Wildlv
belongs the honor.
"She has no mother." What a vol
ume of sorrowful truth is comprised
in that single utterance, no mother!
We must go down the hard, rough
path of life, and become Inured tot-are
and torrow in their sternest forms
before we can take home to our own '
experience the dread reality no
mother, without a struggle and a tear.
But when it Is said of a frail young
girl, just passing from childhood to-'
ward the life of a woman, how sad la
the story summed up in that short
sentence ! Who shall now check the .
wayward fancies who shall now bear
with the errors and failings of the
motherless daughter? Let not tho
cup of sorrow be overflowed by the
harshness of your bearing, or your
unsympathizing coolness. Is she
heedless of your doings ? Is she for
getful of her duty ? Is she careless of
her movements? Remember, oh, re
member, she has no mother.
And the poor boy too, with none to
care for him or administer to his com
fort. You see him sportive with his
companions, perhaps rude, may bo at.
times wjeked he has no toother to
warn and chide hfm no, no mother
to shed her softening influence over
him. And when jie goes to Led,
strange fears creep over him, and a
desolation of spirit that no tongue can
express. Ho has turucd out into the
world to battle its storms alone, and
when pain and weariness press upon
him, no word of pitying -"ympathy
fall cm his ears nt- soft hand sooths
and supports him. Remember, oh.
remember, he has no mother. Ex,
In Baltimore, the other day, a new
ly wedded couple repaired to the de
pot for the purpose of takkg passage .
northward. Just as they were about
to enter the cars a boy stepped up to
the bridegroom, hel l out his hand say
ing: "Papa, give me a cent before you
go away." The bridegroom looked
surprised and extremely foolish ; the
bride red and Indignant. The hus
band finally manged to eay to the
child, "Go away, I'm notyour father!"
The little fellow, however, assert that
such was the case, and stoutly insisted
on being presented with a penny.
The wife's jealousy wa now thor
oughly aroused, and a ."scene" was
imminent, when a gentleman stepped
forward and assured the couple that
the child was in the habit of impor
tuning young gentlemen with ladiea
on their arms, in the identical lan
guage quoted above. This made mat
ters pleasant at once, and the young
couple proceeded rejousingly on their
Men become bald. Why ? Because
they wear close hats and caps. 'WV.
men are never bald except by disease,
and they do not wear close, hats and
caps. . Men never lose a hair below
where tho hat touches the head, not
if they have been l ld twenty years.
The close cap holds tie heat and pre-
. j v a t i it ? . i i
juration, ami inerety me uair gianas,
become weak and the hair f'.I!s out.
If this be true, the woiuori wf tho.
present Jay will never fce bakl hcd,-.
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