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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 6, 1870)
THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1S70.
Prices of Farm Products.
A farmer eaid to us the other day,
'why don't you -write something
about the prices of farm stuff, nnd tell
us whattodo?" We would be in ost
l nnnv to be able to tell the farmer
just what to do in regard to these mat
ters. Farmers, like every one else,
must be governed In a great measure
vv enrrnnndinr? circumstances. If he
is in "good s'.lape," ho can "hold on"
tntil prices suit him. If he is "hard
0 up," he is often compelled to pell for
w hat he can get. In this latter case
he should be sufliciontly posted to
know what to let go, and what best to
hold on to. In both cases he ought to
know what hi3 crop cost him, and
when he can do well to fell. Wc see
but two reasons why produce is eo low
just now. The country has been look
ing for a "smash up" for the govern
ment to "resume specie payment,"
and bring everything to a gold basis
Since Congress has convened the peo
c pie breathe easier in this respect. The
President has spoken in his message,
"and the indications are, that no great
fears need be entertained from that
rtiwvMrtn Thei next difficulty is. the
want of shipping facilities, especially
at this Ecasjn of the year. "We want
some means by which we can get our
produce to market, more readily and
rapidly, than even by river at its best
stae. We -want railroads; and,
. friends, we must have them. A well-
to-do farmer of this county, who does
not travel about much, and who has
not even given much attention to rail
road matters, said to U3 one day this
week, "I have been over to Phelps,
and up the C. B. and St. Joe. 11. R. to
Council Bluffs and Omaha, and I de
clare to you that I find all kinds o
produce from twenty-five to fifty per
cent, higher to-day than In this coun
ty. I believe we are loosing more to
day for want of railroads than it will
. cost to get them." There is no doubt
. as to the truthfulness of this position.
" But we did not intend this to bp a
Now, what shall the farmer do? If
he is not compelled to sell, hold on
until spring. If you must sell now,
let the corn crop be the last you let go.
No business always pays; andfarm-
Ing is not an exception to this rule.
In fact there are reasons why this
should be more applicable to the far
mer than to any other class of com
munity. Farmers have no fixed rule
as to selling. They are, to usethe ex
pression, too nervous. When prices
arc good, they are disposed to "hold
on," with the hope that they will be
higher ; and often refuse a dollar and
twenty-five cents per bushel forjwheat,
and afterwards take less than a dollar.
Then again, when prices are low, they
are In a great hurry to sell, lest prices
. Trill be lower. J. IIareris has written
a very excellent article on this very
. subject, for the American AgricuUurist.
We heartily endorse the whole, and
extract the following:
."Fowerfulas the agricultural press
lias become, it is not yet capable of
n inducing farmers to combine together
for their own interests. The time is
6 coming, however, when we shall
know how much it ought to cost us to
'.produce a bushel of wheat in an av
5 erage season, and we shall refuse to
, sell unless we get a fair price. Teople
must eat, and it would seem that pro
ducers had the question of price in
their own hands. To a certain extent
this is true; but with the modern
means of transportation we can never
permanently get unreasonably high
. prices. We have to compete with the
. whole world, and the problem we
" have to solve is, how to raise our pro
ducts as cheaply as it can be done by
c any other nation. If wages are too
high, they must come down. In this
respect, however, farmers must com
pete with other industries.. Men will
not work for us for less than they can
get in the nurseries or market gard
clens, or on railroads or canals. They
will not dig-ditches on the farm for
less wages per day than they get for
digging 6ewera in the cities. The
trouble at present is, that we have
to pay a great deal more in the coun
try than the same class of labor is
worth in the cities. Only think of a
. man earning $5.25 a day in digging
Sheep raising, like almost every
thing else, ha3 its "ups and downs."
The dull prices of wool and mutton
has led many sheep raisers to slaught
er their flocks. Sheep are still low,
and few people seem disposed to en
gage in this branch of husbandry.
We are of the opinion, however, that
sheep raising will "lookup," and that
at no distant day.
A writer in the Chicago Republican
"Sheep husbandry and wool grow
ing must soon again come into im
portance. The dull prices for wool
and mutton have led to a great
slaughter of the sheep so much so
that flocks are greatly reduced. Very
possibly, by another season, wool may
oecin to improve in price; then sheep
will begin to appreciate, and in two or
thre years it would be nothing
stranre if there was another brisk
sheep fever developed, and many who
are now allowing tneir nocKs even to
w&Me may be buying them up again
at fabulous prices. But be that as it
vitt xra Vilnlr nil nrn nrrl xr cifnntorl
farmers would do well to take care of
their sheep and flocks, and keep them
Hp; they will pay better at present
rrices than cram : besides they will
help sustain the faruvso that it will
continue to grow grain. Good sheep
will always pay better with wool at
thirtv-five cents per pound, than
wheat one dollar per bushel ; therefore
stick to the sheep as one of the best
resources of the farm, one j-ear with
another: they afford two crops a year,
one of wool and the other of increase
and mutton. Do not buy too many
$1,000 bucks, nor yet use coarse and
mean ones, not good for anything."
Mb. D. A. Morris, of Greenville,
Conn., writes the Amcrizan Agricul-
tirrift that he effectually destroyed the
Lark louse on some of his fruit trees,
by painting them well with common
paint. We have no doubt but that
the remedy would kill the louse, but
we greatly fear it would kill the tree
rerson9 wisbing to plant Osage
Orange Seed next spring, should read
the advertisement of W. II. Mann&
Co., In'.this number of our paper.
Jllssourl State Board of Agri
The Missouri State Board of Agri
culture, at its recent annual meeting
held last month, passed the following
resolution In regard to a stock law :
nrsnJvrd. That In the opinion of this
Board the agricultural interests of this
State would be greatly advanced o
the Legislature passing h law enab
ling" any county in the btate, tnrougn
the action of its county court, or by a
vote of the majority or its citizens, io
require owners of stock to keep them
restrained oa their own premises.
The board at the same session adopt
ed the following preamble and resolu
tions relative to the tariff:
Whereas. There is a just cause of
complaint throughout the agricultu
ral sections of our country, on acount
nf the decreasing price of their pro
ducts in contract with the increasing
cost of their production and transpor
tation to market: and.
Whereas, It i3 at all times fit that
a people should examine the economi
cal laws which affect their well-being,
and Keek reasonable remedies for the
evils thev suffer: therfore.
T?rtn!t rd. 1. That in the pinion of
this Board, acrriculture. as the foun
dation of all social prosperity, should
especially receive the protecting care
of the Government.
2. That the prosperity of agriculture
la primarily connected with freedom
of access for its productions to the
great markets of the world.
3. That the proper province of Gov
ernment is to open such markets to
our agriculturists by removing those
.restrictions with which the protective
ej'stem has environed our commerce
with foreign nations.
4. That in view of the depressed state
of agricultural pursuits, which de
pression is rapidly pervading other
branches of Industry-, our Govern
ment is imperatively called upon to
reform the present protective tariff by
redueiner it to a revenue standard and
relievins? from the operation of the
customs tax all those articles which
are found by experience to yield little
or no revenue.
We have always thought that both
the General Government and the
State ought to do something to secure
the planting of timber on our prairies
The little encouragement given by our
meagre "exemption laws" do not
amount to a "row of pins." Senator
Thayer, of this State, has introduced
a bill, the present session of Congress,
to amend the Homestead Law, which
looks more like genuine work than
anvthlng vet tried. It reauires the
settler to do, annually, a certain
amount of planting; and when he
"proves up," he Is required to make
the showing as one of the essentia'
requisites. We hope Gen. Thayer
will be successful is Urn move.
"Nurfsryman," Rochester, New
York, writing to the Fruit Grower in
regard to keeping birds out of the
orchard, says: "I have been success
ful by tying bits of tin with string
five or six inches long, to the branch
es. The wind keeps them in motion
and frightens the birds away."
That may do for Rochester birds
but you can't fool Nebraska birds with
any such stuff. We've tried It tried
pieces of looking glass suspended in
the same way. We saw a saucy "red
head" In one of our early pear trees
sitting close to a revolving piece of
looking glass, bobbing his head and
chattering with delight at what we
supposed he thought a hundred other
wood pecks eating pears, and he
seemed to dig into the fruit with more
eagerness, for fear the fancied others
would get ahead of him.
Fine Sheep in Nebraska.
We noticed, some time ago, the
crossing, of some fine sheep at Ne
braska City for some point in the in
terior of our State. We presume they
are the same referred to in the follow
ing, which we clip from the Beatrice
Clarion, Gage county :
"Mr. Dufiield has just succeeded In
crossing the river with a lot of fine
Merino Bucks, which have been de
tained on the east side of the river for
some time, waiting for the boat to get
to running. These Bucks are from
one of the finest flocks of central Illi
nois, and are intended for his home
in Jefferson couunty, near Hebron,
where he had some weeks ago taken
about 1,600 fine ewes. Some of them
we learn, are of the Hammond stock,
and have been sold at high prices dur
ing th war. This, we learn, is the
second flock in Jefferson county this
season, the other one, about six hun
dred, having located on Cub Creek
Waldo F. Brown, Box 75, Oxford,
Butler county, Ohio, will send you a
package of "Sugar Trough Gourd
Seed," for twenty-five cents. They
grow big enough to make lard kegs or
sugar troughs, and are valuable for
many household purposes.
The Fruit Grower is a very excel
lent little monthly paper, published at
Gilman, 111., at fifty cents a year. We
receive no more interesting visitor
than this, for which we are indebted
to W. H. Mann & Co.
As President of the State Board of
Agriculture, we were directed to in
vite the Hon. Horace Greely to de
liver the Annual Addresss at our next
State Fair. He replies by saying that
he will most likely be with us,nd
comply with our wishes at that time.
Will let us know more difinitely in
Tree Growing in Dodge County
We clip the following from the Fre
"On the farm of Messrs. E, II. & L.
H. Rogers, northeast of town, can be
seen some very fine young timber,
planted about six feet apart each way.
The largest growth is that of cotton
wood trees set out five years ago, and
now measure from four to six inches
in diameter, and thirty-five feet in
iaeight. The next in sire is a grove
set out three years ago this is one of
the most uniform sized timbergrowths
we have seen ; the trees are now
about eighteen feet in height, straight
body and very thrifty appearance. A
large number of young cottonwoods
and maples were added last summer ;
these are set a Trow of trees between
two rows of corn, and are growing
finely. The soft maj les do not grow
so-rapidly as the cottonwoods, but are
much more valuable, and bid fair to
make a fine grove. The question of a
timber supply for this country is set
tled ; all that is needed is for people to
plant the trees, cultivate, and trim for
a few years, and then the trees will
take care of themselves. Messrs.
Rogers have about twenty-five acres
set with trees, and we wish every far
mer in Dodge county would plant a
The loavr of IIIglnYays.
D. Beexe, in a communication in
the Western Rural, on the subject of a
ilerd Law,' or the right to roam at
"I repeat what I have said before,
that no legislature, judge, or jury,
had a right to make a cow pasture of
any highway whatever; and where it
3 practiced It is simply suuei ea unaer
a color of law. In new neetions of
country it is generally sufferablo and
practiced by general consent; on as
the country becomes older it becomes
impracticable, and the tables are
turned. Herewith I send some su
preme Court decisions upon thjs ques
tion: in o JDenio, , tne supreme
Court eays : 'The public interest in a
highway comprehends the right or
" . .r . . . w
any individual to pais ana repass upon
it in person, and with his property,
but confers no right to use it as a
sheep walk or pasture yard for cattle.'
Again : 10 John, 585, 16 Mass. 32, it
savs: The only right which thepuo-
lic acquire by laying out a highway is
to nnss and repass thereon, r or no
other purpose have the public any
Hints on Draught llorses, Har
Whenever a horse is employed for
the purpose of drawing any vehicle or
load.' It ;s of the utmost importance
that he should be able to employ all
his strength to advantage. Every one
who considers at all must acknowl
edge that if a horse has to do his work
in a cramped and confined condition,
or when he is inconveniently placed
as regards the load, he can not exert
his full power, which is so much loss
to his master; or, if forced to perform
a certain amount, then he is obliged
to waste a great deal more of his etrngt h
(or muscular power) than is required,
to his own great pain and Injury.
The act of pulling is performed by
leaning forward, with the weight of
the body against the resistance of the
opposing force, and then, by strong
movements of the limbs, keeping up
and increasing the pressure the weight
of the body being or the utmost lra-
Eortance. Muscular movements ex
aust the strength, whereas the body
weight is easily employed without
consuming the vital energies.
First and unfortunately, in too
many cases, the collar is quite unfit
for the animal. A horse collar is, we
are sorry to say, frequently looked up
on merely as a ring for the neck, to
which the traces are to be affixed ;
whereas there is no part of the liar
ness which is so important, and which
ought to ht so accurately.
Second. The horse is often prevented
from throwing his weight into the
collar by a check rein a useless and
painful incumbrance, introduced by
vanity and retained by thoughtless
ness amounting to cruelty. Ask
horsekeepers why they use it, and
hardly any two will give the same
answer, although it is generally sup
posed by them to be a great safe-guard
in case of stumbling. The real object
with which it was introduced, was to
make every horse to which it was ap
plied, however weak, or old, or poor
assume the lofty .carriage f the
thorough-bred horse. Fortunately,
this vitiated taste Is going out of fash
ion as better information is diffused.
Thirdly. A great cause of unneces
sary pain and labor to many horses,
is a neglect in keeping the wheels pro
perly greased, "Some persons may
not be aware," Bays Hleover, In- his
work on Bipeds and Quadrupeds,
"that the trifling neglect of a pair of
wheels being comparatively dry or
well greased, will cause twenty miles
to take more out of a horse than fortv
would in the latter case; yet wheeU
absolutely screaming from dryness are
often seen and heard, attached to carts
and wagons, and thus would the brute
in human form let them scream till he
had reached his journey's end or fin
ished his day's work, though his hor
ses were drawing from such cause at
least one ton in four of resistance more
than they would if the defect were at
aien who have loaded carts and
driven horses all their lives, ought to
know how a horse should be worked
to his master's advantaege and his
own comfort ; but the fact i3, the gen
erality of working men know little
and care less on the subject. rNew
A correspondent of the Country
Gentleman thinks it a very good rule
to grow wheat for sale, as a easiness,
only where an average of 20 bushels
per acre can be realized.
The Willamette Farmer reports that
Mr. William Wells, living a few miles
from Salem, Oregon, has ten acres in
hops, which this year gave a crop of
1000 pounds per acre. He put up a
large quantity in packages of a pound
or half-pound each, for sale to families.
The Farmer's Union learns that a
number of pork buyers have visited
the Southern part of Minnesota, and
have purch rased a large number of
hogs and shipped them out of the
State. This the Union thtnks unfor
tunate, as it believes it will bo neces
sary to import pork.
Hon. Levi Stockbridge, of Amherst,
Mass., has pronounced a disease which
has appeared in the towns of Great
Barrington and Egremont, in that
State, to be the Texan Cattle Disease.
About 20 head of cattle and several
horses had died up to Nov. 3.
It is stated that Robert Bonner has
purchased the stallion Major Win
field, for $20,000, designing to breed
trotters from his trotting maress This
horse was sired by old Harabletonian,
and is the sire of Mountain Boy, and
other celebrated trotters. Mr. Bon
ner has changed the name to Edward
There are indications that Hereford
cattle are rising in favor. After the
show of the Herefordshire Agricultu
ral Society, a large number of these
cattle were sold. Three prize bulls
sold for 3G3 guineas, one of thera going
at 190 guineas. From a single herd
30 cows and heifers brought an aver
age of over 20 guineas.
The St. Loui3 Farmers' Club has
had the subject of a stock law for Mis
souri under discussion for two meet
ings without coming to any definate
conclusion. Nearly all the members
are in favor of a law prohibiting cattle
to run at large, for St. Louis county,
but there is much difference in opinion
as to applying it to the whole State.
Mr. J. K. Fowler of Aylesbury,
England, recently had his held of
Short Horns sold at auction. Nine
bull calves brought an average of over
30; 28 cows and heifers averaged
nearly 51. One cow sold for 210
guineas, another for 120 guineas. At
a sale near Cork, Ireland, 17 Short
Horn bull calves sold for an average
of over 24 guineas.
A. DRYAXT, Jit.
Forest Trees for Grove Planting. Orarw, Small
Fruits, ami small Evergreens, SPJbCIALTLES.
Fxms and Maples of any desired size.
Special attention given to packing.
Shipping facilities unsurpassed.
Ptork shipped by either of three competing lines
to Omaha, and other point In Nebraska,
SEND FOR PRICE LIST.
. A. BRYANT, JR.,
Aa often heretofore said, tt
now reneat, w will t
pleasure In receiving and forwarding-
orders to any of our aaTertiiJnjr pv-
Osage Orange Seed
Of the Crop of 13C9.
W. H. MAKN A CO.
Wild Goose Pinna.
Originated near NashviUe, Tennessee, from a seed
taken from the craw of a wild goose. The original
tree Is stm living now, near fifty years of age.
The tree Is a rapid grower, a sure bearer, and a
long liver. The fruit Is a bright red, very large,
sweet. Iniev and delicious: keeps along time; bears
transportation well; and better than all. It Is not
subject to the attacks of curculio. It has proven a
success wherever tried.
Price, 50 cts. to fl. Seeds and scions, 5 cts. each , at
the Columbia Nurseries, Colu mbia, Tenn.
W. S. RAINEY,
15th Year; 9 Green Houses; 275 Acresdevoted
to the business nearly one half of It covered with
No better general aneortment of Fruits and Orna
mentals to be found In the west. Can fin dealers
orders completely. Have our own stock of the fol
lowing: Splendid S year old Delaware Grape Vines, 100
One year old Concord, 33 per 1000.
One year old Ives Seedling, fso per 1000.
Allother varieties at Catalogue prices.
Descriptive Catalogue, Nos. 1 and 2, 10c each.
Chestnut Circular and Trade List free.
STORKS, HAHRISON A CO.
10-3m Palnesvule, Lake Co., Ohio,
Fresh Garden, Flower, Fruit, Herb,
Tree, Shrub and Evergreen Seeds, with
dtreottons for enlture, prepaid by mall.
The most complete and Judicious as
sortment In the country. Agents want
Twenty-five sorts of either for 1,00, prepaid by
mail. Also Small Fruits, Plants, Bulbs, all the new
Potatoes, tc., prepaid by mall. Four pounds Early
Rose Potato, prepeid, foe 1,00. Conover's Colossal
Asparngas, 3 per 100; 25 per 1000, prepaid. New
hardy fragrant everbloomlng Japan Honeysuckle,
50 cts. each, prepaid.. True Cape Cod Cranberry, for
upland or lowland culture, 1 per 100, with direc
tions. Priced Catalogue to any address, gratis ; also
trade list. Seeds on Commission.
B. M. WATSON, Old Colony Nurseries and Seed
Warehouse, Plymouth, Mass. Established In 1S42.
Timber and Fruit.
THE WHITE WILLOW is the
quickest and cheapest of Tree, for wind breaks and
Soft wood purposes, on the prairies. Makes a clean
straight growth, splits well; Is good fuel In three or
four years, and may be cut every third year there
after, from tb same stumps. Round pickets, three
feet long, driven in line, one foot apart, and culti
vated, grows rapidly, and In a few years makes a
strong wood barrier. It grows readily and rapidly,
from cheap ten-tnen cutting, and must soon become
the GREAT TIMBER TREE of the prairies and
plains. Cuttings are safely shipped during winter
all over the country. Price, ?2 per thousand ; 10
per six thousand.
APPLE TREES, one and two years old, for cheap
and distant shipment.
APPLE SCIONS, from orchard trees during winter.
Best western varieties.
GRAPE VINES, one and two yean, very fine.
Concord, Ives, Hartford, Clinton, etc.
EVERGREENS, small sizes for distant shipping.
104w Box 30, Decatur, Illinois.
Arnold's Hybrid Grapes.
A few strong two-year old plants of
these valuable Grapes for sole this Fall, at 2 each ;
one plant each of the five varieties for 3.
Arnold's Hybrid Raspberries. Yellow Can
ada and Arnold's Red, 5 per dozen.
"The only valuable true hybrid Raspberries ever
raised In America." On receipt of 13 for the five
Grapes and twelve of the Raspberries, I will send
one plant extra of my new hybrid, Orance Kins,
"the highest flavored, perfectly hardy, and most
productive Raspberry ever offered to the American
Descriptive Catalogues sent on receipt of 10 cents.
Address . Cicahi.es Arnold,
-im Paris, Ontario, Canada.
Fruit Trees, Tines, &c
Parties Intending to purchase, Fruit
Trees, Vines, tc, which shall be reliable In every
respect, are requested to send to the subscribers,
who offer a superior lot of
Standard and Dvrarf Tear Trees
together with Apple, Cherry, Ptcxcn and Plcx
Tbkes. Grape Vines. Shrubbery, etc., at low
SPECIAL RATES Xa large planters and dealers.
For further Information please address
A. Clement & Co.,
2-4m Lov ell, Mass.
A large stock of the best varieties
for market or the Private Garden; handsomely
grown and healthy. Prices low.
New Brunswick Nurseries,
j-6m New Jersey,
FOR OUR ORCHARDS & DUMB BRUTES.
BEAUTY & ADORlOIEtfT
FOR OUR nOMES.
THE BEST TREE
FOR EVERGREEN II EDGES, SCREENS,
AND TIMBER BELTS, IS THE
Plants of Bed Cedar, In large quantities, at very
low prices. Our Circular, containing eiirht pages,
giving full directions for planting Everfrreens, with
notes on the value of Shelter Belts, Ac,; will be sent
to any person, on the receipt of a three cent postage
stamp to prepay postage. We especially request
every reoaer oi mis
TO SEND FOR A COPY.
A splendid lot of one year old Apple Trees
GROWN IN WIDE NURSERY ROWS of best
sorts, at f Ml per 1000. Long Concord Grape Cuttings,
ai ?t per iuuu.
Also, a large quantity of Transplanted WTilte
line ana American Arbor Vital, very fine, at low
est living prices.
Early orders and correspondence solicited.
JOHN M. HUNTER,
lt-Sm. Washington Co. Illinois.
FOR WESTERN, FRUIT GROWERS.
30,000 No. 1. one year Concord Vines, at
$40 per 1000.
No. 2, one year old. at
$45 per 1000.
No. 1, two years old, at
$30 per 1000.
No. 1, two year old Delaware, at
$30 per 100.
No. 1, two year old Hartford, at
$15 per 100.
50,000 Concord Cuttings, at
$3 per 1000.
DoolItUe's Improved Black Cap Raspberry, at
$15 per 100.
Mexican Everbearing Strawberry, at
$5 per 100.
Other leading Varieties, at
$3 per 1000.
Early Rose Potatoes the best known at
$3 per Bushel, or $0 per Barrel.
II. A. TITUS,
TEAGEB CREEK NURSERY,
Dea Moines, Iowa.
Frcmlnn OicztevTTlxlte Swine
PUKE BRED rOULTT.Y.
FITTEST IN THE COUNTRY.
SEND STAMP FOR
Beautifully illustrated rrlce
AND DESCRIPTIVE CIRCULARS.
TIIOS. B. SMITH, & CO.,
PLANTS VJLLE, CONN.
D. E. PECK & CO.,
Chester TYhlte, Uerkshlrc, and
across of Poland and nig
Of as good blood as bred by any parties East or
West, shipped safely to any express ollice in the
country. Write for circular containing suggestions
on the breeding and management or hop.
Address, D. E. PECK A CO.,
10-2m Marengo, McUenry Co. Illinois.
50,000 Choice Grape Tines,
2,000,000 Grape Tines & Cur
Of all the leading varieties, CHEAPER THAN
Also.Stawberry, Currants, Gooseberry, Blackber
ry, Pie Plant, Hoses, ana oiner rursery biock.
I WILL TAKE GOOD WESTERN LANDS
AT CASH VALUE, FOR NURSERY STOCK.
To make short, applicants must give a plain des-
Dr. II. SCHRODER,
Trees, Plants and Grape Tines
WHOLESALE PRICES FOR
Early May or Richmond Cher
ry, or Black Morrillo Stock, handsome and
thrif tv. with well formed heads. 2H to 4
feet, jlVJ.iiO per 1000 : 4 to 8 feet, $3,00 per
1000; 6 to 8 feet, extra hnc, fijO.OO per loot).
C "4 Br the -100 at 31 rates, for Cherry !
Two years, Leading List Varieties, $75,000 per M.
Concord Grape Vines, No. 1
nno vear. KT ier 1(100: ?o. I. two years,
strone. fctt Der lono: No. 2. two rears, good
plantH, S3 per 1000; Ives, two years, j0
TERMS CASH, OH C. O. D.
10-Sm Burlington, Iowa.
APPLE ROOT GRAFTS,
Put up especlally'for
Farmers and Fruit Growers.
APPLE TtOOT flUATTS nnt no In small anantl
ties, designed especially for Farmers and Fruit
U rowers who wish to grow their Apple Orchards
from the grafts.
Every package will contain a general assortment
of the most approved varieties from Early Sum
mer to Late Winter put up in the best possible
oroor, ana warranted true to name.
Each pack aire will be accompanied with printed
instructions for planting and growingNursery Trees
ana the wnoie management or an urcnara.
A LARGE GOOD OROTTARD MAY BE
GROWN FOR VERY LITTLE
8WA General assortment of Nursery Stock, at
reasonaDie rates, w rite ior circular.
D. E PECK A CO.
10-3m Mcnenry County, Illinois,
DON'T FORGET MARTHA.
Grape Tines and Small Fruits.
Nursery Established ix 1S57.
A splendid stock of "Vines and Plants are offered
the coming Spring, including nearly every variety
known to be of value. The new and pepular White
MARTHA, OR WHITE CONCORD,
In lanre or small onantltles : nr!ee?1 slnsrle. or $9 ner
down, for strong No. 1 plants, postpaid by mail if
aesirea. liess hy the nunrtrert or thousand.
Also, Arnold"s new Hybrids, Eumelan, Walter,
Weekawken. Christine, Hine, and all valuable
numbers of Rogers' Hybrids : also, Delaware, Iona,
Israelis, Concord, Ives, Norton's Virginia, etc., etc..
In all about one hundred distinct varieties.
Kittatinny Blackberries and Clarke Raspberries
In large quantities, Jucunda and Charles lownirvf
Strawberries, Downing's Seedling Goosebersie,
Cherry. Versailles, White Grape, and Black Naples
Currants, etc., etc.
Send stamps for Illustrated Catalogue and Price
GEO. W. CAMPBELL,
10-3m " Delaware, Ohio.
100 Trees and Plants Tor $10.
I will send by Express, to any address,
20 Apple Trees, good sorts, different seasons,
5 Pear Trees.
5 Peach Trees,
10 Lswton Blackberries,
SO Wilson Strawberries,
1 Concord Grapes,
10 Doolittle Raspberries,
1 0 Red Dutch Currants.
lO Houghton Gooseberries,
all nSr (10 : or one half the above for fft, or double
for lis. All No. 1 plants and treea,
JO-PACKING FKEE.-S .
H. W. DAVIS,
10-Sm Box HI, Decatur, 111.
Apple Root Grafts !
Apple Root Grafts!!
WE solicit early orders for Apple
Root Grafts of all leading kinds, to be
on Four Inch Roots, put np the coming winter by
experienced hand, in the most careful manner,
each kind properly labeled and packed In damp
sawdust, so as to reach at any distance In good con
dition. H to 5fi0 $8 per MOD; lO.uuO tor $75; and
25,0iW for $1 V- More at cheaper rauss. These prices
Include packing and boxing. A tine lot of one year
old Apple Tres, from 2 to 3 feet, will sail cheap;
also lirape Vines, Currants, Strawberries, HedKe
Plants and Apple Stocks. Send for Price List, free
to all applicants. Address
62-1 m Box Ilia, Jiloomhtiton, JO.
We have a lanre stock-of the following articles.
with manv others, which we offer VERY low to cash
buvers. Warranted true to name, and GOOD IN
pples. Pears, Cherries. Peaches Plains,
Oa liter firapf. Raspberries,
Strawberries, lilac k Herri r. Evergreen,
Ornamental Tree. Sbrnbs.
Flowers, Floweriac tehraba, &e.
We want a firood reliable man. who can come well
mtfwwvmmAnAyl , nr am arrant f, irTIQ in .VPrT IWinfT
C CWIUUirilUCti, Ml V . arm, v a. " ' " - - J . . . j
In Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri and Iowa, to sell on
Commission or Salary.
E. L. ROBS A CO., .
ll-4m-tf JJ.oomlngton, lit
J. O. 3? X. XJ 3I B ,
etmrit t. TTTrr for Tn.11 of tsflfl. embracing a
reneral assortment of well PROVED, HARDY V A
Apples one and two years old, ?005I00 per 1000.
Siberian one and two years old, Transcendant, fso
Siberian one and two years old, IILslop, ?100fS0
All of splendid growth, on high, dry prairie and
Also a rareerfIcctIou of
,NEW APPLES AND SIBERIANS,
One year old 50c each, or fi per dozen.
Two years old 75c each, or J6 per duzen.
This list Includes twenty new Siberians of merit
for beauty and utility, und a collection ot ihe nnesi
Apples, mostly entirely new which we have been
curelully testing for the past live to ten years In
A Un o nmnlpfp Ktnrb nf other fruits In their vari
eties, Evergreens and Ornamental trees and shrubs.
navtng been bery successful In sending to New
MotI nnd ither Sist,'int Doints. we can guarantee
successful packing lor Mail or Express.
JTS-Send for Trade List, and state correctly what
-w u HriTon for "Root Grafts should be sent in
soon as possible, with ten per cent of bill with order.
at (f 1U per luou, or fou lor
ADDRESS AS ABOVE.
To Ecautifv Your Homes
PLANT ROSES !
Ilvhrid Pernetoal Roses are perfectly hardy,
need no protection, are strong growers and mat;nif
Iwnt bloomer. We offer our immense stock em
bracing over one hundred of the very finest varie
ties. Price, Including packing,
$13 per 100!
Also a full line of Nursery Stock.
Dlnprec & Conard,
2-6m Chester County, Pen.
Apples Tor the IVortli West.
We will contract to nut no SOO.nfO Root Grafts in
the bestlmanner, and on reasonable terms. Half ot
them Hvslop and Transcendant Crabs, and JDuch-es-s
of Oidenfourgh ; balance leading hardy varie
ties. Also for sale a small stock of two year old
Apples, including the above kinds, with a),0 Ily
slop and S.'WO Transcendant Crabs, one year old.
Also, Chrrrir, Vrairx, Ortutmrntnl Trrf-s and
67tiM, Kr-tTQrerMy lltvtex, Prtmin and Green House
Jlants, Evergreens from Woods, te.f tc.
CHAS. HAMILTON &t?OX.,
7-3m Itipon, Wis.
11U I1UEMES !
Robert Douglas & Son,
PEAR AMD EVERGREEN TREE
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
Native Evergreen and Apple Seeds,
Evergreen anil Omamentnl Tree Seedlings
one, two and three years old, suitable for Ornamen
tal Planting and for Timber. We have the largest
stock ever grown In this country, all raised from
seeds In our own grounds. Consisting mostly ot
Norway Spruce, Austrian. Scotch and White Pines,
Balsam Fir, Arbor Vitse, European Larch, Europe
an and American Mountain Ash, itc Transplant
ed Evergreen, one to two feet hiKh. Duchess of
Oldenburg Apple, Transcendent and If yslop Crabs,
Apple Seedlings, Pear and Evenrreen Tree Seeds.
Ac. The above are all perfectly hardy in Nebraska.
Send for Catalogues.
II. Douglas & Son,
2-8m Waukenan, 111.
We have a fine Stock of the following1 articles,
with many others, which we otler at low prices for
Every Plant "Warranted True to
Name and night in Every Respect.
Apples, Pears, Peaches,
Cherries, Pluxzis, Apricots,
Nectarines, Quince3, Dwarf
Peaches, Grapes, Raspber
ries, Strawberries, Black
berries, Currants and Goos
berries Also a Fine Stock of Ornamental
Trees and Shrubs; a Full Assort
ment of Bulbs, Dahlias, Poenas,
Dialetras, Aquilegias, &c, &c, CON
IYERS" COLOSSAL ASPARAGUS, NEW
VARIETIES of POTATOES, &c, &c.
ttSend Red Stamp for Fruit and Bulb. Cata
logaes."tj4 IRA Z. CONGDON, Pbofkietoh.
OXARG A, Iroquois Co., Illinois.
19A YEAR. 500 ACRES.
10 GREENIIO USES.
All First Class Stock. In part, as follows :
Apple lono,tyr..?ai ; 2yr.,?G0,- S r.,tl00.
Duchess Oldenburg. irlmes, Transcendent
luuo, 1 vr fx) ; 2 vr., $ltJ0. 1 1 iilop 1 and yrs.
Pear, Standard M0 HH)a
Pear, Dwarf W Ml; ht--.
Raspberry Bin Miami and Inolitllrvm js.
lilnckberry i.UUinv, Wilsrm's Jiirlrlm $15.
Koot Urnft Aasortmmts, inrluiiing Duchexs, Jfl-
sinp, Tranteendent, Grimes, tftark and fiknithern
Nursery Stocks Sort. Wild Cfrxm and Miner
Osne Oranxe Plants lrf rfi.,, 10,00013.00
K vc rareenw Mostly tranxplnntrdjmtfmiftrmi stnek
Maplen "ft or SWer-iraivd, all sizes, imrlviling
l') jprrrxt, (I inch H -V); transjdanted 8 to 12 inrh.
;i.00; MU0, 2 to 4L, $U ; 4 to 6ft., to 8T.,f 90.
Roses 500 sorts, largest stork, I'M ?12; 10M) f ln,
Jreen!ionr, Heddingand Vegetable Plants.
Fruit and Flower Plates tsumpUs by mail, (l.
ySend 10 cents for Catalogues. "a
F. K. PHOENIX,
7-tf Bloomington, Illinois.
Tbe American Cliestnnt.
On of the most nrofl table Timber and "Sat n re
ducing Trees In America.
TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND TRES FROM
FOUR INCHES TO TWO FEET
HIGH, FOR SALE.
We are DnUinir la one hundred and flftv htuhel
fttMVl with f Vi m rnl aw aHaftk w MfcVMfcnAA am
sent by express with biii for collection on delivery.
PRICE of trees packed and delivered at Express
Office or Railway station at this place :
4 to ft Inches hlirh, 2 per 1V), $15 per 1W0.
8 to 12 Inches hitrh, 4 per ion, SO per low.
15 to 24 Inches high, 8 per 100. 60 per luuo.
Chestnut Trees Ijy Mall.
Is sent with the order at the fol
lowing rates, we will send trees by mail, well packed
In damn mm and oiled paper, pay the postage, and
guarantee their safe arrival In good condition :
Price af Tree br Mail. 4 to 8 Inches 60 cents
per dozen ; $1 per i : fl.To per 5; $3 per into. 8 to 12
Inches, $1 per dox iUi per 25 ; (3 per 50 ; 85 per 100.
tTS- Send flnr Chestnut Circular, free to all : and
Trade List of Xursery Ktoclt, fr to Dealers and
We refer to i irsi rauosai jsanK oz uus place.
STORES, HARRISON A CO.
10-3ro Lake County, Ohio.
RamsSeli rJonvay Oats.
The best and most prof. tab! Oat rrown, yielding
more than twice as many bushels per acre as com
mon Oats. The straw is very strontr, and rarely
Urfises or fails down. Our seed is c.ean and free
from noxious weeds.
One Bushel, S3. Ten Bushels, 810.
One Hundred Bushels, 8.100.
E. Y. TEAS,
7-5m Richmond, Ind.
Sans Souci Fruit Farm & tlursery
Hamilton County, OI1I0.
200,000 Ives Seedling Grape Vines.
THE ;RAPE OP AMERICA.
The Ives has succeeded everywhere North and
Ponth where it bus betn tried, lor twenty-nve
venrs it has annually vielded a large paving crop.
When all other varieties mt tet and mildewed, the
Ives did not; nnl in localities when the Catawba
did not ripen, the Ivesilul. Try the Ives and make
your own wine. All vineyardi in our immediate
vicinity nave yieiuea tins vear at tne raie oi uu
(rations (jf II utf prr acrf. Try it.
Concord, Eentz, Delaware, CI intca,
Diana, Martha. &c.
For table grape we recommend the Srtlrrn and
Eunwlan, as eiual to the celebrated European
200 Varlellf I of Strawberry
Plant, Including all the old and new varieties of
Belle Bretonne. .
Triumph de Paris, etc.
Rasnberrlos. Clarke, Thiladel
delnhla. Naomi. Eranconia. Miami. Sware de
IJIackbcrrles. Lawton, Kittat
Inny. Missouri Mammoth, Wilson, etc.
Currants, Gooseberries, - Fijrs,
Pears, Apples, Cherries, Plumb and Peach Trees,
Asparagus Plants the Conover
and other varieties, ana Itheuoaro Roots, rc.
Early Home Potatoes. ? per
barrel; f 15 for ten barrels; frto for a barrels; flOO
for 25 barrels.
Bulbs, Flowers, Shrubs, etc
For further information or catalogue, appry, en'
clohing stamps, to
2-3m Flaiaville, Hamilton, Co., O.
Perre, Batcheldcr & Co.,
IMPORTERS AJ DEALERS I2T
DUTCH BULBTJS ROOTS,
Eoweriii Shrubs and Greenhouse
Garden, Field and Flower Seeds
Agricultural and Horticultural
S31 31nln Street,
OTJR ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE OF
SENT OX RECEIPT OF FIVE CENTS.
The Walter Grape,
No. 3 one year......
No. 2 do
No. 1 do
Two years best..-.
IX LAKQE Q VAXTTTTES A T MVCII RED CCED
Saccharine Tests for Tflne.
At the National Pacrtisrlne Test for Wine, at
ITammondsnnrt. X. Y.. ct. 2Mh, 1M. the (Wauita
stood in saccharine matter 11 Walter VJJona lul
Itelmrnre lua. T his test was msJe with 17 ounce of
the Walter, somewhat frozen, to 21 ounces of each of
the other varieties.
Next morn! me the superintendent. Clerk, snd one
of the Directors of the Pleasant Vsiiey Wine Co.
(the parties who conducted the test the day In-fore.)
to satLxt'y themselves of the merits nf the "Walter"
by an eiual trial, tested 17 ounce of Iona from the
same lot that were used the day betre. and the
saccharometer stood at Id the Walter IwMtliis it 8.
Had li ounces of the Delaware and Catawba been
pn'S.sed equally hard with the Walter, their skins
and centres beim acid, the lelaware would bare
stood lower and the Catawba proportioftshiy below
the Delaware. All the other varieties ranged much
lower tfian those enumerated above.
There had been constant rains and damp'weather
n the section where the Walter srrew its cnmotit-
ors growing at If ammindsjirt and along the lakes,
where there had been but little ruin during the sea
son dry soil and weather being necessary for the
Dertect sweetening or graites.
A committee of the American Institute Farmer's
Hub, iri a rwport of Sept. 22, l-Kis, printed In the
New York Semi-Weekly Tribuneof Sept. 2r.lh, after
speaking of the qualities of the Waller, say: "We
conclude the H alter will be a valuable grace In the
grape regions of the npper Mississippi. on the shores
of Lake "Erie, in west- New "i ork, on the slate
soils of western Pennsylvania, and wherever else
native grapes are successfully grown."
Letter from Charles WixMei, one nf the oldest vine-
varauus in we. exate.
Visetard PorxT, Ulster Col.N. Y
Slay 1J, wish.
Messrs. Ferris A Ouiwood.
Dkar Sirs: Yours of the ISth I am In receipt of,
la which you a"k it I have anyobjertions to sending
you, for publication, the facts I am ciiiainted with,
in relation to the character of the Waller i-irape. t
have never Indorsed the charsu-ter or usefulness ot
vines, or ctherartlcles of any description, and would
not at my present stage of lite were it not for two
reasons which seem hiillicient. .First, I know the
Walter Gru)ie, will meet the prejudices widespread
throughout the country, caused h the wnrthlessness
In moHt localities of many of its predecessors. Sec
ond, because I can say from personal observation
that the Walter is the best variety I have had any
knowledge of. and I think I have cultivated nemrtr
all that have been recommended, discarding them
all and falling back upon the Concord and Hartford
Proline as vineyard varieties. I am interested in
knowing that the fruit of the Walter grow larger
each year as the Tine grows older, being lastywtr
fully one-third larger than it was two yeurs ago. It
grows well ; sets fruit well. I have seen it ripe sev
eral times before Hartford, and I have never seen
any mildew on its fruit or on lis large and thick, but
Delaware shaped foliage. The flavor of the fruit I
think superior to any other variety. You say In
your circular It Is a seedling of tbe Delaware and
Diana; I think the character of each of these varie
ties is quite distinguishable in the Waltev, particu
larly that of the Ielaware. I alsd think it would
make a wine of high character. I have visited it
annually since It first bore, six years ago, three times
In I'lster Co., N. Y., in a low valley, where the Isa
bella seldom ripens, and each t'me it was fully ripe
in August. I have seen it each of tbe three past sea
sons in Ponghket-psie, ripening at the same time,
excepting last year, when th constant rains pre
vented all varieties from maturing at thir usual
time, but it perfected its fruit by the middle of Sep
tember. The raisins of the last mentiond crop I
have s-en and eaten, which were good. Prom its
succeding in the low valley and tenacious clay ot
Mode's, and also in the dry slatey position In
Poiiuhseepsie, I think It will be well adapted to the
varied sections of our country. You may make
whatever use of these opinions vmi dt-em proper.
Yours truly, CHAIlLEd W (JO LEY.
FERRIS & CAYTVOOD,
21-y Poughkeepsie. N. Y.
Plant Choice Fmits.
NOW IS TIIE TIME TO ORDER.
I will scntl fine SALEM GRAPES by
mail for l each. Rogers 4, IS, 1!. at 5c each. Kit
tatinny and Wilson s jrly Blackberries at H per
dozen, by mall. ClarJc Itaspberrv, fioo per Oos.
Philadelphia do, fioo per dozen, all'by mail.
I will deliver the following at K.xpress oflice, prop
erly packed, at tbe following prices: Concord Grapes
and $10 per hundred. Delaware, Diana, Crevel
Ing and Ive's Needling, !. per hundred. talem
Grapes at 75, 'a and ? K per hundred. Itogers 4, IS.
and lilat J0 per hundred. Fine Knee at ft.50 per
dozen. Marshal Neil Rose (bv mai 1) 75c each.
Addxeaa JOHN CHARLTON,
Per Pr Per Per Pr
Each. Dos. 25. V. 75. 100.
3 f 1.1 fISfi 40
4 43 M 170 24.1 320
5 54 111) 213 310 )
10 10S 220 425 820
LAEQE AXD TIXS ST0CX
FRUIT AND OP.NAJrENTAL
Zip T "73
Small Fruits in Great
varleUesT V,i,A- r0ld and choice
CUSTPHSCtro or an fwM- n-.-
cu Miii.i.ito and different ; ie. T
fluently transnl.inti ' 81 ft.
- - a la iirsrrv
HOUSE & BEDDING PLANT'
and other Vegetable Plants, la Ueir season. d
IVo. 1, by the 100,000 or 2li:jjon
iodic crrninipp) Y
All the above grown with rrf ,
reference to the wants of thwSS? tmSl1
Send for Catalogues. WO
47-6mMreX1 SIA rcfttv? ro.'
tO r , W
O r -j m
TIIE BEST CURRANT GR0"WX
This Dirmnt Ls universally admitted to be the
best in cultivation. It is a strong, vig!rnm (mwr,
hasgreut thickness of leaf, which enablt itmc
cessi'ully to resist the attacks of the currant worm:
Is productive, and bears very large aad haadaum
We have made a specialty of the "TmanTn).'
and now offer an nnequa.led stock of t and i y-u
old plants. Purchasers can rely on receivlnf nnl
class plants Irom us, at the following rates:
2 years old .10prlu0 MOperlW
1 " 0 " 70 a
Sample sent by mall on receM oSt. 3
Versailles cuttings, 10 per lno. 3 ,
EDWARD B URGES," 5 .
50-5 iu Pooghkeepa..T.r.
Should be fn every harden and every VpT'd l
the land. We have good evl'lfx-e that In to' Wv
It Is to be eminently nuccessful. It Is eur.ixr, mm!
Infinitely superior to theConcord Id fjualiljr. and
must supplant tnat variety iast aa Its menu be
come known. The S:tirn, as Is well known, !h
best of the "Kogers Ilybritls." Mr. Kogen thai
"I.iUe other well known klnls, Nos. 4 and IVJili
Is a Hybrid net wes-n a native and the Biaok Hsm
burg, bunch larv.- and compiu-t. brry lirg
Ilaniburg.of a l.'M chestnut orCatawbaroUr. Lhir
sklnnel. perfectly (wfium hard pulp, vtrrr
and sprightly, wu'u a rntwl exipiiMte aronmiir fla
vor: not epuailed by any other out-door Krupe if
wine or table : as early and hardy as llwars or
Hartford, having never failed to ripen its Iniit, is
the most iinf:tv rnhli; ncasin, for Hie past ix taws.
Taking all its qualities into consideration, rriin's.
hardinws, srwltrmt 'it:nrnf vine, siw ul ma.-y
of fruit, it Is pronounced1 by the best jiKJu-s f
have tried it. tv have no eual among ail lt n
merous varieties now before the public: I rf
with comidonce recommend It as the best of il of
The bilk of the Sclera Jstfx-k passed fmm Ht.
Rogers iut tbe hands of Mr.T. L Harrs. i sisa
on-Krie. That gentleman lift-.it -tts of it in Vine
yard, and under date of AugVth. 1, writ:
Dear Sik: I have much pleasure in cntlnulnc
to report mwt favorably of the Salem. Tln-y -tr
perfectly hardy in every respect, anil nw 'ft
ous grower. They hav e not utlerl .'P-m die wib
ter or the tryitursonimer. erjiplng u! whrttr
other varieties havebepn ajrectrdrt'!Osly.
I am well satisfied with their pn)nu.. thl
though I have thirty acres of tin one varwsy.'
fi!lel up most of the vacancies in my otber vine
yards w.itt them.
Yours trily T. L. Hi RJtl
Last spring we relieve Vr. TIarrj. Cr t.ptp
agation of the SaJmi, by piin-tiai"f "''"J
sto-k vf vines for transplanting, f lt" vr?"
from hfs large .vineyard. We r t""rl4rui'
able to offer to the public the
Lar?rcitant! best utoefeofSalcia
ViucH In Ihe Country,
at low rates, to large and small planters.
If we are to com pete with our California frin
In Gmpo cr-wlntr. it must olatil tne lnte "J
showy varieties) tn.sve wnk-h ukI earlrPPr"" B
the choice roreign kfuo. inappearanreand qua..';
We oiler ail letKhng varieties ht sale at
VERY LOW RATES. ,
Our circulars cnn!aia a rat of the Salem, tadv
tlmoniitis. s-nt on application. '
I. II. BABCOCK & CO.,
Salem Grape Nnctyn?.
Lock port,. T.
APPLES, GRAPES, U
Grown at the Milton Nursery;
Concord one year, strwest
1 two years transplanv
Delaware two years trana-
Consisting of Fameus, Tall
man Sweet, ltei Asirican,
ltel June, Sweet June, l'er
ryllussett, IjiglLsh liolJen
Itussett, sps oi wine. Or
der per M must contain not
less thaupkuofany variety.
Two years old. 3 to. V ft
One year old, 1 to 3 feet
25 100 t
One ye;ir. 1 to 3 ft..
Two years 4 to 4
Uislop, two years, 3 lo 4 A
Flemish Beauty, 1 year, J to 3 ft
Dnolittle and Ooldua Cap
Wilsin and Green's Prolidc
Red and Whi Dutch, Whit
rape and Black Naples
Tnnr attention Is called to the above
MitTOX, Wb., Sept 1, 1MB.
We have a larg and complex
APPLE, PEACH. CTIERRY. A
KHADK TREK'S, r.VEW.Kf-f J;
O R A PE VI N ES. SOLA LL t L
p)Mt--M SIIRI ILS. JCC '
Propsgated and rrown by us at onraJ.:y t"
we otff r to planters at as low mt.-s-, fV & j
stock can be furnished at any other
conn trv. .,.-1 ni1 ,rrT
We do not bar. but raise onr "e hr.J
quentlvcan and do guarantee every arw
anrt true to name, .-tpntion tb1
We glvesmaU orders the same a ten
do large ones: , nr1ert "i11 pi'!I
Parties favoring us with their orrs .t
give us piain directions. "l"J'Z"
route, and to whom they wwfl '
Correspondence solicited and n
application. Address STtyOCJ? rj
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