Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1869)
CHURCH, COLHAPP & CO.,
rnblNhrr wad Proprietor.
Oflce-N McPher Block, w Stair.
One square, ( line or lens) first insertion
Much Buimc.acnt insertion
lijH.inntx tarda of Ave line or Jess.-
ijtcU additional line.....
. 1 08
. 1 ft)
mi... . Zl no
t ....... .i,-t n rno rrar. - M Ml
fourih colin. iliD.oi.th-.fJl ; three month. I w
jUlf column, ot.erear - u w
Half column, aix n.onUs; three months 21 00
fpcttcntl msmrss arfc
' 3 TV KfVMAX,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, '
Office with Judge Morgan In the Court House,
ATTORNEY! A- COVNSEI-OKS AT LAW.
Oilice in lurt House JiuildinR.
Will glv dilitrent attention to any legal hunlnesB
........uu-d to their care, .to-trj
TMTl A TiTT.TlV.
AMorner and Counselor at Law, and
'General Und Agent,
Tecumseh. Johnwon County, Nehraaka.
J. N. REYNOLTtS,
Attorncr and Connaelor at Law,
OFrlt'K - "' Jv-'
thi i VI AS A BROADY.
iffrtat Law SoUtHort in Chantcrf,
v ' Office In District Court Room.
VM. H. MeLENNAN,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Nel.nu.ka City, Nebraska
TVIRTER &. BROWN.
Attorneys a Low and Land Agent,
O. II. HKWLTT,
j j- I i'omnrlnr at Law,
OjV--No. 1 0 Mt-rhersou a Block, up murg.
S. M. RICH,
Attorney at Law and Land Agent.
Office in Court House, llrst door, we,t side.
" B. V. PERKINS,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
TecuniKoli, Johnson Co., Neb.
KVK m-MPHREV, .
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
r nee tliy. Pawnee Co., Neb.
v N. K. G BIGGS
Attorney at Law 6i Heal Estate Agent,
Iteatrlce. iinvo Vumty. Nebraska.
s. cowles, m. r..
Homeopathic Pliystelan, Surgeon and
J0iuc " Obaletrlclan.
rriimte of levelaiirt College. OffiM ,."'
-J,?Wnrl, first dooreaM ol .Marble Worts.
T;. --.-. e"- diseases of Women aud
W. IL KIM BERLIN, M.D.
rUYfsICIAN ASD H 1U.KOX TO NEB.
EYK AND K All IKF1UHARY.
Owe ver Port t!nce.
owe Horn 7 a.m. to P.M.
H. C. TIU'RMAX,
PHYSICIAN AM) SLRC.EON,
Pfflre-No. M Ma.n Street, one door wet or neo
' Tin shop. Oilice hours from 7 to 11 ,
II. I MATHEWS.
PHYSICIAN ANU SlROEOX.
onice No.I Main Street.
C. F. STEWART. M. I.,
PHYSICIAN AND SCIIGEON,
Oice o. 1 MalnHtrecU
Ofiee IIourt1 to9 A. Af., and 1 to 2 ad 6) '2 to
n. v. iirnHKS,
Real Eatate Agent and Justice of Peace,
Offi iu uurjJljiiJ2!.ti-?or'wt'' '
BARRET & EETT,
Land AgentsV Land Warrant Brokers.
No. Ul MhIii Street,
Will atrud to jmjing Taxet fur m-rwcrO.
fcrional atlcntvm yum to making LociUuin.
Lands, improved and nnimprtn td, or aU on
Tciiuiltlr trrms. '
WM. H. HOOVER,
Real Estate and Tax Paying Agent.
OClce tu JJistrict Court Kooin.
Will ou t prompt attention to the nale of Aral
Kttate and fvyiuiit of Taxet throughout the
Jy emuha ljand Jnnh irl.
JONAS HACKER, ,m
LAND AND TAX PAYING AGENT.
U tll attend to the 7tt.vt.waf of Tar for on
Jletident Ixind Oirnert in Nemaha tAunty.
M( SES H. SYDENHAM,
ROTARY PIBLIC A LAMD AGENT,
Fort Keurnry, ycbratka.
Will lont' luivls for iutciKiini; settlors, nd
elve any liifrniati.u retjuirea concern inii
heIanjsof S-.nth-Western Nehraka. l'-'-l.
WM. T. DEN,
Whflrxnle and Iletait healer in
fUeacral Merchandise, and Commission
and Forwarding Merchant,
No. 6 Mala street.
Ojto JHaiUeiK, JHotvt, Sloven, furniture, A-e.,
xLluxip oh hand, llnjhestjuark et price paid fur
Hid. 1'etU, J-'un and Country l'roduce.
F. E. JOHNSON CO.
OraJrra In General Merchandise,
fro, Tt Mcl'lu-rwura Block. Main St.
KITMiV Olltl-S, ruorKIETOR,
lM i . i iiabi vihuw ltri.wiivilln.
Swt aecBtodaUon In the city. New Houbc
ly lurtMMU ia uie iier ui uioujcai r v
. Lirery jOjJ1c convenient. --"n
W. L m'E.NS. PBornirTO",
OppotOte Ue I "coot, Piieljw City. Missouri.
As KtMjnl avnro.nmtlai40DS aud good Btubimg ars
offered as nu be bud ut lb West. I J
L. 1JL ltOULsoN, I'roprletor.
tr.. .n. iMicrcu Mntn and ater
U i700rf Fed uud Lit ery Stable in. connection
SCOA tti lie.
IIOLLADAY it fX)
yhlie li'tail Daicrt in
rU. Medicines. Paints, Oils, t.
No. 41 Main Street.
McCREERY 4 NICKELL.
Whitle-Ur nd lletail Jk-l-ra ti
Drugs, Books, Walloper t Stationery
No. 3 M:in Sfreot.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
CHARLES H ELMER,
BOOT AND SHOE MAhJtt,
No. .Main iuTu
Ilai e knixd t tupcrior ttct of Hoot and
l l . . i r-. 1- , h urtil nrxA ana
' onvw hvi cWr.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
No- 4 8 Main Struct. t
u on hand a oomi assortment of Cent s,
ladies, Misrcs' and Children' Boots and Shoes.
Custom Work done u-Uh neatness and dupaicli.
K'-iuiirimt rtnne on short not is.
S 1 1 ELLEN BE RG ER BROS,
ttaaafarturers fc Dealers In Tinware.
No. 1 Mala St., Mcl'liertion's Block.
Stoves, Jlardu are, Carpenter's I'&jU.lilack'
smith's Furnishings, d c constantly on kanL
JOHN C. DEUSER.
Dealer tn Stoves, Tinware, Pumps, Ac,
No. TP Msin StreW ,
JOHN W. MIDDLETON,
HARXESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
No. 64 Main Street.
Whips and Lashes of exvry desertion, and
Plastering JIatr. kcj on hand. Lush paid for
J. 1L BAUER,
Mnnvfnnrer nttd lhrnlrr in
harness, Bridles, collars, Etc.
No. B, Main St root. -Mmd
nq done to order. Sitixfnefion avirartteed.
CHARLES BRIEGEL nnMr
BEER II ALL AND LCNCII ROOM,
No. 3 Main smU
JOSEril HCDDARD & CO.,
No. 47 Main Street.
Th Wt Wines tuid. Liquors kept on hand.
R. V. BERGER,
ALHAMBRA BILLIARD SALOON,
Tie bent Win-s iJ Liqnors constantly on hand.
Vn, Wuil ny Jlliwk.
J. L. ROY.
BARBER AND II AIR DRESSER.
No! 55 Mala Street,
Ha a splcwiid suit of Bath Fxwnu. Alto a
ehitvr ttoek nf (ientlemnn's Xotinns.
J. W. .T. C. GIBSON,
Biiop on First, between Main and Atlantic
n u irori- done to ordcr-aiut laiisjacnon guar'
PI0XEER BOOI. AND NEWS DEALER,
A 1i Ml TTIT
Vttif Jiook more,
No. 50 Main Street.
0. W. WHEELER,
. BnjOGE BUILDER,
Mri nB,ntfor K. W. Hmlth's latnt Truss
nnaitc The. strongest ami best "wooden
now in use.
CITY BAKERY AND CONFECTIONERY.
NACE & HANSEN. Tkopkiktors.
No. 31 Main street, opposite tlty Drug tstore.
Pies, Cakes, Fresh Bread, lnleciioiiery, light
and Fancy Groceries, constantly on hand.
WILLIAM ROSS ELL,
Bakery, Confectionery and Toy Store.
No. 40 Main Street.
Fresh Bread, Cakes, Oysters, Fruit, etc., on hand
J. P. DEUSER,
Dealer In Confectioneries, Toys, etc.
No. 44 Main Street.
J AS, C. McNAUGIITON,
Notary Pnhlle and Conveyancer.
Office In Carson" Bank, Brownvlile, Neb.
E. E. EBRIGHT,
Notary Pnblle and Conveyaneer,-
And apent for the Equitable and American
Tontine Life Insurance Companies. 5-tf
FAIR BROTHER A HACKER,
Notary Pnblle and Conveyancer,
Oflie in County Clerk's Office,
O. W. rAIKHKOTUtUl, JAMfS M. HACKER,
Notnrv Pnhlic. onnty tnerk.
GEO. G. START BRO.,
DEALERS IN GRAIN, PRODUCE, Ac.
The highest market price paid for anything
tlia I'nrmnrran raie. We will buy and Bell
everytmng Known i lUBuiiuari.
. . , , . . . . -1,
U'lillTlIIVd A WIT .TOY
Storage, Forwarding and Commission
And Dealers in all kinds of Grain, for uhich
they pay the Highest Market Price in tilth.
- - cnRIS. IIAUBOLDT.
V MERCHANT TAILOR,
Xo. 6 Main Street,
Have on hand a splendid Mock of Goods,
and will make them np in the latest styles,
on short notice nnd reason nble terms.
BOUNTY CLAIM AGENTS.
" ED. D. SMITH,
V. S. WAR CLAIM AGENT,
Washington City, JK C.
Will attend to the prosecution of claims be
fore the Department i n person, for Additional
Bounty, Back Fay and Pensions, and all
claims accruing against the Government uu-
rlmrthn IlllA tt'RT. - 4ft-1 1
uVITIt T TTITTI.R.
U. 8. ASSISTANT ASSESSOR
Office In District Court Room.
Xotary J'ublic and United States War Clatm
Agent. Will attend to the prosecution of claim
before the Jjejtartment, for Additional Bounty,
Back J'ay und Pensions. A Iso the collection of
Seini-A nnual I hint on Pensions.
J. V. D. PATCH,
Manufacturer and Dealer In
Clocks. Watches, Jewelry, etc., ete.
No. 34 Main Street.
Silver and direr-Plated Ware, and all varie
tie of Spectacles CO.: MCUly on hand. Ilrpairtng
done in t)ie neatest style, at short notice. C harge
MRS. J. M. GRAHAM,
TEACHER OF MUSIC.
Rooms, Main, lot ith fc 3th St.
Lessons oivenon e Piano. Organ, Melodion,
Guitar and localization. Having had eight year
experience a teacher of Music in Xev York it
confident af pivinz satitjaeiion
A. W. MORGAN,
Probate Judge and Justice of the Peace
Oflioe in Court House Bulldlns.
BLISS & HUGHES.
Will attewl to the sale of Real and J'ersonal
Property in the Xcntaha Land District. Terms
CnARI.rS O. TK.RSET. OKOROK W. DORSKY,
Att'y at Law.
C. G. & G. W. DORSEY,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
. . AND
Dealers in Land Warrants.
But and Sell Ileal Estate and
Select & Locate Government Lands.
ATTEND TO CONTESTED CASES IN THE
U. S. LAND OFFICE, AND
A larpe quantity of F'irst Class iJinds for
sale In Nemaha, Richardson, Pawnee, John
eon and Gage Counties, Nebraska, to which
the attention of purchasers is specially Invi
O dee BEATRICE, NEB.
NEW STExlM FERRY
r-:- 1 -ih-
t. A .i-BiL.v ''
--t ' T if"- -
Tie Brownvill erry Company
have now running between
North Star and Phelps City, Ho'.,
the new and commodious steam Ferry
ItlAirST J. ARNOLD!
THIS BOAT is entirely new, with
power and capacity to cross everything
that mar come. In any weather. .
For rrnsNinif Cuttle Into or out of this Land
triet.thlalsthebe.'-.t point, ThLH boat is especially
titled up to ensure safety In cnwsinr stock, and larre
csltlej.en. are already erected at the (St. Joed C. B.
lx-poi ui PhljM City. We can iusire the traveling
riut.lic that all in our power Rhall he done to make
Uls the mo reliable crotuiins on the Missouri river.
BROWN VILLE FERRY CO.
Advertising Ager.U, Chicago,
93fArt autharittd is rteeiM Adver
tisements far this paper, at our Uxtst
rata, and art Agents for all Xewtpa
pert in the C S. and Territories.
a - tc . -i - w -
p " fc? - 3
f it CO CH
X. ef. covsTa.inz,i2,
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
. WHOLESALE AND REAIL DEALER IN
Iron, Steel, and Heavy
WAGON.Carriajre.and Tlow Works,
els. Axes, 8hovels. Hpades, Files, Hasps. Chains,
Carriae and Tire Bolts. J'uts and Wawhers, Nails,
Hunt and Mnle Shoes. ws. Cttnes and Hollow
Ware, Sugar Kettles, Andirons, Skillets and Lids,
Stew Pots, Bake Ovens, Fruit Kettles and Sad Irons.
BLACaSjIITIX'S. TOOLS :
Anvils, Stocks and Dies, Bellows, Sledge and
Band Hftmmers, Vices, Pincers, ltasps, Fitrriers'
Knives, Tire Iron, Ac.
Ox Yokes. Axle G reuse. Ox Chains, Waon Jacks,
Ox Shoe Nails, bhovels, Picks, etc Hubs, Spokes
Agricultural Implements :
'S. Eagle Mowers, McCormick's
:ers and Mowers, Kallers Horse
lanters. Hnlky Corn Cultivators.
Rand Corn Shellers, Hay Bakes, etc, ete.
Buylne my floods direct from manufacturers
I offer very jrreat Inducements to
J. A. PISKR. T. R. RETNOLD8.
PirVEU & RE YXO L.HS,P'roprictor8
Eight street, two blocks from R. It. Depot,
ST. JOSEPH, MO. 451y
W. M. WYETII & CO., .
Wholesale Dealer in
HARDWARE & CUTLERY
Xo. South Third, beU Felix & Edmond sts
ST. JOSEPH. M0.
HARNESS, Skirting, and all kinds
of Baddies, Leather, Bridles, Hardware,
Ac, constantly on hand. Agents for IMtson's Circu
lar Saws and Marvin's Safes. Vy
W00LW0RTH & COLT,
And Dealers in . .
PAI'ER HANGINGS, AND
No. 12, 2d St., St. Joseph. Mo.
CASH PAID FOR It A OS!
. Corner Sixth and SU Charles Streets, .
ST. JOSEPH, MO. - - -
Dealer in Lime, Hair and
PLASTER, WHITE SAND, FIRE BRICK,
HAUK & ARMITAGE
Wholesale and Retail
Vo. 21, llain Street,
Keep constantly on hand a full assortment of
Staple and Fancy. .
Glassware & Queensware
GIVE US J CALL!
Country Produce Always Wanted 1
Ell U SHOP.
Having Just opened. t 5o. 51 Main street, Brown
Mock of Millinery Ooods, we would call public at
tention to the fact-that every good
may.at reasonable prices, procure for his "better
half,h all she may wish in our line, of which every
be No. 1, and made np In the best of style, and that
EVERY YOUNG LADY
mar here find Just what she wishes In the way of
Kais, Trimmings, Patterns, etc Every one
WHO TRADES WITH
lis mar rest assured that we will spare no pains to
pive entire satisfaction, as we are In daily receipt.of
the latest novelties In our line. Give as a calL
MRS. ALLIE BEAR.
Dealer In all kind of stock. Horses bought,
sold and exchanged. Stock boarded by th
day or week.
The Propritor has recently erected an entire
new large and commodeous Stable, near the
old Brownville House. His stock Is all fresh
and vehicles new. The public can be accom
modated at all hoars, ?,---
DAY OR ISTGrllT.
A stock con-nil, with an abnndnnt supply
of pure water, attached to the wtable, 4-ly
( ii IT AvV.' "
V l )? '.
SOLE AGENTS FOR
CANTON CLIPPER PLOWS!!
TITE BEST PLOW MADE!
H2CDFORD &. HOWARD,
AnCUITECTS & GUILDERS
Are prepared to furnish
DESIGNS & SPECULATIONS
for all kinds of
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE,
of the latest and most approved styles.
ALSO TAKE CONTRACTS!
All kinIt of Job Work done to order t
JTS-Shop, corner Main and Second streets,
BROWNVILLE, NEB. 43-y
H H B XL A N T
HOUSE, SIGH, AIO CARRIAGE
Graincr $ Paper Hanger
No. 60 MAIN STREET,
J. X. ERETZ,
AND SIGN PAINTER.
OVEK IIELMKB'5 WAG0IT SHOP,
Brovrnvlllc, Nebraska. f
OFFERS his services to. the public,
with the confident belief that his work
will meet the approbation of his patrons. .
FRANZ HELMER, '
ONE DOOR WEST OF COURT H0CSK ' '
WAGON MAKING, Repairin-?,
Plows, and all work done In the best
manner and on short notice. Satisfaction triinrn
anteed. Give him a call. 34-ly.
, LANNON & IIENTON,
Foot of Main St.,
WOULD inform the public that they
are prepared to do all kinds of Custom
Work. For Shoeing Horses and Ironing of Buk
jries, they have the latest improved machinery.
TERM.S CASH. Give them a call when you want
prompt and durable work done. jy
JOHN L. CARSON,.
Exchange Bought and Sold on nil the prin
cipal cities. Also dealer In Gold and Silver
Coin, Gold Dust and
Deposits received, payable at sight. Inter
est paid on time deposits by special agree
ment. Taxes paid for non-residents.
All kinds of TJ. S. Bonds wanted.
Is fullj' prepared to do all kinds of
HOUSE, SIGN, CARRIAGE,
Gutlding, Glazing, Paperkanging, Sic.
Clocks, Watches, "Jewelry
No. 59 Slain Street, Brownville.
nas just opened and will constantly
keep on hand a large and well assorted
stock of genuine articles in his line.
Repairing of Clocks, Watches, and Jew
elry done on short notice.
ALL WORK WARRANTED.
DR. J. BLAKE,
,". Would respectfully
announce mat ne lias
ai jocsieo in lirownvuie
-v and Is now prepared
-s- to perform .in the best
manner, ALL oper
ations (ertainlnit to
the science of lien-
Officii Over City Drug Store, lront room. 16t
ALWAYS H11ADY. NEVR FAILS.
Ear.ily carried weighs 75 Hs. filled. Eight Rail ons
In the Kngine charged with Carbonic Acid Gas,
equal to V-i'i hhds. ol Common Water!
Charged in SO seconds! Can be recharged in 1
minute! Throws jO ftet I Puts out burning Kero
sene, Benauie, Tar, tc
EVERY FARMER SHOULD HAVE ONE.
EVERY BUILDER SHOULD HAVE ONE.
45-tf SAVES rrS COST IN INSURANCE.
" ALL ABOARD!"
The Brownville Transfer. Line,
Coder the management of
Ig now Running Regnlar Omuibnuses f rom
Brownville to the Railroad Terminus
of the Council Bluffs and St. Joseph Railroad,
At Nortli Star, Mo.,
Two Mile from BrowuTille and North Star Terry
Lend I us.
Good Omnibnsses. Close Connvctxonr
Clxarges Moderate 30-tf
PHILLIPS S& BARNES'
Lirery, Feed) Sale and Exchange
Corner Hain and Levee St-
HAVING purchased this Stable of
A. P. Cogswell, I am prepared to furnish
the best TEAMS, BUGOIESand CARRIAGES In
Southern Nebraska, at LOWEST CASH RATES.
Room for Fifty Horses. Corral for stock. Particu
lar attention paid to Feeding or Boardine Hornes.
a-ly vmLLira A BAHKES.
L i I I 5
"We make some extracts from an
address of Hon. Geo. W. Frost, deliv
ered at the Staf? Fair.
"Are we going to the East for our
wagons and agricltural implements,
and furniture or any other handiwork
that Is formed from wood, when we
can purchase the new material as cheap
or cheaper than our neighbors, and
when we rcan raise food enough for
the sustenance of millions of human
beings from our fertile soil? And
the same may be said of our wool.
Shall we send it through a dpzen hands
to Europe to be manufactured, and
each take a profit when we have
streams idle that would turn our spin
dles, and millions of tons of coal to
drive our steam engines? Shall we
send our hides from the mountain dis
tricts to the Atlantic coast to be tan
ned and manufactured, when we
have only to transport the material
for tanning ; and our own population,
who ought to subsist in this fertile
country much more cheaply than in
the-East can manufacture them for
home consumption? The question
can me multiplied indefinitely, and
they are grave questions which must
be ment, and in which every farmer
I address is interested. The wealth
of the State, the success of the commu
nity, and the value of his individual
property, are all effected by these re
sults. Give Nebraska City, for in
stance, any of these manufatturing
advantages, and how rapidly would
the value of real estate increase in this
vicinity. And we must not think
these advantages very distant they
are at our very doors. Abroad, I see
by the papers, you have commenced
several branches here, and they are
but harbingers of hundreds and thous
ands of interests which will spring up
within the State.
The cereals next claim our attention.
What is the great staple of the State,
We stand at the head of all the wheat
growing State, except California, in
the production of the greatest number
of bushels per acre.
Our soil is very peculiar, wheat grows
well on both high and low lands, per
haps better on the bluffs and in ana
lzylng the soil, we fine in digging
down the bluffs just as good soil nine
ty feet below as at the surface, and
the soil seems to be perfectly inex
baustable. Land which has been
cropped for fifteen years, without
dressing bears just as good crops as
when the virgin goil was first bro
ken. . .
Oats bring the cultivator almost
Dr. Miller, editor of the Herald, &
short time since exhibited to an edito
rial party from the East a sample
from a field which yielded 100 bushels
to tlie acre.
Corn is a very profitable crop com
paring very favorably with the other
Western States, but this year being
far in advance of them. 111 traveling
several times through the States be-.
tveen here and New York, the re
mark: everywhere by passengers, who
fcaroe through both in spring and sum
mer, that our cornfields were the fin
est that they had seen on the route.
Also yields very rich returns, and
although but little, comparatively has
been raised here, yet the present year
has given us some fine fields, and the
fact is demonstrated that it is hence
forth to be an article not only raised
for home consumption, but to be
shipped to various markets where it
is in demand. The demand hero at
present is much greater that the supply-
"Of vegetables I do not care to
speak. The statements are so mar
velous of what we can produce in
this Western Country in that line
that it would hardly be credited. I
will say, however, in confirmation of
thrs that one cabbage raised in this
county, lasted my family all winter,
it weighed fifty-two pounds. There
was fine which was sent to New York
to the office of the Union Pacific
Railroad Company, which weighed
fifty-seven pounds, and the report says
it lasted the whole Board of Directors
all the year. ' .
To be setious though the root crops
are something wonderful, If we
could only induce our farmers to raise
the sugar beet, I believe we could, sn
a very short time, manufacture our
own sugar, and save the importation
of this indispensible article.
There is nothing which so much
hinders the farmers as the insane
idea which possesses many to cultivate
large farms. He does not need agreat
unwieldly farm to run over and not
cultivate. It is much better to im
prove twenty acres well than to at
tempt to cultivate forty and raise a
crop of weeds. It costs much more to
plow and plaut the forty, and there is
on the whole, quite as much profit.
The old idea is a good one' "a little
farm well tilled,", and one which is
worthy lie looked after hy every one
who tills the soil. Still the great idea
after all is, to cultivate just as much
land as can be done well and no
ITherc the Sun Does Xot Set.
The following graphic passage is
from the description of a scene wit
nessed by a Mr. Campbell and his
party, in the north of Norway, from a
cliff 1000 feet above the sea :
The oeeau stretched away in silient
vastnessat our feet; the sound of its
waves scarcely reached our airy look
ont; away in the north the huge old
sun swung low along the horizon,
like the slow beat of the pendulum
in the tell clock of our grandfather's
parlor corner. We all stood silent,
looking at our watches. When both
hands came together at twelve, mid
night, the full round orb hung tri
umphantly above the waters abridge
of gold running due north spanned
the wa ter between us and kim. There
he shone in silent majesty, which
knew no setting. We involuntarily
took off our hats, no word wa3 said.
Combine, if you can, the most bril
liant sunrise and sunset you ever saw,
and its beauties will pale before the
gorgeous coloring which now lit up
the ocean, heaven and mountain. In
half an hour the sun had swung up
perceptibly on his beat, the colors
changed to those of morning, a fresh
breeze rippled over the flood, one
songster after another piped up in the
grove behind us and we slid into an
Fires are raging in the timber lands
along the coast of California. Orange
trees to the value of $10,000 have been
destroyed tn Santa Barbara county.
I a i oil s HBIS.S m m r sie -t a a r 1
For the Advertiser.
It is said that but one youth in every
thousand in old New England enjoys
the advantages of a liberal or college
education, and of course a much smal
ler proportion of our western youth.
"iet, from this one-thousandth part
of community come nearly all our
Statesmen, Physicians. Clergymen
and eminent Teachers.
The fact that a number of our great
men did not enjoy college privileges,
does not materially effect the general
rule; and it is a fact, that no intelli
gent person will gainsay, that, were
our higher institutions of learning de
stroyed, our government would ine
vitably sink into a despotic monarchy
like that of Turkey or some kindred
Yet, as a people, we are apt to over
look this fact, and ninety-nine per
sons in every hundred curl the lip in
scorn at the one who decides to take a
regular college course of education. -
We do not intend, in this article, to
speak in detail of the men who are
making us the nation we to-day are,
but will di reel a few thoughts to the
subject of the necessity of a regular
and systematic course of study in or
der to the proper development of the
We commence collecting facts as
soon as reason dawns, and were this
all of education, (the mere collection
of a great number of facts), our col
leges and even our common schools
might easily be dispensed with.
But this is not education, or at most,
it is only a very small portion of it.
Education in its true sense, is a lead
ing out of the whole powers of .the
man, both mental and physical ; and
no matter how many facts we may be
in possession of, if we cannot use them
to advantage, they are but useless rub
bish. It . is not what we know that
makes us wise, but what we can use
Thst person is truly educated who
can put all his store of facts into active
and useful service. This power can
only be acquired by constantly classi
fying and arranging what is acquired.
When a fact is committed, the stu
dentshould learn its relations toother
facts, and also whore it can be made
useful to them.
Suppose Linneus had simply given
us all the facts he had learned about
the tlant3 and trees lust as he acquir
ed them, what a mass we should have
received ; but how useless J Suppose
Andubou, Buffon, Agassiz and other
naturalists had done the same, what
a crude mass would all our sciences be
at the present time I
And yet, that is the popular notion
'I want my child to learn this, that
or the other thing, and I want he
should learn . the greatest possible
amount in the shortest possible time'
is what you hear from almost every
parent in effect, if not in a3 many
But this will not do, the mind must
be disciplined it must be trained to
combine fact to its kindred fact, and
do it at the will of the possessor.
The mind naturally admires order,
but is strangely prone to disorder ; it
delights in having a system, and yet
shrinks from the labor of systemtem-
It is only by constaht and unremit
ting effort that the-orator is enabled to
draw at will from his treasure-house
of facts, as he delights and entrances
the audieucc, that with such rapture,
listen to his glowing eloquence.
There is great pleasure in following
through a well wrought chain of argu
ment, but who can forge the chain
without a long and earnest drill re
ceived preparatory to the work.
Look at the amount of drilling nec
essary to prepare the army for the battle-field,
and is not the mind more
difficult to train than the body?
We lose an infinite amount of time
and labor in our schools for lack of
system. And we would urge on every
parent the importance of giving his
child a chance to take some systemat
ic course of study, no matter though
it do not extend'beyond the common
See to It that your child can use the
knowledge it acquires, and be not so
anxious for a store of facts as for a
power to use them well.
J. M. McKenzie.
State of Nebraska, 1
Office Supt. Public Instruction.
To County Superintendents Of Buhllc Instruction
and School Boards:
Your attention is respectfully called
to the provisions of Sec. 91 of the
"Act to establish a system of Public
Instruction for the State of Nebraska,"
approved February 15, 1SG9. The law
requires the organization of teachers'
institutes. It makes it the duty of
County Superintendents to attend
those which are held for the district
in which their respective counties are
included. It makes it the duty of the
State Superintendent to organize the
institutes for the several districts. It
requires him to "cause all the com
mon' schools in said district to close
during such term, ''as may be fixed
for the institute ;" aod to "use his ef
forts to procure the attendance of
teachers in the district." .
Acting in obedience to the law, I do
hereby announce that istitutes will be
held as follows :
; For Nemaha and Johnson counties,
at Brownville, commencing on the
For Otoe, Lancaster and Seward
counties, at Nebraska City, commenc
ing Nov. 1st.
For Richardson and Tawnee coun
ties, at Salem, commencing Nov. 29th.
For Gage, Saline and Jefferson
counties, at Beatrice, Commencing
And I do request that the Boards of
the several school districts close the
schools, in compliance with the law,
during the week in which the Insti
tute is held for their respective coun
ties. I request that the Boards insist
upon the attendance of the teachers.
The law contemplates their presence,
and a consequent advantage to the
schools. All who are now engaged in
teaching: and all who expect to teach,
should be present.
County Superintendents, in grant
ing certificates, should not overlook
Teachers who attend the Institutes
should be allowad the same wages as
they would receive if their schools
were not closed.
The earnest co-operation of all to
whom is entrusted the administration
of school affairs, and all friends of
popular education, is essential in es
tablishing a system of public instruc
tion. Done at Lincoln this 4th day of Oc
S. D. Reals,
State Sup't Public Instruction.
"A letter from Calls savs the damacre
to vessels and buildings is very great.
Eastnort is reported nearlv demol
VOL. 13. NO. 52.
From Disntrlies of October 6th.
Insurrectionary movements contin
ue in Spain. Latest advices report a
battle at Rpera Ruerra between the
Government and Republican forces.
The latter were compelled to retreat
to the mountains, with a loss of forty
killed, GO wounded and 23 made pris
oners. '1 he Government troops lost
20 killed and 38 wounded. Martial
law has been proclaimed in Andalusia
An application will be made to the
Parliment of Canada at its next ses
sion, to incorporate a company for the
purpose of building a tunnel under
the Detroit river to connect the Great
Western Railroad with the M. C.
Railroad, and to secure the railroads
terminating either in Windsor or De
troit, the use of the same on fair terms.
Power will also be asked to work the
same by steam and horse power for
local passenger and freight traffic be
tween Detroit and Windsor.
Gen. Schofield has removed his
headquarters from Fort Leavenworth
to St. Louis.
We continue to receive further de
tails of the damage done by the late
storm in the East. In New York and
Pennsylvania the loss in property is
immense. The water Is the highest
known since 1850.
The carpenter and car shops of the
U. P. R. R. at Omaha were destroyed
by fire on Monday night. Loss, $25,
000. Wm. Broaddus, shot and killed
George C. Davis, at the Metropolitan
Hotel, Omaha, Monday. Davis wa
a cook at the hotel, and had outraged
a little daughter of Broaddus, eight
years of age.
A Washington dispatch states that
on the reception of the news that the
privateer Cuba had put into Wilming
ton, JN. C, and was under seizure by
the United States Marshal, the Presi-
Ident called a meeting of the Cabinet,
and after consultation, it was decided
that a privateer could come into a port
of any nation, under stress of weather,
and remain twenty-four hours with
out molestation or detention. ' She
will be tllowed twenty-four hours to
remain and obtain supplies, and will
be released by the Marshal, after the
expiration of the time, deducting the
time she wa3 under seizure. 7
The failure of a large Importing
house is reported in New York.
The great Fair at St. Louis, now In
progress, sdrpassess all proceeding
ones in the nurawr and variety or ar
tides on exhibition, and in the quali
ty of horses, cattle, sheep and hogs en
tered for premiums.
Neil McLaughlin, Hugh Mlarra and
James Dougherty, the parties engaged
in the recent attack on revenue officer
Brooks, in Philadelphia, have been
arrested in New York, and one of
them who drove the carriage was
brought here on Sunday. All the
men have been identified, and one
of them has voluntarily confessed.
- The New York .Tribune says Horace
Greely will not accept the Virginia
Senatorship, nor any other office.
A report from the Sixth Tennessee
District announces the mysterious
disappearance of Collector E. F. Mc
Gee. Fears are entertained that he
has been asssassinated.
From Dispatches of October 8th.
A Paris paper says tho Spanish
Government is preparing to send six
iron-chuls to Cuba, and has ordered a
division of transport ships to be ready
to sail immediately.
Dr. Livingston, the African explo
rer, has been heard from.
The condition of affairs in Spain
does not improve. There are indica
tions of Republican uprising every
where in the provinces.
A rlisnnteh from Sarkvillo. pw
Brunswick, states on Monday night
that place was visited by a tremen
dous gale and the highest tide ever
known. The marshes were complete
ly covered. Thousands of tons of
hay were destroyed, and thousands of
cattle and sneep drowned. The dykes
on the marshes are all gone, and the
bridges all through the country swept
awav. The eastern extension railroad
track is torn UDeicht or ten miles.
and the telegraph line connecting
with the cable and Halifax is obliter
ated. The tide wave has caused great
destruction on the Bay of Fundy, and
in and around St. Johns. Th t'nio
rose very high, carrying away and
destroying an immense amount oi
nronertv. Wharves were raised, and
r - - - , .
ships, houses, barns and cattle swept
away. The bridges of the European
and rorth American railroad were
destroyed. In the small parish alone
the loss is estimated at $1,000,000.
Haytien advices state that Mr. Hol-
lister, lste American Minister to Hay
ti, has been appointee Minister of
Hayti to the United States, In place
of Laroche. Salnavc is concentrating
for an attack On Aux Cayes.
Gold closed at 1311131i.
A woman from Fort Scott, Kansas,
was arrested in St. Louis on Tuesday
for wearing the Bloomer costume.
Stephen Turner (Walker Republi
can) is elected Speaker of the Virginia
Legislature. Gov. Walker In his mes
sage recommends the adoption of the
XVth amendment, and the election
of United States Senators. He says
with admission to representation in
Congress full reconstruction of the
State is accomplished. :
The Woman's Rights Convention
is still in session at St. Louis.
Rev. John Porter, late assistant
agent of the Methodist Book Concern,
prints a defense against the aspersions
thrown upon him by the publication
of rumored defalcations in that con
cern. Col. Robert W. Furnas justly holds
a leading, If not the first position,
among the workers in Nebraska Ag
riculture. Whilst Horticulture has
been hisgrcat specialty, he ha3alwa3s
been a busy ami intelligent advocate
of agricultural interet3 in general.
Few, if any, have done more to pre
sent our claims to the world in this
department, and few; if any, deservu
so much praise for steady and sustain
ed lalor, intelligently directed, as he
deserves, for the good he has done our
State and country.
We take care to award to Col. Fur
nas all credit for his ceaseless exer
tions against many opposing obstacles
in the State Board of Agriculture. As
its President, aided by the active ef
forts of Mr. Charles 11. Walker, its
Secretary, Col. F. has pushed Agri
culture into a prominence which it
would not have gained in the next
five years in this new State but for hi3
resolute and determined efforts and
co-operation. Qmaha Jlcnt!cl
OUR CHICAGO LETTEEr
From our Special Correspondent.
Chicago, October, 9, 1SG3."
There appesto be a very large?
supply of cold in the region from
which our weather has its ri-e. Whlla
we were passing throngh a cold sum
mer, hope: were generally expressed
that" lho""autumn broezts' would Le
freighted with warmth anl sunshine.
Up to the present onr hopes havo
been largely disappointed, and we are
seeking protection from artificial heat
Since the great gold excitement died
away, we have had nothing particu
larly exciting except our local elec
tions, or rather the canva-s preceeding
them. The contest is of such a nature
that it is drawing out all the power of
The influence of tho daily press of
the city, with tho exception of the
Evening Post and S'aate Zeifunj, is be
ing thrown in favor of what is de
nominated the People's Ticket. Hun
dreds are dissatisfied with the course
taken by the Tribune, and as a conse
quence are discontinuing it.
For about ten davs nasfc xen havo
had a most unprecedented number of
murders and robberies. Of the former,
there has been an average of one a
day, and the latter appear to corao
like a flood. One audacious villain,
who is wonderfully expert in obtain
ing jewelry, coolly returns his plunder,
by receiving - fitty per cent, of its
value In money. He secretiv wrote a
polite note to a lady demanding $100
for the lewelrv he had stolen. . Ho
called after an arrangement had boen
made through the ptipcrs. compli
mented her on the beauty of her jew
els, delivered them up, took the ilOO
and bowed himself out.
Very prominent among the great
political questions to which our citi
zens are turning their attention, 13
that of Freo Trade. For two eve
nings last week there was a spirited
discussion of the subject here, be twee a
Mr. Stebbins of Detroit and Mr.
Blanchord of Indianapolis. The largo
attendance shows conclusively the
growing interest in the subject.
The woman question meets our
public men of all classes at every
point, 'lhe managers or the Chicago
Medical College are having a debate
over the propriety of admitting wo
men to the institution, borne oppose
making the concession In the most de-'
termined manners, while others ac
knowledge themselves in perfect ae.
cord with the progressive movement-
A3 the leafless trees appear the 'va
rious 'tourists, and with them our
Chicago artists, begin to make their 5
appearance. We never feel that thern '
is any danger of our city receeding ,
from her commercial position, but she
has not yet attained so lofty a ono in
the- finer arts. As a consequencev
therefore, we are under the necessity
of looking more closely after this ten-
dcr plant. There are a goodly num
ber of Professors In tho city, and their
work Is by no means secondary. -.
Some time ago a principle was an
nounced in connection with fire inu-
ranee, Vhich was scouted by old un
derwriters, but it has since been
proved not oTily successful, but tho
only proper one for largo companies
to follow. The core of the theory is,
that leading men at each .agency or
branch should have a financial inter
est in the company. The plan adop-
ted is to sell a reasonable amonnt of
stock in -each city or town where
there Is to be a branch. Allow tho
local stock-holders to choose their own
agent and have a director to thf Cen
tral Board for every $25,000 of stock.
This plan protects the company's
business at the branches, and makes
what is to rd! Interests aud purposes a
local company, perfectly sound and
ml ? ci lY a r l i tirri t ! - f ! ry ou Ca tit ri rIo
1 CliUVtUl s I I 11l(JII.lillVl C M ItVIV
is under tho Central Board, and suf
ficiently compact for safety and suc
cess. The "State Fire Insurance Compa
ny" is being conducted on this plan,
and it is achieving an unprecedented
success. The general oilice is at b
La Selle street, Chicago.
Mass Electing at Germaniovrn.
A large mass meeting of the Repub
licans of Germantown was held in
the Town Hall on Saturday evening.
The attendance was large and intel
ligent, and the listeners gave evidenco
of their strong attachment to tho
causo of Republicanism during tho
progress of the meeting.
The speaker of the evening was
General Jchn M. Thayer, United
States Senator from Nebraska. His
speech was a masterly oration, setting
forth the principles ot the Republican
mrtv. ' the prosperous state of the
country under the present Adminis
tration, the wonderful reduction made
in the national debt by President
Grant, how the revenue laws are exe
cuted, and the happy future which
awaited the American nation.
On the other hand General Thayer
exposed the heresies of the Democra
cy, showed up their black record and
behavior during the nation's struggle
for universal liberty, denounced their
free-trade doctrine and the infamous
repudiation proposal, and drew such
conclusions from the platforms of the
iwo parties mar, jcii not inesnauowoi
a doubt on the minds of his hearers
that the republican candidates in tho
present and future elections should
alone have the support and the ote of
every honest American who has tho
welfare of his noble country at heart.
lie told the people of the gallant
conduct of General Geary during the.
war, and dwelt with considerable em
phasis on the timorous spirit of Asa
Packer, who deserted his country for
a sojourn in Europe, where he re
mained until the danger was over.
In conclusion, he urged the citizens
of Germantown to vote for Geary and
Williams, and bv hi3 animating
epeech must have fully aroused the
Republicans to the importance of the
questions involved in the coming
election. Philadelphia Pres., Oct. 4.
m t m
The traveling confidence men have
a new trick which they are success
fully practicing m Jacjison county,
Iowa. They insure one man's prop
erty at a low rate, and take hi3 note
for the amount, then go to another.
sell him the note at a discount, and
also insure his property, receiving
cash therefor; then go to a third.
party, In-suro his property, take b'.a
note, and in this manner curry out
their programme until the . entire
neighborhood is fleeced, when thev
retire in good order with v.-eli-linedT
The Cashmere Goat Business.
The editor of the OMo Parmer savs
that he has watched the goat busing
for the last fifteen years, and that get
ting away the fancy notions thai have
been promulgated conccruia- the.
cashimercs, he thinks there is an in
trinsic value of from eigMy cents to.
one dollar per pound for Angora fleece,
and we have no doubt that a fair bui
nes.s might be done at raising th--
goats in locality awd under circum
stances favorable for keeping th'.::s.
Crossed oa tho common gtat t?:?
gradc np rapidly; they an c.V--:"
kept on rough and ; the r?' :u ;"
grades make beautiful Afghan
sleigh robea ; the fleece ctkn -excellent
holsery, taks a 1
dye, is very hamL-ovrie frir.r : -f
such are in fashion), and wi;i
the market as mohair, at :
same price as Leicester ar. '
wool a little higher f-r f . :
Powered by Open ONI