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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (June 10, 1869)
7 : (
'CHUECH, COLHAPP & CO.,
. PublUliers aud Proprietor.
-NJ 70 JIcrhren' Dlock, np Stairs.
(8 j.n or le) hrrt m: mon...
,.f 1 M
. H .. f CM
"." CI (i
three montiis 't 0
t,TK- IIOliOW. t-K lS tl HCl
V i ih O'liiinn, -ur- enr
J'-1-".: i!t ver
rev I'.i'ii'tis J"i i
I t, l I
roe ivjuiiilis '& W
f . ,.lii:nii.enJ J--r -
. 5-jO ; li.
ATT O IlIiEYS
. J OH A. DII.T)N,
Altur General Land Agmt,
t ' T.fuiTwh. Jolmson County, Nt-h w ka.
J. X. TiKYXOLDH, -
Attr, j'--N-1Lon:2U-vi.ol.U Hotel. -
A r "unco In District Court Room.
W. n. McLennan.
At'ornt r Couawlor at Law,
AU VtoU City, yckn.
- -t l.aw and Lund Agents,
Attorney. 'V.nrf. r.Vair,.
-7"- tiiton & iiewi:tt.
7 . M. RICH.
AttoriM T at Law aud Ia
4 oolor at lW
h Johns.i:i V..
TTKKVM AT l;Ai
i " Cit v, FHwne Co..M-l.
. n' k. ;nioos
rur r -t Lw & Heal Ji.tate Agent.
H. V. HUtiHES,
o .1 r ntatr Atf it aud JuMlee of Pce,
r .ml Warrant Brokers.
,wl paying lufcsjw -"-
M.- Irrmx. '
Ftatv ana ix rt,
JlZ'wt JrU of Tmcet thrvwjhoiU the
' .TONAS II ACKER,
MT'K II. SYDENHAM
VOTVUV i'lUL,lC LA.iU AGENT,
W 31 1-I t.,r it.-i..Ilii(!C wttlpm. and
C.vt- nv r.:v.r.nation miuired cor,trn n?
f" 1 ofsnutWwiTn Nfl.nk. E-4
p COWLES, M. D..
XilE AMI BAR ISFIKMAKl.
(in n h-Ni'. 1 'Kv.vt:lU '
(.irrK'K Hin'iu-i -M.t"r.n.
K. ('. THT'KMAN, .
IVMllANAMJ M ..fT,.
htV '1 iu m.oi.. 'Oike Lours fruiu 7 11 a. ra
s.,. wi v.'iiiiNrwi, uncu'K'i " .
) to 4 i. III.
IL L. MATHEWS,
PHYSICIAN AM) SlKCKOBf.
UJ!i,-i No.581 Main Hirtn-t.
. o viiri iH .IV. M. 1)
us..iri.. surrtou aud )ittileian,
i tilUco-Huluutay Co 1 ruK Store.
!ivVi. 7 on f-wi w v
i i ... ..i.jtn : ii.iu flu.
; K Special uttciU.on ffivi n to UMUrct
iht lratit of H ywn ""
(. F. STEWART, M. IX,
PilVSACIAN AU bUtlii-ON,
. ..w '2.1 M:i!n Street.
jrWm'u and Retail filer in.
Gtneral Mei-chandUe, and Commission
and I'otn -rdins; Mtrchant,
I No. 25 Maiu .sire-t,
i On-n riU rs, Blows, titoves. Furniture, &c,
al::ys wi hint flight st market price paid fur
JIutrs, Brits, iirs and ( vutUrp fvitdare.
F. E. JOHNSON A CO.
Dealers la fleueral MercHandUe,
v,. t'i u-ri r,m' r.Ix k. MMn st.
GEiRiE IrtH'UiiiUlTY-, Piioi'iiTn xjK.
vs ') Mniii s:ri", 15niwiivi!l', .Neb.
RaslMvn t)'..i-(iuiif.'.y ti;:eJaiilfurniMied,anlnnw
,ri-r ni-owlBHH iM-cmin.nlail'M's to Ums tni elniis
Jl.inr.1 y the il.ty orwiTlt.
I. D. ROL1SON. ProrrieUr. .
Trout St., between Main and ater.
A good Feed and f,ux:ry Stable in connection
.r'l the ll.r.
1I0I.LAD AY & CO.,
i Whole tab- aud R.-UUt Itetuers (rv
DriiKS. Medlclnea Taints, Oils,
t .No. 41 Main street.
MeCREERY t NICKELS
XThrdrxtilc (id Retail IX'o eis
Ornjc, Hooks, WaIIpaiT stationery
No. 34 M:.in stre't. mmull
BOOTS AND SHOES.
11 ELMER A SNOKE
BOOT AM) SHOE MA ICE XI,
No. 13 Ma.u Street.
II is on hui l a smyeriar stork of Boots an-l
'. Vusujin ti'ork done with Meatus and
I BOOT AND SJJOE HIAI-ER,
No. & 8 Main Street.
J. en h'vvi a aood assort iiwjU of Gents,
J Ut , .Vu, s' and children' I Boots and aitocs.
' 'in.n Work ii"ne with neatness and dispatch.
:'ettr.rf.f ,,. iiii sV'(H'i.'i''''.
S 1 1 T.LLE N I i " I ICt E BlUVS.,
Msanfnrturt rs leUrit in Tinware.
N. 3 t Main St., McPiierK.a"s Block.
' '!.., Jinrdware, (yirpnJtr's Tools. Black'
fii''s BitmiflUngs, tv., constantly on hand.
JHN ( DEUSER.
talir tn Stoves, Tinware, Punt pa, C,
.'!. "i O !! in Stric t.
JOHN W. MIPDLETON,
HARSEbS, BUIDLICS, COLLARS, Etc.
v, n Mm in Street.
Whip and Uvthes of every Usn iption, and
'Itstr.-ina Jlair. kepi on hand. ' LUsn paul for
! TTu. RAI'KR,
yr-'nuf fturc and I tn iter in
ARXtSS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
No. 9, Main Street,
'v..;-')-,(, t "-.''r. S-iif Otetitm vwrrrmt.-ed.
rn RI.l- REIEGER.
EEU HALL AND LUNCH ROOM,
No. 5 Main Ktn-et.
JOriEi'H KEDDARD &. CO.,
" " No. 47 Maiu Stret-U
'Lie ixvt Wiru end Liquors k pt on hand.
AXHAT.IER A UILL1AUH SALOON,
i": U-sl Vim and I.'.'irn rejutantly Oil Land.
Ni.. Vv'iiuwy s iiotk.
MTss MARY A. SIMPSON,'
SlLH.'.KIt AND ORESS MAKER,
l-'irst t!t-t, 1k-L llain ani Wsut.
h to mini-ill the li iiin of Itr'.wnvir.e and
' '"-ii'-.ty. jhnt ,p lias m lii'st -l.u Miilincry Shop,
'i,re"w..-k; i.p lone Willi Krtuit cjire ami iiM
:.! ai'wr ;ne lioit caM'Tii mylt . Ii.-;u:l.i!ii;
in ".lit- vh iale.a RiyL's.nnd on hliort not k-c.
-'Oil siyuifi,;in" ai;dC-i;drea'h HHtaamlliou.
liiu-.lvon litmd. Ats.'ilaO't l.;;t terns of 1-ln-
.ui,K ( lo-ks.uud Children's Clotiiiog
! v;,. ,...
. J. U ROY,
BlUBER. AND HAIR DRESSER.
No. 55 Main Street.
,n a m.lrnri:,! mn,t f Tttilh ?turmx.
yiiti k of ,'rntU-tiian's J'otun.
"AR RE i AM) HAIR DRESSER,
. No. .t,in sr-t.
t 'i. ' ' ",J ":l knals of li-Ir J-esirc i t
"' Uie, ii, d elotl. rens.vau-d: boots
,w.M ttl- hars; -gi anl lroniaK uone on
lil. i . 1L HE A SON,
iwfnl$htu- and Horxc Shoeing,
T.v No. hit Main Street,
.. ... smithing of all kinds. Makes
l :'roninfl'f 'Waftont a.x Sleighs,
JJil wfc a ttj. futility.
:t, i).-tv..n M-n and Atlantic
' W-.T T TlVV
-' I ! -A- ! 1 A A ry A'aO I ! O '
CATV RAKER Y AM) t'ONrr.CTIONEUY.
- ALIJ..N A .NALi;, I'HOfltir.TOlA.
?Co. :'l jM'iilii :rr-ft, oppnsltc City Imic ston.
rii-, (jik'-s. i.r-;i.l, ConKt'tiomry, IJrht
and an v (irix-f ri?n. ronstantly on tiHiiit.
BaVtry and Couftet Ion rj",
No. :7 Main street,
OttVrs to the puiilicnt reduced rates aohoJce
ivtoekof (Jrwerics, Provisions, Confectioner
ies, etc., t:l.
Bakery, Confectionery aud Toy Store.
o.tu .nam &ireet..
Jy-rsh nrrrut, Ori.tr, Oyster, Fruit, etc., on Tmnd
3. P. PEUSER,
Dealer in Conffrct iouerle, Toy, etc.
No. 4 4 f h in Street.
JAS, C. McNAUGIITON,
Xatirr Public and:onTyancer.
OrncK In Carson's Bank, Rrownvllle, Neb.
II K. EbRIGHT,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
An.l aiK'iit for tlie E'luitnble Rnd Aineriean
Tontine Life lr.surnnco Companies. 6-tf
FA I P. T J R CiTI I E It & HACKER,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
(ifikf in County (."(Tie's OHice.
a. M. FAlHFKOTHk-K. JAMra M. HAi.tvE.il,
Noltirv PiiMkt. , """" ' '
DEALERS' IN CHAIN, PRODUCE, .c.
Tlie highest market it cc paid for anythlrfi
the Farmer can raise. V e win uuy uuu be
everything known to the market.
WORTilING fc WILCOX, "
Storage, Forwnrding anu vomiw
A nd Dealer in all k inds of iirain, fur which
thru pay the fhfhrxt M-irk'-t Prier in (frith.
HAECOLDT & ZIX'H.
Ao. 6 a M'tin Street,
TTrwn nn lmnd a Fplendid stock of Goods,
and w ill make them up in the latest styles,
071 (diort nnl ice nnd rensonal.h' t'rmK-
BOUNTY CLAdI AGENTS.
ED. I. SMITH -U.
S. WAR CLAIM AGENT,
- WvstunqUin City, IK C
n-ni r.ttr,,i t tiio nroseeution of claims be
fore tlie Department in person, for Additional
Bounty, Back Pay and lVnsions, and all
claims aecruinp against the Government du
ring the late war.
S. ASSISTANT AW1SU
i irticfi in liistriet Court ltoom.
Xotary public uiul United Mates M ar Claim
Agent. Will altenU to ine pron-runun
before tlx Drjtartuieiti, for Additional Bounty ,
Back Pay Cttul iV-wxiNi. jiwo inc cvcc-w vj
tW Jiti-AiDiitnl Jues on jvnstonM.
A. I). MARSn,
PIONEEK. BOOK AND NEWS iiAifc.
Ct'7 Bvk Store,
No. 0 0 Main Street.
No. 47 Main Street, upstairs.
Perr,ns wishing J'icturcs executed in the latest
style of the Art, will eall at viy Art Gallery.
MRS. J. M. GRAHAM,
TEACHER OK MUSIC,
Rooms, Main, lot 4th 5th St.
Ltttons given on th Piano, Organ, MeloUton,
Guitar and Vocalization. Having had eight years
ttprrience as ttachtr of Music in ITew York is
i.7ii ,iy - j
C. W. WHKKLKK.
II It I O O E UUIIiUER) -
Polo jentfor R. W. SmiUi'8 Patent Truss
Bridge. The strongest and best wotxlen
hride now In tiso.
J. V. D. PATCH,
Manufacturer and Dealer In
Clock-, Watch, Jewelry,etc.f etc.
No. 33 Main Street.
Silver and Silver-Mated Ware, ind all varie
ties of fyectacles constantly on hand. 'Rejtairing
tlone in'thc neatest style, at slurt itotice. Clutrgcs
mnrteruie. Work wirra-ntr'i.
J. K. BEAR,
Agent for the X . S. Expresa Co., and
W. U. Telegraph Co.
No. 54 Min street.
mm. mv i imm WW s
A. W. MORGAN.
Probate Judge and Justice of the Peace
()illein ( vmrt llousp Minnnr.
BLISS & IIUGHESV
Will attend to the sale of Beat and Personal
Prater Ui in lite Xcrnaha Band District. Terms
DR. J. BLAKE,
it3-S AVould respectfully
j ; aniKnincet hut lie luis
tT- - rj-i'' .liK-ntediiiKrctwnviile
VY Y "Y I U 1 ' ' - 2 " is now prpnrt-d
, f , 1... K.
- V r niuimcr, ALIj oper-ft'.iJy-s
ntions liertainin to
i---- the scieucw of Deit'
Ors-if f. Over Citv Dnie Store, front rKim. lfit
7 i;:a r 'Ui
. . A W '
w - a
. e, P H
.BO.ir : '
" 1lIAI 1 IIIK
i i ! ' '
Tlio Brovmville Transfer line
CnUer the nmnB?enient of
I cow Euaning Eegalar Oaiuibusses irom
Erownvilloto the Railroad Termin-s
ct tte Council li I tiffs aud St. Jocpn Railroad,
At ITcrtli Star. Ho.,
Two Milrfs trom Erowuville and North Star Ferry
f5wl 011111; tisses. Close Con.ect.onr
r -; i 2 r
or; j w .
ey E S S 2
0C -c-". -
e5 i &
Essence of Disease.
Tho following is from the pen of Dr.
Hall, in the February number of Halls
Journal of Health :
Hie science of medication, a3 far a9
t has become a science is beautifully
simple and carries with it, to the
houjmtful and logical mind, a hicli
degree ot interest, which the reader
may presently eee.
All disease may be founded in an
unequal distribution of the blood,
while Jt3 equilibrium is essential to
hi?h health and manly vigor.
"While it is true that too much blood
at a particular part of the body, causes
a diseased condition of that part such
as head-ache if in the head, the same
amount of blood may give two diller
ent diseases, or two very different
symptoms or manifestations, accord-
m to the set of vessels which contain
that excesa of blood, whether artery
Many know the difference between
a dull, heavy, depressive head-ache
which invites repose, and the sharp
piercing pain which makes sleep an
impossibility; between the burning
feet in some form 3 of dyspepsia, which
makes standing on the snow a perfect
uxury, and tlie cold, clammy sweat
of cholera consumption.
he blood is distributed through the
body through the veins and arteries,
and where there is an artery there
must be a vein. The blood flows
through the veins like a slow steady
river; but through the arteries like
the dashing waters.
hen there is too much blood in
the veins, it is called 'congestion,"
because it packs, it gorges, it dams up ;
when there is too much In the arteries
t is called "inilammation," because
It fires up the parts, makes them hot,
red, flame-like. ,
V hen the veins of a part are too full,
here is a dull pain, and the color is
uclined to be a black red ; when the
arteries are too full, there is a fierce
quicii darting pain, ana a riery ap
Disease being the breaking upof the
equilibrium of the blood, whatever
las a tendency to restore that equili
brium, to withdraw the blood from
he overstocked part, promotes health
to that extent.
Although the very last part to die,
death In a sense, begins at the heart,
by its not being able to relievo itself
at a given beat, of all the blood that is
in it ; the next beat ana there is a
greater surplus, and with that, less
lower to distribute tne vital uuia to
the extremities of the fingers, feet, and
6kln ; then they begin to grow clam
my, and cold, and death -like. But if,
almost in the article of death, any
great physical or inental shock; can be
imparted, by which the heart shall
bound wltn a superhuman ttiroo, ana
clear itself of its entire contents' life
The devoted and Indefatigable mis
sionary Durfco was dyingof low fever,
the cold extremities, the fixed eye, the
abored breathing, all showed that the
powers of life were rapidly wasting
away although a loud voice would
arouse him to conciousncss. This
suggested to the physician that if the
heart could be relieved of its load of
blood, if the equilibrium of the circu-
ation could be for a moment restored,
he might be saved. He was placed
on the floor, and buckets of water
poured upon the bodyfrom the hight
of a man. He seemed to wake from a
heavy sleep or dream ; the circulation
was re-established, natural warmth
restored, the voice became asclear and
the mind as active as in health he
fondled his youngest child, and. for a
while all seemed hopeful, but nature
had lost her recuperative power, had
not strength enough to sustain herself
and he gradually pined away.
A poor old woman who had been
ridden for years with the rheumatism,
when being left alone one day, she
waked up to And the house on fire,
with one bound she leaped from her
couch, ran as fast as any body, and
thereafter could walk as well as others
of her age.
It is related of a celebrated physician
that was iourneyingoneday, he heard
that a lady was dying of low fever
and greatly desired to see him, as they
had not met since childhood, when
they were very dear friends. On the
instant of entering the chamber he
clapped his hands joyously and excla
imed, The Eagles Is est and she liv
ed. They spent many happy hours
of school time around the eagle's nest,
and all the associations coming back
upon her in an instant, caused a shock
which other means were powerless to
W ithin a short time, a young man
named Joseph Wheeler, of New Or
leans, who had been deaf and dumb
for four years, in consequence of some
sickness, sauntered unto a cannon's
mouth, without any one noticing it,
the match was applied, when it was
too late to snatch liim away. He fell
down as if dead, but presently came
to himself speaking as fluently as he
ever did, and answering all questions
put to him, to the great wonderment
of the bystanders.
Pasliunce of Job.
Everybody is In the habit ov braggin
on Job ; he did have konsiderable bile
pashunce, that's a fact ; but did he
ever keep a districk skule for 8 dollars
a month and board round, or run a
Did he ever reap lodged oats down
hill on a hot day. and have all his
gallus buttons bust off at once ?
Did he ever have the jumpin teein-
ake and be mado to tend the baby
while his wife was over to Larkinses
to a tea narty?
Did ho ever get up In the mornin,
awful dri and turf it three miles before
brcakfustto git a drink, and find that
the man kep a temperance house t
Did he ever undertake to milk a
kickin heifer with a bushy tail iu fli
time, out iu the lot?
Did he ever set on a litter of kittens
in the old rockin chair, with his
summer pantaloons on ?
If he can do all these things, and
praze the Lord at the same time, all
that I have to say lz, "Bully for Job,"
The Country Gentleman, says if the
fcriitpmrnta nlxmt crafting made in a
recent Field are true, "we may
have to believe the story told us some
voars n?o as to the origin or the reach
Blowpotatoe. A gentleman assured
us that he orlginatea me variety m
thiswav: He cut two potatoes one
the Merino Bed and the other the Car-
f0r(Uf tho halves oi ono to ine
other nicely, and bound them to geth
cr witli ttnnn. Thev were thus plan
to,i n,rl Tirndnred as he assured, what
the Peach Blow potatoe,
ininT in a considerable degree
1 nmductiveness of
iii- iiaiuiu v- - ,
uMth tho p-ood duality of the
white. We. could not then credit the
story, and if any of readers can now
n-5v no thn. tniA historv and origin of
the Peach Blow, wc will bo glad
Indian Disturbances on tlie
Republican and Utile
In order to forestall exaggeration
and stop the thousand and one rumors
circulated to the detriment of the
whole State, in regard to recent Indi
an raid, through a portion of Jefferson
county, wre give below a plain unvarn-
shed statement of lacts, as we have
gathered them from participants in
the fighting, and from reliable.parties
living in that section. The correct
ness of the statement cannot be doubt
ed, and wc publsh nothing that can
not be substantiated by the testimony
of Inteligent and truthful men.
A party of seven whites living on
Rose Creek, having gone out on a
bufialo hunt, were attacted on some of
tributaries of the Republican at a
point South of the head wsters of Elk
Creek, on the 25th of May. by about
thirty Indians, and two of the whites
killed. Two brothers are missing aud
the balance escaped. -The names of
the killed are Mace Kellogg aud
On tlie 27th of May the Indians,
traveling in a Northerly direction.
crossed the head waters of Elk Creek,
moved down in a Southeasterly direc
tion between Elk and Liberty Creek,
came up with a party of seven whites,
from Turkey Creek, and attacking at
ong range, a running fight ensued
which lasted for several miles, tho
whites beating them back. Two
whites were wounded ; Daniel Rod
erick shot through the ankle, and
Henry Ellsworth struck by a glancing
ball ou the hip. The Indians contin
uing their march toward the Little
Blue river, when within a few miles
of Kiawa Station, overtook and at
tacked, about 7 o'clock on tho morn
ing of the 28th, a party of five whites,
consisting of Fredrick Tabor, Adclbert
Tabor, Charles Mauley and Samuel
Stevens, living on the Little Blue.
"and Judge Harrington, of Beatrice.
Ihe hght lasted a distance of six or
seven rod3, the whites beating the In
dians back and reaching Kiawa feta
tion in safety. One of the horses at
tached to the wagon was shot through
one of his legs. The Judge thinks the
Indians were Pawnees. They were
blue coats. The Indians reached the
Little Blue settlements on tlie. eve
ning of the 2Sth, and took two horses
from Capt. Wilson, eight from King
Fisher, and three from a German set
tler living below. Kiawa Station is
thirty miles from Big Sandy, and Big
Sandy is the same distance from Be
atrice. The horses were stolen from
settlement ten miles below. The
Indians approached to within ten
miles Big Sandy without committing
any more depredations, and then took
the backward track, since which
time nothing has been herd of them.
Judge Harrington, Mr. Dulfield, and
others, old settlers, are confident that
the Indians are Pawnees. This is ev-
denccd to a certain extent by the con
duct of the Indians themselves, who,
being afraid of recognition by the
whites, fought at long range, their ob
ject being not to kill settlers, but to
steal horses, Some aver that they arc
1 by a white man, -while others de
ny it. The i?.ttrrrrrTrre faid u two
whites killed, two wounded, two mis
sing, and about fifteen horses stolen.
We have not yet learned whether any
)f the redskins were killed or woun
ded. It is probable there were, as
oth the party from Turky Creek and
Judge Harrington's fought with brav
ery and coolness.
The settlers are arming themselves,
no one thinks of leaving none have
eft, but are confident of their ability
to protect themselves against tho dep
redations of the redskins in future, be
they Cheyue3, Siouxs, Or Pawnees.
Steps are being taken to have troops
stationed along the frontier, and wo
hope and believe it will be done, for
no matter how willing or able the set
tlers are to meet these depredations.
they' have not the time to spare to
look after these marauding bands.
This matter should receive the prompt
attention of those in authority, and if
these marauders are Pawnees, they
should be tought to know the penalty
of murdering American citizens, while
enjoying the friendship of the United
States Government. Beatrice Clarion
Turning tlie Tables.
"Halt! Your money or your lifo!
Throw up your hands!", exclaimed
the stranger, stepping out from tiie
shadow, whil9 accompanying the
words might plainly be heard the
shaitp- click of a pistol. The person
addressed was a weary newspaper
man, wending hi3 lonely way home
ward in the outskirts of the city, at
about three o'clock the other morning.
"O, yes, certainly. I'm in no hur
ry. Only walking for exercise. Just
as soon hold up my hands as not. I'm
not armed. Please turn that pistol a
little to ono side. It makes mo ner
vous." "Hand over your cash !"
"Haven't nary a red with me. You
see they took that all away from me
when they entered my name on the
"When did they take your money
"O, yes; why, at the pest house.
You see I'm a small-pox patient just
out for exercise. They wouldn't let
me walk about in daylight with my
faco in this condition, so I havo to go
it after dark, and late at night when
the streets are empty. By tho way,
stranger, the wind is rather in your
direction, and unless you ain't partic
ular aboutit. it might be just aj well
to stand on the other side. I've got
my old silver v?atch, though. If you
like it, come and take it. You're at
perfect liberty to search me if you like,
only don't point that pistol tliis way,
it makes mo uncomfortable. D'ye
want the old watcn ?"
"No, thank you," said the robber,
backing away and around to the oth
er side." 1 couldn't take anything
from a man as unfortunate as you.
Here, there's a half a dollar for you,
poor fellow. Go and get something
to drink," and he threw acoin toward
him, still backing olf. "Now," said
he. "you turn back and go round the
block the other way. If you're only
walking for exercise it won't incom
mode you "
"0, not a particle ; I'd just as soon
walk with you, if you desire it. iuh
er way, though, its all the same to me.
Thank vou for the hah. on t you
come and join me and drink to my
"You go round the block the other
way, and as I haven t hurt you, say
nothing about having met me. I
guess I'll go this way," and then
watching till the supposed small-pox
patient turned the corner, he started
off in a full run in the opposite direc
tion. Mr. Newspaper man proceeded on
homeward undisturbed, and slept the
sleep of one who enjoys the conscious
ness of having done a good thing, and
four bits tho better off for having met
a highwayman. Golden Era.
A Oi unkard'a Care.
"Some months ago, a gentleman ad
vertised that he had discovered a sure
specific for the cure of drunkenness.
He would not divulge the secret of
what compounds he used, but furnish
the medicine at so much per bottle.
He did not have so so many applicants
for cure as he expected, considering
the extent of the disease. In fact",
the more malignant cases did not seem
anxious for relief. They rather ap
peared to enjoy their malady. A few,
however, placed themselves . under
treatment, and some . were cured
whether by taking the medicine or by
not taking strong drinks, we are not
prepared to say. One of the cured
ones had faith in the medicine, rigidly
carried out the directions of the doc
tor, and now ha3 not the least taste
for intoxicating drinks ; : whereas, ono
year, ago, he was an inebriate, and
could not get along with less than a
pint to a quart of whiskey per day.
"He said that : he had, . at some
trouble and expense, procured the rec
ipe for tho' preparation of the medi
cine, which lie had published for the
benefit of suHering humanity. It is
as follows: Sulphat of iron, five
grains ; peppermint, eleven drachms ;
spirit.of nutmeg, one drachm ; twice
a day. This preparatiou acts as a ton
ic .and a stimulant, and so partially
supplies the place of the accustomed
liquor, and prevents that absolute
physicial and moral portratiom that
follows a sudden breaking olF from
the use of stimulating drinks. It is to
bo taken in quantities eaual to an or
dinary dram, and so often as the desire
for a dram returns. Any druggist
can prepare the prescription."
Y e cut the above from an exchange.
The prescription named, is, as stated,
a tonic and stimulant ; but we consid
er ther dose two large by one-third.
considerable irritation of the stomach
might be experienced by some pa
tients from so largo an amount of the
sulphat.. The nulphat should also be
of the crystallized form. Apothecaries
will understand this, but some people
might be tempted to prepare the nicd
icine themselves, and obtain for tho
purpose the dried salt, which is much
stronger. - We do not believe that it
Can destroy the appetite for liquor,
but it may lessen the cravings for It
until the habit of drinking has boon
broken. oacnttfie American.
Iluiiingr the Price of Gold.
The Treasury holds a surplus of at
larst Sixty Millions of Gold, which
ought long since to have been used to
pay oh the Public Debt, and thus re
duce our annual burden of interest.
The Gold would once, since we have
held it, have bought Eighty Millions
of Six per Cents; it would still buy
over Seventy Millions. The sooner it
is employed "tor the purchase or pay
ment" of bonds, as the lav directs,
the better for the public interest. Such
a hoard, lying dead, makes Gold scarce
and Bonds jdcnUjul in the channels of
business, whereas, it is the public in
terest, in view of the urgent need of
funding our Debt at lower rates of In
terest, that Gold should abound and
Bonds be scarce. The Treasury stands
right in its own light in allowing a
dollar of coin beyond its current needs
to rest in the Treasury.
I he operators for a raise havo man
aged to put up the premium on Gold ;
and this thev can do so long as the
reasury backs them by hoarding
Gold. Every dollar thu3 hoarded is
carried for their benefit." If the Treas
ury held but Ten Millions of coin,
they could not keep up Geld to any
thing like its present premium. But.
so long as .tho Treasury holds on to
One Hundred Millions, they cau man
age and manipilato tho rcsiduo with
ease. . .
Putting up the premium on Gold is
playing right into the hands of the
Secretary, assuming that he wishes to
use his surplus coin to reduce the
Public Debt. If he can sell Gold at
140 and buy Bonds at 115, every Mil
lion of his cash will buy up over One
Million and Quarter of Bonds, lie
ought to thank the gamblers for help
ing him to so favorable on opportuni
ty, and improve it to the utmost. In
stead of One Million of Bonds per
week, he should buy up Five, Ten,
Fifteen Millions all that ho cau get
at anything like the present prices of
Bonds n'ud Gold respective. We do
not believe he will over again see a
week wherein Ten Millions of Gold
will buy so large an amount of Bonds
as at this moment, lie should buy
buy buy so long as $1,009,001) in
gold will purchase $1,100,000 of the
National Debt and he has a surplus of
gold to sell. Such, we cannot doubt,
is his intention, lie may buy but $1,
000,000 this week; but, if the great
disparity between Gold and Bonds
shall continue, he will buy more and
more Bonds from week to week here
after. So crowd up the premium on
coin, Messrs. Gold-Gamblers! so that
our gold shall serve to wipe out as
many bonds as possible ! Tribune.
The Montana Font contains a full
account of the late conflagration at
Helena. It says:
Flames were discovered in a Chinese
house of ill fame, about two o'clock in
tho morning, and before assistance
could be got had seized upon the ad
joining building. In ten minutes it
was ablaze, ana as the heat struck the
resinous matter from the dry pine logs
of which it was constructed, the heat
became so intense that approach to it
wa3 impossible. The citizens gathered
in great numbers, but all their eitbrt
to subdue the raging elements proved
entirely futile. In three hours the
heart of tho city was eaten out, about
two hundred houses were consumed,
and daylight dawned upon the black
est day Helena ever saw. The flames
had swept everything but the fire
proofs. The number of buildings des
troyed i3 variously estimated at from
133 to 227, over half of which were
business houses. The loss is estimated
at from $000,000 to $020,000, the largest
figure being the estimate of one of our
best informed and most considerate
citizens. In many branches of indus
try and trade there was not a repre
sentative with a roof over his head
yesterday. The origin of the fire i3
unknown, but it is the general accep
ted .belief that it was fired by an in
cendiary. Oswego, May 23.
- The Right Worthy Grand Lodge of
Good ltmplars of North America
closed their fifteenth annual session,
hut night.' Tho following are the
officers elected for tho ensuing year
Right Worthy Grand Templar, Jon
athan Home, of Marblehead, Mass. ;
Right Worthy Grand Counselor, W.
S. Williams, Ontario, Canda ; Right
Worthy Grand Vice-Templar, Fannie
Woodburn, of Chicago; Right Wor
thy Grand Secretary, J. A. Spencer,
of Cleveland ; Right Worthy Grand
Treasurer, John Campbell, of fet
Louis. The next annual session to be
held in St. Louis.
.yv . ,' ' . (fl'V ' ' . ... ;:
It! ! I f f . .. ! ? M W,. : ! : ! ':
For the Advertiser.
Never, perhaps, until the recording
angel reads from the "book of remem
brance" the history of each Individual,
and each sees his life recorded, will
the good or evil be known of the prop
er or improper instruction of children
The mind, whatever it is, or whence
its source, depends upon outward in
fluence for development. Thoughts,
like "the diamond in the rough," or
gems in the mine, lie buried in the
mind until a cultured speech or skill
ful pen gives them an expression.
Man's condition on earth, or in auy
state of existence, depends upon his
character and his capacity for happi
ness or misery. Each Individual lias
a character to form, and a destiny to
work out. This is a gloriou3, yet fear
ful truth.' ' That is a truth no one will
deny.' . Has not each human being
who ever. appeared on the earth u his
tory of its o wn ; a character of its own ;
a destiny of its own. -
Now the question comes up : Is
man free to form just such a character
as he wishes to have. : The free agency
of man is a vexed question. Moral
philosophers and metaphysicians have
wrangled over it;, written, yolumns
uponitj"and tho question-' is undecided
yet. Better deal with facts and not
give too much prominence to specula
tion. Leave that in the back ground.
When a proposition is presented to
the mind, demanding a decision be
tween two courses of actions, without
a doubt it has the power of choosing ;
and very great consequences may be
the result of the choice : even the eter
nal destiny of tho individual. Yet,
there are "circumstances and events iu
his lifo . which he cannot control;
which his freedom of choice cannot
reach. But a well formed character,
produced by a proper development of
mind, feels a responsibility resting up
on it to instruct others. How deeply
should this responsibility be felt by
parents, teachers and the'guardiansof
children and youth. They have char
acters to form, and their destiny rtt,ts
with their character.
If blank ignorance were the only
result of an uncertain mind, it would
be bad enough, to be sure. But that is
not all ; the mind is not learning that
which is good and useful ; in learning
that which is bad and hurtful. Tho
best way to keep men from going
down those highways to pardition,
the saloon and gambling house, is to
thoroughly and properly educate
them; beginning in early .childhood.
The sad eflects of an imperfect edu
cation is seen in woman more than
man. It has led her in to that very
bad habit of gossipping, for which
she is daily becoming tho reproach.
She is prone to be suspicious, and
surmise wrong things of her female
acquaintances. Then at their societies
and gatherings it must all be talked
over.- which is not dignined, nor
graceful, nor lovely ; and mars very
much the beauty of female character.
A properly cultivated mind would
protect all this.
Again, woman has been made a
dupe to most rcdiculous fashions,
grace and gentility, harmony of colors,
symctry ot form, and about every
thing which goes to make up a beau
tiful female toilette is lost sight of in
artifical flowers, ribbons, velvets,
jewelry, stays, chignons and pompa
dorcs; and oh! what time is trilled
away in changing to the ever capri
cious wishes of fashion.
Now, was woman thoroughly educa
ted, this would not be. She should
not stop with a littlo music and
French, which are all very well as far
as they go. Her education should be
useful a well as ornamental. It -has
been truthfully said by that great
philosopher, Ben. Franklin, that
"economy is the mystery of wealth."
In that art she should be perfect. Per
haps in that depends the prosperity of
families more than all the boasted
business talent of men. She should
be thoroughly instructed in the sci
ences; but it may be argued that this
would, make her masculine in her
manners. It is a mistake that thought
and intellectual culture produce what
is called masculine cnaracter. Men
of tho highest cultured intellect are
the ciost gentle, kind aud refined.
Often women of the most thoughtful
and powerful minds are as delicate
and fragile as the lilly which drops
before the rays of the sun, and as
sensative as the aspen which trembles
at the slightest breeze. While the
most vulgar course, masculine women
are as destitute of thought and refine
ment as the painted doll. It is true
of women as of men, "a little learning
is a dangerous thing." A thorough
education of all the principal branches
should bo given to both men and wo
men, beginning in early childhood.
For the Advertiser.
UroTFnville Illgli School li
This Association, which 13 composed
of- the members of the BrownvIIIe
High School, and which is still very
young, is growing finally, and we
hope the fruits of its labors will soon
The Association started without
capital of any kind. When it was or
ganized as a body, there were but few
members; but by the help ot the ini
tiation fees of those who have joined
from time to time, and the proceeds
from two or three exhibitions, tho
Treasurer is able to make out a report
in favor of the Association for quite a
A room has been procured, and fur
nished to some extent.
As fast as mouey is procured it is
laid out In books, eo that at tho pres
ent the Library consists of between
forty-five and fifty good sized volums,
which is doing very wen ior a oegm
ning. It i3 proviaea m tne constitution
that when the Association ceases to be,
that the Library shall be trans fercd
into the hands of the trustees of the
public schools, and it will then be a
Itis the intention of the Association
to add to their stock of books until
they shall have a large library.
If they should succeed in their ef
forts, and it should become a public
Library, it would improve Brownville
The Association is indebted to Hon.
T. W. Tipton, U. S. S., for many val
uable books of information.
The books have been carefully selec
ted, and contain useful instruction for
young minds. For this and many
other favors the Association is indebt
ed to Prof. G. B. Moore.
'lhe memoers have labored in per
fect harmony, and what they have ob
tained has been by hard labor.
The weekly meetings, which ar? de
signed to contain useful instructions
for all, consists of son gs, declamations,
essays, dialogues; and a "weekly paper
supported by the pens of the most in
Signed A Membeb.
VOL. 13. NO.
For the Advertiser.
Scliools and Teaclicrs.
It Is a conceded fact we are all stu
dents ; that we are learning, or should
learn something every day of our lives.
Andhence.it must be admitted that
the world is a school. We are either
advancing or receding, piogressing or
retrograding; and it has been truth
fully said, that an important lesson
can be learned from the fool, and that
is not to be a fool. And one of equal
truth and equal importance can be
learned from the ignoramus. There
fore common schools (yea, and we
might say too common, almost,) have
been established throughout our entire
country, so tl:al the poor can share
with the rich, and none can proclaim
that they are treated with perfect in-'
difference, for our talented men and
best educated have sprang from, the
most atject circumstances imagin
able. . All this ha. been dene forn
llghtenment ani the evasion of igno
rance, and to give to every Tamily o
education or armorial for theirreiative
protection and relative safety.
The school room is a drill room
where thousands of young cadets ap
pear for instruction, to prepare for the
warfares and battlts of life ; and the
lesson3 there learned, tho instruction
there received, will cither redound in
future hnppiness and success, or future
degradation and vice. Will either
make citizens of note and usefulness,
or citizens of notoriety and sagacious
ness; and hence how important it is
that every individual wearing the
well as a good tactician.
We avered that tlie school room was
a drill room: admitting this to be
true, we come to the second point, the
location and conveniences of a school
room. And as to location there can
not be too much importance attac hed,
for upon this depends health, and ad
vancement in studies. Every .school
building should bo so situated and
constructed as to have free circulation
and ventilation of air throughout its
interior, and this ventilation should
be from the top, for as the pure ani
mating and vivifying air penetrates
the crevices in the walls, there should
be room made for the. abnoxious and
rancid air 'to pass out," otherwise it
will produce stupor and dulness, both
on part of pupils and teachers. Again,
every school room should contain
maps, charts, and a good black-board.
Thesowill act as an incentive, to stim
ulato children to action, to invigorate
them to press forward aud mako them
more regular in attendance, for punc
tuality should be taught as well as in
dustry. No teacher can tench success
fully without the necessary apparatus.
Again, every school housarUold
have water near by, for it is an ac
knowledged fact, the. farther ltd car
ried tho more will be used. .
The yard should be fenced so that it
could be kept clean and neat, for
cleanliuess and neatness should be
taught as well as the arts and sciences
fouacie trees should be planted. These
things can be accomplished by a co
operation and uniting of the parents
A word to lhe teacher and I am
done : His work U complex and as
abstract as the nMnds he has to control
and govern ; henc5 he should under
stand human nature, without which
a thousand and one vexations will
inundate his soul, and he will leave
the school room with neuralgic pains
which no cephalic pills can ever alle
viate. He should be a live man, ever
ready tc discharge his duties, both In
school room and teachers institutes,
for these wc consider as an oasis and
refreshing spots for for the weary
traveler as he journeys on in the dis
charge of his every day duty.
S. W. Mt Grew, M. D.
London, June 4, IS'iO.
ZXumn Hair II mv to Grow
and wear li
Howard Glyndon, a highly compe
tent writer (a lady formerly of St.
Louis, )gives to the New York Times
tho following information on the
above subject :
Children havo what is called their
baby hair until six years of age.
This should not be ct until they have
attained that age. It is like the first
plumage of tlie young bird is soft
downy and delicate and quite unlike
the crop that succeeds it, iu all except
color and that too, often changes ma
terially. When they have reached
the age of six or seven it should be
carefully cut, and after that kept crop
pet at regular intervals. Putting up
the hair of children in curling papers
breaks it and checks its growth, often
pulls.it out at the roots. Curling irons
are ?atal the hair of both children and
grown persons, ihe heat saps up all
juice out of tho fibers as effectually as
fire or frost saps the vitality of a green
branch, leaving It but a dry withered
Very few persons pay any attention
to the arrangement of their hair, so as
to harmonize with their peculiar style
of features and general personal ap
pearance. Most women think of
nothing but grossing it according to
the prevailing fashion never consid
ering how ludecrou3 a little woman np-
T)cars In an enormous chignon, only
proportionate to some tall Amazon :
while a thin raced woman comos bacK
every individual hair stily from her
face, rendering its angularity still
more conspicuous, and a jolly-faced
girl wears hers pulled cut about her
fat visage, thus adding to its breadth.
If the head is long, do not inccrtase
its length by pinning the chignon on
a straight line with the front particg.
If the head is high, that is, if venera-4
tion is prominent at the top, a ran go
the hair so as V) give the head breadth
and not height.
Curls are becoming to some persons
while upon others they are perfectly
odious. In all cases it is best to give
the hair the-sharn? to which it natural
ly inclines. If it waves naturally over
the forehead, d-.-ir't brush it down flat
and straight. If it inclines to lie
smoothly ou the front, don't friz it ar-
tiuciaily tho discrepancy Is always
"Sir," said an old Scotch woman to
her minister, "I didna ken a part of
your sermon ye.-tentay." "Indeed ;
what was it ;" " ou said the Apostle
used to figure of circumlocution ; aud
I dinna ken what it means." "Is that
all? Its very plain. The figure of
circumlocution is merer. a periphras
tic mode of diction." "Oh ah ! is that
all ?" said tho old woman. What a
puir fool I were not to undcr.jtnd
A Dutchman met an Irishman on a
lonely highway. As they mot each
smiled thinking he knew the other.
Pat, on seeing his mistake, remarked
with a look of disappointment, "Faith
and I thought it was you, an you
thought iz was me, an' its nayther of
us." The Dutchman repled: Yaw,
datish dhru; I am annudder man.
aud you is not yourself; wo vo both
some other pxiie:
From tl.o C;.: L. '.,
Tlie Coal Feld- of the Trn:is
. , -.-ilvsGuri. . ,
Laramie W. T., May ". A
from tho importance of the great fuel
liiovtxiC3 viUii -til'cvt th eit-:ivny
of every I -ranch of human industry, ii
is a matter of interest iA wo;i-!-.r v..i
to the origin and hi-'tcry cf tL -e i.r.-
mcr.se coal formations. Un'i
other known ""f:-these L-.l-the
tertiary age of tho earth. Ti
of Pennsylvania and Ohio, I
, i i i .
and Iowa, and the great liel
Europe,' bi l-'ing to the true carlwuiifvr
ous age. 'i he hi .-.tury of the one is en
tirely di't rent from the other. Tho
earth in those pro-historic days v-.$
unuergomg such thai
hand of the creator, th.u the earth of
the carboniferous ru-c, with its atmos
phere, it- land and waters, its animal
and vegetable life was c scnt;al!y a:i-!
other earth from the teiliary i.gc. Oar
coal fields have therefore a history of
their own independent ai:d uniiho
any other now known.
In studying that history it cught
properly to be divided Into two par;,
pre-historic and historic. In the first
wo are carried away tack of the age of
man and the animals that now inhab
it the earths. We enter a new. world.
Instead of the lofty mountains with
their everlatir.g snows, it is one vu.-t
!ain. Instead -f the terni-erato oil-
mute we are in tne heated tropic.
Instead of the dry and parched earth,
we see va.-t lagoons ana marshes. In
place ot the present stunted vegeta
tion we find a gigantic tropic verdure
that dwarfs that, of tho jungles of tho
present age in India, Africa, and South
America- -It was cue vu:-t l.n'i-t t f
lofty palms, whose leaves were bread-'
r than the palm trees' of our tim.
and whorw shadows darkened th-j
land like the shadows of night. Tha
aquatic vegetation corresponded to
that oi the laud, nor was the t-or.t
alons of the giant order, tho -Fauna,
the animals both of tho land and w a
tcr wero giants too. Here wai th-j
Denotheruince G'gnntum, tlie larg -i
of animals who dwarfed in she tho
Mammoth and Mastodon, armed with
enormous tusks and toes he could
live in the water like tho Hippopot
tamus, upon tho juicy vegetation
there, or roam among tho palms on.
the land. Hero was also the Anoplo
theoium, the Rabothevium and their
contemporates all worthy of tho
name of gigantum. In tho wate?
there lived and sported . an
imals of tho same immense size.' A
iark has been discovered and des
cribed, belonging to this age, 27 feet
long. Such is a glimpse of the carri
ages of the tertiary coal.
lhese vast palm forests, by soma
great chemical process in nature's lA-
boratory, havo been converted Into
coal, and the likeness of these animala
have been handed down to us on tho
pages of this Coal Book. Much of this
book has been read by geologist?, our
own Hayden and others, and given to
u, but still much remains to be read.
So much for tho pre-historic of our
coal. Now for the historic. ' In 1S07-3
Lewis and Clark found Lignite on tho
banks of all the tributarses of tlie Up
per Missouri. Fremont in all three of
his expeditions reported that It existed
in vast quantities in all the country
known as the "Great Lignite Basin'
Prof. Harden, with Lieutenant, now
General VVarren, found it on the Yel-)
lowstone, 'Big Horn, Towdcr and'
Tongue ' river,- Wind River, Nortlr
and South Platte, Medicine Bow,
Rock Creek and as far south as. tho.
Arkansas, covering an extent of coun
try 700-miles north and 00 miloa
south, and east and west, giving a-'
coal field of 3.,000 square miles. Uu
dor how much of this vast field coal
lies, tho pick and shovel can alono de
termine. Prof. Hayden reports eleven
distinct veins in Boulder county, Col
orado, from five to nine feet thick,
and at Carbon, in Wyoming Territo
ry, seven veins from nine to eleven
feet thick. Ono vein twenty-ono feet
in thick nes3 bus been opened further
west. Enough is known of its quan
tity to pronounce it inexhaustible for
thousands of years. It is also found
west of the Sierra Nevada Mountains,
but it is not in veins of auy thickness,
and in the great upheval, even these,
their veins have been broken up and
'so displaced, that mining is very un
certain. There must either have been,
nn exception, so far as the gigautio
flora of the tertiary period is concern
ed in that region, or elso the great
process of nature iu forming coal was
failure there. In a trip over tho Uniou
Pacific Railroad, a passenger can see
everywhere evidences of the coal de
In the banks of Rock creek, Medi
cine Dow, Rattle Snako creek, North
Platte and Seperative creek, the vein
of coal can be seen out cropping,
awaiting only the strong arm ot tho '
miner to give up it weaitii.
But, it is on the Red Desert and In.
the valley of Bitter creek, where now
hardly a specimen of animal or vege-,
table life exists, where the alkali sanI '
are parched ami burned, that the foa-'
illized pages of history records that
tho great lagoons with their Maviud
and aquatic plants and the Galea for- '
csts were tho most luxuriant.
There you may see two distinct
veins, ono abovo the other, at various
inclines as they were left when they '
were thrown up from their place of
repose of the untold centuries.
Side by side of these coal deposits
we have great pits of iron, such as aro
found on the Chug Water, as though
purposelv thrown together by nature
there In lier most liberal mood.
When we lxk at the nctwoik of
Railroads that will 60on cover tho
tran s-Missouri country, we can hardly,
overestimate the the importance- of
these great contiguous dejKjsiles in re
placing the rails.
I have heretofore given you tho
opinion of the first chemists of the)
country, Dr. Torrey, of N. Y., and
Prof. Silieman, of Y ale, as to the qual
ity of its coal, and I have also given
you the opinions of the great geolog
ists, Hayden and Hall, us to its extent,
therefore I will not copy it here. I -am
sure that In two years, when theso
deposites have been fully developed
when this country Is dotted with iU
hundreds ox villages for colliers
when the whole length of the 1,500
miles of mountain range i checked
with mining machinery usin tertiary
coal wlicn the many thousands of
stock men and herders use it for their
hemes when the millions of acres of
fertile lands on the many streams of
tho mountains are cultivated, and
their hearths and firesides are warmed
and made cheerful by thi-? same coal,
then li3 discovery and development
will rank with the foremost of tho
great events of the 1'Jtli century.
II. LATI! AN-.
Surg. V. P. K. R.
To Measure a Ci;m of Cct.n.
An estimate cf the contents of a crib
of com in the ear iay be made as fol
lows: Level the corn in the crib,
measure tho len.th, bredth, and hight
it occupies, multiply these together,
and thiA product by 0.4, (the decimal
4 : this will give tlie amount in shelled
u corn "supposing the bushel of ears
but a half bushel of
tho above product bo
multiplied by 0.3, we will have tho
actual contents of corn in tho car.
Euas which aro very productive will
yield more than half; for this, proper,
allowance is to be made.
The Newfoundland seal fishery has
been very succes.-Uil during tho past
season. The number of -ealj Landed
at St. John is nearly LSO.OOO.
?nt Pierce has sold his
Head farm, on Rye Bench,
New Hampshire, reserving his
vato Summer resi'leuce there.
Dinrff.. Tfremio 30-tf
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