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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1869)
j. u coLitAPr.
I.C. HACK EB..
2CH, COLHAPP (z CO.,
nbliohern and PrerrJelors.
MS $2,00 PEU ANXfM.
, 70 McFImtwod'h Block, up Stairs.
- line or lfsi first InKCftion..
... oi live lm at le.-ss.-
:. nd line.....-. "
-wh lied .
.n tif v cm r
,i. six Tii.inthN, tL5: three months 10 tm
ii, .n ye:tr ...
un, mi nmnilis.y.'l
tiirrc nionll: 15 t
i, line ver '
.x.te.x niniits, VJ; three nioiiUi... 21 ll
mie year. ...
ix ni'intlix. ("iii; three muntlm : no
wrnentM )r b le ttnn thnn three
u-J transient ; and must be paid ia
i nnd Depart lire of the Malls. .
id Eastern arrives at 12 m.; departa at
r.d rstern arrive tit 4 p. m.; deiiarU
-riven ut fi ft. m.: depnrt at 8 a. m.
-;ves tU 1- m.: det,hri ut 2 p. m.
arrive M utidu-. k. Wednesdays Stid
:i.; depart.- Tu-sdays,Tliursdayand
drives Fridays at 4 p. ti4 departs
. .ur from 7 a. m.. to 7' p. m. Hun
hi'ji a. m. A. JJ. MA 1:U, 1'. X.
md C. n. It. It. Time Table.
;ains ooim; noktil
W a. m-
'J:T7 p. in-
. 50 p. la-
, . :nn a. ni.
11-: p. I'l.
3:i iu p. ill.
A II Vi.'c .
HAI"M fJOINO KArTII.
;i uuiTi vwa. m.
u.vtiMne 11:21 a. m.
Jusepli AM p. m.
r.s pr is.
.1 r.',ii!TK llJ ra-
ivii iii;..... P- nl-
. JlJM'Jlll p. 111.
...rwrii- OmnlhiiNleHveii Brownvlilefor
h m. mid 1. iu., daily.
r'-Z-."JL.--i- ZSgV" '!B"1J .VTffPg
;:I business jfarbs.
vii:tf.i: & r.KoWN.
at L,mw and I.md Aptnli,
irt llim, -with lTolwte Judjxe,
TIPTON A HCT'KTT,
and Counselor at Law,
: 0 MrJ'liersoH's j;lock, up stairs.
.IOMAS A r.IUiADY.
aw &, solicitors in Chancery,
" in li!rii't Court Jlxm.
S. M. KIC1I.
at I. a and Land
urt JIous.', tin
t door, veit ile.
V.M. II. Mrl.ENNAN.
y and C ounselor at Law,
.raNia 'ity, Nebnihkiu
li. F. I'LRKINS,
y and ('ouunrlor at Law,
inseh, JoliriKon Co., Neb.
ii U N i: AT UW,
iii- lltv, I'uwnee Co., eh.
N. K. CItKiOS.
at Law &- Real Kitate Agent,
;c J;u'.- C.'Ui.ty,Ntl'nuka.
n. v. iironKs,
e Atrent and Jncl lee of Peaee,
Co;:ri House, riist d'Hir, west hide.
l'.A P. Ill rr v LETT.
ntiA,Land "Warrant Broker.
No. 1 Main Street,
ii rf to iHi.tiit'1 j are for X:n-reident:
uUenlton uuen to tiiaJciriff Locations,
.proved and unimproved, or tale on
VM. H. IIOOVEK.
tate and Tai Paj Ing Agent.
iM'-ein Jiisriet Court Kooin.
re rui,ipl attention to the a!e of Ileal
nl J'aittivid of Taxes thrvughotU the
tot for the City of Brownrille,
lend to the J'tijwteirf of Taxes Jor A-
ljand Aihhi-is M
S'cin aha Vent id y.
lt.-Hs II. SYDENHAM,
HV Il HL1C LAID AGENT,
V.rf h'i 'ir-iteu, Xvbrnxkn.
loeale liunls for inlendini.ettlers, an I
iv int'ori:i:ition reijuireJ concerning
us of Soutli-YVeMcrn Ni-iiraska. l-4j
I1VSK IAN AMI sl lftJEON,
"mi. SI yn:ti s:ret. .ne d.H.r t of Peu-
lii'uct hours from 7 to 11 a. m. and
H. It MATHEWS,
IVS1CIAX AND sl'HtiEOX.
tilliee No. 21 Malu Stn--t.
A. S. i:0I.IMAY. M. IK,
Ian, Surgeon and Obstetrician,
il.iluei.iy A Co s lmiii Store.
atfd in WI ;' latent cd in JiroirnrilJe in
rx nu hn'id tinn;!efe fix of A mputaliny,
iff rind Iris'f'rtcil Jttxlrtitent
special nH'-nttun liven to obstetric and
Mi of II iihk u inui Children.
C. V. sTEWAItT. M. D..
IVSICIAX AAM StKGEOX,
Diner No. 1 Main street,
urs7 to St A. M., nnd 1 to 2 and C1 to
7'.: P. .V.
Y. H. KIMPF.RI.IN. M.T.
'.VMC1AN AM 1 Villi EON,
Nt-braska Eye and Eur Itilinnary,
iiiimenc-e jinK'tic at Lrownviile,
WM. T. HEN,
rhlen'e mid Ilelml lienler in
1 Merchandise, and Commission
md Forwarding Slerehant,
No. G Main Street.
Planters, pi-ties, ISfovcs, J'urniture, tc,
on IfiioL liiyhvxt mar), (t jiriee paid Jor
. Pells, purs and (Xtuntrii jYoducc.
(J. M. HENDERSON,
prater in pirrrirm runt llrrmextie
riY UOOOS AM) tiROCEUlES,
No. 53 Main Street.
J. 1 4. MefJEE CO.
lrr In General Merchandise,
). 7d Mcl'licn-on'N l!io k, Main St.
HoELADAY & CO.,m
WhrJesrde ami Jl--tml Peaicrt in
Medicines. Paints, Oils,
No. 41 Main Street,
MeCUEERY & NICK ELL,
Wholesale and JletaU pealers in
r, Books, Wallpaper i. Stationery
No. 3i Mmiti Stn-et.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
CHARLES H ELMER,
BOOT AM) SHOi: MAKER,
No. fi t Main Str- u
on hand a sitjM'rior stock of Pools and
Custom Work done vilA ueatness and
300T ANO SHOE MAKER,
No. 5 8 Main Street,
cm hand a and assortment of Genft,
Misses' and Children's Hoot and Shoe.
t H'or- done villi neatness and dujtaich.
ri7 d'Oie on sh'trt notice.
JOHN C. DEUSER,
r in St oves, Tinw are, Pumps, LcM
No. 7 Main stm-t.
PH ELLEN I'.l'RG ER PRO'S..
faetnrera Si, ltealer in Tinware.
1.7 Main St., M Therson"s l'.lock.
t JIardirare, CUrjierUer Tolx, Plack-
Purnuunis, ac, constantly on hand.
JOHN V. MIDIU FTON.
AESS, KRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
No. o ."Main Stn-et,
and Isixhes of er erfi dexeription,and
if Hair, kept on hand. i.Ush puui for
3. 1L LAUER,
Mnniifaeitirer and lttllrr in
VESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
No- GO1, Main Street.
, no done to order. .Sdiif'icfion guaranteed.
ER HALL AND LtNCII ROOM,
No. 25 Main Street.
PER- ;ER A- Roj'.vjtTS.
LII AM Kit A BILLIARD SALOON,
best Win and l.iininrx cimtnnUy mt band.
N'a. , Whiiiiey's L.vick. lU-Ji
-Epii nrnnARD &
No. 47 Main Street.
The bef-t AVines and Liquors kept on hand.
J. V. D. PATCH.
Manufacturer ntrj Dealer in
Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, ete., etc.
No. 3i M:un street.
Silver and S.li tr-pri!' d Ware, and nil rarie
ie of Htectaeles cnnxtant.'.'t on hand. pfjriiring
i'n in theneaU xt slide, at short notice. Charjt
nodcrai Work w arranted.
flood arcoinm. elation. InKinlms uy tne
davorwwk. Tlie traveling I'Ublie aie invl
t 1 to cl n i m a f;il 1. 1-u
CROSS & STKVKSSOX. JToprietofB.
On I v-o Stree t, between Main and Atlantic
Tit llt'itxe is convenient to the tfteavi J'gnt
JxmdiiKi, and the busine part of the City. The
beat urcum modntmii in the C .'.'. Jn
t,e rarelin DVikinrj tpiexts comfortable. (sOOil
.Stable and Orro'i eorn-eriiettt to the lluute.
Au-nts for K. 1 N. Stue fu-
1. I). i:oj:isoX. I'roiri.'tor.
Front st,, Lotwci n Mair? nud V ator.
A flood Fred and Livery tXuble in connection
with the House.
Baker)- and Coitfret loiiery,
. 'o. ' Maiu Stif t,
Offers to the jml-lic ut reduced rates a cliolce
Kt.H-ls of (iroeeries, lTovisions, Confectioner
le. etc , tc.
Baktrr, Conff et lonery and Toy Store.
No. 40 Main .Street.
I Yesh Jirend, i ike, Oiisier., J-'ruit, etc., on hand
J. 1 DKUsER,
Dealer in Confret loueries, Toy, etc.
No. 44 Uin Street,
E. F.. EBRIOHT,
Notary Pnlillc and Conveyancer,
And n''it 1'or the EquitHldeand American
Tontine Life Insurance Companies. 5-tf
Notarr Public and Conve ancer,
I iiTiee in County Clerk's Office.
W. FAIR ).KUTHJt. JAM! . HACKEI1,
Notary I'ubhc. County t lerk
c;eo g. ptXrt a p.ro.,
DEALERS IN GRAIN, PRODUCE,
A xoiiui (ill. Xehruxka.
Tlie ljiptieM. mai ket jiricepaid for anythlns
the Farmer ran raise. AVe wlllbuy and sell
everything known to the market.
WORTHING & WIICOX,
Storage, Forwarding and Commission
-trifZ Dr-nlcrx in ad kinds of drain, for tt-.VicA
Utey pay the Jli'hent Marlx t lrice in Cash.
MILS. F. A. TISDEL,' -MILLINER
AND DRESS MAKER,
Shop on First 8L, bet. Slain and Atlantic,
(over F.A.Tisdel'8 Agricultural Store.)
TTiw ronxtantlv on hand a full assnnment of all
kind and -varieti of Zej-hyra.
Star lir.iid. Swan siHiwn, lJt:ie
Mohnir Coilb and
Curl, Hunilnirj; Tninninii-'s,
Cloaks made in I lie hilest biyle.
The public KPMiivned tocall.
etc Uresses aua
MISS MARY A. SIMPSON,
MILLINER AND DRESS MAKER,
First Street, bet, M:un and Water.
Wishes to Uiforni the Ijidie of Jtrownvllle and
vieinitv, that che lius a hrst cbusa Alillmery Shop,
where Vi.rk will be dune with creat cure and neatr
lies and after the latest eastern ptytf-s. Bleaching
done in the verv lute-it stvles, and on short notice.
Lalest st vlesl bnriies' aud Children s lUto and Bon
nets rniwtamlr on haiifl. AbjleKt patterns ol I-a-diert"
liress tloods,-Clouks, aud C'hilureu's Clothins;
cut oo bliort notice.
,T. I-. ROY,
BARBER AND II AIR DRESSER.
No. 55 Main Street,
Has a splii-dtd suit of Path Rooms. Also a
choice stor k of 11 cut Irma n s Xotions.
McNEAL & DORSET,
BARBERS AND HAIRDRESSERS,
No. 2 Main Street.
Are prepnred to do.nll kinds of rTalrdressinjr for
Gent and 1 jd;es. As Barlierstheynre No. 1. Also
old riot ties renovated cm reiMoiiiiole terniK; ImkiIs
blacked at all hours; aud washing and iroiiinc done
mi Klu.rl mil ice. IH-l'J-v
An, 5S,'o Main Xtrrtt,
Have on hand a Vjileiulid Ktock of Goods,
and will make them up in the latest styles,
on short notice and reasonable terms.
J. H. REASON,
Blacksmilhing aud Horse Shoeing,
Siioj) No. SO Main Street,
Will do JsiackxmUhiiig of ail kinds. Make
Horxe Shoeing, Ironing of Wcons and Sleighs,
and Machine Work a tS'ieesaliti.
J. V.'. A .1. C. C.IRSON,
Shop on First, between Main and Atlantic.
All irorkdonc to order, and satisfaction gnar
rantecd. JOHN FLORA.
Shop fm "Water St., South of American House.
Cnxtom Work of a'.l kinds solicited.
FR ANZ HELM Kit.
Wagon Maker aud Repairer.
Stioj) West !' Court House.
Waions, Piitjies. Piou s, Cuiiivutors, Sc., re
paired on short notion, ut low rains, ajid war
ranted to gice S'ttixjiu-ttvn.
BOUNTY CLALM AGENTS.
ED. I). SMITH,
IT. S. AVAR CLAIM AGENT,
Waxhiiiijton C.i.u, D. C.
"Will attend to the pn-eution of claims be
fore the Department in jierson, for Additional
iiAimtr HucL- 1'hv ami Pensions, and all
claims actfuins against the Government du-
rins the late war.
SMITH. T. TITTLE.
E. S. ASSISTANT ASSESSOR.
Ollice in District Court Room.
Xotary Public and failed bUUc War Vlaitn
Aaent. Will attend to the proxrciition of claim
before the Iejartment, for Additional Bounty,
Pack Pay and Jiutionx. Also the collection of
Ocmi-Annual Due on Pensions.
MRS. J. M. GRAHAM,
TEACHER OF Ml SIC.
lvooms. Main, bet 4th & it li Sts.
Leon eitrrn on the Piano. Oraan, Mclodeon.
Guitar and Vocalization. Having had eight year
txpertenct a teacher of .music t ie x ur w
con fident ef givinx satisfaction.
Cm. T. BERKLEY,
House, Carriage and Sign Painter.
No. GG Main St., upstairs.
Graining.Guiidinij.tlluziiiyarul Paper Hang
ing done on sJiurt notice, favoraitte lerms, ana
A. P. MARSH,
Bookseller and News Dealer.
-Cit-l Punk lit ore.
No. 50 Main street. Post ollice Buildlne.
No. 47 Main Street, up stairs.
Persons wixhina Pictures executid in the latest
style of the A rt, v ill call rt f i A rt Gallery.
A. AY. MORGAN.
Probate Judgre and?.Tuti e of the Peace
otiice m Court House i;uiiUing.
- J. K. REAR,
Agent for the 51. V. Express Co.
AV. C Telegraph Co.
No. 73 Mcl'hei son's Block,
C. V. M'HEr.LKR.
sole agent for R. "W. Snith's l'atent Truss
Bridsc. The strongest and best wooden
bridae now in use.
KEIS WETTER EIRSMAN, '
BrowuTllIf City Meat Market.
No. 00 Main Street,
Will pat t.f higlst market price for ffood Beef
CXUtle, (ilies. Sheep and Hoax.
Wilt attitot to the sale i,f 2 leal and personal
Projierht in the Nemaha Land District. Terms
ALL yvllOA-lSJJ I "
Tho BroinivillQ Transfer
l uder the management of
jacob no Guns,
Is now Rnnning Ilepslar OciaibusKes from
EroM-nviile to tlie RaiiroadTermimii
. of tbe Council E!ufh and Si. Joseph Rsilrosd,
At North Star, IIo.,
Two Jliies from Brownvilie and Nortu Siar Ferty
Good Omnitusses. Close Connection.
30-If Cliarges Moderate.
JST- JOB AVOItK of all kinds, n-ntly and
p.tinly executed, done at the Advertiser Job
- BKOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA; .THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1809.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
CHARLES U. DORSET.
Att'y at Law. v ,
6KOBGZ W. DOB8ET,
C. G.& G. W. DORSEY,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
D ealers in Land Warrants.
Rut and Sell Ucal Estate and
Select & locate GoYenrrnent Lands.
ATTEND TO CONTESTED CASES IN THE
U. S- LND OFFICE, AND
A lartre taantlty of First Class Lanils for
sale In Nemaha, Richardson, Pawnee, John
son and Gage Counties, Nebraska, to which
the attention of purchasers is specially invl
Office-BBOWHVILLE; NEB. .
Ttnclx O See BEATRICE, NEB.
J. II. SHOOK & BROS., t
Manufacturers and Dealers In Native Lumber
of all kinds, lengths, breadtns ana inicsnesa,
AT - . '
NEMAHA COUNTY, NEBRASKA.
Thev own and run oneof the best Saw Mills
in the State, and will furnish
MECHANICS AD J3UILDEI1S
with a hill of Lumber of best quality, on
short notice, at the Lowest Market Price.
Lath and Pickets
Always on band for sale.
Thev also sell cheap at their store in Hills
dale all staple Dry Goods and Groceries, and
such articles ns are in peneral use.
Kememljor the business, the men, and the
JOHN L. CARSOH,
BJJO WNVTLLE .NEBRASKA
Exchange Bought and Sold on all the prin
cipal cities. Also dealer in Gold and Silver
Coin, Gold Dust and
Deposits received, payable at sighL Inter
est paid on time dejisltu by special agree
ment. Taxes paid for non-residents.
All kinds of U. S. Bonds wanted.
COXFECTIO E1IY ! I '
Ko. 3 1 Cor. Msink 1st Sts. (opposite City Drng Store.
AY ILL I AM ALLEN, Proprietor.
Pics, Cakes, Fresh Bread,
Confectionery, Llfrht and
Constantly on Hand ! !
Fresh Bread Delivered Daily! !
First Class ramilyFlonx Warranted.
WM. II. VALLEAU,
and Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
ynraS; .AND liqugrs,
Keeps constantly on hand a fall stock of all kinds of
Native and Foreign "Wines
ALSO, a full stock of
CIGieS MID TOBICCO
All of widen, lie ofTerMo the trade at rates low
enough to suit all. To those wishing Liquors and
He extends a special Invitation to call and see Mm,
knowing that lie has ail they want of the best goods
in the West and can
Guarranty Entire Satisfaction ! ! !
A SAMTLE ROOM IN THE REAR, WITH A
Supplied wish the choicest brands of Wines, Liquors
Ac, Ac 1
JlITtEE LUNCH AT ALL HOURS."
Corner Main and 3d Streets,
Ilrs. 71. E. Barsia; : ,
s 1 Dealer in. : !4 " i : j
Fancy Goods and Notions,
Which sh will aell at reasonable prices.
She is constantly In receipt of New and Ele
gant Patterns for
Dress and Cloak Making,
to which she pays particular attention.
Fluting, Stamping, Sti tcliing, Braid
ing, done to order.
IMEIER. & lISOiH
.. .LOCK STICII., ,
. - i .'' ''. :!.'
SEWING MACHINE !
. . Awarded the v . , t . 1 1
at nil the principle J'airs in the World. Er-
prv Machine warranted for three years. In
OFFICEAT THE BAZAR.
s-tf " :
No. 59 Main Street, Brownville.
. v JOSEPH 61IUTZ, . .
lias Just openfl and will constantly
4jv ka-p on hand a larsre and well aborted
fciuistoek of genuine articles in his line.
Repairing of Clocks, Watches, and Jew
elry uone on short notice.
ALL WORK WARRANTED
Xcand Fasalonablc stock ol
(NO SHODDY), Is now offered to the Public at
J. S. HETZEL'S
. V" ;i:o.r 70 3XaiB? Street, I Z
who 1 a , , .
to the interest of the pnblie ; and having pur.
chased my CLOTHING, (made undermy own
supervision) exclusively for cash, I can sell as
low, if not lower, than any
in the Town or County. I beg
to roll your
attention to my
LARGE AND WELL
slected stock of
Gent's Furnishing Goods,
as can be
IN THE WEST.
Here Is a chance for the best bargains, as I
have no dead stock on hand, all being en tlrely
new. The public are invited to call and ex
amine for themselves, .
where everything ia the Clothing line can be
J. S. HETZEL.
Till' FLIGHT OP TIIi:.
The hour cf twelve rings forth the knell
Of anothr dyinar day,
And in etm tone the ghDomy liell
Chant rtuneral lav.
Tis so wi'.i life, it fleeteth by,
Uncoiiscously to man ;
Each quic:en'd breath Is but a sigh.
Closing he earthly span.
: And wit! J lie day a week has died,
And pc' forever more,
Adown ti- -Vrce, relentless tide,
To dark livion's shore.
.Thus 'tis ; ...h human hopes and plans,
They, it; soon pass away,
. And leavtthe wul in Rloomy bands,
That ho., a giant sway.
With da: 1 week a month has passed
Beyon . ? rn pid st ream,
A wrec-k i . ark oblivion cast.
Where : ons never beam.
Thus 'tis ; it jnvs we fondly love,
' They vnh like a breath;
Opr ont'.!y is found above
Below a I ends in Death.
' Dnys, w-.ks, and months, ami fleeting years
Sink K: one common torn I),
And nc a riirh or parting tear
Can Ireak the midnight gloom. '
; E'enso.;:h all of huir.an kind,
From 1x.lv to buoyant youth,
'And hary head, they all must find
' - A cocmon sleep in death.
Then a' with time we pass adown
The Etrhway to the tomb,
' May viVue wear a shining crown.
To ro it cf its gloom.
And wlen tiie prave of time I made,
And tod the Son shall come.
May wt, in robes of white arrayed,
Be wehorue to our home. - . '
Capitol Correspondence. .
Edibr Advertiser : I have noticed
that fhe different newspaper cor
respondents of the State of Nebraska,
have yritteh a number of articles con
cerning' the members of the Legisla
ture, but they have, from some cause,
negle-'ted to write any thing about the
officers of the State. This is wrong,
and I send this letter to you, hoping
thebby to remedy the neglect.
" First of all, and highest in rank, is
David Butler, Governor of the State. :
I know that I am deficient in that
bump on my cranium, which Phre
nologists call the Organ of Veneration.'
I know that I care no more for a Gov
ernor, simply because he is a Govern
or, than 1 do for a laborer. Still I
know that there is a certain amount of
respect wlich we all should have for
a person high in authority, and I do
have a vast amount of respect for the
gentleman, whom our Democratic
editors facetiously call "David the
. David is a man of dignity. Any
B?rson can see that with half an eye.
avid is the Governor of Nebraska,
and he knows it. What is still better,
he lets other people know it. No un
due familiarity with me, if yon please ;
is written on every feature of his intel
Ah! I love to see a dignified man.
One "whom it clothes, as with a gar
ment. "When. I come into the "pres
ence of such an one, I stand afar off,
and gaze hi wonder and admiration.
With an humble heart, I ask myself.
Whv am I not made, as this man is
I admire dignity. You bet, I do.
f-Arnl why piiould not David be dig
Tlie fir4 David that we read of,
started ii life as a speaker. He after-
waids became a great poet, a great
warrior, and ultimatelj', a great king.
Our David started in life as a cattle-
herd. Is the Governor of the great
central State of Nebraska. Is the
founder of a city. Lincoln, in the
What he ultimately will become, is
known only to that Being who know
eth all thiuKS.
Long live David! May he live a
thousand years, and may his shadow
never grow less.
Jsext comes, Thomas P. Kennard,
Secretary of State, familiarly called
"Our Tom," and he is our Tom. Has
the same pleasant face, and hearty
grasp of the hand for the poor man,
that he has for the millionaire, is as
affable now as he was before the
-Has verv little dignity. Iu fact, I
think the Governor has so much dig
nity, that there is none of the article
left for his subordinate ; which I sup
pose, 13 all right and proper.
James Sweet, btate Treasurer, nas
been nbsent from Lincoln nearly half
of the session. Is here now. Seldom
comes to the capitol. Attends closely
to his business. Is a quiet, reserved
gentleman, having very little to say to
Last, but certainl v not least, is John
Gillespie,-State Auditor. I certainly
do not want to unduly praise any
5erson. Mr. Gillespie never has, and
do not expect that he ever will,
either directly or indirectly, put one
dollar in my pocket, and yet, he cer
tainly is the man of the State, officers.
A genial, social gentleman ; a naru
The same now that
he was when
of the army,
serving in me ranKs
fighting the enemies of the Republic.
Always ready when on duty, witii a
joke for his friends, and when on duty,
will with readiness, give any informa
tion that is asked of him. Was the
working member of Capitol Building
People here say that he devoted
more time to the work than either of
the other Commissioners, and that
more than once the work would have
been stopped had it not been for his
personal exertions. And this brings
me to another matter.
The accounts of the Lincoln Com-
rnissioneas in locating the Capitol, are
as follows :
DAVID BUT LEU.
1,171 (W-S271 50
Per diem .
fcta 00-S1.S33 oO
Per diem $717 Fi
Expenses U e 1,IM to
The bill of the Governor is nearly
double that of the Auditor. This is
because the Governor had to travel in
a more dignified manner, and his ser
vices were worth more than the Au
That most irreverent of all "cusses,
J. Sterling Morton, has stated Lbat
David, when startinsr on a journey,
always took alomra lartre number of
hottli's. filled with a certain kind of
fluid, and that when he and his friends
would empty a bottle,'it was thrown
from the carriage, as leing of no far
ther use. and that the road to Lincoln
could be followed bv looking for the
bottles thrown out by the Governor
and his friends.
It is a well known fact of history.
that when Columbus wa3 returning
toTviirone, after having discovered the
New World, his ship came very near
beine destroyed bv a storm, and Co
lumbus, fearing that the knowledge of
his discovery would be lost, wroto an
account of it, enclosed that account in
a cake of wax. and enclosed tnatm a
water cask, which cask he threw over
board, hoping that if the vessel and
crew were lost, a kind Providence
would cast the cask on the shore of
some civilized country, so that his
discoveries would be known. Other
navigators in similar situations have
sealed their accounts in bottles and
threw them overboard with the same
In the forest covered regie n of our
own and other countries, travelers cut
notches, or strip pieces of bark olf
tree3, in order that others may be able
to follow them, and that they them
selves may be able to return.
There are no trees on tha upland
prairies of Nebraska, consequently
the Governor could not mark the road
by cutting notches in trees, and so,
with that remarkable genius, for
which he is celebrated, he conceived
the happy idea of taking along a num
ber of empty littles, and made land
marks of them, that others might fol
low to the city in the wilderness, and
that they all might safely return.
This accounts in part for the extra
expenses of the Governor.
In this letter I have endeavored to
do Justice to the State Ofiici'-s of the
State of Nebraska. If I have failed,
the fault is not mine. W. A. P.
A Diving-Dell Adventure.
While in the harbor of Valparaiso,
aboard the sloop-of-war Virago, one of
our midshipmen touched me on the
shoulder, and informed me that Lieu
tenant Bardolph wanted to sec mc.
"I have heard that you are some
thing of a naturalist, Starbuck," said
the officer, smiling.
- "No, sir," I replied; "no naturalist,
although I take interest in " .
"Oh, wellt never mind," quoth the
lieutenant. "You have seen our diving-bell?".
I answered "es," when the lieu
tenant informed me that he wanted
me to go down under the sea, with our
old boatswain, Itandolph, formerly a
pearl-diver, to lok for a curious fish,
which, on the day previous, had been
pierced and killed with a pike, . In
form the fish resembled a serpent, was
about thirty inches in length, and had
upon both sides of its neck a pair of
singular appendages, sonic thing like
wings. Its most striking peculiarity,
however, was one eye, of a greenish
color, situated on the top of its head.
On being struck by the pike, the crea
ture had rolled over, apparently dy
ing, and then dove out of sight.
"I think," continued the lieutenant,
"that such a curiosity is worth obtain
ing, and I have picked you out to go
with Itandolph, believing that you are
interested in natural history. Besides,
I will pay you a guinea if you will go."
My mouth watered ; bottels of aguar
diente, and the black eyes of pretty
Chilean, damsels, danced before my
mind. I bowed acquiescence, and
went away to make preparations.
The diving-bell soon was on deck,
ready to be hoisted and swung over the
side. The instrument was a little
damaged, but neither Randolph nor I
, We were presently In our places,
singing out "All right!" when the
belt begun to descend.
Down, down, down lower and low
er. We glanced round us on all sides,
but yet saw nothing of the strange
fish. Curious-looking specimens of
the finny tribe, however, greeted us
in many directions. We could see the
sword-lish dart past, with its long,
protruding, bone weapon ; the globe
fish, the sun-fish, the moon-fish, the
balloon-fish, and the spiteful-looking
suarK, swept liirougu tlie green wa
ters, almost brushing our bell with
tails and fins.
How singular'" I ejaculated.
"Like a vision of the delirium tremens,
as I have heard that disease described."
Don't talk of the 'delirium tremen
dous' here!" growled Itandolph with
a dissatisfied air. "Grog is too scarce,
do you see, for that. T auts is tauts
everywhere, but damme, if they don't
somehow seem to have dwindled
mighty small aboard the Virago."
JSow we hung suspended in mid-sea.
The air was becoming somewhat im
pure, so we opened the stop-cock, and
let it out, feeling, a moment after, a
fresh supply, sent down to us through
the india-rubber "pipe" or hose se
cured into the top of the bell. Ran
dolph was about touching the signal
cord, to intimate our desire to be low
ered still further, when we felt a sud
den jerk, felt the bell going down
faster than we had anticipated, and,
to our horror, realized that the rope by
which the instrument was suspended
had parted from the hook to which it
Away went the "pipe" at the same
moment, and we only saved tmrsclves
from instant destruction by stopping
up tne aparture tnusieit in tne top
with a thick handkerchief, other
wise, the water beneath, no longer
meeting the resistance of the air, that
element escapiug, must have filled the
bell in a briet space.
We heard the water roaring and
gurgling round us as we descended;
our descent, however, became each in
stant slower, until finally the resist
ance of the confined air in the bell
kept us suspended about two feet
above the bottom of the sea.
The air in our floating prison had
by this time become almost unbeara
ble, not only froni its reing so densely
compressed, but also from long con
Terror-stricken, we glanced at eath
other. The eyes of Randolph, protrud
ing from his head, looked bloodshot,
rnd tinged with a strange green color,
while his dark skin seemed to shrink
like shriveled parchment. The most
startling change in his appearance
was the sudden apparently supperan
nuated look of his visage. A man of
fifty, he seemed at least thirty years
Presently his teeth began to rattle in
his head, his form was bent almost
double, he threw his arm3 round him
in agony, as if clutching at something.
How horribly useless this panto
mine seemed to me! He wanted fresh
air to clutch at air! What a mock
"Starbuck," he presently gasped,
"I I wouldn't know you. You look
to be fifty! You and I are a-dyin'.
God have mercy on us! What shall
What could we do? I could only
stare at him, stupid with despair.
The air in the bell became more and
more stifling. The boatswain rlew to
my side, and squeezed me in his mad
agony, until n:y bones felt i3 if they
air! air!" he shrieked in my
I endeavored to speak, but only a
hoarse rattle in my throat obeyed my
will. My brain beran to whirl. I
gasped hard for breath. A terrible op
pression was on my lungs. - The boat
swain had now released me. I stag
gered against the side of our prison
my senses gradually seemed deserting
Through one of tlie glass-cases irt
thp tnsrriirvipnf. I fn-iil ,!t n nownniT.
" . .s ,
ed out to me a luge sharK, -which,
vvitn red. gloating eyes, peered down
upn us, as if anticipating cur fate,
and considering how it should get
to 113. "
Gradually, however, the eyes of the
monster seemed to my confused sight,
to ray whirling brain, to mingle with
the water, to vanish in a dark, red
mist cloud, that floated up all round
the bell. My head now felt as it would
burst; it sank upon my shoulder.
Terribly oppressed, I fell upon my
knees, and would have fallen into the
sea but for the boatswain, who now
"Star-Star-buck, d3ing!" were the
words faintly reverberating upon my
brain. Then all began to look dark
around me, and I knew that I was
losing consciousness. My name was
again shrieked into my ear. With a
superhuman effort I half raised my
scly and looked round me, feeling like
one grouping in the dark. Bewilder
ed, full of tlie niOft agonizing pain, I
became aware that something was
swaying up and down before my sight ;
up and down in, that red mist-cloud,
mingling with the water, I made an
other effort a great tlfort to compre
hend what it was, this swaying thing,
and I at last did so; understood that
it was a hook attached to the end of a
rope, lowered to us from the deck of
the Virago, so far above !
"Starbuck!" gasped the boatswain,
"I'll dash open the lens this was of
glass in the top of the bell ; then you
stand by to hook iron the inside!"
I just managed to hear the words,
and they strengthened me with a wild
hope, although I was still so bewil
dered that I could scarcely see the
swaying hook. The boatswain's arm
was before my eyes. With one pow
erful blow of his huge fist, dealt with
the remains of his great strength, he
shivered the lens, "
There was a roaringsound like thun
der; it was the upward rushing of the
water into tlie bell as the air escaped.
. There was no time to lose. I thrust
my arm through tho aperture and
drew in the hook, quickly attaching
it to the top of the inside of the instru
ment. Tfce next moment the water came
bubbing over the heads of tho boat
swain and myself, and that was the
last I remembered of what" transpired
in the bell.
When I recovered my senses I found
myself in tlie steerage, with the ship's
doctor bending over me.
"A narrow escape," were his first
: "Where Randolph?" I exclaimed.
"Here," answered a feeble voice,
and rising, I beheld the boatswain in
a bunk under me.
"He had a narrower escape, than
you had," said the doctor. "The
thumb of his right hand was bit off by
a shark, which made a spring for it
just as we pulled you two into th cut
ter, after the diving-bell was hauled
to the surface."
The shark, I doubt .not, was the
same one I had seen on the outside of
the bell while under wa:er.
"You may both feel very thankful
for your safety," continued the doctor;
"and, by-the-way, here is your
guinea," putting a gold piece into my
hand, and giving another to the boat
swain, "which the lieutenant charged
me to give you on your recovery."
Both Randall and I thought the
guinea a hard-earned one, although
we had not succeeded in finding the
IIo it Thermometers are made.
".What is this?" said Lawreuc-e pick
ing up a peace of glass from the floor
"It looks like a broken thermometer
"It was blown for one," said the
."Blown? so small!" exclaimed Law
rence. "I can't find any hole in it"
"It has a hole or bore, as we call it
of the usual size; but it is fiat. That
is to make a very little mercury look
to be a good deal. Do you see a narrow
white stiip running the length of the
Lawrence saw it, and said he had
often obsesved the stripe in the backs
of thermometers, buthad never learned
what it wa3 for.
"It is the background to see the
mercury against. Would vou like to
see such a tube made? Come here.
Watch this man."
. With delight and curiosity Lawrence
watched. The man was gathering a
lump of metal from oneof the pots. He
blew it gently, and shaped it on a mar
ver, flatening it until it resembled in
form and size that part of a sword hilt
that is grufped bv the hand.
"In flatening it," said the gaffer "he
flatened the bubble of air he had blown
into it." Lawrence looked and could
see the bubble, about as broad as his
finger through the glass. "That ia to
be the bore of the thermometer tho'
of itself it is now larger than two or
three thermometer tubes. Now they
are going to put on the stripe."
A boy brought a lump of melted
opaque white glass on a polity. It
was touched to the now hardened
sword hilt, and drawn from end to end
along the flat side, leaving a stripe
about as broad a a lady's fiuger. The
sword-hilt, with the stripe carefuly
pressed down and hardined upon it,
was now plunged into a not of melted
glass, and thickly coated ; the soft ex
terior was rounded on amarver, until
the entire body of glass, enclosing the
stripoand the flattened bore was in
size and shape a little longer and con
siderably larger than a banana.
This was now slowly heated to, a
melting state. Then came forward a
boy with ajKDnty bearing on its end a
piece of glass resembling an inverted
conical ink-stand. This he set on
the ground, the bottom of the inkstand
'lhe blower, witn tne melting lump,
now advanced, and held it over the
ponty, until the soft mass droped down
and touched the bottom of the inkstand
to which it adhered. The man and
the boy held the lump between them a
moment ; then at a word of command,
the boy shouldered his ponty, Iik8 a
very large staff with a very small
bundle on the end of it and set out to
travel. Ashe ran in one direction,
into a work room, the man backed off
in the other, the glowing lump strech
ing between them like some miraculous
kind of spruce gum. In a minute
they were seventy or eighty feet apart
with a gleaming cord of glass smaller
than a pipe stem sagging between
them. This was presently lowered,
laid out its full length upon the ground
and broken from what was left of the
lump at the ends.
Even the Doctor, who had hitherto
6aid little, nowexpressed his astonish
ment and admiration, exclaiming,"It
is marvelous! it is truly marvelous?"
"Of course," said the gaffer, "the
bore streches with the tube and keeps
its flatened shape. So does the stripe."
"But what keeps the tube of uni
form size? Why don't it break?" said
"The reason is this. As the glass
run? out thin, it cools, and stops stretch
ing while it continues to draw out the
i-hus from the thicker parts at the cuds.
If we wi-h t r.::' a t ' .
sfrvch itquivl;. .v I;!..- ;: :
time to C'W'l. ' T i. . :' .' a L ; t .
vre stretch !..wir. II U a j ' . -barometer
tubi:: .-1 r ".-.'.. ! in
srrms way ; so li this bt H: ::v
thic medicine vials." 'i;...
were a small it u-k cf L I! c
conts, clout I've f t tin I .:!!:, .
ing in a eornt r rf the work rm 1
which- tlevklt-rs h-i fi,i:o-.Vld
boy." "Thcvrh cf ccur-v n ' !: !
gall or, "to make them we d- n-t i
ten the bore but c :J y I fj-.v it L.r-
"Then how arj vu'.i n... '. o:
"Thev aro cut Int-j pieces of
right length, then the b tt. ms ar
melted and c! r-ed in Ly mca:.s ' a
common Uowing-pii-', tueh as ch;r.;
Lawrence was about to a-k a similar
question with regard to the thermom
eters, when a man cam? along and,
stooping, commenced cutting thelrrj
tube into unform lengths cf about tivo
feet, and packing them tcgeth-.r lata
a narrow long box.
"These" said the gafr, ,!he scxvU to
his shop in Boston, for he is a thtf
mometer maker ; there they are c.:t
into tubes o? the right length; anrnJ
of each one is melted and flown into a
bulb. the tube iL-df serving ns a very
small blowing-pi: r. To avoid getting
moisture into tho bulb, initead cf
breath from the mouth, air from a
small india-rubber bag is used. A
the bag is squeezed at one end, the t-ull
swells at the other."
"Then how is the mercury, put hi
so small a bore?" said Lawrence, try
ing to nnd it with a pm i-oint
"The glass is heated ar.d that
the air in it, and expels the greater
part of it. As the air that i- I 'tccU
and contracts, it is made to .-uck ir
the mercury. To expel the rest of thj
air, the- mercury is boiled in the tube.
When there is mercury enough in the
tube to fill, at as high a degree cf tem
perature as it is exacted ever to go,
the end softened bent over and clo-dl
up. As the mercury cools and con-?
tracts, it leaves a vacuum at the ether
end of the tube. Our Yot.Mj i"u'.e
Land Speculation anil Actual
The following very sensible corn
meats upon the policy of land job
bers dividing up there "wil l estates,"
and putting at least half of them Into
tho possession of actual st tilers, we
copy from the Chicago Po-i:
"The correct policy of this Govern
ment with respect to tlie public lands,
was never inaugurated until the Re
publican party succeeded. Up to that
time the "land sharks" controlled,
and they inflicted many and great
hardships upon the actual settlers of
our frontiers. Whether a pioneer tu
this day hates an Indian or a land
speculator the more, it would be dif.l
cult to tell; and there are ytt thou
sands of acres of unproductive land .
held by laud sharks who are greatly
impeding the growth and develop-? .
ment of large sectians of the country,
"There is a plain and simple meat,
however, of doing away with tho evibj
of excessive speculation in land, to the
benefit both cf the speculators and of
the actual settlers. And we propose,
briefly to point out that mode.
"The value of the lands of non-rcsl-dent
owners is increased only by the
labors of the re-ident owners. Thus,
Mr. Miles White, a rich banker cf
Baltimore, buys a section of find la
Iowa, Wisconsin or Minnesota, for
speculation. Settlers buy all around
him. Their labors in Improving their
lands increase their value. The first
thing they know4 their lauds, instead)
of being a'dollar and a quarter an acre,
will fetch ten dollars an icre. Their
labor has added ten-fold value to their
property. Not only that, but Mr.
White's section is worth about as
much im theirs. The work of the har- .
dy settlers has enriched tlie banker,
sitting quietlv in his Baltimore cfllce,
rubbing his hands and talking Qua-
, "But suppose Miles White and oth
ers bad bought large bodies of land in
the States named. They- would net
increa.se a penny in value unless there
were settlements around about, or
they were themselves "improved."
The land is les valuable than the sea
except as labor makes it valuable.
Now there are, as a matter of fact,
large bodies of hind owned by specula
tors in the manner we have jut sup
posed. Holding on for high price
the speculators p rc v c n t the settlement
and growth of the country, and, what
is more, they stand hi their own light
in the way of making money.
"If the heavy non-resident owners
of lands in the Northwest would to
day sell half their lands at mere nomi
nal figures to actual settlers, the labor
of these actual settlers would in ftvg
years make the other half of the land
worth from four to ten times as much
as the whole would be worth lying"
idle and uncultivated. If a man own
ed a whole county of land in North
western Iowa, for instance, it would
be worth little more, ten years hence,
than now, if allowed to remain in nndt
ruo. If he should actually give half of
it away to actual settlers, the re
mainder would be worth immense
sums of moncv in a very short time.
"We beg leave to commend the
practical application of the simple but
all-important rule of practical econo
my here illustrated to the holders of
"wild land," throughout the North
west, whether they be railway corpo
rations or men with immortal soul.
There is no particle of doubt that if
they would adopt as applying to at
least half their lands (ami we do not
know but three-fourths would be mora
profitable) the bencficientpoliey of tha
Homestead law, thev would make
quick fortunes for themselves, ami
what is of Infinitely more imjiortanee
to the general public, confer a great
blessing upon the Northwest, the ef
fects of which would be good and great
in the highest degree. By the adopt
ion of this beneficent rioliey, the whola
Northwestin all parts of it would soon .
bud and blossom like the ro,-u ; its pop
ulation, and trade and wealth would
be incalculably augmented. By its
adoption the minimum price of "land
anywhere to the westward of Chicago
for six hundred miles or more, would
be at least ten dollars an acre within
a period of a very few years. Here
then is an opportunity for sreculators
to make money not only, and ia gen
erous quantities, but to do a great, gen
eral and lasting good besides. Rail
way corporations and other heavy
land holders will please take notice
and act accordingly. Oiher.vise, they
may continue to pay haevy taxes fjr
many years on their lands, and after
all, not get half so much for them a
they might very soon get by carry In 5
into operation the policy here advo
cated. It is reported that a feeret organ f za
tion called tho "Grand Army of Pal
estine, is now in course of formation ia
New York citv. The object cf. the
association is to unite with any po wer
that may make war upon Turkey, and
t5 aid in driving the? followers cf
Mahomme-1 back "into Central Asia,
An English paper .says tho Sutu:c9
twins, not diseourrged by the c.unioa
of the Edinburgh medical f.cu'Ity as
to the peril of undergoing a sgrgicai
operation, are now on their wuy to
Paris to submt their c-M-a to the pro
feMsers in the French cr.pi Lai. They aro
accompanied by two cf their datrgut-rs
A party of surveyors have j"ii left
St. Joseph with the view t S.K-aiin -the
proposed railroad from that city t-
A lino of steamboats will be '.
trade between St. Joe and S o-.:; ,
j on the opening of tavijat." ui.
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