Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, December 17, 1868, Image 1

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j.k.CKrmCB. J. 1- OOUttATT. T.C.HACKK.
' TnhXUner and rrrrletr.
Onev;ti:irr. : . -i. first lii.crtliii
Lac.'i utw-tt." ,.; 1 " rt inn -
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Eeh Ai !iti.,..l Line...
1 t)
Vne Crjlnmn, one yt-r
one Column. ix ui' iit:.-
One (..Vilumn. thrw monTLii..
Half C'llamn, one year - ,
H:i!f rnlumn, s:x raonth
Half Ctilnmn, three iiioniiu
Kourt h Column, one year.
Fourth Column, six mouths
Fourth Column. thre months-
" C)
Ui l )
:ut r-
U v
."-J fu
it (
l (
2 AO
Kive 12o;hk, on rear
Tm (t. on yeAT
1-weuSj- LXtptot, one year.
M 7
SO 00
hientri iilunn.onf Tear..
2 (Ml
Eighth Colr.iim. six month..
Aral Plain and rwrr Job Wort, done In sood stylo
Eisrtitb Column, thre)- months.
Vol. 13.
I7o. 10-
Stray Xotic-s, (ooi hfotl
i Tranlentadvertif:Taer.t-s payable !niUrice.
- V WV V 1 ; V - ;. 7A. . ....... .
S J - . ----- b
crural pusinrss irr&s.
Cards of five llnf or less, $." a year.
additional llnflh
Offl(W in CVnrt Houh. with Frohatf Julge.
OSi-No. JO Mcl'tiernun block, up EUirB.
tfT-tat Uw SHel" n ChaeTi
onie in lMBtri-t Court Itoom.
JLMrr t lw and L-d ATnt.
OSioe in (urt li.iusc, hrst dor, vt tiiae.
TV ' i.l in SAN.
Attorney and ( onnlt .t Law,
2s-brfuka City, Nhraska
Attorney ad Counielor at Law,
Teeumfteh, Johnson Co., Neh.
Attaracyat Lawaad War Claim Ap-t,
Pawnee City, l"awnee Co.. eb.
.X. K. GUlfiOK.
Attarr t Law A Real Ktat Arent,
Heairloe, (Jnc- bounty, Xebrka.
r v. irrr.HKs.
Raal Etae Acrent and Jn.llce of Feaee,
OQm in Court Houe. Aral door, west Mdc
Xand Arent Av Land Warrant Brakera,
No. 21 Main street.
JTiU attend to jtayinfj Taiefor yon-rcudent-t.
TYrMonai atlrulum pitcn to making Localum.
Land, improved and unimproved, or tale on
reasonable terms.
Heal Etate and Tax Paying A pent.
irflice in liKtrict Court lUxmu
Witt fftre prompt attention to the sate of Ileal
Estate and Jtment of Taxes throughout Vie
Nemaha Land jHstriet.
Collector for Uc City of BrownTllle,
HW attend to the payment of Tares for J on
Resident Land turners in Nemaha tXjunty.
Xsrrespomience &olwitd.
Furl Kearney. A'eiimska.
nn local land for intending wttlers. and
rive anv mformntion required concern ine
the land's of outto-Westeru Nebraska. 12-4S
uSioe No.Ul Main Street.
Pnyalclan, anrieeon and Obatetriclan,
lrhoe llolladay d: t k Lrue Store.
Graduated in Ktl ; Located tu Jtroirnrille in litis on hrmri complete set of Amputating,
Jrephtmnimnd Jiuttrumcnts.
I'. ti.Sccial attention tpre-n to Obstetric and
the diseases of Women and Children,
vrttce No. 1 Main Str- t.
Office Hours to tt A. M., and 1 U 2 ami 6)t to
. 7U P. M.
To the Nebraska Eye aud 1-jtr Inlirmry,
will recommence practice at Browuvllle,
. May Lst, lhost.
Wholesale and Hii'i'l Jtealer in
Ocneral Mrrcltandl.e, and (ommlinlon
and Kor warding Jltrtu.ut,
No. 6 Miiin street.
Corn Planters, J'w, Attn Furniture, Ac,
olwa.ut on liamL Jinilnxt tnarl ef priw paid for
J lute, frits. Fur and ttiuntrj produce.
Tieoler in J-ureurn a'lii J unnestie
No. 5 3 Main Street,
J. L. McGF.E CO.
Dealer. In t-neral Blercliandi.e,
No. J Mrl'herbon's lilin k. Main SU
Wh4,leivtr o icrul iM-aier in
Drnga, Aledlctnc, Paint., Oil., etc.
No. 41 Umih Street,
W hol4Ue nnd lictail lHaU-r in
Orari, Beoki, Wallpaper 4t aialionery
No. S'4 .Vlaau Mftfl.
. ' Nu. 6 JtVaiXi Miet U
Has on hand a superior slock of Louts and
Shoes. Custom Work done u tUi mcyUmcm and
No. ( Main su-eeu
J J as on hand a good jjutortmrnt of (rent's,
Jjodte's, Misses' and Children's Hoots andblutes.
Custom U ork dune rtA neatness and dxspatcii.
Hepairxng done on short notice.
Aealer In Stoves, Tinware, Pump., Ac
No. 3 V Maui Mm-L
Mannfaetarcra Av Ltealr r. In Tinware.
No. 74 Alain su, ML-l'iienton'M lilock.
fytoves, Hardware, Carpenter TooU, JJUtck
tmtth's J-vrnuttungs, dc, constantly on hand.
john w. MiiaLirrox.
No. 64 Main Street.
ITAtp and Lashes of every description, and
Jlastertng Hair, kept on kaiuJL Cast jad for
Mnnvfrirtiirer and J artier in
xiarxess, Bridles, collars, Etc.
No. 4 Main Street.
Jdendmg dsme to order, iut.sactinn
- r r No. Hi Main tstreet.
Raaement, No. 4 Mam stm t.
, The best h lies and Lvjuor kept constantly
n fcand. - vli-n26.
c . . fcALOOA,
Xo. 47 Uuji Street.
The beat Wlnen and Liquors kept on hand.
eojjkty claim agents.
ei. r. smtthT "
R'Oiu HfAon City, It. Ci
M 111 attend to the prosecution of claim be
lora the lepiirtmeut in perwm, lor Additj.wiHl
Bounty, linck liiy and Pensions, and all
claims accruing aiutitt the Government du
ring th lau m.
Office In District Court Room.
.Votary J'ublie ami I niled Auaes M ar Claim
Agent. U dj. attend to Vie prosecution of cltums
il'izf for AddUional Bounty
int iL'LiiZ?"'" CoUectiontf
emmt-Annuat ljuemon iruunu.
-'wr,",.!- mm
mltkinfr and Iiore SUoelnc.
bbop Nu. SO Maiu sire '
ui no JiUtckJtnititunv of aii kind. Makes
Machine Uvrk a Aj-ccuiiau
J. . a j. c. ;msox
BLCUijillTUS, '
folop oa Flrsv, btiwu Main and Atlantic
-- , wuuaMin eruar-
" ,LACKltMlTH,
6liop on V uu-t bi, fsouth of American House.
Custom H ork uf ail kinds -tinted. nwa-
l.v.n pit
Clocka, V at Jewelry, ate--t-
No. a Main stretl
rarer and Sver-I-uLLyt v. m-. -, ....
tie. of bperxaeir ctaniiy on &ZZZa
mmemuie n-atesif Lie. at sktirtmnLu
J. . "
mcc crai.
Central Emsintss Qxxbs.
Cards of five llns or-less. So a year.
a.1 r.tioiil line. 1.
rr?rr:sTxv a rn a house.
iir,.Mi KINiv; l'roprfc-tor.
Good accommodations. Hoarding by the
day or week. The traveling public are invi
ted to give him a calL 1-tf
CROKS A VHITE, Proprietors.
On Ie-ee Htreet, ho:w-en iialn and Atlantic.
Thix lloxue is conrmtciU to Vie gram Jioat
Jjcmding, and Iff buxiwut part of the City. 1'he
best accvmmHdatvnu in Ute CitSJ. ?' pa ins trill
be reared m iiuUnnff fu-eU com fortable. Good
Xtalle and Orrrrall convenient to the Jouxe.
AifTitK for K. Sc Sture ( o.
- "- T'"A.";i:;.ii'AV iarE.
"L. 1). H UllsuN, fropritor.
Front St.. letwecn Main and Water.
A trood h'eed and Livery Stable in connection
unili the JJ'jvm.
nvnfffir VJIFVET.
Bakery and Confectionery,
No. 37 Main street.
Offers to the public at reduced raten a choice
Ptock of Groceries, l'rovisions, Confectioner
18, etc.. etc.
Bakery, Confectionery and Toy Store.
No. 40 Main Street.
fYesh Bread, Lukes, Oysters, Fruit, ctc.,onhand
Dealer In Confectioneries, Toys, etc.
No. 4 .Mam Street.
Rotary Pnbllc and Conttjrtattr,
And acrent lor the Equitable and American
Tontine Life Insurance Companies. 5-tf
Notary Public and Conveyancer.
Office In J. L. Carson's Bank.
Aoent for " Aalional Life" and "Hartford
Live iSJocAr" Jnsvrcmce Clnnftanie.
Notary Pnbllc and Conveyancer,
Oflice In County Court Room.
Notary Public County Clerk.
No. 5 Main Street,
JIut a splendid suit of Bath Booms. Alto a
choice stock of Gentleman XottoH.
Atjnmcau, .vtiraska.
The hhrhest market price jmid for anythlne
the Farmer cuu ruim;. e win uuy aua Ktui
everything known to the market.
Storage, Forwarding and Commission
And Dealers in ail ktiulx of Grain, for which
thsypay Vie llnhcst Market ITict- in LXi-sh,
Aa. dSV2 Main iXrtet,
Have on hand a splendid stok of Goods,
and w ill make them up in the latest styles,
on short notice and reasonable terms.
YVaffon Maker and Repairer.
riui ei ot durt Houmj.
Waious, Jiujou s, Blows, Cultivators, ic, re
paired on short notice, at low rates, and war
ranted to give sal txj act ion.
ICkiiii.s, M;iin, tcl itn A oth Sis.
Lessons vivenun the Piano Organ, Melodeon
Guitar and Vocalization Having had eight years
exfirrtence as teacher of Music tn A cta 1 ork is
confident aj giving satiJacuon.
(i. 1 BERKLEY,
House, Carriage and Sign Painter.
No. 66 Mum St., upstairs.
Graining, Gudduig,Uiizing and Baper Hany
ing doiw on short notice, favorable terms, and
Baok.eller and New. Dealer.
City Book Store.
No. 30 Main street, 1'ostomoe BuiMint;.
Nu. 4". Wn ftUixl, up felairs.
Jcrsons wishing Btchtrcs executed tn the latest
style of the Art, will catt at my Art trallery.
Probate Judge and Justice of the Peace
Office iu Court House liuilding.
Agent for the M. V. Express Co., and
W. V. Telegrapn Co.
No. 7 McPiieison's Hlock.
Sole agent lor K. W. smith's Patent Truss
Bridge The strongest and best wooden
bridge now in use.
Land.capo (ardrner A. Horticulturist.
Wiii plant crojis tn Gardens, and cultivaet
tame bu conlmci. '
BrownvUJe City Bleat Market.
No. 60 Main Street.
Try? pny the highest market price for good Beef
Cattle, Caliet, Hiierp and Hogs.
Will mtteiut to Ute tale of Beat and Bcrsonal
I'roperty tn Vie Nemaha Land District. Terms
reasonable. .
I. "-T-"- l.'I'W'l 1 " f l-"tlLOMl
J" E "W" EL Jrl Y.
Io.S9 Main Street. Brownville.
r ' just opened and VIII constantly
V5V keep on liai.d a lar:e and well assorted
slock of genuine articles in his line.
Repairing of Clocks, Watches, and Jew
elry done on short notice
Second Street, bet. Alain and Wattr.
Welshes to inform the Ijsulii of BrowuvilU
and vicinitv, tht she ha a Hrt class
im.T.TTrsiiir SHOP,
Where work will be done with gret taire and
tieatnw, aud alter the latest Eastern styles,
lileachiug none in the very latest styles, uua
on snort notice
Latest stylos of Ladles" and Clilldren'sila -and
Bonnts constantly on hand Al lait.
patterns of Ladies' Dre$ Gik.h1s, Ciouks, and
Children's Clothing cut on short notice.
Exchange Bought and Sold on all the prin
cipal cities. Also dealer in Gold aud biivei
Coin, Gold Imst and
G0vxn?vi72inrrr boiibs.
Dcjosits received, payable at sight. Inter
est ald on time deposits by special ajrrire
menU Taxes ;iid tor non-resiiients.
Ail kind of V. S. 1 loads wanted.
coxfectio.neiiy: :
Ko. 3 1 Cor. Main k 1st Su (rpoeiteOt j Drug Stinre.
"VILLIAil ALLEN, Proprietor. -
ries. Cakes, rresli Itread.
Confrctloiif ry. Lirnt uud
, .r'uxicy Groceries -
Constantly on Hand ! !
PreEh Ereid Delivered Daily I
Tirt Class raxllj-PlottrVaj-rajatod.
lYcs Eipri. ruaa for tha bentSt of iny Cust aiacra.
Agricultural Department.
This Department of our paper1" Tl?iteT bj;,
and uniler the eonnol of Col. R W. Fck
KAA, to whom all Communications on
"iLgrlculture" should be addressed.
Iyc's Seedling.
A great deal is just now being said
and written concerning the Ive's Seed
ling Grape. A premium was recent
ly awarded it as the best wine Grape
in America. Dr. C. W. Spalding, of
St. Louis, President of the "Cliff Cave
Wine Compaq-," was a member of
the awarding committee.
We take the li!erty of publishing
the following extract from a private
letter received by us from the Doctor
a few days since. His opinions are
so frank and candid that we value
them :
"The Ives has not yet been fruited
much in this State. It is not equal to
Concord as a table grape, but it is su
perior for wine. Vigorous, productive
and hardy, it bids fair to become a
leading variety for wine, but that has
not yet been proved. I have, however,
so much confidence in it that I have
planted four acres, about one-half of
which will come into bearing next
season. I consider it a safe grape to
plant, but there remains, of course,
some uncertainty until it has been
thoroughly tested. In my opinion no
grape should be pronounced upon with
certainty until it has been fruited five
years. ALany varieties do well wnen
young and afterwards fail. I do not
expect to be disappointed in the Ives
but I may be and therefore I opposed
the award of the Longworth's Wine
House Premium, giving to the Ives
the first place for the whole country.
For this I have been roundly abused
by Jlr. E. A. Thompson, of Cincinuat
ti, as you probably knew ; I, however,
think I fihall- survive the attack and
have the assurance that I am sustained
by the honest and intelligent grape
growers of the country. The' .Norton's
Virginia is our best wine grape that
is the best that has been fully tested,
and that can be had vineyard prices.
It fruits as does the Concord, the third
season after planting. The ives fruits
one year luUer. This lattei fact ap?ars
to have been kept back by theOliioaus,
and I only discovered it by trial. I
find, however, on inquiring in Ohio,
tHat it has always been Well known
We have such faith in tht- Ives tliui
we will pliiijt an acre liie coining
Fruit Tree Planting.
We venture the assertion that there
will be planted in Nebraska more fruit
trees aud grape vines the coming sea
sou than in all years combined hereto
fore. Several parties we know of are
going into fruit raising as a business.
Dr. McPhersou, of this place, husibrl
acres formerly timber adjoining tin
city, which he ia preparing 101 iruit.
He has been planting this fall, and is
preparing lor still more extensive ope
rations in the Spring. Judge Musou,
near Nebraska City, who has already
done much in Iruit planting, is en
couraged to do Ptill more He is going
extensively into grapes in the Spring.
His grounds are admirably adapted
and located, and are already surround
ed by a line young grove of timber of
his own planting. We shall extend
our own operations in the Spring, and
put out in various fruits and vines,
sufficient to make, in addition to what
we now have, fifty acres in all in fruits.
We have planted enough of peach seed
this fall to make a peach orchard of
the county.
We have no doubts as to fruit in this
county, especially peaches and grapes.
This one thing, however, must be re
membered : do tchai you do right and
welL " What is worth doing at all is
worth doing ireW." This off-hand waj
of doing anything pertaining to the
cultivation of fruits, does more to dis
courage in the end than all else com
bined. See that your ground is well
prepared ; that you have good plants ;
that they are well put out, and well
taken care of. These points observed,
and we will guarantee fruit in Nebras
ka to the hearts content. ' - ' - -
To Gix. W. Campbell, Delaware,
Ohio, we are indebted for his annual
pamphlet for 1869 "Descriptive List
of Hardy native grape vines, and
Small Fruit." We have known Mr.
Campbell bj correspondence for years.
Like ourseif, he is troubled with
"grape on the brain." He was the
first extensive cultivator and dissemi
nator, of the Delaware grujve. The first
vine of this variety planted in this
State, we 2urchased cf him ' eleven
years ago. It has given entire -satis-laction
in all resects, as many of our
friends will bear us testimony. Mi.
C, hke almost all extensive gioweis,
etillhastt specialty" the - Martha,'
he" reeomiueiius very highly. It is a
white grai, seedling from the Con
cord, umi is saiii to be equally hardy
and prolific- Dr. Warder says of it,
"that taknig its hardiness, healthy -ness,
and all other good qualities into
consideration, I regard it as of more
value than all the rest of. the white
native grapes put together."
and Missouri Vallly.Fakm-u
the nana of a new agricultural napi
published at .Omaha in this Slate. It
is edk-ed by Jeremiah Behm. The
-Agriculturist is the same. size, of the
American Agricaliuristtuiii typograph
ically gotten up in the same fctyle.
Published monthly at t- a year. We
are pleased -with the first number. It
rttquirw nerve to 6tart out
a publication in this new country," and
we heartily wish the enterprising pub
lisiicrau ccess.
Wine Properties or Ine Grape.
The value, of grapes for wine mak
ing depends'upoti the amount of sugar
contained in the juice. ; Wine grapes
under favorable' circumstances con
tain on the average in 1,000 pounds
-;-sugar,."4i) pounds acids, 6 pounds ;
water, 754 pounds. The iuice or must
as grape growers call "itA-is" tested by
an instrument cailed asacitarometer,
which will sink more or less in the
liquid as it contains more or less sugar.
In October last there Was a graje test
ing at Hammondsport, New York, we
learn fnr-u the A ; rirnuAricuU.uji.di
Hon. M. P. Wilder as Chairman of the
committee. The following was the
Delaware as high as 103 saccharotn
eter, 7 3-10 acid ; Israella 84 sacch.,
5J acid ; Iona 101 sacch, 8 6-10 acid ;
Catawba 80J eacch, 1 acid ; Walter,
uy sacch. , 9 3-10 acid ; Diana 8S sacch
12 3-10 acid: Crevling. 7 sacch.. 10
acid; Alvey, 83 sacch., 121 acid;
Clinton, 85 sacch., 10 acid ; Concord,
7AO cur.fh 11 a-A fTrrtr TW caAh
V OtttVAlff U CbLiU V SJk WJj t OttVVAitf
12 5-10 acid ; Issabella, 76 sacch., 12J
acid ; Scuppernong, 60 sacch., J acid.
The "Eumelan" Grape is another
of Dr. Grant's new varieties. The
Doctor was the originator of the Iona
and Israella. ' We have the "Eume
lan" circular with a fine illustration
of the fruit. 'It is an accidental
variety that sprang up on the premises
of a Mr. Thome, Fishkill Dock, New
York. Dr. Grant discovered its good
qualities and has tried it, he says,
thoroughly, and offers it to the public
with his hearty endorsement. This
grape is a "good Black grape, as its
name implies," savs the Doctor "not
simply good without defects, or high
excellence like the Chasselas, and best
only in early ripening, but best also
in the highest excellence of flavor. Dr.
C. W. Grant is the proprietor of the
Iona Nurseries, near Peekshill,
Westchester county, New Y'ork.
The American Naturalist is a
popular illustrated monthly magazine
of natural history, published by the
Peabody Academy of Science, Salem,
Muss. Since .the.Jtirst issue -of tins
magazine the literary and scientific
press throughout the country have
riven the most generous praise to the
undertaking, calling especial attention
to the fitness of its articles, and to its
mechanical execution. The first vol
ume contained 0 leading articles, uim
nearly nuO notes in botany, zoology,
geology aud reviews ; sixteen full page
plates, containing one hundred aud
thirty-lour figures. Also one hundred
and sixtv one illustrations in the text.
Terms, -.-year,- or ii-i -etiiits single
We are pleaded to know that our
old friend li. A. Terry, E.u., well
known to ilie eaiiier readers of the
Ai(t rtit , is still among the fruits
and flowers.. We had lost run of him
lor years, lie used to be one of our reg
ular and reliable conespondeiitsof the
Stbratku tanner. We hote he will
furnish us an occasional article lor our
'Agricultural Department." We have
Iteiore us Mr. Terry's "Catalogue aud
Price List jof Flora Garden and Nur
sery, lSb-J, Crescent City, lowi." He
.-hows a tine Jktf everything hi: his
lin,e; aud as ouly the Missouri river
separate hici iromNtlriska, hiifelock
will do well with us. We will vouch
for Mr. Terry as a tradesman.
The "Walter" Grape. Fersis &
Cay wood, of the Dutchess Nurseries,
Poughkeepsie, New York, have sent
us their circular "Description and Tes
timonials" of their, at present, noted
grate. The "Walter" is a cross of the
Delaware and Diana, and is the result
of eighteen years labor on the part of
Mr. Caywood, say the proprietors.
All that can-jytliiio-said of a grape
is said of Uliei"iValter' If half
is true, it is a valuable acquisition.
The illustration shows an admi
rable looking cluster. It is said to be
a Raisin Grape. Many grape growers
give evidence in its favor. Mr. Ed.
Burgess says : "I know of no variety,
the flavor of which I so much admire."
The Horticulturist and Journal
of Rural Art and Rural Taste, is now
about entering on its twenty-third an
nual volumej- It is a first class peri
odical devoted to Horticulture, Agri
culture md Architecture.' The Hor
ticulturist was established 'bj A.' J.
Downing, a pioneer and noted writer
on all subjects connected with agricul
ture. We have taken and read it at
tentively for thirteen years, and cheer
fully recommend it to our readers. It
is published monthly by F. W. Wood
ward, 37 Park Row New Y'ork, at $2,
jO a year; 10 copies Slo.
Gardi:xi:u's Monthly. This val
uable periodical, published at Phila
delphia, is just now about to enter
ilHiii its eleventh year. It is edited
by Thomas Meehan, a practical florist
nurseryman, botanist and gardener.
The publishers promise improvements
the conn ii" ytar. which i
he ('ominytar which bi.wacran
y the satisiaetory patronage of
iat year. The Gardener's Afont.'ifi is
published monthly by Brinchloe A
Marot, 23 X. Hih St.! Philadelphia.
Terms J mn-ni.
The Journal or Agriculture fa
published weekly bv L. D. Morse &
'vU:iEiir&t vl-u 3 v3p7, at
S2l-r annum. The J urnai-Tyoung.
vigorous, up to the times, and" deter
mined to excel already circulates in
nearly all the States, and fa valued by
its readers. The editor has had large
experience in agricultural affairs, and
is aided by writers of acknowledged
ability ,"who haT-made'ifTerelrf '
FSWWtu and horns,
ture a speciality,
sand Jottings Agricultural.
Twelve thousand cans of sweet
corn are daily sealed at one factory ia
In three years a farmer on the Isle
of Man raised seven bushels of barley
from a single grain. '
An English dairvman Kiivs that
the material for butter tubs should be
well soaked in boiling water before be
ing manufactured.
About thrity-five thousand aares
of public lands were disposed ot iq
Kansas and Nebraska, during October,
t'Carly all for actual settlers, -
- A 4-year-old Colt trotted a mile In
2:33 at Seacaucus course, in N. J., the
fastest time on record for a four-vear
oia, 5iu,uuo were retused lor him.
It is said that Bonner feeds his
horses from a box sitting on the floor,
as he believes it is natural for them to
take their food from a level with their
feet. , . ;
The editor of the Dallas, Iowa Ga
zette, has received a turnip 30 inches
in circumference; and the editor of
the Gate City, at Keokuk, has an apple
weighing 22 ounces.
A strawberry grower in Pennsyl
vania has come to the conclusion that
the. ground usually devoted to this
crop is made too rich for a profitable
production of it.
, The fund of half a million, left by
the late Mr. McConough, of New Or
leans, for the endowment of an agri
cultural school of a high . order, is
about to be rendered effective.
To Secure Seed Corn. A stout
wire stretched in the garret of the
house or other loft, is one of the best
things to hang seed corn on, as it can
be easily aaraigned so as too keep off
mice and rats.
' The editor of WMe'e Spirit of the
Times, gives the following recipe as a
sure remedy for scratches :
Sulphat of zinc, one drachm; glyc
erine, two ounces ; apply every morn
ing. - - ' '
At a sale of Short-horns in Eng
land, Moses Ilore, a famous cow, but
somewhat aged, sold for 4)0 guineas.
Two others, Princess, 2d and 3d,
brought 030 guineas ; o'j cows averaged
over JE67, aud 10 bulls averaged G4.
A Maine editor says a pumpkin
in that State grew so large that eight
men could stand around it, which
statement was only equalled by that
old Hoosierwho saw a flock of pigeons
fly so low that he could shake a stick
s The towrs along the river Ama
zon in outn America, in tne niuiat oi
the? most productive country in the
world, get meat, flour aud dried fruits,
from North America and Europe, be
cause the people are too lazy to work.
Dr. Trumble says he once saw a
cypress tree. in the Dismal Swamp,
V irginia, which was cut down and the
rings showed it was 1,100 years old.
And this tree wtis growing over anoth
er tree which was much larger.
A correspondent of the Rural New
Yorker says no grape should be coun
ted as even approaching perfect ripe
ness when the stem does not exhibit a
deadened and shriveled, blackened
character, at least three fourths of an
inch from its connection with the
brauch on which it grew.
The Spanish vintage, according to
the Madrid, pajers, bids fair to be ex
traordinarily plentiful thfa year. The
fines' are 'literally weighed down by
the profusion of grapes, and it fa feared
that the price of wine will fall so low
as hardly to compensate the expenses
of the viiiyar J exxenses.
Wool is so cheap and old sheep so
plentiful on the River Platte, in South
America, that many sheep are being
"fried out for greese." As they can
be bought at from twenty-five cents to
one dollars per head, b making a very
good business at the present time,
yielding something like 100 per cent
Charcoal for Swine. In every
hog-pen there should be a trough, in
Wii ich there should lx? deposited week
ly a quantity of charcoal. The hog
eage rly devoars this substance, and is
greatly benefited and strengthened by
its constant use. It prevent many
unpleasant diseases, and contributes
largely to the fatty secretions.
The. report of the committee on
swine at the Hubbardston, Mass. town
cattle show, was as follows :
"No swine to-dar, not even one.
We know not what it means:
WV hope that those who slight these shows
. Wiil get no pork and Jeajte !
Xo swine to-day. oh what a pity ''
And five old men on the committee.
Horticulturists in Switzerland and
Germany make a practice of boring in
to the ground among the roots of fruit
trees with-an. instrument made for
the purpose, and pouring in liquid
manure to stimulate the growth and
productiveness of the trees, and also
to .-enable . them to resist drouth A
crow-bar driven down among the roots
will make a. hole large enough to re
ceire andjdfatribute several gaIous of
liquid manure.
. - ' Milk Experiments.
A dairyman, Hank I. Clark of New
Y'ork, has instituted a course of exje
rimwits in regard to milk, and com
municates the results to the American
Agriculturist. They are as follows :
"1. The quality of milk differs al
most if not quite as much as in quan
tity. 2. li buying a cow, get asample
o the milk if possible. 3. A cow
gives richer milk when fat than poor.
4." A cow gives poorer milk with her
first calf than afterward, o. The older
th cow the richer the milk, until her
constitution logins to fail. (i. The
louger the eriod .which has elapsed
since calving, tfie richer the milk. 7.
The richness of the milk varies with
the quality ot feed. S. The ri.-hness
of. the cream varies that from the
riehwit milk making the mst butter.
8. A tow should be in first rate condi
tion when she calves: all the fat goes
into the milk pail. . 10. Stripping: or
iasT milk lis from five M nine times
nrherthan first taken. 11. A cow
must Ite in good health to give rich
aud wholesome milk. 12. Milk should
be skimmed when forty-eight hours
old, and sweeL"
Charles Reemeux, of Cincinnati,
says one of our Agricultural exchan
ges, 'has written a new work "The
Vine Dje-eer's Manual,", a manual
"written to bring information to the
household, rather than the wine-
shop." - We have known the oathor
for yea
years as a practical vinej-ardist, I
with" a clear .'thorough knowledge of,
his subject.
Closing Exercises oftlie Fourth
Term of the rvebraslia State
formal School.
PrRC, December 10, 1S83.
The closing exercises of fourth term
of the Nebraska State Normal School
took place on the 7th, 8th and 9th of
the present month. And as examin
ing committee we beg leave to make
the following report:
The examinations commenced on
the afternoon of
The classes in the .
ty, the 7th inst.
A Department
were first brought f. rc.. This de
partment ha-j been t, :ht by mem
bers of the Nomial Dep,.; t:nent, under
the eye of the Principal, us far as pos
sible. It is here the teachers g6t the
practice that they may test the theory
given them, bv actual experiment.
This we consider one of the best fea
tures of the school.
The ciasses in this department con
sisted of students of all grades of ad
vancement, from the alphabet to prac
tical arithmetic, &c. Manv cf the
teachers in this department showed an
aptness to teach truly worthy of com
mendation, and the pupils undtr their
L !l ?i J . 1 . r
care exnioueu a uegree or pronciency
in the studies pursued that spoke well
for their own and their teacher's ef
forts. Tuesday morning classes in Algebra
and Practical Arithmetic were exam
ined. The method of examination
was altogether topical. Topics were
written on slips of pajer and, students
drew their topics. A topic was then
called for by the teacher, or some
member of the committee, and the
pupil holding the topic arose to his
feet and read over his topic, and pro
ceeded at once to discuss it. Nothing
of the parrot-like memoriter Ftyle of
recitation was allowed ; but a thor
ough, clear, concise and rigid demon
stration of every principle was re
quired. No leading questions were
asked to aid the students in recalling
the subject before him. It was either
a prompt response, or the next pupil
answered the question for him.
During the day on Tuesday classes
in Grammar, Analjsis, Higher Ar
ithmetic, History, Penmanship. Read
ing, Spelling, Descriptive and Physi
cal Geography, Geometry and Latin
were examined. We cannot speak of
them all in detail, but will mention
especially the Readingand Geography
classes. We would be pleased if some
of our teachers who are now engaged
in teaching could but listen a few
times to the recitation of the reading
class. We are confident the' would
return to their school with very dif
ferent views of the subject ; and be
aUe to make their classes worth, a
hundred per cent, more than they
are now. ine great central ide;vot
every member of the class as he rises
to read is 1 must express the true
thought and feeling contained in the
book, and to do that I must first un
derstand it thoroughly myself, hence
the reading lesson becomes a deep
study to every scholar ; and the inter
est manifested showed -ijow intcnjiily
in earnest was each one. Everything
in connexion with the class was criti
cised position, manner of holding
book, tones, emphasis, inflection, ar
ticulation, etymology of words, etc
In fact, the object was to do what was
done, just exactly right. True but
little ground could be gone over during
each recitation ; but what was gone
over during, was done in such a man
ner as to make a deep impression on
the mind of the students.
The Geography classes also showed
the great distinctive features in the
school. In place of the old question
aud answer method' the students had
studied entirely by topic, and had
drawn maps of different countries
studied, locating themountains, river3,
lakes, gulfs, baj's, etc., with a precis
ion that showed atonce that a picture
of the whole tiling under considera
tion was indellibly fixed on the mind.
Maps were sketched on the black
boards during the examination, by
members of the class, that were highly
ereditable to them. The class in
Physical Geography exhibited a thor
oughness highly creditable to both
teacher and scholar.
On Wednesday forenoon the exami
nation of the Normal class proper took
place. This class consisted of about
twenty young iadies and gentlemen,
in course of preparation for the active
duties of teaching. The examination
of thfa class was to show, as far as pos
sible, the manner in which the various
branches had been gone over during
the term. Firt, a chart exhibiting
a classification of all the arts and sci
ences was presented, and explained.
The chart was to show the proper lo
cality of each branch studied, and at
the same time give the students an
idea oftheextentof human knowledge.
The subject of orthography was taken
up and located as a branch of gram
mar, which belonged to the depart
ment of science called Phonics. A
word, was then written on the black
board tand a perfect exhaustive, ana
lysis was gone . through with, and
pvery thing was told about the word
as a whole; each syllable and each
separate letter that could be told, and
this maj- serve as an illustration of all
the diHerent branches taught in our
common schools. A perfect systemat
ic classification of all the branches was
gone over during the term, and lec
tures on the theory aud practice were
delivered as far as possible- by the
Principal during the term before the
class. And the readiness conceived
by the members of the class in ans
wering the inquiries of the committee
on questions - of school discipline,
plainly showed that their training had
not been in vain. As a whole, we
vcxtc highly gratified with the con duet
of the school. The whole course of
trainin z showed a depth and thorough
ness that cannot fail to make good
scholars. We were especially jdeased
with the good order and system man
ifested in the change of classes, and the
style of passing to and from recitation.
At nearly every change of classes the
students all march to their several
recitation rooms to suitable muio,
and gymnastic exercises are also per
formed to music.
The school can no longer be regar
ded as an experiment. It has every
elemeut of success, and only needs the
fostering care of the State and a liber
al patronage to make it what every
true friend of the institution can de
sire. But while we rejoice in. the suc
cess of the school,' and commend the
ability and untiring energy of the
teachers, we cannot overlook the fact
that they labor under many disadvan
tages. The building is not yet wholly com
pleted. The grounds arc unpriced,
and there is bat little library or appa
ratus, and the btrildlng very deficient
in furniture. These deficiencies ought
at once to be supplied, and we hope
the State Legislature, soon to assem
ble, will make a liberal appropriation
for thfa purpose. It"i3 a necessity.
Without it the school cannct accom-
phsn what it should. It 13 the duty
& TnoIl&lkT
provision for the education of toach-
ers for our common schools. Let the
State Normal School be placed upon a
firm basis. Let the building be fiin
fahed, the grounds fenced and orna
mented, a library and apparatus fur
nished, and let the school be amply
endowed with land, cr.d we shail
then have an institution that will
compare favorably with the Normal
Schools of other States, and be at once
a blessing and an honor to our own.
F. M. Estesbrook,
li. BURGH,
C. B. Saxtees,
Charles Snraner.
Thtrei no oratnria Ameriqa, "Wen
dell Phillips excepted, whose career
is more fruitful of splendid examples,
or more flattering to the character of
the nation, and especially cf the State
he has honored by a flawless publio
life, than the greatest advocate of
equal rights who ever sat in the United
States. It fa needless to name him;
for the Senate has never given us more
than one man who has never once
equivocated, or faltered, or bent the
knee to the American Baal of political
expediency ; and everybody knows
that thfa solitary senatorial Cato of our
days is the illustrious Republican ora
tor of Massachusetts.
Charles Sumner fa the most success
ful politician in 'America. His sena
torial career has been one unbroken
and continuous triumph : and there is
every probability that, if his life shall
be spared, it will be quoted in time to
come as the longest ua well as the most
unsullied career.
How has he achieved thfa wonderful
successi ? N'ot by flattery of the people,
either personal or political. To those
wno know him well he is an unas
suming and genial friend; open-minded,
free in sjeaking of every motive
that has governed him, always ready-
to give freely aud fully of. the vast
treasures of knowledge he has gath
ered up, without reservations in des
cribing hfa associates in frank but
kindly terms; a man in whom there
is no deceit, no love of deep strategy,
no shadow of a shade of belief that it
is even unsafe or unwise to dare to en
act the highest conceptions of justice
and truth. His political strategy is
like the military strategy of Grant.
Mv idea or strategy," said the leader
of our armies, "fa to got as pear the
enemy as you can, and then fight
him." Sumner has .fought his long
campaign against iolitieal injustice on
this theory, and he will tight it out on
this line if it should take him ail hfa
But while to hfa friends to men
who not onlv sympathize with his po
litical ideas, but whose love of letters
enables them to call forth and enjoy
his literary Btore he is thus a famil
iar companion, there is nothing of the
hail-fellow-well-met in hfa manners
toward them or others; nor does he
know how to make a friend for life,
as Henry Clay did, by a magnetic re
ception of a common vfaator: there :?
a certain coiJaess ana preoccupation
in his style, entirely involuntary,
which sometimes rather chills than
cheers his casual acquaintances. This
does not arise from any aristocratic
spirit ; it is mainly owing, wo thaik.
to his scholastic habits, and to several
generations of Njjw England training
which he has inherited, and which sel
dom fails to put this distinctive mark
on the Yankee to the manner born.
Hundreds of men have reached a
high round on the ladder of official life
simply by their popular personal man
ners. Charles Sumner owes nothing
to thfa means. Thousands have gone
up higher than they ought by diving
lower than they should in the turbid
stream of flattery of the people and
their prejudices. Charles Sumner
never courted his own party even, and
never equivocated in the presence of
either friend or foe.
He owes hfa greatness to fidelity to
his own soul. Among a huge mob of
fawners and Democratic courtiers, the
people saw in this orator a max.
They soon found that if they applaud
ed him, he received their good-will in
good part ; but that, if they hesitated
to sanction his bold course, he still
marched onward to hfa goal, without
hesitation and without rest. He has
never "engineered" hfa own electioos;
and yet he has never failed of an elec
tion whenever his name has been put
in nomination. He has never even
lifted hfa little finger to procure the
highest honor that hfa State can be
stow; and yet there fa no oflice in her
gift which he cannot command.
Two incidents of his career illus
trate hfa inflexible adherence to the
doctrine that the oflice should seek
the man, and not the man the oflice.
When hfa office wa jending before
the legislature for the first time, it
needed only a single vote to decide his
fate. He was importuned to give pri
vate assurances that he would act in
the main with the majority of the par
ty. The only answer they received
was that he stood by every word of
every speech he had made on the ques
tion of slavery. Again, he was a.-ked
simply to.go tip to the State House one
morning, and shake hands pleasantly
with one "bhakey" legislator, wham
this trifling courtesy would have won
to his side. Not a step would he
move. Again, after the assult of
Brooks, his election was pend ng, and
it was desired to make it unanimous.
A Democrat called on him one morn
ing, and tol l him he had often said,
in private life, that, after this outrage,
although he wa- opposed to Mr. Sum
ner in politics, if ever he bad u chance
to vote for him, he would assuredly do
so, as a rebuke to the barbarism of sla
very. "Now," said the Democrat, "I
am a member of the legislature; I can
vote for you ; but my party are very
hostile to you. Mr. Sumner, what
would you recommend me to do?"
The Senator did not coax this waver
ing legislator to abide by hfa decision ;
he only answered: "Sir, your case
reminds me of a line in Wordsworth:
" 'The soul may reach a hight it can
not keep!'"
Never was there a public servant in
ducted into oflice who so little cultiva
ted the arts of popularity. Appealing
always and everywhere to the con
science of the people, hfa career fa a
triumph of the moral element in our
politics, and should serve as an assur
ance that the best way to win endu
ring public favor is faithfully to serve
the higher nature of one's constituents.
Next to hfa integrity of cliaracter
and loyalty to principle, Mr. Sumner
owes most of his suecess to hfa indom
itable and tireless industry. He is an
amazing worker. Late and early he
fa at work, with all the enthusiasm of
hfa youth. Aided by a memory which
never fails to keep whatever lie once
hears or reads, he always brings to
whatever topic ha deals with, a variety
and aptness cf .historical iliostraUna
which, makes him an almost indispen
sable authority in every debate. He
has more speeches of
the character .termed by the 1 rench
sans rez'ique speeches, like hfa fa
mous Kans33 oration, nnansweratls
ted fact. than any cth:r member cf
either house of Coi.grei-s.
Again, he fa fiivrays a! hb s.pp-cJi:!cd
post always where a statesman C"ht
to le in t he-van of the r-rtJi f-.-'
iesly, clearly and eloquently urgizT
the duty of the hour. The blind Las
ers who love to prophecy ?mcctii
things the Fessendens, for example,
and theTrjmhiills and the fafae-Llzr-
ted men who set-k to betray tueir prj
tv the Johnsons, for exam j if, and
the Doolitrles can readily be pointed
out by one unfailing token a venom
ous hatred of Charts Sumner, All
the triramera and ail the triors ti-
test him.
Our space dcs r ot permit rs t tr--"2
tutmanrrimiif lessons wiu... ti.i iJ
of Senator Sumner affords. Nor is It
necessary. For, after all, thy are ail
summoned up in the first lessen, an.4
the most conspicuous:
Bekavfi'i.! - -
James I2cdjat7it in Independent,
.. I.
Teachers Association. .-'
Kvemai School Build :yo, Xov. , is:s
Tho Nemaha County Teachers As
sociation met pursuant to adjourn
meet ; called to order by the President.
The evening exercises opened with
singing by the Normal cla3, and
prayer bv'Rev. D. Hart, followed by
music. The minutes of the prevlrua
meeting were read and adopted. Tho
President then entertained the mem
bers' with an interesting address ; after
which. Prof. Moore, of Brownviile,
favored the audience with an interes
ting address. "Music" The Associa
tion then adjourned to meet
morning, 9 o'clock A. M.
The Association met according to
adjournment. Exercises opened with
singing by the Normal class, and
prayer by Rev. F. M. Esterbrooir.
Roil call and the appointment of ft
critic. The regular programme was
then taken up. A clas recitation be
ing first on the programme, was defer
ed and the subject of "School Disci'
pline was taken up and dfacussed Uy
quite a number of . the -members pre
ent. On motion the subject wa3 laid
over. aifd a class recitation in reading
was introduced and conducted by Prcf.
McKenzie, which was followed' bv an
interesting dfaoussion on tho s;
of reading.
The Executive Committee then sub
mitted a report of the- appointments cf
person to deliver addresses at thodif-'
ferent districts in the county, Report
received and committee discharged.
On motion, the Association adjourn,
ed to meet at 1 o'clock P M.
The Association met pursuant to a4-
journment. The audience was inter
ested for a short time by experiments
with Galvanio Battery 'by Dr. S. 21.
MKJrew. Music. '
On motion, the report of the Execu
tive Committee was addopted with
the amendment that the persons to
wbor iut'"' wore assigned Jvu tha
1 -
iKuituients to speak a tho i!il.rcnt
places appointed. It was moved and
adopted that the next regular meeting
of the Association be held at Brown
viile, commencing on the third Friday
evening in January, 1500, and hold
over Saturday.
On motion the subject of school dfa
cipliu was taken up for one hour.
It was moved and adopted that the
President appoint a committee of three .
to answer any questions Jhat may b
presented by any member of the Asso
ciation. The committee consisted of
Rev. D. Hart, F. M. Estcrbrouk and.
Mrs. C, B. McKenzie.
On motion, i'rof. Moore and Judge
Hewctt, of Brownviile, were appoin- .
ted to procure a Lecturer for the iixt
regular meeting.
The Executive Committee submit- '
ted the following programme which
was received ;
Friday evening music, prayer an4
Saturday, 9 A. M. Roll call, music,
and class recitation in arithmetic.
Discussion, best method of cenduo
ting a class in elementry arithmetic.
P. M. Session Music, unfinished
business, volunteer declamations, es
says, songs, sentimenU, fec.
Your committee will rely upon tho
member? of the A-ociation In Brown-
ville to procure suitable music.
Critic report received.
On motion, the following resolution
wan adopted :
Resolved, That the hearty thanks
of the Association are due and hereby
tendered to the people of Peru fcr
the kind and literal manner in
which they entertained the members
during the present session. Music...
The Association then adjourned to
meet at the above time and place spec
ified. ISAAC BLACK, Pres.
W. F. Williams. Sec.
Scene at the Death lied oTFrcs-.
ltlent Lincoln.
At Carlisle, Pa., recently, the Pres
byterian Synods of the old. and new
schools beiug in fess:on at the same '
place, the two bodies met in commun
ion wih great harmony. Ev. Dr.
Gurley, put'r of the church irs Wash
ington which President Lincoln n-m-ally
attended, in a steech. at tho tabid
gave tho following narrative, whbdi
has never before been made public:
"When summoned on that ad night
to the death-ted of President Lincoia,
I entered tiie room fifteen cr twenty
minutes before his departure. All
present were anxiously gathered
around him, watching to -catch hia
last breath. The physician, with cue
hand on the pufae of the dying man '
and the other hand laid upon Lis heart,
was intent watching for the moment
when life should cease."
"He lingered longer than we Lad
expected. At last the physician said;
'He is gone he is dead.' "
Then I solemnly believe that for
four or five minutes there was not the
slighcst noise or movement in that
awful presence. We all stood trans
fixed to our positions, ti-eechless,
breathless, around the dead body of
that great and good man.
At length the Secretary of War, who
was standing at my left, broke the
silence and said, "Doctor, will you say
anvthing?" I replied, I will speak, to
God. Said he, "Do it just now."
And there, by the side of our fellow
chief. God put "it into my heart to ut
ter this petition, that from that hour
we and tho whole nation might be
come more than ever firm in our devo
tion to the cause cf cur beloved imr-.
lied country.
When I ceased, there arose from the
lips cf the entire company a fervid
and spontaneous "Amen.'
And has not the whol-j heart cf the .
cation responded "Amen."
VV- no; that prayer, tiers offered,
responded to In a most rtmirkabla
manner? When, in cur hiry, have
the people of thfa land been found,
more eloasly bound together pur
pose and heart that when th tele
graphic wires tore all over thd coua
try the sad tidin.
0 1 tn . -TT y f. ' 4
s--i T 1