Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, September 03, 1868, Image 1

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McPherson's Block, 2d Floor, Hall Entrance,
Brownvillc, 3Vcl.
6ne copy one year . 2 00
Plve copies one year...- 8 75
Ten copies one year - - 18 00
Twenty copies one year.-. ........... 80 00
And Plain andI'akct Job Work, done in
good style and at reasonable rates.
Cards of five lines or less, $-" a year. Each
adaitionai line ti.
Attorney at Lw and Laad Agent,
Office In Court House, with Probate Judge.
. Attorneys and Counselors at Lw(
Office No, 70 McPherson's Block, up stairs.
Att'ys at Law A, Solicitors In Chancery,
Office In District Court Room.
a M. RICH,
Attorney at Law and Land Agent.
Office In Court House, first door, west side.
wm. ii. Mclennan,
Attorney and Coanselor at Law,
Nebraska City, Nebraska.
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
TecumHch, Johnnon Co., Neb.
--CUESTKIi F. N VE,- --' -
Attorney at Law and War Claim Agent,
Pawnee City, Pawnc Co., Neb.
Attorney at Law A, Real Estate Agent,
Htrio, On?c Vnntr. Ne!rkB.
Ileal Estate Agent and Justice of Peace,
Office In Court House, first door, west 6lde.
Land Agents A Land Warrant Brokers.
No. 21 Main Street.
Will attend to paiing Tares or IXon-resideni.
Personal attention given to making Location.
Jjands, improved and unimproved, or tale on
refuonnble terms.
Ileal Estate and Tax Paying Agent.
Office In Ilstrict Court Room.
Will ffiverrompt attention to the sale of Real
JZxtate and JfiumnU o Taxes througlwut tie
A'emaha Ixind Jjistriet.
Collector for the City of BrownTllle,
Will attend to tfie Payment of Taxes or 2 im
pendent Land Owners in Scmaha County.
KJOrrespondence HoUeited,
Ileal Estate Agents, and Dealers In Land
Warrants and College Scrip,
No. T Main Street.
Buy and sell improved and unimproved lands.
Puy, sell and locate Land Warrants, and Agri
cultural ticrip. Vareul selections of Govern
ment Land jor Location, lhrnxesteatls, and ITr
cmptinns made. Attend to Contested Homesteads
and ITe-emptism cases in Vie Land Office. Let
ters of inquiry promptly and cartfully answered.
Correspondence siAu-UetL
Mclaughlin a rich.
Real Estate and Land Agents,
Will attend to making selections of Land or
Emiirrants.or LocatUm or l on-reiidciUs ; at
tend to contested canes beore the Land Olltce, and
will do alt business pertaining to a first class
Jieal Kstate Agency.
Fort Kearney, Xebraska.
Will locate lands for intending settlers, and
give any information required concerning
Uie laiKisof South-Western Nebraska. 1'2-to
Office No. 31 Main Street.
A. 8. HOLLADAY. M. D.,
Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician,
Office Holladay &. Co's Drug Store.
Graduated in l)vl ; Ijocated in Brotcnville in
1HM. Has on hand complete sets o Amputating,
Srephining and OOstctrtcal Instruments.
p. &. Special attention given to Obstetrics and
the diseases of Women and Children.
a F. STEWART, M. D.,
Office No. 1 Main Street.
Office Hours 7 to 9 A. M., and 1 to 2 and Ci to
li P. M.
Rooms at the Star HoteL
Will Treat all rfiea.e of the Poeand Ear.
Dealer in
Drj Goods, Groceries, Boots, Shoes, Ac,
No. 9 Main Street.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
General Merchandise, and Commission
and Forwarding Merchant,
No. 20 Main Street.
Com Planters, Plows, Stoves, Furniture, Ac,
always on hand. Highest market price paid for
Hides, Pelts, Furs and Qjuntry I'rotluee.
Dealer in Foreign and Domestic
No. 53 Main Street.
Dealers In General Merchandise,
No. 79 McPhorwon's Block, Main St.
TFAocae and Retail Dealers in
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, etc.,
i No. 41 Main Street.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Drugs, Books, Wallpaper A Stationery
No. 3 Main Street.
No. 63 Main Street.
lias on hand a superior stock of Roots and
Shoes. Custom Work done with neatness and
No, 5 8 Main Street.
Has on hand a good assortment of Gent's,
suite's. Misses' and Children's Boots and Shoes.
Custom Work done with neatness and dispatch.
Jinmirinrr dime on slmrt notice.
Dealer In Stores, Tinware, Pumps, Ac.,
No. 7 9 Main Street.
Manufacturers A Dealers In Tinware.
No. 7 Main SL, Mcrhereou's Block.
Stoves, IIrd ware, Carpenter's Tools. Black
smith FtimikMmr. Ac., ron-ifnnth on hnnd.
No. 6 Main Street.
Whips and Lashes of every description, and
plastering Hair, kept vn hand. Cash paid for
Manufacturer and Dealer in
No. 60yi Main Street.
Jendinry done to order. Sntixfriion miarnnteed .
Rlaoksmlthlng and IIors Shoeing,
Shop No. SO Main Street,
Will do Blacksmithing of all kinds. Makes
Jlorse Shoring, Ironing of Wagons and Sleighs,
and Machine Work a Sjecialils
J.-W. A J. C. OTr.S0N,
Shop on First, between Main and Atlantic.
A 11 work done to order, and satisaction guar-Tanteed.-
Ehop on Water St-, South of American House,
Custom Work aU kinds tolicitml,
Vol. 12;
i It'll ii'l" " '" ilcli HI n i'I-
Cards of five lines or less 5 a year.
additional line, SI.
CROSS & WHITE, IToprietors.
On Levee Street, between Main and Atlantic;
This House is convenient to the Steam Boat
Tsimlina. and the business port of the City. The
best accf'Tnmodations in the Cit-yt A'o pains will
be spared in making guests comfortahle. Good
Stable and Oorrail e(nvenxent to the Jtouset
L. D. ROBISON, Proprietor.
Front St.. between Main and Water.
A good Feed and Livery Stable in connection
untn trie novnci
Bakery, Confectionery and Toy Store
No. 40 Main Street.
Fresh Bread, Qifces, Oysters, Fruit, etc., on hand
J. P. DEUSER, , . .
- Dealer In Confeciioueiles, Toys, ete.
No. 44 Main Street.
City Bakery and Confectionery,
No. 37 Main Street.
Fancy Wedding Cakes furnished on slwrt no
tice. Best family Flour eonianuy on nana.
Notary Public and Conveyancer.
Office in J. L. Carson's Bank.
Agent or u National Life" and "Hartford
Livestock" Insurance LTrmpames,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
Office in County Court Room.
Notary Public.
County cierK.
No. 52 Main Street.
Basement, No. 46 Main Street,
The best Wines and Liquors kept comtlantly
on lutna. vix-iiiU
No. 47 Main Street.
The best Wines and Liquors kept on hand.
House, Carriage and Sign Painter.
No. 66 Main St., upstairs.
Graining.GuiMing.Glazingand Paper Hang
ing done on sfwrt notice, favorable terms, and
BookseUer and News Dealer.
CUy Book Store,
No. 50 Main Street, Postoffice Building.
J. L. ROY,
No. 53 Main Street,
Has a splendid nit of Bath Rooms. Also a
ehnire xtm k of Oenth'man's Notions.
Aspinwall, Nebraska.
The blahest market price paid for anythf ne
the Farmer can raise. We will buy and sell
every tiling known to the market.
Storage, Forwarding and Commission
And Dealers in all kinds of Grain, for which
thev pay the Ifi'ihfxt Market Price in Yrh.
No. 5 8y Main Street,
Have on hand a splendid stock of Goods.
and will make them up in the latest styles.
on short notice and reasonable terms.
Will attend to Uie sale of Real and I'crsonal
Property in the Nemaha Land District. Terms
Wagon Maker and Repairer.
Shop West of Court House,
Wagons, Buggies. Plows, Cultivators, dc, re
paired on short notice, at low rates, and war
ranted to give satisfaction.
No. 47 Main Street, up stairs.
Persons wishina Pictures executed in the litest
sfile of the Art. will coll at mil Art Gallrrif.
Landscape Gardener A Horticulturist.
Will plant crops in Gardens, and cultivate
same fcv contract.
Washington CUy, D. G
Will attend to the prosecution of claims be
fore the Deimrtment in person, for Additional
Bounty, Ruck Pay and Pensions, and all
claims accruing against the Government du
ring the late war. 46-tf
Office in District Court Room,
Notary Public ami I'nited State War Claim
AgeaX. WM attend to the prosecution of claims
before the DejHirtment, for Additional Bounty,
Back Iiy and I'ensions. Also the collection of
Semi-Annual fhift on Pensions.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, etc., etc.
No. 32 Main Street.
. Silver and Silver-plated Ware, and all varie
ties of Sjtectacles constantly on hand. Repairing
done in the neatest style, at short notice. Charges
mnfleraie. Work unirranted.
BrownTllle City Meat Market.
No. 60 Main Street.
TTI7i pay the h ighest market price for good Beef
CnttU. t 7v. Klwm and Una.
vjr?rkirv-i t . r. . .... .
Is atall times prepared to plav for the pub
lic at any point within 1V miles of this city,
on reasonable terms. Address, -413m
D. C Smith, Leader.
Rooms, Main, bet 4th & 5th Sts.
Lcmoiw fiven on th, PUno. Organ, Melodeen.
?JLlnd 1 ocahza'. Having had eight ytars
'T'rAf McinNeJrfrk is
... y .... .'u action
A. W. MnRfi xr
Probate Judge and Justice 'of the Peace
Office In Court House Building.
Agent for the M. c. Express Co., and
W. U. Telegraph Co.
No. 72 McPherson s Block.
Ulysses S. Grant.
0ihxi National Republican Party. ' Atedat Chicago, May 21..1SG3.
The following piatforrri, reported by
the Committee on Resolutions, was
unanimously adopted by thelsationa
Republican Convention in session at
Chicago i
The National Republican party of
the United States, assemDiea in xsat-
lonal Convention in the city or Chicago
on the 20th day of May, 1868, make
A 1 1 1 1 1 . ' ne
uie luiiowing ueciarauuu ui i)uuu
bles :
First. "We congratulate the country
on the assured success of the recon
struction Droiccts of Congress, as evinc
ed by the adoption, in a majority of
the States lately in rebellion, or con
stitutions securing equal civil and
political rights to all, and regard tit as
the duty of the government to sustain
these institutions and to prevent the
people of such States from being re
mitted to a state of anarchy.
Second. The guarantee of Congress
of equal suffrage to all loyal men of
the South was demanded uy every
consideration of public safety, of grat
itude, and of justice, and must be
maintained, while the question of
8uHrage in all the loyal States proper
ly belongs to the people of those States.
Third. We denounce all forms of
repudiation as a national crime, and
honor requires the paymentof the na
tinoal indebtedness in the utmost good
faith to all creditors, at home and
abroad, not only according to the letter
but the spirit ot the laws under which
it was contracted.
Fourth. It is due to the labor of the
nation that taxation should be equal
ized and reduced as rapidly as the
national faith will permit.
Fifth. The national debt, contracted
as it has been for the preservation of
the Union for all time to come, should
be extended over a fair period for re
demption, and it Is the duty of Con
grest to reduce the rate of interest
thereon whenever it can possible- be
done. - - ' -
Sixtlu That the best policy to dim
inish our burden of debt is to so im
prove ourcredit that capitalists will
seek to loan us money at lower rates of
interest than we now pay, and must
continue to pay so long as repudiation,
partial or total, open or covert, is threat
ened or suspected.
Seventh. The government of the
United States should bo administered
with the strictest economy, and the
corruptions which have been so shame
fully nursed and fostered by Andrew
Johnson call loudly for radical re-
Eighth. We profoundly deplore
the untimely and tragic death of
Abraham Lincoln, and regret the ac
cession of Andrew Johnson to the
Presidency, who has acted treacher
ously to the people who elected him
and the cause he was pledged to sup
port ; has usurped legislative and jud
icial functions ; has refused to execute
the laws ; has used his high office to
induce other officers to ignore and vio
late the laws ; has employed his ex
ecutive power to render insecure the
prosperity, peace, liberty, and life of
the citizens ; has abused the pardon
ing power ; has denounced the Nation
al Legislature as unconstitutional;
has persistently and corruptly resisted,
by every means in his power, every
nroner attemnt at the reconstruction
of the States lately in rebellion ; has
perverted the public patronage into
an engine of wholesale corruption, and
has been justly impeached for high
crimes and misdemeanors, and prop
erly pronounced guilty by the votes
of thirtv-rlve Senators.
Ninth. The doctrine of Great Brit
ain and other European powers, that
because a man is once a subject he is
always so, must be resisted at every
hazard by the United States as a relic
of the fedual times, not authorized by
the law of nations and at war with our
national honor and independence.
Naturalized citizens are Entitled to be
protected in all their rights of citizen
ship as though thej were native born,
and no citizen of the United States,
native or naturalized, must be liable
to arrest and imprisonment by any
foreign power for acts done or words
spoken in this country. And if so ar
rested and imprisoned, it is the duty of
the Government to interfere in his
Tenth. Of all who were faithful in
the trials of the late war there are none
entitled to more especial honor than
the brave soldiers and seamen who
endured the hardships of campaign
and cruise.and imperiled their lives in
Ihe service of their country. The
bounties and pensions provided by
law for these brave defenders of the
nation are obligations never to be for
gotten. The widows and orphans of
the gallant dead are the wards of the
people, a sacred legacy bequeathed to
the nation's protecting care.
Eleventh. Foreign emigration,
which in the past has added so much
to the wealth and development of the
resources and the increase of power of
this nation, "the asylum of the op
pressed of aU nations, ' should be fost
ered and encouraged by a liberal and
just policy.
Twelfth. This convention declares
its sympathy with all the oppressed
people who are struggling for their
On motion of Gen. Carl Sehurz, the
following additional resolutions we
unanimously adopted as part of the
platform :
Jltsolvcd, That we highly commend
the spirit of magnanimity and forbear
ance with which the men who have
served in the rebellion, but now frankly
and honestly co-operate with us in
restoring the peace of the country and
reconstructing the Southern State gov
ernments upon the basis of impartial
justice and equal rights, are received
back into the communion of the loyal
people : and we favor the removal of
the disqualifications and restrictions
imposed upon the late rebels in the
same measure as their spirit of loyalty
will direct, as may be consistent with
the safety of the loyal people.- . ,;
i .A
1 e
Sclmylcr Colfax.
fiesolved, That we recognize
. n lo!l ftrtti'n in
immortal Declaration of Independence
as me true luunuauwu i vv.w
rrmToimmanf QTlH WP Hall With 13(1-
gUtVlUiUVllVf mvs " v
ness every effort toward making these
principles a living reuuij ojr
114 V 1-1 Ul XXLLICI IC-A1A DUii.
Trip up tlie Mississippi
Qulney Bridge across Rirer Keokuk
-scenery, fce.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
August 81st, 1863.
A trip up the Mississippi at this sea
son of the year is exceedingly delight
ful. All the way there is the most
beautiful and attractive scenery; and
as you ascend the river it increases in
beauty and grandure. Upon" every
hand there is the indication of thrift
and prosperity. All the way in Illi
nois, Iowa and Minnesota the crops
were never better. Minnesota this
year has the largest and best wheat
crops she has ever raised.
The largest and most important
town on the Mississippi, above St,
Louis, is Quincy, III.; a town of 35,
000 inhabitants, situated on the east
bank of the Mississippi, one hundred
and sixty-two miles above St. Louis.
Quincy is improving very rapidly; a
great many very nice fine buildings
are being put up thi3 season. Her
principle business is trade in mer
chandise, grain and fruit. She can't
boast of her manufactures or water
Quincy is situated in the midst of a
very fertile country, and on a high
and healthy elevation from the river.
The railroad bridge, which spans the
river at this place, is nearly completed.
It is being built by a bridge company
for the use of the Chicago, Burling
ton and Quincy railroad. The bridge
is built on the principle of the wooden
trestle suspension, and consists of
twenty four spans, eighteen across the
main channel, and six across the bay.
The superstructure is being furnished
by the Detroit bridge company of De
troit, Michigan.
The next town of importance as you
pass up the river is Keokuk, Iowa; a
town of about 10,000 inhabitants. Ke
okuk is situated on quite a high ele
vation of land or plateau, two hundred
and eighty miles from St. Louis. The
title to her real estate has for a long
time been in controversy, which has
been very detrimental to her prosper
ity. This question has finally been
settled, and the town is improving
very rapidly.
The river here -is obstructed by
rapids, which extend from Keokuk
up twelve mile3 to Montrose. They
are usually known as the Des Moines
rapids. When the river is exceedingly
low they are impassable for boats of
the lightest duaft ; and the river being
very low at the present time, all travel
and transportation is by rail from
Keokuk to Montrose or Ft. Madison.
This of course is done at the expense
of occasional delays and great labor
of shifting freight from boats to cars,
and from cars to boats. To obviate
this a steam-ship cannal is being con
structed around these japids, which is
to be sufficient for the passage of
steamboats at any stage of water.
This canal in many places will in
clude a portion of the bed of the
river, separated from the main chan
nel by embankments.
J. T. Patch.
After a long march, during the late
war, a captain ordered, as a sanitary
precaution, that the men should
change their undershirts. The O. S
suggested that half the' men only had
one shirt each. The captain hesitated
for a moment and then said : " Mili
tary orders must be obeyed ; let the
men change with each other."
The disease of cattle, called charbon,
has made its appearance again in
Louisiana. It is, naturally, a subject
of great apprehension to the planter.
It not only threatens the heavy loss
of property, but the loss of working
animals puts into jeopardy the crops
so anxiously looked for by the dis
tressed population.
There is a farmer in Jones county,
Iowa so the Animosa Eureka affirms
who will vote for Sey mour and Blair,
and who supports his determination
by the declaration that "the meanest,
most contemptible thing them fellows
down to Congress have done, wa3 to
send bureaus to them freedmen down
"Keep off that grass," said police
man 44 to an Irish orange peddler,
who had established himself on a nice
bit of turf on the Common. " Bad
luck to yer, I'm not hur-r-ting the
grass," said the exile of Erin "Who
iver heard of an Orangeman 'wearin
off the greerr. "
Temperance puts wood on the fire,
meal in the barrel, flour in the tub,
money in the purse, credit in the
country, contentment In the house,
clothes on the children, vigor in the
body, intelligence in the brain, and
spirit in the whole constitution. -
7 f '
Letter from IV err Mexico.
" Ft; Union, New Mexico,
July Sth, 1S68.
Editor t Nebraska Advertiser : '
I left my home July 15th, on a pros
pecting tour through Kansas, South
ern Colorado and New Mexico, via
steamer to Leavenworth and thence
west by rail. I stopped two days at
Junction City, three mile3 from Fort
ftiley, and at the Junction of the
Smokey Hill and Republican rivers.
I procured a team and visited Fort
Riley and the surrounding --vantry.
I find the Fort guarded by one' com
pany of soldiers, and it will even tu
ally be abandoned, as 'tis useless here
any longer. Junction City, built up
and sustained by the railroad and the
patronage of the Fort, has attained its
full size. There are very few im
proved farms around here, as apart
from the valleys of the Smoky Hill
and Republican, the country is very
rough and broken, and seriously af
flicted with the Kansas complaint
"drouth." -The grass, crops and
stock all show the effect of it. The
railroad having passed on, the town is
left dependent upon its own resources,
which to me are not apparent to any
desirable extent. The crops of small
grain around here are medium, the
corn far inferior, and grazing decidedly
poor, in comparison with Southern
The valleys of the Saline and Solo
man's forks of the Smoky Hill, I like
better, though the effects of the drouth
are here visible. These drouths in
Kansas are of tod frequent occurrence
to make any point remote from the
Missouri river desirable ; and at pres
ent the transfer of the surplus produce
of these valleys, and the reception of
supplies are wholly dependent upon
one line of railroad, a monopoly ex
torting exhorbitant prices, eating up
what profits may be in grain growing
or stock raising.
From 5aline up the entire valley of
the Smoky Hill to Pond Creek, and
thence to vicinity of Bent's Fort, on
the Arkansas river, a distance of sev
eral hundred miles, the whole country
is what an Englishman would term a
"blasted 'un." Not a stream on the
entire route worth a dam. Grass all
dried out burnt up and no water fit
to drink. From Bent's Fort to Trini
dad, at the foot of Rattion Mountains,
in Colorado, the grass is better, but
not good grazing; and at no point
from Fort Harker to Trinidad, will
soil repay cultivation. .
Leaving Trinidad we commenced
the ascent of the Rattoon Mountains,
up a most beautiful valley, watered by
a clear, cold, dashingmoun tain stream,
covered by a luxuriant growth of
grass; the mountains on each side
thickly set with straight, flourishing
pines; the road excellent, all contrast
ing so strongly with what we had
previously experienced, that I thought
it the most delightful place I had ever
seen, am then l am creaioiy in
formed that these beautiful mountain
passes, and these lovely valleys are
frequently covered with deep snow
late in May and early in October, and
that often fearful and violent storms
rage here. I also notice in gardens
here green peas just blooming, and
other vegetables, all from two to three
months later than with us. These
long winters'are not desirable for stock
rai3ing, and for any other purpose this
country is worthless.
From the western base of the moun
tains to the Cimeron river, (Maxwell's
Branch,) the grass is but medium for
grazing. At Cimeron we found Rich
ard Brown and family, of Brownville,
and Judge Holly, of Nebraska City,
doing the wind work of a new town
they have laid out here " Cimeron
City." But it is entirely dependent
upon the success of the mines here ;
and in regard to them I can get no re
liable information, vere flattering.
That there is gold here, there is no
doubt. That there are excellent op
portunities to invest money in the
purchase of claims and town lots, is
also true ; as is the fact that hundreds
of men are leaving here every day
who vote the whole thing a humbug.
The only water furnished here is by
one ditch owned by Maxwell & Co.
Maxwell owns the land ; hence, as I
see it, 'tis a" monopoly owned and
controlled by a few men who will
make all the money, if any is made.
Leaving the Cimeron, we pass, on
the road to Fort Union, numerous
small Mexican farms. The wheat and
oats now only from one to two feet
high, and just headed out ; and the
corn from two to three feet high. A
Nebraska farmer would estimate the
yield per acre of wheat and oats at
about eight oV ten bushels, and the
corn a failure. At Maxwell's I seen a
few acres of heavy growth of wheat,
the result of expensive manuring and
cultivating. The "States" corn, as
they term it, cannot be raised here, the
only variety grown is a very small
flinty kind. The stock throws out no
lateral roots, grows about three feet
high, and shoots only from near the
At Fort Union I overtook the train,
and found Col. Porter and family, Mr.
Silas Tidwell and family, and Mr. W.
W. Bremen, all safe, in good health,
and getting along finely. Frank Chap
lin and family stopped in Trinidad.
Mr. Neffe and wife, and Mies Nellie
Mills stopped at Cimerott. I shall
here join the train and proceed d. rectiy
on to and down the valley of the lUo
Grande. .
I reached here by a different route
from the one traveled by our train, yet
the unanimous . verdict of all is that
between Lawrence, Kansas, and iort
Union,- New Mexico, there is nd in
ducement sufficient to attract the far
mer and stock raiser, from the fertile
soil and rich pasturage of Southern
Nebraska. Will write again.
Yours, J. 6. Mlnick.
Communication fro in Vxe Exe
cutive. To Messrs. George M. Roberts. St. A.
D. Balcombe, A. J. Poppleton, Geo.
L. Miller, T. B. Lemon, II. W.
Kunns, E. 8. Palmer and others,
signers of a petition, asking for the
pardon of Harry C. Jordan, who is
under sentence of seven years' im
prisonment in the State Penitentiary
for the crime of forgery.
A petition with such an array of
names upward of six hundred em
bracing many of our oldest, worthiest,
most prominent, and most reliable fellow-citizens
of every shade of political
and religious sentiment, would seem,
of itself, quite sufficient warrant for
any act left to the discretion of any
one man. Morever, this prayer is
seconded by the impulses of my own
feelings, and. an earnest desire that if
there is to be any error that it may be
on tae siae oi mercy.
Being, so moved, it has. been ex
tremely difficult for me to give the
case that impartial consideration that
such an interference in the adminisS
eration of public justice demands.
But, constrained by the provision of
the Constitution and the requirement
of the statutes, that in every instance
the reasons for granting pardon, shall
be reported to the Legislature at its
next season, and so enter into and be
come dart ofthe written history of the
State, I have carefully examined into
all of the circumstances of material im
portance, though not as being clothed
with higheror supervisory judical pow
er ; for it cannot be conceived that the
pardoning power was designed to be
so exercised as to conflict with that
fundamental principle in our institut
ions which separates legislative, judi
cial and executive powers, and confers
them on distinct branches of the Gov
ernment. And as I cannot consider the Ex
ecutive as invested with a power that
can conflict in any degree with the
administration of justice, neither can
I look upon the power to grant par
dons as an extension of legislative
functions to be exercised on the pre
sumption that the penalties provided
by the Legislature exceed the demands
of the public welfare. It is, to be
held as a power in reserve a last re
sort to secure that more exact admin
istration of justice by the mitigation
or removal of the penalty which some
times, even after sentence is passed,
mav be rendered Dossible. bv important
additional testimony, or by subsequent
changes wrought in the ever varying
circumstances of human affairs. In
the light of this conclusion, I have
proceeded in the examination.
1 have found but two considerations
set forth in the petition on which hi3
pardon is urged.
First That he confessed his guilt
in open Court.
Second lhat "a widowed mother
and two little brothers are dependant,
in a measure, upon him."
As to the first, it rs too palpable to
need more than the' bare statement
that, in cases where the guilt is be
yond question, wnicn, in this case.
was made so by confession, m open
Court, the measure of the penalty
is entrusted to the iudiciary, and that
it was not designed, in conferring the
pardoning power, to transfer thi3 to
the executive branch of the Govern
ment. As to the second consideration, it is
necessary to say only that it was
known equaly well to the Court before
the sentence was passed, as it is known
to the public to day, and doubtless
had its influence in determining the
penalty at the medium instead of
the extreme limit of the law.
In private, it has been urged in ad
dition to this,
lirst lhat this 13 a young man's
first offense.
Second That his health is rapidly
failing, and
Third 1 hat he was . reared in the
midst of good society, and under Chris
tian innurnce.
The first, I regret to say, is not con
firmed by recent developments. Ev
idence clear and unquestionable leaves
no doubt on this point. The second
is in direct conflict with the report of
the medical attendant upon the pris
oners of the State, in conflict with
the testimony of the keepers of the
prison, and in conflict with the results
of my personal observation. The
third that he was reared in the midst
of good society and under Christian
influences, instead of being a ground
for the exercise of clemency, is, in
my opinion, the reverse. He has
broken through so much stronger re
straint, has trampled under foot so
much more of .known public senti
ment, and has done violence to a so
much higher sense of moral rectitude.
He, whose associations have all been
bad, and whose surrounding influences
have all tended downward, independ
ent of other considerations, certainly
is the more fi t subj ect for j udicial len ity .
If the argument were sound, when
stated in other language, it would run
thus: The greater the violence to his
own moral sense, and to the restraints
of society, in the commission of crime,
the more worthy the criminal of par
don. When so expressed, however
it becomes a proposition to which very
few will willingly consent.
These are the only reasons that have
been urged for this extraordinary ex
ercise of the power to issue pardon3.
And I am constrained to add that,
notwithstanding my sympathy for
those who sutler on the criminal's
account, and my profound respect for
the united prayers of so many good
and distinguished citizens, the fore
going considerations, with others
that need not be made public, have
forced upon my judgment the convict
ion that this is not a case for Execut
ive interference; at least that it is
not such an one a3 shall call for the
exercise of that power in advance of
the incarceration ofthe prisoner pursu
ant to the sentence of the Court.
Whether it may be proper to so far
mitigate the sentence at some future
time, as to shorten the term of im
prisonment, the future will doubtless
determine. Whenever it can be done
consistently with my views of duty
to the State and to society, I shall be
most happy to gratify the wishes of
those who have subscribed their names
to the petition referred to.
With considerations of personal re
spect for each and all of you, signers
of said petition,
I subscribe myself your humble
It ia a glorious occupation, vivifying
and self-sustaining in its nature to
struggle with ignorance, and discover
to the inquiring minds of the masses
the clear cerculeanr blue of heavenly
. When' you expel a man from your
house it is very natural that he should
be put out.
HumoroU3 comedy-words.-
play upon
-r-T" v ' A, .A
lr 1; ;1'
1 &
No. 47.
Tlie Way To VFar.
How a Democratic success at the
election would occasion civil war is
easily seen. General Blair does not
hesitate' to" avow it, Congress must
be wholly disregarded. The Supreme
Court must not be invoked. The
President must usurp all powers of
the Government and act alone. He
must be a Cjar. "Because," says
General Blair in his letter, "if the
President elected by the Democracy
enforces, or permits, others to enforce,
these Reconstruction acts the Radicals,
by the assessicn of twenty spurious
Senators and - fifty R rresentatives,
will control both branches of Congress
and his administration will be as pow
erless as the present one of Mr. John-1
sox." Force 13, therefore, the only
If Mr. Skvmour be elected, after
this loud and reiterated declaration by
his party then hi3 election will mean
forcible overthrow ofthe present Stnte
governments lix tile Southern .state,
the result is evident. He would off
icially declare those Governments
void. He wonld then be impeached
and probably convicted. But the
Democratic party, victoriou3 at the
polls, with the whole rebel force jub
ilant and reaiy, would dispute the
sentence, and risi against it execut
ion. Meanwhile in the Southern
States, the new 'Democratic State or
ganizations summoned by the Presi
dent would be formed. They would
dispute the State authority with the
present incumbents. The President
would recognize the new claimants
and order the army to their support,
and to "trample in the dult" the oth
ers. They in turn would appeal to
Congress, already engaged in conflict
with the President. Meanwhile Rep
resentatives and Senators sent by the
new State organizations would arrive
in Washington, and in concert with
the other Democratic members would
be recognized as Congress by the Pres
ident. But, indeed, long before this
event civil war would be ravaging the
country and Wade Hampton, and
Robert Toombs, and Howell Cobb,
and the old rebel chiefs who say with
Albert Pike, "We do not love and
will not pretend to love that Union,
though we have agreed to obey the
laws of the conqueror," would gladly
behold in a desolating war and ruin
ed republic the fullness of their re
venge. This is the real issue. It can not be
denied, for the Democratic party ex
ultingly declares it. It can not be
evaded, for the experience of the last
few years has taught us that we have
as desperate and dangerous elements
as any country at any time. It is the
relapse of the rebellion, and a relapse
of disease is often fiercer than its origin
al attack. There was never a moment
when the utmost effort of every faith
ful citizen was more indispensable
than now to the salvation of the coun
try. On the one hand is General
Grant, with his moderation, his firm
ness, his tried patriotism, his singular
sagacity, his signal illustration of the
finest qualities of the Intelligent
American: and with hini Schuyler
Colfax, who has never said a word or
done an act that can inspire the' least
distrust,- and Who is in full accord
with the best and most peaceful and
progressive tendencies ofthe country.
They are the candidates of those who
would do the best that the circumstan
ce's allow ; who would reconstruct the
Union upon equal rights, who would
neither ostracize nor revenge, who
would not exasperate the jealousies of
race, but who would neither betray
the tried friends nor the pledged faith
of the country. They are the candi
dates of the great body of citizens of
proved patriotism, intelligence,' in
dustry, and of a peaceful mind obedi
ent to law. On the other hand is
Mr. Seymour, a plausible polit'cian,
for whose success the rebels in arms
prayed four years ago ; who preferred
that the Union should perish rather
than slavery, and who declared the
success of the Government to be as
revolutionary as that ofthe rebellion.
With him is General Blair, whose
remedy for the situation is the naked
sword. They are the candidates of all
who hate the Union and who sought
and seek its dishonor; of those who
thought the waracrimc, and demand
ed that the Government should yield
to the rebellion ; of those who would
break the public word to the public
creditor; of those who would put
the late slave, always loyal, under the
feet of his always rebel master; the
candidates of the ignorant and lawless
every where in the land.
Let every man be alert. There is
no doubt of the issue' or of the candi
dates. And when' once . they are un
derstood there is no doubt ofthe coun
try and ofthe result. Harper's Week
ly. x
Ex-Gov. Seymour says: "Under
it3 (Congress t?) influence, some of the
States organized by its agents are pro
posing to deprive the people of the
right of vote for Presidential electors,
and the first bold steps, are taken to
destroy the right of suffrage." Should
any of the Southern States cat their
electoral votes through their Legisla
tures, instead of by electors elected by
the people, it will be only what South
Carolina, a Democratic State of the
olden time, has always done until
now. The Democrats of Sauth Caro
lina will have the first opportunity
they ever enjoyed of voting for Presi
dential electors. If thi3 is a bold stop
taward destroying the right of suffrage,
why did not the Democratic party
find it out when it was m long practic
ed by them? X. Y. Tribune.
Old Deacon Sharp used to relate
this story: He was standing one day
beside a frog pond and saw a larg
garter snake make an attempt upon
an enormous bull-frog. The snake
seized one of the frog's hind legs, and
the frog, to be on a par with his snake
ship, caught him by the tail, and both
commenced swallowing one another,
until nothing was left of them.
The following advertisement ap-
Eears iri a Western paper under the
eading of "A wife wanted:" "Any
gal what's got a bed, a coffee-pot, skil
let, knows how to cut out britches.
can make a hunting shirt, and knows
how to take care of vouncr 'uns. kpvn
hev my services till death parts both of
A clergymad in Springfield, Mass.,
who has the habit of adding "ah" to
many of hi3 word?, recently spoke to
his congregation of "those who have
been brought up on the Lord's side
If a girl is absorbed in self-love, they
say to gainher affectionis is to minister
to her self-love until it overnows; all
that runs over will be yours.
When i3asailorlikeagraveelothes'
maker? When he runs up the
The food of love turtle soup.
f i
.... i
.... a
Tlie t'smpainr
A Legion hns been formed in
Ilonesdale, Penn., l' O strong.
Eight thousand people were present
at the recent Republican demonstra
tion at Martinsville, Indiana.
The campnin is opening vicr"?ly
in" Central and Southern Ohio'. Thera
will soon be cannonading all alocj
the line.
A Grant and Colfax pob was raised
at Brushy Fork, West Virginia, cii
the 19th inst., by the Union men of
that region.
Maxwell P. Gn!Ji, a prominent
man in Southern Ohio, who switched
off Into the Democratic party with
Doolittle, hr.5 come out for Grant and
Coles County, 111., 'has witne-cd
the largest torchlight procession of
the campaign. Its I, ."-") lamps have
thrown the Democracy of that region
completely i:i t."..' shade. .
The Chicago Irish Republicans held
a grand rally on Wednoday evening.
Judge Sloanakerof Texa, Gen. Juli js
White, and Major Stevenson address
ed the meeting.
. The largest political meeting ever
held in Middletown, N. Y., was the
Republican demonstration on last
Friday night, at Slauson Hall. The
Democrats are looking blue.
Mr. Wm. A. Gulick, a well-known
New-Jersey Democrat, residing at
Kingston, Mindlescx County, and
formerly a member of the Legislature,
is out for Grant and Colfax.
The meeting a tChambcrsburg, Ind., .
on Saturday, was a mass County Con
vention, and over 4,fHK) people wcro
in attendance. This looks as though
the Republicans intended to carry
this stronghold of the Demsoracy.
An immense Republican meeting
was held in Columbus, Ohio, on tho
21st. The Tanners were out in great
force. Judge Winansand Capt. Slier
dan of Louisiana shook the dry bones'
of the Democracy, amid great applause,
for over three hour?.
Old Dick Oglesby polh-hed off the
Copperheads at Wankegan, III., on
the 20th in his usual effective style.
The enthusiasm was unbounded. Two
huridred Tanners were in the process
ion which escorted the Governor from
the depot.
The Republicans of North Carolina
are making an energetic canva-s. Re
ports reach us of mass meeting in
Duplin countVj atTarbcro. at Ch ipel
Hill, arid Franklinton. the black
turn out en m asse to these meetings.
The German Theater in Chicago
was filled to overflowing with Gor
man Republicans on the evening of
the 20th. The Hon. N. B. Judd and
Gen. Salomon, the Commander-in-Chief
of the Tanners, addressed thd
multitude, the latter speaking in Ger
man. A grand rally of the Fighting Boy3
in Blue took place at Aurora, Ind., on
the 21st inst. The people camo from
the country' on horseback and in w.ig
ons enthusiastically cheering fr Grant
and Colfax, and the glorious Republi
can cairse.
During a late circus and raenagerio
exibition inFlemingsburg, Ky., there'
suddenly came up a violent ?torm of
wind and rain which threatened to
intertere with the performance. At
first there was but little excitement
among the spectators ; but finaly the
stakes of the outer canvas gave way;
then the immenco center-pole of the
large one commenced to sway and
groan, and the sides to flop anil givo
wnyjthe lions commenced to growl
and roar, the elephant to swing hU
huge proboscis around, and the horses
to neigh and stamp, the women shri
eked; the confusion was indoscribale,
and the excitement the wildest ever
seen in Flemingsburg. Every body
rushed pcllmell for the entrance, gen-
tlman and ladies in confused mas cal-
ling alternately for help and friends
Of course, on the top scats some jump
ed to the bottom,' ome fell through
some were caught and suspende d whila
falling, and a grout many cut their
way through the canvas. At this
juncture the elephant broke out a
mong the pcoble and created a perfect
panic or terror, l he rain was tailing
in torrents, the lightning flashed and
the thunder crashed . Men la their
fright ran against the ticket-wagon
over ladies, wildly to and fro . Many
of the ladies fainted and fell but fortu
nately none' were killed or scared to
death . After the storm had abated
the great canvas was explored, but no
Onesrjtiarc, first r-f' " ....
lactt Mit-fnnt i -i " i
J';tiine t'nrC, f! ve 1.:. s or ! ...
Kacli A(I.l;;U)riiU Line -
One C'ol'.'.mn, one year .....
One ('r lair.n, nix nuor.ths
fno Column, throe Months.. ..........
Ha!( ('ohur.n, one yr;:r.
Ha", I '..!n'im, six ..........
Hail (.'oiiiinn, tare n'.onti... ..........
Fourth Coiinr.n, one yt ;;r ...
Fourth Column, fix Y.irr.tY:
Fourth Column,' rr. nrst hi
F.lcrhth Ciil'iimn, ynr
F.izhth Coiunin, n.t mon:h -
Eighth Column, threw mntha -
Stray Notices, f-h hfii
TrnIent ! vert ;enier. payable ir
one was found to be seriously injured. . '
Mr. Scvmour, the statesman whose
statesmanship would have destroyed
the State, says snac our people are
harassed by the heavy and frequent
demands of the tax gatherer." True,
and these demands were caused by a
liebellion or Southern Democrats.
doubled by the sympathetic aid of
Northern Copperheads, and would be
rendered twice as heavy and frequent
as they need be by the policies of revol
ution, rebellion, and repudiation in-
troduced into the Democratic platform ' , '
by Wade Hampton and Pendleton, '
adopted by the Convention with the
same wild Rebel yell which used to -salute
the ears of our troops when they
were pressed back on the battle-field,
indorsed by Seymour and Blair in
their letter of acceptance, and now '
put forward as the creed ofthe Demo
cratic party. X. Y. Tribune.
The Buffalo Commeroud ofthe lMl '
instant publishes the following thrill-
ing incident: We learn by a gentle-.
man who came up from Niagara Fulls
this morning, that a startling incident
occured yesterday afternoon. A little
girl, while getting upon the railing of
the bridge leading from the main land
to Goat Island, lost her balance and
fell into the ranids. Instantly a young '
man named Moulton, who resided at .
Auburn, plunged in to rescue th-j
child. Grasping the little one and ',
keeping her hea l above water both
were swept on toward the precipice,
and distraction seemed evitaole. But .
Moulton, being an expert swimmer,
struggled manfully with the rushing
torrent and succeeded in reaching the
shore, only about fifteen feet from the
brink of the cataract. It was a most
humane and daring act.
"Yaw," said Mr. Spreitzelswiggle,
who lowered his beer glas from his
face long enough to tell the story. "I
dinks I know vot vash de matter mit
Bendleton, so dat he vach not nomina
ted. The Seymour veller voh too
Tammany for Shorge. Yah!"
A little" three year old wa3 heard to
exclaim as she saw a sail boat: "O,
mama! there's a boat with a bonnet
Home-sickness is more frequently
a weariness of home than a lonir'
for it 0 0
Wool-growers are supposed H 1
tcether-vize. 4 4 to