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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1868)
rCBLISHrD EVEKT TBTKSDAT BY
CHUE0H, C0LHAPP& C0,,
McPhcrson's Block, 2d Floor; Hall Entrance,
1 1-0 wnvl lie, 3Vcb.
TERMS $3 per Annum, la A4tm'
And Puus ajtd Fa!cy Job Work, done in
good style and at reasonable rates.
Cards of Ave lines or leu, $" a year. Each
additional line SI.
Dc FOREST PORTER,
Attorney at Law and Land Agent;
Office In Court nome, -with Probate Judge.
TIPTON, HEWETT 4 CIIURCII,
Attmr and Counselor at Lair,
Offlce No. tO McPherson's Block, up wtalrs.
THOMAS & BROADY,
Att'ysat taw- Solicitors In Chancery
Office In District Court Room.
R M. RICH,
Attorney l l,w nd Lnd Agent.
OfSoe In Court House, ftrwt door, west aide.
wm. h. Mclennan,
Attorney and Counselor at Iaw,
Nebraska Oty, Nebraska.
, . li. V. rERKINS,
Attorney and Counselor at Lair,
Tecumseh, Johnson Co., Neb.
CHESTER F. NYE,
' Attorney at Liw and War Claim Agent,
Pawnee City, Pawnee Co., Neb.
N. K. GRIGGS,
Attorney at Ltw Real Estate Agent,
Beatrice, Gage County, Nebraska. "
R, V. HUGHES,
Ileal Estate Agent and Justice of Peace,
Offlce In Court House, first door, west side.
BARRT fc LETT,
Land Agents A. Land Warrant Brokers.
No. 81 Main Street.
Will attend to paying Taxrior Xon-rcidsnt.
j'trtonul attention (riven to making Isolation.
Jxindu, improved and unimproved, or tale on
reatonaltlc term. y
WM; IL HOOVER,
Real Estate and Tax Paying Agent.
Offlce In District Court Room.
Will pive prompt attention to the tale of Real
Ijtiate and Payment of Taxet throughout the
N emaha Land Oixtrict.
Collector for the City of BrownTllle,
Will attend to the Payment of Taxet for yon
Resident Land Oitimti in Scmaha County,
DORSEY, HOADLEY & CO.,
Real Estate Agents, and Dealers In Land
Warrants and College he rip,
No. T Main Street.
Buy and tell improved and unimproved land.
Buy, tell and locate Land Warrant, and Ayri
. cultural Hcrip. Cttrtful selection of Gov-m-ninit
Iand Jar Location, J lomesteadx. and Pre
emptums made. Attend to Lbntestcd Jfoinestead
and Jre-emption ease in the Land Ojfice. Let
ter of inrjuiry promptly and cartfully answered.
Mclaughlin & rich.
Real Estate and Land Agents,
WiU attend to making selection of Land for
Emigrants, or Iocationt for 'on-resident; at
tend to contested case before the Isind Upice, and
will do all butines pertaining to a first class
Real Folate Agency i
II. L. MATHEWS,
TITSICIAN ASD SIRGEOX.
' Offlce No. a 1 Main Street
A- a holladaYj m. d..
Physician, Burgeon and Obstetrician,
Offlce Holladay & Co's Drug Store,
Graduated in 1S51 ; Located in Brou-nvitle in
ISjtt. 11a on hand complete sets of Amputating,
Trephining and Obstetrical Instrument.
Pi K Sipccial attention given to Obstetrics and
Ike diseases of Women and Children.
a F. STEWART, M. D.,
PIIYSlCIAJf A5D SURGEON,
Ojlce No; J Main Street.
OJtee Hours 1 to 9 A. M., and I to 2 and 6) to
W.- II: KIMBERLIN,
OCULIST AND AUR1ST,
Rooius at the Star HotcL
Will Treat oil disease of the llye and Ear.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots, Shoes, &c,
No. 0 Main Street.
WM. T. DEN, .
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
General Merchandise, and Commission
and Forwarding Merchant,
' No. a 6 Main Street.
Com Planter, Plows, Stoves. Furniture, dc,
always on hand. Highest mtvket price paid for
Hides, I'clis, tur and Country lrmlwe;
G. M. HENDERSON,
Dealer in Foreign and Domestic
DRY GOODS AKD GROCERIES,
No. 53 Main Street.
J lu McGEE A CO.
Dealers In General Merchandise,
No. 7 McFhcrson's Block, Main St.
nOLLADAY A CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, etc.,
No. 41 Main Street,
McCREERY & NICKELL,
Wholesale and lictail Dealers in
Drugs, Books, Wallpaper &, Stationery
No. 3 Main Street,
CHARLES H ELMER,
BOOT AKD SHOE MAKER,
No. 6 Main Street.
Ha on hrmd a mvftrior stock of Boot a4
Shoe. Custom Wot k done rUh neatness and
BOOT AKD SHOE MAKER,
No. 5 8 Main Street,
Ha on hand a pood assortment of Gents,
Ltuiie't, Misses' and vnuaren s isoovs a o m:
Custom Work done with neatness and duqtatch,
Repairing done on sftort notice.
JOHN C DEUSER,
Dealer InStores, Tinware, Pumps, Ac,
No. 10 Main Street.
SIIELLENBERGEU BRO S.,
Manufacturers Si. Dealers in Tinware.
No. 74, Main St., Mcl'herson's Block.
Stove, Hardware, Carpenter Tool Black
smith Furnishings, dc, consUuitly on hand.
JOHN W, MIDDLETON,
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc
No. 64 Main Street.
Whips and Ixislte of every description, and
Plastering Hair, kcjd on hand. Cash paid for
- J. H, BAUER;-
Manufacturer and Dealer in
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc
tsto. 6 OU Main Street.
Mending done to order. Satisfaction guaranteed,
BEER HALL AKD LUNCH ROOM,
No. 52 Main Street
GARRISON & ROBERTS,
BILLIARD niLL AKD SALOON,
n.comMiL Nn. 46 Main Street.
The best mne and Liquor kept
r nuu. .
JOSEPH nUDDARD 4 CO.,
TCo. 47 Main Street,
The best Wlnca and Liiuors kept on hand.
""' "'3"""" - I
f M Al I A U Ul V A i i U Mi V ' AV A 1 A r AV X A Al 'Z A'V A X X
Cards of five lines or 1ph, $5 a year. Each
additional line, $L
STEVENSON & CROSS, Proprietors.
On Levee Street, between Main and Atlantic,
Thit House is convenient to the Steam Boat
Ixinding, and the business part of the City. The
best accommodations in the C ity. A'o pains will
be spared in making guest comfortable. Good
Stable and Gnrrall cotivenietti to the House.
MICHAEL FINK. Proprietor.
No. 46 Main Street.
Meal at all Hours, or for Rejular Boarders
at the usual rate.
L. D. ROEISON, Proprietor.
Front St., between Main and Water.
A owl FYed and Liven S?ntreJi jeuimcctlon
with Olc House. . " "
J. H. EEASON,
Blacksmlthing and Horse Shoeing,
Shop No. 60 Main Street,
Will do Blacksmithing of all kind. Make
Horse Shoeing, Ironing of Wagon and Sleighs,
and MacJiine Work a Sjteciality.
J. W. & J. C. GIBSON,
Shop on First, between Main and Atlantic
All work done to order, and tatisfaction guar
ranteed. JOHN FLORA,
Shop on Water St., South of American nouse.
Custom Work of all kind solicited.
Confectionery and Toy Store
No. 40 Main Street.
Fresh Bread, Cakes, Oysters, Fruit, etc., on hand
J. P. DEUSER,
Dealer in Confectioneries, Toys, etc.
No. 44 Main Street.
City Bakery and Confectionery,
No. 37 Main Street.
Fancy Wedding Cake furnished on short no
tice. Best lamily flour constantly on hand.
J. C McNAUGHTON,
Notary Public and Conreyanccr.
Offlce In J. L. Carson's Bank.
Agent for "Xational Life" and "Hartfofd
Live Stock" Insurance Companies.
FAIRBROTIIER & HACKER,
Notary Public and Conreyanccr,
Office in County Court Room.
G. W. FAIRBItOTIIEIt,
JAMES M. HACKER,
House, Sign and Ornamental Fainter.
Shop No. 15 Main Street.
G. P. BERKLEY,
House, Carriage and Sign Painter.
No. 66 Main SL, up stairs.
Graining. Gu ildina. Glazing and Paner Hang
ing done un short notice, favorable terms, and
A. D. MARSH,
Bookseller and News Dealer.
City Book Store,
No. 50 Main Street, Postoffiee Building.
J. L. ROY,
BARBER AKD HAIR DRESSER.
No. 55 Main Street,
Has a splendid suit of Bath Room. Also a
choice stock of Gentleman' Motion.
GEO. G. START A BRO.,
DEALERS IK GRAIN, PRODUCE, &c.
WORTHING & WILCOX,
Storage, Forwarding and Commission
And Dealer in all kind of Grain, for which
they pay Vie Highest Market Price in Cash.
BUSS & HUGHES,
Will attend to the sale of Real and Personal
Property in 11 Xemaha Land District. Terms
Wagon Maker and Repairer.
Shop West of Court House.
Waaon. Bunnies. Plows. Cultivators, dc. re
paired on slwrt notice, vt lour rates, and war
ranted to give satisfaction.
. A. STAFFORD,
No. 47 Main Street, up stairs.
Person wishing lecture executed in the latest
style of the Art, will call at my A rt Gallery.
E. H. BURCIIES,
Landscape Gardener & Horticulturist.
TTt'ff plant crop in Gardens, and cultivate
tame by contract.
BOUNTY CLAIM AGENTS.
SMITH. P. TUTTLE,
U. S. ASSISTANT ASSESSOR.
' Offlce in District Court Room.
Agent for the JWie York Mutual Life Insu
rance Co., Xotary Public and U. 8. War Claim
Agent. Will attend to tte prosecution of claim
beore the Department, for Additional, Bounty,
Back Pay and Pensions. Also the couection of
Semi-A nmuxl Dues on Pensions.
J. V. D. FATCn,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, etc., etc.
No. 3 Main Street.
Silver and Silver-Platcd Ware, andxall varie
ties of Sfectacles constantly on hand. Repairing
done in the neatest style, at tliort notice. Cltarges
moderate. Work warranted.
KEISWETTER & EIRSMAN,
BrownWlle Clly Meat Market.
No. 60 Main Street.
iryi pay the highest market price for good Beef
Cattle, Calces, Slteep and Hogs.
MRS. J. M. GRAHAM,
TEACHER OF MUSIC.
Rooms, Main, bet h & 5th Sts,
Lrttont cire on Piano, Organ, Mrlodeon,
Guitar end Vocalization. Having kad eioht vears
et;mcf ms teacher of Music in hew York is
confident aj giving satujaction.
J. K. BEAR,
Agent for the M. V. Express Co.. and
No. 73 McPherson's Block, up Btalrs.
A. W. MORGAN,
Probate Judge and Justice of the Peace
Office in Court llyc Building.
II II I I " ' 11 I 'I
u , yr y i fin i - v i , i y 7 u
BROWNVILLE. NEBRASKA, THURSDAY MORNING.
GRANT CAMPAIGN SONG.
The following eampn!gn song appears In
the Atlanta (Oa.) Neva Era, and purports to
oe written ty a reoei :j
Ajr Bonnie Blue Flag.
Old Maine to California sends
- The welcome, welcome word,
And Northward rolling to the South
The swelling cry is heard ;
And men of every age and race
Have caught the glorious shout.
Hurrah, hurrah, for General Grant,
And fling his banner out.
Hurrah, hurrah !
For General Grant, hurrah !
Hurrah for the Union Flag .
With every Southern Star.
The wave of Reconstruction rolls
From old Virginia's hills,
Acrowi the South to Texas plains,
And every bosom thrills.
When this Is done, we'll join the fight;
And it Is our intent
To hoist theiaine of General Grant
And make him President,
Hurrah, hurrah ! etc.
We'll swear upon the sword of Lee,
IicfcM our Jackson's grave,
, TobatUo only for the ruutn
Who can the Union save,
Bv all the blood the war has shed.
By all we hope to be,
We'll rally to the standard now
That keeps the people free.
Hurrah, hurrah, etc.
Thcv're rallying North and East s.nd
We'll rally in the South, West
With ringing shouts for General Grant
Upon each patriot mouth.
Hurrah for Grant ! the shouts must roll
From every Union lip.
And every man must rally now
To man the Union ship.
Hurrah, hurrah, etc
Opinion of Hon. Thomas W.
Tipton, ol Acorasua,
In the case of the Impeachment of
Andrew Johmon, President of the
When the act regulating the tenure
of civil offices passed Congress on . 2d
day of march, 1867, Edwin M. Stanton
was Secretary of War. having been
appointed to said office by Mr. Lincoln
and confirmed by the Senate January
15, 1S62, and commissioned to hold
the office "during the pleasure of the
President of the United States for the
time being." The first section of the
act is as follows :
"That every person holding any
civil office to which he has been ap
pointed, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, and every per
son who shall hereafter be appointed
to any such office, and shall become
duly qualified to act therein, is and
shall be entitled to hold such office
until a successor shall have been in
like manner appointed and duly qual
ified, except as herein otherwise provi
ded: Provided, That the Secretaries
of State, of the Treasury, of War, of
the Navy, and of the Interior, the
Postmaster General, and the Attorney
General, shall hold their offices respect
ively for and during the term of the
President by whom they may have
been appointed, and one month there
after, subject to removal by and with
the ad vice and consent of the Senate."
Before the passage of the above re
cited section the only limit to aSecre
tarjT's term was the pleasure of the
President; but it was determined to
make the termination definite, and i
hence we ' have a time specified be-
yond which it could not extend, name
ly, one month after the expiration of
the term of the President Dy whom
The question relative to the Secre
tary of the Interior to be settled, would
be: How" long will his commission
run? while the answer would be, just
one month after the termination of
the term of Mr. Johnson, by whom
he was, by the advice and consent of
the Senate, appointed. So his term
would expire on the 4th day of April,
1869, which would be the end of one
month after the expiration of Mr.
Johnson's term, in ca.e he filled the
full unexpired term of Mr. Lincoln,
lie being in office on the 2d of March,
1867, under a commission which was
a precise copv of Mr. Stanton's I woud
look forward not backward to find the
period of time when the law would
put an end to his term of office, unless
sooner removed by and with the ad
vice and consent of the Senate,
To find the limit of Mr. Stanton's
term I would look forward also, and
as he Is serving with the Secretary of
the Interior, upon the same term, and
under the same identical commission,
I would declare him liable to removal
by force of law, just as one month shall
have passed after the expiration of
the term, which is being served out
alike by himself and the Secretary of
To the objection that the Secretary
of the Interior was appointed by Mr.
Johnson, alid is serving out his term,
while Mr. Stanton was appointed by
Mr. Lincoln, whose term had expired
nearly two years lxjfore the date of
the act limiting terms, I reply that
the terms of these Secretaries
are one and the same, and there
is no period of time subsequent to the
date of the act at which one Secretary
shall retire in advance of another.
In regard to Mr. Stanton's term
having expired according to the lim
itations of this law, one month after
the death of Mr. Lincoln, I deny the
proposition: first, because the law was
not in existence until about two years
subsequent to the event. Second, be
cause it could not, on the 2d day of
March, 18G7, act back and produce a
vacancy in an office already filled,
every act of which has been regarded
valid by every branch of the Govern
ment. Third, because Mr. Stanton
has been in office ever since the date
of the law, and is still performing
the functions ofSccretary of war. As
Mr. Johnson received from Mr. Lin
coln the War Office with its Secretary,
just as he received each one of the
other Departments of Government
with its Secretary, each and all of them
with subsequent appointments must
be regarded as of liis own appoint
ment, for all purposes of the civil-tenure
act ; and as ft is impossible to re
move a portion in the past and the
balance In the future, they must all
share the same fate and be subject to
the same limitations.
Hereafter there will be no trouble
in construing the law, for one month
subsequent to the termination of a
President's term will vacate every
Secretaryship ; and if this act had
been in force at the time of Mr. Lin
coln's death Mr. Johnson would have
had all the heads of Departments at hi3
disposal one month thereafter. To
claim, therefore, that Mr. Johnson
can remove Mr. Stanton without the
consent of the Senate is to affirm
an impossiblity, inasmuch as the only
period of t ime at which a President can
get clear of a Secretary independent of
the Senate is at the end ofa month sub
sequent to the end ofa President's term.
And unless Mr, Johnson will receive a
re-election he shall never reach that
official hour in which Mr. Stanton
would vacate, by fore of law, one
month subsequent to the expiration of
Mr. Johnson's term. But if he should
ever reach a second inauguration, and
the month had expired, and Mr. Stan
ton was Inclined to remain, he could
demand hia removal independent
of the Senate, on the grounds that
having received him when he received
Mr. Lincoln's term, antt having adopt
ed him as the legal head of the ar
Department, and allDepartmenta hav
ing indorsed the legality of his acts to
the last hour of his previous term.Uie
Secretary must be regarded in the light
of one of his original appointments and
retire accordingly. .
By every reasonable rule of con-
struction it seems perfectly plain that
Mr. Stanton has not been removed by
force of the civil-tenure act, and con
sequently is entitled to its protection,
which wa3 accorded to him by the
Senate when they restored him susp
ension by their vote of January 13, 1803.
Having attempted to accomplish that,
independent of the Senate, which he
failed to secure when admitting the
constitutionality of the act by yielding
to its provision for suspensions, the
President has certainly been guilty, 3
charged in the first article, of a4 'high
misdemeanor in office." -
The nlea which lie muces in hia ans
wer, that he does not believe th&act of
jUarcn z, Ibb, consuiuuonai, ciumoi
avail him, since, when Congress passed
the act and laid it before him for his
signature, he having vetoed it, it was
then passed over the veto by three
fourths of each branch of Congress the
provision of the Constitution beingthat
a bill passed by two thirds of each
House over the President's veto "shall
become a law." Having thus become
a law, he had no discretion but to en
force it as such; and by disregarding
it merited all the penalties thus incured
He is not to be shielded behind the
opinions of his Cabinet, although they
may have advised him to disregard the
law, since their only business is to en
force and obey the laws governing their
several Departments, and neither to
claim or exercise judicial functions.
The plea of innocent intentions is
certainly not to vindicate him for hav
ing violated a law, for every criminal
would be able to plead justifiable mot
ives in extenuation of punishment,
till every law was broken and every
barrier of safety swept aside.
The strongest possible case that can
be stated would be that of a Senator
who migh have declared his belief of
the unconstitutionality of the act
of March 2, 1867, before its passage over
the veto, and now being called upon to
decide upon the right of President to
disregard the provisions of this same
act. I hold that he would be bound by
his oath of office to demand of the
President obedience to its provisions
until such time as it should be repealed
by Congress or annulled by the decis
ion ofa cou rt of competent j urisd ict ion.
The President must take care that the
laws are faithfully executed.
It is verv astonishing that the Presi
dent should deny that Mr. Stanton is
protected inpffice by the civil-tenure
act, after having suspended him from
office under that act on the 12th of
August, 1887, and having reported
him to the Senate under the same act
as being legall suspended, and having,
under a special provision of the same
act, notified the Secretary of the Treas
ury of his action in the premises; for
unless he was legally Secretary of War
he was not subject to such suspension.
;It has been argued that as Mr. Stan
ton has continued to occupy the War
Office, and the removal has not been
entirely completed, the penaltv for re
moval cannot attach ; but Mr. Johnson
receives Gen. Thomas as Sec. of War
at his Cabinet meetings, thus affirm
ing hi3 belief that Thomas is entitled
to be accredited as such. It shouldbe
remembered, in this connection, that
it is a high misdemeanor to attempt to
do an act which is a misdemeanor.
The removal of Mr. Stanton against
law would be a high misdemeanor,
and a persistent effort in that direction,
issuing orders, withdrawing associa
tion from him, and accrediting another
does, in my opinion, constitute a high
By article two he stands charged,
during the session of the Senate, with
having issued a letter of authority to
Lorenzo Thomas, authorizing him
and commanding him to assume and
exercise the functions of the Depart
ment of War, without the advice and
consent of the Senate, which is charged
to have been in violation of the express
letter of the Constitution and or the
act of March 2, 1867.
Of his power to appoint the Constit
ution, article two, section two. says :
"He shall nominate, and by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate 6hall ap
point." In this case he claimed a vacancy to
which he might appoint independent
of the Senate, while the Constitution
affirms that the President shall have
power to fill up all vacaucies that may
happen during "the recess of the Sen
ate' not during its session.
It is only necessary to quote the
charge, the text of the Constitution,
and his own admission in his answer,
that he "did issue and deliver the
writing as set fourth-in said second
amcie, in oruer to establish tiie com
mision of an unconstitutional act."
But the language of the act of March
2, 1867, is equally explicit. It affirms
in section six
"That every removal, appointment,
or employment made, had or exercised
contrary to the provisions of this act,
the making, sealing, countersigning,
or Issuing of any commission or lettter
of authority for or in respect to any
such appointment or employment,
shall be deemed, and are hereby de
clared to be, misdemeanors; and upon
trial and conviction thereof every por
son guilty thereof shall be punisi acd
by line not exceeding $10,0X), or by
imprisonment not exceeding five years
or both said punishments, in the dis
cretion of the court."
If Mr. Stanton was protected by the
first clause of section one, the issuing
of the letter to Thomas drew upon the
author the penalty ; but if he was cov
ered by the proviso, the vacancy had
nothappened and the consequence was
the same. And it the President, dur
ing session of the Senate, can remove
one officer and appoint ad interim, so
may remove any or all, and thus usurp
Departments and offices, while the
people seek in vain for the restraining
and supervising power of a prostrate
and isulted tribunal.
The first article, affirming the illegal
removal of Secretary Sianton ; the
second, charging the illegal issue of
the authority to Thomas, and the third,
affirming ad interim appointment of
General Thomas, admitted as facts and
established by evidence' are the found
ations of the whole impeachment sup
erstructure. The fourth, relative to an unlawful
conspiracy with respect to intimidat
ing the Secretary of War; the fifth
affirming acombination to prevent the
execution of a law; the sixth, charg-1
ing a conpiracy to seize and possess
the property of tha War Department
in violation of an act of 1861 ; the sev
enth, charging a like intent in violat
ion of an act of 1867; and the eigth,
charging the appointment of Thomas
with intent to control the disburse
ments of the War Department, are all
more or less incidental acts, springing
from or tending to the same criminal
foundation charges, and may or may
not be considered established without
affecting the ordinal articles. If, how
ever, the first three are not sustained.
these will not be likely to receive
more man a passing notice.
The ninth article chanres the nresi
dent with having instructed General
Emory that that part of a law of the
UniteStates, which provides that "all
instructions relative to military
operations by the President or Secre
tary of War shall be isued through the
General of the Army, and, in case of
nis inability, through the next in rank.'
was unconstitutional and in contrav-
tion of the commission of said Emorv.
in order to induce him to violate, the
laws and military orders.
It appears that while General Emory
was acting under a commission requir
ing him toobserve and follow such
orders and directions as he should re
ceive from the President and other off
icers set over him bylaw, an ! rrder
reached him embodying section ol law,
which law had been previously- ap
proved by she President himself but,
as it provided that. orders from the
President and Secretary of War should
be issued through the General of the
Army, or next in rank, and the Presi
dent being engaged to remove the Sec
retary of War and thwart the action of
the Senate, in a discussion with Gen
eral Emory, as to his duty as an officer,
said, "This (meaning the order) is not
in conformity with the Constitution
of the United States, which makes
me Commander-in-Chief, or with the
terms of your commission." While
General Emory was inclined to obey
the order the President could not com
mand him but through GeneralGrant's
hcadqurters, and thus would have to
make public his military orders ; but,
if General Emory could be made to
believe the order was in conflict with
his commission and the Constitution,
and could be induced to disregard it,
then the President could secretly issue
orders to him and accomplish his de
signs. He could only have desired to
cause General Emory to see his duty
in such light as to disregard this legal
order, and, if Emory had yielded to
his construction of law and Constitut
ion, he could have sheltered himself
under his commission and trampled
the law under foot.
This effort to tamper with an officer
who was obeying the law of his Govern
ment is characterized very mildly by
the charge of reprehensible. It should
be made a crime of serious magnitude
for a President to command a military
officer to violate a law which was pro
mulgated in orders, in accordance
with all the forms of national legislat
ion. In this case the experiment upon
the officer's fidelity andrirmness seems
to have gone no further than to discov
er that General Emory could not be
tampered with, and then the effort
was dropped on the very verge of crim
inality. The tenth article charges the President-with
having, at Washington
City, Cleveland, Ohio, and St. Louis,
Mo., indulged in lauguage tending to
bring into disgrace and ridicule, con
tempt and reproach, the Congress of
the United States, which utterances
were "highly censurable in any, and
peculiarly indecent and unbecoming
in a Chief Magistrate."
Under ordinary circumstances I
would allow the utmost latitude of
speech, and never attempt to apply a
corrective only where the crime be
came magnified by virtue of the pecul
iar surroundings. "if the President had
gone upon the stump with inflamma
tory language in order to assist in
leading or driving States out of the
Union, then I would hold him re
sponsible for the charter of his act. And
when the very life of the nation is im
periled b3' the absence of ten States,
and all legal efforts aremaking to in
duce their early return, if I fine him
denying the legal and constitutional
authority of Congress, and charging
disunion, usurpation, and despotism
upon the representatives of the loyal
people, thus strengthening the evil
passions of malcontents and rebels, on
account of the tendency of his teach
ings, I shoulrnot hesitate to declare
his conduct a high misdemeanor.
For the reason just siecified I would
find him guilty of a misdemeanor on
the evidence sustaining the first alle
gation of the eleventh article, which
charges him with denying the author
ity of Congress to propose amendments
to the Constitution. I would also hold
him responsible for devising means by
which to prevent Edwin M. Stanton
from resuming the functions of Secre
tary of War on the Senate having
voted his restoration from the Presi
dent's suspension, And of his guilt
relative to impeding the proper ad
ministration of the reconstruction laws
of Congress, by discouraging and em
barrassing officers of the -law, and
using suclvdefiant language as had all
the force of Commands upon rebels, I
have not the shadow of a doubt.
The only matter of astonishment is
that an Executive so unscrupulous and
so defiant of co-ordinate power has
been allowed so long t defy the peo
pcl's representatives and defeat the
solemnly-expressed enactments of
Believing that the stability of gov
ernment depends upon the faithful
enforcement of latf , and the laws of a
republic being a transcript of the peo
ple's will, and always repealable by
their instruction or change of public
servants, I would demand their enfor
cement by the President, in dependent
of any opinion of his relative to
necessity, propriety, or constitution
Another Wonder of the Age.
The Suez canal, already passable to
boats, will be completed in 1870: It
will work wonders in the East, and
changes to all mankind. Once the
trade- between East and West went by
Alexandar, then so renowned,
through Egypt and the Bed Sea;
when through the same way Venice
maintained heropulence, until Henry
of Portugal sent Vasco de Gama to
discover a rival route by the Cape of
Good Hope and the Indian Ocean.
The commerce of West and East went
that way, and Venice and Alexandria
lost their importance. But this canal
must bring about another great world
change, the transit from West to East
and vice versa, by way of Egypt. Al
ready the town of Suez has a popula
tion of twenty-five thousand. This is
its emljouchure from the Red Sea,
with the grand pier extending farand
wide into a harbor vast and sure
enough for five hundred ships. There
is a magnificent dry dock already
compleated, the foundations for great
buildings immense constructions
both for dredging out the sea and fill
ing it up. There manufactories are
rising as if by magic. Along the route
are Drettv villages, blooming with
their little gardens, and the prattle of
little children is heard amid the hum
and cheer of happy industry, where a
few years ago all was desert, fulfilling
the Scripture prophecy that the soli
tary place shall be made glad, and the
wilderness blossom as the rose. The
Suez canal will be one of the wonders
of the world, and wonderful changes
will be wrought by it.
JULY 16, 1868.
Written for the Advertiser.
We read within yonr columns ,
How a Western Woman writes.
About " Nebraska Herd-Law,"
And also, " Woman's Rights."
Yes, I tell you if we women r
Could oiuy have our way.
We'd have a Nebraska Herd Law.
And other things to say.
We'd impeach old Andy Johnson,
The rebel, traitor, scamp ;
And for our next President
We'd hava Ulysses Grant.
JHien there Is poor old Jlmrale Grimes,
OAbout whom we sun? of yore;
"He used to wear his ion? tailed coat
All buttoned down before."
But since a loyal people,
Elected him, we find
The poor old fool has turned his coat.
And buttoned it behind.
And there are many others . - , '
As mean as Grimes can bo, roats
Who've proved tbeir.ilv poor turn
Againwt their loyalty.
Now, If we women had our risrhts,
You see we'd have thlnir better ;
We'd make the Senate walk the chalk,
All of them, to the letter.
And If these Northern traitors
Did'nt plav a different card.
We'd arrest them all, instantor.
And put them under guard.
Now, if you do not like my rhyme,
Please pass it without note,
And I will stop by adding
The women ought to vote. M. K. M,
An English View.
Nominations of Chicago Conrnrtion.
From the London Dally News, June 4th.
There are some circum
stances which render the nomination
of General Grant singularly oppor
tune. He i3 not a politician, and the
nation is tired of politicians. He is a
soldier, with a soldier's ideas of duty,
but with a civilian's respect for legis
lative authority and the national will.
He has probably no definite policy of
his own ; but it is of a lJresiaent wuh
a policjf that the republic is suffering.
He is accustomed to obey, as well as
to rule; and it is a President who will
do its work and obey its behests whom
the nation needs. The fact that after,
by turns, exciting the supicion he has
won the confidence of all parties,
proves his fitness for the highest post
in the commonwealth. A President
should be a practical statesman, not a
theorist a man of deeds rather than
of words; the executivo of the nat
ional will, not the apostle of his own
self-will. lie has no right to a policy
ivhich is not the policy of the nation,
and in his office he belongs neither to
his party nor to himself, but to the
nation which has elected him to its
temporary headship. It is the best
recommendation of General ("rant
that he will probably make a national
rather than a party President ; and
should his election once more lift the
office ever so little above the self-assertion
of Johnson's administration,
or the party narrowness of so many
of his predecessors, it may restore the
waning influence of the Presidency,
and begin an era of peace and recon
ciliation in the nation.
It is curious to observe the irresisti
ble advance of General Grant to the
position he now occupies. Ever since
Ir. Lincoln's death he has been spok
en of for the next President, but he
lias never, in any way, put himself
forward for nomination. Instead of
canvassing for himself, as so many of
his predecessors have done, he lias
refused even to submit to examination.
I lis habit of reticence has been a puz
zle to the ioliticians and an immense
affliction to the correspondents of
party journals. He was misunderstood
during the war, and would not ex
plain himself; he has been more mis
understood since the peace, and has
left the explanation to events. All
parties in turn have claimed him,
and all parties have spoken of him as
their Presidential candidate. In the
autumn of 1866 Mr. Johnson paraded
him as his companion in the celebrat
ed Northwestern tour. In the au
tumn of last year, when the first guns
of the electoral strugle began to be
heard, he was nominated by the partv
which supported Mr. Johnson's pol
icy, and was paraded by them as the
people's candidate. He was supposed
to be neither one .thing nor the other,
neither for Congress nor for the Pres
ident, neither for the North nor the
unconditional reconstruction ; but
only for peace as quickly as possible.
Reconstruction at any price was sup
posed to be his motto, and the advoca
tes of hastilly patching up the Union
regarded him as their coming man.
Meanwhile the Republicans who
were talking of Mr. Chase, Mr. Wade
and Mr. Colfax, were luke-warm about
General Grant. He would not be put
through his catechism, would not
commit himself to anything but pract
ical duty, and they were as willing to
suspect his silence as the Democrats
were willing to trut it. But it was
not the first service Mr. Johnson ren
dered the Republican party when he
put General Grant's loyalty to Con
gress to a practical test. As the Gen
eral would not declare against his
policy, Mr Johnson tried to use him
to carry it out. and thus forced the
declaration which neither private
friends nor public appeals had been
able to draw forth. From that time
General Grant has more and more
regained the confidence of the Hep-'
ublican party, and has only lost that
of the Johnsonites and Democrats.
Circumstances have, in fact, forced
him upon the Republican party, and
have rendered his unanimous nomi
nation as their candidate their only
course. But that nomination is an
other proof of the ascendancy of the
moderate section over the extreme
Radicals, of which so many examples
have been give. GeneralGrant is the
representative of the moat moderate
section of the Republican party, and his
unanimous acceptance as the candi
date of the whole party is a" proof of
its restored harmony, and aguarantee
of its success. He will probably be
elected by a vote in which all the States
will share, for the lirst tune since Mr.
Lincoln's fust election, and will be
the first Republican President who
will preside over an undivided Union.
A very talkative little girl used
often to annoy her mother by making
remarks about the visitors that came
to the house. On one occasion a gen-
tlemnn wiw eTneptvl wViri nvjr hiil
boon accidentflv flattened neirlv tn
his face. The mother cautioned her
child particularly to say nothing about
this feature. Imagine her consterna
tion, when the little one clearly
exclaimed : "Ma, you told me not to
say anytnmg aoout 3ir. r?mith's nose
W hy, he hasen't got any."
There is one more revolutionary
hero lingering this side- of the grave,
Jesse Blankenship. who was born in
Chesterfield county, Virginia, i3 now
one hundred and ten years of age,
served about one year in the revolu
tion before the close of the war. He is
now living in Russell county, Ken
How Cliromos AreJIade.
Chromo-Lithography is the art of
printing pictures from stone, in col
ors. The most difficult branch of it
which is now erenerallv implied when
chromos are spoken of is the art of
i .'i. -I ni
reprouucnig on pamuii. v iien a
cliromo is made by a competent hand,
it presents an exact counterpart of the
original painting with the delicate
gradations of tints and shades, and
with much of the spirit and tone ofa
production of the brush and pallet.
To understand how chromos.are
made, the art of lithography must
first be briefly explained. The stone
used in lithographing is a species of
lime-stone found in Bavaria, . and is
wrought into thick slabs with finely
polished surface. The drawing is
made upon the slab with a sort of col
ored soap, which adheres to the stone,
and enters into a chemical combinat
ion with it after the application of
certain acids and gums. When the
drawing is complete, the slab is put
in press, and carefully dampened
with a sponge. The oil color (or ink)
is then applied with a common print
er's roller. , Of course, the' parts of
the slab which contain no drawing,
being wet, resist the ink ; while the
drawing itself, being oily, repels the
water, but retains the color applied.
It is thus that without a raised sur
face or incision as in common print
ing wood cuts, and steel engravings
lithography produces printed draw
ings from a perfectly smooth stone.
In a chroma, the first proof is a light
ground tint covering nearly all the
surface. It has only a shadowy re
semblance to the completed picture.
It is in fact rather a shadow than an
outline. The next proof, from the
second stone, contains all the shades
of another color. This process is re
peated again and again and again ;
occasionally, as often as thirty times.
We saw one proof, in a visit to Mr.
Prang's establishment, a group of
cattle; that had parsed through the
press twelve times ; and it still bore
a srreater resemblance to spoiled col
ored photograph than to the charmin g
picture which it subsequently became.
The number of impressions, however,
docs not necessarily indicate the num
ber of colors in a painting, because
the colors and tints are greatly mult
iplied by combinations created in the
proccess of printing one over another.
In twenty-five impressions, it is some
times necessarv and Possible to pro
duce a hundred distinct shades.
The last impression is made by an
engraved stone, which produces that
resemblance to canvass noticeble in
all of Mr. Prang's finer specimens.
English and German chromo.s, as a
rule, do not attempt to give this de
licate final touch, although it would
seem to be essential in order to make
a perfect imitation of a painting.
The paper used is white, heavy
"plate paper." of the best quality.
which has to pass through a heavy
press, sheet by sheet, belore its sur
face is fit to receive an impression.
The process thus briefly explained,
we need hardly add, requires great
skill and judgment at every stage.
A single error is instantly detected by
the practiced eye in the finished speci
men. The production or a enromo,
if it is at all complicated, requires
several months sometimes several
years of careful preparation. The
mere drawing of the different and en-tirely-detatched
parts on so many di
ferent stones isol itself a wotk that re
quires an amount of laborand a degree
of skill, which, to a person unfamiliar
with the process, would appear incred
ible. Still more difficult, and need- !
ing still greater skill, is the process of
coloring.' This demands a knowledge j
which artists h ive hitherto almost ex
clusively monopolized, and, in addi
tion to it, the practical familiarity of a
printer with mechanical details. 'Dry
ing and' registering,' are as important
branches of I lie artofmakingchromos
a? drawing and coloring. On pnrpcr
registering, for example, the entire
possibility of producing a picture at
every stage of its progress depends
Registering' is that part ot a press
man's work which con.si.sts in so ar
ranging the paper in the press, that it
shall receive the impression in exact
ly the same spot on every sheet. In
book work, each page must be ex
actly opposite the page printed on the
other side of the sheet, in order that
the rmpression, if on thin paper ma-
not 'show through.' In newspaper
work this is of less importance, and
often is not attended to with any spec
ial care. But in chromo-lithography
spoil a picture, for it would hopelessly
mix the colors.
After the chromo has passed through
the press, it is embossed and varnish
ed, and then put up for the market.
These final processes are for the pur
pose of breaking the glossy light, and
of softening the hard outlines which
the picture receives from the stone,
which imparts to it the resemblance
of a painting on canvas.
Mr. Pranr bejjan his business in tne
humblest way, but has rapidly increas
ed his establishment, until he now
employs fifty workmen, nearly all
of them artists of the most skillful
class, and is preparing to move into
a larger building at Roxbury. Ha
uses eighteen presses; and his sales
are enormous, ms catalogue now
embraces a large number of Album
Cards, about seventy sets of twelve in
each set ; a beautiful series of illumin
ated 'Beatitudes' and 'Scriptrual Mot
toes; an endless list of our great men.
and of men not so great after all ; of
juveniles, notables, a profusely illust
rated edition or 'Old .Mothcrllubbard;
and of hdlf chromosandchromos prop
er. Tait's 'Chickens 'Ducklings,'
and 'Quails' were the first chromos
that met an instant and wide recogni
tion. Ninteen thousand copies of the
'Chickens' alone were sold. Bricher's
'Early Autumn on Esopus Creek' is
one of the best chromos ever made oh
a small scale. The 'Bullfinch' and
the 'Linnet' (after Cruikshank) are
admirable. There are other chromos
which are less successful, and one or
tu-o that are not successful at all : but
they are nearly all excellent copies of
the originals, with the delects musi oe
The chromos of Bricher's paintings
are really wonderfuily accurate.
Mr. Prang's master piece, however,
is not vet published, although it is
nearly ready for the market. It en
tirely surpasses an nis previous euoiia
It is Correggio's VMagdaxena,' and
can hardly fail, we think, to com
mand a quick sale and hearty recog
Like every modern discovery, chromo-lithography
has its partisans and
detractors. those who claim for it
perhaps impossible capabilities, and
those who regard it as a mere handi
craft, which no skill can ever elevate
into the dignity or an art. wedonot
care to enter into these disputes
Whether an art or a handicraft, chromo-lithography
charming little pictures vastly superi
or to any colored plates that we have
had before ; and it is, at least, clearlv
ratz3 or Arvrr.xiiNG.
One square, first insprtinn
, jl y
..... 1 ) o
. 3 (A)
i.M:h fuijciufril m. rTion
Husiness drd. five lines or less)..
Each AI'iittonl Line
One (tilumn, one year . ..
One Column, six month."
One Column, three monihs.....
Half Column, one year
Jl.iif Column, Plx month.''
Half Column, three month
Fourth Column, one yenr...
Fourth Column, lx month.-....
Fourth ( oiumn, turrtmonuis
FUhth Column, one y ar ..
F.U'hth Column, six month?
Eighth Column. t!:ret months
Stray Notices, (each head.
entitled to be regarded as a means Qf
educating the popular tato, and there
by raising the national ideal of art.
A correspondent, looking at chro
mos from this point of view, thus in
dicates (it may be somewhat enthusi
astically) their possible influence on
the culture of the people r
What the discovery of the art of
printing did for the mental growth of
the people, that of chromo-lit hography '
seeicfs destined to accomplish fur thyl r ,
mads. Scholars and the wealthier
classes had ample opportunities for
study; for even when Bibles were
chained in churches, and copies of
the Scriptures (then' aptly t vied)
where worth a herd of cattle, there
were large libraries accessible to the
aristocracy of rank and mind. But
they were guarded against the masse
by the double doors of privilege an-1
ignorance. A book i-orsessed no at
tractions tor the fciaa who couM not
read the alphabet; and, KerriM? tlu y
were rare and hard to get at, he La i
no incitement to master their mys
teries. Made cheap and common, .
the meanest peasant, in the course of
a few generations, found solace for
his griefs in the pages of the greatest
authors of all times,
Until within a quite recent period,
art has been feu lal ia its associations..
Gallerick of priceless paintings, in
deed, there have always been in cer
tain favored cities and countries: but
to the people, as a whole, they hava
been equally inacces sable and una;
preciated, because no previous truui
ing had taught the community how
to prize them. It was like Harvard
College without the district school,
a planet without satellites.
Now chromo-lithography, although
still in its infancy, promises to diiius j
not a love of art merely among thu
people at large,- but to disseminate the
choicest masterpieces of art itself. It
is art republicanized in America. Its
attempts hitherto have been coiuparu.- '
lively unambitious; but it was not
Homer and Plato that were first bun-,
ored by the printing-press. It was
dreary catechismsof dreary creeds. So
will it bo with this new art. As the'
popular taste improves, the subjects
will be worthier of an art which seeks
to give back to mankind hat has
hitherto been confined to the few.'
Two friends, one an Englishman,
and the other a Frenchman, ehr.nceJ
to meet at the Paris Exposition.
"What! vou in France, my dear
William ?" said the latter. "I a:a
delighted t6 see you. Hew do you
"Not very well. I have been mar
ried since 1 saw you last."
"No it isn't; for my wife was a
"I am sorry ; that's bad."
"Not altogether; for she .brought
me a dowry of ten thousand jounds
"Ten .thousand pounds! That's
good. It consoles you "
"No, it doesn't; for I invested tho
money in heads of cattle, and they ji'1
diedof the disease that hasju.-t been
rjL'ti in England."
"Not at all; for the skins brought
me more than I paid for tie cattle."
"Then you are indemnified?"
"No not altogether; fr I bought a
fine houso with the money, and it has
just been burned."
"Oh, what a misiorune: '
"Xnt .o rreat a one. cither: f r mv
wife was in it, and she wa buruud
with the house."
The Union Pacific BailroaJ is l o
inr LnSlr. nifirp rniiiillv this vear than
ever. The word is, "To Salt Lake- by
Christmas." bix hundred and ioriy
miles are now in running order, and
a hundred miles more are nearly ready
for tho track. Brighain Young has
Jive thousand men at work in Utah,
and says he is not afraid of the Gen-"
tiles. It is probable that the locomo
tive will go through.'; the Pacific in
18G9 instead of 1S70, and will carry
along with-it an immense train of
passengers and freight, now awaiting
that happy event. Contrary to tin;
usual experience of railroad compa
nies, the Union Pacific has an abun
dance of ready money and pays ca.-h"
for everything. Its "First Jlortgae
Six per cent. Gold Bonds are eagerly,
taken throughout the country by par
ties of sound financial judgement.
The sales have already amounted to
seventeen millions d )llars.
Bv the aid of the Fpcctros oie sev
eral new metals have been discovered,
and the atmospheres of the sun au 1
other heavenly bodies analyzed. It
has been put to practical u.-em analy
zing the flame of a furnace during tho
process of making Besemtr st el, o
that the exact moment wh'-n the
f)roces.sis complete is instantly shown
y the change in the spectrum. The
latest use to which it has U'en put is
analyzing liuman blood, whether, in
abnormal secretions or disea-o of m
dried stains. The coloring matter of
the blood shows a spectrum entirely
different from other substances, so
that where even the microscoje falls,
the spectroscope will instantly detect
so small a matter as the one-thousandth
of a grain of dried human blood. The
importance of this discovery; hot
only to medicine, but to criminal law
cannot be over estimated.
The English have lten realizing
what may be considered as a new col-
onv. 11 is an isian.i, sngmiy separa- .
ted from the continent of Australia,.
t the north end, and known as Arn-
heim Island, forming the western
edge of the Gulf of Carpentaria. JThis .
island was first touched at and marked,
about two hundred and fifty years ngo.
by the crews of the Arabella and I era.
The line of fifteen degrees south Lit i-
tude runs through it, and its area is
as largo a. that of the two islands of.
Britain ami Ireland put together. Its ,
tror.ie-al soil is rich in rivers, minerals
and vegetation. Captain Cadell, who'
recently "explored" it the irench
say declares it is capable of supper-'.
ting a population or htty millions of
An Italian inn-keeper confessed l
a priest, who akcel him if he never
greased the teeth of his guests' hordes
to prevent their eating. He replied
that he had never done so. The next
time he confessed that had commited
the act several times. "Why," said
the priest, "you told me la-t time that
you had never done it." "Holy father
replied the inn-keeper, "I did not
know the trick then."
At one of the hotels in this city,
the land-lord said to a boarder: "Sv'
here, Mr. Baker, the charrJ.t.rmni.1
found a Lair-pin in. your I I tills
morning." "Well," replied John, "I
found a long hair in tho butrcr this
morning, but it did n.t prove thre
wa a female in it." Selma (Alu
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