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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (June 18, 1868)
t.OLHAPr. T. C. HACKXH
... CnURCII, COLUiPP &CO,)'ii
. rirowxxvillo, ZNTo"fc.
. '.V :. : .-.:' !-;.-. ' . . " "
'TBRMS i . : ..' '
Copy, on year. In advance, - . . $2 Oo
tfubsmption, most InTaiiably, be pa!i In Advance
t3- Book Work, and Plain and Fancy Job Work dent
vna beit style, and on short notice.
One square (lOlineior lei) 1st insertion $1 5
Xach subsequeatinseruca, t
BasinesaCani3,oDe jearUvaUaesoriast 6 C3
Kaca additional liie 1 c
One Column, one year, $?J0Q
Oae Culamn, stx moults. - 60
One Column, three mouiSi, 30 CO
Half Column, one year, 60 CO
Half Column, six months, . 331
- Hali Column, three modal, - ! 316
Fourth Column, one year, 20 0i
Fourth Column, six months," 21 09
Fourth Column, three month J, T 15 00'
J Eighth Column, one year. " 31 CO
Eighth Column, six month, 1 " "
Eighth Column, tsrpe months, 10 00
Announcing Candidates for oGee 001
Stray Notices (eath head) J OH
Local Notices Charged as Ti ancient Advertisements
Ay Ay AyAyeAy a.
' ' !
- i .... .. .. 1 " ' ' ' " '
"LIBERTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEPARABLE, NOW AND FOREVER.
r i -ii
. HOLLADAY & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Deaier in
DRUGS, MEDICINE, PAINT, OIL, &c,
.. P. O. Building, Main St.,
WM. H. McCREERY,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Drnjs, Books,. Wall-paper and Stationery,
- Corner Main and 1st St.,
. Dealer in
Goods, Groceries fJSS & Notions.
Foot of Main Street near Levee,
WM. T. DEN,
WDolessle and Refail dealer in
... GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
Corn Planters, Plows, Stores, Furniture.
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING MERCHANT
Mam street bet. Levee and 1st,
Highest market price v aid for Hide, Pel:, Furs and
" Produce, by WM. T. DEN.
G. M. 'HENDERSON, '
Dealer In Foreign and Domestic
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES
... Main bet. 1st and 2d SU.,
BEER HALL, LUNCH ROOM
AND LIGHT GROCEKT STORK,
Main bet. 1st and 2d Sis.,
' J. L. McGEE & CO.,
McPher son's Block, Main street,
H. L. MATHEWS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
A. S. HOLLADAY, M D.
Graduated in 1851 f Located in Br ownville in 1856.)
Physician, Surgeon and Obstetrician,
n. TI Um ws tiansl tr"trilt.A BAtfl ftf A mTU ta t-
jaieu.vaJ9i'U aari.v v f t - r
log. Trephining and Obstetrical instruments.
. Office: Uollaaay Co's Drug Store. P. O.
F. S. Specialattention given to Obstetrics and
tbe diseases of women and children. i-44-ljr
" C. F. STEWART. M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
South East corner of Main and First Streets
Officb Hocks 7 to 9 a. M.and 1 to 2 and6 to
IDE To REST" PO RT E R,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND LAND
OFFICE In New Court House Building, wlthPro
bate Judge. '2-n2g
T.W.Tipton O.B.Hew'ett J.S. Church
TIPTON, HEWETT & CHURCH,
Attorneys at Law.
Office In McPheraon s Block, Main st. between 2d it 3d
THOMAS & BROADY
Attorneys at Law & Solicitors in Chancery,
Office over Dorsey's Clothing Store,
ATTORNEY .A.T LiA"W,
NEBRASKA CITY, KKBRASK.A.
. S. B. HARBLVQTON
i Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Beatrice, Gage Co., JTeb.
"p " B. F. PERKINS, '
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
5 : - Tecwnc, John on Co., Neb.
.r.: k . -CHESTER F. NYE,
Attorney at Law and War Claim Agent,
. ' " " " Pawnee City. Nrhra'lca.
BOOTS cSc SHOES.
ntT . T- T T"r- TTHT T IfTltl
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Main Street, 2 doors below tbe southeast corner of 2nd,
lias on band a superior Btockof Boots and Shoes
and the best material and ability for doing
flJCuttom Work done tcith neatnen and ditpatch.
rr , A. ROBINSON, "
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Main Between 1st & 2d Street
Takes this method of informing the public that
he haaon hand a splendid assortnent of Gent's and
(jadie'a Misses' and Chlldrens'a
" BOOTS &. SHOES.
t?"Cuton vork done with neatness and dlspatch3
Kepamng aone on snort nonce. iq-u
J. H. BAUER, .
. . Manufacturer and Dealer In
JfjlRjYESS, BRIDLES &c COLLARS
Mending done to order-caUsf action guarrantied
Shop on Main bet. Itt and 2d ttt..
Manufacturer and Dealer In
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
Whips and Lasbes of eyery description. Plastering
. , Hair. Cash paid for Hides.
Corner Main and 2d Sts.,
p. Q. CSOSS.
STEVEN'S ON & CKOSS, Proprietors,
On IereeSt., between Main & Atlantic.
This House is convenieut to the 6team Boat landing,
and the business tart of the City. The best accommo
dations in tht City. Ke pains will be apared In mak
i.......i.r.mi.rt.ii.. r,vnd Kiibl and Corral con-
ement to the rjonse.
MICHAEL FINK, Proprietor.
Southeide Main between 1st and 2nd streets,
Meals at all Hours, or for Regular Boarders, at
the usual rates. . H-U-lj
: " AMERICAN HOUSE,
Zi. D. EOBISON, Proprietor.
too Fed aod Llrery Stable in connection with the
ouse. Front street, between Main and Water,
J. K. BEAR. " ' . .
AGENT FOR THE
Merchant's Union Express Company
sTThersoo's Block, 2d floor, Hall Entrance.
STOVE & TIN STORES.
k JOHN C. DEUSER,
STOVES, TINWARE, PUMPS, &c.
Opposite McPberson'aB'ock, ,
SHELLEBERGER BRO'S '-
Manufacturer and Dealer in
TINWARE, STOVES, .HARDWARE. CARPEN
TER'S TOOLS. BLACKSMITH'S
FURNISHINGS Ire. "
a; McPherson'a Block arcwnville. Neb..,: ,
Will do BLACKSMITIIIN6 of all kinds.
Motet Horse Shoeing. Ironinq of Wagom and Sltighs
ana jiacnme worn a specialty. ... .
Shopon Main St., west of McPherson'a Block,
J. W. & J. C. GIBSON,
SHOP on 1st between Main and 2d, '
All Work done to order Satisfaction Guarrantied.
JOHN FLORA. .
B L A C K.S M I T H
Shop on Water Street South of American IIouso
- fni'c8tom Work ol all kinds soleitd. 12-12
CONFECTIONERY AND TOY STORE
Fresh Dread, Cakos, Ojsterc, Fruit, c.cn band.
southside Mam between 1st end 2d utreeta,
j. p. deuser;
Confectionaries, Toys, Notions, &c,
Main bet. 1st and 2d Sts.,
Proprietor of tbe CITST BAKERY". Fancy Wed
ding Cake famished on short notice. Dealer
in Confectionaries. Fruits and best Family Floar.
Main Street bet. lit and id,
CARRIAGE AND SIGN PAINTER,
Grainer, Gilder, Glazier and Paper-Hanger.
All work done on Short Notice, Favorable Terms and
Warranted. OT.c over Teare t Co's Stfre, Main St.,
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. 12-21-ly
J. L. ROY,
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER,
North side Male St., opposite Furniture Store,
Has a splendid suit of Bath Booms, Also a choice
stock of Gentlemen's Notions.
A. W. MORGAN,
Probate Judge & Justice of the Peace,
Court House Buildirg, Main St.
J. C. McNAUGHTON,
- Notary Public and Conveyancer, :
Agent for "National Life" and "Hartford Live
hock insurance" vompanies.
Office in JT. Li Carson's Bank,
GARRISON & ROBERTS,
BILLIARD HALL AND SALOON,
"Whitney's Block, Main street, bet. 1st & 2d.
The bett Wines and Liquors kept const aatly on hand.
R. V. IITJGHES,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE &. REAL
OFFICE Ceurt House Building, first door, west
side. . - v!2-n26
R. F. BARRETT,
GENERAL LAND AGENT, AND
LAND WARRANT BROKER,
Will attend to paying Takes for Non-residents. Per
sonal attention given to making Locations. Lands,
imprcved and unimproved, for sale on reasonable
WM. II . HOOVER,
REAL EST .TE AND TAX PAYING
Will give prompt attention to the sale of Heal Estate
and pavment ef Taxes throughout the Nemaha Land
District. -OFPICE-rDistrict Court Koom. vl2-n26
A. D. MARSH,
CITY BOOK STORE-
SCHOOL BOOKS, STATIOERY, &c,
Post Office, Main St.,
E. H. BURCHES;
Will tbeioming Spring plant crops in Gardens and
nltivate same by contract. Will also have on hand
weet Potato, Cabbage, Tomato &. Pepper plants for sale
WORTHING & WILCOX,
Anddealer in all kinds of Grain for which they pay
the Highest Market Price in Cash.
OPPOSITE DEUSER'S TIN-SHOP,
WAGONS, BUGGIES, PLOWS, CTJLTI
VITOKS, &c. Repaired on short notice, at low rates
and warranted to give satisfaction. x-13-fn nn
JONAS HACKER, ,
Tax Collector for the City of Brownville,
Will Attend to thepayrnent of Taxes fox non-resident
land owners in Nemaha County. Corrtt
. Office on Main bet. 1st and 2d,
" "7$3nTH P. TUTTLE.
U. S. Assistant Assessor and Claim Agent. Will at
tend to the Protecution of Claims before the Depart
ment for Ad Bounty. Back Pay and Pension. Alto,
to the Collection of Semi-Aunual cues on Pensions,
Office over Carsons Bank Main street,
Persons wishing Pictures executed in the latest style
Of the Art will please call at my Art Gallery.
' Main ttieet bet. 1st and 2d street,
KEIS WETTER & EARSMAN,
CITY MEAT MARKET,
Main bet. 1st and 2nd St.,
ptO. W. DORSET. LUTBEB HOADLET. CHA.S.G.DOKSXY
DORSET, HOADLEY & CO
RE AL ESTATE AGENTS, AND
DEALERS IN LAND WARRANTS AND AG
RICULTURAL COLLEGE SCRIP.
Office la Land Office Building,
Buy and sell Improved and unimproved Lands. Buy,
sell and locate Land Warrants and Agricultural Col
lege Scrip. Make careful selections of Government
Lands for Location, Homesteads, and Pre-emptions.
Attend to contested Homesteads and Pre-emption cases
In the Land Office. Letters of inijuiry promptly and
carefully answered, uorrespcnaeuoa &ouciwu.
TVied Teaches, Arrles, Blackberriei, Cherries a
, Thy neighbor ? It is be whom thou .
Hast power to aid and bless;
Whof e aching h eart or burning brow
. Thy soothing hand maj press.
Thy neighbor? 'Til the fainting poor ' '
, Whose eye with want is dim, '
, Whom hunger sends from door to door .
. Go thou and suocor him 1 - . !
Thy neighbor? .'Tis that weary" inaa,
Whose years are'at their brim, 1 '
i " . t
Go thou na comfort him! r'' -
T by neighbor ? 'Tia the heart bereft
Of eyery earthly gem ;
Widow and orphan, helpless left 1 ;
Go thou and shelter them !
Thy neighbor? Yonder toiling slave, r
Fetter'd in thought and limb,
Whose thoughts are all beyond the grare
- Go thou and ransom him !
. Whene'er thoa meet'st a human form
Less favour'd thafi thine own,'
Remember 'tis thy neighbor worm.
Thy brother or thy son.
Oh, pass not, pass" not heedless by 1
Perhaps thou eanst redeem .
The breaking heart from misery .
Goj share thy lot with him. Robert Cojjin
Bont low with KirL-nesfl. crn .nri r,n?-
For the Advertiser.
Down by the pretty brook, that runs
through Squire Edward's garden, stand
two large elms, and under the. shade of
these trees sat Minnie Murrey and May
"May," said.Minnie, ''do tell me why
don't you and Harry Morris marry ?
why, just think of it, here you ha?e been
flirting for at least two years, and have,
to my certain knowledge, been engaged
at least one year.
"Minnie," said May, as she tossed a
novel down on the seat beside her, and
shaking out her pretty brown curls,
have I not told you often that I would
never marry a man until he had a home
to take me to ; now, you know that Har
ry is nothing but a poor mechanic, but I
have promised to wait until he gets a
start in the world, and, if it is not to
ong to wait, and no other fellow comes
along that I like better, of course, I shall
stick to my agreement, but he would
have to have plenty of money you know."
"Oh ! you are so notional, May, I
knew that it was your fault that y)u did
not marry locg.ago, for all the village
said so, but don't be so fickle for you
know that Harry's old Maiden Aunt is
wealthy, and it is believed that when she
die's she will make Harry her sole heir."
"Oh Minnie, don't talk to me about
old Maiden Aunts, why they are just
as notional and hateful as can be, and,
may be she will make her will in his fa
vor, and may b3 she won't; and then I
never liked Miss. Nelson, for she always
rides by in her carriage as though she
was a queen and vie all her subjects."
"Well May, you had better stick to
Harry, that is my opinion, but you are in
a bad humor this afternoon, and I will
leave you to get in a better one."
llOh Minnie don't go yet ; but, if you
must go, Twill go with you as far as the
house ;" and they went chatting up the
We .will now call the attention of our
readers to a man, who, as the girls dis
appear from sight, stepped up from the
bank;'-sat down in one of the seats so
lately vacated, "well;" said Harry Morris
for it was no other than he.
"So 1 tuppose if some rich fellow
comes along and asks Miss May to share
his fortune, she would let me share the
same fate that many have before me.
But it is all right; I will let the petted
beauty know that I am as independent
as can be, let my heart ache as bad as it
may. If my old miserly aunt will just
open her heart and let me have that
money she has promised, I would go to
the city and finish studying law ; for,
God knows, I have spent many sleepless
nights studying, and all I need is money
to help me through, and I will go to
aunt Nelson's this evening and receive
her final answer."
And ha did go. The lady hummed
and hawed some time and then finally
gave him the desired means, and Harry
went merilly to his boarding house that
night but ; not to sleep, for May's pretty
and fascinating face came between him
and sleep. .
Next day Miss. May was surprised to
see the negro maid of all work admit
Mr, Morris into the parlor at so early
"I have come, May, to bid you good
by, for a time, at least. I am going to
seek my fortune." ' .
May looked somewhat confounded, and
twichingher fingers around one another,
fhe hurrjdly said:. Why Harry, is this
not very ; sudden ; I have not before
heard you mention. leaving Milton." .
No, I have been thinking some time
about it, and when I become well enough
off in money, I shall came back to claim
my bride ; that is, if some' other fellow
don't. come along that she likes better."
: May colored very -red. Ths same
words that she said to Minnie, though
she, he must have overheard us talking,
of. course, Minnie never told him.
And, after May had bid him goodbye,
she ran up to her room to have a good
cry. Oh, how she loved him then ; and
she, foolish girl, never knew what it was
to love before.
We will pass overlvvo years of May
Edward's life, and we find her pale and
thin. . Her father had sickened, and
died, and when everything was settled,
Miss. May saw the creditors take-house,
furniture, and all. Soon the pretty piano,
which was almost a part of May's life,
was taken and sold, and May, kind and
resolute, comforted her, delicate mpther
and little brother Charley. V
. It 'was finally settled that they would
go to the city of "B." and May would
take her stand at a Millenry Shop as
clerk, and mama was to take plain sew
ing; which they did. May would often
sigh and turn away from her severe
Mistress at the shop; yet never did she
complain to her poor mother, but com
forted her instead.
The people of Milton were surprised
at the appearance of Harry Morris, some
three years after his departure, but glad
ly welcomed him back a flourishing
lawyer ; for he was not poor now. Hard
study had done wonders for him, and
then Aunt Nelson had died leaving him
some forty thousand dollars.
He went to the City of "B." and
there found his May, but not the May
he used, to know surely, but a patient
and pale shop girl.
"May," he said, "will you now have
She could not speak, for her tears;
6he put her. little hand in his and was
They returned to Miltion and Harry
bought back the old home which May
loved so much, and Mrs. Edwards once
more- took her comfort in her easy chair ;
and May soon brightened to her cheer
ful self, by the loving kindness of her
Minnie is now married to a well to do
farmer, and May generally spends the
summer months at Minnie's pleasant
May has two little girls, one named
Minnie the other Prudence.
A Whole Mcnagere Rampant.
From the Milwaukea Wisconsin, June 1st.
On Saturday night Bailey & Co.'s
circus and menagerie concluded its en
gagement in this city, and about four
o clock bunday morning lett tor water
town. The team3 drove 'alonr slowly,
only careing to reach Oconomowoc by
Sunday night, have a good rest ana anve
into Watertown Monday morning. About
twelve o'clock yerterday the teams left
the junction of the Watertown and
. ... - .1
Waukesha pikes, and strucic me revvau-
kee road. Those of our people who have
driven on this road know the very bad
condition the road is in and will not be
surprised to learn that the irain master
urged extra caution on the part or the
teamsters. He had lust passed alonor
the line, waking up the sleepy drivers
and warning them, when it is supposed
the driver of the team containiDO the
cages of the lioness and her whelps, fell
as!eeprfor his wagon, passed over a bad
olace in the clanked road, careened and
fell into the ditch by the side of the road.
The driver being thrown on struck a
tone , by the roadside, injuring him so
adlv that he let tro his horses, who star-
ted, pulling the capsized cage with them
and dracrffinor it over the rouzh road.
The animals in the cage, awakened from
their slumbers, set up a roar which
frightened the horses, increasing their
alreadv raoid sneed. Fortunately the
horsea broke from the wagon, and before
goin a great distance were. hauled up
by one or the advance teams, ine auair
created much excitement as it was learn
ed through the scattered Wne, and the
ther team3 closed ud to it, in order that
the attendants might render assistance.
Upon attempting to lift the wagon back
to its place, it was found that the cage of
the lioness was broken, and the train
master ordered it let down again, until
the tamer, who had the cage in charge,
could be pent for. In letting it down
part of the cage caught the leg of one
the lioness had raid no attention to
the men gathered about,. but when the
help set up a cry of pain, the mother
prang up in anger, lhis set the whelp
uttering most plaintm roars, when
rae of the older beast became
tprn'fi(. Tt flashed to the whelD. beffan
licking it, and at' the same time uttered
those loud roars which have made it so
famous. Becoming enraged at its treat-
rnent, it dashed to and fro in its yarrow
limits, throwing itself with" fullforco
against the sides of the cage. A couple
of lions in an adjoining apartment be
came excited over the scene, and not
only added to the confusion by their
roars, but strove to break down the bar
rier between the two cages.
A gentleman living at Pewaukee, who
was near the cages at the time', says the
scene was one of the most startling im
aginable. -All the beasts in thacapsized
cages were yelling and striving- to get
out, while those in vans which had hilted
near became frightened and were utter
ing tokens of alarm in their pecular manner.-'
The horses, too, of all the van3
exhibited the utmost alarm, requiring
the effbrt3 of the drivers to look after
them. Until some help arrived, nothing
could be done with th6 prostrate van,
and it was left, while word was sent to
the rear teams to push forward as rapid
ly as possible. Meanwhile the anxious
drivers stood in fear that every moment
the now furious beastsTwould break out
of their cages.
As soon as word came the band wagon
the camels and elephants were urged
forward, and came up on a quick trot.
But no sooner had, the animals attached
to the wagon came within the sound of
the lions' voices than they exhibited the
most abject fear". The elephant threw
up its trunk and blew a terrific blast a
blast that startled all, even those who
had before exhibited no signs of fear.
Its keeper bravely kept by its side and
attempted to quiet its fears, but the mas
sive animal was thoroughly alarmed. It
seemed to be insane, and its yelU were
full of agonized fear filled with terror.
The camels startled some attempted to
break from their harness, while others
fell down flat, all uttering a pecular cry.
The band men leaped out, and while the
keepers of the band wagon animals look
ed after them, it was found that the lions
must be quieted or their would be a scene
beyond the control of all.
Abcut this time the lion tamer came
up, and hastened to the cage. The
beasts had become so excited now that
they scarcely noticed him, but made re
doubled efforts to get out into theopen
air. Had the tamer at this time lacked
a courage which seemed akin to utter
recklessness the beasts would no doubt
have succeeded in making their escape.
Without fear, he went to the cage and
very soon discovered the cause of the
fury of the mother. He called the at
tendants of the team to his aid, but they
were scarcely to be blamed when they
did not care to venture too near. Two
or three of them came, and with the as
sistance of levers separated the pieces of
the cage so that the whelp extricated its
foot. The mother, her suspence relieved
with the release of the whelp, ceased her
yells and again commenced licking the
The other lions seemed not entirely
satisfied, and rather to enjoy the confu
sion ' they were creating. Reaching
through the ventilator the tamer struck
one of them as heavy, a blow as he could
with a short ircu bar, which seemed to
send some sense into his head, and when
the order came for him to move, he and
his companion went into their own apart
ment, ceasing their howls, but keeping
up a low, indignant growling like dogs.
Observing this the men came forward
and raised the wagon to its place, fasten
ing up the. cage where it was broken,
and the horses being attached, the team
While this was being done, it seemed
as if the band team would more than fill
the bill which the hon family had attemp
ted. Although the sound of the lions'
voices could no longer be heard, its effect
was left on the camels Their keeper
had detached them from the carriage,
and had succeeded in getting them a few
rods away. They now made no effort
to escape, but lay down panting through
fear, and apparently oblivious to every
thing around them. The monster ele
phant, also detached, seemed to be in a
quandary as to what be should do. He
slashed his trunk against his side with a
dull but loud thud, and then raising it in
the air bh?vv blasts upon it, before which
all the trumpets of a band were a3 noth
ing. Just then had his elephantship his
strength there is no doubt he would have
made it felt. But by soothing and coax
ing he was at length quieted, and again
attached to the wagon. The camels
were aroused at length by kicks and
blows, and the strange afiimals moved on
trembling in every join.
What Railboads Do for Farmers.
To haul forty bushels of corn fifty miles
on a wagon would cost at least $12 for
team, driver and expenses. A railroad
would transport it at SI at most. Allow
ing an average of forty bushels per acre,
or eight per cent, on S100. As the re
lative advantage is about the same passing
through a town would add S110 per acre
to the value of the farms. A town ten
miles square contains 61,000 acres. An
increase of S100 per acre is equal -to
6.400,000, or enough to build 200 miles
of railroad, even if it cost 832,000 per
mile. But 200 miles of road would ex
tend through twenty towns ten miles
square, and cost but 10 per acre if taxed
upon the land. These figures are given
merely as an illustration. If the farmers
had taxed themselves to build all the
railroads in this country, and given them
away to any companies that would stock
and run them, the present increased
value of their lands would have well re
paid all the outlay. American Agricul
turist, . .
, . Nebraska.
We take the following from the re
port of the Commissioner of Agriculture
for the Month cf May : .- ,
1. Our returns from Nberaska are
chiefly from counties bordering upon or
adjacent to the Missouri river, or upon
the Kansas border, with a few of the
interior counties, and basing an estimate
upon the figures from' these localities,
the settled Dortiona of the State show an
increase in the value of farm lands of
from 150 to 175 per cent, since 1S60.
Dodge county reports an advance of 400
per cent.; Burt and Gage, 200 per cent.;
Dixon.' Dakota, Otoe, 100 per cent.;
Cass, Richardson, Pawnee, 50 per cent ;
Merrick, 33 per cent. In a number of
counties the settlements have been made
since 1S60, when the farms were bought
at Slper aero, or entered under the home
stead laws. Such 13 the case withJpff
erson, where are now farms held aa high
as 815 per acre. In Hall county, in the
interior, farms of 160 acres which could
be purchased in 1S60 for from S300 to
S400, now command from 81,500 to
S4.000, according to improvements and
distance from raiioad stations.
2. The value of wild or unimproved
lands ranges from the government min
imum price of SI 25 6p to $10 per acre.
In Dixon, choice locations on prairie, S3
per acre, very fertile, well watered,
capabilities good ; Dakota, S3 to S7
per acre ; Burt, S5 to 86 per acre, ex
cellent farming land ; Dodge, 84 per
acre; Cass, S3 to 810 per acre; for
lands lying 5 to 15 miles from the Miss
ouri river, gently rolling, well watered,
and unsurpassed in fertility ; but little
government land in the county; Otoe,
$5 per acre, on the average, mostly
prairie, except along the streams gently
undulating, with no abrupt bluffs or hills,
except when it takes its first rise from
the Missouri river, and with this except
ion is all capable of cultivation ; Rich
ardson, 84 per acre, deep, rich, sandy
loam; Pawnee, 82 to 810 per acre, soil
black muck or loam, wiih clay sub-soil,
very rich, producing wheat, corn, and
oats ; Gage, 82 per acre, chiefly prairie,
timber lands generally being taken up
by settlers; Jones, 82 to 85, mostly
prairie, good timber as high as 85 per
acre ; Merrick, S3 per acre, level prairie,
quality good, will produce all kinds of
gram and roots ; Buffalo, SI 50 per acre ;
Hall, 82 50 per acre, nearly all level
prairie, rather sandy but rich, and pro
duces well all the crops suited to the lati
tude. There are millions of acres of
the best prairie lands in the State t3
be purchased at government prices,, or
subject to entry under the povision3 of
the homestead acts, but a small proport-
ion'of the State having been taken up by
settlers or speculators. In I860 there
were over 4S,000,000 acres of wild or
waste areas in Nebraska, against less
than 700,000 acres included in farms.
Sorghum has been successfully grown
in some sections of the State.
3. The great resources of Nebraska
are to be found in her deep rich soil and
agricultural capabilities ; timber being
comparatively scarce, and minerals nq,t
generally abundant, so far as yet develop
ed. The timber is mostly confined to the
banks of the streams, and commands high
prices, and farmers are wisely engaging
in the culture of forest trees for the
want3 of the future. Our correspondent
reports a vast deposit of iron ore in
Gage county, of good quality, the vein
commencing near the surface of. the
ground and running very deep. Iron
ore is also reported in Dixon and other
counties. Coal is found in various sec
tions, but has been but slightly developed.
It is found in Rishardson at a depth of
20 feet, while in Pawnee it crops out
of the blutls along the ravines. Deposits
exits also in Jones, Dixon, Cas3, and
other counties along the Missouri, worthy
of attention. Rock and sandstone, for
buildiug purposes, abound in various
localities, supplying, to some extent, the
want of timber. Limestone is also found
in several counties. Our Jefferson re
porter says :
Ve have a mineral white clay here
which we think is valuable for pottery.
It is used also for paint, and seems to
answer every purpose of white lead. We
also have a stone colored clay, peculiar
for its toughrness and hardness when
4. Wheat, corn, oats and potatoes are
the principal crop3 grown in Nebraska,
though various others are successfully
cultivated to more limited extent. Our
Hall reporter writes that wheat, oats,
barley, corn, potatoes and peas are pro
duced in that county, with an average
yield a3 follows: wheat 25 bushels to
80 cents; barley, 40 bushels, at 85;
corn, 4 bushels, at SI ; potatoes, 100
bushels, at 82; peas, 30 bushed, at 83
per bushel, As an extraordinary crop
he names 45 bu?hels of wheat, 70 bush
els of oats, 45 bushels of barley, 80
bushels of corn, and 250 bushels of po
tatoes. In Pawnee, Richardson, Otoe,,
and several other counties Indian corn
is mide a specialty ; in the first named,
yielding about 50 bushels to the acre ;
and in Richardson, from 50 to 75 bush
els, never failiag, and largely fed to hogs.
Wheat 13 the chief crop in Dakota and
Dixon, in the latter yielding about 25
busheh per acre, worth 82 per bushel ; !
profit, 100 percent. In Dodge county,
last season, the crofs averaged as follows :
corn, 35 busheh, worth 90 cents; ots,
50 to 60 bushels, 55 cents: wheat, 18
busheh, 81 25 to SI 40. In Jefferson
they raise as high as 25 bushels of wheat
to the acre ; corn, from 25 to 60 the
former worth SI 25, the latter CO. cents
per bushel. Our Cass reporter writ33?
Corn, wheat and cats are the, stipla
crops'of this country.
A man and team, with the improved
farm machinery, can easily cultivate
seventy acres of corn, wheat and oats,
and do it well, with tb.3 ai l c; k
little help in harvest tic;?.
Sorghum has b3-:a succes-: ;:: "
in some sections
5. Canada Club, Rio Grande. Scotch
Fife, China Tea, Golden Drop, .May,
Blue Stem, Mediterranean and Black
Sea are the principal kind3 of wheat
grown in Nebraska, the spring varietiei
forming a large proportion of the whcla
crop. The China Tea, Canada. Club,
Scotch Fife and Rio Grande appear , to
be equally popular and esteemed for
hardiness, yield and value in market,
making superior quality of flour. The
Fife is given the preference in soma
localities as les3 liable to rust and injury
from insects, and also for its greater
productiveness. Winter wheat is sown
in September, and tha spring seeding; -U
done from the middle cf March to- tb.
middle of April ; the harvest commences
the early part of July and continues up
to the first of August. Drilling has beea
scarcely introduced as yet, but the system
is meeting favor, and willsaon be more
generally adopted. The mode of cul
ture is very simple, and promises to ex
haust the land as rapidly as settlers of
other new States have been able lo
accomplish the work, even though the
rich soil of Nebraska may now appear
almost inexhaustible. The general
practice is to plough he ground in the
fall, and harrow in the seed in the spring,
though better culture is given in many
instances. Our Hali jeporter writes:
All lands intended for wheat are plough
ed in the autumn as early as possible,
and well manured, if it can be done. In
the spring, a3 early as the frost is oat of
the ground, we sow, harrow twice or
three times, acording to the condition o
the land, and if not too wet roll it once.
If the spring is favorable we sow one
and one-quarter bushels to the acre ; if
a very dry season, one and one-half
6. Common wild paririe grass, blue
joint buffalo grass, red-top and wild tim
othy, with some white clover, supply the
pastures of Nebraska. Kentucky blue
grass and clover do well whenever cul
tivated, but the prairies are chiefly re
lied .upon for the sabsistence of stock
during the pasturing season, which is
reported to range from five to nine
months in length. Otoe repom five
month3asthe season upon which stock'
can feed exclusively in pastures ; Dixon,
Dodge, Hall, and Burt, six months ;
Cas3, Gage, and Jefferson, seven months ;
Richardson, Pawnee, and Jones eight to
nine months; and Merrick runs up to
10 months, our correspondent claiming'
that stock will live the whole year on
pastures in case not much snow falls in
winter. The expensa of pasturing stock
during'this season is generally the cost
of salt and herding the'highest esti
mate being S2 50 per head for the sea
son, and the lowest "nothing."
7. There is an abundance of wild
small fruits, such a3 plums, grapes, rasp
berries, strawberries, gooseberries, Sec,
but little has yet been done to test the
capabilities for large fruit3. Our Dixco
reporter writes: .
Thi3 county is not suited to the growth
of apples, peache3, or pears, as they get
badly winter-killed, and do not grow,
natural or wild, but plums, gooseberries,
currants, cherries, mulberries, raspber
ries, walnuts, grapes, Sec. grow wild and'
profusely. A family will freqaently
make 100 gallons of pure wine in a sea
son. I have made 20 gallons for my,
own use, gathering the grapes in two
day3. The wine sells at from 50 cents
to S2 per gallon. There i3 no grafted
fruit cultivated here ; those who have
tried the experment have failed.
Hardy apples may generally be . cul
tivated with proper selections cf variet
ies and care of tree3. In Otoe county,
according to our correspondent
Fruits that succeed in the north do
well. The hardier apples grov and ,
bear well, while pears are a complete
success. Peaches will yield an occasion
al crop, when the trees are grown in
the sod, so as to check the growth cf
the tree and render it hardy. The small
fruits all do well, except the Eawton
blackberry and the raspberry, which
propaagte from suckers, a3 they bably -winter-kill
unless thorough protected.
Our Dodge reporter says the hardiest
fruits must be selected to prove success
ful, and advic3s the raising of seeding?,
while he finds perfectly hardy.
Capabilities for raising fruit cot very
good. Apples and pears will not do,
well; I have tried it for the last 10 years
without success, although I claim tc un
derstand it. Of 12 varieties of cherries,
oily one kind (the Early Richmond) did
weil. Plnms do well; also grapes,
that is the Concord and Delaware, but.
no tender varieties.
Patent Strcii Polish. To 16 parts
ot starch, put 2 parts spermaceti, 2 paru
gum arabic, and I part of white wax ;,
dissolve in water and boil over a quick
fire three minutes, and as in common"
starch, use a heavy iron. The use q
this polish will enable the most ordinary,
ironer to give linen the appearance of
having just left the hands cf the most ex
perienced finisher, quite as beautiful
when it was new.
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