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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 28, 1868)
jr. t. coLHArr.
T. C. fi.ACKXB.
I c0rucn, coivnpp & cq?
Ucpnerson'sBlock, 2d Floor, Hall Entrance,
TE R MS
cvtjttT, In advance, - - . (2 00
S'tiot, must inaiiably, be paid In Advance
. Book Work, and Plain and facer Job Work done
Jfbet .tr'-e. a nd on abort notice.
Ay ax Ay Ay
LIBERTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEPARABLE, NOW AND FOREVER.'
One eqtiare (10 lines er legist insestion $1 5 :
Eaca anbseqaent iciertion, , ICO
Business Cards, one year, Are llnei or leas 5 0O
Each additional line 1
One Column, one year, 00
One Column, six months, 60 09
One Column, tbree nontns, SO 00
Half Colnmn, one year, 60 00
Half Column, six months, 0 09
Half Col nmn, three montas, 5100
Fourth Colnmn, one year, ' 33 O
Fourth Column, lis months, St 00
Fourth Column, three months, 13 oa
tljhth Column, one year, 21 03
Eighth Column, aix montii, IS CO
Eighth Column, three-months, 10 CO
Announcing Candidate for offlee 09
Stray Notice each head) M
Local Notices Charged as Ti ancient IdTertiiemen
BROWNVILLE, NEBEASKA, THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1868.
T HOLLADAY &. CO.,
rhoieale and Retail Deaier In
MUGS, MEDICINE, PAINT, OIL, &c,
P. O Building, Main St.,
WM. H. McCREERY,
WTleea1e and Retail Dealer in
Drrs, Boks Wall-paper and Stationery,
Comer Main and 1st Sts.9
pry Goods, Groceries JSSS & Notions.
Foot of Main Street near Levee,
WM. T. DEN,
WTioleen'e and Retail dealer in
GENERAL MEIl HANDISD,
Corn Fhnters, Plows, Stoves, Furniture
rOXXISSTOX A XD FOR WARDING MERCHANT
SirM market pricf peid for Hid ft, Peltt, Furt and
produce, by WM. T. DEN.,
G. M. HENDERSON,"
Dealer in Foreign aoJ Eomestic
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES
Main let. ltt and 2d Sta.,
JJEEil HALL, LUNCH ROOM
AND LIGHT GROCKRT STORK,
Main bet. Ut and 2d Sta.,
J. L. McGEE CO.,
De alert in
McWierw n's Work. Main met,
H. L. MATHEWS.
PHYSICIAN ANP SURGEON,
CIT V DRUG BTORE
A. S HOLLADAY M D.
Graiur'.ed in 151 ; Located in Brotcnv 'Me in 1S56 )
Phwcian, Surgeon nnd Oletrician,
Dr. II. ha on hanl comDlete ceti of Amputat-
I jEf, Ticphinirg ani Obstetrical instrument.
! Office: Uoliaaayx Co's Drug Store. P. O.
Y. S. Spec-al attention given to Obstetrics and
U.f dieofg of women and children. x-44-1j
C. F. STEWART. M. D
rnrcioiviT mi QpnacoiT,
Pooth East corner of Min and First Strete
t'rricE HocRS 7 to 9 a. u. and 1 to 2 and fij t-
ATT0RNE1 AT LAW AND LAND
OFFlCK-ln New Court House Building, withPro
UieJudce. y 2-nU6
f. W.Tipton O.li.Uewett J.S. Church
TIPTON, HEWETT & CHURCH,
Attorneys at Law.
Office inUcPbersoo s Block, Main ft. between 2d Si 3d
t. C. BKOADT.
THOMAS & BROADY
Attorneys at Law & Solicitors in Chancery,
Onkeover DorBey'a Clothing Store,
ATTORNEY AT LiAW,
t NEBRASKA CITT, XKBBASKA.
8. B. IIAKKLVGTON,
Attorney anJ Counselor at Law,
Beatrice, Gage Co., JTeD.
B. F. PERKINS,
' Attorney and Counselor at km, .
. Tecumtrl , John ton Co., Xeh.
CHESTER F NYE.
Attorcty at Law and War Claim Akcei,
Paipii'e Citt. Xhraka.
BOOTS & SHOES.
C H A R L ES ilE L L ME R.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Mm Street 2 doom below toe eontheaat corner of 2nd,
Ha on band a auperior Btock of Boots and Shi eg
?djfce best material and ability for doing;
hffCutom Wurl done trith Heatnrtt and d itpatch.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Main Between lit & 2d Street
Takeg this method of informing the public that
bag on band a splendid assortnant of Uent'e and
Wie'i Hisaes'and Chlldrens
13 uu i s est snuxo.
f"Caton work done with neatneaa and dispatcb.13
r-i ug uddc on snort nuviov. m-u iuu
- 'V . rS
J. H. BAUER.
Manufacturer and Dealer la
WRXESS, BRIDLES Sc. COLLARS
tadinjdone to order Uisfact!on gaarrantied.
, sltP on Main bet. Ittand id tti..
Manuactarer and Dealer In
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
tiP and Laibet of every description, Plaatering
Eair. Cat.h paid for Hides.
Corner Main and M Sta..
K?S0H. J). O. jCEOSS.
STAR HOTEL, ;
BTn7,ENsOK' & CROSS, Proprietor!,
tti, n 16t., between Main & Atlantic.
B4 th.k l convenieut to tbe Steam Boat Landlmr,
tioi. ifl.neM ,art '?tb Td best aecommo.
Jar r " l.n the City. Ko pains win be spared in mak-aiatt!l?I!lnrortb,e-
Good Stable aDd Corral con-
PENN'SV? VAVij imncr
. MICTT A T?T. T'TTCTTT" -n I
Heal between 1st and 2nd treet,
I tta n, , fcU Hott", or for Regular Boarders , at
t AMERICAN HOUSE,
I ltrh D- EOBISOir. Proprietor.
' fionae 7 ,od Liery ElabUin connecUon with tbe
j Es:;lPt street, between Main and Water,
j J. K. BEAR.
! i. AQENT FOR THE
j Merchant's Union Express Company
!. A H D
: STErn union teleorafh coup ant
In K'ptr40n'i Block, M floor, Hall Entrance.
JOHN C. DEUSER,
STOVES, TINWARE, PUMPS, &c.
Opposite JicPberson'a B'ock,
Manufactttrertand Dtaltr in
TIXJFARE STOVES. HARDWARE. CARPEX
. TER'S TOOLS RLA CKSMITH' S
McPberson'a Block BrcwtiVilie.'Keb.
J. H. BISON,
WilldoBLWKSMITIflNGof all kinds.
Maket Hone Shoeing. Ironing of Wagon and Sleight
and Machine Work a Specialty. m
Shop on Main St., west of McPberson'a Block,
J. W. fir J. 0. GIBSON,
B I; A C K S M I. T H S
SIIOP on lit between Main and 2d,
All Work done to order Satitaction Guarrantied.
BLACKS M I T II
Shop on Water Street South of American Douse
rjF"Oustoro V.,rk of all kind? solcid. 12-12
CONFECTIONERY AND TOY STORE
Fresh Bread, Cakes. Oyster , Fruit, Ac, on band.
Sonthside Main between 1st and 2d streets,
J. P. DEUSER,
Confectionaries, Toys, Notions, Sec,
Main tot. 1st and 2.1 St.,
Proprietor of tbe CITY BAKERT. Fancy Ted
tling Cake furnibed on sbort notice. Dealer
in Confectl nariea. Fruita and best Family Float.
Main Street bet. Itt and 2d,
G. P. J3ERKLEY,
CARRIAGE AND SIGJT PAINTER,
Grainer, Gildrr, Glazier and Paprr-IIanjer.
All work done on Short Notice, Favorable Terms and
Warranted. OfSce over Teare & Oo's St -re. Main St.,
BROWX VILLE, XEaRASKA. 12-21-ly
' J. L. ROV,
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER,
Kortb f iJe Main St., opposite Furniture Store,
Tfas a splendid suit of Batb Rooms, AUo a choice
stock of Gentlemen's Notions.
Probate Jcdc & Justice of the Peace,
Court House Euildhft, Main St.
J. C. McNAUGHTON,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
Agent for "National Lift" end "Hartford Live
btocK mturance" vompanict.
Office In J. h. Car6on's Bank,
OARRISON & RO HERTS,
BILLIARD HALL AND SALOON,
Whitney's Block, Main street, bet. 1st &. 2d.
The best Wines and Liquors kept const antly on band.
R. V. nUGUES,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE & REAL
OFFICE Ceurf Houte Building, firtt door, wett
R.' F. BARRETT,
GENERAL LAND AGENT, AND
LAND WARRANT BROKER,
"Will attend to paying Takes for Non-residents. Per
sonal attention given to making Locations.. Lands,
improved and ucinicroved, or sale on reasonable
WM. II . HOOVER,
REAL ESTATE. AND TAX PAYING
Till give prompt attention totbesale of Real Kstate
and payment, of Taxes thronRhout the Nemaha Uana
District. OFFICE District Court Boom. . vi-do
A. D. MARSH,
CITY BOOK STORE
SCHOOL' BOOKS, STATIOEKY, &c,
Post Office, Main St.,
E. H. BURCHES,
Will tbe coming Spring plant crops in Gardens and
n Uivare same by cuntraci. WiU aisofcaveon hand
weet Potato, Cabbage, Tomato & Pepper plants for sale
"WORTHING & WILCOX,
Anddealert in aJl kind of Grain for which they pay
the Highett Market Price in Cath.
OPPOSITE DEUSER'S TIN-SHOP,
WAGONS, BUGGIES, PLOWS, CTJLTI
VITOU3, &c, Eep&ired on short notice, at low rates
and warranted to give satisfaction. z-12-f n nn
Tax Collector for the City of Brownville,
Will M-ttend to the payment of Toxetfor non-retident
landowner! in Nemaha County. Corrtt
Office on Main bet. 1st and 2d,
SMITH P. TUTTLE.
rr Aitiitani AttnttrandCUimAaent.- Will at
tend to the Protecution of Claim befort the Depart
ment for Ad Bounty. Back rarf ana rtmiv
to the Collection of Semi-Aunual duct on Pentxcnt,
. i; Office over Carsona Bank Main etreet,
Pertont vnthing Picturet executed in the latett ttyle
of the Art will please cell at ijy Art Gallery.
Main stieet bet. 1st and Jd street.
KEIS WETTER & EARSMAN,
GIT Y MEAT MARKET,
Main bet. 1st and 2nd Sta.,
GEO. W. DORSET. LDTHSB HOADLST. CEAS.G.DORflll
DORSEY HOADLEY & CO..
REAL ESTATE AGENTS, AND
HEALERS IX LAND WARRANTS AXD AG
RICULTURAL COLLEGE SCRIP.
Office lo Land Office Building,
Buy and sell Improved and unimproved Lands. Buy,
sell and locate Land Warrants and Agricultural Col
lege Scrip. Make careful selections of Government
Lands for Location, Homesteads, and Pre emptions.
Attend to contested Homesteads and Pre-emption caes
la tbe Land Office Letters of Inquiry promptly and
eareXnlly answered. Correspondence solicited. 2otI
1?reh Tomatoes, ia two and tbree pound cans, a
? . SWAN & PRO'S;
For the Nebraska Advertiser.
Farmlrft Witlioat Fences.
BT A WESTERN WOMIN.
Now I think I bear you saying, .
As you read this caption o'erv
"TVestern Woman, better study
Something that concerns ber more.
"Let her mend ber husband's stacking!,
"Wash and sforoli his Sunday shirt,
Teed her chickens, weed her garden,
"Keep her kitchen froe from dirt.
"Then if she has time to scribble' '
.Stop say nothing more t( tine ;
Tis not lack of occupation
Makes me try my band at rhyme.
I hare work enough for seven,
House and garden both in charge
Then the field, it must be guarded
Colts and cattie ran at large
Think of raising corn and cabbage,
Turnips, pumpkins, oatr and wheat,
Where tbe cattle rnn at pleasure
Trampling all beneath there feet
Pawing up the young potatoes,
While the horses roil tho grain,
'Tis enongh to rouse ones temper ;
Tell me, who would not complain.
Husband goce from homo on business
Learing me with home in charge ;
Neighbors knowing law protects them
Let their cattle run at large.
Think of driving twenty horses
O'er the hill a mile away ;
Coming back find fifty cattle
On the whet and boun to stay.
Only get them fairly star ted
When tbe baby wakes and cries,
Have to quit and take my darling,
Blesg aer little bright black eyes.
Ab, she has a magic power,
And I think she's half aware
That her ple3ant tearfull welcome
For the moment drives dull care.
Butl've really left my subject,
Baby threw me off the t-ack,
Eu . Ill call my thoughts a moment,
Only for a moment back.
I've a cotion to petition
..j a j....li m pvwwr
Nemaha should have a herd-law
If the power to rote wore ours.
Experience of a Conntrj School
Teaclier. "I cannot begin my story in the de
cisive language of a humorous story-
writer. 'I once took a school, and good
ness knotys I'll never take another' as
my firet experience in teaching was any
thing but agreeable.
I was a graduate of the Slate Nor
mal School, and considered myself profi
cient in the art ot teaching before I ap
plied for a school. I applied for sever
al schoolr, but was unsuccessful. At
last, I applied for a school in Bushy Hol
low, and in due time received the follow
ing note :
Miss Flora Fitzjerset 1 have been
trying for two months to obtain a teach
et for our school. I at once laid your ap
plication before the board of trustees,
and it was voted, 4That Miss'Fitzjersey
teach the school in Bashy Hollow, at
a compensationpf two dollars.' I deem
it but honorable to state, that this school
has a bad reputation. No one ever
applied for it a seccond lime, or was
ever known to make teaching.a profess
ion after trying the experiment here. I
will advise how to conduct your school
when yor arrive. You may begin next
Monday. You may board with me.
Solomon Straight.' '
"Bushy Hollow, June .'
'The next Monday morning I started
bag and baggage the former, like the
effects of most country school-marms,
including the latter for Bushy Hoflow.
Having arrived at that interesting local
ity, I proceeded at once to the residence
of Mr. Solomon Straight. 'Mr. Straight
was a hard-looking man. He informed
me he used to keep school was an old
fashioned schoolmaster, and that he had
a very high opinion of the old-fashioned
way of teaching.
There had been much difficulty in
the school you are about to take,' said
he. 'It is somewhat peculiar. It is
successful only as long as the scholars
stand in fear of the teacher.. If a teach
er would succeed in this locality, he
must neither allow himself to become
attached to his scholars, nor allow them
to approach him in a familiar manner.
When I used to teach school, a scholar
would have as soon thrown sticks to a
bear as to have disobeyed me, or even
to have brought me a bunch of flowers.'
Judge Taney, ss.id he, looking very
solemn, 'announced the principle that
negroes have no rights that white men
are bound to respect ; it is a principle
equally true that scholars have no rights
that teachers are , bound to respecC
The reason in both cases is the same.
Scholars, like black men, have no legal
rights, nor any discretion nor judgment
worthy of the consideration of their sup
eriors. I would remind my pupils of
these grave facts in my opening speech:'
"I endeavored to fix these important
ideas in my mind.
On going to school he conticed, 4I
would find a large prickly stick, and take
it with. me. I would show it to. my
scholars in my opening address and
give them to. understand at the outset,
that I meant to enforce discipline. Such ,
an exhibition as that would at ence pro I
duce a wholesome effect. I would say
to mv scholars something like this : .
'Scholars, if need be, I shall break
your backs, and I shall break your heads,
but no rule of. mine shall ever be broken
I endeavored to impress this forcible
remark upon my mind.
As soon as a scholar,' continued my
adviser, 'violates one of the rules of the
school, I should chastise him most severe
ly, as a warning to others.'
'Mr. Straight's ideas of teaching
were not exactly mv own. but it was
necessary for me to teach somewhere,
and this was the only situation thai off
ered itself; I therefore determined to
obey my instructions most implicitly, in
order to give satisfaction and to succeed.
There is one advantage, thought I, in
having a hard school if I succeed, the
greater will be my triumph and ray re
putation. Mr. Straight directed me to the
schodl-house. I started, feeling rather
faint-hearted, and looking on both sides
of the way for . a suitable stick. I en
deavored to arrange in my mind my
opening address, which was to consist of
a dramatic show of the stick, an allusion
to the defunct Judge Taney, and the
startling announcement about the broken
backs and heads.
'I at last found a stick that I thought
would do, and went along, waving it in
a most authoritative manner, and ex
claiming: 'Scholars, if .need be, I will
break your backs, and I will break your
heads, but no rule of mind shall ever be
broken with impunity.'
"Hooray !' shouted some one over the
wall. 'That's the talk ! Smart gal that !
Guess she'll make urn toe the mark','
'I looked around, dreadfully frighten
ed, and saw a rusty old codger, with his
mouth wide open and his hat in hand.
'Hooray!' shouted he, swinging his
'I stepped very quick for the next half
mile, casting furtive glances behind.
'I at last lost sight of ray enthusiastic
admirer, and come in sight of the school
house. Here I mustered up all my
courage for my debut.' I marched into
the school-house with the air of a duchess,
and violently rung the, bell.
"Scholars, saidI, as soon as taey
were assembled I felt violently agitated
'Scholars, you see thai '
'Here I held up the slick.
'Judge Taney says,' I continued, feel
ing very shaky about the heart Judge
Taney says '
'Here followed a long pause. I began
to shake all over from 'head to f oot.
J'Judge Taney says,' I, spasmodically,
determined to say something; 'Judge
Taney says, thit yor have no rights that
I am bound to respect. 1 11 break your
backs and I'll break your heads, but '
'Here I trembled so all over that I
lost my idea, an was obliged to sit down.
So this was my opining speech.
The next thing was to adopt rules for
the school. I had an hundred and
twenty-four with me in my portfolio, all
good ones, which had been written down
while at the Normal School. I conclud
ed, however, that, before I adopted any
rules, I would submint them to my sup
erior, Mr, Straight. So I ordered the
scholars to fol4 their, arms, and pointed
significantly at the stick. I resolved to
be systematic, and, therefore, to assign
no lessons until the rules were adopted.
So I looked as sour as I possible could un
til noon, the scholars silting before me
with folded arms, and looking quite as
cross as their teacher.
At noon I went to Mr. Straight and
told him, that, in order to be systematic,
I had thought best to assign no lessons
before adopting rules for the government
of the school, aod that, before adopting
rules. I had deemed it prudent to submit
tue mauer to him. He gave me credit
for a prodigious amount of wisdom and
discrection. I submitted to him the one
hundred and twenty-four rules of which
I had made memoranda at the Normal
School; he approved of them all, and
added twenty more, making in all, one
hundred and forty-four needful rules
Only enforce these,' said Mr. Straight
'and, in one week, your school will re
volve around you like satellites around
In the afternoon I established my
grovernment, which was an absolute
monarchy. The rules and regulations
were very explicit. The scholars were
forbiden to look behind them, or before
them, or on either side of them, or to
move their arms, or their legs, or their
lips. They were to come . in military
order, and to go out in military order,
and to go into their classes at the sound
of a bell, and to be dismissed, singing :
Children go, :. -To
In a mery pretty row,
.'Tis a happy, happy sight !'
which doggerel is a fair specimen of the
poetry found in most of our school music
books. If I were to prepare a music
book for schools, I would put in Watts's
hymns or Moore's Irish melodies al
most anything but the senseless twaddle
now in vogue. .
'In about five minutes after I' had an
nounced my regulations to the school,
Tim Flounder turned round, thereby
violating1 rule No 144. I seized my
stick and made a dive for him. He at
tempted to run out of the door, but I was
too smart for him ; be then dogged me
and crawled under the desks. I run the
stick under after him, and thrashed it
hold of that there
stating across the
get hold of that
about in a furious manner, but whenever
it was in danger of hitting him, he
caught hold of the end, and time he caught
hold of it he broke off a piece. This
was perplexiDg. At last I crawled under
the desks after tbe little rascal, but he
was very small, and thereby had the ad
vantage of me in a race under them, and
so kept out of my reach. I therefore
emerged, covered with dirt and very red
in the face.
If I ever do get
young one said I,
room, 'if I ever do
there young one '
Just then I stumbled over a half bushel
of feet and legs, and fell sprawling on
the floor. Jerusha Bowen had broken
the one hundred and forty-third regula
tion, moving her feet into the aisle.
Here was a case for disipline that I meant
' WThen I arose, which was pretty quick,
for I was mad, I looked at my stick, and
found it 60 badly broken as to be unfit
for "service. That little boy Tim had
rendered it a noncombatant most effect
ually. While I was deliberating what
to do, Tim escaped out of the door, ex
claiming: "If you ever do get hold of this young
one agin, you just let us know, wopt
He was gone, and my first case of
discipline had proved a failure. What
was to be done with Jerusha? I would
shake her. I laid violent hands on her,
telling her I would shake her daylights
out. She looked very calm, and said.
Well, shake." I undertook it, but, as she
weighed a hundred and eighty, and I only
ninty-five, the attempt proved very un
satisfactory. By this time all the school
were in confusion and laughing. The
one hundred and forty-second rule was
broken, and that, too; by the whole school,
Jerusha included. I resolved to send
for Mr. Straight, and accordingly sent
one of the little girls for him. It was
not long before I saw him coming, bring
ing a monstrous stick, and showing by
his gait that he was much excited. The
schojars saw him, and began to smell a
pretty large mice. The big boys started
for the door without singing the dainty
song I had taught them, and made, the
best us6 of their wits and legs, ditto the
small boys, ditto the girls, all but Jeru
sha. She sat perfectly calm.
'Mr. Straight came in excitedly.
"Wnere are the culprits?' thundered
"All are fled, but Jerusha,' said I.
She deserves hanging, she does, a good
for-nothing huzzy !'
Here I sat down and began to cry.
. Jerusha,' said he, 'come into the entry.
Jerusha obeyed. He shut the door,
and I was left the sole occupant of the
'Presently I heard a thrashing in the
entry. He is giving ber a dreadful cast
igation, thought I. I began to feel sorry
for her; her fault wasn't very great,
after all ; . I couldn't bear to have her
beaten with a cudgel ; so I thought I
would 'open the entery door, and say
something to mitigate her punishment.
What do you think 1 saw ?
Mr. Straight with one hand was
thrashing an old shawl belonging to one
of the fugitive scholars, with the other
hand he was drawing Jerusha affection
ately towards his lips, and she was in
the act of imprinting upon them Pshaw !
,I took my bonnet and started for Mr.
Straight's I took my budget and started
for home, resolving never to apply for a
'But my resolution was not kept. My
Cousin Ellen took the same school and
taught it successfully.' She came to visit
me at the close of the term.
'Ellen,' said . I, 'how did you ever
succeed in keeping that school?
'I found no difficulty. Scholars have
rights, and they respect and are pleased
to obey the teacher who respects those
He aroused the worst passions of his
pupils who theatens a school. Hatred
begets hatred, and love love. A kind and
considerate example on the part of the
teacher is always met half way by his
pupils. The teacher who wins the aff
ections of his pupils, possesses the true
element of success,'
'A school kept in subjection through
fear of the rod will sooner or later cause
the teacher and the community trouble.
Scholars should be so educated morally
that their sense of obilgation to' them
selves, to their parents, to their future,
both in this life and in the life which is
to come, shall be so keen that they will
govern themselves A . teacher . whose
chief aim Is discipline, makes his school,
not a seat of learning and moral advance
ment, but a house of correction, and the
moral influence of such a school js bad.
There is nothing that promotes moral
strength and exalts character in mere
What kind of a scholar did you find
Jerusha Brown?' I inquired a few days
She did cot attend my school. She
was married about a week after it op
ened.' ' ' :'-
Married ! Mercy ! to whom ?'
.'To Solomon Straight, the district
'I took another school, and applied
Ellen's principles, and succeeded.'
The Fenians are
other raid on Canada.
preparing for ac-j
Schuyler Colfax was born at a house
in North Moore street, near West Broad
way, in the City of New York, March
23, 1S23. His mother is but sixteen
years his senior. He received a good
common school education; was bred a
printer, and settled in Indiana in 1S36.
He soon became foreman and assistant
editor of the village paper of South Bend.
It was then a very small sheet, such as
every Western settlement issues, as a
sort of flyer to a job printing business as
it has got its school-house, grocery, hotel,
and blacksmithshop, and begins to think
about having a meeting-house. The
'type' out West frequently gets the start
of the preacher, though the race is close.
Those who saw Colfax then "at the case'
describe him as a light, spindling, flaxen-haired,
boyish-locking youth clever
rather in the Yankee than the English
sense with a delicacy of temperament
which suggested a doubt whether he had
the stamina to live to manhood, without
the faintest suggestion that in his mature
years he would be Speaker of the House
and the second choice of the country for
President. Tne news then came to
South Bend by stage from Detroit, or
up the St. Jo River from the Lake.
There was but little of it, and though
Mr. Colfax became the editor and pub
lisher of the South Bend Register as
seon as he became of age, other and sub
sequent evidences were required to est
ablish his claim to intellectual superity.
In 1848 he was a delegate to and Sec
rotary of the VVhig National Convention.
In 1850 he was a member of the Indiana
Constituational Convention. In 1S52 he
was again Secretary of the Whig Nati
onal Convention. He was elected to the
Thirty-fourth Congress, and has been
'regularly reelected to every subsquent
Congress. He was elected Speaker of
the Thirty-eight Congress, and has been
reelected Speaker of the Thirty-ninth
and Fortieth. He was urged but he de
clined to accept a seat in United States'
Senate, preferring his presiding chair
in the House. His open, pleasant face,
has become familiar to large audiences
throughout the country, who have listen
ed to his addresses upon political topics,
upon the late President Lincoln by
whom he warmly lived, upon his tour
across the continent to the continent to
the Pacific, or upon subjects connected
with the work of the Sanitary and Chris
tian Commissions. He is pure in hi3
personal and moral habits, has a broad,
outspoken, and ca'hohc sympathy with
every good work of reform, whether
political, moral, intellectual, or religious,
and has the warm and enthusiastic con
fidence of Chrstians and temperance re
formers throughout the country. He
attends, and we believe is a member of
the Reformed Dutch Church, and is a
thorough teetotalist. Without being
educated as a scholar, industrious reading
has given much of what is scholarship
unalloyed by its pedantry, its clannish
ness, or its egotism. Without being
bred a lawyer, practical farailirnty with
legislation has taught him all that is
most valuable in law, freed from the con
servatism and inaptitude for change and
reform which rest like an incubu3 on
so many of those minds which are bred
by the habits of the legal profession to
look for precedents which show what the
law has been, rather than to broad princ
iples which settle what the law ought to
be. yet Mr. Colfax has frequently
shown the happiest familiarity with pre
cedents, especially in questions of parlia
mentary practice. As a presiding offi
cer he is the most popular since
Henry Clay. His marvellous quickces3
of thought, and talent for the rapid ad
ministration of details, enables him to
hold the reins of the House of Repre
sentees, even in its most boisterous and
turbulent moods (and with the exception
of the New York Board of Brokers, the
British House of Commons, or a Fair at
Donoybrook, it is the mpst uproarious
body in the world), with as much ease
and grace as Mr. Bonner would show
the paces of Dexter in Central Park, or
as Gottschalk would thread the keys of
a piano, in a dreamy maze of faultles3,
quivering melody. As an orator, Mr.
Colfax is not argumentative, except as
clear'atatement and sound judgment are
convincing. He rides no erratic hobbies.
He demands few" policies which the aver
ege sense of intelligent men cannot be
made to assent to on a clear statement
of bis position. H is eminently repre
sentative. A glance at his broad, well
balanced, practical brain, indicates that
his leading faculty is the sum of all the
faculties judgment, and that what he
believes the majority of the people either
believe or can be made to believe.' Some
men may be further ahead ot the age.
Mr. Colfax finds sufficient occupation
and usefulness in adapting himself to
times and things as they are, without
cuting his throat with paradoxes or steal
ing a march on mankind with some new
light, which they are very likely to re
gard as a will-o'-the-wisp." He ha3 no
eccentricities, but great tact. His tal
ents are administrative and executive,
rather than deliberative. He would
make good appointments, and adopt sure
policies. He would cake a better Pres
ident, or Speaker of the House, than
Senator. He knows men well, estimates
them correctly, treats them all fairly and
candidly. No man will get through his
business with you in fewer minutes, and
yet none is more free the horrid brusqu
ene$3 of busy men. There are heart and
kiudness in Mr. Colfax's politeness.
Men leave his presence wi-.h the im
pression that he js at once able, honest,
and a kind man. Political opponents like
him personally, aj well as his'politicl
friends. We have never heard that ha
has any enemies. The breath of slander
has been silent toward his. fair, spctl83
fame. The wife of his youth, after be
ing for a long time an invalid, sank tt
her final rest several years ago, leaving
him. childless. His mother and sister
preside at his receptions, which for many
years have been, not the most brilliant,
but the most popular of any given at
the Capital. Socially, Mr. Colfax is
frank lively, jolly. It may be that he
feeJs his oats in some degree, but dign
ity hasn't spoiled him. The everlasting
I-hood and Us-nes3 of great men is for
gotten in his presence. His manners
are not quite so familiar as those cf
Lincoln, but nearly so. They are gen
tle, natural, graceful, with a bird-like or
business like quikness of thought and
motion But they are very far . from
the high and mighty style of Sumner,
or the judicial coldness of Fessecden,
Sherman, and Trumbull. Though manly,
they are genial and winning. American
mothers believe in Schuyler Colfax.
There are more babies named for him,
than for any public man since Clay. It
is a sure test of greatness when mothers
are willing to take the name cf a public
man to the baptismal font, and sacredly
link together that oft-repeated name
and that tender, unfledged life, with holy
prayer. They know that, corcie what
will, that name, however tried and temp
ted, will never disgrace the offspring.
What more shall wa say of Schuyler
Colfax ? The nation honors him, by
selecting him as the vice President of
the U. S. A.
The New Fashions.
There have been some changes in the
toilet administration this spring, and bon
nets those marvels of the milliner's art
have shrunk to such a degree that the
Queen of Liliput would have some troub
le in trying one on her head. Yet thg
modistes have endeavored to effect a
compromise by making the trimming cf
one of those fearfully and wonderfully
made" articles as extensive as possible.
The back of the head and the necit are
now sheltered by a lace vail tfead cf
the time honored cape, and a coronet
bridges the bump of benevolence in front'
of the bonnet. The fanchon may be con
sider the General Grant of bonnets in
point of popularity, and poor Marie. An
toinette, whose head sat so uneasily oa
her shoulders during the dark days of the
san cu!otte3, untill it fell at last a victim
to their fury has now a namesake nest
ling amid the curls of our most distin
guished belles. In the matter of cloak?,
the modistes deserve a unanimous vote cf
thanks for the handsome styles they have
brought out this spring. La3t year a
lady carried on her back a bushel load of
jet and beads, wnich had a disagreeable
habit of fastening themselves in every
thing and the cloaks looked for the world
like propositions in Euclid worked out in
silk and pas3ementeri. Now the ladies
have charming little sacks, ba3quine3 and
paletots, with surplice or mantilla fronts,
lapels like those on a gentleman's frock
coat trimming of silk satin and lace, and
a coquettish sash tied behind. Since the
spring weather oar thoroughfares have
again become fit for pedestrians, Broad
way and Fifth avenue are constantly
dotted with those exquisite cloaks, and
the ends of the sashes flutter in the May
breeze like flags and streamers on the
shipping on a national festival. J) Y.
At a meeting of the penological society
of the state of Ohio, it was reported that
the apples in Northern Ohio have greatly
deteriorated in the pa3t thirty years.
Peaches, from general and spontaneous
growth, have come to need care and
cultivation. Three thousand acres of
grapes are under cultivation in Erie aci
Ottawa counties, including the islands
of Lake Erie, from which it is estimated
that two hundred thousand gallons of
wine were produced during the last year.
The pursuit or agriculture, with dili
gence and prudencet seldom fails of yield
ing, if not wealth, a moderate indepen
dence, ror the farmer who 13 not m
debt, and the produce cf whose farm is
sufficient, with industry and frugality,
to support his family, is in reality, indep
endent in his" circumstances as though he
were worth a million.
The latest horticultural device is tilt
of removing the stohes from fruits by a
process of gradual reduction, by extract
ing the ptt3 from shoots and grafting
them on stocks, and their own branches,
for successive seasons. The experiment
has been perfectly successful with the
Never feed your cattle in the yard
without' a 'rack,' Economy rightly
enough shrugs her shoulders at so slov
enly a practice. The actual loss to the
half a dozen racks and the expense cf
keeping them in complete repairs for
years. Any farmer who has an axe,
saw and auger, can make one.
After the horse i3 nine years old, it
is said that a wrinkle comes an the eye
lid at the upper corner of the eyelid ; a
year thereafter he ha3 one well-defined
wrinklofor each year over nine. . If, for
in stance, a horse has three wrinkles, ho
is twelve, if four, he is thirttoeD, fet?.
. S, Urn :
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