Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1868)
, I CHCBCH. Z COLHArr. T. C. HACKXE.
ciirncn, cooiapf & co.,
tlcPherson's Block, 2d Floor, Hall Entrance,
On square (10 lines or leu) 1st Inseeiloa 1 GS
Xacb eBbaeqsittlneertloa. 1 CO
Baslneee Car J, ocy tar, flra U&as or teas A 00
Xacn additional lid . W
On Colama, os year, f.JO-J
On Colamn, m month. 'J &J
On Colawa, ikr.e mc-aiil, SO 00
Hall Culama, one veer, t J CO
Half Column, ei montna, aoco
Half Column, tares montcS, tt CO
ourtn Cotana, on year, S3 00
fourth Column, Six montne, II 00
FonrtK ColBoaa, xnre rnonil, IS CO
Ilghth Column, one year - SI 00
Eighth Column, aix months, 15 CO
Xightti Cold ma, tore mecths, W 00
il iJIIJlnl I
y. AiM .Ay Ay Ay Ay
pncv. one year. In advance, - - . $2 W
rubsription, must invanably, be paid In Advance
Stray Nottcea (each head) 3 00
Local Notices Charged aa Ti ancient A2Tert!semenZ.
V" Book Work, and Plain and Fancy Job Work don
tut best style, and on snort notice.
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1868,
"LIBERTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEPARABLE, NOW AND FOREVER,"
X. W Tipton. U.S Senstor, Brownville,
j U Thayer, ' ' Omaha.
johv nrrc Representative, Dakota City.
Tavid BcTLta. Gvernr. Pwnee City.
Thos P. Kknnard, Se.reiarr, Umtbi.
John Gillupie. Auditor, Oinba.
AtCl'STLS KoiKTZ Treasurer.
r. S Knox, Librarian Otnuha.
O. P. Maon Jnupeof li Judicial District,
WM- U. Hoovlr, District Clerk forKeui.ha Co
JIJ. T. J AJO-RS Senator. Peru, Kemaba Co
;to ritow Rtprereni.uve, Fairview dj
J.octs h aldtir, d. UrowDTille, do
has Havhood, do Grant, do
VM Imily, do Peru. do
TTtfTTED 8TATE3 DIRECTORY.
n M Atkinson, Keiiloter. J IT. S. Land Office,
Johs I. Carson. Receiver Br.wnvii!e.
V Tcttlk U S. As. At-essor, Urownville.
A. D. liARtii, Pust limner. Broiriiviile.
6 M. RkHi Register in Bankruptcy.
Jame M Hackef. Clerk and Keguterof Deeds
ti. w. Kbtth Treasurer,
a. W.Morgan Pruie Jul?.
pAVIDSOS I'LASTERS. SljPriH".
V V. right, Suiveyor.
- (. ItOl MLS. )
I. L M 'i EE .
Blrnaru ottens . Coroner.
! CITY DIRECTORY.
JarvisS ThurCh Mv-r.
WM. H McCllERV Cleik.
M ?. Bovu. Marshall.
Jonas Hackeb. O''llector.
w.m. II. Hoover. Treasurer.
T. R. Kisher KnKiner.
J. K. hi olds, Atiorney.
C. F. Stewart,
t C. Uacker.
c. w. wHt.ELER, Aldernjen.
a! P. Cogswell.
Firt BsptiBt. Service on Second Sunday and
Biereedii iurday of e.cb momb at 2 o'clock P. il
,i ti!f j!eK) it cbtrch in Brownviiie. Rev. M. F.
Methodist Episcopal. Services every Sunday
it 10 1-2 A.M., aud 6 l-i P. at. Prayer Meetine every
Tliuri-Jy evenitu; Sunday S.Ii-k.I every Sabbatb at
Ma M Rev. W. S. BLACKBURN. Pa-tor.
Episcopal,- Services in MtPberson'a Hall every
ciberSun'.ay at 101-3 A.M., aud every Sunday at
1-2 P M Sundav Sell 1 at 2 1-4 P M every Suu
iy Kt. Rev.t. R. DAVIS. Msai.nry
FiTVt Pi ebytr fin Services every Sunday at
JO I 2 A. H an! -2 P.M.; Suod-y School at 214
t M ; Praver meetin every Wednesday at 7 P. il.
fv. JOHN T. BA1KD. Pastor.
arrival and Departure of Malls.
Eastern Mail arrives dai iy, eacepi Sunday, at I, p m.
daparts " I 1-2
Northern Mail arrives" " " at i p m
' ceparta " " " at I 1 2 '
Testern Mail ai nves every Wednesday at 4, p ra.
departs every il ndav at S, a.m.
3rant Mail arrive every Tufdy at 6, p. tu.
" departs every Wcdueday at 8, a.m.
EockportMail anlvea ev.-iy Saturday at 3. .. m.
. departs " 3 1-2. p m
f Persons will 11ik by petting their mail In fully
talf an hour 1 f.ire the deiiaitureif mai's.
CftHe ojeu Suuoaya from B to 9, a. m , aud irom 4 to
t,P'm A. D. MARSH, P. M.
Browkville R. A. Chaptir. Meets at Masonic
rta'.i iii Hii. iivu;e eatb Monday eve'iin? f r lectnies
lDdT:ork. It. W. PIRN AS, U P.
Gf o R. Davis, Sec.
Nemaha Valley Lodge No 4. A P& A M nieett.
tO-'Ulrlv in Hie Masonic Hall on the 1 anJ 31 S-tlur-a...f
:ach n...ri'b: T W. BEUFORl), W M.
J. II. VoHRISOS. Secre'ary.
Urownville Lodge 1 O r O F meets legularly
ffiy Tiewia evtMiij in ti e Mas.. nic 1111.
II. C LKTT, N. G.
R. W Fairerother, Sec.
tRovKviLLE Lodge. I O f GT, meets regularly
Sveiy Pud.y eteuiu Hi the Mi'tnc H-.ll.
RKI'tKlCK PARKER, W. C. T.
P n. Lewis w. S
G A li Pst No. I, Nemaha Cunty, meets every
siiernaie Thursday, in Br-vu.vilie, over Doisey &
Bru's CiolbiiiR Store, a 1 7, P.M
Capt. O. B. UKWETT. P. C.
V I. Blacbbvrn, P. A.
It ARM ON I A Meets every Wednesday evening In
tie hail west of Teegrapu m-e MP e'Min'n Block
LOUIS WALDTER. Pre.
Jos SiirTf, Sec.
Browsvile Literart association Meets
tvtij- iLurMiay eveniug at 7. P. M.
J. b SCnEXK. Pres.
D D Ri'PFMAV, Sec.
Testers Ukion Telegraph tompant Offlce
la ytl'uersuu'a Biotk. J. K. BEAK Operator.
HOLLADAY &. CO..
Whoiesaie and Retail Dea.er In
DRUGS, MKDKHNE, PAINT, OIL, &c,
Building, Main St.,
WM H. McCREERY,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Drags, Books, Wall-paper and Stationery,
Corner Min and Irt Sta.
Dry Goods Groceries JJJS & Notions.
Footct Main Street near Levee,
WM. I. DEN,
Wholesale and Beiail dealer in
Corn Planters, Plows, Stnve-, Furniture.
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING MERCHANT
Main street bet Levee aud 1st,
HJjIiftt mcrfctf price paid for Hide, Pt!t$, Fur and
Produce.by WM. T. D-fclN.
G. M. HENDERSON.
Dealer in Foreign and Domestic
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES
Main bet. Ut and 2d Sta.,
BEER HALL, LUNCH ROOM
AND LIOHT GROCERY STORE,
Main bet. lt and 3d Sta..
J. L. McGEE &. CO.,
D alert in
GENE RAL M ERCH AN DISE.
Mr.rberetn'a Blok. Main street.
T.W. Tipton O.B.Hewett J.S.Cburcb
TIPTON. HEWETT &, CHURCH.
Attorneys at Law,
Oca inMcPberaon a Block, Mala St. between 2d &. 3d
.T. THOMAS. J. H. B SOAPS'.
THOMAS & BROADY
Attorneys at Law & Solicitors in Chancery,
Office vex Dorsey'a Clothing Store,
ATTORNEV AT T-.A.W.
NEBRASKA CITT. NF.BRASCA.
S. li. HAKKINUTUN,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Bentriee, Gage o.. Jt.
rERKJNS A OlLLESpiE,
Attorneys and Counse'ors at Law,
Tecunuek, Joknaon Co., 2?eb.
CHESTER F NYE,
Attorney at Law and War Claim Agent
raxenee City, Xebnuka.
D. O. CROSS.
STEVENSON & CROSS, Proprietor!,
On Levee St. , betwean Main & Atlantic.
This I3.U(-e is convenient to tbe Stem BoHt Landing,
and the business i art of the City. The bext accommo
datious in tbe City. No paina will be sp.red in mk
inx tuesta comfortable. Gjod Stable and Conal con
venient to tbe loose
MICHAEL FINK, Proprietor.
Souths-ide Main between lit and 2nd street?,
Meala at all Hoars, or for Regular Boarders, at
tbe usual rates. 12-11-ly
Ij. D. RO BISON, Proprietor.
A rood Feod and Livery Stable in connection with tbe
LTonae. Front , tree. , between Main and Water,
J. W. BLACKBURN, M.D.
PEaNMON EXAMliNLNG .nUKGEON,
endert his crfesfional aervice to tbe citizens uf
tirownville and vicinity.
OFFICE AT CITY DRUG STORE.
Xirht calU at hU JiccideDce south aide of Atlan
tic between 1st and 2nd streets.
H. L. MATHEWS.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
CIT V DRUG STORE.
A. S HOLLADAY M D
(Graduated in ISM ; Located in Br ownville in 1866 )
PliyMcian, Surgeon and Obstetrician,
Dr. H.ha8on hand complete rets of Amputat
ig. Trephining and Obstetrical instruments.
Office: Ilollaoayx Co's Drug Store. P. O.
p. ri. Specalattention given to Obstetricsand
he diseases of wmnen and children. x-44-ly
C. F. STEWART. M D
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
oath East corner of Main and First Streets
men II0CR8 7 to 9 a. M.and 1 to 2 and to
714 p- M
J. H. BESON,
WilldoBLACKSMlTIIINGof all kinds.
Makes Horte Shoeing. Ironina of Wagont andleight
end Machine Work a specially.
Shop on Main St., west of McPbersun'a Block,
J. W. &. J. C. GIBSON.
B I A C K S M I T II S
SIIOP on 1st between Main aud 2d,
All Work done to order Sat iJ action Guarrgntied
Shop on Watr Street South of American House
J-tT-Uuntotn Work ot all kinds soicitea. i-i
A. D MARSH,
NEWS DKP SO I.
SCHOOL B'HOKS, STATIOaNERV, &c,
Post Office. Main St.,
c. hacker. j. s. cnt'Rcn. j. L- com ATP
HACKER. CHUrfCH & CO..
BiHk-Se!!ers Stationers and News Agents,
South side Main Street,
STOVE & TIN STORES.
J OH N C. DEUSER.
STOVES, TINWARE, PUMPS, &c.
Opposite McPheraoo's B'ock,
M'Mufacturert and DeaUr in
TINWARE. STOVES HARDWAKt:
TER S TVUL.'S aj.uiibj
McPberwu'o Biuck Mrcwiivti'e. Neb.
BOOTS & SHOES.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
Main Street 2 doors below trie southeast corner of 2nd
tlas on hand a superior Stock ot lioois ana oui ta
nd the best material and ability for doing
ZSTCuHtom Worl done Kith nrat ncn and dach.
BOOT AND SHOE . MAKER,
Main Between lt t 2d Street
Takes this method of informing the public that
e has on hand a spUndid ass.Ttn.tut of Gent's and
Ladie'a Misses' m ChiMrens's
BOOTS & SHOES.
r-J-Cuxton work done with neamesa ana ai,-,
K-iHinnir nne on ni-i mmrr.
10 SO fnr.n
s . '
CONFEanXEKY AND TOY STORE
Fresh Bread. Cakes. Oyster , Fruit. Ac, on hand.
S.othidMain between 1st and 2d streets,
j7 P. DEUSER,
Confectionaries, Toys, Notions, &c,
Main bet. 1st and H Sa
Proprietor f Ibe CITY HAK.UUX. rancyv.su-
dinaCake furni-thed ou snri noiire iwn
In Confectlonartes Fruits and best Family flour.
Main Street bet 1st andld,
J H. BAUER.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
IMRJfESS. BRIDLES &' COLLARS
Mending done to order aitisfaction cuarrantied
Sh p on Main bet. 1st and 2d sts..
Manufacturer and Teaier in
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS,
Whioa and Lahhes of every dcriptin. Plastering
Hair. Ca-b paid for Hides.
. Corner Main and id Sts.,
W D MAHIN.
Manufacturer ad Dealer in all kinds of
Saddles, Harness, Whips, Cull.trs, &c,
Smith's Patent Trace Buckles.
Nixon's Patent Trace Buckles.
JCortk Side ilnin Street,
MRS J. M GRAHAM.
TEACHER OF MUSIC.
X.ESSOSI GIVEN ON THE PIANO, ORGAN,
MELODEnN C V IT A B A N D VOC A LI X Atiiijt
Hating had eight years experience as Teacher of terns of Ladie Drtstes, Cloaks, and Childrens "clo.
Musici A e York is confident of giving satisfaction, iing cat on short notice
Rooms Main, bet. 4ih& 5ih sts. Second Stient. between Main Sc Water
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. BROWNVILLE, JfEBRJSKJ.
J. L. ROY,
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER,
North side Main St., between 1st and 2d.
Has a splendid snit of Bath Booms, Also a choice
stock of Gentlemen's Notions.
A. W. MORGAN,
Probate Judge & Justice of the Peace,
Coart Hoose BatldUg, Main St.
J. C. McNAUGHTON,
Notary Public and Conveyancer,
Agent for " National Life " and " Hartford Live
mock insurance" companies.
Office In J. L. Ca'son's Bank,
R. F. BARRETT,
GENERAL LAND AGENT, AND
LAND WARRANT BROKER,
Will attend to paying Takes for Non-re9idents. Per
sonal attention given to making Locations. Lands
imprcved and uniniDCoved. for sale on reasonable
E. H. BURCHES,
Will tbe coming Sprint Jplant crops in Gardens and
n'tivate ame by.n ntract. Will aao have on band
weet Potato. Cabbage, Tomato k. Pepper plants for sale
WORTHING & WILCOX,
And dealers in all kind of Grain for which they pay
the llighctt Market Price n twft.
GEO. W. PORSET. bnTBER HOADLET. CHAS.O. DORSET
DORSEY HOADLEY & CO..
REL ESTATE AGENTS, AND
DEALERS IN LAND WARRANTS AND AG
RICULTURAL COLLEGE SCRIP.
Office in Land Office Building,
Bay and sell improved and unimproved Lands. Bay,
sell and locate Land Warrants and Agricultural CjN
lepe Scrip. Make careful selections of Government
Lands tor Location, Homesteads, and Pre emptiona.
Attend to con:e-tfri Hometeads and Pre-emption cases
in the Laud Office Letters of inquiry promptly and
carefuliy answered. Correspondence solicited. 25tf
OPPOSITE DEUSER'S TIN-SHOP,
WAGONS. BUGGIES. PLOWS. CULTI-
VII O KS, &.c. Repaired on short notice, at low rat es
and 11 arranted to give satisfaction. x-13-f n nn
fax Collector for the City of Brownville,
Will attend to the payment of Taxes for non-resident
land owners in Neman a county. Torres
pondem e Solicited.
Office on Main bet. 1st and 2d,
SMITH P. TUTTLE.
U.S. Assistant Aet rand Claim Aoent. Will at
tend to the Prosecution of Claims before the Depart
ment for Ad Boun'y Back Pay and Pensions Also,
to the Collection of Semi-Aunual cue on Pensions,
Office over Caraons Bank Main street,
HOTOOR APHIO ARTIST
Persons wishing Pictures executed in the. latest style
of the Art wul ptease can at my An uauery.
Main siieet bet. 1st and 2d street.
J. W. SMITH.
BARBER AND HAIR DRESSER
Main St., 5th door rom S W eor 2nd St.
GATES & BOUSEFIELD.
BRICKLAYERS & PLASTERES
Wlil take contracts for Bricklaying, PIatennt
building t;iterns, and do anything in their line
a tbe most satisfactory ana worKmaniiae manner.
KEISWETTER & EARSMAN,
CITY MEAT MARKET,
Main bet. let and 2nd Sta.,
J. V D. PATCH.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
S lver and Silver-Plated Ware Constantly on band
all varietiea of Spectaciea Repairing aone iu iuo
neatest style, and at sbrt notice. Charges moderate.
Work warranted City Dtug Store,
Vv7 H. KIM BERLIN.
OCULIST AND AU1HST.
Will Treat all Disenseif tl e Eye and Ear.
Rooms at the Star Hotel.
Tenders bis services to the citizens of this city and
viclni'y . May be conmned at itii a Dove place iroin ids
1st to the H th of each pnilh. And at the Ssletu Hor.se,
Sa'rm. Richardson county Neb'onka,
from tbe luth to tbe last of each mouth. 13-lily
JOHN L. CARSON,
Exchange bought and sold on all tbe principal
Cities. Also, dealer 10 Oo.a and. buver Coin,
Gold Dnst and
Deposits received, payable' at sight.
Interest paid on time Deposits by especial
agreement Taxes paid for non-residents.
All kinds f
U S. BONDS WANT KD
JOHN L. CARSON.
R. F. BARRETT,
Proprietor of the
NEW STEAM FERRY BOAT,
SUN SET, and owner of tbe entire Ferry FrancUli" at
Would respectfully represent to the Traveling Public
that tbey can be terriel over the Missouri River, at
Brown vt lie. promptly and without delay, at all boara
in tbe day time -Tbe
capacity of tbe boat will accommodate
Fifteen Loaded Wagons and Teams
OR 100 HEAD OF BEEF CATTLE,
MBS. ECMCE LEACH, MISS MABT A. SIMPSON
LEACH & SIMPSON,
Milliners & Dress-Makers
Wi.-h to infor the liisof Brownville and
vicinity that they hasjun cmmence4 a firtclas3
MILLINERY & DRESS-MAKING
Where wora will bw ooue with great -ro aud neatr
peg", and alter the iataxl Eastern styles.
Bleaching and Repairing done ia the rery latest
stle and on snort notice.
Latest sulea of Ldi 'sand Children HaU and
rtinnetii eonstantlv keot on hand, all Utisl pt;
J. M'KENrE, EDITOR.
We desire to make oar articles practical and use
ful to others ; and if we can induce other teachers
to examine carefully the methods ve present, we
think they will find some suggestions worthy of
their attention. We will commenoe with giving a
few hints on teaching the Alphabet.
The old method U calling the little fellows up
one at a time, and with book on your knee and
penknife in hand, point to A, and then to B, and
soon through. While the scholar follows the pen
knife saying "A ah," 'B ah," "C ah," Ac. This
process is repeated threa or four time a day nntill
each little one can eay the line from top to bottom.
Were we to go into a school room and find a
teacher going through this lifeless, thoughtless,
soulless, heathenish style of teaching small children
we would feel very much like seeing said teacher
transported to Tartary etid rodt to eat rice with a
knitting neekle.tiilhe conld acqnirre common sense
enough to know that a child should bo tought to
Well, let as take that, as the fundamental princi
ple in all our teaching, "we'll teach the child to
think every step of the way." With this idea
uppermost in our minds let as rail up all the little
ones in school who do not know their letters. Now
ploce them in a row upon the floor, with arms
folded, heads erect, and shoulders back. Then ask
them ''if they ever saw a dog. Of course they
have, and all are eager to tell you something about
him. Now let the teacher exercise his skill in
drawing out the thoughts of every scholar in the'
class. Say, let him ask each one to tell some part
of the dog, as the bead, month, ears, eyes, legs,
and so on. Let rach one tell something that the
dog oan do, as bark, bite, howl, watch. Then ask
wherein a dog is like a cat or pig, and where they
differ. Does a dog look like a cat ? Is any part of
a cat just like a dog t And here the teacher may
elicit thoughts, anl make it deeply interesting to
the class. Now, when the mind is all awake, prist
tbe word DOG on the blackboard. Tell them that
stands for dog, means dog, just the same as a pic
ture of a dog. Talk about this word, let each try
to print it, and then let them take their seats, and
with s!at6 and pencil try to imitate the word the
teacher has printed.
Thus you will have bad a real pleasant time
with the children, and they have enjoyed the ex
ercise exceedingly, Jno, and will be impatient for
the next recitation. Do not keep your class on the
floor more than fifteen minutes at a time ; avoid
wearying the little ones by standing, but change
your exercises frequently. If the weather is
pleasant, send them out doors most of the time ;
and while they are jn the school room keep them
busy in some way, but do not make their less -ns a
tal, till they can spelt and read little, avnt tm
then J make their lesions very short ; and whatever
they do learn let it bring some thought to the
We can only give a hint j the intelligent teacher
will readily see the plan, and be able to carry it
out succersfully. As the teacher progresses, he
teaches the letters as secondary, the child learns
them incidently from their use in forming words.
And if the teacher fully understands his business,
he teaches that letters are only signs for certain
souLds, which the child must make every time it
pronounces a word.
Mnch has been written on the "art of good read
ing," and li all the good rules found in many of
our excellent school readers were strictly followed
in the spiri t as weil as the letter, we would doubt
less have more good readers than we have at pres
ent But where is the teacher that fully carries
out the directions given T Many may be able to
give a definition of articulation, emphasis, inflec
tion, pauses and modulation ; but where is the
teacher that puts his theories into practice 7 Echo
answers uhire 1 JNcw we contend that very lew it
any were ever made good readers by studying ar
bitrary rules and directions. Tiese may servn as
guides, and be valuable helps if thoroughly under
stood -and carefully followed ; yet the be?t rule
that we have ever found, is to read as nearly as
possible as you talk.
We often hear a peism conversing, and the tones
of his voice are pleasant, and even melodious; we
are charmed with his conversation. Yet give the
same person a book, and ask him to read a few
pages, and how different are all his tones. You
are turned almost to distraction when obliged to
listen to him, and we sometimes think that no
gteater punishment could be inflicted on a person
with a delicate sense of the btautiful. than to ob
lige him to listen to one of these dr-a-w-linj, mo
notonous readers ; indeed Satan Would be cruel,
beyond all reason, were he to doom any of his vo
taries tu an eternity of suah punishment. It seems
when people take up a book or paper that they
must put themselves into a strait-jacket, and their
voice must rise ben, and all there, and il at
this word, and turn at that, all by rule, of course.
Nonsence, man ; read as you talk. How would you
speak what you are reading were you conversing
with a friend ? Forget your rules while reading,
get your heart interested in your subject, be care
ful to renounce each woid distinctly and f orrectly
and throw your rules for inflection and emphasis to
the bats. Don't misunderstand us ; we want yon
to know tbe rules thoroughly. Yes, you ought to
try and practice them, know when you violate one.
AU this must be known by a good reader ; but do
not read by rule. Let nature aud good common
sense guide vour intonations, and not fear but you
will read well if you can call words readily.
Tbe great reason that we have so many misera
ble readers, may be justly attributed in a great de
gree to defective training in early life. The child,
while learning to read in words of one or two syl
able, has been permitted to prolong the sound of
each letter, until it has bad time to think of the
next, and thus imperceptibly it has acquired a
monotonous and sing-song tone, so that in a short
time it fails entirely to notice it iu jtsejf 5 and
when the young man ht completed his course of
study, we find him sfill using the old tones. A
teacher who will allow a small scholar to acquire
such disgusting and odious tones while leaning
to read, ought to be indicted of grand larceny,
and sent to the penitentiary and confined there
until he has succeeded in correcting this habit at
least in Utj of t,Qe most inveterate igvgers in
the country. For it is really stealing from tha
child the tones that nature gives him, and substi
tuting in their stead the waitings of the unfortu
nate in Plato's dark regions.
Teachers, for merey's sake don't let the ebjldrea.
sing-song oat their lessons. Teach tietn tsi talk
plainly and correctly. One great reason for poor
reading is an ignorance of the meaning of the words
used. Many people are like the blind man who
was restored to sight : be was unable to distinguish
bis children until be heard them speak ; so they
will use in common conversation words that when
seen in print they cannot pronounce, or pronouns
ing, make quite another word.
People do not read aloud as much as they ought.
This no doubt is a great reason wbj so many blan
der and stammer along j they are not used so the
sound of their own Voices, and it disconeerto them
Every person should read aloud some every day.
And what is pleasanter during a long winter's
evening than to sit and read aloud, or listen to
some one else read. This is the custom of the Ice
landers, and we might adopt it with proflt.
For tbe Nebraska Advertiser.
We heartily endorse the suggestion of "Pkbc,1
that some Saturday be fixed upon as the time of
meeting for the purpose of organizing a "Teacher's
Association," ard as the "Saturday" has not been
specified, as we anticipated, we would suggest that
we meet in Brownville or Peru, on Saturday, March
28th, at 9 o'olock A.M. Perhaps Brownville wouid
be more desirable on account of locality, and would
attract a larger attendance. And since the State
Normal School, with Prof. J. M.McKenaie at its
head, promises to aid in the organization, we can
but predict a success in th'i3 movement ; and while
a general attendance of the teachers of our own
county is anticipated, those from adjoining coun
ties are cordially invited to attend with us.
If the time and place as above suggested meets
with your approbation, or any other time if it does
not, will you continue the announcement of the
same in the Educational column of the Advertiser
until the time of meeting. FA IB VIEW.
Notice is hereby given to the public, that a meet
ing of the Nemaha County Agricultural Society
will be held at the Advertiser office, in Brownville.
on Saturday, March 28th il 869, at 10 o'clock A. M.
for the purpose of ejecting offiers of the Society
for the coming year; to perfect the Annual Pre
mium list for the next autum fair; to determine
the time and place for holding said fair ; to revise
and amend the Constitution and By-laws of the
Society ; and transact such other businees as may
A general attendance of all persons interested is
By order of the President.
H.O. MINICK, Seo'y.
The editor of this Department having
returned from a visit to Washington, finds
himself too busy with other matters to
assume charge this week. ' Will be on
Ed. Advertiser; Sir Enclosed you
will find a specimen of Sugar manufac
tured from the sap of the common Box-
elder tree, by Mr. Madison Hawkins, of
Peru. D. C. Sandxps.
The specimen ia very pleasant to the
taste, resembling tne flavor or maple
sugar, anc, is ns wnue as tne ngntest
brown sugar. We would like much to
have Mr. Hawkins state his method and
how it pays.
Proceedings of the Nemaha Connty
Brownvillf, Neb, March 7.
Society met pursuant to published no
lice, President R. W. Furnas in the chair ;
Secretary H. O. Minick present.
The meeting was well attended, and a
deep interest iu the welfare of the Soci
ety manifested throughout.
The meeting having been informed
that this was the time for the annual
meeting, Osjenated in tne by-laws as
the one at which the annual election of
officers was to take place, and it not
having been so understood generally, it
wa, on motion,
Resolved, That the annual election of
officers be postponed unul Saturdav.
March 2Sth, 1S6S. at onaVclock A- M.,
at the above narked place, aud that the
Secretary cause a notice to that enect to
On motion, the Chair was requested
to npppint a committee of three rnem
ber to revise the Constitution, and By.
Laws of the Society, and to present the
revised copies to the meeting of tb So-
w. a a -e ttr
ciety. ine unair appointea Judge o. vv.
Kennedy, E- Peck, and H. O. Minick,
By request of the President the Sec
retary then read a list of premiums,
which be had previously prepared, for the
purpose of facilitating the action of the
society in the adoption of such a list.
The merits of the premium list as read
wa then discussed at length, and elic
ited a lively interest by a large number
of gentlemen present. Quite a number
of important changes and additions were
recommended, and on motion of Hon.
Geo Crow, it was
Resolved, To double tbe amount of the
premiums offered on Cattle.
The opinion was advanced that there
was no interest paramount to that of the
raising of stock with the farmers of ibis
State, and thererore that interest 6bould
be sustained and encouraged by the Soci
ety, to its full capacny.
The number of acres to be contained
in the farm for which- premiums were
offered, was reduced from fifty to forty
The subject of offering diplomas of the
Society as a portion of the premiums
next dawned the attention of the meet?
ing, when 00 motion it was decided that
about ope half of the premiums be
awarded in diplomas. JSajd portion to be
selected by a committee. 10 be composed
of Messrs. JR. VY. Furnas, Geo. Crow,
and P. E. Allen, and that the said com
mittee report at he meetiug to be held
on the 2Sth inst. This committee was
further instructed to perfect the Premium
List, by supplying the names of the su
perintendents of the various departments,
and also the names of the committee for
awarding premiums at the next annual
On motion, it was .
Resolved, That the Constitution and By
Laws of the Society, together with the
Premium List, be published in panph
let form, as best adapted to the interests
of the Society and the wants of the com
munity. The Treasurer of the Society, Judge
S. VV. Kennedy, then read and presented
his report as follow?, viz :
S. W. Kennedy in Ao't with Agricultural Society.
To am't ree'd from Society, including ad
mittance to Fair rround $193,00
To am't ree'd of President 2,00
Total received 200,00
By am't paid out as per vouchers $197.02
By Cash on hand
The following report was also submit
ted by the President, to-wit:
It. W. Furnas, in Ae't with Xcmaha Countx Fair.
To Cash collected by B. V. Hughs $150,00
Clagget for booths 50,00
Sale of roles 17.50
Swartz for Lumber .... 20,00
Tisdell for Lumber 17.0
Minick for Lumber 45,25
On subsciition 62,00
By paid Million, work on ground
Bohon for poles
Sanders for poles -
Cavuneyjbr work on ground
Total paid out $363,75
On motion, the Secretary was required
to give notice that the time and place ot
holding the next Annual Fair would be
decided at the meeting on the 2Sih inst.
On motion, the meeting adjourned to
meet March 2Sth. 1S6S, at 10 o'cloek,
A. M. R. W. FURNAS, Pres't.
H. O; Miitick, Sec'y.
Fencing With Osage Orange.
Grant, February 27th, 1S63.
Editor Advertiser: Ivx regard to the
cultivation of this most valuable hedge,
many di.coveries and improvement? have
been made since its introduction into the
Northern States, which secures it the
re.putation of bein? the most economical
and substantial plant evr used for
hedging. It is a native of Texas, and is
found in its natural erowth near the
banks of the Red River. It can, how-
ever, be cultivated! advantageously in all
parts ot tne United Mates.
Having been acquainted with the plant
and its cultivation for the last 21 years
in Illinois and this State, I think I can
give a pretty good idea of the be? t method
of growing a good and substantial hedge.
To procure good fresh seed is one of the
first and most important items. When I
wish to plant the seed I soak them in
warm water about three weeks, chang
ing the water every 4S hours to provent
fermentation, the seed should be put in a
close vessel and the water should be hot
when put in but not boiling, and the
vessel should be kept covered. At the
end of the third week the seed will be
ready for planting.
Preparing the proucd. The place
selected for planting the seed should be
a fre from weeds a? possible the ground
should be thoroughly plowed at least 8
inrhe- deep and then thoroughly pul
verized with the harrow; then lay it off
in drills two feet apart, drills should
be sballowt then take the eed and sow
them about 25 to the fcot, and cover
with a hand rake, from one to one and
a half inches lepp. sow when the ground
gets wsrni and in good order, say about
the 10th of May. The young plants
will begin to. show themselves in from
four to six days. Jnst at this time if
their is any little striped ground squirrl
in the vacinity they will nil collect on
your hedge nursery and take the young
plants as fast as they come up. The
best method I have found to get rid of
these pests is to soak corn in a solution
of strychnine end scatter it over the
In case weeds grow freely if will be
absolutely necessary to weed the row?
before the plants are large enough
for the hoe or cultivator, as they are
very de!i:ate and tender until they get
three or four inches high, thereby re
quiring carefull culture, and a clear
entrance into light. Notwiths'anding
all this, they will become as hard as
the Iocu3t in a few days. The rows
will now require to be claaned once or
twice c month with the hoe and culti
vator, according to the weedine3s of the
ground. The plants will make an
average growth of two and one half feet
the first eaon while some will not be
a foot and others will grow from four to
five fee, in rich soil. There are a little
over eleven thousand seeds in a quart,
and it is safe to rupoose that a quart
will produce at least five thousand plants
if it is properly managed.
MAKI5P THE HEDGE.
There seems to be a great
diversity cf opinion as to the best man
ner cf settiDg plants for the hedge.
Some prefer a double roc? six inches
a part, and the plants pne foot apart in
rows, setting them alternately; some
set a single row one foot apart, some
eight inches, some six, and some four,
for my part I prefer ths single row, and
four inches apart to any other. 1 helped
plant hedges in Illinois twenty one years
ego, in all these differaat plans and
distances and 1 have found that hedges
planted close at the start are mch ' th
easiest to make and they hold their own
full as well if not better than thosa
planted wider apart.' The gaps, if any
occur, after the second year, are mudx
easier closed up than if ths plants ara
further apart. Therf ore I think- they,
should be planted as close as four inches,
as they will then lose their nature as a
'fee, and become a healthy vigorous
shrub. Before plants are set in the
hedge they should be cut back to within
an inch of the ground, so as to be only
this high when the setting is comple'ed.
In setting the hedge the ground or
hedge line should be thoroughly plowed,
a3 deep as possible, then thoroughly
pulverized with the harrow, then stake
the line and take a good two horse plow,
and run a furrow where you wish your
hedge planted and it is generiy best to
go from two to three times in the same
furrow to get it deep and rniforra. Then
let a man place the plants in the furrow
against what is called the bar side and
another roan follow with a hoe and pull
the dirt in against the plants and tramp
it well around the roots; in this way three
men will plant one mile of hedge per
day, and do it better than can be done
in any other way, as in this method cf
planting all the fi.be rou 3 roots get their
natural position, while the spade or atob
plan the roots all turn upward and
the plants are more likely to perish. In
order to make a thick base, it will be
necessary to cut back the first three
years growth leaving from eight to
twelve inches only of mat seasons growth.
This course must be pursued every spring
until the hedge is the desired height,
and farm. We have seen single rowed
hedges three years old of a uniform
hightof three feet, which was sufficient
to turn stock, treated in this manner.
The best instrument I have ever found
for triming hedge, was a short heavy
mowing cythe ith a handle about two
feet long, and with two nibs one turned
forw ard and the other backward, though a
common mowing cythe will do vcry well
until the hedge is three years old. A
hedge fence should never be allowed to
get more than four feet high, and when
it gets that high it should be mowed off
at least twice every summer, or in May
and' August Lafayette.
From the New York Tribune.
Deep-Working the Soli.
I hold it demonstrated that the average
value of land in tillage is pretty accura
tely measured by the depth to which it
has been thoroughly worked. That is to
say: If a farm of one hundredacres,
whereof one-half has been tilled, and
which has on that half an average depth
of six inches of thoroughly worked and
pulverized soil, is worth 100 per acre
so far as it has been tilled u! J5Q per
acre for the residue in all. 7,500
then the value of that farm would be in
creased to SlO.000 if those fifty acres of
tillage were so worked to a depth cf
twenty inches ; S12 5GQ if the depth of
soil on the portion in tillage were increas
ed to eighteen inches; and.S15.000 if it
were still further increased to two feet.
And I feel confident that no thrifty,
capable farmer can increase his wealth
so fast by buying more land, by lending
his money or by investing it in mines or
stocks of any kind, as by increasing the
depth of his arabje soil. There may ba
exceptions founded in location where land
js very abundant and cheap, labor dear
and products low priced ; but the general
rule remains as I have stated. And I
believe the means are now within reach
whereby most American farmers can
enhance the va!u of ihejr arable soil
to the extent of at least $100 per acre at
a cost of not more than half that sum.
LTnderdrajning and Subsoilmg are each
good in its place ; but I have now in
mind fomething different from thesp,
though it may perhaps be regarded as
an improvement on or perfection of tha
latter. I refer to an improved system,
Just before the ground frezs op, sev
eral weeks ago. J ran up one forenoon to
Iona (Dr.Grant's islet in the Hudson.)
to witness the practical working of two
or three Trenching Piows of the Doctor's
device on the gravelly, rocky subsoil of
that islet. The ground had already been
cleared of considerable stone and well
worked to a depth of a foot, very nearly :
below which was the sutsjil just men
tioned compact, pebbly, and well filled
with stones of all sizes, from that of a
hen's egg up to that cf a tea-kettle.
The nlowmen understood their buisneai;
but the team (two yoke of oxen) might
well have been stronger. The plows
were of various, patterns, being designed
for working different depths up to fully
two feet; but though nowise pretty to
look at, and not well adapted to standing
along, they were admirable calculated
to minimize side draft and waste of power
by dragging on the hard grouqd leceath,
them. What they aimed to do, and did.
was to combjne at moderate cost the ben
efits of plowing, subsoiling and trenching,
by loosening, pulverizing and houghly
mixing the surface and subsoil, so that
the closest observation could not disti
nguish them from each other. I am
purfifident that this was never nearly so
well done by the spade at a co3t of eix.
times that involved in the i; cf Dr.
Grant's implements and process; which,
if tfyejeatn were increased to eight oxen
or horses, could not exceed S-30 per acre
for the post thorough pulverization as
Powered by Open ONI