Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, September 08, 1864, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    r.ATiis or advi:ktii::g.
Lh ADVERTISER
' .1 ir.?rt: . - - -
Lu--;ii'sii -.;-a.,t 1osj f !.': u .e jir
,'m lm'.f i-i.iurnti nta jpur - "
l.'i.e f-ufl coluirn o:fe j?ir - -Ono
ti'.-litb eu'i inn i in j!;r -
Oue cilnnin yix mn'.' -
One hi'f ci'iomt ail r i t'n
On? fourth cf hir.in tt i 1 1 -'h
Oue eolith r-ltir..n t,.
On-s c I aim t'..-1' o to' n ' - -
Ono l'tV-1. '.;.r !Ti -n'M
Ono f.ur Cfirrj-.u thr- uv.nthi
r r r
f) id
;j ct
" ) i
21 0)
LI IV)
f: )
2 ( !
15 ft
M n
21 t
J S II
;i f
tD ZVT.KY TlJftaAT BT
I. MILLER.
.LlfiaS't Eetweenlst2d.j
Ay Ay Ay y Ay
A r it i. ii, . t ;.' .i i'l" J
All iraicn'
vai.
1 1.--.
(M;.;.(,,.f I.I. I:...--.. I f.ir.l ;: t.. J i(t In
ii.t...-Vj. L jU Advance.;
LIBERTY AND UNION, ONE AND INSEPARABLE, NOW AND FOREVER." ,
! "
"H
- ''v.
m p j! i :.l J-":if" Job Wo:k,
, ai d . ii V'-r't u'.tice.
be U-st tjr!o cn th.-rt m.sica nr.l ro:u..i;..!9 t.Twr
BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THUS SD AY, SEPTEMBER, 8, 1864.
NO. 1.
I
A.
CVrV If li
fid .j lff-j$$.8f
y y 1 1
I 1 u
J.
m
:t.i f
n
in -i.
, i T ;
.(... '.
' . ..
- ,.r
I..-"
S- "
. I
i
. . i
i - '
i .' -
irr C1 '
a..U f
!: -
ml !' 1
iv
r. ' -
si-'
Jh :
, 1 i
i, "
. ,
,r '
rc-Ti'-
at. K
far K
t"
5CPa
Jv'5'
D XV. THOi.IAS,
5 i.
t72 ri-'
c ill
I I il
-I !. ,1 ,1
57
TI D
: C. : i
k w a i
i
..it '
7 l..
I. 1 1 t J - 0 ! J ";J t
- ; ' t '.- 1
if.
, ; , . - c - i- o ,-. r.i t
i ii i 1 vi i i U fc- V. i ' 1
.lit. City, TT. rXf-
c at. in. i:!i:'i.x-:i:.
4, Ii 1 7- H-Jl'l 1 T
7C. HAKE'S
Ciii T CiALLF-nY
. !" v-.it I'i 1 i'f'. II I 'rM,"'t '1
.cl ttvci uf Aibiihis
'
1 1 i ..r:i n ' f t::.vm K'rrrt n'"-m.'r-
S-.'tc lr.Kis ni Ci w'U to
i t I : I'ri; ' '-' "1 in' i w i.C .
ii,- i..i;-i! v. I. ii, nl. ill Ci.iiy its?
ti i" - ' I- I. i.i.. ,.:0c!:f ol' jl-lli Itit'
vi.i ' ". i ii'- !r-?M'.".
' il rffilyli?? I !
H-rihi ' Vfritr i
Ii , ill. s f
: i in , ii'. : I '. v n n 1
u i: i':p iM-.;n-i tr.cM-ci i-i;i ii,c i
I i f
VI-
Ul.ii;,li,.'l 1:1 , i.
La -
C r.n in.-. .f I
I.:-
'. r.-. i iLv..,llib-
111 v . i
Mil'
of ',i f, frrl .
'. : u; 'i i.i !j i -.
i ,!-ly
......
:,. ?. i -i r i:-.;'.
it '.i.:i" j ;'-t :. a I
t
.L..
v.
S MAKING
V A.'.' I.
! 'Vi "i-at, rim nnl
1 ' -I Kn-t r.i !l('.
'i n i t, in t. r V'-ry l-f!
' i : (-.: tac rcsi-
' !. V. t'l.i'j.u-a.
i -'
Ii r i ' .
il r -.
... -t r
' l lt.ll
111
1 :
. 1 21.
r.; r ri.i-r!
' y to ..'.:.ic,
i i'V
H I
i I
i
Iv.
Well
r !
: ! ii -a il , r.i, ?( t ;. vvc l t'i '-O,
!. J iiio C
j I jr
v.-01 .
111 i
' ! . I. .
1 'l.
a .t:
,,.1 il
l;!-.-L Pi,;
.1
II 1 .; !!.
f..;C if All. In? .".'! C'loi'a
',A,,;t
v TO THJ'.OI.l) STAND!
a T-. r
w7"It3 jLj ""ST ' ?
sr.ru shutz"
orirc.l i-f ,nn l,ss o'.-l cr.i(vnipr-? tlint lie
.p.! .. Jcv.-,-tr, S ;, i J.-, t.,.j k. tJll ,m
tw" " T" of ir- Br. w-
llr kr. , - o', l.v-l N,l,..!i .,
J I'l l i- In c ,.f l.ii-.uc-i.. i..iai he will
.. wc.t tm-,- c.i 'a
, WuU!CiiiJ Jtill U. nc c-ti U.C S'aort-
'ORK WARRANTED.
t' (
1 1 '
;t?, Nf!... IS.h,
t 27-tg.iT
JACOmiAHOIlN,
viUjlAWT TAilrUll,!
"ILLi:. MlliuASKA j
i j fa-bu i'.'irip
Wcaiir. Apparel,
1(J HIS
ol utf. L
JL'ST III-XKIVKP,
-OTiis. oassi:.;f.::s, vstixuS. Htc.it
i. 5. vts:st s r vs.x:st i
"i.i t-ii nT niac r.(. (, ..v.lpr. i ua;iiccc
i'r'f . i:vii!S n La; -i . no ir
' W-:V-IXG MAl'iUXF.S,
i-jaou-iou worS tAtiut ue-y c-Va.pe-
1
re'uMi ,l,,,'k u,,wre ui vent you from invading us. Let us alone ! invade Maryland, and threaten Wash-i Ashley's Reconstructed biIi,Y end t
Cttl WW 'vrne iw , and neace will come at eneft ' - I: , ckI ;.i.ft i h . A .
; IS lsci iug-uii. ouciiii4iti, iu .-un,, unuic j jjccjic uic more rauicui tnan me iloz
.
Era:.'l tlicn-.! On lbc!r fcrehctdi Lrtrta
Miik it d rj!
Let ii-iur'e hlaircful L!,zs oa
Lr&i.d tl.oui t'en cs C.-i;n ras branded, -,
Tbrct'li tin.' rould ;
Let ti v'k kthII t-f tliauia Lo Lan'hil
XSicu Uul u:UJ.
Kra'i'l (''.ta ia t- r -'J L'j'-18)'5
Lid i':c i;.:.rl; i:i jtiratc ly-vrsjs
Tr :n tl'C -r.r 1, v hers ti us tca ''-hzr,
l.i i ; i Vict j uav ! -
the fta.-t v..ih i.'r.in-t., lather
'l.lU tiS IU1.
T.-R- -.v I : h fee rr wUli fctr.-.rj?r;
l'.i-s tL-- c ),
Y.'ij'., i:nu' tl.tir cuaLirj' danger.
Lid lur !
Mttiirs trtr'cn fvi.!; i-u'ausaan,
'J.i'i: - l tiivlr !ai.J !
Vi'iii. m: !i ti.il;-r. kt m true maa
L'j-r.(,. l Lr, :'. r ixi r.Ulus,
fciui U 1.1,1 t-lliUO '
lVai Ihcm dep, tLrouh dlrcet ruin
On thrill fall 1
T.iej who I'M iLt-ir Iiiad'a ulJoIov,
1 oi I : l a Ii.
11 u tl.ne tills prato or jitllir
ilark I be to wel !
Sink t!i"'in, j,oiriot, witaodt fltr.
'.;. in lull.
COL. JAQULS' VISIT TO RICH
MOND. An I.ntebvilw with Jrrr Davis.
TIlc fo!iou'il,o extracts from an article
in the September number of the Jill antic
Jihvlhhjy entitled "Oar i.-it to liidi-
I c"t:nt -,f a recent interview between the
lie! '! leaders end two loyal citizens.
Mr. Gilhiiorc arccin j ar.ied Col. Jaques,
and oftrr giving a detailed accoun; of
thtir jourtji'V taahe Rcl-id Capita!, the
apprarance or t.ie city,
meeting ,o
I Jl:(ii
Ould, and Mr. B-rjimin the
Kciil St en tarv cf State, he fives the
f.i
liowi' g ocroi;nt of their convocation i
v.nn
Jell".
Davis iu the state depart-
mint.
Mr. Ib iarnin occupied his sent at the
tall -, and at his right sat a spare thin,
frntund man, with iron-grey l.tir and
b ard, rind a cl -ar rev eye, full of life
and vigor, lie bad a broad, massive fore
head, and mouth and chin denoting great
energy and strength of will. His face
was emaciated anl much wrinkled, but
his features were g"od, especially his
nvi'C I?.r.'i,?h nhn r.t t'
V , v , ... 1
airn one i tiu-ni ooro a sear an-
l.-r
some sharp instru-
mn.t. II . w ere a ; eit cf greyi -h-brown
I'vid ntly of foreign manufacture, and
as he rose, I saw thu !;e was about five
feet ten inches hi::h, with a slight stoop i
'i
j in his sh'. odd .ts. lli manners were sim
i i 'e. e.v-V. and ouite fa sc matin''-: and h
threw an in h:sTnbab!e 'ehnrm into his
voice, as he tx.'.enJcd his hand, and said
to us;
"I am glad lo see you, gentlemen
Yon are very welcome to Richmond."
And this was th man that wav Vice-
Pi-Vfidi cut rrf the United States under
Franklin Pierce, and who is now the
Ivan, soul and I rains cf the Southern
Conff deracy.
His manner pot me entirely at my ease;
the Colonal would be at his if he stood
before (h?.;ar; and I replied:
""We thank you Mr. Davis. It is not
often you meet men of our clothes and
piincij I s in Richmond."
'Not often, not so often as I could
wish; and I trust your coming may lead
to a unro frequent and more frindly in
tercourse between the North ar.d South."
"We since rily hope it may."
"Mr. Benjamin told me you asked to
tee to M
And he
paused as if desiring we should i
"Ul-" me sentence, ine Uolonel replied:
lY e?, sir. Wo have asucd this inter-
.i .
V1CW m hope that you may suggest some
way by which this war can be stopped.
t 4
I i -M.e want peace; v
. ... , jv.ui -"i
y-r Con-rrss has lately said that ;
our people do,
you do. We h
SVOCt:llilnnv!:ll,HV it f.l'l !
, n"' ;
w-. , UUUU1,
"In a very simple way. Withdraw
i vour armies
from our territory, and i
l'-"11' ot r.seif. e do not j
.v ....j.n, juj. ,,e are not wa- i
j 5e an cflensive war, exeppt 0 far as n !
is offensive-defensive that is, so far as 1
sltvllizto Worli. i we are c-mpelleJ to invade you to pre-1 in check, and has men enough to spire to radical than he is,(ycn can see mat
I t - - - j lljiJo i -iiJUi, uui Min-ac t?, uuvi ouj.-t.u;c ixr. xiiicoju, i Know, Is aocUi to call
as yoj rej'uJiaie ;ho Union. That is one
thing- the rorilitrn peopb will not fur-1
retider."
"I Know. Yoa deny to us what you
oxaci for yourielves the rilit cf sc-lf-govf-ruineni."
"No, sir," I remarLed, 44ve wouIJ
clcr.y you 1:0 i.atura.1 right. B.it we think
Uiiion essential to peace; anJ Mr. Davis
could two people with the tame language,
j separatt J only Ly a:i innginary line, livy
j at peace with caui ctaer? Wcula not
uiputei tor;:.
i.:j.-.t c:n
-Untl.
aht War uct.''jcii theuii"
' 'I !!'V
uiih il.ii generation.
V.,,i Iw, irk ti-vn c;,'1! l.ittrrnp.ss at the
X1U i L 1 - - - ' '
r
S )V,h. you have tut fcuch an ocean ojm
blood between the .eciions, tlut I de'
1
n.Ir r.f f.Pf-io.r smv haruionv a wv time,
Our children may forget this war but we
l 4 ' - J j
c irmot.
T think the bitterness you sp?a of,
sir." said the Colonel "does not really
exi-t. We mut talk here as friends;
our soldiers meet and fratern'ze with
each oiher, and I feci sure that if the
Union was rt -stored a more friend iy fccl
iug w ould arise "between us thau ever
has Cii-ted. The war has made us
kiiow and re:pdct each other better than
before. This ii the view of very many
Souihcrn men; I have had it from very
maty of them, your leading citizens."
"They are mistaken," replied Mr.
Davis. "They do not understand South
ern settimeut. How can we feel any
thin'' but bitterness towards men who
deny us our rights? If you enter my
honse and drive me out of it am I not
your natural enemy?"
"Vcu put the caee too firon'y. Bat
we cannot fiht forever; the war mut
end at sometime; we rnu-t finally agree
upon something; can we not agree now,
and stop this frightful carnage? Vic
are both christian men, Mr Davis
Can vou, as a ( hristin man. leave un-
tried any means that may lea 1 to p:ac?''
"No, I cannot, I desire peace as much y ;u should labor. It is they who deso
as you do. 1 deplore bljod?hed as much late our homes, burn cur wheat-fields,
as you dc; but I feel that not one drop of break the wheels cf cur. wagons, carry
the blood shed in tkhs war is on u.y hai.-d.-'; '
I can K'ok up to my Gen and say this
I tried all ra.-ans in my power to avert i
the war. I saw it coming, aud for twelve
years I worked night and day to prevent
it. but I could not. The ISorth was mad
and blind; it would not let us govern our
selves, and so the war-came, and now it
i:i;ht go on till the last man of this gen
eration falls m his tracks.
and his child-
bcire his musket and fight his battle, un
less you acknowledge our right lo self
government. We are not lighting for
slavery; we are fighting for independence
and that or extermination we will have."
"A::d there are at least four and ;t hah'
millions of us loft, so yoa tee you have a
jvo:k bi'fore yn," taid Mr. Bnjamin,
with a decid. J sneer.
"We have no wish to exterminate you,"
aniwertd ihe Cidoncl. "I'believo what
I have said, that there is no bitterness
brtween the Northern and Sutrhern peo
p!'. Ti;e North I knovv. loves the South.
When peace comes, it will pour mon?y
and nu aus into your hands to repair the
waste caused by the war, and it would
now welcome you lack and forgive you
all the 1 iss ani bloodshed you have
caus. d. Bat we must crush your armies
nnl exterminate your Government. And
is not that already nearly done? You
are totally without money and nearly at
the end of your resources. Grant has
shut you up in Richmond, Sherman is
before Atlanta. Had you not, then, bet
ter accept h6norab!e terms while you can j
retain your prestige and save the pride !
of the Southern people?"
Mr. Davis smiled. "I respect jour
ernestness, Colonel, but you do not seem
to understand the situation. We are uoi
exactly shut up in Richmond. If your
papers ttll ihe truth 'it is yoar Capital
that is in danger, not ours. Some weeks
ago Grant crossed the Rapidau to whip;
Lee, and take Richmond. Lee druve
. ,
,
nun in tlie lirst uattie, ana men uiant
executed what your people c!l 'a brilliant
r. ...i. . - ,,.4 f ,Ut I
iiiiiA iu eiiitui, aiiv. ,i.'u,ai j.v.c iiu.ti.ii.
Lee drove him the second lime, and then
. .-'nlv ...t.rvp. il!.,,,'- r!-,ir,,iiri'C
uiaai uwuc .iiii.ici H ...v-.v ...v.....
au(j EO they went cm, Lee whipping and
P.l It.,!- it! - r.. tit rrnt ,i-h l,r. Ii r.
uiaui imuaiii-, una uiuu. u. nwi,
is now.
"And what is the ret result? Grant
has lost seventy-five cr eighty thousand
men mere than L.ee Lad at me cutset,
ana is r.o nearer tatiing lucamona man
he was at first; and Lee, whose front has
never been broken, holds him completely
he takes it? You hntfw the farther he
goes from his base cf supplies, the weak
er he gets, and the more disastrous de
feat will he to him. AnJ defeat niaij
corne So in a'niilitary pint of view, 1
should certainly say our positica was bet
ter thau yours.
" "As to money; we are richer than you
are. Yoa smile, but admit tint cur
paper i worth nothing; it answers as a
a circulating medium, and'we hold it all
ourselves. IT every dollar cf it wore
lost, we should, 'as w.j.hnce--1:: furgti
iJ-.t'Li'J
-r .in.l vn:i nwe all the world. A3 to !
resources; we do,not lack for arms or am-
. . t 1 mi i torntA.
uu.tion, aua we nave bim a
. i
ry fro:u wnic.i to gamut ut'tJ.z.
OJ
you see, we are not m extremities. Jjut
if we were; if we were without food, with
out weapons; and cur whole country was
devastated, and-our armies cru-hed and
disbanded, can we, without giving up our
manhood, give up cur right to govern
ourselves? Would you not rather die, and
feel yourself a man, than to live and be
subject to a foreign power?"
"From your siand point, there is force
in what you say," said the Colonel
But we did not come here to argue with
you Mr. Davis. We came,, hoping to
find some honorable way to peace; and I
am grieved to h?ar you say what you do.
When I have soen your young men lying
on the battle-field, and your old men,
women and children, starving in their
homes, I have frit that 1 would risk my
life to save them. For that jca?on I am
lu re, and I am -grieved, griived that
there is no hope."
"1 know your motives, Col. J';ues,
land honor you for them, but what more
J nn I do than I am doing! I would give
!..-; poor life gladly, it it would bring
peace and good to ihi two countries, but
it will not. It is with your own people
a way cur women ,nnd children, and de-
stroy supplies meant for rur sick and j
mounded. At your door lies all the mis-
cry and crime of this war, and itis a fear
ful, ft arful account."
"Net all of it, Mr. Davis. I admit a
fi arful account, l.ut it is net all at cur
door. The passions of both sid ;s are
ai eased. Unarmed men are hanged, and j
prisoners are shot down ie cold blood, by
yourselves. Bit menu cf baibansm are
enieriog into tho war cn both sides that
should make cs ycu and me, as Christ
ian n:c n shudder to think cf.
In Gal's
i nine b t us su p it. Let us do scindhi; lt, !
eti.ctde si metl.it g, toll tig uKut peuce. j
Ycu CT.nt.ct c.pnt, with ut.iy fci.r and n
half millions, cs Mr. Benjamin says ycu
have to hold cut forever,-against twenty
it ,i
ilil.il'. IJS-
Again Mr. Davis smiled.
"Do you st pfose there are twenty mil
lions at the North determined to crush
us?"
"I do, to crush your Government. A
smr.ll l.indfr cf cur people, a very small
ii i
t ember, arc your friends secessionists;
the left d.l'er about measures and can-
didatts Int re united in their determin-
at:en lo sustain the Lmou. ULoever is
elected in November, mi.st le committed
to a vigorous prcsecuticn cf the war."
Mr. Davis stiil looked inctcdulcus. I
temarked
"It is so, sir. Whoever tells you oth-
erwise only deceives ycu. I think I
knew Northern sentiment, and I assure
Jou it is sc. You knew we have a sys-
tern of Jyrt ouidoeturirg in cur large
tewns. At the close these lectures it is
the l uitom of the pecple to come upon the
platform and talk with the lecturer
This give s him r.n excellent opportunity
of burning public sentiment. Last win
ter I lectured before a hundred such a-so-
ciattens, nil ever the North frcm Du-
', 1 oko to Bangor and I took pains to
B. ,
i . . ...
j ai et tain tl.e sentiment ol tne people.
, I found a unanimous determination to
i . .-, 1. ,i.n -..i ..!: ,u , t ..
j .i.-u iiiu icLcjiiou, i.i-u taic niij omen
! at cry sacrifice. The majority are in
i f.irrr r? IVfr T i'n-,,fn mil rhr- .1, ,c!
, v. i.iuit1,1, a.u.ij un uL
j these opposed to him are opposed to him
l.Pf Till vP tin V (1a l'f.1 l!'!r!- I n fii.l.l! .,.-
i i.ueu jiu
with enough vior.
"The radical Republicans, who go for
slave suffrage and thorough confiscation,
are those vtho will defeat him, if he is
; cieteated. Uut if he is defeated before
j the pecple, the House will elect a worse
man I mean worse for you. li is more
from
he
ise.
out
debt, oe time the p-orcf.- !-' t h '--'tanny,- i wotnun i x;ave jou 1'-
fomethhi'jru Las thj &o!M bjtsis of u.e.rs.-or.J?. This is a frnk,-frcj tlk.
cotto.i crop, whiie yours rests upon i.oth- ; ar.d I like you the belter for iayiug what
iive hundred thonsand more men, and I
can't see hew ycu can resist much longer;
but if you do you will enly deepen the
the radical ftelmg af the Northern peo
pie. They will now give yo i fair, ho ti
trable, geceous, term; but let themsuifcr
much nrjre let there be a dead man iu
every bousr, as there is now in every
village they will give you no terms; they
will insist on har.giug every rebel south
rrdon mv terms. I mean no
i hi nee
Ycu mve do offence,' he rerlied very
. T II . t . . . I.
vou think. Goon."
"I was merely going to say, that let the
cithern pecple once really feel the
war thy dj not really ftel it yet and
they will iusist on hanging every one of
your leaders." -
"Well, admitting all ycu say, I can't
see how it afkets cur position. There
are somethings worse than
Hanging or
extermination. We reckon giving up
cur right io self government oue of these
things."
"By self- government, ycu mean dis
union Southern independence?"
"Yes."
"And slavery, you say, is no loDger
an element in the comes?"
"No, it is not; it never was anessental
element. It was enly a means of bring
in other conflicting elements into an
earlier culminations, it fired the musket
that was already raped.' and loaded
There are essential differences between
the North and South, that will, however
this war may end, make them two
nations."
"You asked me to say what I think.
Will you allow me to say that I know
the South pretty well, and I never ob
served those differeces."
"Then you have not used your eyes,
iily sight is poorer than yours, but I
have seen them for years."
The laugh was upon me, and Mr.
Benjamin enjoyed it
"Weil, sir, be that i
der.rat:.! you, the di.-p
"Well, sir, be that as it may, if I un
ute between your
Government and curs, is narrowed down
to this: Union or Disunion."
"Yes, cr to put it in other words: Inde
pendence criubj'.igatioa'"
'Then the two Governments are irrc
vccal ly apart. They Lave no alterea-
t ive bui to fight it out. But it is not so.
with-the people. They are tired of fight-
it g ar.d want peace; and as they bear all
the burden and fullering of the war, is it
not right ihat they should have peace
via Lave it too cn such principles as they
ii!,t?"
"I den't understand you. Be a little
mere explicit."
"Weil suppose the two Governments
should agree to something like thi.-: To
ijo to the pecple with two prepositions,
say, peaco with disunion and Southern
indt pt-ndcr.ee, as your pcsiiion-and peace
witld Union, emancipation, no Cunfisea
ticn and universal r.mnesty. as ours.
Let the citizens of all tho United S:ates
. (as they existed before the war) vote,
'Yes' or 'No,' cn these two propositions,
at a 5 r e c i a 1 election within'sixtv days.
if a majority vote disunion, our Govern-
( l!lC1:t lo i l!nm,i l,v it. and hi vn-i tm u
j - - t - i
peace. If a matority vote Union, your
Government'to be bound by it, and stay
in peece. Tho two Governments can
contract in this way. and the people.
j though constitutionally unable to decide
j on peace or war, can elrct which cf the
two repositions shall govern their rul
ers. . Let Lee and Grant, meanwhile,
aree to an armistice. This would sheathe
the sword, and once sheathee it would
never again be drawn by ihi3 genera
tion." - -"The
plan is aliogeather impracticable.
If we were only one State it might work;
i but as it is, if one Southern Siate obie'et-
j e( to emancipation, it would nullify the
whole thino- fnr n wn -.ro n,vr th
, jjj, tJ
" ' J "'
Fecpe of Virginia cannot vote slavery out
j 0f South Carolina, nor the people of South
.. .
Uarolma vote it out of Virginia
I t . .
iiin-t-iiyui u,3 ui ins Okiiies iau
j amet.u me ucnstr.utton. Let it Le dene
; jn that wav; in any way c0 that it
tiiat wav; in any wav. so that it
i I . 1 t il
i,Q cone tij ids pecpi.j. i am not a states-
I man, and no politician, and I don't know
jut how the plan could be carried out;
Lut you get the idea, that the people are
l0 decide the question.
"That ihe majority shall decide it, yoj
mean. We seceded to rid ourselves of
the rule cf the majority, and this would
sebject us to it sgain."
'But ihe majority must rule finally,
tither with ballots or bullets."
Tarn not so sure of that. Neither r
current events, or history show that the
majority rules, or ever did rule. The
contrary,! think il true. Why, tir, the
man who would go before the pecple with
such a prcpoiitsca wna any preposition l
that intimated that the North was to have
any voice in determining the domestic
relations cf the South could nut live
here a day. Ho would behunged to the
first tree without judge or jury."
"Allow me to doubt thai. I thi:,V it
more liivtlv lie would be hanged if he lot
outhern pecple know that th-' nsa-
jonty couid n
,t rul
I rer
i t i
tit''. Vt . : , I i)''
"I have no fear of that," rejoined Mr.
Da;, alio smiling mea gocd-lionj jrdiy. ,
"i give you leave to proclaim u irom
every house-top in the South,
5
"But, seriously, sir, you let the major
ity rule in a singlo State, why not let
it rule all over iho country?"
"Because the States are independent
tnd sevreign. The country is not, It is
only a confederation cf States, cr rather
it was; it is now two confederations."
"Then we are not a people, we are
only a political partnership?"
"That's all."
"Your very name, sir, 'United State,'
implids that'" said Mr. Benjamin. "But
are lha terms ycu have named eman
cipation, no corfiscation nnd universal am
nesty the terms which Mr. Lincoln au
thorized you to offer us?"
"No, sir, Mr. Lincoln did cot author
ize me io offer you auy term3. Bat I
think both he, and the Northern people,
for the sake cf paace, would assent to
some such terms."
"Thc-y are very generous,' said Mr.
Davir, fcr the first time during the inter
view showing some angry feeling. "But
amnesty, sir, applies to climinals. We
have committed no crime. Confiscation
is of no account unless you can enforce j
it. And emancipation! You have al-!
ready emancipated nearly two millions
cf our slaves, and if you take care of
them you may emancipate the rest. I
had a few when "he war begun. I was
of some use lo them; they never were to
me. Against their will, you' emanci
pated them, and you may emancipate
every negro in the confederacy, tut we
will be free! We will govern ourselves.
We will do it if we have to see every
Southern plantation sacked, and every
Southern city in flames."
"I see, Mr Davis; it is useless to con
tinue this conversation," 1 replied; and
you will pardon us if wo have seemed to
press cur views with too much pertinac
ity. We love' the old lag, and that
must be cur apology for intruding upon
you at all."
"You have net intruded upon me,"
he replied, resuming his usual manner.
."I am glad to have met you bj'.h. I
once loved that old flag a3 well as you
do; I would have died for it; but now it is
to me only the emblem of oppression."
"I hope the daymay never come, Mr.
Davis, when I say that," said the Colo
nel. A half-hour's conversation on ether
topics, not of public interest, enued, and
then we rose to go. As we did so the
Utbel President gave me his 'hand, and
bidding mo a kindly good-bye, expressed
the hep? of seeing me again in Rich
mond in happier times, when peace
should have returned:, but with "the Col
onel hi3 parting was particularly cordial
Taking his hand in both ot his ,he said
to him:
"Colonel, I respect your character and
your motives, and I wish you well: I
wish yea ever good I can wish ycu con
sistently with the interests of the Con
federacy." The quiet, straightforward bearing
and m- gni.i ent moral courage of cur
"figh' rg p rson had evidently impress
ed Mr. D vis very favorably.
As we were leaving the room he ad
ded :
x ''Say to Mr. .Lincoln, frcm me, that I
shall at'any time be pleased to receive
proposals for peace on the basis of our
indepeadence. It will be useless to ap
proach me with any o'her."
When we went out Mr. Benjamin call
ed Judge Ould, who had been waititg
during the whole interview, two hours,
at the other end of tht? hall, and we pass
ed down the stairway together. As I
put my arm within that of Judge, he
said to me, ,
"Well, whit is the result?"
"Nothing but war; war to the knif'?.";
"Bphraim is joined hi? idols; let him
ibne;" added ihe Colonel, ssolemuly.
riaJ1
I ' i'
New York, Sept. . . Heralds cdito-
y crndems the Ch'cago Ilutform
and advises McCllelan lo Lick it
A Sr. Louis Latv AnnEsrrn ix T-
troit as a IX r a i: l Spv. Mrs. V."
sister of the late John T.I. V.'imer,
.
l.i
was kilk-d in th;' rebel arrr.y t.l
yt-ars a
.-r r r ,
t
s teen cul?i:i' a
CAt:ada, whvre itnpprs f-'ii was
rud to r.n chl.cr in the Ri-y! C.
Iltfies. JIr.. V'crd wa nrr.';itJ .
ci;y ferr.c'tbmg ov r a year a:.o. . -dor
the mild aJmintitratijn : ll-,:
then in cou niar.d w is p?rm:t:i.-!i '
art, ar.d w had nothi-ard -hat iv
0.-
i f ' r r -
we ?uw tnt
; f.i.t wit.
Deircit Tiu;;r.e cf the 221 ind.
known here cs nn Ittr
uho waa n-: very ftruru! Jus ir. h(
o: railing ;r.o umJ. ELui.r. vi,
iy birth, and a rebel in principle :
"About two weeks since a nvuaa . -tween
ferty .-m l fifty years t-f age was
arrested in this city en suspicion of beiu
a rebel emissary, as lo the gniit of '
whom there is gocd reason to believe.-
The cvider.es is daily grcwir-g- mure
stronger. She states that tha icua or!
her first husband was Ward, lut j!h
now claims to be ihe wife .of one Jan.-.-
Kiilingsley, an oincer in the ILal Can- -adian
Rifdcs. Be that as it may, th
Governmsnt authorities were 'inform. !
of her transactions, and a trap was ut
once set to catch her which succeedjd
admirable quarters were furnished her
in the Houe of Correction, vrhero sns
now remains awaiting examination,
which will be had in a few day."
"She formerly resided iu St. Lroi,
Mo , and claims to be a sister cf John
Wimer, a former mayor nf that city and
sheriff of that county, in Feb.-Mttry, lZi
at the head of a land cf reU-1 gu-rrilla-;,
although she does not appear to knvv -his
death. If she is a wounn sha repre
sents herself to be, her r al husluni
is now in the Tennesse3 or Kentucky
State Pri;on."
"Mrs. Kiliingsloy, alias Mrs. Ward, li
evidently wll acquainted all through th
coun'ry, and is known to have called on
prominent Democrats in this city, with
whom she always appeared to be on very
intimate terms. She left St. .Louis la
October, 1563, and wnt to Windosor, .
C. W., whsre she remained about eight
weeks, visiting- this city fteq'i?nt'. . .
several times being disguised; but vu
closely watched, however."'
."She left. Windsor for New York ci'
where she put up at Libby's Hot-!, -
Thence she rcmcved to Barnum's II
at Baltimore, on her way sotrh. wit'
. -1
'a 1-
uable papers. At this place she wu '
rested, but succeeded in destroying
letters she had upon her person by thr v
ing them into the fire. A no dircvt t . i-
denre could be shown against h-r, she'.
wa3 released, nnd re'raeed her n ps l .
New York, ar.d subsequently rc'.uni?d
to St. Louis. The next heard of 'h':f
ihe was stopping at a horel in Sandwich
kept by Mr. Sium?. rike plan torn
trap he was cnc.c'.ed and carried intj
execution.
'Sne was arrested about two weeks
Fridcy evening, and on the fuliowm
Monday her friends' .sent a young loan
who resides in Canada to see her, t
whom she related her past hi'ory, but
a3 tlie yourg man af,. resaid hid no notn
1 oo.k we are not able to give h-r story in
full. It is substantially as iolljws: Sn ,
has been a resident of the South, and.
her sympathie;(very naturally uf course)
run with the oppressed people of tho
Confederacy. She has a son who i3 a
lieutenant-colonfd under Ihe rebel Gen-'
Longstreet, another also in thj re'
servi in Missouri, and a nephv
the Union army where, she e -state.
She stated that she had 4'
company with several prominent
al3 in both the Union armies; hr
cn President Lincol i and Jeff. D
nursed patients in t;o Gcorgs o-;
pitals, and had passed-through tt.
wheneve she wished. Whenever'
had mouay she said shi had no di:Ii.
in gettin; through. Sh-s re:nrkid ii.
bciug a Southern 'Sy, she cauld not i
expected to take Liucn's catli of al'e
iance, and she did not intend to o'o s j.
anyway, be said lurtr.er, mat M&yjc .
Baker, of this city, had called upon her
the day after she was placed in the
House of Correcti n, wbh whom she had
j a long conversation.. He (the Mayor)
i told hpf that he would s-nd hr appro-
b riate'coun-tl, thr.t she should I e re leas-
pnate
j ed, and if she desired to go Sc uth, b
would see that she was fi;mi-hv:l .v.fj
the propper papers to do o.'
Dcmacrai Sept. 1st.
St. Lo
The French biker-po?t, R( l-'J, h. -v
h-are a ,t.itue at N lines, to '.ai.l v. hi--.
to'M. Lamartine has subscribed one. h'-;
dred frances.
I
r
i
ces.
r. Vl''