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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (July 9, 1863)
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T. II. FISIIEIt,
C:;r.A E :tory C trickiar'e Clock, LlaiS Etreet,
ir.OV.'NVILLE, u. t.
1 ! M '"I'M ' '
ratim or ADvr:i;T;i:.:
Or. Tre (tpn !'.e or aae li-er:. a
Waca im--. ca -
T-c r!riff C.rJ, is i.aei c-r cn yir
)i e tu!t.i.a oinjfir ....
Ove fcil ciiaa oca year-
OuO jouriii o-icrta oti 7Cr -
Oce euS.ti column or jer
Oriacoiaa six omiSi ...
'One 'ajif solcn:a s;S rr. r!. - .
Ozielcnrlh lusii maitt
( i(tfc:fc of coiitca ix c srt -On
eo!nma thT9 cu'.h i - -On
I tlf coltjtna tbre n-j'i'?) -Ona
latrth colnmi lbrf rrn n'M
Oae eiibtlj coiomn tiree m n5t
Anconucir.jCjnrtiiiate'j for U."c-,
f j .1 .
Mil r nil s
.. n h ! !
run:; As a fishi:u,
, if ruM in advanre. . - - 2 00
. . ' " " 12 " 00
.V.lluV.-v,.iHit.e cwhrfoiuj,.r.ie.tt order, not
"LIBERTY AJND TJI.'ION, ONE AND IKEEPEHADLE, KOW AUD FOREVE2.'
Transient adTe.'tiieaient rnjs b ps? I for in elfi
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1863.
cent tia first weeic, ad 5 ce:.t e&cU o-e :
A' .0 !A
i HUSINKSS CAIIDS.
r 0 TKT AFTLICTLD
nn. a. r.oDFni'Y.
E iar!,-d in Fraice. t.avir.g twen'y-Cve jfr n.e
Tieitre in HMwi -vi-iu e and ori of i lie ctrroijn-
,f the ' 'A'uericau Jutii nal of ihe : p.lidl l ieri
ff i,"th iiKtu-iJ tai iiat'Mi'!y jd lr.wiivnla, and ie
t ectfuliy ifi iers tn ;r'.t es-iotiat fVJce to the cit-
iiors ff i j i n ilrr ant vsniiii !y.
lie ill !t cjrtfnie frvlog to common prctica,
lut -x.O'i 1 livn to cL n: ic i;ct'fn life of loi;
Hij ! i n !!!(:ns!it To-r-.c and Sore Absoar- and
t'.er, Cancer ail Sire Kyf, even purtta! Bhiidness,
Ri.j.p;y, iuniim only failed FaliinK Sicksiess. Palsy,
Neuraif.a, Py-pPiy. (Jonr-uuipnon in tfie first and
tecmd nai'e, li:KjiiiiT io i me loro, and dieae vt
t;nil. pr'.ii;uiiir alton'ion uaid to Ague. .
If reqMeied. pi" reie ene U ioop pro
tit.cnced ipcurabi la tLe L'uited SUiebJ and afterward
VureJ t v in ni.
lie n.y be fuui.fl ! i'l fi'ort. either t IT. f. Lett
bnt? 3U" e, ir at fcn dvitii Laiiie, wLtti tiot en tared
feu pn.f'M"!"; i.iii!ie!. ' - ti6o- ly
E2Eit::eyeii cz robisoit,
( ViBOOTS AND SHOES J-
iAI EtTWEIH riT AFD IttOisD tTI.,
IlStOWNVILLC, N. T.
Favir tt recently pii-'t,aced the Shoe Slip formerly
turned ly Win. T. I'm, we no ol!er our work at great
ly le luced price. We manufacture ail lUal we offjr
lor ie. J J A 1 1 w.irk warrarfvel.
, Brp-nviiie, Sept. g7. ISCf. - tiU-1y
C. F. STEWART,
Of!, p rver n. C. Letfa PruK Store, Il-lladay'e
rivx.li, Wain at reel. ; v6-i.43-ly
EDWARD W. THOMAS,
. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
nOLICITOIl IN CHANCERY.
rf!-e e -rner of Main and Flrt Street.
SPUING AND SUMMER
MILLINERY GOODS !
7IRS. 5I AIIV HEWKTT,
t Annonncri to tl)9 ladie of Brownvitt and Ti-
i fitity, ih.it t-t e h jun leouived from t'.ia
:dt a raai:ru3cprjt no k ot
I.li:0 AKD bvii:,:z2. jiillikxsy goods,
C li)f)C Of
LaJic-s' Hr.I U.iiiiPt and IIat.,
To which he invite te attention of the Udiea, feel
ing . Mired i bey cantut lie better suited tu '-yie. qual
ity fr p'ire ; Ml-iy
OF ALL HINDI.
) Mso, T7f rtLotue Trucks, letter
---..-. - Presses, &c.
FASrK GREEIIIEAF s CO.
in IsklLU ST., CHICAGO,
f"H cireriil. and hnr only
J cue 1'2 h ls! Ii4!)-Sm
the genuine .3
Oalla the attention of fleutleuieu deririrg new, neat,
rrlcable and Iatiionslile
WERAING APPAREL, :
ITewStoek of Goods
BTtOAD CLOTHS, CA SSI VERS, VESTIXGS. kc.tc,
OTTIIC TCXIY L ITETTST1IXS,
Wbtch tie will eil or make np, to order, at unprece
dented hiw price.'
Tb e wishin; any tliinit In Ms line Vill do well to
'tali and examine his stuck betore investing, as be
'pletken himself to hold out peculiarly favcrable in
' THOMAS DAVIS,
.TABLE. ROCK, .NEBRASKA
Ilcrcrcnee, Dr. D. (Jwin, Brownville.
April M.'fil. nJO-iy
n iioody & sou.
LUUKf UKT, IN. . X...
Wholesoie Rnd Retail Dealers in Fruit.
Pruit and Ornamental Trees,
AND SHRUBS AND
' STOCIt I OR XlKSMiniET.'
J. YILSON BOLLINGER.
COUNSELLOR0 AT LA7,
General and Collecting Acnt.
lJEATiilUE, GAGE IU, AEBKASKA.
WILL pracfiee in the seve el Courts in Gage and
adjoining countiea, end will give prompt attention
o ant iisir.rMentrusti-dtohim. Collection? prnnpt
j m idc. I . articuiar attention piren to lorat
Jn? Ltisd Warrants on iami earcfuUr eelected by
, . Ser.toiu.M.r 25. 'fil. ' - - t)12-ylr
iuiit am) uic am i:tal Tni:?:s
?K).ooo Apple Trees, 4 year old, $S per hundred $60
7er ' h'l'i'and.
75.0W) i-ran-lard fear Trees, 2 to 3 years old, $25 per
Tnndie.!, per thminand.
2i ouo i jerid Diana Grape Vines, $16 perhundret
'J !"0 per llioiiMU'l.
I5J txio 8tan,Urd Tear Grapes, $S per BDOdred, C5(
These Pear Cruris, nM reinR bn'ty, can be transpo'-
4 cheaply, and l-r arowina: two years, will wake ft
ii;pl treen to pi4til iu an orchavd. Auy uiie can irehli
lin'sr money t y aruwing them to sell. Send for Whole
iie and I'esciif :ive Catalogue.
E. KOOPT It SOS.
t5I-J m KiJinara Kerserics, tockport, K.T.
Tixc covri'ssioxs and rxrcRi
or a suffi:cu.
rul.Iit.hed a warning, and for the especial bene
ftcf Voung Mrn end tliaee who sufTcr with Ntrvoui
DebViity, lT,m of Viemorj, t;rtZatur Lupay, AoAc,
hy ine of those who baa cured uiajr'f by f'nple
lueani, after being I'ut to great eipecso and jneon
enienoe, tbrsiugb the ana of worihk-s medicines
pre:-ribed by learned Doctors.
in-KcoT.iee may be bad' of tlie author, C.A.
J,4'j'E!iT,r.f (iffenptnnt.orj Island, by fpclos
M ? ) n.-C'y. 1 a1.1res-4 ,nveh.pe. Address
UiiA.uLt'. i. tllif.irjt' . tiroeppoint. Lop
Island, N. V. r
"7- jr zj "7? XT! 72 it
TbeLifhest price in easj will be tild fr St.-vves,
J.-aj,.;,ni iioop-l'oles. Enquire tf L.D.Kob-
V, 6 !weriP-a'5 ilos in Urownrillo.
V. . i . ..
',i,"LfceE' !3 I'l-'.-wcviVle, and wui rerfor
v,.,..,,,-, ,d aat nee, ur'a a, maVinr
i ..in si irauay tlsrre.!. wi
TcrrlCIc IlRtloca Adrcutsrce
"You are alout to witness Monsieur
G'i EceLsio,,' taid a gentleman to me
as I entered the enclosure devoted to
the ccrutiatic display. He was an en
tire stranger to me; but not teioz su
perstitious in matters of etiquette," as
v,e might suppose a genilemara of d is
ticctica, to be, I did not ohject lo this
brusque mode of introduction, and so
civil y answered "yes."
But I tall go farther to see it thin
you will," continued ' the gentleman ;
'I intend to go with Monsieur G."
"You may go faster and fare worse,"
"You afe pleased to be witty," said
he ; "but I intend to make some exam
inatiou of those upper regions for my
self to ascertain whether the' stars ce
lestial are on duty during the dtf, or
whether theirs. 13 as much .sinecure as
the officers of bur. 'stars' terrestrial.-
Would you like to ascend with us? -.
"No, thank you kindly," siid I; in
getting into the cloudi one might looe
oneseh the way is likely to be mist !
Every one to his taste; the earth 1ms
charms for me that I would not change
a Spadeful of it for cubic miles of the em
pyrean. I am no poet."
Vain declaration! How little did I
imagine the horrors which awaited me!
How iinle did I fortsee my. dreadful
fate in hanging between the Laevens and
the earth, a spectacle to laughing men,
giggling women, and insensate hooting
We entered the enclosure.' There
was the vast silken bubble, putting out
its hollow cheeks like tho flee of a fat
clown when laughing, and tugging away
at the rope, as if impatient to leave our
"You will not accompany me ?" said
my friend; to which I replied in the neg
aiife. s " ",
"Perhaps the gentleman would assist
in cutting the rope," said the ceronnaut
in French, which, singnlajly enough, I
understood at that moment, though I
never before or since ventured th exhibit
"Certainly," said I "with pleasure."
"Thank you" said the asronaut ; -'please
take yoor station." . -
He and my friend entered the car. I
grasped the rope and awaited the order,
Iu a moment inore it catne. !
"Cut!" said one voice. "No hold on
nai bewildered ncd done both.
When the others cut I did the same, and
wiih the dirction to hold on, I grasped
the end of the rope still near me, and
"he'd on." In n moment ir.ore I was
fifty feet from the ground. - . t.
Imagine my su.-pence !. There vras I
like a flthy caught fiih. dan2lin at the
end of the line, with the balloon repre
senting the float. I cried out to my
friend and the rxronaut ,but in vain.
The rpectators ' Lelovr. thinking I was
some aerial" acrol at who was about lo
turn fifty c'oulble summersets and then
light upon his" feet before them, cheered
sufficiently to drown my, voice. The
parties in the car could not see me.
Hut by the hat, swung occasianally .nver
the side, I knew they were bowing to the
crowd below. Meanwhile I was swining
below them, with only ten fingers to sui-
tain the weight of one hundred aj;d
eighty pounds (I atn rmber stout) and to
preserve me from loins thinly spread
over the ground beneath from "larding '
earth i with my human form divine. j
What an age of terror. The dome of,
St I'aul became a parasol ; men bacame
nine pins ; and fine go'thic churches be
gan to look like so many chit ken coops.
. In the meantime my ringers stiffened
but I clutched the rope with the energy
ot dispair. I had long ceased calling.
I had exhausted myself. Suddenly a
cold presperation troke out upon ine;
I knew my hour had come, r My fingers
were slowly slipping down the. rope. -Oh
! those agonizing moments! Inch by
inch I approached my coocu. First the
left hand lost its hold ; and then as I
felt the end slipping .by the little finger
of the right, I gave cne briff prayer and
fell OTJT OF BiD' , '
Ueing, as I before observed, a corpu
lent man, my fall had shaken the whole
house, and the alarmed inmates, arous
ed from "stveet slumbers," were knock
ing violently ot the door, which had the
effect of restoring tne "to consciousness,
when I discovered that my "terrill'ic bal
loon ascent" was novhinsr more than a
nightmare, superinduced, I am led to be
lieve by the festivities usual on aay
in which I may say I induigea some
' Inst, in- No, I Will
not betray my friends; but allow to tell
von. dear reader, tftal scn a oaauui
dinner as they gave is not tp be sneezed
It is a beautiful siying of somebody
that "gratitude is the music of the heart
when its chords ari swept by the gentle
breeze of kindness." Many hearts, haw-
ever, might as well be MruDg with ted
cord for any music cf gratitude tliat eTer
comes from them.
A few days since a town crier took in
charge a lost child, and proceeaea to
hunt bis parents. On being asked by
a lady 'what rattier was, he replied
n rrrfcan ch; li ma'am, and I m
V. a V
trying to find its parents
NPTer did ma Imhmaa utter a letter
bull than did en hoae-t i'oto. who being
$ikei by a frieni- "JIss your tuter a
son or a daughter f" tpswsrpd p "Wpon
my life, I do not yet knaiy whe4ier I
uncle cr aunt. ;
Charles Lamb, playing at -whist with
Hazhtt, when the hitter's bands were
rather dirty, said to -him: "Hazlitt. if
dirt were trurnps, ivht a fine hanl you
Ccn. Craig oa Emancipation.
Tne" following report of the remarks of
Gen. James Craig of this city, at tne
Krookfield Union meeting, we find in the
Chilicothe Constitution of the 13ih inst
Votees or Liss Coo.ttt: I have
listened with a great deal of attention to
the insU uctions you have this day given
your Delegate to the biate Convention.
He asked you to put oif the emancipa
tion of -slavery for twelve years. You
voted, no. You have punched him with a
iiharp stick. You told hun, Go and vote
for Immediate Emancipation. 'He told
yoii that he was elected by you J that he
came here to consult your wisnes, ana
that he would go to Jefferson City and
vot as you told him. ',- I bet he will do
it, . And if he don't, I tell you he will
hare the nightmare. I am a slave hold
er myself, but I shall not prefer my own
to my "country's good. The niggers I
o'-vn I will offer up oil the altar of my
country as cheerfully as I sit down .to
eat my dinner. Slavery is. doomed.
The fiat has gone forth. You cannot
save it.' Salt would not save it. Make
then a. virtue of necessity, and says, 'Let
it slide !' You have heard r a great deal
said about Southern bravery in this war.
Il is true, the Southern' men fight brave
lyi and he would deny it, must shut his
eyes to facts of - history. But I tell you
that seven millions of Southern men can
not conquor eighteen millions of men from
the Western, Middle and East&rn States.
The war would" have an end, and that
very 60on. if the people were only waked
up to the magnitude of the undertaking.
Make the issue fairly to the American
people. Put the fiag-etaff in the hands
(I will say) of the weakest girl in this
crowd, and I tell you that millionsof
American people will rise up for tne
honor and vindication of that flag, more
namerou3 lhan the myriads who foil ow
ed Peter the Hermit to the rescue of the
Sepulchre of our hjly Redeemer. The
rebellion will be put down, and the glory
of the country will return. I have been
to the great Canal Convention in Chica
go, fiom which I am now reluming, and
1 venture to say, that five years from to
day,' ships laden at St. Louis, Hannibal
?nd Quincy, will pass through these wi
dened canals to the ocean. Let us not
then despair of our country. Our pros
pects are bright and encouraging. Let
us put down this rebellion, not exactly to
free the negro, but to have a free coun-
1 try for your sons and mine to give them
a chance to become the Douglasses and
other such men who by the help of free
in.stitutions, have risen to greatness. "And
whatever cornea in the way of this train
of cars, T say, let it be run over." -St.
Joj'h Herald. - , . . .
Tlie Firth Cavalry in St. Joseph.
Probably St. Joseph has never seen a
more stormy day , thn yesterday since
Boyd and" Cundiff. were here pludering
Union men. The streets were filled with
the boys of the 5th cavalry, and such a
general rowing from one end of town to
the other wa3 never heard of before.
First, a Kansas refugee named Gers
ham Gilham, was met by one party of his
luyal Kansas neighbors. ' The lie passed
between them, when the rebel struck
Kansian, and the ball opened. ,The
crowd chased Gilham to his house, which
he entered in hot haste, and crawling into
a bed beside hi3 sick wife, fondly expect
ed immunity at their hands. But he mis
judged their temper. They rushed in
at the doors, piled ' in at the windows,
hauled out their trophy, marched him
iato town and beat hira severely. The
guard interfered and took the rebel to
the guard house. In tne chase .we are
informed that the crowd rushed into Mr.
Smith's stable, and that he undertook to
prevent violence. After drubing Gilham
they set upon Mr. Smith and beat him
Soon after, a little son of Capt. Dol
man was accosted by a citizen in the vi
cinity of Frederick Avenue, and asked if
he was with the crowd of soldiers that
beal Gilham. He replied affirmatively
for he like every other boy in town, in
nocently ran into the crowd to see what
was up. The citiben drew his revolver,
at;d swearing that he would have revenge
fited six shots at the boy, one ball enter
ing his arm. That mm had better keep
out of ilie way of Penick's men.
They then went up to E. Burns' Live
ry Stable, and beat him terribly. Next
they got after a fellow named Rogers, on
4tb street, fired several shots at him. and
chased him into the Provost Marshal's
office. They then took after Crane a
Kansian, bu. the Doctor is a trifle the
longest geared institution in this country,
and he outran the boys of this conserva
tive reniment. We understand that they
are on the lookout for a late member of
the State Convention, who will probably
keep at a respectful distance. Ve have
not space to recount ail the rows of yes
terday. One thing is evident. Rebels are not to
lire here in peace with the boys of the
5th Cavalry., They know what they are
regarded by the rebels as outlaws. When
ever one of them is captured by guerrillas
death is his oertain portion. They have
seen their comrads brought into camp
with their ears and noses cut off, their
heads blown to atoms by the ignition of
powder poured in their ears, and their
todies pierced with fifty bullets and I
hundred sabre cuts, all inflicted by guer
aillas. The 5th Cavalry are somewhat
radical. SL'Josrph Herald.
Sad a woman to an old maid, "My
husband is not so good a husband as he
should be, but h? is a powerful sight
tetter ihaa r;cce. , ' :
A ycung lady being asked by a boring
politician which party she was in f&vor
of. replied that she preferred a wedding
How Hie Negroes Fisht
The New York Ihr aid . that has all
a'ong doubted the efficiency of the negro
regiments in buttle, gires place to a long
and interesting letter from its correspond
eat with Bank's army, at the seige of
Port Huqson, which speaks of the con
duct of the Second Louisiana (colored)
rvgiment rather enthusiaiict;ly. Ac
cording to 'lhis corresipoudent no more
desperate fighting ever took place any
nhere and there were incidents he
s:iys: "conecteJ with this colored regi
ment which have raised them very much
in my estimation as soldiers; after firing
ooe volley ihey did not deign to load
aeain, but went in with bayonets, and
wherever they had a chance it was all up
vith the rebels ; they went in on the, ad
vance, and when they came out, six out
of nine hundred men could not be acount
ed for. It is slid on every side that they
f jught with desperation of tigers. One
cegro was observed with a Rebel soldier
i.i his grasp, tearing the tleh from his
face with his tet h, other weapons having
failed him." ' -T ' . " '
; We have before u'i a letter written by
in eye-witness of the : same conflict,1
which has the following paragraph in re
lation to jhe colored regiment. . c
"I assure you, I was utterly aitoundsd
at what then took place. These negroes
seemed suddenly actuated with the fury
and strength : of demons ; they clubbed
their muskets and swing them around
their heads, literally knocking out the
trains of their opponents, and not a shout
cot a cry escaped the n It was positive
ly the most intense picture of humin fer
ocity that I hai ever seen, an J when L
timed my head. I found that several. of
our office ts and men were standing with
their guns and swords half raised, iatens-
ly absorbed in the'nofeity of thu haw
method of Rebel annihilation.
Brntalhy oniindman. .
The intense and refined fiendiahnss of
the treatment that Union men at the Souih
receive from their rebel enemies, is un
sjrpassed in atiy story f barbarous ages.
At Little Rock, Arkansas, lived a numer
ojs body of Uuion men, praying for a
s:ght of the old flag and a dty of de liver-
ence, as none ever prayed save the men of
Leyden. 'Thjy met nightly in cellars
had their secret grips and pass-worns
and "with all the heroism of martyrs, bore
suspicion, taunt, thnjati, and violence.
unflinching in their resolution never to en
ter the rebel ranks alive. When Hind-
man occupied Little Reck in force, twenty
seven ot tne men wer arrested am. mi-
. i - .
prisoned on suspicion their worst enemy
accusing them of an orer act against the
rebel governrint" ;' j; .
One day th'-ir wives, children, parents,
brothers and sisters, ware invited by Hind
man's order t. come and visit them.
Their dungeon doors were opened, and
arm in arm with their rejoicing families
they were suffered to wander under guard
about the town and in the fields. The
bright sunlight and sweet air of this un-
wonted .ireeuom intoxicateu mem into
credulity. . They and the dear ones from
whom they had been so long sundered,
were felicitating thenvielves with the hope
cf permanent liberty, ! and fancied that
the tiger Hindman had forgottou his taste
for blood. Just at the limits of the town
ihe officer in command bade the families
of the suspected hault and marching
those twenty-seven brave men out ol the
very arms of love, ranged them into an
open lot before affile of riflemen, and
there shot all of them to death in plain
sight of their rhriekiiig households.
Ges. Meagher's Testimony. Gen.
Meagher was tender; the hospitalities of
the city of New York tho other day, and
presented with the Kearny cross. In
the course of his remarks, responding to
the Mayor, General Meagher said:
Some sencus pledges, however, are at
this moment expected here, and in refer
ence to the hope which fell from you,
Mr. Mayor, ,' speaking in the name of
the Common' t Council of New York, I
can assure you, "with that loyalty not in
the least abai.ed by my temporary separ
ation from what was once the Irish brig
ade, I shall throw myself into thi3 con
flict that has been brought near to "our
very doors. -Applause. I shall do so in
any capicity - in which 1 may be useful,
either to the.j authorities of this city, or
to the nation! and in( which I'can prove
most available. -Applause. Here lei
me say that ,1 irust that from this hour,
at all events there shall be no supplica
cations for peace, since "these supplica
tions have flung open ihe gates, and in
vited the enemy to cross the Potomac.-
Applause. This is not a moment to
mince word?, certainly not for the one
who has been accuuomed to utter but
words of command, and to see those
words promptly and punctually, and liter
ally obeyed.,, I for one con not but re
gard any odd who utters " peace", from
this moment on, as a confirmed and
branded traitor. Applause.
The Richmond Despatch of the 21ts
contains the;. following: "Dispatch rec
eived yesterday from Savannah an
nounce the capture by the'enemy of ihe
Confederate iron-clad steamer Atlanta,
formerly tho- Erglbh steamer Fingal,
and was commanded by Captain Webb.
The Atlanta steamed out of the harbor
and was attacked and captured after an
action of thirty minutes by two Federal
iron-clad. ' .
. i.. - .,.-. . ,
When Rabelais was on his death-bed
a consultation of physicians was called
"Dear gentljmen," said the wit to the
doctors, raising his languid head, "let
rne die a naiural death.
A Boston man Las invented a new
pocket that lie calls "thief-proof.' Our
people need some change in their peck-
If a piece of silver be put into nitric
acid, a clear and colorless liquid, it is rap
idly dissolved, and vanishes from the
sight. The solution of silver may be
mixed with water, and to appearance no
effect whatever is produced; thus, in a
pail of water, we dissolve and render in
visible more than ten pounds worth of
silver, not a particle of which can be
seen. Not only sliver, lead and iron, but
every other metal can be treated in the
same way with similar results. W"hen
charcoal is burned, when candles are
burned, when paper is burned, these sub
stances disappear and become invisible.
In fact every material which is vi.-ible,
can, ly certain treatment, be renJered
invisible. Matter which in one condition
i3 . perfectly opaque, and will not admt
the least ray of Jight to pass through it,
will in another form become quite trani
parent. The cause of this wonderful ef
fect cf the condition of matter 13 utterly
inext-iicatie. Innosopners do not even
broach theories upon the subject, much
less do they endeavor to exjlam tt. The
substances dissolved in water or burned
in the air are not, however, destroyed or
lost : by certain weIIkuown means, they
can be recovered, and again be' rendered
visible ; some in exactly the same state
can be shown in their elementary condi
tion, and thus it can be proved," that mat
ter having once existed never ceases to
exist,. although it can change itst condi
tion like the caterpillar, which becomes
a chrysalis and then a gorgoeus butterfly.
If a pailful of the solution of silver ba
cast into ihe stream, it is apparently lost
by its dispersion into the water; but it
nevertheless continues to exist. So w hen
a bushel cf charcoal is burned in a stove,
it disappears in consequence of the gas
productd being mixed with the vast at
mophere ; but yet the "charcoal is still
in ihe air. On the brightest and sun
niest day, when every object can be dis
tinctlv seen above the horizon, hundreds
of tons of charcoal in an invisible condi
tion pervade ihe air. Glass is a beautiful
illustration of the transparency of a com
pound, which in truth is nothing but a
mixture of the rust of- three metals.
This power of matter to change its con
ditions from solid opacity to limpid trans
parency, causes some rather puzzling
phenomena. Substances increase 'in
weight without any apparent cause; for
instance, a plant goes on increasing in
weight a hundrod fold for every atom
that is missing from the earih in which il
is growing. Now the simple explanation
txf this is. that the leaves of Dlants have
ihepower of withdrawing the invisible
charcoal from the atmosphere, and re
storing it to its visible slate in srme shape
or other."" The lung? of annuals and a
smokeless furnace change matter from
its visible to its invisible state. The
gHl3 of fi.-hes end the leaves cf plants
reverse this operation, rendering invisi
ble or gaseous matters visible. Thusthe
balance in nature is maintained, although
the continual change has been going on
long prior to the creation of the "extinc
animals." -Wool Grower.
The Charleston Blockade Effective.
The Boston Journal publishes an
extract of a letter from the squadron
off Charleston, which shows that our
sailors are thoroughly awake to their
duty, and are making blockade run
ning a hazardous business :
"Perhaps it may be gratifying" to
know what the squadron off Charles-
ton have done in the pa3t month, and
may serve to convince many who
doubt tho efficiency of the blockade,
that it has done a good tvork. Du
ring the month four vessels attemping
to run out have been captured, three
steamers sunk, and two turned back.
One of the prizes was taken by the
Powhatan, one by the Flag, and two
by .the Canandiigua. One steamer
was sunk by the liousatonic, one by
the- .Yi33ahickon, and , one by the
Stettin, which-also; tamed back two
that had already crossed the bar, and
as the Gen. Havelock, one dark night
,n past her, shot away her smoke
stack, killing three men and wound-
ing two more, and, as tne coutnern
papers say, materially injuring her."
Chances for a Laugh.
Even Brigam Young's wives are af
fected with the military spirit: they
call their husband Briggy-dear.H
-' Why are the Mary's the most amiable
of their fex? ' Because they can aLvays
Of all the Percy family, the noblest is
Percy Vere, (persevere;) and the most
cruel, Percy Cute (persecute.)
Oa. hearing a clergyman remark,
"The world is full of change," Mrs.
Partington said she could; hardly bring
her mind to believe it, so little found its
way into her . pocket.
A physician, once in company with
others' of the cloth, thus boasted : "I
was the firat to discover the Asiatic
cholera, and communicate it to the pub
Mrs. Partington desires to know why
the captain of a. vessel can't keep a mem
orandum of the weight of his anchor, in
stead of weighing it everytime he leaves
A London Coroner's jury recently
rendered a verdict in the following words:
Death from chloroform properly admin
An English writer says of the militia
of London, that the captain of cne of the
corps averred it was dangerous to make
the rear rank take close order, for fear it
woukd pick tha j ocktts of th front rank.
I.VYS OF TIIK UNITED STATES,
Fatsedat (is Third Sir of th Thirtiettuth
Caar-.T. An let authoj-ifinj t!ie FloUta? f a
rp)ci;il Ses'i-iri of the United States" District
t'iart fir the District of Indians.
J2i itenncti'i ly thti Senate and lloxi of Jiiprt-
$rnlaiiri of tht United S'ate& of Amtrica in Cutjrtt
AeeilUd, That spwt!tl seion of the Uaitel
State. District Court for the District of Indian
shall be holden, at the utual place of holding said
court, on the first Monday ia February, ia the year
of oar Lord one th ;uiaa l eight hundred and sixty
thre, and to c-nt nua ia seuioo so Lag a the
busi ess nsty r!lur-
riis. 2. Ani be it further erjvjtaj. That all'suits
and ptoceedings of a civil or criminal na'.ure now
pending In or ntiiraable to said cjurt shl' be pro
ceeded in houd trwd and d'ternniasl by Siil court
at said special aesiion ia the semi owiaor as at a
regular terra of said coart.
h.renj7Mi), Daezibec 13, 1332.
CaiP. Til. An Atto adjust Appropriations aere
tfiTcj made for tae Cm! Serrice of tii-i Nary Da
pjrtment to the p resout Organisation of that De
Eiuxvtni hy th Snat ad Ilont tf Hepretcnt a
tioetcf ta Unittd S:atnf America ingrttiai
i4ni!LJ. That the Secretary of the Treasury be,
and no ii hereby authorized and dirocted tt tract for
tho amounu heretofore approprited for tho jay of
cuefd of bu:eai3t enrlu, rajsiengirj, and Utors
c nnected wi the Navy Depaftiuent, eo t'nt khey
will corrosriond with the present orrrtniza'.iG'i una
pay as aiitl rrizel by the act of Con-ra cfJaly
filth, eighteen hun lr?d an! sixty-two. vti:
For the Bureau of Equipment end R"eruitinjr
three thousand eight huuired and seventy-four
Fi r the Buteaa of Yards and Docks, ten thousand
six hundred and forty-three dollsry.
For the Bureau cf JiaTijition, three thousand
and Cfty-seren dVilars
For the Bureau of Qrlnm?e, six thoussnd nine
hundred ana fifty four d duri.
For the Bureau or Consiruction and Repairs,
nuo thousand twa hundred and twentp-four dol
lars. Kcr the Bnreaa'of Staam Eo gin serins?, four thou
sand two hundred and tweaty-t'oOr do:lars,
For tho Bureau of l'roviiionj and Clotting, fire
th lusand eight huidrsd and tfty-eight dollars.
For the Bureau of iledi.ii.e and burner, 2ve
thousaud eight hundred did. a.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all re
maining balances iihall attach to the oiii 'e of tho
Aeurelary of the Nary, anl msy ba espscded by
biut for such clerical services as he shall juds the
interests of the department require.
Hoc. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sum
of one theufand dollars heretofore approp:dited for
the contingent expenses of the Aureau of Construc
tion Equipment and Repair, be transferred to the
Bureau of Steam Engineering and the eum cf one
thousand dollars to the Buroau of Equipment and
UM'ruitIn,r. And aicothat the sum of one thousand
d... liars, heretofore appropriated for the Cos Undent
expenses of the Bureau or Ordnance be transferred
to tho Brreau of Navigation.
- Apphovid. December 19, 1852.
Ca ap. IV. An Act to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to provide Internal Kevenue to support the
tJovernment and to pay interest upon th Public
Debt," approved July first, eihtiea Lund.ed and
B tt enacted ly tfit Stnale and ITowat cf "rpre
$rntatiua$ of tht United State of America in C'o
jret aiiemUtd, That the a.-seisorj, assistant as
sewor?, cy'deetore, and deputy Collectors appointed
or h umy be apj oicted, undrr tte proTisCtis ot
an act entitk-d "Au act to provide internal revenue
to support the Government and to pay interest on
the public debt;" approved July first eighteen hun
dred and sixty two, and all subseqoent acts in rela
tion thereto which have been or may be eneo'ed,
are hereby authorised and empowered to adaiinij
tfer oaths or aSrmitioiia ia all case where the rtme
are cr id: y be require ! by the aula as ofui'enaid:
Provided, That uo fees shall ba charged or allowed
-; Sec. 2. And belt further enacted, That the ccttt
tnii'sioiier of Internal Caveeue afiatl pe authorised
aud empowered aad hereby is authoiised and em
p jwertd', to furnish and supply" the ailistant; trea
surers or collectors of the United States at San
Srancisco, State cf California, and Portl-md. State
ol Oregon, with adhesive stamp?, or atauip-.d paper
vel um, or parchment, according to the provisions
of tit e internal revenue laws retered to in the pre
ceding section, under such regu'ations and condi
tions as ha way from time to time prescribe, and
without requiring pajmnt in advance therefor,
anything iu existing law! to the contrary ntwith
arunding: Provided, that no greater coin mission
shail be allowed than ia now provided fur by 1j.w.
Sec; 3. And it further enacted, Thai no in-atrum.-nt.
documi at, writing, or paper of any des
criptive, required bylaw to be stamped, shall be
deemed or held invalid and of no efect for the want
of the particular kind or description and stamp
designated for and denoting the duty charged or
any such instrament, document, writing or paper,
provided a leg-U stamp or stamps denoting a duty
of equal amount shall have been duly affixed vnd
used theroon: Provided, That the provisions of this
section shall not apply to any stamp apdropriated to
denote the dory charged on proprietary articles.
. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, Thitt all otS
cia! instruments, document, andpiprt, isjued or
used by the ofuo.Ts of the United States (Govern
ment shall be, and hereby aro exempt from duty.
! 'Sec. 5. And be it further' enacted, That the
ninety fifth section of aa act entitled 'An act to
provide internal revenue to support the Oovera
ffjsnt and to jny interest on the publio debt," ap
(.Tjved July first, eighteen hundred and sixty-two,
be so amsuJed that ni Instrument, document, or
pip-rmade, signed or isuel prior to the trst day
of March Anno Domini eighteen hundred anl sixty
three, without being duly atampod, er having there
en an adhesive stamp to denote the dnty imposed
thereon, shall for that canjo be deemed invalid and
of no eject; Provided that, That no instrument,
document, writing or paper required by lyw to be
stamped, signed or issued without being duly stamp
ed jriorto the day aforesaid, or any copy theaeof
shall be admitted or used aa evidence ia any court
cntil a legal stamp or stamps, denoting the amount
of duty charged tberon, shall have been aUixed
thereto or used thereon and the ini trials of the pet-u.-ing
or affixing the same, together with the date
wheu tbe aoie is so used or athxed shall have been
placed thereon by such person. .And the person
doiring to use any such in.-trumeot document,
wriLng, or paper as evidence or hia agent or at tor
Ley ,ia authorized in the presence ot tho court to
stamp the same aa hi r.iubefi r provided. And
section twe.ity-four of an act ea.it.. d "An a:t in
creasing, temporarily, tbe duties on imports and for
other purposes," approved July fourteen Anno
Djmioi eighteen hundred hundred an 1 sixty -two,
ia hereby repealed. ArrKOViz, Dee 25, 1Si32.
Cbap. V. An Act to facilitate the Discharge of
Diiablsd Sold ers from the army and the Inspec
tion of Co va'esceot Camps and Hospitals.
lie it enacted by the Senate and Home of RepTi'
tentative nf the United State of America in C'on
gr attemUed, That there shall be added to the
present medical corps of the army eight rmdical in
spectors, who shall, immediately after the passage
of this act, be appointed by the President, by aad
with the advice and consent cf the Senate, without
regard to their rank when so selected, but with
sole regard to qualifications, ani who ahull hare
the rank pay and emoluments now authorized by
law to oEcers of that grade.
Sec. 2. And le it fulher enacted, That the oS
eers of the medical inspectors department shall ba
eharged in addition to tbe duties new aa-igned to
them by existing laws with the daty of making re
gular and frequent inspections of military general
hospitals and convalescent, camps and shall upon
each such inspection designate to the, surgeon ill
charge of su:h hospital cr cam;, all soldier;, who
may be, in their opinion fit subjects for discharge
from the service on surgeon's eerteficate of dUsbiii
ty or sufficiently recovered to be retarnod to their
regimrnts f. r daty and shail see that such soldiers
aie discharged or mo returned to their regimrnts for
duty and thill see that such soidiors are discharged
or so returned. And the medical inspecting officers
are hereby empowered under, such regulations as
may be hereafter established to direct the retara to
dnty, or the dlssha-ge froji service as the ease may
be, cf alt soldiers designated by them.
ApraovEPfDecern'oer' 2f, lii2.
Chip. VI. An Act for the admission cf tho State
cf "Wert Virrt jia" into tho Union, and other
Whereas the penr'e inhabiting that person of
Virginia known as Vest Virginia did, by a Conven- j
tioa assembl'd ia the city of Wheeling en the !
tweety-eitta f tfevtaher, eighteen ban Ued as4
sixty tee frame fcr theaifr.'iree a Constitution witii
a view cf fcecmlcg a aeira; aoJ in !-" 1
State; and whereas at a goaersl election hi. 1 i:i the
eonntiea composing the tcHry afcrai on tb
third diy of May tet the tail C,Tt',!a.Kn was ap
proved and aLytel ly tho c :i v j'.ci cf t.
jp'opoaed State; ai whArcas the LgV
I Vir;nia by aa act ta.-i i on te tMrt- f : J . A
M-y, eighteen honi ed and ;'y-'. wo. cl i give:-
! consent to the ftraition of a new S:ateiLuia t
! jurisdiction cf the sid State of V.-g;.ii to i. j
known by the naie or V est ir- n s, an I I
brace the following 7am?i eoun':, wi": ii.'i
cock, Bnxle, Ohio, ilar ha'.I, Wetn', J! irior., .u .
nongilia. Preton, TailorTyl-r; pi?ar.t. U :J,
Eoddridg'', Wood, Jaok.oo, Wirt. Borne, :Ci'.:i---.i? ,
Gl'.mcr, iiiirbjiir, Tucker, Lw a, TJait n, Up ". .!-,
Ittndo'i'h, Mason, Puttcaa, Kanawka, Clwy, S'i
Us, Cab";!, Wayne, Eoone, Logan, Wy tuir. i, :
cor, Powell, Webster. Pocahontas. Fayette, II..
Ieigh, Greenbrier. Monroe, Pendleton, Hardy, a: ; -shire,
atid M-irn ; and herers bcth ti e Conr i
mnt and the Legislature aforeia'd havere '.nc : I
that the new Suta should ' be admitted init',
Union and the Cocstitction af.-.re$aid being rer , j
lican in fona, Congress doih hereby cot.snt ttn't
the said forty eight count;- rr..-.y be rVrmel into a
seperate and inJi-j endeut Suvtc. Toref.r'
B it tnarttd If la? Senate an.f lnuit cf '
tentative of Las L niftd S ti! of Atfri'-a in C,
pre ate'.".ll:d. That the lato cf We?t Vi'-.i
be, and is hereLy declared to be one cf theUi.i.-d
Sute cf America, and alxitted into the Uni- oj
aa equal footicg with the orig'B-U Stutes iu all r
pwta whatcaer, ani until the next gsTV.'rtl mo-si
shall be entitled to three memb.-n in the llot-o tf
Reprcs-ntatsves of the United Sta'es. Provi Ik., al
ways, That this tut shall ;not take elect until e:or
the proclamation of the President cf theLaiti
States hereinafter provided for.
It bc'cg represented to Congres thit since the
Convention of the twsnty-sixth cf November eigh
teen hundred and sixty ona that framed and rro
pised the Constitution for the said State of Wait
Virginia, the people thereof have expressed a wiit
to change the seventh section of the eleventh art cl j
of said Constitution by striking out the itui ml
inserting the following in its pUee, vis: "The ehil
dred of slaves born wit!. ia the limits cf thijStaiiV
aJVr the fourth day of July, eighteen hundred an i
sixty-three shall qe free; and that all slave within
the said State who shall at the tian aforesaid, hi
under the ago cf ten years, shall be free when taey
arriva at the age of tw?ntyoae years; and all Uraj
over ten and under twentyone years ibailhfre
when they arrivett the ,age of tsrentyfive yirs;
and no slave shall be permitted to comi in'othi
State for penaaaout residence thereial" Tuerj
See, 2. Be it further enacted; That whenever thi
peopIaofWest yirgtu'.o shall through the'r
Convention anl by a vote to be taken al aa electit-.i
to ba held within the limits of the said State at
such time as tho Convention may provide, make,
and ratify the change aforesaid end properly certi
fy the same under the hand of the presiir,t of tii
Convention if shall be law ful for he lreid-nt .,
the United Sutes to issue his proclamation s:ai.r
the fact, and thereupon this act shall take e.T'ct cu t
be in f.jrcefroja and a'tsr sixty days from the ia'.s
of said proclamatiun.
ArrovD, December 31, 1332.
C3AP. VII. An act to improva the Orgasin'.La
of the Cavalry forces.
Be f enaefci ly the Senate and Home of ?vr-"
ttntat ivee of the Lited StaUe of Arterial in C'jn
greie attcmlled, That hereafter each regiment ot
cavalry organised in the United State seovij;, ni
hav e two aasisUnt surgeous, and I each rotr.pary or
troops of cavalry shall h we f.-sj sixty U juventyj.
Appbovep, January 6, 1332. "
Chip.IT. -An Act pres-'rihing the Tiraej anl Pl.vs
forholdirg Terms of the Circuit Court fvr lha
Districts of Iowa M,'aies ta and Kansas.
He it ret-Accd Iv the Senate and Ilte of Rrpr
tentative of th United Slate of America Con-
arete aitemlltd, That tne term cf the l ireu-t Cousti
for the district of Iowa, Minneotd and Kan-u she'.l
be hoiden in each end every year at thef-iVw;rg
times and places, to wit: I'ut the dijt.ut f I..wa,
at Des Moines, on tho first Tueiday in Miy nr. !
Noiembe: for th distrkt cf Minnesota at St. I'aul
on the third Monday of June ani October; and f.,f
the district of Kansai at the piace prei'ribe 1 by,'w
for holding terms ef the district court therjia on
the fourth Monday of May and November. .
Sec. 2. And be it further enact, Teit all writs,
process and oth3 proceedings of whatever kind re
lative to any cause civil cr criminal, pealing in cr
returninahle to the Circuit Court for sai l district
cf Iowa, Minnesota, and Kon?aa at terms bsret!.fcr j
prescribed by law ara nereby dscbr d continued,
transferred and returnibto to thasiid C.rcuit (?ourt
for sail district, tespectively at th tertas Srt t i
be held under the provisions of this at. Ani n.
process issued proceeding p-ending bail lend oe r
organiae taken in or returnable to either cf sai i
circuit Courts shall be avoided; inval d tei f-r i;n 1
paired by the change ia the time cr place of l.oi l
the teres of such court made by thi act: and tr.-s
entries of record may be made ia conformity wi;h
the provisions of this act, -
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, Tliat so m -h
cf the first section cfAa act to amend the act of
the third cf March eighteen hundred anl thirty
seven entitled An act supplementary to the act
entitled "An act r amend the judicial ystcraof
the United States," " approved July fifteen eizh-'
teen hundred and sixty-two aa convicts wi;h tals.
act be and ia hereby repealed.
Appsovbd, January 13, 13132. . . '
Chap. X. An Act to provide for the imrtis nniont
cf Persons o.nvicted of crime by the Cri&iiail
Court of the District of Colurnai.
lie it enacted by the Senate and ZToase cf Rifir
tentative of the United Slate of America in Con
g -tte c tumbled, That all persons who saall hero
tter be eonvicted by the criminal Court cfthe
District of Colombia of any ofience the pnaishtaeni
of which by law shall be confinement iu the peni
potentiary, shall be confined dcring thi term fr
which they shall bo sentenced by said court iu soma
suitable prison in a convenient State, whore ibty
can tee uployed at suitable labor to be deiignatei
by the Secretary of the Interior. .
Se. 2. Ani be it further enactet. Tket it sbs.:i
be the duty cf the S ecretary cf the Interior to con
tract with the manager or aupertntemiont of a agit
able prison in some convenient State for the impri.
sonment and subsistence and proper employment of
all prisoners who shall be convicted in said'eourt cf
such offences on the best terms that he can; and he
shall on or before the first day of each term 'f the
Kriroinal Court of tho District of Columbia, iofom
said court in writing of the designation and Iiwatin
of the prison in whioh he shall have made rmivij-
ion for the confinement and support of prisoner;
and said oourt shall sentence ail persons who shall
during said term be eonvicted of euch clencos, it
conf aament at hard lahor in the prison so desigaa
8:iJ.3. Ani le it farther enacted, that it shall
t jo duty of the Secretary of tbe Interior to make
suitable provision for the proviiion for tha safe
transportation of all prisoners to the prison to which
tqey ahald be Sentenced br the eonrt and ut:::l
they SUll be sentenced by the Oourt, and until they
shall be so tranjprried they saail be eoaSaei ia the
jail of Washington City.
Sec. 4. And be it further entod, That the actioa
of the Secretary cf the Interior in transferrin the
prisoners confined in the penitentiary ,f ttoDia-
trict of Columbia to the" peait-nUary in the city
of Albtnyia the Sute cf New Vo k, in themnnth.
of September last bydi eriion of t ie Pri lent, ia
hereby legaixed and de 1 p.d ralii anl the sa t
prisoners shall eontinae in confinement in a id pn
an until the expiration of tbeir seraral trm cf
imprisonment or until they shall be legal! dis har-g-i.
Sec. 5. Ad be it furth-f enavte'l. That a:i an
propriatious heretofore made for tha supr-ort of tho
prisineraia the penitentiary of the District of
Columbia or for the payment cf watchmen, 1 ihorers
and odcers connected wiih sai 1 peni'en'.iary an I
alt appropriations which shall hereartir bamide
f.ir the expanses and support of prisorers cinTictei
in the Cistrict of Columbia iha.l be applied under
the direction of the Secietary of the Intcr'or, to de
fray the expenses of tran'porting to anl mb-Uting
jirisoners in any 'poison selected by him as before
provided for their conf-fiemsnt. Tue Se-r?tiiryof
t:e Iatcior shall also eause to be prii fr uu fu:o ap
prupiii'.ioas thesum of ten dollars to ea h p ii-.n -r
when he cr she shail be lejalty dlhi?raed to ena
ble such priioner to reach the poiul Le or '- any
W h to go to.
See. 6. An l be it further erected, That w'-t-ever
a snitnblo pen tev-iary shall teareci -i fj
District of Columbia ac i compl'tnl tr t.-ie r.s!
tif a of prisoners i shail be tbs the da:y f :he Se
cretary of the Interior to ca to be tri-.-'i -r to
a ich penitentiary ail perv.ns f. n he i-.t-
prtsoned ouUide of the Di't.-ict cf Co! i".',i. utl.
sentonee of the Crimicxl Court cf sai i U i ,ri;t.
arwviP, Jaeuary 15, M'Z.
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