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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 6, 1862)
t- ir CI TTUnAY
rates of adv.chtisim:.
One rqnare (ten lines nr less)B9 imcrtiou, $1 ti
Each adifllionAl tiertioti - - . -
Business Card, mx lines r less, ana year w
One column cue year - - - - 60 M
One half column m year - . 40
Oja fourth colon c year - - - S M -
One eighth coin ma one yar - IS M
One column six mo mat - ti M
One half column six months - is 3
One fourth column mx wmjIs IS M
One eighth of a colums srx month - 1 W
One column three moutin - - 24 t
One half column three mnt!n 14 ao
One fourth column three months - 12
One eiKhth olomn three VHntTs 8 0
Announcing Candidates for CMlce, - t M
Transient advertisements nmr he r! f- la adYince.
Tearly adrertiKemenU, quarterly u a,lMe.
I . 5'tory strickler's Block, Main Street,
i;'a BKOWNVILLE, W. T.
Ay Ay 4.
-u'uKAS & FISHER
if pttid in dTnce, - - -fy"7
if paid attbeeadof 6montbi
"LIBERTY AND TJUTOH", ONE AND INSEPEBABLE, NOW AND FOILEVEI1."
12 S 00
" ' f 12 or nior will le f urnUbad at $1 50 per
fltM ,v.ipdthe cash ccompaLic the order, not
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1862.
In Transcient Advertisetaentr.. ;ra:tnt over
square will be charged for hy the linn, utth rule of tea
cents the first vek, and 5 cents each subsequent wee's.
M (Tiffin ft JIT
5U SIN ESS CARDS.
rr yV-- w w
jBEITMEYER & R0BIS0N,
IBOOTS AND SHOES.gJ
AIK BETWEEN FIRST AKD SECOHD IT!.,
BUOWNVILLE, H. T.
srrrpT)tly purchased the Shoe Shop formerly
f . n-m. T. ln, we now offer our worit at great
r"2ucf'1 pii i. We manufacture all that we offer
-m a 1 1 mrb virranlA.1.
0. P. STEWART,
to J J. Tburnian'a Drug Store, Whitney's
Maio street. T6-n43-ly
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
Corner First and Main Streets,
-vniinvillc. - - - Nebraska
2DWARD W. THOMAS,
j ATTORNEY d AT LAV,
SOLICITOR III CHANCERY.
j on e c .rnrr of Mulu and First Streets.
I THOMAS DAVIS,
TABLE ROCK, NEBRASKA
i IMerunce, Dr. D. Gwin, Brownville.
j April II, n40-Iy
j LEWIS WALDTER,
j HOUSE, SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL
CLAIZER AND PAPER HANGER.
UKOWXVILLE. T. T
E. MOODY & SON,
I LOCKPOllT, N. Y..
Wholesole and Betail Denleis in Fruit,
Trait and Ornamental Trees,
j AND SHBUBS AND
DR. D. GWIN,
Ilaring permanently Located near
For the practice of Medicine and Sorcery, ten-
irfhie professional gorvices to the adicted.
j t)!Lc one mile south of town, the old Nixon
locks, watches, jewelry.
i J. SCHUTZ
ron?!Bnounetotbecitirens of Brownvllle
TjS nii'l viriniry that he has located himself in
LiXlirownviHe, andinteuds keeping a full assort,
t in ..l everything in his lineof business, which will
'.!! Uw for cash. He will also do all kinds of re
arms of clocks, watcbee and jewelry. All work war-a-jiH.
THE AF F IrlCTED.
j DR. A. GODFREY,
1 t-urstedln France, having twenly-flve years expe
in Hie Medical science, and one of the correpon-
""tilie "American Journal of tlie AHHiicai fscieu-
lias l,)rated permanently in Brownville, and re--tui;-tenders
bis prof essiunal bervices to the cit-
''f tins city and vi-inity.
I Hfs-ni Lotcotdlne his services to common practice,
' them to chronic diseases diseases of long
tim;3t Malignant Tuuiurs and Sui es Abscesses and
Cancers and Sore Eves, even partial Blindness,
-:ir, commonly called Falling Sickness. Palsy,
'"jr(Ua, Dytpepsy, Consumption la the first and
wndsuse, Insanity io some forms, and diseases I
'?Liixl. Particular attention paid to Ague.
I Be nn, if requested, give reference to those pro
wm incurable iathe t'ui ted States, and arterwaTds
i Htmty ht fouM at all hours, either at J. II. Maun
' Store, or at his dwelling house, when not engaged
profebMonal business. u&O-ly
A. C O IV S T A B
IMPORTER AND DEALER I
IRON, STEEL, NAILS,
f iSTINGS, SPRINGS, AXLES, FILES
j BEIiIjO T7T ,
" A N U
Also: Hubs, Spokes, and Rent Stuff.
J T'uird Street, between Felix and Eimond,
SAINT JOSEPH, MO.
well be sells at St. Louis pneestor casn.
. Highest Price Paid for Scrap IroD.
Vernier 1.1S59. ly.
articular at I cut I on given to tlie
Purchase and Sale of Heal
Estate, ItlalUn? Col
V, lections iuil
ajment or Taxes tor ISon-HesI-
! UKD W ARRAXTS FOR SALE, for cash and on
USD "WARRANTS LOCATED forEaateraCap
Iin,on lands selected from peraon&l examination,
J11 a complete Township Map, showing Streama,
; ,"n).er, Ac forwarded with the Certificate of loca-
Tille.K.T. Jan. 3,1881. jl
To Western Farmers.
ST BT vn 1 i r T 1 At.-. riMvn
. m this latitude. To any one who wishes seed,
m f1't, me three-cent Postage stamp, on the
jkTl$i11 Seu1 a FT" of each variety of seed
rTI ttugt l sent in f Ym tnnntha of Settiember
Tl,K..!U,)r- 1 do thii to introduce the culture of
R. O. THOMPSON,
Syracuse, Otoe County, Nebraska.
..- ' 1 apers in M'mnnnri Inw lv&niu tni AS-
I rkMPMiiing the ab0Te once, and sending a No.
i t V' twenty four paper ehoiee flow-
fraa b, ail, Q, liOMPSOX,
JOHIT L CARSON
(Successor to Lushbaugh k. Carson,
223 ST SL
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, Uncurrent Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
t will give especial attention to haying and selling ex
change on the principal cities of the United States and
Europe, Gold Silver, uncurrent Bank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessible points,
and proceeds remitted in exchacge at current rales.
Deposits received on current account, and interest al
lowed on special deposits.
MAIX STRCGT. IJETIVEEX THE
Telegraph and the IT. S.
Llnd & Brother Philadelphia, Pa.
J. W. Carson &. Co., " '
Hiser, Dick &. Co. Baltimore, Md.
Tonne h. Carson, ' "
Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port, " "
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker, "Washington D. C.
J. T. Stereos, Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d And. U. S.T
Tarlor Si Kriegh, Bankers,
McClelland, Pye & co.,
Hon. Thomas G. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. O. Carson,
P. B. Small, Esq., Pres't S. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley, A'y at Law,
Col. Sam. Hambleton Att'y at Law,
Judge Thou. Perry,
Prof. II. Tutwiler,
St. Louis, aCo.
Xov 8, lS60-tf.
THORN, COLMAN, CO.,
Announce to the traveling public that their splendid
and commodious Steam Ferry running across from
is one of the best in every respect on the Upper Mis
souri river. The Boat makes regular trips every hour
so that no time will tc lostin waiting.
The banks on both sides of the river are low and we'.I
graded which reuders unloading unneceesary as is the
case at most other ferries.
Xo fears need be entertained as to difficulties at or near
this crossing, as everybody in this regiou, on both sides
of the river, is for the Union the strongest kind.
Our charges toj an item thebe hard tinics are lower
than at any other crossing.
Travelers from Kansas to Iowa and to the east will find
this the nearest and test route in every respect.
THOftN. COLEMAN & CO.
Brownvllle, Nebraska, Sept. 21st, IS61.
Warranted Garden Seeds
BLUNDEN, KOENIG & CO.,
(Late John Garnctt & Co.,)
Xo. 66 Xorth Second Street, above Plnei -
ST. L.OUIS, MO.
Offer for sale at very low figures, a large und wel.
assorted stock of Agricultnral and Horticultural Imple
ments, comprising everything necessary to the Farmer,
together with a large aDd fresh surply of
Landrctli's Celebrated Garden Seeds,
CROP OF 1861,
For which they are the sole agents. Their friends can
rely upon getting from them seeds tuat arc not only
pure but true ta name in every instance. Also field
seeds at lowest market rates Chinese Sugar Cane seed,
Tobacco seed. Top Onions. &.c, , &.c. Dealers In seeds
would do well to send them their orders.
Send for Almanac and Illustrated Catalogue gratis.
BLUNDER, KOENIG &. CO.
March , 18G2. n35-ly
J. WILSON BOLLINGER,
A N D
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
General and Collectlnsr A?cni.
BEATRICE, GAGE CO., NEBRASKA.
WILL practice in the several Courts in Uage ana
adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention
to allbusiness entrusted tobim. Collections prompt
ly made. C5T"i articular attention given to locat
ing Land Warrants oa tanas careiuuj tcictccvi vj
September 25, 61. niz-yiy
JACOB MARHON ,
Calls the attention of Gentlemen desiring new, neat,
servicahle and fashionable
New Stock of Goods
BROAD CLOTHS, CASSIMERS, VESTINGS, JfcC.&C,
OI? THE VERY IsATETT STYLES,
Which he will sell or make up, to order, at unprece-
Those wUhiun any thing in his line will do well to
call and examine his stock before investing, as he
pledges himself to hold out peculiarly favorable in-
February 13th, 1S62.
CONFESSIONS AND EXPERL
EXCE OF A SUFFERER.
p.,u;sfct bi a. wnmin?. and for the especial bene
r vr, Mpn .nd those who goffer with Nerrous
Pebility, Loss of Memory, rremature Decay, Ac Ac,
by one or those w&o nas curea uimsuu uj
...u... rrfc;n1r nut to ereat expense and incon-
throash the use of worthless medicines
prescribed by learned Doctors.
Single copies may be had of the author, I. A
T.AMKETiT Esn.. Grecnnoint. Lons Island, by enclos
in & Tot-nnid addressed envolot. Address
CUARLES A. LAMBERT, Esq., Greeapoint, Long
Inland, N. 1 .
May 22, lsOi. n4w-2m.
I will receive File's re
money upon the same, and pay over ta.ance of proceeds
as soon as Mint returns are nao. ... -' ,
exhibit the printed returns ot the Lnited States Mia?
or Assay office.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE EROKER
Hats, Boots and Shoes.
1 have just received a New Supply of nats, Boots and
Shoes, which I will sell cueaper man mey were
.flercd her. before. Call and see me
Brownville, April 10, 1S82 n40-tf.
Seeds Prepaid by MaiL
25 Prettiest Annuals in Cultivation - - $100
25 Choice Veretable Seeds lor the Garden, - I 00
Boh to Clubs of Five for $9 ; To Clubs ot Ten for $15,
T0.JZv riviv Mir.i.KT. wl',h Immense heads,
9r.ta ner large paper; Five
tlx to u -S, ' . tM, new and valu
able Mil let di7Tf rVm Japan, br the Niagara last May
rsn.ntiT recommend it as the best Millet ia
nivVtiVn B. M. WATSON,
cultivation. Jwtrlf piymeuth, Kasf.
FROIkl C. H. SC RIVEN,
GENERAL ADVERTISING AGENCY,
NO. 63 DEAKBOKN STREET,
OF ALL KINDS.
Also, Warehouse Trucks, letter
FAIRBANKS, GREEHLEAF & CO.,
172 LAKE ST., CHICAGO,
S3-Be careful, and buy only the geauine.S
June 12th, 1383 n43-3in
1662. FALL TRADK 1862
WEBER, WILLIAMS & YALE.
FURS, BUFFALO ROBES,
BUCKSKIN GOODS, &c,
23, LAKE STREET, CHICAGO, ILL.
Ve have now in Store for Fall Trade the Largest and
hest Assorted Stock in our line ever exhibited in this
Market, especially adapted to the wants of Dealers
from all sections of the Northwest, and uusurpassed in
variety and cheapness by any to be found WEST or
Merchants who have heretofore purchased in other
Markets are especially Invited to examine our stock
this season, and are assured we are fully prepared and
determiued to sell Goods as cheap, and on assfavorable
terms as the best class of Houses in any Market.
ORDERS WILL RECEIVE PROMPT PERSONAL
CASH PAID FOR RAW FURS,
an4 Price List furnished by mall.
TTJEBER, WILLIAMS k. TALI.
Oct. 4 '63. nl2-3m
IK YOU WANT
STEAM ENGINES Oil BOILERS
PATENT SUGAR CANK MILLS,
PATKNT STEAM COIL EVAPORATORS,
PATENT FIRE EVAPORATORS,
PATENT STAMP MILLS,
riKE'S PEAK OR LAKE SUPERIOR
SEND FOR CIRCULARS,
With Cuts, and Descriptions, Prices, etc., etc
SAW MILLS, FLOURING MILL,
AND MACIIIERV OF ALL DESCRIPTION.
t2TSENL FOR ClKCULAKS.JgJ
P. W. GATES, President.
X. B. Agents wanted everywhere. Chicago
11. W. FURNAS, AGENT,
Of whom Circulars and detailed information caa
March 20, 1S62. fn37-lyj
MALE OR FEMALE,
LLOYD'S NEW STEEL PLATE COUNTY COLORED
MAP OF THE UMTKI) STATKS,
CAN ADAS, AND NEW BRUNSWICK.
From recent surveys, completed Aug. 10, 1662: cost
$20.0(0 to engrave it and one year's time.
Superior to any $10 map ever made by Colton or
Mitchell, and sells at the low price of fifty cents; 370,-
000 names are engraved on tbi nap.
It is not only a County Map but it is also a
COUNTY AND RAILROAD MAP
of the United States aud Canadas combined in ore, giving
EVERY RAILROAD STATION
and distance between.
Guarantee any woman or man $3 to $5 per day, and
will take back all maps that cannot be sold and refund
Send for 931 worm 10 iry.
Printed instructions how to canvass well be furnished
all our agents.
State, California, Canada, England, France and Cuba.
A fortune may be made with a few hundred dollars
Wanted Wholesale Agents rnr our Maps in every
capital. No competition. j.t. lluiu,
AO. 101 Drunuwij, Aew iuii,
The War Department uses our Map of Virginia, Mary
land, and Pennsylvania, cost $100,000, on which is
marked Middletown, Maryland Heights, Willlamsport
Ferry, Millbrook Mills, Noland'i Ford, and all others
on the Potomac, and every otner place in Jtaryiana,
Virginia, and Pennsylvania, or money reiunaea.
From The Tribune, August 3.
"Lloyd's Map of Virginia. Maryland, and Pennsylva
nia. This Map is very large ; its cost is but 25 cents,
and is the belt which can be purchated. al2-f9-3t
ZTew Remedies for
A Benevolent Institution estnblithed by special En
j.m,mt fnr m Rrlirf of the Sick and Distretted,
afflicted with Virulent and Chronic DUeatet, and
especially for the Cure of Dutatet of the Sexual
MEDICAL ADVICE given gratis, by the Acting
Valuable Reports on Spermatorrhoea, and other dis.
eases of the Sexual Organs, and on the NEW REME
DIES employed in the Dispensary, sent in seated letter
envelopes, free of cnarge. two or lurrtcMiu cv
Address DR. J. StlLLTN HOUGHTON, Howard As
sociation, No. 2, Soctn Mum cireei, rminueipm, rm
December IX, 1861.
For Sale at Bargains.
Two Vo. 1 Shuttle Empire Sewing Machines.
One Frantlin Family Sewing Machine.
Two Horace Waters' $75 Melodions.
Two Freeh's Conical Washing Machines.
One No. I P. W. Gates i Co.'s Sugar Cane Mills
Evaporate". , t-,
Apply at tne aovctimt
March iata. iao- --1
rrtrN033 cts oo
lTill send to applicants who enclose ktamps, their
Vew - CaUlocua of Small Fruits, including 200 Select
w!nM of Strawberries. Also Catalogae of Balbous
T?ir. nd Pasonies. Fruit and OrnanienUl Trees
Roses and Flowering Plants, Seeds, &e.
1 woo a rtfi'"'"""' . . . --- ---- - . .
county0, that iWall en.leavo, to leep th mart sup-
. . ii.ii. inform the citizens of Nemaha
with COOd VOllOUWWU ouiiiRio. - " - -
f, rcash Tor take in exchange Cattle, Hops, Wheat or
for casn, or io b ARRET.
C March 27, 1SG2. n38-tf
Okra or Gumho Seed.
The best substitute for Coffee prepartsl la the same
manner as Coffee, racaages ox vj
,,ch K4Ch paclase contains seed enoujn vo raise
sppply for an ordinary family. -tcruy
Send orders te " A,,T5faV
ift.ff . Crnt City, Iowa.
The different kinds of rhuburb are
raised from seeds, and increased by
that means, or dividing the roots; the
latter is preferable for increase, as
there is a much greater advantage in
getting good strong plants in one
half the time they could be had from
seed. If raised from seed sow in pots,
very thinly, in a mixture of earth
consisting of one-half leaf mould and
one-half rich loamy earth; place the
pots in a cucumber frame, or hot
house, until the plants make their
appearance, which will be in a very
short time, provided the seed is sown
in April. As soon a3 the plants
have attained the height of one inch,
let tKem be thinned out to a single
plant, and in two or three days move
the pots into the green house, or
other cool place, to harden the plants.
As soon as the pot begin to be
full of roots, which will be the case in
two or three, weeks let the plants be
moved into pots a size larger, and in
two or three weeks time the plants
may be placed in the rows where they
are to remain.
If increased by dividing the roots,
take care that there is a bud on each
part -yull i2ten to pi ant; let one of
those buds be placed in the centre G
each pot, and as soon as they begin
to be filled with roots, &c., treat them
the same as the seedlings. In making
the ground or rows ready for planting,
throw ont the earth two feet in breadt,
and to the depth of twenty inches; let
this be filled up with equal parts leat
mould rich loamy earth, the soil which
is thrown out of the trench, if of a
moderate quality, and one part of
good rotton dung, to which add a
small quantity of sharp sand; let all
these be incorporated together. Fill
up the trenches sumciently high to
allow for setting. When the earth
has sunk down, turn the plants out
of the pots into the middle ot the
trench, three feet apart in the row,
and if a double row, let them be four
eet row from row: If the above in
structions be properly attended to,
rhubarb of a first rate quality will be
produced. The only management re
quired afterwards is to keep the rows
clear of weeds, and every autumn to
fork the ground over to the depth of
four or five inches, covering the same
with a good coat of rotton manure;
take care not to injure the crowns
in forking. As soon as any of the
plants begin to run up for flowering,
et the stem be immediately cut oil,
which will be the means of keeping
he plants in a much stronger growing
. ,1 i .
state: ior wnen they are auowea to
retain the flowring ppikes, it weakens
he leaf stalks very much.
The above is from a writer in the
Gardener'' Monthly, and is designed
or those who have hot houses; but
armers and otners, wno cultivate
gardens in a more economical way,
cannerease their rhubarb Deds, ny
merely cutting up portions 01 me
plants in the spring, each having a
bud, and setting them out, covering
buds about two incees deep . with the
soil. The second vear these plants
will be ready to use, and after the
bird year may again be divided.
Miners Rural American.
As the increased number of vine
yards and the manufacture of native
1 : : i i. .
wines are oecouiing impuruud ncuo
in the agricultural and commercial re
sources of our country, we think all
he treatises which-throw any light
upon the character of the grape which
are most suitable to tne geograpnicai
ines most favorable to the growth of
he same will be both interesting and
valuable. We append accordingly,
the report of the Fruit-grower's Soci
ety of Eastern Pennsylvania, as made
by Dr. J. S. Houghton, which we
quote from the "(jardener s Monthly:
Xl KJ Ji'pC 13 ClUltUUiV 1U1 AAA UiVill
wine which will not produce, in the
process of fermentation, sufficient
grape sugar and alcohol to form a wine
that will keep tor several years in
casks or bottles, without the addition
of cane sugar and alcohol or spirits
obtained from other sources. Domes
tic wine as commonly made, with the
addition of two or three pounds of
cane sugar to the gallon of grape juice,
and three to six gallons of pure spir
its or high wines to the barrel, is not
a true wine ; its use is injurious to the
stomach, and the manufacture of such
cordials and alcoholic mixtures should
be discountenanced as unworthy of a
crape crowing country.
The first essential condition required
in crapes to make good wine, is that
they should arrive at perfect maturity ;
that is to say, to sucn a state ot per
fetion that they will not grow sweeter
in a sensible degree. It follows,
therefore, that no variety of grape
which does not attain this perfect
degree of maturity every year, in any
given locality, can be depended on to
make wine, however high its wine
making qualities may be in other
The leading wine grape of the
Atlantic portion of the United States,
at the present time is the Catawba.
This grape does not ripen with suffi
cient certainty and perfection to make
wine in any locality northeast of
Maryland, or northwest of Central
Ohio, oftener than once in five years,
except, perhaps, at Kelly's Island,
near Sandusky City, Ohio. We have
not yet discovered or produced any
other grapes than the Catawba and
Clinton which can be properly used
for making wine; the Oporto grape
furnishes a port of doubtful quality;
the Delaware juice forms a very
agreeable wine, and is thought by
some to possess the qualities of a true
wine grape, but it is not relied upon
bv the wine makers ot Uhio as a
profitable grape for this purpose.
The Isabella grape does not come up
to the standard of a wine grape in
The only wines or general use that
can probably be made in this country
at present are still, sour, hock vines,
similar to the sour German and Hun
garian wines, having barely sufficient
grape 6ugar to keep them from be
coming offensively sour, and a low
per centage of alcohol. We have yet
no grapes, in general cultivation,
capable of making wines having the
1 1 , i : 1 1. -Li
nen, nvv..-:iui;; "ivjuiiuiiu uiiu iiiginy
flavored character peculiar to the fine
wines of France, Spain and Madeira.
Nor is it necessary to success in the
makinc and U3inc of wine as a com
mon beverage by the people, instead
of fiery and poisonous alcoholic liquors
or badly made beer, that we should be
able to make fine, rich wines. The
light, cheap wines used by the people
of France and Germany with such
freedom and good effects as a daily
drink, and at almost every meal, are
almost identical in quality with the
still Catawba made at Cincinnati and
at Herman, Missouri. This kind of
wine is, in no respect, Very injurious
to the habitual drinker. It is slightly
nutritious, assists in maintaining the
natural heat of the body, quenches the
thirst, promotes the digestion and as
similation of food, and, after one has
become accustomed to it, is an agree
able and altogether refreshing and
useful substitute for some other drinks
in common use. It is not so irritating
to the stomach as cider; it does not
create ascidity like the sweetened
coi dials called domestic wine; it is
not so bloating and stupefying in it
effects as lager beer, ale and porter ; it
is not so highly alcoholic as to pro
duce intoxication when taken in any
moderate quantity ; it is not so dis
turbing to the nervous system and the
liver (the bile) a3 coffee ; and it is not
perhaps more depressing in its action
when used immoderately, than strong
Wine of this character has been
made very successfully in Central
Ohio and Missouri, in some of the
Southern States, in Central America
and California. The light wines of
California have lately been much
praised. But these wines have not
yet been very commonly employed by
the American people as a beverage.
Occasionally we see them placed on
the wine lists of our hotels, and the
sign "Catawba Cobblers," Ave have
noticed, has become quite common in
the fashionable bar rooms. But the
people still adhere to their fiery and
poisonous alcohilic drinks, to bad
whisky, adulterated and manufactured
brandy and drugged beer, and neglect
the pure juice of the grape to a great
There can be no question that the
health and happiness of mankind
would be greatly promoted if they
would discard the use of any kind of
wine (which must, of course, contain
a certain amount oi alcohol to consti
tute it wine) as a daily drink or bev
erage. dome persons, lnueea, are so
unhappily organized, that they cannot
take the smallest quantity of alcoholic
wine or liquor into the stomach with
out the most certain destruction of
their health and happiness. But still
wine, brandy, &c, are often r.ded 'as
medicines, and are much employed at
the present time in our military hos
pitals as stimulants; and there are
many persons who can rtse any and all
of these alcoholic liquids pretty freely
for years without yry injurious con
sequences. Mankind, in fact, seem
perversely detevmined to stimulate
and narcotize themselves, the world
over, and it, may be the part of wis
dom to induce them to U3e the least
destructive forms of stimulation.-
Hence, it may be advisable to extend
the "manufacture of light American
wip.es of the character before alluded
to, and to exert our influence to in
troduce them into common use as a
beverage in place of the alcoholic li
quors, ale and beer, now so universal
ly and largely consumed in this coun
try. A3 an additional argument to
this point, it may be stated that most
of the beer and ale now made in the
United States has a large quantity of
cheap, and often bad whisky added to
each cask, in order lo impart to these
drinks the intoxicating quality gen
craly demanded by the consmers.
As to the question of profit to be
derived from the manufacture of light
American wine, it is believed, that as
a branch of industry it is rather more
profitable, where the grapes will ripen,
than the cultivation of wheat and corn.
In relation to th9 probable capacity
of the soil and climate of the United
States to produce wine of a high char
acter, equal, if not superior, to the
best wines of Europe, and also in re
spect to the prospect that wine grapes,
which will bear vineyard culture, of
the proper quantity to form such wine,
will be obtained by hybridization or
otherwise, no doubt is felt by those
who are best informed on this subject
Ave have already numerous natura
seedlings and hybrid grapes of great
promise, not yet fully tested, and
more are annually produced and dis
covered by our zealou3 cultivators. It
is not, perhaps, fully settled that some
locality may not yet be found in our
widely diversified Union, where the
best wine grapes of Europe will grow
with as much success as in the coun
tries where they are now cultivated.
It should be born in mind that the
wine grapes of Europe are not natives
of the countrie3 where they are now
grown in vineyards ; nor have the
States of Europe any thing like the
same number of native varieties of the
"Mho tlmt. TYf hnvn In Amprifva Sn
there is hope for American success in
wine making, as well as in the product
of wheat and corn, and in all the arts
of peace and war.
Pare Water For Horses.
It is highly necessary that horses
should be supplied with pure water,
for impure water, like damaged food,
is more or less opera tive as an indirect
cause, in inducing an unhealthy con-,
dition of the digestive organs. We
urce the owners of horses to attend
to this matter, for it is wretched bad
policy to lead a hard-working, thirsty
horse to a trough containing water
not fit to drown a cat in, and too bad
to make tea for such wretch as Yeh.
Some infectious and contagious
diseases can, without doubt, bo com
municated through the medium of
water. Sometimes a horse, the sub
ject of some affection, either acute or
chronic, of the respiratory passages
has a profuse discharge from the nose;
this morbed secretion finds it3 way
into; the water in the act of drinking,
and the next horse that comes to im
bibe is very apt to swollow a portion
of this matter, which is generall'
found floating on the surface. Trough
water is further contaminated bv
animals washing their mouth and
lips in the same, and the bipeds who ;
delight to visit a water trough in
warm weather, are not ever careful
what they put into it. We have
often found an old boot, or an "old
soger, " or a dirty sponge at the bottom
of a trough in this city, from which
over twenty horses drank their daily
supply of water. Attention to thi?.
matter may possibly prevent m?;iy
cases of unnecessary disease Am.
The premises of a gor,d many far
mers are often infested with rats, and
we are often asked fov modes of des
truction, A resident of Brooklin i3
vexed with an increasing family of
rats that seem to grow fat on arsenic
and rat-exterm'mfitors. He dosen't
like rats, and defers his case, to the
Sunday Times. That journal recom
mends a traT4i made aa follows :
"Take a mackcral barrel, for in
stance, and fill it about one third its
height with water. Then placo a log
ndwise in. the rater, so that one end
of it will just remain above the sur
face. Make tho head of the barrel a
little too rjmall to fit, and suspend it by
two pint to the inside of the ton of the
barrel, so it will hang as if on a pivot
ar.u easily tip by touching either side.
On this head, thus suspended, secure
a piece of savory meat. Tho first rat
that sents it will, to get the meat,
leap on the barrel head. The head
wili tip, or tilt, and precipitate him
into the water, and resume its former
position. The rat in the water will
swim to the log, get on the end of it,
and squeal vociferously. His cries
will bring other rats, all of whom will
be tilted into the water, and all of
whom will fight for the only dry spot
in it viz., th end of the log. As
only one rat can hold it, the victor
will drown all the rest, and can, in the
morning be drowned himself. We
have seen twenty rats caught in one
night by such a trick.
Garget or Bloody 3111k.
Give one pound of sulphur one
fourth of pound at a time, four days
in sucession, unless the third dose
effects a cure. Give in bran, or meal,
or anything the cow will eat. As a
cure for garget and bloody milk, this
is the best thine I ever tried.
It is one of the gratest mistakes in the
world to be looking for great epportuni-
' Agricaltnral Editors.
A great many people think thated
itors of Agricultural papers, aro all.
practical farmers, but this is a great
mistake. Probably not over three or
four of some fifty editors in the Uni-1
ted States, are men who cultivate any;
thing more than a garden. They are
notable to cultivate farms, if they de
sired to, because the duties of their ;
officeb prevent any such diversionfrom
their mental and general office labors.
We are compelled to spend a por
tion of our time upon our farm, in the
season of cultivation, in order to
secure a state of health which closo
confinement to the duties of ourofiico
would render impossible.
But farmers do not want to read
what editors of rural papers have to
say on farming, &c, so much as what
is communicated by fellow farmers,
they who havo spent their lives in.
husbandry, stock-raising, fcc. Ono
department, the "Agricultural Press,"
will be especially valuable on this
account, as it is made up of the best
articles, by practical farmers, that
we can find in about forty different
agricultural, and horticultural jour
It is always, however, '"expected'
that the editor of such a paper as this
will have something to say in each
number on some important subject to
farmers, or fruit growers, or garden-
1 . . 1 a
ers; but it should ever be borne in
mind, that almost everv editor is
liable to error, at least liable to mako
statements which will not always-bo
endorsed by all the readers of hia '
paper. iNo editor ever was periect,
and we are no exception of this rule.
Propagating tiie Currant. Tho
best way is to cut off in the earlv
Spring before the buds swell, the
growth of the last year, close to tin
old wood ; make the cuttings one foot '
long; remove all the eyes except soiao
three or four at the top of the cutting,
to prevent succers : then place it com
pactly, in good sandy soil, to ono.
half its depth, or six inches, and by
good caro, in one year it will be suf
ficiently established for transplanting. ,
It should always be cultivated in tho
form of small brush trees, and by a.
skillful hand can be easily made to
assume a handsome pyraraidial or ess
palier form. . All superfluous wood
should be carefully pvuned out every
winter, and tho pla'at invigorated with
rich manure id the Spring. Tho
currant or gooseberry can hardly ba
Ttro Strings to tiieBor.
It is the practice of tar?e farmer?, in
some parrs of the country, to devote their
entire energies, arid the resources of the,
arm, to only one or two crons annuallv
Attbe extreme South.it is'cotton or sugar;
in Vhe other States it is corn or tobacco.
At the West, it is often wheat of corn;
find at the East, in some districts, it is
hups. In Ireland, the potato crop is tho
main reliance cf the hungry population;
and when that fails, famine atares thei;i
in the fare. England relirs so much oa
her grain crop that a failure cf ik begets
a panic. ...... 1
This plan works well, nt hone and
abroad, provided the season U entirely
favorable to the particular crop. But un
timely frcsts will come, notwithstanding
our tlans and expectation ; insects wii!
revel in the immense field, however valua
ble in prospect to their owner; unseason
able rains will fall; rust and worrn3 and
manifold other erils will beset us on ev
ery side.- And when the calamity comes,
it is a great one, we have intrusted for
tunes all to the keeping of one frail boat,
and when that goes down, all our hopes
are wrecked. Who ddes net see that in
this course of farming One is incurrir
too great a risk? It is like investing
one's whole fortune in a single kini!
railroad stock, and tLat very unreliable.
It is a sounder policy f.o distribute cue's
chance over a wider surface. It h far .
safer to raise G or more different crops
then, if one or more fail, there is some
thing to fall back upon. It is very true;
that thi3 does not make so crre.it a ihow
for an ambitious farmer. The proceeds
do not come in all at once, in so la-nre
amounts, as when a single great crop 13
gathered and sold. Bnt in the bnj-run,
the proceeds are larger, as they, certain
ly are surer. It is better :to iaye fife.
year3 cf moderate and 'regular profits,,
than one year of large gain, fdlowed
by three or four years 6f loss es. Better,
so far as the mere money ro iults are con
cerned; better for cne's habitual necco
of mind, and better for our moral.
When the mania for any kir:! cf
speculation prevails . ii the land, a fevr
large fortunes are mule, but many men
are ruined, Mauy become suddenly"
rich and then as -suddenly poor. Saga
gacious and bbs?rvin financiers tell cy
that the most snccessful and sure way to
amass property is to avoid all unnecps.
sary risks, and to bo satisfied with s:ea
dy and small gains. Apply this to ag
riculture. Weil has ons written: "A
farm which de;.ecds for it3 profit ou luu
ter, fruit, chtese, timber, catUc, hcs,
corn, wheat, potatoes, fiax, etc., makes
perhaps, but a little on each crop, but
the rain3 come in drops are useful . Tin
those which come in torrents, and raise
freshets, leave great mischief behind.,
Ine sea is composed cf drops.
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