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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1862)
...vLr'. "ninck. Main Street.
- T-i -nr rrt .
n NT A S
,t F I S H E R
', ,piJindvce, - -..rtT'r--,'
...id atibe ei'4r 6 mom
ths 2 bO
" r m.rre will l-e furnished at 51 t9 r.er
" j'hIU'C cta accompanies the order, not
fs I N E S 3 UAJLl JJS.
M A S 1
? U R GE ON,'
man's liio Sloic,
! i)K. A. GODFR Y,
X e;i!'-.' ftieiire. kixl one of the coriTspoii-
:'.,:r,'tme!'ican J.uruif the Medic 1 S ieu-
i,miol 1 pnimniitly in JJruwuviile, hud re
l ti'i.ilc'f pie3ijul tervjee to the cit-
-f n, j coi.:ii' In- t--rvl-ei to common practice.
r!.e:u i ' -'"'"' :0 i-i- ii"Pes of long
f vVitmant Tumor nn i Sorei Abscesses and
rTn' w.' S re Vye. even p'tnlt! B2tndaM,
f , tmu)-n!y !H-.l Kul'iiig Sickness. 1'dlh.v.
v,o.y, C-.iiu:iii":iii iu the firt and
Iin:tv ia me fonu, and diseases of
'ivu'-iii.raueiitinu vjl to Ague.
f re,Jb(.f-,Hl. give rcforence to tne pro-
ir"".,.,e iu le L'l.i'.od ijuics, aud afitrwaids
1 j Hi "l
'. 'J f.jUti'I at all hours, citber at J. n. Mauu'a
rf, 1.' l " " " ; v
TORNEY AT LAV,
seuciToa in chancery.
1 o,f:(.nirr or Main and hirst St?.
2i ovviivillo , T.
DR. D. GWIN,-,
tLe pra.-tive .f Mlicine and Surgery, ten
1 1 uD
emilc fcoutli of town, the old ixon
fTORNBY AT LAW,
I A X I
IjLICITOUS 1 CHANCERY,
! r -p. M;iin Streets,
3 VJi- '' -
f t. mTtaISott;
t L'i.K-a.Sc.1 hioW.fin l;rownTii!c. X. T.,tcu
I. ;.f.itViotil services to tlioco:uiuuuiiy.
!KS, WATCHES, JEYELFiY.
I J. SCHUTZ
I Wouldanu.iuucct.ith--itizens of Br jwuville
.nd vii'iuity tbat te has located l.imself iu
thrown vi He. 'di 11 tends k c;.;iit: a it' 1 i ;i-sot t .
trerythinz in fnx Jine.if bniue. wljicli will
) w f.-r ca.li. He will aU d.i all kinds -f re-
!,f clucks, watcLee and jewelry. All work war-
IWARD W. THOMAS,
TTORHEY AT LAW,
ilCITOR IN .. CHANCiit x.
03-e e .i'npr ot Uaiu and First Streets.
10VN VI LLE, N ElillASKA.
OF ALL KIM'S.
Also, "Warehouse Trucks, Letter
j-BAKKS. GREENLEAF & CO.,
'1 L.IKU ST., CHICACiO,
nil 1 1 v.y
only the pcnuine.4a
t MOODY & SON,
V.tioie and Hctail DeaiwJs in Fruit,
tit and Ornamental Trees,
I AND SHRUBS AND
OCRS FOR XCKSKKYJIEX.
VLE ROCK, NEBRASKA
kiT.TPtice, Dr. D. liwin, Diowuviile.
iittnMUS AMI UUAAaiLAlAL
HZEK AND PAPER HANGER-
WiOWNVILLK. N. T
1..COXST A BLK,
H i'l-MSPUlXGS, AX
14 Ct T7" CM I T rn rr 1 O
ShOUTrtt AM) lEALEB IN
h .Hubs, Sni.cs. r.Su Tieut Stuff.
"2? O EL 3NT 33
a n n
tNSELLOR AT LAV,
.;rj;l ana Collecting Aent.
jH'E, (JA(5E CO., .NEBRASKA.
I Pra!i -in thoserfe al Courts in Gage and
j Z.c"UtUe!, and will give prompt attention
articular attention civon to locat-
i f " ltrrr'ts ou landa carefully selected by
!5. 'fil .
,ES' PEAK GOLD!
5WiniV Pike's Peak Gold, and advance
Li. J "caiue. atiilnarnrvr l.a'.ancp i.f nroceeds
.-"-iurns are had. In all cat.es. I wi'
jr.acre!llfcd.rclunlB cf lbe United States Mic'
hop'. Tt. ij . i. a if si 1 1 r
lLX AM) EXCHANGE BROKEH
rants! nnrnk f
""h-nrt." K- w- Furnas, Brownvllle, a few
1 . '
r 1 o.-.ee octw eeu Felx and Edmond,
M f'XT JOSEPH, MO.
-If ij ''"S'lSLbiii. prices for cab.
i-Enett Prift VaiA f.u-Scrarilron.
53 A G-"
PATKN'T SrOATl CAKE MTIXS,
PATKNT STEAM COIL KVAPORATOaS,
PATENT K1KK KVAPOUATOR3,
PATKXT STAMP AULLS,
PIKE'S Ii:AK OH l.AKK SULCIlIOK.
SEND -FOR CIKCULAKS,
With Cuts, and Descriptions. Prices, etc., etc.
SAW MILLS. FLOUKIN'G MILL.
AVD MACJIliSRT OP ALL pnoCKIPTIOX.
IirslM I'Oal cu:r.i'LAKS.j-
P. W. (iA.TKS, President.
X. B.-Asent wanted everywhere. Chicajo-
II. W. l l'ii.NAS, fji;x r,
Of wbom Circulars d detailed iuforation caii lt
il arch 20, 1SG-. n37-lyj
JOHN L CARS01T-
(Successor to Lu&btaugb & Carson.
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, ' Uncurrcnt Muncy, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Duat
I will give epecial attention tobuyinst and teiljn? ex
'.line u tbe principal cities .f the United Statoiand
F. urupe. Gold Silver, uncurrent Bant Killn, nl
G. !d Dust, Col lections made on nil cce.-able points,
ai.J proceeds remitted in exchange at current rarei.
lit r.sU received on current account, and iutereit al
loweuon special dep sits.
iuaix stkli:t. iicTrt i:K tjee
Tclcgiapli ancl.llie U.S.
R E F E R E .V C E S:
Land & Brother
J7. Carson Ac Co.,
llixer, Dic k &, Co.
Vouin; &. (Larson,
Jeu. Thonipsoii Masnn, Col'r of Port,
wm. T. SiuiliiM.n, -Isq.. Hanker,
J. T. Sipveiis. IZr.q., Ait'y-at Law,
Jn. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. U. S. T
Tarlor ac triv:li, Bar.keiB,
SlcC ieMaii.l, Pya c d.,
Hon. Thomas (i. Pratt,
H ..1. Jas. (. Carson.
I. U. Sinaii.. Ks., Pres't S. Bank,
('.I. ;eo. S. hlty, A'y at Law.
Cui. Sam. Hinbletou Att'y at Law,
J udjje 1 lion. Perry,
i'lof. II. 7utwiler,
ist. Iaiihs, I..
Annap dis, ;dd.
II.'erLov, l, JVid.
Not H, laGO-tf.
3?. "w". Bedford,
.Main, LWuven Levze and First Streets.
Particular attention piven to tlic
Purchase antl Sale ol'UcaS
i;,3iUo, ilZaKin? Col
Payment oi' Taxes for Xon-Resi-dentH.
LAND WARRANTS iOU SALE, for cas'u and on
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEagtf rn Cap
itoliits,on lands selected from personal examination,
and a complete Township Map, bowing Streams,
Timber, ie., forwarded v.iiU the Ccriiikiae of loca
tion. Urownvilie.X.T. Jan. 3, 1S81. yl
Calls the attention of Gentlemen desiring new, neat,
fcervicahie and fahionable
Mew Stock of Goods
BROAD CLOTHS, CASSIMKIIS, VGST1XS. &.C..&.C,
or Tin: vb:j:y latktt stvs.sis,
Which be will sell or mate up, to order, at unprece
dented lw prices.
Those wlshmc any tbinK in his line will do well to
call and examine bis Ktock before investinz, aa be
pledpes biuiaelf to bold out peculiarly favorable in
ducements. February 13th. 1SG2.
' Ch. rAA ira S nrrZTV
THORN, GOLMANj CO., .
Oinor.nce to Hie travelinu rblictbat tbeir spleudiJ
and comm.Hiious Steam Terry running acro iioiu
iiotie t,t tbebot in every Tespect on tbeTpper Mif
Fenvi river, ihe oat makes resular trips every hi..ur
botliat notimewillbelostin waitinK.
The banUs on both hides of tle river are low and wel.
grailed which rei.der unloadics uuuececsary us is the
n .kont .li.wt othiT ferries.
No fears need be entertained as to difficulties a or near
tbia crossinp, as everybody in tbis recioti, on b..th bides
of tbe river, irf lor the Union the strongest Kind.-
Our cbarces t; an item the?e bard Umes arc lower
Travelers from Katsss to Iowa and to the east will find
tbia lbs nearest aud West route i" every i epc cl
Browuville, Nebraska, Sept. 21st, 1S61.
f-AUl TO YOUNH LADIES AM
The Fuhscriber will scud (free of rharge), to all
whndeire it. the Iiecipe aud directions for making
a simple W'jetalle Balm, that will, in from two to
Piuples. Ulotcues, Tan, Fseck-
rjiut van i - i ' .. -
lks. Sallow ness, and all impurities and roughuefs
r u Cl-in lata I'i n the paino as Nature intended
it shoud be oft,dear, omooth and le,uaful. 1 hose
j. i?ir.with full instructions, directions
and ddee, will call on or address (with r..
turn postage,) rv.irf.
831.Droadway, cw lork.
May 22, J8G2. n4(5-2m. '
CONFESSIONS AND T.XPEKI
rvrr np A SUFl'EItEK.
T.,vi;.t,o n. a. unmin?. and for the e?penal bene
fit of Young Men and those who suffer with ervous
Debility, Loss of Memory, Premature Decay, Acc-,
by one of those who has cured himself by siuip.e
..Tn.na after beins put to creat exinge and u.con-
tV,rr.u?h the use of worthless meditines
t,r lAxrnpd Doctors.
Single copies may be had of the author, C. A.
- .vC.r,nid addressed envelope. Address
CliAIlLES A. XiAMULliT, Esq., Grcenpoiat, Long
Island, N. Y.
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY,
Ballad Cocitnemoratlns the Action
of 25th Mo. Regiment at the
Battle of Pittsburgh Laading.
BT JT. J. MARVIN.'
Te gaKant Twenty'-nftb, wbo fought at Pltttburg Hsbt,
Began the bloody battle, Just at the dawn of light,
To meet the furious rebels, your Uearta ani handaere
.strong,. ' .
While I recant yoar g!ry, Just listen to my aong.
At threo on Snnday mornibg, three companies went out,
To have a little skirmish, and take a "aecesh'f scout ;
But when we found their ambush, to catch their picket
spies. ' : '
Two thousand rebel rose to take us by surprise.
Oar noil ? ITaJor led us, and uuder his command,
We fought superior numbers, and almost hand to band.
And uhoh their horse would 'flank ua, ''My gallant
bora, said he,- .
"Fall back a liitle, genlly, and each man take a tree." j
For four Ions hours we fought them, and kept them all
Till seven huntfred rebels, beneath our volleya lay
But when they reacUei" our camps aud formed their
' ' battery line, .
Tea regiments abreast their murderous fires combine.
With grape, and ball, aud c.uister, they drove us from
-our camp ;
But rallying In retreat, we made their forces tramps
They drove us towards the river, till teige guus with
And gun boats witu their shells, made their qaklng
On Ifoodiy morning, early, brave Buell led our men ,
And on their brlsclln aquadrons, commenced tbe fight
Beneath our deadly volleys, their reeling lines gave
Till hosts of slaughtered rebels all through the green
woods lay. .
Till nU'ht drew down her curtain, their soatterol le
Itetreatina: far beyond, where the Tattle first began.
We took all their arms, a glorious victory won,
Aud chased them from the rising to the setting of tbe
But in the hour of triumph, our hearts remember well,
Our true and valliant comrades, wbo in the battle fell,
While fighting for the Union, co gallantly they dled,
And history shall name them with patriotic pride.
A tear for gallant Powell, and Peabody the brave.
Whom cursed traitor bullets, laid in a bloody grave:
Oar llajor and our Colonel, the Twenty-fth shall cry.
God Mess their a;uted mcnory, and the places where
For rentleld and for Bramble, and glorious Captain
Let. glory's freshest laurels above their bones be laid, .
And we who uow survive them, remember Pittsburg
Where alter blooc'y contest, our God sustained the right.
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.'
Passed at the, tecwtl Eetsitm of lUrlj'
fu.dx.ishei Br autboiuty. ' "
rrBLic no. 86.1
AN ACT to protect the preperty of Indians who
Lave adopted the habits of civilised life.
JSe itvnavUd by the Senate and House of Ilepre
eetitiititet of the Unittd Siote of America iu Con
grext umeiiiUed, That whenever any Indian, beintf
a Ejeuvber of any b ind or tribe with whom the Gov
ernment ha or hhall have entered into tready stip
ulations, beiii? desirous to adopt the habits ot civi
lized life, shall have had i portion of the lands be
loir iiiiC to bis tribe allotted to him in Sererality, in
ruiu:ince of such tready stipulation?, it shall be the
dutv of the aeut and superintendent of such tribe
tO provide IM41 ?UCU lliuumauai. iuivvwu... "
- . j i.rl.
peaceful and quiet occupation una enjoyment oi me
lands so allot to him.
See 2. And 6 it further enacted, lhat whenever
any person of Indian blood belonging to a band or
tribe who reccitro, or are enuuea to reeeive, uniim-
iet'rom the Governuient of the united States, ana
who has not adopted the habits and customs of eiv
. . ,i i i . . . - i
lized life, and received nis lanas in a verany uy al
lotment, p-s mentioned in the toregotng section ci
this aot, shall commit any trespass upon the lands
or premises of any Indian who has received his
Line L bv allotment, as aforesaid, it shall be tbe duty
of tho t-upcrintendont and agent of such band or
ribe to ascertain the damages resulting iroui suou
r..:uss and tho sum so ascertained snail Do with
held from the payment next theroafter to be mado,
either to the band or tribe to which the-party com
mitting such trespass shall belong, as in the discre
tion ofthe superintendent he shall deem proper,
nd tho sum so retained shall ua paia over oy toe
aid agent or superintendent to the party injured,
with the approvaVof tbe Secretary ot me interior.
Sec. 3. And be tt further enuciea, aujh iu
the treripaser shall be the chiel or ncauman oi a
band or tribe, in addition to tue peuaiuesauoYo
vid.l f.,r. it tbnll be the dutv of the superintendent
of Indian a Hairs in his district to suspend tho said
trespasser from his office for three months, and dur-
ug that tia,e to deprive him oi u uie iwuoukwui
uioluincnts connected therewith : Provided, That
.the said chief or headman may De sooner restoreu to
h's former ttaudins if the supenuieuaeni snaa
Approved, June 14, 1802.
fPt Bi.ic Uesolutios No. 31.
A JOINT RESOLUTION authorizing tho yayment
of certain moneys heretolore appropriated .or uo
e.,nmlctl n of the Washington aqueduct.
Whereas by not of Congress, approval Jnne twenty-
five, enhteen hundred ana siAiy.ioiu t-
propriated for -the completion ui vuo h".s"
aqueduct live hundred thousand iWl. to b ex
peuded awordmgto the plans and estimates -f
CapUin Meigs and under his superintendence ;
aud, whereas, while the work was in progret aad
before it was completed, Captain Meigs was re
moved from euch euperintoodeuce, nd certain
imrties Lave claims for work done and inatcmls
lurnibhed to and for the completion of said aque
duct which have not been paid: Therefore,
KeMolcedhiitk S-natcand lloute of Kepretenia-
tivexofth' United State, of America Longreeta-
temllcd. That the supenntenaeui, oi
lon aqueduct be and he is hereby uu.u .-u i w
to Robert Mclntyre and others, according to the
respective claims, for work done ana materials iut-
DisUed lor toe ajjumg" 7 - .
reclion of Cartain LI. W. Bouhi-m and Lieutenant
J auies St. C. Morton, sucu uui ' "u"v
neces.-aiT, not - to exceed nw uureu
dollars ana smj ... --
... i.r.r.,ra nT.r.roDnatcd as
;.1,.1 That, no sum or sums oi "'"J
JU- m. mm - .1.
r'tbis resolution except ancU as shall h certified
, iut and eauitable by General M.. C. Xcigd.
1 t l.A
-w J . -c-r
Approved, v uno .
IPCBLIC No. 67.
ACT providing for the selection of jurors to
"serve in the teroial courU in the District of Co
lumbia, j it ' r d
lie it exacted by the Senate and House of Repre-
.entativc ofV,e jUmuea p.- --
ore.t assembled, inai l r" ' ,
liegiiter of Waahington city, and of the respective
clerks of the city of Georgetown d the Levy Court
of Washington county, in the District of Columbia,
within one month after the passage of thl8 act, and
on or before the first day of ternary - in each year
thereafter, .o iuke a list of . such ef the white male
citizens, tax-payers, residing within theirrespo-Hive
jurisdictions as they shall judge best qualihed to
:.. .1, .iiru of tho said District, in
serve as jurors iu "" - .. . ' ,
which li'ts maybe included, in the discretion of ihe
o er makic " the same, the names of such qualified
persons as we're ou the list of the previous year but
did not lerve a. jurors, and l"..tlfaa! li
and cieras aiorwim " j
successera in ottce.
See. 2. And be v
a foresail bhall sel
Wahl02toft ciT- U
d be douverea over to taeir
r enacted. That the oCQcers
j the i4t of the register of
jaea cf four huaJrc1 peraons,
SJ. 'V if
UNION, QUE AND IIJ3EPEItABLE, NOW
from that of the clerk of George-towa eighty persons
and from that of the clorlt'of. Ihaiary -uouri fvrty
persons, wuich pn port ion, after the year eiu.een
hundred and sixty-three, miy bo Tiiried from year
to year according to the- increase or decrease of pjp
ulation in the respective junsJictu m, by order of
the circuit court cf Washington co intr.
Sec. Z..AnJbe itfurihcf enacted , That the Mayors
of the cities of V ashino:tfn aud Georgetown, all
judicial oliicer, salaried officers of the Govorninei.t
of the united Mates, eomm sioners of police, and
thoso Connected with the 4lioe or fire department,
counsellors ana attorneys at law, mimsttrs of the
gop5l and priests of every denomiriation, j.raatising
physicians and surgeons, keepers of hoipitaN, as
ylums, almshouses, or otbef charit.ible intitntion
crcaled by or uuder the Liwn relating to the District
of Uolumoia, captains and ma-iter.-t and ctaer rer-
souj niployed on vessels mivigatinj the waters of
sal UisUict, and kcepew ot ptibln: femes, aball be
exempt fr ?m jury duty, and their uamOifhall not be
placed in the Iista aforesaid.
So. 4. And he it further Mu:led, That the
names sclented from aid liaa . ahull be written on
eepirate fcud similar piooos of pap. r, which shall bo
so loldea or rollea Up that the nam? eannot ba seen
aud place,l jn a box, to be j rovided by the register
and clerks aforesaid, which box ?u.ui te sealed, and
after being thoroughly shaken, shnll be delivered to
the' clerk of tlw circuit court of Washington ooauty
f'.-r safe keeping.
Sec. 5. And be it further enarUd, That the said
register and clerks, aud the clerk of the circutit
court, shall, at least ten days befofu the commence
ment jf each term of the circuit or of the criminal
court meet at the City Hell in Washington city,
and ihen and thorn the clerk -of the circuit court
sha!l publicly break the seal of slid box and pro
ceed to draw therefrom tho nameiof so many per
sona as are required ; and if the jury about to be
drawn Is inteuded for service in the criminal eburt,
the twenty-three persons whote n:m?s shall bo first
drawn shall constitute the grand jury, and the
twenty-six persons whose names st all next be drawn
shall cou.itituto tha petit . jury for that term ; but
iu a capital case where the said panel shall have
been exhausted by reaion of challenge orotberwise,
the court before whom such capital eajo ia ponding
roay, in its discretion, order additional names to be
drawn : and if all of Ihe m mes in the box shall have-
been drawn out and no jury found, the court may
order the nia-rshal to summon talesmen until a jury
shall bo fouud. And if ajury bo required ftr the
circuit court, the twenty-six per.-oin who.se naraeH
shall first be drawn shall if nstitute the jury f. r that
terra, and the names of the persons drawn a afore
said shall not be again placed in fuch box for. the
period of two jears. If ary person whose r.ume is
so drawn shall have died r removed from the Dia
trict. or has become otherwise disabled from serving
ns a juror, the said register and clerks shall draw
from the box another name, who thall serve instead;
and after the requisite number of jurors shall have,
been so drawn, the said box shall be again sealed
and delivered to the clerk of the- oircuit court as
Sec. 6. And le it further enailed. That it shall
bo tbe duty of the Marshal of the District of Co
lumbia, at least five days before the meeting of tho
court for which a jury is required, to notify each per
son drawn, by serving on him a notice in writing of
his scloction as a juror of the court ho is to atend,
and of the day and hour he is to appear ; which no
tice shall bo given to each juror in person, or be left
at his usual place of residence ; a copy of which no
tice, with his certificate stating when and in what
manner the original was served, shall be returned by
.the said marshal to the court before the commence
meiit of tho teim for which tho said jurors were
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That incase of
cither of the officers whose duty it is to inak out
the lists aforesaid shall neglect or refuse to act, or
inwa either of them shall be interested in any
action or proceeding pending in tie srdd circuit or
criminal court, thechief judge of. the circuit court
dutv iUaa ; and-if the irn .fcelecte-t aa Jarora 5
do not attend, the court toay orJ.fr the niarihl to,
summon ber respectable tax pavers, ossoasing tho
other legal qualifications, to supply the deficiency.
And if at any time there should not be, by reason
of challenge or otherwise, a sufllcient number of
jurors to make up the panel, the court shall order
tho marshal to summon si many talesmen as are
necessary for that purpose. .
Sec. 3. Aud be it further enacted, That no person
shall be competent to act as a jursr unless he be a
citizen of the United States, a resident of the Dis
trict of Columbia, over twenty-one and under sixty
five years of ago, a good and lawful man, who has
never been convicted of a felon or misdemeanor
involving moral turpitude. And a person may be
excused by the eourt from serving on a jury when,
for any reason, his interests or those of the public
will be materially injured by his attendance, oi
when he is a party in any action or proceeding to bo
tried or determined by tho intervention ol a jury at
the term ior which he may be suniui ned, or where
his own health or sieknes of a member of his fami
ly requires his absence.
Sec. a. And be it further enacted, That if any
officer named in tho first section of this act shall put
on the list he is required to make the name of any
peasou at his own request, or on the requost of any
other person, or shall bo guilty of any fraud or col
lusion with respect to tho drawing of jurors, ho
shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shill
be punished by a tine of not 1 jss than one hundred
dollars, and imprisoned in tho jounty jail not loss
than sixty days, for each and every offence. And
if tho clerk of the circuit court sliall draw from the
box a grealer number of names than is required by
the court, in accordance with the provisions of this
act, or shall put in said box any name after tho
game ha3 been delivered to him a i aforesaid, or shall
be "uilty of any fraud or collusion in respect to tho
drawing of jurors, he shall bo deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not
less than ouo hundred dollars, and be imprisoned in
the county jail not less than sixty days, for each and
Sec. 10. And he it further enacted, That if any
person selected as a juror and duly notified to attend
according to tbe requirements of this act, shall,
without sufficient cause, neglect to attend aggreea
biy to-uch notice, he shall bo fined by the court in
a sum not exceeding twenty dollars for every day
he shall be absent durirg the sitting of said court.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the names
on the' lisU specified in tho second section of this
act shall be selected, as near as may bo, from among
tho citizens of tho several wards of the cities) of
Washington and Georgetown, and the three divi
sions of th co-inly of Washington ouUi the limits
of said cities formed by the eastern brain ef the
Potcmac rivet and liock creek, in proportion to the
numbe r of tax-ilue inhabitant risiding io mid wards
a&d dh'ricts, respectively.
Ai tovtd, June lSih. ISC2. '
. Public No. 85.
AN ACT to incorperate the Mount Olivet Cemetery
Company, in tho District of Columbia.
Be it enmcted by the Senate a.td House of Repre
sentatives of the Uuilcd States of America t C'oS
urtss assembled. That Edward A. Knight, Charle
J. White and Charles 1). Bowling, and their succes
sors, be and they are hereby created a body politic
nd corporate by the name and title of "the Moun
Olivet Cemetery Company," and by that name may
have perpetual succes-sion, may sue and be sued in
tlm cfiurta f.f law and equity, und other competent
tribunals, may have and use a common seal, aud the
same may destroy, alur and rone w at pleasure may
associate with tbtni such other persona in said com
pany to any number not exceeding nine, in iy fnl ail
vacancies which may occur in their ow body, and
may from time to time ord.wn such by-law, uot in
consistent with tho laws in ioree in the District of
Columbia, as they may decui lieccssary or proper for
Seo 2. And be it rtler enacted, That said cor
poration may acquire, hold, and dispose of such es
tate, real, personal an mixed, as may be necessary
or proper for the purposes of said corporation : Pro
vided, The said corporation f-hall not own at any
one time more than ou hundred acres of land in the
nnnivnf WashiniTtou. and witnout the limitaot the j
city of Washington; And provided further, That at !
least thirty acres in one body "be set apart and used
for the purposes of a cemetery.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That burial
lota in said cemetery may be sold, leased, or other
wise disposed of by s:ad corporation to the lot-holder?,
upon such conditions and subject to such regu
lations as said corporation or the board of managers
may prescribe, and a certificate, under the seal of
said corporation, of the ownership or other interest
inaiiylot aforesaid, shall in all respoet have the
game effect as any conveyanco from said corporation
of. said lots would haveif ex.ee uted, acknowledged,
and recorded as conveyancea of rel estate are re
quired by law to be , which tertificate shall be en
tered in a book kept byssid corporation for that pur
pose, tho same to be open for the inspection of all
persons interested ; and buriil lots iu said cemetery
ball not be subject to the dobu of the lot hold era
thereof, ami ths Utd or the corporatloa dedi-
SEPTEMBER 13 1862.
cated to the purpososof a cemetery shall not be sub
ject to taxation of any kind. ' --Seo.'
4. AaJ be it'forther enaeted, That the affairs
of said corporation may be conducted by such board
of managers as the said corporation may i rdain, to
be composed of the corpora tors or any selected num
ber thereof, and such other parsons as tho said cor
poration may elect.
- Sec. 5. And bo it further enacted, That nistroets
lane?, alleys, roads, -of canals, of eny sort, shall be
opened through tsie proo3rty of aid corporation ex
clustvelyapDropriated and used for the purpose ol 1
cemetery; Provided, That nothing herein contained
shall be so construed as to authorize said corporation
to obstruet any public rml, or arroet, or lane, cr
alley now actually opened and used as such.
See. 6. And bo it further enacted, Thai any per
son who shall wilfully destroy, mutilate or deface,
irjure or remove any totib, m mument, gravestone,
or otner struuture or worfe placed -in easn cemetery,
or any lence, railing, or work lor protection or orua
menc oi saia cemetery, or any tomo monumDn -,
gravestone, or other , structure or work thereon, or
shall wilfully destroy, out, break, or remove any treo.
auruo, or pumi, niiuiu iub i;iuits oi saia cemoterv
shall be cou.-F.lerod guilty of a misdemeanor, anil,
on cuuf rtiuuu lutrooi oeiore any magistrate rju.'i
tide of the peace, shall be punished by fipe, at the
discret ion of the justice, according to the aggrava
tion cf the offence, of not lesa than live nor more
. Sec. 7. And bo it further enacted, That the said
corj oration ehall provido for tho return, from time
to time, to the Corporation of Washington, of reports
of all interments made in said cemetery, of persons
who have died within tho limits of the city of Wash
ington, in such manner as may bo prescribed from
time to time by said Corporation of YVashington.
Sec. 8. And ba it further enacted, That nothiug
in this act shall be so construed as to authr rize said
corporation to issue any note, token, device, serin, or
other evidence of debt, to be used as a currency
' I l, . C , .. .
iiu racu oi kue corporators in saia corporation shall
be holdliublf, in his individual capacity, for all the
debts and liabilities cf said corpora tion, however con
tracted or incurred, to bo recovered by suit as other
debts or liabilities before the Court or tribunal hav
ing jurisdiction ef the case.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That it shall be
lawful for Congress, at any time haroafter to 'alter.
amend. or repe&l the foregoing ajt.
Approved, June 10, 18(52.
fPrBLic No. 88. "
AN ACT definingaddi tional Causes for challenge and
pre.-ciioiuguuaauiiionai uain lor wandand rotit
Jurofs in the United Slates Court.
lit it enacted by the Senate aad tlw.me o f Rem-MA-
tativei of the United Slate of America 'a. Congress
attcmlled, .That, in addition to the existing cause
of dispaa!i5cation and challenge of grand. and petit
jurors in the courts of the United States, the follow
ing arehereoy declared and established, namely;
without duress and coercion to have taken unarms.
or to have joined any insurrection and rebellion,
against the United States; to have adhered to any
rebellion, giving it aid and comfort : to have eiven
directly or indirectly, any assistance in moiicy.arms,
horses, clothe,", or any thing whatever, to or for the
use or benefit of any person or persons whom the ter-
sou giving such assistance knew to have joined, or to
be about to join, any insurrection or rebellion, or to
havevresisteJ,or to be a'aout to resist with foree of
arm-",' the execution of the laws of the United States,
or whom he had good ground to believe had joined,
or was about to join, any insurrection or rebellion, or
had resisted, or was about to resist, with force of
arms, the exeoutiou of the laws of the United States,
and to have counselled and advised .any person or
porsons to join any insurrection and rebellion, or to
resist with force of arms tho laws of tha United
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That at each
and every term of any court of the United States,
the district attorney, or other parson acting for and
a behalf of tho Uaitcd StaU: ia aaid oiurt, may
move, and the oonrt in uieir discretion may reqaire
lf nierk tender to tch and very petrom who a
bo summoned to serve as a grind or petit juror or
r.ireiB talesman in said court, the following
oath or aiartcatlon,vis : "You do solemnly jwar (or
affirm, as the case maybe) that you will support tho
Constitution of the United Statesof America; that
you have not, without duress and constraint, takon
up arms, or joined any insurrection or rebellion
against the United States; that you have not ad
hered to any insurrection or rebellion, giving it aid
and comfort ; that you have not, directly or indi
rectly, given any assistance in mor y, or any other
thing, to any person or persons when you knew, or
had good ground to believe, had joined, or was about
to join, said insurrection and rebellion, or had re
sisted, or wag about to resist, with force of arms, the
execution of the laws of the United States; and
that you have not counselled or advised any person
or persons to join any rebellion against, or to resist
with force of arms, the Ian s of the United States'
Any person or persons declining to take said oath
shall be discharged by the court from serving on the
grand or petit jury, or Venire, to whion he may have
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That each and
every person who shall take the oath herein pre
scribed, and who shall swear falsely to any matter
of fact embraced by it, shall be held to have com
mitted the crime of perjury, and shall be subject to
the pains and penalties declared against that crime.
Approved, Juno 17, 18G2.
From the Country Gentleman.
Alkaline aud Saline Soils.
Messrs. Editors: In your issue of
10th July, E. VV. Brewster, of. Denver
City, Colorado, inquires respecting the
remedy for counteracting the influence of
too much alkali in the soil, on some por
tions of his land.
In California, Colorado, and in some
oiher sections of our recently acquired
territory, there are large quantities of
otherwise good lands, but which are ren
dered valueless for cultivation inconse
quence of the great amount of alkali
(poia&h) they contain. The potash is
there naturally not in consequence of an
artificial application of wood ashes or
Iu ihe 4th Annual Report of the Cali
fornia State A . Society, there are two
essays "On the formation of. and nitans
of Subduing Saiia Soils." Y. -Thomp
son in his essay, says : ,
". "That the components of alkaline soils
are frequently furnished from the decayed
granite of the mountains, there can be
but little doubt. The potash contained in
the decaying rock, has an invincible ten
dency on gelling free from its former as
sociations, to get dissolved in water, in
which it continues connected, and thus
during the heavy rains of winter, sorr,e
of our springs and rivers may be consid
ered ai a weak solution of polish, &.C.
Some of the former remaining so at all
times, the solution uettinn &tron?er as the
heat of the summer dries up and dimin
ishes their former supply of water. As
the rivers rise they overflow their banks,
and in some situations leave, along the
lower portions of level plains, sheets of
water of considerable extent, where,
having no outlet, it necessarily remains
iill evaporated by the sun. The quantity
of alkaline matter which is thus deposit
ed in one year may be very small, but in
the course of asres it accumulates, and
soils are thus rendered barren from an
excess of those very alkalies which in
less quanties, are essentially necessary to
the growth of plants."
To reclaim these alkaline soils, Mr. T.
recommends embankments to prevent
overflowing, drainage, irrigation, and the
planting and growing such crops or plants
as require much potash in their compo
sition. There are other alkaline an4 satine
soils which are never overflown. They
contain naturally, " in their surface anf
subsoils, potash or soda,' or the salts op
iron,' or other deleterious salts to such an
extent , as to render them worthless for
most of our cultivated crops.
Probably Mr.' BrewsterV land, which
"is a sandy loam with a heavy clav sub
soil,", naturally contains excess of Dotash.
The clay subsoil, from its impervioui tex
ture, prevents the w ashing out of excess
of potash. Drainage and irrigation, if
practicable, would prolably effect a cure.
ivueiuer mis couia te economically ef
tected is a matter that should be laken
into consideration, previous to the expen
diture of much money or Jabor.
Mr. W. Simpson, in his essay, says:
' ''The source, of the alkalies has been
correctly attributed to the decaying rocks
of the mountains." To the abundance of
the salts of potash and soda everywhere
in the soil of California, may be attribut
ed, in a great measure, the enormous
yield of her cereals,' the majestic size of
her trees, and the mammoth proportions
of her vegetables.
An alkaline soil is, strictly sneaking, a
soil which contains excess of alkaline in
gredients, but as its earthy " constituents
are variable, the term is definite in noth
ing but alkaline properties, and. although
from the impervious nature of the clays,
- i i
iney.are more liable to ua accumulation,
yet alkaline loams are by no means un
common in this country."
Ihe same aikaline deposits result from
potash water" in Colorado, as sookenof
by Mr. Thompson in his essay.
In the roport of Major Emory. U. S.
Commissioner, on the boundary between!
the United States and Mexico, in speak
ing of the lands bordering the Colorado
river, Lieut. Micher, one of the assis
tants, says :
'The bottom is intersected by innume-
11 m .
rauie lagoons ana sloughs, which, during
the annual rises, filJ to overflowing, and
irrigate the soil. The earth is conse
quently impregnated with the salts of pot
ash, magnesia and soda, which are held
in solution by the water. No vegetation
will grow beyond the . influence of these
overflows, and when a white effloresence
appears upon the surface of the ground,
it is useless plant, as nothing edible for
man or beast will grow."
It is said "we can have too much of a
gooJ thing." This seems to be the case
in regard-to potash and soda in a great
deal of the land in California and Colo
rado. How to get rid of this excess of
potash is a question Mr. Brewster wishes
to have solved. I have alluded to Mr.
Thompson's method, and perhaps thft tine
may vjou come'wLiu ii Will Id ion, J pi ir
ritable on thesj alkaline soils to grow
those plants that require a very largo per
centage of potash in their composition. J
According to the U. S. Dispensatory,
1.000 pounds of Wormwood ashes will
yield 73 pounds of potash. The same
amount of ashes of Fumitory will yield
79 lbs. of potash, and 1 ,000 pounds of
the ash of Angobia will yield 9G pounds
Theory would say, (and I think exper
iment would prove it true,) that the grow
ing of the above named plants would fast
remove the potash from these alkaline
soils, wherever these potash plants could
be grown upon them, provided the plants
were removed from the soil as soon as
natured ; and then if burned the ashes
might be profitably applied to soil de
ficient in potash, or they might be leach
ed, the lye boiled . into plack salts, and
they would become an article of commer
cial value, and the land eventually pre
pared by the removal of extra potash for
more valuable cultivated crops.
Capt. Stansbury, in his Exploration of
the Great Sait Lake Valley, saw mil
lions of acres of land that yielded no
other vegetalle but the "everlasting ar
ternisa," or wormwood a pretty sure in
dication that the soil abounded largely in
potash. He also saw other tracts so satu
rated with the carbonate of soda as to be
utterly useless for cultivation, and still
other large tracts entirely covered with
"chloride of soda," or common salt mil
lions of bushels overspread the soil the
salt equal in quality to the best manufac
tured at Syracuse.
In New England we have thousands
upon thousrds cf acres of laud to im
pregnated with the talis of! iron, that
many cf our Cultivated crops' fail to bo
profitably grown upon them. Heavy
liming and manuring will make such lands
tolerably productive ; but lime at 1,50
per barrel, and manure at S4 per cord
would make the improvement of such soils
The pflVr.t nf n oac f cT,0 lime
and iron, upon the croDs in anv soil, us
far as my observation extends, is very
similar. Indian corn may vegetate and
grow as long as the young plant obtains
its nutriment from the parent seed, but
as soon as it begins to absorb from the
soil, the leaves assume a reddish, pur
plish hue; the main root is corroded and
cut off as if done by a worm ; the first or
lower leaves rust and dry up, and gene-
a 1 t Alt TV
rally a lignt crop ioiiows. l nave seen
the above results arising from over liming
and ashing, and also from excess of iron
in the soil. This last kind of soil will
nut, witu urutuaxy itiaijuiiusz, yiciu u
rrrow timothv ctbL Where eicess of
i- -.l' .t- :r ..moo
lime or asues is in me suu, u pv
can be made to grow, they are very apt
i. . l t . i rvt cn ni nr
i t l . - .i , ,.,,.k
' . It.
to oe scaooy. i cavu seen uieiu o
so that thev were not fit for tabe use.
The too heavily limed and ashed land after
a few years cultivation became much im-
proved and very productive, yielding ex
tra crops of red and white clover.
Mr. Simpsoq in his essay, attributes
much of the fertility of: the California
soilstoUieaDunoanceor potasn ana sooa teaspoons soda, four do. of
everywhere in the sous of lhat State. T) , v r-pnt
Majo'r Dickinson, in his letter to the cream tartar. Bub tie ngr ed.enta
Country GeutUman, June 5th, has much into flour and add three cup. ot
lo say ia praise of the alkaline soils tf water. i ork thorouhl, lake qa.
- - - - - . - m a - m m m m i, , , ,
RATES OF Aivi;nTisi.. 7
one ?inar (ten linen t lass; one iuserUon, $1 tut
EhoU ad.Iitiocal insertion
Busiress Card., ux line or le, vue year
One toiuma one year -
Oue h m t column oi ytar - "' -. "
Ojb fenrtu colnmn ou year -
Ou eitrhth colunm one yer
One column li nosthj .
One half clnuin six month .
One fourth culutun nix icoct ba -
One eighth of a column tlx ajth -
One crOnrnn three m -nthi .
One half column three month .
One fourth colunin tl.iee tnontha
One eighth cninmn three mntn
Announcing Candidates for Offli e. - .
Transient advertlseoieD mast b raid fir in .t.i,-
Tearly ailvertisemeuca quarterly in advance.
In Transcient Advertieinenu, fract4:s over on
square will bt charged for by the line, at the rate of ten
cents tho nrt week, ard 5 ceus oach ubeqnent week.
the southern States, and the wonderful
effects of such soils upon the growth oi
the apple tree, all of whLh may be true;
and as far as my observation extends,. I
do not think our farmers fully appreciate,
the value or worth of wood aaliijs for tho
improvement of their soils ar.d crops. I
But other ingredients in tho soil besidd
potash, are necessary for maximum crops
of. corn, grain, roots, &c.
From the Country Uctlemaa.
Chapter on YInc-Makln
As grape culture has become an
stitution " of this countrA, I
matve a iew remarks on-domestic ' vnna
making for the benefit of your grape
In order to make the best ,wine that
the kind of grape grown will admit, al
low the fruit to remain cn the till fully
matore, then pick carefully, and remove
from the clustars all unripe or imperfect
grapes ; then put your selected, beat ones
into a tight cask well cleaned in small
quantities; say about a bushel at a time,
which are to be moshed with a common
clothes pounder, or a sirailar instrument
till the puJp ami seeds become well sep
rrated, and the juice ol the grapes an
My remarks will be confined to win
making by those who merely desiae to
make a barrel or less lor home consum
ption ;" and who are not expected u Lo
provided with the facilities that professed
wine makers possess
Having pounded the first basket ot
grepes, turn trie contents or tne cask in
another vessel, and proceed as befortt
till all your grapes are beaten or mashed
when you may proceed to express the
must or pure juice of the grape, eniirely
seperated from the skins, pulp and net-dj
of the fruir.
In the absence of a wine press, this
may be done by placing the mash in &
strong bag, made of strainer cloth, and
then press out the must in any manner
that may be the most feasible. For ex
pressing a few gallons, it may be done
with the mere hands, but when a barrel
or more is made, some lever should be
brought to bear upon the bag, in order to
express the most of the must.
My system of applying the lever is- ai
follows: I r.t set a large wash-tub against
the studding of the side of my barn floor,
upon which I lay a board, updu the centre
of which the lag of rcash is placed. I
then nail a strip of plank to a stud, of
the right height to receive the end of the
Wer, which is made of plank, and about
eirht inches wide where it rem:- in ccn
wittt the b:r, nd .i vu;- .;: IV,; :
long, beinz tapered off irorn tlia lxz la
four inches wiJ? at tha har.die, Th
pressure exerted by such a lever, will Ui
apt to rend the bag, unless quite strong,
and but very little must will be lust, thro
the cheapness of such a temporary press.
On this plan enough grapes may bo
mashed, and the must expressed, to make
a barrel of wine, in half a day, by onu
: The next questicn is, what is to be done
with the must, whether it be five, ten, cr
thirty gallons? Shall sugar or spirits of
any kind be added to it?
It is contended by seme people, that by
adding anything at all to the pure juice
of the grape, it destroys the value of the
wine in their estimation, and makes rather
a cordial than wine.
Mr. Longworth, the celebrated wine
maker of Ohio, adds nothing whatever to
the must of the Catawba grape, frou
which most of the Ohio domestic wines
are made. He puts the must of a score
or more of vineyards into a large cistern,
then drains it off into large ca&ksfor fer
mentation, alter which the wine is bottled,
and in due time time sent to market; but
io no case, 1 believe, till it is a year oil.
But Mr. Longworth's wines are .not
palatable to most American tastes, atid
are considered by many people as but a
grade better than our best bottled cider,
although he finds sale for large quanti
ties at 85 to &8 per dozen bottles. Nor
are the wines of other Ohio grape-growers,
who adhere to the pure juice pnnci?
pie, any better.
The addition of sugar the pure gran,
ulated, or best white coffee, should be
used, if any, at the rate cf two to threo
pounds per gallon '.he latter quantity
preferred in all csss,. ;vaeff the expetue
ii not considered. 4
Tha next question is, s"..U ccy kind of
sPirus be ueai oame wint- maker.cwi
tend that it is impossible to make a really
gotl w".ie without adding spirits. I have
mY opinion on that point, which is, in a
measure, that it greatly depd3 on -the
variety of. grape used, wnetner spinvoi
any kind is absolutely necessary, in order
to make a re any good wine, a3 the lest
judges would pronounce it. There are
some varieties of grape from wnicn, in my
opinion, it is impossible to make goou
wine without tne addition oi spirits.
while other kinds make a saleable wine
without it. If spint3 be used, let itfbe
alcohol, which is without flavor, or what
is called "pure spirits," which is a much
cheaper article, not half bo strong, and
also wholly free from any flavor aside
from that of rfrensth. It is not treneral-
i t .t,'i
obtained at any distillery .where alcohol
. . . ii Kv
f wuu pui. v -
11 i aa i A.htj
arurrrisis. ur six caiiuus ui juib
, A ,.;,f;,.v.,
IVS tm UailCi Ui .iuw, - .
should be used ; while half lhat quantity
will generally suffice to keep the wine
from souring, when tne warm weauicr c
the following season qomes on.
Excellent- Crackers. To foar-
toan runs nf flnnr. add 0n9 CT11 01
a? v v w y a
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