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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1862)
CrR & HACKER,
ickler'8 Block, Main Street,!
VILLE. N- T.
a r i o xx Hi it t
r'dia advance, - -"r-.
I.H sttbe endof 6 irtonthi
- $3 00
. S 00
e will 1 fnrnlbhcd at 1 50 r-sirj
t v P, S S ' CA11DS.
U 1 'a Drux Store. Whitner's
i i ii i
I , rr.nce. Mvinft twenty-nre years- expe
t!.ricience. and jne of the correspon-
' .Auierican. Jrurnl of the Medical Scien
' " el irpswn'lTin Brownviile, and jc
" 'fries ti s truie-iinl sernces to the cit-
! , ..i t w'J vit.nfy.
' ioi 2i c l'i fcrviccs tn common prctice,
f ' "thui t e:-ric diseases di-eases of. long
r'a' -Tinnt Tunvjr-" and Sores Ahreses and
l:f .ri.rfl S re Eyes, even par lj! Blindness,
i' p.mni'iny a::i-d Falinu S.ckness. falsy,
' ihM,0-v, C Jiiumi turn in the first and
iu-iti'-T 'n ""n,e 'orm, 8,1(1 diseases of
'' p4r:icuUr attention paid to Afue.
I , if rfQ ictrd . me re.'rreme to those pro-.cnl-
e iu tLc Uui ted Slates, and arterwards
?wfotin,l nt all Isntsrs, ,i!her Bt J-' n- Mn's
r t Ins dwel.ing houe, when not enK3Ked
TT0RNEY AT LAW,
jaiBiTOa IN CHANCERY.
f 05:fCirnfT or Msin and Firt St?.
JnroveaxT7-i.il, IC- T-
I ;o. 7;-n3Hv6 1y
DR. D. GWIN,
Eirin" pcrmanvntlj Located near
! ibrpraoice of Medicine and Surgery, ten
j iiirufc.-tio!ial!'crviccc to tho afflicted,
one mile south tf town, vn the old Jfi
jriORNEY AT LAW,
Corner First and T-Iaia Street,
T. .M.TALliOTT, V
rn-lopatod himself in Prownville, X. T.,tcu
hit profef-'ion u services 10 inecoininunii.y.
OCRS. WATCHES, JEWELRY.
I ToulclannotineetotbeiiUiens of Brownville
:A and vicinity that he has located himself in
iSrownviUc, andiutends keeping a full assort.
everything in Ms lineuf business, which will
i ilw for cash. He will also do all ktuds of re
; ::of clocks, watches andjewelry. All work war
. 4. . - v3n!81y
WARD W. THOMAS,
:ii:iT0H IN CHANCERY.
Office c rc.er of Main and First Streets. '
OF ALL KINDS.
Also, "Wp.relionsa Tracks, Letter
REBANKS, GREENLEAF & CO.,
r.i LAKE ST., CHICAGO,
3Be careful. nd htiv only tbe genulrje.2
E. MOODY & SON,
I LOCKPOIIT, N. Y..
floleso'e and Itetail Dealefs in Fruit,
pit and Ornamental Trees,
AND SEEUBS AND
jTOCKS TO R XURSERY3IEX.
ABLE ROCK, NEBRASKA
I itcfi-rencc, Dr. D. Gwirj, Brownville.
ISE. SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL
ttilZER AND PAPER HANGER.
KROWSVILLE. . T
a - ' -
IMPORTER AVD DEALER IV
STINGS, .SPRINGS, AXLES, FILES
kfc Hubs, Spokes, and Bent Stuff.
ft'-rd Sircet, between Felix and Edmond.
;J.'T JOSEPH, MO.
" It nt 5t Louis pricesfor caih.
fsaest Price Pnid for Scrap Iron.
'37 O 3FL 30 E5 "T
" PCac;ine in I h .... . t t in n n anl
fV'! K.couBties, and will give prompt attention
j 'JuVa !'Dtrusted l him. Coileci-jons prcmpt
I S Unj "' attic"lar attontion giyen to lo'cat
u..f " ""raatson lands carefully selected bj
uuJ!16 Piic'6 Gold, and advance
, 'unl.131 and pay over balance of proceeds
'''h. nr, etcrns ,re ua- In all caies, I wi
aTffllc ,niEl'nrnB bf tbe United States Mio
.NO. T. n a t c n i
AND EXCHANGE RROKER
uAV1 ! Furniture ! I
, 8Plr r f'le of Furniture ever ..ffered in
! COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
t'Fiffi1 lnd Collpctlngr Agent.
rS,1"1 A(JK CO., NEBRASKA.
MANUFAC TUBING COMPANY.
DO VOU WANT
STE13I ENGINES OH BOILERS
patent sugar cake mills,
Patent steam coil evapobators,
patent fiue evaporators,
patent stamp mills,
TIKE'S TEAK OK LAKE SUPERIOR.
SEND FOR CIRCULARS,
With Cuts, and Descriptions, Prices, etc., etc.
SAW MILLS. FLOURING MILL.
AND MACniERY OF ALL DESCRIPTION.
t2T"SE!S'D FOR CIUCIII.AItS.J
P. W. GATES, President.
N. B. AgeEts wanted everywhere. Chicago
Jt. W. TUIiNAS, AGENT,
Of whom Circular and detailed Intormation can te
March 20, 1362. fa37-lyj
JOHN L CARSON
(Successor to Lushbaugh & Carson,
E3 Olj ZEZ o
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, Uncurrent Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
T will give especial attention to buying and selling ex
change on the principal cities of the United States and
Europe, Gold Silver, uncurrent Bank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
and proceeds remitted in exchange at current iates.
Deposits received on current account, and interest al
lowed ou special deposits.
MAIX STREET. BETWEEN THE
Telegraph and tlio IT. S.
Lind & Brother Philadelphia, Pa.
J. W. Carson & Co., " "
llifer. Dirk & Co. Baltimore, Md.
Youns L. Carson, "
Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port, " "
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker, washingtor v. v.
J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. U. S. T.
Tarlor h. Krienh, Bankers,
McClelland, Pye t co..
Hot. Thomas O. Pratt,
Ilon.Jaa. O. Carson,
P. B. Sruaii. Esq., I'res't 3. Bank,
Col. Geo. Sblfy, A'y at Law,
Col. 5am. Uaiubleton Att'y at Law4
JuJ.:e TUtrs. Terry,
I'rof. H. Tutwlicr,
St. Louis, Mo.
. Atnap!lt, Md.
Hot B, Ib&O-U.
37- "V7. Sec3.roi7c3.,
Main, Between Lcvte and First Stress.
Particular attention given to the
Purchase nn Salt? of Heal
Estate. HalkUi? Col-
Payment cf Tast i lor r.'on-Itcii-
LAND "W ArJiASTd 1 OR SALE, for eeah sad on
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED fo r Eastern Cap
itolists.on lands selected from personal examination,
and a complete Township Map, showing Streams,
Timber, Ac, forwarded with the Certificate of loca
tion. Brownrille.N. T.Jan. 3, 1861. yl
Calls the attention of Gentlemen desiring now, neat,
Eervicable and fashionable
New Stock of Goods
BROAD CLOTUS, CASSIMERS, VESTINGS, &.C.&C,
OF THE VERY LATETT STYLES,
VThich he will sell or make up, to order, at unprece
dented low prices. '
Those wihhiuft any thing; in his line will do well to
call and examine bis stock before Investing, as he
pledges himself to hold out peculiarly favorable In
ducements. February 13th, 1862.
TKORHi COLMAU. CO.
Announce to the traTelicf public that their splendid
and commodious Steam Ferry running across from
is one of the best in every respect on the Urper Mis
souri river. Tbe Boat makes repular trips every hour
sothat no time will be lostin waiiins;.
The backs on both aides of tho river are low and wel.
graded which renders unloading unneceesary as 1 the
caoeat most other ferries.
Vo fears need be entertained as to difficulties at or near
this crossing, as everybody in this region, on both sides
of the river, is for tbe Union the strongest kind.
Our charges too--an Item these hard times are lower
than at any other crossing.
Travelers Trom Kansas to Iowa and to the east will find
this tbe nearest and best routei" every respect.
THORN, COLEMAN & CO.
Brownville, Nebraska, Sept. 21st, 1S61.
A. CAItH TO YOU KG LADIES A'I
The subscriber will send (free of charrjo), to all
whodesire it, tha Recipe and directions for making
a simple Vegetable Balm, that will, in from two to
cigh t d iys, remote Pimples, Blotches, Tan, Frecc
LES.SALLqwsESS, and all impurities and ronghness
of the Skin, leaving the same as Nature intended
itshondbe goft,clear,)nootk andbectxtiful. Those
desirin the Recipe, with full instructions, directions
and a4?ice, wilj plea$e call on or address (wity re
THOd. F. CHAPMAK. Practical Chemist.
831. Broadway, Sew York.
May 22, 1E62. n46-2m. '
TILE CONFESSIONS AND EXPEItl?
ENCE OF A SUFFEItEIt.
Published as a warning, and for the especial bene
fit of Young Men and those who suffer with Nervous
Debility, Loss of Memory, Premature Decay, Ac, Ac.,
by one pf those "who has cured himself by simple
means, after being put to grsat expense and Ipeon
Teniepce, through the pse of worthjesi medicines
prescribed ty learned Doctors.
Sirg'o copies mny be bad of the author, p. A.
LAij URT, Esj., Preenpoint, Long Islaqd.by enclos
ir a post-paid addrwed envelope. 4i'reF8
cSARLES A. LAMBERT. Em., Qreeppint, Long
May 22, 1552. ni$ -2m.
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA; SATURDAY, AUG UST 30, 1862.
FOR FALL TEADE.
JOHN C, DUESER,
MAIN STREET, BROWNVILLE, N. T.,
Takes pleaaure in announcing that he bas now on hand,
a large aud select stock of every article In his line,
Of all the Improved patterns, viz: Plymouth Rock,
Charter Oak, Valley Forge, Elevated Oven,
&.C., &c., Ave,
Box and Parlor Stoves of an endless variety, some of
which are entirely new designs, vis ; Combined
Cook and Parlor Slovtt, somethiug
very nice for small families.
I CALL ESPECIAL ATTENTION OF
FARMERS TO MY
HEAVY SHEET IRON,
for Sugar Boilers, and
LARGE CAST IRON KETTEES,
A VARIETY OF CHEAP
LARD AND COAL OIL LAMPS
Brass, Copper, and sheet iron ware
Lanterns, Shovels and Japanned
SELF-SEALING FRUIT CANS!
OF the latest and :cst improvod Styles, cheap
I am prepared to put up guttering and spoutlDg, and
Hi other wot of my line at the shortest notice, and in
a werkma!rtil:e manner. Which I warrant to give t.tu-
facilca. .. ,
Augast 2, 13C2.
WHERE DID YOU GET THOSE
J. BERRY & CO'S.,
THE VERY CHEAPEST HOUSE IN
' ' 'BRO VViViLLE, " r "
J. BERRY & CO.,
Have just received, and are now opening, at tholr
stand on Main street, one of the largest stocks of
ever offered In this market. Remember the place,
J. BERRY & CO'S.,
SJo. 11, Main stroot,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
May 29, 1SC2. n-tf
CITY WEBY STABLE
A Jf J
-ANNOUNCES to the public that he bas purchased the
entire interest in the Livery Stable and Stock former .y
owned by Rogers & Brother. He Is now prepared to
accommodate the public with
THE TRAVELING PUBLIC
Can find at his Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle. BENJASflX ROGERS.
X. b. The partnership here'ofore existing between
Benjamin &. Joshua Rogers is dissolved.
Benjamin J0SHUA & BENJAMIN ROGERS,
May 29th. 1S62. n7-tf
irrrn ro.:.i T"itnn VnltiTi t.eAr Director. 1 400
iixp viifv v " " - , t; v
mcos.) containing am and Retidence of every
Officer and Private in the Union Army, with their
CommsndJ.UMuaiues, fumuuUu, v.
one wants it.; Sent post-paid.on ieipt pf 25 cent
h, or stamps. Address HENRY B. AN 60N, Pub
lisher. 49 State Street, boston, Mass.
FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES
200.OQ0 Ap?lp Trees, 4 years old, $S per hundred $0
per thousand. ... o
75,000 Standard Pear Trees, to S years od, 29 per
v i oin ror thorind
20,000 'l ytar old Piana ftrape Vines, h per hundred
8100 per thousand. '
160 000 Standard Pear Grapes, $t per hundred, $30
pL5-??J!d,"rtr.. not bina bulky, can be transport
d chearlr and bv growing two years, will mskegood
EUcrtreesto Jant in an orchard' Any ope can treble
motrv by Rowing tbem to sell. Seu. for yhole-
salp and perchptlye Catalogues
n6I-3m Niagara Nurseries, Lockport, K. Y.
UNION", ONE A!EJT niSEPEEABLE. NOW
Breeding and Rearing Pigs.
We condense the following hints on
this subject from an article contribu
ted to the American Agricutturist by a
subscriber in Sehuylkill county, Pa.:
In selecting my breeding hogs I
always pick out the best shaped, most
thriving boar pig to keep over for a
breeder. For a sow I select a healthy
shoat, well shaped, but thin and lank,
in preference to a fat and sleek one;
my reasons for this are, that the lean
show will produce more pigs, and raise
them better than one in high order
the sleek one converts all her food
into fat and flesh for her own sides
and back, while in the lean one it is
converted into food for the young.
This rule is applicable to all animals.
A cow which shows erery rib when in
milk, will bring forth larger and better
calves, and "lye ore and better milk
than the one ttiat almlj? . looks ia,
enough for the slaughter. My expe
rience fully sustains my theory. My
mode of raising hogs which are inten
ded to be kept over, is to have them
pigged about the latter part of August
or first of September, and after allow
ing them to run with the sbvfor five
or six weeks, confine them in a sepa
rate pen. When first taken from the
sow they should be fed from six to
eight times a day, or else they will
fall off in flesh, and it will take them
weeks to recruit. Their usual allow
ance at first should be about a pint of
milk to each pig, and in order to fa
cilitate the properly attending to them
the milk barrel should be kept stands
ing very near the pen, from which it
can be dipped with a pail with very
little trouble, being replenished night
and morning with fresh skimmed milk
from the dairy. The quanty of each
pig should bo gradually increased
each day according to tho growth, of
the pigs, until thej have attained to
the age of three or four months,. when
a regular allowance should be made to
them ; and the number of times of
feeding may be diminished. At this
time in the pig's life a little grain fed
night and morning will not be torown
away upon him ; a little oats or rye,
if the pig is in a healthy condition,
followed by about a pint of corn, which
may be subsequently increased to a
quart, this addition of grain will tell
amazingly in the growth of the animal,
a.3 well as have a tendency to . .keep
him in' such a condition that when
"fattening time arrives he will be
ready for the knife much sooner than
a hog fed only on slop3 without the
daily quota of corn, to say nothing of
the saving of a good deal more.com
than has been used up to this time in
the feeding. The milk from the dairy
when weakened by the slops from the
kitchen, should occasionally through
the week be enriched by the addition
of rye bran.
Sly and Bedding. The pen in which
hogs are kept should, consist of two
apartments a covered and an uncov
ered one. An excellent manner in
which to construct a pig sty, is to
erect a twostory frame building, hav
ing a part of the under story boarded
oft" for a place in which to. keep the
slop barrel, reserving the rest for a
dry pen for the hogs, and having a pen
constructed outside, and communica
ting with this covered one. The feed
ing trough should be in the outside pen.
In this manner, if the pigs are given a
sufficiency of rye straw in the inside
pen, and the outside one is kept well
supplied with the butts of corn stalks,
they will not only make an immense
amount of manure, but will keep them
selves white and clean, thus refuting
the assertion of the filthiness which is
continually flung at them. In the
upper part of this pen should be kept
litter for the bedding of the hogs ; or
a part of it may be partitioned off for
I have adopted what I consider a
very good as well as economical plan
of getting the upper part of my hog
building filled with good litering ma
terial. It is this: When hauling in
my corn fodder I cut ofF about two feet
of the hard, dry buts, which the cattle
cannot eat, and have them bound into
small bundles and stowed away in the
upper part of the hog house, to be used
as required, inese corn Duts wnen
thrown into the outside pen are so torn
and trampled up that they are con
verted into good lasting manure, which
has not its superior on the farm, and
which would be almost entirely lost if
fed to the cattle in the fields, etc.
Fattening. When fattening time
comes, I generally commence by feed
ing the "nubbins," and after two or
three week, follow them with shelled
corn. This I always feed boiled, boil
ing in the morning what is required
during the day, and at night what is
necessary for the morning. Feeding
thus, brings my work nearly all in
daylight. In this way I can make my
hogs fat enough for all practical pur
poses, by feeding them from 15 to 20
bushels of corn, each, and in slaughter
ing at 16 months, they weigh from 400
to 500. I never like them to exceed
500, for I have no fancy for this over
grown andspqngy pork of forced hogs.
AY ! Xv .A .
-1 : nv
V Ay Ay
From the Country Gentlemen.
The Potato Rot and its Prevention.
I take the liberty of makihg ia few
remarks on the potato disease and my
method of saving potatoes when the
rot has made its appearance. Divers
opinions have been advanced relative
to the cause of the pctato rot, but I
have heard no reason assigned that
was satisfactory to me. except that of
atmospheric influence, which we have
no remedy to counteract.
Truly an excess of moisture (when
the disease is present,) will cause a
decomposition of the potato, but this
is not the cause of what we term the
potato disease. As soon as we dis
cover the leaves and stalks of the po
tatoes become suddenly wilted and
black, when there has been no frost to
cause it, we may rest assured the dis
ease is present, and I believe the
sooner the potatoes are dug after this
earance the more soul one3 you
will have, and the more that are par
tially affected may be saved for feed
It is the deleterious sap of the dis
eased leaves and stalk circulating to
the potato that causes it to rot; cut
off the communication and you arrest
its progress. If partially affected
potatoes are separated from the sound
ones and spread thin upon the floor of
some out-building, they will become
dry and keep well for some time, and
may be fed to good advantage in fat
tening cattle. I had over 200 bushels
of this description one season, which
I fed out for the above mentioned pur
pose, and saved what otherwise would
have been a total loss. The better
way is to commence feeding the un
sound potatoes as soon as you begin
tO dig. , ... . -- ..- -
I have noticed that some, potatoes
appear sound except ; a number of
white specks on the surface, and on
cutting them I found dark colored
streaks extending through the potato,
showing decidedly that the potato was
diseased; such potatoes if deposited
in a heap would shortly ferment and
rot. The reason why so many pota
toes rot in the cellar i3 because so lit1
tie care is taken in selecting all that
are unsound. Again, I have observed
that when the leaves and stalks of
potatoes were suddenly and totally
killed by disease, that very few;pota
toes becamo totter, the circulation of
lb e Vi eldiorlou .". ui.-j' "en ii rely urn
rested. The method I pursue when 1
find .my potatoes diseased is to dig
them as soon as possible (in fair
weather if practicable,) and sort out all
the unsound ones I can discover while
picking them up; and deposit the
sound ones on tho ground in a long
narrow heap in the form of a roof,
and then cover them with straw laid
on lengthwise from the ground to the
top of the heap, for the purpose of
protectxng them trom wet in case ol
rain, and then put. on sufficient earth
to nrevent them from freezing. If
there should be severe frost, let them
lie a few days, and then uncover and
carefully sort and put into the cellar,
and keep your cellar cool until the
frost becomes so severe that there may
be danger of freezing in the cellar,
then close up for winter. I have never
suffered any los3 from potatoes rotting
in the cellar since I have used the
above mentioned means to prevent it.
M, M. Howard.
Peach Culture. J
At a recent Fruit Growers' meeting in
Delaware, the following was said on the
culture of the peach, its various diseases,
&c. As the peach is one of the leading
fruit crops in Delaware, what is here said
about it properly comes from practical
men, who know what they are talking
The various committees appointed re
ported interesting statistics in reference
to the quantity of peaches on the penin
sula, from which (owing to the lote frosts)
we find the crop to be not more than one
half of an average one. In some sec
tions there is a full crop, while in others
it is nearly a failure. The next subject
in order was the cultivation of peach
Mr. J. R. Fennimore recommended
shallow plowing, and constant working
throughout the season ; recommends Oc
tober and May plowing, not quite three
Mr. Isaac Parsons recommended early
spring plowing for the growth of wood,
but October and May plowing for pro
ductiveness of trees.
Mr. Edward Wilmer has a peach orch
ard in charge which he plowed last Oc
tober, trimmed very heavily this spring,
plowed m March and seeded aown
oats. The trees are about six or seven
years old and will average two and a
half baskets to a tree. Mr. Wilmer had
the earth thrown from the trees during
both plowing ; he now intends to plow
again and throw the earth to the trees.
Mr. Robert Nicholson has been .en
gaged in cultivating the peach for nine
teen years, and has made various experi
ments in plowing and cultivating orchards;
his experience has brought him to the
conclusion that October is the best month
forolowinf. Whether the benent arises
w -- -
t . u .......... k .nc nn mR s nam
and many of "them being destroyed, and
irn.i. l tin 'J iitrri 1 111. i. .
the ground being pulverized by the win
ter frost3, and settled around the roots,!
he is not prepared to say, but the effect
he has observed.
down, following the previous fall plowing,!
is very beneficial to trees. Fall plowing j
seems to delay or backen the buds in
spring, and thus the early frosts are
avoiueu in some measure.
Mr. James Shuster, engaged twenty
six years in orchards, thought the trees
should be plowed as early as possible in
the spring, if not practicable postpone
till June plow, shoal. Plow in autumn
while vegetation is green. Has made the
experiment of salting trees ; to young
trees half a pint ; if three years old a
pint, &c. After early plowing the trees
should be kept well, trimmed until three
years old ; after that time but little, ex
cept thinning out the branches where
fruit cannot grow, but never trim except
when the tree is in leaf. .
. Mr. Richard Semans has an orchard
rising three years old has kept well
trimmed and is of rapid growth. It was
materially affected by the frost In May,
and the manner is unaccountable. In the
middle of the orchard two rows of trees
were unaffected by the frost the residue
materially injured leaves had the ap
pearance of being parched, and fell off.
Examined the trees through a microscope,
and ascertained that it wa3 the frost and
not an insect that had done the injury.
Mr. Daniel Corbitt Does not trim till
two years old ; after that thin them con
siderable; thinks the side shoots sustain
Mr. Semans Trimming before the
sap starts causes the tree to decay ; the
wounds do not heal soon. If trimmeJ in
May or June they heal immediately.
A majority of the meeting theught the
trees should be trimmed whie growing.
Mr. Fennimore thinks ""worming"
necessary, and worms" twice, in May
and September. . . -
;r Mr. Griffith thinks gas tar applied to
the body near the soil is a preventaIre
toborer3. Applied to old trees, affcted i
with many worms, four years ago-, has;
discovered no worms since. "
Mr. Semans worms the trees by taking
the dirt from them ibe first of May ; ex
amines for the worm with a knife where
the gum oozes. When trees were four
years old, after removing soil, applied
quick lime and strong pickle mixed ; put
it on with a mop; first scraped the rough
bark off. Quite successful, only a small
number of worms afterwards found.
Mr. D. B. Stewart has applied coal
ashes successfully against the borer.
,.H.r H. Cummins applied air-slacked
lime around the collar of the tree, half
a"peclrto- fc-acb, and found it beneficial.
Mr. bemanj has feund (wood) ashes
the best fertilizer for young trees ; re
moves the earth from around the collar of
the tree and applies a shovel full. !
Mr. Fennimore thinks there 13 nothing;
better than ashes as a fertiliser, half a
gallon to a tree, lie thinks the best kinds
for cultivation and market are : Troth's
Early Red, Earty York, Yellow Rare
Ripe', Crawford's Early, Moore's Favor
ite, Mixion Free, Ward's Late Free,
Fox's Seedling, Crawford's Late and
Naturally Hard to Tell the Trnth.
"Timothy Titcomb" ha a keen scalp
el, and he thus dessects men on the sub
ject of truth-telling: "I have known em-
inent men who had not tne power to suue
a fact, in its whole volume and outline,
because, first, they could not comprehend
It perfectly, and. second, because, their
power of expression was limited. The
lenses by which they apprehended their
facts were not adjusted properly, so they
saw everything with a blur. Definite out
line, clearly cut edges, exact apprehen
sion of volume and weight, nice measure
ment of relations, were matters outside
of their observation and experience.
They had broad minds, but bungling; and
their language was no better than their
apprehensions usually it was worse, be
cause language is rarely as definite as
apprehension. Men rarely do their work
to suit them, because their tools are lm
perfect. There are men in all commu
nities who are believed to be honest, yet
whose word is never authority upon any
subject. There 13 a flaw or a warp some
where in their perceptions, which prevents
them from receiving truthful impressions.
Everything comes to them distorted, as
natural objects are distorted by reaching
the eye through wrinkled window-glass.
Some are able to apprehend a fact and
state it correctly, if it have no direct re
lation to themselves; but the moment
their personality, or their personal inte
rest, is involved, the, fact assumes false
DroDortions and false, colors. I know a
phyjician whose patients are always al
armingly sick when he is first called to
them. As they usually get well, I am
bound to believe that he is a good phy
sician; but lam not bound to believe
tV.it tT.nf art nil ns sir.lr at thft hpcinninT
as he supposses them to be, The first
violent symptoms operate upon his im
agination and excite his fears, and his
w - r r
opinion as to the degree of danger at-;
itaching to the diseases of his patients isj
noi worlh half E0 much as that of any
In fact, nobedv thinks
of taking it at ail; and those who know,
mm, ana wnonear nissaa reprize inanuus
of the condition of his patient., show
pmial distrust nf hi word and faith in
his skill, by taking it for granied that! Gardner 8 Monthly says, more evcr
they are in a fair way to get well." greens have been planted in August
Excellent Crackees. ro four -
teen cups of flour, add one cup of
lard, two teaspoons soda, tour do.
T5..1. it. - : J .9
cream unar. nuu iuu lugismwwjiMiv uu .w.v ...
wp iiiki nuiir :inii iim li iuu .uiavi
water. Work thoroughly, bake quick,
.RATI OF ADYERTISINR.-
jae square (ien lines or ies) one Insertion,
Each additional insertion -
Buf ii it Cards, six iisea or less, one year
One column oneyear - . .
One haU column vne year - -
OjS fourth col nniu oru -year -
Ono eighth column one year -
Onecolarua six ev-ntha .
One half column six months
One Toarth culamn lx montjii
Oae eighth ot ooluma ix iioutLe
One column three month. ...
One half coloma thre', siiih ,
One fourth col uirn U,r c.or.Uij
One eighth column ! m .ntv. .
a c '
Auuotiticin Cacd.a.itci for OiUe - x
transient f J ertiM-.e.-.ta mut t i 1 rr ia i!v
Yearly adyereTiicut, quarterly in mUco
ia iranaeni Advertisements, fa,norS eve- na
luarevi II be charged for by the line, at the rut-'of te-
tents th flrnt week, mini 6 cents each aul6einnt wcei.
Crops In . Ohio Fmnre Sarpln.
The wheat crop has just been gath
ered in the Miami country, and for
uie mosc part tbroughout the State
11 13 tne best andlargest crop of wheat
produced in Ohio since 185Q. Tho
I crop ol that year was the largest ever
j grown in the State, and the largest
average per acre. It i3 probable that
the crop this year will bo equal in v
mount to that. The crop of 1S50 wa3
31,000,000 bushels. That of this year
may safely be put' down at 20,000,000.
After 1850 the wheat crop of Ohio
declined till it reached only 11,000,
000 bushels in 1851 which wa3 but
little more than one-third the maxi
mum. Tho maximum and minimura
crops were as follows :
n Jf-? 3i,.;oo,coo w.uii
iaf H,8$tf.U0 -
From return of assessors received
at the office of the Commissioner r.F
Statistics, it appears that the crop of
1861 was about 15 per cent les3 than
that of 1860, which would mike last
year's crop in Ohio 20,000,000 bush
els. From general observation, it
seems that the crop both in quantity
and quality is far beyond that of I8
60 ; so, as we remarked, it may be set
down at not far from thirty millions.
The three c ops then, of ?60, ''61, '62,
were very nearly as follows :
ln 18"'0 2;i.r5i0,33't luruol?.
In 181 20,000,009 "
In 1832 50,000,000 "
The consumption of the State for
both food and seed does not exoeed
13,000,000. We have, then, the fol
lowing surplus of wheat :
Pr 10.6,0.338 lu,hc!5.
tor i.Ono.OM) c-
For 1S62 .. r
This is, of course, on the assump
tion . that the wheat is stored and
ground without any waste. It will bo
observed, that as the consumption re
main3jiearly the same, the incrcaso
of the crop i3 really an increase of
the surplus: The State is, therefore,
as to the profits of commerce, a much
greater gainer than in the uiero in
crease of the crop.
She corn crop has now got to tho
20th of Aug in a most excellent cou
dition, the plant being vigorous and
growing rapidly. It is backward in
point of time, but never in a better
state. The.drought which was appre
hended has not taken pbec ; ana If
tho remainder fof Anr-.ust atiuurci
be dry and hot, "it .will be no more
than' what the corn plart requires to
make and ripen it well. Thi3 will
probably be theTcase; and, without"
providential calamities of aa uiiusua!
kind, it mvv be ajsuned that iho cC;T
crop of 1862 will be above the aver
age, - '
The oats is rather inferior. Thcro
will, on the whole, bo less than an
Other -mall grain and potatoes have
done remarkably ' well, and the grass
crop is unprecedented. Taking all
the crops together supposing the re-'
mainder of the season to be fair for
gathering the outstanding crops it
may be confidently affirmed that Ohio
will have prodaced an aggregate of
breadstuffs much exceeding that in
any year of its existence. The ag
gregate crop of 1860 was the largest
ever produced in the State being one
hundred and fifty three millions of
bushel?, including potatoe?. The ag
gregate cf 1862 will exceed this im
mense amount. We shall have, there
fore, the same surplus to send abroad
in 1862'63 that we had in lSGO'Gl.
When we add to this the labor used in
manufacturing flour, liquor, and pro
visions; and tt this again, the pre
ducts of cattle and sheep, wo find tho
surplus product of agriculture expor
ted from Ohio will exceed the inter
crst on a thousand millions of dollars
the whole value of property in tho
State; and will exceed the interest on,
the whole National Debt, made by the
war, in two years from it3 commence
ment. It is in these products of freo
labor and good soil, that we see in
what manner a people become strong
and independent. England ha no
such independence. For forty years
she has imported bread every year,
and next winter will have to pay Ohio
the cash for these very products.
This is the triumph of a Republican
State, in which labor ha3 it3 reward,
and there i3 neither ca3t or slavery to
depress honest industry.
In conclusion, we may pay that
, tt. . . . , n v
' iTovidenco is on our siuo : now
great the contrast between these vast
harvests and ererflowing granaries and
what might have been, had our fields
been wilted with blight and drought!
Let us be thankful that God reiirus in
I win i i";t,f.
t prevail. Cin Gaz.
Late Summer Planting. Tho
and September, rn the neighborhood
' of Philadelphia during the past three
1 of Philadelphia during the p:
year3, than in all the other months,
ot;ani not one m a tnousana iaii;
Um hno hoar, n.i tn r rern 11 inn in
iiimu ntv v. ...... - -.
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