Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (July 26, 1862)
rjwmtfe iiMMt ti'-- - -t i- i ir ri n n i rim i uninm m u i ,w 1 1
I -PUSHED KVERTTHCESDAYBT
;THSR & HACK 2311
. rr EtrickJer's Block, Main Street,
,w 1 pkopkietors.
. n.dd in advance, - . - $2 00
if raid at tbe end of months a 50
" , r more wtl 1 te furnished at $1 60 per
'((jlbe cmU ccompnie the order, not
fxU y'A :A' AyAlr.-l1 AAA
.' " . I j : j A ! I
A - A A
a r -.A vAy r
"LIBEKTY AI.TD UUIOU, ONE AIJD IIJSEPJSEABI!, ITOT7'-AlJT FOIU.VEH."
: BROWiWILLE, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY,. JULY 26, 1862,
i:ati:s or Aivi:ivnsi:;r:.
Oris sq-jve -.eu l.? r .-., j-o i...ert.;B,
ii.i0ai iuru.a .
r (. 3; , j:jc ;.- &r I,
0-5 Cc'.l':;,:! , r uT.r
i Ou.e focrtti co.na-n c. jar -
O i C:sUti cch:n;n c-u ytf
Oseco;i:ain fix m Tjti
Os half Oilarun six tncntia
Or.,e fourth ovlamn iinoa:li
Or.ehalf coiur-rt tUr?
One foartb cv.-i'uic iire K.unt;.
One eixlitt rriuna taree in .m;
Anu-Q;cinaCa" .iiM wr 0.r;i-e.
irnsi.."it MiverUoemeuts ia?t te pstiS for n isc.
Tesrlr a'UerViuifut. qnartcrly jti--e.
la Trnvcieut A4feTt:e;nenf tTc:.jr.s cvr e
(quarewi!! tecba'seJ forty ibe l.r.o, at;fce ra- cf i
cents th flrt weefe, nd Seems e-c5 us.enest w?tk.
t j TburmWJ'i Droit Store, WTiltnej-'f
lB ,- "11, - 6-n43-ly
SRS. ABV W. IIEWETT, .
Brt received new ftock of Straw .Goods,
SHAKERS, nATS, CAPS,. AND
" TUUtAtMM, . . .( .
A.uict the Uteetstj'.e. The Uiiescr
? .i Ticinitt are cordiillj invited to call
,:tbea l First door east f-the Methodist
' Vttentreet. '
IT 1S62. " H41-Wm
" f I. j - - -
1 i)K.' A. GODFREY,
..rf-ln Fr.nce. DtvJnir tweny-flre yean eipe
Vhi Medicil ncienoe, and one of tbe orrespoo
h. Americn Journal of the Meotcal Scien
.. tocited per.maDcntly in BrcwnTllle, an re
jtenderi bit professional services to the cit
iincUr nd vicinity.
T sot coi Cne bi servlcei to common practice,
i .rttbem to chroiile rtiieases dieae ol.Xon
i Ma'ijniaiit Tumor and Sore -tbscesses aDl
ocen Dd Sore Kyet, eveu priUl Blindness,
Vromonly tallcl Faille Sicknet. Palay,
1 ppepny, Conumption In the Urst and
'-,,tt Inanity in aotne forms, and diseases of
i ' particular attention paid to Ague.
U requested, give reference to those pro-
,nrtie in the United States, and af terw ards
Jw foond at alt tours, either at J. H. ifauU's
, -f, or t bis dwelling hoise, when not engaged
io; business. n6tf-ly
E M. ATKINSON, " .
TORN E Y AT LAW,
IICiTOa 111 CHANCERY.
' Scseorncr or Main and First Sts. o
I 1 J
Uaria4 per- -t:j Loc&.&d le
te practice of Medicine and Snrgerj, ien
;irofesional services to the a,12icted.
one milo south of town, n the old Mxon
JORNEY AT IiAW,
llCITORSA IN CHANCERY, .
raer First and Hain Streets,
nvllle, - - - Xcliraslta
T. M. TALBOTT,
Iocs ted himself in Brownville, N. T., ten
' ifes?ional services to the community.
:S, WATCHES- JEWELRY.
'onUaneouncelotbecitiiens of Brownville
I vicinity that, be has locsted himself in
'OTmviUe, anJlntends keeping a full assort,
err.hingln hlsllneof business, which will
(for cash. lie will also do all kinds of re
lucts, watches and jewelry. All work war-
7ARD Y7 THOLIAS,
TORNEY AT LAV,
ITOR Hi" CHANCERY
earner of Vain and First Streets.
Or ALL KINDS.
Jllso, VTartiouse Tracks, Letter
- J Presses, &c
1 LAKE ST., CHICAGO,
4rfnl. and boy only the Kenulne.3
. 18J bid-Sin
2. IIOODT c SON,
CKPORT, N. Y.,
sole and Eetail Dealers in Trait,
i and Ornamental Trees,
! AND SHEUCS AND
'E ROCK, NEBRASKA
. :ice, Dr. D. Gwin, Erowaville.
& SIGX AXD 0UNA3IEXTAL
U AND PAPER IIAXGEE.
ErvOWXVILLE. X. T
'5SELL0II AT LAW,
aha Collecting Acnt.
CE, GAGE CO., NEBRASKA.
v!ce in tbe several Courts ia Gage and
tntiet, and will give proirpt attention
seotnwted Uhim. CUections fompt
4 articukr attention given to locat
rranu oo Ucds carefolij selected bj
H- A. TERRY,
alt and Retail Dealer in
He Wand rioiTcr Seeds,
m 0i1,i5beiTie3, Blackbrrif.
KSr?fn1 rubbery CtntraU
p.. "rM,;lfEflt Usbed, IT32. All
' -4M u.V?JL' Sclon. 6Js etc., etc.,
".tosuitthetuDM. Triced Catalocuca
-f i A
vv- v , : '
SE3II-AXXU1L STATEMENT, No: 102-
CAPITOL and SURPLUS
V. a. u ina ca--iii - . -
Isns well secared -
Beat Kstate . ...
2G26 shares ITartford Bank Stocks
2425 . Kew Tork " r
1010 Boston " "
f07 other '
T'nited State and State " '
Uartld &. N. Haven il.B, bonds '
Hartford Ctiy Bonds
Cwna, Hiver Co. & R.E. Co. Stock
Total Assets . -
Total liabllltlesr " '
100 750 00
. 63.0S5 00
$932,302 8 3
For details of investments, see small Cards and Cir
Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial
Company ouyery favorable terms.
APP rt JDHX U CARSON, Ask
' BUOWXVILLE, N T. '
53 t)wellln(rs and Farm Property insnred tor a tera
of j cars at very low rates 3 trn04j . .
: - r-. - r
. For the Advertiser.
A An TTT rsmn-n
BY DR. . C .
The- individual, animated by a lively
sense--of his own dignity, perseverance,
energy, and the ..simultaneous develop
ment of all his faculties woman elevated
to the rank of the consort cf man, and, as
it ' were; . recompensed for ' the ; duty of
obedience by the respectful regards lav
ished, upon lier ; the gentleness and con
stancy cf family ties, protected by the
powerful guarantee of good order and
justice an admirable public conscience;
rich in maxims of sublime morality, in
laws of justice and equity, in. sentiments
of honor and dignity ; a conscience which
survives the shipwreck of private morali
ty, and does not allow unblushing corrup
tion 4o reach the height which it did in
antiquity; a' general rai!dnes3 of man
ners, which in war prevents great excess,
and in peace renders life more ifanquil
and more -pleasing; a profound. respect
for man and all that belongs to him, which
makes private acts' of Violence very 'un
common, and in all political constitutions
serves - as a salutary check on govern
ments; tn ardent desire of perfection in
all departments ; an irresistable tendency,
sometimes.ill-directed, but always active,
o improve the condition of the many; a
secret impulse, to protect the weak, to
succor tlie unfortunate an impulse ivhich
sometimes pursues its course with gener
ous ardor, and which, whenever it is una
ble to develop itself, remains in the heart
of society,- and produces, there the uneasi--
SAlk.M hiX A M .OlL JVAJ-"ikAl'-3, 1 "
PATENT FIRK KVAPOHATOaS, , '
- PATENT STAMP MILLS,
PIKE'S PEAK OK LAKE SUPERIOR.
ik SEND FOR CIRCULARS,
Tith Cuts, and Descrrptions.Pricps, etc., eta.
' saw mills, floukixg mill.
and machiert of all ekscriptiok. -
tiTSEND FOR CI 11CITLAKS.J .
' P. W. GATES, President.
N. B. Agents wanted everywhere. Chicago- ;
II.-V . FURIVAS, AGENT,
Of whom Circnlars- and detailed information can te
CO, 1S62. In37-lyJ
J0HII-. L CAES0IT
(Successor to LnsbbaugU fx Carson,
123 ST ZJH o
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, Unturrent JIoney, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
' "' MAIN STREET.
. KUOWXVILEE, IVEtSRASItA.
I will tlve especial attention tobnylns and selling ex
change on the principal cities of the United States and
Europe, Gold Silver, - unenrrent il&Eik Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessible points,
and proceeds remitted in exchange at current rates.
Deposits received pn current account, and interest al
lowed on special depoM'"- -
SXAIX STREET. BETVTEEX THE
TcIejrapU and the U. jS.
Llnd & Brother . ' .
J. W. Carson & Co.,
Iliser, Diok fit Co.- ' .
Tonne &. Carson,
Jeo. Ttionipson Mason, Col'r of Port,
wm. T. Smithson. Esq., Hanker.
J. T. Slovens. Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. C. S.
Tar lor tt Kriegh, Bankers,
Kouieuana, rye & co.,
Hod. Thomas G. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. O. Carson, ,
P. E. Smali, Esq., Pres't S. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley, A'y at Law,
Cut. Sam.IIambletonAtt'y at Law,
juajte inos. rerry,
frof. U. Tutwiler, c
. St. Louis, Mo.
Nov 8, lS50-tf,
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
I win receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance
money upon the same, and pay over balance of proceeds
as soon as Mint returns are had.' In all cases, I wi -
exhibit the printed returns of tbe United States Utu
or Asbay office.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
A IT D
Jilain, Bdizccn Levte and First Streets.
Particular attention given to tlie
Purchase and Sale of Real
Estate, IJIalilnjr Col
Payment of Taxes for Xon-Rcsl-dents.
LAND ARRANT S i OR SALE, for cash and cn
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEasternCip
itohsts.on lands selected from personal examinaticn,
and a complete Township llap. showing Streaia3,
Timter, Ae forwarded with tbe Certificate cf loca
tion. Urownvine.N.T. Jan. 3.1 S3 1. y
Calls the attention of Geiitleiacn Cetirirg new, neat.
servicatle and fashionable
Te7 Stock of Goods
K&OAD CLOTIIS. CASSIilERS, TESTINGS. &c..ae.,
OF THE VERY EATETT STYLES,
Vliich he will sell or make op, to order, at unprece
dented low prices.
Those wiibir.g ary ttirp in bis line will do well ta
call and examine tls stock before icvesiins. us he
pieces timbelf to held out peculiarly favortble la
flocments. - t
February th, 1S3. - o
: , .. A ,A 1 cf r -':,rrt3
Jo rcv j..:..,, -
daiget of perishing, and for self-preservation
in the most important junctures.; a
generous impatiencerwhich longs to antic
ipate the future, and produces au inces
sant movement and agitation, sometimes
dangerous, but. which are generally the
germs of great benefits and the symptoms
of a strong principle of life ; such are the
great characteristics which distinguish our
civilization; such.are the features which
place it in a rank superior to that of many
. In our first article we have-shown "what
woman was among the Romans, and what
she is still" among the nations who are not
christians ; history, and still more the lit
erature of Greece and Rome, afford us
sad,-or rather shameful proofs, on this
subject, and all the. nations of the earth
offer us too many evidences of the truth
and exactness of the observation of Bu
chanan, viz That wherever christian
civilization does not prevail, there is a
tendency to the degradation of woman.
But christian civilization has placed her
in the rank which- properly belongs to
her, and which , is most conducive to the
good of the family and of society; it has
raised her from abjection; restored. her
to the rank of . companion of nanas
worthy cf him ; made the existing preju
dices against her vanish forever; made
her equal to man by unity- of origin and
destiny, and in the participation of the
heavenly gifts'; 'it enrolled her in the
universal brotherhood of man ; considered
her no longer as a slave or the vile instru
ment of pleasure ; it has restored to wo
man not only liberty, instruction; and aJl
civil rights; it has, moreover, created for
her three ministries which give her a glo
rious action upon the distinies of mankind.
The A : ' ' 3 nr:'.rc! ic:r T
sped At, ;A: r ptvs fctr. A,
we r t wi:1: - . : -:..U: Mi::- -tingt.-
j yj.is ;-. A j, v. A : 2 cr.. ::. : r.
ence exhibits profound traces of virtue,
we experience within ourselves, although
we may be his equal a feeling which
causes us no pain, but still removes from
the confidence of familiaritythis is re
spect. Respect is the voluntary acknowl
edgment of a dignity which commands us
without need cf any order; it enters like
a necessary condiment, ia all the relations
of men between themselves, and the most
tender affection 'does not exclude its ex
pressionhowever it may become moder
ate with it. Without respect, man touches
on the rudeness cf barbarity j he disown
his royal character.
Now, we are liable to forget, or even
to disown this portion of our heavenly
endowment. The abuses of equality, the
abasement cf vice, the irdelica'cy of mind,
continually push us towards rudeness, as
pride bears us to a silly and foolish stiff
ness. ' Christian civilization needed to
find and to preserve the secret of dignity
moderated by grace, to have a subsisting
interpret of it, an exquisite and inviolable
model, whose presence alone were a lesson,
incessantly reminded us cf the rhysiogr
nomy of the man true, pure, sinceresim
ple, worthy of himself : to the christian
woman this ministry has been intrusted.
Christian civilization has mads cf the
slave a queen ; it has taken her from' a
shameful servitude, or from a licentious
liberty, which was but another servitude,
to give her over public morals a modest
and . sovereign . action a scepter worn
with as' much fruit a glory, which has
marfted modern ;times w;ith an indelible
color of .decency -and of elevation! : -
That young man, word out in' vice,-who
believes in nothing, nor even in pleasure;
who respects nothing, not even himself,
he.come3, he meets the look of the-chris-tian
tfoman, he beholds living the dignity
he has profaned ; he. again finds God in
a soul who has preserved innocence under
the laws of true civilization, and shows it
forth in her -countenance; he feels his
misery and his abjectness before that mir
of purity..., A motion cf the eye-lid or 'of
the lip suffices to'chasiise and annihilate
him, who imaginedlhat he was, sure he
would; not be trembled before .the AJ.
mighty. He recognises a power to which
he owes an account of- his lif er. before
which he is' to disguise at least its shame,
and if he becomes' incapable of .being
touched with that tacit reproach if . he
despise , woman, after having despised
everything else, it is the last trait of his
condemnation; he no -longer belongs, to
the civilized world;. he. is a. barbarian. :
The second ministry which christian
civilization has created for woman, is the
.'ministry of; education. 1 ... .'. ..
To whom shall man, coming into the
world, be intrusted? To whose, care
shall he be confided to inspire him a good
soul ? Which is ' the hand . sufficiently
delicate, sufficiently ingenious, sufficient
ly tender, to impart gentleness to' that J tfcs corntr
Doss icrss TTcoI.
That many fanners have been and
are now deterred from sheep brecdin
and wool, growing, from the fear of
ucs, ire have no hesitation in saving.
.Yhjj then,-should so nanj worthless
curs as are. found through thVeountry
oesullerecl to remain, &s a sort ot. in
cubus to thi3 ia'portant farming inter
est?" There should be an enumeration
of all the tloga in every township in
the btate, and the supervisors of roads
or. ;t unship auditors,' vrho. are here
apprisers of damages to. sh eep by doi,
should be empowered and compelled to
destroy, all dor not claimed- by re
sponsible owners. . In Tans the police
are prorided with meat-balls 'contain
ing strychnine, which they Very' qui
etly offer to the dogs are destroyed.
rut a high tax. on the -dogs ; men who
have valuable dogs would be- perfectly
willing to pay five .dollars ft.hesd tax.
Tax thsm igh or kill-them is Wool is
high in price, flax is. highland cotton
is very high, the latter is. a .tropical
plant, and, its cultivation is not u'nder
stoodhere. Then why attempt its
cultivation when we have hoth wool
and' flax, both '.valuable textiles- in
demand, both adapted "to enr tlimate,
and the growth of both understood by
our people,- but much neglected by
them?, ' Bring out the . wool growers
and the .flax growers, and clear cut the
dogs'. Read the following from the
Maine Farmer on the subject.: ' , A
"The pog pax. One of the most
ben'ificent things connected with the
bill jjsst passed the House; is the tax
.of cne dollar per head on dogs; ' Tf.it
will have the effect in any degree to
abate the dog nuisance, which costs
Fc;r tbe ITebraaka Faraer. ...
. . Lajcrl2s tlie Grape.
We have teen, layering the grape this
season after tha leaves were all expanded
and the vine- had begun1 to grow raridly.
We strip ofTth? leaves as far 35 the vice
i3 under the ground, rub off" all the buds
and then peg- them down lightly 'in the
trench which should be four inches deep,
the dirt theo "packed' tightly- into ths
. t 'L J .L.. ...I .1 . .1 '
irerca, ana ins ena 01 tne snoot tr.it is
to. be. the future layer should be turned
cp so that it will grow in an upright form.
Where 'the vine to be layered is. eld
wood we usuiUycutthe vinahalf into by
a long cleft cat. . . - A-
; -. Graphs-hyereci "in thij 'manner, this
season, are - now rooting finely and' mak
ing a good strong growth cd"ly S?pi,
cr Oct. will do to.take cpi ..' A-;.; :
.A .. '.-. R.O- Thompson.
'.. A JxQDa Word for tlie Sfcanfc.
-The American 'Agriculturist takes up
the cudgel in defense of, the despised but
seldom-kicked skunk, and . gives a good
notice.' Oar cotemporary says
' All summer long. he roams your apks
turesat night,'; picking up. beetles and
grubs; poking with hi3 .nose potato hills
where many worms are at work.' He is
after the grubs, not the tubors. He t3kes
possession of the apartments of the wood
chuck, . who has quartered himself and
family upon your Clover field'or "garden',
and makes' short, work with all'- the do
mestic arrangements of "that unmitigated
nuisar.ee. With' this white-backed senti
nel around, you can raise clover in peace,
and the young turnips will flourish. Your
beans'will not be prematurely snapped.
ana your garden sauce wiu te free from
There i3 such a thing 23 thcrcjgh
culture, and seasonable culture: it u
of the latter we now have a word to
ssy. "Seasonable culture cuts dowr.
and root3 up wecdj when they aro
quite small. It. does not wait" until
they have become so hrgo a3 to re
quire double the amount of tino and
strength te subdue 'them. Lc-t cf
all doe3 ii wait until they Lave rip:ncl
their seeds and begun to scatter thsni
cn the wind. Seasonable culture tll'i
pi3ni3 a- ZLO time tney wm to
nencntted by it.
is a bill. cf melons
1 , . 1 ,
iouz. ana tne wccn3
cmcn them a
foot high. Now, how long would the : 3
vines have become by this time, if tho
weeds had never been allowed to grow?
It will not make amends to cut thcui
down now: they should never have
been suffered to grow al zll. Wcrk
vigorously as you may, the rcstcf tho
Summer, vou cannot catch uo. Here,
then, J3 a-difference between culture
and ; seasonable culture. . Con:! Icr
this, too. . Tho work of dAin cuS
such largerwee Is injures the melons.
The root3 will be more or les3 broken
and disturbed, and the loaves, sudden
ly exposed to tho full glare of the sun,
will wither. When, the pfan?3 recover
from thi3 shock, snd go on again to set
their fruit, it will be considerably liter
in maturing, than it would have been
under better management ; and of
course it will be poorer than if ripeacn
in its own propper season. Doe3 net
this instance illustrate a genial prin
ciple ? The rule holds good of nearly
all croos. Thev should bo planted !
f r r
.... I" "I f r.
raid thriY?, t5
A ; " ; - - , . w t
womb that bore. him. Every , thought,
every' prayer, every sigh of his mother
has been a divine will which flowed even
into hi3 soul and baptised it in honor and
sanctity. . The father has nOdirept influ
ence, , To. the mother alone it Las been
given . that her soul touched,- for nine
months, the soul of the" child, and im
pressed predispositions to truth, to good
ness, to gentleness, precious germs whose
culture she shall perfect in f ull day-light,
after havingsowed them in the unknown
depths of her maternity.' The child ap
pears; he evades the "first ed'ueatiori in
the womb of his mother; -but he is re
ceived in hands blessed by civilization, he
has no more to dread murder or exposi
tion; he sleeps in peace under the pro
tection of his mother. And from the
moment he opens his eyes, which is the
first look he meets ? The pure and pious
look of a christian; And from the mo
ment a word, secretly conveying itself
through the winding cavities of the ear,
can introduce itself into his soul; who will
lell it to him ? Who will utter to him the
first' word, the first revelation, the first
voice of an intelligence to an intelligence 1
Who? Formerly it was the' Almighty;
now it is he yet, through our mother It
is the christian woman whd has succeeded
God in the sacred ministry of the first
word. When Adam heard it and the
flame of. his spirit was kindled by that
breath under the bright horizon of heav
en, it was God who had spoken to him. i
And for us, when our heart awakes to
affection and our mind to truth, it is under
the hand, under, the .word, .under .the
weight of maternal love that this prodigy
i3 accomplished. '"
' Infancy soon passes away,' and youth
rmmt itlf with it 9 instincts cf lib
their country. A- Missouri.: paper
rives, the following statistics, in con
nection with the subject, tvhich will be
of interest to our readers :
; "One ' deg for each family in the
United States would be a vfiry moder
ate computation. This would give us
in round numbers probably 8,000,000
of dogs, each of whicli consumes an
nually food sufficient'; to raise a pig
worth . a? dollar: .The' cost, therefor,
of feeding tho dogs' of the - United
States is $8,000,000, which' amount
may be considered nearly if not quite
a 'dead loss, to the nation.,- : '
"A much more important .question
to consider, however, is howmany
millions of dollars are annually lost by
the sheep, and other domestic animals
killed by dogs. This question cannot
be solved until tho attention of f the
census takers cr assessors shall, be
directed to - the matter. Ohio, has
already made the experiment, and it
was found that tbe loss in that State of
the sheep killed and injured by dogs in
1761 amounted in value to 96,795,95.
The extensive wool growers In some
portions of the country, who-keep
choice breeds, have estimated ' their
indiylduahlosses by dogs at several
thousands of dollars., annually, not
withstanding the Utmost care, to pre
vent themj' The havvoc made by a
single dog who has become addicted to
sheep killing, is astonishing; and
when two or three dogs associate for
their work, as often happens, one or
to yisit3 will be sufHcient sometimes
to destroy a large fleck of sheep.. -.
"Cattle and hogs to a great extent
are bitten and destroyed by mad dogs.
The danger and los3 of human life by
the same cause is not inconsiderable,
and is well worth consideration. At
the Same time -ninete'en-twentieths of
the dogs are utterly worthless to their
- 4 - : - 1-
,.:r lie? L.-vy i. a -- .
Ooly one remains if not' intact;- at least
respected; ; Wre still hear the truth from
the lips of our mother; her look has "not
lost all authority; ber reproach is not
without sting to produce remorse, and
when she is utterly disarmed, her tears
remain as a la,st order which we do not
resist. Unknown to us she opens avenues
which lead to the most secret fpots of our
heart, and we are astonished to find her
at moments when we think ourselves
alone.. . Singular virtue, surviving itself,
afad which attests, even in its debris to
which efficacious sources God hath steeped
it! : ' . ' ';
"Ab4 tie Toiea of y otlier, it riaja is y braia ;
TLai tweet, low tone, lika the lato'a soft atxaia.
And I hear it bow, that nsnsis low, .
Still It ia with ma. whereVer I go.
cosctcnr if sxt wsrs - 1
The Directcrs.of the Iowa State Ag
recultural Societyi whose annual Ffcir
i3 to be held at Dubuqne, commencing
on the last day of September, 'offer in
premiums: For the best bull of, any
age or blood, they ofTer ?100 and a like
sum for the best four colts ender four
years' old, and for the.fastest-trotting
stallion. Competition Jn the depart
ments of stock, implements, etc., are
open to the world,' .'
t . . ...
, t ,
of riui-ULia ' hiva "abandoned
rheep on account of their destruction
by dogs. Others in nearly all places,
are deterred from engaging to any
considerable extent in this important
and profitable branch of industry for
the same reason. Of the great loss
which the country sustains in this way
there can be no doubt. The numher
of sh eep in many of the older States
has largely decreased annually.
Those States are now waking up to
the importanco of adopting measures
to decrease the . number of dogs, and
of obtaining a revenue from :theni to
remunerate sheep' owners for their
losses. , Under, these; circumstances
we have become large, importers of
woolen geods,' "and even wocl.. In
stead of drawing on factories of fcur
own for a supely cf clothing for fcur
immense army, wo were obliged to
import 'from' Europe. - . ' -
'In the West there is everything to
favor, and nothing exespt dogi to
prevent. producing immense quantities
of wool, and producing it very cheap
ly. We have also every facility for
manufacturing it in our midst. Such
manufacture would increaso cur pop
ulation, and would coasume a large
portion cf our surplu3 grain and pro
visions which now have to seek distant
fair'icoc-Li ei wiia him ths balance
must be struck in his. favor ; Thus' we
often find friends, under the most .un
promising appearances, and badly abused
men are not unfrequently the ben3factors
of society. A- '; -' .
. A . . '
ESsiiis Tdrslps. .
It is altogether too late in the day to
question the utility of the crop. -The
raising of those varieties wanted for
table use, is no unimportant matter. We
could almost n . soon think of Thanks
giving dinner without the turkey, as with
out the, savory dish of early white Dutch
turnips.-..Carefully stored in-the root
cellar, or put down in boxes of. sand in
the common 'house, cellar. they will keep
fresh and juicy all winter. For spring
use - commend ' us- to the purple-topped
Swede, orrctabaga. ' We do not recom
mend any cf-theso 33 being, particularly
easy of digestion ; but,, eaten in modera
tion, they serve as a good relish and ac
companiment to-other food. For stock
feeding this root fs of great Value For
producing milk, for fattening,, or for keep
ing up the general health of cattle, swine
and sheep, through the cold season, their
importance is not easuy over-estimated.
It is a great economy to use them especi
ally in seasons where. there is a scarcity
of other fodder. , A leading English ag
riculturist once said that the failure of
the turnip crop thei"e, would be a greater
blow, to the nation's prosperity than the
failure.cf "the TJanVcf England Nothing
like this would be true for our own coun
try, perhaps ; yet it is a fact that the tar
nip crop is one cf great importance.
. The first of this month is." in time for
owing the Rutshsgas and Swedes, but a
longer season is desirable if wanted for
stock feeding. . With other varieties we
may follow the old adage, VTwenty-fif th
of July, sow turnips, wet or dry..'
-Cut this, like other adages, must be
taken with qualification.. Sow the seed
in July whenever the ground is moist
enough to give the seeds a quick start.
The land should be rich, clear cf weeds,
light and warm; a black muck, rather
Bandy, " best. If a piece cf cwy clear
ed I " - . : '" ; l, ur.i H i-vtr A
We extract the following from Ag
assiz's article on "Methods cf Study
in Natural History," in the May num
ber of the Atlantic Monthly :
'Among the astounding disCovcnej
cf modern' science is that cf the im
mense periods which have passed In
the gradual formation of cur earth.
So vast were the cycle3 of tims pre-1
ceding even the appearance cf man on;
the surface of our globe, that cur on,
period seems as yesterday when com
pared with the epochs thct have gona
before it. Had wo only the evidnca'
of the" deposits of rocks heaped abovo
each ether' in regular strata by tho
slow accumulation of materials, they
alone would convince us cf tho long
and slow maturing of God's work cn
the earth, but wh3n we add to thc3s
the successive , populations of whoso
life this world has been the theatre,
and whose remains are hidden in ths
rocks into which tho mud or sand or
soil of whatever kind cn which thoy
lived has hardened in tho courro cf
time--or thocnormou3chain3cf moun
tains whoso upheaval divided thce
periods of quiet accumulation by grcc.
convulsions or tho changes cf a dif
ferent nature in tho configuration cf
our globe, as the sinking of lands - he-',
neath the ocean, cr the gradual riiinj
cf continents and Islands above it
or the wearing of great river be!3. 0?
v ; l::r t
having been worked. fine, sow in drills
half an inch deep, fifteen inches to two
feet apart, and at the rate cf one and a
half pounds to the acre. Abercrcmb)8
says: "half an ounce to every hundred
square feetj' The seeds will germinate
in from thirty-six to forty-eight hours. "-
As soon as the plants are up, look out
for weed and ineects. Work the'drilh
with cultivator or wheel-hoe, and the
rapid growth will reward all the labor.
When the plants havp made rough leaves
an inch broad, hoe them and thin out to
six Or eight - inches .apart. Continue the
thinnitgsafterwardj, until the roots final
ly stand eight or ten inches apart. If a
little plaster is town broadcast over the
plants when well established, it will give
them increased vigor." ' :.. ;
'. . Tp destroy that great pest the fly, some
use oot, ashss, or air-slacked Urne, stre w
ing it on the leaves when wet; but warm,
moist weather will soon carry tha plants
beyond the reach cf flies. Still, if the
insects persi st, and the young plants ere
eaten up. dig up the ground and so?
tne ninng 0: extensive w:
till marshes first and th:
succeeded to inland seas c
growth. of coral reefs, theso vrender
ful sea-walls rai3sd by th 3 little ocean
architects whoso own bodies fcrahbr
both the building etches and the ce
ment that binds then together, and
who have worked so busily during tho
long centuries, that there are exten
sive countries, mountain chains, jj-
. . . .
C -- - - - - - ,- ... I
To Hazz ViyE3 Fruitful: Mel ch
cucumber, squash, and other vines of
this class, are often" rendered more
fruitful by the pinching-in or shorten
ing-in proces3. Pbch of! the ends of
the longest, and thu3 throw ' more
strength into . tne . lateral, beerin?
markets at a loss." -EvajCi Rural, branches. :
in - role!?
2 v4 t Cir
fires of the human rue? to-day if W3
consider, all these records of 'the past
tho intellect faih to gra3p a crcnclogy
for which our experience furniihes no
data, and the time that lie3 behind U3
seems as much an eternity to cur con
ception E3 the future which strctchc3
indefinitely before cs.
Gornzxs. Gopher hunis seen to bo
the order of the day in seme parta cf
.Wisconsin-. In Dodge county one recent
ly took place, in which, ia cce day, 710
cf the pests were killed. Other huct3 cf
thU ' character are cn the tapis in that
quarter. ' Death to the Gc-phers.
" In whatever shape evil comes, wo
are apt to'exclaira with Hamlet: Tako
any'ehape but that!"
In hiving a new s.varm cf he?s it h cf.
great importance to give them a hi3 al
ready furnished with ccuil.
- An Illinois farmer, speaking cf th
cxpenso cf living at the W e:t sy 3 : Ii
will. vary with the s:;3 cf th ffily,
and 'their propensity to gratify pride,
an expensive article in a new ccur.ty."
mpt irem mcsi c:
x.very brute i3 esc
our diseases. They nre entirely arti
ffcial. and r.o brute uin-enicus encyh
to contrive them,
Powered by Open ONI