Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 29, 1862)
riSHEIl Sc IIAClvI.it i'ubiih?r.
. Till" RSI) A V MOUNLNG, iJAY T3, IK2.
b y n r r. -a. o . .
, Th'n up with our flag ! let it itr:itn on the Ir !
TWugb our fatbct are coid in their jrrever',
TW Lm1 LauJa tht could trikc, thej had iouIj
tbat could 1ht.
And ibeiraons were uot Lorn to be n!ave!
Up. up'witb that tauter ! where'er it may call,
Our tnillr.rihsll rail T around :
A nation of freemen that moment '.shall fill
When its stars shall be trailed sd the ground,
The Late News.
. To-days papers contain intelligence of
the defeat of Geo, Bank's forces by the
rebel General, -Stonewall" Johnson.;
Banks retreated to the Potomac and
crossed into Maryland. This created
great excitement at Baltimore and Wash
ington. Requisitions -were tern by tele
graph to the' Governors of the several
loyal Slates for soldiers-to-be sent imme
diately to Washington. In 12 hours many
thousands were on '.their way by railroad
from New Englani, New York and Penn
' -There was a rumor that Richmond was
eracuatpd. Also, another rumor that a
tattle had' been fought at Corinth, in
which the rehels were whipped, and 20,
000 prisoners. taken.
The following communication from the
Territorial Treasurer will be read with
interest. It ia designed as an answer to
various inquiries on the subject of a dis
tribution of the School Fund :
Sir: In answer to inquiries in regard
i to the apportionment of the Territorial
bchool i: uncs, I have to say: inat m con
sequence of the discrepancy in the School
Law, by which the County Treasurers are
net required to report the collections of
j school funds until the 5th of May, I
deemed it better to postpone tne appor
tionment until after that time, in the hope
that the reports would all be in promptly;
but having failed to jret them all, I have
apportioned the amounts levied, adding
the interest collected as far as could be
ascertained, the certificates of which are
now being prepared.
In regard to the ballances due several
of thcTrrjcnties, of the school tax Jevied in
1S59 I can only say that up to this time
but S3S 03 has been paid into the Terri
torial Treasury, and Treasurers of Coun
ties entitled to balances will be notified
of their proper porportions of that amount,
for which they can draw on me at sight.
As fast as the balances due the fund, of
the tax of 1S59, are paid into the Territo
rial Treasury, the money will be equita
bly distributed to the" counties entitled to
The laws provides no penalty -for neg
The Homestead Lair.
' ' In ¬hr column will be found the
Homestead Bill, which has recently passed
both branches of Congress, and has been
signed by the President, and is therefore
a law. - Jt is very liberal in its provisions.
It allows every person, (male or female,
if we understand it,) who is a citizen of
the United States, or any minor who is
fceaSl of a family, or who has served in the
' armies or navy of the United States,' the
-"benefits of the law; providiug, however,
that persons who have born arms against
the Government, shall be excluded.
f ".I'he effect of this law. w ill be to ensure
'the freedom of all the new States and
' Territories from Slavery. The emigra
tion -that comes' to the Territories to se
.'cure home.s under "this law, Will be loyal
rnenttho have cot - been connected with
'the rebellion, and "are opposed to the
spread of slavery."
Tfcc Effect or tire Homestead law
O t n f hn I'ntiifln - If it i 1 mn H - , w ,
Liu mis ittiiiii ltd ui uuu u;uu.
- - liCurasIca
- - The Homestead Bill has aireadv become
ka law. The Pacific Railroad " Bill ha
a V m w-
:-& large majority.' Iris strongly advoca
ted by -all the leading papers of the East.
Consequently there can be no reasonable
"doubt of its passing the Senate.
. The effect of these two bills will be to
start a great tide of emigration for the
West, and. especially to Nebraska. The
"emigration will certainly be very, large
even before the War is over. If it was
only for the Homestead Law alone, many
.of those coming west to secure its acvan
. tages might prefer some "other locality to
Nebraska, on account of the scarcity of
'timber; but the Pacific Railroad will
.'make land in Nebraska more desirable
'end more valuable than in any other Ter
ritory. ' .
The construction of the Road will re
quire a vast amount of labor, and conse
quently vast quantities of provisions.
- Whenever the road is commenced, Ne
'braskawill furnish a better maiket for
'produce 4 than any other . portion of the
'United Slates West of .the Allegheny
. Mountains. Not only will the laborers
need provisions, but the emigration that
; comes into the Territory each year will
have to procure their living; large cities
will spring tip as if by magic, and will
create a home demand for all that can be
"produced. " " '
We think the "good time coming" for
Nebraska cannot be much longer deferred.
We have a bright future before us.
' - Gen. Curtis' army have formed a jur.c
' tlon with the army of Gen. Hal'eck at
Corinthr Reinforcements have been sent
t o II a 1 1 e ck fr ot n ji ar i ou sjju a r t e r. " All
,tlv3 ;Regiments in Kansas, except the
-Kansas S.econd, (the one to which Capt.
Mauhe belongs,) have been' ordered,
'end are now on their way to Coriuth.
Until these re-inforcemeuts arrive, we do
i not expect a battle at that point, unless it
.thculi bo brought about by an attack of
the rebels. -It is thought Beauregard's
'foldiers are nearly out'of provisions, and
he may be compelled to risk a battle.
Bjth armies are suffering considerably
frcm ficknes?. The priccipal hope the
' rtbels now have is that the Union Sol
diers will te decimated during the sum-
"inernicnihs by disease,. and thereby the
- war prolonged until the public debt, be
ccmes to encrmous that we will, become
" willing to tamely submit to the establish
ment cf their Confederacy.
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Passed at the Second Session of the Thirty
- . ' Seventh Covyress. .
Public No. 57.
AN ACT to amend an act entitled "An act to
provide iucreased revenue from import, to
- pay interest on th-i public debt, and fur
other purposes," approved Auguat five,
eighteen hurdred aud sixty-one.
Be it enacted ly the senate and House of rep
resentatives, cf the United states of America in
Congress assemldtd, That the provision in the
fifty-third section of the act "to provide in
creased revenue from imports to pay interest
on the ptiNic debt, and for other purposes'
approved August five, eighteeu hundred and
sixty-one, allowing such portion of the tax as
nnv be assessed by any State, Territory, or the
Ifitrict of Columbia "to be paid and satisfied,
in whole or in part, by' the release of such
State, Territory, or District, duly executed, to
thp Ui.ited Stares, of any liquidated and de
termined claim of such State, Territory, or
District of equal amount ag;iinst the United
States: Provided, That in case of such re
lease, such State, Territory, or District shall
be allowed the game abatement of the amount
of such tax as would be allowed in case of
the payment of the same in money," .shall be
construed as applying to such claimsof States
for reimbursement of expenses incurred by
them in enrolling, subsisting, clothing, supply
ing, arming, equipping, paying, and transport-
ling i 'ts employed in aiding to suppress the
i present insurrection against the United State3,
.... . . v m . f
as shall bo hUxl with the jrojer omcers ot tna
before tha thirtieth of Julv
Iect to rpport funds collected, and no re- next. And in such rases the abatement of
ports have as yet been made to this office fifteen per centum shall ba made on such por-
: " . . .. !. i. : i l.. it.
by any county Treasurer, of collections
exceeding the amount they were entitled
to retain in accordance with the law, ex
cept in the'one instance of Burt county,
which promptly paid over the above
mentioned amount of SC8 03.
Whenever there are suitable penalties
provided by law for, neglect of duty in
making reports and paying over funds,
and for settling up the Taxes of each
year within the year in which levied, then
we may hope to avoid the inconvenience
and trouble we have so far encountered
in the execution of the requirements of the
law. A. KOUNTZE,
. Territorial Treasurer.
Omaha, May 20, 1862.
From the Farmer.
As this iajJie son sen for. planting
Sweet Potatoes, we will give our opinions
as to the best mode of planting and culti
vating. We have always had better suc
cess with them in hills than in ridges.
The Sweet Potato fiouriihes best in the
most southern parts of the temperate
zone; hence in this climate it needs all
the heat it can get, and it receives more
heat from the sun's rays in hills than in
ridges. The only advantage that ridges
have over hills, is that they will retain
more moisture ; but as a general thing
the Sweet PoLato suffers more from lack
of warmth than lack of moisture. Wherj
the ground is prepared for Sweet Pota
toes, it should J be dog at least two feet
3eepv and U ft as loose and mellow as pos
sible; then . make hills about three or
three and a half feet apart ; and about
twelve, or eighteen inches high; (be
careful not to make the hills too large or
high, as they will not then get. sufficient
heat.) If the ground is dug to a sufaj
cient depth below the hill, the roots will
penetrate and receive sufficient moisture.
The long fibrous roots will reach into the
ground to as great a depth as the vines
run on the surface. The surface of the
hills should be hoed very little during the
summer just enough to . break the crust
and keep down the weeds. The weeds
should be scraped down off. the hill, and
fresh dirt raked up, .so as to keep the hill
in proper shnpe.' Another thing", thought
to be important by many of the most suc
cessful Sweet Poia'.o raisers, is to keep
tht vines during the entire summer
wound into a knot on top of the hill.
This is for a two-fold olject; namely, to
let the surface of the hill be exposed to
the rays of the tun as much as possible,
and also to prevent the vines from taking
root, and thereby retarding the growth
of the Potatees.
More About Cleveland.
It has been ascertained that Cleveland
was from Cleveland, Ohio, where he fol
lowed the profession of stage driver. He
was born in the vicinity of Cleveland.
His real name was John Metz. In his
intercourse with men, he is said to have
been very bland and courteous, even when
he was robbing them His last words
were: "Stop firing, boys; I am killed."
..On his tombstone will be inscribed:'
"Jayhawking is one of rry institutions ; .1
like it, and am going to have it."
In. this number we publish ihe official
report cf Col. Thayer, concerning-the
Little of Pius-burg.' It was put m type
-The passage of the Homestead Bill
has taken the wind' cut of the fnjes of
those who still delight to eulogize the
"great Democratic party." Only a few
days ago we heard one of these gentlt
meu a resident of Otoe county, (demo
crats in this'country, if indeed there are
any, are, of late, more modest.) inquiring
in a sneering way: "Why ' the Repnlli
can. Congress did not pas the 'Homestead
Bill." There was "now "a Republican
President) a Republican House of Rep
resentatives and a Republican Senate.
They had charged Democrats ith always
defeating the Hcmesiead'when they had
the power. Now," he wanted to see "if
they had honesty enough to pass it them
selves." We hope our friend is low
for last week pnper, tut Was
out fur want cf room. ' ' ;
The Secretary cf the Trea&ury has is
sued instructions to the various collectors
respecting clearances to ports opened by
i proclamation.-of the President. . These
instructions authorize clearances at any
time before the first cf June, but vessels
so cleared are not to enter such ports until
. on rr-.uer mat aate.- , -- -
tion of said tux as raav be paid bv the allow
ance of such claims, in whole or in part, the'
same as if the final settlement and liquidation
thereof bad been made before the- thirtieth of
June. - . "
Approved, May 13, 1S62.
Pdblic No. 5.
AN ACT to establish a port of entry in the
collection district of Beaufort, South Caro
lina. ' -' .
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of Am
erica in Congress assembled, That a port of
entry and delivery shall be and is hereby es
tablished in the collection district of Beaufort,
in the State of South Carolina, atornear Hil
ton Head, to bo called the port of Port Royal,
which shall bo subject to the same regulations
and restrictions ns other ports of entry and de
livery in the United States; and there shall
be appointed a collector of the customs, to
reside at said port, who shall receive a salary
of fifteen hundred dollars per amnum. And
the Secretary of the Treasury shall have
power to appoint, on the nomination of the
collector, such inspectors, weigher?, gangers,
measures, and other officers as may ba neces
sary for the collection of the revenue at said
port, whose compensation shall not exceed
the rates allowed to similar officers at other
ports of entry and delivery in the United
Approved May 13, 1862.
Public No. 59
AN ACT to provide for the deficiency in the
appropriation for the pay of the two and
three 3'ears volunteers, and the officers and
. men actually employed in the Western de
partment. . -
Be it emcted ly Vie Senate aud Hovse of
Representatives of the United States of Amer
cof in Congress assevilled: That there be and
hereby is appropriated out of any money in
the. Treasury not otherwiie appropriated, the
sura of thirty millions of dollars, or so m.nch
thereof ns may bo necessary, to enable the
Government to pay the two find three years
volunteers called .into the services of the Unit
ed States, being an additional amount required
for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eigh
teen hundred and sixty-two. .
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
the,re be and hereby is. appropriated, out of
any money in the Treasury not otherwise ap
propriated, the sum of one hundred thousand
dollars, or so much thereof as may be neces
say, to carry into effect tbe act approved March
twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-two,
to secure ps.y, bounty, and pensions to officers
and men actually employed in the Western
department, or department of Missouri. , . i.
Approved, May 14, 1862.
Tubuc No. CO.
AN ACT to facilitate tbe discharga of enlist
ed men for physical disability.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Bouse of
Representatives of the Uitned sUtes of Amer
ica, in Congress assendled, That the medical
inspector general, or any medical inspector is
hereby authorized and empowered to d is,
charge from the service of the United Stte3
any soldier, or enlisted man, with the consent
of such soldier or enlisted man, in the perma
nent hospitals, laboring under an' ph sical
disability which makes it disadvantageous to
the service that he be retained therein, and
the certificate in writing of such inspector
general or medical inspector, setting forth the
existence and nature of such physical dis
ability, shall ba sufficient evidence of such dis
charge : Provided, however, That every such
certificate shall appear on its face to havebeeu
founded on personal inspection of the soldier
so discharged, and shall specifically describe
the naturj and origin of such disability ; and
that such discharge nhall be without prejudice
to the- right of such soldier or enlisted man
to the pay due him at the date thereof, and
report the same to the adjutant general and
the surgeon general. ; . ..
, Approved, May 14,1862. ,:. . ;
. Public No. 61
AN ACT to 6ectira homssteads to nsfml sot
tiers on the pub'ic dom.iin, and to provide
a bounty for soldiers in lieu of grants of the
.Re it enacted ly the Senate arui House of
Representatives of ths United States cf Ameri
ca in Congress assembled, That any person
who is the head of a fanii'y, or who has ar
rived at the agfi of twenty-one years, and is
a citizen of the United States, or who shall
have filed his declaration of ir.tentiou to be
come such, as required by the naturalization
laws of the United States, and who has never
borne arms against the United S:ates Govern
ment, or given aid and comfort to its enemies,
shall from and after the 1st of January, 1863,
be entitled to enter one quarter section, or a
less quantity, of unappropriated public lands,
upon which said person may have filled a pre
emption claim, or which nny, at the time the
application is made ba subject tc pre-emption
at $1 23 or less, per acre ; or eighty acres, or
less, cf such unappropriated hinds, at $2 50
per acre, to bo located iu a body, in conformi
ty to the legal subdi visions of the public lads,
and sfter the same shall brave been surveyed :
Provided, That any person owning and." r3
6idirjg on land may under the provisions of
this act, enter other land lying contiguous to
his or her said land, which shall not, with the
laud so already owned and occupied, exceed
in the aggregate 160 acres. " . ; -
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
the person applying for the benefit of this act
shall, upon application to the Register of the
Lat.d Uffice ia which ha cr she is about to
make .such entry, make affidavit beforj the
said Register or Receiver that he or sha is the
head of a family, or is --twenty -one years or
more of age or shall -have performed service
in tbe army, cf. the. U.pitd.S;atc.and that ho
; has cevft berec arm's Against the GvYeruii:ent 1
cf the United States, or given aid and ccrmort
to its enemies, and that such application 13
made for his or her exclusive use and becefit,
and that said ei.try is made for the purpose of
actual settlement and cultivation, and not
either directly or indirectly for the use or b.M.e
t of any ulh?r person cr. persons whomso
ever ; and .upon filing the said affidavit with
the Regifer or Receiver, and on payment of
$0 he cr she shall thereupon be permitted to
enter tbe quantity of land specified ; Provid
ed, however, That no certificate shall bi givn
or patent issued therefor until the expiration
of five years from the date of such entry ;
and if, at the expiration of such time, or at
any time within two years thereafter, the per
son making such entry or if he bo dead, his
widow ; or in. case of her death his heirs or
devisee ; or in case of a widow making suc.i
entry her heirs or devisee, in case of her death
shall prove by two credible witnesses that
he, she, or they "have resided upon or cultivat
ed the same for the terra of fiva years imme
diately succeeding the time of filing the affi
davit aforesaid, and shall make affidavit that
no part of said land has been alidined. and
that he has brne true allegiance to the Gov
ernment of the United States : then, in such
case, he. she or they, if at that time a citizen
of the United States, shall be entitled to a
patent, as in other case3 provided for by law;
And provided, further, That ia case of the
death of both father and mother, leaving au
infant child, or children, under twenty-one
years of age, the right and fee shall enure to
the benefit of said infant child or children;
and the executor, administrator, or guardian
may, at any time within two years afte' the
death of the surviving parent, aud in accord
ance with the laws of the State in which such
children forthe time being have their domicile,
sll said land for the benefit of said infants,
but for no other purpose ; and the purchaser
shall acquire the absolute title by the purchase,
and be entitled to a patent from the United
States, on'payment of the office fee3 and sum
of money hereinafter specified.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That
the Register of the Land Office shall note all
such applications on the tract books and plats
of his office, and keep a register of all such
entries, and make return thereof to the Gene
ral Land Office, together with the proof upon
which they have been founded.
Sec: 4. And be it further enacted, That
no lauds acquired underthe provisior.3 of this
act shall in any event become liable to the
satisfation of any debt or debts contracted
prior to tbe issuing of the patent therefor.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That
if, at any time after the filing of the affidavit,
as required in the section of this act, and be
fore the expiration of the five years aforesaid,
it shall be proven, after due notice to the set
tler, to the satisfaction of the Register of the
Land Office, that the person having filed such
affidavit shall have actually changed his or
her resideuce, or abandoned the said land, shall
have ceased to occupy the said land for more
than six i months at anytime, then in that
event the land so entered shall revert to the
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That
no individual shall be permitted to acquire
title to more than one quarter section mider
the provisions of this act ; and that the Com
missioner of the Geueral Land Ollioe is here
by required to prepare and issue such rules
and regulations, consistent with this act, as
shall be necessary and proper to carry it3 pro
visions into effect ;'and that the Registers and
Receivers of the several Lmd Offices shall be
entitled to receive the same compensation for
any lauds entered under the provisions of this
act that they are now entitled to receive when
the same quantity of land is enterel with
money, one half by the person - making the
application at the time of so doing, and the
other half on the issue of the certificate by
tho person to whom it may be issued ; but
this shall 'not be construed to enlarge the
maximum of compensation now prescribed by
law for any Register or Receiver: Provided,
That nothing contained in this act shall be so
construed as to impair or interfere in any. man
ner whatever with existing pre-emption rights:
And provided, further, That Vd persons who
may have filed" their applications -for a pre? 1
emptiou right prior to the passage of this act
shall be entitled to all privileges of this act :
Provided, further, That no person who has
served, or may hereafter serve, for a period of
not less than fourteen days in the army or
navy of the United States, either regular or
volunteer, under the laws thereof, during the
existence of an actual war, domestic or for
eign, shall be deprived of the benefits of this
act on account of not having attained the age
of twenty-one years. - . -
Sec. 3. Ad be it further enacted, That
the fifth section of the act entitled "An act
in addition to an act more effectually to pro
vide for the punishment of certa n Crimes
against tho United States, and for other pur
poses," approved the third of March, in the
year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven,-shall
extend to all oaths, affirmations, and affidavits,
required or authorized by this act.
Sec- 8. And ; be it further resolved, That
nothing in this act shall be so construed -as to
prevent any-person who has availed him or
herself of the benefits of tho first section of
this act from paying the minimum price, or
the price to which the same may have gradu
ated, for the quantity of land so en.ered at any
time before the expiration of the five years,
and obtaining a patent therefor from the Gov
ernment as in other cases provided by law,
on making proof of settlement and cultivation
as provided by existing laws granting pre
Approved May 0, 1S62.
The Richmond Papers heap a great
deal of ridicule upon the members of the
Rebel Congress, on account of their stam
pede from Richmond. The Whig says:
For fear of accidents on the railroad
the stampeded Congress left yesterday in
a number of the strongest and newest
canal boats. These boats are drawn by
mules of approved sweetness of temper.
To protect the stampeders from the snakes
and bull frogs that abound along the line
of the canal, General Winder has detail
ed a regiment ofyladies to march in ad
vance of the njcflps and clear the towpath
of the pirate'. The regiment is armed
with popgiias of the longest range. ,The
ladies will accompany the stampeders to
a secluded cave in the mountains of Hep
sidaru, and reave them there in charge of
tne -children of the vicinage, until Mc
Clellan thinks proper to let them come
forth. The ladies return to the defence
of their country.
From every portion of North America
we hear of unusually high water; from
New England, Canada, Dixie Land and
CoscoaD, (N. H.) April- 20. The
fresh is the highest known since 1S51.
Portions of the -several railroads are
badly washed. A bridge at Lebanon, cn
the Northern road, was carried entirely
away. ' J
Montreal, (Canada,) Aphil 21.--There
- are heavy freshes prevailing
throughout lower Canada. ; Many villa
ges are flooded, and there has been great
destruction of property. The locks and
dams near Ottawa City are in danger.
The Western trains have been interrupt
ed for the last three days.
Colonel Thayer's Report.
Headquarters Second Brigade, )
Ap.my in Field,
Pittsburg, April 10, 1S62.
Captain: 1 have the hoccr to sub
mit herewith a report cf the part taken
, .1. r U si I mi! 1 .?
oy tne oscona ungaue ai iuc wmc .
Early on Sunday morning, the Gth inst.
hearing at my camp at Stony Lonesome,
hpaw cannonading in the direction of
Pittsburg, I immediately caused my com
mand to be put in a state of preparation
to march at a moment's notice, and anx
iously awaited orders. Soon Major Gen
eral Wallace and staff rode up, and he
gave me the desired command to move to
the scene of action. At twelve o clock
the brigade was in th? line of march, the
Sixty-Eighth Ohio, Colonel Speerman,
being directed by ma to remnn at that
poiut, in conjunction with Colonel Kin
ney's Ohio regiment, for the. purpose of
preventing an approach of the enemy by
the AdamsviIIe road. We arrived upon
the field at Pittsburg at dark, and throw
ing out a strong force of pickets in front
of our line, we bivouacked in order of
battle, the troops Ivinar down with their
arms in their hands. During the night a
severe thunder storm came on. Those
who slept awoke to find themselves in a
drenching rain, but they bore their hard
ships with fortitude and cheerfulness.
Captain Noah Thompson of the Ninth
Battery of Indiana Light Artillery, hav
ing come up in the night and placed his
battery in position in the open field in
front. At daylight on the morning of the
7th, I moved the First Nebraska, Lieut.
Col. McCord, forward, so that its left
rested on the battery. I then placed the
Twenty-third Indiana, Col. W. L. San
derson, on the right of the First Nebras
ka, having the Fifty-eighth Ohio, Col.
Bausenwem, immediately in the rear of
the two. While in this position Thomp
son's battery opened fire upon a battery
of the enemy, discovered upon the hill,
directly in front. - Having silenced it, I
received orders from Gen. Wallace in
person to advance. I did so, across the
deep ravine and up the steep declivity
where the rebel guns had been planted,
keeping Capt. Baumer and his company
of the First Nebraska, as skirmishers in
advance, which movement was executed
in good order. " Here the General di
rected a charge in front of his division,
which was executed by a left wheel of
the whole line. Advancing in line a
short distance, we were soon under a
heavy fire of the enemy's guo3, both ar
tillery aud infantry. Moving forward,
we emerged trom the timber into a small
cleared field, where, Capt. Thompson
having moved forward also, planted his
battery. I then moved the brigade by
the right fbnk nearly half a mile into the
timber again for the purpose of extending
our line to the right, and then forward to
the brow of a steep hill, where we re
mained some three-quarters of an hour,
when the enemy's battery was again si
lehmced. The order then came from
Gen. Wallace to move forward. We' did
so, and emerged from the timber into a
large open field. Moving my Brigade
onward in a full line of battle, reserving
our fire, we crossed a deep ravine and
passed up on to the ridge beyond, under a
terrible fire of musketry and artillery
from the rebels. Arriving on the brow
of the ridge, I gave the order to open on
them, which was promtly done. Our fire
told with fatal effect, for they immedi
ately fell back. ' j
- A few moments previous to this,'. ob-j
serving aibody of the rebel cavalry ad
vancing in the outskirts of the timber on
my extreme right, evidently with the in
tention of flanking us, I directed Colonel
Sangerson, of the Twenty-third Indiana,
to move by the right flank som? twenty
rods, so as to bring his regiment directly
in front of them, and to drive them back
a movement Tvhich he promptly and
successfully accomplished. On getting in
front of them the cavalry discharged their
carbines. The Twenty-third Indiana im
mediately returned the fire, and under
the lead of their Colonel, then pressed
forward,.and the right flank company of
theirst Nebraska, Capt. Baumer, also
giving them a right oblique fire, when the
rebels at once fled in confusion. Still
fearing a flank movement of the enemy,
and observing Col. Whittlesey coming up
with two regiments, I at once rode to him
and requested of him to move the right as
rapidly as possible, which he readily did.
The action now become general along
the line. I again gave the order "For
war," and the line advanced as regular,
r.f with a front as unbroken as upon the
pafide ground, the First Nebraska, Lieut.
Cob McCord, moving up directly in front
of the enemy's battery. Advancing about
twenty rods, and finding the enemy had
made another stand, I ordered a halt, and
directed another fire upon them, which
continued some fifteen minutes, when dis
covering the enemy again rtceeding, we
pushed on nearly half a mile, halting as
we ascended the brow of each hill (the
grounds being composed of hills and val
leys) and giving them another volley, and
then moving forward again. Perceiving1
the enemy's battery again in position,
supported by heavy bodies of infantry,
another halt was ordered, and another
fire opened upon them, which became
continuous along the whol2 line."
The battle now ragpd'with unabated,
fury for nearly two hours. The enemy's
battery was exceedingly well served, it
having obtained excellent range. I had
no artillery to oppose to it, tut the fire of
our infantry was terrific and incessant,
and was admirably directed, the men were
loading and firing at will, with great ra
pidity. Learning from Col. McCord and
Major Livingstone that the ammunition
of the First Nebraska was nearly exhaus
ted, and from Major Dister of the Fifty
eighth Ohio, that their also was nearly
out, I rode to Gen. Wallace, who was on
the left of the division, and requested of
him a fresh regiment. He at once or
dered forward the Seventy-sixty Ohio,
Colonel Woods. which I conducted to my
line, and directed the First Nebraska to
file by the right of companies to the rear,
when the Seventy-sixth took its phce.
The First Nebraska and the Fifty-eighth
Ohio then fell back a few rods to a ra
vine. These movements were executed
with perfect order. My ow n ammunition
wagons having failed to come up on ac
count cf the ravines, which were impass
able for teams, over which we had crossed,
Gen. Wallace sent me one of his own,
which fortunately had arrived by another
route. The two regiments refilled thi"r
cartridge boxes, and in twenty minutes
from the time they left the line, .they
were again in their position before the
enemy. But the enemy was iiowik-eirig;
the General here ordered forward his
whole division in pursuit, Limself leading,
it, which was continued fr a mile ar.d a
half, when we bivouacked for the night.
Thus did we drive the enemy before ui,
frcm five o'clock in the morning till five
in the evening, never receeding an inch,
but pressing steadily forward over a dis
tance of four miles, the enemy contesting
the ground rod by rod, with a courage and
determination that would have honored a
belter cause. I cannot speak in too high
praise of the officers and men under my
command. Their conduct was most gal
lant and brave throughout. They fought
with the ardcr and zeal of true patriots.
It gives me pleasure to speak of the
different regiments and their officers.
Nobly did the First Nebraska sustain its
reputation, well earned on the field-of
Donelson. Its progress was onward du
ring the whole day, in the face of a gall
ing fire cf the enemy, moving on without
flinching, at one time being an hour and
a half in front of the battery, receiving
and returning its fire. Its conduct ws
most excellent. Lieutenant Col. W. D.
McCord and Major R. R. Livingston of
this regiment, were constantly in the
thickest of the fight, executing every
order with the greatest promptness tnd
alacrity. They ar-j deserving the high
est commendation for their gallantry.
The Twenty-third Indiana, by it's' con
duct on the fietd, won my unqualified ad
miration. It moved constantly forward
under the lead of its brave commander,
Col. Sanderson, under" a.' heavy fire
charging upon the enemy's cavalry, and
utterly routing them. The coolness and
courage of the Colonel aided much in the
success of the movements cf the Brigade.
Lieutenant Colonel D. C. Anthony and
Major . r. Davis ot the same regiment
behaved gallantly through the action, and
were ever ot the post of duty. ' The for
mer had his horse shot under him. This
regiment with its Colonel and other offi
cers have earned distinguished honors for
themselves, and for the whole State which
sent them into the field.
The Fifty-eighth Ohio proved them
selves worthy of the confidence reposed
in them. They fought with unabated
courage during the day never yielding,
but firmly advancing, pressing the e.nemy
before them. They have my highest es
teem for their noble conduct in this bat
tle. Col. Bausenwem, Lieut. Cof. Renv
pel, and Major Dieter, of this regiment
were conspicuous for their coolness and
bravely throughout - the day. -Ever" -ex--
posed to imminent danger, they readilv
performed every dmy, and handled their
regiment most admirably. .
Most honorable mention is due to Sur
geon E. Ii. Harrison, of the Sixty-eighih
Ohio, Surgeon of the Brigade,. and to
Win. McClelland, Acting Surgeon of the
First Nebraska, for their prompt' atten
tion to 'the wounded. They labored at
the hospitals with ceaseless devotion for
days and nights after the tattle in ad
ministering relief. Their services were
I must express my obligations also to
the members of my staff, S.' A. Strick-,
land, A. A. G., my aide-decampvCapt.
Allen Blacker, and Lieut. W. S. Whit
ten.and also .to Lient. Col." Scot.t, and
Capt. Richard, of tho "Sixty-eighth bhioi.'
and Mr. Geo. E. Spencer, who acted as
volunteer aids, for their prompt convey
ance and execution of orders .in the face
of every danger.
Appended is a list' of the killed and
wounded of the brigade, 1 directed the
men to lay down when not engaged and
to fire kneeling and laying down as much
as possible, and also take advantage of
the ground whenever it could, be demo.
By adopting this course and continuing it
throughout the day, I have no doubt but
that the lives of hundreds of our . men
In conclusion, ,1 may be. permitted, to
congratulate the General -upon the part
his Division took, and upon, the success
which attended all his movements, ia the
memoreble battle of Pittsburg
I have the honor to be, '
Very truly yours,
JOHN M. THAYER,
Colonel. Firs'. Nebraska, Command in.?
Second Brigade, Third Division, Army
in the field. ' -Capt.
Fred. Kneflor, Ass't Adj't Gen
eral Third Division.
' J E Vf A D V V r VT
! AarC-jref,r t; . b H i-
! TIVE TTtR1Mr. PE;?Ifc i sr.'. "
trance, tus c--cl eve r
' ' lil .1
i-i..- - " 1 C:i
, K. aHof 1;-,. u fc .
le fun4 in auy dru, ,u' i-Hf
Cin.sumnio;,. E.-o!ic'j;M .'. v'h
by tbe u.- ot say ue-bn p.."'1-1?-';
WHEKi: Dm vol
J. BE1UIY & co;;
THE CHEAPEST H- :
' BROWITVILI j
; BERRY & g.
Have jMst receive-!. 1114 s-e
sUnd od iluia street, 0.' ite '7
ever offered ia tblimarkeC Kjaraiw
J; BERRY k (ft
.' EIIOW.NVILLE, J. 7,
Ms CD, ISC2. Cl7-tf
The "Traveling Public" and tempore
ry residents, of this city, -are informed"
that refreshments are kept at ih3 Saloon
of Buck McDaniel, two doors west of the
Court room. Tl.Oie who desire recrea
tion at the game of billiards can also be
Mons. Car has now ready, at- .he
garden of Mr. Fcrnas, a large quantity
Narsemond Sweet Potatoe Plants.
Two Patent Corn Planters for' sale at
Scorbr.tta di?easc re Uie parent to-k from which
rises a Iarve proportion of the fata! maladies that af
flict mankind. They are a it were a species of potato
rot ia tbe limnan constitution, which nnlerrr.loes and
corrupt all the Sources of iu vitality and hasten it
decay. They are the germ from which prir;, Con
sumption, Rheanmatisni, Heart Disease, Liver Com
plaints, and Eruptive Diseases which will to reco;
nized as among those most fatal and destructive to the
races of men. So dreadful are it ccnse.icences to hu
man life, that It is hardly possible to over estimate the
importance of aa actual, reliable remedy, that can
sweep out this Scrofulous contamination. "We know
then we f hall proclaim welcome news to oar readers of
one from ttich a qnarter as will leavelitlle doubt olits
efEcacy ind ttill more welcome, when we t el i. them
that it really !oei accomplish the end desired. We
A yer's Sars afariixa, and it i. certainly worthy the
attention of to e who are afcte-i with Scrofula or
gcrtfulous complaints. -RegiiX&r, Albany, ,r. 1".
FEE 35' ST 01
BROWN VILLE, NEEHA;!
AXXOnXCKS to the public ? i V.-
entire tnere in thr livery f...il;',c 1 As. a
owned by r. cms Ji ii ptvier. tic is tt ,
accommodate the i-.hlic tsith
THE TRAVELING K
Can find at his Stable ample ucos
horsed, males ot' cattle. t
K. B- TH partners'! ip rr''of ' 1 1:
Benjamin o-h i'3 Hr r-rs U I
May 2V.h. 13:2. n7-u
Tat AVtc iS'ory of Lid I
. . ' or
WALL STREIT; j
T It E
ROMANCE O F B I'SI
BY HICIIAHD 15.
Author of "St. In" i
"ilislike me not for mv cobj!3!a-
r AUT FI-13T
The Crisig r( '37. " Fn,"f
A. Rich JUrcnaut ." carried S ip-
undr.' A B'r
Rec.verr. A F I
Prosperity and Social Po- A Up'
. aitif.n. An
A Devored Wife. A Fid '5 ;
The Heiress and. the Be;-. r'w-
Kir-Girl. Viii;m' - ,
The Iri.-di Famine.
. ' 'part SECON'0
The Tens of the B j'.Is an.i A C'j.'"c '
ber. ! f'
Bankers, Brokers, X'tr.rers -'e'7. -
.Earnen WcrJs to But.iae, 1 2e-'S i
The Sote-Broksr. Trte km-
' . PAUT TmSD.
S-irccss. , .Tit lff
Arre-t for Frao.i IV M - -,
"A'Vo.n'H S,):ri: wat C-w!'-" '
can ocat ?' I x !
1 VOLUME. 12 220.
G. P. F'JTN'A.M. r'J-
. 51.111:. m::iior.iC
MIRROH OF FAp
The largest, tet and most r,:u' .' ,:
in tbe world. CVntraim tfce l'''Jr
Plates, thegreateKt nuMbe-ofS. ,:
ar.d most reliable iQf-,rr.ia:i"r.,,fl,' : .,
or Presses, an 1 a cet ( f . p--b.-oiderviu
P4t?rn. Kvery M ' ;.
liner and Lady f h'.uM have it- ' ' t
473 Broadway, New T"i "1 1 .. ,!
mil at 2j cents Teirly $1.
Ihe Summer LMiU-f
-For Sale at Ba
' Two NV. I Shuttle Kni?ir St.-j.
One Prr.k!in Fimi'y ; f.j
Two IT .race Water' M"''.r'3
Two Freeh's t'oni-al Washing
Oue No. j p. w. Gate fcy- t
Apply m the AitertMT and
ville. J'ebraks. ,
.March i3'a !.
Mote on. Such is the cours? pnrsned by "Curtis
valuable medicines. They never cea?e d'lin? poo4 bn
pre forward, relieving tin Kick and crippled frora pain
and disease. Tie vcn:lerfu! cures- ti,at are performed
by Cnrtls Syrup cf Sassafras ara really marvelous.
Con?hs, colds, hoan-enefs, measles, even Consumption
fceg.ns to treuible when it conies in contact with it, rnd
soon the deathly gra?p is loosened. Curtis' Mameluke
Liaiuicnt is familiar io every family- in the coniujy for
the many benefits they tave received from Us.He. It
i well tr. every family to be rr'V'Jed; they cannot tell
what hour they may require its ms. Taeso medicines
atand hisa, and are need by many respectable i bysician
of extensive practice. Set advertieoi-ct iu acie
Te eeT?nrated XtirseM-- .. -kind
of Tree-, PTaa. -r,;,,n,., ' v. -'!
Green-IT PU?.t-, '-' f . t--at
very low rates, to ss:t tee
ScscLs Prepaid t7
PretUo't Aann.ils In C - (
5 Choice Veeetabie - ,r'',,';'r f.i
. H ub to Cl.ibsof f: e f
To Cli:bof Twenry f-r ilj
The new Japan" :ny ?i, .
six to ten in-be ion-x -J '
f.-.r $1. 1 received Grnue.v
aVe Hi'ief direct from JiPjn- lt t
and nn roridently reo.ni y.f ' A'-
On the lG-h. ixv of X r-
premier, at L-.-rnL r, in rf
hlars htu'i P.mv, nt -- !
mane. Mare in b fw. r!; ;,., -
no to the kr.te, tw; -''e ' "j,"' ''
by tbes-vldle. ,-.rrfi:'
Powered by Open ONI