Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, April 24, 1862, Image 1
j 'TrBTTlIc:IiSDATBT UiEU & HACKER, ill1- ...ricBer'i Block. M.in Street. l i . "' . ." ' ill ' f,-rn.slfl t ?,1 6Q Dl ' ! l5r fie ca accompanies tLe order, not A- r h i i A; ul hi i ii ii i l tl M ! ! ; 1 t I I J yr ' ' v - n- ' y. B THE ADVERTISER Rates of Adveri VOL. VI. " LIBERTY A1TD UXJIOIT, ONE AIID HTSEPEnABLB, IIOV7 A1TD rOXlEVEIL" One i?;nre ('e3 lines or less) 09 tser'.iiJt, Kach a.liuiyaii iusertiua . . : One i"Jre, one monts .... Btisinesi Cras, us hue or c-a yeoj" Oii colutau cue yenr ... .One bl Column year O-i fonrth co.or.ia on yr - . . Ona eightiicoiau-.ri ono jtr . Unecoluuia ill mol'-'u . Ore htlt column six months . . . One fourth CvlU3)n isi x months One eighth of acolniaasix monti.4 One column three months ... .One half colnnin tirce raanthi ; Otie fourtb column three ta cih4 One eighth col amn three months Annouanio Cac;datei for oS:e (psyTceit ! advance ) - - e n c . f i i ) s (.- 1 1 CO Hi) ?" n 21 CO n co Ct M S I to I c 6 Ci BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, APRIL, .24, 1862 NO J-9 "iTsl NESS- .C AJRD ITBRTJEY AT ' AM) ! jcUCITOa HI CHAIICERY. 1 W os--nicr or "SIain acd First StJt ronvlllo, 3ST- T. plMl D- GWIN, j jjnpj permanent! j Located near -SOWXVILLE, NEBRASKA, " ,w.Prttie of Medicine arxi Surgery, ten ' prifsioBl services to the afflicted nilc fouA t-f town, vn the eld hixon (Augustus Scliocnheit JTORNEY AT LAW, ;3LICIT0KSAIN CHANCERY, I Comer First fcnd IJain fStreets, lnmr. - - - ychraslta liS. 110 L LAD AY, M. D. vc'fnlly inform J.i frienJs In Brownvllle and i,if nauity that be ua rsuned the practice of .litinc, Surgery, & Obstetrics, b'itrwt attentiun to hlsprofcion,lo receive ieru pitrotupe iie eiofoi e extemlcd tohiiu. In -i.ot it m.siiibii oresieilicnt. a pecrlyliou ul e 1ne. Office at CuyDruRSiore. j rd.!.'69. 35. Iy j""jAMi;s. . IJEDI'OltD ATTORNEY AT LAW, i AND "lister CccmtaiuHcr In Chancery, j . -ssowyiLLz. y. t. I . T. M. TALBOTT, DENTAL SURGEON", nl.Kied himself in Urownville, N. T.,tea is )miflikMMrTiei to thecommurjity . ; j.dij warranted" . bcks batches & Jewelry. J. SCHUTZ ooMnuouncetothe:ltixens of Ero nvllle ind vicinity that tie bas located LiuisCli in .Jrownville, andiuveulii keeping a full assort. . i-cry thins in bimineof bumhesb, which will lie forcab. lie will also Jo all kinds of re iuiclocka, watchekandjewelrjr. All work war i. . v3iilSly 3V7ARD W. THOMAS, ATTORNEY .AT LAW, . j AND ilicitor in Chancery. ! Wiree.rner of Wain and First Street. ERUUNVILLE. NEBRASKA. ! THOMAS DAVIS, tLECTIC PHYSICIAN ) AND BURGJOISr9 ULE ROCK A'EtiUASKA Inference, l)r. I). (Jwin, Drownville. nl II. 7.1. n-Iy 'LEWIS WALDTER, -Ol'SE. SIG AND ORNAMENTAL UIZER AM) PAPER HANGER. ' . liKUW.NVlLLi:. N. T , FAIRBANKS' SCALES Or ALL KINDS. M?.BA!JKS & GREEN LEAF. ! ' LAKC.ST.. CIIICACO. ITtEPAltE I.V TI31E THE FIRES" OF FALL, By IViine, A. No. 1 Insurance, I Jf THE 41 I I I I I I . 1 mm bu. UF HAHTEORD, The Fruits of ihe Phznix Are manifo?t in tho following statement of Fact and Fgures, showing the amount equalind to public LcDct,is tbo thapo of losses paid in the vrc.-tand Sonth,durin4 tho pastfour years ;a eubstatitial res ord of a ITcll Tried Corporation. I 'fill ill II i mm ik urn $1.1C7 00 40,377 bb 27.R22 S)4--.. 69.174 58.- 3l',f70 OS 34,223 13.. IVMl 34-- 8.63 10... "9,765 CO--.-34,051 3C-. 43.051 'JO . NEBRASKA OHIO.... -INDIANA" ..ILLINOIS.. -MIOAICAN'.. $ur,7 oo 40,377 45 27,622 4 69.174 5fi -32.670 03 . WISCONSIN 34.1,20 V, IOWA 19,323 3 1 - MINNESOTA 8.53 10 KANSAS 0,765 CO KKNTUCKY 34.054 3fi . TICNXLSSEK 43.0 5 1 JH 20.32 55 MISSISSII'I'I 10,832 55 27.69S 83 MISSOUKI 27,633 83 22.839 43 ARKANSAS 22.83'J 43 3.ytl C3 TEXAS r 3,'JOl 83 555 58 ALAUAMA 555 55 Inxuninucj 8i IioiteJ,:md ixilicies issued and renew ed in tbij leading Uorooration, at fnir rate by E. W. THOMAS Ileiidcnt Agent. Prownville, Sept. 5, ISc'J. CITYLIUKRY STABLE axi lEeed E3toro BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. ROGERS & BROTHER. ANNOUNCES to the public that be baa purchaei tlie Livery Stable and Stock formerly owned by William iloxseii ai d adled thereto fine atock, and ia now prepar ed to accommodate the public wilh Carriages, Babies,' -Sulkies, Saddles Horses &C.-&C. THE TRAUELlTmG PUBLIC Can find at hU Stable ample accommodations for horses, mules or cattle. BENJAMIN &. JOSnUA ROGERS. Biownville, Oct. 18. I860. n!6-ylv JOHir i GABSON (Successor to Luhbaugb St Carcon. LAND -AND f AXTAYING LOr3rr"? Dealer in Coin, Lncurrtnt Money, Land Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dud MAIN STRF.KT. cuon s Ai:int.isrA. LAKC.ST.. CIIICACO. -co-ner of Man & w&inut sts, St. Louis. tTBUy OXLY THE GENUINE. WILSON BOLLINGER, a a d fOuhsellor at Law .Jtral anti Collecting AKcnt. JalCK, (JASE CO., NEBRASKA. ";i..Mcfu-e itj tlie.evf, ,1 Court in V..t "'JcuntK-vairi will give .r.int nttT-nti,.n ';v'1;f,',r,,.d tohitn. Collations rir..mi,t- , -. articular atteution given to lc:it ' .HrraDt5l,n ,andi. wrt fullj selected by j -H. A. TERRY, 1 'Atoe anrf Retail Deafer in' ffitn, Held and richer Seeds, rv ALSO !w EF VITS, CO0SERIES, r'rrti,nKa,rberriec- niackberries. S n, cntat Srut,terj CenereUy. MCI NT CITY IOWA. - - e uiziijjr . U U U 1 ! ' BIUDERY, ilNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA. tJILlAlI T.-IIITER. L. New Shoe Shop. tli0TlLLE, NEBRASKA, "J tun'7, ,nt'irtP. the citizens of IhU place an l i "'"d !., co""""-l be ruanufaciory or 'vti, ",n Brow,,viiie,. .nJ h.ipe by attention ''uf M'"re t,r I'fbiic pattoniK. His '"tiv.. lr!U,litT "! rk all war- bf ' ,nni K- l Cne c'f fkin b'ot. 41U, -l i.t prices so low that noiia can .';.r't mr fchop, onFira stret, between r-!yM6ci-i, I will Rive especial attention tobeylm; and selling es .lianjie on ihe principal cities of the United Si hick and Kimine. Gold Silver, uncurrent Jlault Bi I Ik. and (o!U Dust, Cot lectioiii made n ail accesxabie Hiath, ind jirKceN remitted in exchnmte at current talc. Depobiu received on current account, ami interest Al lowed on special deposits. OFFICE, 3IAIX STREET. BETIVEEX THE Tclcsrrapla anrt tiio U. S. Laud Ofiices. REFERENCES: Llnd 8t Brother Philadelphia, Pa. J. W. Carson &. Co., Uiser. Vict & Co. Baltimore, Ui. Younif tt Carson, " Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port, " " wm. T. Siuithsou, Escj., Hanter, washlngtor, I. C. J. T. Sfvens, Esq., Att'y at Law, " " Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. U. S. T. Tarlor Kriesh, Bankers, McClelland, rye co.. Hon. Thomas G. Pratt, flon. Jas. O. (,'srbon. P. It. Small, Ksq., Pres't S. Bank, Oil. Geo. Sblfv. A'y at Law, Col. Sm. lliimbieton Att'y at Law, Jode Tho. Perry, frof. II. Tutwiler, Cbicnjro, 111. St. Lor.is, ilo. Annapolis, aid. MoicereburftPa Ilagertown, ild. Kaston, li d. Cumberland. Md Haraua, Ala!ma. Jfov 8, 1860-tf. PIKES' PEAK GOLD! I will receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance inonej- upon the same, and pay wrer balance of proceeds as tioou as Mint returns are had. In all canes, I wi' exhibit the printed returns of the United StatesJlot jr Axbar cflice. JNO. L. CARSON, BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER BROWNVILLE, 'NEBRASKA.. no2')'4 REAL ESTATE ; AND Collection Office o r mOvVNVlLLE, NEBRASKA. Main, B'tireen Lev and .First Streets. Particular attention given to the Purchase and Sale oMleal Estate, Making Col lections and Payment ol" Taxes lor Xon-Rcsl-dents. LAND W Ar.UANTS toll SALE, for cash and cd time. LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEaytcrc Cai- iU)litts,on lands selected from persotal examination, and a complcto Township Map, hoin Stream?, Timber, &c, forwarded with tho Certificate of locu tion. l!rc-wnrille.K. T.Jan. 3.1861. yl fan t V a ! r ' It - f j . , i I ih'ctnicnA-'cr v--":u ; -r, "Hit SEMI-ANNUAL JSTATE31ENT, Ko-102- CAPITOL and SURPLUS $932302.98. TULtxy 1st. 1CG1. Cash anfl cash Items 079.6S3 T8 Lon well secure4 - . 6S.263 20 Heal Kstate - - - . IB.l'OO 00 2C26 shares ITartford Bank Stocks - - 5743 00 5125 New York " " - - 193 350 00 1010 Boston " 100 750' CO 607 -' other " . - 63 08500 i:i.itel Slate and State .- 73 367 00 TIartld&.V Uaven Jl R. bonds " - 39 700 00 Hartfor.l City Bond ... 3676000 Conn. River Co. & R.R. Co. Stock ' - 4 600 00 Total As?ets ... - $932 302 93 Total liabilities - - -' ' - 73 244 27 For details of investments, see small Card; and Cir culars. Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial Company on very favorablo terms. Apply to JOHN L. CARSON, Agt BROWXTILLE, N T. J3Iirel lings and Farm Property insured lor a term of years at very low rates rj iyno-1 BROWNVILLE ;-3irr.;ji 'PiKe-s Peak, or JL2ust. NEW Til- awn. A WD l2 " B.m. ut. Small Prim. nr'.r., o llnlln i c'f , k E' i-us. SeeU etc., etc.; ' ,uu IU times. Priced Catal. gues .: ll13a ; " Hit tl DRY GOODS HOUSE. . I?o. XI p nrtlzx fatroot, BR0T7IIVILLE, 17. T. J). IBBI!S:IEY & o Ilave Just completed tbtir n onsiness house on Main Street, near the U.S. Land OClce. in Uron-nville where they have opeucd out and areotiet ing n the tocst favorable terms. Dry .Goods, Provisions, Of all Kinds, FLOUR, CONFECTIONARIES, GHEES AXD DRIEI5 rilUITS, Choice Liquors, Cigars, And a "thousand and one," other things bvsryfcctfy needs. CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK Brownvitie, April 58, Iy TH0M1, "COLEMAM, CO., Announce to the travelinj; public that their splendid and commodious Steam Ferry running across from BOT-ville, jJZLk Nebraska. .... .. ... . t is one cf tho best in every reypuct on the Upper Mis souri river. The Hoat makes re;tular trips every hour cotbat no time will be lost in wailing. The t anks on both sides of the river are low and well graded which renders nnloading unneceesary as is the cise at most other ferrie. ', No feirtneed bcenteriained astodifn.-ultiesat ornear this crossing, as everybody in this region, on both sides of the liver, is for the Union the strongest kind. Our charge too n item these hard times are lower than at any other ciowi-ine. Travel en from isa to Iowa nnd to the east will find this th' nearest and best rotttei" every respect. THORN, COLEMAN & CO. Brownvllle, Ncbraskj, 5ept.2lst, 1861. , . JACOB MAHRON, Her chant Tailor, BROWNVILLE, Calln the attention of Gentlemen desiring now, neat, servicable and fashionable WEARING APPAREL, to nis 3STew Stock of Goods JUST RECEIVED, BROAD CLOTH3, CASSIMERS, TESTINGS, fee., fee, OF THE YEllY IjATETT STYLES, Wh! b lie will sell or make up, to order, at unprece dented low pric es. Th be ishi3B any thinit in his line will dd well to rail and examine bis stock before investing, as lie pledge himself to hold out peculiarly favorible In ducements. February 13th. 1862. ft? iiW MID STOS IN . BROWNVILLE, "VThitney's Block, TIain Street. LOOK FOR T ILE SIGN OF THE ELK HORN aud MORTAR J. J. THURMAN, ANNOUNCES to the citizens of rirownvillo and vicinity that lie has removed his Drug Store frota Sidney, Iowa, to tbe City of Jirownvillo, and having added thereto sn cxtensire stock of - . , Fresh Drugs, Chemicals, - Dye Stuffs, Paints and Oils, Pure Wines and Liquors, For Medical Purposes, Hair and Tooth brushes, c Perfumery, . ..Fine Toilet Soap, fie, &c, Sc., T,.t!fiifl nnhlic tltronC8. t3- Pbysician's Prescriptions attended to at all hours imifi tiy cay ana num. ,. , . UaWBvil!o, Arii 11th, TbjT. p40 yly CHEAP FLOWERS c FRUTT5 I will send, bv mnil. poffpAii, 101 small bulbs, .i a Tt'iiK f.ir nne d-.'lnr. and ITire Uolb.of same, for $2. Cthcr lialbs, named, lo- entiV;'iii t rmrs rPTJF.WTAI.S. nf 50 sorts, fine rr.xed KOSEd and rther HARDY SABUKBERY, by s:crr..or nilmad. 4 to 8 il .ill are per 100. Nam ed and unoiCK ?okxs, about donbirs price; and more in small wWlcd ts in all, 1-03 va-leties. "Small KRrirs'W all wr!s. inolndinjr Dela-abb and Concorti l.KArES. rqnaiiT r nimras. r.,.-.. . ...i r-uv'ui.-vTAi.Ti.Ei:s.25 cer cent.low- cr tlan ual. AH safely picked, to keep a month, at vurchascrs cost. AUrtrcss. 1 JOHN A. KINMCOTT, Tbe Grove P. O., Cock Co, Ills. A Ctiapter on Caslor Beans De tails or CulliYalioii aaa Gathering:. The Caston Beari (Rizinus Commu nis), or Jonah's Gourd, ia beautiful as an ornamental plant, ard for this pur pose it may well have a place in every garden. The quick growing, large, treelike stems, with monster leaves, even in northern climates, confirm the belief of commentators on the Bible, that the plant which sheltered Jonah, called a gourd, was no other than our castor bean pl&nt. For garden orna ment it is only necessary to plant a few of the beans in hills, pr in a drill, thinning out to 18 or 20 inches apart. The stalks grow from 5 to 10 feet high, or more on rich soil.- Both stems and leaves are of a dark, purplish color. Within a few weeks past, several sub scribers of the Agriculturist have per sonally assured us from their 'own ex perience, that wherever the caster bean is planted in a garden, the moles will surely take their departure departure. It hardly seems credible, but may be so especially if moles are as easily nauseated as children with the slight est odor of anything like castor oil. In form and appearance, the fruit re sembles common small colored beans. The oil pressed from these is the com mon medicinal castor oil of the drug gists, which is sold in large quantities. We have seen thousands of bushels of the beans in bags on steamboats on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, which were taken in at towns on the banks of those rivers, along Southern Indi ana and Illinois, and some we believe from Eastern Missouri nnd Northern Kentucky. They will grow well any where south of 40 , and probably fur ther north. There is just now anew interest awakened in the cultivation of this crop in the States above mention ed. A subscriber residing in Saline County, 111., who has grown several crops successfully, furnishes for. the American Agriculturist the following directions, which are very full : Field Culture. The yield is 12 to 20 bushels per acre. Prepare the ground just as for Indian corn, but without much manure, or the . plants will run too much to stalk. As soon us the ground is warm, and the weath er settled, say about the first of May, have the surface well prepared with plow and harrow, and mark it off into rows four feet apart. Then cross mark it at the same distance, but leave between each set of four rows, a space wide enough to drive through a sled, wagon, or cart. The cross rows should run in a direction to admit of the ready entrances to the spaces left for the team. Plant in hills at the crossing of the rows, the same as corn. As soon as the plants are up, draw a lit tle earth around them to keep down grass and weeds, and as a protection against the cut-worm taking care not to break the tender sterns. When well started, thin out to two stalks in a hill. Cultivate the same as corn. , They will commence to ripen the first of August, riace upon a sled, or on wheels, a tight box holding eight or ten bushels. With two men, and a boy to drive the horse, go through the wide rows or spaces, each man taking two rows on either side, and cutting off all the bunches that are beginning to crack. When the box is full, take it to the yard or bean-house. A yard will do in fair weather, as the sun will soon pop out the beans. If in an open yard, smooth off the ground, and set up crotched stakes about four feet high, and twelve feet apart, laying on poles or rails, and spread the bean? over them as soon as cut and hauled in. Boards should beset around to keep the beans from flying off as thoy fly out. When thus Celled by the sun, rake off the stems, and sweep up and bag the beans like wheat. They shouid not be allowed to get wet, and it is much better to lave a bean-house and use fire heat instead of the sun for curing them This maybe, say 16 feet square, and be covered with boards so closely as to retain the warm air. Put in this a furnace, placing it so that the bans cannot fall on it, as from their o:.ly character they readily take fire and burn briskly. Place joist? about seven feet high, and over these lay slats, two inches wide, half an inch apart; spread on the beans as gather ed, and start the fire, and keep it up until they crack out and fall through the slats. The gashering from the field can be repeated at intervals of a week or less, as the bunches will continue to ripen until, frost. I think the castor bean improves old land instead of impover ishing it. The stalks left in the field arc tender,; and can be broken up readily to plow uuder, by dragging a heavy brush over the field when dry in the Spring. Am. Agriculturist. To have tarts for tea, let your wife see you kissing the waitiDg maid." ' - Bcct-Koot Sugar. The following mode is pursued in Germany (according to .Prof. Larapa dius) in making beet-root sugar upon a small scale : . , The roots having been washed, are sliced lengthwise, strung on pack thread and hun? up to dry. The ob ject of this is to let the watery juice evaporate, and the cweet juice being thereby concentrated is taken up by macerating the dry slices in water. It is managed that all the- juice shall be extracted by a very small quantity of water. The Professor obtained four pounds of fine, white grained sugar from 110 pounds of roots so treated, and the residuum yielded seven pints of spirits. Ackard says that a ton'of roots treated after the same manner, gave 100 pounds of raw sugar, which gave 55 pounds of refined sugar and 25 pounds of treacle. 1 have -Chaptal'a - mode, which is much more elaborate, while the result is nearly the same. - The syrup is to be boiled and skim med until sufficiently concentrated, which is knowrt as follows : The skim mer is dipped into the syrup and drawn out, some of the thick syrup which adheres to it is taken between the thumb and forefinger, and held there till the heat is reduced to that of the skin ; the finger and thumb are then separated, and if the syrup is .of proper strength a thread will be drawn out which snaps, and has the trans parency of horn, or rather barley su gar ; this is called proof. The fire is then put out, and the syrup is carried to the cooler, a vessel sufficiently large to hold all the syrup; here the sugar is to crystalize. As soon as this com mences, the whole is well mixed and stirred before it becomes too stiff. Earthen molds are then filled, little by little, and when full are carried to a cool place. As the crystallization goes on the crust formed on the top is fre quently broken, and the whole stirred till the crystals are collected in the centre; it is then allowed to go on without further disturbance. In three days the pegs in the molds may. be removed, and the treacle allowed to run out; in a week thi3 is mostly run out; in a week this is mostly run off. The process for refining is the same as that pursued in the West Indies. P. S. Two pounds of the residue of the roots, and half a pound of hay, are considered sufficient food for a day, for a fair sized sheep, and will keep them in fine condition. R. H. A. in Canadian Agriculturist. Iicld of ny liana. To ReiiFC Slips or Cuttings that are much Flagged. Immerse them in a solution of dis solved camphor and water; three or four hours is, in general, sufficient length of time to effect restoration, although at times it will be attended with beneficial results, to continue them in the water for a greater length of time. It may also be applied with excellent effect, in restoring nosegays which have begun to decay, either by sprinkling the foliage, or immersion, and also by- placing the ends cf the stalks in the water. . As camphor is but slightly soluble in water, to prepare the liquid it is only necessary to dissolve a little camphor in spirit or alcohol. Three or four drops of this prepared liquid is added to an ounce of water, and to any greater quantity in the same pro portion.. As tliis simple experiment is attended with so little trouble, in preparing it and making the trial, it may be found useful; and it may be that some experimentalist will apply it to purposes even more important and useful than this. Florists Maga azine. : Rat-killisg Recipe. Dr. Keller man, of N.'Y. gives the Agriculturist readers his method of expelling rat3. "Cut clean fine sponge in pieces of pea size, fry well in hog's lard and expose in infested places about the houses, barns, grainaries, gardens, etc, keeping cats and dogs ?hut up. The rats eat it greedily, but do not. as readily digcts it, the gastric juice, ami especially water, it accessible to them to drink, swells the sponge, and a noise in ratdom i3 the result. The dose proves fatal in most cases." Remedy fop. tiie Peach Borer. A Cor. of the Gardener s Monthly says: I have read a great deal in the Monthly about destroying the Peach borer, but I know of a better plan than any that I have read of, which is to apply burning fluid with a sponge around the roots ; or if there are holes already bored deep, apply with a small syringe. Burning fluid is spir: its of turpentine and alcohol. Per haps the spirits of turpentine alone might do ; but I don't know,- as I have not tried it." TakcLold of my hand," says the little one, when she reaches a slippery place, or when something frightens her. With the fingers clasped tightly around the parent's hand, she siep3 cheerfully and bravely along, clinging a little closer when the way is difficult, and happy in the beautiful strength of childish faith. s 'Take hold of my hand," says the young convert, trembling with the eaernes3 of his love. Fuil well he knows- that, if he rely upon any strength cf his own he will stumble and fall; but, if the Master reach forth hi3 hand, he may walk with un wearied foot, even on the crested wave. The waters of strife or of sorrow shall not overwhelm him, if he but keep fast hold of the Savior." . "Take hold of my hand," falters the mother, feeling that she is all too weak for the great responsibilities that throng in her path. Where shall she learn the greatness of the mission the importance of the. field that has been assigned to her ? And learning it, how shall she fulGH it, if she have not the sustaining, constant presence of one who loves his people ? "Take hold of my hand," whispers the aged one, tottering on through the shadows and snows of manv years.- As the lights of earth grow dimmer in the distance, and a3 the darkening eye looks forward to see if he can discern the first glimmer of the heavenly home the weary pilgrim cries out, even as the child beside its mother, for the Saviour's hand. 0 Jesus! Friend and elder Brother. when the feet are weary, when the eyes are dim, "take hold of our hand." Christian Treasury. Thorough Tillage. Having lately treated of drainage and deep culture as a means of farm improvement, we now purpose to call attention to another mechanical re quirement of the soil pulverization. On this point there cm be but little difference of opinion. Whatever may be the doubts in regard to other sys tems, every one acknowledges?, both in theory and practice, the necessity of thorough comminution of the soil. For this purpose the farmer plows and drags, and one half of the la.bor on most farms is devoted to this work alone. Some seven years ago, one of the most celebrated agricultural chem ists in the world received two speci mens of soils for examination, one from the Miami Valley, and remarka ble for its exceeding fertility ; another an ordinary soil, and far lesa fertile ; yet he could detectnobtherdiffercr.ee between the two than that the parti cles of the Miami soil were much finer than the other; and to this, no doubt, must be attributed its remarkable fer tility. Puring the latter part of the last century, Jethro Tull, who, per haps, did as much as any other indi vidual for the improvement cf agricul ture, adopted the theory that the roots of plants live upon minute particles cf soil, and that repeated and almost con stant tillage is necessary to secure a large crop, and nothing else is requi red. He believed manure to be valu able; but only for its mechanical ef fects as a divider and disintegrator of the soil, which, kept properly pulver ized, would supply all the requirements of vegetable growth. This theory, though erroneous, did much to call at tention to thorough" culture, and the success of Tull was such as to induce, for:i time, a pretty general indorse tnent of his theorv. Later investiira tions have elicited tho truth, but have not lessened in the opinions of good cultivators the importance of obtaining and keeping up during the life of the plant the finest possible tilth. A heavy clay soil will hold more moisture than a loamy or sandy soil ; yet the clay will be the first to suffer from drouth, because in ordinary m practice it is never kept in as fine condition. If the soil is well pulver ized to a good depth, crops will not suffer by drouth once in ten years; yet with ordinary culture the product of almost every crop is much lessened almost every season in consequence of lack cf moisture. Where the par ticles are fine, water constantly arises by capillary attraction during the day, only an inch or so of the surface be coming dry, and this is effectually moistened by the dews of night. Let any person examine a deep, fine soil the heat of the day, even during one of our dryest times, and it will be found moist and warm, producing all the requisites for a rapid growth cf plant3 while a hard, lumpy, half pul verized soil will be found dry, often to the depth of a foot or eighteen inches. For some time it was a matter of sur prise to us that crops of corn could be grown on the prairie3 without culture, especially ia hot, dry seasons ; but aa examination cf tho cho.rr.ctcr cf t?.3 soil, fine a3 powder to a great dcrtj, and full of decaying vegetalls rial: ::-, made the cause plain. The farmer may tearn frctn t..: cr dener many useful hint'". . Let z Lot bed be started early in tha spri j,r..: wo will say planted with cucur.:: In a littlo while tho phir,u u?, have their rough leaves, an 2 z:2 r ail ing rapid progress. Here wo hiva most of the conditions favcrab'a to growth, a deep, mellow ?cil, warmth and moisture ; but select one plant and allow it to take it3 course without stir ring the soil, or only accasionally,ad in a short time it will become stunted, make but little growth, and never be come a vigorous, strong plant. Givo the others a different course of treat ment, lighten the "earth around them every day, or every other day, with the fingers, and draw the fresh earth to tho stems, and the difference in growth will bo such as to convince every ob server of the necessity of frequent stirring of the soil to obtain for plants a rnpid growth and full development. Another and a very pleasing test ii to sow in the garden a little patch cf any of our common farm plants, as cat3 cr wheat; let a part be sown broadcast in the ordinary way and receive 20 culture; the remainder bo drilled and the soil kept well cultivated during the season. In the latter ciss tho plants will attain double the size of tho others, and the product will bo from two to three-fold greater, furnishing a lesson that will need no repetition. Matching Steers' Hcrrj. Mr. Editor: I have noticed an in quiry recently in the Fanner, ho,? to match horn3 of steers, if cno hem grows down. In reply to that ques tion I would say that live years since, I had a very fine pair of Devon steers, nicely matched, with nosibeautiful horns, except cne horn cn cno cf them inclined to turn down, so a3 t: look very badly, and the question how to remedy the defect and haro the horns grow alike. "As I had pre viously tried scraping steers' hcrn3 to change their shape, and without any benefit in a single instance, I fastened a pulley to the floor directly over tho i ' 1 .1 .3 u ..11 . . 5n tv liar a n yvtrr)t. rori eafplT? - JWlilW tl-iW Uf 1.1 V MVV9 f suspended, then passed a cord over each pulley, putting cne 'end oftha cord on the horn that was down, and to the other end of the cord a weight of two pounds, kept the cord on tho" horn most of the time during the win ter, when my steers were in the stable. In that way I raised the h:m so that at the close of the next cutumn my steers' horns matched perfectly z:cll! Sinco that time it has been tried re peatedly by farmers in this vicinity, with the like succe?3. The herns cf steers while growing, can be turned in any direction, by the continued use of a weight over a pulley, which i3 bat very little trouble and no injury to t3 steers. Cor. Kezo Evqland Farmer, Men Wanted. . Men aro wanted who ere willing able to do the work of life faithfully and unflinchingly. The Church cf Christ wants men I Oh, it is pitiful to' look over the vast hosts which aro pro fessedly marshalled on the side cf tho Redeemer, and See the numerous dead bodies among them soulless, lifelcn. forms of (forgive the paradox) ni:at3 matter, which which clog the enter prise cf those who, accepting their po sition in tho church as men, strive to be something better than drivelling parodies upon the name. Who haj not seen and felt the want here spoken of? How many charche3 are fast sinking in the mire and quicksandj cf a spiritless orthodoxy, or a heartless morality! How many ministers' cf the cross are strulin!? ajzainst this fearful want of the timc3 ! Their hands arc almost powerless, because, to thd ordinary opposition to truth is added the weight of soulless bodies, which like all other matter pos3es::3 immo bility, and will neither assist ncr get out of others' way. Chris. Guardian, OvEP-KEACinxa Horses. A cor respondent of the Itural lYeu? Yorker gives the following directions about praventing thi3 habit .-Make the heel corks of the forward shoes hih, and the toe-corks very low, and of the hind shoes the heel corks low and the to& corks high. .You will observe that the horse will raise his forward f jot be fore the hind one reaches it. Soda . Csacser P:e. Take three soda crackers, pour boiling water and soak them till soft ; eight table-spccn-fuhof sugar, four eggbeat the white3 separate ; joice of two lemon?, grnt? the yeltow from the rind into it. Two table -spoonfuls cf ccra starch z.lh much to it.