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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1862)
UiEU & HACKER,
ill1- ...ricBer'i Block. M.in Street.
l i .
"' . ." ' ill ' f,-rn.slfl t ?,1 6Q Dl
' ! l5r fie ca accompanies tLe order, not
h i i A; ul hi
i ii ii i
l tl M ! ! ; 1 t I I J
yr ' ' v - n- ' y.
Rates of Adveri
" LIBERTY A1TD UXJIOIT, ONE AIID HTSEPEnABLB, IIOV7 A1TD rOXlEVEIL"
One i?;nre ('e3 lines or less) 09 tser'.iiJt,
Kach a.liuiyaii iusertiua . .
: One i"Jre, one monts ....
Btisinesi Cras, us hue or c-a yeoj"
Oii colutau cue yenr ...
.One bl Column year
O-i fonrth co.or.ia on yr - . .
Ona eightiicoiau-.ri ono jtr .
Unecoluuia ill mol'-'u .
Ore htlt column six months . .
. One fourth CvlU3)n isi x months
One eighth of acolniaasix monti.4
One column three months ...
.One half colnnin tirce raanthi
; Otie fourtb column three ta cih4
One eighth col amn three months
Annouanio Cac;datei for oS:e (psyTceit !
advance ) - -
f i i )
1 1 CO
BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, APRIL, .24, 1862
"iTsl NESS- .C AJRD
! jcUCITOa HI CHAIICERY.
1 W os--nicr or "SIain acd First StJt
ronvlllo, 3ST- T.
plMl D- GWIN,
j jjnpj permanent! j Located near
" ,w.Prttie of Medicine arxi Surgery, ten
' prifsioBl services to the afflicted
nilc fouA t-f town, vn the eld hixon
JTORNEY AT LAW,
I Comer First fcnd IJain fStreets,
lnmr. - - - ychraslta
liS. 110 L LAD AY, M. D.
vc'fnlly inform J.i frienJs In Brownvllle and
i,if nauity that be ua rsuned the practice of
.litinc, Surgery, & Obstetrics,
b'itrwt attentiun to hlsprofcion,lo receive
ieru pitrotupe iie eiofoi e extemlcd tohiiu. In
-i.ot it m.siiibii oresieilicnt. a pecrlyliou
ul e 1ne. Office at CuyDruRSiore.
j rd.!.'69. 35. Iy
j""jAMi;s. . IJEDI'OltD
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"lister CccmtaiuHcr In Chancery,
j . -ssowyiLLz. y. t.
I . T. M. TALBOTT,
nl.Kied himself in Urownville, N. T.,tea
is )miflikMMrTiei to thecommurjity .
; j.dij warranted"
bcks batches & Jewelry.
ooMnuouncetothe:ltixens of Ero nvllle
ind vicinity that tie bas located LiuisCli in
.Jrownville, andiuveulii keeping a full assort.
. i-cry thins in bimineof bumhesb, which will
lie forcab. lie will also Jo all kinds of re
iuiclocka, watchekandjewelrjr. All work war
i. . v3iilSly
3V7ARD W. THOMAS,
ATTORNEY .AT LAW, .
ilicitor in Chancery.
! Wiree.rner of Wain and First Street.
! THOMAS DAVIS,
ULE ROCK A'EtiUASKA
Inference, l)r. I). (Jwin, Drownville.
nl II. 7.1.
-Ol'SE. SIG AND ORNAMENTAL
UIZER AM) PAPER HANGER.
' . liKUW.NVlLLi:. N. T
Or ALL KINDS.
M?.BA!JKS & GREEN LEAF.
! ' LAKC.ST.. CIIICACO.
ITtEPAltE I.V TI31E
THE FIRES" OF FALL,
By IViine, A. No. 1 Insurance,
I Jf THE
41 I I I I I I . 1
The Fruits of ihe Phznix
Are manifo?t in tho following statement of Fact
and Fgures, showing the amount equalind to public
LcDct,is tbo thapo of losses paid in the vrc.-tand
Sonth,durin4 tho pastfour years ;a eubstatitial res
ord of a
ITcll Tried Corporation.
I 'fill ill II i
mm ik urn
. WISCONSIN 34.1,20 V,
IOWA 19,323 3 1
- MINNESOTA 8.53 10
KANSAS 0,765 CO
KKNTUCKY 34.054 3fi
. TICNXLSSEK 43.0 5 1 JH
20.32 55 MISSISSII'I'I 10,832 55
27.69S 83 MISSOUKI 27,633 83
22.839 43 ARKANSAS 22.83'J 43
3.ytl C3 TEXAS r 3,'JOl 83
555 58 ALAUAMA 555 55
Inxuninucj 8i IioiteJ,:md ixilicies issued and renew
ed in tbij leading Uorooration, at fnir rate by
E. W. THOMAS
Prownville, Sept. 5, ISc'J.
ROGERS & BROTHER.
ANNOUNCES to the public that be baa purchaei tlie
Livery Stable and Stock formerly owned by William
iloxseii ai d adled thereto fine atock, and ia now prepar
ed to accommodate the public wilh
THE TRAUELlTmG PUBLIC
Can find at hU Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN &. JOSnUA ROGERS.
Biownville, Oct. 18. I860. n!6-ylv
JOHir i GABSON
(Successor to Luhbaugb St Carcon.
LAND -AND f AXTAYING
Dealer in Coin, Lncurrtnt Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dud
cuon s Ai:int.isrA.
-co-ner of Man & w&inut sts, St. Louis.
tTBUy OXLY THE GENUINE.
a a d
fOuhsellor at Law
.Jtral anti Collecting AKcnt.
JalCK, (JASE CO., NEBRASKA.
";i..Mcfu-e itj tlie.evf, ,1 Court in V..t
"'JcuntK-vairi will give .r.int nttT-nti,.n
';v'1;f,',r,,.d tohitn. Collations rir..mi,t-
, -. articular atteution given to lc:it
' .HrraDt5l,n ,andi. wrt fullj selected by
j -H. A. TERRY,
1 'Atoe anrf Retail Deafer in'
ffitn, Held and richer Seeds,
!w EF VITS, CO0SERIES,
S n, cntat Srut,terj CenereUy.
MCI NT CITY IOWA.
- - e uiziijjr . U U U 1
! ' BIUDERY,
ilNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
L. New Shoe Shop.
"J tun'7, ,nt'irtP. the citizens of IhU place an l
i "'"d !., co""""-l be ruanufaciory or
'vti, ",n Brow,,viiie,. .nJ h.ipe by attention
''uf M'"re t,r I'fbiic pattoniK. His
'"tiv.. lr!U,litT "! rk all war-
bf ' ,nni K- l Cne c'f fkin b'ot.
41U, -l i.t prices so low that noiia can
.';.r't mr fchop, onFira stret, between
I will Rive especial attention tobeylm; and selling es
.lianjie on ihe principal cities of the United Si hick and
Kimine. Gold Silver, uncurrent Jlault Bi I Ik. and
(o!U Dust, Cot lectioiii made n ail accesxabie Hiath,
ind jirKceN remitted in exchnmte at current talc.
Depobiu received on current account, ami interest Al
lowed on special deposits.
3IAIX STREET. BETIVEEX THE
Tclcsrrapla anrt tiio U. S.
Llnd 8t Brother Philadelphia, Pa.
J. W. Carson &. Co.,
Uiser. Vict & Co. Baltimore, Ui.
Younif tt Carson, "
Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port, " "
wm. T. Siuithsou, Escj., Hanter, washlngtor, I. C.
J. T. Sfvens, Esq., Att'y at Law, " "
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. U. S. T.
Tarlor Kriesh, Bankers,
McClelland, rye co..
Hon. Thomas G. Pratt,
flon. Jas. O. (,'srbon.
P. It. Small, Ksq., Pres't S. Bank,
Oil. Geo. Sblfv. A'y at Law,
Col. Sm. lliimbieton Att'y at Law,
Jode Tho. Perry,
frof. II. Tutwiler,
St. Lor.is, ilo.
Kaston, li d.
Jfov 8, 1860-tf.
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
I will receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance
inonej- upon the same, and pay wrer balance of proceeds
as tioou as Mint returns are had. In all canes, I wi'
exhibit the printed returns of the United StatesJlot
jr Axbar cflice.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
REAL ESTATE ;
Main, B'tireen Lev and .First Streets.
Particular attention given to the
Purchase and Sale oMleal
Estate, Making Col
Payment ol" Taxes lor Xon-Rcsl-dents.
LAND W Ar.UANTS toll SALE, for cash and cd
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEaytcrc Cai-
iU)litts,on lands selected from persotal examination,
and a complcto Township Map, hoin Stream?,
Timber, &c, forwarded with tho Certificate of locu
tion. l!rc-wnrille.K. T.Jan. 3.1861. yl
t V a ! r ' It - f j . ,
v--":u ; -r, "Hit
SEMI-ANNUAL JSTATE31ENT, Ko-102-
CAPITOL and SURPLUS
TULtxy 1st. 1CG1.
Cash anfl cash Items 079.6S3 T8
Lon well secure4 - . 6S.263 20
Heal Kstate - - - . IB.l'OO 00
2C26 shares ITartford Bank Stocks - - 5743 00
5125 New York " " - - 193 350 00
1010 Boston " 100 750' CO
607 -' other " . - 63 08500
i:i.itel Slate and State .- 73 367 00
TIartld&.V Uaven Jl R. bonds " - 39 700 00
Hartfor.l City Bond ... 3676000
Conn. River Co. & R.R. Co. Stock ' - 4 600 00
Total As?ets ... - $932 302 93
Total liabilities - - -' ' - 73 244 27
For details of investments, see small Card; and Cir
culars. Insurances may be effected in this old and substantial
Company on very favorablo terms.
JOHN L. CARSON, Agt
BROWXTILLE, N T.
J3Iirel lings and Farm Property insured lor a term
of years at very low rates rj iyno-1
'PiKe-s Peak, or JL2ust.
" B.m. ut. Small Prim. nr'.r., o llnlln
i c'f , k E' i-us. SeeU etc., etc.;
' ,uu IU times. Priced Catal. gues
; " Hit tl
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
. I?o. XI p nrtlzx fatroot,
BR0T7IIVILLE, 17. T.
J). IBBI!S:IEY & o
Ilave Just completed tbtir n onsiness house on
Main Street, near the U.S. Land OClce. in Uron-nville
where they have opeucd out and areotiet ing n the tocst
Dry .Goods, Provisions,
Of all Kinds,
GHEES AXD DRIEI5 rilUITS,
Choice Liquors, Cigars,
And a "thousand and one," other things bvsryfcctfy
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
Brownvitie, April 58, Iy
TH0M1, "COLEMAM, CO.,
Announce to the travelinj; public that their splendid
and commodious Steam Ferry running across from
BOT-ville, jJZLk Nebraska.
.... .. ... . t
is one cf tho best in every reypuct on the Upper Mis
souri river. The Hoat makes re;tular trips every hour
cotbat no time will be lost in wailing.
The t anks on both sides of the river are low and well
graded which renders nnloading unneceesary as is the
cise at most other ferrie. ',
No feirtneed bcenteriained astodifn.-ultiesat ornear
this crossing, as everybody in this region, on both sides
of the liver, is for the Union the strongest kind.
Our charge too n item these hard times are lower
than at any other ciowi-ine.
Travel en from isa to Iowa nnd to the east will find
this th' nearest and best rotttei" every respect.
THORN, COLEMAN & CO.
Brownvllle, Ncbraskj, 5ept.2lst, 1861. , .
Her chant Tailor,
Calln the attention of Gentlemen desiring now, neat,
servicable and fashionable
3STew Stock of Goods
BROAD CLOTH3, CASSIMERS, TESTINGS, fee., fee,
OF THE YEllY IjATETT STYLES,
Wh! b lie will sell or make up, to order, at unprece
dented low pric es.
Th be ishi3B any thinit in his line will dd well to
rail and examine bis stock before investing, as lie
pledge himself to hold out peculiarly favorible In
ducements. February 13th. 1862.
iiW MID STOS
"VThitney's Block, TIain Street.
LOOK FOR T ILE SIGN OF THE
ELK HORN aud MORTAR
J. J. THURMAN,
ANNOUNCES to the citizens of rirownvillo and
vicinity that lie has removed his Drug Store frota
Sidney, Iowa, to tbe City of Jirownvillo, and having
added thereto sn cxtensire stock of - .
, Fresh Drugs,
Paints and Oils,
Pure Wines and Liquors,
For Medical Purposes,
Hair and Tooth brushes,
c Perfumery, .
..Fine Toilet Soap,
fie, &c, Sc.,
T,.t!fiifl nnhlic tltronC8.
t3- Pbysician's Prescriptions attended to at all hours
imifi tiy cay ana num. ,. ,
. UaWBvil!o, Arii 11th, TbjT. p40 yly
CHEAP FLOWERS c FRUTT5
I will send, bv mnil. poffpAii, 101 small bulbs,
.i a Tt'iiK f.ir nne d-.'lnr. and ITire
Uolb.of same, for $2. Cthcr lialbs, named, lo-
entiV;'iii t rmrs rPTJF.WTAI.S. nf 50 sorts, fine
rr.xed KOSEd and rther HARDY SABUKBERY,
by s:crr..or nilmad. 4 to 8 il .ill are per 100. Nam
ed and unoiCK ?okxs, about donbirs price; and more
in small wWlcd ts in all, 1-03 va-leties.
"Small KRrirs'W all wr!s. inolndinjr Dela-abb
and Concorti l.KArES. rqnaiiT r nimras.
r.,.-.. . ...i r-uv'ui.-vTAi.Ti.Ei:s.25 cer cent.low-
cr tlan ual. AH safely picked, to keep a month,
at vurchascrs cost. AUrtrcss.
1 JOHN A. KINMCOTT,
Tbe Grove P. O., Cock Co, Ills.
A Ctiapter on Caslor Beans De
tails or CulliYalioii aaa Gathering:.
The Caston Beari (Rizinus Commu
nis), or Jonah's Gourd, ia beautiful as
an ornamental plant, ard for this pur
pose it may well have a place in every
garden. The quick growing, large,
treelike stems, with monster leaves,
even in northern climates, confirm the
belief of commentators on the Bible,
that the plant which sheltered Jonah,
called a gourd, was no other than our
castor bean pl&nt. For garden orna
ment it is only necessary to plant a
few of the beans in hills, pr in a drill,
thinning out to 18 or 20 inches apart.
The stalks grow from 5 to 10 feet high,
or more on rich soil.- Both stems and
leaves are of a dark, purplish color.
Within a few weeks past, several sub
scribers of the Agriculturist have per
sonally assured us from their 'own ex
perience, that wherever the caster bean
is planted in a garden, the moles will
surely take their departure departure.
It hardly seems credible, but may be
so especially if moles are as easily
nauseated as children with the slight
est odor of anything like castor oil.
In form and appearance, the fruit re
sembles common small colored beans.
The oil pressed from these is the com
mon medicinal castor oil of the drug
gists, which is sold in large quantities.
We have seen thousands of bushels of
the beans in bags on steamboats on
the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, which
were taken in at towns on the banks
of those rivers, along Southern Indi
ana and Illinois, and some we believe
from Eastern Missouri nnd Northern
Kentucky. They will grow well any
where south of 40 , and probably fur
ther north. There is just now anew
interest awakened in the cultivation of
this crop in the States above mention
ed. A subscriber residing in Saline
County, 111., who has grown several
crops successfully, furnishes for. the
American Agriculturist the following
directions, which are very full :
Field Culture. The yield is 12
to 20 bushels per acre. Prepare the
ground just as for Indian corn, but
without much manure, or the . plants
will run too much to stalk. As soon
us the ground is warm, and the weath
er settled, say about the first of May,
have the surface well prepared with
plow and harrow, and mark it off into
rows four feet apart. Then cross
mark it at the same distance, but leave
between each set of four rows, a space
wide enough to drive through a sled,
wagon, or cart. The cross rows should
run in a direction to admit of the ready
entrances to the spaces left for the
team. Plant in hills at the crossing
of the rows, the same as corn. As
soon as the plants are up, draw a lit
tle earth around them to keep down
grass and weeds, and as a protection
against the cut-worm taking care not
to break the tender sterns. When
well started, thin out to two stalks in
a hill. Cultivate the same as corn.
, They will commence to ripen the
first of August, riace upon a sled,
or on wheels, a tight box holding eight
or ten bushels. With two men, and a
boy to drive the horse, go through the
wide rows or spaces, each man taking
two rows on either side, and cutting off
all the bunches that are beginning to
crack. When the box is full, take it
to the yard or bean-house. A yard
will do in fair weather, as the sun will
soon pop out the beans. If in an
open yard, smooth off the ground, and
set up crotched stakes about four feet
high, and twelve feet apart, laying on
poles or rails, and spread the bean?
over them as soon as cut and hauled
in. Boards should beset around to
keep the beans from flying off as thoy
fly out. When thus Celled by the
sun, rake off the stems, and sweep up
and bag the beans like wheat. They
shouid not be allowed to get wet, and
it is much better to lave a bean-house
and use fire heat instead of the sun
for curing them This maybe, say
16 feet square, and be covered with
boards so closely as to retain the warm
air. Put in this a furnace, placing it
so that the bans cannot fall on it, as
from their o:.ly character they readily
take fire and burn briskly. Place joist?
about seven feet high, and over these
lay slats, two inches wide, half an inch
apart; spread on the beans as gather
ed, and start the fire, and keep it up
until they crack out and fall through
The gashering from the field can be
repeated at intervals of a week or less,
as the bunches will continue to ripen
until, frost. I think the castor bean
improves old land instead of impover
ishing it. The stalks left in the field
arc tender,; and can be broken up
readily to plow uuder, by dragging a
heavy brush over the field when dry
in the Spring. Am. Agriculturist.
To have tarts for tea, let your wife
see you kissing the waitiDg maid." ' -
The following mode is pursued in
Germany (according to .Prof. Larapa
dius) in making beet-root sugar upon
a small scale : . ,
The roots having been washed, are
sliced lengthwise, strung on pack
thread and hun? up to dry. The ob
ject of this is to let the watery juice
evaporate, and the cweet juice being
thereby concentrated is taken up by
macerating the dry slices in water. It
is managed that all the- juice shall be
extracted by a very small quantity of
water. The Professor obtained four
pounds of fine, white grained sugar
from 110 pounds of roots so treated,
and the residuum yielded seven pints
of spirits. Ackard says that a ton'of
roots treated after the same manner,
gave 100 pounds of raw sugar, which
gave 55 pounds of refined sugar and
25 pounds of treacle.
1 have -Chaptal'a - mode, which is
much more elaborate, while the result
is nearly the same. -
The syrup is to be boiled and skim
med until sufficiently concentrated,
which is knowrt as follows : The skim
mer is dipped into the syrup and
drawn out, some of the thick syrup
which adheres to it is taken between
the thumb and forefinger, and held
there till the heat is reduced to that
of the skin ; the finger and thumb are
then separated, and if the syrup is .of
proper strength a thread will be drawn
out which snaps, and has the trans
parency of horn, or rather barley su
gar ; this is called proof. The fire is
then put out, and the syrup is carried
to the cooler, a vessel sufficiently large
to hold all the syrup; here the sugar
is to crystalize. As soon as this com
mences, the whole is well mixed and
stirred before it becomes too stiff.
Earthen molds are then filled, little by
little, and when full are carried to a
cool place. As the crystallization goes
on the crust formed on the top is fre
quently broken, and the whole stirred
till the crystals are collected in the
centre; it is then allowed to go on
without further disturbance. In three
days the pegs in the molds may. be
removed, and the treacle allowed to
run out; in a week thi3 is mostly run
out; in a week this is mostly run off.
The process for refining is the same
as that pursued in the West Indies.
P. S. Two pounds of the residue of
the roots, and half a pound of hay, are
considered sufficient food for a day,
for a fair sized sheep, and will keep
them in fine condition. R. H. A. in
Iicld of ny liana.
To ReiiFC Slips or Cuttings that
are much Flagged.
Immerse them in a solution of dis
solved camphor and water; three or
four hours is, in general, sufficient
length of time to effect restoration,
although at times it will be attended
with beneficial results, to continue
them in the water for a greater length
of time. It may also be applied with
excellent effect, in restoring nosegays
which have begun to decay, either by
sprinkling the foliage, or immersion,
and also by- placing the ends cf the
stalks in the water. .
As camphor is but slightly soluble
in water, to prepare the liquid it is
only necessary to dissolve a little
camphor in spirit or alcohol. Three
or four drops of this prepared liquid is
added to an ounce of water, and to
any greater quantity in the same pro
portion.. As tliis simple experiment
is attended with so little trouble, in
preparing it and making the trial, it
may be found useful; and it may be
that some experimentalist will apply
it to purposes even more important
and useful than this. Florists Maga
Rat-killisg Recipe. Dr. Keller
man, of N.'Y. gives the Agriculturist
readers his method of expelling rat3.
"Cut clean fine sponge in pieces of
pea size, fry well in hog's lard and
expose in infested places about the
houses, barns, grainaries, gardens, etc,
keeping cats and dogs ?hut up. The
rats eat it greedily, but do not. as
readily digcts it, the gastric juice, ami
especially water, it accessible to them
to drink, swells the sponge, and a noise
in ratdom i3 the result. The dose
proves fatal in most cases."
Remedy fop. tiie Peach Borer.
A Cor. of the Gardener s Monthly
says: I have read a great deal in the
Monthly about destroying the Peach
borer, but I know of a better plan than
any that I have read of, which is to
apply burning fluid with a sponge
around the roots ; or if there are holes
already bored deep, apply with a
small syringe. Burning fluid is spir:
its of turpentine and alcohol. Per
haps the spirits of turpentine alone
might do ; but I don't know,- as I have
not tried it."
TakcLold of my hand," says the
little one, when she reaches a slippery
place, or when something frightens
her. With the fingers clasped tightly
around the parent's hand, she siep3
cheerfully and bravely along, clinging
a little closer when the way is difficult,
and happy in the beautiful strength of
childish faith. s
'Take hold of my hand," says the
young convert, trembling with the
eaernes3 of his love. Fuil well he
knows- that, if he rely upon any
strength cf his own he will stumble
and fall; but, if the Master reach
forth hi3 hand, he may walk with un
wearied foot, even on the crested wave.
The waters of strife or of sorrow shall
not overwhelm him, if he but keep
fast hold of the Savior."
. "Take hold of my hand," falters the
mother, feeling that she is all too weak
for the great responsibilities that
throng in her path. Where shall she
learn the greatness of the mission
the importance of the. field that has
been assigned to her ? And learning
it, how shall she fulGH it, if she have
not the sustaining, constant presence
of one who loves his people ?
"Take hold of my hand," whispers
the aged one, tottering on through the
shadows and snows of manv years.-
As the lights of earth grow dimmer in
the distance, and a3 the darkening eye
looks forward to see if he can discern
the first glimmer of the heavenly home
the weary pilgrim cries out, even as
the child beside its mother, for the
0 Jesus! Friend and elder Brother.
when the feet are weary, when the eyes
are dim, "take hold of our hand."
Having lately treated of drainage
and deep culture as a means of farm
improvement, we now purpose to call
attention to another mechanical re
quirement of the soil pulverization.
On this point there cm be but little
difference of opinion. Whatever may
be the doubts in regard to other sys
tems, every one acknowledges?, both in
theory and practice, the necessity of
thorough comminution of the soil.
For this purpose the farmer plows and
drags, and one half of the la.bor on
most farms is devoted to this work
alone. Some seven years ago, one of
the most celebrated agricultural chem
ists in the world received two speci
mens of soils for examination, one
from the Miami Valley, and remarka
ble for its exceeding fertility ; another
an ordinary soil, and far lesa fertile ;
yet he could detectnobtherdiffercr.ee
between the two than that the parti
cles of the Miami soil were much finer
than the other; and to this, no doubt,
must be attributed its remarkable fer
tility. Puring the latter part of the
last century, Jethro Tull, who, per
haps, did as much as any other indi
vidual for the improvement cf agricul
ture, adopted the theory that the roots
of plants live upon minute particles cf
soil, and that repeated and almost con
stant tillage is necessary to secure a
large crop, and nothing else is requi
red. He believed manure to be valu
able; but only for its mechanical ef
fects as a divider and disintegrator of
the soil, which, kept properly pulver
ized, would supply all the requirements
of vegetable growth. This theory,
though erroneous, did much to call at
tention to thorough" culture, and the
success of Tull was such as to induce,
for:i time, a pretty general indorse
tnent of his theorv. Later investiira
tions have elicited tho truth, but have
not lessened in the opinions of good
cultivators the importance of obtaining
and keeping up during the life of the
plant the finest possible tilth.
A heavy clay soil will hold more
moisture than a loamy or sandy soil ;
yet the clay will be the first to suffer
from drouth, because in ordinary
practice it is never kept in as fine
condition. If the soil is well pulver
ized to a good depth, crops will not
suffer by drouth once in ten years;
yet with ordinary culture the product
of almost every crop is much lessened
almost every season in consequence
of lack cf moisture. Where the par
ticles are fine, water constantly arises
by capillary attraction during the day,
only an inch or so of the surface be
coming dry, and this is effectually
moistened by the dews of night. Let
any person examine a deep, fine soil
the heat of the day, even during one
of our dryest times, and it will be
found moist and warm, producing all
the requisites for a rapid growth cf
plant3 while a hard, lumpy, half pul
verized soil will be found dry, often to
the depth of a foot or eighteen inches.
For some time it was a matter of sur
prise to us that crops of corn could be
grown on the prairie3 without culture,
especially ia hot, dry seasons ; but aa
examination cf tho cho.rr.ctcr cf t?.3
soil, fine a3 powder to a great dcrtj,
and full of decaying vegetalls rial: ::-,
made the cause plain.
The farmer may tearn frctn t..: cr
dener many useful hint'". . Let z Lot
bed be started early in tha spri j,r..:
wo will say planted with cucur.::
In a littlo while tho phir,u u?,
have their rough leaves, an 2 z:2 r ail
ing rapid progress. Here wo hiva
most of the conditions favcrab'a to
growth, a deep, mellow ?cil, warmth
and moisture ; but select one plant and
allow it to take it3 course without stir
ring the soil, or only accasionally,ad
in a short time it will become stunted,
make but little growth, and never be
come a vigorous, strong plant. Givo
the others a different course of treat
ment, lighten the "earth around them
every day, or every other day, with
the fingers, and draw the fresh earth to
tho stems, and the difference in growth
will bo such as to convince every ob
server of the necessity of frequent
stirring of the soil to obtain for plants
a rnpid growth and full development.
Another and a very pleasing test ii to
sow in the garden a little patch cf any
of our common farm plants, as cat3 cr
wheat; let a part be sown broadcast
in the ordinary way and receive 20
culture; the remainder bo drilled and
the soil kept well cultivated during
the season. In the latter ciss tho
plants will attain double the size of tho
others, and the product will bo from
two to three-fold greater, furnishing a
lesson that will need no repetition.
Matching Steers' Hcrrj.
Mr. Editor: I have noticed an in
quiry recently in the Fanner, ho,? to
match horn3 of steers, if cno hem
grows down. In reply to that ques
tion I would say that live years since,
I had a very fine pair of Devon steers,
nicely matched, with nosibeautiful
horns, except cne horn cn cno cf
them inclined to turn down, so a3 t:
look very badly, and the question
how to remedy the defect and haro
the horns grow alike. "As I had pre
viously tried scraping steers' hcrn3 to
change their shape, and without any
benefit in a single instance, I fastened
a pulley to the floor directly over tho
i ' 1 .1 .3 u ..11 . .
5n tv liar a n yvtrr)t. rori eafplT? -
JWlilW tl-iW Uf 1.1 V MVV9 f
suspended, then passed a cord over
each pulley, putting cne 'end oftha
cord on the horn that was down, and
to the other end of the cord a weight
of two pounds, kept the cord on tho"
horn most of the time during the win
ter, when my steers were in the stable.
In that way I raised the h:m so that
at the close of the next cutumn my
steers' horns matched perfectly z:cll!
Sinco that time it has been tried re
peatedly by farmers in this vicinity,
with the like succe?3. The herns cf
steers while growing, can be turned in
any direction, by the continued use of
a weight over a pulley, which i3 bat
very little trouble and no injury to t3
steers. Cor. Kezo Evqland Farmer,
Men Wanted. .
Men aro wanted who ere willing
able to do the work of life faithfully
and unflinchingly. The Church cf
Christ wants men I Oh, it is pitiful to'
look over the vast hosts which aro pro
fessedly marshalled on the side cf tho
Redeemer, and See the numerous dead
bodies among them soulless, lifelcn.
forms of (forgive the paradox) ni:at3
matter, which which clog the enter
prise cf those who, accepting their po
sition in tho church as men, strive to
be something better than drivelling
parodies upon the name. Who haj
not seen and felt the want here spoken
of? How many charche3 are fast
sinking in the mire and quicksandj cf
a spiritless orthodoxy, or a heartless
morality! How many ministers' cf
the cross are strulin!? ajzainst this
fearful want of the timc3 ! Their hands
arc almost powerless, because, to thd
ordinary opposition to truth is added
the weight of soulless bodies, which
like all other matter pos3es::3 immo
bility, and will neither assist ncr get
out of others' way. Chris. Guardian,
OvEP-KEACinxa Horses. A cor
respondent of the Itural lYeu? Yorker
gives the following directions about
praventing thi3 habit .-Make the heel
corks of the forward shoes hih, and
the toe-corks very low, and of the hind
shoes the heel corks low and the to&
corks high. .You will observe that the
horse will raise his forward f jot be
fore the hind one reaches it.
Soda . Csacser P:e. Take three
soda crackers, pour boiling water and
soak them till soft ; eight table-spccn-fuhof
sugar, four eggbeat the white3
separate ; joice of two lemon?, grnt?
the yeltow from the rind into it. Two
table -spoonfuls cf ccra starch z.lh
much to it.
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