Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1862)
PUBLISHED EVF.ET TUCP.SDAT CT
FURNAS, LYANNA & FISHER,1
Eoond gtory Striciler's Clock,' II a In Street,!
. , ' - . . ;
Torcnever,lt psiiiln tdvance, - - - (2 00
it Pi3 sttte endof 6 montt 2 60
" " " 12 " 3 00
Cichf of 12 or more will be furnithed ct $1 60 per
rJim, provided, ike csn accompanies tbe irUer, not
!'- ':-::-.V! ! 7
' o r r
One Bia re '.en v-
F.jcti mi UU.jn.ii i
t)ae s ;nrp, -. r
One fc.r o,'. a
" LIBERTY AI7D UITIOIT, ONE AITD . ZPEa&BLE, i;0V7. AITP FOnYi:
One e: :-.
" M ou ye n
a oca je-r
One col" .a sii m-?-t
C::3 ta:f tuian s:x nor is
One four'-ti column six rwntlM
tm eicf.i of acolamo nt xm-c'-li
Oaecol'iuin tbrea noati s
One half col-itna three i-.-.a";
One f.jurtb cii! umn tiree t.i :.'. i
(ins ci"'! coi 2r-'l lir?i) r . J
Ai;iii!i'.r.;",jCi'-j'-i f .-r ,:::.
o-s ye it
25 I t
1 1 LI
3 ) Ul
k C J
5 ) u
! ! C )
i$ C )
BKOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THUESDA
MARCH-, : 18:
' ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
Corner First and LlaJn Streets,
Droivnvillc, - - - r.ctrKlia
DR. D. GWIN,
; Having permanently located in
?BR0 WNVILLE, NEBRASKA,
For tbepr&ttice of lledicine acd Snrery, ten
4tri "tiie professional services to the stTIicleJ.
Qca on Maij Street. r.c23v3
A. S. ROLL AD AY, M. D.
Beypectfnlly informs bit friendf in Brownvllle and
cimedUteTicicity that he hs resumed the practice of
;:cdlclnc Surgery, & Obstetrics,
and hope,byitrictattention to hiprofes8ion,to receive
that senerout patronage heretofore extended to him. Id
I cases where it is posfihle or expedient, a prescription
aosinens will be done. Offlce at CitjDrug Store.
Feb. 24, '9. 85.17 , , , ,
JAMES S. BEDFORD
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Master Ccrrssiorcr In Chancery.
LUCm'VILLL, it. t.
T. M. TALE0TT,
. DENTAL SURGEON,
Having located bimself in Brownviile.N. T.,teu
derhi professional ieryicei to taecommuni t j.
JLU jobi warranted.
' i ii
Clocks Watches & Jewelry.
J. SCHUTZ -
TFonldanuouacetotbecltlzens of Brownrille
and riclntty that be has located himself In
a!iAlirowrjTille, andintends keeping a full assort,
laeui of eTerytbicitntilsUneof buftiness, which will
be sold lw for cash. Ha will also do all binds of re
pairing of clocks, watchesandJewelry. All work war
' ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Solicitor in Chancery.
. Cflce corner of Kain and First Streets.
BROWN VILLE, NEBRASKA.
TABLE ROCKy "
, --Keference, Dr. D. Gwi
. LEWIS YfLsJ,
ROUSE, SIGN AND 0RNA5IENTAL
GLAIZER AM) PAPER UAXGER.
. . BROWXVILLE, N. T. 1 1
The Nerrcst and Best Music
Both Vocal and intrumental bj the best Amerioan
and European eompfeers, appears relarly every
week In the IIQUSEfiOLD JOCI1XAL. IMce Four
Cents. A aew song by Stephen Glover, appears in
Ko, I, Vol 2.
. 1gv7 Shoe Shop.
THE FIRES OF FALL,
By Trime, A.. Xo. 1 Im-uranje,
The Frviis of the Phanix
Are manifest in the following statement of Fa.ch
and Fgures, ehoning the amount equalised to publi )
benefit, in the shape of losses paid ia the west and
South, durin6 the pastXour years ;a i ubs tan tial rec
ord of a
NEBRASKA $1,187 CO
KANSAS i 6,765 00
KENTUCKY 34,054 36
TENNESSEE 43,054 90
MISSISSIPPI ...... ..10,832 55
. MISSOURI -..27,633 83
ARKANSAS 22,So3 43
... TEXAS-- 3.iJ51 88
. - ALABAMA 555 55
Insurances solicited, and policies issued and renew,
ed in this leading Corporation, at fair rates by
E. W, THOMAS
Brownvllle, Sept. 5, ISOO.
34,220 13 "WISCONSIN
19,323 34 IOWA
8,663 10 MINNESOTA-...
xtJ1! uifi - mo '
ROGERS & BROTHER,
ANNOUNCES to the public that he has purchased the
Livery Stable and Stock formerly owned by William
Ros&ell and added tbere'o fine stuck, and is now prepar
ed to accommodate the public with
Buggies, : '
the trp.vIllo public
Can find at his Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN & JOSHUA ROGERS.
Brownvllle, Oct. 18, 1660. nl6-yly
' - n.. '
. BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA,
Respectfully informs the citliens of this place and
vicinity that he has commenaed the manufactory of
Boot aad shoe in Brcworille, and hopes by attention
and care to merit a share of public patrouapp. His
stork is all of the best quality, and his work all war
ranted to "rive satisfaction or no pay."
All styleof work, from a No. 1, fine calf skin boot,
U a coarse brogan, and at prices so low that none can
Give me a call at my shop, on First street, between
Ifain and Water.
Brownville, Kay 9, 1861 ly
. J. .WILSON BOLLINGER,
. j2l I7 "2? G Zw3XT JH "H"
. Counsellor at Law
General and CoIIcctlnsr Agent.
. BEATRICE, GAGE CO., NEBRASKA.
WILL practice in the several Courts in Gage and
adjoining counties, and will give prompt attention
to 'til business entrusted to him. Collections prompt
ly made. rTl'erticular attention given to locat
ing Land Warrants on lands carefully selected by
Septemc-cr 25, 61. nl2-yly
:. H; A. TERRY,
" - - Till ohs ale and Retail Dealer in
. (Garden, Field and Flower Seeds,
' ' ALSO
gxlate viirrs, cccsrsnmrrs,
- Currants, Hapberrl?, Blackberries,
. ItetM, end Ontov-tntai bhrvAbery Generally.
CRESCENT CITY IOWA.
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOVA..-
; T7ILLIAII r. HITER.
Vty 17, 1860. -
Dealer in Coin, Uncurrent Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
I will give especial attention to buying and selling ex
change on the principal cities of the United States and
Europe, Gold Silver, uncurrent Bank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
and proceeds remitted in exchange at current rates.
Deposits received on current account, and interest al
lowed on special deposits.
MAIX STREET. H ETWEE? THE
Telegraph and the U. S.
Lind & Brother Philadelphia, Pa.
J. W. Carson &. Co., " "
Hiser, Dick A Co. Baltimore, Mi.
Toung A Carson, '
Jeo. Thompson Jfason, Col'r of Port, " "
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker, Washinptop, D. C.
J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law, " . "
Jnn K Oallahpr. I-tA 3,1 Anrl.TT. S.T. " '
Tarlor & Krlejh, Bankers,
Mcuienana, rye & co.,
Hon. Thomas G. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. O. Carson, " "
P. B. Smali, Esq., Pres't 8. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley, A'y at Law,
Col. Ssm.HambletonAtt'y at Law,
Judge Thos. Perry,
Proi. H. Tutwiler,
St. Louis, Mo,
Nov 8, lS60-tf. ;
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
I will receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance
money upon the same, and pay over balance of proceeds
as soon as Mint returns are had. In all cases, I wi'
exhibit the printed returns of the United States) Mint
or Assay onice.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
Or ALL KIKCI.
FAinD AiI'CS ci cr.EEIILEAF.
ir-t eai;e sr.. cuicAfio. '
c err er of liain & Talnut Sts, Bt.
03LY THE GENUIKE.
laroxTvn An rtALEB 1
IROXT, STEEL, HAILS,
CASTINGS, SPRINGS, AXLES, FILES
27- W- jBedlbrd,
UROWN VILLE, .NEBRASKA.
Main, Bdicccn Lev ze and First Streets.
Particular attention lvcn to tlie
I'ureliase and Sale cl Ileal .
Estate, r-Xaltin? Col
Payment of Taxes Tor 7on-HcsI-
LAM) "WARRANTS FOR SALE, for cash and on
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED for Eastern Cap-
itolists,on lands selected from personal examination,
and a complete Township llap, showirg Streams,
Timber, Ac, forwarded with the Certificate of loca
lirownviUe.N.T. Jan. 3,1631. yl
"Pihe's Peak, or Rust."
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
IIo. Ili T-r.ixi. (stroet,
t r r r? tt r ti r-
JJliU J ii V LLtULi, ii. i.
III b Oo
f r.a ,k."V. ; ,
snn-muiL BTAiEiiEaT, r.o-:
CAPITOL and SURPLUS
Slay iot- ICQ1
Cash and cash items. - - -Loans
well secured - - - ' -Real
Kstate - - . . .
262S shares Hartford Eank Stocks
2425 Kew To.-k; - -
1010 " . Boston -..".' . .
607 - oth.jr " ' - ,
United State and Stste " .
Hart id AN. Haven JJ.R. bonds "
Hartford City Bonds - -Conn:
River Co. St ILK. Co. Stock '
Total Asset - . j
Total llabiliUea - ' "-'
- 15,000 00
- !T74,S59 00
- 193,350 00
100 750 00
. 63.085 00
- 39,700 OC
. 4.600 00
. For details of invf-stments, see email Cards and Cir
Insurances may be effected In this old and substantial
Company on very favorable terma. .
Apply to -i; .
JOHN L. CARSON, Agt
' !t BROiraTILLE, N. T. '
53"Dwellintrs and Farm Property Insured lor a term
of years at ve y low rates 3 lynol
Johns & Crosloy,
SOLS MANrFA(rrURERS OF THB I3PROTED
Is the Cheapest and most durable Roofing
- . in tise;
IT JS FIRE AND WATER PROOF
It can be applied t new and old roofs of all kinds, and
to shlncle rvors without removing the shingles.
TIic cost Is o aly onc-tlilrd of Tin,
and is twice as durable.
Gutta Percha Cement
For preserving andiepairing tin and other metal ro ofs
of everp description, from its great elasticity is not in
jured by the contraction and expansion of metals, and
r r r-l : -
Have Just completed their new pusinei's house on
Vain Street, near the U.S. Land Office, in Brownville
where they have opened cut and areoJleriE? onthemost
Also: Hubs, S?:kcs, and Bent Slff,
Tt.ird Street, between Felix and Edmond,
SAINT JOSEPH, JSIO.
Vraeh he sells at 5t. Louis rricesfor cash.
nirhest "Price Paid for Scrap Iron.
f?'T -er 1, lSt9. y.
Dry G ooar, Provicions,
or n E.iiiis,
FLOUR, COKFECT1 ON ARIES,
Gimt:r. at.i Drjormis,.
Choice Liquors, Ciders,
And a "thousand and one," other thinfs verybo4y
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOC
Brownville, April 26, ly
iucy are rfcc... ,iv..cu by oiuiiar Ui...,m tid
ing expense. - . -
, "NO HEAT IS REQUIRED." .
. These materials are put tip ready for
use and for Shipping to all parts of the
Couutry, with jull printed directions for
application. ' . '
Full descriptive circulars icill he fur
nished on application by mail, or in per
son, at our principal office,' '
(Opposite St. Nicholas Hotel.) NKW TORE,
Feb. 28, 1861. AGENTS WANTED. 6 mo-
The Undersigned having opened a shop
- at the
f ' 1 ,
BROWNVILLE . STEAM MILL,
Are prepare! to put up all kinds of '
To order, at short notics. "VTe will manufacture
BUREAUS ; SAFES
: DESKS TABLES
' STANDS LOUNGES
. CRIB CRADLES
CHAIRS &c. Sec.
re are also prepared to furnish CoEns with the ut
most dispatch. We b.veonhand well seasoned Black
VTalnut lumber for tt at purpoee. We have the facili
ties of making furniture as cheap as it can be furnished
in thin country, when durability is taken Into the ac
count, as we warrant all of our work.
.We solicit the patronage of the community.
We will take in exchange for furniture all kinds of
farm produce. The highest prices for butter, eggs,
and lard will be paid the entire hot season. .
Brownville, May 30, ly.
CHAMBERS k NOTES.
Li, , la . c -Jj
:Ti:onn, CCLELIAN, co.,-'
enounce to the traveling public that their splendid
commodioua Eteara Ferry running acrona rrom
Kungrjrian ?.S3 Asain.
We have not hecrd much about Hun
garian Grass of late ia this section of the
country. Why i. ill We think many
have fallen out with' it fcerause they have
n:t fully understood it. :It has been re
regarded by some as too strong feed.
This is undoubtedly the case when fed
liberally, having been cut when the seed
was fully ripe. . Fcr ly, it should fc2 cut
v-h:a the seed le-ins is fori;. la refer.
er.ee to its cultivation we clip the follow
ic article from the ?ural New Yczher ;
1. JYhen to Sow. Sow any time in
Jrne. It you want two crops, sow from
th3 middle of Slay to the middle of June.
2. How much per acre. If you grow it
for the seed, from one-fourth to one-third
of a . bushel per will be enoughthe
amount must depend upon the strength or
condition of the land. If the object is to
get hay, feeding the seed and all without
thrashing, a half bushel of seed is not too
much per acre.
3 Kind of Soil.- A good corn or clover
soil is best suited to its production. It
does not like or do well on wet land.
4. Time ef cutting and curing. If the
object is simply to get the seed, separate
from the hay, it should be cut when the
seed is full formed, and before it will
il.cA out; but if it is designed to feed the
hzj without thrashing, it should be cut
soon after the plant goes out of bloom and
the seed begins to form at least as soon
as the seed is in the milk. It is cured in
the same way as timothy. :
.5. Average yield per acre. Cannot say.
Hava seen four tuns taken from an acre,
in one season, at two cuttings. On good
soils, a larger.r;rop has been harvested.
I think three tun3 per acre may be safely
regarded as an average crop, on good
soil, with the seed put in when the ground
is in good tilth. The above weight of the
product, of course, includes the seed. It
weighs (with the seed) much heavier than
the same bulk of timothy. Twenty to
thirty bushels of seed may be grown per
6. Value of the Hay for Stock. Com
pared with timothy, there are few feeders
who do not rrefer the same weight of the
un f the best Jn every respect on the Upper Sis
aourt river. The Boai make regular tript every hour
otht tin tim win be lostin waili7..
The banks on both siies of the river are low and well
graded which renders unloading unneceesary as is the
cane at moet other ferries.
Ko fears need be entertainad astoIi:3cultis atornear
this crowing, as everybody in this reriun, on both sides
of the river, is tor the Tniou the strongest kind.
Our chwfes too sm Item these hard times are lower
than at any other crossing- . -
Travelers from Hansiia to Iowa and to tlie e.ist will find
this the nearest and best route t every respect.
: : THORN. COLEMAN & CO.
rrevrnville, Nebrasia, Sept. 21st, 1SG1.
Furniture ! Furniture ! !
The mott complete slock ef Furniture ever offered In
this upper country Just, received by T. KILL.
' Brownville, April Sfth, 1661,
ui, huv,u woitc ii Leaviest. I know
Illinois and Iowa farmers who groiv it for
this purpose, asserting that it is a better
and cheaper food than corn and timothy at
ordinary prices. . . The hay and seed com
bined, make a heavy feed. By some it is
asserted to be injurious to horses. But so
far as I have been able to learn, this in
jury has resulted from feeding fully ma
tured seed, togetnerwitn an additional feed
of corn or other grain". There has been
so much testimony to the injurious effects
of this food when the matured seed has
been fed, that there is doubiless some
cause' for it ; but so far as I know, the hay
and seed cured as above, and fed alone,
has been preferred to other food,. Most
kinds of stock like it, and will thrive on
it. : uut ctner gram snouia De given in
addition ween the seed is fed.
7. .Yield of one season. If sown early,
two crops are often secured.
8. What it requires. It will not pay to
put It on poor land, or on land that is not
thoroughly prepared. The ground should
be thoroughly pulverized before seeding,
and rolled afterward. : .'
Look to ttic Sheepfold.
Sheep will not wholly take care of
themscWes, accommodating as they
are in tbi3 respect. Lambs need
special attention. In the month of
September, they should be separated
from their dams, and put into the best
pasture the farm affords; perhaps a
few old and feeble sheep may go with
them. The design of this 13 to bring
them into the wintry : season fat and
hearty. If under-fed in autumn, they
become weak, and before winter is
over, many will sicken and die.
When brought into the sheep yard
early in winter, they should have, not
only a daily ration of good hay, but a
little grainier oil-meal beside. Of
course they should have good sheds
into which they can retreat in stormy
weather, and where they can lie at
In December, let the bucks and
ewes be put together. If it is desired
to increase several distinct breeds,
divide the ewe3 into as many separate
lots, and put them into separate pens
or yards, with a select buck in each.
They will all be served in three or
four weeks. " . ,
-The custom of some farmers to
neglect providing good fresh water for
sheep, is not .commendable. They
can, indeed, melt snow in their stom
achs, and 60 can all animals if com
pelled to do so, but good, clean water
would be better. By all means, look
well to the eheepfold, and especially
now, when the high pries of wool
makes this kind of stock unusually
To Glaze or Vasnish Dravtings.
-One ounce of Canada balsam, two
ounces of oil of turpentine, well dis
solved. The drawing should be pre
viously washed over with a solution
Hot; ta Color Cochineal.
Good, BrinhL TJnfadinn Hcd."
Make the bras3 kettle as bright a poa
ible. Use soft water, and for every
pound of cloth or yarn, one 02. of
cochineal; two oz. cream of tartar; 2
oz. solution of tin. Put the cream of
tartar in the water when cold; when
it boils, add the cochineal, well pul
verized; boil five minutes, . stirring
Tc.tcn add the solution of v.n. Pui
in ila good3 dry, or perfectly free from
soap; boil twenty minutes, This trill
color woolen, silk, cr crape, but not
cotton. By varying the time the
good3 are in the dye, you can shade
from a rose pink to a scarlet. Mrs.
Cady, Cleveland, Ohiof 1862.
To Color Scarlet. Mrs. Plotthan
dle's RECIPE3. 1st, For 1 lb. yarn,
half an ounce of creom of tartar ; one
ouncu cochineal, pulverized; two oz.
muriate of tin. Infuse the cream tar
tar in two quart3 warm soft water.
Set it over coal3, and as the heat in
creases, stir it briskly, and add the
cochineal. When well mixed, pour in
the muriate of tin. Take the yarn,
wet it in warm water, and put it In the
dye. Move it about moderately, and
let it boil ten minutes. Take it out,
drain, and let it dry. Wash it in weak
suds. ' . . .
2d. For 4 lbs. of yarn, or cloth 4
oz. cream tartar; 20 grain3 cochineal,
pulverized; 3 oz. muriate tin; 8 gal
lons rain or soft water. Follow the
directions in the first recipe.
Coloring Red. For one pound of
yarn, take one and a half ounces of
cochineal; two ounces solution of tin ;
one ounce cream tartar. Dissolve the
cream tartar in three galons of soft
water; add the cochineal, and boil it
five minute3; put in the solution of
tin, and stir briskly; then put in the
yarn, and boil it half an hour.: Wash
as soon as you take it out. D. J. S..
Clark, Pa., 1862. ' "
; . : ; yv t ?. Y c!cta
in wc-k soap sud3. - Put the cream
tartar into warm water, sufficient to
cover the cloth, and heat it till it boils.
Then stir in the cochineal, and after
wards add the tin, and dip your cloth
instantly. Mrs. H. Hodge, Laieton,
Cochineal Bed. -To one pound of
yarn add one ounce of cochineal,
ground fine; one ounce of melted
pewter, poured into two ounces of mu
riatic acid, to stand half an. hour pre
vious to pouring it into the dye. In
fuse in warm water (soft) half an ounce
of cream tartar, stirring it briskly.
Before it, boils, add , the cochineal,
which must be well mixed ; then pour
in the acid, and stir it well. Wrhen it
boils, put in the yarn ; . continue to stir
it fifteen minutes, and you will have a
bright scarlet, if the yarn or cloth is
clean. It must be colored in brass
that is very bright. -J. M. J.,Newtoirn
Conn., 1862. ; .
From Moore's Etirnl New Torker.
;. In our issue of the Rural for Janu
ary 25tb, a lady readsr msdo inquiry
33 to a euro for that distressing a:Tcc
tion known as quinsy. Quito a num
ber of replies have already come to
hand, and knowing how those who r..ro
subject to the disease dread it?, attacks,
u d i U ..-U
mon-x thos 3 hero pre-
cUnt remedies a
Dissolve one teaspoon fl cf niter in
a pint of cold water ztA gurgle the
throat frequently, beir. g careful not to
swallow any. Ihh In 3 proved an ef
fectual remedy more than twenty years
for my father. He had been a great
sufferer from this disease. Mrs. LI.
IL, Fredonia. AT. Y., 1852.
When quite a chill J-was afHicted
with thi3 exceedingly painful and dis
agreeable disease, (quinsy,) and con
tinued to be for many years, the at
tacks becoming moro and more fro
quent and dangerou3, until I utterly
despaired of help,. Often, for eight
month in the year, I suffered from it
monthly, trying all remedies without
avail; until I YTas cured by cue so
sinjpU that I almost fear it will net be
tried, although it has wrought a per
fect cure, and I have not had an attack
for eight years. Immediately after
rising in the morning, I give my head,
neak and breast a thorou-h bathing in
cold spring water, rubbing very hard
with a coarse towel.' Afterward, when
ever I felt any sorenes3 about the
throat, before retiring I either put on
a cold water bandage, or a flannel well
saturated with camphor, always re
moving it in the morning and using the
cold. water, which I never, on any ac
' I furnish a recipe for camphor,, as it
can rarely be obtained sufficiently
strong at a druggist's : Two ounces
camphor gum, dissolved in a pint cf
A .4 L If., j
In a letter t3 tho "e'v Ycrk Far;r.?r
Qui, Prcf. S. W. Jchnsa, c; Va'3
Ccr.-?Te, "Js: 'Th
tD discover positively all t:.o caui3 cf
the fertility cf soils, have net yet met
ha cechinicil str
of the sell i.3 cf primary i-npert
re;.; cru:h:i c.-riS grains, crews a
much higher crJer cf : jetallc r j!tc:
ized fine, th3 cereah grew in it. Ce
olegy, chemistry, botany, physiology. .me
terology, mechanics, hydronymics, heat,
light, and electricity, are all intimately
combine! iu th3 grand process c: vege
tation. .Thera aro rac-y scib in pur
Eastern States, which, without manure,
yield meagre crepef rye and buckwheat
but there are sandy soils ia Ohia, hat,
without manure, yield en a a average, 50
busheh cf Indian corn an acre, and hav
ing yielded fcr twenty to fifty year's in,
unbroken succession, Th3 ingredients oi;
these soils by chemical analysis being tho
same. At present no difference 13 known
between them, except tbo ccarsenes.j'of
the particles the first being coarse, while1
the sand cf Ohio i3 a exceedingly fino
powder. The power cf soil to attract
and imbibe moisture and oxygen, -was
shown by Schubler, cf Hcffen, 40 yaara
ago. Of 13 different soils, quartz sani
absorbed in thirty days, 1-CGQ pamc?
oxygen and 2Q cf moisture.'
To Destroy Plant Lice,. : ' "
A French writer on horticulture fay3
for a long time the greater part -. f horti
culturists who occupied themselves with
the culture cf the peach, employed, for
the destruction cf aphides, which incit
ed the tree, the fumes cf tobacco an ex
cellent method I admit, but which has al
ways appeared to me very exrr-' ' ;
.... i I J I
The Use of Vinegar In Stews.
On the continent of Europe, vinegar
is largely employed in the process of
stewing. It acts by softening the fi
bers, and so rendering the meat more
tender and digestible. The value of
vinegar in economical cooking may be
tested by the use of the following rec
ipe : Take some meats from the coar
sest joints of a beef, such as the leg,
shin, or sticking piece ; cut it ih slices
of two or three ounces each, dip each
in good vinegar, and then, pack the
whole in the stew pan with onions,
turnips or other vegetables, cut small,
without water ; cover it closely and
let it stand by the side of the fire for
six or eight' hours; it will then be
found to be thoroughly done, and to
bavo yielded an abundance of gravy,
heing at the same time remarkably
tender. The only precaution neces
sary is, that the heat should never be
suffered to approach the boiling p int ;
or the meat vegetables, and flavoring
materials may be placed in an earthen
ware jar, which can be closely tied
down, and then placed in a large sauce
pan of water, cr very slow oven. This
mode of cooking is applicable to any
kind of meat, and will be found ex
ceedingly economical, giving little
trouble, and furnishing a very nutri-
cious, digestible and delicious food.
The acid of the vinegar 13 entirely dis
sipated during the process. Kcx En
gland Coolc Booh '
Gkape Cuttixds FROii J apax The
new American Minister to Japan takes
with him a special fund for tbs purpose
of obtaining and sending home cut
tings of the best varieties of grapes ia
that country. The grapes are expec
ted in "Washington in April next.
Cottonwood trees will grw sixty
ieec nign in ten years.
,'v.Iy .experience inches me," says
a correspondent of the Wisconsin Far
mer, "that we must sow our wheat as-
early as possible. There i3 hardly
any danger of sowing too early. Two
year3 ago I sowed a small piece in
Canada club spring wheat on the 5th
day of April. That piece yielded 33
bushels to the acre, in that poor season.
Tha berry was plump and heavy,
weighing GIJ pounds to measured
bushel. I continued to sow, a3 the
rams ana state 01 tne ground woui i
allow, (haying but one team,) until
about the first day of May, and I mu3t
say, that just in proportion to the date
of sowing,, were the amounts and
quality of the crop; the piece which
was sown and harrowed the last day of
April being badly rusted, and not
yielding over eight or nine bushels of
pocr shrunken wheat per acre ; whilo
that portion of the field covered about
the 9th of the same month, turned cut
between twenty-five and thirty busheh
of very marketable grain. , The pieco
sown about the 18th and 20th of April
was not so good a3 that sown before,
yet far better than the last sown."
In connection with the foregoing,
tho New England Farmer remarks,
that of the two wheat crop3 submitted
last year to the E.: : t County Agricul
tural Society, one ws3 sown April 7th,
and the other,"wheu the harrow struck
the frost." The premium of 3 wa3
awarded to Mr. Paul Pearson, cf New
burry, for hi3 crop of wheat, at the
rate of thirty-five busheh to the acre.
Pretty good crop for old Massachusetts
Give Children Fresh Air. Some
Parents make the great mistake of
keeping their children m-docrs during
cold weather. Such a practice is
pernicious In many rcspect3. It en
feebles the bodies cf children, and
renders them pec rly liable to colds
and coughs. " A cai should have ita
feet well shod with socks and bcot3,
its body well wrapped m warm cloth
ing, it3 head and ear3 securely pro
tected from the cold, and then let
loose to play in the keen bracing
wintry air. By thi3 mean3 ita body
will become robust, and its spirit3 be
kept bright and cheerful ; wherea3, if
a child be shut up in the house, it will
become fretful and feverish, and per
haps wind up with an attack of illnes3
"Hcrticola," in the Horlicultiirizl,
states that he succeeded perfectly, in
grafting a scion of the tomato on tha
pottoe vine. lie cut about cn? third
of the potato shoot off, just above a
leaf, taking care not to injure tho bud
at it3 base. The scion, bsing shielded
frcm the sua, was every dzj sprinkled
with a little water, and it took readily.
In the fall tha tomato ra3 leaded with
ripe and unripe fruit, tnd had grown
to a large size.
supplies them' mcro abundantly than 'to-..
bacco, and which thu3 far ha3 given me .
results equally satisfactory. It suffices,
I think, to point cut this expedient to tho .
attention of horticulturists, who should
not hesitate to use it, seeing the li'.tla
cost of rosin as compared ta that cf- to--',
Writing about the improvement .cf
vegetables, Col. W. Gardiner of Lee Co..
111., says : "In no garden vegetable' has
there been more improvement than tho
Squash, In place of the eld Acorn; we
have the celebrated Hubbard and the pro
ductive Honolulu, which unite to 'tha
sweetness of tha melon, long keepbg,
and superior culinary properties. .Ths
Honolulu is as productive a3 the pumpkin
and is more nutricious, far moTe palata
ble, and will keep seme months. Jcr
the table, it i3 very superior, and fcr
general cultivation, for stock, swine, Scc.r
possesses great excellence." Mr. G.
recommends growing this squash, instead
of pumpkins, in the cornfield fur stock
feeding as well as fc:- table use.-
Prevent Your. Toci3 rr.oii Ku.3i
IXG. An exchange truly "remarks
that thousands of dollars are lost esch
year by the rusting cf plow?', hoc,
ehoveh, kc. Some of thi3 might be
prevented by the npplieitloa of lard
and rosin, it i3 said, to all steel cr iron
implements. Take thres times a3
much lard a? rosin, and mc-It thiim
together. This can be applied w'::a
a brush or cloth to all surfac?3 iu
danger of ru3ting, and they are ea?ily
kept bright. If tools are to be laid by
for the winter, give them a coating of
thi3, and you will be well repaid. It
can b3 kept for a long time,' and
should always be on hand and rca'Iy
A correspondent of tha Londcn
Gardener's Chronical, writing cf a pur-
is exhibition, says : s
"Among fancy fruits, I observed a'
largo dish cf tha favorit3 French Des
sert Apple, the Pommo ds Api,'ia
which each cue wa3 marked with'a
letter, a crest cr other device, pro
duced by placing a piece of paper or
cloth, of tha required shape, on tha
sida next to tho sun, causing a corres
ponding spot to remain uncolcred."
It may be worth while for our ex
hibitors to turn this "fancy" to prac
tical account, by sun-marking with
numbers, cr even tha names of fruit
they intend to exhibit. G-.zrd:rers
To Cur.n a Scr.E Turoir. Dr:
a pinch cf fine salt a3 le-r cu the
of the tongue .3 pcsiille, end -
dissolve there, relief in;iir.te.V
Powered by Open ONI