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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1861)
. THE ADVERTISER,
FrBLTSHED EVEKT THURSDAY BT
FURNAS & LYANNA,
cccd Story Strickler'f EloC&, Main Street,
Foror.cj ( .f Faia,ttLecn(lof 6 nl.,nth 2 60
"t . " " 12 I OO
" , . j; ,r niorp will he fnrniohed at ft 60 jer
-'u ".vi'vJ the cash accKuipanlea the order, not
-o" Ay Ay Ay Ayfc
Ay Ay 4.
" LIBERTY ATID TJinOIT, ONE AIID INSUPERABLE, HOW AIJD FOREVER. "
li-ITX: 3 OP ADVmTISINO:
):ie ?iure(l9 Uriesor I es)on rinsertlon, - $1 OO
Eac'iiiHiLiv-nilinsertioa, ------- 0 (O
Cut? t'i'iare, t'!9 niontb, ------'2t0
Uii.inoss Cri!so hixliiiesor ljss me year, -6 00
o:ie Colrjiin n year, - -- -- -- - 60 60
t):i-h.i'. f Col icju oeyesr, ------ 35 0
one foi'i tli Oi;i un one rear, 20 00
OiteeiituU Col ;nn one year, - - 18 00
O:ieco.u!inix munia, ------ - 15 Ci
ie half Col!:in six months, - - - - - 20 CO
liitefonrthCuluuiasitir-KPtbs, ----- 10 00
U:.e iii-rtth Culucia six nicnths, ----- S CO
();ie Cvlr. nn thret" months, - -- -- - 20 00
Ono hit Colnrauthree months, ----- 11 00
Oactfo'utUCilaiuutir'enjontJjs, - - - - 10 00
O-ieei ht5iColnaut!ireemontbs, - - - - i CO
uu.juacicscaaJiiutesroroilccClnadTance,)- ft 00
BU SIN ESS CARDS.
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 29, 1861.
Johnson & Schoenheit,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Cornc First and Main Streets,
nroumirir. - - - IVobraslin
j DR. D. G WIN,
- Having permanently located in
I BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA,
For the r-mtice -f MrJicino and Surfer, ten
; j vLuprofi-ii0"','',rV'ce8t0 tnc adictcd.
'St Jlfh friend t Hrwi,ville and
! -g.i.udi v kiu:t that'tic !iat res.uir.ed tlic practice (lf
j Mtincinc, Purgrry, & Ubstcf rits,
! ,n.lTeOyrir'ttciit1o!i to bUproeMrn,to receive
' .,Jif'upr-uProna)re heret.rfore Cxten-icd lohim. In
i il rn frf lt " Pi''lr expedient, a prescription
II l.VMIMX & ST. JOSEPH It. It.
l t . e'J mils.
T T-T T r - I 'i n .
Mornins Train leaves St. Joseph at - - e on
Kveniuff Train leavei Co do - - 6 40
St. Joseph it reacted by the Wentern Stasc Line
raMseriKern savetime and tiresome statin by thisroute
Daily connect ion nrade at Hannibal with alEaetern
nudSonthern Railroads andTackets.
J T D Haywood, Sup't., Hannibal.
D C Sawin, General Agent, St. Jo?
P B Groat, G. Ticket Agent, Han'lri
Tmo. Hill, G. T. Ag't, Browr .I;
DE LIB QUE NT TAX LIST,
Tfcvseh, Johnson Co., N. T.,
August 3d, 1861.
JNotice is hereby jjivcu that I will ofTer at public auction at
Tecumseh, on Monday the 2d day of September next, between
the hours of i) o'clock, A. M., and 4 o'clock, P. M., the fol
lowing1 Jlcil Estate, to-wit : all Tnxes remaining unpaid for
S T R A D. C.
Jrewer, Wm I
t. w. Tipton
Attorney at Liaw,
COOZ SVO '
Of the latest and niot iirjroicl ' b? Cj ' -
propose to noil at eueb i,rk- f " Vh' 1
edoff. The public are ini Icrns, J
As usual mv stx k r.f Ti as rai:nf,t U ""I,Iin"
Wh '; i , , U-d i-y rail an- examine,
o 1JS Rua lt Coricr
t " Lvrn inBiiractnre.
Justice of the Peace and
v Vkn..wl-en.rnt r Tee-i-- Mrrtf
JOEN L C;
. , Teople
-j'a &. Dru
-r5 J. J''
h & Carson,
r . t
i j. -
J rTJlTf Mm Land
inn, lucu,rcni Jlo. t
h, Exchange, and Gold
u t If I unci
t f serial attention tobnylnit and Felling ex-
i ipalcniea or me i i omiro ..
,i.L Vint 0llectim made on all accessible p-.iDti!,
1 vr.n:. emitted in exrJiacpe at current raiea.
-ved .n current account, aud mterent al
. ed e BTM'. Je'Mt-
UAIX STREUT. IIKT1TEC THE
I Tclrgrapli and llic V, S.
in1 & Ilrotber
J. V. Carfoii it Co.,
j llixer. Iirk (tCo.
j Vuium Cr" . .
, Jp,L Tli-impN.u Man, Col'r tf Port,
inn t SimiJison. Eix. Uanker,
J T Steven.. Ex) . Att'v at Law, -
Jn... S. ;a!!l.er, Late d Aud. U. S. T
TrT k Ericeh, Bankerii,
Mifif't.'ind, Pye it co.,
n..n. TliMna. Pratt,
I', ll Siuaii, Ksq., Fres't S. Bank,
Cul. (ieo. Sv. llf y, A'y at Law,
: i'.w s4m.HamkletoBAU'y at Law,
', ju.iweTln. Terry,
l'n-f. H. Tutwr.er,
VTafchitiptop, D. C.
St. Lonia, Mo.
Nov 8, lS60-tf.
JAMKS S. BEDFORD I
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Master Ccmitiissioner In Chancery.
BROWITYTLXE, K. T.
PEASE & FOWLER,
rR0V N N 1 LLE. K Eli 11 AbkA.
Hier.-entlv boated in tMs place and solicit a share
.. .1 T,rii -r-urk and Drice cannot fail
toprve wrb-facticn. TriceB for i-hoeing bore--$I .!
f ,r Ki.un n rnnti.i ith new slioes. Dec- 3t 3m
A. C O X ST A B LE
ISl'OKTFn AKD IUMLLH I
IRON. STEEL. NAILS,
CASTINGS, SPRINGS, AXLES, FILES
BL A C K SMITH'S TOOLS
Also: IMs, SpoScs, and Bent Stuff.
Third Street. between Felix and Kdniond,
SAINT JOSEPH, MO.
Which he sells at 5t. Louis pnceMor caen.
Uighest Trice Paid for Scrap Iron,
, mitfEIlY STilMI
neeci 3 tore
ROGERS & BROTHER,
ANKOrXCKS to the public that he hag pnrchasexl the
Llvrry Stable anl Stock formerly owned by William
Howell ar.d Jdpl thereto fine stock, aud Is now prepar
ed to accommodate tbe public witu
THE TRAVELLING PUBLIC
Ca find at his Stable ample accommodations for
borsCP, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN k. JOSHUA ROGERS.
rownvllIe, Oct. 13, 1S60. nl5-yly
PIKES PEAK GOLD !
I will receive Tike's Teak Gold, and advance
Ja w upon the same, and pay over balance of proceeds
fc..'o as Mint returns are had. In all canes, I wi'
n!.iu the printed returns et the United StatcslMin",
JNO. L. CARSON,
EILIIOX AND EXCHANGE BROKER
New Eating Saloon.
' BENJ. WlT-TE,
na opened a new Sating IIoum KJ
next door to the U. S. Land OfIio iu
CAN BE II AD
AT A L L HOURS.
All kinds of game seryed op as desired, at tho
Oysters, Quails, Prairie Chickens,
Fish, Venison, Pies, Cakes, Hot
Coflee. Sweet and Butter
Milk, Mush and Milk,
and all such.
Como fviad Soo IVTo I !
bb. 7, 1&61. nil
.1ai?j, Brtuxcn Lcvte and First Streris.
Particular altcnlloii piven lo llic
Furfliasc ami Sale ofllcal
K-slalo, 3Iakin?r Col
Payment oT Taxes Ibr Xon-Rcsi-dents.
LAND )iV ATiRANTS FOR SALE, for cash and on
U LAND WARRANTS LOCATED forEafternCap
ik.lits,on lands selected from personal examination,
and a complete Township .Map, snowing oirams,
Timber, &c, forwarded with the Certificate of loca
tion. Brownvillc.N.T. Jan.3,lS61. Jl
w hf se qr ne qr sw qr
j . i- ne qr-se qr 2S 5
:"'ro-nt JJ. ,r-. ;r - - S2 G
"j i ,':cr, a! J - nl.ih.vqrseqrnwqrl7 6
C'orr.irh, Andre v J cLf dvt qt ear swqr 6 5
UJlY, JOCl k
sLf se qr ne qr se qr 29 6
w hf sw qr se qr se qr 18 5
e hf seqrswqr swqr 21 6
nhf neqrnhf nwqr 29 5
n hf se qr 6 6
Hemphill, Austin ne qr 18 6
Herrington, C W nhf se qr svv qr ne qr 27 6
Johnson, Robert nv qr 27 6
8 hf se qr v hf ne qr 24 5
sw qr svv qr se qr se qr
neqrneqrnvvqrnvvqr29 6 12 160
Elrod, Benj H
Heath, J D
Meril, R N
S T R A D. C
McMaher, Francisne qr
ina?e, oanr.uei a nw qr
Ros . , John
Wright, M J
Walker, Wm P
ne qr 6)z
nw qr 10
w hf se qr e hf sw qr 7
nw qr 19
se qr 25
sw qr 21
Vanatta, James P e hf ne qr w hf ne qr 17 4 12
Hill, Beni C se qr 8 4 12
Metcalf, Julian se qr sw qr 28 5
Hawk & Dillon w hf sw qr 13 5
Demick, HE & Cone qr 10 6
Hall & Baker nw qr 11 6
Hays, J B s hf ne qr s hf nw qr 29
Havvley, Chas F e hf neqr ehf se qr 20
Uilespie, Vm U se qr 22
Kinney, J F and w hf sw qr e hf sw qr 12
Huggins, An J nwqr swqr 12
do ehfseqr 11
do swqr sw qr 12
do whf se qr 11
do nw qr ne qr 14
do e hf ne qr 14
do swqr neqr 14
10 560 22 56
2 6 10
22 6 10
shf neqrnhf se qr 1 6 11
e hf sw qr s hf nw qr 23 4 10
w hf sw qr 4
e hf se qr 5 6 12
shf swqr 34 5 11
se qr 4 5 10
Seymour, John W e hf nw qr w hf ne qr 10 5 10 160
Hollin; Tatrick neqrseqr 19
'do nwqr swqr swqr nwqr20 6 12 120
Pavn, Moses N w hf ne qr 28 6 9 80
Ihytr Harvey -L -e hi se qr "14 5 11
Prince, Munsin B se qr 4 4 9
White, Adam se qr 34 5 11
Dailey, James S nwqr 19 6 11
s hf ne qr neqrne qr 13 5 10
nhf nwqr 14
s hf swqr . 14 5 10 160 6 40
TOWN LOTS LY TECUMSEH.
LOTS AND BLOCKS.
Nuckolls, S F
Rector, John II
Campbell, John C Lot 4 b 20 1 1 b 18 1 3 b 73 1 9 b 57
Nuckolls, Heath Lot 5 b 73 1 1 b 22 1 5 b 14 1 4 b 1 9
17b 151 10b 11 IS b 23 14 b 42
1 3 b 22 1 7 b 30
Lot 4 b 31 1 2 b 54 1 1 b 47 1 8 b 7
b 22 1 2 b 27 1 10 b 15 1 2 b 53 1 6
b 25 1 1 b 53 1 5 b 70 1 1 b 4 1 10
b 22 1 10 b 28 1 2 b 46 1 3 b 74 1 8
b 32 1 9 b 2 1 1 b 24 1 1 b 67
18b49 16b2 12b73 12bI21I
b 63 1 1 b 46 1 9 b 34 1 5 b 21 12
Pearman, John W Lot 4 b 30 1 2 b 35 1 5 b 12 1 4 b 35
1 2 b 66
Lot 8 b 69 1 9 b 241 5 b33 1 3 b 35
Lot 2 b 57 1 3 b 14
Lot 3 b 53 14 b39 1 8b 101 6 b30
Boulvvare, John, Sr 68 lots
Trustee All lot? blocks and Land not deed-
for share hold'rs &c ed in the town of Tecumseh,
(adv. fee 10 cts. each lot,) besides
Miles S. Reeves Lot 4b 35 16b 35 18b36 18bI5
Wilson, J W
Pardee, Wm E
. T. M.TALliOTT,
' vir 'ocated himself in UrownTille, J. T., tCU
J "f-ir..).'rbfot;onal serricos to the community.
Clocks AVatclics Jewelry.
' J. SCHUT
PL . 'onldanuocncetotheci'reni of Brnwnviil
fV and vicinity ttiat be has located himself in
iil$rO'W nville, andintends keeping a full assort,
t-'ttn ot everything in his lineof fcusitess. wUwh will
IfsoMie-forcatih. Tie wHl also do all kinds of to
jvrinsof clocks, watcbesandjewelry. All work war
The Undersigned having opened a shop
BR0WNVILLE STEAM MILL,
Are rreparel to put up all VinSsof
b k ii I L
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
u WILLIAM F. IIITER.
T 17, 1S0.
3 or all kiicds.
FAIRBANKS & GREENLEAF.
,m LlKi: ST.. CHICAGO, '
We will tr.m-j'.tciure
eorner of Mam & Walnut Sts. St. Louis.
1)"BUY OS L V Tlir. GENUINE.
CHAIRS &c. &c.
We are also prrpared to f nmish Cofflna with tbe tit
most dispatch. We have on hand well seasoned Black
alnnt lumber for that purp!e. re have the facili
ties of making furniture a. cheap as it can fee forrslie4
in thin country, when durability is taken into Uie ac
count, as we warrant all of our work.
"We tolicit the patronage of the community.
We will tako In exchange for furniture all kinds of
farm produce. The liighOFt rrice for nutter, eggs,
and lard will be paid the entire hot season.
CHAMBERS & NOTES.
Brownville, May 30, ly.
Trimming Fruit Trees.
An ornamental tree should seldom be
touched by saw or pruning knife. Road
side trees, and those in pastures and pub
lic parks must be trimmed up ten or fif
teen feet from the ground, but la-wn trees
should generally spread their limbs upon
all sides in native luxuriance.
And this for beauty. We believe al-
so.that for simple utility, fruit trees should
have very little hruniug of their lower
limbs. Doubtless, one cause of the dis
eases to which such trees are subject, lies
in the exposure of their trunks to the hot
sun. The leaves need all the light they
can get. But not so the limbs and trunk.
Keep them cool and shaded, and the sap
will flow up and down from root and
branch uninjured. The injury from the
5,'un's rays is probably as great in Winter
and early Spring, as in the Summer.
After a severe frosty night in March, let
the bright sun shine upon the bark ef a
near or cherry tree, and it will be quite
. I . T - .1
sore ;o oursi n. in tne norinern region,
where Ave now write, we can count thou
sands of trees apples, cherries, pears,
horse-chestnuts, lindens, and others
with large cracks or rotten places on the
south siu'e of the trunk, caused undoubt
edly in tht4 way above indicated. INow,
WllO Will Sd ' k 1 . H h 11 LUls & KfL UUWltJ
had been suffered to grow on these trees,
they would not have prevented these in-
iuries s ADere is a tnt.t iu u,
so, in the treatment wtr tcwumiuuu, n
is kept moiste, cool, op.n, and in a fa
vorable condition for the growth of roots.
Grass and weeds make but little trouble.
Mulching is seldom needed.
Low headed trees are seldow apt to
blow over. The blossoms and fruit are
less liable to be blown off by high winds.
If insects invrlde the branches, they can
be more easily reached and extirminated
Grafting tan be done with great facility.
Fruit can be gathered with much ease,
and that which falls to the ground gets
little injury. The bark of such trees is
less likely to be infested with vermin,
because it is bright and smooth, and of
course there is little or no heed of scrap-in-
onrl wncrunor tbft trunk and limbs.
"'5 " -
We Presume, also, that snch trees
be longer lived and tr.oro.prcdu
thore trimmed ud. The cnlr
we hive heard is. f1 suc.i a fruit
rntJcn or orchaitl nothing else cas be
gTov.n between the trees. vell, there
ought not to be. A well managed fruit
garden is the most productive part of a
man's farm, and he ought to be satisfied
with it. Jlgricidturist.
orchard planted 8 feet apart; the second
or third year from setting, yielding fair
and beautiful specimens, many kinds every
way finer than can be produced on stan
dards? Or cherries of the Duke and
Morello sorts, branched near the ground,
and by judicious pruning kept low, and
thus easily protected from the depreda
tions of birds?
Dwarf trees are usually furnished with
an abundance of fibrous roots, and hence
transplant easily. In after culture they
require better treatment than is general
ly given to orchard trees.
Soil should be rich and well worked,
with annual dressings of manure; this with
pruning, shortening in, and thinning out
the fruit, constitutes the principle care.
The dwarf pear especially needs this
good culture, or it will become so ex
hausted by overbearing and lack of nutri
ment as to fail after a little time. Some
sons of pears do not seem to do well thus
propagated, while others utterly refuse to
grow upon the quince. The list of good
kinds which succeed is however quite
We found it very important in Wis. at
the approach of winter, to cover the
ground over the roots with two or three
inches of old manure, or litter, first rais
ing a mound of a foot high about the base
of the tree to keep off the mice, this to
be removed in early spring, the manure
forked under and a light mulching of
coarse litter applied for the summer. We
recommend similar treatment for Ohio.
The introduction of this class of trees af
fords the owner of a village or city lot an
opportunity to grow upon his own grounds
a number of sorts of fruit. The amateur
and nursery man is thus too enabled in a
very short time to test new fruits as in
troduced, At the Columbus nursery the specimen
trees are mostly dwarf, (a thousand or
Those Unaccustomed to trees grown in
this manner, would be interested in ex
amining these, and find a leisure hour
pass very agreeably. - A. G. H.
Columbus, Ohifl -
LADLE ROCK,' NEBRASKA.
Reference, Dr. D. Uwin, Brownville.
April II, '01. ii 10 1
From the Ohio Cultivator.
Dwarf Fruit Trees.
Dryarf trees are now much sought for
and IargC.W planted, yet judging from the
inquiries concerning them, many are still
unacquainted with their peculiarities.
They are not as soiTie suppose, new vari
eties of dwarf habit, producing lilliputian
fruit; but are the same sorts in common
culture, propagated on peculiar stocks
which control the graft, checking growth
and inducing early fruiting.
Dwarf trees are especially adapted to
the village lot; the garden, the door yard
and limited grounds. By observing a lit
tle care in pruning and training, they are
made objects of great beaaty. What
more interesting than a miniature apple
orchard, the trees 6 or 8 feet apart each
way, 4 to 6 feet high, of handsome form,
and bending beneath the weight of beau
tiful fruit, larger and fairer than can usu
ally be grown on standards? Or a pear farming than his tenant, was very iudij
It w a rreUY well C
aUiihed fact that
apple trees and we should add pear trees
nruned from the middle of July to the
middle of August sustain the operation
with much more advantage than if prun
ed at any other period of the year. If
pruned at that time, the wound will heal
over, and make, what surgeons would say
of a properly amputated arm or leg, a
handsome stump. If the branches be
lopped in winter or spring, the stump gen
erally leaves a perpetual scar; and if af
ter the sap has commenced flowing, a bare
bone, as it were, projecting from the liv
ing parts of the tree, and remaing there
until it rots away, when frequently the
decay continues cn, as a sort of gangrene
into the very heart of the tree, much to
its injury. Who has not observed this in
We have more than once witnessed the
benefits of pruning in midsummer, and
have always been impressed with the ad
vantages over the system generally pur
sued. On one or two occasions, some
years ago, we adverted to the fact, and
how again call attention to it, especially
as the season for trying it is at hand.
Six or eight years ago, a first-class
farmer upon a leased place, trimmed the
apple trees in midsummer, at which the
landlord who had greater pretension to
nant, and threatened a suit for damages;
but in one year after, when we saw the
stumps, a more perfect success was never
accomplished. Germantown Telegraph.
From tho American Farmer.
Onion Ormaloo. Onions are a cheap
wholesome vegetable; So are potatoes ;
only rather plebeian, and sometimes de
spised by rich people. Onions, too, are
not always a favorite with everybody,
though I think they would be with most
people if made into ormaloo, as they are
in that style palateable, delicate, and
leave no disagreeable odor on the breath
Boil a dozen honest-sized onions until
most thoroughly cooked through. Boil at
the same time ihe same number of pota
toes until perfectly done. Put both on
ions and potatoes, smoking hot, into a
deep dish or bowl, pour in a pint of sweet
milk, a trifle more if necessary, break in
three eggs, season with salt and and pep
per, and mash up as expeditiously as pos
sible with a pestle until there is not a
vestige of a-lump left, and a complete
amalgamation is achieved. The mass
may be artistically put up in hlane mange
or jelly moulds, or served in vegetable
dishes, and is perhaps the most palatable
dish that can be made out of any two
vegetables in use.
Cucumber Toast. Select your cucum
bers, fresh, crisp, medium size, just such
as you would prefer if served up in the
usual manner. Pare and slice up length
wise in cuts a quarter of an inch thick.
Rinse in cold water, dip each slice singly
in flour, and hurry them into the dripping
pan, using for material to fry them in,
the gravy in which either beefsteak, veal
cutlets or mutton chops were cooked ; or
butter may be used; but be sure to fry
briskiy until the slices are a light brown
on both sides. Have 5rour bread toasted,
buttered or dipped, as you prefer, and
close at hand, Slip the slices of oucura
ber hot from the pan between slices cf
toast, and serve at once.
Any one following these directions im
plicitly will find cucumber toast really
good to eat.
Mrs. C D. Kendall.
tive of excellent fruit. The juice of the
berries makes a most superb wine much
prized for i:s medicinal virtues in the
management of summer complaints, and
as an article in fini cookery where it
takes the place of the more costly foreign
Cultivation or the Blackberry.
There ate several varieties of the
blackberry. By mos: the imported kinds
are preferred, principally, we opine be
cause they are obtained at somewhat
greater trouble and expense. ' The "Dor
chester" and "New Rochelle" are excel
lent and desirable products and have been
proved to be of easy cultivation, and very
productive. Many, however, who have
attempted the business, have failed and
brought disgrace upon these fruits, by
his own carelessness of neglect of the
most obvious laws and requirements of
vegetable life. We have ever found that
in cultivating the Blackberry, a shady is
preferable to a sunny spot. The West or
Northwest side of a fence or building
presents a favorable position for the canes
and old, well decomposed leaves and rot
en wood from the forest, the best stimu
lus that can be applied. It should be
well dug in, about the roots, and if a
small quantity of wood ashes and gypsum
be added it will be of no disadvantage to
the bushes. The common blackberry
found in our pasture grounds, and in all
new clearings where the fire has run, if
carefully transplanted, will be found sus
ceptible of easy cultivation, and produc-
Take Care of the Bulbs.
It is quite important that such bulbs as
the hyacinth and tulip should be lifted in
mid-summer of every year, or at least
every other year, and kept dry until the
Autumn, when they are to be re-planted.
They keep firmvr and healthier from year
to year and truer to their colors, than
when left continually in the ground. It
is desirable to take them up, also, in order
to remove the offsets which form around
the parent plants. Lift them, dry them,
and put away in paper bags, which should
be plainly named.
Some persons, however, whose bulbs
are set inconspicious beds, feel impatient
to get rid of the leaves of the plants im
mediately after the flowering time is past,
and so they very soon cut them oil", or
barbarously pull them off. A great mis
take this. The healthy maturity of the
bulbs depends on the vigorous growth of
the leaves, and we shoald strive to en
courage, not check it. A few years of
such cruel treatment will spoil the finest
bulb. Give the plants all possible light,
and keep tho ground well stirred, until
their maturity is completed. hen the
leaves turn yellow, the bulbs may be lifted
and stored away. If necessity seem to
require moving them, about the time the
tips of the leaves fade, take up each plant
with a ball of earth attached, set it out
again carefully in a reserved bed until
the foliage is ripenod off completely.
Effect of Shade on Soil.
Dr. Baldwin, of Virginia, remarks the
Boston CultiratorthsiS long contended that
the soil by shading undergoes putrefac
tion, and from this cause becomes fetile.
Admitting the result as thus claimed, it
does not fellow that the argument cr
theory in regard to it is correct. We
have given our own views on the subject
heretofore, and have been pleased to find
them supported by those of R. C. Ken
dall, in a late communication to the Amer
ican Farmer. Mr. K. believes that dark
ness favors the deposit of nitrate of potash
in the soil, which is one of the causes of
the fertility produced by shade; but he
holds that a more important influence ii
exerted by the earth-worm, of whose
habits we lately spoke at considerable
length. Mr. K. says:
"But this chemical combination and
deposit is the avant couries of a more
powerful fertilizing agent that work? ex
clusively under the cover of total dark
ness. This is the common earth-worm.
These industrious manipulators of the
soil shun sunshine and the broad glare of
day ; but give them a dark corner, a shad
ed nook, the cover of a flat stone, a plank,
or heap of rubbish, and their labor is in
cessant, indefatigable, and most efficient
as a fertilizing agent. Cover over a bit
of sterile earth with a plank, so as to ex
clude the light and insure moisture, and
within a month there is a manifestation
of the presence of nitre where the closest
chemical test could have detected none
before. Within another month co.nes the
army of subterranean sappers and miners,
boring the whole surface soil to the depth
of a foot, into millions of holes, passing
every particle of it through their Ion
flexible organism, and leaving in their ex
cretion a compost beyond the power o
human skill to equal. Under the admin
istration of these wonderful workers in
the darkness, in the space of two years,
the hard-packed, sterile ground has been
as thoroughly cut up as ever was an un
painted, wooden-bottomed ship by the
tcrredo after three months of inactivity in
the waters cf Tampa Bay. By the agen
cy and industry of these wriggling atoma
tic Jethro Tulls, the whole organic struc
ture of the darkened surface has been
changed both in quality and complexion.
From a pale, barren and baked h ard-pan,
it has become a light, porous, dark-colored
soil, rich in all the elements of vege
How to Grow Pure Turnip Seed
Good seed is half the battle, in al
most all branches cf cultivation, but es
pecially in turnip growing. To have
perfect stock, great care must be observ
ed in the growing, gathering, and pres
ervation of the seed. The following is
the method of securing perfectly pure
seeb practised by Mr. Makins, of Ber
Select one good turnip, having a well
shaped, clean, and sraoothed-skinned bulb
and transplant it in the garden in No
vember. Transplant along side of two
or three others of good shape to select
from, in case the first chosen should prove
mongrel. The genuine plant ha3 a flow
er of a uniform light color, each flower
producing a pod of seed; while the spu
rious plants have dark or unequalled col
ored blossoms. Select the turnip with
the f urest blossoms, and destroy the oth
ers, protecting the reserved one with net
ting. Wden ripe, cut off the entire seed
stem; hang it in the granary until quite
dry; then clip off the pods, and keep ia
paper bags until the time for sowing ar
rives. If a Swedish turnip be selected,
mix its seeds with those of the common
sort before sowing, inorder to make them
sow further ; and if a common turnip,
sow Swedes. Sow in driib in the usual
way, and then tut the plants that have
been employed as nurses, and leave the
true ones single. Mr. M. use3 about a
pound of globe seed to-furnish nurses for
SweeJs, and vice versal The mixture
will sow about one acre, and tho crop
obtained will be about five, or six tons of
bulbs, which are selected and transplant-
ed in November, with plenty of dung be
low them. When the stems are about a .
foot hiyh in the Spring, apply a little gu
ano around the bulbs. When ripe, cut.
the stems, and put into a sack until sow
ing time arrives. If it be necessary to.
thrnsh the crop when cut, keep the seed
in bags, and mix it with a little stone
stone sulphur, broken in small pieces, to
protect the seed from insects. When it
is ready to sow, wash the seed in water,
skim oif the hollow shells and dry seeds,,
and dry on cloth.
The foregoing may seem a somewhat
tedious process, but it is the correct one,
and with the farmer who grows seed, for
sale or for his own purposes, it will pay
well. The indiscriminate purchasing
of turnip seed from persons who do not
know aught of its character, or perhaps
of the character of the party who grew
it, argues, to say the least, a great want
of care. It is not surprising that far
mers are disappointed, and that instead
of Swede3,they find themselves growing
a crop of Purple-top, or, aa has been the
case, drumhead cabbage. Farmer and
From Farmer an-1 Gardner.
3Iy Method of Growing Onions-
As some of my neighbors admire the
size and quality of the onions I grow, I
am induced to communicate my method,
for the benefit of your readers.
In the Fall I throw up the ground in
tended for my onion bed into ridges. I
do this for the purpose of securing the
ameliorating influences cf the frost upon
the soil, for if there is any one thing
which an onion loves, iu its early stages
of growth,, more than another, it i3 finely
pulverized soil. As soon as the weather
will permit in the spring, (no matter how
early,) I level the ridges, and smooth the
ground fit fur sowing the seed. This, for
several seasons past, I have succeeded in
doing during the latter part of Februa
ry. As early in March as the season
will admit, I sow my seed in drills, half
an inch deep, and sixteen inches apart,
covering the seeds well with the back of
a rake and press it down with my foot. In
about from two or three weeks, they be
gin to appear. As soon as I observed
them, I sprinkle the bed with wood ashes
so that the ground is fairly covered. This
kills cr drives away the worm, and has tho
effect of stimulating the growth of the
plants. Once a week, at least, and
sometimes more freqnently, I hoe all the
ground well between the rows, and as
soon as the plants begin to form bulbs, I
give them three or four good waterings
with strong soapsuds, at intervals of as
as many days. It is not my practice to
check growth, by breaking down the tops,
they being permitted to stand as long as "
they have strength to do so; and just so
soon as the lops fall of themselves, I pull
the onions. By this plan I get fine larrre
onions in a single season. A feat that
many do not kaow how to accomplish.
Tomato Catsup Cement for Fruit
In reply to a query by a corrcsDondent
of the '-Rural New Yorker," the follow
ing replies were furnished for makinsf
Tomato Catsup :
By Mrs. Holt: Take four quarts of to
matoes; oiui or vinegar; lour red pep
pers ; three tablespoons of salt ; two of
black pepper; two of allspice; one of
cloves ; three nutmegs. I boil my toma
toes as long as I can and not burn, and
then strain through a flour sieve ; add one
pintcf vinegar and boil down again, then
add the other pint of vinegar with all the
other articles, and boil down as thick as
I can. If it iz boiled sufficiently (os it is
the boiling that makes it keep well) it
will keep three years if made right.
Another, by Mary Land : Heat the to
matoes, then squeeze them through a
sieve. To six quarts of the pulp and
juice add three quarts of the best vine
gar, set it over a slow fire to boil, and
when it begins to thicken add half an
ounce each of cloves, allspice, and pep
per, one-fourth ounce of cinnamon, and
two nutmegs, all finely powdered ; boil it
to the consistency of thin mush, then add
four tablespoonsfull cf salt. When cold,
bottle and seal it. This should be boiled
ia a porcelain kettle, or removed from
brass to tin before the salt is added.
Another, by Anna Bodine : Take good
ripe tomatoes, steam them till done, then
squeeze them through a cullender, all but
the skin3; boil the juice till quite thick,
then add a quart of good vinegar to four
quarts of juice, put in pepper and salt and
spice3 to suit your taste.
To make cement take one nound
rosin to an ounce of tallow, and melt to
Weather Troof Xails.
Nail3 prepared in the flowing man.
nerare recommended for fastening roof
beards, weather-boards, and other places,
where it is difficult to make a nail hold :
Take ten-penny malleable nail3, and place
the head in a vice ; with a pair of pin
cers, seize the nail near the point, twist
it half way round, make the twist seme
what elongated. In driving, the nail be
comes a screw, and neither sun nor h:;T;
tner can draw it.
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