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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1861)
'flic War for the Union.
. TrcM Uk- St. UnA IVmwrat .
Vfe Great Kittle at feVsn'tfJil !
The Latest Intelligence!
(1! ASLANT HEARING OF OUR
c: i: ltvox shot i tisk heart
latest Vcirs From the Army in .Missouri
"Account of Sigel's Attack
WHEREABOUTS OF GEN. SIGEL!
SmixcriEtn, Atig. 11,1801.
lMgut L-ciorc last a lime army ci iiuy
tlo hii uil red men moved in two columns
"on a march of twelve or fifteen miles to
p.ttack a body. cf rebels twenty-two thou
sand strong. In a military point cf view,
the move xzs one of rather doubtful pro
priety,, not to say rashness. The larger
. force were, with the exception of three
thousand men, well armed and equipped,
nnd they had a large body of cavalry.
"IWtlhe. question of evacuating Spring
field, Uie key cf the entire Southwest,
had already been discussed and settled in
the negative. It was decided that the
loyal, citizens of Greene, and the sur
rounding counties should not have cause
to say that we had left them without .1
struggle, abandoned to themselves," their
families, their all most dear, to a heart
; less foe, 'until . the enemy had felt our
steel and. tried the mettle cf our troops.
That mettle proved itself worthy of the
the great cause in which it is enlisted.
The Union troops who fought and won
the battle of yesterday, need no brighter
mark, no higher name, than the laureta
earned, justly entitle them to. They like
men fought long and will.
Gen. Sigel, with six pieces cf cannon,
his own regiment and that of Col. Solo
mon's moved in a Southerly direction,
marching about fifteen miles, passing
around the extreme Southeastern camp
of, the enemy, and halted until daylight,
or the sound of artilery from the North
ward to announce the opening of the
Gen. Lyon with the volunteers com
posing the Missouri First, Lieut. Colonel
Andrews; Iowa First, Lieut. Col. Mer
rit; Kansas First, Col. Deitzler; and the
Second; Col. Mitchell ; part of the Mis
fcouri Second, under Major Oaterhius ;
and a detachment cf twenty-fiue men
from Col. Wy man's Illinois Regiment;
three or four companies of mounted Home
Guards ;' a force of regulars eight hun
dred strong, an! two batteries cf four
and six pieces respectively, left Spring- j
field at 8 o'cleck, P. M., marching along
slowly until 2, A. M., when we halted
for two hours, at which time Capt. Gil
bert's Company cf regulars, and Major
Osterhaus' battallion were thrown out as
skirmishers on either side of the column,
and we moved forward.
Shortly after five o'clock, a party of
rebels, acting as a picket, were seen scat
tering over the hills to give the alarm,
but a portion of our column had already
penetrated far enough to cut off their
route, unless they took a very circuitous
one.'in which case, we should have reach
ed camp ahead of them. We soon came
"in sight of the Valley in which they had
encamped. A thousand tents stretched
"off into the distance, and partially screen
ed from vieT by a hill jutting into an
angle of Wilson's creek, were before us,
presenting as animated a scene as a little
tie city, ine enemy s camp extenaeu
from the head of the valley, overlooked
"on the north, east, and west sides by hills
and ridges two or three hundred feet in
height, southward about a mile, thence
eastward a mile and a half, and then
' southward a half a mile, following the
windings of the creek, along whose banks
the gently sloping hills on either side
alforded. the most excellent camping
The battle-field, where the most se
vere fightieg was done, was along the
ridges and hills on either side, mostly
-on the west of the stream for the first
mile mentioned above, where the creek
runs in a Southwardly direction,
As we crossed the hill on the North,
moving in a Southwest direction, Capt.
Wright, with the mounted Home Guards
was sent to the east side so as to cut off
a party of rebels seen in that direction.
Adiutant Hascock, with a glass, rode to
the brow of the hill, where, looking down
. he could see every movement of the en
emy beneath him. His appearance in
full view, caused a great hubbub in the
.rebel camp, which had already been a-
roused by our appearance, and camps and
baggage were hastily loaded and moved
toward the south. We had completely
- surprised them. The evidence of that
Jfact was everywhere visible, but they very
quickly got into line of battle their
clouds of cavalry were visible, and their
twenty-one pieces of cannon were not
' long silent, after ours had opened the
On the sides of the first ridge on the
western side of the valley, Uoi. Uiair s
regiment at ten minutes past six o'clock,
encountered a heavy force of infantry,
.' not. less than a lull regiment, and after a
severe contest, they gained the summit,
and the defeated rebels dispersedrapid-
'ly, going in a direction which rendered
it impossible for any considerablenum
ber of them to again participate in the
- battle. Totton's battery then threw a
Jew. balls as feelers, to draw out the cn
. Col. Blair's regiment moved forward,
una Were soon met by a well equipped
regiment of Louisiana troops, whom, af
ter a bluer contest of forty-five minutes,
. thdrr ,rnnAti in routine, though suffer-
.ing severely themselves. Captain La
- thorp's company of rifle recruits now as
- -sited them awl together they, with Maj.
. Osterhaus7 men. moved lip tne second
.hill, which was considerably larger than
" the first, and meeting a third regiment,
finally succeded in driving them back
with the astiitance of Totton's battery,
and gaining the summit. In thb part of
the fight the gallant Missouri volunteers
pctpA VimvpIv. inr'.ppd. no words of DTaise
could more than do them justice.
During this engagement two compa-
nies of .regular were sent to the east
'fcide cf the creek to engage a force which
was operating cgainst Copt, Wright's
ravary1 sheltering themselves bthmd a
' tence. Capt. Tlummer aud Capt. Gil
bert with their companies marched close
up to the fence and delivere d an effective
fire, but were compelled by great odds
to retire, which they did, but again re
newed the attack. The enemy being
largely reinforced, and having now t
least three thousand men, jumped over
into the corn field, and Captain Plum
mer's gallant baud was imminently threat
ened with annihilation. They retreated
rapidly, firing as they did to, when Lieut
Dubois, having gotten his battery under
headway on the hill near the Missouri
volunteers, ?eeing the position of affairs
on the opposite side of the valley, he
threw in tLe most precise manner sever
al shells, which exploded just as they
reached the dense mass of secessionists,
scattering them lifeless on the ground in
scores, while all wlo could, were glad to
run for dear life.
The gallant men in Col. Blair's regi
ment were now ordered back, and their
position taken by the Iowa First. Gen.
Lyon had previously had a poor opinion
of the fighting qualities of these men,
formed more from supposition than upon
any real failure in duty, but now the time
had come for him to reverse his judg
ment, which he did after their first re
pulse cf the enemy. They fought like
tigers, drove the enemy back, and fol
lowed up the advantage gained for a con
siderable distance. Capt. Mason, Com
pany C, was killed soon .after his regi
ment was engaged. Lieutenant 1'urcell
was mortally wounded. Ma;or Porter
and Col. Merritt gallantly cheering on
their boys, escaped unhurt. The Kansas
First and Second regiments were now
ordered forward to support the right
flank of the Iowa s.
Col. Green's regiment cf Tennessee
cavalry, bearing a seccessiou flag, now
charged upon our wounded, who were
partially guarded by two companies cf
infantry. Seeing the movement, Capt.
Totton poured a few rour.ds of cannlster
into their ranks just in time to save our
fick men from being trampled to death,
dispersing the rebels so completely that
nothing more was seen of them during
Gen. Lyon now desired the Iowa boys
whom he had found so brave, to prepare
to meet the next onset cf the enemy by
the bayonet, immediately after firing.
They said, "Give us a leader and we'll
follow to death." On came the enemy,
in overwhelming numbers, confident of
victory over such a meager force. No
time coukMe lost to select a leader. "I
will lead you," exclaimed Lycn. Come
on, brave men;" and placing himself in
the van, received a bullet just at the pit
of the stomach, which killed him instan
iy. The Iowas delivered their fire and
the enemy retired, so there was no need
of charging bayonets. (Jen. Lyon's ho
ly was carefully picked up and conveyed
lifeless toward the ambulances by two of
his body guard.
On the Tuesday night previous he had
arranged for a night attack upon the en
my, but singularly found himself delay
ed two hours behind the proper time for
starting, by rumors of a skirmish on the
prairie west of town, and the attack was
postponed. On ednesday he said to
. . wmr 11 1 1 It
me: "ten, 1 teneve our soiuering is
about completed. I have tried earnestly
to discharge my whole duty to the Gov
ernment, and appealed to them for rein
forcements and supplies ; but, alas, they
do not come, and the enemy is getting
the advantage of us." He then called
a council of war, at which there was a
nearly unanimous voice for evacuating
Springfield. Gen. Sweeny plead elo
quently against such a course, declared
it would be the ruin of the Union cause
in that quarter cs the State, and urged a
battle as soon as the enemy were within
striking distance. He also pointed ou
the loss cf reputation both to the Genera
and his officers which would follow such
This counsel decided the course to be
pursued, and Tuesday, when the brigade
quartermaster inquired when we were to
leave Springfield, Gen. Lyon replied :
"Not before we are whipped." After
being wounded, he exclaimed to Major
Schofield, "The day is lost," but the Ma
jor said, "No, General, let us try once
more." They tried and the General fell.
It was now a little after nine o'clock, and
the battle had raged with a fierceness
seldom equalled, for over three hours.
The smoke hung like a storm cloud over
the valley, a fit emblem of mourning for
the departed hero.
lie sleeps Lie last sleep, ho has fought his last battle
Xo?ouni shall awake him to gl ry ngain."
The battle raged for two hours more,
the command devolving on Maj. Sturgis,
The enemy made repeated efforts to re
take the bights from which they had been
repulsed, but were gallantly driven back
The last repulse of the enemy was the
most glorious of all, and was participat
ed in by members of every regiment in
the field. The enemy came fresh re
serve regiments and deceived our men
by carrying the American Flag, causing
them to believe that Seigel was making
a junction with our forces. Discovering
the ruse just in time, our gallant boys
rushed upon the enemy, who with four
cannon belching forth loud mouthed thun
der, were on the poiat of having their
efforts crowned with success, and again
drove them with great loss, down the
slope on the south side af the hill.
'When Gen. Sigcl, who commanded the
eastern division, heard the roar of Tot
ten's artillery, he at once attacked the
enemy in his quarter, driving him half
a mile, and taking possession "of his
camp, extending westward to the Fay
ettcville road. Here a terrible fire was
poured into his ranks by a regiment that
he had permitted to advance within a
few paces of him, supposing it to the
Iowa First. His men scattered consid
e rally, and Col. Solomon's could not be
rallied. Consequently Sigel lost five of
his cuns, the other being brought away
by Capt. Flagg, who compelled his pris
oners, some sixty in number, to draw the
artillery off the field.
Oar trcops look some four hundred
horses, and about seventy prisoners, and
compelled the enemy to burn nearly all
of his baggage to keep it from falling
into our haJids.
The enemy had twenty-one pieces of
cannon, and at the Jast twenty-six, incla
ding the four taken froai Siegel. They
were none of them workee with precis
precision, every shot for nearly an hour,
going uhiz, twenty feet over our heads.
Our army reached Springfield jn safe
ty, and are now preparing to move to
ward Rolla, but with little hope cf ever
reaching there. With a b;igg-ige train
five miles long to protect, it will bo sin
gular indeed, , if the tin my dca net
prove enterprising erjfi'uh ui tut ot'f n
portion of it. tin y having muIi a heavy
force of cavahy. With two mor.1 regi
ments, we s-houM lave driven the enemy
entirely from the valley, and with -n pro
per cavalry force, could have fallout .1 up
such a victory with d-cisiv results.
Our loss is about L00 killed, and COO
or 700 wounded,- while the 1 s of the
enemy rnut have teen more than double
our own. Dr. Schenck, who wa- In the
rebel camp at a, late hour last night, to
attend to our wounded, reports our nr n
comparatively few, with those cf the en
emy, whose dead were lying thick under
Spixcfield, Aug. 12.
Wagons containing families cf Union
men are constantly coming in. The great
est consternation prevailed at Springfield
previous to the departure of the army.
No conveyance could bo had for love or
money, and many of the Union men were
forced to leave their families. It is sup
posed that abcuthalf the former, popula
tion have deserted. the place. -' .
Mr. Ingraham and his party left Gen.
Sigel Tuesday afternoon, at 2 o'clock,
near Lebanon. He understood, after he
left Sigel's army, that the latter would
take the Union road, a route that would
bring him into Rolla by the Jefferson
Captain Indcst, of Company A, Rifles,
which acted as skirmishers under Sigel,
arrived in town last evening, en route for
St. Louis. The Captain was wounded in
the upper part of his leg by an appar
ently small sized bullet, which has not
yet been extracted. He is on the way to
town for surgical aid, and is burning to
return and be in the next fight. He suf
fers much annoyance from the wound.
The Captain relates that Sigel's force
reached the rear of the secession camp
about daybreak, in time to hear Lyon's
first cannon, and they plunged forward,
taking the enemy completely by surprise.
They mowed down the rebels, driving
them from their camp, atid, what is al
most incredible, had not suffered the loss
of a man, after a sharp fight, lasting half
an hour. Subsequently, Sigel's cannon
mowed down two columns of the enemy,
piling them in heaps. The carnage was
dreadful. Onward the Third and Fifth
Regiment, with two or three pieces, con
tinued to advance, driving the enemy on
Lyon. Unfortunately they were sujec
ted to a murderous cross fire on the road
to Springfield, near a prairie, the enemy
played about fifteen pieces with telling
effect on us. A perfect hail of grape
and shell was poured in upon us.
The manner in which Lieut. Colonel
Bragg was captured I have from a per
son who had it from the mouth of Lieut.
Beverly of company D, Thirteenth Illi
nois volunteers, who was one of Lyon's
body guard. Bragg rode up to twenty
of the body guard, and mistaking them
for Louisianians from their grey clothes,
exclaimed, "What the d 1 are you do
ing here ? what regiment do you belong
to?" He was answered, "Illinois vol
unteers." Discovering his mistake, he
was in the act of wheeling his horse,
when Mr. Bragg was bagged by the Il
linois boys, as a penalty for his blunder.
A National Fast.
By the President of the United States.
Whereas, a joint Committee of both
Houses cf Congress has waited on the
President of the United States, and re
quested him to recommend a day of Pub
lic humiliation, prayer and fasting, to be
observed by the people of the United
States with religious solemnities, and the
offering of fervent supplications to Al
mighty God for the safety and welfare of
the United States, His blessings on their
arras, and a speedy restoration of peace.
And whereas, it is fit and becoming to
all people at all times to acknowledge
and revere the Supreme Government of
God, to bow in humble submission to his
chastisements, to confess and d.plore
their sins and transgressions in the full
conviction that the fear cf the Lord is
the beginning of wisdom, and to pray
with all fervor and cantrition for the par
don cf their past offences, and for a bles
sing upon their present and prospective
And whereas. When our beloved coun
try, once by the blessing of God, united,
prosperous and happy, is now afflicted
with faction and civil war, it is peculiar
ly fit for us' to recognize the hand of
God in this visitation, and in sorrowful
remembrance of our own faults and
crimes as a nation and as individuals, to
humble ourselves before Him, and to pray
for His mercy to pray that we may be
spared further punishment, though justly
deserved; that our arms may be blessed
and made effectual for the re-establishment
of law, order and peace throughout
our country, and that the inestimable
boon of civil and religious liberty, yarn
ed under his guidance and blessing by
the labor and sufferings of our fathers,
may be restored in all its original ex
cellence. Therefore, I, Abraham Lin
coln, President of the United' States, do
LAST THURSDAY or SEPTEMBER
next, as a day of humiliation, prayer
and fasting for all the people of the na
tion, and I do earnestly recommend to
all the people, and especially to all the,
ministers and teachers of religion of all
denominations, and to all heads of fami
lies to observe and keep that day ac
cording to their several creeds and modes
of worship in all humility, and with all
religious solemnity, and to the end that
the united prayer of the nation may' as
cend to the Throne of Grace, and "brine
down plentiful blessings upon our own
In testimony whereof I have hereunto
set my hand, and caused the great seal
of the United States to be affixed, this
12th day of August, A. D. 1S61, and of
the Independence of the United States
of America, the eighty-sixth.
Wm. II. StwAED, Sec'y State.
From reliable information since the
fight between the Pawnees, Cheyenes,
Arrapahces and other tribes southwest of
us, we learn that the Pawnee loss was
about 100 hilled and "quite a large num
' Itiwi i-'l.:KNAS,l-DITOR.
IIintriDAY MOTtXfNW, AL'G. 22, 1S51.
OUR ; FL-A-O.
Cp, tip with that hanrcr ! where'er it may call,
Our millions shall ral j around ; "
A. nation of freemen that moment shall fall
When its stars shall bo trailed on the ground.
Then rp rith our flag! tt it stream on the air!
Though our fathers arf cold in their graves,
They had hands that cculd strike, they had souls
. thatcoujj dare,
And their sons wero net horn to ha slaves !
The Secretary cf -War having accept
ed two companies of Cavalry to be raised
in this Territory, d be attached to the
First Regiment of Nebraska Volunteers
I hereby appcrtioa one company to the
Counties south, and cne to the Counties
north cf the -Platte river. It is desired
that each County may furnish its propor
tion of men, and have as near as practi
cable, its proper representation in the
officers of the two companies. The com
panies must rendezvous at Omaha, ready
to be mustered into the service of the
Tnited States on or before the 10th day
of September next. The officers must
be competent for the positions assigned
them, or their commissions will be revolt
ed by the Secretary of War. As soon as
the companies are mustered into the ser
vice, they will be furnished with horses
by the United States mustering officer.
Alfred Matthias is hereby authorized
to superintend the recruiting of the com
pany apportioned to the South riatte,and
Wm. F. Sweezy the company allotted to
the North Platte counties, each with the
appointment of 2d Lieutenant.
Done at Omaha this 12th day of Au
gust, A. D. 1S81.
ALGEPtNON S. PADDOCK.
Secretary and Acting Governor of the
Territory of Nebraska.
Notice has been received by the Gov
ernor from the War Department, that
two companies of cavalry will be accept
ed from this Territory, to be attached to
the Nebraska Regiment now in service;
to be mustered in on or before the 10th
of September. Acting-Governor Paddock
by proclamation, of the 12th instant, has
apportioned one of said companies to the
counties South of the Platte, and author
ized the undersigned to superintend the
recruiting of the same. It is desired
that each county should have its proper
representation in the company. Persons
wishing to enter this service should re
port immediately. Horses will be fur
nished by Government after the compa
nies are mustered in. The pay is S1G,
per manth, besides S3,50 per month for
For further information apply to
- ALFRED MATTAIAS,
Nebraska City, Aug. 20, 1561.
Col. Matthias desires we should assist
him in the formation of his company.
Any in this region, therefore, who wish
to join will be accommodated by calling
Movements In Holt County, 3Io.
We learn from the White Cloud (Kan
sas) Chief, of the 15th, that on that day
A. R. Conklin, Editor of the Forest City
Courier, the Union paper in Holt county,
was shot by a concealed assassin while
passing through the bottom near that
place. His recovery is considered doubt
ful. The Chief says:
"This is but another fulfillment of the
threat made by the Holt County JVeics,
that Union men would be assassinated
from every secret hiding place. Only
several days ago, a Union man named
Thorp was shot dead near Sharp's Grove,
in Holt county."
We have learned since that the Holt
county JVtws has been suppressed and
that the assassins who shot Conklin have
both been killed. Also that the rebel
forces cf Atchison, Holt, Nodaway and
Andrew had congregated in Rush Bot
tom to the number of several hundred
for the' purpose of driving out two com
panies of Government troops sent up by
Maj. Peabody from St. Joseph, and clean
ing out Union men generally. They
came across, surrounded and captured the
most of a Union company in Rush Bot
tom under comrrand cf Capt. Davis cn
Monday night. The Captain and about
twenty of his men escaped aud were at
Rock Port, Mo., and this place on Tues
day ,to procure assistance in the way cf
men and arms. The excitement ran high
in this region cn both sides of the river
Tuesday afternoon and night. Both Union
men and rebels of Atchison county were
busy collecting their forces preparatory
for an engagement which it was expected
would take place yesterday.
After our paper was in press one of
our citizens who went with the Atchison
County force has returned, and informs
us that on reaching Rush Bottom, the
rebels had dispersed, or were no where
to be found, and consequently no engage
ment took place.
Gillespie, Corp. McPhersonand Musician
Belden, of same company, were also de
tailed and are in charge of Government
stores in St. Louis.
Since the above was in type, we learn
from a private letter thai thirty men of
sorapany "C" acting as picket guards had
a brush with the enemy, killing six and
taking four of them prisoners, without
being harmed themselves.
We publish in to-day's paper an excel
lent article from the Scientific American
"Remarks on the Direct Tax Bill." We
had intended to write upon that subject
aain this week: but meeting with this
article, and coming as it does from no
political source, we give it place instead.
"We learn that the amount to be raised
by Nebraska will not probably be over
$19,000 and none cf that will be to raise
We are glad to know that Gov. Pad
dock has revoked the commission of Dr.
McClelland, cf Omaha, as Assistant Sur
geon cf the Nebraska Regiment. We
felt, at the time we heard of his appoint
ment, that it was an outrage, and were
astonished at it. The cause of his re
moval .was principally "Big Head" and
cowardice, refusing to go with a portion
of the regiment into a probable en
gagement at Independence, because he
wa3 not furnished with a horse by the
troubles. This rejection, However, does
not mend the matter. We must now
meet the issue forced upon us, and there
seems to be but one honorable course left
open, viz. : to uphold the government by
all proper means, and to cheerfully con
tribute to its support. Our fathers in the
revolution suffered and bled and died to
lay the foundation of a free government.
Its last hope would expire upon the ruins
of the Republic Scientific American.
We feel gratified at the increased cir
culation of the Advertiser of late in the
counties of Nemaha, Richardson, Pawnee,
Johnson, Clay and Gage, Nebraska, and
Atchison county, Mo. To our friend
who have generously and gratuitously
aided in the good work we return thank
and promise our patrons to spare no pains
to furnish all the latest and most reliable
intelligence both at home and abroad.
Many complain of the hard times and
scarcity of money ; they would like the
paper, but money is too scarce and diffi
cult to get hold of. That's true ; but then
most of you have plenty of produce th
crops this season are good. There i
nothing farmers raise but what is just as
good as cash. We take on subscription
Job work and advertising, at the highes
market price, WTieat, Flour, Corn, Pota
toes, Bacon, Chickens, Batter, Eggs
Lumber, Shingles, Brick, .Wood, Coal
Saw logs, Hay, Young Hogs, Yearling
calves, Sheep, &c, &c. Bring along you
"trade and traffic."
The latest intelligence we have of the
Nebraska Reg't it was at Pilot Knob, Mo.,
with a fair prospect of an active engage
ment with the forces of the rebel Hardee.
Lieut. Berger, of company "C" was
detailed in St. Louis and given charge of
the, steamer Alx. Scott, on which are all
the regimental supplies. He has about
100 men under him. Qr.- Master Sarg't
Remarks on the Direct Tax Bill.
We publish upon another page a sum
mary of the Direct Tax' Bill which ha
been recently passed by Congress. Thi
subject is one so novel and so peculiar
that it strikes the American people with
surprise, and already we hear whisper
ings of discontent at some cf its provis
ions. The obiect cf this direct tax is to
raise 820,000,000, an amount sufilcieri
to pay the yearly interest on the public
debt. Our people hate to be taxed, bu
none more so than cur Southern brethren
in arms against us. Hitherto we have
been able to maintain a powerful govern
ment at comparatively a small expense
raised by indirect taxation: none felt the
burden cf the government, while all en
joyed its inestimable blessings. For once
in its who-3 history, by a strange combi
nation cf events, a citizen taken from the
common walks of life, w as constitutionally
elected President who was regarded wit:
much disfavor by a portion of the States,
and this was seized upon as a pretext cn
their part to declare themselves indepen
dent, and a rush, was made to arms to
vindicate this position. The government
was assailed long before the present in
cumbent entered upon the duties of his
office, and large amounts of property
was wrested from its possession by vio
lence, such as no other government cn
earth would have submitted to without a
unon its bsse and was threatened with
Only two alternatives presented them
selves. Either to allow the government
to be overthrown by armed vielence, or
for the people to rise in its defence. The
loyal citizens determined on the latter
course. They saw it was their only hop?,
and they were swift to obey the call of the
country, not simply as partisans of the
President in power, but as loyal support
ers of a kind and forbearing government.
All governments have their severe
trials, and ours ought at least to show
vitality enough to withstand one election
cf Chief Magistrate for four years with
out suffering an overthrow, even thoudi
he may be distasteful to a certain section
cf the country. If defeated parties are
to learn from this solemn lesson in cur
country's history, that their discomfiture
at the polls can be removed at once by a
resort to arms bullets instead cf ballots
then there remains to this people noth
ing but anarchy and confusion, the re-enactment
of those violent struggles such as
have marked the history of Mexico da
ring the past few years.
We confess that all our ideas of good
government founded upon social order,
and security for person and property, re
volt instinctively against such theories.
Of course no one could have conceived the
ridiculous idea of a government under
taking to sustain itself from overthrow
against a formidable rebellion, without a
most serious drain upon the taxable re
sources of the people. The cost of our
vast military and naval operations neces
sary to achieve the great ends which the
government ha3 in view are enormous,
andit rests with the people no to say
whether these ends shall be urged for
wardor whether we shall let the govern
ment go to a quiet and ignominious grave
Immense Cost of Territores Claim
ed by Secession.
On the Fourth of July last, the Hon.
Edward Everett delivered an address in
the Academy of Music, in New York,
upon the questions of the day. The ad
dress is replete with information, and
should be read throughout the land. We
furnish the following extract, showing
the immense cost to the General Gov
ernment of the Territories claimed by
"Then look at the case for a moment,
In reference to the cost of the acqui
sitions of Territory, made on this side
of the Continent, within the present cen
tury vast regions acquired from France,
Spain, and Mexico, within sixty years
Louisiana cost 815,000,000 when our pop
ulation was 5,000,000 representing, of
course, a burden of 690,000,000 at the
pre3ent day. Florida cost 85,000,000,
in 1S20, when our population was less
than 10,000,000, equal to 815,000,000,
at the present day, besides the expense
of Gen. Jackson's war in 1S12, and the
Florida war of 1540, in which some 8S0,-
000 were thrown away, for the purpose
of driving a handful of starving Semi-
noles from the everglades. Texes cost
8200,000,000, expended in the Mexican
war, in addition to the lives of thousands
of brave men ; besids 810,000,000 paid
to her in 1S50, for ceding a tract of
land which was not hers, to New Mex
ico. A great part of the military es
tablishment of the United States has been
incurred in defending the Southwestern
frontier. The troops meanly surprised
and betrayed in Texas, were sent there
to protect her defenseless border settle
ments from the tomahawk and scalping-
knife. If to all this expenditure we add
that of the Forts, the navy-yards, the court
houses, tho custom-houses, and the other
public buildings, in these regions, 8500,-
000,000 of the public funds, of which
at least five-sixths have been levied by
indirect trxation, from the North, and the
Northwest, have been expended in aud
fcr the Gulf States within this century.
Would England, would France would any
Government on the face of the earth, sur
render without a death-struggle, such a
Men roll up their eyes at five hundred
millions of dollars, and four hundred
thousand men; particularly the dollars.
They figure up the amount Kentucky will
have to pay, and show that it will impose
a grevious burden upon her. Well, there
is no doubt but that the present genera
tion are laying up a load of debt for pos
terity to pay. Labor and toil will be tax
ed to atione for the crimes of the present
hour. Avoid it if you can. If the Fed
eral Government raises five hundred mil
lions, the Confederate States must raise
a like sum to meet it. They have noway
to meet such preparations, but by similar
ones. If twenty millions cf people can
not pay the sum, how will eight or nine
If this Secession movement had not
begun, we should have had a most pros
perous year; none of this load of debt ;
none of this wholesale slaughter of men;
none of this sorrow and dissolution ; none
of this tax for the present and future
generations to pay. And not a single
political, civil or social right would be
lost. Lincoln would sit in the White
House employed in peddling out little
offices; not able to assure an appointee to
any important cne that he could hold it ;
for the Senate, opposed to Lincoln and
his party, might net confirm the nomma
tion. The whole country would have
Deen rejoicing m prosperity and hapri
ness. At wiiose aoor, men, lies tne iruiltf
It is no justification to tell us about the
wrongs commuted Dy tne iMortn. iney
required no bloody remedy. Public opin
ion and necessity would have corrected
them. Laws have been on the statute
book cf the Federal Government adverse
to slavery ; but when this revolution be
gan, no such statute existed. The record
was clear of any such statute. Louis
ville, Ky. Democrat.
Yesterday morning, T. A. hn
Esq., cf Minnesota, formerly of
placed m the hands of General Fr1
fnr tha no -P fl . . c0r.t
ui vjuYcmment. fcr'-.
ly spontaneous on Mr. Harris
without suggestion from any on a-!Ts
fleets great credit upon his pairic-!'
The people's Saving In5tituiica''of ,v
city, throngh Isador Bush, Esq., ?
so tendered a loan of twelve ,J"
.hich has been accepted, "r
n having been overlooked in '
recent arrangements witKthovi
the city, came forward with thee
not wishing to be behind m iu v"';er,
to the government. It is gra::.Uk;ca
read these acts of patriotism i
Democrat. . J
From the St. Jlouis Dani'jcrft. .
A Proposition Irani a Wcc.
Are there not Union ladie3 er.cch:
this place to equip, without feeling ?
company cf cavalry, to be called ,
"Knights of St. Loui3 ?" Let usiU
down two of our heaviest sets cf silve
to begin with, and if that don't do, lot
another go,, till we get enough. I re.j
as a woman if we restore our glories
Union, as we must do, we can afford ne
and fashionable ones; and if .wa do not.
and are doomed to clank the conqueror,
chains, let our spoons and forks bo cf
One who wa3 born on the
DIED At Omaha on th fifh Insf n.."
son 01 Actius Governor A. S, aiidE. S. Padio.'iE,'k!
11 months. -"'HN
'He's gone ! forergr gone ! Tbe Kinj of tn-rtrs
Lays his wide hand upon his lore'y Limu,
And blasts his beauties with his icy treaty
"Early, brcht, tranclent, chaste as Ibe mominj jw'
He spjirkl'd, was exhaled, and went to Heaven." '
J7"2fames of Candidates announced natU ht
election for $2.50. . 4 1
Mb. Epitor : Hease announce the nam cf Jxa
"W. Coleman 11a candidate for the office of $K
of Nemaha County. t'.MOT "
We are authorized to announce the mtt of D C
Saudi R9 as a Candidate for theoClceof Ctfin'iTrnjl
urer of Neniaha Cuunty.
We are authorized to announce the natie of .
Gucib as a Candidate f,r theofilceoi County Sang,
or of Nemaha County-
Prcsr-hir t the first Proerytcnaa Ctarh n;r.
Pr.tb.ath at IJJ o'clock, A. M., a&i a; S, r., bj
liey.ll. II. Dobcinj.
Camp Jlectln?. .
A Union Camp-meeting for Brownvi"? s(J Pn
Circuits of the M. E. Church will to boll in Mr. i.
J Kichar-.I?on'sgrovo tho gToun.l occupied laiijc
commencing on Thursday, the 29th d.ty of A:$.
SarjapArilla. This tropical rovt hwartyV.itlB
wide as the world, for during one cla.-'s of d fr'!(rv.Lj
tfflict manii id a reputation too which ltIeTMJ
the best antidote we puse for scrsfnlous bor.fliits.
But to be brought into tse, it virlue mast be em-re-trated
and combined with other medicines that incrwi
its power. Some reliable compound of tL is chirr
is niach needed in the community. Read tie titr(-
of Dr. Ayer's SarbaparilU in our columns and !
know it needs no enconimu from un to Rive our ciiuta
conddence in what he offers. Organ, Syatutt, .V. J.
Friends in Battle
A younrr man in the New York Sev-
enty-lirst Regiment, states, that in mak
ing a charge on one of the Confederate
batteries, he met at the point cf the bay
onet, a member of one of the Virginia
itegiments, with whom he had formed
ntimate relations of friendship, while the
atter was at college in New York. Each
instantly recognized the other, and, in
stead of carrying out the work of death,
they clasped hands, with a "God bless
you !" and separated. After a retreat
began, the Virginian, who was in pur
suit of the fleeing thousands; r.gain en
countered his boyhood friend, and again
hey met as brothers. nh the nobili
ty of a brave man, the Virginian direc
ted his friend by a r6ido path leading to
Centreville, and in which there was no
probability that he would fall into the
hands of Lis pursuers.
Fairbajtk's Scales. It is a 8igniucaEtact,wl.idi
the public will appreciate, that whenever Lew ki.
arc put upon the markot, as Ur?e numbers ha ee
from time to time, during the last tlittj yean, it
seems to be the first and chief aim of tbe soafceri to
show that they are the same as Fairbanks,' or
them, or have taken premiums over them, tlrs rv4
nizing the latter as the standard f r txil!enc, vi
showing the stronghold they have upon the pnb!ice
flilence. It Is a well-known fact that hV.e n"t ol
these scales have, after more or less trial,
mainly out of use, Fairbanks' have gene stead?j fit
ward, increasing in public favor year after year, i'
are now much more generally ued than H others.
only in this country, but wherever American tmn .w
has been carried. This conld not be so if thpy were 't
all that is claimed for them in reject to their (Mo
bility, as well as convenience and accuracy iCii'
Movr ox. Such is the course pursued ly Cart.
valuable medicines. They never cease doing 1-1
press forward, relieving the sick and crlpp:ed from?"
and disease. The wonderful enres that re perf'ra
by Curtis' Syrup cf Sassafras are really marvelo
Coughs, colds, hoarseness, measles, even Conswnrt"'
begins to tremble when it comes In contact wi!h i'J
soon the deathly grasp is loosened. Curtis' Msmel-1
Liniment is familiar to every family in the couatrrl
the many benefits they have received from lti n?. 8
is well for every family to be provided ; Ucy cannot te.
what boor they may require its use. Tnese mohc3
stand hizh, end are used by many renpectal !e pf)T"!r;J"-J
cf extensive practice. See advertisement ia a--'-column.
Agents for the Advertiser.
The following gentlemen are aithorixoJ ajftJ
for both the Advcrtttsr and Farmer:
A. D. Joxes, Omaha, T.
S. II. Wattles, Bellerne,
I). II. Wheeler. Plattjmnuth.
'. S. IlAnrisa A Co., Nebraska City, T.
J. VV. Utisa, Feru.
L. Johnson", Nemaha City,
J.N. M'Caslano, Pawnee Cify,
C. W.Gidiiings, Tabla Iirk,
II. W. Parkeb, Austin 4 li-trkc,
C. H. Uosites, Tocumseh,
A. F. Mcnoer, Elkhorn,
J. Reck, Columbus,
O. II. Ikisii, Decatur,
J. Iaffe, Oma-ii,
G. li. Dixbt, Sonnora,
P. A. TauMJSOS, Rock Tort,
A. M. Uar-nes, North Mtar,
A. Ttlks, Centre Grove,
These are ihe two plain prepositions
now before the people, and it 13 for them
to determine which horn cf the dilemma
they prefer. Sorae say it is the politi
cians who have done it all. True, indeed,
and if about a hundred rabid ones cn
both sides had been hung during the last
twenty years we should have had ivj such
From Pilot Knob.
The mail agent "upon the Iron Moun
tain Railroad, reached this city, at 5, P
M., yesterday, and reports that the reb
els under the command of Gen. Hardee
commenced, on yesterday, a retreat to
the southward. Hecker's regiment, and
another Illinois regiment tha Twenty
fourth started in pursuit for the purpose
of intercepting him. The troops were
most anxious to get after him. and depar
ted in high spirits.
The rebels had about 1,500 men at
Fredericktown; and 6,000 at Greenyille,
as reported by the scouts who came in
with the news of Ilordee's retreat.
Everything was quiet at the Knob.
Cap . Gantt brought up cn the train five
Obey Tour Country's Call
The Governor of NtJ.rnka, by order t ta
Department. !!. for 2 cmnrani-'?? of Csvalry " 14
Tim Guvenirn.rit wlTt flirnih b"r--""
Tbiwie dviii'.w' further iiifjr.ti in can ubta;n it
li. W. FL'BAA?,
pnsoneis, among tnem tn
ironud Madison counties. Judge Per
ryman, of Cadet, a notorious rebel, was
arrested on Tuesday and taken tj pilot
Knob. St. Louis Democrat.
NEW A D VERT I S E 31 EN T S.
I take tMi metood to return thanks to tie eltlzeai
BrowoVn fa ! aTu A, t,r .Uoir former 1 be. al pur
ae, and to iiif nj. tieia tt 1 hv my
Drugs and Medicine iu tho
CI TV DX1UG STOIIE.
I am now so situated and prepare! to de'voH'
entire attention la raj professional business a
and as such, will be ready at all time! visit, ' ;
the beat ni care and ikill a.t the aick and woujj"
their affliction, on tbe mi liberal terms. . 4
My oEce at preent is at J. J. Thurman'i crni '
at thaiu of the Mortax acd H Horns. n
Brownville, Acgr.Ht, n, ISSt.
Notice iore-lptors. ,
N km aba Land Ornrs. y
Browr.v-:x N.T. Aa-.st S2iJ. .h
To Jacob Witner. N"thin Biddiecoma. -Hi ran :i
Garret Coieni.vi ar.U Daniel Sr.adiey, j"U -? 3
ai pear at th9 Ia-l otllce at I.'r.iwnvi.ia - j9
thirty dVvs fron tLe Jate of thi n-.tioe aa ,3
adMtnial'in r-Uti-n to y.xir I're-LmrtKn e.-- r
aoccr-l-mce w'h in'tru-.-ti-nj from the L,- '
of tho GonemI Land (W? t HnJ-
C. b. SMITH, liecjiv-.r.
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