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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1861)
TT,('TTTTTt(!! -"TCCl 1 C T r V,' in 1 f ' n - r.! the f. 't for lec'c'y tho triz 1 'o be cr.de. .ow Un !tivd t..at C m-
reve'ej.t fof!r.vo.;tmt ieil,.et W-I j. m ,.t fL, etitmija it- IT it .il-nt a to
- rtVncci'J-irni rf t'tf P't' j iry of ih. rV-Vr.! Urion. a: 1 ih'M force it ti wlt or who i to cxcreUs tie i-.t: :-nl a ti.4
TTa'Jr" IWn ret.- or; an t t r t '. rv
its AMfiVr 7e"! It tb ( :
.n:"!: V9 !'v''ir;;rt. That t!.:a wast:
rf, th K:'."Tt:i' e
v t '. ir.-Vr-
r-t --ir-ey t- e n. ;re l a Ceswnatrsttr; popular
All tfc-t Ur.f c;. aie itrcre f r tfceVni-! at!
- r.;:i-t c .er'l r., imMI" c crrH " ' araia-t
tt, I'!,- n. It m-y I ir:.l).r.l wurtvCt extrystN'
. . I .. . i . I l a
rr,Vi.i:vIt J4p.HlT Bli-i'i'Tl U l. ."Tji H:'-r-- :.- ) tr c -f. jr Ur l. f irj f Bur'"..,..
ft-, j I finned i' . i. fii .:.. 1 :i liiii1 . . m : i.i J. - i. rj nr. ...c -o -
........... j. -.M i ,,. ... i .. vom can ue i co:
Your i ii 1 w i i. "' i" n i . . -! . . ,
:... M ik-K.wa in iLew rll. aii-J ll.cre i ?- if;.y
i te fr-i i ;.; !'..t-, co!l ui I e H.tH a Pre;J-:'t,
iC-tiistt, jC-i ;ic-. n. f rl.-: C.rt, ;ua.J;a
irt.ai:v'i" l j a nailer llii? i; trt.:i.oi:l it'-c:?. S -T
to I ur l !, I tf re il. inli-P urniy cf 'ir
i;ie'! I'H n .:ver'.-i-. In II " c r.'-i. B;t Ht
li. fo a'j belter lae rj a ito ujietumc .i.
ihc:n ly ibeir faibers. Deafening a?-
Mr. Carlisle characlcnzcd the action
cf Eastern Virginia as gross tyranny,
and declared t!it Western "V irgm:a xvas
' . t 1 -. i. " keen!1.. .V!.rV":i "it aio kcj.t tli9 w.r ex:--. rrj:n-ni u nw t...nj. an
. ... , . - - , I nit 1 1:4 'ja'iiM ht? CircMmUi.ee. 1!) it -r,- .. Tae f.-! ur:r. tf Ln ' -l '
lrts?nfl6 I)t -.rJrt.n t sthin t).- S'a'n
T?. fort. rv.-i.a !'.c!:. hr!y.". Ci'o-n-II
01 1 am, fcr.d tU iitiudii lL movhL:
tn l t-i!n:.fvrv j f..j. rty in a' I ! u! ih m. f a I
!-r:n ev"zrd, iirLvtre LelJ, in c jcn Loiiility
o lie Covcir.tiit-Tit, tirt-jlns ':' 1'-'r'5
rickers, Ta;Icr t.'1 .ItiTer.r, os. m l i :r
fbe Mori !a cot.t, &ta I'm S imr.-r, In Cii.-.r't-R-
' tn Luilcr. S. C. TIj furt th'i t-;.'.-.i IiaJ
i" i 1 i. fi)t.i..f r 1
ht or in rT
of nrm it! cut nrrt'rr m r.
jct irry to rt-tnrr; tl.e'r fire, f.j' c o:.!y t'u f e
in l!,c fort B'tit tot.,.: Ji.-rUr )tzn l.tf.re fr
t?.e;r own i-to'.irtior', ''J w'.ill re ly to give
t!:-it j r-t-"-ti.jr i:i v.f atevrr MIafl. In
tlii pr, iu-rtr-!::. a'l c!?, they have ft-rovl
uffjn th- cot:'. try the Jr--friic: v l.-ue, irsirne-
dute il.sv-.n'.: tier i.';; a!,;i ta'.s fsi-
lad 1-oen I'.i.'t. at d arm"-! fvtc. hil Im-h
crjanized r:d vc-r f.TiAzW:, a'. I vwd1y
withmbohl';icr,,fS tl-e tVrt rera-vtiii -
iu the o.ion of the IVdera! Gort-riimcnt
in krA i.tnr (Ijo.-vc fcrnrs were i-ifhcr hv-ic;-rd
' w MMiiiI wtt"l!" Tejnrat:'.rs, er.J rs
- lcia!!v I'otl' 1 rr.'.tr wa r.carlj fuirounded
' )j will j rct-ctd h"Ali!e bittcri ., will) gur
e-jual ir quality to the bst r. owi , and
fHitr;t:mlx.r;r tLc Ltter as erhnr ten n
a tUcjcojK'.rlit'nale Larc cf tie IYd.nl rnus
Jc ti ir:d rifles had fcomehow found their way
into these Sttc an 1 had l:en "seized to 1-e
hfieA titil the Government; accumtihiticnH
f the pjllia rcveDue lyii wi.hiu tbetn had
lien ized for the rcine olject; t lie navy wn,
jcatftrcd in distant sea Icavit g Lut a very
m'I! jart within the itr.riiediate te f tl(;
Government; tho iT.oers cf tl. 1'edcral army
end tiavy bad rca'hed in peat liuiijherri, aii.l
r1 la e'refeir.in a lar-e j roj-ortiuti had taken
tip arnw against the Government fcimu'tanr;.
' cvtlj, and in connection with all thore the
t,tirr)0!e to ever the Federal Unirn was openly
avowed. In arcordar.ee with this rur.i! an
ordinance Itad been adoj.tcd in each 01 lhfe
. State- declaring the btfcs resiK-clivtly to
aeparated from the National Union, and form
ulae for cornl-inin and inhtituiin a combined
. Ooverrment cf the.e .States had Icen rnmul-
ted, ard this illepd pranization 111 the char
acter of Confederate .States wi.b a I read v invoK
' inr recognition and intervention fmm foreign
towcra. Fin din; this condition fftl.ii;, nnd
.i'itvii it toLe the imtxralivc duty nton tho
incotnii'i; Executive to jirevent, if jKi.-s.ble, the
corjKiinialion of such attc tn j-t to deMroy tLc
Federal Uidon, a choice of means to that end
.became indipper.a.-'.hle. This choice was made
and declared in tho waujuru address. 1 i.e
jolicy chosen looked to the exhaustion of all
jwiccfui mensurea before a retort to 3113' tifron
per one; it $ougbt only to hold the jiullic
Iaceffand property not already wiested from
the Government, and to collect tho revenue,
relying for the rest on time, discu.ssion and the
..haMot-bo. It promised a continuanco of the
'maHs at GoveiDment expense to the very peo
ple who were resisting the Govcrutner t, m.d
it gato repeated pledges againbt aiiy distur
bance to any of the people or any of their
rigbta of all that which a I'leident might
conktitntlonally and juttifiahly do in cueh a
' cae; Everything was foiUirne without which
it wuH believe I c?hib!e to keep the Govern
ment on foot On tho 5th of March, the
iTCbt-Lt incurnbeut's frtt full day in (face, a
etter of Major Anderson, commanding t Fort
Rumter, written on the 1:8th cf Februan, and
received at ihe War Department on the 4'.h of
March, was by that Department placed in my
L&Tidn., . Vhib letter expressed the professional
rpinion of the writer, that reinforcements
could Lot be thrown into that fort within the
time for hU relief rendered necessary by the
.limited aupply of provisions and with a view
ef holding possession cf the same, with a force
of less than 20.0UO good and well disciplined
men. This opinion wa concurred in by all
,thi cCiceH of his command and tbeir memor
anda on the subject were made inclosures of
Mnj. A-tideron's letter. The whole w-as im-
jnediately laid befcro Lieut. General Scott,
whq at once concurred with Mnj. Anderson in
opinion. On reflection, however, he took full
time and consultation v. iih other officers, bjtli
in the army and navy, and at the end of four
lay cnfne reluctantly but decidedly to '.he
liarue conclusion as before. lie also Mated at
the same time, that such Fuffieient force was
not at the control of the Government, or could
be raised and brought to the ground w ithin the
time, w hen the provisions of tho fort would be
"rxbausted. In a purely military point cf view,
this reduced tho duly of tho Administration
' in the ca?e to the mero m uter of taking the
parrison safely out of the fort. It was bc-
lieved, however, to abandon that position
under the circumstances would be uttetly ru
inous; that tho necessity under which it was
to be done would not be fully understood;
that by this means it would bo construed a a
part of a voluntary policy; that at home it
would discourage the friends of the Union,
rmbohlon its adversaries, and go far to insure
t.the Utter a recogi ition abroad; that in fact
it would leY.ur national destruction consum
mated. Th'.s could not bo allowed. Starva
tion wm ret vet upon the garrison, and ere it
vould lo reached Fort Pickens might be re
inforced. This la:d would be a clear indica
tion. of lolicy, and would letter enable tin
coenfry to accept the evacuation of Fort Sum-
ter as a military necessity. An order was at
once directed to be f ent for the landing of the
trocf from the. steamship F.rooklyn into Fort
Fickens. This order could t ot go by land,
but must take the longer and slower route ly
sea. The fust return news from the order ws
Wad but ore week before the fall of Fort
Sumter; The news itself was that the officer
commanding the Sabine, to which vessel the
. troc.bd been transferred from the Brook
lyn, actirg upon toine quasi armistice of the
late Administration, and of thexistcrce of the
Jl Administration v.p to the time the order
was dispatched had only too vsg-ie and tin
certftjn rumors ta Cx. attention, had refused to
land the trroj to reinforce Fort Tickem!.
fore a crisi would be reached at Tort Sumter
was irajxKssible rerdered so by the near ex
haustion of provisions in the latter named fort.
In precaution against such a conjunction, the
Gorernment had a few days be fore commenced
peparirg an expedition as well adapted a
m'ght be, to relieve Fort Sumter, which expe-
ditioa w as ictended to bo nhimately used or
rot according to" the circumstances. The
?rons:et antictpalel'case for us;n it was
row presented, and it was resolved to sr.d it
forward as had been intended. In this con
tit pency it was alwj resclved to rotifv the
Governor of South Carolina that he might
.xr"t an attempt vvnld be made to provis
ion the Fort, end that if the at t nipt thould
rot l"? resisted there would Vo 1,0 efT.rt o
throw in men, afr.vs.cr amuaition without
fuiihYr rdjee, or in o-a.'o of au atMck t pm
the Fort.' This rfttice vr.-.s nco-rdirg! v given,
vir-npon the fort wis sttctked and "bora
Warded to its fM, without tven awaiting the
rnfil if the pj-ovidoning exjeditiori. It is
tb'is fen that the assault upon rsnd ihe reduc
tion cf r. rt Sumter was in no ter.se a matter
r.f t-e lf-irrfiicexa the part if th au;h;n!f.
Thry w.l knew that the ruiT:on in the fort
eon Id by m posililiiy cc mT.it rg"rs-i-n v.pt u
'he'm. They knew they were cxjresy
ti-d that the giving of bread to the few brave
"d bur pry rnen T the garri'cn vss all that
would r.? tL.it occasion lw Ktternp'ed, trhss
thep-rMlves bv resisti so much shld pro
r.crt.. They knew that t'ne Government
.t!-.red to kef p the pAmiifon in the fort, not to
them, tut to rrserelv maic'ain ifihV
-'.'i, d tl us io preserve the Union from
Jiul aU immediate disso'ution, trusiin- as
e-.-!i Ufon. sutrd. to lime, discussion and
U t l,;ull ror fa.ul a!jitme:.f and th.-v
br-'r'' mAro thin the fa's of th, Urdtel
Sr.'i'.es. It prf to the whd f.imi!y of
Man the 'pieet'cn, whether a C"nti:ul'''ia1
Hi p'ih! ic or Dtm cr.tcy a Gowernm'-;- of t'oe
j-eop'e by the fame perple can or car. not
maintain its territorial integrity against its own
domestic foes. It prf.-ents the question
whether discontented itidividuah?, t xj f.;w in
nnmUr to cor trol a Imit.i-tration according to
organic law, in i.t y cfsc, and always upon the
pretences made in this eve or ai;y other pre
tet ces, nrbitrarialy, without buy pre'eoe. break
up their Govcinrne'd, and thus practically pu
an end to free government n:n earth. It
forces 111 to nk, is tlieie in r.d republics this
irihrr.M.t and fatal weaknesa? Mtit a giv
en, merit of nece-ir ity be tw srnng for the lib
erties cf our j ro j lc or t"0 weak to maintain
it-i own existetice. So vnjwirg the issue, no
chance was L ft b it to call out the war Kwer
of the Government, and tn to r-.'-i-t frco em
ployed for i': dcstructi(.n, by force f"r its pres
ervV.i'.i). The call was ma le, and the re-Fi-onse
of the courdry was tnt gratifying
turpas.-iig in unanimity and tpirit the m t
sruigii'no i-xjf'ctations; yet none c! the Sta'e.t
comiiionlv Ci4i!'i Slave Slates, except Uela-
v.'ire, gave a regiment through regular btafe
organization. A few regiments have been or
ganized within some other of those States by
individual enterprise, and received into the
Government service Of course the seceded
States, so called, and to which Texas hid
been joined about the time of the inaugura
tion, ;:a.c tio troops to tho causi; of the Union.
Tiie liurder States, so called, were not uniform
in their action, some of them Iniing almost for
the U.don, while in others, ae Virginia, North
Carolina, Tenne see nr. rfc Arkansas, the Union
sentiment was i.errly rej'ressed and silenced.
The course taken in Virginia .s the m st re
maikable, perhaps the tnot imjHirtiUit. A
convention elected by the Siate to consider
this very question of disrupting the Federal
Union was in sea-don at tlie C ij ilal of Virginia
when Fort Sumter fell. To this Idy the
peo;Ia hatl chosen e large majority of jro
fessed Union men. Allnot immediately
after tho fall of S.imter many members of that
maionty went over to the original disunion
minority, and with them adopted the ordinance
for withdrawing the Stale from the Union.
Whether this change was wrought ly their
approval of their assault upon Sumter, or the
great resentment at tho Government's resist
ance to that assault, is not definitely known.
Although they submitted thu ordinance for
the ratification to a vote cf the jfople, to In
taken on a day then somew hr.t more thsn a
month diatant, the Convention nod Legisla'ure
which was also in session at the same lime
and place, with leading men of the State not
members of either body, commenced acting ns
if the State were already out cf ti e Union.
rhey pushed military preparations vigorous-
y forward nil over the State. l hey neized
the United Slates Armory at Harper's Ferry
and the ravy lard at Uosjwrt, near Norfolk;
.hey received, perhaps invited into their State
large hordes of armed troops, with their war
like appointments, from the so-called seceded
States; they formally entered into a treaty of
temporary alliance and co-operstioii with the
so-called Confederate States, and sent lnem
oers to their Congress at Montgomery; and
finally they permitted the insurrectionary gov
ernment to hi transferred to their capitol at
Richmond. The people oi Virginia havo thus
allowed this giant insurrection to mat:e its
nest within its lordcrs, and this Government
has no choice left but to deal w ith Jt where if
finds it; and it has the less regret as the loyal
citizens havo in due form claimed its protee
ion. Those loyal citizens this Government
is bound to recognize and protect, as being
Virginia. In tho I order States so called, but
in fact the Middle States, there are those w ho
favor a policy w hich they call armed neutral
ity, that is. an arming of those Slates to prev
ent the Union forces passing one way, or the
Disunion tho other over their soil. . This
would bo disunion completed, figuratively
speaking, it Would bo building cf m impassi
ble wall along tho hue of separation, and yet
not quite un impossible one, for, under the
guise of neutaaliiy, it would tio tho hands cf
the Union men and freely pass supplies from
among them to the insurrectionists, which it
could not do as an open enemy. At a stroke
it would take all the trouble oT the bands
of Secession, except only w hat proceeds from
external b'ockade. It would do for dism.ion
istsihat which of all things they most desire,
feed them wed, ai d give them disunion with
out a struggle of their own. It recognizes no
fidelity to the Constitution; no obligation to
maintain; Ui ion and w hile very many who
have favored it, are doubtless loyal, it is'ncver-thclcss-,
very injurious in effect. 11 enrringto
tin action of the Government, k niiv be stated
that at firs' a call w as made for 75,0 0 miliiia,
ant, rapidly following this, a ptoclain uion
w as iu.-d lor closing the jxitts of the insurrec
tionary districts, by proceedings in the nature
of a blockade. " S far nil wes believed to bo
s'rict'y legal. At this p 'iur, the isurreciiouis's
announced their urpso to enter iion the
practice of privati erirg. Other calls were
made for volunteers, to servo three vears, un
less sooner discharged, and a's. f.'r a large
addition to the regular armv and navy.
Thee m"Tjurc, wln-ihr strictly lc.d or rrt. ! i '' iwi-r ti.c c.nntnr cut ff mluoJi .rvcr.il t.f
wore vearur.d unen ur.dir what at.rrnlcJ t.i Y n i 1 -ceS-v,. er -niel. I. i' t ir t it f or 4
l'"Mi';ir Ji inanJ ar. 1 1 1 ul.!5." nr.';iv I F 1 ff ti:ii..t love? An l wnJi.mt refrMit.c? T'.p
TriKh-. t I 1', i' ...... .. .1, ... '' I : "'j 1 - c u i ;u" : i . f llf.nvf
. . - u. - li ui..,!.. iii-.vi 'Ul.'l r"'1 1 I.T 1.1 ..J .... , 1. ... 1 r. .
rattly th m it 1 bc'.uvcl il.at 1 il.r-I 1. . . . ... . .......
-. . . , " j iiutp, u in.. 11.1 mi n.w cjmi wi n.ui ri.ntni it
I'i'.-.'Xt ji j r:'tjiA wi-:e tUi a .::-' vi rr
JlxEtivi! fc..ue oa-ern, ii r.'.w b;.;y that
t!o viTfn'y an 1 riiti T the tx.-.u.l t-UJ fe.-e
'c-viyacre ractki: J Irtj-s. t ..-a f-.'Te'n
r, it ii 1 a g'-i.-ral Ttrj;.il"iT iLe cUi.:rj; ii
iiitHilfi-itcJ tLrouljout lti orll.
Tli r.'i rtji t,f tti Sc rt tarr tf the T.-ca-srj. t.f
th'? V.':ir .!. ! the JCary wftl j'ive ifc ,f. .rjr..n -n in
il't'i! ili'dii'-J n'-c-.-ar ' J ci.!iTPi;i'-i;t f t xtir ! !
in-rstfon end acttoa. M!o tie Kxt-t u;ive ar.i
I).;artUiti:N ftai.J r-1 to t ur 1 lv iui.ioi.',
..r i eoiaui :: wto Lt'.r fucts cos.iU-,J,d iaiirtant
fvr yi.u tc I.lv1.
Ii U now rc ' m'3-:n.!i 'I that J"'i g-to th Icjil
ta -n for in-i'in hii i.iiU -:t h hut ar.l J.-ct.-ne
one; thut j"'J j !sc-3 the C"i.lv 1 of tl," jovt rritn-.-nt
fur the Mk, at k-at f ur hot.'Jrt 1 ti..usni.1 :.-n
anJ four bur.Jrid m!!!i r.s tA l..K;irf'. th tt i uB.l tr
of men about cno-tntii tio- f j.rr.p'-r n-f
within tlm r:r n Lero p;jjrett!y ol! .- ru nillo'j
to fcigt, at. 1 tho f.:n is than a twca'y-tL i I
l:irt(.f the tan:-y r.'.lue .ue.l by t'.i i.vn f I
ready to d'otH th whole amount cf s'x hundred
rD:i!: tn5 cf l Yiit. whic h is a les i.w per head
than the debt i.f r nv.tutii.n alien at caino. out
of that -trulc, ami tho iiioti v;l je iu t u count ry
n..w beiirs ereu ft jrn Mter '.' ortw-n f hnt it wa
then thno J.ii'l t!i! ji. id.il ion. r-urr!y on di man
has sis !-frii'j ialivi- now to jr.-.-rrv.; oi. r libel t!.
as oa :h hd th'Mi t. tt.-th!i-h lin m. A rigM r.-s-utt
;it this timo wiil ki- p the Noitli in tu t.. the work
t!;an ten tunc the men nt.d t'n liimn the ir.'.Tiey.
The vi l :i e re:'. ;!dfi n. from tl. : .iiiitry v.s r.
d . uhtlh.it the iiii.tetid fr the wit!; id un hn.t.
and that it ue ds only the hiirel f 1 ':it:oit to
give it lenl siinelii n, tir.d ho l urid of the !"x cutive
to give it ; ta.-ti il sh;i;'? m.d .!Ti ien y. Ono of ttie
're.i.te.t jierp! -xitii!' f t!io r,,ve r iflent i to rvoid
n ctiving troop fns?-r t!mn ithas j.rovided fr th-ta
In a word, ths fi:oii'j will y-tve ih ir .renwii-iit it
the govern tntit ii.c!f will ht it irt n'y i t . I i !r. r
entlywtdl. It ti.iht aeem at f;rn. thought if but
litilo iliifcrenec whtther the y.re-eiit inovetnent at
Ihe South bo eahed sice'.-ion r rehellion. i liw
m er.j. however, well understood the uin renee at
the beginning. They knew tbeyculJ never raic
their treason to nr rcspeetab! lnaniimle hy any
tiiime which implies vinhition of law. They knew
ttieir iiooi'lo .s.jesswl in much f ui -nl sense, ms
inu'-h of duvoti 'ti to law und ordir ai.d as much
pride and reverence for the history hi d trovrrniin nt
of their common country, as nnv other civilised m.d
jKttriotic people. They knew lhey could tii'.ke n
a Jviir.eement directly in the teeth cf these fUxug
ana finLlo fenh:n;nt.
Accordingly they e-'tninr-neeJ by. an insiJh us de
hauehingfif ihe public mind ; they invent d an in
geiiiu' so phi 'in, which if coruied-d, was followed hy
I erfectly logical jteps thn uh nil the ineident-i, U
thoeuinpletc destruction of ttie Union. Th" "nhi-m
its -If is th;it any State i f the I'nioii tmy coiii-tent-ly
with the N;ilieti;l Coilitutioii, and therefore
lawfully and pea eful I v, wi hdrnw lr m thu Union
without c.on.-eiit of t'ie Uni n or f mV other State.
Tlie litt!.; di'iot hat th supposed r'..zht is to I,.,
ex r-i-id i niy l r a. ju-t cnu-it, he -a use they Iheiu
selven :ire to ha thu s..l judgi' f its jn-ta-, is too
t iin to in-rit iinv nolice. With rebellion tl nMigar-
i-oated they h ive been drugging the public mind of
their section for more than thirty years, am. until at
length they have brought many good men to Ai!I
iuuess to take up arm against the government the
day after some assemblage d men have enacted ihe
fareial pretence T taking ti.e.r State ;ut of the
Union, who couli have b"en brought to no Fiich
thing the day before. This Fcphi.-m receive? much,
per laps the whole of its currency, frmn the ns.-uinp-I'n
n tliat there is some omnipotent, r.r.d snerrd su
premacy perfainirig to a State to each Stateof our
federal Uiron. Our States have neither uk re tier
less power than that reserved to th?m iu the Union
by tho Constitution ; no cni ef them ever having
Ikh-ii a Slate out of the Unier, even before they
eistoJ thi ir l!iiii.-h cnh tiiid dc'0meeee. M.d the
new ones ench came into tli Uaion directly fro in n
condition .f dependence, exee.it Texas, and even
Texas in its temp irary independenee, was never ele
signnti d a Stale. Tho new ones only tnolithe de
taguatinn of States on coming into the Union, while
t nit name was first adopted for the old ine in, and
by the colonics were tleehtred to be tree and inde
pendent States. I In t even thon, the object plainly
ws not to de. hire their independence of one another
e rof the Union, but directly the contrary, ns their
mat ii-il j.Itslgcs iind their mutual actie n before, nt
tin' time, and alti rwards. iih.-i lutely shows, nnd the
express plighting of f!th by each and nil f the
origiral thirteen States in the articles of confedera
tion two yec.rs later, that the fnion shall bcertetu
iil. is mo.-t eoiieltisivc. Having never been Stares
ether iu sub.?;ii!e or in nainoout-ide of tho rnion,
whence their m iji'-:il omni:otcnee of State rights.
asserting a claim of power lawfully to destroy tho
Much is said nhout, the snver igny of the States.
Viut the word i not in the national ('onstitutii n,nor
ns is believed, in any of tho State Const iiut ions.
What is sovereignty in the polili.-al ?cnsj i f the
term? Would it bo fur wrong to define it a political
e immunity without n political superior ? Tested by
this, r.o one of our States except Texas ever was a
s. v crcigtity. ami even Texas give tip the character
on coming into t'm rnion, by whi -h act shu acknowl
edg d thu Constitution of the fnitel States, ,(ni
the laws nnd trraiii s of the rni'ed S'a :es made
pur-Miauec f the Ci-nsti utien to be for her the su
preme law of th5 Intnl. The States have their
status in tho t'nion. and they have no other legal
i-tatus. If lhey brc ik from this, thev c ui only d
ru n-r lin-t 1 1 w, by rvohri ui. Toe ii'iiori, no 1 not
t le ni-eWes "pa rated, procured their inilepeuilcnee
and their liberty by foinjuejit or pimhuse. The
union gave each .f thein whitcvi-r ind -p. ndi-nee
nnd liberty it hail. Tha union is old -r than any n
the States, and in fat U ere it.-d th'en at Sc'es
originally. Sotno depen lent colonies milo tho
t'nion, and in turn th? rnioti t'irew off tluir old iH
petiilcnce for them, and ma le them States, such as
they are : not one of them ever had a St ite constitu
tion indejx-ndent i f the t'nion. Of course it is n t
forgotten tht nil tho new Sf ite franr-i their con
stitutions before tl.ey entered the t'nion. Neverthe
less, dependent uponaiid i'r.'pnrat.ory to coni'im rnto
the I'nion, nnouesti- n ihly the S:ne- have the jxw
rs nnd rights rcTvid to thini in r.nd l y tlie na
tional Coii-iitution : but among thetn nrcty nra not
intended nil con-.-ei vah'e poner?, h"Wcvrr ni'-'c'::-.'-vousorda
tructive, that are known in tho world nt
t'-e time ss gf tcrniental piwits. iind ecrt iinty a
power to destroy t be government iti-elf ha.l never
b-en known ns p.rcrtiientaJ. tii'Tc'y admit.istwtive
This Ti litive matter of n iti-.nal jmwer nnd State
ress. 1 rr: that in ,ry ,b, at .r.S;r . ,; - : ru' I- d.iormintd lo uphold the Union. They
y t i irr...:...'. a was ir.viJ-i it tu .'.? ly th r. h..i. n. j r tbfciev( iimUi:t twit a t,v.t r. ret'ia tt, I nalj-:3 capital m everytliir.r pertamm?
to ILe orij'ar.izauon vi me jh'ujc -.
reso'.-Jtioa as finally talltd and the del
egation sworn in.
w Considerable eIicu?sioa arose as to the
right cf various members to their stats
after which the Hou-c rrocei'dtd to l:il-
t-L :e..n:-rr.i u-hh i.-ia: n i-ta ticn ar,.j j j for cic-rk. Mr. K!air ncuinat( d Mr
Forney; Mr. Malory nominated Mr. Lth-e-ridge
of Tennesee; Foulk1 nominated
Di .brick.. Tie result was, Ethridge C'J;
Forney 41 ; Dit-briek 21 ; Florence 2
Mr. Ftheri Je was elected.
31 r. Vallandinghain iavo notice of a
hill to repeal thy taritT act of 1561, ar.d
to revise that of 1S-33.
The Nebrtska contested f lection rase
was discussed, and an ineffectual effort
made to substitute 3Tr. Morton for Mr.
Daily, finally the latter was tniorn in.
h .u.U v-A t I rwkeBop. W Ik -vr. ia iiV t t;i on pi
I., ti,. .n iacti k Gjve.-'.inient. arvjl-J Co weil to
c-'ii.-ttler. ia tle.'ereace to .rhjt priajip'o ii a fait h
ij. es it. !st tetter tc U UScir t yc: in i's '.eal.
Wl.etl.er the substita: ilt give r ! e in:r;i -l t cive
so i;::.-li c 1 Iu tiiOpc p'e. Ti.e'e a.' ;ne i re-.li ei
..w. ii:. n tl.ls tu! e. t. t)r.r i!ver?arii t.jte ! Jt.-l
t --r.-.e i! -:riti r o I : n!;.('!i !e:)C(i in '.ji'ph. u:s!.:?t':e
tr.l M .eic e-i i.y b-'iuas Ji CeiiTi they o'iiit tlie
w -'s All ui a are CC4?I t-QUwiS " They have 3 ! P
l-4 ieni;riy ni i.,r,. 1 ;is nuti. n. ia t'.e j'eamtiie
-f wl.u ii, m.i.ke 'iir oi'l ; Mncit l y w .-rnatt. a.
taey nu: e t:.c j.e -pte. sn-J i.itiiu'e. -'wo, tt.e t-'p-f.:.t'S(.
t'.. m vn ciL-n j,ol i i'c;f tic nt St lies." V.'hy
this i'.r- iivra-e tire--.it s o it -A mhjt iba rifhrs cf mm
ain' tlie t'iti. ri'yji f thet ef'tie? T.i 1 e'sentUHy a
i c. pte'c;.test oil ibe shle ui tte world ttmt form a
n:!.-tnr . r I veriiment. wht.-e IcaSnt .tj.'ect lst-ei-cva'e
tn c. r.i!;: 1 n . f men. to lift artlrtcUl weizht rron
al Ulio I'.i-rs, to clir the .ji'js of laml.oile purut nr
a!l to rr ri an rr.rcttcrel ktirt and fair ccre ia te
ra -c !;fe, Jie:iiriz totl:0 pjrl.al nnd ten.prary la
t'.irtere t-. ni ncre-yi'r. T!.i- Is the iri'Ur.g . LJectof
tLe C iven nien: for whoe existence woe ct.-i:J. I m
m ft I a;.nr t.Kev hat tti pTain pe p'e ti::Jerstand
anil ; I 'f-ria'c tLis. it is vorliy of note triat wlale in
io ild-, thi? h "ir r tt e G .vcrnmeii's tril, l ir;e r.utn
lrs of trio.e in-Tl.e mrny ih1 nvy who hare been f v
orcln i li l! e . rifps tiave renucU anil ir vel faNe to
trie ti:m! wl.i -b L't p.oir-e'eil il.ei). not rue common
wMierrrci mtnoTi si!..r in fcn..Vn t h ive 'esjrtel bis
e . r; p it honor I-fine t tli.-e Cl-ers ti re.n.lned
trrc ilcsj.'ite te example of Mielr t'fstliirmiK .kI
ntcs : )m ilio Frei.-l b.nor ami meat Important fet of
all n the tmatilmif r r.i! flriuncsf f ibe ronim..n soMier
nr..!c itti -l n '.lor t H e U-t man. S far a known.
tl ev bsve ncccsfnllT resitM traitorons f fTorts of
tliore li' se c .mia-oi'ls hut an leair hrfore they leycl
as .-its .'n'e I ,ir. Tis is the patriotic iutin' t of I'lain
TCo;;lc; thpr im'ter' f and wi'.hout any arctin:ent that
he'.!p.tro-ii;(! tbe G.-veninier.t wLich was made hy
W'!ii.et..li, i.if.osno oo t- tl cm Our tV'T)'1' r
erMiicnt l as often been cil'ed an rxp' rat it. T'-vo
rs.int In it oor ppon'i hve aire i1y iptt !ci. (he sni-ccs-fnt
ct:'h!i Idnff ik! the svcr.cfn a.lminlstcri'ix of i:.
One till 'fttnin.. its i'irce-fi!l miintainat.ee ariintt
a f .rmia h!o titc-nal nttenrpt to OTcrth""W tt. Ii is
now f..r them to r!cnn n-.tre Hie world that thoc
who can fairty carry un election, run al--o xnpr-ps a re
lipllinn; Hist ballots nr the ri'.-titf nt and pc .ccf al mc
rsor of hiitlcts. ami that when hillot have fairly an.!
cnsiimti .natty oe-ii'e1 there can hen. siicce-sful 8n
peil hack to hnttpts; that there can be no sncot K-ftil
apT'Cal except tnhllots thpm-elvss a' secce"!iii3 eicc
tirns. Sin-h will tie a rre it !eson of peace tenchinz
raen what they cannot tt-ko he an ptcctinn rrit'ier cm
they take it by war. Tecoitiir all their folly of hf-insr
the hc'mnps of i' Lfit there h s.nip unea-iness
in the min is cf c .ndid iopii as to what is t.ihe thu c oir-e
of the fi vernment lowi'ib the S oithern States after
the Tp'iptlii.n khall liavp tippn snpr. sp't, th Fx
rcotjep iIpptps it pr per to say that it witl he pniilcil hy
Hip r.'i stitittirn and thp lsw. and tint hepr' lnhiy
wiil have no lUfe-pnt enderstandinir of the power and
il-tips of itip fe'Vra' srovprnrncnt relative to the 'isrhts
of the S'ates nnd Ihe joopl rrilir the Constitution
han rrprcrKcd in tlie lnaocnrai arliiress,.
lie d .:cs ?irp.'rvc th" goyernrnnt that it may
b ndtninisicrcd for n'l a it w-n n.-rm'nistcred by th"
meo who mi 1 if. T.oval eit'x -ns rvervwh.ere have
the rijht to claim tin of their forrrnnef, nnd the
rinverniriTt lias no ritrht to withhold or neVf : it
is not re-f'civeil that in rivin? it. there 5s anv coer
cion. nnv eennucrin-j or r"V snhinc-n'ion in nnv lost
c, pT of these term. Th" florist i 'u '.h n nrovides.
and ol' th" t.afes haen neeen'eil the pyv! 'i ri. that
the t'nitei S'.i te ebnll guarantee to every Rtn'o in
this rnion a republican form of Oayernmenf: hut if
a State iay lawfnllv po Vu if ihe Uniin. havipj
d"pe so it rn'iy nl-o elisennl tho repuhtiean form of
n.'vern"iert. o that to r.revcnt its irolng out is all
indispensable mwni the end of nnintji;rin the
ruar nt'r mentioned where an end is In wfut oVi'ra
terv, the in.li-perih!o means to it ro alsolawfu
an-1 o' li.'itory. Tt is wi'h the deepet regret that
tl e Uxccntiv" frund 'he duty of employipg the war
tv wer in .tpfenco of the (r.verntnent forced ttfon
h im. he eovM h'it perfrni this duty or urTPnder Vp
existence of the rTorerrm-nt in comproTi'se hv puhiie
snrvteo cnii'd in th's case be a crime. Not that, cr."'- '
rrrmiscs arc ra t often proper, bu'. tha1, no popular
nnvorntnent can h ng survive a marked precedent
th't thocp who carry ri election can only save the
Government from immed'fie declination bv living
nn thp main noint upon which the people ;rave tn.'
election. The people themselves, nnd not their ser
vants, can saf-ly reverse their own deliberate de
cioops. As n. private nf.rcn, the Fxecutive eniihl
not have consented thct these institutions shall
perish. Mti"h les could he in betrayal of so vnt
ant soiered" trut e these free pcojile had confid
ed to hitn. He felt that, he had no moral right to
shr-nV. nor even tocoi-nt the chances of his own life
io what might f'-Iovr. Tn full view of his creat
reenor, nihility, he has fo far done what he has deem
ed hi duty. Ym will now. nccordins to yrur own
jiulgmn' , per"ortrt ronrs. Me s'neercly hopes that
yiiir views rnd vnor en'ions may so necor l with his
ns to nnro nil f i''hr:il citir-ns who have beep nis-
tnrh"d in their right, ofn certain and soecdy ro-tora-
ioo and the law r nnd ha ing thns ch sn oitrconrso
wi'li pore rnmose. let. ns ropew onr trust cn ()od.
nnd !n forward without fear nnd with manly hearts
fSirned', ABItAlIAM LINCOLN.
Ju'y 4th, IRol.
turneJ, r.3 ftrrrt
smallest favcr un,ho'.;n- '" h
enurw Lave Un ur.avai--r
tsi . .
i i. v
" . J . 1 i
still exrectant ?,', .... "4'i-. - '
-.r -w - .
i:ij rerLan-, l.,vt I ,i.V "i. :
001H2 Cf thy H? rr.. r,f ' '
hden.-a ef v .... i
should they always Jacli V '.V
era-e the enemy cn ih-r!J "5
I ftar the volunteers u- ' I' "'
themselves a- Lravdy asti.,
ether wcrJs, it U scu.et.n.cs A.;" j
The frnv for the Union.
St. Louis, July 8, 1SG1.
A report in this city, tradrd to a toler
nb!e authentic source, lys that Gent-ral
Johnson had attacked Gen. Patterson at
Martinshurch, and was repulsed with a
loss of 1.000 men, killed and taken pris
oners. This, however, is only a rumor.
It may he true or it may not. Gen. Pat
terson's force is 17,000 men and twenty
field pieces. Gen. Johnson's force sta
tioned about seven mih-s from Martins
lurch, consists of from 15,000 to lC.Oh'O
infantry. GOO c?valry and about 20 pieces
The Arkansas papers name Jeff. Da
vis and Albert Pike for the race for the
Prendency and Vice Presidency of the
A skirmish occurred last night between
the pickets of tht; 8th District of Colum
bia volunteers and the Virginia forces
near Great Falls. The former !ot one
man. The enemy's loss is unknown.
It is believed at Washington that Van
Winkle and Carlisle will be elected U.
JS. Senators by the Legislature in session
II. V. FUKNAS, KDlTOlh
THUUSDAV MOKNINO, JULY, 11, ISfil.
Capi. iLyJ.t.a c.f :;tlraC
ten uidortunate, ai., UJ i;
a ..aiint.mv and u,,..!. ,,,. ...
that Mr. li.yd.iun has tun
r - ;
deal cf txptn.e in er.d.v.r:
3 j .
otupai.y :n dei.-o cf nK f. 1 i
when nt 1. 1. i 1 i i
of Caj t.
... ... .t
SlMska. In this country, ! away the cilice if ca: : m- a ' i
ng is scarce and dear, it i.- ed ht Lieut, by Cji, n.. " !
jectea t.y t:; uH,Tl:r; O.fiar (,.
rea-on but ih,t cf pcrjtlaj d.JSi
Uurn.)oi.d thai Us. nzu tTl
and 5.ddifily lor a erajuale Jj
1 oin:. buuie men have
rights as a principle.! not other thin the principle
of g nt-r ili'v and locality. Whatever concerns the
wh"!e should bv confided to the w h.l",fo the g'-neral
government, while whatevf rcor.ci r. sonty th St.te
hoti'.d be 1 ft exclusively t the Stste. "Tl.i is nil
there is of oigiiril princi,.lo ihoi;t ii. Whether
the nation ii Coovcntion. in defining bonndar'cs he
tw.in the two. has ntf.2i.v the prii.e'i.lc with exact
accura-y. isp.if to Lo qucfiiut'.ci. Wj arc alsob'-un l
hy t!:t dcCaing.
Wiat is tnw o raVtcd in th posi' ion that ecpcrn
is c esi-tent with thrt 0 n-tit ni-u is l.twrnl anJ !e .co
fnl. It is not coi'.cni!p. fi.it there if any expi-e-s Uw
for it, nd nothini vhoiild hp iain.ic-1 a law w l.ich Icjdi.
t' nni'j-t er ;tt-r;rd C 'n'eqacitres. The nr; n purchjs.
! nc iH-u'i.u w.e v ocjuiu'ion or trc e ta'v tui.-v .
t ongre"-. Scon aftei the f :t call f.-r ic'd.tia, it was
cotiMihlid ft .Ijfy to autlil ; tl, tntnandii g
Ieiic:a!,in pn preisf v.-.i.i g to his thfcr to n,
tofii-i'ei.d tlie pi'.x iie e i f thewtittf l.afc as c-i a
er in ether w.-ids to r i i-7t et.J ua:n wiih.-ut r..- rt
to the oidimiry rreeejs and fcrtus of law, m L ii.di
v, duals rs he mibt deem A aogen-ns t the puhlir"
safety. This autb. r.ty, haj purj ,e-y b?en ex -r-is, .1
but very spatir.g'y. Jievcrth !., ti.e 1. gihty at.
propriety cf wbat has been d.u. 5 un !r? ii are r.ucs
tii Red, aaJ the attention f the cooalry has bet n
cal'cl ti the trei siti.-n that ore who is wcrn
to tak ear ttvit th- hajl-j f.ti:hfjl eznte I, j
The Senate was called to order by the
Vice President at noon, on the fourth of
July. The Senators present were, An
ihony, Payard, Bingham, Breringndge,
Bright. Chandler, Chirk, Collamer, Cow
an. Dixon. Djolittle, Ft ssenden, Foster,
Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Harris, Howe,
Johnson of Tennessee, Kenm-dy. Kin?,
Lane, of Indiana, Latham. Morrill, iea
niith, Peaiee, Polk, l out 11, SauUbnry,
Sherman, Simmons, Stunner, TenEyck,
Tliutnpson. Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson,
The credentials of the new Senators
Mr. Wilson gave mtice that he t-houhl
ofier, to-inorroV, a biil to rati! y :nid cun
finn certain acts of the Presidvi.t for th
snppres;ion of instirreetion and rebellion.
He alio gave notice of ihe foilowino
bills: A bill to authorize the employment cf
volunteers lo aid m enforcing the laws
and protecting thu public prop-rty ; a bill
to increase the present military estah-li-hnieui
of the United States; a bill to
provide for tho belter organization of
military establishments ; a bill to pro
promote the efficiency of the army, and
a bill leT the organization rf a militia
force, tube, called th United Siatea Na
Wastx xct.ix, July 5.
Senate Mr. Chandler i:ave rio'u-e
that h'' theiuld introduce a bill lo confis
cate the property of all Governors of
States, niemb. r? of Legislatures, Judge.
of Courts, a:ij all tn litary o.'iicer? above
the rank of Lieutenant, v. ho fchall lake
Then up with our flag ! let it stream on tho air !
Though our fathers arc cold in their graves.
They had hands that could utrike, they had souls
that could dare,
And their sons were not born to bo slaves!
Up. up with that banner! where'er it may call, '
Our millions shall rally around ;
A nation of freemen that moment shall fall
When ila stars shall bu trailed on the ground.
What Should he the Staple oTnT-brasku?
Heretofore the principle production
that farmers in this Territory have de
pended upon to procure ihe neees-arit s
of life, has been corn. There is a dif
ference of opinion among fanners as to
which is the most profitable one. year
with another, corn or wheat. Some con
tend that hemp will prove to be more
profitable than either. We are inclined
lo be of ihe latter opinion. We should
be much pleased to see more of our far
mers giving the hemp crcp at least a
fair trial. But we are so far from the
seaboard, and from all ihe great inland
cities, and freight is i-o high on the Mo.
River, that we think it will not be fojr.d
to le our best interest to depend entirely
upon the production and .-ale of any raw
staple. Manufactures shuuld be incour
aged as much as possible, in every way
that will tend to retain money in the ter
ritory. This will always be more of an
agricultural than a manufacturing coun
ti)'. Bat, the wheat that is export d from
here should be first converted into flour.
Our corn ar.d hay thould be change! in
to beef and pork before a pound of them
are sent down the Missouri. Every year
thousands of dollars are sent from this
Territory for liquors; thb thould all be
saved. If men will drink, it would be
better to take the juice of Nebraska corn
i ,t-;i mml ICin Cotton. It will
necessarily become very. high. Hence
there will le a greatly increased demand
for wool. The hi . turi.f that mt: ne
cessarily ex:t for several years to pay
the exp-nses incurred during the war
will exclude many toreiga cloth:?, and
will conse j iently increase the deinmd
fjr wool to supply our horn? manufactory
Those causes combined v.'iil certainly
ensure a very remunerative price for
wool for years to come. The profits cn
i sheep is not alone confined lo their wool; j men to chain tince, I a j: js j
i ihe editor of the jlr.icrican JgricJi'-Tut j task fur them lo fill u v. I
has "reiterated a thousand times that it is
cheaper to raise two pounds of muiton
than one pound of pork." We urge the
fanners of Ne-hraJa to turn tht ir atten
tion ns much as practically lo raising
Cattle, though prulally les pr..fi:alh
in large numbers than either hces cr
sheep, arc, nevertheless, much more nu
perhaps useless for some farmers, who
possess but limited means, to alt' nipt lo
rai.-e sheep. But ii is almost imlispen?i
ble to every fanner to possess a certain
number of cattle oxen and milch cow
lhey can live cn the open prairie with
less care lhan sheep; they will be iu no
danger from dogs or wolves.
We do not think it good p 'lioy to keep
cows for the purpose of raising calves.
If farmers want to raise stock, better
sell the cows for half price and buy calve?
at a year old, as long as lhey can be had
for four or five dollars per head.
There is no doubt but the dairy busi
ness would be very profitable to a limit
ed number. There should be enough
cheese made in this Territory for home
consumption. Cheese here retails at
from 15 to 25 cents per pound. In th
northeast of Ohio, and southwest New
York, where land is worth 50 doll.trs
per acre, Cheese is the gnat staph-, al
though it sells for only live or six cent
But for tho present, nothing; that we
have mentioned can become the staph
production of Nebra.-ka; simply for the
reason that the majority of our farmers
have not yet accumulated enough mon-v
to engage in them. Horses, sheep and
cattle, increase but slowly. If a man is
unable to procure more than two or three
breeders, it will take half a life-time be
fore he can get his farm ttutkeJ. The
question arises, what should &uch farm
ers engage in? Must lhey depend on
the mojt uncertain of crops, wheat? Or
must they continue the laborious business
of raising corn, to sell it, after hauling it
to market for 20 and 25 cents per bushel
To such farmers and they constitute
two-thirds of the population of Nebraska
we say, by all means, raise pork. There
is no man so poor that he cannot pro
cure a few pigs. Hogs breed rapidly. The
ollspring of one sow, if all couh be rais
ed, would in half a do-jn years, amount
I I rm
to several millions. j nis country is a
well adapted to pork raising as ihe re
gion in Ohio and Kentucky aruunJ Cin
cinnati. But even m raiding hogs (like
every other business) a man m i.-t under
stand it to make it profitable. Human u
will make more to sell the ir corn at 15
cents a bu.-hel iban to feed it to hos.
If you engage in the poik bu.-iness, in
the first place get a ginn' breed e! hogs.
Keep them the year round in good grow
ing order. If they can run in timlfrth-y
can be rained comparatively eh' up. But
e a sirs
-Pi : nf lono- 1... V..-
- - - - v. , ia., ... jvtn rr. . -
J ' Cif V
vate G. from such a u, ; a ',
may be? in compliance wvh V
to rt'ji et the st rvice.s of a
reason, lut ihe c!uie
Yesterday I observed the f.vte.. ..
lunal I have .-t en. Private v ,
Company "B " died ef dr!.,r, .l
Tuesday night and uas UritJ .
tary honors. To day iU Ve,U',.m Lj
ihe Huuk and Lutidrr, Light Ar:
Cavalry of Omaha paraded t!.r..: '
streets, went to the grove, and lu:-i
the reading e f the D iLtaii.a ' V-
and an urutLn by Jus. M. I ...
worth, E-tj. The in. n;itg warn.
pariulii.g ua- I ur ly j as. ul le, ii. j
tub table, and the rrlrohiu- i.ta
in fact non.- at ail. Vietual, a.,.'
were inisille. Not mti. h (-r Uk w
talny of Uiiiiihi tan. private G. .-it "
More anon. Q,
Sahia vlf li.ive I. am .n.i ..! t!,i, tc.t,fi m .
' i."iiic i" jii jili ica uiauLii, iiut '
tlio.-e k.!:eJ in li.o bcalicx art, tti.i b .1 bu,w
nluit.-elf i to b.j LIjiucJ L t tt.i o nciu.i a, l
ini-er ubio w .riliic.- ret .r j!i.,u (, c..d:..i
at lau. li of it real vl. luen - tt.cy C uf !i ,.1 :
lt U a cornineicU! Is ? ttut ' ni ,.t , ijibtvu
riila Ejllie d! la trie wuri.J i, C"nm ninl in :lt i .
tries or Eari.oe, where ilitf l ire .f mel.i.t U
rejcfie-l ii Ii i-tiot perfevti.n. nl wbr Urf UJ
tbe bet wtit t ciii:.j lor i Lo uiuv.e- ef 4o-
Ilciice we are Kl.oi to fl i l lh ;t we re ! O
can noit iid of tbis excjtlciit itterti. w:.icht.a
litsl mi, an ) onr c..iiiiiriiii'y wnl n i it lo Ik ..'
tlit any'tiitij U'Cior AYKlt auk?. U wi.iiij :.
c iitlilence. lie lias been f.,rifnn golin -'
im ibis reme-ty ( ee alve U ic clama-) 'If.U' .4
11 1.1 kt It (.ii ' d ouvrt ' wlin h -h.oicl !' '
rune ulory to Ins l 1 c.njy Bnuto rep'ji; f
ran (2 tit. .Veto Yuri
Fairs .ix's St alt it u moS -nt ft,
the I'Ullic ill ai tircM ite, lht !ii nrer l Kis
a eput uihjii tte cuiket, jrt-e iiuin!" i.iv.i
from time to time Juiii tl.e Is-i lloi'J in"-'
fccctns to to tlieQ t '"l rliii'f mui cf ih- .l''
uliow that tliey re tl.e fjtne Xsiili t,'
thein or ti ive tjkt a pre:n'ums of r tbeia lbo-'
nuiiU Jbe Utter s tbe nuiulinl lor ! '
sli . iui( the i.tr-..i. U .i l ttn-v h ie n tii pst; '
rl'lcnce. It I a wli.n.wn f t tlut ln '
tue-e cc4!es hae. after in-.re or le- l ui, ;
mainly out of ue, F in I. irk l.ve g ne : i
want. Incii;j-IT;S In pntlic fs,r j) f tef J -are
uw much more senerai.y u-fd u.s M "
only lo this country hot whert-yer A an-;"t ' 1
li e been carrie This c.u'-l n-t he if tt.er
s'A ihi Is cluinicl ! r them I" re-pt t
l.ility a welt CiiveDioneO au-S :car. J -t !
Hove 05 5cch l tf.e course rnMT;H f
villi .. iiieoVme. They t.etr ce..-t i i't i'
Ii f.r w ir J 1 ei.crii I he -irk i ;1 c V ' T
aid ili-ea-c Tl.e w-.e.i.'e. Oil tni( I'"' t"'! '
! Cu:tl' Synij. rf S.--fr..s re ret T i ": i'"
Ci' i'lo c I'!., ti ,,ir.fi,'- niiie e-.c-i C !)
the prairie stock hogs mnsl befd.
They will lit. Tanly Marve to deaih on
prairie-gra-s, in hss than a month. Iti
however very bail economy to feed yuur
hogs the year mend on cum. Every bo-,
raise r should have a hug astur-. Thiy
will live and thrive o.i rlove-r. If y.ju have
furty acres un'ler culiivati ;n sow ten in
clover; f nee it edf in two fields if possi
ble, one field however, will do. Thi.
will keep from one hundred to cne hun
dred and fifty young hogs, from the mid
dle cf May to the middle f .Summer.
On the balance of your land (the thirty
acres) you can raise one year with an
other 1200 bu-hels of corn. Thi huu!cj
be. o.- 1 . t e n'' e it C
t.. n lt,e i!i'iili,j- if -p - I
rrl C ir-i.' "
the to in r lei .-!l: . t lipy h v e rri ti v e 1 f o-ta
is m;l f.- eve j ijtni y t.. be f.r r, !e.t ; '! '""
hit l...nr 1 1. v in., v r.aire i.u-e. T
.t .ti.I 1. :-.. j!,.! .em I. if n. ...T rr-r.'' '' t '
"f x I'.i-m p. i.e
re vet' .i .
,.i i 1
an l grapes, rather than the poison-drug- j fatten ficm eighty to one hundr. J bogs,
g' d li poids from the cellar's cf Eastern . besides saving enough for your o.vu tiv.
e S'.s e may hcce.te, i-o mty r... iter. ?tm emolumer.t or trust in the government,
re fete:ed none in left to rsv the !c'.s. , . , , . .
jut tocuMit 'if f rad we n"tiy item or and such property to be applied to restore
to the Union men in the rebel b'.ates any
loss they may have suffered.
House. -Mr. Vail jndmgham gave no
tice of a question of privilege, objecting
to Messrs Marston, Biair and Curste u
should r.t kim-rlf vii!a:e them. Of c ur?e s.-r.-.e ' ra ,!i0 "aon-ii C .ntitt';.n of their own. wjii.-hf
i.ece-nj Ttey nave ei'.ner civj jea or retainer trie
rl-'t:tci seci'-tl'.n. a trey insist it exists :n oir. if
tliey h -ve iliicst-iicd tteir. therctiy aJaiit lh.t on roa-
Bot to he in nrs, if they have re t.ine-l
nsiructi'-n of t u-f, thev th w thst t be
itft'-s, ron-t ; c-'i-I-'ent thty rnt-.t e-ecr-ile frorufneariothern hcnerer
o.fT 'ma una u ii re.inien way or fe'i'int: tt eir
rict-ts. or ea'ectins any other ie!fl-h or rnjuet oh.'ect.
et-e trinc!r!e itf ia 'iiine r.ii. n and crxm
l.icla ru government ran co !'j-. Jf all the S'ate
.v one shen'd as.ert t!:e tx-w er t 'Irire tha t ore -T.t
cf the irr.inn it is prei -re t tt. h.-le c !a;.of feceeT
joitilici ins wrj!rl xt rnce er,y tie X'-wifr y.J erx nnee
-.ni.iii in i!.iii3 ;iot reiiiiur ii.- niii-oi is icw in j . t I
.e.r f - n ncT-arntici to ihe t'enetu ot ti.e.-e c.i:ei i '.ir arms against the Government oi tho
rrofvt m ri:h "M-,, u '"T I l'n d States, or aid or abet treasoa ; all
ei Tier in n ci e.i;t rs .h nl ca unp!l. an! tt.e rem tin. f ,
iut .--.itepiy hiie prt f tbe pre set n-tioT-ai detu such indivnloals lo le forever ui.-'pjali-
w t c .'I'-ioie.t t t .y ihe eli! ilc'its of Tex - ? I-itjat;,- i i i c ,c l
t ,,r.h. .u.ii le.W ,m P.vn, put f ems le -ef? '-'d tToi:i holding auj' ofuce of honor,
Air.itu, if . tie S'.s e may hcce.te, i-o tnty er.oiter
w icn atl have
Is this quite
this ..- view if ou'- when we b.irrowf-l their mope ?
If we now Tecocn le tre (J.xrtrire of lTowii:c rec.-ters
to p in pence, it Is difficult, to e? what we en fiu it
otters cn -e to co or to ex'ort terms njv-n wtiirh itpy
will Tr-wn:se to remsin. Tl.e "Vters li.sis- thstnr
C' t'Mtittion 1rj-its se-efl Tacy have a'mf.1 to
eBideratien yjren Xi theqt'wtbt.s f .wcr
"ip'i pnc;y t'jtoro tai? m.tter w.is arlea uii-n.
Tha :,..t4t,f the U taSiih worti r:'r;;r.si to Im ! rt;. It pneht
f o.tbfnlty ex'-eu?--d w-re beir- rr-isted ; un I fail'tt j hy thVi.- own c,
... i.cvi,';i !i in r.c.ii'y ms th.nl of (h
eacy es a; owed to f r. i'tT fxi! of oeiv-nri-in 1 v.
bsd it been perfectly ,l,7.r that I r the u-e of the
tfipR-is reccs-ary c ti.eir exeou:i..r,'n.rj ':r-le law
maid in iu..h extrerre terdcrr.e-s t f the ct:ii-ii$'
liberty that ptaetii-ahy it relieved ur r.f the lilty
lhan.f the inuvcr.t. -houl I ton, vers-limited rx-
Trlt M V'ull'ti . l,il'slnhii!:i..n :... ' lhi rt l) rrri'kt r jtia; upi n S;tr r-.rh P r
It: Are nil ti e Jaws lu: rns to sro tnrxee-uteri ? I e P'ecic!y the a.-me a t ln--e.,d r m -ailed ; Biair, 11 ; Crittt'Iide n, 12 th" Te'st SCat-
iix tZCxZ? l:: fTJf rJ;.,:,:!r.'i: ! Mr. Bum.tt ,hc secession member
Most Tarmcrs will agree with us that
it will pay better to raise live stock than
grain. But here the questions arise,
wh it kind of stock is most profitable, ar.d
what is the best nicdr of treatment for
each kind of stock ? We tio not propose
in ihis number, to discus? these question
in all their bearings. Much might be
said loth pro and con on every trai.ch cf
stock. The truth is, any eccrxmical far
mer can, during a lifetime, amass an in-
dependant fortune by raising either hor
ned cattle, horses and
s-.vine. It is a question
If you havo good thrifty steiek hogs with
a thousand bushels of corn y.ju shouI J have
15,000 pound of pork. One gre at advai
tage from raising hog over other Heck
is, yi,u elo not lay out of your meney.
At present Pork shculJ Lc tt ttjj!e cf
NL W A I) vlktisl:ilT5:
L. P. L. C. w 0
I.idles' I'atcnt i:V;r.. Cu.Ur
Sets '-.T I) r- u'i.
G. P. E- C.
Cccts' I'utei.i Cr.atc.M C ..oi.
11 Collar f-r Z'i cct.:.
i - iur now m t.-c juo
Fe-r the A Jy-rii-er.
Head-Quarters, 1st Iltgim nt.
Nebra.-ka Volontet r-,
Omaha, July 4tb, 1501.
.. . 1 . is '
i i d ;: r'y:- .1 i'i .ii. .o t i" r ' . m
ftetnr.d hy u ui.'hroor nt't'1 ' '
par: i. ui.irly invit-- tlio itt. r.'io i f i'-4
.ds now n ex'.t.o.ii-u l i-i.i i."f
loci; wood MANrn; co
to t'.. t.U-J..
'Ur.i' u" g' tl. ar - t.-i'
Ti'n or, by the ,,.1 .r.Ur t t'" "' . .
I A. I). J-;i.m 1 h. i.r, l -u r,i. I er..-
t. ,iii; in-' - un- '
i. r a yer o. 1 "
;riy h. r--h-.oi tci r
raising either hor I The 1st Regiment Ntdra-ka Volun-1 l"r ryl-l?
mules, thee p or j teer is now nearly full- lacking 1 ut two r VjrZVr.t ' I ...'-';; "
n to Le solved on. r-it. . A f : i, '...!.. ... 1 " . , ..... ns i: :.'
, . t I I - tvvj.....mv..,i ..' uuc III I. i till 19 l.o ' I J JuTt o.. '- -
:in.o sears, thpx- hivini' Leeu sworn in . . - . . . . : ' J 1
miTitarv rs ly Ly tune experience m ills lerri . besw tu in when a few dav ''- I "
Mr. Biair' dr-nitd hiving been sworn ory which of these elates of au:na!i . ty. The field cHicer are all sworn t.
to the military service. will pay bes'. support ihe Constitution of the I'nin d
Mr. Ichardon objected to the reccg- n x a cd farm, well States, and Col. Thayer now cemmand
The lalbu for Sp aker resulted as fo!-! 'Foved, and fenctd.ai.d is nut cramp-j tht yet incon.p.ete Le-,...cn!. l.,c O.
,vs: whole nnnsber of votes. 153 ; Grow ed for means, he tan, in cur cpiuion, make j fleers of the non-ee n.m s ;oi d st:h ar-
money a. fait by raising mule s and her-' nearly all a;p intcu. but t .e po t o.
ses, as in any manner we know of. Chaplain is yet va ar.t.p. rp.. xmg . .u x
r".;.in.-r !; p. n nr.il -l!in-r tvr.z-1 ?nilt?;s. ihe far-.arneu Jcturer.
.w w,n,a .vi.i. t t rs-rxe it. 1 at. it wa, t l-;- ! wr.s t--ort.era became t-ey are a mif..r:r-. not n-t I from Kentucky, lnetrposc-'i objections to j , f . 1 . . .. t, p.n nr A tt .1. ,t.
' lirrid that this eii-s , :, .... .iev,,'.,i.. k.i. a i - . J - ., r, A 4 v n rraetirl ..-.. un. the reuOult tl JiCV. Zl.U LI irienuil.it
W.iet4 :Ut r.,-r i,.w w, Vh.!-. d! fne U.vl ! 'iZrYIt '. th. K-tub-TS tnna Virginia. -u-;; . r 1 , . , I t ,r, x ... .p v.r :.,.,!
..f hc 0 .".titun..,, ;h lt tbc V ti V cf tie i" "tr .-itute. an.i e, e.. t reamv. Mr. Carlisle, of Virginia, said he did derstands it, is also very profitable. V vol j wire-workers. I v.ou.u he to v.n.ea,
I If 'vV "RM X ' -1 4 -r : 'ir'n : mt wish any ponionci a State to be un- tv0uij lc, cnj rtally is. mere truly king ' period or two about those w ire-wurkers of j
inay WVi.; ly olj-ctions to any other j ,Lan co.tcn. Take in!o coi;SIJ,ration Lis, Ut forbear for the present. Every-
ynv.l sreuiy teu;urJ. 1 w hrn, c.-'es of r.Sel- t'eiiere thjt tte Pnleti mm ae the mai i;r tn m -sr. ' pe r lien. lie LflieVeei DO party in anv i , . . M . , . .
lion or iurasicn. the ntii . jLafety d . rnnr;t I it n.A Iu rrr .f t?-.e m csV.cl rrcc.led Sitate. TLe i c -:.t t I i the Curability CI woolen JaLrtCi
It as .Wid.-d Hat w', bare a ca ,,f r, hi iii -,. .'nd S;' ' J,r,.H ia eny ,.f them: ' V ,h ' will be found to bu thearer The
ti.iit the r.rtt.u .... ir,i... ,!,. ...... :c.. 11 vnnrM to atRrw thtaef virtiius .t Tennessee, had anv power to alsolve the allegiance xuu Le Jouau to Dv cheaper ihe
r t tic ;ie-.. , t !;;,i4 ; wo. ; ;TtV;jn:r ;c:re t:'. cS .ecc';,,tve'e" owe to thi? GnAmtnont, framed for !xrrf especially if it continues sere rtl
$ they .thing that could be cone to obtain the
present .Chaplaincy for the Rer. J Stickney, has ! ; J. -J.
ben dene no stcne rtas been left t:n Drowsy;.:.-, Ar-;; it, ?i
NutUe to rrc-Eiptars.
'Nnirs, I. s!i Orrti-'i. f
7" -r,x.V.. X.T. Jn'j -.1 li b .
ToDirM U. St. - V, !Iidattl.. (.'uluIa-.C
li. U-i ri. ..ia li. Iire. J ';r;.tu. I'f '
Vi.-in; r4'Le t' V.'.; -n A.ft'"-J(
O.iilm.J h !.-' f.hi'M S.'isxb.X." .
a. .1 fj-ii 1Y V.;-i-. '.-4 ar.) ht-r. I T !"! s '
. . . - i a . .i I'- - '''. V T.
rrarn.'-e on y . m . i ..... -" -
. ... ... . .t . . . . J li
i.lf'T li 'T" I'' ' ..'-'! in s I ' -..- - .,.
:.i.l: 1. IV. f in I'.:.;ti.. a toy ur;r 1:1
ti. -1 lij.n: I'i'-- Y:c; : r in'ruf a ".
p-'r i. t "M fi. ia ti.e C c.uii.--;oti--r .f ''
Land (l.fi e at -..., -on. j
h- i ) -.. cn to J'ec" IT.u'.oy.
Wtht, ;i.eh.il ii!.arJ-hu il Kclty.- l .
C:'r" - r.irifAhDF. DA!::.-T.-.",wr'
C. R. SSITn. U o iecr.
Well Buckets and Wliec
J. J. TIII UM A.N U -n Laui i-t"t
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