Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, March 21, 1861, Image 1

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    ' Sf
3d8toryfitrickler. Block, Street.
Rnoivvii-ix, t.
$2 00
nrfr'f Pal. ...v-.n,i..f fimonthf 2 60
' " "r-.-iM i fnrni'bfJ t $1 60 per
- m oX T Vie c J" ccomp.uie tbe order, not
l II I f 1 . 1
V i I (1 I I - 1 ! 11
C7 A
"Free to Form and Reflate ALL llicir Domestic Institutions In tlicir own raj-, snoject only to tlie fonstltntlon of the United States."
of AOVi:r.r:ux;;G.
u siire(13 liscorl)jncl3Hrtica, - - fit
iizU diaxnalii-Jertli.o, -------- On
Oca iqujr. cce m-"-i55. ---- J
Biitufi.iCirJsof sini.esoilif,afit7"' -
oueO:s:oaoner?ir, - -- -- -- -- to 10
Oitt-tilt CulcKiviiejir, - -- -- -- Ji
O.ia fourtli Colu-i cysr. - -- -- -
Ojel;U'.ti Cjlui.tnre year, ------ ! to
osecuiutnn ix Eioib. - - "
Oae bull Column six conthJ, .-.-.- SO tr
Oae fourth Coiatr.n six , ------ w w
On ciibth Cviurju s;x c;. QlU, - ""' '
One OI una ttree rti.'nU., ------- M W
0'it tu'f Otniis three months, - - - -11C-J
One fourth Cjlutnn taree nioniti, ----- 10 lO
Oaeaiftft'.u Column tfcree, - - - - - t
.-.uwUJCis)(oaui.Jiieki9rwXceatlTti.ce,-- 6 0
NO. 37.
Mivcr In Chancery.
ElOWUVILLi:. r. T.-
riUe's 1'cak, or ttust."
Johnson & Schocnlitit
E1 Xrasua
Pike'f Peak Gold and advance
No. XX, TVXaixx street,
Jf. BERIfc Y & Co
Hare Just completed tlnlr new bulne honye on
Mam Street, the U.S. Lnd Ofllce, in Bronville
K bei e they bave opeucd out aud areuiltrriug on tie most
fav.jrablc terms,
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Or all Kind!',
GRCC A?il) DUILI) ntllTS,
Choice Liquors, Cifars,
And "thousand and one," other thins everybody
Bruwnvilie, Apri' CC. ly
II uiivT p irmanently located in n- .
.,t th -.i.e .f .ir.d Sur-ery, ten- UU
U1K 100
I .if "1
Uiu Street.
A .S' IWLLAUAl, M. u.
B.,.,,Mf.1liTi.irurmhi rrie.H. BmwnvUle and
! V,. .n.ty i h4 he h iK. esun.ed the pract .re of
-irfiU-lnc. SuiKciy, Obstetrics,
. i h ,P bv .trvct iiieuti'." to "f profession, to receive ,
eVr' . . "it..n .so i,e-e,f...e te...led tnhim In
"UZ ."ri u i. p ,vsn,i.,.reM.cnt. a prescription
jHine-.wHIl lone Oil: e t CUy Dru? Store.
Fed. 24. '5TJl5Jy
Attorney at Law,
May 17, 1SC0.
Life Insurance Company,
Hartford, Conn.
Incorporated ly the Slate of Connecticut.
Capital Stock $200,000.
Witb large and iiicri'aing8urriltireccipt8,secnre
ly inrcttvd under the anctioD aud approval vf tbe
Uoinptrulltr if Public Accouiit8.
JAMES C. WALKLEY. Tresident.
JOHN UNCE, Vice President.
ELIAS (JILL, Secretary.
E. D. DICK. tKMANjOcneral Agent.
Alfred Gill, Daniel Phillips, JohnL.Eunce,
R. liloilget, J. A. Sutler, E. D. Dickcrman
N.Wlteuton, Sam. Coit. Nelson Ilollister,
James C. Walklcy.
S.B. Uoresford.M D, Consulting Physician.
A. S. IIollai;iy,M D, Medical Examiner.
Applications received Ly It. W.FUKXAS. Afs't.
n3-it Urownville. N.T.
The partnership heretofore existing nnder the name
andtyle of Lu-huaush & CarMin ai Brownville, Ke
lirask. . was, on the flrnt day f Noveniber. dissolved by
inn Hid I C:nienl. by the wlthurawal of B. F. Lii-bbaiigh L. Carcon will Kettle the unfinished biisiner- of
the old tlnn and corrtlne the UankiiiK and Real Estate
Agency business a heretofore at tho old Maud.
Kov. lit, 18C0. JOUX. L. CAESOV.
Offlne at U. C. Jjiiisoti's Law Office,
' First Street, between Hain una water,
WTs7 Watches & Jewelry.
T0nlt miKluncelff th-:'Uir.onK of Briwnrllie
,nd vicinity that he bus- locaiefl tiimseu in
t T 'o vrtti i'l5. """lintrns ketsunp a. run "ri.
i.itMii t verytiuiinin iiur-n u.iiu.-.-n.
t.pviM lw fr cvh: 'He will also do all kindK of re
Tairini t i'oc';s, watches and jewelry . All work war
ranted. . - v3n!8ly
To Ladies of Brownville,
nii'"nn "ff i.hnt !i(! iu just reeeivi-d irnmilie
V.t (! i rti'fi tit -'iM-k f
. i! iii.wnn j of
tJIMP I.F(;iI()RN,
Frcu h Flowers. Sfr:i IrjmmiBs. Riblons. etc .
To hi.rh she iiiv'itc.J ;ho attention of the Lu-dics of
lirgwuvilie mi 1 vicinity, foin -surc.l licy cannot
bp better Uiti'l in style, f;u:ilit' or Mice.
April I2.tfio0 "
A Ji 6
Uf evtrv dcscrijuioii. tiT ale at
ouiii-t'at corner Main and Sccoud,
TIerehy notillef Ihe public that he has purcb it-ed the
Xciraka House in Bi owuvi I le, N. T., formerly kept by
T. J. Edward, and has reiudelcd,renovated and enti
rely changed tbe whole bout-e. from cellar to carret,
withan especial view to neatness, comfort and conve
nience. Having liiid many rears experience it boict
keeper, he feels safe in warrmitinciiieboardinj patroti
ace of ISrowrvillc and the traveling public, that, while
at the American, they will have no reason to complain
of thef-ire in any respect.
The Hotel U situated immediately at the Sicamboat
Lamllnp, foot f M:in street, and consequently affords
ppcnliaradvatitHpcsto the travelii'C community The
proprietor asks but to be tri .d, vnd if not fouu l worthy,
January, 19 I860. 28-tf
Devoted to JJiricvlturc, Stuck H'tisin
Horticulture. Jbchani&ni. Education.
Published at Droiuvvrfh. A T.
On the first of every m ntli nt $1 a ytsr fc r -"j
lit-co,ies: Six eiip ts, $5; Thirteen copits, ill
iTenty ci. pies. S15.
The volume l";n U-t. lt, 1859. Specimen nutc
crs firuishc 1 4 tit-on .tjijilii-atioD. J Jack a umber
n he furnisl el.
Will every t'ri -n l of Vr'nruUure :iud K litcatim
in Nehriiskii. Northern Kansns, Southern Inwa. and
Nortlicrn .Missouri, lend :i helping hand, to establish
iind maintain a journal devoted exclusively to the
intend- nl.ove nsiuied. There is not a post ofTice
w ithin the regi n named but enn and ought to
furnish a club of at least 10 subscribers. Send
along without d' lay.
Terim in Advance.
Onecopr, one year, $1.00
Six c pie-. " 6 00
Thirteen copies, one year, 10 00
Twenty copies 15 0
Kour copies, three months 1.00
lttes of Advertisements.
A Card ot 6 linesor less, one insertion, $1.00
" ' e ten ad.lil'nliiiscrtlon "5
" " one year C OO
One Fourth Column, " 10 00
One U ilf Column, " 20 00
.One Column. " 3S.00
Pav.ible quarter' v in advance Tearly advertisers are
Mowed to chanscthcir advertisements qu irterly.
-II ivmj located hinie!fin iSrownville.A. l.,teu
Icrs his ir ifcsstonnl s ;rviccs to thccotnmunity.
All jobs warranted.
In severing my business connexion with my late part
ner, 1 deem this a proper opixirt unity of expressing my
thanks for the patronage bestowed upon our tlrm, during
the period in which we were enjraged in busin.-s.
It affords mo leuch pleasure also to commend to the
favorablecoiii-ideration of the friends of tbe old firm my
nuccessj.r in business. Mr. Carsor, centiemaii In every
way worthy oi the coiiflJeuce aud support of a discrim
inating public.
!!. 22 1. 1S.V.1.
Hflir.R. RICH RDO,N CO. N. T.
Wlt.l. practice in ;be several C uirts .f the id ludic al
ii-t ut t ij utend 1.411 miticrs :onnectcd with the
Prifpiii wm 4M.F.NNAK Rsq.. .f Nebraska City,
j-tst mr. ui ,ie .ii-o-eviiiioii ol mi poi tain Suits .
8'M". 10. '57-U-i '
Justice of llie Peace and
Trfkes atkni.w ledi-TiiicntK ef Pctds Marries Pe pic
Jc., K.C. Oftlce firrt Joor houiIi nf Aluim Co Si Di-u
Brownville, June 2Isl, 35D,
suohi:,. jcsse hoi lstjav
III C;iII & IIOI,1.4tA ,
City Buildings,
v... t
SAINT 1.0UI8 '
Merchant Tailor.
. No. 140, Pearl Street,
T) ' . 2To w Vorlt,
lroduce and Commission
Po'ell.tsAyS. .fun, - - St Joseph
T.Ktle fc Karleish, - - . ",0fPl
T. fc J. Curd - . . . .
Nave. McC .rifcCo., ...
Donnel fc Saxtoo ...
(Successor to Lushbautih Carson,
33 j2l3JXS.3I5 !FtL,
Dealer in Coin, Uncurreitt Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dud
1 will cive especial attention tobnyin" and scHinjr ex-
hanne on the principal citle of the United Slates and Gold Silver, ur.current Hank IJUls, aim
Go'd Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
ai d proceeds remitted in exchange at current rates.
lHpoMts received on current accouut, auu inieresi i
lowed on special deposits.
Telcgrapli and flic lT. S.
Land Ofliccs.
l.ind &. Brother Pbii..cJciphia, ra.
J. W. Carson fc Co.,
Hiscr. Dick & Co.
Touiil' fc Carsor,
Je.. Thomiwon Mnn, C"l'r of Port,
wm T. Smiihsoii, Esq.. Hanker. Washington, u
J. T. Sfvens. Esq., Att'y at Law, "
Jno. S. Gallaher, Ijite 3d Aud. U. S. T
T.irlor fc Krieh, Bankers,
McClelland Pve fc co..
Hon. Thomas G. Pratt,
Hun. Jas. O. (.'arson.
P. . Siuali F.q., Pres't S. Bank,
Col. Geo, Schlry, Att'y at Liw,
Coi. r,m. II initiletun, Att'y at Law,
JudireThos. Perry,
Prof. II. Tuiwiler,
Baltimore, Md
Cbicapo, 111.
St. Louis, Mo
Annapolis, Md
Meicersburp Pa
UaperU.wn, Md
n .
F.aston, Md.
Cumberland, Md
Havana. A lahnia.
Nov. 8, 1860-tf.
C O X S T 4 T w r
BLACKS M IT irSTOOLS Correspond zcith the Present Hard
aim): jib'js, spokes, and Bent Stuff.
Third Street between Felix and Edmond,
- Which heaell.atSt. Loul trioetf..r -.c.
1859. 1859
-ii i4 rr,in luresi. J fephit
'Mi if r. iin l.Mves n,
Adopts this method of returning thnnks to the
gentlemen of this vicinity, for the liberal patron
age bestowed upon hiiu heretofore, :md i aononiice
tbatho hasjust returned frotu St. Louis with a
(Jf every article of
Consisting of
Woolen. Cotton, and Silk Underslnrts, drawers
Vesting?, Hall Hose, Suspcndeis. Ac. In short. ev
ery thing a gentleman could desire to array himself
in the gayest attire. Ho willsell theguods, or make
suits to order in a style equal to any other House
imywhere. Ho asks but an cxatniuiitit n of his jooils
and work.
amac ana waaou
S. E. & J. T. BERKLEY,
ANNOUNCE that they have commenced the
Manufacture of
In the City of BrownviHc. They haYe both had
many years experience in Eastern Manufact uries,
and Qatterthcmsevcs they will be able to please the
public both in work and prices.
All kiudscf repairing promptly attended to
X7Vo .6ilx. XSixt a. xi.l.
r,rownvills,Miy.3, IS60.
April 12. 1S0.
tern Stn- T in-
in ireo-iid talin::. hr ,hii i
Sl 'j-i . .r 1 n.i
Land Warrants,
For Casli n,iicl on Timo
" pi '0 io tudU Ltud H nrrllls f all Mil Mo
cettier on uch time as they may df.lre lonit or short
at the usiml rxtes.
A cowirtiii i.p:y ,,( rr.i tits will kpnt .,n A
for sief chpp v Hn- can l Hewhre in
i t"wn.
Buy of rifular de.iier nd ,.wre of bonus wjrranla.
All warr.ints sold by . will be (tuaranlecsl to be
itenninein every respect n. win be excbauKed if de
feciive. Beinn permanently boated in Brownville. we can a!
i ways be found at ihe old stand a few d or east of the
I Brownvil le House.
Rtnt;r sod OoHlert in t.mid Warrnnts.
Will Sheep Growing Paj?
We are often asked this question. We
! can but ihink-TMvill pay a tetter percent.
in this region than almost anything else.
The fact is we believe that with a small I
capital to begin wkh, either in Nebraska
or Kansas a man can make a fortune
raising sheep "without owning a foot of
and. He can go back of the settlements
and herd his sheep on the open prairies
during grazing season. Build "hay sheds"
in protected poitions for winter; buying
what corn he may need for winter feeding.
Here is a practical article on sheep
raising" from the Prairie. Farmer. What
is said of Illinois is equally applicable to
Nebraska or Kansas; perhaps "more so"
as there is a better opportunity for grazing.
"This question is frequently asked me
by those unacquainted with the business,
and .ilways in a tone of voice which im
plies doubt. In view of his tone of voice,
1 give tne questioner a tew tacts ana let
him make his own deductions. In attempt
ing to answer the same question I thall
do the same now.
Fact the first is, I know shrewd men in
Pennsylvania, New York and Ohio, who
continue. to keep theep year after year,
ori farms worth forty or fifty dollars an
acre, and not on grazing farms simply
broken, hilly land or a thin soil but as
good grain tarms as there are in those
States, and where they are compelled
to keep their shet-p on ttieir own land,
Ticlike we of Central Illinois, having grat
is, ilie pasturage ot hunurtds of acres, on
which tome one else has to pay taxes.
I know ch men in those States who
grow wool exclusively, and yet whos
larms are so highly improved, and who
have as much money to loan as their wheat
growing, or cattle raising, or dairying
neighbors. Now bear in mind that th-y
have more mom y inveved in an acre of
land than the must ot us in this Stale, and
ulso that grain is worth mure mere, while
wool is worth nearly as mucii here as
there, barring the difference in condi
tion. But let us look at the manner in
which theep are kept in Illinois (Central)
and see if we can figure up any profit on
the capital invested. I shall speak only
of the main money pn fit, although there
are numerous incidental advantages, I
think, in keeping sheep, which I will treat
of in another article.
Our "shetp men" in this part of the
State keep flocks of from one to six and
seven thousand head. Their manner of
keeping shetp may be slated in gct.eral,
as this: herding on the opt n prune thro
the summer, and feeding in winter on
shock corn. I have a hand hired ai six
teen dollars per month, who herd." two
thousand sheep through the .summer, and
is feeding the same number this winter.
His wages may be set down as the
summers expenses, to which add the cost
of from forty to fifty pounds of salt per
week to the thousand head, (salt at from
$2,25 to S3.00 ber barrel), and six cents
a head for washing aud shearing. To
this is to be aoded twenty-five or thirty
dollars for shepherd's assistance during
"lambing time." This will make nearly
the whole summer expense, or, if one
has no tame grass to turn on when the
Drairie crass is dead, for six months of
the year.
If one has tame grass, the time of pas
turing will be extended from one to two
months, depending oh the weather. Un
der the most unfavorable circumstances
such as haviuu to feed six months, it will
take to winter a sheep (on shock corn ex
clusively) from three and one half to four
bushels ot corn. In our part of the biate,
corn is worth one year with another, an
average of about 18 cents per bushel, put
in th thock,
Now add the worth of this corn with
the same expense of feeding, aud same
worth of salt, t.i the summer s expense.
Now then I find in locking buck nine or
ten years at my wool sales, that my sheep
have averaged me about tiwU worth o
wool, this is att average of four and i
fourth pounds of wool to the sheep, sit the
nvtrajr-e price of fony cents pe"r pound.
I co .ild puiii' out a number of flunks that
"A few year3 since I bought in Ohio,
and set down in Central Illinios, a flock
of ewes, at two dollars a head, which shear
ed me the next June 81,80 to the sheep
I sold mv wool that year for foriv-seven
and .a fourth cents a pound and .from
which I raised eighty lambs to the hun
dred ewes. Did it pay?
To look at it in another light, the loss
by death conpared with other stock.
You take a fleece from a sheep every
year, worth at least what it has cost to
raise the sheep, and in selling the wool
you have sheep and lamb left.
When your fat cattle, or fat hog3 are
sold, you have in a manner to commence
at the beginning. If your yearling or
two year old colt dies, what have to show
for the trouble and expanse of raising him?
If your three year old steer dies, his hide,
if you take it off, and not one man in a
dozen does in this p in of the State, will
to be sure, pay yuu a little something, but
what per centage is it of his worth, or even
of the cost of raising him? 1 make a dif
ference between worth, and cost of rais'
ir.g, which difference is, I think real a
colt or young steer, as a general thing,
being worth, or will sell for more than ihe
mere expense of his keeping, up to time
of sale. That is, a colt or two year old
steer sells for more than the cost uf his
raising because of the growth yet in him,
and one has to pay a part of his prospec
tive value to ret him.
But to return nous moutons, if your
two year old sheep dies, you have from it
two fleeces worth noi ouly what it mey
iave cost io raise, but also worth what the
heep would sell for at that time.
If three years old, you have had from
it more wool money, and perhaps an addi
tional worth of lambs.
Your sheep never die3 insolvent. Even
if it dies at nine, ten or twelve months old
for a sheep is generally over a month
old when its first coat is taken off its es
tate will pay at least fifty cents on the
Br-vnvillp. TfnSrnatta.
T. Ag't, Brownville ' ofr""c' n JiJin Suee'- na d,,r bor
i Okou.G.. Ticket Agent, IWhai
, HEO. Hill. U
Kwember 24, lgi3:
ANNOUNCES to the public that tie has putvha-e.1 the
Liverv Stable and Stock former. y owned by William
R..seit and added thereto fine tck. and Is now ureuar
ed tu accommodate the public with
1 111 TT
Can find at hi- Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
B-ownville, Ot. H I860. nl5-yly
Lime! Lime!! Lime!!!
ti .1 c : :
uiutr counting on u'e cost oi raising.
.1 have given only a rough general es
timate of cost of keeping, yet I think a
tolerable fair one bui making every al-
ovvance, dues wool irrowimj pay?
! BrywnviUe, Drccnifccr I, 1
!u a i;utl iW-al b' ttt-r. I have averaged
about svfnty-five lambs to the hundrtd
ewes I ut in a mixethtlock ot ewes and
wethers I put down half as many la::bs
a ewes. ' This number may s'.rike you
as higli but bear ia mmd th n wu sell our
two and three year wethers fur mntt 'ii so
that a flock hardly evt-r consists? of over
one fourth or one '-third weihers. For
I'iue years past with perhaps ihe excep
tion of one 3'ear; a good lot of lambs
would sell for 62,00 per head and I havn
never sold a lamb yet. I prefer to sell
from the other end of the fljek.
Now taking out a loss of five per cent,
from the" flock, (although not an-entire
loss by any means,) take the cost of keep
from the worth of wool and lambs, and
does it leave a paying margin? I know
there are sundry "sortings" and xtra la
bor, which I have not put down, but a- it
is hard to compute, and but trifling. I
1 1
I leave each one to makv bis nun ! dilu
tions from the sum total on that sc re
As to recapitulation. -ay you I uy j
Merino ewos ihe first day of September ;
van fd them thnu'h tbe winter and
shear irom them in Jum- S1.70 worth of J ,n s,MS 13 u l,t v,n Vl oiner Pppie s
wool to the sheep y.-u raise sewi.ty-five i ""-3' lJx particularly charry of their
lambs to the hundred ewes, and sell them j OWJ; Bdta.
nt 'n iiJixt timi1 fist SentHtnhpr tin tn Slifh tSetorr th rsp flnrl tho F)p!in nf
The nnderti?r.ed whose kilns are situated ninemilesj , . , " ,v , ' . . . ' . I . T ' , . .
west or Brwnviiie, on ihe road teadinc w Ft. Keamer, wnicn time you u;tvr ueen in tne nusiness course Knows, wnat nepius yitra niggers
Cobb and Co. must be. Ax us
Van ifji
other point In O-.o ..r.- ...irH i. . . . " i... J
feb.9, 1S60
A Moment of Horror.
For twenty-three years old Jake Wil
lard had cultivated the soil in Baldwin
County, and drawn therefrom a support
fur himself and wife. He is childless.
Not long ago, .Jake went iu s.earch of a
t - .lit .i t
missing cow. ms rouie lea ntm mrougn
an old worn out patch of clay land, of a-
bout six acres in extent, in ihe centre of
which was a well, twenty-five or thirty
feet deep, that at some time, 'probably
had furnished the inmates of a dilapida
ted house near by with water. In passing
by this spot an ill wind drifted Jake's
tile frm his head, and maliciously
wafted it to the edge of the well and in it
Now Jake had al-avs practiced the
virtue of economy, and he immediately
set about recov ering the lost hat. He ran
to the well, and finuing it wa3 dry at the
bottom, he uncoiled the rope which he had
brought for the purpose of capturing the
truant cow, and after several attempts to
catch the hat with a noose, he concluded
io save time by going down in:o the well
himself. To accomplish this, he made
fast one end of the rope to a stump hard
by, and was soon on his way down the
It is a fact, of which Jake was no less
obvious than the reader hereof, that Ned
Weils was in the dilapidated building a
foresaid, and that an old blind horse, with
a bell on his neck, who had been turned
out to die, was lazily grazing within a
short distance of the well.
The devil himself, or some other wick
ed spirit, put it into Ntd's cranium to have
a little fun; so he quietly slipped up to
the old horse, unbuckled the strap, and
approached with slow and measured "ting-a-ling"
to the edge of the well.
"Dang the old Uinc horse!" said Jake,
"he's comin this way. sure, and aint got
no more sense nor to fall in here. Whoa,
But the continued approach of the "ting-a-ling"
said, jusi as plainly as words, that
old Ball wouldn't "whoa." Besides, oil
Jake was at the bottom, resting before
trying to shin H up tne rope.
, "Great Jerusalem!" said he, "the old
cuss will be a-top o me fore 1 can say
Jack Robinson. Whoa, dang ye, whoa!"
Just then Ned drew tip to the edge of
the well, ai.d with his foot kicked a little
tlirl into it.
"Oh! Lord!" exclaimed Jtike, falling on
his knees at the bottom of the well; rm
go.iij up now! Whoa! Now I lay me
down to sleep-i-Whoa! Ball I pray the
Lord my soul to Wh.oa! cow Ob, Lord
have mercy on rr.e!"
Ned could hold in no longer, and fear
ful that Jake might suffer from his fright
he revealed himself.
Frobobly Ned didn't make tracks with
the heels towarJ that well. Miy be old
Jake vaii't i.p t j th? t .'p of it in -h :rt r
der. M;iy-I e not. I don't kn w. B it
I know that if Ja'ce fii dsout whosnt yon
j tlii-. it will be the la.t suib you'll g t
troui me.
Fruta the Rural Register
Salt Its Talue as a Fertilizer, and
Tor Destroying Insects In land,
and Weeds la Walks and Roads.
Tho writer's experience in the use of
salt for all the purposes mentioned in the
caption, has proved that it has a value, if
judiciously used, that if well known would
increase the demand for it at commercial
prices equal to the supply.
His experiments witn it have been con
ducted on a variety of soils, for boih cere
al and root crops, also on grass, and in
the latitudes of northern New York,
Philadelphia, and in this State. An ex
perience cf four years with it in this lat
itude has satisfied him that the warmer
and d.yerthe climate and the dryer tho
soil, the more apparent and useful the
eliect. He has usd on grass ld. de
signed to lie for several years, from five
tn fifteen bushels per acre, and the larger
quantity wa3 the most remunerative. He
has in some instances applied on the sur
face of a ploughed field, designed to bo
planted with both corn and potatoes,
twenty bushels per acre on a portion of a
lot, leaving other portions wi:hout any,
and the increased crop of both potatoes
and corn was upwards of fifty per cent.
The cause of this great increase of crop
was, to a great extent, attributable to the
destruction of grubs in which the ground
abounded, and which the salfcntirely de
The salted portion laid lower than the
unsalted, hence the effect was confined to
the land on which it was applied, and it
could be seen to a row, both in the vigor
of the crops of potatoes and corn and iu
the uniformity in the standing plants on
the salted portion of the corn, in which
there was scarcely a plant missing, whilst
adjoining, on the unsalted land, full thirty
per cent, was entirely destroyed and the
growth of the remaining ptants greatly
retarded by the ravages of the grub at
the root.
He has known twelve bushels per acre
to entirely prevent destruction by the wire
worm. Salt, whether it Le applied as a
fertilizer or to destroy insects or vegeta
tion, should always be sown broadcast,
and the heaviest dressing be applied on
the highest land, as it Avill tend to run to
the lower portion of the land as it dis
solves. Crops of sugar beets and mangel wurt
zel are particularly benefitted by the ap
plication of salt, on both lighl-and heavy
soils. Very great care is requisite in the
use of salt on garden and lawn walks, as
there is great danger of sur charging ad
jacent borders from the lower portions of
the walks where the saline solutions over
flow in heavy rains. On cneof the fine
country seats in Baltimore county may be
seen a line of box border more than one
hundred feet in length of plants eight or
ten years old, entirely dead from the use
of salt on a walk.
One quart to the square yard, or one
one hundred and thirty bushels per acre,
may be applied on asparagus with benefit
where none has been applied before, and
where asparagus beds have become over-
grown witn grass, especially witn wue
grass or couch grass, these grasses may
be destroyed by applying twelve or fifteen
inches in depth of light sandy fertile soil
on the bed, and top-dressing the whole
with the quantity of salt above mention-
d. Old strong asparagus plants may even
be covered with light fertile soil to the
depth of twenty inches without injury,
and with ultimate benefit, although ii
would be preferable to add three or four
inches every autumn until this depth is
attained; than which no plan can be
adopted that will prove more successful in
grov.'ing this mod dencious vegetable.
J. Wilkinson,
Rural Architect, t'c, Baltimore.
From lloore's Ruril Xew-Turfcer.
Firmness and Decision.
Is firrness a quality indispsniatle tothsj
teacher ? Before we answer this question
fully, let us look- around us and see what
effect this trait of character, cr its oppo
site, has upon cihers.
In the common walks cf life wo behcM
the merchant, the i;;ecl.a:::c, the prices
sional nun, busily engaged in their dif
ferent pursuits, prooecut;ng with vigcr,
euergy and enterprise their daily evoca
tions. Yet even among these we cls 'rvu
that some excel and Lecoine noted for
their business caricities. whdi others re
main in comparative obscurity.
Bat, is the cause less apparent than thi
effect? Bchu'.l the m.r.ha;.; whj habit
ually cheats and deceives his cu-tcir.ers ;
is it a wonder to you thit be meets with
ill success in life? The farmer "who
makes believe at fanning. or:!y does it by
halves; the carpenter who slights hii
woik to save time; the doctor who de
ceives his patient, although almost at tho
point of deaih ; should these meet with '
success, even though they ccvld excel?
Certainly not. Th?y are wantmg in
principle, they fail iu firmness and deci
sion of character they care not to starl
up for the right, Lut heedlessly adopt tho
Is not this effect prodjeed by tho samo
use among us teachers ? Look row at
ihe teacher who hesitates in the rath cf
duty, whose brow with many cares grows
fretted, and who is upon thh point cf vio
lating some rule of riga. As a well-rend
book, so the children read his counte
nance ; every gesture, every word, everv
look, are carefully watched, and woe be
to that mau who hath not his members ia"
subjection. Need we than ask, are firm
ness of principle and decision of charac
ter indispensable qualifications of th-3
teacher ? Try well, Oh, Teacher, tho
gifts God has given thee; acertaiu .
whether or not thou art lacking-here, for
he who attempts to teach without these,-
leans upon a broken stall, which shall de-
ceive mm mine nour ot truuue ; wnica-
shall pierc-i his hand, aud be to hirn a
source cf distress.
But rocirk, do not imngino that' when
we talk of firmness, wj mean obstinacy, '
far be it from us to recommend such a
trait. The obstinate person sticks to hij
theory, cr favorite idea, in face cf right
and wrong, even when he knows he is
wrong, still clings to ii with the tenacity,
of a paracite. How foolish, how detest
able such a mind. Nor would we be un
derstood to recommend that humility ivhich
causes its possessor to be trampled upon
aud underrated by his pupil?, this, indeed,
is not humility, but -unworthy self-abase
ment, which we confess to be 33 danger--ous
as its extreme.
Choose, then, a happy menn; ft rr.can
which is neither found in stern obstinacy,
nor in weak humility, but which lie3 In
that firmness which lays its hands upen
both. To speak in plainer words, let' iis
remark, lit. Have few rules, but hava
them well o'errttl ; 2J. Never 'uphold Jl
rule which you know to be wrong iri'irs
principle; 3d, Never giro up a gjed ruin"
imply because your pupils so de-ire.
a. i. ir.
A traveler says that Mount Vesuvius
never sleeps. That can hardly be, as ii
is continually yawning.
Rancid Butter How Obviated.
1 siw in the last number of the Prairie
Farmer the question asked how to reclaim
rancid butter ? As I have hid considerable
experienced handling and repacking but
ter, I will give a recipe that I have used
with good success:
For 100 lbs rancid butter take 21bs fine
white powdered sugar, 2oz. saltpetre
finely pulveri.-ed, and as much fine dairy
salt as you wish to add to the butter to make
it to your taste.
Th butter ha3 to be thoroughly washed
in cold water, before working in thif above
ingredients. The amount used should be
in proportion to the strougness of the butter.
Feb. 18th, 1S61. n. t. j.
On the' same subject H. V. Brown
' "I will tell a young .vife what I did a
few weeks since. Having bought some
eighty pounds of rancid butter. I packed
it closely in a barrel, and covered it with
a brin made with a handful of saltpetre
and a handful of saleratns added. Sub-
J i
n'ly my family ate the tuner and
pronounc d i' g.xjd. Any young wife can
do the same thing.
We have siill another mode: "Take two
parts of the besl dairy ali. one part sugar
An Fc rontrli llllJonifrn.
Among the subscribers to Au'iulcrj"
magnificent work rn Ornith dgy. rhe suh-
pi r no
copy, appeared the name cf John Jacob
Astor. During the process c;f the work,
the pros-cution of which was exc'eedrngly
expensive, Mr. Audubon.' of course, cal"
led upon several of his subscribers for
payment. It so happened that Mr. As
tT (probably that be might not be trou-'
-- -jr
to before the delivery of the letterprecs
and plate?. Then, however, Auiubrn
asked for ht3 thousand dollars, but ho
was put off with cne excuse, after anoth
er. "Ah, M. Audubcn," wnuM the owner
of millions observe," "yv.u have cement
a bad time ; money is very scuce ; I'vj
nothing in bank ; I have inveoted ill my
At length, for the fisth time, Audu-'
bon called on Aster for his thousand dol
lars. As he was inhered ir.-o the pres
ence, he found William 13. Astor the son,
conversing with bis father. No
did the rich ran see the man cf art, than
he begin:
"Ah, M. Audubon, to von have ccn o
.i..,.. ..... . ti . ,.r.:.o r
'llll 4l ICI U!il nullify. IMIU lllliUJ. .'1
Audubon; money very scarce. . Bit
just then, catching r.n inquiring look fro.Ti
his son, ho changed his tcne, "However,
M. Au lubon, I suppoo w contriv
to let ycu have som f.f your money, if
possible. William.
to his son, who had
joining parlor, "have we any money at
all m bank ?"
"Yes, father." replied the sen, sup
posing that h-j was asking an earnest
question, perticent to what they had he 3 a
talking about when the Orniiha'ogi.-l at
t ,J,t n:.
walked into an ad-
A characteristic of the Black Repuh-
keerf- coiitt.nt lv n ltnrf rtrr snTirrinr artlrlf uf . J H. 1 1 T"M . l
iin,;.t,.wwhhVi nv on . f th. wish! y3'. r "'" ui, ami ninety- noyu.
lne Ti.e Lim irinbe ieitvcrei t tbekiin or t dt five out of every hundred of vour ewes some more tlern hard fjuesh. tins.
n . M4ireJ.. s3cLMfo left, and does it pay! j Fair.
earn in
"we have two hundred aod.
Fir;k cf
seventy thcu-ar.d Collars in
New York, seventy
the City Bank
the Merchant;
dollars ia
ninety tnou-ariJ UjLarsia
and one part salipetre: beat thtm up and j the Mechnnir
ttend the whole together. Take one
ounce of ihi s composition for every sixteen
ounces of butter, work it well into the
mass and close it up for use. Butter cur
ed in this way appears cf a rich marrowy
conristeuc and fine color, arid acquires a
briule hardnes?, and does not tuite snlt.
aste good three years, cniv
thousand in
ity-thrte thcu '
"That'll do. that'll do," exclaimed
John Jaff.b. interrupting him : "it seems
:vn can give ycu a chcqu3 lor
your mon.-y.
not S'cjih
It wilt
7 that it must stand three days or
I f f.Tn it i tr-r ?
Why did
honor cf
the new C-mfednr
Crr.'. lir.i I ave 'he
liri prcsid rat to
a week before it is uied.
contended a:ti;t 5 Q
gle U S,ui0, aud i-ty out Jfcd her