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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 14, 1861)
FURNAS & IT ANNA,
BHOTTXVIXXEf r. T.
$ ? ro
" " mr will te f tirr.i'bf (J t $1 60 per j
Clot of TJeca.b aecaui ILc .rcer, cot j
viher ' j
O - 1,
O : 3 -
lurTnnra s c a u d s
""mi:s S. BEDFORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
jester fcrjrxvvic' Is Chancery.
- " " -BSOTSTTVILLS, N. T.-
r C. JOHMO .
Johnson & SclioiMilkit
ATTORNEYS AT LAV,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
cr First and Main VTV.W - o
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
UltTUt BTiM. ln.Mca.ra. I wf
rSrra. or the u-ite- at...t.
,r Ay p(!lce.
JNO. L. CARSON,
TOLIOX AND EXCHANGE BROKER
B RO WSVI LLLi PiiiP"""'
"WjT D, GWIN,
Havin permanently located in
For the practice of Medicine and Surgery, ten-
s.n Unprofessional services lo tue aumeu.
0Ei on Main .Street.
A S. TTO LL AD AY, M D.
Re.r?'fnllTinforinh!i. frieurt. in Bn.wnville and
IctUclnc, Surgery, & Obstclrirs,
r.d h.pe,by strict ttenU. to hii)rfel-n io receive
Calof'trl!ib-ln. O.Hce.t City Drup Store.
Feb. 34. '59. -5 ly .
T. W. TIPTON,
Attorne3r at Lav,
?k o w xv ill wV. r.
L. LI JOniTSOIT, I.I. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND ISUUGEON,
Omce at U. C. J.itnsju' Law Offlce,
First Street, beteea Main nnd V7"ater,
nr.o it v r i lix, xohmsua
Clratccs' & Jewelry.
I . ' . J. SCHITTZ
r9 Wooli-vnaopDcrlothe;iti:en of BrDwnvine
. VTV nt v.cinitv tbat bo ban located himself In
'Ii3-0Wnviaft. ndintcn.J keeping full asor.
i eve-ytttiin hmlmeaf b uine. which wliJ
c-.l.ll'wforca'h. rif will oU all kind" "f re
irtuf of clo-V.wtctC!iandiewtlry. All work wir
To Ladies of Brownville,
: f,J3S. fi.ARV KEVETT
! " Q
5 Announ?ej that she. im just reeoived fromtt.'
F!at a tnisiiimipnt Iik-U f
STRAW. FRENCH CHIP,
' (JIMP ' LEGHORN,
SILK, & CRAPE
French Flower. Strw 'I riiniririf;, UiWUons. etc.,
To nhioh he ioitcf the attention i-f the 'Ladies of
irnwiml'.e and vicinity, f soling insure'! 'ticy i-nunt-t
be better nuiti'd in itvle, n.uality or iiricc.
, April I2.1SG0
' N EWS PAPERS,
Ut every dt-scription. fur ale at
SCIUITZ &o DEUSER'S
; South-east corner Ma:t and Second,
HROwNVILIiE, N- T.
I W.22.1. IS59. f-rtll
BROWNYILLE,. NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, xJAROK 14, 1881.
i E. S. DUNDY,
j ATTORNEY AT LAW,
! A.&CIIER, RICHARDSON CO N. T.
; V1LL practice in the iiereral Courts of the i& Indicia!
"'mtrict. aid ittcnd to all m litem connected with the
-.rfesion. W.n. XcLchsah. K-q . t XebrAt City,
fill si!.t me in the proeculiou I Important Suit .
Sept. 10. '67-11-11 p
L. RCOnEI. UtlEKOLLlDAT ALEXIS Ml'OD.
K.i-.l, City Buildings,
SAINT LOUIS '- - - UISSOUSI.
No. 140, Perl Street,
iroiliictt and Coinrnission
3X STIC IT ATCT.O.
we terra it fermission to
rjwell Ler k l.p.,i;,n, - - St. Joseph,
Twtle Vrlcinti, - "
T. kj. Cnrd -
Nire M C rd & Ck. , ...
. D mnel fc. Sait.,D -...
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
BROYITVILLD, 17. T.
ft rr r7rn-rr. n,n
rtave jnt completed ttir r.ew tnsire h'ue on
j,in Street, near the U.S. Lsrid on-, in ro-nvilie
r ere ti p y Lsvc ii :: l out t-Mi treuSri it ? uti tac at
fvoraL!e tt! ;
Dr3 Goods, ProviLioiiG,
Of all Kinds
FLOUR, CON F1XT10NA Rl ES,
Choice Liquors, Cipars, ;
And a "thousand and one," ether thins everybody
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
Erownvilie, Apri 25. ly
COUNCIL BLUFFS. IOWA.
WILLIAM F. IIITER.
ai?y it. lseo.
P. J. HENDGEN,
fTerehy notitictil e public that behas purclit-ed the
Kebrai-ka House in Drownvi I le,N. T., formerly kept ly
T. J. Kdwardn. and has remodeled, renovated and enti
rely changed the whole boufe. from cellar to Karret,
withan especial ricw to neatness, comft rt and conve
nience. Having had many years eipericnce t a hr.fcl
fce(.pPrike feel afe in warrantinsthettoarriir.j- patrun
ase of Browrvllle. and the travcline public, tlmt, while
at the American, they will have no reason to complain
ofthefa'-e In any respect.
The Hotel U iitnateJ inniediaf e!y at the Steamboat
l.afrtine, f.tot ( t .VHimtreei, and conseq'ientlv aS"..n!(.
pcnliradan; to the travelinp eommnnlty. The
proprietor abkt-but to be tri d,tnd if not found worthy,
January, 19 1SC0. 23-tr
THE NEBRASIIA TAIIIEII.
Devoted lo JlgrlrJinre, Stock Raisin
Horticulture. Jlxhanisr,i, Education.
Published at BroiLvvtUc. K T.
On the first of every month nt 1 a year for 't
pleccjiies; Six ci:cb, Si; Thirteen copies, $11
TVeijty efr ie", $ 1 5.
The volume begun Oct. 1ft, 1859, Speciraen nnrc
ers furnished -atiFon application. Dacli cunibei
can be furnished.
Will every friend of .Vrioultitrc and Edacatint
in Xehrail(a. Northern Kane). Southern Iowa, and
Northern Misuari, lend a helping hand, to establih
and maintain a journal devoted exclush elj to the
iritere'.-i above r.nisied. There is net ft ptstuCce
within the region nnraed but ran and onht to
furnish a club of at least 10 subscriber. Send
along without di-lay.
Term's in Advance.
Onecopv, one year, $ I CO
Six opto-. " 6 00
Thirteen copies, one year, 10 00
Twenty copies 15 00
Four coie, three months 1.00
Hates of Advertisements.
A Card of S lines or Icsr. one insertion, $1.00
" " ejcn ad Ut'nlinsertlon 15
" " one year 6 00
One Fonrth Coltinm, " 10 00
One Itlf Column, " 2 )00
OneColnnm. ' 3.03 .
rxyable quartet 'y In advance Tearly advertisers are
tin wed to chaneetheir advertisements quarterly.
T. 51. TALI50TT,
il.tvin I'n.ited himself in UrnwnviiJe. N. T., ten
It-rs his rofoi'in;tl irvices to theoornmunity.
All jobs warranted.
J. D. N. THOMPSON,
Justice of the Peace and
Takes rknovlet'renients ef Deeds ilarriet Peipte
&...&C. Ofiice flrt Juor stMitb of Aiaun Co's & Dru
Bruvrnville, June 21st, BG3,
BROYNVILLD, IT. T.
Life Insurance Company,
1"- C A
IT ty . f T'H'j'I
iitt liJt It,
faccrforctcd ly He I'late of Connecticvt.
Capital cIi CC;,CCO.
TT;tI Urgeandifreafi ri'urrinr receipt '..uecure
ly invested undr the sar ctioti arid uv rjvst.1 of tie
Coastrollci of Public Accounts. '
OFFlCi:RS AND DIRECTORS:
JAMES C. WALK LEY, President,
JDItNL. UXCE, Vice-President.
1 m U - U I C i. l. I e Y A - r j 1. 1 c r i 1 A D t
Alfred Gill, Panicl ThiilipE, JohaL.Uutca,
TJ.Cl.idet, J.i.l'.utler, E. D. Pi?'ierman
. N.SVbcaton, Saut.C'iit. 2eIaoa ilullister,
Jarre? C.Walklej. - ; -
' F.D.P.nre'ford.M T, Consultir Pbyician.
A. Si Holldj,M O, Medical Examiner,
i Applications received by Il.W.FUKNAS. Ar't.
nS-tf . Lrowr.villc, N.T.
Th? pirfnerhip heretofore existinu tinder the name
ndhty;e of Lii!ihanh & Carson at ErownvJiie, Xe
brabVv, vra, on the first dav of Xoven;br. dissolved by
mutiui consent, by the withrtraval of 1J. F. Lothbansb
JoTin L. Caron will settle the nnfinihed biiKine cf
the old firm and contlno the Binkins nd Real Estate
Agency jjusiiiee a berctyfore at the old Rtan'i.
. B. F. LUSHBAfJn
Xov. 1st, ISO'). JOHN. L. CARbCJJ'.
In f everlne my bnf inesn connexion with my late part
tier, 1 deetn this a proper oppojtunity of cxprenFir.c my
tbatik for the patronnce bestowed tijHin onr fit), daring
the period in which -e were enraeed in busings.
It affords tie iimch -ple.if-nre als lo commend to the
favor3blec;nidcratini! jf the friends cf the oW Crm my
fnrc-;-iS"r in business. Mr. Carsor, centletnan In every
w ay worthy of theconS deuce and support of a discrlm
int'uB public. ' ' '
B. T. IXSnBACGIT.
J0E1T L CAnEOII
(Successor to Lii-bbaugU k. Carscn.
:rs sl. rcr isi uk t
LAND AND TAXJPAYING
Dealer in Coin, Uncvrrcnt JIoncLand
' Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
cf Nelrasa are
Hon at rreisnt.
i'htr hnJ ti::;s to
T trill pive especial attention tobcylng and selling ex
change on the principal cities or the United States and
Europe. Gold . Silver, uncurrent Hank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Col lections made cn all accessable polntc,
ar d proceeds remitted in exchange at current tates.
Deposits received on current account, and interest al
lowed on special deposits.
.n.tir; STREET. CuTrCCS THE
TcIcgrapHa ansl tlac LT. S.
D. A. COXSTAHIE,
IMrOUIS AND DEALER in
IRON, STEEL, NAILS,
OASn.VGS, THINGS. AXLES, FILE"
BL A CKSMlTirS TOOLS
Also: IIuVs, Spikes, ad Bent Stuff.
Third Street, between Felix and Edaiond,
SAINT JOSEPH, MO.
Which be sell at St. Loulu price for c?u.
i.Ph?!.7ri PAid for Ecrcp Iron.
December 1, ifi.9.-iy. "
UlWIIML &, ST. JOSEPH R. II.
Adopts this method cf returning thnr.ks to the
jruiiilemen of this vicinity, for the liberal patron
age itesluwed upon bini heretofore, nnd ti annonneo
tiialbe hasjust returneJ fro id St. Louis with &
Of every article of
Cotton, Linkxn and Silk Goods,
FUR MEN'S WEAR.
Woolen, Cotton, and Silk Unders-hirts. drawers
Vesting?, Half Ilote, Surenders. Ae. In s!urt, ev
ery thir.j a gentletiian could desire to array himself
in the gayest attire, lie will -til the pcx.ds, or make
suits to order in n style equal to ary other House
nr. y where, lie aakl but an exatuiuatiK of lis goods
and work. , .
Correspond with the Frcserd Hard
April 12. ISf.O. - - . ,
MraiaiTrsin '.Odve St. Juseph at - - 6 0!)
p91 9i rei'Uelsr the Western jt-sre Line. !
eairreti;ne ! i'eive !.ini be thi-.,te. !
:! c-ue:ii.tn ,ii,desi linn',., witb"!l'idtern
la-h-n Hiir.lnJ Packets. " i
J I U litvwooD, S.ip'i.. IlannU nl.
D C S twiy, General A',?nl. St. Joe.
P B Groat, (i. TWXtl A-ent. II t"1 ;vl
Taco. Hill. G. T. Ag't, Browavi'.le.
veu.br U, li3.
Xur- Ofvsalx niid on n?ixaio
W f 3 e pi e;-t: i Li.id Wmrr.mu t i I Mzt-Mo
wtllorf o:isiuh tune as they mav de.-ire lour or short
t the UMial rales.
A cn-taut si'.pvly of Wrrr.t will be tept on hnd
f.r sa:en cheap a tbey can be bought eL-e where in
Buy of reiriia'- l.i.1:er beware t.f l...i:ns warrsnts.
All wirr.mti. ..!.! hy ws t.e cnaranteed to be
enuineil e-ery rp.-pt.H-i an! wilt he exchaued if de
Boi;u permanently irtedin Brownviile, we run a!-Wdj-
e f..iin.l at the j ,tsn.l a few duor e ist if the
Hi llvll', It,,ii.B
RnV;T. niid Ii'erE in Iimt Wrrsiniit.
J. S. VESTOIT.
ATTOPiI'EV AT LAV,
TT"0"cou itin Street, one d k.t Uvt ibeP-t
ii.-owavi:;e,I)rcea.vtr I jt59
Lin l i. Brother
J. W. Carson it Co.,
lliser. DiiSc & Co.
Touns h Carson,
Jeo. Tnonipson Mason, C"Tr uf Port,
wni. T. Siuithsin. Esq.. ITanker,
J. T. Stevens, Ksq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaber, Late 3d Aud. C. 8.1
Trlor it Krieth, Bankers,
McClelland. Pre & co.,
troii. Thomas G. Fratt, . :
ITiin. Jas. O. ( argon,
P. a. Smali, Esq., Pres'I S. Ban,
C-1. Geo. Sch;ry, Att'y at Law,
Cot. 3mi. H tmhleton, Att'y at Law,
Prof. a. Tutwiler,
Baltimore, IT d.
St. Lonis. Mo.
. Havana. Aiabma.
Kov. 8, lS60-tf.
NEB R A S K A
- . ' i
Carrioge. and Mngon
S. E. & J. T. BERKLEY,
A1TN0UI7CE thai they haT commenced the
fri the City of Brownrille. They have both had
many yer. experience in Eatcm Manufaeturies,
mid Hatter themseves they w ill be able to please the
pul-iie both in work and prices.
All kiudsof repairing jm mnt! v atterded to
Wo Aoli X3x3it a. Trial.
T. E. i J. IS. BERKLEY.
ProwT)vi:ie.M iy.3. lSt30.
Li 1 1 Lllliiii hlliuhh
SOGERS & BROTHER,
AXXnUXCES to the public that be has ptirehe.! the
Livery Stable and Stock furmerly owned by William
Useii and aCJed thereto fire stuck, and is nuw prepar-t-,1
to aciimnxlate the public wita
Svi (Idles Horses
ti;e TRAimnia mm
Can Bnd at his Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
BKXJAJilX i JOSHUA ItOCiR3
BrownTi'.le. Oct. 13. 1SS0. nl5-yiy
Limo! Limo!! Lixno!!!
The tsrdfrf isrr.ed whoe kiln sre si'nated r.ine r.iiles
TMor Brnwnville, on the rosd leadmf t Ft. Kfarrier,
tetT's cotititgn'ly on hind a verr snp"rii-r article rif
Ht ie. tri . hn b be inviie t e attention of tboise wis!
ihe TL-e Mme win be delivered at the kiln or at any
eil erp-nnt in f i.ecount j-, asdesire 1.
l el-., 6-i E. i. LOXG.
p .. . r .
.. ....... v . i. i.
The cai.ir.on cchc
lut in a formation cc
Our School law has
p rore its adaptation to our sparcely set
tled Territory, lot have our people fully
understood its prcviji,r.3. The apparent
jirrir arnor, the pccrle in their c flbrts
to carry cut the law, Lzi not arisen from
any lock cf interest in paUia school j, lut
frcn ccr.f.i'jtir" rp:r' r.s in regard to
v: hat the juj i.;."ani from local jealousies
and private preferences. Aud this state
cf things will continue 3 Iocs: as ths
same cr similar elements esist. V'e
need net lock for onyihinj like unanimi
ty in the people for the present law or
any other that could Le enacted ; and for
the following reasons : Our population
is made up of emigrants from all sections
of our common country. Sections ivhere
common schools are held to be the pub
lic guarranty cf the people's liberty,
growth and prcsperty,' or where free
schools are ignored, cr made of minor
importance. We have many from the
Eastern, Middle and Western States,
where the common school systems are in
ali conditions of development, from that
of tried and settltd utility dow-n to that
cf experimenting doubt and uncertainty.
Each class of emigrants has become wed
ded to its respective , system, and there
fore opposed to all others. The result is
distrus-t, confusion and mismanagement.
Yet this would, in time, work its own
cure it. the law was fairly and judiciously
explained anu carried out by efficient of
ficers. But instead of waiting, and giv
ing the law a fair trial to prove its inef
ficiency, our legislators, -filled with the
idea that there is wrong in the system,
somewhere, go to work changing and re
pairing until we hardly know what the
law is. One party is for a Territorial
Commissioner, because the State froo
which it hailed had them. Another be
lieves that the Lterests of Education can
be looked after by other officers for a
similar reason; and so of other parts and
provisions of the school system. By this
mode of procedure, the injudicious zeal
to heal a difficulty that time and popula
tion and forbearance only can heal, the
r ni is made worse, and the patches only
stuck on for the next mender to tearoM'.
If we could learn to give our laws a. pres
idential term of probation until their mer
it or demerit was fairly tested, we would
find ii to the adv antage of education and
the growth and prosperity cf otir schools.
Until our people are educated to work
together, and become accustomed to the
school laws, we must look for mismanage
ment and confusion in the. best system.
The school laws of New England, where
population is dense, would cot suit Ne
braska with her ualf dozen families to a
four mile district. We must of neces
sity Jabor under difficulties and work at
a disadvantage for years to come. ; I am
not now arguing for any particular sys
tem ci education, but simply wish to show
that our former preferences should not
govern us in our present action; and that
continual changing is not only injurious
to the prosperity of our schools, but cal
culated to confuse the people. What
may suit one locality may injure another.
What would please the North would d'u
please the South, and so xn. What the
people want is a plain, straight forward
law, suited to a new country; easily un
derstood, and capable of practical dem
onstration. It is evident to every reflect
ing mind, that a new law in a new coun
try, in order to prove successful and ben
eficial, must be uuderstood by the people
upon whom it operates. To put such a
law into successful operation among a
people educated to a dozen different sys
tems, requires a special superintendent
to guard its interests and explain its op
erations. To commit such supervision
into the hands of an officer chosen for a
different purpose, is only calculated to
defeat the end " desired. Even if such
an officer was qualified: for the position,
he ha3 not the time or means to attend
to it. If the object is to curtail expenses
it is at best but a weak and short-sighted
policy. "Penny-wise and pound
focliih." Like trying to catch water in a
stive while you save the drops jrcu loose
I am neither speaking in behalf cf de
feated office seekers, or disappointed as
pirant, but am writing from the experi
ence cf older Sia'es. -and from what I
feel to be the wants of our young Ter
ritory. If thvohKrand best organized
school systems of th" States require such
suprrvijors to louk after and attend to
the interests cf education, much more do
we incur infancy need such supervise rs.
Th-3 pec ;!, although willing to nse
held and dj what they can, when th?y
know how, are more apt to do S0'wh;n
directed ly an efficient and activa leader,
who will p.int cut what duty is, act! urge
then to i:.
A r.d raw ht me say to parents and
frkm's c: cur common schools, car
ne -'.ly 10 v. :r'c, in doing all you can for
vojr r: ::ii -) districts, and in nakin?
to cur farmers than any thirg to wh::a
thcycan direct their attention.
I, therefore, hope they will rcH.-rt upe-n
the subject, and if any cf th: i cn thre ,v
any light, upon it le them nr. h'ie it, tut
let it beam through the piges cf the
Fcrner for the good cf the p:;!e.
Some of yen may not ih:n' ye ; re elves
sufficiently vcree 1 in the use cf h;:gu?ge
to appear before the puMic, let th" ; id: a
not keep jca back, tu; : :n y:ur
your 'cheo'.s whit they should be, "eel- j honest honeun garb. It isre:t :;ra
WC-.U ca th? re: era ceee. I
I " C 3 f-
l ..rp cn
the disagreeable part of the law, but
u-crA- as best you can, in accordance with
it3 gocd features. If you work at all
work harmoniously, if possible, with your
neighbors, and thus set an example to
your children and fellow citizens.
. Jfelraska Citif, JVeS.
Our new correspondent "Eno.'V.iost
certainly takes the proper view as re
gards a School Law, and its operations.
The School Law of Nebraska, when first
enacted, was one of the best in the conn
try. As our friend says, perhaps its every
feature did not suit every particular local
ity; nor could such a law be made. But
ignorant cnes have tampered with it eve
ry session of the Legislature since, until
we consider it now nearly destroyed.
Nobody can tell head or tail cf it. The
last Legislative action in regard.to the
School Law abolishing the office of Su
perintendent virtually took from the
system its main Spring. Telo.
Written for tke Nebraska Farmer.
Now that there is a bounty ottered for
the cultivation of forest trees we expect
to see our wide extended prairies dotted
with beautiful groves; so relieving to the
eye and so enchanting to contemplate in
a rural scone. It is all we need to render
our territory as attractive as it i3 now pro
ductive. Trees are companions; who
has not felt their soothing, still, small
voice, when sitting in the solitude of a
leafy grove ? Or, wandering lonely
through a vast "contiguity of shade ?rt
And, independent of any premium, I
have thought their culture might be made
profitable. It i3 certain that in a region
so sparsely wooded there is an absolute
necessity to turn our attention in this di
rection. And, as there is every proba
bility that the Homestead Bill will become
a law, strangers, desirous of finding a
home, will in addition to the invitation
held out by the almost unparalelled fer
tility of our soil, so easily worked when
once broken have many inducements to
settle among us.
To encourage those desirous of engag
ing in the pleasing occupation of cultiva
ting timber trees we will state, that,.hav
ing had some ten acres of prarire plowed
we were surprised, the following year, to
see several thousand trees up all over the
breaking, the offspring of seed blown
from a neighbo ing grove. In plowing
for corn most of them were, however, de
stroyed, those that escaped, by being in
the rows, we trimmed to prevent them
from shading the crop too much. They
grew astonishingly, and whether removed
to another spot, or suffered to remain,
they will in a few years be large enough
for raita and posts.
I would advise setting out trees in rows
twenty-five feet apart, and cultivating the
ground as usual by raising wheat, oat3,
corn, barley, sugar cane and potatoes un
til the trees shade the earth to much for
these crcps. Then, as a final operation,
sow grass seeds; and you will have a
beautiful grove in which to rove, cr re
pose ; nay, more, in ten year3 a profitable
one. For if sufficiently extensive, you
may not only use nil the timber you need
for fuel or fencing, but have it to J-ell to
your less provident neighbors; and your
cattle will in it find a screen from the
scorching beams of summer, while crop
ping the herbage beneath.
The cottonwood, maple and willow
grow rapidly, but. as they are net suitable
for poits, though they do well for nils, it
will be requisite to plant out oak, walnut
and locust, the tops of which will do for
fuel. I am informed by a neighbor that
he raised these sufficiently large in Illi
nois to make four posts to the cut cf mere
than ordinary dimensions in ten years
without any care.
I think the premium offered is an ex
emption from tax on fifty dollars fcr five
years for every acre of timber cultivated,
having four hundred tr-es upon it; he,
therefore, who raises five acre of forest
trees will be exempt from taxation en two
htm Ireland fifty- dolors; which, taken
in cout: c;t-:i with the value of th j tim
ber will, I imagine, prove mere prcfuable
a CoutJ.-j, .VtS.
I k i I i -i U I i I i . i
1 . . . ,
Fllr: CV.V-.j c'V.i V.
m cc ; ..
th? G. . .r:
yeu to zllr
v. . :
' ' T
f : r r.; n c
ten :"-:e:3 to cz..
WrUtci f. r tia Xtbraska r.rr.?r.
r,,ir-3 f i" r -o
Gating IVIuat f Earlv.Ua who
sows his spring wheat as early a3 the
ground will permit can rely on a belter
crop than he who waits until a gecd day
comes. If you have a piece cf praiiie
broken up list summer, t-ov: cne and a
half bushels of wheat upon it to the acre,
au l then drag it well two or three times.
A crop put in that way in this (O:oe)
county last season returned a gocd yield.
In some of the Western States, particu
larly Minnesota, this method cf sowing
on the soil is becoming very general.
Farmers try it.
Raise Sugar Cans. Let every farmer
the coining season raise half an acre cf
sugar cane, and have it worked up in;
molasses. It will pay you for all trouble
and expense twice over. In thh county
the past season quite a number cf acres
were planted, the juice pressed out and
boiled down which we pronounce passa
ble. Let there be twice the quantity
planted the coming spring end you vill j
never regret it. It costs no more to ruli;;
it thn corn, while an acre will produce
SCO gallons of syrup !
Give Caille Good Cere. Reader, I
have been engaged this winter in testing
the adage of an old Pennsylvania farmer,
given rne year3 ago, said he: "Feed your
cattle three or four times a day, instead
cf but once or twice ; rely on it, it will
pay you." I find the eld dutch farmer
was right ; for my ccw3 lock better than
my neighbors, who have had better shel
ter than mine. Feed cften, and a little
at a time in ccld weather, never let any
be left on the ground, if net eaten ta he it
! away until you feed again. Let cattle be
welJ fed, have a good warm stable or
shed, and free access to good water, and
our word fcr it, it will pay you a b'g per
cent in the spring.
Farmers Save Your J.Tanvre. Not one
farmer in a hundred in the west ever
saves the manure about, his stable cr cow
yard ; whilrf its application properly upon
his land would be more thin five dollars
an aero yearly. You approach the sub
ject of manuring to most western farmers
and theytellyou their land is rich enough.
That may be, but it i3 not tamt enough,
if we nay be allowed to use such a phrase.
It needs deep plowing and plenty cf well
rotted manure to neutralize it for most
small grain. In New Hampshire, New
York and Ohio they raise forty and fifty
bushels of wheat cn an acre cf land,
where it ha3 been manured farmed
cultivated! While we, here in Nebras
ka, with a soil as prolific as the fun ever
shown upon, are content with fifteen or
twenty hu-uVIs to the acre. Let us awake
from this lethargy, my farmer friends,
and go to work in earnest.
R. O. Tncotrsox,
Nebraska City. JVtb.
Lice on Cuttle.
As I have bten in the habit cf read
in? your paper, and have received much
valuable information frcm it, I take the
opportunity cf giving some cf my expe
rience in destroying lice on cattle and
calves, and licks cn sheep. I have tried
almost every receipc that I have hfard
cf. but found none that had the desired
effect without injury to the animal, such
as feeding sulphur and cepperas in suf
ficient quantities to saiurate the bleed
more cr les3, according to the weather at
the lime cf feeding. T.Iy way is to
smoke them with tobacco, blowing it in
to the hair about the bead and neck, nose
and along the back, and whererer the
lice are most to be found. I have used
this for four cr five years to a perfect
satisfaction. It makes the hair soft and
smooth, and makes it smell so much like
a tolr.cco smoker that tbey cannct stand
it. What it does not kill, run fcr their
lives; they cannot stand the smcl?.
The instrument I use is made cf tin,
shaped like a tin horn, about sit inches
long, with a cover that fits tight ever the
bier end, two and a half inches in diam
eter, with a small tube in the center, sol
dered to the cover to blow through. Put
th" fchacco in, with a coal cf fire cn top,
cf th? S :rn
sba cf a Repi lliear. A.!
property their e?.e
curity are te I ? cm."
has never L .en ar.y r--:.
such apprehend::), b. 1
pi? evider.ee t ? th? r
while exhttd and I .. :,
hihtd speeches cf hi u
1 do but que'.? from cr.
: :n t? ii :
- ..." ,v , .
Vii T t1 or ' 1 r-r
directly cr indire.
f th::? e : '!.
tl.et i 1: tve :::; -rp;:j
tD m:er:.r v.rlj
ilivtrv in th? U ?
tne institution c;
where it exiete. I I . here 1 h
ful right to do- e:, er.l I havo r.e i:::l
tien to da so. r - t
elected me, di ! e? whh the f.
that I had m - ;? thij ar.,1 r.ar.y s::.a
Ueclaraiiea3,e ihtl neve r r canted th :
and mere tl ::.!;, they rlueei in :
platform for my :c--pt.iaej is a Is v
themselves ur.i" to mu, th? clear ar. 1 c
phatio reseletien which I now real :
Rcsch'J, That th? rraiateaiaee ir.v
hte cf the right cf th? L'ntee.eml c,p
laiy th? right cf each to order and c
trtl its ovvn domes::: ie;.if.;ti.r.?. se:o:
to its can juJ:
r.tialto the bolem
.cr cn .:
c : c :
T - ' 1
la? pericction ar.i ere .ar::
.. . ,..., .
the lawless invaiiea by an arm. . J
the Goverrar.ent cf any Stat? cr
ry, no matter wl t pretext, 5.3 ae
greatest cf cri:.:us.
I now reiterate these cer.t'aar
in do.r.-r so, I cr.Iy pre?? vpea t;
attenticn the most coral u::vo cv:
which the cae 13 ius:e; tit! t.'.:t i
eny, peace and s.c.:. ay cf 1.
that ali the protection whi.h certaatea
with the Constitution rr.i the lav s cm
given, will be cheerfully given to all t
States when lawfully demanded ier wla
ever cause, as cheerfully to ca? e:;t;e.i
There i3 much ccr.trcrr.rs7 z a-, t
delivery ct fugitives trem servie? c
The cause I now reel u as pi
. . .. ... - 1. . ...
ion in tne ensututmn c.3 any ctaer c: ::j
"No person held to serriee cr !..!.; r in
one State under the lawj th-.recf, ce.-oping
into another shall, in co::e?quenoe cf any
law or regulation therein, te d:i.l.:r:ei
from such service cr later, but rhal b?
delivered up cn claim to the ftny t
whom such service cr Lib or ra.v L ? de?."
it is scarcely queauone i taut t..
vision was intended ly the?? who n
fcr the reclaiming cf what we call fugf
t;ve slaves, and the int.!. than cf th? livt
given is the law. All members cf Con
gress swear their support to th? who!
Constitution to this pra-virion as much ci
to any ether. To the prt-po.a'.ic.n, the.:,
that slaves whose casej ouitj wi'hin th3
term3 cf t is clauso: "And ahall t? dcltr.
ered up," thir caths are una'muoj.
Now, if they wculi make the i:.-:: in
good temper, rou'.J they r.et, with r.eetrly
tqu .inimity, frame r red pa3 a law by
mtaui cf which tj keep gecd that urr.ra-
There is seme ditTcreree cf c-:a:n
whether this clause shoal 1 le cr.f;r::i
by national ur State cut: auty, but ;u:ely
that difference is r.ot a very mote .a 1 e
It the slave 13 to I? : :rrendcred, it con I?
cf but little conseq'Jta.:? to him cr toch
ers, by which authority i: ii dor.?, a:.l
should anv cn3, in any cc. ? te c:ra:r.t
- f, '
unsucstantiol centrevtr.-a a: te
shall be kept. Again, in ar.y ha upon
this subject, cught not all the sufe-gta re i
cf liberty, known in the civilized and hu
mane jurisprudence to be introduced, tj
that a freeman may not Le in any eti'j
surrendered a3 a tlave? And might it
not be well at the same time, to prerilo
by law for the enforcement cf thatch; a a
in the Constitution, which guarantees that
the citizer.3 cf each State shall l ? cr.titl-l
to all tne privileges anJ mar.
the citizens cf the several State?.
I t-i!. o
11.11 . a. .
nr.ci tne cover Lfarer
tight, the smoke
'hrongh the tobacco, which makes
it all the stronger. Last full I bought
-v-r 1 1 calves; s-trne cf them wre poor
arrl covered with blue lice; I smoked
them twice, and now thre is not one to
be found on them, ar.d ihy look slick as
kitter.s. fYiscc-niin Far:: ar.
reervattrr.s, zr.i not rurr:.? i.i
construe tne Ccnstitutioa anJ nw3 ty a:;"
hypocritical rules; and while I do res
choose, now, to sp-c;Iy p-tritcmetr ret: c:
Congress ts proper to t? er.torcei, I c 1
suggest that it will le much safer for all,
both in chloml aud private station., tr
conferm. to cad ati.l- by all three aetj
vvnich stand unrepealed, than lo vie!:; 3
. . . 4 .
any c: them, trust;
having them held to te ur.euratttua : - ml.
It is seventy-tw ) years since the fast
inauguration cf a President, ure.l or our
National Constitution. Durini that re
riaJ, fifteen d::
guished citizens have, in succession,
ministered the Executive branch cf
Government". They have cor! a.
through many perils, generally wah g
success; yet, with a'lthi3 se- i r p
dent, I now enter upon th? ? m .';
Concluded ca next ; .;--.
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