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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1861)
UBNAS & LYANNA,
,d Story Strickler'a Block, Llain Street,
T E R S 1
. if mid in advance, . - $2 00
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h i l If II
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f i ' it
"Free to Form and Herniate ALL llielr Domestic InstUatlons In tlieir otoi way, subject only. to' tW Constitution efftc United States'
JiArrn or ad v:;:-;-r:i:rc;;
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Oun'iire,ciisni.,r.:ti, - - - - - - - -
oaeCo!uusn on yeir, - -- -- -- -
Oufonrtb Cuiutna oil y osr, - - - - - -
ouecoinim ix nn ntf.ji, . ------
Onef jarth CoIttid iiini.r.:M, - - - - -One
eUhln, Colainn ix tn. - - - - -On
Column threw mrnthf.
One hAU C'!n-ur,tlire m jr.tfca, - - -One
fourth Column ! ri nmt-r hi - .
OneeUbta Column three m.'iith, . . . . .
uaaaoiagcaQJiiiteff oro2ce(in a J racer,).
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BBOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, MAECH 7, 1861.
1 N E 15 s i1,
T V sT I3KDFOHD,
VTTOKNfii' AT LAW,
I:,!cr roBa!sioscf In Ctenccry.
-EEOTTIfVILLE, N, T.-
"I'llic'i Peak, or Ilust."
ohrison & Sclioeiiluit
TTORNEYS AT LAW,
;0LICJTORS IN CHANCERY,
Corner First and Main
mniMlf - " - .
IKES' PEAK GOLD!
Hiirt pay over baianre or proceoo
In all ruM. 1 l
. ,11 rireiv PlWP
,t 1 1 kfnf'
j:.. FariirnR are turf
' .Tv";. n-.ielreiumi of tbe United SUteMiD
nv i -f!)ce. "
JNO. L. CARSON
LLI0X AM) EXCIIAXCE BROKER
Ilavin permanently located in
r fha i.wtice of Mrieine and Surjrcry, ten-
irji"i',a' 1 ' 1,1
I-e on in Street. n
A. S. HOLLA DAY, M. D.
.''l'v informs in friends in Bn.wnvilie a&
I, ,i- ;U;inHy i ht be bat resumcl the practirt- of
JKlnc, Sarycry, & Obstetrics
r,vtrirt attention to hiK profession, to receive
;i.,ir..uPtroHee heretofore esteuncn loumi. in
. .. .t,.re it i ii.shi.l'oreTteiieut. a prescription
I,...iiit1e t..ne. O.-nceat City UruR Siere.
frit 2.'59 35 ly
Attorney at Law,
TRO 1VXVILLE, X. T,
L. LI JOHNSON, XL D.,
IV.SICIAN AND SURGEON,
f):tl c atU. C. JwlitiHon'a Law Office,
First Street, between Main and Water,
locks, patches & Jewelry
WflnH mnonr.rc! o theMtirens of Hrowp.y11e
vi. itiity tUst be ha located himself in
BrOwnviJle. r.d; keeping a fulUKrt.
.,i ..t evei-yitiiiiBla his lit.e t bnslr.e'B. which will
. .id inw f.'r csh. He will Uodo all kinds of re--mc
.,f . lurk, watches and jewelry. All work war.
..ted. ' vJnlSIy
?o Ladies of Brown ville,
' MS. MARY HEAVETT .
nfioun"enUit she has just received iromiue
i a imnificcnt Ktx-lt of
Prtll eC? Winter
rRAW, FRENCH CHIP,
SILK, & CRAPE
French Flower.-. Straw Trimmings RiMor.s. etc,
i nhiolishe invitestbe at teetioil tt the Ladies of
; wnvill and vicinity. ft-eling assured U.ey cannot
!etifruiU'd in stjie, Quality or urico.
April 12,1 SCO
Uf every description, tor sale at
.ITERARY . DEPOT,
South-east corner Main and Second,
HEOWNVILLE, N. T.
Sent.SSJ. 1S39. f-ntll
E. S. DUNDY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ARCHER, RICHARDSON CO. N. T.
WILL practice in the several Courts of the 24 Jndicial
l i id, and attend tnall matters connected with the
- .fession Wm. McLessan. Ksq. . of Nebraska City,
.11 asMFt roe iu the prosecuiiuti if important Suit s .
Seiu. 10. '67-1 1-tf
L.HI'OHM. JESSE HOl.HDAr ALEXIS MCDD.
. in t;in:s & IIOLLAOAl,
N'. 1, City Buildings,
5AINT LOUIS - - - MISSOURI.
.11 I'll I & TlO I.I.k DAY,
Ni. 140, Pearl Street,
n Now Yorlt,
Proauce and Commission
t KLfEK B T PtKtJlSStON TO
Pweli, Levy & Lemon, - - St. Joseph,
:ies & KarlCKh, - "
T. kJ.Curd - . - .
Nave. M C rd & Co., . . - " "
Pi.nuci is. sxton - -
D.' A. C O X S T A K L, C ,
IMPORTER AKD DIALEB IN
IRON, steel; nails,
CASTLXGS, SPRINGS, AXLES, FILES
BL AOKSMITirS TOOLS
Also: IIuls, Spokes, and Bent Stuff.
Third Street, between Felix and Edniond,
SATNT JOSEPH, MO.
W"hicb he sell at St. Louis prices for casta.
' Hiehest "Prire Paid for Scrap Iron.
DRY GOODS HOUSE.
T3o. 11, VTrvin stroot,
BEOWIIVILLE, II. T.
rfare Just completed their new bat-lnes house on
Main Street, near the U.S. Land Office, In Bruwuville
where they have opened out and areofferiiig on the most
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Of all Kinds,
GRCC AXD pilIED I ItllTS,
Choice Liquors, Cipars,
And "thousand and one," other things everybody
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
Brownville, April 26, ly
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
WILLIAM F. KITE It.
May 17, 18C0.
P. J. HENDGEN,
riereby notiOesthe public that be has purchased the
Nebraska 1Iiukc in Brownville, N . T., formerly kept by
T. J. Ed war 's, and has remodeled, renovated and enti
rely chanted the whole house, from cellar to garret,
with an especial view to neatness, comfort and conve
nience. Having had many years experience as hotel
keeper.be feels safe in warrantinptheboardinppatron-
ape of Brown vil le. and the traveling public, ti.at, wbi.e
at the American, they will have no reason to complain
oftbefareln any respect.
The Hotel is situated immediately at the steamnoai
Lardine. foot of ilainstreet, and consequently anoros
peculiaradvantapesto the traveling community. The
proprietor asks but to he trid,md if not fouudworthy,
January, 19 1SP0. 23-tf
THE NEBRASKA FARMER. -
Devofed to Jprin V.irr, ? t-.V Riii'in
' 1 '
Incorporated by the State of Connecticut
Capital Stoclk $200,000.
ly invested under the sanction &Dd approval of the
vomptrouerot rubiic Accounts.
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS
. JAME3C. WALKLET, Tresident,
JOHN L. UXCE, Vice President.
ELIAS GILL. Secretary.
Alfred GUI, Daniel Phillips, JohnL.Bnnce,
R.BIodget, J. A.Butltr,. E. D. Dicterman
K.Wheaton, Sam. Coit, Nelson IlollUter,
; James C. M'alklej.
S. B.Beresford,M D, Consulting Physician.
A. S. Hollad:iy,M D, Medical Examiner.
Applications received byR. W. FURNAS. Aer't,
The partnership heretofore existing nnderthe name
and t-tyle of Lushbangh & Carson at Brownville, Ae
braska, was, on the first day of November, dissolved by
mutual consent, by the withdrawal of B. J LushbaugU
John L. Carson will settle ine unnnisnen Business or
the old firm and contine the Banking and Real Estate
Agency business as heretofore at the old stand.
JJ. t . Lt SHBAGIt
Nov. 1st, 1860. JOHN. L. CARSON".
In severing my business connexion with my Ifite part
ner. I deem tut a proper opportunity 01 expressing my
thanks for the patronage bestowed upon our firm, during
the reriod in which we were encaged in businss.
It affbrda me much pleasure also to commena to tne
favorableconsideration of the friends of the old firm my
successor in business. Mr. Carson, a gentleman in every
way worthy of the conadence and support of a discrim
B. t LlySllBALUH. ,
JOHIT L CARSOIT,
(Successor to Lnshbangb it Carson,
jes :rcr ej sfj. ,
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Dealer in Coin, Unciirrcnt Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
1 will give e'rcclal attention tobuylng and selling ex
change on the principal cities of the Vnited States and
Europe, Gold Silver, uncurrent Bank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
lid proceeds.remjtted in exchange at current rate.
i ts rpf-: i c-! oc carrMit account, sad interest I-
' i en fp-sial der-f'f:t4.
On tie ifbt of orery month at f 1 a yet.r for rh
pie copies; .Six copies, 5; Thirteen copies, ll
Therolnme beganOct.lst,1859. Specimennnm
ers furnishevisratiFon application. Dacltnninber
can be furniLcd.
Will everv friend of Azricultore andEducatiot
in Nebraska. Northern Kansas, Southernlowa.and
Northern Missouri, lend a helpiner hand, to establish
and maintain a journal devoted exclusively to the
interests above named. There is not a post oce
within' the region named but can and ought to
furnish a club of at least 10 subscribers, send
along without dlay.
Terms in Advance.
One copy, one year.
Six copies, "
Thirteen copies, one year,
Twenty copies "
Four conie. tbree months
Rttes of Advertisements.
A Card of 5 linesor less, one insertion, $1.00
" " eacnaddit'nlinsertion 75
" " ouej-ear .00
One Fourth Column, " ' 00
One Half Column, " -
One Column. " '35.00
Payable quarterly In advance Tearly advertisers are
Mowed to chaugetbeir advertisements quarterly.
; U dtl tiie
Llnd & Brother
J. W. Carson & Co.,
Hiser. Dick & Co.
Toung & Carson,
Jeo. Thompson Mason, Col'r of Port,
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker,
J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. TJ. S.
Tar lor a. Kriegh, Bankers,
McClelland, Pye &. co..
Hon. Thomas G. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. O. Carson,
B. Staali, Esq., Pres't S. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley, Att'y at Law,
Cot. Sam. Hambleton, Att'y at Law,
Prof. II. Tutwiler,
T. 31. TALBOTT,
ILtvtng located himself in Urownville. N. T., ten
dors his professional services to thocotnmunity.
All jobs warranted.
J. D. N. THOMPSON,
Justice of the Peace and
Takes acknowledgements cf Deeds. Marries Teople
&.,&c. Office first door south of Maun Co's fit Dm
Brownville, June 21st, 8G0,
Adonts this method f rctarning tbnnks to the
ci-ntleincn of this vicinity, for the liberal patron-
se bestowed upon him heretofore, and to annonnce
tiiathe Uasjustrelurned from St. Louis with a
Of every article of
F I N E C LO THS,
Cotton, Lxknen and Silk Goods,
FOR MEN'S WEAR.
Woolen, Cotton. and Silk Utider?h!rts, drawers
Vestir."?. Half Hose. h u?t)cr.dcrs. Ac. In short, ev
ery thing a gentleman could desire to array nim.ie J
in the gayest attire, lie wnlseil tnegKJs, ormake
suits to t rdr in a style equal to any other House
vnywhere, lie asks but an examination of his goods
Correspond with the Present Hard
April 12, iSf.O.
HWMKiL & ST. JOSCl'II 15. U.
Mornlne Train'leavc-s St. Jo? rjh at - - (5:00
Kveninc Train leaves b - . - 6:40
St J.i.eubi reichedby the Western Staee Line.
Pen)?ers iaveUma iPj :ireome stnsins y thiroute.
OiiiT t innMtion made at Hinnibal with al Eastern
and -Southern Railroads aJ Packets.
J T D II aywood, Siip't.. Hannibal.
J) C S. win, General Aent, St. Joe.
P B Gboit.O. Ticket Agent, Han'bal
Theo. Hill, G. T. Ag't, Brownville.
Koveinber 2i, ISJ.
Por CftRla nncl on "Time
We are pi ci-ar ei to lo.in l.uii-i Warrant, of all sizesto
settlers on such time as they may desire long or sbort
at the usual rates.
A constant supply of Warrants will be kept on band
for sale as cheap as they can te bought eisewhere in
By of regular dealers and beware of lnpws warrants
All warrants soll t.y ns will be guaranteed to be
genuine m every respect and will be ixchanged if de
Being permanently located In Brownville. we can al
ways be found at the old stand a few floors east of the
LrsnBAron & carsok,
Bankers, and Deslert in l.ud Warrants.
J. B. WESTON.
ATTORNEY AT' LAV,
rTj0ce on Slain Street, one d'Xr above the Post
Brownville, Drceniber 1, 1SS9.
Washington, D. C.
T. " '
St. Louis, Mo.
2vov. 8, 1860-tf.
N EBRASR A
Carriage and Wason
i1kowx1 hiae, k. t.
S. E. & J. T. BERKLEY,
ANKOTJNCE' that they hav commenced the
In the City of TJrownrille. They have both had
many years eipenence in
and flatterthemseves they will be able to please the
public both in work and prices.
... i - . . e : : ...(U thrift pn tn
AllKiuasoi repiriua jjn-uinj n.. v
T. E. & J. ii. BEUKLEY.
Brownville, May, 3, 1360.
CITY LIFSHY STABLE
ROGERS & BROTHER,
AKKOrXCES to the public that be has purchased the
Llverv Stable and Stock formerly owned by William
Rossell and added thereto fine stock, and lt now prepar
ed to accommodate the pubwe witn
THE TRAVaUHQ PD3LIC
Can find at his Stable ample accommodations for
horses, mules or cattle.
BFXJAMIX fit J05ITTJA ROGERS.
Brownville, Oct. 13, i860. nl5-yly
Lime ! Lime! ! Lime ! ! !
The nndermisned whese kilns are situated nine miles
wetof Brownville. on the road leading t(Ft. Kearney.
keeps constantly r.n hand a very superior article of
time, to which be Invites the attention those wish-
tnt Tbe Lime will b delivered at thekiin r at any
over point in tbecounty, asde&ired.
Feb., 1860 Cm E. M.L0XG,
Sfany farmers are deterred from at-
tempting to produce 'ery early vegeta-
Dies., Dy an erroneous iaa mat trie mak
a 1- 1
ing oi a not-Dea is a compucatea ana a
difficult operation, while it is just aa sua
pie as making a hill of corn. Everyman
who has a garden, cf .whatever size," if
he will once try the experiment of mak
ing a hot-bed,, will, we- venture to pre
diet, find the task so easy, and the result
so satisfactory, thai he will nevef forego
the luxury afterwards. All that is ne
cessary is to make a pile of horse ma
nure two and a half feet thick, with the
top sloping a little to the South, theu set
a rough frame made of four boards nail
ed together at the corners, upon the bed
of manure, fill the frame with six inches
of garden soil and cover with a window
glass. Any old, window will answer the
purpose, but it is better to have the bars
of the sash run only, one way, and to
have glass laid in the manner of shin
gles. The best plan to force tomatoes and
cabbages which may be transplanted from
the hot-bed to the open air without any
trouble. We have removed tomatoes in
blossom and had them all to live. If cu
cumbers or melons are forced, they sho'd
be planted in flower-pot3, and in trans
planting them you turn the pot over upon
your hand and give it a .gentle thump,
when the earth comes out in a solid lump
and the roots are not hurt in the least.
While the plants are growing, they must
be watered frequently, and on warm days
the sash should be raised a few inches to
give the plants air. We have found the
growing of plants under glass, from a
small hot-bed, four feet by six, up to a
large grapery for raising the Black Ham
burg and Frontignac grapes, the most
satisfactory of horticultural operations.
Having the control 'of the climate both in
heat and moisture, the plants can be
made to grow with a vigor which they
rarely, if ever, exhibit in the open air.
A hot-bed should be made from four to
six weeks before the time for planting
corn. Scientific American.
Spare The Birds.
"With sonorous notes
Of every tone, mixed in confusion sweet,
The forest nnjs
:h it come myriads cf
tli worms Li. a arivui tnes a
:ts that lav imbedded in tho earth Uutil
the plowshare rolls them up to view of
these insect-catchers, that will ever be
found to follow in the wake of the plow
man. ' ' ' -
Spare, then, the birds, say . we ! They
may gather up a few grains of your seed,
but they will save you. ten to one that the
worms would destroy. It is cruel to de
troy the birds, when they come as the
friends of the farmer. What music so
sweet to the ear at early morn, as
" the gentle lark, weary of rest,
From his moist cabinet mounts upon high,
And wakes the morning, from whose silvery breast
The, sun ariseth in majesty!"
Then "spare the birds." Read what
Audubon says of the immense number of
insects found m the craw of a single wren,
a thrush, or a robin. Farmers should pro
tect small birds. They are much cheaper
The following birds may be classed as
great insect-destroyers, and should be re
membered as the friends of the farmer
and gardener: King-bird, Whip-poor-
will, Cuckoo, Woodpecker, Martin, Chimney-swallow,
Wren, Cat-bird, Blue-bird,
Meadow-thresher, Ground-bird,- Rice-
bird, Robin, Chirping-bird, Blue-jay,
Small Owl, Night-hawk, Sparrow, Thrush,
HaDg-bird, Black-bird, with several more.
These, if cared for and protected, not
only remove insects from the earth and
trees, but from flowering plants and vines
around the dwelling, and build their nests
amid the fragrant roses to encircle your
windows. They will richly repay you
for all your care and protection. They
will sing you a sweet lullaby as you go to
rest, and wake you with their morning
hymns, until your higher nature shall say :
'"Bird of the dewy morn 1
How ft thy heavenward lay
Floats up wherj life and light are born,
Around th rosy day." ;
A free. wilJ BpirH to tWoo Is given,
Bright minstrel of the blue celestial dome 1
For thou wilt wander to yon upper heaven,
And bathe thy plumage in the sunbeams home;
. And, soaring upward, from thy dizzy hight.
On free and fearless wing.be lest to human sight."
is near, ana
birds, to grr.
But it may be objected that children
are sent to primary schools to learn their
A B C, not to spend their time upon ob
ject lessons.. The reply is, that not only
is all the information, and all the disci
pline acquired in that way, clear gain,
but the alphabet, and all the rudiments of
books taught by the old method can be
and are mastered in much less timr, and
also with vastly more pleasure and ease,
thin when the lan.,r are the exclusive
studies of the primary schools. The
mind is relieved, refreshed, by the in
terest and pleasure excited by the object
lessons, and returns . to the alphabet or
book with tenfold rest and spirit, and will
accomplish in five minutes, more - than
it would hare done in half an hour with
out the relaxation, and far more thorough
ly. The idea of expecting children who
- i -
cannot read, or who do not even know
their letters, to "study " is simply ab
surd. They do not know how to study
they have no command of the necessary
means and agencies. We might cs well
place all the tools of a carpenter before
an apprentice who has just entered the
shop to learn his trade, and tell him to
go to work, as to place a book with the
twenty-six letters of the alphabet, in the
hands of a child and tell him to keep
still and study. It is absurd. How can
he study? how will he get about it? He
maybe compelled to sit still and keep
his eyes upon his look, but he might as
well have his feet, in the stocks and his
eyes upon the moon. He could study as
well with the book shut and his eyes on
the cover, and with much less danger
to his eyes and to his book. And as
to requiring the child to keep perfectly
still when he has nothing to do, it is dif
ficult to avoid the use of strong language
against such folly and cruelty. All that
the little martyr can do is to go to sleep,
and even this refuge is usually denied
him. If there are decrees in human fol
ly, surely that must be in the superlative
which would shut up a troop of little chil
dren in a close room six hours a day, and
compel them to be perfectly still, on pain
of chastisement, when there is not a sin
gle thing for them to dp nothing to in
terest the mind or heart. If then teach
ers will persist, in trying to impart a
led e cr the 'alphabet,' by the ex-
V r , I
- 1 f T
q I1UU iUilliin llil IlliLl
Last ww i obtained seme Dela
ware Grape scions ,f Mr Charles Down
ing, a very obliging gfiVman of New
burg, N. Y., for the purpose oc praftinf
some old vines. In the month of vOD'
ruary last, I concluded to try an experi
ment, in order to get an earlier and larg
er growth, and thus obtain "the fruit of
the vine" much sooner than by planting
the cuttings, or propagating the buds in
pots. I took a part of the root of a two-year-'old
Isabella cutting which I had tak
en up and laid in the previous fall, and
spliced-grafted it with a Delaware scion,
having two buds, and secured them with
waxed paper. The stalk had about half
a dozen small roots, which I shortened to
about a finger's length.' In this candi
tion, I put it in a box about a foot square
in size, and carefully filled it up with a
mixture cf sand, loam, and leaf mold,
leaving the topmost bud ' of the scion
even with the surface. The box was
then placed in a warm room, watered,
and otherwise attended to, as occasion
required. In about ten days the scion
began to sprout, and soon commenced
growing finely. At the end of March it
had attained the hight of six or eight inch
es, putting forth leaves, tendrils and even
fruit stems. It continued to grow quite
vigorously until May, when I set-t out
permanently, in the following manner:
I dug out a cavity in the ground beside
the trellis, into which the box was placed,
after the bottom had been carefully un
fastened, leaving the earth inside the
box even with that of the outside. The
box was then raised out cf the ground,
and the earth was then adjusted about
it, and thus the operation completed. As
warm weather came on, the graft be
gan to grow abundantly, and continued
to do so until it had attained a height of
six feet, and had put forth eight or ten
branches from one to three feet long.
I grafted two or three dozen other
roots, which were layers the last week in
April, which were set out in the field,
but not one of them grew; probably be
cause they did not start soon enough.
The utility of this mode of force culture,
is to obtain the fruit of, new and rare va
rieties much sooner than it can be got
from cn'tirs in the ordinnrv wav. I am
very tor .".... that t; . . ' raf:: '
is thj Le.-i i;
The Potato Disease-
A correspondent of the Bristol Times,
draws attention to a method employed in
Russia to prevent the disease. Professor
Bollman of St. Petersburg planted some
potatoes which had been accidentally
dried near a stove till they were so great
ly shrivelled that it' was thought they
would be quite useless for seed. They
grew, however, and while all the other
potatoes in the neighborhood were much
diseased, these remained sound. The
professor afterwards adopted the princi
ple of. drying his seed potatoes at a high
temperature, and the plan has never fail
ed. His example was followed by a
number of oiher persons, with the same
success; and on many estates drying
houses have now been built to carry on
the process. It is said that the progress
ef the disease on pototoes partially at
tacked is completely checked by the heat.
The experiment is very simple, and it has
this advantage it may be tested without
trouble or loss.
The visible expansion of the mercury
in a thermometer is the difference only
between the total expansion of Lhe mer
cury and that of the glass tube.
exercise bvtl.. t.;t.".i. It
uiii shorten tho time-necessary for the
mastery, by at least one half.- Batenan's
Report t Illinois.
How to Grow Trees from Seed.
"Will you, or some of your correspon
dents, give me a correct way cf grow
ing peach and cherry pits ? How to
freeze, and how long, pear, quince and
apple seed before planting, and how deep,
and at what time to put in the ground ?
How to grow chestnuts and horse chest
nuts? The best plan to start grapes
from cuttings ? Will Arborvitae, Hem
lock and Spruce seed grow, sown in the
spring? By answering the above be
fore planting time you will oblige, it."
Peach and cherry pits should be kept
moist or fresh with cherry pits; this is
very important; a few weeks drying will
render them nearly worthless, and dur
ing a shorter time may prolong their
vegetation a year. They should imme
diately on taking from the berry, be
mixed with moist sand, earth or mould,
and kept moist. They may be planted
late in autumn, or very early in the
spring. ' If planted in autumn, the soil
should be quite light, to prevent tho for
mation of a hard crust, which will retard
their coming up. Peach stones should
not be allowed to dry more than three or
four weeks. Exposure to frost only serves
to crack and open the shell of any seed.
If kept properly moist, and the shell is
cracked, freezing is not essential. When
apple seed or peach stones, have been al
lowed to became very dry, a quick scald'
ing, and then freezing, several times re
peated, will much assist vegetatation.-
Pear, Quince, and Apple seed are quite
similar, and should be treated alike be
ing planted half an inch deep, in a moist
strong soil, and an inch in light soils.
Pench pitc should Lo planted iieaily tWO
inches deep and deeper rather than to
allow them to dry up in a dry soil. Chest
nuts and horse-chestnuts should not dry
a day but the fresh and moist nut, the
moment it drops from the tree, placed in
moist sand or mould, and kept moist tIi
planted. If this care is observed, there
will be no difficulty whatever. Other
wise, they will certainly fail. - Grape
cuttings should be about a' foot long, of
one year's growth, placed sloping in the
soil, and the earth packed closely, cr
beaten about them. It . should be done
very early in spring, or still-better, in
autumn aod protected by a thin coat cf
fine manure spread on the surface. Ever
green seed, if good, will grow when they
are sowed in the. spring,, but the young
plant must be shaded from the hot sun.
Cure for a Felon.
This painful eruption, with all the 'rem
edies' recommended, is seldom arrested
until it has run a certain course, after
causing great suffering for two or three
days and nights. The following is said
to be a certain cure : Take a piut of com
mon soft soap, and- stir "in air-slacked
lime till it is of the consistence of a gla
zier's putty. Make a leather thimble,
fill it wi'h this; composition, and insert
the sore fcnffer therein, and a cure is cer
tain. This is domestic application, that
every housekeeper can apply promptly.
: Curies roller.! Rural JStv: Ycr.'.r.
How to Transfer 'Patterns.
Mr3. Jane Weaver, in Peterson's .Mag
azine, gives the following way to do it:
Transfer paper is certainly the most
easy and convenient method ; if it cannot
be purchased, it can always be made in
the following manner : Take a sheet of
thin writing paper, and with a piece of
wadding or flannel rub jt all over with a
little sweet oil, carefully removing any
superfluity on the surface of the paper ;
then rub on to this oiled paper a little col
or, either light or dark, according to the
color of the material on which the work
is to be executed ; if a dark cloth, for in
stance, a little chrome yellow is the best ;
if a light drab or any pale color, a little
common blue makes the lines perfectly
visible. - This color must also be well rub
bed into the paper, so that none shall be
left on the surface. When the paper is
thus prepared, place it on the material and
lay over it the pattern to be transferred,
and with an ivory knitting-needle or a
stilletto trace the outline of the pattern,
which will be found to be transferred to
the material with perfect distinctness, if
Written for the Nebraska Farmer.
Crowing Hemp in Nebraska.
It is a fact which cannot fail to meet
the eye of the observer as he travels over
the vacant plains of this Territory that
its agricultural interests are greatly de
pressed. - Our country is new, our farmers
are generally poor and unable to cultivate
their farms either economically or profit
ably ; the seasons have been uufavorable,
and we might add, the farmers generally
are discouraged, and many of them en
teitain sci ious douDts as to the adaptation
of the soil and climate of Nebraska to
farming purposes. We are satisfied,
however, that there is a way to better cir
cumstances and brighten prospects, if we
only have the requisite knowledge to find
it, and the patience, nerve and perse
verance to pursue it to ultimate success.
That way runs in the direction of close
economy, and the largest income from the
smallest outlay. We must produce some
thing whose cash outlay 13 within cur
reach in the depressed condition of our
finances, and something that will yield a
fare compensation for our toil.
In casting about for something to meet
triA Pfirrer.r'i nf our condition our mind
ha3 settled cn Hemp a3 affording encour
agement and hope to the farmer. In de
ciding thi3 question a cumber cf conside
rations are to be taken into, accGunt : Is
our soil adapted to its growth? I3 the
outlay of the crop in the reach cf Ne
braska farmers? Will its yield surpass
that of other crops ? Is the market cer
tain and will the price pay ? These ques
tions we will consider separately.
1st. Will our soil produce Ilemp I
Several experiments haro been rcde in
this vicinity durir the pa season, all cf
tvhich Live been satisfactory. The crop,
though light, has been jped for the sea
son, and even better than that grown iu"
Missouri under similar circumstances. It
is now, we think, a settled fact that tho
bottom lands of Nebraska are well adpt-.
d to the growth cf hemp. Whether tho
upland, are so well rdapted to it3 growth
is a question not so well established.
. 2d. Is tho outlay cf the crop within,
cur reach? The cash outlay. consists i:i
the cost cf the seed and the cost cf "break
in?, provided the farmer cannot break it .
himself. The average cost of seed ma',
be estimated at SI per bushel, or SI.C j
per acre, and that of breaking SI per .
100 or S10 per acre.
3. Will the yield be greater than that
of other crops ? An answer to this ques-.
tion will be obtained by a careful ccm-:
parison of hemp with other crops, which
are now regarded as the farmers princi
pal dependencies. The average yield cf
hemp is about 1,000 pound 3 per acre, an 1
the average price S100 per ton, cr CCD
. We have taken some pains to ascertain",
a correct estimate of tho expenses of fit
ting a hemp crop for market, and. act
down the following as approaching cor-
Price of seed per acre,
' " cultivation "
" " cutting
. ; Total -
: Leaving a balance in favcr cf the pro-'
ducer of 857.75.
The expense of a corn crop is about ihb
same 83 that of hemp, not taking into ac
count the cost of breaking, and may be
set down at $11.00. The average yield
of corn, under our present imperfect mo lt? .
of cultivation, is not more than 50 busheli;
to the acre, 1 thn nverage price 2 Jets."
'ivI. "1, I U.i',0 j r .jre.
m ; ;' ,n t ' xpenss of growing
- ' '. 'r:-': ; and thrashing it at
vj por acre, and the average yield 12
busheh to the acre, which at SI per bush-
el givr- S12 lo the acre. This showing
gives to Hemp $27.75 profits. Conr
$1.50; and Wheat $4.00. Hemp being,
about 12 times more profitable than corn
and 7 times more than wheat.
Wre are ready to admit that the profit j!
of corn and wheat might be considerably
increased by a better cultivation, and so
probably might those of hemp. And;
there are some considerations in favyr cf
hemp which have not been taken imj
account. It requires much less rain tj
perfect the crop ; two or three good rain
in the early part cf the season bc it g
sufficient, and the hot winds of July a:d
August do not seem to effect it. It is ,
far les3 likely to suffer from the deprt -
dations of hegs and cattle as both havu .
a national abhor ence for it. It 13 said,
too, that it does not exhaust the soil hut
enriches it, that the crop improves- by,
being produced successively on the satn'
4th. Is the market certain? To thi3
we reply it is always certain and ready
cash. The supply ha3 never been equal
to the demand ; every part of th9 world .
demands it in large quantities, while iho
supply is limited to Russia and seme two
cr three of the United States.
We would then say to the farmers cf
Nebraska, there is yet hope. Ease, corn
fort, independence and even afiluenceare
within your reach. C. W . G. .
Table Rock, JS'eb.
In midsummer, when your plants are
producing prime leaves, and more than
you can possibly use, gather the surplus
quantity, and clean them as for use. Cut .
the stems in ehort pieces, and put them
in a kettle, porcelain lined is the best, but '
tin will answer, and bring to a boiling
heat when they will be reduced to a pulp
Have a stone jug cf any size, heated 'irjt'
boiling temperature, and turn i your
pie plant, filling the jug full. Xcen drive
in the cork, and cover it w;lth lard, tal
low, vrax, or anything to eep cut the air,
and set it in a cool ce.Viar, and your wcr'i .
is done. In the winter open the jog anl
take out and use. It will not harm if
you have used no sugar ia the prepara- '
tion, and it will be juit as good as new'.
Shoeing hen3 avoids the necessity. cf
henyards and tight fences. Sa:all wool
en bags tied over their feet will answtr
every purpose, and they may be allowed,
their liberty all summer, and will lay
better for it, and even thu garden and
field will be kept clean from many bur
worms, flies, and other vermin that itvJret
vegetation. But for their 'ccratchng,
hens do little harm and much good cn
cultivated grounds, ' ,
There is nothing so true that the damps
cf error have hot warped it; nothing so
false, that a sparkle Ci truth is r ; . it,
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