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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 21, 1861)
UBHAS & L7ANNA,
Story Stricter'. Bloc. XUIn Etreet.
" " "nr rlU furouhed t $1 60 per
"roll "w StS M"8"1" Ue ,der' EOt
"Free to Torn zrA Ecsulste ALL tI:cir!roz:c2t!c Icstitettcns, In t::clr CTTn irar, sn!)jcet cnly to fte Con?tU::tIcn cf t!:e Unite;! Str.tc!."
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.1 ti'f !! !:!! .
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- i 1
IKES' PEAK GOLD!
.. t. p kt'i Pek Gold, ted lTnce
rnT tme .ndp.yuver t.i.ncf of rrre
'.U pt murn. cf the. Cuited SutMit.;
JNO. L CARSON,
LLIOX AD EXCHANGE BROKER
TMi:S S. BEDFOKU,
VTTOItNEY AT LAW,'
:hstcr Commissioner In Chancery.
C.,0H0' ; A. iCHOEKHEIT
rohnson & Schocnlieit
TTORNEYS AT LAW,
Orner First and Main Streets.
ounvlUP. .- - - cbras.ia
" DR.. D. GWIN,
Hariri permanently located in
r th prMtice f Medicice Dd Snrperj, ten
. hi profeional ervice to the aCicted.
Tict on Main Street. . . . no23v3
A. 8. HO L LAD AT, M. D.
-pertfnUy Inform hn friend In Brownvili and
-dine ricmit j athe ban resumed tbe rrcure nf
Iclnc Surgery, & Obstetrics,
lopet brrirtttnt.lon to tiispro'.'ehKlon, to receive
ifner 'OfpatronaKe heretofore extended tohliu. In
( where it It posnWor expedient, a prescription
ncm illfcedone. Office at City Drug Store,
reh. 54. "6. 85 ly
BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, FEBUARY 21, 1861.
i W O 'J i
IIkc's Peak, cr Heist."
DRY GOODS KOUSIL
" XCTo. 11, rXrtlia otroot,
J. BBE.nLY l Co
nT Just completed their new buMnen hotife on
Hain Street, near the U.S. Land OSce, In JBronvjlle
vhcre they have opened out and areotftring on the most
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Of all Kind,
cncir; ai omen riiLXTS,
Choice Liquors, Cigars,
And a "thousand and one," otter ttlnje everybody
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
Brownrilie, April cs, ly
3L tX2.r ot or
COUNCIL RLUFFS, IOWA.
V7ILLIAII F. IIITER.
Vy 17, 1S60.
r. W; TIPTON,
Attorney at Law,
BR 0 IVX VJLLE, X, T.
L. IX JOHNSON, M. D.T
IIYSICIAN AND . SURGEON,
Office at C C. Jobason'i Law Offlre,
Firtt Street, bet een Mala and Water,
j RQIT.WIL-C, yCHR4SKA
locks, Watches & Jewelry.
" Would tnu6nnceith':ltiteni f BrownrlHe
tnd rlclottr ttat he ha located himelf in
li'irownvi'le. andintendnkeepinnafull assort,
ni eve'Tthlng In hl litjeof businofd. which will
.ld iw f!i"rcan. He will also do all kinds of re
"ins of clock, watche andjewelr y. All work war
.ted. ' - TSnlSly
?o Ladies of Brownville,
MRS. MARY HEWETT
. j 3
nnoance. that ibe has just received from tbe
-t a mtffnifieent utock nf
Pitll cj Winter
"RAW, FRENCH CHIP,
GIMP . LEGHORN,
"renrb Flowers, 8traw 1 rimming?, Eibbonj, etc.,
which he invitembe aUentiun cf tbe Ladiei of
wnrille aud rijinitjTfoeliiig asjured bej cannot
better suited in .trie, Quality or trice.
Ur every descnntion. for sale at
SCIIIITZ & DEUSER'S
South-east corner Main and Second,
11ROVV.NVILI.E, N. T. .
pt,t2d,1859. . f . ti i
' EB. DUNDY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ARCHEE, RICH ARISO-If CO. Jf, T.
HLL practice In the teveral Courts of the 2d Judicial
rut, andtten to all matters connected with tbe
sion. KcLekkan, Kko..,oI Kebraska City,
i aMMmein theprasecutionof iniportantSulti
rrt. 10, '67-ll-ir
IH-GIICS & UOLLAUAY,
TWn tt ! Clt Balding,
JIVDD '& IIOtljADAY,
Ko. HO, Pear! Street, ,
roducc and Commission
P. J. HENDGEN,
ITereby notifieetbe publlrthat he has porchniied the
Xebrat-ka House In BrowDTille.X.T., formerly kept by
T. J. Edwards, and h remodeled, renovated and enti
rely chanced the whole house, from cellar to garret,
trith an especial view to neatness, comfort and conve
nience. Ilavicg had many yeara experience as hotel
keeper.he feels safe In warrantingtheboardinsr patroD
nre of Browrvtlle, and the traveling public, that, wbile
at the American, they will have no reason to complain
fthefare In any respect.
The Hotel Unituated immediately at the Steamboat
Landinjt, foot of !atnstreet, and consequently affords
pecnliaradvantapesto the traveling; community. The
proprietor asks but to be trl?d,tnd If not found worthy,
January, 19. 1S60. 28-tf
. THE NEBRASKA FARMER.
Dcvofcd to Agriculture, Stock Raisin
Horticulture, Mechanism, Education.
Pv.llhlicd at Broivnvillc, AT T.
On tbe Erst of every month at $1 a year for sit
pie copies; Six copies, J5; Thirteen copies, Jit
Twenty copie?, $15.
Tbevolume befin Oct. 1st, 1S59. Specimen nun:'
era furnished ratison application. Uacknumber
can be furnished.
Will every friend of Agriculture and Education
in Nebraska. Northern Knnsne, Southern Iowa, nnd
Northern Missouri. lend a helping hand, to establish
and maintain a journal devoted exclusively to the
interesfs above named. There is not a post office
within the region named but ran and ought to
furrit-h a club of at least 10 subscribers. Seud
alctig without dlay.
Terms in Advance.
One copy, one year, $ 100
Six opies " 6 00
Thirteen copies, one year, 10 00
Twenty copies " 15 00
Four copie, three months 1.00
. Katea of Advertisements.
A Card of 6 lines or less, one Insertion, $1.00
' escn addit'nnnsertion 15
" one year 6.00
One Fourth Column, " 10 00
One naif Column, " 50 00
One Column. ' 85.00
Pivyb!e quarterly In advance. Yearly advertisers are
Uowed to chancetheir advertisements quarterly.
"i T. M. TALE0TT,
Having located himself in lirownville, N. T.,tea
Uers bit professional ssrvices to the community.
All job. warranted.
rl o IX A. TC" rr? n.
.11 I . .ilU TO
T. l J Curd . .
Nv. McCord kCo.,
Donnpt it Saxton
A; c o s T a n
IMPORTEK AKO DE ALEX IK
IRON, STEEL. NATT.cs
'tfnXGS,spRiXGS, AXLES, FILE
am: Hubs, SpolccVndBcRt Stuff.
Third Street, between Felix and Edmona
- eys at St. Lou prices for cash.
Xit:rrrr t. c. , XUOxJ.
- m.: - - '
J. D. N. THOMPSON,
Justice of the Peace and
Takes acknowledgements of Deeds, Harries People
4c. Office Art t door south of itaun Co's k. Dru
Brownville, June 21st, 800,
- - - -
Life Insurance Company,
Incorporated ly the State cf Connecticut.
Capital Stoclt C2G0,CC0.
VritbUre and increasing surp)luireceipts,secare
ly invested under the sanction and approval of the
ComptroKcrof Public Accounts.
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS :
JAMES C. '.7ALELEY, President.
JoriXr,. UN'CE, Vice Treddent.
ELI AS GILL, Secretary.
Alfred Gill, Daniel Phillips, JohnL.Bunce,
U. Plod jet, J. A. Butler, J. D. Dickerman
N.AVlieatoE, Sam. Coit. "eUon Ilollister,
James C. WaJkley.
S. JJ.Beresford.M D, Consulting Physician.
A. S. Uolladay,M D, Medical Examiner.
Applicationsreceived by H.W'.FUnNAS.Ag't.
n8-tf Brownville, '.T.
The partnership heretofore existing; under the name
and style of LiiKhtiaugh &. Carson at Brownville, Ne
brasS j, was, on the first day of Novenber, dissolved by
mutual consent, by the withdrawal of 11. F. Luhbsnrh
John L. Carson will settle tbe unflnithed buslne-ig f
the old firm and contine the Banking- and Real Estate
Agency business &t heretofore at tbe old s'ami.
B. F. LCSHBAGIt
Nov. 1st, 1600. JOHJT. L. CAESOST.
Id severing my business connexion irith my late part-
ner, I deem thin a proper opportunity of expressing my
thanks for the ptronase bestowed upn our Brm, during
tbe per!ol in which we were engaged in busings.
It affurds me much pleasure aleo t commend to the
favorablecoiibWeration of the friends of the oid firm my
success in buf-iness, Mr. Carson, a ajntleman In every
way worthy of tbe confidence and s tip port of a dlscrim
B. F. LCSIIBACGn.
JOHN L CAES0II
(Successor to Lushbaugh & Carson.
33 1ST 1-1
LAND AND TAX PAYING
Deal tr in Coin, Uncurrent Money, Land
Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust
I will rive ef pecial attention to buying and selling ex
chanpe on the principal cities of the I'nlted State and
Kurope, Gold Silver, uncurrent Bank Bills, and
Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessable points,
ai.d proceeds remitted in exchange at current rates.
Deposits received on current account, and Interest al
lowed on special deposits.
3IAIX STREET. BETTFEEX THE
Telegraph and tlie U. S.
Llnd & Brother
. W. Carson ti Co.,
Hiscr, DlcH &. Co.
Youtifr & Carson,
Jeo. Thompson Mason, C1'r of Port,
wm. T. Smithson, Esq., nanker,
J. T. Stvens, Esq., Att'y at Law,
Jno. S. Galiabor, Late 3d Aud. U. S.T.
Trlr & K.rieh, Bankers,
McClelland Pve & co..
Hon. Thomas (. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. ). O'arson,
P. B. Suiali. Esn., Pres't S. Bank,
Cl. Geo. Schlfy, Att'y at Law,
Coi. 5am. H-ml)Ieton, Att'y at Law,
Judge Thos. Perry,
Prof. H. TutWiler,
Kveu,.lr'i,,,,'v' St. Joseph at
lv oanection. V,.ri, Uclnl bT thi-c-ute.
mile at it .nN. . i
'tie n Rilr.,i.
I T n ir. " rA 8
" 1 liAVWOOD, Sjp't.
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
Adopts this method of returning thanks to the
gentlemen of this vicinity, for the liberal patron
age bestowed upon him heretofore, and to annonnce
that he has just returned from St. Louis with a
t)f evt-rv article of
, GENTLEMEN'S WEAR,
COTTOX, LlNSEN AND SlLK GcOES,
FOR MEN'S WEAR.
Woolen, Cotton, and Silk Undershirts, drawers
Vestinrs, Half Ilose, Suspenders, Ac. In short, ev
ery thing a gentleman could desire to nrrav himself
in the gayest attire. He willsell thegoods, or make
suits to order in a style equal to any other House
ifnyenere, lie aska but an examination of his "ooda
Correspond ivith the Present Hard
April 12, 1PC0.
wP C!fX'11 rtiiel on TIjxg
we are prei.:eu to loau Land Warrants of ailMzcsto
settlers on such time as they may desire long or short
at the unual rates.
A constant supply of Warrants win be kept on hand
for saleaa cheap as ttey can be bought elsewhere tu
Buy of regular dealers and beware of bopus warrants.
All warrants sold by us will be fuarameed to be
vt-nnmein every respect and will be exchanged if de
leriive. Be.nn permanently located in Erownvtne. e can a'
ways bfnn(1ttlieol(1 t d f d
LCSTTfiAUGIT fc C.KV.mS,
Banker, ani Dealptg in f.iTui W Ri rsnts.
Washington, D. C.
St. Lou is, Mo.
Xov. 8, 1860-tf.
NEBRAS K A
Carriage and agoo
EaOWATILLC, IV. T.
S. E. & J. T. BERKLEY,
AITITOTJKCS that they have commenced the
In tbe City of Brownville. They taTe both bad
many years experience in Eastern Manufactories,
and Eattertbemseve8 they will be able to please iho
public both in work and prices.
All kiudsof repairing promptly attended to
"CVo -fla.Els. Xlxxt . Trial.
T. & J. li. BEIiKLEY.
Brownville, May, 3, 13C0. "
pSw,T?eirf! Acent. St. Joe.
T irAT I"21 A?ent "Wlal
ROGERS & BROTHER,
AXJTOrN'CKS to the public that he his pnrchase.1 the
Livery Stable and S ock formerly owned by William
Rosseil and added thereto fine stcii, and is now prepar
ed to accommodate the public with
THE TRAVELLING FU-LID
Cn find at his Stable ample accommodations for
tors.es, mules or cattle.
b'N'Jamix &. josnrA kogers.
B-ownrli;e, Oct. 1S30. nl5-yly
J. B. WESTON,
ATTORUEV AT LAV,
rvIrT C'on Street ne door above tie Post
ErowaviJlejDrcesiUr 1, lt:3.
Limo! Lime!! Limo ! ! I
Tie unrncned whose kilns are situated cine raiies
wenof B'ornviiie, on ti.eroad luaciirc toFt. Kearney,
.... i,muu IB cry PUV-'T'M'i mi ui
lime, to which he Invites the attention of those wiHh
lne The Lime ri be le!ivered nt the kiln or at any
other po'i Vi thecouaty, aeslj Cu.
l'6i.?,liU6si X. 11. L02CG.
From t-e lirticulturlst.
TcICwCrc Crape in Missouri.
- by gzo. arsMAK, nriiMAit j? , sio. '
I notice i:i your valuable journal, for
November, Cat the war about the origin
cf this invaluable grspe, in productive
ness, and adaptability to vineyard culture,
is not yet ended; and as you seem to
wih information about it from all quar
ters, I thought what little I could say
about it kera, might prove' acceptable to
Two jeara-ego, I ' blaincd a f&w sciens
from aIt. Samuel .Iiller, which I grafted ;
and one of them, the only one which
lived, made a firm, short-jointed growth
of over twelve feet that season. It was
grafted on a Catawba vine in the open
vineyard, in a rather favorable location.
Another graft in our neighborhood (Mr.
M. Poeschel's vineyard) also made about
the same growth. At the same time I
procured a plant, a very small one, and
planted it ia common soil, without any
extra care. The first season it grew but
sparingly, but made a fine growth the
last very dry summer, ar,d I expect fruit
from it next year. It made as good a
growth as a Catawba would have done,
under the same circumstances. My graft
I pruned, in the fall of 1S59, to a cane of
twelve eyes, and a spur of one eye, and
it produced last summer forty-six fine
bunches of fruit,' while Mr. Poeschel's,
under similar treatment, produced, as
near as I can recollect, forty-eight bunch
es, besides making about twenty-five
strong layers. The fruit was ripe the
first of August, a'.l ripened equally, and
was, in my opinion, and the opinion of
more than fifty others who tried it here,
the best grnpe we ever tasted. It may
not be as rank a grower as some varieties,
but it makes wood enough, and I am so
well convinced of its hardiness, that I
have left it, and about fifteen other vines
which were grafted last spring, entirely
unprotected.1 although I ' would not lose
them for a thousand dollars.' -
As you seem to wish for information
on certain points, I will take them up in
succession, and give you the opinion of all
here who have watched its habits with
anxious eyes, not simply mine, although
I heartily concur ia them, but of at least
twenty of our. best grape growers here :
1. It mildews as little as any other
grape known to us. '
2. It bears mere than we ever saw any
otter vine bear under the same circum
3. It is one of .the hardiest vines we
ever saw. . i
4. It is of robust, healthy growth, quite
5. It is the best American grape we
G. We think it a native variety, pro
bably produced from seed of the Trami
ner, from which grape (well known to
many of us) it is, however, entirely dis
tinct. . :
To all this we may add, that we con
sider it eminently adapted to wine-making,
and are so confident of its success as
a wine grape, that all the wood to be had
in this neighborhood will be used to graft
on old Catawba vines next spring; be
sides waicu a good many plants will be
planted here. A small quantity of wine
made lat fall was so rich, that it could
not be weighed by the saccharometer,'
which only weighs 100 deg., but was es
timated to weigh 115 deg.
I consider fr. Thomson, and all who
labored to disseminate this grape, as
benefactors of the public ; and here, as
we are on the subject, and Mr. Vm. R.,
Prince has made similar assertions against
me. in regard to the value of Norton's
Virginia, that he has made against others
in regard to the Delaware, I will state.
that, even if the disseminator of a fruit
of small merit is a nurseryman, it does
not necessarily follow .that (elj '-inter est
must be his leading principle. Is Mr. P.
perhaps so invulnerable on that point, that
ne should judge of others? But I will
be charitable, and only state the facts, as
for as 1 think the public are interested,
as they ought to , be enlightened as to the
true merit of a fruit or vine, and the re
liance they can place upon the assertions
of tbe disseminator, not with any wish of
becoming personal toward Mr. Prince.
But as this must necessarily involve some
leading facts in the history of Norton's
Virginia here, I will sum them up as brief
ly as possible.
It was introduced in 1818, as near as I
can find out, and planted by a few of our
vine-growers; and as Mr. Lcngworth
was then considered the great authority
in grape-culture, they made inquiries
about it of him, and his answer was ex
tremely unfavorable, as he suited that it
would make a harsh, acid, good-for-nothing
wine. Still a few cultivated it, as a
sort of forlorn hope ; and in a few sea
sons it bore fruit, which, although small,
seemed very good, bore plenty of it, and
and in seasons when Catawba and Isabella
failed on account of mildew and rot, this
escaped unharmed; and when it was
made into wine, it produced an excellent
Claret, nearly resembling Port. I be
came acquainted with it in 1S-52, and ob
served it closely for several years; and
in 1S-59, when I was fully satisfied of its
merits here, I published the following as
sertions in the Valley Farmer, proposing
at the same lime to bring in the testimony
of more than tweniy of our best grape
growers in support of them :
1st. It is as hardy as an oak, having
even withstood the terrible winter of '55
and "oG without injry.
21 It adap:s itself to any soil, bearing
plentiful crops on the rocky and steep hill
sides, bs well a:? in the deep and rich
bottoms cf cur rivers and creeks.
3d." It starts late in spring, blossoming
about a week later than the Catawba, and
ripening its fruit a week sooner than that
variety, which will make it very valuable
in localities subject to late frosts in spring,
and early fronts in autumn.
4th. It is never touched by mildew and
rot, and will produce, under fair treat
ment, an average crop of from 300 to
500 gallons of wine per acre.
5ih. it makes an excellent dark-colored
wine, which, under good treatment, will
compare favorably with good Burgundy
or Port, (though it has a peculiar strong
flavor cf its own,) and which sell very
readily at S2 per gallon, cr S12 per doz
6th. It will stand more hard treatment
than almost any other variety, as it bears
fair crops, even if utterly neglected, tho'
good culture will much improve it.
7th. It is a fine ornamental vine as its
foliage will remain fresh and green until
touched by the frost ; and a strong grow
er, whose hardiness fits it extremely well
for the covering of arbors. '
8th. It is even, when fully ripe, a
pleasant eating grape, though it will never
be a popular market grape, as the berries
are small, but it is very sweet, and many
prefer it to the Catawba.
Since then, the two seasons following
have only served to prove more fully its
great value for our State, and I could
bring witnesses by the hundred, (and re
spectable ones too,) if needed, to prove
every iota there said. Yet Mr. Prince
asserts, in a letter dated Feb. 3, I860:
"Your culture of Norton's Virginia Grape,
provided you could replace it with 'the
Black Guignard or Carter's Favorite,
would be the most false economy, and yet
we suppose you will not enlighten the
public, because it is not your personal in
terest to do so. Such is poor human na-
So says Mr. Prince, and all this with
out having seen the grape here, or having
investigated this subject. .Without even
the slightest personal acquaintance with
me, he assert; that I am willfully and
knowingly misleading the public, because
it is my personal interest to do so ; he does
so, although the facts, proved here beyond
a doubt, stare him in the face ; and hun
dreds of respectable men, men whose
statements deserve, charitably sneaking,
at least as niuch credit as Mr. Prince's
are ready to testify to them. These are
the simple facts; let your .readers judge
whom they will believe.
Did I not think it of great importance
to clear up all this Saying and doing about
the new grapes, and reduce it to some
thing real and tangible, I would not have
taxed your patience and that of your read
ers to such an extent. If you think it
will be acceptable, I will make some cotes
en about .il'ty varieties of grapes which I
fruited this season, and promise before
hand that I will not be so prosy about
them as I have been this time.
The Agents la Rennets.
There are two distinct agents in ren
net which are active in cudling milk.
One is acidity, and the other, for want of
a better name, may be termed the infect
ing agent or fermenter. The whole ali
mentary canal, and other membraneous
sacks of the animal body in whose con
tents rapid changes occur ; and vegeta
ble matter in. which rapid transforma
tions of matter occur, a3 the petals of
flrwers, are largely endowed with this
peculiar principle. It appears to be an
agent which nature employs to change
certain kinds of matter hastily from one
condition to another, to adapt them to the
purposes of life.
That the coagulation principle h not
due to the acid is proved from the fact
that ley has been applied to bits of
the dry rennet so strong as to corrode the
membrane itself, and still the coagulat
ing power was apparently unharmed.
The presence of an alkali retards the
curdling of milk, but the ferment in the
rennet is not thereby destroyed.
Another point of difference in these
two forces in the rennet, may be seen by
the influence of heat upon them. Heat
hastens the power of acidity even up to
the boiling point. Milk will often cur
dle by boiling heat, when it would net
curdle at a lower te.nperature. An in
crease cf heat also increases the action
of the ferment for a' time, but a high
heat dissipates ii entirely. At one hun
dred and seventy degrees it is wholly
destroyed, and the liquid wheh it con'ain
becomes worthless, having only its acid
There i3 also a difference in their mode
of acting. If acid alone is used to cur
die milk, a lars;e quantity must be used,
and a very marked degree of sourness
must be given to the milk, before a suf
ficient coagulation can be made; and
when it is made it will be imperfect, be
cause the added acid acts directly upon
the alkalies that hold the cheesy matter
in solution, and the perfection of a spee
dy coagulation depends upon a mixture
so complete, that every attorn of alkali
I shall be met at once with a correspond
i. -I - . l-t
ing one or aciu ; a circumitance wmcn
can hardly occur. Acidity'acts also un
favorably upon the cream, rendering i?.
upon the application of heat, so oly that
it escapes in the process of scalding and
working the curd. Sourness in milk is
almost always unfavorable to working in
cream. If it is de;-irrd to make the
j cheese rich in butyraeeous matter, acids
must be kept as much a3 possible away
j from thy milk.
Tho other principle, the ferment, acts
upen the casein, changing it3 elective af-
. a l i ill
unity, so tr.at it lets go ct its alkaline
solvent upon the presence cf very feelie
acidity. No sensible increase cf sour
ness, is necessary to curdle milk by its
agency. The whey is apparently as sweet
as the milk was before it wa3 curdled.
It 13 to thi 3 ferment, which constitutes
about seven-eighths cf the affective pow
er of tbe rennet, that that membrane
owes efficacy as a copulating agent, and
the dairyman his ability to convert the
milk cf his cews speedily, and without
injury from soarnsss, into rich and diiic
English Dairy Cliccse.
A correspondent of the Rural New
Yorker gives th ? following account of the
mode of making cheese which goes by
this name, ia f ome of the counties of
Western New York. He says it is made
mostly by English people who emigrated
from Lancashire. We are inclined to
think it is not precisely th-u same rrocess
as that by which the so called English
dairy cheese of Ohio and ether sections
is made :
"Thi3: cheese is a single meal, or, in
other words, the milk is 'run up," cr set
directly from the cow, both night and
morning, no artificial heat being used in
any part of th 2 process. The milk is
collored by annetto, rubbed down in milk
and added defore the rennet. The prep
aration of the rennet, and the quantity
used, is the same as in other good dairies
The milk stands an hour after the ren
net has been put in. The curd is then
cut up in the usual way, and wcrked
moderately as it begins to settle. The
whey is gradually withdrawn, and as it
begins to harden so as to hold together,
it is put into a cloth and gently washed
and pressed till the whey is well cut. It is
then broken up again, salted at the rate
of an ounce of salt to three pounds cf
curd," and put into a hoop or net, and
moderate pressure put on. The hoops
are 13 to 14 inches by five or six m
deep, but the cheese when pressed sh
not be ever 4 1-2 inches thick. The
manipulations are much as in other dai
ries, except that when the cheese is turn
ed the first and second timei it is well
rubbed with salt, and stands in the press
three days. In one dairy, instead cf rub
bing on the salt, after standing in the
press for twelve hours, the cheese was
put into strong brine for twelve hours,
taken out, wiped dry and put back into
the hoops, and pressed for two day3 lon
ger. '. -
"No grease is used upon the cheeses,
and they are cured in a cool, damp room,
if possible. They get a very hard rind,
are sent to market in bulk, about the first
of November, and handle as safely as
so many pieces of plank. They weigh,
usually, when taken from the press, about
52 pounds, and when cured, 20 cr 21 lbs.
The cheese is expensive to make and to
handle, as compared with the larger'and
two-meal method. It is, however, rich,
ixiild aud easily cured, and much sought
after in the cities, among the English
A A J
it there are victencs
themselves, more truly h;::T.:l!3 to
Deatli Is a Grand Secret.
1. We know not, beforehand, when
and how, and by what means we or ethers
shall be brought to death; by what road
we must go the way whence we shall not
return, what disease or what disaster will
be the door to put us into the house of ap
pointment for all living.
2. We can not describe what death is:
how the knot is untied between body and
soul, nor how the spirit of man goes up
ward, to be we know not what, and live
we know not how. With what a dread
ful curiosity does the soul launch out into
the vast ocean cf eternity, and resign it
self to an untried abyss ! - Let us make it
sure that the gates cf Heaven shall be
open to us on the other side of death,
though it is a way we are to go but once.
3. We have no correspondence &t all
with separate souls', nor any acquaintance
with their state. It is an unknown, un
discovered region, to which they are re
moved ; we can neither hear from them,
nor send to them. While we were here
in a world of sense, we speak cf the
world of spirits, as blind do of colors, and
as we move thither, we shall be amazed
to find how much we have been mistaken.
A EeantSfnl Reflection.
Bulwer eloquently says : "I cannot be
lieve that earth is man'3 abiding place.
It cannot be that our life is cast up by the
ocean of eternity, to float a moment upon
its waves, an! then sick into nothingness.
Else why is it, that the glorious aspira
tions, which leap like angels from the
temple of our hearts, are forever wan
dering about unsatisfied ? Why i3 it that
the rainbow :tnd clouds come over us with
a beauty that is net cf earth, and then
pass cF and leave us to muse upon their
laded iovelicess? Why is it that the
stars, who held their festival around the
midnight throne, are set above the grasp
of our limned faculties, forever mocking
us with their unapproachable glery ? and
finally, why is it that bright forms of hu
man beauty are presented to our view,
and then tak ;n from us, leaving the thou
sand streauu of our ailectiions to flow
back io Aipnitj torrems upon our hearts'
U'e are born for a higher destiny than
that cf earth. There is a realm where
the rainbow never fades; where tbe stars
will spread btfort; us, like islands that
slumber oa the ceear., and where the be-
ings ihaf pass before us, like shadows,
j stay ia our presence forever 1"
:cr tan anv tr.at cay t-:
in var. The battL-s in whi.u
obtained are fought in solitude
L .1.. r l. "r
cui licip, sive irom a.oe. i;
is sometimes wag.-d in t
cf tho i.irht and tl.- s
lir.I. .u:::'r to t
such a warfare ! II
lfishncss, back to it? but
woman wna nirats temptation, uv.rtu, r
in the heart, and then cxp
Although no outward shew
crues to the victor cf th -o g:r
they have their reward they c
out cf the combat self-cur.clh, d.
f - . p
He had not outlived hi 3 sorrow, r.r felt
it slip from him as a temporary burden,
leaving him the sum e man again, D
any of us? God forbid ! It would bo &
poor result of all our angubh and wrest
ling, if we were r.oelung but cur c!l
selves at the end cf it, If we could re
turn to the same tlir.d loves, the sarr.o
self-confident blame, the same liht
thoughts cf hurrun suffering, the sans
frivolous gossip over blighted human livea,
the same feeble sense cf that unknown,
toward which we have sent forth irre
pressible cries in our loneliness. Let us
rather be thankful that cur sorrow lives
in us a3 an indestructabI-3 force, enly
changing its forms, as forces do, and pass
ing from pain into sympathy-
poor word which includes ail cur tost ia
sk;ht and our best love. Bcdi.
Why Co Animals Need
Prof. J. F. Jchnson, of Scotland, says:
"Upwards of half the salino matter cf
the blood 57 per cent. cou;Lt3 cf com
mon salt ; ar!d as this is partly discharged
every day through the skin an I the kil
neys, the necessity of continued replies
cf it to the. healthy body becomes sul".
ciently obvious. Tho bibs alsa ccr.'ai:.3
soda one cf tbe ingredients cf salt, G3
a special and indispensable cenetituer.!,
and so do all the cartilages cf th? body.
Stint the supply cf salt, therefore, ar. I
neither will the bile be able properly !)
assist digestion, nor the cartilages to be
built up again as fast as they naturally
It 13 better to place salt whero ttcck:
can have free access to it, than to give it
occasionally in large quantities. They
will help themselves to what they need if
allowed to do to at p!ea3ure; otherwise,
when they become "salt hungry," they
may take more than
The truly great man is h? who hi3 ad
ded something to the sweetness and-Worth
of huminlife. Ten thousand miners would
by this time have been Mackened corpses,
had not Sir Humphrey Davy invented th?
patent safety'lamp. Ten thousand , lips
are speaking of the gnat u;e of tho
mariner's compass, which was simply an
adaption cf natural laws, or propertiei cf
matter, to a benevolent human use ; anvl
this is one of the happy inspirations cf
from a walk.
Triab not felt are easily borno.
Peabody one day came in
His wife said t) him;
'I have been thinking cf our situation,
and have determined to be submissive
"Ah !" said he, "that b a good resolu
tion; le t u3 see what we ha?e te submit
to. I will make a list vf our trials : First
we have a heme we will :ub;:.it to that.
Second, we have the comforts cf life wt
will submit to that. Thirdly, we have
each ether. Fourthly, we hare a multi
tude cf friends. Fifthly, we hare Gcdl
to take care of us."
14 Ah said she, "prny ftep, I will 2
ho more about submit: on.
Feldspar, next to quartz, 13
abundant stone, being a ;r."
. i I, J . . . - w.Ci.
but is inferior to quartz in hardr.c;:. It
glass, and gives cut
is in China the vitrifying irgrsd.ent c:
Writing-ink may be obliterated from
ordinary paper by chlorinated carbonate
cf scda ; by a solution of bromide , by a
solution of chlorid? of bromide ; by chlo
ride of lime: by bromide of lime ; by a
soluticncf chlorine; by chicmi: acid, cr
by oxygenated tvater.
With an average annual rainfall cf
thirty-cne inches, the quantity cf water
thrown down upon each acre cf -ground
is nearly three thousand ton3.
in the sheaf
be cf raarked benefit to
Millet was first known in Indi
It is as cheap to raise ens ton cf grazs
cr clover a3 a ton cf burdocks cr pigweeds.
To get rid cf and kep r
ciiicen?, use si-
is about the
The rc'ato is a
Ptru and Mexico.
The brsiin is divided
b'g and little; cr front
teilect and tr.in.al. V
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