Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, February 07, 1861, Image 1
I. - --MH M I im ll'W I HUM Ml I i ... - . " r .t. v. r r r J3f 1 THE .il; rE'.ii )ER,; . PUBNAS & LY.ANNA,-. ' fi,rVstrictler' Block, ilain Street,; .1 A 4 JL.. .... s r - O X "X .t il 1 1. . t n 8 1 f f r- .v,7 --i 1 - - : 1 -- 1 ri'inu otui; wv f f .. T Y i .',! j f ) , 1 1 - ? i" I; "ir, r J f ,p:wi. i r" J! ii I i h 1 V . A1 V A n .) 1 is r.. V' . (f 1 ? - THE UDVEEIiSElli11, v. vv s- v gf Ay Ay , .j. y s lJ. : 1 1 Trcc toTora ana Reflate ALL liiclr Domestic InstHallons la fclr otth uaj, snLJcct only (o Hie Ccnslltnlionior ilic Ualtea States or A.zavririTxrrrro Cut-U .-..ill.UAl 1 i'r f-i lif -- w 4 W Die Htiare. one ff: ru h, JfrJ Btitiaf scfiiijf iiljnesof 1 Ji,en Tf uT, its oiifC'iumni.iieTtar, UM oiie-hi!f Coiiaun one.fr. - . . . - - - S3 tJ One fi'!-th Olnnn 01:;! y?ir. Sat in!iit:h Colnatni-Jieyir, - - 11(1 Oitcolr, .mix m-rr.fcM, 23 t rut bt Co In run m DimlM, ...... u O:iorourth(l'-:.iclxniciiihi. . - . . . J D (tneei.-Mh iVktttnu six tr.ourfc, --..' ();ie C-j!'in;n thref n.i i tn, - - !3C1 Oie hi!f CVnt.in :srt-p nu ii!h:, - - - li tJ Or efourti Coiurtin tSrt tiK-tflii, - - 10 tu Oceeishtlk C.2ui..n tbre cioi.tt, - - ( (. VOL. V. BROWN VILLE,; NEBRASKA, THURSDAYy FEBUAR 7, 1861. NO. 31. t; SI NESS .CARDS. MoyAclvincod OXL DIKES' PEAK GOLD! rtrhe prlUed return. ,! tb United SU.Ml ami tffl , ', J V O . L'." CA1SON, " aUON AXD EXCHANGE BROKER 'I'ike's I'eaXt, or tSust.' SII7 BB0W5VILLE, NEBRASKA. no20v4 , JAMKS.S, BEDI-OHD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ; Master rcnmisslorcr In Chancery. -MOWKVXLM. N. T.- Jolinsbn & Bcliccnheit -TTOENEVS 'T LiiW, AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, "ImVD'.- GWINy Havin" permanently located in UIOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA,. -r the retire of Medicine aSd Surgery, ten ' , hi (.rofMonftl servicee to the afflicted. 0ke on Main Street. no23vJ pnoTision -mm AKO DRY GOODS HOUSE. BEOWIIVILLE, IT. T. J-A 110 LL AD A Y, -M. D.- - .inertfn'.lylnmnnKliia frimrta In Brownrtlle and . -"MUU Tkcinlw that be ha. resumed tbc pracl.ee .if -aicino, Surscry, & Obstetrics, W..br.tnct ,tteni.t..n to hifprofes.inn to receive neren patMnire heretofore extended tohim. In u-iiere it t po1hie.retpelient. aprecrl)tlon .n.willt.edone office at City IruR SLore. KelT.U4 '9. 5 ly r T. W. TIPTON, Attorney" at Law , BR 0 V K V I L L E , " L. "iL JOHNSON, LL D., IIYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Office at Z.JC.JuLwv't J.aw Office, " rW at Street betw6u Main and "Water... JIIO.VXTILI.E. . XCBIUSIU flare Jnt sopleted their new bngine h'je on Jfain Strtel, near tlie C.iJ. Land OiRee, in Broanville ulerc Uicy bave upeiici out auj areuITeriug ontlieuiogt favorable tcrtiit-, Dry Goods, Provisions, 1 . , . .) Of alt Kloda, - ' ' I FLOUR, CONI KCTIONARIES, j GRCC V'A.TO OKIEn niL'ITS, i '' . . . Choice Liquors, . Cipars, j And a "thousand and one," other things everybody feeds. . ' .' v.- CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK BrewnvlCe, Apri' 6, ly BOOK BIITDERY, COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA. VILLIAIvI F. KITER. May 17, 1S60. U U 14 i. CUACTEIl OAK Life ! Insurance Company; Hartford, Conn. Incorporated ly the fiiate of Connecticut. Capital Slock .200,000. Witt lrgeanJ inereaingsurplu.receipt.i .secure ly in?cted qtider the sanction and approval of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. ; ., OFFICKRS AD DIRECTORS: JAMES C. WALKLEY," President . JOILVL. CXCE, Vice President. , i ELI AS GILU Secretary. , J , . i E,D.DICKEliMAN, General Agent. ' " 1 J - DlilECTOBS : ! Alfred Gill, Daniel Phillips, JobriL.Dunce, : It.Uiodet, J. A.Batler, E. l. 'Dickerman y.Wheaton, ' Rara.Coit. Kel.son Ilollister, ;.. j : .. JaiaesC. Walkley, ,7 :. .. S.B. Hereford, M D,"ConJulting Physician. , ' A.'S. Holladar.M D;Medical Examiner. ,' A pplicationsreceired by.R. W. FUKNA S. A't,' ' aw nS-tf '.u. ..l.L- .L'rovnTille, N.T. Dissolution.: locks, Vatclies &,Jewelry: . 0 l.r&lMXZP L roulrtanuonncetothecitiren of Brownrille r.d vicimtv tlitt be has located hirafelf in .iBrovrnville, and. men-ii. keeping a full assort. -hi ..f eTeryUilimlnhUtlneof hnHnesii, which will iM r rr caxta. H will also do all kinda of re .rinpof cloka, watcbea and Jewejry. U ork war fited.' ' , - " 3nl8ly 7o Ladies of Brownville, mS. MARY HEVETT Innouneeothat nhe bus jnst reeeired from the t a Bmtuifioent atockT ' ' nll c3 Winter IILLINERY GOODS Consisting of - - ' TRAW, FRENCH CHIP, CIMP LEGHORN, SILK, &i ' T CRAPE liONNETS. ' rench Flower, Straw Trimming, Ribbons, etc., wiikhnha Invitetbe attention vf the Ladies of wnrilie and vicinity, feeling assured hey cannot better miitedic style, Quality cr crice. pritIJ,Ufl - ilfilT LITEEKl NEWSPAPERS1, " ' AND PoriodicalG, Ut every description, lor eale at SCHIITZ & DEUSER'S ITER ARY : DEPOT, outii-east comer Main and Second, RROWNVlLLE, N. T. '-pt.22d.1859. f-ntll E. S. DUNDY, ATTORNEY AT LAW," AKCHtR, RICHARDSON CO. T. ".IX practice in the several Coarts of the 2d Judicial ' irt. and attend to all matters connected with the e-nion. Wm. McLemiaw, Esq., of Nebraska City, "Mmfii iueproscutiwti t.f iutwrunt8utta. I t. 10. '61-ll-tf Hroet. itSiE HOLLABlT- ALIXt 1 MTTDD. UC'GHCS & IIOLI.iDAl, Vo. I, City Bnillingn, NTI,0U1S. .- .. .. MISSOURI MIDI) & IIOUL4DAY, No,. 140, Pearl Street, roduce and Commission WE .t.rz BT ftRMlStlOS to' rjwfll.LfvyaUmon, - - St. Joseph, TotUw &. Frle-.Rh, - - ,- . . t. k j. cnr . . . , . t ivr. .xci iru kyoj.. - t !'nnel k. Sailau ' '-" - ' . rJo"W" Hotel BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, P. J. HENDGEN, ' ITeTe'.'y TioUflci-tlie public that he has purchased the Nebraska House In Brownville, N. T., fornierly kept by T. J. KdwardH, and has remodeled, renovated anil enti rely chanced the whole house, fromcellar to garret, witbaneiecial view to neatness, f-nfoTt andconTe aieuce. Having had many year experience aa a hotel keeper, ho feelsafe in warratitirifttheboardirpatron ace of Brownville. and the traveling public, that , while at the American, they will havenoreason to complain ofthefareln anyrespect. . The Hotel Uaitoated immediately at the Pfea-nboat Laodinf , foot of Jlainstreet, and consequentiy ifl'urds peculiaradvantapesto the traveling community. The proprietor asks hut to be trid,s,nd if not found worthy, diKcanlrd. . : Jannarj,l9; I960. 23-tf THE NEBRASKA FARTIER. Devoted to Agriculture, Stock Rairin i Horticulture, Mechanism, Education. ' Published at Brownville, .' T. On the first of erery month at $1 a year forsii jjle copies; Six copies, J5; Thirteen copies, $11 Twenty copies, la.' ' ' ' ' .'Thevolume began Oct. 1st, 1S59. Specimen nnrrj' crsfarnisbe.lratiEon application. Dacknrsciber 3an be furnii'licd. Will every fricnJ of Agriculture and Eiacntioi in XebrasUa, Northern Kana, Southern Iowa, and Xorthern Mifonri, lend a helping hand, to establish and maintain a journal devoted exclusiTely to the interests above named. There is not a post office within the rejrion named but can and ought to furnish a club of at least 10 subscribers. Send alon without delay. ' ' Terms in Advance. One copy, one year, $1.00 Six copies, " .. . . 5 00 Thirteen copies, one year, 10 ('0 Twenty copies " , . 16. CO Four copie., three months 1.C0 JlAtea of AdvertisementB. A Card of 6 iincsor les?, one inertk-n, $1.00 " eacn adilU'nlinsertion 73 ' " one year - . .00 One Fourth Column, " 10 00 One Half Column, " 0 00 One Column. " .. 36.00 Payable quarterly in advance. Tearx advertisers are Mowed to chancetheir advertisements quarterly, ' T. M. TALBOTT, DENTAL SURGEON,".; Having located himself in Prownville. N". T,tcr. ders his irofe Clonal services to thecommunity: All jobs warranted. ;J. D. N. THOMPSON, Justice of the Peace and 1 Tnkes acknowledpements of Deeds, Marries People 4.,c Ofllce firet door south of Maun Co'a fit Dru Store. - - Brownville, June 21st, 8G0, t A. C O . S T A rt li K , , ' IMPOSTER AJ HEALEJt I ION, STE3L, ITAILS, ISTIXGS, SPRINGS,, AXLES, FILES L ACKSMITH'S TOOLS ot Hubs, Sfq-c,v .nr.3.Bent; SlnfT. Third Strect,letween Felix and Edmond, AINT JOSEPH, MO. -uicn ntiisat6t. Louia prices for cash. ceuibet "&VX$l Paid tor Bdrap Iron. ; vwiniL & st. Joseph n.n. f5 "' f " pi. ' ji pi PALL ARANGEJIEXTS. uu uu 6 -eawr.P U 'fl,'dfcJ' Western Stace Line. c ,n. ?;e"me "ltIr'rne taKinE by thixroute. hlrl nnu m",'1e n""tfeal with ali:Eastern , , ''rn Hallroada and Packet. V SAWtir. fJpnPml Arron C p "Groat, G. Ticket Agent, Harftd i!! lI,LL' G- T AS'1' Brownville. Merchant Tailor, JACOB nARHON, .:.; 2VC X1XT GTXrEET, BROWNVILLE, N. T. Adopt this method of returning thanks to the gentlemen of this vicinity, fi r the liberal patron age bestowed uprn him heretofore.and to announce thatho hagjustreturned from lt. Louis with a FRESH STOCK ." . Of everv article of G EKTLEMEN'S WEAR, ; Consisting of FIN E CLOTHS , -OTJIXirLTirJ. GOODS,; CoTTOy.SLlNNE.V AND SlLK GOODS, FOR M EX'S WE Alt, - " . J Woolen. Ccttin.fclli Silk fnilrrshirre lnv,ri Vesting, Half Ho?c, Supender, Ac. In short, ev ery thine a gentleman eou.d desire to arrav himse'l in the payest attire. He willtH thegood?" orwale iuusto order in ptylo equal to any other Uoufe anywhere. He asks but an examination of bis goodi Prices. Correspond tcith the Present Hard Times.' April llr 1F60. . ' j .j i.l it? Land Warrants.' 1 - - A WJ We re prepareu lo loan Lnl Warrsnts of aii (.ir.etto "Uir "!1 " "ne a vtcy mar dosire lone or ehort at the usual rates. A constant supply of 'Warrants win be kept on hand for file as cheap as tbey caa te bought elsewhere In Birr ef rejrtilar dealers and beware of borns warr.ir.ts All warrants iold by us will be guaranteed to be Pennine in every respect and will be exchanged li de Xective BeinR permanently located in Brownville, we caa al ways be found at the old .Uiid a few doors east or the Brownville House. IXSHBACT1TI & CARSi-IXY Bankers, and Uealera in Land Warrants. J. B. WESTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BrownTille, Nebraska. TTOSceon Mam Street, one door above thePost Ofhce. BrawuTille, Drrember 1, 1559 , ? , The partnership heretofore exlstine under the name and style of Lnslibaush &. Carson at Brownville, Xe brakt, was, on the firut day of November, dissolved by mutual consent, by the withdrawal of J. F. Lushbaugb John U. (Jarson win seme tue ununished business of the old firm and contiria.the Banking ami Real Estate Agency business as heretofore at the old stand. . .. . B. F. LUSUHARH ' Xov. 1st, 1860. , , . JOHN. L. CAKSON. In sever;n(t my busines connexion with my late part ner, I deem tins a proper opportunity ol expressing my thanks for the patronage bestowed upon our tirm, (luring the period iu which we were engaged in businss. It affords me much pleasure also to commend to the favorable consideration of the friends of the old Arm my successor in business, II r. Carson, a sentieman in every way worthy of the conlidence aud support of .a discrim inating public. ;.; L. r. ixshbacgh. JOEiTl'CilESOIT - .; t ! (Suceepsor to Lushhauph & Carson. ; 23 2lI"SS.3I3 LAND AND TAX PAYING Dealer, in Coin JJncur rent. -Money, Zand Warrants, Exchange, and Gold Dust MAIN STTtEET. BROTFiVITaL.E, NEBRASKA. T f, ' i'' !" I ' ' I will cive especial attention tobuyihsi and sellln? ex- chanjie on the principal cities of the United States and Europe, , Gold SilveT,. nncurrent JJank Bills, and Gold Dust, Collections made on all accessable points, and proceeds remitted in exchange at current rates. Deposits received on current account, ana interest al lowed on special deposits. 1 ' . OFFICE,: 3IAIi STREET. BETWEEX THE Tclcgrrapli' and ' the U. S. R EFE.R E jYiC E S: Lind Jc Brother W. Carson &. Co.; ' : t Hiser, Duk & Co. . , Toumr fiw Carson, . " Jeo. Thompsou Mason, Col'r of Port, wm. T. Smithson, Esq., Hanker, . J. T. Stevens, Esq., Att'y at Lav, Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3a Aud. V. 8. T. Tarlor 6c Urieah, Bankers, McClellanu, Pye fit co., , TTuU. Thomas G, Pratt, : Hon. Jag. O. Carson, . P. B. Small, Eso., Tres't S. Bank, - Col. Geo. Schley, Att'y at Law. - Cot. S im. HambletoB, Att'y at Law; Judpe TLos. Perry, :. Prof. U. Tutwiler, Philadelphia, Pa. Baltimore, Md. a" 'it Washington, D. C. Chicago! Til. . St. Louis, Mo. . Annapolis, Md. MeiccrsburpPa Hagertown, Md. '... . , ' Easton, Md. Cumberland, Md Havana. Al.ibma. Nov, 8, 1860-tf. NEBRASKA CaiTiasc ami Wagon HOWIwTILI.E, T. S. E. & J. T. BERKLEY, ':... ." ' - AHTfOUNCE that they have commenced the Manufacture of . .. ' ; j ' . . . , , ; ,. CARRIAGES; ,M ''' ' ; ' 1 WAGONS, ' ' - " BUGGIES, : ; : : : . sitLKlES, In the City of Brownville. They have both had mnnv venr. r wrinn in.Rjistern Manufacturies. j j . and flatter themseves they will be able to please the public Doin in worK ana prices, . All kiadsof repainngpromptiy atteraea to "77"o OLsls. ; 3C3 vit v Trial.' T. E. t J. B. BERKLEY. Brownville, May, 3, 1860. - ; y EITYLITJERY STACLB AKD BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA. 1 i :.y i rn 701' ROGERS & BROTHER., ... .... r,-,-. r -"i -, AXXOtTXCES to the pnblia that he ha pnrchase.1 the Livery Stable and Stock formerly owned by William Kosseil and addeJ thereto fine stock, and is now prepar ed to aoeonitnodate the public with Carriages, . ; . . Buggies, Sulkies!T .... Siiddles Horses &c. kc. THc TRAVELLIMG PUBLIC Can find at his Stable ample accommodations for horses, mules or cattle. - . .: " " BEKJAMtK" & JOSTTCA "KOGEP.S. Brownville, Oct. 18, 1SG0. n!5-ylr Lime! Lime!! Lime!!! The unlersjjnedwhoVe kilns ire situated Bine' miles west or BrJnrnvme. on the road leadinp t'Ft. Kearney, keeps constantly en hand a verr superior article of lime, to wt cb he Invite tbt attention or those wish ing The I.iTiie w-iUbe delivered at thekiln or at any oiber p i-Tit in thecounty, asdesired, - Fc,9, 1S0O 6m , e. jr. L0X5. Written for the Nebraska Farmer. ' ; .. , Sweet Folatocs. . Ilann' had one season's . experience with the sweet potato, I will rjire 'it for the benefit of those who have never raised them ,in . Nebraska.': I purchased the Nansemond variety of ; C. ' B.: JIurray, Foster's Crossing Ohio: ' They arrived here about. the. middle of April in good condition and were set in a 'hot ted pre pared in the following' manner . I dug a trench si.x feet, wida and twenty feet long, and filled it with ' stable man ure,;.;let .t lay. until it commenced -heat-ing, when I comraenced at:jo'ne end and forked it all oyer, and let "it. stand until about the time I expected the' potatoes to arrive, when the bed was leveled off, and three or four inches of the top soil put on the manure. It required several pails of water thrown on the manure to cause it to'heat up good after being handled over. When the potatoes came op, it was in good condition, and they were placed on the dirt in rows, nearly as close as they would lay, with from two to four inches of soil to cover them. It was so dry last season that the bed required considerable T ' watering. In a few days the sprouts commenced breaking through, and the bed was covered at night with hay, when 'there was any danger of frost. ; " When the plants were from four to six inches high, they were pulled 'carefully, so as not to disturb the : potato; and . set twelve inches apart, in ridges made, by throwing two furrows together and finish ing with a hoe. Two persons' can set tfiem very fast, one to pour a little water into the place prepared by the other, by thrusting. the hand into the top. of the ridge, -deep enough to set the'pltfnt,1 and forcing the dirt one" side a little, iust enough to set the plant conveniently.'and hold about' a half pint of 'water. The plants are very hardy,' and I.did not lose one plant out of a thousand last summer by transplanting.' " The only care they need after setting, is to keep the weeds iuown;' and if set in suitable soil will well repay tor cultivating. I succeeded best with those set on very deeply ploughed creek. bottom. : But my neighbors who lived on new land;4 and near the bluffs, succeeded better. The season was ' very unfavorable for most crops : but, with my last yeur's experience, I am encouraged to try the sweet potato again. : W T. Paiicel. Oreapolis, Cass co., J"eb. . Liquid Glue. ; As long ago as 1832, Dumoulin pub lished a notice in the Comptes Rendus of the French Academy, with reference to the preparation of a liquid glue. He was led to the discovery of a method of , pro curing it, by considering the long known tact, that when a'solutiou of glue is fre quently heated and cooled, or kept a long tune exposed to heat, it loses its property of gelatinizing by cooling, "'and remains liquid. Under the impression tha't this change might be caused by the action of the oxygen of the air, and, if so, would be induced more speedily by some vig ous oxydizing agent, Dumoulin tried the effect of dilute nitric on glue, and shortly found that by its use the product he de sired was easily obtained. His method of preparation was as follows: The best Cologne glue is dissolved at a gentle heat in an equal weight of water, contained in an enameled or glazed vessel, and when the solution is completenitric acid of 36 Beaumeis added in proportions, and at intervals, to the amount of one-fifth of the weight of the glue employed. NitrouS vapors are abundantly given off, and a glue is obtained that is perfectly fluid, and may be kept in open vessels for years without alteration. Already in 1852, this preparation was sold m Paris as inaltera ble liquid glue, (colle liquid e and waiter able.) ' A better liquid -glue than that just-described is made , with acetickacid. One pound of good glue is -dissolved with heat in a mixture composed cf; one pound of strong vinegar, one-quarter of a pound of alcohol, and a very little alum. According to Cavallius, however,, alum destroys the tenacity of glue, and should be avoided. "In order to make. the glue white in color, a quantity of sulphate of lead is acMed to the solution. . The liquid glues now so extensively sold in this country are made with acetic acid, and those we have tested are very excellent preparations. A glue that is liquid at low temperatures is not so adhesive a3 one which requires gentle warming to make h flow. Solutions of chloride of barium, bichromate of potash, and some other salts, as well as all the various mi- .neral and vegetable acids, also have the property of holding glue in permanent solution. ; A good archer is not known by his ar rows, but his aim. . - Barley was found in the mountains of Himalaya." " ', . . . , . ' Zliracnlons Cabinet.. .. -; . . - One of tha most extra jrdiniry exhib itions of 'mechanical, skill has. recently been presented in a mechanical gallery iu England. It is the work of a Mr,! Na dolski, a Pole, and has- excited the ad miration; and astonishment'of all observ er,' .-. : ' ) I;; ,!; ; .' The cabinet is constructed: of a very, beautiful rosewood, and its dimensions are : High:, -five feet; breadth, '.three feet; depth; 'one foot "six" -inches; 'being, consequently, little larger thaa' a full-sized traveling trunk; yet, by a moat; inge nious mechanical arrangement, it is-, made to contain no less than one hundred at;d fifty pieces of furniture',' and these5,' too," of--' the ordinary isize, and Jof'SufSeient strength. for everyday use; jTh4 catalogue' being too voluminous to give, entire,, we may observe that'among the articles con tained were an elegant chandelier 'with twelve wax-lights ptttb large tables,, one about ten fuet long,' and the other twen ty, the latter being, spread with a damask table-cloth and an electroplated service of half a, dozen full-sized dishes, .thirty drinking cups, six salt cellars, and plates, knives, forks,-and ' spoons, for twenty four persons ; and surrounded with the requisite number of. seats. A dozen oth er, fuli-j-ized tables, comprising t card tables, toilet-tables, ladies' work-tables, &c, a full-sized bed, bedstead, and crim son hangings ;; an immense number " of candles, 'candlesticks, and candelabra ; a craddle.' four : music-stands, a throne and throne chair, and ava?t number of other useful articles.' Legerdemain is not re sorted to, the whole marvel being confin ed to the wonderful mode of manufacture and 'packing;, and to give -an idea jtf.the ingenuity with which the .whole is put to gether, we may state that, it takes one-and-a-half hours to unpack the furniture, and nearly three hours to'repacVit.'. ' ' Wily Fruit Trees "Winter km'." ' Fruit trees "winter kill" because their wood is not " sufficiently matured in the fall." The mild weather through autumn continues the growth till a pejiod past the time cf hardening, as it is termed, so that the rigors of winter are. latal. ; An oak does not winter kill, because the tex ture oflhe wood is firm. The. same is true of .seeding fruit trees, to a consider able extent.' Our choice rarieties'of fruit have been produced in many instances, by high, if not over cultivation, and it is an old remark, .that the hardihood of a. tree is saennceu ny tnat culture wnicn produ ces a superior quality of fruit. We need not expect to procure trees that'will bear the first year of as hardy a nature as those which : produce an inferior variety. Yet we may do much ta increase the power of endurance in the tender varie ties. Whatever is attempted must be done during the period of growth. The point to be aimed' at "is - to check the growth of the tree early in the season, in order- that the wood maybe rendered hard and firm before winter. A dry au tumn presents this end. When rains are abundant and the weather is warm, veg etation goes on rapidly, often till arrest ed by a cold snap, after which there is time for. the process. But we can not trust to the weather. ! : cIIow to Trap Gophers. 7 - I used to be cf rhe opinion that people knew how to'calch the gopher if they de sired to do so, and that those people who have their fields overrun with this pest, were either too lazy, or thought the go pher did no barm;, but finding mytelf mistaken, I will give you my way of catching them, which I have practiced for many years, and exterminated them from a thirty-five acre farm, and have only, oc casionally to set my trap for some emi grant from a neighbor's farm. All that is required is a common steel rat trap, a spade, and a board about 18 inches square. Dig a hole about a foot square between' two of the gopher's mounds, or just inside the outside one, so that you strike the gopher's hole, which a little experience will enable you to find with ease. Dig your hole an inch deeper tbanhe bot'om of the gopher's, set your trap facing one of the holes, and cover it with fine dirt "o'that he cannot see the trap, then put in a small piece of sweet potato, horse radish, or a few trains of corn ; cover the hole .with the board, and throw some earth around the edges, so as to perfectly exclude the light, for if this is not done, the gopher will simply close up the hole you have open ed, but if all is dark he will go into the hole to see what is the matter.' 'It is not necessary to put anything m the hole, but it is better to doso for it will often tempt him to go into the trap when otherwise he would not. - '- This work can be done by 'the boys, who will find it good sport, beside? keep ing them employed; and it would. not be a bad idea I think to pay them a trifle per head for the gophers they catch, and let them earn a little pocket money, which is much better than giving them money in any other way; the boys will feel better o know that the money they spend wa3 tarned, and it will teach them the value ef money, and give them habits of indjs .try. E. A. R. Valley Farmer. Comfort for Cows- - .. Cows shouU be well housed and well fed. The stables should be just modera tely warm, well , ventilated, clean, and provided with suitable 'bedding. Aside from the- mere fact of food and drink, the animals should be kept comfortable. Thi-i matter can hardly be . over-estimated. Then, as "to fodder,, part - cf this, cf course, should be straw, and hay, ah! corn-stalks; but to expect cows-, to give much milk on such lean fare, is folly. FaTor them with messes of chopped roots, of cut straw, 'or; stalks mixed with meal of some kind. A. favorite "mess" with a friend of our?,' is this: . Cut tip hay, or straw, cr stalks, in pieces not moca than an- inch,- or ir.ch' -and a Inlf long, put the provender in a tub or. a tight box, and pour boiling water upon it; then sprinkle on a .little salt, . and covtr the whole with a little brnn or meal, to keep the steam in. When cold, feid it in messes of a bushel at a time. Good as. this is, it should be varied from time to time, for cows like variety as well as men. Cows should be salted two or three times a week. In mild weather, they should range by day in a commodious yard, protected on two sides, at least, by cohered sheds. And this yard should have a pnn-stock of running tvater, or a trough kept full from a good pump ; the first is the best. A Blasting Powder from Tan EarK. A French scientific newspaper says that a patent has just been taken out in Belgium, for a simple method of making blasting powder from spent tan bark. It says that while the price of this powder is less than that of gunpowder, it Dkcs but one-seventeeth. part as much to produce the same effect as the latter. It is com posed cf fifty-two and one-half, pounds of nitrate of ,scda to seventy-two and cne half pounds of wate tan bark, and twen ty pounds of pulverized sulphur. ' The nitrate of soda is dissolved in a sufficient quantity of boiling water, and the tan barkadded in a manner, to completely impregnatei it with the. solution, after which the sulphur is added in the same; way. The mixture is taken from the fire and thoroughly dried, when it is ready for use, If it is wet, this does not per manently injure it, but. on being again dried, is as good as ever. If (ired in the open air, it causes no explosion, I ut is very efficient for blasting when confin ed in the usual manner. It is not suitable for use in guns and cannons. A Mechanical Surveyor. A gentleman in one of the southwest ern States has produced an apparatus which is intended for delineating the course of rivers and analogous objects. The invention consists in the use of a 'plotter" rotated in a frame parallel with the frame of motion of the vessel upon which it is fixed, and at a speed bearing a certain relation to that of the vessel, the said "plotter" acting to forward be neath it the sheet upon which the "chart is taken, aud the said sheet being kept constantly in a position corresponding with ihc points cf the compass , by means of a table on a vertical axis immediately be neath the said plotter. . The machine is so placed upon the boat that the plotter may be rotated by the engines of the ves sel, or by clockwork. Each sheet of pa per to receive the course of power, is marked near one edge with the letter N, to indicate, ncrth, 'and is placed upon the latle. in a position parallel with the needle of the compass, and retained in such posi tion by rotating the table,' "as may be needful to compensate for the turns made by the boat in following the sinuosities of the river. The model now on exhibition is exceedingly simple, and has been suc cessfully tested in practice by tracing the course of several rivers, the charts of which are with the machine. By chang ing the width of the inking mncnine, ro tating upon the plotter, the width of the river may also be indicated. ! Dilute sulphuric acid and sugar, with a little sulphate of indigo, and gum, is found to make a permanent .writing-ink; proof against fading and erasure. By holding the writing to the fire, the -characters are converted into a jet black by the carboni zation of'sugar. -' t V - The Best Breed For Swine. Agricola who says he has had consid erable experience with most if not all of the breeds now known in the west, talking of the best breeds says in the Valley Far mer. First on the list, without hesitation I place the Chester County White breed. I have found the hogs of this breed to be perfectly hardy prolific breeders, rnd under cur management attaining a weight of from 400 to 500 pound.-?, with good treatment, at the age of twelve to eight een months, and being, in fact, all that could be desired of a hog. They are quiet and peaceable, and good graziers, and fatten very readily at any age r you may desire. ; The next breed on the list I would place the recently imported Btrkshire3. They fatten readily on a small amount cf food, are good breeders,attain good, aver age size atid are a great improvement on the old imported stock;their color, black, is an objection, but this is cnly skin de-p, and some think that black hcg3 are less liable to skin infection than white hogs. If the Suffolks tiad a little mere hair and the young pigs were not quite so tender they would strongly contest the first rank, we mean the lat importations. This breed has been greatly improved within a few years. The crosses of this breed on the Irih grazier and our com mon breed make a decided improvement. The crosses will keep, .much, fatter and mature earlier than the common treed and an inexperienced person may go among a rge herd cf the fnne a??, tz. '.r.ir th ? same care, and very readily pick cut the half Suffolks by their tebg in much better condition. Tha E;sex are too poor breed ers to be raised as a pure breed but cres i well on other Iargr coarse f reed. But taking all things into consideration i: will beditilcult to find a breed pcrrcfjirrnro good traits for Western men: than ill Chester White. And thono who are rairirg hogs would find a cress of this I reed cf inestimable vab.:e. It would increase their size, improve their form, hasten their maturity and what is more important than all else materially lessen the amount cf food for a given numler of pcur.ds cf pork This too would be the case with all the breeds mentioned but none cf th other breeds . combine: 'so qualities. . - iany: excellent To Clean Tonato Seed.'' Put the seed with the surrounding pulp on a piece of old muslin,' C or S inches square, and sprinkle over it a small quan tity of scouring sand. Gather the edges of the cloth in one hend, so as to hold the seed securely, and rub them gently in the paim of the other for a few minu te?, dipping thorn occasionally in water.1 inis rubt iug wnl cut the pulp from the: seed, l'our the seed nr.h sand intn basin of water, so that the pulp may bo turned oiT. If the pulp is not all separa ted, add more uater, and ponr off again till it is clean enough. Now by putting in a little more water, and gently shak ing and turning the basin, the seed may' be poured separate into a sieve or cloth ready for drying. A hew -Manure for Soil.' The fertilizing properties of uric acid are attracting considerable attention in France, and well deserve the conidera lion of such cif our farmers as need arti ficial manure, and are . disposed to ob tain it at a cheap rate. M. Couturier, in a paper, recently presorted to the Academy of Sciences, ftatcd that the poorest toil may be made very fertile by dressing it with ono pound of uric acid per acre. Among the advantages of this new fertilizer is its gr.eat portability, one man being able to carry upon his lack enough for several acres. . Although, how ever, this manure may be adapted to. some soils, its constitution shows that it id. not likely to suit others. In many portions of this great land, it is difficult to obtain cider for vinar : hence we give the following reccipe, whose ingredients are everywhere: To eight gallons of clear rain water add three quarts of -molasses ; put into a good cask ; shake well a few timer; then add two or three epoonfuN of gtcd yeast cakes. If in the Summer, place the sun; if in'winter, near the. chimney, where it may warm. In ten or fifteen (fays add to to this liquid a she;t of brown paper, torn in strips, dipped in molasses, and ood vinegar will be prouua'd. The paper will be produced. The paper will, in this way, form what is called the "mo ther," or life of vinegar. IIoss In Southern Iowa- About a week ago a crowd of four cr five hundred people was gathered together at Ilioomfield, Davis county, to witness tha fulfilment of a hog contract made a year ago, according to vvnicn 3lr. . McLov bound himself to deliver to Mr. Duffieli r.f Eloomfield, iu December, 1SG0, l.COO hog?, no one which should weigh less than 200 lbs.; On the day mentioned 1,013 hog were delivered and weighed the av--erage gros weight was 302 lbs. The result wa3 rather surprising as well as gratifying, and we doubt if it could bo beat in any other coun'y in this State or in any other State. The contract price was S-l gross delivered at Ottumwa, and the total amount of money circulated for this lot of bogs was ove r S12.000. Our informant Mr. L. Bissell of this chy, who saw the weighing says that the hogs in Davis, Monroe, Appanoose and Decatur are pretty much all seld, and they were sold at high prices and money is plenty in all -that region, and as a consequence the people feel good. In Lee,. ran Buren and Des Moins, the farmers generally have held on to their hcg3.. very many refusing 83 when they could : bavegot.it. In these three couuties it is e?imated that there must be nearly 40 GOOhead yet unsold, and waiting for a" rise in price while in the meantime they are increasing in weight. Prairie Far mer. - . .. Bee Mollis. A correspondent of the N. , Y. . Pout says that he destroys vast numbers of mil lers in the night, during the active sea son of these insects, by placing a' well stirred mixture of molasses and vinegar upon a white plate, near the . hives, , and , on a level with the bottom board. In the morning multitudes are found caught. A ' small class lantern, set on tho dish, would doubtless attract" them, but it might at tract many other kinds of millers. Hargreave's jenny i sai l to have been suggested from., seeing a one thread wheel overturned upon the floor, when both the spindle and wheel continued to. revolve. The spindle was thus thrown from a horizontal into an cpwrfgbt posi tion, and the thought sems to have struck Hargreaves that if a number cf spindles were placed upright and side by side, several threads might be spun at once. " ' ' ' . t " ' 5 ' '