Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, August 30, 1860, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.' ADVERTISER,
m? Story Striker's Elcc-r, Main Street,
roroneyer.l piiin.lvD., - - - I
. . if paid at the end if 6 months 2 oO
., . . 12 3 00
Clubs of 12 or rarre will be furnished at $1 60 per
armra, provided the cash accompanies the order, not
-13 . '
1 - I
, i
Z. . . . .1 . , -
rrffl 10 (irrti flRfl riP'Tllnfft ITT. flinin nAmAl.UA TnlfntlAnn .mm a- . - . . .
- ..vB.ulv aiiU mui juuraiimsiiiuuuus iu uicii uiiii waj, Miuji'ti oaiF io uic lonsmuuon or me umtea sjaics. ,
. - ; : . : ' ; ' - ' ' - ' -
if r i ii ii
Ay vy Ay
A3 A'YV'
a' Ay
sates or wx3vr:xTi3XrTa, -
Oae 8j3are(iQ linesor less) oaeiajertlcn, - - (1 I
liacb addition, insertioa ........ fcff
Oue square, oue month, If
UasinsnsCirUsof iillnesrIes,one, - - ft I
OaeCduinn one rear. - 60 t
Oae-n!f Column one year, - . - ... ' 25 C .
Oue fourth Coluinu one year '. ...... Jt9.
Ouesisfhth Column one year, ...... 18 cO
Onscjlumnalx montbi, . . u c)
Oae half C-Mumn six months, ...... 20 to
Oae fourth C I amn ils months, . . - 10 0J
One eighth Cslnmn six rncmfci, ...... b (4
Oae Cjlumn three months, 79 t9
Oue hilf Column three months, .--. uto
Oue fourth Column threemonths, - - - 10 CO
Oaeeifthtn Colamn three months, ...... eta
..iioanclngcanJiJatejf&rOte(Inadviiice,)- - 6 $
NO. 8.
J. f. BEDroKU
Cjrner First and ilain Streets,
Urour.villc, - - - Nebraska
Atiorncj at -Law,
Land Aont and Notary Public.
JU!o, Richardson Co., A. T.
Will practice in the Court? of ii?tedXebratka.
CI irliu Uennett.Vabratka City.
Rrawnvilie. irobraska.
ry fW'-e ji Street, oue door above the Tost
U.-owavil'.e Prcem'jer 1, 1S53.
Attorney at Law,
brow wV r - , A'-
limine permanency located in
r.,- Uie priictice of Medicine and Purpery, ten
3ers hi professional services to the afflicted.
" OJie mi Main Street. no23v
.1. S. 110 L LAD AY, M. D.
Ee'-ect'uUTinf.-rr.t.ts friers in Brownville
mxciljaie vicinity thai he has resumed the practice of
SlcdUine, Surgery, & Obstetrics,
an J h-nestv strict attention to v profession, t. r'Cive
vjw- r .u-i. ..ron.ipe hereto, re extended tc .i?a. In
l t c w,-: c i; is ,,s:M.-orexjediet1t,aprescnp!ion Redone, office at Cay Urui aivre.
rviv '63- -5.1y
Ji" I.L JOKii 'SOJrMTD.,
OrT, -c at l. C. J-li: s Law Ufi
rirtt h . -eet, between LIcin ani Water,
U n tt rn t T Rip R ft m p p
N E W S P A P K R S ,
A - U
IP orio tSLlo riles,
Oi c. jry description, fc: ale at
iSouth-eas.' corner Main uud Sccocd,
. SeTt.S21.15P. f-ntll
D. L . M'JABV. O . B . It E WE TT. E. W. TIIOMA
- r TT 11 P. mi .
JUcuarv, lie wcu & i nomas,
-r" 'r r.irvr a T T AIf
A N I)
Urownvilie, Xcl)raska.
Will ors-Mci in the Courtb of Xetraska,and North
wcit MUsouri.
St. Louis, Ho.
St. Joseph, JIo.
Nebraska City.N.T.
Messrs. Crow, MrCveary JCo.,
II n. Jincs -M. H jchs.
H n .T.;ia It Siicply,
II m. J mesCraip,
II ,n. s.iMfi Vi--ls"n,
II j!i Sra'ifl W. B'.sct,
8. F. N'.: 'i 'is. K-t).,
ChpuvpT S"ect6i. Co.,
. Brownvil'p. X. T. Oct. 23. 155S.
A. A. A. V A W
WILLp actice in the several Courts of the 21 J-ic al
t)lstr,tt. an! attend t all matters connects with the
PfofesM.-n. WM M-Lr-NAN. K-q.,of Nebraska City,
win assist mein 'he prosecution . limpo' tantbuiTs.
Sept. ia, '67-11-tf
a D. A. C O . STABLE,
ISSLiXiO W 23 ,
Also: Hubs, Spokes and Bent Stuff.
TMrd Street, between Felix ami EJmond,
Vhicfl he Fells at St. L'-uis prices for cash.
IliRliest Prje Paid for Scrap Iron.
DecniiM 1 1, l&yj. -ly.
JCHS . V. KlfTY.
CHA8. F. 1I0LLT.
. . Nr.lllt.lSliA 5TV IV T.
"Will pracUccin the Cviurt of thin Territory. Collec
tion atul crin:nal business attcu-led to throughout Ne
braska, VV-ter!( Ijwj anI Missouri. Will atfnd the
Courts at B-owaville. v2n33-6ra
j. 1. nt'CHW: irvsr ot.rAiAT. alexis mtdd.
LHI7j:$ & 51-LLAIJAY,
No. 1, City Kuiitf.ings,
No. 110, Pearl S-.cet,
Produce and .Uomniission
Powell, Levy &. Lemon. - - St. Joseph,
Tootles Ss. I'arleigh, ...
T. &. J. Cvrd - - - - "
Nave, McCord KCo., - - - "
D niuol &. iaitn - .
87-6 :n
To Ladies of Brownville,
Announces that auc just rtoeireJ from tha
East a magniliccnt stuck ol
Frencb Flowers, Straw Trimtn'rj", R:bjea. eto..
To which she invites tbe atteutii.n i the Laatca of
Lrmnvillo and vicinity.fcilin-aured they cannot
b better suited in tvle, quality or prico. ,
April 12,1S0
Wc wiil receive Pike s Foafe .Gold and advance
nu-uey upon tbe s .me. pay ver balance of proceeds
as soon as M.nt reiums at e b-d. In all, we will
exhibit the p. intcd returns of the Inued Mates ilint,
" A uSfilUill & C.IRSO.Y,
Clocks, Watches & Jewelry.
Would announce to the citir.tnn of Brownville
-11. at ia lias located hiuas-clf in
i&I i-ownviQe. Hndiwtendh keeping a full assort,
uiviaof everytUiiuinblslineof 1-umucss, which will
hesild low for cash. He will also lo all kinds of re
piirin a clocks, watcLc and jewelry. All work war
ranted. v3u.h.y
r.T7nVWI r.r.Ti. it. T
Announces totl.epu5i.ic thai l.eis r-n.-ired accotn-
m,.i,i0i!.. i-hir!?iiU C iriiaj -s 1:1.1 !?. rri.:-, iO- ,
cVfher with e.HHlsnfe iio:e. foi c .mfort and e..c i:i tra
vclli:. He wiil also board Lort-es by the day. "vcc-K or
moTith. Tpavg pAVOKABLt.CH
Jnr.e 10,''6d. COif
, Merchant Tailor, !
Adopts t'ais method of fetnrnins tbanks to the
gentlemen of this vicinity, for the-liberal jatron
nge bftowed uprn Liin heretofore, and to unnonnce
that he bus just returned from St. Louis with a
. , , i
Of every article of
. ' Consisting of . '-
axrr.M23Si. Goons,
Cotton,' Linne and Silk Goods,
TV oolen. Cotton, and Bilk Undershirts, drawer?,
Vestiugs, Half IWe, SuspenderH, Ac. In short, evr
erv thing a gentleman could desire to array himsi If,
in the gayest attire. He will sell thegoods, or make
puits to order in a style cqnnl to any other House
Viiywnere, lio asks but an examinaticn ot bis goods
hnd work.
Correspond with the Present Hard
. . . ... Times. , : ,
April 12, IRGO.
T. I. GODDIN, Proprietor. 2C.1S59.
Published Mrcb 17th,
Another Kcw Wcrk by the Distinguished
Arryerican Authoress,
With an autobifcraphyof the author, by Mrs, Emma
P. F..S. Soi'TuwosTtt, Author of the Lott Heiress,
''er;c-; "i;e, MissiPR Bnde. India, Wife's V'ctjry,
Rctrioutiun. Cnrsof 'Clifton. Vivia.Tho Thieelieau-
ties. Lady of tlie Isle, etc.
C jinpietc in one lar.-,e dn. de::tuo volume, reht ly l-v.n J
in ciotb, for d'l ir hu 1 tweuty-Cve cent, or in tv 0
T.-limics. x or e er fi.r ,.ne d
Save Ycur JImkv end Go To
liiyyi m My .-idMn,
MorcinTr.v.n ;e.-v;-s St. J e; h U - - 6:C0 .
F.veiuji Traia leave's j (n - " t:J0
St. Joseyh is ieu-bed by the Western Ftase Li .e.
p.ffii;;ers SKvetur.e a::d :irc-"iie supins by llj r .ute.
D.iitv rT-necMons i.i.ide it lli'inibal wilL ali.Eateru
and So i'l orri R iaro;ids sudT.'Ckets.
JTD Haywood, Sup't.. Hannital.
D C S.vwxsr, General Agent, St. Joe.
P B 'Groat, G. Ticket Agent, HanTal
Theo. Hill, G..T. Ag't, Brownville.
November 24. 1So3.
Wholesale and Retail 1eaie in
Brcvnvilh, JV. T.
IIAS NOW ON HANP a largenndwcll se!ect
IZi ed stock of Boots and Shoes. Lat'y'z ard Geut.'s
Gaiters and Slippers of every variety; also.
13 Ii II la il J?' ii
Miy 17, lc60.
Planter's House
Corner of Fourth ani Corn. Street,
XolmalJLrL City, "o'
JsanJ Ahtad of the World ! !
The ur.dersisrned takes this method of informing
thecitiiens of inaha ('ounty, and the rest of inau
Itini that bo ha,ao-l will keep on bani a yayx-rirr
tit of ,t inwo Shingle, whi'-h h' willVlIoheaii
II:s S'.iiiii'e -hino is on the Smora. Island, nar
the Win J si Mill, wh-rchemiy ba found whenhe
is not :ib?:it on pr.'if..i .,na bti-'inosii. tiivo him a
ca'lani he w'M iva vm sa'icf.iction.
Apr.l 12, '6 MERIDITII nELTV..
' T. 51. TALROTT,
Ilarinr lo-at-l ifin r.r. nvj'.le. N T.. ten
SvTf n; - r,-i '.nnl 'f cioi-v to tii Jcomm t'i;ty. j
All ,o'.s w.r:JDted. 1
No 163 Vine St.. bet.Fourthana Tiftii.
Cincinnati, 0.
c. f. o'ximscoiaia &. CO
Manufacturers and dealer.-in New c, Rook ana Job
Tyoe. i'tir.tinir i'reses.Cagep.tJallies.ivc., Ac.
Ink. and Prin'incrMatcria! of Every Oescription,
STri:OTVrif J of allkind Books. Music.
Patent Medicine Directions ,Jobs .Wood En-revingF,
Braid and Pattern Letters, various styles,
Female College, ;
ST. JOSEPH, .10.
WILLIAItl CALISllOU', A. II., Principal.
C.nupletely organized an a first clspsFemale BaardinK
and Day School. Number limited to 125, including 25
hoaider. Scholastic year commencing first Monday In
September. For Catalogues, with fuli particulars,ad
dress the Principal.
August 4th, 1S59. v4c4tf
'Tide's Peak, or Bust."
Tu"o. XX, lSZcilx. street,
3. MWMMY & o
Have just completed their new business honse on
Main Street, near the V. S. Land Ortlce, in Brownville
w-here they have opened out and are offering on the most
favorable teruis,
2 ttttg;
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Of all Kinds,
Choice Liquors, Cigars,
And a "th nil sand and .i.e:" other things evrytc!r
Brownville, April CG, ly
Mrs. Ilenduen & MissLusk,
First Street, ha. lain nnd Vatcr,
nnowNvji.i.i;. ni-:ijilsk..
Bor.ntit, Uea-Vres:eanJ Trirr.Mini ahccjicn hand j
will sell cheaper for Cash or Produce than any other
house wsi.f St. Louis. All work warranted; orders
re-poct fully solicited.
The Highest Cash price paid for ITides, Pelts and Furs,
jtt'ne City Boot and Shoe Store. Cut Leather kept for
Brownville.June2d,'69. n49jf-
I . isio-utr Hotel
Hereby iiotiUesthe public that he has. purtlaced the
ke!Jraka House in Brownville, N. T., formerly kept ty
T.J. Kdwards. and has remodeled, renovated and enti
rely changed tbe whole houe, from cellar to garret,
with an cseciaJ view to neat.;efs, ccntlort and
cience. HavinphatUnany years as a bc'el
keeper, he feel safe in warrantingthel"arding patron
age of Browuvil ;i, t"l the traveling public. tLat. while
at the American, they will have no reason to complain
or tief fe in any repect.
The Hotel is situated immediately at the S!eanhoat
L,aroine, fo t ci ilain street, and couseriuontly affords
peculiar advantage to the traveling community. The
proprietor asks but to be trijd, ind if not found worthy,
January, 19. 1SC0. 2S-tf
j -w t r t-K u
"Willselect lands, Investigate titles, pay taxes. &c,
fither in Kansas or Nebraska; buy, sell, and enter
i.itr..i f. n-r.i ir.r.: invi-st in town uroLtTty,- buy r
..ii aiirt will alxvavs have on handcorrect
plats of townships. counties, &c, showinKalllandsgHb-
Jectto entry, and where desirco wiuiurnibnpariieiiv
Ingin the states with thesame.
Being the oldest settler in the county will in all
case be ahleto give f ulland reliable information.
Address A L. Coate,citherat Browuvilleor Xemftha
City Xeb-aslcs Territory. 6ru-42-v2
The Nebraska 'Farm er .
It is the only Journal devoted exclusively
to the Jlgricullura and Educational inte
rests of Nebraska, Kansas, Northern
Missouri and Southern lotca.
v Try it--Xicl It.
Four Copies," 3 'months for SI
Twenty Copies, 1 year $15
One Copy, 1 year 81
Brownville, Nebraska.
Th a nmnrietor returns Ihanlt? for the generous
patronage thusfar extended him, and hopes by re
newed efiorts to merit increased i ore.
rarmers and Others
WiT! rln well to have their erain in as soon iis possi
ble, ns spring freshets will 80n be upou w-, when
more than hkeiy it wiu to impossible 10 run iuc
mill for several weoks.
Come Along Now !
Meal and Flour of Superior Quality
Constantly on Hand.
We will pay 75 cents cash for wheat.
Feb-22,1SC0. J. G. M ELVIS.
Peru Chair Factory,
Tbe undersiened." having purchased the Chair and
Cabinet shop lately owned by T. H. Marshall, take -his
uietlo d of informing the public that they are now pre-j-.ired
to fill oniors for all kind .f fnrnitme. snch sf
Clnirs, tat.l en, stands, &vuleiil, nureav.s, oa'fs, crios,
cr'Ts, i iurpes, c'c.. etc, either at wholesale or re
t:i ) cl'C-ap as can he bought at any other rstal.iish
ment in'the west. Ti e host of ccftl i luruher and trim
mingf CMistantly'tn hard, which will enable us to fill
oidTs for c: Rl'i- at short nctice.
We hive attiri.ed t-n'iir f't-n j fiVl n rse P: we-and
Tu. Dins Latle, and we a:e prepared to d any floKcrip
ti'Tiol turninir 'r -m i Cli.' i : rl -'-P to ! S".:e Mi 1 1 .
Ch iirsaad Furnitnteo! all kiuds reini.-td in th?
S'.V'P ' ...
X. 11 C m. VCnvii.Klmr. Dry G jMs.Grocyries. Lnrn
hpr and prwl'Ke r all kirdi, M tpy not esce'r d, Ta
ken i'i x:h Irw.rk.vr g'Md-t. We pp by si.-i'M
Ktienti .n to business to merit aMre of '-.Mc : trn
acp HF.NTTiin .V P.LlfS
Pdru, Xi'hrasza, Xjvcutter 21, la53.
Causes cf ilic Failnrc of , Young
Orcliarda. :
In traveling aboat the country, one can
hardly fail of teing struck with the pau
city "of ycung- orchards' in a. flouriihinjr
condition. ' The traveler sees, now and
then a small unclosure set out to apple
tree's, which in a great majority of cases
exhibit anything but a healthy .appear
ance. Those that , are' already dead
maintain but a feeUe existence ; but of
ten the trees are either... dry sticks," With
a lot of ; little sprouts growing up' from
their roots, or miserable sickly looking
things with now and then a tuft of leaves
on their limbs. To what shall we attrib
ute the cause of this state of things?
Why is it that there are so few thrifty
young orchards ? Iu reply to these ques
tions we answer :
1. The failure is more frequently from
having the work improperly dene. Of
ten from the ground cot being properly
prepared, or being cf an improper char
acter. It is useless to attempt to grow
fruit trees in grass land without any sort
of cultivation, as many men do, not even
mulching or hoeing around the trunks.
That trees fail to flourish when thus used
is not to be wondered at.
Others select ground in which the wa
ter line is very near the surface, and
take no measures to remove the water
from the over-charged soil that renders
it cold and sour, and thus having no dep'h
of root, the leaves turn yellow, they lin
ger awhile then die fairly drowned 'cut.
Others adopt the other extreme and p!;mt
on a dry gravelly . knoll where the soil
has nCAer been stirred more than three
crfcur inches deep, without any kind of
mulch, and if a dry season ensues, their
trees dry up and perith ; er if the two or
three first seasons prove favorable, and
their . trees live, they make but slow
growth, are ax long while coming into
bearing, and never produced much.
Others fail from improper setting.
Ei'her from not understanding their work
or-fer want of time and a "make-do-sys-rem"
of driving things, they dig a little
hole in the unprepared soil grass ground
perhaps thrust in the tree with its roots
twisted or doubled up, throw cn the clods,
stamp down the earth upon the roots, and
bid it live ond flourish. Men who treat
their own trees in this way, cught not
to expect their trees to lir. To merely
maintain existence is all lhat the most
vigorous' tree could do um'er such treat
ment, and1 if it dots this, it does well,
without ever producing an apple. '
2. Another cause of failure is the con
dition of the trees when taken from the
nursery. .The soil is exclusively, rich,
with forcing manures, in order to grow
straight "smooth trees; and in order to
hurry them into market. What is the
result ? The impetus given to the scion,
after being engrafted forces it to the
height of four or five feet the first year.
The over-grown scion has a large pith
and in the end becomes a rotten-hearted,
diseased tree. None of the difficulties
are ever encountered in 'growing seed
ling trees, that attach to nursery-grafted
trees. It is7 seldom that a seedling tree
left to itself fails cf maturing. No mat
ter how bad the usage it may receive it
will still persist in living, if in no other
way, in a mat of dwarfed and thorny
shrubs. Why this dmerence ? It is be
cause the seedling grows more slowly,
consequently is more hardy, healthy, en
suring and sound. Hence this fact af
fords a suggestion that maybe turned to
Cood practical account, which is grow
seedling trees, and leave the grafting
for an after; consideration. Tl is seems
to us to be the safest way. JNew Vorly
Rural American.
Textile Plants.
In the days of Christ very little cotton
was grown, and Flax and Wool made up
the sum total of human clothing. At this
time cotton fabrics are far more exten
sively used than linen. Whether the for
mer is of more real value is very doubt
ful. If there was as much money inves
ted in the growing of flax , in the United
States, as there is in the culture of cot
ton, it would doubtless modify very much
the apparent value of the two textiles.
But thero is another item of import
ance to the Great West, which we shall
do well to consider. The cultivation of
substitute for cotton, 1 in the wheat and
corn growing States of the North will
tend to increase the price of the cereals,
by reducing the tmount produced.' Cot
ton wool is stronger than lint, but the lat
ter is the stronger of the two. Cotton
mixes more easily with wool, but if lint
may be cut and carded, so as to mix as
well, t would, most likely, produce a
more desirable cloth, affording to fine
wools a stronger body.
In Russia, it is said, they have lately
brought forward a new lint producing veg
etable, called the silk plant. It is said to
be very soft, and quite strong. This
should be introduced immediately into tne
Corn' crrowing States, and thoroughly tried
and our Agricultural Societies should en
deavor to direct public attention to the im
portance of producing more of those ma
terials which we import, as the best means
by which to obtain remunerative prices
for the aggregate of farm products. If
the Mississippi Valley grew it own ttooI
and 'linen, as it does . its own cotton ond
susnr, the empire of weal th would be rap
idly transferred to ths west.
The Iran vho wmrs pegged loot? Las
rslritvs " in Lis solo."
From the Prairie Farmer.
Pall Planting of Fruit Trees.
We propose to bring forward some cf
the opinions which have been given in
favor of and against Fall Planting, by
some of the best orchardists and horti
culturists in the West.
At the annual meeting of the Wiscon
sin Fruit Growers, held at Whitewater
last winter, Mr. Conger said he could see
no reason why they should not plant in
the Fall ia Wisconsin as well as in Ill
inois and New York. "True, trees in
the nursery do not always ripen their
wood eariy enough to admit of it; and
this is the reason so many of our impor
ted trees from the East, fail; but this ob
jection may be overcome.
A. G. Hanford says, roots will heal
and forrrrwithout leaves, even if simply
heeled in has seen it repeatedly know
an instance in which fifty trees were fro
zen up solid in the earth the day after
planting all lived and flourished except
one or two. Fall planting, however, he
thought, should be early, and care should
be taken to bring earth in contact with
the roots etc., as in Spring. . Just before
winter sets in, would raise a mound of
fifteen inches about the stem, and mulch
the roots with coarse manure or litter;
J. C. Plumb would plant in September
or early iu October, and have no trouble ;
must give the roots a chance to heal.
Mulching is impoitant as a preventive of
evaporation of vital sap, by dry freezing
winter weather. If we plant in Spring,
trees should be taken up before the sap
starts and may then be planted at leisure.
The 'nvell-doing" 33 more important than
size or age. wnai we want is tne roots
would. cut back some in - all Cases,' is usu
aLv t !.;? -3 f.-urths cf the t;r..'
Alr. .Conger .Tefcrr.l-aH the" roots,
we tould.. ihen lcaveoll the tops, hence
he preferred young trees, and is conse
quently a sensible man. We would not
pay as much for a tree, four or or five
years old, .were we going to plant it in
the fail or nny other time, as for only
two years old. Our western planters
twill learn to distinguish in this vay some
D. F. Kinney, of Rock Island says
"I have had good success in planing late
in November, and the best in December.
Dr. J. Kennicott, regards October the
safest Autumn month for transplanting
all hardy trees except stone fruits and
evergreens, neither of which, he says,
should be planted in Autuan, unless with
an unbroken ball attached to their roots.
With that you may transplant what you
will and when you will with most gratify
ing success. But the Doctor does not
recommet.d planting deciduous trees in
the Autumn with the leaves on, nor be
fore the wood had matured or been
checked in growth by frosts. The Die
ter urges that in early autumn planting,
water should be given to the roots, if the
soil be dry, the same as you would in
April or May, because vitality and es
pecialiy transpiration is still slightly ac
tive in October.
Ladles Carrying the Crops
The following originated, it is said
with the Terre Haute Express. It is ap
plied to ladies of the editor's locality,
but its homely -figures have point and ap
plication in every neighborhood.
Here is lady No. 1, with ten acres of
wheat gracefully thrown around her per
son twelve bushels to the acre. Ten
times twelve are one hundred and twen
ty, at SO cents a bushel; 120.S0
Lady No 2. lightly trips along under
four tons of hay, worth seven dollars per
ton 28. She stands erect, as stiffly as
Norwegian women every day with a loard
of kindling wood on their heads.
Lady No. 3, sweeps the path and cir
cumjacent dog-fennel with a train which
exhibits two yoke of steers at S35 $70.
Lady No 4, is enrolled in twenty acres
of corn, forty bushels to the acre, worth
thirty cents per bushel ; S2-10.
Lady No. 5 has a mule colt suspended
from each tar, at $15 $30.
Drinking Impure Water.
y a a a
bet a pitcher or iced water in a room,
inhabited, and in a few hours it will have
absorbed from the room nearly all the
respired and perspired rjasses cf the
room, the air of which will have become
purer, but the water utterly filthy. Thi
depends on the fact that water has the
faculty of condensing and thereby ab
solving nearly all the gases, which it does
without increasing its own bulk. The
colder the water is, the arreater is its
capacity to contain these gases. At ordi
nary temperatures a pin.t of water will
contain a pint of carbonic acid gas, and
several pints of ammonia. This capaci
ty is nearly doubled by reducing the
temperature to that of ice. Hence wa
ter kept in the room for awhile, is always
unfit for use, and should be often renew
ed whether it has become warm or not
And tor the same reason the water in a
pump stalk should be all pumped out in
the morning before any is used. That
which has stood in the pitcher over night
is not fit for coffee water in the morning.
Impure water is more injurious to health
than impure air, and every persan should
provide the means of obtaining fresh pure
air, and every person should provide the
the means of obtaining fresh pure water.
Treatment for the Bite of a Dog.
Dr. Stephen Ware, cf Boston, in his
testimony in a recent case which grew
out of injuries from the bite of a dog,
furnished the following Valuable advice :
In the case of the bite by a dog where
the teeth of the animal penetrate into
the flesh, whether the dog was known to
be mad or not, he should use the same
precautions, viz: He would wash the
wound with warm water, extract all the
virus possible, by sucking the wound with
his lips, and then cauterize it deeply
with the caustic most readily obtained,
but should use potash if it could be pro
cured at once. The time in which the
effects of the bite of a rabid dog would
be seen, varied from two to three days to
as many years ; but if no effects were felt
after two or three months, as a general
thing, the patient might feel himself safe.
Bites made through clothing are seldom
productive of much harm, as, even when
the dog is mad, the clothing absorbs the j
virus, before the teeth reach the fieh.
the fatal cas-33 o:curri w.iere
was 'iittiii cn soma naked
Concerning the possibility of a cure
Tomato Chowder.
Take green tomatoes, cut a small piece
off the the stem end, and aho from the
other side; thtnlay them in a pan.
Sprinkle with salt, pour boiling water on
them, and let them stand ten minutes.
Chop them up fine, putting in some cab
bage, horse radish, and peppers; and
vinegar on, and they are ready to pack in
crocks. They make an, excellent dish to
serve with meat. Try it.
The Patent OfEce is in receipt of a
very large and fine n?snrtmnt of seeds
aud t:utting3 from Syria, ntthvj very mod
erate ex '-T;'j ot bl'CO. They were col
beted by the Rev. Dr. iiirclay. Mission
ary r.hci t!. There are varieties cf whr-at,
barley, grape cutting?, olives, scions of
fruits, vegetable products, and useful
plants. The scions, cuttings, &c, will
be sent to the propagating houses for ex
periment and increase, and no distribu
tion of the remainder will be made be
fore the Fall. Among the interesting
plan's i3 the Lessaban, from which it is
said the crown of thorns was plaited. It
is very ornamental, and makes excellent
hedges.' There are also seeds of melons,
squashes, camel's food, dates, walnuts
equal to the English, and probably adap
ted to the Southern and Middle States.
The seed of the mais tree, which is es
teemed as medicinal or prophylactic, are
also procured from . the inclosure of the
Temple of Solomon.
, Drilling Wheat
An argument in favor of drilling in
wheat, would seem to be out cf place,
at this time, since every where we go
farmers are forward to tell us, This year
hasf AW satisfied me that, drilling wheat
is the only sure way to ol t.iiu a good crop
There seems to be nobody in doubt ypen
the subject as many were before. This
season has left a general impression on
the minds of farmers that drilled wheat
has averaged five bushels of wheat to
the acre more than theundrilled through
out the entire State. The result is that
the demand for drills at this time is more
than double that of any previous season
Messrs. Lawrence Davis & Co., of Dub
lin Indiana, who manufacture Moores
Wheat Drills, tell us that their stock was
exhausted more than a month ago, and
that but for the fact that thev had several
hundred machines, ready to be put to
gether with great rapidity, they would
have been utterly unable to supply the
demand. Indiana Farmer.
Talking and Writing.
A man never knows what he has read
until he has talked about it or written
about it. Talking and writing are di?
gestive processes which are absolutely
essential to the mental constitution cf
the man who devours many books. But
it is not every man that can talk. Talk-,
ing implies first of all a readiness on the
part cf the speaker", ana' next a'sympav
thetic listener. It is therefore a diges
tive process the most difficult, if it is the'
most rapid Tn its operation. Writing 13
altogether a different affair a' man may
take his own time to it, and not require
a reader he can be his own reader. It
is an easier, although formal prcces3 cf
digestion than talking. It is in every
body's power and everybody who reads,
much makes more or less use cf it, .be
cause, as Bacon says, if he does not
write then he buu'ht to have extraordina-
ry faculties to compensate for such neglect
It is in this ?iev that we are io under
stand the complaint of a well known au-"
thor, that he was ignorant of a certain,
subject, and the means by which he wai
to dispel his ignorance namely, by writ
ing on it.
It is in this view that the monitorisV
system of instructicn has its great raW;
to the monitors it is the best , sort ct
teaching. It is from the same point cf
view that Sir William Hamilton used' to
lament the decay of leaching as a partcf
the education of students at the univer
sities. In the olden time it was necessa
ry to the c.k i'f a decree
graduate sr.cai give cf his ci
it v as a tc;
lies of his t'ecrree as
and in the very ti-
a mauistf.r nr .! i:
tor, he was Ut-siiiiiea aa a u-ivr. i. .
man never knows anything, Sir William
Hamilton used to say, until he has taught
it in some wav or other it may be oral
ly, it may be by writing a book. It is a
grand truth, and points a fine moral.
Knowledge is knowledge, say the phi
losophers; it is precious for its own sake;
it is an end to itself. But nature says
the opposite. Knowledge is not knovvl-'
edge until we see it. It is not ours until'
Ul UllUl UUUC1 liiu luiiiuiai. -. j, . -
social faculty, speech we live for socie
ty, and knowledge is null until we give
it expression, and in so doing wake it over
to the social instinct. Blackwood.
Name Derivations.
Robert,' famous in council; David be
loved; Susannah, 'a lily; Walter, signi
fying to rule an army; Mariah, bitter;
Rachel, a sheep; William, from the Dan
ish, a shield, Lucifer, a light bearer;
ChIoe,from the Latin, a green herb; An
na, gracious; Dorcas, a roebuck; Thom
as means twice; Roger; desire for rest;
Gertrude, true to her trust, Mary signi
fies a tear; Charles, stout; Ellen, valor;
George a husbandman. Csborah, a bee;
Don, brown eyed; Henry, honor; Mag-
leen, tears ond repentance; Hannah, is
merciful or gracious; Eve, she lived;
Esther, hidden, secret; Beulah, married;
Edward. Edgar, Edwin, witnesses: Al
fred, all peace; Sophia, wisdom; Sophro
nia, prudence, temperence ; Francis, from
the Teutonic, free; Catharine, pure, or
bright; Rhoda, a rose; Ruth, satisfied;
Isaac, laughter; Phillip, a leaf; Andrew
manly, or curageous; Engine, nobly born,
Arabella, a fail altar; Agnes, chaste;
Aderlard, a generous spirit; Adelia, from
the baxon, excellent ; Asa, physician ;
Herbert, from the Saxon, giory of an
What ttc arc Made of.
The following is from the pen cf O.W.
If the reader of this paper lives an
other year, his self conscience principla
will have migrated from his present ten
ement to another, the raw materials even
of which are not yet put together. A
portion of that body of which is to be,
will ripen in the corn of next harvest.
Another portion of his future person, he
will purchase, or others will purchase for
him, headed up in the form of certain tar-..
rels of potatoes nrd other root3. A third
fraction is yet to be gathered in the rice
fields of the South. The limbs wuh wYikb.
he is then to walk will be clad with flesh
borrowed from the tenants of my stalls
and pastures, now unconscious of their
doom. The very organs of speech with
which he is to talk s'o wisely, plead
so eloquently, or speak effectively, must
first serve his humble brethren to bleat,
to bellow, and for all the varied utterance
of bristled or feathered barnyard life.
His bones themselves are, to- a great ex
tent, in posse and not esse. A bag of
phosphate of lime, which he has ordered
from Prof. Mapes, fcr his grounds, con
tains a large part cf vvhat i? to be his
skeleton. And more than all this, and
by far the greater part of his bedy is no
thing at alf but water, the main substance
of his scattered member? is to be looked
for in the reservoir, in the clouds, in the
running streams, ana in me ccucm ci
the well.
Destrojing Fleas.
A writer in the Rural New Yorker
says, some years since, 1 ieit, in the
Spring, a quantity of coarse manure and
straw in my barn-yard. My hogs slept
in the yard under the cow shed.. In the
course of the summer, the fleas became
so numerous that we did net choose to
go there to milk, and yarded our cows
in another place. In the fall, as soon as
my work would permit mc to attend to it
we rave the yard a thorou-zh cleaning,
Ull.t itt. 1 -
and scattered
ally , under th:
entire shed,
Most of all
Lie n::rs:n
in a
teen troubled with fleas
Maine does rot gain more than 0.000
in iih population s'ner ISc'J Ir i.-
You may put a man in the midst cf all
the musical instruments in the world, and,
if he does not know how to play on them
they will afford him no pleasure- You:
may heap wealth upon a mauuatil it cas
tles itself to heaven, and yet he may b
a pauper. The paupers are not in the peer
houses, but in mansions for a man is .
rich only by so much a 3 he knows how lo
use what he ha3; everything beyond that
; nnvortv T dn nnt think that asses thit
1 o uivj. -
lug the gold ore from the mines are rich;
and yet many men choose to take their
places and spend their whole life, and
i.i 1 1 11 . - . !. .
Dena tnemseives aouoie, to carry iua.
which always will be a burden to them
They do not carry it to make it a powc
of usefulness, they do not carry it t;
make it inflame and feed moral power,
by benefaction by a large divinity of
beneficence; they carry it merely as geld,
as property; and they are beasts of bur
den, burdened. Multitudes and multi
tudes of such beasts there are, and tens
of thousands cf aping men running after
them, saying, "Oh, that I were they, or
lik? them." And so the steep path from ;
the the mine to the point where thy threw
their load is worn so near smooth that ?
many who walk upon it overburdened, ,
slip and go to perdition. Beechzr.
The lust f-jr power has no
kt. r
.at i: in
real ca-;-;
of hydrophobia, n -thing Within the hrt eight y:a:;
1 jot one-t;nUi of. its p
V r .
empire in
kniw best
iiO earthly
iattr-'i With