Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1860)
It. W. FUIIN'AS, EDITOR.
for" president in isco, ' 1
STEPHEN: A; DOUGLAS.
' - Of the United States.
- FOR VICE-PRESIDENT, : ;
ANDREW' JOHKS OH, ;
: . .O.f Jehncssec. . . - " ?
j -.". Ilcnctcai : Kill. --
,A Homestead Bill parsed the House of
Representatives in Congress on the 12ih
inst. Vi6 have not 'seen a copy of the
bill, Wt from what we gather from the
debttcstcd dispatches,'! prDrisionsvarc
about these: .i
' Any rersoa s head of a fam
ily, or who has ; arrived at theoge.cf
twenty-one years, anS is a citizen of the
United States', or who shall have declared
his intention to become cuch, shall be en
titled to enter, free of cost, one hundred
and sixty acres of public land, upon which
such person may have fixed; a pre-emption
claim, which may, at the time, such
application is made, be subjeet to pre
emption at a dollar and a quarter or less
per acre. No certificate or patent is to
be issued until the expiration cf five years
.from the date of entry, and on payment
of ten dollars, "rights are secured to the
actual settler ta issue to heirs, and de
vises the lands acquired, which are . then
in no event to become liable for the sat
isfaction cf any debts contaacted prior to
the issue cf the patent. - '
, IVe rather thinlc this a favorable ses
sion at which to secure the passage of
. measures, for the particular benefit of the
laboring classes; all parties are actively
engaged in making political capital.
Therefore ve may reasonably expect a
Homestead Bill cf some kind to be passed
Don't Distract the Partj.
. If Douglas men happen to complain be
cause cf the prospective actions of the
Administration, or give a lick back when
kicked, for so doing the cry is "you are
detracting the party! be still! keep cool!
now don't! let by-gones be by-gones!
let us bury the hatrhet!. unite the party !"
fee While Douglas men are thus talked
to, the Administration lets no opportunity,
however unimportant, pass, to wreak its
vengeance upon any and all who smile
upon Douglas. We have a reminder by
the following dispatch found in our late
eastern exchanges: ;
"The officers and employees in the Bal
timore Custom House, who .voted for
, Douglas delegates to Charleston, have
: Gen. EstafcrooL's R. R. Bill.
' ' We to-day publish the bill introduced
by our Delegate, Hon. E. Estabrook, for
a grant of lands for Rail Road purposes
in Nebraska. A grant of lands to this
Territory, at this time, would be of incal
culable benefit to us, and we hope Mr.
Estabrook may succeed in getting it
through. We see but one objection to
tbe bill before us ; we fear it asks too
xiuchi which fact may be the cause of its
failur. Better, we ; think, have asked
merely for a liberal donation of lands for
the purpose cf constructing but two roads
from the Missouri river at present ; . say
ens South and one North of the Platte.
' . The Election.;
We have but little more election news,
m detail, than that furnished our" readers
last week. It is said the proposition
"For State Government" is voted down
by-. about 200 .majority.
. In Washington county 2 Republicans
zzii rDemocrat'were elected. Majority
.."For State Govemment" about 300.
Dakota county elected I Democrat and
1 Republican. Majority agamst State
Government, 173.r - ' j ; ": -' ':
Nortli cf the . Reserve, the . majority
against will probably be 275. .
. We have . heard nothing . from other
than river, counties. - "'' -'
How It Works.
The only "county "in the Territory that
elected a full Democratic ticket at the
late election, was Sarpy. Her Council
man and Representatives (Democrats)
voted for the bill to prohibit Slavery in
NebraskaaftKe hst session cf the Lrgis
. ; . r Judge Miller.
Tudge Millex, o this Judicial Dist
rict, passed this place on the steamer Asa
Wilguj.loniis way to Ohio, on Friday
lasU He is in poor health, and is visit
ing his eld' home. ' "
The following, relative to. his- depart
ure, we clip frcrathe Nebrasla City, pa
pers. . '
A. bar meeting was also held, at which
the usual ccicjilitnrhtary resolutions were
passed. -. . . ,
To the Hon. Joseph Miller : 1 "
.The undersigned', members of your
Bar, and other citizens of Otoe' county,
. N. T., learning that the state of your
health has rendered a trip eastward- nec
essary, beg leave to express to you our
sincere sympathy and condolence.
During the year that you have presid
ed on the Bench of this District, you have
discharged all the onerous and accumulat
ed duties of your position with remarka
ble capacity, energy and impartiality.
Your character and course have inspi
red but cne sentiment in this community,
that cf confidence and respect.
And now that ill health, caa:eJ, partly
at least, by unreuiitting'atteniion to busi
cess, imperatively requires a temporary
relaxation and change of scene, we beg
hundred and forty sections for , each cf
said reads having twenty continuous miles
completed as afuresaid, and induced
leave to assure you, honored sir honored ',vithin a continuous length of twenty
as a man, as a citizen, and as a Judge ! miles cf each of such roads may b i sold ;
tnat you carry with you the unfeigned and to. i rem time to tine until sai i road
regret and heart.v.t sjmpa',.y of th
ire not .:omf ici:
e community. y j i j ;re not cotnplerd v.il a te - ye r?, i
Signed by sixty cf the k idirrgitiz-! ."jrther ale shr.il be ba.'e, ar ! xl lar.
sof Nebraska Cii v. v vnsold :;.all rev. rt ta tl Uni.od f .ates.
Xebraska City, March 12, 1S60.
Mr Dear Sirs: Your kind letter
from the Bar and other citizens of this
county ,'was handed roex f ewdays ago.:-:
I cannot trust myself in words to reply
fdiy to it. '
.Believe, me lhal the kindneEs" and sym
pathy of the people of Nebraska "to me
and mine'1 can never be forgotten.
- - o j v
In leaving, (I hope for'a-thort tirne tm
ly.) as I do, in ill health.yc.urkindppss.J,
and sympathy does mucn to" sustain'
encourage -me.-: ' .
My best wishes are 'yours for: 3'otir
prosperity and happiness in the future d
' - Yours truly, - V : 5
' J. MILLER.
Jcdge Hail All msht ' ' ;
We are glad to know that our notice,
Probable death, of Judge 'Hall,"., has
turned out incorrect. The Judge, passed
up the river on the Omaha.' on Friday
last, looking as well as we ever saw hjm.
Ketraska Contested; Election;:,;',;
We have received a copy of the.-,VMe
morial of S. G. Daily contesting the el
ection of E. Estabrook of Nebraska
Territory; referred to the Committee on
Elections Feb. 16, and ordered "printed;
Feb. 23, I860."' -.We have not had. time,
since its Teception,to- peruse it. r It is
quite voluminous-: one hundred pages.
We shall examine it.at o'ur.Ieisure. . ,.
A Bill for Grant oa Lands ior K. R.
Purposes, in Nebraska. : .
INTRODUCED BV HON'. E. ESTABROOK.
Be it cnaeted ly the Senate and House
of Mepresaitaievcs, of the United States
of America, in Congress assembled i That
there be, and is hereby granted to the
Territory of Nebraska, for the purpose
of aiding in the construction of the fol
lowing Railroads, viz : A railroad f roni
some eligible point on the west bank of
the Missouri River, so as to connect as
nearly as practicable with the Burlington
and Missouri Railroad," thence irito and
along the valley of the Platte River.'via
New Fort Kearney to the Western boun
dary of said Territory. A railroad from
some eligible point on the Missouri Riv
er between the Kansas line and the rn'outh
of the Platte River, tunning westwardly
to.intersect the first named road' at or
near' New Fort Kearney. 'A' railrord
from some eligible point on the west of
the Missouri river so a3 to connect as
nearly as practicable with the Mississippi
and Missonri River Railroad, thence in
to and along the valley of the Platte riv
er to intersect said first mentioned road
at or near Fort Kearney. A Railroad
from some eligible point on the west
bank of the Missouri river, so as to con
nect as nearly as practicable' with what
ever Railroad having :a grant of lands
from the government of the United
States, may he located through the State
of Iowa terminating on the Missous; riv
er at or near the 42d parallel of latitude,
thence in a south-westarly course :to in
tersect the above mentioned continuation
of the said Mississippi and Missouri riv
er Railroad, at or near the mouth of the
Loup Fork river. A Railroad from some
eligible point on the Missouri river at or
near the Mouth of the Sioux river, so as
to connect as nearly as practicable with
the Dubuque and Sioux City Railroad,
thence to and up and along the Neobra
rah river or any other eligible ( route to
intersect with the first named road at or
near Fort Laramie.' "T"very alternate
section of land designated by odd num
bers for seven sections in width on each
side of ' each of saii rpads shall be held
by the Territory or future State of Ne
braska, for the use ' and' purposes ' afore-'
said; provided, that the lands 'hereby
granted for and on account of 'said roads
severally, shall be exclusively applied to
the construction of that road for,, and sou
account of which such lands are hereby
granted, mid shall be i disposed of only
as the work .progresses;: and the same
shall be applied to no other purpose what
ever ; and provided further, that all min
eral lands and any and all lands hereto
fore reserved to the United Stales by any
act of Congress, or ia.any other manner
by competent authority, for the purpose
of aiding la -any. object of . internal, im
provement, 'or' far,' any 'other purpose
whatsoever, be, and the same axe hereby
reserved. to, the United. States from'the
operations of this act, except so far as it
may be found necessary to . locate the
routes of said railroads on, such reserv
ed lands, in which case .the right of . way
shall only be granted, subject to' the ap
proval of the President of the ", TTnited
States. " ' . '
Sec. 2. Aud be it further enacted, That
the sections and parts of sections of lainl
"which by said grant- shall remain to the
United States within seven miles on-each
side of said roads, shall hot be sold for
less than double the minimum price -of the
public lands when sold, nor shall any of
said lands become subject to private en
try until the same shrll have, been -first
oflered at public sale at rthe increased
price. , -A '
Sec. 3. And be 'it further enacted,
That the said lands hereby granted to the
said Territory or future State,1 shall be
subject to the future disposal of the leg-
islrture thereof, for the purposes ". herein
expressed, und no ether; and the said
Rail Roads shall' be and remain public
highways for the use of the Government
of the United States free from ; toll or
other charge upon the transportation of
any property .or troops Of the United
States. ' . ..
Sec. 4. Acd.be it further enacted. That
she lands hereby granted-to said Terrj
tory or future State only in the manner
following:, That is to say that a quantity
ot ;and not exceeding one hundred and
forty sections for each of. sr.id roads may
be sold; and when the Governor of said
Territory or future State shall certify, to
the Secretary o the Interior that , any
wenty continuous milts .of said roads is
completed, then another quantity of land
hi-rt'l.y granted, not o txcef-d over one
the United States mail shall be transport
ed over said roads, under the direction
of the Post OSce Department, at such
price - as - Congress--tuay by-law direct:
Provided, that until such price ,is fixed by
lavv th Posrnaite'r "General'shall have the
power to, deter mir; the same. :.r-.-'
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That
in caseany landsfon theline of j said
roacLs afa within lany led i4n-f Territory,
no title to the same shall accrue nor shall
ihesTirt ieeiitered tiponby the auther-
ny of said Territory or future State, un
til the Indian title to the same shall have
been extinguished.; . m ti C
- : Sec..7. And be it further-enacted, That
there be,, and is hereby granted .to the
Territory .of 3 Kansas and Nebraska al
ternate, sections of : the public lands to the
same extent and -.innhev same-manner ;
and upon the -same limitations and restric
tions in every respect as i. by'the prece
ding sections of this act' granted to the
Territory of Nebraska to aid in the con
struction. of a Railroad from Elwood in
Kansas Territory Ho. Fort ' Kearney in
Nebraska Territory. : k. i iv
Speech Hacb ln Reply to Governor
Black, at Ilie Otoe County Ccn-
- . : : . m x Ventlon; ' ; . :
' r ; " - BV J L7DGE tJ. P.1 HOLLY..f '
Mr. rRrprDEST XND Fellow-Democrats :
'It is known io you,; that daring mj. four year'j
residence in this Territory, I have never sought of
fice.. I am no! professional office -feekcrJ But the
position for which I have now the' honor of being
nominated, is one which more than filla the meas
ure of my ambition. The floor cf an Assembly,
charged with tbe bih duty of frfctnirg tbe funda
mental law for a free pccple, will compare in digni"
ty with tbe nature of any ether body on the face
of the earth. And, nlthough I confess, I shoufd
have preferred that the best men of tho country,
without rcgnrd to polities, should bat e been elected
as members of tbe Convention yet, as the Repub
licans have nominated a party ticket, I concede the
propriety and necessity of a corresponding action on
our part.,. ' t, '.,,-, - .!
J, I sbouid have been proud to have been one of its
standard-bearers upon a platform of" equal rigtti?
freedom in the Territory, and "popular, sovereignty
But there are those here who have claimed to speak
f6r the party, and who have repudiated this the
birth-right of freemen, and I could not represent
their views- upon this great cardinal feature of De
mocracy. I know that it is said here, that differ
ences of opinion-on this question of populor Borer"
eignty is not a test in bur party, and is hot made so
by the President, because he appointed Gen4 Cass to
oGce, and he differed with 'the' President on this
question.;; Id reply to all this, I dare to repeat, hcre
in this De mocratic Convection, as I have said else
where, that tho Presidential scepter has net er been
wielded by a more intolerant spirit than that of Jameg
Buchanan. "What has been the rule for all appoint
ments ? Has it been "Is he fit 1 Is be capable ? Is
he honest?" or was it "Is he for Lecompton? and
Does be ignore the doctrine of popular sovereignty?'
Ca was appointed while the President still stood
upofr tie Cincinnati Platform, as .construed in hi,
ktter'tf acceptn-ncc. And if he is still retained by
the President since "the change has come over the
spirit of bis dreams," it 6bj proves that this is an
exception to the general rule, and' that he daro not
proscribe the chief prt p of his Administration ! But
while we have this solitary monument of his for
bearance, has not Sf.itr infamous test been made Ou
Senator Douglas and his friends, all over the land ?
Dcugias ! a man among the immortal few who were
never bora to die ! a name synonymous with ' the
rignts of the people all over the Union and which
"hallows all its space" P'juglas who stands this
day in mental stature among the . leading spirits of
our land ahead and shouldere taller than the tallest,
"tho noblest Koman . of tbera all'' Ztouglas the
lion hearted, and in the buttle for the right, "the
bravest of the bravo" the sagacious statesman the
incorruptible patriot tbe hpnestman "the noblest
work of God." That illastrious moral hero, who, in
the face of a triumphant and exacting Administra
tionalmost alone of his own Party dared to breast
himself so gallantly against the unhapy combina
tion to force upon the people of our sister Territory,
an odious pro-slavery constitution, which they had
never made which tbey did not want, and against
which they had voted'by ad overwhelming majority !
Vhoalwys dared walk Sn' the pnth of duty ai.d of
rights although it may be fit np by his blazing effi
gies alt over the landl! Douglas a littlt giant! lie
is the A j.ax Tclamon ' of bur party upop whose gi
gantig patriotism rests thia day the almost only hope
nf the stability of this glorious Union to whomal
conservative eyes throughout its . broad area .are
turning as the wished , for standard bearer of the
great , National L"n:on Party, destined to lead its
patriotic millions against the, "Goths and JVandaJV'
on to the contest and (4 ,y.ctory. ( Cheers.)
Was not this illustrious defender of the people's
rights, prescribed at' the dictation jf the President,
whom he had placed in power from bis place on the
Senate Committe, lecaviehe adhered to the platform
of the party in its 'Utter' and spirit, and to the ful
lesVextent V Aridwhen," as the regular nominee
of bi3-party, he stood tefore the people of his own
St etc, with its colors in his hands, gallantly defend
ing the principles and organization of the partyf
and the perpetuity of the Union?- -: ' - 1 k '-
Did we not see a. Democratic President "finng in
his rear," ani giving "aid and comfort" to the vlr-
represiible confliat." dogma, bv forming an nnholy
allianco with Blaak Republicanism; whose doctrines,
jf oarried out, can have but one result the disrup
on of- this great confederacy?; Was" any other
cause ever assigned for this attempt to defeat the
regular organization of. the party, except that its
nominee would not abandon, with the President, the
'.rights of the people in a Territory as well as a State
to their- own self-government ? For this offense
alone, for this fidelity to Jiis own convictions and to
the principles of the party, this noble Democrat
has been hunted down "Tor the last three years, by
the whole yelping pack I yet aliiiougb read out of
ho party by all tae' ptcudo-organs, big and little
'a ninety days he will bo . at. the head of tho'col
cxnns, waving the Democratic banners to the breeze
on .which is inscribed ia constitutional light, that
iardinal .principle of our free institution?,- "p0pU.1T
sovereignty." (Trem:nd cus cheering.) .
His Excellency setms to take , offense at any ex
prc5piun of opinion "contrary; to ti3 vwn, and par
ticularly to any criticiHm on his celebrated Veto
Message ! ,1, fcr one, claim the right to speak of his
E5cal acts, and will . dare to do it in a spirit that
becomes a freeman ! , nl why not?" True,,-'"the
divjny of po wer doth hedge him in." . Bat be is no
more than a man, subject to 'like infirmities-with
the rest of us. ' By virtue, of his commissioa from
the federal City bo is indeed Governor of this Ter
ritory but, whea he comes, as now, into tho prima
mary meetings, with' the people, ho has no business
to ccme with his official robes, to overawe and insult
the sovereign-mass s. fie ia no more in thiscotrfa
tien than any other democrat, and oa the same floer
her,' LmbIo as I am, I claim to be in every respect
i peer. If antecedents are referred to, I will com
pare mine with his for tbelast twenty years, and the
public ra.iy decide who has been the most eonfistent
Yv shall he come here and mafce a persoa&l Usue
v.itli nil vlu dyf. ;a..z: 'nl'Cncrcr it mar suit hi-
royal majesty to take scuff? Upon what meet indeed,
does this oor Ca;sar feed that he baa grown so groat,
that his official form should to swell with official
dimity as to sv-' the light of heaven from the
r .t cf nature? '..i, L;m produce his federal jparch
.aent, and pc' . out hi divine right to ride roug
e 1 "all boot 1 and spurred," over the freedoru . f
s. och, and ' . .,erty of the people.
levauntir y tells us in his - Veto that he ii r 3
t of the ;,pU, t r.i yet he has the power by 1 is
.jjle ce- .ve t. . the will of the Leg -la-
tureand to "crush cXt" the" right conceeded to them
in the Organic' Act, of Legislating in their own way,
on their own affairs.- '13 ut he baa not the power,
and there exists none on earth, that shall para.liie
one free- tongue at least, from denouncing thar. Veto1
as anti-Cincinnati, anti-Platsmouib, and anti-demo";
cratic ! "If that be treason, make tho most of it."
-(Cheers.)- ."-."r- .-r''r.TrT'r.rr""!'- . .
lie has done here, what the Antociat of all the
Eussias dared cot do in an assembly of his noblest
He has put his foot upon the free expression of opin
ion, : nrdstterepts, to.stifie, the..liberty of speech i
Let him scoui, but I shall speak on !
lie tells 03? that he,"j lob Relieves ia popular ,iov
erei gnty," that he Wieves jnthe right of thejxro.
pie to establish or prohibit slavery, and that he hag
always boerf cotiiteitt I .God save;the jnark I How
does 'he define' his kind' of popular soveroigr ty ?
And how maintain that vaunted consistency? Why.
it only vnni,& ho' understands the right of the
pooplr if a State, arid that until a State organization
there are no people, in a political - sense, in ' a Ter
ritory 1 Are they then baboons or monk eys, or wha,
other species of animal creation ? Residing on the
eati baik of the llissoori we . were human being
part of, the people of Iowa or Missouri.'and bad the
undoubted right to control our own affairs io our own
way, excepting only in such cases, where we have
voluntarily deprived ourselves "tf-; that inherent
right by ceding it to Congress in the National com.
pact. , Do we then cease to be , human beings and
cease to possess the inherent rights of huma-nity, or
or form any part .of a free people, the moment w
remove our residence to the teett bank of the Big
liuddy. If, became our form of Territorial govern
ment is "prescribed by Congress, thereore ve are to
have no rights of self-government, on subjects nec
essary to our happiness,' and he power t)" annul
which has never lean delegated to that body, how
can we recover that right, bow lost, when we jnacct
in a Convention, to frame Constitution since the form
too, of that Convention, and its very authority is
derived from an Aet of the Territorial Legislature,
passed by the imperial pcrnii-sion of a Federal ap
pointed Executive and it ferns; therefore, a:cording
to the logio now served us, be the mere entature of
a creature ? - This position cf the Veto is too absurd
to , require argument I , ; . : .... .
But I do proclaim it, however, and no man who
values his candor will deny it, that, if the Legisla
tion, of 1950, if the Organic Act, of 1854, if tho
Platform of. 1856, were not all tntended to recognize
the right of the people under the Constitution of
course of thd Territories while, under a Territorial
form of government, in .the tame ;way, and to the
samo extent, as . the people of a State, to establish,
prohibit, or regulate slavery as well : as all other-of
their domestic a fairs' in their own way, then, I ray
a monstrous fraud has been . perpetrated upon : the
American people. : . , ; -, . - , , .
In accepting his nomination, James Buchanan so
understood it. For he declares, "This Iegilation ii
founded upon principles that are as ancient as free,
government itself, and in. accordance with them has
simply declared that the people of a territory, like
those of a State, shall decide for themselves, wheth
er slavery shall or shall not exist within their lim
its." Stepttns, of fGeorgia, Badger of North Car
olina, Kutlcdge, of South Carolina, Jones, of Ten
nessee j Cobb, of Georgia. Breckeiiridge of Kentucky
and all South as well as North, in the campaign of
1855, without an exception, so far as I know, so un
derstood it i! ;. !. - . .' ' -
Indeed, if this is not the true interpretation, what
I ask, has been gained by the agitation of this ques
tion? ; The Governor cannot say that anybody at
anytime ever doubted but what the people of the
States had this power already and. that it has never
beea denied to then. Does he think so poorly cf ouf
intelligence as to. suppose he can make us believe
that this Union baa been brought to the very brink
of disruption by the agitation of this pestiferous
negro question, merely to establish what has always
been established, and to affirm a principle which
since the foundation of pur government, has never
been denied t "
. The gentleman says Boston opposed at one time
the admission of California. Thie it not to I I as
sert boldly, for I do know of what I speak j that
my glorious oil- Chieftain "Old. Bullion" never
did, at any time, publicly or privately, oppott such
admission.' Oa the contrary the initiatives of the
California movement and of the application cf the
self-oreated "Golden State,'' were all done accord
ing to his. sanction and advice. True, he upset the
Omnibus Bill, and spilt out the passengers, but it
was to savo bis favorite State from being made, the
scape-goat of less populous measures ! ' lie wanted
every tub to stand on its own bottom ; and it o
stood ; and California was admitted by the Tote of
everybody excepting a dozen nullifies '
That this'"Power." or "Right," belonged to States
nobody doubted. Tho question wa3 r Does it belong
also to Territories? - As early as 1820 Gen. Harrison
oontended that it did. The Democracy declared so
in thoir legislation and platforms : and the people
found a verdict in their favor, ; on that ittuet Ia
this Territory there seems to me to have been hard"
ly. an honest chance for doubt. The Democracy,
at their first convention, held at Omaha, on the 8th
of January, 1853, re-affirmed it in .the Platform
which I had the honor to draw upas their Chairman
on resolutions. At the first .Platcmouth Convention
... . ... , .
in June 1853, they again re-endorsed it, and for th
third time, at the same place in August 1859. They
declared substantially that became the power of the
TcrritoriaJlegislature extends to alt rightful thject$
of legislation, therefore it is that they can ' legislate
on slavery, which of course must then be a rightful
subject of legislation, and no power on Earth can
.prevent them, "except," it should have been added,
the federal power exerted through- the Governor."
(Cheers.) " ' " '''
But tbe Territories belong' to the people of all the
States '"bought with the common blocd anl com
non treasure !' True,' the land the area, wa3 so
acquired.' But,' are the people, who "squat" or re
side on such Territory, "acquired" with it, and do
they, too, in the same sense, belong to the States,
because they lire upon, what has been government
land, for which they have paid the government an
equivalent, do they belong- te-the goverrment ? This
doctrine, enunciated, ia .the Veto, was the doctrine
of the Tories of the Revolution. They contended
that the colonies were bought with the consmoa blood
and treasure, and. that therefore the. Parliament of
Great . Britain, had a right to bind them in all cases
whatsoever. Against this monstrous ansunxption
but not more so than tho one we now contend against
our patriotic ancestors appealed "to arms, and the
God of battles.", In their earlier struggles they did
not aim at independence! ' They only claimed their
inherent rights Of self-government in their local and
doinoatie affairs, which right was clearly recjgnized
by the British Constitution.1 They alone coiSceeded
the right of the Parliament to -general legislation,
but they would not. yield the! privilege of the -hcrttt
right of each political community ti regu
late its own affairs in its own way. And every glo
rious bitUe-field of that sublime struggle, from Lex
ington to Yorktown, but illustrated this great princi
ple. (Cheers.)' , '
Now, I put it to you, do you believe our Fathers
intended to give the Federal Government which they
created, the very power sgaiusi the existence of
which, in the mother cos n try, they had staked tbeir
lives and sacred honor ? If they had soistended
why did they not do it ? They did make a govern
ment of .limited powers, and especially recegniz
cd the sovereignty of each local community over al
rubjeets not ep?rhHy delfftd to it ! Aad pla;s
the matter beyond all doubt, in Article X. it is em
phatically declared that "The power not delegated to
the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibit"
t d by it to ""the States are reserved to the States or
to thepeoi's." That is to
where thcr? nre' States, and
S&tes ien to tha "r "pie."
to the States'
is very much
freezes, and a
sov.n late. Th
Late so;, n wheat he
injured by the hard
lar9. portion cf it was
; t ,:.ry ss.vn wheat look3
Now, if t e people in the t.' senceof a St te g5"
ernmi t, have not the pow :r ' to legislate on thi
f .Ije- . of s'.avery, will you 1 Ant to me tt.itclauso
cf tbe Conslituticn, which eipre-.iy deleg .tea it to
Congress!" You cannot do it, and it is not there-(-Cheers.)
But it is said, that the Constitution rec
ognizes slavery, and erjo the peopls of a Territory
cannot prohibit it ! Ah ! If that le so, how comes
it that the people of a State can do it ? Is not the
Constitution overall; equally as obligatory in Iowa
as in Nebraska;' any act of the Stiito to the contra
r7 notwithstanding 7 I admit that the Constitu
tion does recognize the peculiar institution;" and
J am for standing by ALL'1 tha ' provisions of thai
sacred instrument. But how and where recognize it 1
where the local law has established it, and noichere
ehe. Wherever persons are held to service by
the laict of tht State, there the Constitution held
them as the local law hcll them, no" more and no
less ! And in doing' so it recognizw the right of the
people there to annul it; the very doctrine for which
we contend 1) Put ihat in j our pipe and eiaoks it
for ,tt it to.. . , j 1 . J -.,. 1 ,
"The Dred Scott Case is made the bugbear to fright
en "children cf Vlargef growth," from reasoning on
this subject for themselves. , I will not now go into
the merits of that decision ; but I do say and if I
am to be hung for libel at common law, it may as
well bo for telling the truth on the master a the
man. I do say that James Bujbananwhen he de
clared with such solemn pomposity cf words, in his
last annual message, that the "status of a Territory
OD this subj ;ct, is now "irrevocably fixed," as being
slave ground, beyond the power of the people there
to annul it, by the "final docinson of the Suprcmu
: Court," he declared a monttrout fiction. Even if
our laws, and judicial dicta; were like those of . the
Medes and Pcrsias and could not be changed "irre
vocaablo" and "final," yet tho Supreme Court has
decided no tuth thing. -
Aside from other authors", equal, at least, to that I
bow impugn, I refer to that of, Hon. Rcverdy John
son, the leading counsel in that case, who took the
Southern side of it, and against' Drod Scott, and
who furnished tho very argument which became
the basis on which the opinion of the Court rcst3.
lie says "To suppose that the Cosrt has decidad that
such power does not, reside in a Territorial Govern
ment, is a misconception of .that"' decision'." ''The
doctrine," that the Territorial Legislature has the
right to legislate on the subject of slavery as they
have on any ether species of property, "is not only,'
says Johnson, "not incontinent with the decision of
the Supreme Court, but IS MAINTAINED BY ITS
PRINCIPLES." "Why our Governnor's namesake
says in so many words -"THE CONSTITUTION
DOES NOT ESTABLISH SLAVERY I-X THE TER
RITORIES, OR'ANYWEEKE ELSE. NOBODY
IN THIS COUNTRY EVER SAID OR THOUGHT
SO!" The Governor, too, echoes that idea the Con
stitution does tiot establish slavery here! but slave
ry .''follows" the Constitution. ! How foliowit? now
does it get here ahead of law? How stay here
against tha Jaw ? , ;
But the "Treity of Louisiana." This is original
with His Excellency, and tbe patent right is un
doubtedly his.' lt il(to ba regretted - that the idea
was not discovered in time to have settled all the
fruitless discussions of late years on this pestifer
ous subject; for if .the treaty says it must stay here'
there is an end of it. For Treaties are theSupreme
law of the land
In regard to this position, I h:ivo but this to say.
that if common sense would net sufficiently suggest
to the gentlemen that France, ia making that trea.
ty could only have intended, and did only intend, to
secure tho rights, property and religion of the THEN
inhabitants of that purchase which' were transfer
red with the soil and could have no allusion to oth
ers who might settle in after yours on what was then
a barren waste, the Supreme Court could long
since have furnished hiin that information.
(Gov. Black, interrupting. Will the gentleman
furnifh me that decision ? . ' ' '"
Holly resuming. Not expecting this disenssion,
I did not come prepared with a brief; but" the gen.
tleman will find in IX Peters 223, XII Peters 507, and
III, Howard 589, referred to by 'Justice Curtis, in
the Dred Scott Case, that the jffinciple now stated
was virtually decided that the stipulations of that
treaty were fully complied with as soon as the then
.nhabitants had been admitted into the Union. .
New Mexico has established Elavery: and the gen
tleman will admit that ia doing so she did not vio
late the Constitution. Territories have power then
it seems to tttallih, but, none to prohilit this pe
culiar institution. He tolls us that Bingham has
introduced a bill to repeal taid act, and that all the
Republicans will vote for it ; thus proving that they
held to the right of Congress to annul the legisla
tion of the Territories on this subject. That is true
but what then ? Must democrats take the action o
their opponentsas precedents ?, Are we to be fright
ened out of our propriety in view of what that
scctional-anti-Unioa faction may do and not do ?
I hold.then, .feIlowrDemocrats, to the power of the
people, while Bnder this form of government, to leg
islate on the subject of slavery as any other subject
relating to their domestic nff.iirs such as guardian
and ward, husband and wife, master and spprentice.
I look nol to Congress as the, source of that power,
although Congress has undoubtedly recognized U
existences but I look to the Grand Organic Act 01
Nature and Nature's God, and I find it. there one
of the retcrved powers not. delegated, and therefore
inherent. This is a cardinal principal of my faith
and if lam to te prescribed for that, I bow cheerful
ly to the penalty. The Executive, who claims to be
the head of our party, has vetoed this principle
has "crushed ouf popular sovereignty in this Terri
tory. He adds insult to injury, and tells cs that our
idea of it is all a "toft delution' Has not the time
come when we should sound and see where we are
drifting when we should ask, "Watchman, what of
the night?" I agree with Brovn,"we should no lon
ger cheat, or be cheated." Il'the Governdr is right
and slavery exists here beyond the power of the peo
pie to annul it, then the ultra .South is right sni
are entitled to a CongresaiomJ elate code for the
Territories. Ia no other way can their rights be
protected here. They aro entitled to that protec
tion, and the Governor's logio would yield it to them
To this point we seem'now drifting under the pi
lotage of his Excellency. "To this completion ,we
must all come at last." ' Is there any here prepared
to march to that music ? . Siieiice is construed as ac
quiescence, and I for one will not be silent. Here is
the issue-a slave code, or nonuler so'creirrntv?
"Under which King; Remoniain ? ' Speak or die ?" ; I
may die, but I am for popular tovereignty. (Cheer.)
ly, and on the whole
0 as i- :r a ch: ;:e for
16 PAGES QCAKTO MONTHLY.
It is the only Journal devoted exclusively
io the Agricultural and Educaiiornl inte
rests of '"JYebraska, 'Kansas J"orihem
Jlissouri and Southern Iowa.
rTxry it.-Aicl it.
FourtCopies, ,3 months for SI ...
Twentv Copies, 1 year . 815
One Copy, 1 year ; ' ;S1 ' J
7 j Address, S. y. ' ? i
' FU11NAS '& LYANNA,
Public Opiniorihas declared that. Curtis.; Compound
Syrup of Sassafras stand unequalled among the rem
edies offered for speedily curing diseases of tbe lungs,
chest and throat. ' '
His Mauialute Liniment has become one of the sU
pies articles of trade.' Merchant might as well he
without sugar and coffee.. Every family should keep a
constant supply of these medicines on hand. n23
The qualified electors of tho city of Brownvillc
are hereby notified that on' the lit Monday (2d day)
of April, 13o ), there will be aa election for the pur
pose of electing one .Mayor, one Recorder, one Trea
suferand four Aldermen., i f
'Given under my hand and seal this 22J - day of
O. B. HE WETT4-Major.;
' T.W. Bedford, Recorder. ' '
William T. Den
Louis. Kieffer )
Louis Eiefer will take notice that TiUlam T. Den,
of Xetnaha county, his tiled his petition in the District
Court, within and for the county of Gage, Nebraska Ter
ritory, against the said Louis Kreffer, defendant, settin.
forth that the said defendant is Indebted to him ia the
sum of ninety-eight dollars and forty-nine cents, toge
ther with interest on the same from the EUth day of Au
gust, a. r. 1839, on a certain promissory note made hy
the said Kicffar ar d dated at Bruwnville, N. T,, May 3rd
1859. Andtbe said Louis Kieffer is notified that he is
required to appear and answer said pelitiou on or before
April 24ih, l&oO, the lirst duy of thetpring term of said
Court. - - - - -
WILLIAM T. DEN, hy
' HEKETT & THOMAS, his Att'ys.
March 22 I. I860. 37-4v $5.
. L. HVGHLS. JESSE HOLLADAY ALEXIS MUDD
" Xo. HO, Pearl Street,
Produce - and Commission
11 iE3 O jtL 1ST TO.
WE REFER BY'PERJirsSIOX TO
Powell, Levy &. Lemon, - - Bt. Joseph,
Tootle & Farleigh; ' - - -
T. & J. Curd - - . - - "
Nave, AlcCordiCo., " - - . "
Donnel & Saxtou - - - - . . "
, 37-Gni. , ...
V- C. JOHNSON, J. S. RrDFOBD.
JOHKSON & BEDFORD,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
Corner First and Main Streets,
BroiviiTille, - - - IVcbrasIia.
Llonsy to Loan on approved security.
' ' C. G. DORSET,
Brownvillc, Nebraska n37
; Estrays, ;.: V:0
The fol lowing description of Estrays have been filed
and recorded ia the County C'.erk's olfloe of Nemaha
county at Brownville. '
One bay horse colt two years old last spring, with
black mane and tail, a small white pot in the fore
head, and the right hind foot white. No other marks and
brands perceivable. Taken np by the subscriber about
the 16th day of December, 1359.
M. D. SPRINGER.
One light bay mare mule about sixteen hands high.
Very much marked with the- harness. Tail shaved or
bobed. Silent appearance of shoes but lost off. No oth
er marks or brands perte vable. Also one bay horse
about (-ixteen hands high, supposed to be nine or ten
years old. with a blaze face and marked with, the har
ness. Some signs of shoes, but none on. A slight crop
oir tbe riKhtear. Taken np by the subscriber about the
9th day of January; lbtiO; , V '
. II. B. ROBERTS.
I certify that the above la a correct copj'of the descrip
tion of the above named estrays as appear on record at
myofflL-e. T. W BEDFORD, County Clerk.
March 15, 160 37-3t
Territory of Nebraska, ) ,
-' County of Nemaha. S ' '
Whereas Daniel II.' Kenr.ison has been appointed a1
miristraUTof the estate of Lawrauce Keunison, deceas
ed, late of said County, notice is hereby given that I have
appointed Saturday tha I4th day of A pril A D 1960, for
the hearing of claims azainst said estate, and all per
sons having claims agair.et said estate must hare tbczn
on file at my off) coon or before that day, or they will-be
lorever barred from recovering such claims and from
setting oft' the same in any action whatever.
Given under my hand and cflkial seal this 8th day of
March A D 1860.
C. "W. WHEE'ER, Probate Judge.
Ordered that the -above notice be published six weeks
in the Nebraska Advertiser. ; ' i' 35- $7
1 Legali Notice.
William McNeal "1 " Pa
(i. E. Downing and f To
E. L. Selfridge. J v
Pawnee county District Court,
April term A. D. 1360.
A Virginia member oftha U. S. House
of Representatives, who numbers among
his' constituents some vvno have never seen
or tasted the deliciotia "bivalves, purchas
ed a can of pickled oysters the package
holding, perhaps, about a gallon and
having been carefully enveloyed and di
rected, appended his frank in one corner,
and the. package was .conveyed to the
post-officeitcT start on its voyage to the
mountains of Western Virginia.
Tbe Peach and Wbeat Crop-
A correspondent of tha Democratic
Banner, published at -Carbondale, Jack
son county, Illinois, says he has exam
ined and heard from a good many orch
ardsj and finds nearly all the peaches
killed ; but that if not hereafter injured
by late frosts, th?re rv:ll rufUcient fcr
To G. E. Downing and E. L. Selfrldpe. Ton are here
by noticed that the sjid plaintiff, Vra." McNeal, has
filed in the ortiL-e of the cierk of the District Court in
and f r the county of Pawnee and Territory of Nebraska
his petition in the above action, in which he claims
judgement against you the said defendants for the vm
of ninety-five dollars, with interest thereon from tbe
Uth day of April A D 1357, at the rate of eisht per cent.
per anntim, being the amount true onaproniiseor? note?
execute! ty you to one A. Waters, daied the Uth day of
April io7, ana Dy said waters assigned to plaintiff.
oaiu uemiouaisoprayw lur an attainment agaiust your
gooos, cnatteis an.i eiiocts. And unlet you appear on
or neiore me morning of the first day of tbe next term
of the District Court nf Pawnee cirunty, t; be beer un and
held at Pawnee City on the 30th day of April A D 1860.
and plead, answer, or demur to said petition, the mat
ter and things therein contained will be taken for con
ressea against you and judgement rendered for the
amount claimed in said petition, and the property at
tached ordered to be sold to satisfy the same with costs
Mclennan k. byers,
Att'ys fur plaintiff.
Ordered that the above notice be published iathe
Nebraska Advertiser our weeks consecutively.
35-4 wr $10 , ' ALLEN BLACtEA, Clerk.
. lewis -LAwnr::;c2,
i en anowa ri i:u rr;;o3 as sacceMful int
commodating lr.taber deal.-haj aaia uken tv f"
ca I on era I
AnJ ij frqdred It f jrnl-h everj d-sir.illa
of lumber far fu.cin or Lairjia rurfi.
ed at the Hill, tr l F '
Or at any poiat or the rirer aj taaj t f
Areaj follcwi. Atthe Mil!, forcaib fa
30 cents per 100 feet to SI per IDOfeet,
' On time, say three, six, c:ae, er tw9!r rcoi'I,-
45 cents per 100 feet to SI. 25 per ICQ feetf
aoti to bt
with 10 percent, interest from deHrery
secured by nniacaaiberod raai edtate. '
.The lumber will be dclircrsd at n :V .1
Mi,sonri Kirer within 50 mile, dwltS 4
cents per 100 feet in addition to the ah
when suSicient nmouuU are taken tojajtifr th.vT
strnction of araft. J 7
To thoe wbhin3 lumber, particular' tteniioB U
called to these; rroponttoMwhicb ao J2!i
command comi Jeration.
- Come with, f.rsondyourorderj.aai tifihil' Ik
filled wiihout delay. -- - .
To prin Term issa .i
the District C urt f.,r
ion cuuuty, (UTer.
10G.0.70 feet of tnmbcr on. hand,
, . . . -ncre malfin'erery day,
v L. LA WHENCE.
Israel Cumming plff,
i Blake Ilayi, . ,
3 D Heath. .
GeA AfcCoy, : .
Cbas A Gonhen,
J C Lawrence and
J Blake Hays of the State cf Maine, and Gtr?i
McC.iy of the Conniy of Otoe N . t. and each of tb,ber'
or said defendants. J D fieatb. Wiu p Wauer, tka B
Goshen. I C Lawrence, nd John it-uldinj, wi u
notice that the said p'.aimiff Israel K dimming, of tht
county of Nemaha Territory of Nebraska, ht aied hit
petition in tbe naid District C. nrt for Jl)Bt, cnB'T
aioresaid. aKainst the said defendanis, wbeinn Uriaim
ed of them tho sum f One Thousand ji.a- (81 ooooc)
togther with interest on iht umat the rate u 'te . Mr
cent per annum, from the lOib day cf Jlb a D I&4"
as money due and unpaid on tw., prvaii..ry o, tes lit
$oOO 00 each, eiven by said .lefendants oa said li)th day
of March aforesaid, to one Lyman Rockw.i.4. or !rer
of which said notes, tba said plaintiff Israel R Cum
mings is now the owner and t-earer; A ixt tfi Mij def
endants are fortherotirted that fheyjre remre,! to
appear and anwer to said petition on or bt'fort lb 11
day of tbe next term tf said Court, or Ju'.xemetit will
be taken by rtefa'iit apninst tbem. lor tht said saoi cii-
med and interest as aforesaid and costs. -
iicGAai, HEWETT klUOU.
AlUirueys tor JX .
Feb'y 23-59 4- pf $10
i.:. Joseph to Onalm.
HANNIBAL k ST, JO. It. R.
PACKETS. ' -
Arrangements have been made, by the FUnc'i-
bal and St. Joseph Rail Road Company, V eora-
mence with tbe opening of oaTigaUon, lit a .
TRI-WEEKLY LINE OF PACaETS,
to run iaconaectioa witl a3J Road rejuMy trim
St. Joseph to BnmnTllle, 0m!u,
and all other intermediate pointi.
Tbe followtn new, popularan j fast j"ansinjpck)t
boaU constitute the line for the present :
0 I! A H A ,i
-E I.I "i L I E
Captain' - IjJL -IJASGJ'
James THnshs of the State . of. Missouri, will, take
notice that C..W. Giddingj, of the cr.unty of Pawnee
and Territory of Nebraska, did on the29tii day of" Feb
ruary A D 1SC0, file his petition in the District Court of
Pawnee county, Xebratka Territory, aennst the said
James T. Ilnfthf" defendant, ctaioiihg of him the sum of
one bandred dollars as in his petiiiou set forth, and the
said James T. Iluehsi notiflel that he is required to
appear and answer said petition on or before the third
Monday after the 23th day ot March next.
- - . - . . c. w. GiDDijrcs.V
Ordered that the above be published four euaecutive
weeksin the Nebraska Adverti-er. 'i ' ;
3o-5 ' ' A. BLACKKR. Clerk Pist. Court.
.... ' -
Territory of Nebraska, .
' . rt. .
Wm. Edwards, Jacob Edwnrd.,
Isaac Edwards, John Lmmcns, ' ""
Jaaies Edwards, Mark. Walser, r. ' ,
George UarmuQ and; Samuel j . . . ,
Notice is hereby given that nnder and by Tirtae of
an cxecutiou issued from the ctSce of the Clerk of
the Z"?trict Court of Xemaha County, Nebraska Ter
ritory, I, J. B. WelK Sheriff of saii erun?y, have
levied upon and will, on Thuriday, the '23th day of
.Marco, A. P. lo'iO, at one o clock r. 31. oSer at pab-
jic sale and sell to tlio highest bidder for cah in
hnd, the following descrioed goods txni cbattJes to
il: six hundred lerwinj pcMSt. moro or lees the
property of William Edwards, and eight hundred
fencing posts, more ore or less, the property of
James Emmons. 1 he said sale will be made ai the
Ferry Landing at the Shute, on this sida of the So
nora Island, ia Nemaha County. Nahraska Territy
tory. Given under By hand, this 29th day of Feb
J. B. TvELLS,
SheriJ of Nemaha Coanty.N'. 7.
25y A. V. DENMAN, Deputy.
Err-nri!!?, Feb. S:h, 125, B3o-2t-i 5?
For Freight or Passagfl apply to-
THE O. HILL,. . .
FRKIGIIT TICKET ACOT;
Forwarding t' Commission Merchant,
Capt. H. FORD, Gen. Ticker Ag'u
St. Josiph. - '
J. S. K. HAWOOD. Gen. Supt
- Legal Notice.;
John J. Corpue tS , . . .... j
rrn. . . r .1 T Spring terra
George W. Field ' District Gourv for
William I. Walker county Nelrafka Territory.
Cba.-'leaAGowhen dS) x,.
The above named defendsntJ George
erk of said Court, bi petition eli'm'""
i it ri.ii ii--i ... I "
' . . mm tTI
and William P. Walker are hereby noticed tn " ,
Dla;ntiS".Jobn 4,.Corau?, bn t.ed 13 t3
..) CkiflM A -nKin f h mm r,t tW J bBD'
dollars with interest on that snra at i'- A.
pereent per annum from the fteatdiy w '
a. D. 1358, upon promissory note
,l..latAi.l.inr; A I i r, ' Zmmm , V m
Field and William r. Walker appear aaa
said petition oaor beU're iae nrstu-iy V hrec
ofsaidcourt, judgment will be render I UieJ
guicst thera by (it-fault for said sun, "it iata
ud wwg' -;
Mo GARY, UIIWETT A TOUJTAS,
3t $7.50 ..... Att'jif-r:
Why Labor eo hard to T7s
I have a Chemical process for cleamrf ciot i" "
use of wbwn taey can whom n im-- j -j rsb
al fime.wiihout beiuj ftoiied, and with scarte "'Trr
bing; thus saving much labor; and the c!ibh arv a
washed in tbe old - ay or rubbin by board, or w.
ing machine, by which the clothes are m:h vor"- i
artislts used cost very little and are easy U eo t
mail this very useful recipe to order, p it
receipt of 60 cenu. Three cent posuaeat ,
money. . .
U you really wish sometama i -,-" 7,.3, tut
Honey or Washing recips, for neyr.
theru, aadshouiaoe in every i.uiwy c,ttiGT.i
. "Good ITeT73forth?Lai5i
ANT LA PT that win .end her '','. tmji'
CsxAGta. BAltimore tuy. r''Vrrar
omaUiilof 3Forttc9 t3 5r
Powered by Open ONI