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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1860)
U. Wvi'UHN AS.EDITOIl.
fltCRSDAY MORNINO, JAN. 5, 1SC0.
j - .......
-J FOR TRESIDCNT IN 1SC0,
STEPHEN. A: DOUGLAS.
i - -Of the United States,
f -FOR VICE-PRESIDENT,
r. i; . . . . Qf -Tennessee.
v 5 Tlic President's 3Iessac.
. .The Message cf.ihe. President. v.-as
transmitted to Congress on the 27th day
of December.. It was read in the Senate;
but was laid on the table in the House
u'ililTnVrjanizauon shall bo effected,
y The Jlessage oper.3 withan expression
" bf gratitute to the Almighty for blessings
Lestowed upon us throughout the year;
with a referrence to the bloody occur
rences at Harper' Ferry; and an exhor
tation to the North and South "to culti
vate the ancient feelings of mutual for
bearance and good-will towards each oth
er, and strive to allay the demon spirit of
sectional hatred and strife now alive in
the land. This advice," continues the
President, "proceeds from the. heart cf
an old public functionary , whose service
commenced in the last generation, among
the wise and conservative statesmen of
.that day.'" ' . "
, Then follows an argument on theTer-
ritcries, the most remarkable and extra
ordinary passage we quote entire, reserv
inn our comments to another time. Here
. it. is :: . .' , .
cordially congratulate you upon the
final settlement by the Supreme Court of
the United States, of the question of sla
very in the Territories, which had pres
ented an aspect so truly formidable at the
commencement of my administration.
. The. right has been established of every
citizen to take his property of any kind,
including slaves, into the common Terri
tories belonging equally to all the States
' fit the Confederacy, and to have it pro
tected there und:r the Federal Constitu-
tioa.; Neither Congress, nor a Territorial
; Legislature, nor any human power has
any authority to annul or impair this ves
ted right; The supreme judicial tribunal
of .the country, which, is a co-ordinate
' branch of the government, has sanctioned
and affirmed these principles of consti
tutional law, so manifestly just in them
selves and so well calculated to promote
. peace and harmony among the States.
Had it been decided that either
Congress or the ' territorial legislature
possess the power to annul or impair the
right to property in slaves, the evil would
be intolerable. . In the latter event, there
would be a struggle for a majority of the
members of the Legislature at each suc
. cessive election, and the sacred rights of
property held under the Federal Consti
tution would depend for the time being on
the result. The agitation would thus be
. rendered incessant whilst the territorial
condition remained, and its baneful influ
'ence would keep alive a dangerous exci
tement among the people of the several
States. . Thus has the status cf a Terri
tory, during the intermediate period fron
its first settlement until it shall become a
State, been irrevocably fixed by the final
decision of the Supreme . Court."
. The President next proceeds to argue
at length against , the re-opening of the
African slave-trade, and says that all
lawful means at his command have been
employed against it.. He Las 'not been
able to discover that any slaves, besides
the cargo of the Wanderer, numbering
between three and four hundred, have
been imported into the United States.
. . The wisdom of the course pursued to
wards China, has, in the President's opi
nion, been ' amply vindicated by recent
events. We have preserved cur ncutra-'
lityi got bur treaty signed and . ratified,
, avoided the ko-ictv, and are cow reposing
on our diplomatic laurels.
' The difficulties - with Paraguay have
been satisfactorily adjusted ; and our re
ilatiohs with France, Russia,, and all the
Continental-, Governments of Europe, ex
cept perhaps Spain whose tardiness in sa
tisfying American claims is censured, are
of the most friendly character.
After recommending the acquiiiilon'of
Cuba,'-the President -lulls at length the
.- story of the San Juan dispute, the mission
of Gen. Scott, and the successful accom
plishment of its objects. "
.ext comes Mexico, whose condition
end relations with this government, form
da Important part of- the Message. Af
ter reviewing the course of recent events
in that He public, -and-tie continued and
repeated outrages' upon American citiz
ens, the President closes "with the recom
mendation that Congress pass a law auth
orizing him "to employ a sufficient mili
tary force to enter Mexico for the pur-
. pose of obtaining indemnity for the past
and security for the future." He also
recommends the passage of a law author
izing the employment of a naval force for
the purpose of protecting Americans
passing by the Panama, Nicaragua and
'5'ehuantepec routes. .
The deficiencies' in the resources of the
. Tost Office Department prompt the sug
gestion of an immediate appropriation to
pay the arrears due contractors.
" " A tec?poral government for Anzonia;
the construction of a railway to the Paci
c; and the establishment of military posts
across the Mexican lines in Sonora and
Chihuahua for the protection of Ameri
cans against the Indians, are also meas
ures urged by the President ca the at
tention of Congress.
-'In- conclusion, the President rccon
trends tblhe attention of Congress '.jh?
lord interests of the Dirict of Colura-
The Secretary of War reports that
while the authorized strength of the Ar
my is lS.lG-j, the number in July last was
only 17.4CS, and ! 1,000 of that (number
were only available for service , in the
field. Small as it is,; the force has been
required to man JC ) permanent garri
sons, posts and camps, scattered over '-an
area of three millions of square miles.
The whole cost of the Army is put down
at S13,09S,725,.which he. thinks may be
considerably reduced. rOa, the condition
of affairs in Utah, he says: . ......
- f Affairs in the 'Territory' of ! Utah re
main very much as at the date cf my last
annual report. The army u Inactive and
stands in the altitude of a menacing force
towards.a-con'pjere'J-'rrnd' sullen "people."
I am satisfied that the preservation - of
right and justice, through; the,-means of
any jurisprudence known or recognized
by the people, of the United States, is im
possible in that Territory. ; It is govern
ed, practical!)', by a. system which is in
totaldisregard of the laws or Constitution
of the land. - The laws, of the Mormon
Church, and the will of the hierarchy are
alone potential there. . Beyond a mere
outward show of acquiescence in federal
authority, they are as irresponsible to it
as any fcreigu nation. There is,; in the
present attitude of affairs, scarcely, any
necessity for the -presence of troops in
Utah, and they will be otherwise -disposed
of in the coming season. - .
Murders and robberies of the most atro
cious character have been perpetrated in
the Territory upon emigrants .from the
States journeying towards the . Pacific,
and in some, of the most shocking instan
ces by white men disguised as Indians.
The . general impression amongst , those
having opportunity to know, is that these
murders are the work of, the Mormon
people themselves, sanctioned, i: not din
ecte'd, by the authority of . the Mcrnjori
church.".. : . . .;'
The Report of the Secretary of the
Navy enters largely into the achievements
of the Paraguay expedition and the new
arrangements for suppressing the African
slave-trade. , Since the commencement
of the present administration, twenty
steam vessels have 'been added "to the
By the Report of the Secretary of the
Interior, we see that -during the five
quarters ending September 30, 1S59,
1S,C18,1S3 acres of the public lands were
disposed cf 4,070,500 acres were sold
for cash, yielding 82,107,470 ; 3,617,440
acres were located with bounty land war
rants. The Secretary recommends that a
law be passed allowing settlers on unof
fered lands, two years, from the date of
the filing of the declaratory statement,
within which to pay for their land ; ' and
that lands be offered at public sale within
two years after the plats cf survey have
been approved. Within the past year an
area of 3,014,907 acres have been sur
veyed in Nebraska, at a cost of $58,000.
The Indian Bureau states taat there are
350,000 Aborigenes within the. limits, of
the Union. v -' ' ; '
The Report of the Postmaster-General
dwells largely upon the financial embar
rassments cf the year, attributable to the
failure of the usual appropriations. The
amount cf liabilities is $1,21)6,000. The
gross revenues of the year were S7.903,.
4S4j the expenditures amount to 811,
553,139. The number of post-offices is
2S,o39, an aggregate increase of 562 for
the year. Divers xeform.5 are urged,
especially the abolition of the franking
Slate Prohibitory Bill.
We are glad to learn that a Bill pro
hibiting Slavery in Nebraska, passed the
Council after a somewhat stormy debate.
The Bill will probably pass the House,
and so tho negro question will be set at
rest, in this Territory, we hope, forever.
The Kews. .
Among the passengers of the steam
ship Arago, which arrived at New York
from Europe on Dec. 2Sih, was Senator
Seward, who received a grand reception
with firing of guns.
The Southern medical students, who
were attending lectures in the Colleges
of Philadelphia, held a meeting and de
icrmined.to secede from their schools and
go to college ia. Southern cities. They
left on the following day to the number of
A similar meeting took place in New
York, but resulted differently. But four
teen out of more than three hundjed stu
dents present,' natives cf the South, pro
nounced in favor of shaking off the dust
cf their shoes against the North.
The Viceroy of Egypt has sent. Mr.
Rarey an offer of twenty-five 1 blooded
horses as -good as can - be bought in
Egypt and Arabia, if he will go to Cairo
and give instructions hi his art of horse
That Scapegrace of the ocean, the yacht
Wanderer, has once more come to light,
this time in the waters of Boston harbor.
She reached that port on the 24th ult., in
charge cf the male, who tells a story of
Wandering and adventures upon the high
seas, that must add a new and more fas
cinating chapter to. the history of pirates
and buccaneers. The Wanderer, it will
remembered, was eloped with from a
Southern port about the middle of Octo
ber, the circumstances and the thief be
ing unascertained. It now seems that one
L. P. ratten, of Bath, Me., was the skip
per who effected this sta riling coup; and
that only a portion of the crew were privy
to, or could be brought to approve his
plan's: that. he had no. stores or nautical
instruments, and that, with the aid of the
British Consul at tho Western Islands,
where he putin, he had laid ia $' 15,000
of provisions, for which, having again run
away, he had paid nothing. To . recruit
these stores when they were nearly ex
hausted, h6 had" pursued several mer
chantman, with a design of plundering
them; and it was while Fatten was board
ing a passing vessel with this piratical
design; that his crew had stolen the stolen
yacht, and made sail for America. The
vessel is in the custody of the U. S. Mar
shal; - and the poor fellows who brought
her backhand were in a , state of great
suffering and destitution, have been pro
" From Texas'we learn, that a company
of over 300 troops" and rangers marched
up "lhfi Rio Grande, and on'the 14ih,'met
a parcel cf . Continas' band. After a can
nonade on both sides, the Americans
charged upon. them, but fell into . an am
buscade thus allowing, the Mexicans to
save their, artillery. ; ' ;
Centime, on the 20th, concentrated his
whole force at a point above Brownsville.
The Americans went to meet him, and
after a severe fight, defeated his party.
Col. Ford's 'Rangers, and Lockridge's
party from New Orleans had arrived
previously. The Americans were pur
suing Cortinas, who was retreating rapidly.:.-.
, . : - ' .
' A tremendous fire raged ia New York
on the 29th of December. About ' thirty
warehouses are in ruins. ,
No organization has yet been effected
in; the House of Representatives. On
Friday, December 30ih, the House, with
out taking any acticn, adjourned until
Tuesday, Jan. 3d. The last ballot taken
xvz3, 'b believe, the U4th, and was simi
lar to the preceding ones Sherman
wanting four votes to be elected.
Senator Brown of Mississippi, intimat
ed his intention to attack that part of the
President's Message which suggests the
judiciary as the'proper tribunal to afford
adequate remedy in case of interference
with the right of the master to his slaves
in the; Territories, instead of recommend
ing Congressional aclien for 'their pro
tection. - - ' 1
A large number of the mail contractors
have informed and continue to inform the
department, that unless Congress make
appropriations early in January for the
payment of what is due them they can
not continue the service, which' has been
maintained by them in a manner altogeth
er satisfactory to the department, but at
great sacrifices. Their credit is now ex
hausted, and should they surrender their
contracts, the extraordinary expenses of
restoring the service will amount to not
less than a million of dollars, probably
more. Their expectations that Congfess
would promptly pass a bill for their relief
have been disastrously disappointed. The
department has the money to pay all the
sums' now due, for the quarter ending
with September, but not the legal author
ity for that purpose. . ,
The Pike's Peak express, with seven
days later news from Jefferson Territory
arrived at Leavenworth, on the 30th ult.,
bringing: ten thousand dollars in dust.
The miners at Russel's and Gregory's
dijririnjrs had resisted the collection of the
taxes levied for the support of the pro
visional government, ' which . created a
temporary excitement. The amount of
dust exported from the gold region since
May last is estimated at from one and a
half to .vo millions of dollars.
expressed the popular will of t!o.e party
for the Presidency, have expressed their
preference for Mr. Douglas. Do Sjih
ern' Senators s oppose j they are going to
scare or still ; public-opinion in favor of
Popular Sovereignty by persecuting " its
acknowledge d representative ? As well
might they attempt to dam up Niagara
with bull rushes. ; ... , r
. At present the South have the Presi
dent, Vice President, and Cabinet. Does
any one doubt that ?. The South have a
majority of the" Supreme Court. Does
anyone deny this?. By. their late action
in the Senate they, have control of .our
Foreign Relations bur Commerce;" the
Post. Office. Department, Territories, Na
val Affairs, Judiciary, &c. And stiil, this
same South are threatening to disolve die
Union' because they are a persecuted
people And yet it is the. South .who. are
continually-ranting against sectionalism. "
It is in vain to look to Congress for the
correction of' this most 'glaring'' and most
daring evil. The Press and the People
must apply'the correction :' The Charles
ton - Convention is. theMribunnl., before
which such questions must come and be
tried. There, the people who make
Presidents, Cabinets and Congressmen,
speak' 'directly through their Delegates.
Let the country press, too,' throughout the
North-west and .throughout . the: free
States, be heard oa this subject, audithe
sooner the better. Unless this sectional
ism is done away, with the,' Democratic
party might &s well disband at once. The
people cf the ; North will ; stand no such
vassalage as this. Cleveland Plaindealer.
LooK to the Senate.
The full organization of the Commit
tees in the. Senate has reached us, and
it will be seen that, the South has got .all
the important ones, and the Control of
the entire legislation of the. country. So
far as the organization of the Senate is
concerned, there is "no North, no East,
no West " It is all South, SoxJtii,
SOUTH ! It is South all over. Seclioa-alized,-,the
Chairmanships of the Com
mittees stand thus:
Foreign Affairs Mason, of Va., South
Territories Green, cf Missouri, South
Finance Hunter, of Virginia, . Soutu
Commercc--Clay, of Alabama, South
Military Davis, of Mississippi, South
Naval Affairs Mallory.of Flor., South
Judiciary Ba5Tard, of Delaware, South
Post Offices Yulee, of Florida, South
Public Lands Johnson, of Ark-, South
Land Claims Benjar-iin. of La., Sooth
Indian AfFrs Sebastian, of Ark., South
Rev'y Claims Toombs, of Ga,, South
Claims Iverson, of Georgia. South
Dist't of Col'a Brown, of Miss., South
Expenses of Sen Johnson, Tennl South
Library Pearce, of Maryland, South
- There they are sixteen out of twenty
two Committees,epresented by Southern
Senators.- The ix-Committees given to
the North and West are the most unim
poriant in that bedy. They "all do not
amount to either of the two Committees
given Virginia, or either of the two giv
en little Florida. New England has not
a tingle Chairmanship; the reason for
which it may be said, is, she has not a
single Democratic Senator. But this ob
jection does not apply to Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan, Iowa and Minnesota,
where there are still five Democratic
The great North-West, the only grow
ing part of the Union, with her extended
commerce, her vast agricultural interests
and her millions of population, is not al
lowed a single representative position on
any of those committees. Illinois, the
only State north of Mason and Dixon's
line that has never cast a sectional vote
for the Presidency, is proscribed. Sen
ator Douglas, who has fought throughfire
and faggot, the battles of the Constitu
tion in defence of Southern as well as
Northern rights, has been degraded from
the chairmanship of the only committee
of any importance jto the West. And
this too -in face cf the fact that the Dem
ocracy in every Northern State, in the
East and ia the West, so far as they have
Slare Insurrection In JtllssonrI
, ..;....,; WARSAWjiMo.iDec. 28.'
i The Southwest Democrat of ' this mor
ning, contains the following telegraphic
dispatch: : J '
- At aboat"reIeven 1 o'clock on Monday
night last, the citizens of Bolivar were
aroused by a - shouting and throwing 'of
rocks on the public square. :- ....
A large crowd congregated" in a. few
moments, and it was found that a gang of
negroes ;had attacked a 'few white men
with rocks and clubsv - ' " V
When a sufficient number of whites
were collected together, they.attacked the
negroes, driving them into the woods.-
While in pursuit, guns and pistols were
freely used on both sides.- '." ' '
The blacks threatened to burn the town
before morning. ::; '
A vigilant watch was kept,' however,
and all attempts were foiled.
One negro vas dangerously wounded
from a pistol shot. Several were captur
ed and confined iii jail. .
The citizens called .a- meeting at the
Court House this morning, and appointed
a vigilance committee, who are taking
active measures to discover those engag
ed in the riot.
A mounted company is now engaged
ranging the woods in search of .the blacks.
The owner of some of the rebellious
slaves was badly wounded to-day, and
only saved himself by. flight. ,
Several cf the blacks have been severe
ly punished. - .
Great excitement prevails. . Every one
is armed and prepared for a more serious
outbreak. At the .very latest advices,
however,, the excitement" had somewhat
subsided. ! ' : ' "
Indications of Southern Feeling-
A. workman on the hew State House in
Columbus, S. C, was escorted out of the
city by the Marshals, for expressing in
cendiary language on the subject of slave
ry.' Upon his reaching the Charlotte
junction of the city he was met by the
Vigilance Committee, who stripped ,him
to the waist, and inflicted twenty-nine
lashes and a coat of tar and , feathers. ;
An abolitionist in Clayton, Ala., was
brought before a meeting of the citizens,
whose sentence was to array him in tar
and feathers, and then ride him on a rail
around the town. The resolution was
carried into effect, and the abolitionist
was ordered to leave the State within
two days. . : : . -; ;
' The Grand Jury of Willsoa 'County,
N. C.have presented Edwin D. Morgan,
Governor of New York, and others, for
recommending Helper's , bopk,f ' and re
commendecf to the Governor to demand
said Morgan of the ' Governor of New
York for trial in North Carolina.
The legislature of Alabama have un
der consideration a : resolution that any
white man who shall be suspected of pro
moting sedition among the negroes shall
be liable to conviction upon ; negro testi
mony, except where such evidence is in
direct opposition to the testimony of white
persons whom the jury, may deem credi
ble. . , . ,
A book agent, who was preaching to
slaves in Waynesboro, Georgia, was by
order of their master, hung and burned
on the spot Two, in Sylvanta, Georgia,
were treated to thirty-nine leshes apiece.
Still another is now m jail at Cahaba, in
Virginia, awaiting the decision of the
authorities as to what shall be dene with
him. ' ' : '
... i . , :
The Senate of -Alabama have unani
mously adopted, resolutions authorizing
the Governor to call a convention in the
event of the elertioa - of . a , Republican
John Brown was hung in effigy in the
town: -of Scottville, Va., by negroes, on
Friday, Dec. 2d.-
The organ cf South Carolina nullifica
tion treats tLe Union Savers of New
York, and their efforts as follows : '.
"But, let the jugglery go on it will
amuse somebody, we ' suppose. Jack,
stand to . one side and let the monkey
sneeze. It is a furfny beast."
m m . .
The following is the call issued by the
Republican Central Committee for the
Chicago Convention :
'A National Republican Convention
will meet at Chicago, on Wednesday, the
13th day of June next, at 12 o'clock, for
the nomination of candidates to be sup
ported for President and Vice-President
cf the United States, at the next election.
'The Republican electors of the seve
ral States, the memhers of the People's
party of Pennsylvania, and the Opposi
tion party of New Jersey, and all others
who are willing to co-operate w ith them
ia support of the candidates which shall
there be nominated, and are opposed to
the policy of tho present administration, !
to federal corruption and usurpation, to
the extension of slavery into the Territo
ries to the new and dangerous political
doctrine, that the Constitution, of its own
force, carries slavery into all the Terri
tories of tho United States to the re
opening of the African slave-trade, to
any inequality of fights among citizens,
and who are in fator cf the immediate
admission of Kansas under the constitu
tion recently adopted by its people of
restoriug the federal administration to a
system of rigid economy, and the princi
ples of Washington and Jefferson cf
maintaining inviolate, .the rights cf fthe
States, and defending the' soil of - every
Slate and Territory, from lawless inva
sion; and of preserving the integrity of
the Union, and the supremacy of the
Constitution and laws passed in pursuance
thereof, against the conspiracy cf the
leaders of a sectional party to resist' the
majority principle as established by this
government, even' at the expense of ex
istence, are invited to send from each
State two delegates from each Congres
sional district, and four delegates at
large, to the Convention.
A Scene In Congress.
-', Qn Monday the 2Gth cf December the
following scene1 took place in the House
of Representatives; ';: :
During the speech of Mr. Smith, some
one sent 'him -a tumbler of egg-nogg,
which he drank, saying "Merry Christ
mas to you all." - Laughter.
' Mr. Kilgore , inquired whether it was
in order for. the gentleman to monopolize
the driuking' of egg-nogg while the rest
were doing without it.
Mr. Smith said that was one of the
Constitutional privileges of his side of
the House.- Laughter.
A Voice I'd like to have some, I'm
dry as thunder." " '
Loud laughler all over the House.
After further remarks Mr. Smith re
ceived another tumbler of egg-nogg,
which he drank, bowing to the ladies in
the gallery, creating much merriment.
Mr. Burnett, cf Kentucky, (D-?m.,)
rose lo inquire. whether this was a private
treat. Renewed laughter.
The Clerk said he would not undertake
tc decide that point, but would, if desired,
put the question to the House. Laugh
ter. Mr. Moore, of Keutncky I move we
adjourn, so that all of us may take some
of the same kind. - - ' " .
Cries of "No, no," "Go on, go on."
Mr. Smith of Virginia I was willing
to adjourn this morning myself, out of
reverence for the day, but the party that
regards the Sabbath a3 an innovation on
popular liberty, and repudiates it as a so
cial arrangement, was not willing to man
ifest their. respect for the Saviour of the
world,' and hence refused to adjourn.
I then, ia a Christian, and reverential
spirit, laughter, engaged in a labor ol
leve. endeavoring to to enlighten the dark
ened, understandings of that side of the
House but yet, sir, I am wiililling to
give way for an adjournment.
Mr. Hill, of Georgia. (Dem.) remark;
ed that some distinguished man had said
that all things must have an end, and he
presumed Mr. Smith's speech would also.
Laughter. He would move that BIr.
Smith be permitted to continue his re
marks until they were finished, and that
the house stand adjourned until their con
clusion. Excessive hughter.
Mr! Briggs, of New York, (AmeK)
desired BIr. Smith to give some reasona
ble' guarantee of how much more time
he proposed to occupy. If he would con
tinue to entertain the House during the
holliday week, it would save the necessi
ty of adjourning over. Laughter.
The vote on adjournment was then an
nounced Yeas, 7o, Nays 124. So the
House refused to adjourn.
Wekntsda y, Dec. 21.
. The following bills were passed :
- Bill to authorize Stephen Story and
others to keep a ferry on. the Missouri
river at St.: Stephens. ' ;
Bill to organize Dawson county.
. Bill to organize Kearney county.
- Bill to locate a Territorial road in the
counties of Nemaha and Richardson.
Bill requiring suits on written instru
ments to be brought in the name of the
House bill for an appropriation for a
bridge across Blackbird Creek, on the
BIr. Reeves moved to lay the bill on
the table until all the members of the coun
cil should be present.
BIr. Doane opposed the motion. He
said the gentleman from " Otoe doubtless
wished to postpone the passage cf the bill
until the return of BIr. Furnas, who, he
supposed would vote against it. He saw
no good reason for thus trying to defeat
the bill. ' ; : . ' ,
Mr. Reeves acknowledged that he did
wish to defeat the bill.' : It was establish
ing a precedent that would involve the
Territory in hopeless debt. He did not
wish to see such a system inaugurated.
There were other bridges needed ia the
Territory, but he did not wish to see the
country brought in debt by appropriations
for such purposes. ,
Mr. Scott advocated the merits of the
bill. The stream was 'a very bad one to
cross, and the road leading across it, at
the point where it is proposed to build a
bridge, was the only outlet or thorough
fare for all the counties above this Reser
vation. Its present condition seriously
interfered with their interests; and the
construction of the bridge would boa
benefit which should be awarded in jus
tice and necessity, to all the people cf the
BIr. Cheever said he wished to see a
full expression .of the members of the
Council upon the' bill before it was finally
acted upon, and he therefore supported
the motion to lay on the table. 1 '
BIr. Doane spoke upon the motion to
lay on the table, lie said there was a
necessity for this work. It was removed
some distance.it was true, from the con
stituency represented bv the gentleman
front Oloc: but if BIr. ' Reeves, or anv
other member were to originate a till for
a similar work of necessity, equal in im
portance to this, in any other part of the
Territory, he would give it his ready sup
port without waiting for a full houe.
BIr. Reeves said he had lived cri-tho
frontiers for over twenty vears, and had
enuurcu ait manner ot inconvenience and
even su:nng mere.
r i r
nr.fi VOX., irom pnuti r.t,
could not be
tO lUVOive luj::uj( in uclu.
i, , frr ?nch r bill ri .this. -lany
cnnroDriationa" had teen r. fo for v.mU
r.nrt'-i nf fr o PlatlL'. but E. ...O SCUtil Of
liUi Vfc -----
that stream, where there was equal ne
cessity for such 3:aprpvn.e:.:.5. Blue
River and "other streams needed bridg
ing very ltdly, but.be wc:;!l not ask an
appropriation to help them; it was the
principle he opposed. Most cf the taxes
cf the Territory were paid by the people
south of the, Piatte, and is it just to ex
pend this money for the exclusive bene
fit of the remote" North part of the Ter
ritory. BIr. Boykin said ho 'should support the
bill when it came up for passage, but he
was in favor of laying it over now, in or
der to allow all members to express their
views upon it, and especially BIr. Fur
nas, who would return in a day or two,
and we v6uld not then be taking an un
fair 'advantage of any opponent cf the
bill- ; .' '
BIr. Dundy, said he should also vote for
the bill on its passage, but .he wished. to
see it lay over now, and he would, amend
the motion by having the bill laid over un
til Friday next. '
The amendment was accepted, and the
question occurring on laying the bill up
on the table until Friday; the vote. was,
Ayes, 4, Nays, 3.
Bill to authorize 'the transfer of cer
tain taxes paid previous to the year 18-59,
to the counties therein named. Bill pas
.v:, . . HOUSE. .
Bfri Keeling presented a petition from
citizens cf Nemaha County, praying for
an act to locate' a Territorial road in said
county. Referred to committee on roads
BIr. Latla, from the special committee
to inquire into the expediency uf reduc
ing the Territorial Tax, submitted a co
pious report, showing the number of acres
of land entered in each couniy the - av
erage value of land per acre the amount
of town lots in each county, and the to
tal assessment of each county, fee, of
which the following is an abstract:
Total nnmber of arrej entered ia the Territo
ry, as far as reported,. - 753. 431
Average value per acre of ail tbe lands asses
sed, , r - - : - - .... - $3,92
Total value .of Town Lots ascbscd in tLe tcr
rirorr, - - - - - - . - $2,688,533
Total amount of csjiit-'itures for ILe curi er.t j
year, lf69. including salaries and fi'.a of of- j
fit-era, and expenses for p. iutin, Ac., 9,180,00
Which deduct from tho amount assessed,
leavC3 a surplus of - - . - - 10 227 57
Taking this into consideration,' and the
fact that the alove tot il of expenditures
is over 1,000 more than thai shown by
the Auditor's report, the committee inti
rnatcsjthat the assessment made for the
current .year, of three. mills on the dollar,
is more than double the amount requisite
to defray the expenses of this Territory,
and ought to be reduced at least one
The committee further recommended
that the fees of the District Attorney's
be reduced so as not to exceed $1,500
each, per annum; and also recommended
that the olhce of Territorial School Com
missioner be abolished, and' the duties of
that office be vested ia the Territorial
Librarian, and that said Librarian be
paid a reasonable compensation therefor,
ia additioa to his present salary.
On motion, 500 copies of the report
were ordered printed. . , , , , ...
V. ADVEnnsE3lF'?i,' i
STOLEN from tho upde-sinnM it i.
iie S.,u'i.we4t of Nebraska City, tr. 5,.
day of S
;r.'i,-,ry, !.(,.). a i -ht hit h,...
cars i::t!e swar t.iri
. r ...
forehe.id, two hind feet white. .. P, SiTr tn
icbscril-er, ot t,
to bis recovery. . A
Kiven f.ir ;rf '
-5 dOvrAli n.. 9
J AlS S2?7
NOTICE ii. hereby given thatij vi'', -ckr
cf sale id-me-1 frcm the oSk-e ,f the c' 'V
Di.trict C.n:rt for Necnhi cot.v-r 'y ? N
ritorj, f.n ths 23. h d.iy r,f DccMnbe-' ' n
I,J. ii. Well. Sherif tf sa:Jctua-T,v-' '
d.iy,the Iflihtlaj cf Jjnuirr, x j. i'-3"'.'
mj ufTioe on First street ia Lruw ifi h I 1
tr, at one o'clock 1 M., sell t t,,;, I
j -1 . i.ri,
oxen and one ox won : smi i prYtrt j
under atiacbwent at the suit ,f fj,., V? j
raiaisij-a.cr t: ie etrtte of JoTb 3,... 1
I eras 01 s.ue : one iuun n in h.un, ( , r
1 r .1. .1 r . .1 - . '".!
ij u;ts ijuui i.uo u.7 ui s;n. one lourth
frota the ct.ajr cf 3a! auil oas fourth in
irota ice uay 01 ?uie
.uitiu of -.i-m.i!ia count V
This Journ.il is devoted t. the ai'ima-r nj
g4!ion of all iiif.rrua'.i. n wtik-h w rvr vart ?6r'-
scientitio characler, a:id euibrace ii',in ,..
cusi.n ujti Art. Science, I.-iventi , D:miv.- 1""
f actare-j, Ajrieuiture, and
It I publi.-Led rrert.'y. in the m 4? ,r, vt,. .
LimliRK- and is iI!ofrsted f rpfuvely wi:a i-,, ?7'
ciigravii:s. It icniiir.s a week.y I ,t (.f t'.V1
Claims, cjf.ciaily reported fro: the U p. r,;
and reviews of Patent operation in v,,,. ' 'ptl"'
other fureitrr. matter may be in-t-nv bt 'u ,
tt-tr It U specially devoted to the ii
turs, Mc hai!ics, Manuf.utnre.-s, A-t n. i'L
isti', Sic., and is in erary reject er; ,;iut, .
for faniiiies and Koi.eral reader. ' urtuf
TERMS SI fure.sUtnwiitli.-f 4IJ) 11
00 for H nion tli.. -.r.a.
Subscribe early that you mjj rjit tkebsck mav -
JMERICJ.Y r AT EXT CO.,
L. LI Jonirsoi7,iTD7"
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEOI
Onu-e at r. C.J-jbam' LjrCfS -e,
FirEt Street, tetweea Uaia and Wiftr,
3Irs. Ilcntlgcn & Miss Lest,
3IILLLXERS AND DBESS IIAXE
First Street, let. Main and Water,
Bonnets, llead-Drtaet 0.1 J T i i;nm,njt a'. jtjt o-ili
TiicESDAy, Dec. 29.
A joint resolution for the prohihition of
slavery in Nebraska came vp on its third
- Mr. Doane moved its indefinite post
ponement. Lost. Ayes Messrs. Lit
tle, Doane and Scott. Nays Messrs.
Boykin, Cheever, Dundy, Furnas, Por
ter and Reeves.
Mr. Little moved to amend by strik
ing out the words ''he it resolved," and
inserting the words "be it enacted." lie
said if members were going to pass a nig
ger bill to give it the tlltd of a law, he
wanted to see thetn make it a law at
once, and not try to arcid direct legisla
tion by sneaking around it under cover of
a resolution. He was in favor cf coining
out squarely on the ni2?c-r, and facing it
Ayes Messrs. Boy kin, Cheever, Dun
dy, Furnas, Little, Porter and Reeves
8. Noes Messrs. Doane and Scott 2.
The question occurring on the final pas
sage of the bill, the vote stood :
Ayes Messrs. Boykin, Cheever, Fur
nas. Dundy, Porter and Reeves 6.'
Noes Messrs. Collier, Doane, Little,
Scott and the President 5.
. So the till passed. v
Fridat, Dec. 30.
Bill for an appropriation to build a
bridge across Blackbird Creek, on the
Omaha Reservation was recommitted to
a committee of three. The Chair ap
pointed 'Messrs. Boykin, Furnas and
Doane such committee.
Mr. Doane refused to act upon 'said
committee, but the Chair appointed no
Bill to organize and define the bounda
ries of Shorter county passed.
Bill to encourage agricultural pursuits
in Nebraska, by appropriating S300, to
be distributed ty the Territorial Board of
Agriculture in premiums, passed.
Bill to allow Pf ter A. Sarpy to keep a
Ferry oa Loud Fork in Monroe county.
- - . v . J
Bill to incorporate Kearney City pas
sed. -. . ... - i
Bill to, erect a mill dam. ou Popilion
Vreek passed. , .
The bill for a State organization was
taken up. Mr. Hanscom moved to insert
in the blank place cf holding the conven
tion, "the Capital of the Territory.!'
The House spent the whole afternoon
in discussing anl amending the till, sec
tion by section.
On motion of Mr. Collier, 100 copies
of the bill as amended, were ordered to
Taxes! Taxes!! Taxes!!!
To Delinquent Tax 'Payers of Sun ah
, County ; " ,.
,TOU are rcnuested traite:nj at my jfiVe(iniJf jfff.
caiUile ll.nie of Thelo Hiii, Bionvll.c; a.-jj py
ynr Taxes. TUse nCi-Mecti:-.;; to t u si nntii ift-r ihg
20 b lay .f January, 1SSO. are hereby n !';(! c! :t.it J
tball proceet! as by Law iUrecte'1, (Sec. 33, P ill, tn
eral Law of Xet raska.) anj collect tbcttiircbtuvvi
anil sale it porwjiinl pre perty.
JACOB trii.'CKLEjt. Tre.inrjr"i
Dee. 20:!i. 25-4 1 I.'cniatia C: toT
NOT ICS U herel.ygiren that I, (lie tiu.K'Niri
J.li. Wtl'.3, heriH'in and f rthe County Y.emv
ha, Nebraska Territory, tvi';l ( IT-r for a!., ar.J
at public auction, at t!u J r i.f ti e h use in mVA
he last t;rni"t tne .xeniai cunty Distnet Loar.
of tho 2i JkJ'cuI district N T washed ttL'jji?
of Crownville in etnah county afareiiil, cn the
twenty-eighth day of January, A, l. liG'J, at utt
oMock, P.M. of said day, tho I'vllowlii' raii-tats h
wit.: lot nnrr.her three of the northwest fra-t.i.nal
quarter of a jrtiun nuiiiber thirty-one and luti jinr.u
seven cf the south west fraetimia! quarter of !i".:;.'iin
munher thirty, containing in ail c.ne huwhci ml
thirty ae res more or c?, together W't'i l,t cumber
four and iivo of the north west anl nir:hi.W quarter
of section, number thirty-one, contaiLin in J t-on'y-ontj
acre?: also the following de nUd real w
tate, t wit : commencing at the nT' h e.t e n-')f
lot number four in section number thirty, tnhlp
number six, range number sixteen, in 'mahl:.!
ty aforesaid, then-:e west ire rodsthc-iee ni;rt!ic;s'V
rods, therce tatto the Missouri ririT, thenct 3 ;b
Miouri rircr ta the place ot bjjrjnrur eottaiaiat
ten r.eres m?)re (r les., all of whieh !-id prnj'rtTi;
tho ct uTy uf Nemaha af.ircsaid, a ii in t wsk
Dumbrrsii, range Rcmber:iteen, ea.'t cf t!.
principal meridian. Nebraska Territory. Ala-l'o".
nine and eleven in block no. sixty-one ia thf !oa
I'cru, in Nein i ha county foresaid, iu is cvidn"l
by the original recorded plat f the J j'last. re
curJcd irt tho recorder ofTi-.-o ofaid :r)UDty. Itfltr
with the imjin-vement therc'yn.a;i cf wau-h pr;f
ty is tnxeu ai the pro;. city of l)'i"iam EdV)''.
J nines Emmons, and Juhn KdTiirJs. on aa exeea'a
in favor of Josorh Tcasrue, i-uod f n ru the 'io'"
eounty District Court of the ,S-:-.p. I .ludki ii dis'r-'
Nebraska Territory, and tome d'r.-ctid i .b" therl
of the said county of Nemaha, ,
Given iiuder my hand this t'.Ter.tj-Tcnih d.iju
December x. D. ISj'J. ,
SheriT of Nciaaha C-nntr.
Erownvi'Ie. D;c. 19. ISj'J, 4F't,'
Look Out Debtors.
All tho-.oindel.tcl either by note orb-wki
tj the firm .f Scigil i. (!re?nhauin, will ':
coins forward and settle. Wu int.-nd chy !
lmsines in Hruwnvi'.Iu b the iirst of Feruin. f
ait-onntj tiiat a.-c r.npai-1 at that tim will
in thhnd of ouWr for e.i:ccti' a.
Brownvillo, Dec. 21. Zl .
Sheriff's Sale: ...
Cbarleg F. lloliev.)
Mcore & Urowri'ee.)
NOTICG is hereby given that by virtii ' "r
eention issued fr;m the oirie- . t' The C erk
District Court of Nemaha county. NbruA ."'.
Ury, against Georgo Drown'.ee, 'flifimas Mt-J J"
W. W.-AJoore, and in favor of Gl.arlw S.u!
for tho sum of five hundred hr.d jeven 7-t ',,.'!,
lari and feventynine cent.and twenty '!. "''
1 C. . .. T 1 1 H'V . hr'tfr,.e t'B1'
c ay cf January, D. A. tsCO, bt on r .
to the highest bidder, for ea.-h in biiu.wr
erty of V'i;llani .Moore, tho follovirg -r??r1''
ty. Nt-lraka Territory, hare le?;eu yy-
d Hell at public s-Ao, I'mm the dovf l"
w'atro the last term of Cotrt rs y'.
PuMic Opinion has declared '.bat Cartis' Conipoun4
Syrup of Sassafras ttaud uneualle-1 aoiocj the rem
edies oficredfor speedily curinsi.-eajes of the inugs,
chest aoj throat.
Ilia JliUialnke Liniment has become one of tbe xta
ples artielos of trade, llerehauu nighl as well be
without su;ar aud ci.lTee. Every faauly should keep a
constant snjp!y of these me!icines on Land. rC3
Tlicsc Loots ana Slices
At Jiss, are Hill rrnoimced by ivs, to be the
bes.t and cheapest ecr before opeaedin this market.
Tte people are cmyiug them rff fcr ici;s. i ,re c.,,.
wit: the tha southwest quarter ol sccl; "t , r'a i
town four, north of Kjcge fifteen, ta.t of ''V.'j
principal meridian, coutaining o.'ia LunJr.- ;
sixty a.Tca, nl.o lot four, in Y.lxk V', io..
City, Nebrai Territory, in iatijfstior.
' J.U. WELLS.
SberiiT of N.-miLa IVn'
by R. V.. DKU'iEU, Deputy
iii!-;, D.c. 22, lil'i. do24 4:-j,
N'emaaa cnr."'r -, '
Territory, befute t .,
rimtt.r S l.an 'tU.n and
the rirm of M F Clark Jt Co. f Feee tor
cnvjy wi t 31. F. Clark j suiJ Terrilo')'
and J.,bn It. Paris. J .
Tk. miA H.fsr.ll Jtrm ii P C'jr
cotupoi-ed cf ii r. CUtt aud Mi it. l"- ' 'i5,J !
by notifled tJiat Kvan Worttu ?, it 've , ii. I
pUintin. has thu c!y tiicd bi 1 eii'i-"T Lcl-1 J .
iljun. t.-q.. i Ja.-:iee :f the I'e ice in and for I J
fy of Xcm.tLa, t I a.-ka Territory. at'Jiitf i-lf' .'. I
Lan;d.-n and Ibe firuitf il. Y. fiark & C-J.. c B' j
of M. V. Clark aud John It. Vii. cla r-fir f ''f.-L
i-ail defe: d.u;i tte uia .f il-irly-t: lie & - ' -ifr. 1
fevemy cents i!U interest ttcrer. at Il,er4'c''p S
ty rer cent per aiiD-jr.i, from tbe SWbyav-' Jja u.i
lb&J. money d ; to the ni l plaiatiH rr"',,I-.,r j. f
defendant, on a p.-. i.ii.-s.ry doic tlrwa t-f J"i''.ty. t
Lani,Min in fuvu.- or il. . c;.rk A 0-.-ilrl,J', !
i l li 1
A 11 ISivi. .iml t.ir:i:Ii (:i. ii iv at rerditF.
...lit .ml KKxi7i.i il L er.i'.,.i . tTK'nt I1 e H"! I
an-ltbat i;.i:c yu tl.e iaid it. Y. t .'aik' u''
ll'i vii fni.r.t M'0 i fl!r rll!i0 .aid Jill 11'"?
and nwer mid pt"i:n.-ii, tne ime 'viU b t-''
mM.'l judzmerit renierc l f r te liuiic
Cuats Ot i 'Jit. , t P!''f
O-'iercd Ibit Ibe at-t va uotice be ?uil
brai-ka Adv eriner for f jiirecii.-ei iif " e
lirnlrnt : ll. TJ.vmiher 12
.-. . . ,-.-7T i .
MOSEY ADWiSiCluu v
2. ISiJ --ZJ-
PIKES'S PEAK GOLl;,
V,'ei l! receive Piko' reat l: .''J j!
rnjiiey v.o- t:ie :.r.c. a-;: p.'. ' u "'
Jlir.t remrii are na-.. 1 a. i r j.-, .
exhilit the printed reiuir.i ol tbe Im:
or JLsdY i-Clee. . . ca'.'
i - .i mult V ivJ
BULLION AM) i;AUllA:iUL huv
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