Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, November 10, 1859, Image 1
!;.XIIE IDYERTISER, I ri BLlSHED EVERT TUCRSDAT BT xi. W. FURISTAS, jj:ond Story Hoadleys Block, Main Etrett, ( IJROWSVILLC. N. T. TERMS: ..rne1". 11 raid in advance, - - - " if paid atthe endof 6 montha $2 00 2 60 u " 12 a oo I riuhn "f ,2 Bore e furbished at 60 per ' num. provided thecabh accotnpaniea tLe order, not VOL. IV, fV IXV A T TV A1 y s U ! I ! I NK IX 4 iipi ri ft is ii i i i i ' Ax Ay AV rfv' v vX I - - : : : "Frpp In Pnrm mid "RnoTtljifA ATT. fholi tlnnfntff Tncfffnflnna In flinfi nrra rrv cnfilort nnlir f r fia rnnetifnftnn r rnttn.t cfnna . i .,....... ' ; BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, NOV. 10, 1859. TEE ADVERTISER, . One qure (10 lines or Jeone in-?r:i: n. - - $1 CO Each adduiuual insertion, - - 0 60 One square, one month, 5 61 Baainei.a Cardsoi ix line or leM, e year, - - 6 C5 one Column one year, mH One-half Cols.nu oe year. - - - - - '?( One fourth Column cne year. - - - - i One eishta Column cne year, -"- - - - - i5 r) OneC'jlnmn tix month, U 0) One half Cdama fix months, JO ft) One fourth Column six months, - - - - JO CI One e'.Julh Column ux mniith ft ai One Column three months, so co one nair Coinmn three nn.ntas. . - - . - 13 ro One fourth. Column three mon'hs, jooi) One eishth Column three imnH, ..... ( o iLunncir.iE cand. dates fur clScc (Tu ad-a.ite ) - - 6 0 NO. 18. i BUSINESS CARDS. -v v . s v "v U. C. JOHNSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY AND Ileal Estate Apcnl, BHOWNVILLK, N. T. j RKfERSCES. f nn Wm.-Tcssup, Montrose, Pa. .tf'.Bcntrrt " " " s John C Miller, Chicro, 111. Wm.K.McAIlieter," - CharlenF. Fowler, H V. f araae,DrownTll'e,N .T. 47-15 - " E. LIATHIETJ Cabinet & Wagon-IIaker Main Street, bet. Sixth and bevenin, M imOWXVILLK, X. T. AUtinlnof cabinetwork neatly executed. fjMppiiring of wag mE'plowa, etc., promptly done. " JOHN McDONOUGII. r Gousc, Sign, & Ornamental Painter, l GLAZIER, 4 c. j jy. trdera can te 1 ef t t t ne City Prug Store. -43 I ioB F. KISNET. CHA6. F. D0LLT. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, vrrmiCTn riTV. X T. i .v. r ...... r,f fhia Territory. ColiCC- ,,, an! criminal bus.ne. attende.1 tothroKbo N i' ... r,. ni Missouri. V ill attend tue Fi ' S. DUNDY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ARCHER, RICHA.RDSOX CO. 5. T. VII L rractice In the sever! Courts of the 2d Jnac-al ; will it me in the prosecution of important buna. j Scrt. 10. '67-ll-tf . S i C..W. WHEELER, Architect and Builder. FRANKLIN TYPE & STEREOTYPE FQUI1DRY No. 1G8 Vine St.,bet. Fourth ana Fiftt, Cincinnati, 0. C. F. O'lHlISCOLL & CO Manufacturer and dealers i n Newi, Book aad Job TTne.l'rintinr Prefses.Caies.Gallieg.Ae., Ac. Inkn, and Printing Material of Every Description, STKUlXrrYl'LNG of all kind B.ok,ilusi-. PatcntMedicine Directione Jobs, Wood Ensrerinzr, tc f c. Brand and Pattern Letters, varicus styles, BROWNVILLE ADD-1ST DILL. JESSE NOEL Tlavinc rented the interest of Lake and Emmcrson In the Brownville Steam Saw aod Grist Hill, announces to totherub'.ic that he is prepared fo accommodate the citizens of Brownville aud Xepiaha County with a u- perior quality of lumler f all kindn. AUo with the Grist Mill, to cerve all in that line. The market price at all times paid for Lops and Corn. The old bnsinersof Noel, Lflke &. Emmcrson will he settled by Henry Lake. All future biiMiicss conducted by the undersigned. JESSE KOKL. Brownville, April 7th, 1S53, IT CITY TRUNK STORE. FAS SETT &. CROSSLIAIT, Manufacturers of Traveling & Packing SAW t MISS MA11Y TURNER, MILLINER AtJD DRESS MAKER. Main Street, onedoor atove arsui lonncis and Trimmings always on hand. JAMES wTgIBSON; BLACKSMITH Second Street?between Main and Nebraska , BROWS VILLE, 2i, i. VJLISES, CARPETBAGS, C. South West corner of Pine and 3d st s, Saint Louis, Mo. k We are now prepared to nil an oraera vTTyjL'j-ia our line with prmptues$ andonthe t-trrt Atr,i mnstrpusonableteruu. Ourtock Is -. i ) t .MP.r, a,i complete and all of our own rianiirrtnriri!. Those in want of articles Sn our lir e, (wholesaleor retail) will do well toBlve uh a call le-K-re purchasing elsewhere. Ashare of public patron- aKei solicited. "01 M'NUTT'S CeleTDrated. Art envnt availed Tonic end Stomachic, a positciv ana patr.iaoie nemtny jut frMiijnuniij. L Vtptia, lOtl OJ AppcniC aim ati uniuei vj ' Diyctlite Organt. Q TRAKK GOtLET. S 8 SOUTHARD, 1R G0ULEY 4' CO., (LateRanrtall, Gonlcy, & Co..) Commission Merchants, COBS EH OF VISE ASD COMMERCIAL STS. A NO Js'umber 54, Jsorth Levee, St. Louis, Missouri, GENERAL FORWARDERS, EAST ST. LOUIS, ILLS., "Patent Metallic Keg" Agency for DuPont's Gunpowder. ALSO Agcniajor Cropper f Co's Unadulterated Liquors, July7.h, 1S53. a. it. wilcox. T. W. BEDOR 1 WILCOX & BEDFORD, DKALKR3 IX LAND AVARR ANTS, AND CASTERS EXCHANGE, Erown-elllo , TO". T. Land Warrants Loaned on Time . From One Month to Ten Years, Land Warrants Loaned to Pre-emptor ; Taxes Paid ; Collection, made; Real Estate Boucht and Sld; Lands LK:nted; and safe Investments made for Eastern Cap italists. All Land Warrants sold by ns are guarantcd perfect in all respects, TtEFEREKC'ES. . Rerlster and Receiver of Land Offlceat Brownville, JfT Register and Receiver of Ind Office at Xebrai-ka City? Register and Receiver ot Land Kffloe at Om.iha, N. T. Samuel W. Black, Governor cf N'ebratka, Rtwcll Majors &. Waddell. Government Transporters, Kansas and Nebraska; E. K. M'illard &. Toung. Bankers, Chica go ; F. (danger Adams, Bauker, ChicaRo ; Taylor Bro's, 7G Wall street X. T. City. Thompson Bro's. Xo 2 Wall street X T City, lion A'fred Gilmnre, Philadelphia, Pa W. S Grant. President Gardiner Bank, Maine; w. M.Conkey, President Bank of Chenango, X. X.; Crane t Hill Brownville, Nebraska. The Land Sales take place in Nebraska in July, Au gust ar.d September, when some of the choicest lands in the t'nited States will beoffered forsale,and afterwards subject to private entry with Gold or Land Warrants. Brownville, X. T., July 14, lb59. no l bra These Bitters are a sere Preventive of FEVER AIID AGUE ! Thry are prepared from the purest materials by an old andesperiencee Druggist, ana aercioremi ue on. TIIET AID DIGESTION'! i Clocks, atchcs & Jewelry J. SCHITTZ Would announce to thecitiiens of Brownville . i.AKfA rr k it ill and vicinity mai ne ca rSHf everything in Us tineof business 'Jcb ill ... .n ii. will so do all kinds of re- pairin of clocks, watches and jewelry. All inted. ' J DR. D.-GWIN ilavinp: permanently located in BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, For the practice 'of Medicine and Surgery, ten der, bis jirofeysional services to the afiicted. Office on Main Street. no23v3 rciMWCn rrRf.lIQnN. Attorney and Oonnscllor ; BELLE VUE, NEBRASKA. GEORGE EDWARDS, OFFlft-fiatn St, Latol JCuinru Holly' I office, Person, who contemplate building can be Inrnisbed uhD-ign.,PUn.i-pecincatic.n,fc.c.. for bulldingKol anrclas. or variety of style, and the erection of the .... . . . ( amt I All Ta I n imnierintendedtr oewrea. ihiiui-- to business from a distance. tlr A. D. KIRK, 'Attorney at Law, I.nnrl lent nnil IVotarV PllbllC. RvJo. Richardson Co.. JV. T. .VillBractieeinthe Courtsof ssistedNelragVa, Harding and IJcnnett .Nebraska City Bygently exciting the system into a uoalthy action; are pleasant tntbe taste, and amogive mai mor m tbe svstcm tbat is so essential toUcaUi. ?T5-A wineclassfuli maybe taken two or tbrcctlmes a dy before eating. Prepared only by W, 1. ix' Oct. SS. '53 lS-ly DROITX & CL1STOX, PROniTE DEALERS. Forwardins & Commission MERCHANTS, Nr.. 7R. North Levee. St. Louis, Mo. n.r. rnr Groceries and Mannfactored A rticles ax-u- mtPiv filled at lowest possible rates. Consignment for sale and re-shipment respectully elicited, bhipnionta of all kinds will be faiihfully attended to. Keterrences : Messrs. O n Rea tiCo Birtlett. Mccomb &. Co r.:n.Ar uilna Ar Ktanniird non. W 11 Bufflngton, AuditorState ot Missouri J Q Harmon, Esq, Cairo City. 111. . . MessrsMolony, Bro's K.Co' NewOrleans,Ixnisiaaa V. W. ELLIOTT, SEED DEPOT, Cor. Rroaclway andlVash Street. ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI. TTavinfr rtirrbfxi the entire Kurpery stock of John Siggersonfit Bro., I am prepared to offer to the public h iirrvnt and bst selected stock of Fruit Shade, and Ornamental taces, shrubs and plants ever cflered for sale in the West. We sre determined toofler such in ducements to tree planters and the trade as will ensure the most entire satisfac'.ion. Descriptive catalogues win be furnished, and any information given, by addressing, A- TV JVL4J. -!, Saint Louis, Mo. November 35, '53-Iy. St. Louis do do Messrs Hinkle, Guild & Co, V Hamniar &. Co Braudell & Crawford WoodrcfT &. Huntington, II. Billincs, Esq., May 12, 1858 45-3 m Cincinnati, O. do Louisville, Ky. Mobile, Ala. Beardstowu, 111. Buchanan Life and General Insurance Oo., Utiice cor 2d a nd J ule sts., ST. JOSEPH, MO. rn..TrccTi it -rnic last SESSION OF TIIE MO. LEO Authorized Capitol $3.ouo,uuv. nrj?'Tni?.- t n .T.nin(T I It. Howard. J. A.Owen.Miltcn Booth, JohnUoIhonn.Jonnit.iiiKcns, v .n.i euuu JamesKay.N.J.McAiban.A.G. Mansfiecr. N.R.McAphak, Sec'y. .. m T ' f IT w-Q w ro&if t to reeirearTiiicatlorj lor iiiio. r ire 1 Marine and River risks. A cash return of 25 pee ont will K( allowed on carsro rrcmium!. ijosssr promptlyadjusted.andtheusualfaciliticjgiven to thepatronsol tneomce. A. S. HOLLADAY, M. D. RfWtfnlly Informs his friends in Brownrllie and immediate vicinity that be has resumed me Medicine, Surerr, & Obstetrics, "M hopes.by strict attention to his profession, to receive aenerous patronage heretofore extended to him. m il rises where it Is jmsriMeor eitPodient, a prescription fcnuneii will te rfoue. Office at vuyrutsi.u.v. Feb. U. '69. &5.1y - SAINT JOSEPH FEMALE (5LLEGE; ST.. JOSEPH, MO. J W. BLISS. Collecting Agent, PERU, NEMAHA COUNTY, xrrr.n ?ir TERRITORY. Particular attention paid to making collection, for non-reidnts. Charges reasonaoie. Ilelerenccs. R. W. Frame, Wm. K.Pardee, K K Parker Lyford & norn, p.nimastfr. Pern Trobate Judge, Neh. City County Clrk, BrowniUe Sonora, Mo. JAMES HOG AN. BooBL-Blnder, a vn "VTILLlAil CAMEKON, A. M. Principal. Completely organized as a ttrst class Female Boarding fl lySch.K.l. Number limited to 125. including 25 IUeri. Scholastic year commencing first Monday In I'temlr. For Catalocues. with full particulars, ad- -r- m rrincipai. AuKUit 4ih, 1859. " . . ROOK MAXPFACTURER. Southeast cr. 2nd ami Locust Si?s. ST. LOUIS, MO. ii vini r nunv nnnk. made of the best caner. ruled to any pattern, and sewed in the new improved patent j t" ARIES PERIODICALS, MUSIC. &c. SAVE YOURMOXEYAXD GO TO . , YM. T- DEN, IT II IE III, Wholesale and Retail dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES- BrotmviUe, JC. T. r A n AS NOW OX HAND a large and well sclect f I ed stock of Boots and Shoes, Lady and Gent.. I I 1 Gaiter, and Slipper, of every variety; also, WkhViKKP. ., r,nirf n kliof s of every kind that I sell cheaper for Cash or Produce than any other ""is westof st. Lonl. All work warranted ; order. r'nerfUllyiH,ik:itl. . - .Ti HitbeaCasb nrlcapald for llides, Pelt, and Fur., ''lie City Root and Shoe Store. Cut Leather kept for r'n)vli:e,Jttnc2d, '59.' n9jf- CITY BAKERY, Trst ;: st.v bet. Main and Atlantic, BROWNVIllT'E, COMFORT & TICE, AJritOCSCE to tbecitiienuof Brownville and vicinity t ther have rented the bakery tormeru j ik-u v, lrthiug, tut are now prepared to furnisb Bread, Cakes, CftcUonery,lce Cream, Lemony 'y - - josr.rn TICE. ' r.wnrine, April 33, 63. 44-tt in n .ti-tA nrf at the shortest notice. Ilaviug been awarded the Premium at the last Me chanic's Fair, he feels condident In lasurme satisfaction to allwho mav cive him a can. July 52d, 1S5S. iyran FLOURIHG LIILL! TUT. nndersifrned bavins leased the Steam Flour and Corn Mills lately erected on the Missouri River at Nemaha C.ty, are now prepared to grind WHEAT OR CORN WITH DISPATCH. Ilavirig one of Clark's Celebrated Flonring Mills, Manufactured at Philadelphia, "we canmannfac tore 100 sacks of Superfine Flour and grind 600 bushels of Corn dailv. Our buildins for storing and Ebippinr gram or produce is unsurpassed on the Uivcr. We will provide the public with & Free Ferry at all times. ER0WXLEE k TIDWELu IISHT LITIMTURI NEWSPAPERS, AND. Of every description, for sale at SCHIITZ & DEUSER'S LITERARY DEPOT, South-east corner Main and Second, nrowmiiie, X. T. Sept, 22d, 1859. f-ntll SHI 111 MIlS MANUFACTORY! JOHN W. MIDDLETON, BROWXTILLE, N. T. TIEREBT informs the public that he has located himself in this City, and is prepared to serve those in want of anything in his line Be has selected his stock with care and will manufacture a No. 1 article of everything offered. He deems it un necessary tocnuraerate; butwill keep on hand evey arti cle usually obtained in Saddle and Harness shops. JOHN W. MIDDLETON. Brownville May 12. no46-6m THE ELELVIIT MILLS. The undersisned hiving boujrht the Mills for merly owned by Dr. Hoover of Nemaha City, is now prepared to grind Corn, Wheat, and saw Lumber on the most reasonable terms. Possessing the best wa ter rrivileee in Nemaha county, he can at all times accommodate his customers on short notice with the bc?t quality of grist. . Flour, Corn Meal and lumber constantly on band. Julyl9th nltf J. G. MELYIN. CHARTER OAK Life Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn. Incorporated by the State of Connecticut. Capital Stock $200,000. Ttrttv .nd inrrB.minffsurnlusreceints. secure ly invested under the sanction and approval of the Comptroller of Public Accounts. OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS: JAMES C. WALKLEY. President, JOHN L. BUNCE, Vice President. ELIAS GILL, Secretary. E. D.DICKEBMAN, General Agent. DIRECTORS : Alfred Gill, Daniel Phillips, JVhnL.Bunee, RI51odget, J. A. Butler, E. D. Dickerman N.Wheaton, Sam. Coit, - Nelson Ilollister, James C. Waliley. S.B.Beresford.M D, Consulting Physician. A. S. IIolladay,M D, Medical Exnininer. Applications received by B. W. FCKNAS. Ag't, nS-tf Brownville, N. T. STORB, . First Street opposie Recorders Office, BROWNVILLE, N. T. AgricoItnraL The Faces of Saddle Horses. The horse has four distinct natural paces, lpe walk, Irot, Lanier, and Gallop ; any other ts artificial, or a defect arising from a bad or imperfect education. Difficult as this may be to describe upon paper, 1 will endeavor to make myself understood. The walk is known by the feet beating time upon the road distinctly at regular intervals, thus, 1,2,3, 4, t. c, the on-fore foot, near hind, near fore and off hind, one.after the other; this is pro- essionaily called equal action, constitut ing soundness, and the deviation from this regular motion is called unequal action, denoting unsoundness from some cause. It should be the especial care of the breaker or teacher of the young horse to a i v v see that he walks well and smart. He should then be taught to trot, ' slow at first, and as he progresses to perfection, improve the speed ; the latter is a work of time, and not the duty of the breaker. The Trot differs from the walk, inasmuch as rhe beat upon the road is more like 1, 2, 1,2, as if the horse had only two feet instead of four; this is produced by the off fore, and near hind feet moving to gether, or nearly so, and the near fore and off hind doiDjr the same, and this professionally, like the walk, constitutes equal action, or soundness. AYhen horses are going very quick, they appear to move the fore and hind legs on the same side together, but this is only in appearance, not in reality ; when pushed to the utmost trottinsr pace, some gallop with one hind leg, and some with both. At that pace they go in all forms, and very few are able to maintain the pure trot. The Canter should also be taught, not only for the purpose of carrying ladies, when wanted, but it is a relief on long journeys, both to the horse ana naer, to change the pace. The Gallop. In' this pace, generally speaking, the horse should lead with his off fore foot, but a lady's horse especially should always do so. Full blooded hor- ses, when racing, and very clever hunt ers, can change and go well, and it is an advantage to do so, but it is the exception and not the rule. The Gallop is used for racing and hun ting ; the word running is often used in stead of galloping, mien horses are running a race, they are in the act of gal- ping, not running; a horse running is not galloping, nor galloping is not run ning, excepting when the word race is also applied a running horse is a trotting horse, not a galloping race horse I will endeavor to show. The Pace is artificial, and is learned by habitually carrying a good horseman in a fast walk. . JN one but perfect road sters can do this ; it is performed with the fore legs walking, and the hind ones trotting; the horse can do this well, about six miles an hour, is valuable as a hack, and is called a pacing hackney. Runniner. The running trot is also w artificial, mis-called a pacer. The run or runnin? trot is exactly the same as the walk, but quicker, the feet beat time dis tinctly, at regular intervals, the same as the walk, 1 , 2, 3, 4, no matter how quick; this is running, and when well done is a very easy pace for both horse and rider There is a nonderscript way of going which some animals are allowed to as sume. consisting of the fore and hind limbs on one side moving together the same as if the fore and hind legs on each side were tied together, as is sometimes done with hill sheep, when they are mis chievous, causing a motion as unnatural as it is ugly; it is an imperfection, arising from neglect, ignorance, or ill-treatment, all or any of them, easily remedied, and never should be allowed. The Amble. "With an ambling pad pony to pace o'er the lawn." The Canter is a modification of the gallop, put short er and slower, and the Amble is a modi fixation of the Canter, still shorter and still slower; as the former is used for la dies, so the latter is required for old age, and young children, the one .requiring ease and the other experience. I have only to observe that every horse man, who studies the comfort of him self and his horse, will not ride with long stirruns. and his toes sticking out ; and with his body as stiff as if he had swal lowed a poker. He will sit as easy as if he was in an arm-chair, with his reins in ons hand and the other in any position the most easy and agreeable to himself. Old Vhip, in JN. x. zpmi oj me iincj August lltb,59. u5 -Sin TIIE subscriber would respectfully inform thecitizeus of Brownville, and vicinity, that he has located here for the purpose of manufacturing Boots and Shoe to order. All persons in want of a su;erior article will do well to call and leave their measure Repairing promptly and neatly done. E. GBEEN. Brownville, July 7, 1S59. Tlnl-tf Wanted at tills Offlcc Wood, potatoes, corn, turnips, pumpkins. Training Oxen. A word on training oxen. I have found that by far the best time to train steers is when they are calves, ray the first winter. Oxen that are trained when quite young, are much more pliable and obedient, and this adds much to their va lue. Steers that run until they are three or four years old, are dangerous animals to encounter. They are always running away with the cart or sled whenever there is a chance for them, and often se rious injury is the result. I would not recommend working steers hard, while young, as it prevents their growth ; there is a difference between working them and merely training them. I have obser ved that very little attention is paid by our farmers to train their steers to back, but as they become able to draw a consi derable load forward, they are often un mercifully beaten on the head and face, because they will not back a cart or sled with as large a load as they can draw for ward, forgetting that much pains has been taken to teach them to draw forward, but none to teach them to push backward. To remedy the occasion of this thumping, as seen as I have taught my steers to be handy, as it is called, and to draw for ward, I place them on a cart where the land is a little descending; in this situa tion they will soon learn taback it. Then I place them on a level land and exercise them. Then I teach them to back a cart up land that is a little rising, the cart hav ing no load in as yet. When 1 hare taught them to stand up in the tongue, as they ought, and back an empty cart, I next either put a small load in the cart, or take them where the land rises faster, which answers the same purpose; thus in evv days they can be taught to back well, and know how to do it, which, by a little use atterward, they never forget. This may appear of little consequence to some, but when it is remembered how frequcnt- y we want to back a load, when we are at work with our cattle, and how conve nient it 13 to have our cattle back well, why should we not teach them for the time when we want them thus to lay out their strength? Besides, it often saves blows and vexations, which is considera ble when one is in a hurry. I never con sider a pair of oxen well broke until they will back well with a reasonable load, and would give a very considerable sum more for a yoke thus trained. C. A. H. Best Age of Trees for Transplanting. At a late meeting of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society, several members expressed their views upon the subject, from which we gather the following remarks: Mr. Buchanan, deemed that, for the apple, trees two years old were better than those more advanced in age, and thought that an apple-tree transplanted at that age, all things being equal, would produce fruit as soon as one transplanted a: four years old, and would, also, pro duce a more healthy tree. Dr. Taylor remarked that Mr. Lough- ry, tha distinguiseed peach-grower, uni formly selected trees only one year old, and this for apples, peaches, pears; also, that he had himself transplanted trees of all ages, from one to five year3 old, and that in view of all his experience, he would now prefer them at one year old. Mr. Mottier stated that he had planted trees, more or less, for 30 years past ; thought that two years was better than one, though he would not take trees be yond three. He suggested that at one year old the root of the tree is not well developed. He had last year planted four hundred pear-trees, one-half of which he had selected at one year old, and the other half at two, and thinks that those of one year old have for the pre sent year made the best growth. Mr. Mears remarked that in the past n years, he had transplanted about thir ty thousand trees; and that as to peaches, pears, plums, etc., his preference would be at one year old, and the apple at two years old. He said that much depended on subsequent cultivation recommended that the earth be dry and mellowed deep ly below the roots, but that the roots hculd not be deeply covered above, rle condemned the plan, too often resorted to, of placing a stake by the tree in such a careless and inefficient manner that it usually became the duty of the young tree to hold the stake up. How to Make Young Frnlt Trees Hardy. Being a lover of good fruit, and feel ing an interest in the cultivation of it in our State, I would like to give some of my experience, which if you see fit to publish, may be of service to those who will practice with care the few sugges tions which I am enabled to make by careful study and practice for the past six years. It is a general complaint in this country that trees on our rich, warm soil, grow late while young, therefore the trees are unripe when the hard frosts come, and winter sets in before the sap returns to the root as it should, the cause of which is that the tender twigs are injured or killed by the severe frosts, and often as the bark is unripe as it congeals it causes the bark on the trunk of the tree to con tract and part, which is surely cause enouge for it to give up the ghost, as it is sure to do. The enquiry is, how shall we remedy it? I answer, by causing the sap to return to the root in season to cause the wood to become ripe and hard before the hard frcsts come. This we may do by hoeing away the earth from the tree and expos ing the roots to the weather, that is, leave the earth thin for a time on the roots, un til the sap returns and checks the growth of the tree ; after which the tree should be earthed up for the winter by making a mound around the trunk a foot or more high, and extending eighteen inches or more from the tree ; which will protect the roots from the hard frosts our winters are subject to, and prevent the sap from starting too early in the spring before it becomes settled warm weather; when the mound should be removed, and the tree cultivated or mulched through the sum mer so as to cause as thrifty a growth as possible the first part of the season. The time to expose, the roots depends upon the season, but about tha 10th of Sept. is generally the time. This remedy will hot need be applied but a few.years, while the trees are young, after which they will ripen themselves in season " to become hardy. R. RS., '' .-oas sin Farmer. , n Wiscon- Tobacco. As it is not every one who cultivates Tobacco that understands thoroughly the best manner of handling the crop after it is grown, we give place to the follow ing very judicious remarks from the Com. Review. "After having worked hard and rais ed gcol crops of Tobacco, a great deal of money has been lost by Farmers from not properly understanding how it should be managed after it is ready for the knife There is no great secretin the cultiva tion of Tobacco; Like all other crops, when planted in due time, ia good soil, well cultivated, and kept clear of weeds, worms, and suckers, it will give a good yield; but the difficulty seems to be in bad management after the crop has been raised. "The plant shonld be allowed to stand in the field as long as possible before cut ting, so that it may become thoroughly ripe, and should never be cut immediate ly after rain if it can possibly be avoided, as the gum, which is very essential to good tobacco, is washed off. Great care should be taken not to bruise cr let the sun burn it after it has been cut. "When the sun i very hot it should only be cut late in the evening, and when properly wilted, hung on scaffolds, which should be covered with thin brush so as to keep the sun from scorching it. If the weather be favorable, it should be allovred to hang out in the sun until it was well yellowed, after which it should be taken to the barns. The barns should be care fully prepared and the cracks well stop ped, otherwise the tobacco is apt to mould and will be exposed all winter to the wind and rain, which will materially injure it. As soon as the tobacco is housed, small fires should be kept under it until it be gins to cure up. "When bright piebald or spangled to bacco is desired, such as is used by the manufacturers for wrappers, it should not be allowed to cure up slow enough to lose the yellow color, but when it is half cur ed, heavy fires should be kept up until the process is completed, which will re quire some two or three weeks. It now requires no more attent'on, unless a damp spell of weather should occur, when small fires should be kept under it tokep it from moulding. When the leaf can be cured, and the bright color retained without fire, it is much more durable, but this can sel dom be done in the Northern States, ex cept during a very dry autumn, when the plant can almost be cured by the sun, on the scaffold ; but when it hos to be taken in out of the rain, which is almost always thecase, the desered result cannot be ob tained without the aid of artificial heat. The above applies more particularly to the Green River country than to some other' parts of Kentucky. In the coun ties bordering on the Kentucky River, the soil is not so well adapted to manu facturing leaf. The tobacco of this lat ter region is used almost exclusively for cutting purposes, for which the piebald or spangled is not required. This tobacco, almost devoid of gum, may be cured of a bright red color in good barns, without the aid of fire. This makes a very de sirable tobacco for cutting. After the tobacco is well cured, it should be stripped out as early as possi ble, and great pains should be taken to assort it properly. When the crop is large enough to make three sorts, the im perfect leaves should be carefully picked out to make lugs, the short ones for sec onds, leaving none but the best for good. It should now be tied in small hands and bulked down straight and nice, covered up well with straw or fodder, and weigh ed down properly. When the proper season arrives hang it up in the barn and let it get thoroughly dry, and take advan tage of the first warm, gentle rain that softens it, to take it down, as it is diffi cult to do so without injuring it when it is too dry. Too much care, however, can not be taken at this time, as half of la: t season's crop was damaged from one to five dollars per 100 lbs., from having been prized too wet. Have the casks make of good season ed timber. Tobacco is often damaged ten times the price of a good cask, by being put up in green ones. Have your casks of medium size. In prizing fine piebald manufacturing leaf, put .frcm 1,000 to 1,200 Its. in a cask. It operates pretti er and will bring more m6ney ihan when pressed hard and matted together. Rich shipping leaf you should put from 1,500 to 1,500 lbs. in a hogshead, and of rich, heavy lugs, from 1,500 to 2,C00. In pri zing cutting leaf, such as is put up in the region of the Kentucky River, the casks of good tobacco should weigh from 1,200 to 1,500 lbs., and light, chaffy lugs not more than 1,600 to 1,700 lb3. In all cases try and have all tobacco that is in a hogshead uniform and of the same quality, color and length (this is very important) and pack it carefully and straight. Nothings pay3 the farmer bet ter than taking pains in handling his to bacco. If he could be about tha rvnr- houses and see the difference in the con dition of different packages of the same qualities of the weed when offered for sale, he would cease to wonder at the wide range of prices which are obtained for similar grades. Things 'Worth Knowing. . How to Preserve Egg for IVintir U Quicklime, cne Uuhei; cumrr.on salt, two and a half pounds; cream of tartar, one pound; mix these ingredients trgeth er; then add as much water as will brir.g to the consistence cf thin latter. ,' Four a layer cf this er.ongh to cover th-3 bot tom of the cask in which the eggs are ta be kept. Upon that a layer cf eggi placed sideways. Then enough ntixtur' to coxer them. So proceed till all are deposited, and covered with the mixture. Care will be requisite ia taking them out, and each egg should be wah-d before boiling. This method effectually preser ves the eggs for a very Jong time; and for puddings, cakes, Sec, answers exceed ingly well. Eat for table use, though eggs thus treated are often sold at a h?g!i' price for new laid eggs, they certainly ' taste cf the lime. To make Alum Eiskcti. Success i:i malting this kind of baskets 'depend somewhat upon chance; for the crystolU ' will sometimes form irregularly, .even when the utmost care has been taken, Dissolve alum in a little more than twice as much water as will be necessary for the depth of the basket, handle and nli, . Put ia as much alum as the water will -dissolve; when it will ta!;e i.o more, it is then called a saturated solution of ; nlani. -In this state, it should. be poured into a saucepan or carthern jar, (by no means put it in nn iron vessel), and slowly boil . it until it is nearly half evaporated. The . basket should then be suspended from a little stick laid across the tcp cf the jar, in such a manner that both laskct ar.il handle will be c.vered with the stsiiMan. It must be ?et away in a cool place wh'jrj not the slightest motion will disturb th; formation of the crystals. The frame may be made in any shapy you pitase ;?it is usually made cf small wires woven ia and out like basket; many prefer a com mon willow basket ; but whether it ie. ' wire or willow, a rough surface shculd be produced by binding every pari with, thread or worsted. Bright yellow crys tals may be droduced by boiling gamboge, saffron, or tumeric ia the solution; and." purple of logwood. A Soothing Beverage for a Cough. Take two ounces of figs, and the sami quantity of ruisins and pearl barley'. Roil'. ; them altogether in a pint and a half of'.' water, with half an ounce of liquorice root and half an ounce of linseed, until, reduced to one pint of liquor, which should then be strained off, and a wirieglasful taken morning and evening, cr whenevtr the cough is troublesome. . To Keep Geraniums threvgh the Win ter. Those who have no place in their' -, greenhouses for geraniums, &c, will d.V well to put them in a window with a south aspect, carefully covering the pots with a" little straw or moss, in order to prevent the frost hurting the roots. Or : Take thern from the prt3 ancT hang them up by the roots in a dark j-'acc' where the frost cannot touch them, if planted again in the spring they , will, shoot and flourish remarkably wt:l.. I' have heard the same plan r commended! for fuchsias, cut have never becu sue-! cessful with them. , A Cheap Pomatum. Half an ounce of, white wax, half an ounce of spt-rmaceti., eight ounces of olive oil, Dissolve in a! basin set in hot water before the water; and some scent just before pouring ino' bottles. Spider's Well. Mr. Schlossbcrgcr has recently ascertained tie chemical identity of silk and the spider's webb. He pro-' poses to call their immediate' principle sericcne, from serica, silk. Who knows but the spider may yet become an object of "cultivation," like the silk-worm. through' about The Use or Qnalls. William Norton, an intelligent farmer boy, who makes hi3 home in Southern' Illinois, has recently been observing th habits of the quail, and gives the follow ing testimony: Heob served a small flock commencirg.. at one side of the field, taking abc-jt five rows, following thsm regulai .V. C.JJ . t ... uiu ueiu, scratching ana picking every hill, till they came u the cth-i'c side of the field; then taking another five rows on their return, and thu3 continuing till he thought they were certainly pulling up the ccrn. He shot cne, and tbm proceede;! to examine the corn ground. He found but cne stalk of ccrn disturbed that was scratched nearly out. of the! ground, but the kernel was still attached' to the stalk. In the crop cf the quail, he found but one cut-worm, twenty-cne-striped vine-bugs, cne hundred cLintz bugs. that still retained their individu ality, a mass apparently consisting cf hundreds cf chintz-lugs, "but liot cr.ci, kernel of corn. - , The Western Farmer and Gardener says mat me rea-- ; . &0 C0CUe-bar, . l DC SI " ' v.. i.r-rr rut r,fT once a year is, lint nature has fcftoyMed for its propaga tion ripen by bestowing wuit seed vessels which a at tTro'"ftv&re3t1L5.e.s-0.f iC V" The fditor cf the Working Farmer; (New York,) states that he has at pres ent a bed of White Portugal Onion?,, which a committee of the New York In-' stitute have decided to be equal in amount of produce to one thousand bushels per . . ' a acre. The crop was raised on lana under-drained and tiboiled, and . highly' manured with nitrogenized super-phos- phale of lioe, at the rate of 600 to th-3 acre. The New York State Fair, which was . . a 1 held near Albany last week, closed en- Friday last. The weather was wnusuany pleasant, and the Fair was generally cessful beyond any previous one. Tiie total receipts were over SlS,0in jsmc 7,000 ever last year, and near" ajitW -excels of Buffalo rccein!'? frW:?- ' A.