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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1859)
- - JliaJIcy'a Ulock, Main Street,
37 E n S:
- I. A t Ki-tiiklAl .1 Al fit! Ttr
"f , ipj the cah accoinpauie tiiC order, not
. .t t.Hid 1n ailvanco,
9 I V II ft
HATES OP AXVi:nTI3INO:
"Free to Form and Kesdlatc ALL their Domestic Institutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States."
One square (10 Hues or les) one insertion, -
luh dJitKual insertion, -------
Oue square, one niuulli, - - - - - . - -
Uusiue Curd of til Hues or le, one yer, -uie
(.'! ur.ni um yejr, -
t;ie-half Column oue year, -------
O ic fourth Column one year, ------
One eighth Culuum one year, ------
one column six munttiD, ........
One half Column mi month, .--.'.
One fourth Column six uiomh;i, ......
One eighth Column six niouthj, .....
Ke Col UDa three month, .......
Uae half Column three mootha. - . . .
Ooe fourth Column three moor - - - . .
Oieeihtb Column three month. - - - - .
AanMUucintf candidates for ffl..e (In advance ) -
- 6 CM
BE 0 WNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, SEPT. 22, 1859.
- tt "a. JOHNSON,
'.fPOBNEY AT LAW,
AinriTOR IN CHANCERY
nral Estate A?;cnt,
UCOWXVILLK, N. T,
,. s. l-ntly, n
. ' . n.,- ri-nnn. III.
! 'n ( . .Mill' 'I " O I
t : K Minister, "
i LV . ur 1 1 r .
F. '-;,kc' .
hinet & Wagon-Haker
c.-f.ft bet. Sixth and Seventh,
. ...,r .-.l-im-t work ict ly cxcnitea.
1 M',.,f ..s' plows, etc., promptly l-ne.
O. L. M'GAIIY.
O. B. IIIlWETT.
McGARY & HEWETT,
Al lUnNtiS AT LAW
SOLICITORS IJV CIUXCERY.
Will practice In the Courts of Nebraglca,aud North
Messrs. Crow, McCreary &. Co., SI. Louis, Mo.
& Onwmcntal Painter,
Tiuoivvri.i.i:, x. t,
r j,.r, C4:l i.e left at tl.e City Drugstore. -C5
,. CHAR. F. IIOLLY.
( KINNEY & HOLLY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
L, -. r"i0....rt-..tt!.iH Territory Cnllcc-
b t;,;..,..rana Muri. WU1 .tten-
j ,;; Uri'trawlle.
V. S DUNDY,
ATTOUNEY AT LAW.
ARCIItB, UICII VJIDSON CO. If. T.
-i ,.,. ... t!.o Mitral Courl? ol tl.e 2il J ii'licisl
T,?, WM V.-l.i.sN.:KsQ.,r Nebraska City,
.,...tr. .' the pro-edition of important Suits.
" C. W. WHEELER,
irchitect and Builder.
I MISSlUKV TURNER,
!!LL(NR AND DRESS MAKER.
iiin Street, one door above Carscns Bank.
liKOWXVILLK N. T.
muh end Trimiaivgs always on hand.
'c iflJStrert.tietween Main Mid Nebraska,
ibis, Watciics & JcAYclry.
i J. SCHITTZ
Von'ii snipumceu thecitir.ens of Brownvlllc
A iid ii. inity that he ha locati-J liimsOif In
JsBrownvi le, aiulinteii'lr ieepinc a full assort.
rH"f fvpirtlilni; in Kin lir.eof husiiies, which will
r lew r cash, lie will alo Jo all kinds of ro
of cliKkf, watches mU jew elry. All work war
Hon. James II. Hughs,
lion. John K. Shcply,
Hon. Silus Woodson,
Judge A. A. Ilradford,
S. K. Nuckolls, Ksq.,
Kinney it lloliey, Nebraska City.
Cheever Sweets Co., do
J. Stcrtinir Morton do
Brown 4. Bennett, Brownville
11. W. Knrnas do
Brownville, N. T. Nov. 18, 1SC8.
St. Joseph, Mo.
Nebraska City, N. T.
CITY Iljf STORE.
JOHN H. MAUN & CO.,
BROWXVILLE, jY. T.
CHEFolCALS, TOILET SOAPS,
Fine Hair and Tooth Brushes,
rmtroiKRY, fancy & toilet
Tobacco & Cigars,
Pure Wines and Liquors for
5 Physicians' Prescriptions and Family Kccipca
All orders correctly answered. Every article war
ranted Pennine and of thehrst quality.
3L.7- A G L' A' T for all leading Patent Medicine cf
CITY TRUNK STOSE.
DR. D. GWIN,
! Having permanently located in
' tie pruotico cf Medicine and Surgery, ten-
! professional services to the afflicted.
! 'a unMain Street. no23v3
rtoev and Counsellor
BELLE YUE. NEBRASKA.
A v m T" I f I III
i '!LUain .Si, LitftojKtnnry 9r Holly' ojfice,
X Nebraska City, M.T.
v.nswliu contemplate building can he furnished
' !lgiih. Plant.. I.ecilication. for huitdinits ol
f 'wi.rvarii.lv .f i.ivle. and the erection of the
''WWriniMidcd if desired. Prompt attention paid
I ''Hhil.lri.n. .n- 011
UfswtrwiV xf our
tlUUililf tit USIH,
-4 Area! Xotarj- Iulillc.
I R uo, II ichardson Co., JV". T.
i iTaiticc in the Courts of nsistdSebraska,a
p'iingand iScunett, Nebraska City.
t Si HOLLADAY, M. D.
i "-I'-tfi.Hy informs his friends in Brownville and
" ( u .ioty tl.Mt he has resumed the practice of
Nirine, Snrprcry, Obstetrics,
. - ;f.i iv Ftrict attentu-n to his profession, to receive
-"..cr,. i... ,atro iiiipe herclofore extended to him. In
! '"'ulirre it is possible, or expedient, a prescription
. """ill ho done. Otilccat City Drug Store.
fn-H, -59. 35. ly
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
IAM CAMERON, A. M., Principal.
'!! (irp.uiiced as a first clas Female Boardlnp
. '' W-l. Xiimher limited to 125, including 25
'k ear cvnimenciur Urst Monday In
v., '""r Catalogues, with full particulars, ad-
, ""' iii.-iji.-.l.
-t:1 t-hls:. v44tf
l Y0VRM0YE1XD GO TO
WM. T- DEN,
m m m mm
BrovnviUe, Y. T.
) J1 Knw HAND a larpe and well select
Mr' , k ,,f B,H,t" n1 Shoes, Lady'a audGent.'s
Iy-"-r ami Slip
lioie?ale and Kc'ail dcalcj-ia
ppers of every variety; also.
t?'ili"r fl,r Cash or Produce than any other
! 'ci K4 Cil!l1 Price raid for Hides, Pelts ahd Fnrs,
. ''ot md Shop Store. Cut Leather kept for
Alt work warranted; orders
kUe.Junc 2d, '59.
bet Main and Atlantic,
comfort & tice.
ir..u;'.vcK.n ... - '
e luvcr "rtll,le" Urownrllle and vicinity
iZvT1'r,'1,ir'4 1. furn,-l Ckes,
"!e Ai'fHM,'W. iyu
V C. COMPukT.
FASSETT & CROSSMAIT,
Traveling & Packing
VALISES, CARPET BAGS, SfC.
South West corner of Pine and 3d st s,
Saint Louis, Mo.
Te are now prepared to fill all orders
i our line with promptness and on the
the mott rcasouiihle terms. Our stock is
larpe and complete and all of our own
nisnnrartnrinir. Those in want of articles in our line,
(wholesale or retail) will dowcll togive us a call he-
fore purchasing elsewhere. Aahare of puhlic rtron-
ageis solicited. nio-iy
Are an unequalled Tonic and Stomachu. a positeiv
and palatable Remedy for general Debility, Dyt
peptia, lot of Appetite and alldieae of the
These Bitters are a sure Preventive of
FEVER AND AGUE !
They are prepared from the purest materials by an old
and eiperienccd Drupgmi, aim inereiorecan ve reueu
THEY AID DIGESTION!
Xlllil nil i;iuku jl ivh .
Bygently ctccitinp the system into ahealthy action; are
nla......t . .. Oii .G(a .Tlfl .1.40 fflVA ttlAt viHor tO
the system thatisso essential tohealth.
53-A wineglass full maybe taken two or three times
a day before eating.
Prepared only by W, L. M'T
Oct. 2S, '53 IS-ly
inoiv!V & cmxtoa7,
Forwarding & Commission
No. 78, North Levee, St. Louis, Mo.
Orders for Groceries and Manufactured Articles accu
rately filled at lowest possible rates. Consignment for
sale ami re-shipment respectully solicited. Shipments
of all kinds will he faithfully attended to.
Messrs. G n Pea fc. Co St. Louis
Birtlelt. McCotub &Co do
Gilbert, Miles & Stannard do
lion. V II Bnflington, Auditor State of Missouri
J Q Harmon, Esq, Ciiro City, 111. .
Messrs Molony, Bro's &.Co New Orleans, Louisiana
J D Jackson. Esq., do do
Messrs Hitikle.Uuild&Co, Cincinnati, O.
K Hatnmar&Co do
Brandell it Crawford Louisville, Ky.
Woodruff &.Uuntington, Mobile, Ala.
n. Billing, Esq., Ecardstown, 111.
Ma) 13, 1S58 45-3 m
Buchanan Life and General
Office cor 2d and Julcsts.,
Ur. JOSEPH, MO.
COAETERKn AT THK LAST SESSION OF THE VO. LEO
Authorized Capitol $3,000,000.
J. B.Jennings, I. B. Howard, J. A. Owen. Milton
James Kay, N. J.lIcAhan,A. O. Mansfieer.
J. ii. juus, i rei.
rS now ready to receive application for Life, Fire,
xt .n hI Riverrisks. A cash return of 2 5 pee
cent, will bo allowed on cargo premiums. Losser
promptljadjusted,and the usual facilitiesgiycn to
the patrons of the office.
April 16th, lbil. t-oux
J. W. BLISS,
PERU, NEMAHA COUNTY,
Particular attention paid to making collections for
non-residents. Charges reasonable.
It. TV. Frame.
Wm. K. Pardee,
E B Parker
Lyford & Horn,
Probate Judge, Neb. City
County Clerk, BrownUle
BLANK BOOK MANUFACTURER,
Southeast cr. 2nd and Locust St'g.
ST. LOUIS, MO.
All kinds of Blank Books, made of the best paper, ruled
to any pattern, and sewed In the new improved patent
LISBARIES PERIODICAXS. MUSIC&c,
bound In any style, and at the shortest notice.
Having been awarded the Premium at the last Me
chanic's Fair, he feels condident In Insuring satisfaction
to al I who ma v give him a call.
July 22d, 1853. Irvn4
ATTORNEY V$ LAW,
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
Falls City, RicHardsbn County, TJebraska!
Mi l Kive prompt attenti n to all professional busi
mrs intrusted to his care in 'Richardson and adjoining
countii-c; alsu to the drawing ct deeds, pre-emption pa
pers, kc.,c. . . i ! . . May 13, '&3 n43-m
sw ii m m
ITavin rented the interest of Lake and Enimcrson In
the Brownville Steam Saw and Grist Milt, announce to
lo the public that he is prepared fo accommodate the
citizens of Brownville and Nemaha County with a su
perior quality of lumber of all kinds. Also with the
Grist At ill. to nerve all in that line.
The market price at all times paid for Lors and Corn
The old bn.Muc s of Noel, Lke ts. Kinmerson will be
settled by Uenry Luke. All future business conducted
by the underpinned. JJSSK NOEL.
Brownville, April 7th, 1859.
BKOIVAYILILE, IV. T.
iAIORRISON & SiMITH,
ANNOUNCE to the public that they have opened a
Billiard Room and Saloon
in the old Nemaha Valley Bank Buildine. Brownville.
Nebraska, where lovers of the interest ins came of Bil
liards cau be accommodated in a style, they trust will be
satisfactory to all who may patronize them.
Are all pure and of the choicest brands. The famous
The best made is kept constantly on hand at this es
tablishment. R. MORRISON,
no44-ly J. Q. A. SMITH.
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY
No. 163 Vine St., bet. Fourth ana Fifth.
C. F. O'DKISCOLf & CO
Manufacturers and dealers in News, Hook and Job
Type,Priuting Treases, Cases, Uallies, Ac, Ac.
Inks, and Printing Material of Every Description,
STEREOTYPING of allkind Books.il usie.
Brand and Pattern Letters, various styles,
G I'KAKK OolLLV.
8 S SOUTHARD, JR
G0ULEY $ CO.,
(Late Randall, Gonley, & Co.,)
CORNER OF VINE AND COMMERCIAL STS.
Number 54, North Levee,
St. Louis, Missouri,
EAST ST. LOUIS, ILLS.,
"Patent Metallic Keg" Agency for
Agents jor Cropper Sf Co' Unadulterated
BOOT & SHOE
First Street opposite Recorder's Office,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
TIIE subscriber would respectfully inform the citizens
of Brownville, and vicinity, that he has located here for
the purpose of manufacturing Boots and Shoea to order.
All persona in waut of a superior article will do w ell to
call and leave their measure-
Repairing promptly and neatlydone.
Brownville, July 7, 1853. vnl-tf
O. H. WILCOX.
T. W. DEDOR It
WILCOX & BEDFORD,
Land Warrants Loaned on Time
From One Month to Ten Years,
Land Warrants Loaned to Pre-emptors; Taxes Paid;
Collections made; Real Estate Boueht and Sold ; Lands
Located; and safe Investments made for Eastern Cap
italists. All Land Warrants sold by us arc guarantcd pcrfoct
in all respects,
Reclsterand Receiver of Land Officeat Brownville, NTi
Register and Receiver of Land Office at Nebraska City!
RegiMer and Receiver ot Laud Ofilee at Omaha, X. T.
Sanine! W. Black, Governor of Nebraska, Russell
Majors & Waddell. Government Transporters, Kansas
and Nebraska; E. K. Willard & Young. Bankers, Chica
go; K. Granger Adams, Banker, Chicano; Taylor Bro's,
76 Wall street X. V. City. Thompson Bro's. No 2 Wall
street X Y City, Hon Alfred Gilmore, Philadelphia,
Pa.; W. S Grant, President Gardiner Bank, Maine; W.
M. Coukey, President Hank of Chenango, X. Y.; Crane
fc. Hill Brownville, Nebraska.
The Land Sales take place in Nebraska in Jnly, Au
gust and September, when some of the choicest lands in
the L'uited States will beoflered for sale, and afterwards
subject to private entry with Gold or Land Warrants.
Brownville, X. T., July 14, 1859. no 1 6m
PRINCE & CO.'S
WITH DIVIDED SlVEEl,
The Dett-Toncd Heed Instrument in the world.
Iiist of Prices :
Four Octave Melodeon $45 00
Four-and-half Octave Melodeon 60 00
Five Octave Melodeon 75 00
Five Octave Melodeon, Piano Case, Four stops $100 00
Five Octave Melodeon. double reed, portablccase 130 00
Sis Octave Melodeon, Tiano Case 130 00
Five Octave Melodeon, Piano Case, double reed 150 00
Five Octave Melodeon, Double Banks,four stops 200 00
The Organ Melodeon. five sets Reeds, two Banks
Keys and Pedal Bat-a 350 00
First Premium awarded wherever exhibited. Illus
trated price circulajs sent by mail.
Orders Promptly Filled By
GEO. A. PRINCE & CO., Butlalo, X. Y.
GEO. A. PRINCE At CO., 110 Lake St., Chicago, III.
GEO. A. PRINCE & CO., 87 Fulton st. X. Y. City.
July 7th, 1869.
Shrubs, Roses, Vines, Plants, etc.
UILLS is. CO.,
1. Fahnestock & Sons..
ARE now canvassing Nemaha and Richardson counties,
Kebraska; and Atchison county, Missouri; receiving
orders for Trait Trees, Shrubs, Vinas, Evergreens, lie.,
&c. They call the attention of Farmera and others de
sireing anything in their line to the advantages of pur
chasing supplies at their Nursery. The atock ts com
plete and prices as favorable aa that of any other Nur
jery anywhere, and all warranted to be as represented.
order can also be left at U9 Adtertiter office Brown-
vllJeVK-?. '" 1
x 'July 7th, lb5?.
S. V. Hazcltine & Co.,
171. Walnut Street, Jirtt door below Gibtxfn Route,
Dealers in Seds, Trees, Shrubs. Roses, Bedding
Plants. Cut Flowers, Agricultural Implements, Green
audEiiel Fruits, &e. Tlnl
Earlj History of Saw-Mills.
In early periods, tne trunks of trees
were split with wedges into as many and
as jinn pieces as possible, and if it was
necessary to have them still thinner, they
were hewn on both sides to the proper
size. This simple and wasteful manner
of making boards has still been continued
in Russia to the present time. Peter the
Great tried to put a stop to it by forbid
ding hewn boards to be transported on the
river Neva. The sctv,' however, though
so convenient and beneficial, has not been
able to banish entirely tho practice of
splitting timber used in roofing, or in
making furniture and utensils; and, in
deed, it must be allowed that this method
is attended with peculiar advantages,
which that of sawing never can possess.
The wood-splitters perforin their work
more expeditiously than sawyers, and
split timber is much stronger than that
which has been sawn; for the fissure
follows the grain of the wood, and leaves
it whole ; whereas, the saw proceeding in
the line chalked out for it, it divides the
fibers, and by these means lessens its co
hesion and solidity. Split timber, indeed,
often turns out crooked and warped ; but
in many purposes to which it is applied,
this is not prejudicial, and such faults may
sometimes be amended. As the fibers,
however, retain their natural strength and
direction, thin boards particularly can be
bent much better. This is a great ad
vantage in making pipe-staves, or sieve-
frames, which requiro still more art, and
in forming various implements of the like
Our common saw, which needs only to
be guided by the hand of the workman,
however simple it may be, was not known
to the inhabitants of America when they
were subdued by the Europeans.
The saws of the Grecian carpenters
had the same form, and were made in
the like ingenious manner as ours are at
present. . This is fully shown by a paint
ing still preserved among the antiquities
of Herculanum. Two genu are repres
ented at the end of a bench, which con
sists of a long table that rests upon two
four-footed stools. The piece of wood
which has to be sawn through is secured
by cramps. The saw with which the genii
are at work has a perfect resemblance to
our frame saw. It consists of a square
frame, having in the middle a blade, the
teeth of which stand perpendicular to the
plane of the frame. -The piece of wood
which is to be sawn extends beyond the
end of the bench, and one of the work
men appears standing, and the other sit
ting on the ground. The arras, in which
the blade is fastened, have the same form
as that given to them at present. Jn the
bench are seen holes, in which the cramps
that hold the timber are stuck. They are
shaped like the figure 7, and the ends of
them reach below the boards that form
the top of it. The French call a cramp
of this kind un valet.
The most beneficial and ingenious im
provement of this instrument was, with
out doubt, the invention of saw-mills,
which are driven either by water, wind,
of by steam. Mills of the first kind were
erected as early as the fourth century, m
Germany, on the small river lloer, or
Ruer; for though Ausomus speaks pro
perly of water-mills for cutting stone, and
not timber, it cannot be uoubtea mat
these were invented later than mills for
manufacturing boards, or that both kinds
were erected at the same time. The art,
however, of cutting marble with a saw is
very old. Pliny conjectures that it was
invented in Caria ; at least, he knew no
building incrusted with marble of greater
antiquity than the palace of King Mauso
lus, at Harlicarnassus. The edifice is cel
ebrated by Vitruvius for the beauty of its
marble, and Pliny gives an account of the
ditferent kinds of sand used for cutting it;
for it is the sand properly, says he, and
not the saw, which produces this effect.
The latter presses down the former, and
rubs it against the marble, and the coars
er the sand is, the longer will be the time
required to polish the marble which has
been cut by it. Stones of the soap-rock
kind, which are indeed softer than marble
and which would require less force than
wood, were tawn at that period ; but it
appears that the far harder glassy kinds
of stone were sawn then also, for we are
told of the discovery of a building which
was encrusted with cut agate, cornelian,
lapislazuli, and amethysts. There is,
found no account in any of the Greek or
Roman writers of a mill for sawing wood,
and as the writers of modern times speak
of saw-mills as new and uncommon, it
would seem that the oldest construction of
them has been forgotten, or that some
improvement has made them appear enti
When the Infant Henry sent settlers
to the island of Madeira, which was dis
covered in 1420, and caused European
fruits of every kind to be carried thither,
he ordered saw-mills to be erected also,
for the purpose of sawing into boards, the
various species of excellent timber with
which the island abounded, and which
were afterwards transported to Portugal.
About the year 1427 the city of Breslau
had a saw-mill, which produced a yearly
rent of three marks, and in 1490 the
magistrates of Erfurt purchased a forest,
in which they caused a saw-mill to be
erected, and they rented another mill in
fb.s nejgbJborhood . besides. Norway,
wfiich is" covered with forests, had the
first' saw-mill about the year 1530. This
mode of manufacturing timber was called
the new art ; and because the exportation
of boards was by these means increased,
that circumstance gave occasion to the
deal tythe, introduced bp Christian III, in
the year 1545. Soon after, the celebrated
Henry Ranzau caused the first mill of
this kind to be built in Holstcin. In 15512
there was a saw-mill at Joachirasthal,
which as we are told, belonged to Jacob
Geusen, mathematician. In the year 1555
the 13ishop of Ely, ambassador from
Queen Mry of England to the court of
Rome, having seen a saw-mill in the
neighborhood of Lyons, the writer of his
travels thought it worthy of description.
In the sixteenth century, however, there
were mills with different saw-blades, by
which a plank could be cut into several
boards at the same time. Tighius saw
one of these, in 1575, on the Danube,
rif-ar llatisbon, when he accompanied
Charles, prince of Juliers and Cleves, on
his travels. It may here be asked wheth
er the Dutch had such mills first, as is
commonly believed. The first saw-mill
was erected in Holland, at Saardam, in
the year 1595, and the invention of it is
ascribed to Cornelius Cornelissen, but he
is as little the inventor as the mathemati
cian of Joachimsthal. Perhaps he was
the first person who built a saw-mill at
that place, which is a village of great
trade, and has still a great many saw
mills, though the number of them is be
coming daily less, for within the last 30
years a hundrrd have been given up.
The first mill of this kind in Sweden was
erected in the year 1653.
In England saw-mills had at first the
same fate that printing had in Turkey.
V hen attempts were made to introduce
them, they were violently opposed, be
cause it was apprehended that the saw
yers would be deprived by them of their
means of getting a subsistence. For this
reason it was found necessary to abandon
a saw-mill erected by a Dutchman near
London, in 1GG3; and in the year 100,
when one Houghton laid before the na
tion the advantages of such a mill, he
expressed his apprehension that it might
excite the rage of the populace. What
he dreaded was actually the case in 1767
or 176S, when an opulent timber mer
chant, by the desire and approbation of
the Society of Arts, caused a saw-mill,
driven by the wind, to be erected at Lime-
house, under the direction of James Stan-
field, who had learned in Holland and
Norway the art of constructing and man
aging machines of that kind. A mob as
sembled and pulled the mill to pieces, but
the damage was made good by the nation,
and some of the rioters were punished.
A new mill was afterwards erected,
which was suffered to work without mol
estation, and which gave occasion to the
erection of others. It appears, however,
that this was not the only mill of the kind
in Great Britain, for one driven also by
wind had been built atLeith, in Scotland,
some years before.
The application of the steam-engine
has in modern times almost entirely dis
placed the use of either water or wind us
the source of power in machinery, in
England, as most of the saw-mills now in
action, especially those on a large scale,
are worked by steam. Beckmann's His
Dress for a Country Girl.
In the Ohio Cultivator for June 1st,
there is an article by a Tennessee girl
upon the dress of country girls. The
writer recommends ascrtof peasant garb,
very simple, comfortable and pretty, for
those who are so fortunate as to live with
out the pale of Miss Flora McFIimsey's
fashionable circle in the free, glad,
blessed air of the country,- where people
can consult their own comfort without in
terfering with their neighbor's tastes.
After reading the above mentioned article,
I filled with a desire to sit down and chat
awhile lo the Cultivator Girls, and to tell
them some of my ideas about this im
portant matter of dress. But I am a busy
little body, (don't leave out that little,
now !) and have so many cares and duties
to look after in my family, that I cannot
always enjoy a pen-talk when I wish. I
am seated at last, however, after a hard
day's work, and as the little folks are
quietly floating out upon the waves of
sleep, I fancy we will have a cozy little
time all to ourselves. So dear girls, don't
make a stranger cf me, but let me come
into your circle and be one of you, while
we freely express our opinions, and chat
If you could have seen me in my short
dress aud pantalets to-day, as I officiated
as laundress, dary woman, and housekeep
er in general, you would have been con
vinced that I put the theory I am about to
lay before you, into practice; so don't
hoot at the idea of my discoursing upon
the dress-reform question, because I ap
pear to you this evening in long skirts,
crinoline, and other cityfied parophernalia.
I will tell you what I think. I believe
in dressing according to circumstances.
If we wish to "brush the dew from the
grass" in a reaming ramble, let it be done
with good thick shoes, warm stockings,
and skirts short enough to allow us a
country girl's privilege of romping and
frolicing at our will. If we have morn
ing work in the kitchen or milk-room, if
it is washing, baking or cleaning day, do
let us be independent enough to lay aside
the troublesome trails and awkward
hoops, and appear upon the scene of action
properly equipped for the performance of
our duties, in a neat, prompt and comfort
able jnanner. Just so, if we are going to
the woods or a berrying, nutting or bota
nizing excursion, or to the river fishing,
let us go prepared to enjoy ourselves in a
comfortable garb, that shall not be in the
way as we clamber among the rocks.
wanner through the brush and briars, or
wane into the stream.
But in the afternoon, rrirls. whpn tTi
kitchen work is all done, the dinner dishes
washed, and we prepared ourselves for an
nour or two s sewing before tea, I am sure
we look better in our own mirror, as well
as to father and the boys, to don the lady
like dress, not too long, but reaching to
the slipper toe, and expanded to a mode
A wreath about the head is tLb riretticst
ornament we can wear, aud, with a neat
collar, a black silk apron, and a bit of
work in your hand, vou annear trim.
graceful, industrious and pretty; while,
with your peasant garb in the afternoon
sitting room, you would seem the same
country hoyden who romped through the
meaaows, or scrubbed the back poarch in
the morning; Just so with children.
When about their morninfr r-lav. littln
girls are more comfortable, and better
prepared for a vigorous exercise of the
muscles, and contact with that horror of
fastidious mothers, "dirt" if th.v are
clad in a pair of little brothers out-grown
panties, or a pair of dark colored drawers,
"run up" for the occasion, than they can
be in their pretty pink or white dresses
and embroidered aprons, in which thev
look so sweetly afternoons.
Uur Dannie a healthv. chubbv net of
three years was about all the morning
dressed in a suit of Master Charlie's cast
oft clothes ; and although she looks a littte
rough, she enjoys clambering up and
down the steps, or over the wood pile, and
revels among her "dirt pies" with a gusto
seldom ever experienced by children kept
in constant fear of soiling their clothes.
After dinner, every day, she is bathed and
sent into the cool, dark parlor, where,
with a cushion for a pillow, she enjoys
such a refreshing nap upon the lloor as
only a healthy child, wearied with play,
knows of, and, upon awaking, she i3
dressed for the afternoon, and you would
scarcely recognize her in her low-necked,
short-sleeved dress, and pretty apron, em
broidered pantalets and hooped skirt.
Don't run and hide, girls, when some
of your village beaux happen around at
the back door of a morning, lo grind a
scythe, or borrow a rake. Never fear
their dislike for a "bloomer." If they are
sensible young men, they will readily ad
mit the propriety of your working dress ;
and when, after the labors of -the day are
over, and the knock at the parlor door, and
make their best bow, as they present them
selves for an evening call in'Sunday fixins,'
they will admire you the more in your taste
ful attire, for having seen you adapt your
self so easily to circumstances. 0. Cul.
Keeping Potatoes in Winter.
Potatoes spoil in winter, if buried, for
three causes. First and greatest, want
of ventilation. Secondly, and nearly al
lied, dampness. Thirdly, and more rare,
freezing. Farmers find most of their
potatoes spoiled at the top of the heap,
where they suppose they became frozen ;
but this is not the usual cause; the damp,
foul steamy air ascended there, and could
not escape, and this spoiled them. A
hole made in the top, with a crowbar, and
closed with a wisp of straw, would have
allowed egress to the confined air, and
saved the potatoes.
The best way to secure potatoes out
doors, is to make large heaps, say 50 or
60 bushels; see that they are dry and
clean, by digging before wet weather
comes on ; cover them all over with one
foot of pached straw, and three inches of
earth. The straw will prevent dampness,
and the few inches of earth will favor
ventilation. A farmer who raises many
potatoes, and practices this mode, does
not lose a peck, on an average, in 50
As we have inquiries almost every
week about putting up lightning rods, we
will therefore rrive a eeneral answer to all
who are in pursuit of such information.
In putting apa rod, care must be observed
to have all the ioiuts perfectly connected :
for it has frequently happened that the
lightning has passed from illjointed rods
a w 1
into buildings. Ihe rod should be clamped
to the buildine with brackets of varnished
dry wood or glass insulators, and its lower
end should always be carried down into
damp soil. Care must be exercisd that
no masses of metal in the building be sit
uated near the conductor, because if such
a mass be greater than that of the rod,
the lightning is liable to pas3 from the
latter to the former. The point of the
conductor should be carried about four or
five feet above the highest chimney, and
if it is of iron, it should be one-half an
inch in diameter for a building 40 feet
high. Scientific American.
A hot shovel held over varnished furni
ture will take out the white spots.
If you are buying a carpet for durabil
ity, choose small figures.
Scotch snufl put on holes where crickets
come out, will destroy them.
Half a cranberry bound on a corn will
soon kill it.
Brown Bread Biscuit. Two quarts
of Indian meal, a pint and a half of rye,
one cup of flour, two spoonsful of yeast,
and a table spoonful of molasses. The
yeast should be quite sweet. Let it rise
To Mend Broken China, Take a
very thick solution of gum Arabic in
water, and stir into plaster cf Paris until
the mixture becomes a viscous paste.
Apply it with a brush to the fractured
edges, and stick them together. In three
da)Ts the article cannot be broken in the
same place. The whiteness of the cement
renders it doubly valuable.
Anotiier. With a small camel-hair
brush, rub the broken edges with a little
carriage-oil varnish, and if neatly put
together, the fracture will harden imme
diately. Stones Under Frnlt Trees.
While on a visit at Cape Cod, a year or
two since,' my attention was called to an
orchard of apple trees. Tho owner was
a retired sea captain, who, in early lifo;
planted the trees, that he might cat the
fruit when on the "retired list." At the
time of planting out the. trees, he secured
the services of an old Scotch gardttor.
The trees were heeled in, the location for
planting staked out, and then came the
instructions of the owner, as he was
obliged to absent himself for a while.
"If it takes you two days to plant each
tree, I wish it well done."
The gardener went to work, digging
large holes, sufficient to dump in loads of
stones from a tip-cart, and on the return
of the proprietor he had only set out four
trees. Though he had done his wor.c
well, as the sequel will how, the capiaiu
thought he had played "suldier," and dis
charged him. The balance were set out
as trees sometimes are, (where the blame
is laid to the nurserymen,) and uow, after
forty years, those four trees morl:
fruit than all the remainder. Rural YlvJ
How to Fatten Chickens.
It is hopeless to attempt to fatten
chickens while they are at liberty. They
must be put in a proper coop; and thi,
like most other poultry appurtenances,
need not lo expensive. To fatten twelve
fowls, a coop must be three feet Ion;.,
eighteen inches high, and eighteen inches
deep, made entirely of bars. No part of
it solid neithpr tnr. nnr rinmim.-.
Discretion must be used according to the'
size of the chickens put up. They do not
want room ; indeed, the closer the better
provided they can all stand up at the
same time. Care must be taken to put
up such as have been accustomed to be
together, or they will fight. If one be
quarrelsome, it is better to remove it at
once ; as, like other bad examples, it soon
finds imitators. A diseased chicken shoub)
not be put up.
The food should be ground oats, and
may either be put in a trough or on a fiat
board running along the front of the coop.
It may be mixed with water or milk ; the
latter is better. It should be well slacked,
forming a pulp as loose as can be, pro
vided it does not run ofF the board. They
must be well fed three or four times a day
the first time as soon after daybreak a
possible or convenient, and then at inter
vals of four hours. Each meal should be
as much and no more than they can eat
up clean. When they have done feeding,
the board should be wiped, and some gravel
may be spread. It causes them to feed
After a fortnight of this treatment, yoil
will have good fat fowls.. If, however.
there are but four to six to be fattened,
they must not have so much room
though there were twelve. Nothing i
easier than to allot them the proper spacei
it is only necessary to have two or three
pieces of wood to pass between the bars,
and form a partition. This may also sene
whe.i fowls are put up at different de
grees of fatness. This requires attention,
or fowls will not keep fat and healthy.
As soon as the fowl is sufficiently fattened
it must be killed, otherwise it will still get
fat, but it will lose flesh. If fowls are
intended for the market, of course they'
are or may be all fattened at once ; but is
for home consumption, it is better to put
them up at such intervals as will suit the
time when they are required for the table.
When the time arrives for killing, whether
they are meant for market or otherwise,,
they should be fasted, without food or
water, for twelve or fifteen hours. This
enables them to be kept some time after
beinc: killed, even in hot weather. -Lor.-don
An experienced farmer says, "I find
by churning the milk separate, that 071? of
my best cows will make as much butter' a
three of my poorest cows, giving the same
quantity of milk."
Cattle standing in cold muddy yard.-t,
exposed to the .weather, consume about
twice as much as those in sheltered stable;
kept clean and littered, and free from, the
accumulations of manure.
To remove rust from knives, cover thetn
with sweet oil, well rubbed on, and after
.1 .1- l -cr i
iwo uays, taice aiumpoi iresa nine, atu.
rub till all the rust disappears. It form,
a sort of soap with the oil, which carrier
off all the rust.
T'U t J e 1 :
iucic aic rciciat gouu ways ui Keeping
cabbages during winter by burying ; them
out of doors. The difficulty i3, it 13 hard
to get at them during winter, without daja
age to those left. The following pha ap
pears to avoid this difficulty : Cut the heaeS
from the stump, and pack closely in u.
sack, taking car3 to fill up all the vacan
cies with chaff or bran, and keep in a dry
Some afternoon, when you think every
thing will be killed with frost at night f
pull up your vines that are loaded xtiui
green tomatoes, and hang them in th3
cellar; thej will ripen oil" finely. I lock
some front my cellar last Christmas day,
that were gry nice.
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