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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 25, 1859)
THE :. ADVERTISE V-
IlT.LlSllKI) EVERT TlllUSDAT HY
Xi. W. FUENAS,
oftJ Story IIoadley'B Block, Main Etreot,
imowxnLix, X. T.
unc'r.tt pM rn a.lvanre,. - - - - 9 00
.' . ' if raid rtbe rtntof months z
. 12 ' 3 VO
t t 12 or m-irc will be furMVlicd at $1 60 per
cm. j.ruw'l iliCcasb acconiiuiieii tLe older, not
"Free to Form and Regulate ALL their Domestic Institntlons in their own raj, subject only to the Constitution of the United States."
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 25, 1859.
JUSTUS OF ADVSTICIITQ:
One jnare (10 line or les) one luerUua, -
Eai.l J'fit.oual insertion,
One square, one in'ntu, -- -Biuino
Crdsuf ix linstur let, t'be )!- '
one Column tf yer,
one-naif Colunm trie yea-, ------
Dr.? f -urth C"1iii.hi oiie year.
one eolith Column ue year, - ------
ore column ix uiomh, - - - - -
Out n il t Ci'luriiusj nv.nthi. -----
tne fourth t'.'iiua -t iiiuiiilii. '- . - -one
eulith Column tax Uiunthi, - - - ..' 1
One C-lumi three moiith-t, -------
Uu hil.' Om-jiiih three tconlLi,
Ore fourth C-iiuiiiu tiirce inciiths, - - - -J
One eitshth Column three tn(nth. - - -
Auauuuciug caiiiliUatctfurv&cc (:u viiaine.). -
. $1 rd
. t ) v
- "J C
- i "'. .
t ' t U '
5 t J
TJ.' C. JOHNSON '
TTOBNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
A X D
Ileal Estate. Agent,
' uuown villi:, n. t.
" Jlr.n Win-'Tessuj, Mnutroc,r..
H.S.IlcBtly, " '" '
John C. Milter,- Chicago, III.
. Wm.K. McAllister, "
ChmlesF. FuK 4 " '
' K W. Ftirnas.Brownf ille,N.T.
O. r. Lake,
i.y 7, i7-
l). L. M'GABV.
O. B. II E WETI'
McGARY & HEWETT,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
abinct & Wagon-Haker
Min Street, bet. Sixth and Seventh,
IlItOU A VII.LI, X. T
. All tlri4 of caUnet work neatlr ex utel.
J-.l-nrlniof wKuui' til.twg, etc., promyt ly tlone.
'jase, Sign, &.0mambntal Painter,
imowxriixc, x. t,
Order can heleftat the City Dru' Srore.
l7rKixKfY. . cms. r. uoi.lv.
. KINNEY & HOLLY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
XXUHASItA t;iTV,X T.r
rill i.ra--.jue in Hie Courts of tlil Territory Coliec-
Ua. W,terulwa u5. itisnwurl. Vill atten.l I be
trii at llrwnvllle. v2r.33-Cm
E. S. DUNDY,
ATTOItNEY AX LAW,
WRCIIER, RICHARDSON CO. N. T.
ILL j.ra tu e in tbe several Courts of tlie 21 Jiulicial
..trirt, auJ atten.I to all matters coimoctnl with tne
.fohMoh: WM. .M. I.tNMAN, .LMi .of Xi-l.raska Citj,
1 ithflut no in the j.ecution ol imortaiit bulls.
fpt. J0'67-Jl-tr ' ;
. C. V. WHEELER,
irchitect and Builder.
Browuvillo, 1ST. T-
- MISS MAIIY TURNER,
liLLINER AMD DRESS MAKER.
Main Stroet, one door above Carsons Hank.
HHOWXV1LLK N. T.
Jumicts tind Trimmings always on hand.
AM EST WT GIBSON,
Secood Street. be-twefn Main and Xebratka,
BROWNVILLK, X. T.
"locks, batches & Jewelry.
. ' Would aliuounffto tlietlti7.en.t of llrc.wnviile
( an l viiiJiity that he has located himself In
Brownville, andiuteii ls keej.int! a lull assort.
wi'Tit "of everything in his lineof lutsiness, which will
jthmI.1 lw fur cash, lie will also do all kinds of re
Minns vf clocks, watches ind jewelry. All work war--to..
DR. D. GW1N,
Having permanentlv located in
For the practice of Medieino .ind Surgerr, tcn-
Jor his jTofessioual cervices to lUc aUiCieu.
Office en Mnin Street.
Attorney and Counsellor
" BELLEVUK. NEBRASKA.
r GEORGE EDWARDS,
A T. O XX ITECT.
CTFICL Mam St. Latt of A'wincy 4 llolly't ojfict,
Nebraska City, N. T.
fer.on who contemplate buildinn can he furnished
uli Design, Plans, Snci ilicatlons, Kc. for huildinusoi
'.rlas or Tariety of ntyle. and the erection of the
bie superintended if desired.
i t'uinucf s from a distance.
rronipt attention taid
. A. D. KIRK,
Attorney at Law;
Land Aseat and Xotary Public.
Rulo, Richardson Co., J". T.
Will practice in the Courtsof seistedXebruska,a
y riariinpaud Uennett .Nebraska City.
A s7hD1jLADAY d.
i Hctpccirnlly inform his friends iu Hrownville and
J'ltUH-Jiatc vicinity that he has resumed the practice of
Medicine, Surgery, & Obstetrics,
lo.pos, by Ft net attent ion to hisi rofession. to receive
Kcner.iUr. ji.itroiiaKe heretofore extended to him. In
a:; t,,re it in possiMeor expedient, a iirocnj'tlou
t isiup-tiu ui he done. OUIcc at City Drug sure,
l-'eb. 21, '53. 35. ly
: SAINT JOSEPH
ST. JOSEPH, .MO.
"WILUA.U CA1IEHON, A. M., Principal.
iip it y organized as a first class Female U.';iTdln
Ml Day SchiHil. Numher limited to 1'25, including '25
"Wrdpr. Scholastic year commencing nrst Monday In
J-nciuWr. K,,r Cataiogue?, Uh full particulars, ad-
lres the Principal.
Autinst 4th. Is69. ' vlnltf
j S-ifEYOUR JIOXEyJxD G 0 TO
' W"H. T- DEN, '
jit an hud,
Wholesale and Ec'all dealer la
BOOTS AND SHOES.
'l . Bfoivj.vMc, JST.'T.
w& ""HAS KOWOX n.VKDa lareeand well itelect
, el tK-kf Hoot and Shoes, Ludj' and Gent.'a
' I I'v -(.altera and Siirpera of every variety; aIo,
'' llisse and Children shoes of every kind that I
ill foil cheaper for Cash or Produce than any other
, r.uiife west f St. Louis. All work warrauted; order
; rpectfuriy nolicited.
Tle HicheKt Cash price paid fur ITide. Pelts and Furs,
the City Boot and Shue Stui e. Cut Leather kept for
' Brwnville,June2d, '63. nlOf-
Hrst 6t:, bet. Jlain and Atlantic,
COMFORT & TIGE,
CE lo thecitizenMOf Brownville and vicinity
Vurti " h'c ""'t u'e hakery formerly owned hv K.
P1(Il 'nK- ,r n prepared tofurnish Bread, Cakes.
Cuurtctlouery, Ice Cream, Lonmnade. &c. kc.
. ' W. C: COMFOET,
SOLICITORS LY CIL1XCERY.
Will practice ia the Courts of KeLrika,and Xoi th
MpRsr. Crow, JlcCrcary &. Co.,
Hon. JameKM. iiukhs,
St. Louis, Mo.
St. Joiepb, Mo.
lion. John H. ijheply,
ll in. Jamc i raic,
lion. Silua H'oodaon,
Judge A. A. Bradford,
S. F. Km-kni s. K.o..
Kinney &. Uolley, Nehrafcka City.
Chcever Sweet &. Co., do
J. Merlins Morton do
Brown &. Bennett, Brownville
U. W. Furnas do
Hrownville, N. T. Nov. 13, 165S.
CITY DRUB ST0S1.
JOHN H. MAUN & CO.,
BROWXVILLE, X. T.
CHEMICALS, TOILET SOAPS,
Fine Hair and Tooth Urushcs, .
PEIirOIEUV, FAXCY & TOILET
Tobacco & Cigars,
Pure AYincs and Liquors for
JJ Physicians' Prescriptions and Family Kecipes
- All orders correctly answered. Every trticle war
ranted Kennine and ol the I est quality. ... ,
SJ- AGLXT for all leading Patent Mcdicinet of
CITY TRUNK STORE.
FASSETT &. CROSSL1AIT,
Traveling & Packing
VALISES, CARPET BAGS, cVC.
South West corner of Pine and 3J st,
Saint Louis, Mo.
. We are now prcpaicdto till all orders
t.jflJjJin our line with promptness andonthe
Ktu Vthe must i easotiahlc terms. Our st.jck is
M I 8 -irrr and complete and all of our cwn
manufacturing. Those in want of articles in our line,
(wholesale or retail) will do well to give us a call he
fore purchasing elsewhere. A share of publi'- patroti
aieis solicited. nlSv3-ly
Arc an uncqunllcd Tonic and Stomachic, a positeiv
and palatable Remedy for general Debility. Diji
jjepsia, loss of Appetite and allditeaset vf the
Those Bitters are a sure Preventive ef
FEVER AND AGUE !
They are prepared from the purest materials ly an old
and experienced Drutist, and therefore can he relied
THEY All) DIGESTION!
Byjrently exciting the system into a healthy action; are
pleasant to the taste, and also Kive that viorto
the system thatisso essential tohealth.
J3A wine plan full maybe taken two or three times
a day hefore cutir..
w- t"Sns, mo.
Oct. 2S. '5S T-ly
lanowx & clixtox,
Fonvardin- & Conniiission
No. 7S, North Levee, St. Louis, Mo.
Orders for Groceries and Manufactured Articles accu
rately tilled at lowest possible rates. Consignment for
sale and re-shipment respectully solicited. Shipments
of all kinds will he faithfully attended to.
Messrs. O 11 Ilea 4c Co St. Louli
Birtlett. AlcCotnh &. Co do
Gilbert, Miles N. Stannard do
Hon. W 11 Butlingtoii. Auditor State of Missouri
J Q Harmon, Ksij, Cairo City, 111.
Messrs Molony, Bro's &.Co' 'ew Orleans, Louisiana
T Ik T...-V..,i V do do
Messrs Jlinkle, Guild A. Co, Cincinnati, O.
F llammar Co do
Braudell &. Crawford Lomsville, Ky.
Woodrutrlluutiiiutou, Mohile, Aia.
n.BUlincs, Esii., Beardstown, 111.
May 13, 1853 45-3m
Buchanan Life and General
OlLcocor2J and Julests.,
ST. J OS El' II. MO.
CaARTEHED AT T11K LaPT OF THE MO. LEO
Authorized Capitol $3,000,000.
J.li.JenninsJ, I.H. Howard. J. A.Owen.Miltoti
Booth.. ToLnCi.lhoun.Jt.hn II. Likerp, W.ll.i'encik,
J J. . JENNINGS, I re?.
IS now readj to receive appliefttion for Life. Fire,
MarineanJKiverrUk?. A cih return of 25j.ee
cent, will bo ill lowed on carg-i premiums. Loss?r
prouiptlj adjusted, and the usualfacilitiegiveri to
thepatrons of tbe oCice.
J. W. BLISS,
PERU, NEMAHA COUNTY,
Particular attention paid to makiug collectloBB for
niu-reideiiti. Charges reainahle.
It. W. Frame. Postmaster. Peru
Win. E.Pardee, Probate JudKe. Neb. City
E Parker County Clerk, Browni'.le
Lyford & riorn, Sonora. Mo.
JAMES HOG AN.
BLANK BOOK MANUFACTURER,
Southeast cr. 2nd and Locust St's.
ST. LOUIS, MO.
All kinds of Blank Books, rnsdo of the host paper, ruled
to any pattern, and sewed in the new improved patent
LIBRARIES PERIODICAiS, MUSIC. &c,
tonnd in any style, and at the shortest notice.
Having heeu awardH the Preiiiium at thelst Me
chanic's Fair, he feels condident iu insuriiig satisfaction
to all who may give Uiia a call.
July 22d, 1S63. lyT3n
IS HAM REAVIS
ATTOHNEY AT LAW,
REAL ESTATE AGENT,
falls City, Richardson County, Nebraska.
Vi 1 give prompt atteuti n to all professional busi
ness intrusted to his care in Kh-hardson and adjoining
counties; also to tUo drawing of deeds, pre-emption pa
pers, kc, c. ay 13, '?3 tjlSja
m in -BUT EDO.
Having rented the interest of Lake and Emmerson in
the Brownville Steam Saw and Grist Mill, nnoe.nces to
tothepoblic that he 1 prepared fo accommodate the
citizens of Brownville and Nemaha County with a su
perior quality of hunter of all kiuls. Also with the
Gr:bt Mill, to serve all in that line.
The market price at ail times paid for Ixkb and Corn.
The old business of Noel, Iake U Emmerson will he
settled hy Henry Lake. All future business conducted
by the nudersigned. JESSE NOEL.
Brownville, AprtlTth, lfi69, ly
MROIVA VII.L.E, A T.
MORRISON & SMITH,
ANNOUNCE to the public that they have opened a
Billiard Room and Saloon
in the old Nemaha Valley Bank Building, Brownville,
Nefnaska, where lovers of the interesting game of Bil
liards can he accommodated in a style, they trust willbe
satisfactory to all who may patronize thcin.
Are all pure and of the choicest brands. The famous
The best mde is kept constantly on hand at this es
tablishment. K. MORRISON,
lioll-ly J. Q. A. SMITH.
TYPE & STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY
3So. 103 Vine St., bet. Fourth ana Tifth,
. F. O'DRISCOLL & CO
11 Tanufactureraand dealer? in News, Hook and Job
1L Type, Printing Presses, Cases, Gallies, 4c., Ao.
Inks, and Printing Material of Every Description,
STi;Ui:OTYiIM; of allkind Books.Musir.
PatentMedicine Directions, Jobs, Wood JEngreving?,
Brand and Pattern Letters, various style?,
U FRANK GoCLEY. 1 S SOUTHARD, JB
GOULEY 5- CO.,
(Late Randall, Gotiley, & Co..)
CORNER OF VINE AND COMMERCIAL STS.
Xamber 54, jYorth Levee,
St, Louis, Missouri,
EAST ST. LOUIS, ILLS.,
'Patent Metallic Keg" Agcney for
Agtnisjor Cropper $ Co's Unadulterated
First Street opposite Recorder's Office,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
THE subscriber would respectfully inform the citizens
of Brownville, and vicinity, that he has located here for
the purple of matiufacturimi Bootn and Shoes to order.
All porous in want of a superior article will do well to
cill ami leave their measure-
l'.epairiug promptly and neatly done.
Brownville, July 7, 1859. vinl-tf
. II. WILCOX.
T. W. BEDOR V
WILCOX & BEDFORD,
EASTKKX EXCH A X (i K ,
Urownvillo, 3T- T-
Land Warrants Loaned on Time
P'rom One INIonth to. Ten Years,
Land Warrants Loined t Pre-emptors; Taxes Paid;
C llections made; Real Estate Bo icht and Sold; Lands
LKiited; and nafe Investments made for Eastern Cap
All Land Warrants gold by us arc guaranted perfect
in all respects,
Reph-ter and Receiver of Land Office at Brownville, XTj
itesistcr and Receiver of Land Oftice at Nebraska City?
Register and Receiver of Land Otlce at Omaha. N. T.
Sainue! V. Black, Governor of Nebraska, Russell
Majors K. M'addell. Government Transporters, KmsaS
and Net raska; E. K. Willard &. Voung. Bankers, Chica
eo; F. Oranser Adams, Banker, Chicauo; Taytor Bro's,
7tt Wall street X. Y. City. Thompson Bro's. So 2 Wall
street N Y City, Hon Alfred Gilmore, Philadelphia,
Pa; W. b Grant, President Gardiner Bank, .Maine; W.
M. Conkey. President Bank f Chenango, '. X.; Crane
& Hill Brownville, Nebraska.
The Lnnd Sales take place in Nebraska in July, Au
frift and September, when some of the choicest lands in
the t'nited States will heoflercd for sale, and afterwards
subject to private entry with Gold or Land Warrants.
Brownville, X. T., July U, 16i9. no 1 6in
S.'truls, Rotes, Vines, Plants, ttc.
II I I. L S &, CO.,
A. Falmestock & Sons.,
ARE now canvassing Xeinaha and Rich;irdson counties,
Nebraska; and Atchis' u county, Missouri; receiving
criiers for Fruit Trees, Shrubs. Vinos. Evergreens, &c,
Kc. They call tho attention of Farmers and others de
tireinK anythinp in their line to the advantages of pur
chasitiR supplies at their Nursery. The stick isom
plete and prices as favorable as that of any other Nur
n?ry anywhere, and all warranted to he ait represented.
. Order can also ho left at the Advert iar cilice Brown
ville. N. T.
July 7ia, Ii9.
PRINCE & CO.'S
WITH niTIDKD SWEIaL.
The liett'Tuned Htrd Instrument in the tcoHd.
last of Prices :
Four Octave Mclodeon
Four-ar.d-half Octave Alclodeon
Five Octave Mclodeon, Piano Caf-e, Four stops
Five Octave Melodeon. double rel, portahlecase
Six Octave Melodeon, Piano Case
Five Octave Mclodeon, Piano Case, double reed
Five Octave Melodeon, Double Banks, four stops 200 00
TLe Orsan Melodeon. flvesets Reeds, two llai.ks
Keys and Pedal Bas
First Premium awarded wherever eihihited.
traied price circuhus sant by nmil.
Orders Promptly Filled By
GEO. A. PRIN'CB &. CO., Buffalo, X. Y.
GEO. A. PRINCE &. CO., 87 Fulton it. X. Y. City.
July 7tu. 1353.
We wish to buy 50,000 bushela of CORN
delivered in this Cit.r orat Peru, for which we will
pay tha highest market price in cash.
P. J, MARTIN i Co.
From the People's Press.
Is Nebraska Entitled to a State Gov
ernment wltli her Present Popu
lation? The propriety of State Sovereignty
commends itself to the favoralle consider
ation of every reflective citizen of Nebras
ka, and 60 far as we have been able to
ascertain, there is but onL.sentinient en
tertained, common to all,"i.hich is that
Nebraska should, at the earliest possible
day seek admission into the Union as an
independent State. The reasons are ob
vious, the effect upon the prosperity of
the country too apparent for argument, or
even references to other Territories ad
mined to the full enjoyment of all their
civil and political rights.
Our Territory has now reached in po
pulation, wealth and commercial import
ance that culminating point, which accor
ding to all precedent in admitting States,
justifies her in asserting as a right a po
sition among the sisterhood in this great
republic. To obtain so important a desi
deratem, the next Legislature should pro
vide for a Constitutional Convention, for
the election of delegates, and for submit
ting the constitution to a popular vote of
the people, and, if accepted, Congress
would not do less than add another star
to that banner which will ever promptly
"O'er the land of the free,
And the homo of the brave."
A common error seems to have taken
possession of the public mind, that no ter
ritory can be admitted as a State, unless
it has ninety-three thousand population.
The debates in Congress upon the appli
cation of Kansas under the "Lccompton
Constitution," have given rise to this pre
Never before was population made a
condition for the formation of States; and
we think we are safe in saying that in
the twenty-one States admitted under the
Federal Constitution, in but one solitary
instance (that of Arkansas) did Congress
in the acts admitting them, specify the
number of inhabitants contained within
the jurisdiction of the new State.
If a definite population were necessary
us a condition precedent to admission, it
would appear in the act admitting the
State that this condition was not wanting,
and that the population having been defi
nitely ascertained by a sworn officer was
ample and complete. We said the error
grew out of the debates upon the applica
tion of Kansas. It will be remembered
that a large party in Congress were op
posed to admitting Kansas under the con
stitution presented, and every means was
resorted to for the purpose of preventing
the consummation of what was called the
"Lecompton fraud." Among other rea
sons urged was, that the Territory did not
possess the requisite inhabitants under
the census act of 1850, apportioning mem
bers of Congress among the several
States. A vigorous effort was here first
made to make Kansas an exception to the
general rule, and to apply terms and affix
conditions to that Territory which had
never been applied lo the admission of
But even in the case of Kansas, the
bill passed admitting it with a population
not exceeding forty thousand, prefixing,
however, as a condition, that unless the
people accepted the constitution at a po
pular election, she should not come unto
the Union until 6he had ninety-three
That constitution, as is well known,
was rejected, and at the last session an
attempt was made to pass an appropria
tion of twenty thousand dollars to take the
census of Kansas, in order to ascertain
whether it had the necessary inhabitants
under the "English bill," which failed
was voted down clearly showing that the
condition was abandoned and would not
be further insisted on. Kansas will,
therefore, at the next session, present her
new constitution without any reliable data
as to population, and certainly without
any pretence to the number under the
"English bill," and who believes she will
be rejected on the ground she does not
contain the necessary number to entitle
the State to a member under the census
By the act of 18o0, commonly known
as the apportionment law, the Secretary
of the Interior is required to have an enu
meration of the inhabitants of the States
taken. The aggregate population thus
ascertained is to be divided by the number
L33, and the product of such division is to
be the ratio or rule of apportionment of
representatives among the several States.
The Secretary of the Interior is then re
quired to ascertain in the same manner
the representative population of each
State, and divide the whole number by
the same ratio, and the product thus as
certained is to be the number of repre
sentatives apportioned to each State
giving to all the then States 233 represen
tatives, and to each State as its population
was to the population of all the States.
The whole enumeration being divided by
233, the number of members in Congress
all the States were entitled to, give a
fraction over ninety-three thousand as the
representative population in each State.
Upon this Jaw do the friends of the popu
lation rule for Territories base their ar
gument. They say we are not entitled
to be admitted, because we have not the
population required for a member of Con
gress. We hold their construction of the
law partial and unjust. The object of the
law was to limit the number of members
in the popular branch of Congress to 233
for the then States until 1660. 'But an
express provision is made that if after the
apportionment of representatives upler
that or any subsequent census, new State
or States shall be admitted, tlu represen
tative or representatives assigned to such
new State or States shall be in addition
to the number of representatives limited
in said law. Here then we have in this
law an express provision for admitting
States without regard to the rule adopted
for the then States. Since the enactment
of that law, Minnesota has, come Iuvith
two representatives and Oregon with
one, the latter not pretending to have the
number contended for under the rule, and
without any official enumeration to ascer
tain the population of either. If, as is
said, the Territory must have ninety-three
thousand, how, we ask, is the fact to be
ascertained ? The federal constitution
only provides for taking the census once
in teu years. Suppose in 18G0, by the
return of the Marshal, it should appear
that Nebraska had a population of ninety
two thousand, would we be compelled to
wait until 1870, with a population of two
or three hundred thousand, before we
could come into the Union? And yet
there is no authority for taking the cen
sus before 1S70, and Congress can only
be legally informed of the population in
one way, to wit : through her sworn offic
er, the Marshal. It is said that a special
law could be passed, we reply that Con
gress refused it to Kansas, and would, to
be consistent, refuse it to Nebraska.
the folly of the rule.
But, it is said, admitting Territories
with less population is unjust to the other
States; Not, certainly, unjust - to those
which have been admitted with less popu
lation than we have, and they probably
embrace more than two thirds of the new
States. Have we not a right, under this
constitution, to be admitted upon the same
terms, and upon an equal footing with
those that have preceded us? If so, how
can it be done, if a different rule is ap
plied to Nebraska than has been applied
to Florida, Arkansas, Iowa, Oregon and
others ? Have not all the Territories, ex
cept Arkansas, been admitted without re
gard to population, and with a population
equal to the only Territory which forms
an exception, to all former precedent, are
we to be excluded ? If so, how is Neb
raska to be ever admitted ? If Congress
can require ninety-three thousand a for
tiori, it can require three hundred thous
and, and Territories may struggle in vain
for half a century to secure the blessings
of a free government There is neither
sense, justice nor humanity in the rule,
and it is beneath the dignity of grave
Senators, to subject dependencies to such
burden, and equally beneath the dignity
of a free and enlightened people, capable
of and entitled roself government to sub
mit to the oppression.
But we hold that by virtue of the treaty
with France in 1S03, ceding to the gen
eral government the country now known
as Nebraska, we have a right to be ad
mitted without regard to any definite po
pulation. By the second article of the
treaty it is provided that the inhabitants
of th z ceded Territory shall be incorporated
into the Union of the United States, and
ADMITTED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, according
to the principles of the federal constitu
tion, to all the rights, advantages and im
munities of citizens of the United States.
"Admitted as soon as possible. Does
this mean that whenever it shall suit the
whim or caprice of Congress ? When
ever the applying Territory shall bring
herself within some arbitrary rule ? Has
Congress the power, under this solemn
treaty, which is next to the Constitution
in its binding form and obligation, to pre
scribe terms which render admission im
possible; and in that way deprive us of
the right secured under the treaty ?
Treaties are solemn compacts, and
Congress has no more right to violate
them than it has the Constitution of the
United States. If terms are to be allowed
where is to be the limit ? If population
is to be affixed as one of the terms, may
not Congress go further, and say that sla
very shall forever exist in the new State,
as a condition to coming into the Union?
What is to hinder ? There is the same
constitutional authority for the one as for
the other. The word "possible" in the
treaty, negatives in the most emphatic
manner, the possibility of such terms.
The boon of self-government is secured to
the people who may inhabit the country
included within the purchase, so soon as
they desire it and can support a State or
ganization, they themselves being the
Territorial governments are serious
evils, probably necessary, but should only
be tolerated as a necessity, and this ne
cessity ceases as soon as the people are
able to form a government of their own,
and not one moment beyond this should
they endure or submit to a deprivation of
their civil or political rights. "Admitted
according to the principles of the Federal
Constitution.1 In that solemn instrument
we find no arbitrary rule of population :
but all that is required of the new State
is that the Constitution shall be republi
can. By what right has Congress to add
But again, suppose the rule of popula
tion is applied. It would be unjust, be
cause it would not be universal, and
would not operate on all alike. Louisia
na, Arkansas, Iowa and Minnesota all
included u'ithin the purchase of France
have been admitted, and in neither case
was the rule contended for applied. Some
of these States had more population than
others. While Minnesota had near two
hundred thousand, Arkansas had but
forty-seven thousand seven hundred, in
cluding blacks. In neither case was po
pulation a criterion. They were all ad
mitted. as a matter of right under the
Constitution and Treaty. Are both to be
violated by keeping Nebraska out of the
Union? Most certainly, if a different
rule is to obtain.
We say then to the people os Nebraska,
assert your rights, form and adopt your
Constitution, and knock at the door of, the
Un': ri , nd it shalLbe opened uuto. jou.
Greatnes of Little Things.
Scientific research iterates and reiter
ates one moral the greatness of little
things, and the importance, not only of
the minute study of facts, but of the study
of minute facts. One can imagine the
contempt with which the "practical men"
of the last century listened to the news
that a bitter controversy was raging be
tween two Italian philosophers, as to the
reason why a frog's leg twitches under
certain circumstances; and yet therein
lay the bud of the electric telegraph and
electro-plating, and numerous other! un
dertakings in which the practical man of
the present day, though as averse as his
ancestors to every investigation whose
fruits are not immediately visible, is very
happy to invest his money. The study
of snow-balls, pie-crust, and squeezed
wax, has led tho physical philosopher to
comprehend two of the greatest natural
phenomena the cleavage of rocks, and
the structure of glaciers. A century ago,
tho collecting of. fossils was regarded as
an occupation of about the same dignity
as the accumulation of old china. Now,
the coal miner risks his capital upon the
strength of the evidence they afford, and
the landed proprietors of some of our
eastern counties pocket many thousand
pounds every year, by selling the phos
phatic fossils, whose nature was first
pointed out to them by a country clergy
man who happened to be a man of science.
And net only does the gradual widening
and perfecting of our view of nature bring
with it a respect for the influence of the
study of minute facts, oti the advance
ment of knowledge, and the bettering
man's estate, but it tells us that, apart
from all consideration of man and his
wants, minute and seemingly most insig
nificant agents have played a mighty part
in the history of our glote.
A writer in the Northwestern Christian
Advocate, has the following sound advice
to boy.s, which all our young readers would
do well to consider :
He who is idle and vicious in school is
still more so when he leaves it. He who
fires squibs will in time firo pistols. . He
who plays cards for sport, will, if he turns
not, play ere long for money. He who
robs henroosts or orchards will probobly
some day rob safes and pocket-books, lie
may not do it in a way to expose himself
to the penitentiary ; he may have his wits
so hardened as to rob legally, by setting
up a wild-cat bank, ar betraying the con
fidence of his employer, or obtaining pos
session of property without the means of
paying for it, or by getting his hand upon
the public coffers that he may fill his own
under the soft appellation of "breach of
I would that you could see with my
eyes for a little while; you would then
think with me, that he who when a boy
could not be trusted, cannot now that he
is a man. It would not be proper for me
to mention any names, for I could illus
trate this by numerous painful examples.
But they are not necessary. Effect will
follow cause as a man sows so shall he
reap; boyhood is the seed time, of which
manhood n the harvest.
As, therefore, you love yourselves, form
the habit, while young, of employing all
your time usefully. Never be unemploy
ed. The land is full of idlers, striving to
live without labor. It is not to be suppo
sed that a boy is to be a man. much less
an old man, but in the midst of his mirth
and hilarity he may be innocent and
The illness of the body usually brings
out a latent power and philosophy of the
soul which health never knows; and God
has mercifully ordained it a3 the custom
ary lot of nature, and in proportion as we
decline into the grave, the sloping path is
made smooth and easy to our feet; and
every day as the films of clay are remov
ed from our eye3. Dath loses the false
aspect of the spectre, and we fall at last
into its arms as a wearied child upon the
bosom of its mother.
In beginning the world, if yea don't
wish to be chafed at every turn, fold up
your pride carefully, put it under lock and
key, and only let it out to air on rrand
occasions. Pride is a garment, all stiff
brocade outside, all grating sackcloth on
the side next to the skin. Even kings
don't wear the dalmaticusi except . at a
An Indian complained to a rumseller
that the price of liquor was too high. The
latter in justification said that it cost as
much to keep a hogshead of brandy as a
cow. "May be he drink as much water,"
replied the Indian, but he no eat so much
"Ah," said old Mrs. Doosenbury,
"laming is a great thing. I've often felt
j the want of it. Why, would you believe
it, I'm now sixty years eld, and only know
the names of three months in the year,
and them's spring, fall and autumn, and
I lamt the names of them when I was a
leetle bit of a gal."
. Inclined to he Quarrelsome:,.1.
We heard that prince of story-ttlli
Tom Colloway, get - eff the f
amidst bursts cf laughter, the other nigh?.
SnunrinT riim;plf ni.il ttrpli Kin" ni: f -n J
legs, he began: -. T . "
There was once a little, slim-b'uilr lei
low, rich as a Jew, and independent- as
the devil, tilling along a highway, in' hi?
State or Georgia, when lo overtook u
man driving a drove of hoga 1 y tho help,
cf a big, raw-boned, six-feet-two speci
men. of humanity. Sicm iGT thti laal na
- j - a x j -
med individual, he accosted him: r
'I say, are these your hogs . .
No, sir, I'm to work by the tr cntL.1'
What pay might you to getting,
friend ?' ' - .V,
it '.1 it .1. .1 ...r : '
'Well, look here, I'm a weak', little, in
offensive man, and people are apt to im
pose me, d'you see ! Now, I'll give you
twenty-five dollars a month to rkio alop'g
with me, and protect me,' was.Mr. Gc rd
ner's reply. 'But,' he added, as a thought
struck him, 'how might you bo on thu
fight?' . . '
Never been licked in my. life,' rejoin
ed the six-footer.
Just the man I want,. It's a largui:;,'
Six-footer ruminated. Twenty-five dollars-1
double wages nothing to do tui
ride around and smash a fellow's tm.g oc
casionally, when he's sassy. .Six-lcotur
They rode along till just at night they
reached a village. 'Dismounting a. th?
door, they went in. Gardner immediate
ly singled out the biggest man in th:
room, and picked a fuss with him. -After
considerable promiscuous jawing, Gard
ner turned tohis fighting friend ai:d"irti
mated that the licking of that man had
become a sad uecessity. . Six-footer pctl
ed, went in, and came out first Let.
The next night, at another hotel,, the
same scene was re-enacted; Gardner
getting into a row with the biggot man
in the place, and six-fooler dcing tho
At last rn the third day they came too.
ferry, kept by a huge doublo listed man
who had never been licked in his life.
Whilst crossing' the river, Gardner, as
usual, began to find fault and 'llow.'"-
The ferryman naturally got inad, threw
things around kind o' loo.?e, and tuld them
his opinion of their kind. - Gardner thsh
turned to his friend "from the shmilcer,"
and gently broke the. intelligence tj him.'
"that he was scrry, but it was absolutely
necessary to thrash that ferryman.": Six
footer nodded his head, but said ncthini".
It was plainly to be seen that he did r.a
did not relish the job by the way he
shrugged his shoulders, tut there' was no
heip for it. So when they reached "tho
shore, both stripped and at it they v.cnt.
Up and down the bank, over the sum!-, in
to the water they fought, scratched, gou
ged, bit and rolled, till at the end cf .an
hour the ferryman caved. Six-'fcoterwa
triumphant, but it had been- tough work.
Going up to his employer, he scratched
his head for a moment, .and then broke
'Look here, Mr. Gardner, ycur salary
salary sets mighty well, but Fin of
the opinion that you are inclined tie
quarrelsome. Here I've only been .with
you three days, and I've licked ihe threw
biggest men in the country !. I think "bi
firm had better dissolve, for you sic, Mr.
Gardner, I'm afraid you're inclined to be
quarrelsome, and I reckon 111 draw.' .
Dear Mar. I am now being teacht-d
tho Spanish hngwaage! which my .tutor
say3 I learn it with grato fasility ; I've
improved amazingly in the erglish s:nti
I've been here ! I j-peek and rite tho real
new slile now! and my composishoru arc
1..:.,.. u ..: 1 .l '
vji 111 --n auiuii ru aill JU li.TT y.'m
pils of the school. I come within one ci
sitting the meddle fur being iho. bes; erf
lish scolarat the close of the list quiwter
and I shood a done it but I was being
sick abed, and couldn't attend to my rtu
dys for a hole week ! and so I got behiai
hand. By the by Mar ! that shockin bud
english yew do right! 1'me ashamed to
sho yewr letter to . any cf the mis-;essti
among my akwaintances; for 'ins-tents 7Cv
say, "wile the wot tor' was biling the tht
day," &c, now yew shood say, vwiie
the wotter was being biled." Par to
rite3jesta3 inkorrectly, for indents hu
says in his letter "french goods are faihri
very fast" insted of saying "french gcoio
are being fell." I'me . reelly shockt that
yew and he den't keep pace -wiih the
march of noddern improcrmect but I'ma
being called this minit to excile -ray Spa
nish lessen, so I must wined cf. I buper
scribe myelve yewr affecshesata d&w:cr;
Tha party were all stowed away ia the
wagon John and the two boys oa ' tha
front seat, the three girls cn the middle
seat, and eld Mrs. Blackford and her
daughter on the back spat. The henje
started suddenly, and Mr.. Blackford,'
who was not paying paying particular at
tention, suddenly found, herself on;' the
. Ah, grnndma'am,' said John, boking
round, I didn't see you fall !' ".
I'm very thankful you didn't,' said th
dame as she took her seat in the waon,'
Last Sunday, in a Western vilhgo.
when the "plate a-a's being jpassed un
church, a gentleman said to the collector
"Go oa; I'm a dead-heal I've go: a
pass." . '. :
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