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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1858)
DEVOTED TO ART, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE; NEWS, POLIT-ICS, GENERAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE - INTERESTS OF NEBRASKA.
CITY OF, BROWN YlLLE; NEMAHA COUNTY, N. T., THURSDAY, JULY 8, 1858. ,
FCBLI3UED ETEET TBI KSDAT B
R. W. FUUNAS,
Second Story Iloadlcy & Muir's Building,
Corner of Main ar.d First Streets.)
13UOWNVIIXK, N. T.
; ..... 1 ' i ' S.B ! f
. - - ,J Jl. .iM,lt lit". V1''
EATES OF AUV'ERIISIXC:
One quar0 f 10 10 inscrtionf
l.-h additional ins.-rtioa,
One square, one in .nth,
w throe m mths,
4i " fix ui'i:itus,
Easin-M Cards of sis lino ? year
One Cil.irnn uin J't:ar,
Ouc-UaU O.duiuu, oue year,
Olutnn, fix month,
hajf Culuma. :x wmthi,
- ci-titb " "
Column three uvnth,
half C jIuuiu, threo in mths,
Annouu -in; s m lid .i f.r oTr fin advance, , 5.M0
in W wiil 1,,,1ir,lf,.r .l:ia lvortHe-mor.t.ex-e;t
whore -tu-U rn.Wily .s known.
T-n p-r c;nt f r ci;h eha:i3'S will be aideJ to .he
above r it'-s. , , ,
Xu a.h-er:iniMit wilt !.?c-Miid-rd bytae year,
unV-1 :-ilt...l ..n tii tan-thrift, or previously
-rJ up ) between the irti. s.
A Ivprti-msnM n .t in uU :J on the copy for a pr-c-iS-d
n-i'n .orof in-Tli .r.s w.ll In Muuuued until
ordered out, an 1 i-harj-d a-eordin-.y
All adtwif-n 'nt- it ;n -r.mj jrs ,r:ransient per
sons, to be raid in a l.-n.e.'.
Tli prirll .r yeirly a h-rti-er willbe confin
ed rid ' d1. v to ti -it own h--n !:n I all advert ijo
mor.u n-Jt porta in in,; theiulo, to be paid f..r ex-
Yir ndverC-er. hive the privilege f.t changing
t'.iclr advi-rii-'iMiicr.t- ipi irter'.y.
AU 1ji1.-J aJ.-jruui:uts cliargod double the
Above ra '.!.
Alv.ri- vn'Titi oa taa in?id3 cx'.u-ively will be
EOOK AND FAI7CY
JOB PRINTING! I
Having f 1 1 to t1. e Advr'i-T O.T.e Card and
J;.b l'rc-cJ.N.-w Tyj.n of t:i I it-st -tylos, Ink of
ail e..lorjs. lironi r iti-s l'.i;ir, E.ivsli.pes. Ae. :Ve
aro now prejiared to eX'-'.-uU .lob Work of every de
fripti..n in a -tvle uiisu -pissed by any other oITiee
in the L'nit' d Stat'-s.
I'irti :ul ir atti-ation will b-s'vonto orders from
dilar-.i in U-ivin ''U on pro-optly attended to.
Tn -IV ; -?.i-s, lnvi-i; h id in extensive expe
rience, will givo their t ei il attention to this
bran'.h of hjsine-s, m l !.; , i u their endeavors to
plrae, liithin the ex :i,vi -a of their work, mid
reiiiiiild.' char,;; to reenea share of the ubl:c
p i'r ei a
15 U S 1 N E 5S S C A It D S
MISS MAltV TURNER,.
MlLUUEtl km D7ISS MAKER.
Ilaic f.-. eet.ca. doc.;- rbeve Carsocs rani.
lir.owN villi:, n. t.
Jioivii a.ij Tr ;m.,.,:-' always on hand.
C. V. WHEELER,
Architect and Builder.
23rownvillo, U. 1.
u. c. Jon::sorr,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
A X 1)
Real E-tatc Agent,
EKOWX VILLI2, X. T.
IT. n. Wm .Ies.sup, M.-ntrosc, Ta.
II. S. il. iiilv. ' " "
J. din r. Mi'lt.T, Chieao, 111.
Win. K. M Al!itcr,
ri.a l-. K. 1', l. r, " " "
IL W. Turuas, Ui'ow nviile, X. T.
O. l.ik?, " "
May 7. lv,7. 47-1 v
J. IIAUT & SOX,
i k muiss
;ja, iLlz Coaty, Hiiouri.
Kp on- aiii'.voti han J all lesei iptioii of Harness,
Sad lies, lo i,l'.,-s.Vc.. Ac.
H. l. ery a-! iele in our shopis manufactured
tr our -lvo .-.nd w minted to z'wr s-it ad i.r .
Attorney ami Counsellor at Inv.
CEXEICAI. IXSCKAXCE A XT) LAND AGENT.
And Notary Public.
XT2EEASKA CITV. If. T.
WILL ittend jir.nnptly to all haisncs entrusted
to hiseare,in Xobraska Territory and Weet
Scpten;hrrl2. 1?56. vlnl5-ly
E. S. DUNDY,
ATTORNEY AT LAY,
AKcnrn. ru iiardson co. jr. T.
-wnLT, irr:ir. in ,),e vcvcral C.mrtsf the 2d Jndicial
iMtu-t. a'id n icnil i.iHii nutters connected with the
ofeinn. Vm m-I.kssas. Kj.. of Xebneka City,
U aM-t no ;n th. t ru-ccution of im:K.rtaiit Suits.
Sept. 10 '67-1 1-tf
Mes r. KJSkE
W JC. B. GARRIT.
OLIVER BENNETT t CO.,
Manufacturer and Wbalcsalc Deai,,
IOOTS AND SHOES,
No. 87 Main Street.
oeh:rlt,Xo.1o1,Corsrof Maih sdLocvst.,i
ST. LOUIS, .MO.
NEMAHA land agent,
SURTEYOR & SOTARY TtULIC,
Will telect Uuds, investigate titlCH, rT taxes. &.C.,
fither in K.unsa vr N'L-brakaj buy, keit. aud enter
laihiiou couimisi-ioii; invest in Juwu pn pcrty. buy or
teU Um same aud will alwavk have on band correct
plati of towuhips counfle. Uc., siiowmi; all lands sub
ject to entry, and where 2ei-irel will H.uuJi partien liv-ineintbet-Uiteswiiti
Being tb oldest settler lu the county will in all
caCk LiiiV.0 is sivo tull uui tu;a.ioi aiH"U. .
Ai.T"- X r :e etiLiirat .o-iiv.Uo.t Kerhi(
ATTOluJEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR LY CIU.YCERY.
trill practico in the Cjv.rts ct Xebrastaand North
Messrs. Crow, McCrcary & Co., St. Louis, JIo.
H.sn. Junes M. Ilui-'hs, - Uo
II jn J liu R. Sl.eply, - Vo
Hon. JjniesCruii;, - - St. Joseph, JIo.
II .ii. Situs V..dst.n, - - Do
Jmie A. A. Bradi'ord,
S F. Xuckolls. K-q.,
Nebraska City, X. T.
H. M. ATKINSON,
Surveyor and Land Agent,
Will Mri:d proiiiptlv to tTie sf lecti;n od loca-
tinn cf Government laiidj' in the iiunba .and di.-.
til -t: surveyitij; town iu-s, and enbdividiu hml.-f
drnl'iingtity plats.and all other business cf aGtuer
al Surveyor, lie will l.eate warrants on t,iinooT
distant dealers; filo de'-laratory statotemetUiif in
tention to pre-empt; make out pre-emption papers;
:.nd always on hand to lookout claims for actuul sct-
W. W. FmTfr. M. 1., Ne" York City,
Sewal i Withititon, llozton, Mas.
Rev. T. W. Howe, Fataskula Ohio,
Col. W. T. Atkinson. " .,,
(;,-..r.'j II. 'iX' n. ne-i-t.-r I.tind OfTise. Rrotvfvi.Ic-,
I,:i-!;l.:inh A Carson, Rankers, Rroff nville, N. T.
R. W. Furnas "
J. D.N.&B. B. THOMPSON
j lied bla!i& Gcsiral I'ci'ccliag Agents,
Agents rorlowalns. Co.,0skaloosa,
I LL business ciirntcd to our care win meet wi.u
prompt aitcnti.n and warranted con ett . Papers prepar
ed tor ; eroJis wiM.ins to p.e-euipt, Declaratory statt
laents nude out, etc., clc.
-OilKc on First fctrcet, ncrthof I. T. Wbyte & Co.2
J. vr. r.rimes, tx-G .ve-.nor I a
T. L l'ii'- dj Jli sourl
G -S. k.iyrei;. Co., G;enmt. Iw
G. l)..t-elity C juueil B.ufr.-., Iowa
Apri! 8 lSoS. v:r.41-1 y
A. D. KIRK,
Attorney at Law,
Land Ascat and Xotarj- Public.
.7rAtT, Ilictarihun Co., V. T.
Will i.raotiee in the Courts of Nebraska, assisted
bv Harding and Ueiiiiett, Nebraska City.
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Archer, Richardson County, N. T.
k. E. iiAunisi:.
c. c. KiMUoriiU
HARBIMS, KI?'r.CUGiil & Cu., -
II ATS. CAP.S.& STKAW GOODS,
lio 40 M:n tret. b-t. O ive und F:ne,
ST. LOUIS, .MO.
Partieul;.r a'teution paid to ttauufacturing our
ne.t Mole Ill's. -
KEAL ESTATE AGENCY.
CEOIU. E CI.WF.3. J- LEE-
Clayco cl3 ZZjco.
Heal Estntc :unl Gtiur.tl Agency,
OlIAHA CITY, If. T.
RE FLU TO
James Wright, broker, N'cw York, -
Win. A. Woodwid. Ksq.
Hon. K. Wood, tix-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wiiks. Otic and Yi vwiitll, Uaiikers, "
Aleott A Horton, i '
Col. Robert Campbell, St. Louis,
.Tames Kidway. lis.i. "
Craforn and Saekett. Chiongo.
Om 'a Citv. An .'. ::i IS.'S. vtnl-ly
T. E. 1IAYCOOK.
Attornov at Law
REAL ESTATE AGEHT.
3loanl Vi'rnon, Nemaha Co.,
rankular attention i:iid to tlie practice of law and col-lco-i.-n
ot di l ls in tlie cuii.ics os Nemaha, Tawnoc,
S lins..n and !ticL.iidM..u Xeh. a-ka Ten iiory.
Ileal tnitate b.aiel.t iA sold on c mmisMon. I-ar.l
warrauu l.ate-l tor distant dealrra P.c-Ciui-tKU
p..i-t: cietully y.epiicd.
Fsm.TI. Fhcrt. I'lattsiii m:li X. T.
II 1 4tennet Neb a-k,tci:y X T
D Hi In: d.. n. Oai. ln cny. X T
Fetn.er l'e-cuson JIC. Bellcviie. XT
C.i.-sa,:.v i. Tot BuikerR. Council Biulf, Tewa
f,. k M-:eeintiy. Cj.k Fort l)e-mui:.es.. Vwa.
T)ece-.ii!'er 3 is:7 1 23'r
JtKKEKSiiN r. CASAHY, j MAIHIN W. UIHEN j
J AS. I). TKrCT. J AS. II. WHITE. V
Council UluiTs.lowa. ) Nebraska City X 1 )
CASSADY, TEST, RIDEN & CO.,
I (Successors to Uidcn rf: White.)
SiaHASKA CITY, X. T.
' TT VVIN' uiadtf arranciuer.ts by which we will
L J. receive accurate copies of all the Townships
einlrraecd in the Eastern poniou of Nebraska, we
are uow jirepared to offer our service to the
" Squailcrs of Ytbraska Territory.'''
In rilling Declaratory Statements of Inten
tion to Pre-empt. Securing Pre-emptions,
Locating Land Warrants-
AND ENTERING LAND.
Land lVarranls Itouclit and Sold.
LAND ENTERED ON TIME.
I'articularattention paid to Buying and Selling
Property on cotuiuission: Alo, to tuaking Collc-tiuna
and forwarding remittances to any part of the Uufaoo.
Blanks of all kinds always on hand.
Hon. A. A.Riadford, Nebraska City.
S. F. Nucm.Hs, " "
Messrs. Dolninn k Wett, St. Joseph, Mo..
Peter A. Keller. Wailnngtou City
Thomas Lumpkin, 44
June 2S,lS5o. vl-n4
JAMES W. GIBSON,
"Second Street, bet ween Main aud Nebraska,
BROWNVILLE, N. T.
Farm and Garden.
Frida the Cuuutry Gentleman.
Best Mode or Caring Hay. : x
Messes Editoes I notice that a con
troversy still goes oa respecting- the time
of cutting and manner of curing liay, es
pecially timo.hy. I" now intend giving
my views at length, as it lias been.my
study for half, rnylifetime, tacut and cure
tt th!.11nfc'i&d ia tbe rudtiner rhost patat
r:1,1 t i,"ir?V- ; 'I t;'r ''uJiO.idne ir:u.:
iiai,.i,vi." ' i'bc.iei'il iio:lc2 .oi tood kind
isnutnnve; vnle-i-s It Las a good flavor or
smell;, therefore 'i; is important, both lor
our own interests and for the conifort of
the dumb animals under our care, that we
should have their winter food prepared
in the test manner possille to retain a
good flayor. I will state my reasons for
this opinion : I was informed long ago,
by one whom I supposed knew, that to
make the tobacco plant a narcotic, it had
to be gathered at a certain time, and
cured in a peculiar manner. If not gath
ered and so cured, it would be insipid,
or loose its narcotic quality, and would-not
be used by man ; and that beautiful flow
er, the fox-glove, required to be rather
cd at a certain stage of its growth, and
cured in a very peculiar manner, being
dried in the dark, and then called Digi
talis, a powerful medicine for both "rnar
and beast.""-So it h with oiher ' medicinal
flowers' and 'herbs; they need a1 certain
treatment, boUi in. the time' of gathering
and curincr; -ctherwise they are worthless.'
Such reading led me to try. and if possi
ble, find the best manner of curing hdy;
and I doubt not, had hay been made for
man, that for cenuies before- the 19th, it
would have been a settled point by man,
or good housewives, as to which is the
best tir.ic cf cutting and curing it, to an
swer our tastes.
I will mw give my time of cutting, and
also manner of curing when cut by
scythes, asuho the manner which I think
indispensable when cut by machines.
As to the time of cutting, I know that
every farmer will, agree with me, that
nothing they ever fed to cattle, that are
fairly fed during the 'winter, will put on
as much fat or increase their weight near
as much in a given time, as rich pasture.
Therefore I argue that grass should be
mi fut hay, and nutlet it Mand until it
becomes dried hay before it is cut. If 1
could cut all my hay in a day or two or a
little longer, I would let timothy stand un
til the seed was formed, but still quite
soft, but as that cannot be accomplished
in the time mentioned, I begin when in
Yhen cut with the scythe, and the grass
heavy, I did all the curing in the swath.
Grass will stand a good deal cf rain, if
left in the swath, without injary, when cut
"-rcen. When I intend to stake-it in, if
not thoroughly dry cx.the lower si Je, if
wet from ram I turn the swaths over De
fore rckinc, if eyerr 5&mrrwLat green on
the underside of, the swath; but if no
rain ha s fallen, 1 raked it tip and took it
into the tarns. In that way it took a
sweat, if a heavy crop, in the swath, and
another swetit in the mow; and I hold it
i;di.-pcn -alle that hay, for cither sheep or
cattle, should have a sweat and it is equal
ly requisite as that tobacco or fox-glove
should have their peculiar modes of cur
ing and time of cutting. If ah'ght crop,
cut with scyihe, as soon as a little wilted,
I raked up, put in good sized or rather
large cocks, let it take a good sweat in
the cocks, and let them alone until dry
enough to take in. Timothy hay cut
green and cocked in a green state, will
stand much rain without much injury if let
alone. In this way I always made fine
flavored hay, and my stock always did
well upon it.
I Jut since we all around here cut our
grass wi'.h machines drawn by horses,
the mode of curing mutt be somewhat dif
ferent t-jaiake fine flavored nutritive hay.
Th? nnet.uie cuts r.nd spreads it as even
ly as it grows vii ihe ground; therefore it
f ..u , .. 1,l.,..'tT li on rut ' -'
UrieS lll 'Ltl I11UI C Iimuiuij n.uu ij, Y--r - ,
scythes- and the horserake out to be started
in a few hours more or fewer, accord
in to the temperature after the ma
chme is started, and the grass put in
ccek, and not left until the machine has
done a day's work, and until the dew
goes oil next morning. If a high tem
perature, your hay will then be so dry
that it will take no sweat; hence no fla
vor, and much less nutriment. The trou
1 le with those who make a trial of cut
ting green, is that they dry it so much in
the hot sun that it cannot sweat in either
cock or mew. I have seen stacks of hay
in many places, the hay having been put
up so dry, that if my arm had been long
enough I could have put my hand through
them i.nd that after they had stood for
months, and the hay had no more flavor,
except the little ripe seed left on, than
brush from a ceaa tree, l want to see
no stacks or hay mows put up for me but
will in a week or ten days become so sol
id that it is with difficulty yon can push
your hand into them one foot.
Now, Messrs. Editors, I have given
you, as lucidly as I can, my views and
reasons for deviating from the rules laid
down by far more learned men, as to thp
time for cutting and manner of curing
timothy hay, and indeed all other kinds
of hay I havo had any experience with
in this hot climate. Yet I have no doubt
but some of those men, possessed of good
talents, will criticix. auy mode not a lit
tle, but all I ask is, that my brother work
ing farmers will prove me and try me,
and see whether I know anything of the
true principlss of making and time cf
cutting hay. Let them follow my plan
strictly, ami :hen either approve or con-
demn it, according as tiey find it. , As
haying will be in less' taan two months,
I should be pleased if 500 farmers in the
State of; New York, would give my plan
a trial and report. ' .
It is high time, in this age of enter
prise in the world, that the true time and
method of cutting .and coring hay was
known, so as to malce'it most pleasanMo
thd taste of the dumb' brutes, and most
rrofitail to- the owner.- r-'F '"
- -. : - vJOH:r JOHNSTON:'-;
ii.- is- -' -
.... .. - r-0ja the J-uruAi tii 'Agriculture.
Cnxacrcntal Ileuses Screens. ,
Western people seem to have a. grow
ing passion for ornamental hedges, and
the question is frequently asked, what
plants will make the most satisfactory
hedge or screen ? The two most popular
plants for the purpose seem to be the
American Arbor Vita? and the Privet or
Prim both good, and yet we seldom see
a satisfactory hedge of either; nor do
we consider them exactly suited to our
soils or climate. The American Arbor
Vita) does not keep its green in winter,
and if it did it would never make a hedge
at all comparable with the Norway Spjuce
or Siberian Arbor Vita;, which make the
most elegant evenrreen hedges iinajnna-
Me. I he Norway bpruce can be had at,
very low rates cy tne quantity, ana iney s
bcar.rcmoval admirably, will flourish?;
almost any soil, and never present the
dingy barren appearence so objectionable
in the-American Arbor Vita:. They are'
patient of the -shears and can bo easily
kept in bounds. But perhaps there is no
evergreen that would make a more ele
gant and durable, and easily kept hedge
than the Siberian Arbor Vita;. It is
open to but one objection, its slow growth,
But one always has to wait a few years to
get a hedge up just right ; so as long'as
you must wait it is better for you to
wait a little longer for something that
is certain to be perfect in the end. Fur
ther to the south, where the "winters
are milder, very satisfactory evergreen
hedges may be grown from the Chinese
and American Arbor Vitcc, and from the
the Red Cedar the latter we believe,
would, if properly trained, make hedge
that would turn stock, for the leaves of
the Red Cedar are almost equal to thorns
for stiffness and sharpness. The Hem
lock would no doubt, make'a beautiful ev
ergreen hedge, but, unfortunately, it is
ditiicult to remove, and only thrives in
particular situations. For a low ever
green hedge, (he Mahonia will' perhaps
answer, still we fear that its foliage would
always be more or less scorched each
winter. For the latitude of Chicago,
there are tut two trees that will ever
make satisfactory evergreenhedges, and i
out one mat is orstuiv,-iy TapKi grow-in i
obeccihe universally.'. popular. .The two
are the Norway Spruce and the -Siberian
Arbor Vitar, the one is the first named.
We have been thus bold in stating our
convictions, because long experience has
convinced us that we are mainly correct
in our estimate of the value of the va
rious evergreens" for "hedging purposes.
The qtiestien is really an important and
interesting one, and we hope that our
hasty remarks will, at least, provoke a
discussion of the subject, and tend to
draw out the experience of a few of the
many persons who have made this matter
of ornamental hedging a sort of hobby.
In our next paper, -we will give our
opinion in relation to the deciduous
shrubs and dwarf trees best adapted for
ornamental hedges and screens. Mean
while, ladies and gentlemen, let us hear
from you, for we too are" axious to learn,
and can assure you that any new light on
the subject will be gratefully appreciated
by a goodly number of those who read
From the Country Ccntleaian.
Remedy for the Curculio.
Messrs Editors Allow me to give,
for the benefit of your readers, what I
consider a certain remedy for the curcul
io. after having tried it succesftilly for a
few years. It Dimply wn" u remov- j
ing the soil to the depth of five or six
inches, and as far out as the branches ex
tend, and replacing it with other soil. It '
should be done early eay as soon as the
The remedy is based upon the suppo
sition that the larva of the insects remain
during the winter in the ground, upon
which the punctured fruit falls the year
previous, and that by removing them with
the soil, and scattering i: about a little, in
advance of the time thej annually hatch,
that the heat of the sun will kill them, if
they escape the chickens which they will
not be apt to do if the soil is scattered in
the poultry-yard or thrpn into the pig
Another reason for t'ainking that this
remedy will be successful, is, that I be
lieve that the curculio does not ' migrate
during the season of depositing its eggs;
and I see, by a commurication from .Mr.
Mathews to the Hortictrturist that he is
of the same opinion, one I am' of opinion
that his remedy, be it what it may, is
based upon this belief; far in the commu
nication above referred to, he says that I
was mistaken in supposhg that I had de-
stroved the insects by scattering them
about, and that he woull as soon think of
destroying a wheelbarrow load of young
tortoises whose shells lad become hard
ened, in the same way I agree . with
him that the "Turk" has a pretty, hard
shell as a perfect insect, but I do not think
his shell had become hard enough to pro
tect him from the heat cf the sun, or from
the fowls, at the tim I dislodged him
from his winter quarten.
Mr. M. says r that tiey were not de?
stroyed but merely removed froms their
rendezvous, and that if they could fly ihey
would have returned ; tut as to their be
long destroyed, that matters but little.
V e agree as to the mam point, that they
cannot, or at' least jdo not migrate or fly
from tree to tree. Of this I have proof
conclusive this season upon my own trees
two of which are standing in the same
kir.d of soil, and both in the grass, to.one
cf which I Lu . 'applied the ; .ore reme
h r.ovt Ijuc'H -.?th plums, -arid
them, while all on . the other are punc
tured by him. ' The trees are about 50
I hope that this may-reach you in time
that some of your northern renders may
give it a trial and report the result thro'
the Country Gentleroau.
J. R. GARDENER.
Susny Baxk, Moxt. Co. Va.
How (o Extirpate tiic Apple-Tree
A Dutchman in our neighborhood does
this most effectually. He provides him
self with a basket, ladder, and leather
gloves. . He then ascends the tree, tak
ing advantage of the time when the worms
are all in. He moves about among the
branches rolling up by hand each nest
with its contents, and. deposits it in his
tasktft; - In k few, minutes the work is
tccomplished, when he descends with his
freight of worm nests. Passing through
an orchard in this way, he does up the
business for years to come. Some or
chards in our neighborhood, which had
for several years in succession been de
nuded of foliage, have been almost en
tirely relieved by one thorough cleaning
in this manner. One man can pass over
a good sized orchard in a day, and the
benefits conferred will bear no compari
son with the trifling expense incurred.
One cf the most prolific sources of
the apple tree worm is the existence of a
few black cherry trees scattered about the
farm. The worm prefers this tree even
to the apple. These trees serve as nur
series for worms, where millions are an
nually bred without molestation. Every
such tree growing along the fences about
the farm, should be cut down without re
serve Co. Gentleman.
Grafting the Grape Vine.
We have met with many experienced
persons vrho have never seen grape-vine
grafting. The process is so easy, that
thousands who are anxious to possess the
newer varieties, should especially take
core of their old roots and. insert scions
of the new. No clay or covering of the
Tnftrrl r.nrt i nrrpemrv. 1 PVor.d tbr ml.
'rat vpiow wh,vh iho. rni!t is to
Saw ofTvnnr stock and nut lnf
your scion with o or three buds, wedjre
. . . . I
fashion, as in the cleft grafting of fruit
trees, and then cover up a few inclics,
leaving one or two buds above ground ;
where the stock is very large, and incon
venient to split, a gimlet-hole, so made as
to bring the two barks together has an
swered the purpose. The sprouts of the
old stocks as they spring up to rob the
graft, must be broken olT. Grafts often
bear some fine cl jsters the first season of
their growth, and many more the second.
In this way, the old stocks of wild grapes
removed from the woods are very useful
with due care. We have lately seen an
old Catawba vino that was wanted for
shade forty feet off, laid down for a year
till it had rooted well, and then was graf
ted with perfect success, and fruited the
first season. IlorticultureJ.
Cure for tlie Heaves.
A correspondent of the Country Gen
tleman says :
I have great pleasure in staling that
your prescription of sour milk, has prov
ed an effectual cure for my-broken-win-ked
horse. I do not know that it is a cer
tain cure for this equine ill, but it has
cured my horse. Did you ever hear that
in certain mountain districts of Virginia
and North Carolina, where the men are'
the hardiest and stoutest of any in the
Union, muk is never used as human food
until it has become sour ?
Pears. The iron filings that accumu
late about a I lacksmithshop, though poi
sonous to plants, is of value about hi
roots of the Pear tree. It is common for
gardeners to use it when they can get it
to advance the growth cf the tree, and
improve the flovor and size of specimen
Where can you take exercise more
profitably than in your own flower gar
den ? You are not strong enough, do
you say ? This is just the way to acquire
Punch slanderously says: The sun is
called masculine, from its supporting and
sustaining the moon, and finding her the
wherewiihall to shine away as she does
of a night, and from his being obliged to
keep such a family of Ftars. The moon
is feminine, because she is constantly
changing, just as a ship blown about by
every wind, lne church is feminine be
cause she is married to the State ; and
Time is masculine, because he is trifled
with by the ladies.
A box of goods intended for a roer
chant at Wyandotte was received at De-
troit a few days ago, with the following
Y & .
A Parisian Stoy-Ettc
A young soldier of four and twenty, a
lieutenant ofartillery,-has just married a
banker's daughter, ..with 500,000 francs
f or dowry ; -
Lieutenant of artillery ! Not a bad
rank. Napoleon had the honor to bear
it, and the grace to remember it. '
At the Conference of.'Eufurt, during
pvhic h 'Coi:jrr e , E u v;n 'tors - a nd ' Ki ngs
become the simple sta!:;Ltes of Napoleon
one day at the table they were speak
ing of the old Germanic Confederation,
and especially of the famous Golden Bull
of Rome. Its date was asked. There
was a moment of silence ; no one remem
bered it. Napoleon spoke
"What, sir!" cried a courtier king;
"you know our history so well ! When
has your majesty found time to study it?"
"When I was Lieutenant of Artillery,"
said the Emperor.
The words produced a singular effect
among those princes, all born to thrones.
Napoleon perceived it, and repeated:
. "When I had the honor to be Lieuten
ant of Artillery.-
Well, although the grade is a nice cue,
our Lieutenant of Artillery did not think
it enouga to -win the heart of Auademoi-
selle ' ; so he had never dreamed of
aikingf it. But one day he was fallow d
by an elderly gentleman, tall, thin, and
blessed with a large, pointed nose. The
person followed him into the Gymnase
Theater, seated himself beside him aud
drew him into conversation. The acquain
tance was made. The long nosed man
visited him at his quarters, oii'ered friend
ship, and one day said :
"I am interested in you have a lively
friendship for you. I must have you
"Nice proof cf friendship," said the
"My dear friend there are marriages
and marriages. What would you say to
500,000 francs cf dowry, "with expecta
tions?" The officer ceased laughing. In brief,
the long nosed man introduced him at
the banker's. The officer pleased the
daughter. The father shrugged his
shoulders when a marriage was spoken
of ; but the man of the nose gave such
excellent accounts of the young soldier,
covered up his wild oats, exaggerated so
well his merit and his virtues; had so
many resources and ingenious stratagems I
at hand, that the marriage took place !
The Lieutenant was astonished at such
devotion, such a warmth" of friendship.
Tne ay nftcr the. wedding, th lonst nosd I
--It- 1 I ' '
caiieu to see nun. cnensn; ana as to tne gill?, iaTge ana
"My dear friend," said the bridegroom small, we hold that no gentleman's fam
"I shall never forget 'what you have dorlc- 'i!y is complete' without them. Of little
for me. I shall always hold you in re-
membrance. JUv wife is charnmisr. 1 am
desperately in love with her."
"And the dowry ?',
"That spoils nothing. Bat fancy my
happiness ! I would gladly have wedded
Come, come! no nonsense. What
should I have done ?"
"How you ?"
"You spoke of remembering me "
"Oh ! Can I have the pleasure of ren
dering you any pecuniary service '"
"Certainly. A service for which I give
you a receipt. You will dome the kind
"ness to pay me these acceptances, signed
by you, amounting to sixty-three thousand
six huudred and eighty-two francs sixty
five centimes, interest and expenses in
cluded. I could have cancelled the debts
in about three or four thousand years. I
preferred to have you married. Was it
not better ?"
The lieutenant came down frcm the
clouds. This frier.d, benefactor, was not
an angel, only j creditor!
A Curious Document.
Washington, as everybody knows, was
very methodical; and he was particular to
have matters about which a dispute miijht
arise, "put into writing. Ihe article
below is copied trom one ot nis "papers
and is both characteristic and amusing.
It is an agreement with his gardener,
who, it appears, was in the habit of et
ting"tight." "Articles of agreement made this 12th
day of April, Anno Domini, one thousand
seven hundred and eighty-seven, by. and
between George Washington, Esq., of
the Parish of Truro, in the county of Fair
fax, Slate of Virginia, on the one part,
and Philip Eater, Gardener, on the eth
er. Witness, that the said Philip Eater,
for and in consideration of the covenants
hereinafter mentioned, doth promise and
agree to serve the said George Washing
ton for the term of one year as Garden
er, and that he will during the said time,
conduct himself soberly, diliigently and
honestly that he will -faithfully and in
dustriously perform all and every part of
his duty as a Gardener, to the best of hi?
knowledge and abilities, and that he will
not at any time, suffer himself to be dis
guised with liquor, except on limes here
"In consideration of these things being
well and truly performed on the part of
the said Philip Bater, the said George
Washington doth agree to allow him, the
said Philip, the same kind and quality of
provisions as he has heretofore had, and
likewise annually, a decent suit of clothes
befitting a man in his station; to consist
of coat, vest and breeches; a working
jacket and breeches of homespun besides;
two white shirts, three check do; two lin-
ra pocket handkerchiefs, two pair of lin
en overhalls; as many pair ql shoes as
are necessary for him; four dollars at
Christmas, with which he may drink four
days and four nights; two 'dollars tU
Whitsuntide, to be drunk two daysf &
dram in the morning, and a drink, of
grog at dinner.
"For the true and faithful performance
of all and each part of these things, the
parties have hereunto set their hand
this twenty-third day of April, Anna
Domini, 17S7. t
Philip Bateii, his X mart,
Witness: Geokce WAsniiroToir.
a temperance address.
la this connection it may be well to adj
a letter from Washington to one of his
overseers. The "Temperance Cause.
has such, had not been heard of in the
days of Washington; he was a "moder
ate drinker," but he was "down on" in
temperance. Here is the way he talks to
"I shall not close this letter without ex
horting you to refrain from spirituous
liquors ; they will prove your ruin if you
do not. Consider how little a drunken
man differs from a beast; the latter is not
endowed with reason, the former deprives
himself of it; and when that is the case,
acts like a brute, annoying and disturhlo
every one around him; nor is this all, nor,
as u respects himself, the worst of it.
By degrees it renders a person feeble,
and not only unable to serve others, but
to help himself; and being an act of his
own, he falls from a state of usefulness
into contempt, and at length suffers, if
not perishes, in penury and want.
"Don't let this be your case. Show
yourself more of a man and a Christian
than to yield to so intolerable a vice, which
cannot, I am certain, (to the greatest lov
er of liquor,) give me more pleasure to
sip in the poison, for it is no better, than
the consequence of it in bad behavior at
the moment, and the more serious evils
produced by it afterwards, must give pain,
I am your friend.
GEORGE WASHINGTON," -
Holmes, in one of his poems says, in
a parenthetical way,
" rnr praiipa
LotoI fcirls when Le wan j-cong."
Nodo'ubtof it; for Holmes is a sensi
ble man, and must hare had a sensible
grandfather. All sensible men love girls
when they are young, and when they are
eld, too. v e appiy the "old," to men
net to rin
c rr-.irw! X-nM f- i r-1 V . 1 am
..44..-. jww. u JIUIUUU 19 Cl II
institution a peculiar institution, which.
as lover3 of the union, we feel bounU to
! 1 3 . , , .
girls, an American poet says :
4 With rejy chctt, and daacing curls,
Anil eyes cf temier light,
O, very Leauiiful are little girls,
Ar.d sociVy to the s!sl." .
And as to large girli big, bouncing girls
what a pity it is they must soon be wo
men stately, matronly, and queenly wo
men, who are not angels because they are
not girls! who, by-the-by, are not angels
either, but vastly more charming than any
we remember to have seen in the pic
tures eLewhere! Indeed they are.
We will Marrjr this Fall.
I rave l:cr a ro?c. ar-i ( rivp tpra ring.
And I askt'l her to marry me then.
Bat she etit then all b.i S. the iiu-eiisiblt thing,
Ai.'l ste said ! e'J no noliirn ot men ;
I told her I'd oce ins f rn..ney and ci4,
A r.d ti ied her t. fright w !tli a prowl.
Bat tbe awered idie wasn't brought up in th
To be icjitd ty the screech of an owl.
I Cilted hr a bjtrir.ice and everytins bad
I Miciited her leature nrid fi.rtn ;
Till at lensth I sm-eeedt'l in KetUns her mad,
And she rased lise a ea in a storm.
And then In a inmuent I tnrr d and I emilcd,
Andcitiled her my anpel and all.
Anil she fel 1 in my annh lik a wearisome child,
Aud exclaimed ' We win marry tun falll"
A long time ago, a little boy twelve
years old, on his rode to Vermont, stopi
pcu at a country tavern, and paid for his
! lodgings and his breakfast by sawing
j wood instead cf asking for it as a gift
Fifty years later, the s-amc boy passed
that same little inn as George Peabody,
the banker, whose nam? is the synonym
of magnificent charities the honor c
Far back in the teen? of the present
century, a young man asked for employ
ment in the Springfield armory r bjt he
was poor and modest, and had no friends,
so he went away without it; but, feeling
the man within him, he sought work un
til he found it. An age later, he visited
that armory the second time, not as a
! common day Iabprer. but as Speaker of
the House cf Representatives.
Mamma, said a child, my Sunday
school te-cher tells me that this world is
only a f lace in which God lets us live a
litile while that we may prepare fcr a
better world but mother,' I do not see
any bedy preparing. I see you prepar
ing to go to see the country and aunt
Eliza preparing to come here. But I
don't see anybody preparing to go to
heaven. If everybody wants to go there,
why don't they try to get ready ?
Your.g ladies educated to despise thp
poor and worthy, generally finish their
studies by runing away with some foot?
There are three modes by which it is
possible to develop the intellect of an in
tellectual being; to know, to will, and
to do. . .-
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