Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, June 24, 1858, Image 1

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Secaad Story Hoadley &. Muir's Building,
(Comer of Mai a F' StreeU.)
....-.uirpii J in advance, - - f2,00
t " " 41 attbeendor6iaonthi, 2.50
" u -.. 1 2 3.00
i'.i be furnished at l,i0 per
fcecojrj-.Liei the order,
, tot ytberwUe.
... ir...AliiAni insertion.
vu n' T maBX.
. three mota,
a H montba,
j lUsiaeH Card of fix U" or lew, one year,
' JbsCoIuh!" one year,
! oae-islf Column, one year,
I - f,rtu ' "
5 ei?fclh
1 fwamn. six months,
tslf Culomn, iix monias,
fcarth - "
" 1 t
Culumn ttree month
k:f CUuma, tLree iniotts,
. -:tl. u u u
isiKuu;iog candidates fir ofLee (in advance,) !,00
Cwb in advaTHe wi'.l be required fr atladrerUse-
reru except wbere actual resp.nibi:ity is known.
Te per cent for e;b cbnSe will bedded to the
sbors rates.
JC adrertini9nt will be considered by the year,
u'.m specified the mtnucript, or previously
srreea 5n between the parties.
Aavertiiementt not tnrked n tbecopy Tor spee
ited otniber of insertions, wi'.l be eontintted until
rdrtdaut,andtbw(rcdaocordin) '
AUadvertbcniJLUiroin stransersortransiett per
sons, to be raid in advance. '
The priTileg of yearly advertisers will be eonOn
W;r t-) tbeir own buines;and all advertise
jnuiiol perUining thereto, to be paid for ex
tra. . ., .
Veariy aJverticri bave tbe privilege cT changing
tlir advtrtUenienU quarterly.
All leaded advertiitmenls charged doubla the
tbnre rates. " v
AlvertissmintJ on the inslda exclusively wi.l be
tbirged extra.
U 1
Earing added to tbe Advertiser Office Card and
lokrresfs.NewTypeof the latest styles, In ki of
Jot I'resMiS. New Tvt
tleubres.llroMes, r ine Paper, fcnvelopes,
Ac; we
antUo to
a style nsurpascu. vj u .v .
rrueular attentat! will be given to orders from
siutance in baring them promptly attended to.
The Proprietor, having had an extensive XP
Wsre, will srive their personal attention to this
srtach of baines, and hope, in their endeavors to
, both ia the excellence of their work, and
imble charges to recaire a share of the public
fttrraage. -
a t'nitA.1 Sta.te
Kain Street, one door above Carsons Bank.
ndtand Trmmingt auvrya on hand.
ircUtect and Builder.
771Z-: IK. HLI S-2.
Real Estate Agent,
lion. Win. Jessup, Montrose, Ta.
B. S. Uentlr, . "
- Joba O. V..Uer, Chicago 111.
Wm. K. MeAlIUter, " " '
Charles F. Fowler, " " "
R. V. Furnas, Brownville, T.
O. F Lake,
, May 7, IS57.
I. T. T7hyte & Co.,
Qaecnswure, Hardware,
Dtovoa, ZT'vxrxi.i,
Couatry Produce,
Ore son. Holt County, Missouri;
Zeepont.ntly on band alllescriptionof IlarneM,
K. B. Everyarticleinoershopiiraannfactured
Vy cwelvesand warranted to pwwmKiiw
JACOB SJFFORD,' find Counsellor at Law,
And Nctcry PubUc
vrTSRiiSKA crTi". N. T.
vt-t-tt t . .(, ., l T,rrmrti tn .T1 bui?iics entmfted
W to fcisc& ebrak Territory and West-
ra Io
September 12, 1S5G
WTLL nrmrtic in lh uvtH-al Court ol the d Jodicial
HitncL md .ii.nii tn .11 mkitn-s connoted i'" me
TeMio. Wm. MrLEBBAK. E0 . of Ctr.s City
' sm-m m in tli prkecaUon of important Suits.
i:e:,:aha lri:d agei:t,
' Will select lands, InreKtiffate titles, par taxes, fee.,
fitter in Kansas or Nebraska; bur, ell, and enter
lauds on commission; Invest 4a town property, bur or
sell the same, and will always bare on hand correct
plats of towttbhips, coantiea, fcc., showing all lands sub
ject to entry, aud where desired will furnish parties liv
ing in the states with the same.
Being the oldest settler In the county will in all
canes be able to give full and reliable information.
Address A. L. Coate, either at Brownvilleor Nemaha
City, Vcbra.lra Territory. . 6m-42-v2
fifiOiiillY H- IE,
. Brownville, Nebraska.
Trill practice In the Courts of Kebraska,and 2Torth
west KUsouii.
Messrs. Crow, McCreary &. Co.,
lion. James U. HutchS, '
Hon John R. Sheply,
Hoa. JamcvCrsig, -
St. Louis, 3(o.
St. Joseph, 3f o.
Xebraska City, K. T.
Hon. Silus Woodson,
Judee A. A. Bradford,
S. F. KuckollR. Ksq.,
Surveyor and Land Agent,
Will attend promptly to the selection and loca
tion cf Government lands in the Nemaha land dis
trict; surveying town site, and subdividing land?;
drafting city pints, and all other business of a Gener
al Surveyor. He will locate warrants on time for
diatant dealers; file declaratory sUtetemenU of in
tention to pre-empt ; make out pre-emption pipers;
and always on band to look out claims lor actual set
tlers. .
VT. W. Sanger, M . D.f ew York Cily, A Withington, Boston,
Rev. T. W. Howe, l'ataskala Ohio,
CJ.W.E. Atkinson.
George H.N'iX'n. Register Land Office, lirowrville,
liUsbbsnKh k Carson, Banker, Urowuvillc, . T.
R. V. Furnas " rf
J. D. N.&B. B.TH0L1PS0N
Heal Ebtate & General Collecting Agents,
Agents forlowalns. Co.,0skaloos3
ALL buvine entrnsted to our carc will meet witl
Dromnt stiention and warranted correct. Papers prepar
ed tor tersons wishing to pre-empt, Declaratory state
ments wade out, etc., etc
tJ"Offlce on First street, north of I. T. Wbyte fc. Co.X
J. W Grimes, Ex-Governor Iowa
I. L. Price do Missouri
Anmin A Kin? do do
G. S. a.ayre 4t Co., Glen wood, Iowa
G. DouKhty Council BiUffx, Iowa
April 8, 1858. v2p4I-Iy '
Attorney at Law,
.ntid Aarrat and IVotary I'uniic
Jlrcher. Richardson Co., J. 1.
Wninraeticein the ConrUof Nebraska, aHsisUd
by Harding and isenneu,Kepras vny.
T. ... - i ,ri;
J VXVXi All X iax jju
lrrhpr. VAe hardson County. X. T
UannfactHrtrtand Wholesale Dealer in
Ho 40 Mam etreet, tet. uT"lluUiluc'
sr. LOUIS, MO.
Particular attention paid to manuiaciuriBg u.
finet Mole Hats.
ClavoSd Leo.
Rea state aml General Agency,
James Wright, Broker, Sew York,
Wm. A. Woodward, Esq. . '
Hon. K. Wood, Ex-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Brwnell,Baflkere,
AlcottA Horton, 1 .
Col . Robert Campbell, St. Ltrau,
James Ridgway, Esq. n.W.
Crawfoni and Sackett, Chicaeo.
Omaha CitT.Aue. 30. 185. TTnU-Vj
nrvKFT MORTON & tiAKinnu.
Jfehraska City, X. T., and Glenwood, la
WILL practice in all the Courts or Nebraska ana
Particular attention paid te
obtaining, locating Land AVarrants, and eolltxstion
Hon. Lewis Cass, Detroit. Micniffan:
Julias D. Morton, M S
Gov. Joel A. Matteson, Springfield, 111
Got. J. Grimes, Iowa City, Iowa;
B. P. Fifiled, St. Loi?,Mo.:
Hon. Daniel O. Morton.Toledo.Ohio;
P. A. Sarpr, Bel lerne. Nebraska:
SedjrevbA Walker, Chicago. Ill:
Green. Weare A Benton. Council Bluffs.Iowa.
Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Nebraska City NT)
- whim .,
1 -XTTv 4 iOTTXT'lPCl
T.A jD AVjJirflNJL
(Successors to Riden
TxAvrvo made arrangements by which we will
PL receive accurat copies of all he lownsnips
embraced ia the Eastern poruoa
Bio - . . rr -M
nn imnarad to oBer ur Service w "
Stniatters of JtbrasKa irxrucry.
in rming Declaratory statemers ot xniea-
txon. to T:L'y''- nu-nrtj.
Hnnt JjOCaiUlI JilA
r onri iTarrants Rousbt and Sold,
LAND ENTERED ON TIME, scanty herbage on poor soils. Their rich may thin. If the soil is rich and the cul
. ow-ti.,iuntionraid to Uuyinir and Selling milk and flae quality of flesh, combined tivation good, carrots will grow large.
Property on commission: Also, to making ; ejections
and forwarding remittances U any part tottLe union.
u iorwiTiius v- ; ,
Blanks f all kinds always on hand.
Hon. A. A. Bradford, Nebraska City.
S.F.Naewlli,' .
Meesr. Dolman & West, Ft. Jopb, Mo
Veter A. Keller. ash.ngtoa City
Thomas Lumpkin,
Jane 28, tS6. tI-p ;
Seeond Street.bctweea Main and MiWasita,
Farm; and Garden.
From the Patent Office Report of I866.J
- DeTcn Cattle.
.The "Devoa,"or rather North Devon"
cattle,, chiefly produced in the' county
from which they take their name, are of
great antiquity, and have been celebrated
and justly admired for centuries, for
their pleasant color, elegant form, gentle
temper, active gait, and other good qua
lities, which fit them bevond all other
i breads for thu tart or the plgu-if - w
I for the excellence cf their miii and fie&h.
heir color is generally a light red, but
arying a little, either darker or more
yellow, seldom baring any white, except
about the udder of the cow, or the belly
of the bull, which is lrttle seen. or. ner
naps, a lew white Iwirs towards the ex-
. . . . - j
tremity of the tail. On the whole, there
is scarce v ar.v hrer-d xnr rh and mrtlnw
in its touch, so silky and soft in its fine,
ong hairi added to which, it has a great
er proportion of weight in the most valu
able joints, consuming at the same time
ess food in its production.
It is to the grazier, then, that this breed
is more especially valuable, as few if any
others will rival them in disposition to
atten and in the quality of the flesh.
Generally speaking, the cows are- infe
rior to many others for the purposes of
the dairy, but not as respects the quality
of the milk; for they yield more than an
average proportion of cream aod butter,
both of which in Devonshire are prover
bially known. Some farmers, ' however,
have found them to yield even a large
produce of milk, so that in this particular
much may depend on the choice of pas-
lurage, or the manner in which they are
kept. The general average of the dai
ries is one pound of butter a day for each
cow, during the summer months, or as
long as they are well fed.
This breed will bear transferring to in
ferior soils, as well as to colder and more
eiposed situations, without suffering in
the slightest degree. Thus upon the
bleak coast of Norfolk, and upon light
and inferior pastures, they are found to
thrive remarkably well, and to sustain
their nesh upon very indinerent keeping,
t or working purposes, the Uevons are
unequalled,-aDd rKj-JeecrirMKm of cattle 1
can be compared with them, either tor
quickness of steps, or endurance of 'pluck.'
lhere Is almost as much dinerence in
working between these oxen and those of
other breeds, as there is in a light, clean-
ly, active cart-horse, and the heavy,
hairy-legged sluggish dray. In Devon-.Ifrom
shtre, they are usually put to labor at from
two to three years old, according as they
are wanted, ani worked until they re
five or six years of age, when they are
quickly lattened lor yie butcher, r our
young and two old bullocks are required
to plow an acre a day upon heavy land,
but on light soils they will do more. In
Norfolk, these oxen are also extensively
used at tne plough, one pair being era-
ployed in the forenoon from six till eleven
o'clock, and another pair from one till six
in the evening, in this manner, tney
will generally plough upon turnip sou, one
acre arid a half in a day. It is no un-
common thing, however, for a three year
old bullock to work in a plough alone, and
if well kept, he will pertonn without uit-
hculty all through the spring. liut when
the weather becomes warm he will surier
very much if worked longer than five or
six hours at a time. In hoeing ridgtd
turnips or mangold wurzel, with a single
plow or horse-hoe, two steady .bullocks,
one at a time, will walk ver five acres in
a day; but to do this, they must work
about eleven hours in aday instead of ten.
After a little practice, they are preferred
to horses, as they are easily managed and
turn at the ends without trouble, scarcely
injuring a single root.
For feeding purposes, the Devons pos-
sess every qualification to fatten, being
celebrated for the fineness of their flesh
and the lightness of the offal: and. altho'
they do not attain so. great a weight as
- , : .
ol otJjer breeds, they will fatten at
very early age. ; They may ne made
quite fit for the butcher when twenty-
sevtn or thirty months old. and will weigh
at that age from o69 to 700 pounds, tf
kept until three years old, or a little long-
er. tney may easily oe made to weigh
. i i
tmm ?(fk n ft40 ntiuiiJ.-,. .
The TWriod nt which the- working
Devons an fattened greatly varies. A
fnvnrite nlribnll is frenuentlw worked too
i-nr nrl it irpn rennirps hoth additional
time nd quantity of food; but, generally
sneakinrr. a certain number are fed off
i ' r l
..b, 1
each year, and fresh ones are . broken to
supply their places. These old oxen,
when well fed, attain a good weight, fre-
Quemly weighing from 1,120 to 1,260
. t .v: however." thev are
r nnA A,
iiuuiui vkusuuivio, w..uv ..j w
i . 1 f . . . r- r I
iy, wnen nrsi put to xurnips, owo duso-
es besides other food.
I Vrr rernn distrirtc. the iJerons must
I - - 1
I be considered most valuable animals, be
jng hardy and easily kept upon the most
wm tnrjTaje(i working qualities,
tij,, more arnreciated than for-
merly, and uey are increasing in impor
tance, both id Europe and in this country
amongst the o her breeds. " -
The North tevon bull has a bold coun
tenance. indented forehead, clear, lull
a B m m
awl prominent' eyes, surrounded by an
nrtinfe-colored inn his head is sauare.
wr.h a light crtam-colored muzzle,
. . . . j
noae; his horns ae moderately strong,'
little turned up at heir tips, and of a wavy
color; his b&ci is sraight from the hip-
bone to the insertion of the u.?.j his hind
quarter is full and round quite down to the
hough, with" the thigh full cf muscles,
and a deep, rich flank; his shoulder is
also deep and strong from the wiihers to
the chest, and thick through the breast
behind the elbow; his fcre-arni and knee
are thick and strong, with the bone srnalH
and short under the knee; hi? flank: is
well down the body, ' which is ; rather
straight underneath. - -
-The cow has a neat, sharp head, . with
graceful, upturned .horns,, a 4 very full,
clear eye. encircled with an crrjnse-color-ed
ring-, and the is cf the- came color
within the ears; the niuzzle.'or nose, is
narrow, and cf pale cream-color; her
frame is long and straight, symmetrical
in shape, with good prominent hips and
full springing ribs; her hind-quarter is
inn r Hnn t nar enn nor i-niirifi .nr.
1 J C tl I .1 M I -1 a
r" ; ' "V """rv
" "V V ? ,u7 .
piawwuc uiowwi-vu.ui,
her fore-arm thick - down to the knee
bone; and thin and short below the knee;
her abdomen is straight along the under
side; her flank is .low1 down near the
hough; she is usually small when compar
ed with the bull. . '. . '
The North Devon workin? ox has a
large, long, straight, symmetrical frame
with a clean, sharp-looking head," clear,
prominent eye, encircled by an orange
colored ring, a cream-colored nose, and
long, waxy, upturned- horns, which are
fine at the points; his shoulder is slanting
and well placed; his neck is lean and thin
at the breast-point; his ribs are rounded
and spring out; his hip is high and' long
from thei hip-bone to the insertion of the
tail, and nearly as high as the line of the
back; hind-quarter round and full, quite
to the hough, with' great substance and
bone; fore-arm, thick and large above,
but small below the knee, with a good,
expansive, solid hoof.
Fsom the Valley Farmer.
I ; t rn mi in?
Operations for Jane.
To keep the beds and borders clean by
hoeing and weeding, will be the principal
routine of work for this month. Stir the
soil frequently among the rrowinar shrubs
and flowers. Remove all decayed leaves,
branches or dead plants as fast as they
a pnftar. Stake and tie up neatly, and ia
as natural a manner as possible, all plants
that require it Do not bundle them up
together and tie. as though you was tymer
1 a . sheaf of grain. Dahlias, especially,
should have a stake put to them early, and
a string passed round them to keep them
being swayed about by the wind.
Train it to a single stem and pinch off
the week lateral shoots.
Successful sowings of sDme of the most
desirable kinds of annuals may be made,
to take the places of the nrst swings,
which will soon be running away to seed,
or growing spindly and weak. There are
some annuals, as the Mignonette, for in
f stance, which should be had blooming al
me season through.. Its iragrance is so
delightful. Then the bees are so fond of
Roses As soon as these are out o;
bloom, take your flower scissors and go
through and cut off all the seed vessels.
There is a two-fold obiect in this. First
the decaying petals are unsightly, and are
best removed. 2d. By cutting them oil
n keeps the plant from exhausting itself,
in perfecurg its seed, and will cause the
hybrid perpetuals ta start again into new
growth and they will bloom again the
sooner and the. better for if. "When they
have started to grow again, an occasional
watering, with manure water, will help
them greatly, by adding vigor to ' their
growth, and enhance the beauty of the
flowers individually.
Window plants, such as scarlet and
rose geraniums, heliotropes, &c.,! that
have been kept in pots all winter in the
house, had better be turned out of pots
and planted in the open border during
summer, naving Deen previously weu cut
back, if wanted for blooming again in the
i . ... .i i
house next winter, tney may nave most
a ot the sou shaken irom tne roots, ana re
poneu again tutu new sun iu tue same
sized pots, ana me pots p.ungea into me
ground up to their rims, and most of the
blooms kept picked off through the sum-
I ml . ?i . ... e n .t- 1
ine sou most sunaoie iorau taai ciass
of Ttuto oLuuld vouolo. uf tlivnvuKlilr Ul
. "11 ' I..,
tea, tuny loam, or garuen mouiu, leai
mould irom tne wooas equal parts, witn
sand enough' ts render porous, and m
some cases a little well rotted manure.
I . . .
. These plants that are kept year alter
year for blooming in-doors, shculd always
be pruned back annually and turned . out
or repotted, and a period of rest given
them, to enable them to recruit their ex
hausted energies, and to keep them dwarf
and bushy.
vtcETABLE ghd.
1 . . , .
- iioemg, weeding ana tmnning 4 me
growing crops will be in order. Thin out
th rnnt rmn arlr . nnri enve them rnnm
I -ww. - - - J , i- - - -
- enough to grow out well. It will depend
0n the richness of yonr soil as to how you
even if allowed to stand moderately thick
.nrl rr nninnc- thev will ridft 'and
- shoulder each other out m giX)d strong
ground. : If your ground is poor, you must
cYe more room and makeup for it, by
- more frequent hoeings. Beets can easily
m I 1 . I I
c-e grown too, large, mose not larger man
a tea cup are abo&t the proper size for
the table. Shape and color are much
or more important than size in tms as wei
'i . ' . ...... i
a as some other vegetables." The turnip
1 beet should be perfectly smooth, globular
J and deep red inside.
But of till the vegetables that require a
rich soil, fabbage tr.i perhaps celery are
the greatest. To grow uese large you
must havo good ground.' Not ground
that has bitd a good coat cf r-.anure mere
ly, but that which has had a heavy dress
ing perhaps annually for several years.
It may have been cropped annually too,
no matter for that, it will be sure to have
eft each time some of its fertilizing ma
terial unappropriated, and be growing
richer every year. In the absence of such
ground, gire a goo l dressing of wSll rot
ted manure.. clew deep, and cultivate well,
e., nee ani stir me sou at-out tr.em fre
quently; by the end of -the month, some of
the fall and winter cabbages may be
planted out, also cauliflower and brocoli.
onar beans, sweet corn, squasn. cucum
bers and tomatoes, will be the principal
rr, .e;nn TKncQ
V Vyo fcvr OViT AvVsV OUV.WL 901VU UU A Uww w jl
who want ear v ce erv mav et out a row
or two. but for ma n crops next month
orill nnilo A scran nor rf i
endive mav be made for earliest used.'
Do not continue to cut the stalks of nationals aggressive mita character. Xn
your asparagus beds too long; no precise terpnsing,-restless, daunted by no diffi
rule can be given as to the date vou should' culties. and deterred by no dangers, the
ouit cutting, as the season varvs each
year, liut a good, though old fashioned
rule, is to quit after peas are fairly in, as
peas .are. a good substitute for asparagus.
All thet stalks that come up afte that
should be left to recuperate and strength
en the crowns for another year. I he
same remarks apply to rhubarb also. The
seed-stalks should be removed as fast as
they appear, for they exhaust the roots,
whkh in this case are wanted to produce
IP Arwi ct9iL-
Herbs intended for drvinr? for winter
IKA cris-iiil? 1 rtro t? Va - rnt ivKnn orrniit in I
fn Mm r, Ar;A ;n cnrM(i
mww uuvusv. uau4 UKs VU. '"WU s uvu
them out thinly on a table or the floor of
' a y.a I
ouuic ciiaic luuui ui any, vuvcicu oucu.
bunches and suspended in any dry, airy
room or shed, though a better plan is to
pulverize the leaves fine and keep them
kinds of herbs come into bloom at dif-
ferent periods, they will require attention
oonT-A;nrrr ...
ruTTTT tatt a n-wrv - I
t ,, :
m m i a i x x.x a u i iu x, .i xe i
your trees
andbushe3. . Tobacco water, or what - is
better, tolwicco smoke, will easily rout all
the species of green fly (aphis;. .Nearly
every distinct family of plant3, has a
species of aphis that feeds on it, and be
longs to it, as it were: their rapidity of
increase is prodigious; happily their de
struction is easily compassed, if it is ouly
set about. There s the rub.
.it will be almost too late to warn you
of that gregarious fellow, the caterpiller,
which has a large web-like nest, (a most
conspicuous object in the tree) where
thev congregate in droves and from
whence they foray among the branches
and leaves. We have seen large trees
defoliated by them, so that not a single
leaf could be found entire. The apple,
the cherry, and the locust, they seem to
.i .! ., t ..
have the -greatest liking for, though they
are bv no means confined to these. We
have known persons to shoot them in high
trees out of reach, and. have practiced
burning them out with a torch, made by
tying a piece of paper on a long pole,
and twisting the nest out with a crotched
stick. Of course all these remedies must
be practiced. when tbje insects are at
home in their nests, and better while thev
are voung. but better late than not at all.
because you do destroy their progeny for
another vear.
As the hot, dry weather, natural to the
season. approaches, give increased atten-
tion to your newly planted fruit trees. It thirsting for the recognition of local su
is a perfect folly and waste of time, to go premacy, but-followed by disappointment
to the trouble and expense of planting
trees well, and then to utterly neglect
their after cultivation.
Those who have planted well should by
all means cultivate well, in order to reap
the full benefit of their labors, while
those who have planted carelessly and ta-
ken little pains, might retrieve some of
their loss, hv thorough and careful after
cultivation. What constitutes good atten-
tion. and what nerlect ? it mav be asked.
What constitutes the Inner is. tn leave
them entirelv untouched durin? the sea-
son after nlantinsr. To allow the soil
about them to become hard, dry and bak-
ed. or covered with rank weeds and crass,
ften rrwinrr nn taller thnn vnnr hpnrl
ODSirucunir me iil'iii ami air. anu Trse.
. - 2 i J
drawing off and devouring the moisture
at a fearful rate, (especially near the sur-
face,) that is demanded by the newly
formed roots of the growing tree, and the
more demanded and required from its be-
ing newly planted, and its roots not yet
penetrated to me depths below.
The observe of this is, to keep down
all weeds, by beginning at them while
young, to keep the soil mellow and fine,
and well pulverized by frequent stirring
with the hoe or cultivator, and lastly to
mulch them with a thick coating of old
hav. straw or leaves, five or six inches
thick, and at a radius of two to three feet
from the stem, according to the size - of
the tree. Hundreds of young trees that
annaremlv started well have been lost.
from a total neglect of the above precau-
tinns. But the extra rrrowth of those so
treated would more than repay all labor
and trouble over those neglected even
suppose they all managed to live. , There
axe few trees, more sensitive too, or bet
ter repay such careT than the peach. The
difference will be.betweena stunted or no
growth and many dead branches, and
vigorous growth of two or three feet. And
of the trees that are liable to suffer, even
unto death, from a neglect from this care,
the cherry stands first. Remember these
bints, tormers and planters.
ITsTe TTc a Katlonsl Poll cy ?
A careful perusal of the history cf the
United States vould go far to establish
the conviction that : our foreign naiional
VJ was still unsettled At tLnes
suming positions which absolutely startled
the world by their boldness, and that at
tracted the universal admiration cf ail the
friends of free institutions, we hayn on
other. occasions exhibited an indecision or
create. .ser;ou
doubts of our sincerity.
No Administration conld be expected
to always present in its principles of a
foreign intercourse a fair 'exposition of
he tendency of the people, as the latter
m a government oi opinion, must ever
J Vf 'T'k
uc w.BUa U1 aumuci. ia, F
u'" l"
O OUr TepUDllC. Afle COmDOSUB race
which constitutes the population of this
P'oneers of our republican
of our republican civilization
penetrate every neighboring State, and
mere prepare new governments for. an
nexation; or, led by the same reckless
courage that precipitated the ancient
Spanish cavaliers upon Mexico and Peru,
wherever civil distractions prevail, they
with svtord in hand enter the contest, la
bor to create nrder out of chaos and pros
perity upon the tomb of decay, in the full
expectation of adding, at no distant peri
od of time, a new star to the galaxy al
rea(3y gathered m our national constei-
lilt I OH
. .1
uut the government restrains mis pop
"npuise. us policy, in mis reguru,
if that can be called a policy which is
.... . . . .
tnowledging the right of expatriation, it
s!ems t0 very jealous of the departure
m f ur. Porl3 j consiaeraoie num
turbed by civil strife. It defends its
neighbors by paper proclamations, at the
very moment that the werk of revolu-
lilbU. UUUtTl lUr ttCULV Ui. JUk JAA bill
, . . - . m
izens. is in progress, adq wnen tne
country is prepared for union with the
Republic, the doors are opened for its
admission. The foreign policy of the
government of the United States, is, thus
far; behind '.be popular tendency, and in
its struggles to accomrr.o 'ate us action to
the predjudices of the world, and, at the
same time, represent the American peo
ple, it often exhibits both insincerity and
miserable vacillation.
In regard to the questions that will
arise, some ot hich are already tore
shadowed, in connection with the weak
and decaying States of this Continent, the
United States must soon explicitly define
its position
Commercial relations, the
contiguity of territory, and similarity of
institutions, demand that we should open-
ly exercise a predominating influence in
n.v.e.. i i : r..if .
all the States bordering on the Gulf of
Mexico and the Carnbean Sea. The
Monroe doctrine, first enunciated with
perhaps a far diHerent intent, essentially
expresses the policy demanded by the
popular voice, and which, in self-defense,
must ultimately be applied to the Pnorth
ern portion ot the vv estern hemisphere
Can it now be considered as indicating
our foreign policy f lie-announced as
the doctrine of each succeeding Admin-
istration, it has, lor au practical purpos
es, been like a sword enclosed in its scab
bard an empty declaration satisfying for
tne moment uie ueraanas oi a peopie
and discontent whenever occasion deman
ded its modification or its practical appli
cation to the settlement of international
questions. We have, then, no settled and
well defined policy on this subject, and
hence the vacillations that can only be
accounted for by considering the natural
conservatism ot our uovernment at times
broken down bv the overwhelming pres-
sure of popular feeling.
Russia marches forward in the exten-
sion of her domain under the guide of a
steady intelligence which is irresistibly
working out its magnificent plan of future
empire; the United States, expanding
with greater rapidity, achieves its ex-
nnnsion bv the f orce of assimilation and
..(H.t.An .pall no K.-k I ....
i uiiiaiijuu, oj ncu no iu. uaiuiat sut-
cession of the liung heir to the estate
of the deceased, without the interpo -
sition of the uovernment to hasten,
but rather to restrain the progress of
events, though me Monroe doctrine is
only theoretically regarded as expressing
I our foreign poncy on mis continent, me
time is not iar aistani wnen it win ve
practically enforced. Ve cannot permit
any European power to take possession of
any new territory. The world's com-
raerce promised as our inheritance, will
forbid a divided or secondary control on
the American gulf, sea, or isthmus.
The interference of the gallant In-
graham to snatch Kostza from the hands
of Austrian tyrrany, claiming tim as an
American because he had vowed alle-
giance to the stripes and stars, was a lull
exposition of what the American peo -
pie desire our foreign policy should be in
regard to the rights of its citizens abroad.
That act, and the able State paper which!
followed it, more ro.verfully impressed
the boldness and inflexibility of the Amer
ican government upon the nations of Eu
a rope than any other thing that has oc
cuxred in our whole ' history. The per
i . . it
sistent maintenance ot misaocinnewouia
make it better to be an American than it
was of Oiu io oe a noman. ine iruiy
national, if not impregnable position then
lL-3 value
cf t for-
eign nitic-al policy cf a character in
keep : g with tho not ? principles which,
ucderli'3 cur republic,' and within . tha
genenus impulses cf her people. ,
Th; nial of the right cf visitation
ar. 1 s: alia settled question with us.
The deck cf on American vessel,., whild
the flag floats above her, is as sacred
the American soil. We have fought f-r
this principle ence; we are ready to de
fend it to the death again.
If the great principles outlined above,
in connection with that ether no less na
tl .:2aldor:r.5 cf m t:Mr.r:rz iztei
alliances, were prominently before L.c''
minds of our statesmen on all occasions
and made the basis of all their action, we
might be said to have a national as well
as a popular foreign policy. Eut the
manner in which they are applied de
pends so much upon the ability cf each
succeeding Administration, there has
been so much vacillation, and, wo had
almost said, weakness, that the question
recurs again, unanswered, have we a ra
tional foreign policy ? It is ruite cer
tain that when a new generation ccraes
upon the stage that which is now faintly
shadowed forth as American doctrine, will
be the watchword cf cur statesmen as
well as cf the people. JV. O. Picayune,
Can yoa fee safe too soon?
Can you be safe too soon ? Can vou
be happy too soon ? Certainly, you can
not be out of danger of hell too soon; and
therefore why should not our closing with
Christ upon his own terms, be our very
next work? If the main business of life
is to flee from the wrath' to come, as in
deed it is, and to flee for refuge in Jesus
Christ, as indeed it is, then all delays are
highly dangerous. The man-slayer, when,
fleeing to the city of refuge, before- the
avenger of blood, did not think he could
reach the city too soon. Set your reason
to work upon this matter; put the case as
it really is; I am fleeing from the wrath
to come; the justice of God and the cur
ses of the law are closely pursuing me ;
is it reasonable that I should sit down in
the way to gather flowers or play with
trifles? for such are all other concerns in
this world, compared with our soul's sal
vation. Flavtl.
He Drinks, -
How ominous that sentence falls ? How
we pause in conversation and ejaculate,
'It's a pity !' How his mother hopes he
will, not when he crows older, how his
sisters persuade themselves that it is only
a few wild oats he is sowing! And yet
the old men shake their heads and feel
gloomily when they think about it--Young
man just commencing life, buoyant with
hope, don't drink. You are freighted
with a precious cargo. The hopes of
vour old Darents. of rour sisters, nf vour
wife, of your children all are laid down
upon you. In you the
aged live
again their voune- davs: through vou onlv
can that weary one vou love obtain a Dosi-
! . . . J J - . . K .
tion in society; and from the level in
which you place them must your children
go into the great struggle of life.
Judge, you say if I punch a man in
fun, he can take me up for assault and
4 es, sir, I said that, and what I said
I repeat. If you punch a man, you are
guilty of a breach of the peace, and can
be arrested for it.'
Ain't there no exceptions V
No. sir.'
Now, Judge, I gues3 you are mistaken
-suppose I should brandy punch him,
what then V
'No levity in court, sir. Sheriff, ex
pose this man to the atmosphere. Call
the next case.'
A gentleman of Norfolk had a fine ne
gro, to whom he gave the privilege of
hiring himself out, and keeping one-half
the wages. A short time since the negro
came nome to nis master, to tea nun tnai
the man for whom he had been working
wished to buy him, and would give four-
teen hundred dollars for hnni
Well,' said his master, 'what of that ?
I don't wish to sell.'
I 'But you see, raassa,' said sara, Tse
had a couh some time, and 'specs I'm
gwine mio ae sumption. 1 oon i spec a
shall last mor'n two or three years, and
1 1 M I lira t It L'Q I a man in '
t m. n.v i m., viu. ju.
j The following incident, which occurred
at a country post-omce, has the advantage
hJf being true:
A rap at the delivery.
Postmaster Well, my lad, what will
you nave j
uoy nere s a letter siss wants to go
along as fast as it can, 'cause the tea a
feller wants te have her, here, and she is
courted by another feller what ain't here;
and she wants to kqow whether he is go-
I mg to have her or not. .
The Troy Times describes blasted
hopes to be marrying a woman with the
hope or getting W,wu witn her, ana
when the union is consummated, to be
presentea witn a tin ior ner last year s
1 boara.
A - strong-armed woman at Smyrna,
Del, flogged a fellow severely out on
the piazza of the hotel for seducing her
husband to the tavern, where the pair
would indulge tM freely in drink. She
then off Ted her arm to her husband, and
conducted him home.
Fertile Son,. Four silver watches
were ploughed ia'the field cf-D. L. King,
I in Akron, Ohio.
assumed, iUustrat:-!
?PV IO, 'tl-ll-Kt ,