Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, June 10, 1858, Image 1

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Second Stcry IlccJleyk I luir's Euilii
(Corner of Min and l irat Streets.)
(.utyearif p&iJ in ad finite, - - f
..... &t tb euJ cf C months, 2.59
; a 1 2 a ,o i
O.e squsrl (10 '.lass ar lew) one insertion,
lch add 'tlonal insertion, .
Uiaequare, one B'.niaf
1 A ' i - o:i
e.t ite
piat or !
jet-t to f !;
Inz in ti:f
A'J "
Ciir N
.,ri Vi i
vt-t i;1
n ITvj . rl
l ive oo la
:h. 4c,
t aw r
riU-i l:v-
ii f U : i i!
iu t!,e c .-irrfy tfJl la U
t !.( ii J :if or is; a tub.
r j l i ; iiTi.Ie or Kernsta
tire boo lbs, '
ou8 yer,
BctineM Cards ii I'mM or less, n year,
Jo Column OD8 yex,
OM-bAlfOolaniBf oBtew,
fcortk " "
- .ijhth -"
Culomii, tix montln,
forth " .
- .iffbtli -
Colamn thre month,
fcelf Column, three months,
.'.rktll "
iBDouocinj; codidates for odee (in adranee,) 5,00
Cwh In edrence will be required r or iiimtwuw
BfnU except where Actual responsibility it known.
Tea per eeot for each chtnje will be 4ded to the
Ke drert4emfnt will b considered by the year,
uleu specified on the muaript, or previously
irr4 Bfoo between the parties.
4rrtitDenti cot marked on thecory for a spec
iW nomber of insertions, wilt be continued until
erdered out,and cbrrel acrUinj;ly
All adrertis emT.ts from eUucgcrscrtransient per be raid in advance.
Th wnrilp? of Tcarlr advertiser will be eonfin-
i rW"rrdlT t iiieir own business: and all adertise-
MU eoi j-ertainirj thereto, to be paid for extra.
Yearly adrertieri bare the privilege of changing
tbeir adrertmemcnU onarter.T.
All leaded advertUcmenU charged double the
iLnr rates.
AJrertitenaint oa the inside exclusively will be
tb.arged extra.
IJrowDyille, Nebraska.
Will practice In the Courts of Xebraska.snd ycrth
wet MusouiL
Messrs. Crow. IfcCrcary aC., St. LonK Ita.'
Hon. James U. U ueU, lo
Una J.4id R. Sbeply. i - - . Do
Hon. Joie Craig, - . 8t. Joeeplt. Ho.
Hon. Silus WoodVm, -'Dov-
Jnde A. A. Bradford, 2ebraska City, X. T.
S. F. Nuckulls. - Do
Surveyor and Land igent,
Will attend promptly to the election and loca
tion cf Government lands in the emaha litnd dis
trict: surveying town sites, and subdividing lana?;
drafting eity pints, and all other business of a Gener
al Surveyor, lie will locate warrants on time lor
distant dealers; file declaratory statetementa of in
tention to pre-empt; make out pre-emption papers;
and always cn hand to look out claims for actual set
WT. Sanger, M. D., ew Tork City,
Sewal & Witbington, Boston, Maai.
Rev. T. W. Howe, Fataskala Ohio,
CoLW. E.Atkinson.
George U. Nix. n, Register Land Office. Brownville,
Lu-hbsupb & Carson, Uankcrs, urownvmc,. i.
n ir l? - 4
J. D. N.cB. B.TH0L1PS0H
Real Estate & General I Meeting Agents,
i ' ' 1
fu-1 Pettysoat, m 1M. vnykeU- ae -i
fc probly ll a iu ! . ilt li Willi ng to be un
Toked fur i:;li i suWeck. TmW : ' .' .
Comst from lag! r4. Vctory brct ys out. 'i
5be go; the sUle in E tlsnd, T.Lere nil 1"
! The rciaale Siotlsjers irre je. Vf ta tie ' 1'
ri! ine t 11, t.';e f rr.sle vare :' ,, ''
5 1, ti. i t 1 e s'i;i n. O
Wod tkat i l. Uti K.;aui, -Tr-Pettyooat
1 - . r-. . , ;; .,
Crat Petijeoattt
Tou air a stunaer, ape (bully when .
Worn wlta. waite tockliis aal ncet . -Cater
shoes. Hethinkil see a Bawl
Suom krowded ltk remail wimen. Tbey
Awl fcev Ked Fettycoats on I Tbey swl
Ware white stockini I Eimeby the music
Su-ikMupt Ar, tistTD much i eao" -Stand
U I My Tinlun U Allied ! Ky
Bran wburln 1 I cart) Ut bret.b I
aUnitbet ITbatf an i madl Ar, yes, tia two tree 1
I latt wildly fcsw, haw, haw I SUU the
Danst oontlnert 1 i git worser k.
Worse r ; and bimcby I fall into a swoon I
Jremenjus Pettycott I
Ton have made sad baruck with the un
Cersiced, but he furgires ye, and ye mar
Do it sum more if ye want to 1
FlaaUa Pettycoat, adao I
l:cLIcIIj iczh iiamascs.
1 . . ii .1 T . . 1 ..1 "It . 1
iruui cr tne loiiowing- story is L-ei wopie prate as tnev win, we wo-
vouched for bv the Blissoun corresoda-1 man was never born vet w ho would not
dtist of Harper's Weekly: '- I cheerfully and proudly give herself and
Ixot a hundred miles iran here,' some jber whole destiny into a worthy hand, at
six xnociJisarro, lived a fair widow, pos-1 tee rigntume and under ht circumstan
osscd cf . those shininpr Qualities " that ces; that is, when her whole heart and
most dazzle and charm the bachelor. She j conscience accompanied the gift. Cut
W3.3 your.j, handsome and very wealthy. mamag3 ought always to be a question
jiirs..; JacKS(3n took an eastern tour r last jnoi 01 necessity, out cnoice. jverygin
Summer, and wa3 beset by many suitors ought to be taught that a hasty, loveless
ardent and anxious lovers amonsr them union stamps upon ner almost as foul dis
was a Kentucky lawyer, r j: 3 a crorais- honor as one cf those connections which
ins maai iuit sarna'ir.crijJ uid lie becciSC emit th-iea! .ccrctaonv, cllorroliicr ; aad
of this fair widow that he left a lucra-, hoveve pale, dreary and toilsome a
tive practice at home and followed : her single life may be, unhappy married life
through the entire route of fashionable must be tenfold worse an ever haunting
travel. He met her at Baltimore. Phil- temptation, a torment from which there is
adelphia, and New York : he danced at t do escape but death
Saratoga and Is ewport with her, and when
the season was drawing to a close, he
happened to be with her at Niagara, and
on the Uhio river, and even at St. Louis,
when she was almost at home He was a blooded horse and
Race Between a Horse and a Lo
A. novel race took place lately between
a locomotive, lhe
always pleading professional business as I horse is decided to be a very fast na
the reason of . his, excursions here and and so is the locomotive, and both were
there, but he managed to plead his own well trained to the track. The arrange
suit out of court when courting the wid- ments between the betting parties, were
ow, though he saw no evidence of a ver
diet in his favor. In length Mrs. Jack
son stepped on board the boat at St. Lou
i3, to go up the Missouri to her own resi
dence, when, to 1 her surprise, the inde
that the horse should be at his
place when the locomotive came up even,
and the word "go", should be given, when
away they went under whip and steam.
I he judges, declared the horse the win
Farm and Garden.
. C&ecsc Making.
: We can do no better than give our
readers the following items on the process
of cheese making, from the practical pen
of Hon. G. Denniston, of Praitsburg,
Steuben county, N. as reported to
him to the New York Slats Agricultural
-The 'manufacture of cheesu consists in
cf th:rjrl
1 1
that are ccccn.iry tc
.10. Thststt C7v.:
ed that the cur J lr.3 b:t:i c:;.', :
is that it will feel cI.j-,1;, t
chewed between tie f2t: v.-.'.l
Thi3 13 a
discrimination 1
fallibls cue; and
enough or too the c
d v:
teit, and i
judgment, u is an i:
yct r.r.:
ti.0 curu,
:y r.:r. ::
r.: i co .;
JOE PRINTING! Agents for Iowa Ins. Co.,0skaloosa
W V-'X- ALL business entrusted to our care will meet wit!
Rarinr ad led to tlie Advertiser Office Card and
Jib Presses. New Type of the latest styles, Inks of
llul'ircs.lirtcs',s. tine Taper, fcnreiopc, dc. : we
are bow tirvrrsi u execute Job Work of erery de-
uription in a t vie ttiarjascd by any other office
U the LmU-d Mtfl.
Psrticular aUeoti'ia will be given to orders from
sd'mlano in bsr;.n th-in promptly attended to.
The rronrititors h win had an extensive expe
rience, w:il t;ive their personal attention to this
branch of bu.ine's, and hop, in their endeavors to
please, both in the extllense of their work, and
reasonable charges to receive a share of the publie
Tvr..mi)t mention and warranted correct. Papers prepar
ed for ;ersons wisning 10 pre-empt, ""v
meets made out, etc., etc.
d-Offlce on First street, north of I. T. Wbyte tt C0..43
J W. Grimes, Ex-Governor Iowa
T. L Price do Missouri
A null 11 A Kinir do do
n 1 Tn Glenwcorl, Iowa
Douvhty " Council BiaOS, low
April 8, 1869. v5n4l-ly
Attorney at Law,
w '
Land Agcat and Notary riiwic.
Archer Richardson Co., Jv. i.
Will nrnctice in the Courts of Nebraska, assisted
by Ilarding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
Archer, Elchardson Conntj, b. T.
Tellne Serenades.
An exclamatione to ye tortoise shelle Tbomasse atte.
wbych synges so dyabollycallie uponne ye rofio nnderre
my wyndoweby nyghte.'
I0e ye grey Tomme ca.tte tbytikes he synges,
Orlffe ye aonge thrnkeshe be sunge . '
They know oc-te who would boot-jackes flynges,
H owe mannie brlckes at hymine I've flunge t
When came ye nyghto to me he's neare ;
Kiyneor shynie all the same I
He on ye rooffe wylle sy lie appeare,
Aad katerwalle his Tomme flame.
They reckonne ille who balte hymme outte, '
Forre lyke a byrde wytbe mytie wynges,
Wylle perclie uponne ye waterre spoutte,
, And twyco as loudie yeTonunecatte synges.
Hysse voyce wylle offt attracts a brode
Of female felynei, syxor sevenne
To chaunte tberre bymme 'round my abode,
Aese thougbe it werre the Tomme cattes heaven t
fatigable lawyer presented himself, as ner by one-half, length. The bet was
fresh as a May morning. The widow ex S50 a side, and the distance only eighty
claimed, as she met him: rods. This decided the question that the
"Why, Mr. Jones, I thought you were horse ,is faster than steam.tfaroion
going to .Louisville ?" Times.
"Mrs." Jackson, my dear madam," re
plied the advocate, 1 am here to renew
the offer of ray hand, and to beg your acceptance."
"Really, sir, I think I have been suffi
ciently explicit, and that you had no en
couragement to pursue the matter."
A good Enle.
A man who is very rich now, was very
poor when he was a boy. When asked
how he got his riches, replied : "Mv
father taught me never to play till my
work was finished, and nerer tosnend mv
- , . . .. . i - i j
"Uut 1 noped Madam, that my devo- monev until I had earned it. If I had
tionand perseverance would be finally re- but one hour's work in a day, I must do
i ii hi iiih iirsr imncr snn 111 an nn irnn
"Do you mean, then," said the widow, after this I was allowed to nlav : and
f J..1 I . 11 111. - ... .. .
eviuenuy soueneo, -mat you reany naa tnenl could play with much more pleas
no other business in going this journey ure than if I had the thought of an un
wun me man to prosecute wis suit f " finished task before my mind. I early
"None an the world, but the hope of formed the habit of doing everything in
winning you. time, and as soon as it became perfectly
Then you shall be rewarded," she re- easv to do so. It is to this I owe mv
J ."ii..
pneu, wun a merry twmKie inner roguisn prosperity.
oeauiuui eye3, wnicn tne lawyer mistook
for a sweeter passion ; "then, mv dear sir.
you shall be rewarded. Tell me now a3
TncmercMphlcs or the English
The wise men, those who invented our a gentleman, how much money you have mirhf pridentlv be sunnosfed to spent on tills tour 5
conve v a hierorlvnhic raeaninrr in the "Do you really wish to know ?"
fnrmntinn cf it nnH thnnrrh thp art nf - "Certainly, I do."
drawin? was imperfect in ancient days. I " Mr- Jones took out his note book, and
First Settlement in Ohio.
The"New YorkEvening Post says it
was seventy-one years ago on the 7th of
May since the emigrant party from New
Hampshire landed in Marietta, Ohio.
This was the first permanent settlement
of white inhabitants m that .Territory
think fhave discovered at least some of soon reported that he had spent nearly Among those who went with ' the infant
!..!LLI!:ER ai:d dress maker.
ltin Street, one door above Carsona B&ck.
Bonnei$ and Tn'mmings always on hand.
Arcliitsct and Builder.
tj. c. jomrsoir,
Heal Estate Agent,
lion. WmJessujj, Montrose, Ta.
B. S. Beutlv, -
John C;. Millar, Chieajn, III.
Wm. K. McAllister, - u
Chrls F. Fowler,
R. W. Furnaa, Brownville, X. T.
O. V Ijvke, " 44 "
May 7, IS57. 7-1y
R. K. UlRnl NO. C. C. aiXBOloit R. r. iw.
lfimfie(urfraNJ Wkaletale Dealer
IIATIS, UArs & &1UAW u-juuo, (j
No 49 Ms'ti ttreet. bet. Olive ana tnne
Particular attention paid to manufacturing our
finest Mule Hats.
the symbolical meanings, and without
further preface proceed to present, them
to the reader:
The first letter represents a youth en
tering upon the journey of life, ar
dent and hasty, his legs only being
seen, the cress-mark implying that he
is dressed
rave nund red dollars." 11 rw tv.-:
.1IT 11 11 -li 1 ... . 1 J " " . vv.
veii, - saia tne loveiy lady, i donot ernor Woodbridce, of Michigan. Dr.
Hildreth. Ohio has now 2,500.000 neo
wish any one to lose by me," extending
ner purse to the lawyer.
" V hy, what do you mean, Mrs. Jack
Clayos ct Zjoo. F
Real Estate and General Agency, G
Oil All A CITY. If. T.
. TT-'-t.. T 1 X-..- T-.t I A
James i rigui, iroikrr, a'c mil,
Wm. A. Wodwj.rd, Esq. " 44
Hon. li. Wood. Ex-Gov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wicks, Otic and Urowncll, Backers, 44 If
AlCOiia iiin
Col. Robert Campbell, St. Louis,
James liidgway, Esq. " . '
Crawforn and tiackett, Chicago.
OmhaCitv.Aua:.30.185. TlnlS-ly
"I mean what I say; take it: take it and
pay yourself for your Summer's work on
TW-ririP rliarrnnnl nprsnprtirft nf Y aCCOUUt, and let US be OUltS."
r - r-r-- ' a 1 v j.-j j .1 1 1
the mot on made bv hw feet in walk uu uc u,u "e wiuowuaa
:ncr - to borrow money to get home. The wid-
That the road is open and he proceeds ow as taken all aback, by the lawyer's
freely tuoi uctejiiiiute 01 uiejjoiu; uui ne con-
ThKnnf thk lPttPr imnlie that he soiPa nimseit wan tne idea taat if she
. " 1 " r :. 1.1 . 1 l:, 1 :j . v
Vine f Ion it P-r VP the 1 rie wwuiu uui ue ui uuue sue was at ieasi
iair game. .
pie, iudustrious, enterprising, and intelli
gent. She has SS30,000,000 of taxable
property; S3,500,000 m school houses:
and an annual school tax for the educa
tionof all her children, of 82,500,000,
and more miles of canal and railroad
than any State in the Union.
I. .T. Whyte & Co.,
Queensware, Hardware,
. Ctoros, 2.' uurxxi txxx-o r
Country Produce,
' Orecoa, Holt Cotinty, HissourL
epconstantly on hand alldescriptionof Harness,
caudle, Undl, e., e.
K. B. EvervarticlelnourshopismannfaeUred
y oursDlve,and warranted to give satisfaction
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
And iretsry PubUc .
exehaska crrr, it. t.
W IX, attend promptly to all bttisness entrarted
to his care, ia Nebraska Territory d West-
era Iowa.
September 12, 1S5S. vlntS-ly
WTLL in tbe several Courts of tbe 54 Judicial
"irx-t. .14 riw1 to all tnMiers connected with tbe
"ei.. v m. SIcLE55AK. K q , oi Nebraska City,
aakit tne in tbe irue.-uuu& cf important Suits.
Vebraska City, .V. T., and Glenwood, Ia.
WJU.Z, practice In all the Courts of Nebraska and
Western Iowa. Particular attention paid to
obtaining, locating Land Warrants, and collection of
non. Lewis Cass, Detroit, j. Michigw.
Julins D. Morton, I '
Gov. Joel A. ilftttcson, Springfield, 111
Gov. J. W. Grimes, iowa City, Iowa;
It. P. Fifiled, St. Louis.Mo.;
Hon. Daniel O. Morton. Toledo, Ohio:
V. A. Sarpy, Betlevne.Nebrrska:
Sedgewicu A Walker, Chicago, 111: '
Green. Weare k Benton. Council Blnffs,Iow,
of his fall
A rough picture of his face, with his
nose smashed in.
That he is recovering.
And that he is proceeding, whence
comes ihe phrase "Going it.
That he' meets a friend, and shakes
hands, which is represented by the
cross-mark. - '
Implies that friendship is but a name
the perpendicular clearly signify
ing that he is alone.
The Two Wives
It is said that a down-town merchant.
being unable to pay a note which, if he did
not meet would involve him in bankrupt
cy, went home with a sad countenance to
reveal his misfortune to his wife. No
sooner, however, had he made the start
ling announcement, than his faithful wife
sallied to her room and returned with a
ban containing S500X) in gold, which she
And renPtv l,u mnmpv ifcrnwinrr' his said the had saved from her house money.
I A laBaV.MtH nfr lr.iA nmA mnnh nr wi a vw
heels behind him.' ' xv u,u"L1CI Ul iuia saiuc uicuoam uo
But he is stopped hy a person, imper- so fortunate, lieing atraia to wusrine
fecUy represented as a female that canns, ue uau iam uy ui uum ?aww iu
is a r h. whirh is r, nrprl n nst hut COia. Wltn wnicn ce mienueu iu meei u
Me , note. When pay-day came, he went to
The lower nart of this letter desr.rihes search for Lis money, but it was missing,
lk.. r t 1 T- t. - r I
his advances. un inquiring or nis . aear wue, ne ioudu
And his resnectful bows. - . . . . that sht had boujrht with it, at btewart s
Her rnurtesips. a set of $1000: furs ! It is. needless to
That as the circle is comnlete. so i add that this merchant failed.
J :
his happiness.
a. ) Nebraska City NT)
Council Bluffs, Iowa,
(Successors to Riden fc White.)
a !
HAYING inade arrangements ny wnicn we wm
receive accurate copies of all tbe Townships
embraced in the Easbera portion of .Nebraska, we
are now prepared U ofTer our services to the
r . - I 1. T .
44 Squaliers oj eorasita icmwry.
In riuing Declaratory Statements of Inten
tion to Pre-empt. Securing Pre-emptions,
Locating Lnd w arrants-
Land "Warrant Douglit and Sold.
Particular attention paid to Buying and Selling
Property on commission: Also, to tnakirg Collections
and forwarding remittances to any part of the Union.
Blauks of all kinds alwavs on hand.
Ron. A. A. Bradford, Nebraska City.
S.F. Nuckolls, 44 " .
Messrs. Dolman & "West, ' Ft. Joseph, Mo.,
Peter A. Keller. Washington City
Thomas Lumpkin, 44 44
June23,18W. vl-n "
Second Street. between Main and Xobrwka, -
Still his joy is described as enclosing
him only from his breast to his head
and he wishes for more. -When
she takes his arm.
Now her relation to him is chanjred
from what it was in "K," and her
head rests upon his shoulder.
That things become crooked, as they
.usually do. .
And he is pictured with his shoulders
shrugged , and his arms hanging
But he recovers by taking something
; to drink, the cup being well exe
cuted. .
Y Two persona about to embrace, being
in the act of stepping forward.
W This letter evidently describes another
person who is intimately connected
with them.
Who undoubtedly is cross.
But becomes less so. '
And the two horizontal lines describes
two persons asleep, with another ly
- ing between thena, indicated by the
The Ruins or NincTah.
Some time ago, on the Sabbath day,
we wended our way to onarof our church
es, and instead of a sermon heard an ad
dress upon some missionary or other be
nevolent subject. After the address was
concluded two brethren were sent round
with the baskets for contributions, Parson
, who was one of the basket bear
ers taking the side upon which we sat.
Immediately ia our front and upon the
next seat negligently reclined our friend
Bill H , a gentleman of infinite hu
mor and full of dry jokes. Parson L
extended the basket and Bill slowly shook
his head.
"Come, William, give us something,"
said the Parson.
"Can't do it," replied Bill.
" Why not? Is not the cause a good
"Yes; but I am not able to give any
thing." - "Poh! poh! I know better, you must
give a better reason than that."
44 Well, I owe. too much money I must
be just before I am generous, you know."
"But, William, you owe God a larger
debt than you owe any one else."
"That's true. Parson, but then he aint
A gentleman who had listened attend
relv to a Lonar. diffuse, and highly orna
mental prayer, was asked by one of -tie
members, "if he did not think the minis
ter was very lifted in rrayer." ;
4Yes,"iie replied, "I think it as good
a prayer as wa eyer offered to etcongrfga
iior :. . : - !-- : :. -
The steamship "Soho" has just arrived
at London with the last consignment of a pushing me like the balance of my cred-
Assynan antiquities from the ancient Nin- ltors."
eveh. They consist of about fifty cases The Parson's face got into a rather a
ot tne most artistic sculptures yet discov- curious condition and he passed on.
i .i . i- : i-i l
erea in tne earnest posi-auuvian city, re
presenting the Queen of Assyria feast
ing: under the shadow of the nne. the
King engaged in a lion chase, and after
in the act of pourinsr forth a libation.
There is also a splendid and almost un
broken hunting series, comprising not on
ly lions, but wild asses, caught in a noose
or lasso; also a procession of-the sport
men bearing away birds, hares, etc., with
their dogs, and other implements of cap
ture and pursuit.. But still more inter
esting than these treasures of antiquity
are the slabs bearing the famous inscrip
tion on the winged bull at the entrance
of the palace of Senacherib, recording
his memorable expedition against Heze
kiah, the sovereign cf Judah, in which
180,000 of his warriors, "unsmole by the
sword," in a single night, "melted like
snow in the glance of the Lord," an
event so sublimely descrived in the "He
brew melodies" of Byron:
And there lay the steed, with his fcostril all wide.
But thrones it there roliea not the breath of bis pride
And the foam ot his gasping lay white on the turf.
And cold as the spray of the rock-beaten surf.
And there lay the rider, distort! swl pale,
With tbe dew oa his brow tul tbe nlst on his mail ;
And the tents were all silent, tbe lianners llone
Xbe 1 in ces nnUtted, the trumpets ui blown,4
A Watery JoKc.
During the last dry spell, a very raw
back-woodsman, lust down from his na
tive wilds to see city sights, was standing
on a corner all agape lust as a watennfr-
machine broke loose and began to squirt
its fluid contents to allay the dust. The
backwoodsman thought that the cask had
sprung a sudden and unpremeditated leak
without the knowledge and connivance of
the driver, who was riding along and ta
king no notice of what the water was do-
mrr behind his back so he sang out: "bay
stranger! your water's all a wastin' out of
that bar'l." The "stranger" took no
notice of this information, and the ma
chine kept on delivering, caused the rus
tic to remark : "That'ere man won't get
nary drop o' that water home if it keeps
a squirun out that way. lie must be a
the rorr.plcia. !:ernra
the whey, and the proper compressing
and curing of the curd. There are lead
ing principles that should be noticed, re
lating to every stage, and which will de
termine the flavor, and texture of the ar
ticle produced. .
1. The evening and morning's milk
13 used the evening milk is strained in
to a tub, and in the morning added to the
mornieg's milk. The temperature of the
-milk united will be generally so low as to
require more warmth; this is done at all
seasons of the year by putting the milk
into a tin vessel, which is floated in heat
ed water. ' It is important to determine
the exact temperature at which the milk
should be Ve." Some advocate a low
temperature ; but experience has indicat
ed that from 81 to 90 is about the
range at which the milk ought to be co
agulated. 2. I have noticed that the higher the
temperature of the milk at the time of
setting, thesooner .it will coagulate, but
the curd will be tougher and less in quan
tity; and on the other hand, if the milk
be set at a very low temperature, the curd
will be longer forming, will be greater in
quantity and tender in quality. The range
of temperature, as I have before stated, is
from 54 to 90- according to the season
Land the weather. .
3. It i3 found - necessary to vary the
heat at setting, at different seasons of the
year, so as to produce coagulation within
a given time, for if the temperature should
be too great in warm weather, the" curd
will form tough and hard, and if it be
too low, in cool weather, it will form too
soft, will work off with the whey, and re
duce the quantity, as well as the quality
of thetheese. The precise heat at which
the milk istobeset. isimportantincheese
making, and should be determined by
careful observation of those engaged in
its manufacture.
4. The rennet used is calf renntt. It
is prepared by turning out the contents,
and every other impurity. It is turned
inside out, stretched on a 6tick, salted
and hung up to dry. When thoroughly
dried, it is packed in salt and put in a dry
place. The rennet is used by stepping a
small piece in a cup of luke-warm water,
addinsr thereto a little salt. I iudsre of
the proper time for breaking the curd by
pressing the surface of the milk, and if
.1 lJ f J- ...... .v
me curu anu wney appear instinct, ui uue
coagulated and solid, the other of a pale
green shade, it indicates the curd is in a
condition to separate from, the whey and
to become fine and smooth ia breaking ;
but if the curd appears soft, it is notsutti
ciently formed for separation from the
whey and for breaking.
5. The curd is broken by means of a
'cheese cutter," formed of wire-work,
which is passed through the curd perpen
dicularly and in different directions so as
to separate it into small and equal parts.
The finer the curd is broken the sooner it
will separate from the whey.
6. The time occupied ia breaking the
curd is determined by the state of the
curd and the whey. The curd must be
in a condition to be worked even, so that
in the after scalding process, no element
of fermentation remain in it to depreciate
its quality. The curd must also be in a
condition to separate from the whey, which
it dot-s by sinking. It is essential at wis
point to notice, as before nintea, mat tne
curd be not too tender through a low tem
perature, nor too tough by being too
warm. The proper temperature is to be
observed as being conducive to a proper
condition of the curd in its texture and
firmness. This beinsr observed and sec
ured, the breaking process need occupy
no lonrier time than is necessary to sepa
rate the curd into the fine and uniform
parts, so that it may gradually separate
from the whey,
7. As soon as the curd has settled and
the whey appears clear on the top, begin
to dip the whey off and to scald. The
time for raising the heat will vary, ac
cording to circumstances, from three
quarters of an hour and more, ta be de
is, teat it is euaer tco si:.
cr net suSciently so, id t-2
in s rr
if. As soon as the curd is $u.J
cooked, it is then separated frona
whey. This is dons by dippisj' it cn ta a
strainer, spread ever a tub or skk. It is
necesscry to be very particular at this
stage of the process if the curd is tea
hot, and matts tc jether, its temperature
should be reduced by turning, cix cell
whey until it sinks to 91; at this point
the curd will absorb the salt f reel, ad
afterwards press ou: freely.
12. The salt used i3 the first quality
of Onondaga salt, and one peend cf salt
to forty pounds of curd. The curd ia salt
ed when warm and well drained. It must
be worked fine so as to work tho salt uni
formly throughout the mass. During th3
salting process 'the temperature should
range from 91 down to 95.
13. As soon as the salt is thoroughly
worked in, and packed fcra few rainutes
until the curd sinks in the temperature to
about 72', it should then be put to press.
If it be put to press at a higher temper
ature it will be tough and strong if at a
lower, it will crumble, and not press well
14. The cheese is pressed twelrs
hours and then turned, and then pressed
twelve hours Iorrer. Sometimes when
the cheese is large, it is pressed in all
forty-eight dollars.
to. If the cheese is rut to press too
w a
warm, or tne curd is soured.or tne cneesu
cloth not perfectly clean, the cloth will
"adhere to the cheese." The remedy U
indicated by the cause.
16. The coloring matter used is "an-
natto, ' and is incorporated with ther ren
net, and applied in setting the milk with
17. After the cheese is taken front
the press, it should be cleared of all
blotches or scum that may arise on its
iurface, and sufficient oil and beeswax
rubbed on to keep it from cracking. Thi
being observed strictly from day to day, a
rind will be produced that will be imper
vious to flies. '
IS. The cheese is rubbed with whey
oil. The whey stands until a cream rise
upon its surface, which is skimmed off ani
churned. The rnilk is worked from ' tha
butter, and is then tried down, until all
the milk and watery particles escape, to
what is called whey oil. This oil is rub
bed on the cheese quite warm, and tho-.
roughly rubbed over its surface. Be sure
to rub no more oil on, than will become
incorporated readily with the rind.
19. A cheese that has been neglected
in the scalding process, or that has not
been sufficiently salted, or the curd of
which has been improperly worked will
likely swell. As has been before hinted,' .
the process of setting, cr scalding, or
salting, must be particularly noticed, or
the cheese will present some feature
which will detract from its value.
20. A thermometer is used to test the
egree of heat in all cases; and yet it
use must, in all cases, be guided by ob
servation, as contingencies arise that pro
duce chemical changes. The thermotae-
er is a mere instrument to be called in
id cf a practical judgment, and careful
discrimination, rather than an absolute
rule, by which we are to be governed.'
There exists a range of essentials through-
cut the whole process of cheese manulac-
ture, and-at tne same time a duierence
in the minutiae, which is to be determined
y observation.
The late John Avery Parker, a success
ful merchant of New Bebford, was at
time "warned" to leave Westport, Mass.,
under the old law or custom of warning
strangers who were likely to become a
public charge. lie died worth 1,300,000
termined by the condition of the curd ; if
it is hard, not so long, if soft, longer, to
work it harder.
8. The heat is applied in scalding the
curd faster or slower according to the ac
tion of the rennet, as that acjs rapidly or
less so. The practice is to raise the tem
perature gradually from that of the curd;
when broken, up to 90, and from that to
106. and while scalding, the whey and
curd is kept in motion to keep the curd
from running together, and that it maybe
equally cooked throughout; the time taken
vanes irom nait to tnree-quarters of an
. . ...
nour rnd sometimes longer.
9. The rule is varied somewhat at
different seasons of the year, as the tern
11 w
perature is coia or warm, in warm
weather do not raise the scalding point as
high, in cold higher. Although the par
tkular principle applicable to the scalding
process is admitted, yet the application is
to be determined by circumstances, re
change of the weather, and the particular
state of the curd, (must in all cases be
strictly observed,) will indicate to the ob
serving mind the variations from the rules
Tie your Korcs. ; p
Joh Jolly never tied his team whea b
eft them, and this neglect cost him two
new wagons, one new Harness, t je deain
of one horse and a lasting hurt to anoth
er, the loss of two children, a crippled
wife, and life long renvrse all incurred
within one year. There was a remedy
no, not a remedy, but a preventive in
the following rule, which should be posted
in every farmer s horse-barn: Never
leave home without a good halter on your
horse or in the waeon; never leave &
horse or span of horses without securiEg
them by the halter to a good strong post,
or other solid, nerer to a shade tree. Do
not leave them attached to a plow or har
row or roller m the field without tying
them. A little care will save yoa property.
A bright fire cf resinous tine, tar.
shavings, or any other combustible, kind
led in the garden at night, on a platfona'
erected for the purpose, will attract and
destroy millions of insects.
. Birds are among the best friend cf
the gardener, and should by no means be
destroyed, although some cf t'aexa nay
eat a few raspberries or cherries.
Practice what yon preach to your boys.:
regarding clean tools, a place for every
thing and everything in its place, fcc
They should be taught it both by precept
and example.
, , , , , i
Hens and chickens should hare access
to the garden whenever it can safely ba
l I