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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1858)
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DEVOTED T0 AHT, SCIENCE, AGpiCDLTUEE, COMMEECE, NEWS, POLITICS, ..GENERAL IOTELLIGENCE' AND; Tip); INTERESTS . OF NEBRASKA.
BEO WNVILLE, NEMAHA COUNTS; Ti? THURSDAY , ;MAY: 27; 1858. ;
NO. 48.. ;:
-. . - . V - v J v. . t
I 1 II II IB
v i i 1 I i y
" " rt US"K ETtBT THLB6PAT BT
R. W. FURNAS,
SecoaiSiory Hoadley &. Muir's Building,
CrnT of Main n4 First StreeU.)
BUOWNYILLE, N. T.
Till LTLIO r
r. ..rif DiiJ in J Malice,
' M t the eud of 6 mootbg, 2.60
m Ii " 3,00
TLVoflJ or t'.re i bc froiA.I .$!,! per
lb, ch .ecoinp-n.ci the onfcr,
RATES OF AUVERTISIXG:
Odc lHre I" !:"'j!' ,e')WI"' in!Mrlio,l
VSr - ! .
nuire. une iu uiu,
" one year,
Bawnfri Car U f line or lef, one yer,
Jc Column one year,
Oic-Wr Ooluiun, one year,
. loarth "
eighth u "
C.ilomn, fix month,
half Column, uix mnnths,
eighth - " 44
louin three month,
kail Column, three in nths,
.;.sth - " "
ini.nsin can JiiUtefi Ut olSee (in adranoe,) 5,00
h in advivnee will he rfiuirl f r all dverti8e
awei"! whwre artual reionsibility it known.
T-.r n-nt f,rr ea-h change will ke ad. UJ to the
,1.. , 5,
a.l-ertimnt willbeeonnl?rea by the year,
niw p-wifieii n tba unauorIpt, or previously
njvin between toe p.iriie.
Aavcrtiwrni'nt not n ttk d n the copy for tee
H.Jt mimiter .f iti-rti in. will ba ooritinued until
uUanJ i-harjd accordingly ...
A.Uadcrt;fnn ;nt Ir nn ttr ineortransient per
,.,, in l,c raid in H.lrtnee.
Th? wivil ' of vertrW n.lveniiorti will be eonGn-
ti rid-dW t- tlfirwn hainj:n 1 all adrcrtije-
artiU t i prtaiiiin ihetetu, to bo pnid r ex
Yearly a-lvorticri have t!ie privilege of changing
Utnr a,lrrr;i.ineuti. Quarterly.
ill 1.1.1 l.rtiein -nil c'airzed double the
AUr. 'vn-ntt n ths inidj ex-;laire1y will be
BOOK AI7D FANCY
flavin; sdded to te Advertiser Office Card and
J-k rres.e.New Type of the latent styles Inks of
i29ulores,15ronJ, HnePer, Eurclopos, Ac; we
trr nw prepared to execute Job U'ork of every de
rrition in a tyle unuqised by any other office
a Iht L'nited Staten.
rVtiouUr attuntion will be j;iven to orders from
liisiaase in hiving th'-m promptly attended to.
Ths l'r.i;riet-ir-, hiving had an extensive expe
iwnce, will tive their person! attention to this
Wtoch of buine, and hoix. in their endenTor to
liewe, bith in the cxellon of their work, and
wioble charges to reeeive a share of the public
MISS MARY TURNER,
HiLUHER AND DHESS MAKER.
Kaixt Street, one door above Carsoas Bank.
BUOWNVILLE, N. T.
hands and Tr;mming$ alvays on hand,
C. W. WHEELER,
Architect and Builder.
Brownvlllo, 2NX. T.
U. C. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
A N 1
Real Estate Agent,
b now n villi:, n. t.
Hon. Wm.Jessup, Montrose, Pa.
B. S. Ilwutly, " -
John I'. Miller, ChKag-v, HI.
Wm. K. M-Alli-ter. - -
Ch.rle F. Fouler, " " '
U. W. Furnas Urownville, X. T.
(). F Lake,
X.v 7. lRi7. 71
I. T. Whyte & Co.,
WHOLES ILK ASI KKTall. OKALKKh IK
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES
Qaponsw ns II .rlw-Te, : '
Stovo, r vxx-n.it txro,
Country Produce, , ,,
nitowNvii.i.rc. n. t. !
J. HART &
Orejon, illt County, iliisouri. -: J
Keep -onauily u hand all JeicripUouof Harness,
Wile, Bri lies, c, Ac. .
N. B. Every a.-ticlc inour ihop;smanfactred
V nnrsolve-.nnd warranted to civeatifartiofi.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
GENERAL INSURANCE AND LAND AGENT.
And Notary Public.
KEBBASKA CITY", K. T. 1 -VTriLL
attend promptly to all bnisness entrusted
' ' In biirire. in Xebrjik& Tarritorr and WmU
E. S. DUNDY,
.ATTORNEY; AT L A WT
ARCHER, RlCH RnPOS CO. K. T.
pX prsctice lu tbe several C urt of the M JodiciaJ
' pwn-t aKl attend It all mittens connKcled with tbe
, hub. 'h. M:Lekak K-n- ' Xebra-ki City,
"'aanst Die in tbe jiru.v:utioi ul important Suits. , ,
1. 10, '67-ll-U . I
HEMAHA LA!1D AGENT,;
Will clect ini,'inrest.(tat title, ptj Ues, he.,
itber in Knai or Nelrbk; bay, tell, utid enter
Uudion cjmantM-iin; invest in town property, buy or
veil the uoi& ud will always have on hand Correct
platf of towiibip; counties, xc.. hhi.winn all landaaub
jectto entry, and wbere desired will furnish partiea liv
inz in the natea wilb the ale.
9einK the oldest settler in the county wiU in all
cde be able to give full and reliable iuformauon.
AWres A. L Cjaie. either at urownvuieor em;ina
ty Nbraka Territory. ' ' ' -' . ui8-rf
DANIEL L. McGAKY,
' ' : .AND
SOLICITOR LV CIUXCERY.
Will practice in the Courts .of Kebralu,and Xortb
ett ilisuu;l. . '
Messrs. (Jrow McCreary &. Gov
Hon. James M. UOi-tis, w -
Hon J .hnR. Sbcp,
Hm. Jamec Craig,
. St., Lmii&, it). r
" 'Do ' '
St. J.wcph, Mo.
Kebraj-ka City, N. T.
. . . Do
Hon. Silus WmHlkoa,,.
Judce A. A. Bradford,
8. F. Nuckolls H-q..
H. M.' ATKINSON,
Surveyor' aiiil Land Ascnt,
BUOWNVILLE, N. T.,-
Will attend promptly to the lectin and loca
tion cf Gftvernuwtit land in the Nemaha land dis
trict: surveying town site, and subdividing land.-;
draftinjicity ilat,iid all other luints f a Oeoer-
al Surveyor. Ha will locate warrants oh time for
distant dealer; fil declaratory tatctrmjents of in
tention to prv-cutvl ; BwVe out pre-emption pajieni:
and always on hand to lookoutcluima for actual set
tlers. TiEFER TO j.
W.W. Sanger, M. I)., w York City,
Sewal & Withington, lotm, Maso.
UevT T. W. Howe, l'ataskala Ohio,
C..1. W. E. Atkiiwn '
George 11. Nix- n. Renter Land Offiee. Rn.wr ville,
liU-hbauh A Carson, Uauker, browoville, X. T.' .
K. V. Furnas '- u
J. D. N. & B.THOMPSON
Real Lstatf & General i 'ol'ecling Agents,
BROWN VTLIiE, IT.
Ajrents forldwd Ins. Co.; Oskaloosa,
. ALL buriuess entrusted to our care will meet itb
pn.nipt atiemioii anu arrauieucoriei-i. j-iin.-in iMt jp,
ed tor j erw.us willing to pre-empt, Declaratory state
i ...... .. . n ...........
ments nude out, etc, etc.
O-Om. e on Firtt street, north of I. T. Vbyte & Co.CJ
f HKFF.KRKSCES :
J. W, Grimes, Ex-(i vei nor Iowa
T. L P. ice r do Jtiouri ,
Audiu A King ' do do
ii S.- larre i. Co., , fleiwoo1, Towa
Donclity Council B.uffs, Iowa
April 8 1858. v2n41-ly -
: A. D. KIRK.
Attorney at Lrtn
Land A peat and Aolarj' I'uuiic.
Archer, Richardson Co., JV .; T. i
Will practice in the Court. of Ncbraska,assisted
by Harding and Bennett, Nebraska City.
W. P. LOAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LOT AND LAND AGENT,
Archer, Richardson County, N. T.
e. HiHiusn. , 'aZ c. KiMBorcn k. f. toomer.
HARDiKG, KIMBOUGH & CO.,
UtiHMfictnreriaid Wkolennle Dealtrx in
IIATS, CAPS & STRAW GOODS,
Ko 49 xla;n street, bet. Oiive ana ifine,
ST, LOUIS, MO.
Particular -mention paid to manufacturing our
finest Mole Hats.,
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
CEOKuB CLAYES. 1. LEE.
Clayos cXs Loo.
Real Esttte ;md GeniT.il Agency,
OMAHA CITY, N. T.
.fames Wright, ttrokcr, New York,
Wm. A. Woodwiird, Esq. ' u .
Hon. U. Wood, Ex-(Jov. of Ohio, Cleveland,
Wieks.Oticand lirowncll, Bankers, "
Alcott k Horton, - , ; .
Col. Robert Campbell, 1 St. Louis,
James Kidgway, Esq. "
Craaforn and Sackett. Chicago.
Omaha Citv.Anir. 30 185- vlnU-ly
H. F. tf SETT. J. a. MORTON, H. H. U AKl'lNU
BENNET. MORTON &. HARDING
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Xebraska City" .V. T., and Glenwood, la
WJII.LpraetiotAn all the Courts of Nebraska and
W Western Iowa. Particular attention id to
obtaining, loatmg Land Warrants, and collection o
Hon. Lewis Cas. Detroit, i
.'uliu I). Morion. " f
Gov. .Iel A. Matteson. Springfield, 111
Gov. J. W.Orimes Iowa City, Iowa;
B. 1. Fifiled. St. Louis.Mu.:
Hon. Daniel O. Morton. Toledo. Ohio
P. A. Sarpy. IWWue.Nehraska:
Sedgewieh k Walker.XThicago. Ill: ' . '
Green. Weare A Benton. Oonncil UlnffV.Iowa.
JbKFKKAiK f. CASAHY, ) MARTIN W. RltlfJC.)
1 AS. D. TKST, J AS. P. WHITE, V
Council Ulufflowa. - ) X ebra cka Ci ty X T )
CASSADY. TEST, RIDEN &.. CO.
: (Succesors to Riden dm W'hite.)
NEBRASKA CITY, If. T.
HAVING made arrangement by which we will
receive accurate copies of all the Townshi
embraced in the Eastern poriiou ef Nebraska, we
are now prepared tu offr our services u the . j,
44 Squniters of Nebraska Territory."
Tn Filling Declaratory Statements of I aten-
tion to Pre-empt. Securing Pre-ecap-
tions. Locating Land Warranta-; .. -
:i 1 AND ; ENTERING1 LAND..",. .
Land Warrants nought and Sold.
LAND ENTERED ON TIME.
Particular attention paid to Buying and Selling
Property on eotnniissian: Alscvto jnalung Collections
and forwarding, remittances to any part of the Union.
Blanks of all kinds always on hanJ."'
; " ! REFEHENCES.
lion. A; A.Bradford,. .7. KebraikaCity. t .
'S.F.Nueolls, " ,. . ,"
.. Messrs. Dolman' West,. St. Joseph, Mo., "
" Peter A. Keller. Washington City v
Thomas Lumpkin, ' ' . - .3 , , " . "
. June28,1856. rl-nl .' :' "
JAMES W. : GIRSON,
Second -street ,Wwon Main aad Nebraska,
;,; ; ,'BUOWNnLLE, Ni'T. ,
.Farm and Garden
J Horse Taailn;; Secret
. ;Mr. John' Field, reterinary surjjeon,
iOxford street, London, writes as follows
to the Titruts i ' ' -:
! , My conrictibn is that all horses can, be
temporarily subdued ; but I find that some
require a much lctger time for that, pur
pose than others, and that the operator
must possess a commanding self-posses-sion'and
energy of will.' I do not believe
in the eradication of what is undeniable
vice. : l no vicious norse can be quieted
even as to be under control; but after the
influence of the operator has been entire
ly removed, and the effect of his operation
has subsided, he will resume his . consti
tutional tendencies. With nervous horses
the case is altogether different. Repeat
ed operations acts upon them as a kind of
education and training they become ha
bitually quiet. For instance, a bay geld
ing; was bought in the country by a Lon
don dealer for a large sum, but on its ar
rival in town it was found to be dangerous
to wash his feet or to shoe him, and of
course he could not be disposed of, al
though repeatedly offered for sale. I pur
chased him, and have made him so quiet,
that anyone may take up his feet. Again,
a brown mare, the property of Colonel
T., to whom I had communicated my
mode of treatment, had a 'trick' of kick
ing when her clothing was being remov
ed, and she is now entirely free from the
habit. Where it is dangerous or incon
venient to put a bridle upon a horse, or
to shoe him, or to tie him up, or to get
him quiily into a railway box, or in any
such difficulties, which are more the result
of nervousness than vice, the auimal may
be reduced to a willing submission. To
operate with success, it is necessary to be
alone wiih the horse in a confined space,
and to tdke care that there is nothing to
divert the animal's attention. The arti
cles required are oil of cumin, horse cas
tor, or the warty excrescence from the
horse's leg, and oil of rhodium. The plant
from the seed of which oil of cumin is ex
tracted is a native of Ethiopia, and is ex
tensively cultivated in Sicily and Malta.
It was more used in ancient times than at
present. Mention is made of it in the
sacred and other ancient records. It is
of au orange color. The horse castor ii
easily pulled off, and must be grated fine.
It has a peculiar, rank musty smell, the
ammoniacal effluvium of which seems to
be very acceptable to the horse. , For oil
of rhodium he has, however, a remark
able fondness. This is extracted from a
wood which is brought from the Canary
Islands, and is usually sold as a perfume.
It is retailed at Id per drop. The modus
operandi is : Rub one or two drops of oil
of cumin over your hands, and pass your
hands over his nostrils so that he inhales
This must be continued until you get
his entire attention. Then-put a little of
the tastor (about the quantity of a good
pinch of snuff) on a lump of sugar, and if
the hore will not eat it from your hand
put it into bis mouth. . Take eight drops
of oil of rhodium in a little bottle or thim
ble, or any other convenient thing, and
pour it into his month. Lsually this, with
kind and gentle treatment, makes him
become 'your obedient servant,' and he
will follow you alout and permit you to
take anv libertv with him. In extreme
case the process may have to be repeated
before you acquire the desired influence
over him. If you are so inclined, this
operation may be repeated four or five
times a day, but above all things the ut
most care should -be taken to avoid hurt
ing him. v These "directions will 'enable
anyone to make a friend of his horse, and
if he addicted to any 'tricks' he can be
The selection of a proper, site for a
vineyard, independently of the soil, is a
matter of no little moment, and yet it is
one upon which great diversity of opinion
prevails. Probably, from early associa
tions of the hanging gardens and terraced
vineyards of Europe, and the idea that the
fullest exposure to the sun is necessary to
the perfect ripening of the grapes, a large
majority of our vine dressers insist upon
the sfcleclion of a hill side with a southern
or southerly slope. Accident, necessity,
and sometimes a laudable spirit of inquir
ing enterprise, have caused many devia
tions from this; and there are those who,
having tested all exposures, and with a
similar soil, prefer any other blope to the
southern. Some udvocate the eastern,
and some the western, while ethers, and
with good reason, prefer the gentle north
ern .declivity, upon which they -have- ob
served less injury from frosts as well as
from droughts cf summer, and where the
partial shade which the vines may furnish
one another appears to preserve them in
a degree from the deleterious influence
of sunshine after fogs and showers.
A free and open situation ii absolutely
necessary, whafever exposuremay have
been selected. On .this account, as well
as for other reasons, which -will fce iboted
hereafter. L very much prefer the . sum
iriit of -a hfil, gtntly4eclining-m any or in
every direction, to either- the " terrace or
hillside. I would rather plant, tend or
own one acre or grapes upon the crest of
a hill than two acres in any other situa
ation. The reasons for this will be more
fully given hereafter, but may be briefly
stated here, asdepending upon the dimi
nished labor and expense in the prepara
tion of the ground; the superiority of tho
soil sometimes found in such situations,
especially on the river hills; the greater
facility aad smaller expense of cultivation,
which is much less than one-half where
horse power may be substituted for hand.
labor in stirring the soil ;. arrl finally, the
inestimable advantage of. an open expo
sure, freely admitting exery breeze, and
thus less liable to injury ftom the effects
of rains or fogs in summer, or from the.
damage often accruing from the thaws of
winter, alternating with sudden changes
to frost, which are especially likely to tc
cur upon a southern or warm exposure. '
J. A. Warder, of.SpringJieldJ O. ' .
: How to Make Asparatus Beds.
Every garden should contain a bed of
asparagus, as it affords quite early a fine
green vegetable, almost universally liked,
and once planted will with care last for
years. Most soils will do, but a deep
loam produces the best "grass." In form
ing a new bed, it can either be done, by
seeds or plants. The latter saves lime,
especially if they cau be had two years
old. and that is as old as we adrise to
plant. There is not much art in the pre
paration, so that there is no excuse for
the non-enjoyment of this vegetable.
For private gardens proceed as follows:
Select a piece of ground free from shade,
manure well and spade or plow up deep
ly; the spading is altogether best "for a
small bed, as the cost is not much; when
, spaded up, lay out into beds of four feet
six rnchesinvidih',' with' an"' alley way bf
two feet between; stretch down the line
three inches from the outside of one of
the beds, and if for seed,- draw a shallow
drill and drop two or three seeds together
every nine inches, then another rev ope
foot from tire first, and so onto the fourth
which will form the bed ; cover up" the
seed with the rake and the' work is done.
If for plants instead of seed, which, as
we said before," is' advisable from time
saved, and certainty of crop, when ' the
line is stretched down, take a spade and
cut a small furrow six inches deep,' set
them along, the trench nine inches apart
with the crowns of the plants two inches
below the surface: having finished, a row,
cover up with soil, and then proceed to the
next and so-on till all is completed. ' This
is all that is required, for the first year,
except keeping, the land clear of weed
Before winter sets in. cut off the dead
stems, and cover the bed with three or
four inches of manure.. In, spring, the
rough of this is to be taken off and the
remainder allowed to decompose for the
benefit of the plants, having a little soil
thrown over it to keep in its place. Plants
two years old may be cut the next season
after plantiDg, but this should be done
sparinly, allowing the plants time to be
strongly established before annual cutting.
Journal of lgricvllure.
Hints Tor the Season. ,
We are once more verging towards the
time when all will be activity among the
tillers of the soil again. Have you made
any provision for a few flowers around
your dwelling a few shade trees to bask
under during dog-days any sort of . a
! summer house to rest your wearjr limbs
; J", auu yei cujuy wC uauuy.uiccc iur
ing through living foliage? .If not, oh
think it over; don't let another 'summer
pass, and still put it off. It need not cost
you much. Go to the woods, if you can
afford nothing better; get the most thrifty
native vines you can find to cover your
rustic summer house; you can hardly find
a better plant in fact for this purpose, for
when the vines are in flower, they emit
the most grateful flagrance, are perfectly
hardy, and will soon cover the house with
their rambling shoots. - Get a few of the
low-growing shrubs,' scattered here arid
there, and plant around your dwelling;
intersperse these with native flowers, of
which there are plenty extremely beauti
ful. In fact, make a beginning at all
hazards; come neighbor will willingly
give you a few things out of his garden.
Set about it, and you will find half the
visionary ifsznd buts, that often creep in
to stay these modest improvements, will
flee before you. Next year, you , will
surely do a little more, and so on, until
your house is judiciously shaded by trees,
your . walks leading from the principal
parts of the house lined with nature's own
garlands, and your house have a cosy look
inviting and refreshing to look upon. -Cotntry
Gentleman. - - , - ;i
Dr. Johnson was by no means alone in
his taste "hen he gave .utterance "to the
oft quoted passage ''of all flowers, give
me the cauliflower," There are few, we
opine, who would turn away from a- well
grown and nicely cooked cauliflower.
Still there are many who know nothing
about this vegetable partly from inabili
ty to grow it properly. Our summers are
not such as to make this a simple matter
to the uninitiated, and many that do make
the attempt, fail from not carrying" their
trial a little into winter that is, the cau-
flower. will frequently grow finely all
summer, but fail to "head in" before frost
comes, when they are'. Anally abandoned
to their fate, or as we saw a splendid lot
last fall, fed out to cattle, while if they
had been simply taken up, roots and all,
and laid in, in a good cellar, the process
of forming the flower would have gone
on, the plants having sufficient vitality in
them to have performed that function
without more outside growth.; If they are
given a very rich piece of ground, seed
sown in the hot-bed about the middle . of
Mareh or first of April, and planted out
as soon as the weather will permit, a good
many mftiybe anticipated to turn in during
tfee close of summer, while the remainder
may be treated as before hinted, to come
in during the early part of winter. If
sown in the open ground the first of May,
they will get strong enough for winter
For private family use it is a good plan
to takeout a trench as for celery, say a
foot deep and wide, filling in halfwits;
depth with good short manure, and spad-,
ing jt up to mix with thesoil. Ihey may
then be 'planted in the middle ' of the
a m . 4 - I ,
trench; two feet apart. .- If. more than onl
row is wanted, the trenches should te at
least two feet distant from each other.
In very dry spells a soaking of water once
a week, will materially assist them; when
this is performed a portion of the soil may
be each time worked down into the trench,
which will prevent its evaporation. .
In cutting the cauliflower, the heart is
cut off with some inches of the stalk, to
gether.. with , most of the surrounding
leaves, which should then ; be trimmed
down, leaving the small leaves just on the
top of .the flower.--Country'' Gentleman.
Culture of Fruit In Northern I1U
nols. The following extracts from a letter
from John R. Tull, Hancock Co., III.',
furnish some interesting facts relative to
the best varieties for that region, as well
as such as are more liable to fail: :
; I have a quantity of Specimen Seedlings
which I have selected from among many
thousands raised from seed selected from
different .sections of country, which give
promise of good fruit, that have not all
borne yet, but I have them coming into
bearing every year, and those that are in
ferior I change by top-grafting; using
those varieties that bear best by this mtde
of cultivation, among which are the Yel
low Bellflower, Rhode Island Greening,
Michael Henry Pippin, Drap d Or, Large
Early Bough, &c.,&c-
The past cold winters have been effec
tual in giving us very valuable information
in the cultivation of fruit in this country,
notwithstanding it seems to have cine to
some of us at rather a costly rate, .We
are, now enabled to know those varieties
that are hardy and best suited to our clim
ate and those that are not. Among ihose
that have been killed or badly injured by
the cold winters in this part of Illinois are
the following, viz; Baldwin. Ramb),
Roxbury Russet; Falla water, Fall Pippin,
Summer Bell Flower, Maiden's Blu?h,
American Golden Russet, Royal Red,
Mala Carla, Rhode Island Greening,"
Vandevere Pippin, Limber ,Tvvig,- and
Sugar Apple. These we can dispense
with, although some of them farther
south would do well, and ought not to be
left out of any selection made for south of
thirty-nine degrees of north latitude
especially the Rambo, Fallawater, Fall
Pippin, Maiden's Blush, and American
Golden Russet; and even here we can
not give up the Rambo and American
Golden Russet. I intend to retain these
two arieties, hoping it will be a long time
before we may have any more as cold
weather as we had in the winter of '55
'56, and '57.
;Thi section of country appears to be
very favorable for the cultivation of fruit
especially the apple, and not very unfa
vorable for the peach. I have raised
some of the finest peaches in this country
that I have ever met with any where in
the United States. In the summer of
1S55, 1 had three huudred peach trees,
selected from the best in cultivation from
different parts in the country, and they
had arrived to full bearing ripening
from the 10th of August to the middle of
October; the fruit selling readily in mar
ket at from two to four dollars per bushe)
some trees yielding from five to six
bushels; but the unusual cold weather of
the following winter, destroyed most of
the bearing trees throwing us back sev
eral years in the peach crop.
There are : but few kinds of cherries
that appear to be profitable here; the
Early Richmond being the best in all res
pects as yet tested by me. I have a few
seedlings I hope to have .bearing soon,
that may prove to be good. . . -.
Our Correspondent also informs us that
the Newtown Pippin is not worth cultivate
ing there; that the Roxburry Russet is
still worse, and that the Rhode Island
Greening will not pay for cultivation. In
reply to his inquiry relative to the wild
plum, which accidentally came up on the
bank of a ditch in Delaware, his former
residence, and Jjore a fruit between a
cherry and a plum, "of delicious flavor,"
it was undoubtedly the Prunus Ameri
cana, or the wild or mountain plum, which
improves much by cultivation. The seed
might have been dropped by a bird. This
species is found wild in many parts of the
country, and embraces many ' varieties,
some larger and stronger growers than
others, tho trees from eight to fifteen feet
high, and the fruit of various sizes, various
shades of yellow and red, and differing
greatly in flavor; some being almost of
honeyed sweetness. David Thomas, of
of Cayuga Co., N. Y., selected from the
woods and planted an orchard of an acre
of these plums nearly fifty yeatt ago,
which afterwards for many years bore
abundant crops; some of them being ex
cellent and others of little value.. - This
was a famous orchard of its day, before
the general introduction of modern culti-
valed sons. Country Gentleman,
You have cleaned out your yard and
crawn away your manure, titw scatter a
few loads of muck and a little charcoal, if
you have it, over the yard and on the ma
It will be a saving.
" . Divide your pastures for your sheep so
as to trive them a change once each month.
Provide salt troughs for thm. (Dt fnot
throw tho salt oa the ground.
Peach Trees for FirtMvootl. ;
The editor of the California-Farmer
is strongly urging the growing Loi. peach
trees for ire-wood. , He says i . 'Those
who have been to the Buenos Ayres coun
try will easily remember that the princi
pal fire-wooa osed is pe'ach wood, and
!(lhe vast plains beyond the cityrand .port,
('are-one wide extended reach forest, , the
a - - M - r
trees grown principally for fire-woodi and
so rapid is the growth of the peach tree.'
that nothing can be more profitable, and
there are those now in that coontry, who
haye. made fortunes ty this business. The
trees grow rapidly, benr abundantly; the
fruit is used for swine and for drying and
shipping. Such a similar kind of business
do we look forward to here in California.
It is well know that of all the varieties of
trees growing in California, none have a
more rapid growth than the peach, and
that in three, four or five years, the trees
are sufficiently 1 large . for firewood; and
when the quantity is estimated that can
be grown upon an acre; the present price
of wood, would, be equal to 5500 per
acre ! ' . .
Cure for Stifle In Horse or Ox.
We' find the following in the Home
"Take some whueoaTt bark, boil it in
water, and make '.it' very 'strong.' W'ith
this wash the part affected two or three
times daily; dry it in with a hot shovel, or
some dther convenient thing. ; It serves
to contract the ligatures around the joint,
and therefore to keep in its place. It is
safe. ' - '
Another" : Take one gallon of urine
and put therein a small hand of junk to
bacco,' and boil it .down to one quart. Af
ter that, put therein, two ounces, oil of
spike, one ounce of amber, two spoonsful
spirits of turpentine' and two spoonsful' af j
honey. Put into a jug and cork it tight
for use. . : Rub the stifle bone hard fifteen !
or twenty minutes, then apply the .wash j
with a cloth or sponge, and dry it in. with j
red hot fire shovel till it is cold. Then
ride the horse one hundred rods forth
ami hnck., fin throws -itK this nrncps I
tvyo or three times.
. : Ilorse Distemper,.
Not really a disease, reader, and yet it
is a serious one, and you, yourself are per
haps responsible for it. How? More
horses are spoiled in temper by having
keepers with' ungovernable passions or,
whatsis worse, unihoughtful men about
them. Horses should not be tampered
with, whether, in play .or earnest. They
are docile and learn readily. Take care
your plowbojv teamster or holoter is one
who knows how to use and not abuse the
The Arabs-have a host 'of beautiful
proverbs relating to the horse, in fact all
their knowledge of the horse is summed
up in pithy sayings... Thus they say:
"Horses of. pure race have no vice."
"Horses are birds which' Lave no wings."
He who forgets the beauty of horses for
the beauty of women will never prosper."
The good saint, Ben-el-Abbas, a true lo
ver of horses, has said t
Love horses, care for tliem,
Spare no trouble for them ;
B? them comes honor, by them comes beauty,
If horses are abandoned by men, .
I make tliem enter into my family,
I share witb tbem the bread of my children.
Hy wives dress them witb tbeir own veils,
And cover themselves witb tbeir horse ctoths,
I lead tbem every djy .
. , On , the field'of ad venture, '
" 1 flghl witb the bravest. . U . '
Horses, like men, can learn quickly
only when young; as the Arabs have it,
the lessons of infancy ; are . engraven" on
stone; the lessons of mature age disap
pear like birda' nests. The following
proverbs contain some of the soundest
maxims on the subject: , . ,
To give, drink at, sunrise makes the
horse lean; to give him drink in the eve
ning makes him fat; to give hira drink in
the middle of the day keeps him in his
Look out for a large one and buy hirn.
Barley will make him run!,
Make the colt eat at one year; mount
him at two or three years; feed hira well
the third and fourth; then re-mount him;
if he does' not suit you sell him without
hesitation. - -
. . - - . -
Prefer tbe horse of the mountain -to
the horse of the plain, and the latter ; to
the horse-of the marsh, which is only
good to carry a Fac saddle, t ' i !
A good horseman ought to know the
measure of barley which suits his horse,
as well as the measure of powdir which
suits his gun.
When you have bought a horse, study
him with Care, and give him barley in
progressive quantities till vou have arriv
ed at the precise amount requisite forhis
To prepare a horse that is too fat ' for
the fatigues of war; make him poor by
exercise, never by deprivation of nourish
Remember that seed corn, mixed in dil
uted tar and dried in plaster, is a very un
palatable morsei for crows and blackbirds;
their appetites are soon satisfied. Do cot
use the tar hot or dilute too much. '
Do not curse" ihe' hens, because you
tl T V "
have not protected your garden beds, or
provided fod and inctosure for: them.
Keep.your temper and shut t.T) the lid
dies, or shut up the biddies and keep your
Mtsr. And we want it lrmemlef?:
too, , That man is not worthy a phes .
citizen, tought not, to enjoy the right ,ct
suffrage, who has children end t?ee'l(
take-' sufficient interest in their etfu'catlon'''-
to see that they have a good-teacher,
comfortable and -clean schoolroom, aaij
who. does not visit the tchool every ,c;i
portunity. A good teacher is glad to sea.
the parents of the children he teaches
always; a poor one is well pleased if thy
stay away; you eanncl please such better.'
Hence the importance of vtsiticj : them.;
You make more studious and better teach-,
ers by so doing.' You need not, and,
should not, appear officious in the school-'
room. You will be out of place if you do.;
Do not interfere with the order the techj
has established unless he or she request
it. But appear to be, and be interested
The teacher's interest will increase ia.
proportion. Advise with him in private,"
Make no suggestions to him before (hi
school. Treat him as you would be treat
ed treat him as an equal, a friend, aye,-'
one who sustains a nearer relation than
friend. For you are trusting hira -with,
jewels to polish, gems to bring out, dia.
raonds to mount and set, -'Were thesa'
gems,&c, material, you would select on:
honest and skillful, to do the work for yoii '
no unprincipled pretender could get,
your confidence. But how is it with thess
immortal ones ? who is 4 moulding ' their
minds and hearts. The teacher should be
your friend; you should seek his friend'
ship, else he may do you and yours great!
injury. A teacher is and ought to be sen-f
sitive. You should regard his or her
feelings, but not at a sacrifice of the1
child's" interest. Be careful you do' not
deal uncharitably with the teacher; 'gtf,
and see before you act. Drop in infor;1.
mally,' unexpectedly. Make it a point to, "
do this. Do not employ a teacher who.
will not nrav in his school. AW rnr not
how accomplished otherwise, this is ' hp.
essential you cannot safely forego. - The"
man who will not acknowledge allegiance
to tne uou who made him, and invoke:
his guidance daily at the opening, of , the '
school, B not qualified to teach your chil.
dren.. You know it reader, whetheryod
nod assent to it or not. He is only plac-'
ing a powerful weapon of wrong.doing in
the child's hands, who educates the head,
and neglects the heart. Journal ofjlgrl
A laughing Philosopher ; ,
The author of a work called "Noteixf
an Army Surgeon," records the following
incident as having cccurred during the
siege of Fort Erie in the war of 1812.
"I remember one day, in making my"
hospiial rounds, a patient just arrived pre
sented an amputated forearm, and, , in,
doing so, could hardly restrain a broad
laugh; the titter was constantly on his'
face. ; ,
'What is the matter? This does not
strike me as a subject of laughter." " - .
"It is not, doctor; but excuse me I
lost my arm in so funny a way that I still
I U ...1 Til .
" 1 ai-
"Our first senreant
and got me to attend to it, as I am a cor
poral. We went together in front of the
tent. I had lathered him. tnnk hm W
the nose, and was just applying the razor,
when a cannon ball came, and ' that was
the last I saw of his head and my arm
Excuse me doctor, for laughing, but I
never saw such a thing before.''
A Crazy Monarch. .:
The London correspondent of the :
Y. Tribune says : . ,
Ihe King of Prussia has become stark?
mod. He occasionally believes that he ii
a private soldier, who has just received
nis commission as ensi?n. but has unea
ost his parchment, and therefore he anx
iously seeks it in all the hidden corners
of the palace and nooks of the garden.
lie uisiiKes to te watched by his aide-decamp,
who he believes to be his command
ing officer. Though his mental abberra
tion is hopeless, the question of Regency
remains unsettled, as the ueen prevents
any steps in this direction, and the" mi
nisters do their best to delay it still more;
well aware that the first measure of" the
R:gent would be to turn them out of of
fice.- The question still becomes mcra
complicated by the fact that the English
;. U .1 t j: t .t
i v kju ivi we uiuicauon oi tne r nnce
of Prussia and that the Queen's' young
son-in-law, Prince Frederick, may try his
hand at once at governing the country.- ;
A naval officer beirsr at sea in adread
ful storm, his lady was sitting in the cab
in near hira and filled with alarm at the
safety of the vessel, was so surprised t
his composure and serenity that she cried
My dear, are ycu not afraid ? JIt I i
it possible you can be so calm ia i
dreadful storm ?' . ,':''-
He rosed from his chair, fahe J to -
deck, supporting himseif ty a r . ;f
the ted place, drew hiscra, ar. J ; .iat
ing to the breast of hi wue,
'Are vou not afraid V "
c v. .i o t i 1 " -
cue luauiuuy itw . -.. . j
Why?' said tis ctLctr. , . . ,
Because,1 rejoined thi lady I Vnow
that this sword is in the hands of ray hus
band, and be loves too well' to hurt
me.'':;. : - ''.:.''' v:r. - .T3
'Then,' said he, 'rerarrtiler, I know ia
whom I Mk v, and. that he .holdj 4he
wiiidj in his fits and the ' water ia the
hollow cf tii bands.' u.i
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